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SmashGrammar_I.

indd 1 6/24/08 11:42:29 AM


Contents
1 Be (present simple) 3
2 A/An; Plurals; Some;This / these, that / those 5
3 There is / There are 8
 ountable/uncountable nouns;
4 C
Some / any / a lot of / a few / a little / much / many 10
5 Can (ability and permission) 13
6 Present continuous 15
7 Present simple / adverbs of frequency 18
8 Present simple / present continuous 21
9 Have got / havent got 22
10 Be: past simple 24
11 Past simple (regular / irregular verbs) 26
 ubject and object pronouns;
12 S
possessive adjectives and pronouns;
possessive s; whose 29
13 Must / mustnt / have to 31
14 Question words (who, what, where, which) 33
15 Be going to 34
16 Will / wont 36
17 Will / be going to 38
18 Comparative / superlative 39
19 The imperative 41
20 Prepositions of place 43
2 1 Ordinal numbers and dates 45

SmashGrammar_I.indd 2 6/24/08 11:42:30 AM


1
Be
be .
(present simple) :

Affirmative Negative
Long Short Question Answer
Long form Short form
form form
Yes, I am.
I am Im I am not Im not Am I ... ?
No, Im not.
Yes, you are.
You are Youre You are not You arent Are you ... ?
No, you arent.
Yes, he is.
He is Hes He is not He isnt Is he ... ?
No, he isnt.
Yes, she is.
She is Shes She is not She isnt Is she ... ?
No, she isnt.
Yes, it is.
It is Its It is not It isnt Is it ... ?
No, it isnt.
Yes, we are.
We are Were We are not We arent Are we ... ?
No, we arent.
Yes, you are.
You are Youre You are not You arent Are you ... ?
No, you arent.
Yes, they are.
They are Theyre They are not They arent Are they ... ?
No, they arent.

Im hungry! Hes tall. Were at school.


Im not hungry! Hes not tall. Were not at school.
Am I hungry? Yes, I am! Is he tall? No, he isnt. Are we at school? Yes, we are.
 .
Yes .
Are you hungry? Yes, I am. / No, Im not. (not Yes, Im.)



He, She, It, We They.

Paul is happy. He is happy. Jason and I are 14. We are 14.


Mary is tall. She is tall. Mary and Joanne are 12. They are 12.
The book is blue. It is blue.

SmashGrammar_I.indd 3 6/24/08 11:42:40 AM


1
1 Write am, is or are.
5 Make questions.
1 Julia ............................ my friend.
2 You ............................ a teacher. 1 He is from England.
3 They ............................ twins. ................................................................................................................................ ?
4 I ............................ hungry! 2 She is my friend.
5 The toy ............................ great! ................................................................................................................................ ?
6 He ............................ a good boy. 3 You are from Greece.
7 We ............................ friends. ................................................................................................................................ ?
8 The bag ............................ heavy. 4 I am 12.
................................................................................................................................ ?
5 They are French.
2 Write the short forms. ................................................................................................................................ ?
6 It is a boat.
1 ............................ hungry. (He) ................................................................................................................................ ?
2 ............................ boring. (It / not)
3 ............................ my friend. (You) 6 Put the words in the correct order.
4 ............................ a pupil. (I / not)
5 ............................ at school. (We) 1 a book / is / it
6 ............................ children. (They) ................................................................................................................................
7 ............................ 11. (She / not) 2 not / I / hungry / am
8 ............................ tall. (He / not) ................................................................................................................................
3 Sue / my / name is
................................................................................................................................
3 Complete the text with these words. 4 twins / they / arent
Theyre are isnt Im is arent ................................................................................................................................
5 we / not / teachers / are
My name (1) ............................ Tony. Im from Greece and ................................................................................................................................
(2) ............................ 12. Sue and Victoria (3) ............................ my 6 isnt / happy / she
friends. (4) ............................ English they (5) ............................ ................................................................................................................................
from Greece.Victoria (6) ............................ very happy today
because she has a test at school.
7 Correct the mistakes.
4 Write Am, Is or Are. 1 They not at school.
................................................................................................................................
1 ............................ he English? 2 She isnt not my friend.
2 ............................ you from Greece?
................................................................................................................................
3 ............................ we happy?
3 You Greek.
4 ............................ I hungry?
................................................................................................................................
5 ............................ it a machine?
4 It a dog!
6 ............................ she your friend?
................................................................................................................................
5 We isnt hungry.
................................................................................................................................
6 He a teacher.
................................................................................................................................

