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AMEI escolar

Contends:
Ingls
8 ano Resumo n 6 1- Vocabulary:
TV and New
Technologies
- Vocabulary: TV and New 2- Present
Technologies Simple
3- Present
TV programmes Continuous
animated cartoons - desenhos animados 4- Past Simple
comedy - comdia 5- Present
commercial - anncio Perfect
documentary - decomentrio 6- Used To
episode - episdio 7- The Reported
film - filme Speech
live - em directo
newscast - telejornal
quiz - concurso
series - srie
soap opera - telenovela

Computer
desktop - computador de secretria
laptop - computador porttil
palm top - computador de bolso
cable - cabo
hard disk - disco rgido
microphone - microfone
mouse - rato
printer - impressora
scanner - digitalizador
software - programa informtico
sound card - placa de som
speakers - colunas
video card - placa de video
modem - aparelho que permite a ligao
Internet
web cam - cmara que regista imagem

Technology
headphones - auscultadores Vocabulary:
mobile phone - telemvel
robot - rob Usually - usualmente
television - televiso
satellite - satlite Often - muitas vezes

Internet Sometimes -
address - endereo algumas vezes
blog - blogue
browser - motor de pesquisa Rarely - raramente
chat - conversa
email - correio electrnico Never - nunca
email address - endereo elecrnico
Every day - todos os
keyword - palavra-chave
dias
link - ligao de uma pgina para outra
site - stio na Internet Write - escrever
virus - vrus
website - stio na Internet
world wide web (www) - rede informtica
internacional

- Present Simple
Usa-se para falar de rotinas dirias,
hbitos e estados permanentes.

Utilizamos os seguintes advrbios de


frequncia e expresses:
Usually;
Often;
Sometimes;
Rarely;
Never;
Every day.

Present Simple of the Verb Write


Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I write I dont write Do I write?
You write You dont write Do you write?
He/she/it writes He/she/it doesnt write Does he/she/it write?
We write We dont write Do we write?
You write You dont write Do you write?
They write They dont write Do they write?
Affirmative: Vocabulary:
Regra Geral: 3 pessoa do singular
(he,she,it) acrescenta-se -s. Potatoes - batatas

Os verbos que treminam em consoante + Say - dizer


-y mudam o -y para -i e s depois
acrescenta-se -es. Exemplo: cry - cries. Watch - observar,
ver
Os verbos que treminam em vogal + -y
seguem a regra geral. Exemplo: say - Fix - fixar
says.
Work - trabalhar
Aos verbos que treminam em -ss, -x, -o,
-ch, acrescenta-se -es. Exemplos: fix -
fixes, pass-passes, watch-watches, do-
does.

Negative/Interrogative:
Para formar a negativa utiliza-se sempre o
verbo auxiliar do. Exemplos: I dont go
to the school at the Saturdays. /She
doesnt like potatoes.

Para formar a interrogativa utiliza-se


sempre o verbo auxiliar do. Exemplos:
Do I go to the school at the Saturdays?
/Does she like potatoes?

- Present Continuous
Usa-se para falar sobre o que est a acontecer no momento em que se
fala, sobre uma situao temporria ou sobre um futuro prximo e
imediato.
Present Continuous of the Verb Work
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I am working Im not working Am I working?
You are working You arent working Are you working?
He/she/it is working He/she/it isnt working Is he/she/it working?
We are working We arent working Are we working?
You are working You arent working Are you working?
They are working They arent working Are they working?
Affirmative: Vocabulary:
Forma-se com o verbo auxiliar TO BE
mais o verbo principal com a terminao Forget - esquecer
-ing.
Make - fazer
Os verbos terminados em consoante +
vogal + consoante normalmente duplicam
a consoante final. Exemplos: run -
running, forget - forgetting.

Aos verbos treminados em -e, retira-se o


-e e acrescenta-se -ing. Exemplos: write -
writing, make - making.

Negative/Interrogative:
Forma-se segundo as regras do Present
Simple do verbo TO BE, mantendo-se a
terminao -ing. Exemplos: Im not
studying. /Are you dancing?

