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DARE TO EXPLORE
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Special
Issue

Red-eyed
SEPTEMBER 2017
CUTE
RAIN
FORES
CAT slothbears, ore!
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Watch
t True!
Weird Bu ck local
he
on TV. C ions for
FOX t s.
st a
time

plus:
ot he
ut
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our
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J le
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Editor in Chief and Vice President,
Kids Magazines & Digital 16
Surprise
Rachel Buchholz
Vice President, Visual Identity Before kicking off your
Eva Absher-Schantz
Design Director, Magazines Eileen OTousa-Crowson
tour of rain forests around
the world, find out which Party!
Editorial Andrea Silen, Senior Editor / Digital Producer; Red-eyed tree frogs
Kay Boatner, Senior Editor / Digital Producer;
rain forest animal you
Allyson Shaw, Associate Editor / Digital Producer most resemble on page 14. astonish others with
Art Kathryn Robbins, Senior Designer
their weird behavior.
Photo Shannon Hibberd, Senior Photo Editor
Production Sean Philpotts, Director
Digital Laura Goertzel, Director;
Natalie Jones, Director of Product;

20
Tirzah Weiskotten, Video Manager
Administration Michelle Tyler, Editorial Assistant
Stone Forest
PUBLISHED BY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PARTNERS, LLC Razor-sharp towers are home
Chief Executive Ofcer to some seriously strange species.
Declan Moore
Chairman of the Board of Directors
Gary E. Knell
Executive Vice President, Consumer Products Sloth Bear Rescue
Rosa Zeegers
Vice President, Kids Media, Content
Jennifer Emmett
Meet an injured cub that makes a
comeback with help from devoted keepers.
22
Advertising Ofces Kim Connaghan, Vice President, Publisher
(212) 822-7431; Bob Amberg, National Brand Director
(212) 822-7437; Detroit Karen Sarris (248) 368-6304; 30 Cool Things About
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Strategy and Business Development 24 Rain Forest Cultures
Check out the amazing art, history, and
Nathan Moore, Vice President
International Magazine Publishing Yulia Petrossian Boyle, contributions from people who live in the jungle.
Senior Vice President; Jennifer Jones, Business Manager;
Rossana Stella, Editorial Manager
Manufacturing Phillip L. Schlosser, Senior Vice President,
Production Services; Rachel Faulise, Manager Rebel Penguins
Finance Jeannette Swain, Senior Budget Manager;
Tammi Colleary, Rights Manager;
Pinar Taskin, Contracts Manager
Ice is nice, but these birds prefer
life in the rain forest. 26
Consumer and Member Marketing John MacKethan, Vice
President, North American Consumer Marketing;

Dare to Explore
Mark Viola, Circulation Director;
Richard J. Brown, New Business Director
Market Services Tracy Hamilton Stone, Research Manager 28 Want to be a jungle adventurer? Three
Advertising Production Kristin Semeniuk, Director; Nat Geo explorers show you what it takes.
Julie A. Ibinson, Manager
Publicity Caitlin Holbrook, Publicist (202) 912-6714
Parents, contact us online: kids@natgeo.com
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Registradas. Printed in the U.S.A. ISSUE 473
COVER: GAIL SHUMWAY / GETTY IMAGES (FROGS); ARCO IMAGES GMBH / ALAMY (JAGUARUNDI); WILDLIFE SOS INDIA (SLOTH BEAR). PAGE 3: KLEIN AND
HUBERT / MINDEN PICTURES (FROG); STEPHEN ALVAREZ / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (SIFAKA); WILDLIFE SOS INDIA (SLOTH BEAR); DESIGN PICS INC /
PRINTED ON 100% PEFC-CERTIFIED PAPERPEFC/29-31-58 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (TOTEM POLE); ALESSANDRA SARTI / IMAGEBROKER / AGE FOTOSTOCK (PENGUIN); SANDESH KADUR / FELIS IMAGES (KADUR);
Please recycle. ARCO IMAGES GMBH / ALAMY (JAGUARUNDI)
BY JEANNETTE SWAIN AND AVERY ELIZABETH HURT

outrageous facts.
AKES ONCE H
SN AD LE G S

.
10 percent
of the population is

Some orchids The oldest pieces of paper in


smell like human the world are 4,600 years old.
body odor to attract
mosquitoes Newborn hippos
that pollinate them.
can weigh
the same as
The land area
of the
22 bricks.
Riyadh,
Saudi Arabia,
airport is twice
4 bi as big as the city of
Washington, D.C.

THE HAIRS ON GET MORE!


Scientists RASPBERRIES
nd
shar living in an
ter
ARE
CALLED STYLES. Bo
oo
o an

4
DAVID AGUILAR / NGS (JUPITER); PHOTO G. POLLIN / WADI EL-JARF ARCHAEOLOGICAL (PAPER);
SEPTEMBER 2017 ODD ANDERSEN / AFP / GETTY IMAGES (HIPPO); NATALIIA K / SHUTTERSTOCK (RASPBERRY)
HINGM
ONIS
AST IES FRO F
STOR FILES O
THE Guinne ss BY KITSON JAZYNKA

World Re r

HIGH TEA

BIRD
How far will a man go to dunk
a cookie into a mug of tea?
Nearly 250 feet! Englands
Skipper Blue is ringing in a victorythe macaw Simon Berry is the record
holds the record for placing the most rings around holder for highest bungee

BRAIN
a target in one minute. For weeks the parrot dunk. Wearing bungee-
practiced picking up small, plastic rings with her jumping gear, Berry dove off
beak and dropping them over a wooden and metal a platform nearly 250 feet
pole. Then during the record attempt Skipper Blue in the air toward a cup of
plopped 19 rings around the target. Nobody can tea on the ground. Just as
accuse this bird of winging it. he approached the cup, he
stretched out his arm and
dipped a cookie into the mug.
Talk about making a splash.

PUZZLE
PEOPLE Jigsaw puzzle pieces come in many
ECORDS!

different shapes and colors. This ones


pinkand made up of people! Nearly
550 employees of a company in Germany,
most wearing pink sweatshirts, gathered
to break the record for largest human
jigsaw puzzle piece. To show people where
to stand, organizers drew the jigsaw G t more co
Ge oo uff
stuf
ol st
pieces shape in the grass. Then the in the new bo ok
puzzle participants took their places. GUINNESS WOR LD
Way to keep it together. RE CO RD S 20 18 !

GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS (ALL). INFORMATION PROVIDED BY 2017 GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS LIMITED. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 5
BY CRISPIN BOYER ART BY JOE ROCCO

What would happen if


Earths continents had
never broken apart?
Itd be a bad break for humans. Around 200 million years ago,
Earth had just one giant landmass called Pangaea. Over time
the movement of large plates that make up the outer layer
of Earths crust broke Pangaea into several continents, which
slowly drifted to their current locations. If Earths land had
stayed one big continent, moisture from the ocean would dry
before reaching the areas vast interior, likely making it desert-
like. Reptiles often thrive in dry conditions. So if Pangaea still
existed, it might be overrun with them. Hope you like lizards!

What would happen if you owned


an invisibility cloak?
Scientists are actually researching whether its possible to manufacture invisible
materials that can be used to create objects! That means invisibility cloaks might
be a reality one day. If so, youd be able to play a lot of practical jokes. Spies would
undoubtedly wear the cloaks to eavesdrop on enemies, and soldiers would use them
to launch sneak attacks. But the cloaks material could also save energyand lives.
It might be manufactured into the walls and roofs of homes, which could be switched
into transparent mode during the day to let in light and heat. And surgeons could
wear gloves made with the fabric to see through their hands as they operate on
patients. Now thats clearly cool.

CHECK
OUT THE What would happen if
BOOK! humans were nocturnal?
This is eye-opening: Some scientists think nocturnal
humansmeaning youre active at nightwould
develop bigger eyes. Enlarged peepers would take in
more light from sources such as the moon, helping you
see better at night. With extra light coming into your
eyes, nighttime would appear dim rather than super-
dark. Your hearing and smelling abilities might also get
sharper, since your sense of sight would be less effective
than it is now, even with larger eyes. With these traits,
youd do just fine as a permanent night owl.

6 SEPTEMBER 2017
T H E L AT E S T

T EM BY ALLYSON SHAW

WEIRDNE
om
OUND
WORLD

we
ird-o-meter IS HERE!