SmashGrammar_I.indd 4 6/24/08 11:42:40 AM


2
A/An
a/an , , .

 an , . a, e, i, o u.
an actor, an elephant, an idea, an old man, an umbrella

 a .
a teacher, a book, a chair, .

:
an hour  h ,
an
a hair  h ,
a
Plurals
 o -s
.
ideas, oranges, books, apples, .

 -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x -o,


-es.
bus buses brush brushes box boxes
class classes sandwich sandwiches potato - potatoes

:
piano pianos
radio radios

 -y -y
-ies.
baby babies
party parties
lorry lorries

 -f/-fe -f /-fe
-ves.
wolf wolves
knife knives

:
giraffe giraffes


. :
child children woman women foot feet
man men tooth teeth person people


SmashGrammar_I.indd 5 6/24/08 11:42:51 AM


2
Some
some (, , )
.
some pens, some desks, some cars, some dogs

This/these, that/those
 this .
This book is good.
This car is expensive.

 these .
These books are good.
These cars are expensive.

 that .
That boy is nice.
That girl is beautiful.

 those .
Those boys are nice.
Those girls are beautiful.

1 Put the words in the correct places. 3 Find the plurals and write them
umbrella tower animal car mobile phone
under the words.
forest igloo clock apple electronic toy
A S D T C N Y U B
a an P I Y R H F S C O
Y B A B I E S T X
E F H J L E R Y E
X W I N D O W S S
Y O L U R D S K B
B M H P E O P L E
H E Z X N N P E P
K N I V E S M J
2 Write a, an or some.
K H G R E B O D
1 boys
............................. 5 ............................. teachers U E L R P L N B
2 ............................. colour 6 ............................. friend
3 ............................. apple 7 ............................. e-mail
V B O Y S D S A
4 ............................. door 8 ............................. flowers Y T O T T Y U F
B U S E S D F A S


SmashGrammar_I.indd 6 6/24/08 11:42:52 AM


2
1 woman 5 window 9 boy 7 Complete with a, an or some.
............................ ............................ ............................
2 child 6 lemon 10 bus This is my room. There is (1) ............................... television
............................ ............................ ............................ and (2) ............................... DVD player. Ive also got
3 knife 7 person 11 tooth (3) ............................... electronic games and (4) ...............................
............................ ............................ ............................ new stereo. My sister has got (5) ............................... old video
4 igloo 8 baby 12 box player. Shes also got (6) ............................... CDs, but not many.
............................ ............................ ............................ So she goes in my room to play CDs sometimes.

4 Write the plurals. 8 Put the words in the correct order.


1 a / cupboard / is / that
1 door ............................................
................................................................................................................................ ?
2 bus ............................................ 2 trees / at / look / those
3 church ............................................ ................................................................................................................................

4 party ............................................ 3 pens / are / these / your


5 shoe ............................................
................................................................................................................................ ?
4 books / my / those / are
6 life ............................................
................................................................................................................................
7 man ............................................ 5 my / that / brother / is
8 toy ............................................ ................................................................................................................................

5 Complete with these words in the 9 Correct the mistakes.


plural.
1 Those children is my friends.
piano leaf tooth city foot sandwich
................................................................................................................................

1 Look at the big ............................ on that tree! 2 Shes an girl.


2 Her ............................ are white! ................................................................................................................................

3 I love cheese ............................ . 3 This churches are old.


4 His ............................ are very big! Look at his shoes! ................................................................................................................................