- Past Simple
Usa-se para falar de um acontecimento
que comeou e acabou no passado.

Utiliza-se com as seguintes expresses de


tempo:
Yesterday (ontem);
Last night/week/month/year (na
noite/semana/ms/dia passado);
Two days/weeks/months/years ago
( dois dias/semanas/meses/anos
atrs)
...

Past Simple of the Verb Talk


Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I talked I didnt talk Did I talk?
You talked You didnt talk Did you talk?
He/she/it talked He/she/it didnt talk Did she/he/it talk?
We talked We didnt talk Did we talk?
You talked You didnt talk Did you talk?
They talked They didnt talk Did they talk? Vocabulary:

Affirmative: Talk - conversar


Regra Geral: Acresenta-se -ed ao verbo.
Exemplos: talk - talked; hunt - hunted. Hunt -
caar/procurar
Aos verbos que treminam em -e,
acressenta-se somente o -d. Exemplo: Arrive - chegar
arrive - arrived
Plan - programar
Aos verbos que treminam em consoante +
vogal + consoante, normalmente duplica- Stop - parar
se a consoante final e acrescenta-se -ed.
Exemplos: plan - planned; stop - stopped. Study - estudar

Nos verbos que treminam em consoante + Swimming - natao


-y, o -y passa a -i, acrescentando-se depois
-ed. Exemplo: study - studied. Note - Verb To
Have:
Existem ainda outros verbos que no
seguem nenhuma destas regras. So Affirmative:
verbos irregulares e tm treminaes I have / Ive ...
variadas. (consulta a ficha de apoio) You have / Youve ...
He has / Hes ...
Negative/Interrogative: She has / Shes ...
Para formar a negativa utiliza-se sempre o It has / Its ...
verbo auxiliar do no Past Simple (did). We have / Weve ...
Exemplos: I didnt have swimming last You have / Youve ...
year. /She didnt go to the school They have / Theyve
yesterday. ...

Para formar a interrogativa utiliza-se Negative:


sempre o verbo auxiliar do no Past Simple I / you / we / they
(did). Exemplos: Did I have swimming have not / havent ...
last year? /Did she go to the school He / she / it has not /
yesterday? hasnt ...

- Present Perfect
O Present Perfect forma-se com o presente
do verbo To Have e o particpio passado
do verbo principal.
Interrogative:
have / has + particpio passado verbo Have I / you / we / they
principal ... ?
Has he / she / it ... ?

Vocabulary:
Usa-se para:
1. referir aces que tiveram incio no Factory - fbrica
passado e continuam no presente ou
que o influenciam. Schoolbag - mochila da
escola

Climb - escalar

Earthquake - terramoto

Ever - alguma vez

Never - nunca

Since - desde

For - h

Just - agora mesmo


(neste contexto)

Yet - ainda

Already - j

Madonna has lived a healthy lifestyle for many years.


2. falar de aces que decorreram num tempo passado, mas
indeterminado (B.E. = British English).

My father has worked in the factory since 2000. 3. questi


I have lost my schoolbag. onar
acerca
/ falar
de esperincias que j tiveram (ou no).

4. referir acontecimentos recentes.

Com o
I have gone to the cinema. (when?) Present
Perfect
usam-se as seguintes expresses:
ever;
never;
sin
There has been an earthquake in Haiti recently. ce;
I have finished my homework. for
;
jus
t;
yet
;
Have you ever climbed a mountain? alr
No, I have never climbed a mountain. ead
y.
Have you ever been to Italy?
Vocabulary:
I have never been there.
I have lived here since I was four.
Own - prprio
I have lived here for a long time.
I have just finished my homework.
Nowadays - nos dias de
I havent finished my homework yet.
hoje
Have you already gone to my new house?

Para formar o particpio passado dos


verbos:
1. acrescentamos -ed ao infinitivo
(regra geral - verbos regulares);
2. consultamos a lista de verbos
irregulares.