FROZEN FOOD
WHAT Chilly chili-
eating contest

WHERE Hangzhhou,
China

DETAILS Hot
or cold? How
about both!
Participants in
this contest
tried to eat as
many hot peppers
as they could
while sitting in
water.
barrels of ice w
The winner ate 62
peppers in threee
minutes and eaarned NEXT TIME
a gold bar as hiis IM DOING A
trophy. Bet hell PIE-EATING
CONTEST.
never order hot
sauce again. O
ird-o-mete
we r

SUNBATHING
TIME IS
VCG / CONTRIBUTOR / GETTY IMAGES (ICE BUCKETS); PETER PINK / REX FEATURES / ASSOCIATED PRESS (POTATOES)

POTATOES
WHAT Tater art

WHERE Berlin,
RUNNING
OUT.
Germany

DETAILS These
arent couch
potatoestheyre
beach potatoes!
An artist fitted the
veggies with tiny
plastic sunglasses,
then placed them
under mini paper
Start at the
umbrellas on a beginning!
beach-like patch
of dirt. Talk about
an a-peel-ing art
project.
IM
GETTING
FRIED!
Watch the trailer!
scholastic.com/wingsoffire

7 6/5 E J O C S K E+ N E 
DESTINATION BY STEPHANIE WARREN DRIMMER

SPACE This planet


is nearly three
times older
than Earth.

Destination GREAT-GREAT GRANDPA PLANET


PSR B1620-26b Youre oating above one of the most extraordinary planets youve ever visited: PSR
B1620-26b. It doesnt look particularly unusualits a giant gas planet similar to Jupiter.
Location But it was born about 13 billion years ago and is the oldest planet ever discovered. In
The constellation Scorpius
ffact its nearly as old as the universe itself!
You position your spacecraft to get a view of the pair of suns rising over the planets
Distance horizon. PSR B1620-26b didnt always have sister suns. For 10 billion years this planet
7,200 light-years from
Earth circled a single yellow sun. But then one of the planets neighborsanother star
exploded in a blaze of light. The explosion left behind a tinier star called a neutron star.
Time to reach Neutron stars are small, but they have strong gravitational pulls. This neutron stars
195 million years gravitational pull was so mighty it yanked PSR B1620-26b and its yellow sun out of their
orbit and into its own. Then the neutron star got extremely close to its new sister sun.
Weather Its intense heat peeled away at the yellow stars outer layers until the original star had
Minus 350F sshrunk into a white dwarf star.
PSR B1620-26b is so far from its double suns that it takes the planet approximately a
century to orbit them. From where youre oating above the planet now, the suns are just
pinpoints of light in the sky. But considering their dramatic history, you decide to keep a
ssafe distance. On to your next destination!

TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE


Look skyward(while wearing protective glasses!) on August 21, 2017, and youll likely
see a spectacular sight: a total solar eclipse. This event happens when the moon lines up
exactly between the sun and Earth. It blocks the suns light and darkens the sky. People
across parts of the United States stretching from Oregon to the Carolinas will be in the
best position to see the eclipsethe rst one visible from the country in four decades.

8 SEPTEMBER 2017 MONDOLITHIC (BOTH)


EVERY
bout
LL
MONEY! BY KR
KRIISTI
TIN
N BAIRD RATTINI
WITCH
ACCORDING

HAS A
to some PEOPLE,
CANADAS
DA
$100 BANKNO OTE
gives off the scent of
MAPLE SYRUP..

BELARUS
DIDNT CIRCULATEE
IN FEBRUARY 2015
S
SCUBA DIVERS OFF
ISRAEL FOUND OVER
2,600 GOLD COINS
ROUGH
L .
ITS OWN COINS

E L
DATING BACK AS FAR AS

S P
UNTIL 2016. THE 9TH CENTURY.

In 1917, ROMANIA
ISSUED A BANKNOTE A BRITISH
that was about the size
of a POSTAGE STAMP.
ARTIST
MADE A DRESS
OUT OF USED
BANKNOTES
FROM AROUND THE
WORLD.
THE U.S. BUREAU
of ENGRAVING and
PRINTING PRODUCES
around 7.1 MILLION
BANKNOTES
A YEAR.

COINS
1616
CREATED IN 3-CENT COINS
FOR WHAT IS NOW CIRCULATED IN THE
BERMUDA UNITED STATES
FROM
WERE NICKNAMED
HOGGIES 1851
TO
WATCH THE TRAILER!
scholastic.com/ApprenticeWitch
PICTUREDHOGS.
BECAUSE THEY
1889.
MAOGG / GETTY IMAGES (CANADIAN BANKNOTES); PAUL POPLIS / GETTY IMAGES (MAPLE SYRUP); MILENIUS /
GETTY IMAGES (BELARUSIAN COINS); BNR / WORLD RECORD ACADEMY (ROMANIAN BANKNOTE); SUSAN STOCK-
WELL 2010, PAPER CURRENCY, COTTON THREAD & STAND, LIFE SIZE. COLIN HAMPDEN WHITE (BANKNOTE
DRESS); JACK GUEZ / AFP / GETTY IMAGES (9TH-CENTURY COINS); KRISTOFFER TRIPPLAAR / ALAMY (U.S.
BANKNOTES); IGOR STRAMYK / SHUTTERSTOCK (HOG); NUMISMATIC GUARANTY CORPORATION (3-CENT COIN)
9 TM & Scholastic Inc.
BY KAY BOATNER ART BY JOE ROCCO

Historians
dont always kn
ow
the exact dates
historical events of
JOAN OF ARC .
why you ll see a Thats
to one of the ye
ca next
START French heroine Joan of Arc was one of the worlds rst female ars lis
below. It stands ted
military leaders. Find out more about the life of this legend. circa, meaning
for
around.
ca 1412
Cmon,
Joan of Arc is France! Put
born into a family some muscle
of farmers in the into it!
village of Domrmy,
France. She likely
spends her days
taking care of
animals and sewing.

1415-142
22
English troops invade France
F
and force French king CCharles
VI to name Englands Henry V
as Frances next king. Following
Henry Vs death, young Joan
begins to have visions ttelling
her she can save her coountry by
restoring the throne too Charles
VIs son, Charles VII.

youre welcome,
April 1429 france.

Teenage Joandressed like a manvisits Charles VII,


demanding that he let her ght on his behalf. Although
he realizes shes a woman, he agrees, allowing her to
lead his soldiers in battle. Oui,, Joan!

July 1429
After months of
ghting, Charles
VII is crowned King
of Francethanks
in large part to
Joans efforts.
1431
Found guilty, Joan is burned
at the stake at age 19. But
nearly 500 years after
1430 her death, shes still seen
Joan is captured and sold to as a fearless leader who
the English. They accuse her of, changed the course of her
among other charges, lying and countrys history.
dressing like a man. Shes thrown
in jail to await trial.
10 SEPTEMBER 2017
BY ERIN WHITMER

6 incredible facts
about

rain forests
1 2 The
The Amazon
Amazon rain
rain forest
forest
One-quarter of all
butterfly is giant
is home
home to
to

species on Earth rodents


called capybaras
live in South American that are about as tall as
rain forests. German
3
Tropical
shepherds.
4
rain forests Rainbow-colored
are a habitat for grasshoppers
80 percent live in the
of the worlds rain forests of Peru.
insect species. 6
5
biggest
The worlds
Antarctica flowerfound in
COMSTOCK IMAGES / JUPITERIMAGES

is the only continent the Indonesian rain forest


that hasno can grow wider than
rain forests. a car tire. 11
DOG just kee
climb in
just kee
climbing
g
p
,
p
...

CLIMBS
MOUNTAINS

Ouray, Colorado
Biskit the Jack Russell terrier was definitely not afraid of

WIN THE
heights. She went rock climbing with her owner! Pulling herself
up with powerful little toes and squeezing her muscle-toned
body through crevices, Biskit made dozens of climbssome
higher than 600 feet. BOOK!
Owner Tom Kelly says she seemed to be able to sniff out the
best routes to get to the top the fastest. Biskit was like a little TRY ONLINE AUGUST 1017.
natgeokids.com/september
goat, Kelly says. Shed climb some rocks that people couldnt
even manage. And if she didnt feel like climbing mountains, shed
climb trees to chase squirrels! Gail Skroback Hennessey

12 SEPTEMBER 2017 BILL HATCHER (BISKIT, BOTH); NATALIE STAHL (BAT, BOTH); NATIONAL AQUARIUM OF NEW ZEALAND / SUPPLIED (INKY)
BAT TAKES BUBBLE BATH
Taunton, England
E wings. More than one bath was
next For most people, bubble baths
Fo necessary to remove the glue.
s
time let are relaxing. But for one tiny bat, While bats stuck in insect traps are
use the
ry-
strawber theyre lifesaving. unusual, unsafe residue such as pesti-
scen ted This male pipistrelle bat accidentally cides often finds its way to bats bodies.
stuff. flew into an insect trap, coating him- Bats groom themselves in a manner
self in the devices glue. The sub- similar to cats, bat conservationist
stance covered so much of the bats Mylea Bayless says.So its important
body that he could barely move. Luckily for trained professionals to wash
passersby found the bat and called the them quickly if theyre covered in
RSPCA West Hatch Wildlife Centre to something.
come to the animals aid. Rescuers observed the pipistrelle
Caretakers there immediately for a few weeks before releasing him
decided to give the bat a bath at back into the wild. So no more bubble
their facility, using warm water and bathsand hopefully no more insect
A CARETAKER soap to unstick the animals delicate traps either! Sara Schwartz
GIVES FLUIDS
TO THE DEHY-
DRATED BAT.

who, me?
im just
minding
my own

OCTOPUS ESCAPES!
business
.