5 Athens and London are big ............................ . 4 Ive got a flowers.


6 There are two ............................ in our school. ................................................................................................................................
5 Shes an nice person.
................................................................................................................................
6 Rewrite as plurals. 6 These boy is James.
Make all changes necessary. ................................................................................................................................
7 That women are tall.
This is a ball. These are balls.
........................................................................ ................................................................................................................................

1 This is a book. ........................................................................ 8 Look at the two baby!


................................................................................................................................
2 Thats my friend. ........................................................................
9 Two persons are in the room.
3 This is a child. ........................................................................
................................................................................................................................
4 Thats an apple. ........................................................................ 10 Its a orange.
5 This is a bus. ........................................................................ ................................................................................................................................

SmashGrammar_I.indd 7 6/27/08 12:47:56 PM


3
here is / here are
there is ()
.
There is a boy in the room.
There is a cat in the garden.
There is a school in the picture.

there are ()
.
There are two men in the shop.
There are two horses in the field.
There are two beds in the room.

 not.
There isnt a cat in the garden.
There arent two horses in the field.

 (is/are) there, :
Is there a cat in the garden?
Are there two beds in the room?

 , :
Yes, there is. / No, there isnt.
Yes, there are. / No, there arent.

1 Circle the correct answer. 7 There .................................... two apples on the table.
8 There .................................... one child in the classroom.
1 There is / are two museums. 9 .................................... there computers at the school?
2 There isnt / arent a park here. 10 .................................... there a tree in the garden?
3 There is / are a palace in the city.
4 Is / Are there a swimming pool? Yes, there is / are.
5 Is / Are there three bedrooms in the house? 3 Make negative sentences using
6 There is / are five hotels in the city. isnt or arent.
7 Is / Are there a window in the room?
8 There isnt / arent two CDs on the table. 1 There .................................... a cinema in my town.
2 There .................................... three boys. There are four.
3 There .................................... a hospital here.
2 Write is or are. 4 There .................................... a TV in my room.
5 There .................................... five elephants in the zoo.
1 There .................................... a book. 6 There .................................... two pens on the desk.
2 There .................................... two chairs. 7 There .................................... a baby in the room.
3 There .................................... nt two doors. 8 There .................................... three children in the garden.
4 .................................... there a boy in the room? 9 There .................................... two glasses on the table.
5 .................................... there four windows in the room? 10 There .................................... a theatre here.
6 .................................... there a cinema in your town?
Yes, there .................................... .

SmashGrammar_I.indd 8 6/24/08 11:43:02 AM


3
4 Make questions. 6 Write what there is/are in your
room.
1 there / a zoo / in your town / is
................................................................................................................................ ?
There is ................................................................................................................
2 two boys / there / are / in your class ................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? ................................................................................................................
3 a clock / is / in this room / there ................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? There are ................................................................................................................
4 monkeys / there / in the forest / are ................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ?
................................................................................................................
5 food / there / in the fridge / is
................................................................................................................................ ?
6 a computer / in / there / your room / is
................................................................................................................................ ? 7 Correct the mistakes.
7 two cats / are / in the garden / there
................................................................................................................................ ? 1 There is red buses in London.
8 is / a book / on the shelf / there ................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? 2 There arent a swimming pool in my town.
9 in the classroom / there / a teacher / is ................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? 3 There isnt not a test today.
10 there / five kittens / are / in the box ................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? 4 There are a lion in the zoo.
................................................................................................................................
5 Are there a television in your room?
5 Write short answers. ................................................................................................................................
6 Is there two chairs?
1 Is there a pen on your desk? ................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ 7 There arent a monkey in the tree.


2 Are there two books in your bag? ................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ 8 Is there two books on the bed?


3 Is there a teacher in the room? ................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ 9 There isnt two cats under the table.


4 Are there two schools in your street? ................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ 10 Are there a bike outside the house?


5 Is there a supermarket near your house? ................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................
6 Are there toys in your bedroom?
................................................................................................................................
7 Is there a cinema near your school?
................................................................................................................................
8 Are there mice in your garden?
................................................................................................................................
9 Is there a blue pen in your pencil case?
................................................................................................................................
10 Are there two glasses on your desk?
................................................................................................................................