- Used To
Usa-se a expresso used to para falar
de/descrever situaes, rotinas ou
hbitos que ocorreram no passado e
que tiveram uma longa durao.
Note:
Did Harry use to live in Spain for many years? Vocabulary:
Quando utilizamos
Own -verbo
como prprio
introdutrio o verbo
Para formar a afirmativa utilizamos used Nowadays
tell, indicamos
- nosa dias
to seguido do verbo principal no de hojea quem foi
pessoa
infinitivo. dirigida a
Note:
mensagem.
Para formar a interrogativa utilizamos o
verbo auxiliar do no passado (did) Ex:interrogativa
Na Sonya told me e na
seguido do sujeito, use to e do verbo negativa
she didntno
go to the
principal no infinitivo utilizamos used mas
cinema.
sim use, porque a
marca do passado -d
passa para o verbo
auxiliar (did/didnt).

Sarah used to live in Ireland. She lives in


Portugal, now.

Many people used to make their own bread.


Nowadays people usually buy bread at the shops.

Harry lived in France for many years. (Past


Simple)

Harry used to live in France for many years.


Para formar a negativa utilizamos o verbo auxiliar do na forma
negativa no passado (didnt ou did not) seguido de use to e do
verbo
Brittany - I want buy magazines. principal no
Brittany said that she wanted buy magazines. infinitivo.

Excepo: - The Reported


Quando contamos algo que continua a ser Speech
verdade no mudamos o verbo.
Harry didnt use to live in Spain for many years. Usamos o
Sonya - Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. discurso
Sonya said that Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. indirecto
para
reproduzir
algo que algum disse ou para transmitir a mensagem de algum.

Ao transformar uma frase no discurso directo numa frase no discurso


indirecto
Mum to Sarah - I made the lunch for your ocorrem
brother. certas
alteraes:
Sarah to Jim - Mum said that she made the lunch come
for you. amo
sa
frase
pelo
sujeito seguido do verbo introdutrio. Podemos tambm
acrescentar that.

o
verbo
Paul - I like to read in the bed.

Paul said (that) he likes to read in the bed.

principal muda para o tempo do verbo introdutrio;


os pronomes pessoais, possessivos e
demonstrativos mudam;

Pronomes Discurso Directo Discurso Indirecto


Pessoais I/you/we he/she/they
me/you/us him/her/them
Possessivos my/your/our his/her/their
Demonstrativos this that
these those

algumas expresses tambm


mudam;

Discurso Directo Discurso Indirecto


today that day
tonight that night
tomorrow the following day
next week the following week
now then/at the moment
yesterday the day before
Martha - I had lunch with my mother yesterday.
Martha said that she had lunch with her mother the Interrogative
day before.

Bill - Sarah buy this magazine from her sister


today.
Bill said that Sarah bought that magazine from her
sister that day.
Ao transformar uma pergunta no discurso Note - Questions
directo para o discurso indirecto, aplicam- Words (pronomes
se as mesmas regras que nas frases interrogativos):
declarativas no que diz respeito a
pronomes, verbos e expresses de Where - onde
tempo e de lugar. What - o que, qual
Who - quem
H dois tipos de questes: How - como
as que tm um pronome How old - quantos
interrogativo, que serve como anos
elemento de ligao. How many - quantos
(countable words)
as que no tm pronome How much - quantos
interrogativo e usam a partcula if (uncountable words)
como elemento de ligao. How long - quanto
tempo
How far - a que
distncia
How often - quantas
vezes
When - quando
Simon - Maria, what is the problem? Why - porqu
Which - qual/quais
Simon asked Maria what the problem was.
Vocabulrio:

If - se

Teacher - Jack, did you like chocolate?

The teacher asked Jack if he liked chocolate.


As perguntas no discurso directo passam a
ser afirmaes no discurso indirecto, por
isso, a ordem dos elementos na frase

Sarah - Why are you so sad?


(pronome interrogativo + verbo + pronome
pessoal)

Sarah asked me why I was so sad.


(pronome interrogativo + pronome pessoal +
verbo)
muda.

importante colocar numa pergunta quem a faz e a quem se dirige.

Mother - Who is that boy?

My mother asked me who that boy was.