Napier, New Zealand


Now you see him now you dont! One octopus pulled the
ultimate disappearing act by slipping out of his tank while
nobody was looking.
After staff at the National Aquarium of New Zealand
left for the evening, Inky the Pacific octopus somehow
managed to slip out of his enclosure. Experts think the
cephalopod used his arms to pry himself out of his tank INKY HANGS
and onto the floor where he squeezed his soccer-ball-size OUT IN HIS
ENCLOSURE,
body through a six-inch drain hole that leads to the ocean. PRE-ESCAPE.
The following morning employees found Inkys tank empty and
water spots on the groundbut no octopus.
Jessica Ries, an aquarist at Pennsylvanias Pittsburgh Zoo and
PPG Aquarium, wasnt surprised to learn of Inkys adventure. BAT
TAUNTON,
Octopuses are good escape artists, she says. They can flatten ENGLAND
their bodies enough to squeeze through tiny openings. DOG
OURAY,
Inkys former caretakers arent sure where he is these days, but COLORADO
they did receive a postcard from a prankster in Florida with the
octopuss name on it. Inky, out. Sara Schwartz OCTOPUS
NAPIER,
NEW ZEALAND

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 13


14
WELCOME TO THE Emergent Layer At the top of the tallest trees, its exposed to sun, wind, and rain.
Special Blue morpho butterfly
C
Central and South America
JJust like this butterfly,you
I love the
sshoot for the top and always
limelight.
sshine! Its wings reflect light in
ssuch a way that they appear to
Issue
le ave a blue shimmer.

PERSONALITY QUIZ Feathertail glider


Australia
A Not all
G
Grrabb your hiking boots and binoculars for this Im fine Yoou dont broadcast your of the animals
sspeecial jungle issue! Before touring the worlds hanging with accomplishments. Neither pictured here can
ra
rainn foorests,learn which jungle animal youre myself. dooes this quiet marsupial. But be found in one rain
most liike by following the paths of the state- bby leaping and spreading its forest. Instead, theyre
meentts yyou agree with most.As you go,discover skin flaps, it can soar 82 feet! from jungles around
thee sttruucture of a typical rain forest. (It has the world.
fourr leevels,like a leafy apartment building
wher
herre aaniimals live!)Hey,its a jungle out there!

Canopy Layer Thick leaves give the m me shelter from the rain.

I
Orrang
gutan
Inddonnesia and Malaysia
he rain! a Likee this diurnal(or active
ing during the day)primate, which
on. exxtends its long arms to pluck
fruit, youre not afraid to
fr
ucan
rica
reach for what you want.
Start Lounging often on the go
Here If ... around is u! And like the toco
the best. toucan,which uses its bill for
You want to oltzs tree
aroo Australia feeding,preening,and defense,
be taller than youre resourceful.
everybody! I g roll off your shoulders.
night Thats similar to this noctur-
owl. nal roo, which has a parting
of fur down its back to allow
rainwater to run off its body.
I want to be I get
cozy in yucky bored
weather. easily.
Under r The tree trunks here can be wrapped in ropelike vines.
rsons chameleon
dagascar
Ie u can relate to the Parsons
une meleonnone of the larg-
chameleon species. You
Id rather e changging things up, same
play this coloor-shifting reptile.
tug-of-war.

Greater bull If your


North, Central, description
Star Im not and South America doesnt match you,
crazy about You thrive on routine. So d
Yo thats OKthis
Here surprises. baatsthey figure out a flli quiz is just
Heights path to get to food sourcces, for fun!
your thi then use it again and again.

oun s and saplings provide hiding spots f

Id rather
play hide- Pygmy
- These ani
Your fight. You
yo r Youre als
tigger secrets.
. louder than a gas-powered
lo still trying to figure out the
Im lawn mower. mysteries of this shy hippo!
not afraid
to argue my
point of
view. Hercules beetle
Id C
Central and South America
prefer to Likke this beetle,which makes
write down his
my views. Bu GET
a MOR
M OR
RE
RE
MORE
Im a 850 times its body weight.
go-with-the- JUNGLE
flow kind of

MITSUHIKO IMAMORI / MINDEN PICTURES (BEETLE); DAN SIPPLE (ART)


(BAT); ISSELEE / DREAMSTIME (TIGER); ZSSD / MINDEN PICTURES (HIPPO);
NPL / MINDEN PICTURES (CHAMELEON); STEPHEN DALTON / MINDEN PICTURES
KONRAD WOTHE / NPL / MINDEN PICTURES (TREE KANGAROO); PETE OXFORD /
ISSELEE / DREAMSTIME (ORANGUTAN); CUSON / SHUTTERSTOCK (TOUCAN);
PETER LEAHY / DREAMSTIME (BUTTERFLY); GLOBALP / GETTY IMAGES (GLIDER);
person. FUN!
natt . o /jung
gle
g

15
!
Special
JIssue e
Central aenrdica
South Am

The red-eyed
tree frogs scientic
species name, callidryas,
is derived from a
Greek word meaning
beautiful.

16 SEPTEMBER 2017
Red-eyed tree
frogs astonish
others with their
weird behavior.
BY SCOTT ELDER

L
ooking for a snack, a 30-inch-
long viper slithers down a
tree in a steamy rain forest
in Central America. Suddenly
it sees a tasty-looking, three-inch-
long red-eyed tree frog resting on a One of the
nearby leaf. The reptile lunges for- frogs calls
ward and snatches up the tiny sounds like a
croaker in its fanged mouth. But baby rattle.
the snakes in for a not-so-pleasant
surprisethe frog tastes terrible!
The snake immediately spits out the
amphibian. Landing unharmed on
the forest floor, the frog blinks its
big red eyes, then hops off to safety.
Red-eyed tree frogs have some
features and behaviors that sur- Shake It Off
prise other animals in their rain When researchers visited the
forest home, as well as the experts country of Panama in 2010 to
who study them. Discover how these study these frogs, they saw
jaw-dropping jumpers turn their something that gave them a jolt:
habitat into one big surprise party. a male frog plucking the shoot of
a plant with his hind feet, like a
person strumming a guitar
A ATLANTIC string! They realized that males
OCEAN
do this when other males come
Gulf of
too close to their turf. The pluck-
ing creates vibrations, which
intruders interpret as a signal
an to back off.
MEXICO URAS Se
a Why not just croak loudly
GUATEMALA ICARAGUA to ward off intruders? They
EL SALVADOR dont want to reveal their
PACIFIC C location to the entire pond, A RED-EYED
OCEAN including enemies such as TREE FROG IN
THE COUNTRY
L IA frog-eating bats, biologist OF COSTA RICA
Where red-eyed SCALES A
tree frogs live Michael Caldwell says. Thatd PLANT SHOOT.
shake things up way too much.
KLEIN AND HUBERT / MINDEN PICTURES (SITTING ON LEAF);

17
JUAN CARLOS MUOZ / GETTY IMAGES (CLIMBING); MARTIN
WALZ (MAP) NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS
Ambush and Eat
A red-eyed tree frog might
jump through the air to get
closer to an insect it wants
lunch to eat. This animal also uses
the element of surprise. Known
as an ambush predator, the
!
caught it
amphibian sometimes hides
among the leaves in its rain
forest home. The frog waits
patiently until a tasty-looking
Males may moth or cricket comes within
wrestle over striking distance. Then it fires
territory or out its long, sticky tongue to
mates.
A FROG capture the insect and pull the
LEAPS TO
CAPTURE meal into its mouth. Sounds
A TASTY like this frog is all about fast
CRICKET.
food.

Stick to It
Females Slick surfaces arent a problem
grow about for this frog. It can easily clam-
A HATCHING one inch longer ber across wet leaves. Instead
TADPOLE than males.
DROPS FROM of hopping, the animal takes
AN EGG
CLUSTER. careful steps like a pro rock
climber. It also has rounded toe
pads that stick to surfaces like
Escape Hatch suction cups, and its feet pro-
Female red-eyed tree frogs duce gluey mucus to help it grip
deposit eggs on leaves that slippery surfaces. It can even
overhang ponds. So when they cling to the undersides of
hatch about a week later, the leavesSpider-Man-style
tadpoles simply drop into the to hide from predators. Thats
water, where theyll develop into a sticky surprise.
UNDERSIDE
young frogs. But what if a wasp OF FOOT
or snake finds the eggs before
they hatch?
Red-eyed tree frogs forming
in their eggs(called embryos)
can hatch up to two days early
if they feel jiggling from an
attacking predator.They basi-
cally break through the egg and
dive into the pond, researcher
Karen Warkentin says.