SmashGrammar_I.indd 9 6/24/08 11:43:03 AM


4
Countable/uncountable nouns
, (countable)
(uncountable) .


.
one chair two chairs, one cat three cats, .
The cats are grey.
There is one chair in the room.

 a/an .
a dog, an elephant
There is a mouse in the garden.

 (1, 2, 3, .)
. .
:

: food, sugar, chocolate, butter, salt, pepper, spaghetti, cheese, rice,


bread, fruit, .
: oil, water, milk, juice, .
: furniture, money, time, hair, weather, information
The furniture is modern.
The money is in the bag.

Some / any / a lot of / a few / a little / many / much


Quantifiers some any a lot of a few a little many much
Nouns
Countable (plural) P P P P P
Uncountable P P P P P

 some
.
I have got some pencils.
There is some milk in the glass.

 any
.
Have you got any pencils? I havent got any pencils.
Is there any milk in the glass? There isnt any milk in the glass.

10

SmashGrammar_I.indd 10 6/24/08 11:43:13 AM


4
 a lot of
.
There are a lot of cars in the street.
He eats a lot of fruit every day.

 a few
.
I have got a few apples.

 a little .
There is a little orange juice in the fridge.

 many
.
There arent many children in the playground.

 much .
There isnt much money in the bank.

 How much/How many.


How many books are there on the table?
How much money have you got?

1 Cross out the wrong word(s). 3 Circle the correct answer.


1 a / some / one boy 1 Your hair is / are nice.
2 two / some / an girls 2 The furniture is / are old.
3 lot / some / a few pens 3 These photos is / are very good.
4 some / a little / a few cheese 4 Is / Are there a lot of people?
5 a / many / some spaghetti 5 The rice is / are tasty!
6 There is / are not much bread.

2 Write a, an, or .
4 Tick (P) the correct sentence.
1 Do you like ............................... chocolate?
2 There is ............................... egg in the fridge. 1 a) There is a lot of money. ....................
3 Ive got ............................... new hat. b) There are a lot of money. ....................
4 Do you eat ............................... pizza? 2 a) Ive got any pens. ....................
5 Have you got ............................... rabbit b) Ive got some pens. ....................
or ............................... hamster? 3 a) There isnt any cheese. ....................
b) There isnt some cheese. ....................
4 a) Do you have an information? ....................
b) Do you have any information? ....................
5 a) My hair is black. ....................
b) My hair are black. ....................

11

SmashGrammar_I.indd 11 6/24/08 11:43:14 AM


4
5 Put the words in the correct order. 4 I like ...................................... rice.
a) a few b) a c) d) any
1 is / lot / of / a / food / there 5 ...................................... lions in your country?
.................................................................................................................................. a) Are there any
2 a / money / little / Ive / got b) Is there any
.................................................................................................................................. c) Is there some
3 there / is / juice / any d) Are there some
................................................................................................................................ ?
4 arent / any / there / desks 6  There ...................................... some books on the desk.
..................................................................................................................................
a) is b) c) be d) are
5 how / is / there / money / much 7  How ...................................... boys are there in your class?
............................................................................................................................. ? a) much b) some c) many d) lot
6 got / much / I / milk / havent
8  ...................................... bears in my city.
..................................................................................................................................
a) There isnt any
7 arent / many / there / people
b) There isnt some
..................................................................................................................................
c) There arent some
8 how / are / there / girls / many
d) There arent any
............................................................................................................................. ?
9 Mum needs ...................................... cheese for the omelette.
a) much b) some c) many d) a lot
6 Whats in your house? 10 There ...................................... in my room.
a) isnt much furniture
There is a/an .................................................................................................... b) arent many furniture
There are two/three/four ..................................................................... c) isnt many furniture
There are some ............................................................................................ d) arent much furniture
There isnt a .................................................................................................... 11 ...................................... apples are there?
There arent many ..................................................................................... a) How
b) How much
c) How many
7 Circle the correct answer. d) How lot
12 There are ...................................... mistakes in my homework.
1 There is ...................................... elephant in the zoo.
a) lot b) many c) some d) a few
a) a b) an c) d) some
2 I drink ...................................... water.
a) lot b) a lot c) a lot of d) lot of
3 Is there ...................................... bread?
a) many b) any c) a d) an