Three days after the eggs are laid ... About three days later ...

Frog Formation
Red-eyed tree frogs may
be some of the most rec-
ognizable animals on the
planet. But it takes time
for them to develop their
look. Check out the life
stages of this incredible
amphibian.

18
STEPHEN DALTON / MINDEN PICTURES (LEAPING); CHRISTIAN ZIEGLER / MINDEN PICTURES (EATING); CHRISTIAN ZIEGLER / MINDEN PICTURES (EGGS); PAUL
SEPTEMBER 2017 SOUDERS / GETTY IMAGES (WALKING); INGO ARNDT / MINDEN PICTURES (FOOT, ALL EYES); MICHAEL DURHAM / MINDEN PICTURES (IN RAIN); CHRIS WARE (COMIC)
Eye Spy
Red-eyed As daylight filters down to the
tree frogs have understory(the rain forest layer
an excellent above the jungle floor), red-eyed
sense of smell. tree frogs nestle in for a rest.
Tucking their legs against their
bodies, the nocturnal animals
A FROG USES
A LEAF AS AN spend the day lazing on plants.
UMBRELLA.
Sometimes they appear to have
their eyes shut. But they can still
observe their surroundings.
The frogs peepers have a see-
through third eyelid thats criss-
crossed with golden lines. They
close the lid over their eyeballs
when resting. But because parts
of the lid are translucent, the
amphibian can spy on its habitat.
The lid may help keep the frogs
prominent eyes disguised from
foes and allow the frog to stay on
the lookout for trouble while it
re-energizes. If a hunter does
approach, the frog can leap away,
startling its pursuer.

NOW
SHOWING!!
AMAZING
ANIMALS
Red ye re og
Frog
e Fro
ree
Episode
natgeokids.com/jungle

Toxic Taste
Huddling under a leaf as rain pelts down, a red-eyed tree frog senses a dangerous snake. Good
thing the frog has a slimy defense. When its stressed out by an approaching predator, it oozes a
stinky, slightly toxic slime through its skin! The clear goo fills the jungle air with a sharp smell
similar to that of a bicycle tire. Researchers can track stressed frogs in a forest just by fol-
lowing this scent, says Andres Vega, a biologist in the country of Costa Rica. The fumes arent
deadly, but theyre strong enough to make some peoples eyes water and throats itch. The slime
also makes the frogs taste bad to enemies, such as snakes and owls. Some predators that snag
the frog are so disgusted by its taste they let their meal go free.

Fast-forward about a month ... A year or so after hatching ...


Color Connection
Red-eyed tree frogs are famous
for their rainbow of colors. But
the animals start off almost
completely brown, developing
their bright hues and red eye
color over the first year of
their lives. Experts are still
trying to figure out the purpose
of the frogs colorsmeaning
that these guys still have some
surprises in store for us!

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 19


Special
JIssue e
Africa

towers are home to some


seriously strange species.
BY KRISTIN BAIRD RATTINI

A MADAGASCAR KESTREL
PERCHES ATOP A PEAK IN
THE PARK.

forbidding forest of pointed stone towers where only or deep open cracks, across the top layer of
peaks soars above the sur- a few humans dare to set foot. land. Over time, the tops of the rocks sharp-
rounding jungle landscape. This ened into the knife-like points visible today.
surreal limestone lair looks like WATER AT WORK
a challenge straight out of a Around 200 million years ago, the limestone CREATURE FEATURES
video game. The eye-popping plateau that makes up Tsingy de Bemaraha You wont find many humans venturing
spotcalled Tsingy de Bemaraha national was part of the seabed. Over millions of years, among those spiky limestone towersjust a
park and reserveis located in western the limestone layers below the water slowly few locals, plus some brave scientists and
Madagascar, an island off the southeast coast rose above the sea level. Heavy rains continu- tourists with rugged rock-climbing gear. But
of Africa. ally sculpted the land, altering its shape. youll spot plenty of animals in the park.
Its easy to see why the word tsingy(pro- When rainwater flows into cracks in the The biodiversity of Tsingy de Bemaraha is
nounced sing-EE) means where one cannot landscape, it dissolves the rock, says Martn unique even when compared to the rest of
walk barefoot in the local Malagasy lan- Veress, a geomorphologist(someone who Madagascar, which hosts many animals found
guage. But in this brutal landscape, many studies the evolution of the Earths surface). nowhere else on the planet, primatologist
creatures make their home among these The constant dissolution created crevasses, Travis Steffens says. The tsingy is like its own
HENKELS
LEAF-TAILED
GECKO
LIFE ON THE EDGE MADAGASCAR
COMMERSONS
LEAF-NOSED BAT
Here are a few creatures youll GIANT HOGNOSE
spot in Tsingy de Bemaraha. SNAKE

MADAGASCAR
20 PYGMY KINGFISHER
A DECKENS
SIFAKA (ALSO
IN BIG PHOTO)
HANGS OUT ON
ONE OF THE
PARKS LIME-
STONE SPIKES.

EUROPE
ASIA

AFRICA
NTI C IND I A N
separate island within an island. Thats Even the plants have adapted to life in the AN OC E A N

GECKO, DROPWING, LEAF-NOSED SNAKE); BLICKWINKEL / ALAMY (KESTREL, KINGFISHER, HOGNOSE


MADAGASCAR
because the wildlife of Tsingy de Bemaraha unusual tsingy. For example, xerophytes(pro-

STEPHEN ALVAREZ / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (MAIN, SIFAKA, LEAF-TAILED GECKO, DAY

SNAKE); IMAGEBROKER / ALAMY (BAT); ARTO HAKOLA / ALAMY (IGUANA); MARTIN WALZ (MAP)
had to adapt to the parks challenging sur- nounced zee-ROH-fites) found in the tsingys
O C E A N

roundings, learning to survive everywhere dry forests can stretch their long, ropelike
R
CA

from pitch-black caves to humid, jungle-like roots into various parts of the rock face in
pockets of tropical dry forests that sprouted search of water. Tsingy de
AS

Bemaraha Antananarivo
up through crevasses in the landscape.
A N
AG

Lemurs in particular thrive in the tsingy MORE TO EXPLORE Mozambique


MAD

Channel
D I

11 species call it home. Six of those species Theres still so much to uncover in this
I N

are endangered. Among them is the white- strange and stunning no-mans-land, and
furred Deckens sifaka, which developed pow- scientists continue to encounter new plant
erful hind legs to leap up to 30 feet from and animal species as they study the park.
peak to peak. Its hands have developed soft Who knows what new discoveries await those
pads that allow it to grip the rocks as it clings
vertically and leaps across the parks spikes.
brave enough to venture into Tsingy de
Bemarahas treacherous terrain?
GET MO
MADAGA
ANIMA
CRIMSON
DROPWING
DAY GECKO
COLLARED
IGUANA
natgeokids.com/september
LEAF-NOSED
SNAKE

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 21


JIssue
Special

Asia
e LOTH BE
n jured cu b m akes a comeback
A ep
with help from devoted ke

left the bear bound to the tree. a forested outdoor enclosure. Now full of
After removing the chain from energy, the bear scampers aroundd and
the cubs neck, vets from Wildlife sniffs every corner of his new space.He
SOS examine him. The animal is also makes friends with the staff members
malnourished and exhausted. The who come by to say hello, Satyanarayan
wound on the bears muzzle, which says. But visitors have to watch thheir
was made by the poachers, is pain- feetElvis likes trying to pull offf peoples
ful. So the rescuers immediately shoes!
give him soothing medication.
Then they place the cub in a trans- BIG BEAR
port vehicle and drive nearly 12 By about two years of Slooth bears
hours to the Wildlife SOS Agra age, Elvis is 172 pounds. can close
c their
outdoor fun Bear Rescue Facility in Agra, a He spends his days nostr rils to keep
city in northern India. Once there, learning to climb out dust or bugs
wheen eating.

A
BY ALLYSON SHAW a caretaker scoops up the weak cub and trees, foraging for
carries him to his new home. yummy termites, and
sloth bear cub whimpers munching on fruit that he
as he sits chained to a BEAR CARE receives. Elvis was taken from his mom
tree in a remote village At the rescue center, staff clean the cubs before she could teach him sloth bear sur-
near Indias Uttar Pradesh wound so it doesnt get infected. They also vival skills, so he cant return to tthe wild.
Forest. The two-month- provide him with antibiotics and pain med- But Elvis will have the next best thing:
old is weak, dehydrated, ication. After that they place the bear, now In a couple of years, the bear will be placed
and hungry. He also has a deep wound named Elvis, in an enclosure so he can get in a 160-acre, tree-lled enclosure with
across his snout. Poachers, who recently some rest. At rst he cowers in the corner other sloth bears. Until then, Elviss will con-
snatched the bear from his jungle home when anyone approaches. His bad experi- tinue to grow and playand maybe hell
after killing his mother, stand next to ence has taken a severe toll on him, says try to steal a few more shoes! Hes grown
him. They plan to take the baby bear to Kartick Satyanarayan, a co-founder of to be so lively and mischievous,
the nearby country of Nepal, where hell Wildlife SOS. But with some gentle coaxing, Satyanarayan says.
be sold to people wholl keep him at a a keeper gets the 13-pound cub to drink Its amazing.
roadside attraction in poor conditions. some milk from a bottle.
The sloth bear huddles against the tree, Slowly Elvis starts to trust the keeper
his distress building. whos bottle-feeding him. And the bear
downs so much that he begins to pack on
HELP ARRIVES some pounds. A few months later Elvis
As the poachers get ready to move the starts to eat solid foods, including man-
cub, a conservation group called Wildlife goes, watermelons, and honey. His favorite
SOS learns of their plans. Wildlife SOS are eggs, which he always saves for last.
teams up with the Uttar Pradesh Forest Keepers continue to give him medicine. milky meal
and Wildlife Department and police to They hide the medicine in fruit or mix it
raid the poachers hideout. They arrive into his porridge.
to nd that the poachers have ed and When Elvis is a year old, hes moved into

22 SEPTEMBER 2017 WILDLIFE SOS INDIA (ALL)


Sloth bears
eat termites,
ants, owers,
and fruits.

While eating,
they grunt
and snort.

In relation
to their size, they
have the largest
teeth of any
bear.

They are
the only bears
that regularly
carry cubs on
their backs.

These
animals have
a Y- or U-shaped
marking on
their chests.

CHECK OUT
THIS BOOK!

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 23


Special
2
In 2012 SCIENTISTS

JIssue e
in Guatemala
UNEARTHED the
JEWEL-FILLED TOMB of a
MAYA WARRIOR QUEEN
named LADY KABEL.

3 Ecuadors
Waorani
people cap ptur
anacondas
with bare
THE OLDEST The Amazon rain forests hands as
AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL a test of
Aw people keep parakeets as pets. strength.h.
BOOMERANGSWHICH
WERE USED FOR 5 7
HUNTINGARE 6
Some THE KAYAPO
10,000 YEARS OLD. of the Penan OF BRAZIL MAKE
people in the HUNTING SPEAR TIPS
countries
of Malaysia WITH SHARP
and Brunei STINGRAY SPINES.
move their
The Tzeltal-Mayan settlements
people in Mexico about once a
use beetle wings month.
as jewelry.

THINGS

9 10 12
By spraying MANGOES ARE AN
bee-repelling sap IMPORTANT SOURCE
8 onto hives, Indias OF FOOD FOR THE
Jarawa people draw BAKA PEOPLE OF
away the insects CAMEROON.
so they can
extract
honey. 11 In 2015,
12th-century city
13 ruins were found The Tucuna of South America
The Tlingit hidden in the jungles carve ceremonial masks
of North of Cambodia. in the shape of jaguars.
Americas
Pacific 15
Northwest
Starting around
region Brazils Matis people
the 10th century,
carve have a ritual to honor
large rodents called
people built over a
totem capybaras. thousand pagodas
poles that
are as high (or temples) in
14 SOME MODERN-DAY
as 40 feet MEDICINES HAVE
a jungle in the
to honor INGREDIENTS FIRST Asian country
ancestors. FOUND AND USED BY
RAIN FOREST CULTURES. of Myanmar.
GLENN BARTLEY / GETTY IMAGES (1); TONIFLAP / GETTY IMAGES (3); SERGEY SKLEZNEV / DREAMSTIME (4); CLAUDIO CONTRERAS /
NPL / MINDEN PICTURES (5); KEITH LEVIT / GETTY IMAGES (7); DESIGN PICS INC / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (8);
24 FLPA / JAMES LOWEN / AGE FOTOSTOCK (12); ANDREW M. ALLPORT / SHUTTERSTOCK (13); PPART / GETTY IMAGES (15)
16 Vaups Indian 17 Some 2,000 years 18 19
group members ago voyagers canoed Pygmy
in Colombia learn 1,500 miles from the hunters of
to speak at least rain-forest-covered The Orang Ulu
three languages Solomon Islands to the Congo people of Malaysia
uently. other Pacic islands. rain forest in craft boat-shaped lutes called sapes.
Africa mimic
20 The Amazon the sound of 22
rain forest is an injured THE LACANDON OF CHIAPAS, MEXICO,
home to some antelope to
400 groups of ARE DIRECT DESCENDANTS
lure out its
indigenous predators. OF THE ANCIENT MAYA.
(or native) people.

21
Thousands of years ago, citizens of a
city in Hondurass Mosquitia rain forest
may have worshipped a monkey-like god.

RAIN FOREST G roups of people have been


living in rain forests around the

CULTURES
world for tens of thousands of
years. Check out amazing facts
about the history, art, and contri-
butions of these cultures.
BY JULIE BEER
23 24 25
THE YALI OF WEST PAPUA IN THE
SOUTH PACIFIC CAN DISTINGUISH
BETWEEN AT LEAST 49 VARIETIES
OF SWEET POTATO ON SIGHT.
THE KUKU YALANJI HAVE BEEN LIVING
IN AUSTRALIAS DAINTREE RAIN
26 The Olmec,
FOREST FOR THE PAST 50,000 YEARS.
which thrived
some 3,000
years ago
in Central
America,
carved 27 It was customary for the Mayna, which Indonesias
11-foot-high thrived in Ecuador until the 20th century, Korowai people dwell
stone heads. to stain their teeth black. in tree houses often
built over a hundred
28 29 feet aboveground.
The Moken peoples children, Tarantula
fangs are
who dive for food off used as 30 THE AZTECS, WHO
islands in Asias Andaman Sea, toothpicks FLOURISHED IN MEXICO
see twice as well by the FROM THE 14TH TO THE 16TH
underwater as Piaroa CENTURIES, MADE AN EARLY
people
European kids do. of Venezuela. VERSION OF PEANUT
BUTTER.
ANDREW WATSON / GETTY IMAGES (19); FILIPEFRAZAO / GETTY IMAGES (20); DAVE YODER / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (21); DMITRY RUKHLENKO /
SHUTTERSTOCK (22); MACDUFF EVERTON / GETTY IMAGES (23); MARC ANDERSON / ALAMY (24); ANDAMANSE / GETTY IMAGES (25); MANFRED
GOTTSCHALK / GETTY IMAGES (26); JUSTINE EVANS / ALAMY (28); ROLAND SEITRE / MINDEN PICTURES (29); MELICA / SHUTTERSTOCK (30) NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 25
Special
e
IsNesw Zueae
land

ICE IS NICE, BUT THESE BIRDS


PREFER LIFE IN THE RAIN FORESST.
BY JAMIE KIFFEL-ALCHEH
Many penguins thrive in freezing conditions. They shrug off
subzero winds, belly-surf over glaciers, and swim under-
neath ice. But not tawakis. Also known as Fiordland crested
penguins, these guys live in the rain forests of New Zealand.
With their distinctive plumage, unusual squawks, and hard- na
n atg
geo
ok s.ccom
m
to-find cave nests, these birds stand out from their fellow
black-and-white relatives. Check out why tawakis are the
rule breakers of the penguin world.

P AC
IA OCEAIFIC
AS N
ALIA A TAWAKI MAKES
STR ITS WAY TO ITS
AU NEW
IANN ZEALAND RAIN FOREST NEST.
EA
OCN
I

A N TA
R CT I C A
NOW
NE
North
Island
SHOWING!
ZEAL
Tasman
ington
PE
PL
Sea CIFIC
OCEAN
outh
land
Where
tawakis
VI
Stewart Island live natgeokids.c / ember

TUI DE ROY / MINDEN PICTURES (MAIN); ANDREW WALMSLEY / ALAMY (RANGE ROVERS); ALESSANDRA

26
SARTI / IMAGEBROKER / AGE FOTOSTOCK (ROCK ON); BRENT STEPHENSON / NPL / MINDEN PICTURES (SUPER
SEPTEMBER 2017 SWIMMERS); PHOTOGRAPH BY RICHARD SIDEY / GETTY IMAGES (COLD SHOULDER); MARTIN WALZ (MAP)
RANGE ROVERS When it comes time to search for
food, many penguins hunt as far as 40 miles from their nest.
Not tawakis. Some tawakis Ive observed have stayed within a
radius of just two miles from their home, says Thomas Mattern,
a researcher with the Tawaki Penguin Project. Climate change
is forcing these birds to travel farther from shore, however, as
Birds
OF A FEATHER
Tawakis arent always rebel-
warmer water means less prey. Luckily the adult birds are up for lious. Sometimes they act like,
a longer trip: Tawakis can be very adaptable to local conditions, well, other penguins. Heres
Mattern says. how theyre similar.