12

SmashGrammar_I.indd 12 6/27/08 12:47:56 PM


5
Can (ability and permission)

Negative
Affirmative Question Answer
Long form Short form
Yes, I can.
I can I cannot I cant Can I ... ?
No, I cant.
Yes, you can.
You can You cannot You cant Can you ... ?
No, you cant.
Yes, he can.
He can He cannot He cant Can he ... ?
No, he cant.
Yes, she can.
She can She cannot She cant Can she ... ?
No, she cant.
Yes, it can.
It can It cannot It cant Can it ... ?
No, it cant.
Yes, we can.
We can We cannot We cant Can we ... ?
No, we cant.
Yes, you can.
You can You cannot You cant Can you ... ?
No, you cant.
Yes, they can.
They can They cannot They cant Can they ... ?
No, they cant.

 can , .
.
I can speak English.
I cant speak French.
Can you ride a bike? No, I cant.

 can .
Can I go out tonight?
Can we have some ice cream, please?

can :
 to.
 -s .

And / But
 and .
I can ride a bike and I can drive a car.
I cant dance and I cant sing.

 but .
I can sing but I cant dance.
I can ride a bike but I cant drive a car.

13

SmashGrammar_I.indd 13 6/27/08 12:48:07 PM


5
1 Write can or cant. Mum: No, (2) .................................... .You have homework
for school tomorrow.
1 Fish .................................... swim. Tony: But Mum, (3) .................................... do it first and
2 Cats .................................... climb trees. then (4) .................................... take me to the party.
3 My dad .................................... lift a bus. Mum: (5) .................................... finish all your homework now?
4 Spiderman .................................... fly. Tony: Yes, Mum.
5 Horses .................................... run fast. Mum: OK, then. Do your homework and Ill take you to
6 Birds .................................... fly. the party.
7 Animals .................................... speak.
8 Dolphins .................................... swim.
5 What do you say when you want ...
9 Babies .................................... ride a bike.
10 My mum .................................... fly a plane. 1 to have a sandwich?
...................................................................................................................................

2 Circle the correct answer. 2 to go to the cinema?


...................................................................................................................................
1 I can swim / swimming. 3 to go to the park with a friend?
2 Harry cant to go / go out tonight. ...................................................................................................................................
3 We cant sing and / but we cant dance. 4 a friend to tell you the answer?
4 Can you to help / help me? ...................................................................................................................................
5 Fred can speak French and / but he cant speak German. 5 to ask your friend a question?
...................................................................................................................................
6 to have something to drink?
3 Put the words in the correct order. ...................................................................................................................................

1 speak / Italian / can / I 7 to tell your friend a secret?


...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
2 this / Peter / understand / cant 8 to call your friend later?
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
3 we / to the party / go / can
................................................................................................................................. ? 6 Write short answers.
4 you / cant / see / I
................................................................................................................................... 1 Can you ride a horse?
5 cant / football / Fiona / play ...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................... 2 Can your dad jump three metres?
6 you / a bike / can / ride ...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................... 3 Can your mum drive a car?
7 a kite / Jason / fly / cant ...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................... 4 Can you play the piano?
8 can / a DVD / watch / they / tonight ...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................... 5 Can your friends speak English?
...................................................................................................................................
6 Can you fly a plane?
4 Complete the dialogue with these ...................................................................................................................................
phrases. 7 Can your friend play basketball?
I can can I Can you you can you cant ...................................................................................................................................