ROCK ON Sometimes referred to as the


rock stars off the penguin world, tawakis are
THEY CANT FLY.
Those little wings arent for
liftoff. Penguins flippers are
for powering through water.
known for their wild look and sound. They


have a distincctive yellow streak of feathers
called a cresst over each eye. The birds THEY LOSE ALL THEIR
can shake theeir crestslike rock stars FEATHERS AT ONCE.
shake their hhair onstageto show off their
Called catastrophic molting,
plumage to potential
p mates. Tawakis also
most penguins shed all of their
have distincttive voices, just like your favorite
feathers at the same time once
singer. Unlikee other penguins, they sound like
a year, unlike many other birds,
braying donkkeys and make honking noises to
which only molt a few feathers
communicatee at sea.
at a time. The waterproof
SUPER SWIMMERS feathers protect the penguins
from chilly water, so they stay
All penguins log lots of time in the
water. But tawakis spend so much on land until their feathers
time in the ocean that creatures grow back after a few weeks.
WA
ARM-WEATHER called barnaclestiny, sticky
FE
EATHERS
Waaddling across an ice-covered
ccolony? No thanks! Tempera-
ttures in the temperate (that
means mild) rain forests of
m
crustaceans that typically latch
on to whalessometimes attach
themselves to tawakis tails too! THEY SNEEZE SALTWATER.
When theyre gulping down fish,
penguins swallow a lot of sea-
water. But a special gland above
ssouthwest New Zealand can their eyes lets them filter out
hhit a toasty 70F. Thats why excess salt through their beaks
ttawakis can be smallerthey by sneezing.
ddont need to hold in as much
bbody heat as larger birds such
ass Antarctic penguins. Many
peenguins that live on the ice
alsoo have heavy plumage: Unlike
tawakis, penguins such as Adlies
look like feathers with a beak stick-
ing out, Mattern says.

COLD SHOU ULDER Other crested penguin species such


as rockhoppers breed with their nests squeezed close together in
colonies of thousannds, but tawakis lay their eggs in isolated caves,
bushes, and tree stuumps. The birds arent just being unfriendly.
We get lots of rain in New Zealand, Mattern says. Thats one
reason why tawakiss like to be tucked away. Secretive spots also
provided protectionn from humans, who used to hunt the birds for
meat. Only the birds that remained hidden survived. No wonder
tawakis like to stayy out of sight!
A TAWAKI STANDS
GUARD IN FRONT
OF ITS CAVE NEST.
Special
JIssue e
ARE to

EXPLORE
WANT TO BE A JUNGLE AD
VENTURER? CHECK OUT THESE THREE NAT GEO EXPLORERS TO

SANDESH KADUR
THE WILDLIFE
FILMMAKER
SEE WHAT IT TAKES. BY C.M. TOMLIN

FILMS A PAIR OF
CLOUDED LEOPARD Sandesh Kadur is an award-
CUBS IN INDIA.
winning filmmaker from
India. Below, he describes
meeting clouded leopard
cubs and rhinoceroses in his
home country.
One time while filming in the foothills KADUR WAITS
PATIENTLY FOR
of the Himalaya mountains, I was fortunate AN ANIMAL TO
enough to witness the release of two orphaned APPEAR.
clouded leopard cubs back into the wild. I felt an incredible bond
with these cats and was lucky to capture photos of them.
Another time I was hiding in high grass in Indias Kaziranga
National Park when two rhinos suddenly started chasing each
other. They were like bulldozers charging in circles around me.
I could hear their thundering hooves as I filmed the encounter.
My job is to wake up early, head into the jungle, and find the
coolest animals to film. I typically wait for hours to catch just
one creature on camera. Its worth
it though. Powerful
images help us feel
connected to nature. I
strive through film to
create that same con-
nection for others. A YOUNG CLOUDED
LEOPARD LOOKS
AT THE CAMERA.

WANT TO BEAKER?
Being a lmmaker is like
LMM
A WILDLIFE FI

and ph ot
ography,
STUDY: Art, geraphy
og being a spy. You shouldnt be
WATCH: The BB
Cs Planet Earth seen but you should see all
k and the
READ: The Share Filmmaker
W ildlif thats going on around you.
Albatross: A ture Matters
Reveals Why Na John
to Us All by
SANDESH KADUR / FELIS IMAGES (KADUR, MAIN AND INSET); IAN RENTOUL / SHUTTERSTOCK
(CLOUDED LEOPARD); LEONARDO O. ALVARADO CRDENAS (OLSON, MAIN); JIM WEBB / NATIONAL
Aitchison GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE (OLSON, INSET); FABIO SCHUNCK (MACHADO FERREIRA, MAIN AND INSET);
28 SEPTEMBER 2017 ONDREJ PROSICKY / SHUTTERSTOCK (MACAWS, BOTH); JURGEN AND CHRISTINE SOHNS (PARROT)
THE PLANT BIOLOGIST
Mark Olson studies plants in the jungles
of Africa and Central America. He talks
about soaring in a paraglider over the
treetops of Mexicos forests.
Once as I was flying across the treetops of one
of Mexicos tropical dry forests, a white-throated
magpie-jaya crow-like bird with a long tail
followed behind me, screeching the whole way!
Unfamiliar insects buzz around you, and unusual sce WANT TO
A PLANT B BE
fill the air. Its another world in the tree canopy. IOLOGIST?
I fly in a paraglider to study the treetops, which
STU
can be terrifying. But its helpful to get a birds-eye (the study DY: Botany
o
view. Up here you can see animals that youd never biology, an f plants), micro-
d mathemat
spot from the ground. Sometimes curious animals WATCH: Th ics
e
check me out. You can walk through a rain forest What Plants documentary
Talk About
MARK OLSON SCALES
and think it looks like every other rain forest. But READ: Livi
How Plants ng Sunlight:
A TREE IN MEXICOS when you identify the plants on the ground and
SIERRA DE LOS TUXTLAS
spend time in the treetops you realize how unique to Life by MBring the Earth
TROPICAL RAIN FOREST. olly
each jungle is. Penny Chis Bang and
holm

Next time youre in the


woods, really look at NOW
SHOWING!
the plants. For example,
how many different leaf WATCH EXPLORER
shapes can you nd? ANDRS RUZO
TREK THROUGH A
THE WILDLIFE RAIN FOREST.
WARRIOR natgeokids.com/jungle
Juliana Machado Ferreira works to save
animals stolen from Brazils wild. She JULIANA MACHADO
FERREIRA HOLDS
recalls rescuing birds seized by smugglers. A GREEN-WINGED
SALTATOR.
When I worked with an organization called SOS
Fauna, we rescued blue-fronted Amazon parrots that
had been stolen as chicks and were being transported
by traffickers. You could tell the birds hadnt been
well cared for. After we eventually returned them to
their natural habitat, we watched as they tasted the flowers,
seeds, and fruits of their home. Over time their health improved
dramatically. When you rescue a mistreated animal and return it to SCARLET MACAW
where it belongs, the change in them is unbelievable.
Moments like these are why I work to combat the illegal buying and selling
of wildlife. I want to help police fight the criminals and encourage lawmakers HYACINTH MACAW
to pass laws against these terrible crimes.

WANT MACHADO FERREIRA


A WILDLIFE TO BE
WARRIOR?
PREPARES TO WEIGH
BLUE-FRONTED AND HYDRATE A BIRD
AMAZON PARROTS IN BAHIA, BRAZIL.
HAVE BLUE FEATHERS
STUDY: ABOVE THEIR BEAKS.
Environmental
zoology, and ge studies,
ography
Remember that wild animals
WATCH: Rio
READ: Forbidde
Inside the Worldn Creatures:
of
Smuggling and Animal
arent pets; they need to be
Ex
Pets by Peter La otic
ufer free. Every animal has the
right to exist and fulfill its
role in nature. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 29
Special
JIssue e
South
Central aenrdica
Am

Jaguarundi moms teach the ns


impressive hunting skills. BY ALICIA KLEPEIS
A 10-pound female jaguarundi pads across the rain forest flooor with her two kittens inn tow.
The babies romp and wrestle. They havent yet eaten today, so as they play the mom looks
for food. Detecting a rustling from a holeole in the ground
ground, she sti
sticks
icks
NORTH
AMERICA
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
A YOUNG
her paw inside and pulls out a tasty rat. Her babies scamper
JAGUARUNDI to her side. Its time for a family dinner.
PROWLS
THROUGH The jaguarundi is a small species of wild cat,
SOUTH
A JUNGLE. whose range includes the Amazon rain forest.
PACIFIC AMERICA
It isnt a top predator, biologist Anthony OCEAN
Giordano says.In fact its pretty low on
the predator totem pole. Because of Where
competition from stronger preda- jaguarundis
live
tors such as cougars, jaguarundis
must learn as youngsters to be
crafty hunters. Luckily their
moms act as cat coaches,
teaching the babies key
hunting skills.

30
Some
jaguarundi
kittens have spots
on their bellies,
which disappear
as they get These
older. cats make
at least 13
distinct
calls.
Kitten Sittin
With food in their bellies, the family mom spots birds fluttering several feet
heads back to their den located away. Hunting schools in session! Her
inside a hollow log. The kittens are kittens watch as she goes after the
growing strong and feisty. But feathered prey.
when they were born, the cats To keep from being seen, the
weighed less than a baseball and cat creeps along the ground,
spent most of their time sleeping. hiding under plants. Unlike
Their mom barely left their side. desert- or grassland-
After about three weeks, the dwelling jaguarundis
mom began making quick trips that have light fur,
from the den to search for snacks those in the Amazon
such as rodents, birds, and reptiles. jungle often sport a
Upon returning, shed usually chew darker coat. This may
up the food to make it easier for her help them stay camou-
babies to eat. Occasionally shed drop flaged on the shadowy for-
a small rodent next to the kittens and est floor. Closing in on the
let them play with it. This gave them early birds, the female sprints forward.
exposure to their prey. At around six weeks, Then she leaps six feet in the air and swats

DANIEL HEUCLIN / BIOSPHOTO (PROWLING); ARCO IMAGES GMBH / ALAMY (PERCHED ON BRANCH); CTK PHOTO / IGOR SEFR / ALAMY (STICKING
the kittens mom began taking them on one with a paw. The mom returns to her

OUT TONGUE); NICK GORDON / ARDEA (MOUTH OPEN); MARVIN RECINOS / AFP / GETTY IMAGES (PLAY-WRESTLING); MARTIN WALZ (MAP)
field trips to watch her hunt. young, carrying the prey in her mouth.
During another outing, the family comes
A PAIR OF
across a pool of water. The babies stand at
KITTENS the edge as their mother wades in. When a
PLAY-
WRESTLE. fish darts by, the female quickly dunks her
paws in the water and captures the swim-
ming snack. The curious kittens observe
their furry teacher. One day theyll become
copycats, using the same techniques as
Jaguarundi their mom does to snag food.
litters contain
one to four
kittens.
Hunting Tryouts
Over the next months, the kittens follow
their mom into the forest. They see her
digging for rodents and doing her hunting
Watch and Learn high jump. The kittens practice their own
The jaguarundi family emerges from its moves, mimicking their moms. They chase
GET dark den into the daylight. Most wild cats small mammals and leap at birds. Soon
MORE! in the Amazon hunt at night. Not the jagua-
rundi. By hunting during the day, these
theyre catching their own dinners.
When the offspring are a year old, they

WILD CATS
animals avoid direct competition for food leave their mother. Wandering into the
with other wild cats such as ocelots and woods, they peer back at her. But neither
margays, Giordano says. The mom and kit- the youngsters nor the mom has to worry.
natgeokids.com/september tens chirp and whistle to each other as Thanks to their mothers help, these high-
they trot among the trees. Suddenly the jumping cats have hunting down!
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 31
Jungle Jam
Youre on a scientic survey looking for certain animals
in the Congo basin. This area in central Africa
contains the second largest rain forest in the world.
Find the 10 animals on this list in the scene. These animals
1 western gorilla 6 red river hog wouldnt hang out
2 elephant 7 chimpanzee so close together in
3 gray parrot 8 leopard the wild. This game
is just for fun!
4 Nile crocodile 9 African pygmy-kingsher
5 duiker* 10 royal python
*HINT: A duiker is a kind of antelope.
ANSWERS ON PAGE 39

32 SEPTEMBER 2017
AD

ngmuseum.org
MORE TO EXPLORE

and go online for more details.

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS


Washington, D.C. Grab a parent
National Geographic Museum in
RS
Check out Earth Explorers at the

33
NAZARIO GRAZIANO (ART); PETE OXFORD / MINDEN PICTURES (1); MITSUAKI IWAGO / MINDEN PICTURES (2); NIELS VAN GIJN / GETTY IMAGES (3); CREDIT: MARTIN WITHERS / MINDEN PICTURES (4); THOMAS MARENT / MINDEN PICTURES (5); SEBASTIAN KENNERKNECHT / MINDEN PICTURES (6); ANUP SHAH / MINDEN PICTURES (7);
HIROYA MINAKUCHI / MINDEN PICTURES (8); SEBASTIAN KENNERKNECHT / MINDEN PICTURES (9); CHRIS MATTISON / FLPA / MINDEN PICTURES (10); EDUCATION IMAGES / GETTY IMAGES (LONG LEAVES, BOTTOM LEFT), PETE OXFORD / MINDEN PICTURES (ROOTS), GUENTERGUNI / GETTY IMAGES (FOREST), IMAGE DIGITALLY COMPOSED
Fun
Rain Forest
BY ALLYSON SHAW
Ask a friend to give
you words to fill in the
blanks in this story without
showing it to him or her.
Then read out loud for a laugh.

I was deep in the rain forest of with my friend , searching for an


country famous person

ancient ruin called the Lost of the . But just minutes into the
noun animal number
journey, we realized wed forgotten our spray! A swarm of bugs
type of insect adjective
was us! We through the trees and soon smacked
verb ending in ing adverb ending in ly past-tense verb
into a(n) . I pulled back some and couldnt believe my . It
something hard type of plant, plural body part, plural
was a part of the ruinand we could hear comingfrominside! Wepeekedthroughahole in the
sound ending in ing
wall and saw a group of .They were lounging on stone , snacking on
animal, plural type of furniture, plural

, and even swimming in a I guess this ruin isnt really lost at all!
favorite food, plural liqui
DAN SIPPLE

34 SEPTEMBER 2017
CHECK OUT
THIS BOOK!
JUNGLE GOODS
These photos show close-up views
of items that come from rain forest
plants. Unscramble the letters to
identify whats in each picture.
Bonus: Use the highlighted letters
to solve the puzzle below.
ANSWERS ON PAGE 39

NASAANB OREP OFEFEC


TOP ROW (LEFT TO RIGHT): MAKS NARODENKO / SHUTTERSTOCK; AFRICA STUDIO / SHUTTERSTOCK; ALEXANDER PLADDET / DREAMSTIME.

BOTTOM ROW (LEFT TO RIGHT): OLEGDOROSHIN / SHUTTERSTOCK; DMITRY KALINOVSKY / SHUTTERSTOCK; TIM UR / SHUTTERSTOCK
MIDDLE ROW (LEFT TO RIGHT): NATTIKA / SHUTTERSTOCK; BILLION PHOTOS / SHUTTERSTOCK; LUKAS GOJDA / SHUTTERSTOCK.

NOICANMN PAO S LCOOTHAEC

IEHNWCG MGU BRUEBR RTISE ZLIARB TNSU

HINT: What did the toucan say to the cashier?

ANSWER: J T N Y !
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 35
Aw
Giveaeswom
Seepage
e
ay!
27 .

DARE
TO
natgeok EXPL
ids com ORE

TELL US
SS
INNE D!
A GU COR
LP SET RLD RE
HE WO FEBRUA
RY 2017

WHAT YOU
TO
DARE s.

THINK!
kid
natgeo

2017
MAY

Join the National Geographic Kids Team.*


invite
Throughout the year well i i you by email i to complete our latest
online survey. The surveys ask for opinions about current magazine issues,
articles were working on, and topics that affect kids like you.

Apply online!

I GN I NG U P IS
S
For each
survey you
complete, youll be
entered into quarterly
drawings to win an

1 Grab a pa
are
ent.
AMAZON
2 Go to ngk
kidsandfamilyteam.com GIFT CARD!
/join20177. Hav
ve
e your par
p rent fill
ll
out the co
onsent
sen formm.
3 Look for eem
mail con
nfirm
mation
from Natt G
Geo Kid
ds.
If you have any questio s
contact tracy.stone@natgeo.com.
t
DAMEDEESO / DREAMSTIME

* Children of NGS sttaff, NGP staff, and


contractors are noot eligible to par-
ticipate. Only those selected willl be
notified. If you aree already a member
of the panel, you do
d not need to
reapply.
SOUTHERN
TWO-TOED SLOTH
Sl hff l
Lives in: Northern South America
Likes: Snoozing and snacking
W
BY ALLLYSON SHA
BY FRIENDS
YURUANI GLASS
If wild animals used social media,what OILBIRD LOWLAND TAPIR FROG
would they say? Follow this southern LittleBirdie TinyTrunk FindTheFrog
two-toed sloths day as it updates its feed.

9 p.m.
TinyTrunk
Slothful But I do have a
Sorry, guys. Im going to be a little late. snorkel (aka my
#SlothTime nose) for swim-
ming! BOOM.
TinyTrunk
Hurry up! You only come down from

JURGEN AND CHRISTINE SOHNS / MINDEN PICTURES (SLOTH PROFILE, ALL); GEOFF TRINDER / ARDEA (OILBIRD PROFILE, ALL); INGO ARNDT / MINDEN PICTURES (TAPIR PROFILE, ALL); DAVID MASSEMIN /
BIOSPHOTO / MINDEN PICTURES (FROG PROFILE, ALL); GAMEGFX / SHUTTERSTOCK (CARTOON FACES, ALL); GERARD LACZ / AGE FOTOSTOCK (SLOTH HANGING); STAFFAN WIDSTRAND / NPL / MINDEN PIC-
TURES (TAPIR SWIMMING); JOHN J BANGMA / GETTY IMAGES (OILBIRD IN NEST); MICHAEL FREEMAN / ALAMY (SLOTH WITH ALGAE); DAVID MASSEMIN / BIOSPHOTO / MINDEN PICTURES (FROG ON LEAF)
the tree canopy once a week to use the FindTheFrog
bathroom, so this is the only time we WEIRD. I havent gone swimming
get to see you face-to-face (or trunk- since I was a tadpole.
to-nose).
LittleBirdie
Slothful Eh. Ill just keep
Im having trouble getting out of my bed, living that warm,
er, tree. Plus I only move about six feet a dry cave life.
minute. So its gonna take me awhile to
get down.

4 a.m.
FindTheFrog Slothful
Get a move on, Slothful! The moon is Hey, FindTheFrog!
rising and the frogs are singing! Im almost as green
as you ... just give
the algae a few more
Slothful days to grow in
Shouldnt the birds be singing? my fur.

FindTheFrog
LittleBirdie Nice! My greenish
Im too busy tweeting! #LOL see-through skin
helps me hide in
the leaves. I guess
12:35 a.m. it works like that
for you, too, huh?
Slothful
How many of you
can do THIS?
#NoHands Slothful
Yep! TinyTrunk, I know you eat aquatic plants.
Any interest in a little green snack?
LittleBirdie
Show-off. You know we dont all
have special tree-gripping claws TinyTrunk
like you do. GROSS.

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 37


p rents cant
If yyour pa
i s,
answer these question
maybe the y should go to
school instead of you!
ANSWERS ON PAGE 39

6 d monkeys have a prehensile


Spider preh
hensile tail, meaningg they
can ____________ with their tails.
t ils
A. shoot venom C. peel bananas
ananas
B. grab branches D. scratch
atch their backs

How many years can a macaw, a kind of parrot, 7 If you were to make a rain forest ice
1 cream, which avors could
uld you use?
live in the wild?
A. 5 C. 60 A. lemon
B. 20 D. 100 B. banana
C. mango
D. all of the above
2 Each year, almost a million people travel to the
Andes Mountains in Peru to see which cultural site?
A. Angkor Wat C. Easter Island
8 Which type of animal is Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
-Tavi
from The Jungle Book?
B. Chichen Itza D. Machu Picchu A. goat C. mongoose
oose
B. bear D. meerkatt
3 Which
W rain forest animal is attracted to the

NAM / SHUTTERSTOCK (FLOWER);


gross-smelling
g owers of the kapok tree? 9 In the Sagano Forest in Japan, bamboo

ONOV / DREAMSTIME (SPIDER


grows at a rate of ____________ a day.

CHAIJ / SHUTTERSTOCK
A. snake C. toucan
B. monkey D. bat A. 1 inch
B. 12 inches
C. 40 inches

CREAM); SOMCHAIJ
4 A company developed what new kind of item after

(KOMODO DRAGON)N)
D. 60 inches

IAKOV FILIMONOV
RINUS BAAK / DREAMSTIME (MACAW); WEERAPONG WORRANAM
studying the way buttery wings produce uce colors?
A. color-changing helmets
B. color screens for electronic
ic devicess 110 O the Indonesian island of Komodo, which large
On

(BAMBOO); RICHARD SUSANTO / SHUTTERSTOCK (KO


MONKEY); M. UNAL OZMEN / SHUTTERSTOCK (ICE CR
DOBERMARANER / SHUTTERSTOCK (BUTTERFLY); IA
C. tie-dyed sunglasses animals
a do Komodo dragons eat?
D. holiday lights A.
A water buffalo C. polar bear
B. blue whale D. hippopotamus

5 The tropical forest around the he Lost Temple of Zios in


i the
virtual world of Animal Jam would need long days and
plenty of rain. If it were on Earth,
rth, where would it be found?
A. Arctic Circle C. Great Barrier Reef
B. Equator D South Pole
D.

EXPLORE THE
VIRTUAL WORLD.
animaljam.com
CODE: Tropical

38 SEPTEMBER 2017
Sh t
In Bloom DJRoll13

Answers
8. C, 9. C, 10. A.
1. C, 2. D, 3. D, 4. B, 5. B, 6. B, 7. D,
hs
These photograp s
Stump Your Parents (page 38):

were taken by kid


Bonus: Just put it on my bill!
Anole Thezookeeper2 gum, rubber tires, Brazil nuts.

like you! dark mode and used


chocolate. Bottom row: chewing

I put my camera onup the lizard and its


Middle row: cinnamon, soap,

a ashlight to light
Top row: bananas, rope, coffee.
Thezookeeper2
What in the World? (page 35):
water bowl.

Jungle Jam (pages 32-33):

19
h SYJPune
n a Beac
Sunset o
Blue Ridge
Wakeseld

Allie wispofadream

Jungle Gelyhe
striking color
tograph complem enttaryy colors. This otto.
h
Ph ot h
ph
ic element to your
clash adds a dynam The Stripes mywildclick

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS 39


ADVERTISEMENT

i
I
K
Keep your eyes peeled for dangerous
beasts
b lurking in the undergrowth

WORLLDS DEN POISON DART FROG


MOST
MOS Lives A small area of remote
TOXIC
FROG!
rain forest in Colom .
Size About an in
smaller than a
Fearsome fac
one of these fr
poison to kill t
minutes wh
once used the

actual
size!
WORLD
T T
ND
N
S
SNAKE!

BLACK MAMBA
Lives Sub-Saharan Africa, from
tropical forests to dry savanna.
Size Nearly 15 feet. x 140

Fearsome fact A black


pursues its prey at up t WHO NEEDSS A NOSE?
NO
miles an hour, before The mambas black forked
f rked tongue
I n rais is used to smell prey such as bats,
birds and bush babies.
s

THEre are
more than
100 KINDS
of dart
frogS
the MOST
COLORFUL
ones Brazilian wandering spider
ARE THE Lives South American rain forests.
WORLDS
DEADLiest! Size Up to 6 inches. x 4.5 MOST
VENOMOUS
Fearsome fact At night this SPIDER!
scary spider wanders the jungle
oor searching for prey. It injects
toxins into its victims, causing
extreme pain, swelling, paralysis
and even heart attacks. Luckily,
theres an anti-venom. Phew!
Flesh-gobbling greens are for real! Flies,
spiders and other small animals all fall
victim to these predatory plants.
Check out three terrifying types!

p
Ve
Grows Bogs and swamplands
on the United States east coast.
Fearsome fact The jagged
jaws of this green meanie can
snap shut on insects in a tenth
of a second! As the trapped Over
prey wiggles around, the two 630 species
lobes squeeze tighter together, of carnivorous
releasing chemicals that
digest it alive! Yikes! plants grow
around the
world!
Grows All continents except
Antarctica. They like bogs.
Fearsome fact Dont be fooled
by the sundews jewel-like blobs
theyre a death trap for insects
that get stuck in the glistening
goo! Tentacles curl around the
struggling victim, then the leaf
folds around it too, oozing uids Sundew
that dissolve the body. Eek!

Grows Jungle marshes in


Southeast Asia, India, Australia
and the Americas.
Fearsome fact Victims are
lured to nectar on the plants
lid or rim, then lose their grip
on the slippery sides, tumbling
into the liquid-lled funnel.
Digestive acids turn the insects
cher plant into a nutrient soup. Yum!

Pitcher plants can be a


goOd place to find water
but boil it BEFORE DRINKING,
and remove any dead flies!