Tony: Mum, (1) .................................... go to Billys party 8 Can you speak Russian?
...................................................................................................................................
tonight?
14

SmashGrammar_I.indd 14 6/24/08 11:43:25 AM


6
Present continuous
present continuous be (am/is/are) + + -ing.

Affirmative Negative
Long form Short form Long form Short form
I am eating Im eating I am not eating Im not eating
You are eating Youre eating You are not eating You arent eating
He is eating Hes eating He is not eating He isnt eating
She is eating Shes eating She is not eating She isnt eating
It is eating Its eating It is not eating It isnt eating
We are eating Were eating We are not eating We arent eating
You are eating Youre eating You are not eating You arent eating
They are eating Theyre eating They are not eating They arent eating
Question Answer
Yes, I am.
Am I eating?
No, Im not.
Yes, you are.
Are you eating?
No, you arent.
Yes, he is.
Is he eating?
No, he isnt.
Yes, she is.
Is she eating?
No, she isnt.
Yes, it is.
Is it eating?
No, it isnt.
Yes, we are.
Are we eating?
No, we arent.
Yes, you are.
Are you eating?
No, you arent.
Yes, they are.
Are they eating?
No, they arent.

I am eating a sandwich. Are they watching TV? Yes, they are.


He isnt drinking milk. Are you reading a book? No, Im not.

present continuous :

 , .
I am writing a letter now.
Peter is having lunch at the moment.

 , .
I am staying at my aunts house these days.

15

SmashGrammar_I.indd 15 6/24/08 11:43:35 AM


6
 , .
The two boys are playing a game.
Thats my mum. Shes sitting on the beach.

present continuous
present continuous:
now, at the moment, these days


 -ing.
walk walking
start starting
climb climbing


, -ing.
sit sitting
run running
swim - swimming

 -e, -e -ing.
ride riding
hide hiding
make making

 ie, -ie -y -ing.


lie lying
die dying

1 Write the continuous form. 2 Write am, is or are.


1 write .................................... 1 Your friends .................................... waiting.
2 say .................................... 2 Fantastic! We .................................... winning!
3 lie .................................... 3 I .................................... watching TV.
4 sit .................................... 4 David .................................... playing chess.
5 look .................................... 5 The boys .................................... wearing jeans.
6 rehearse .................................... 6 The teacher .................................... talking.
7 die .................................... 7 My brother .................................... playing football, but
9 hold .................................... I .................................... reading.
10 win .................................... 8 My mum .................................... making dinner.
11 try .................................... 9 John and Mary .................................... playing in the garden.
12 drive .................................... 10 Sarah .................................... listening to a CD.
13 run .................................... 11 Dad .................................... lying on the sofa.
14 swim .................................... 12 Jim and Jill .................................... watching TV.
15 die ....................................

16

SmashGrammar_I.indd 16 6/24/08 11:43:35 AM


6
3 Complete with the present 4 the dog / swim
continuous form of the verbs in ................................................................................................................................ ?
brackets. Yes, ....................................
5 Fiona / watch TV
We (1) .................................... (have) an English lesson. In todays ................................................................................................................................ ?
lesson, the students (2) .................................... (learn) the present Yes, ....................................
continuous. Mr Smith, our teacher, (3) ....................................
(look) at our homework. I (4) .................................... (try) to do 6 Christina / drink a glass of milk
a grammar exercise but I cant do it because my friends, ................................................................................................................................ ?
Marianna and Christine, (5) .................................... (talk)! Yes, ....................................
7 Stuart / do his homework.
............................................................................................................................... ?
4 Make negative sentences using No, ....................................
isnt or arent. 8 James and Helen / play a computer game
................................................................................................................................ ?
1 My friends .................................... listening to music.
No, ....................................
2 He .................................... having a nice time.
3 We .................................... making a cake. 9 John / eat a sandwich
4 My sister .................................... eating a sandwich. ................................................................................................................................ ?
5 Tom and Fred .................................... playing football now. Yes, ....................................
6 Joy .................................... sleeping now. 10 Tom and Nick / read a comic
7 Harry and Mike .................................... playing volleyball. ................................................................................................................................ ?
8 My dad .................................... driving a car now. No, ....................................
9 Diane .................................... working a lot these days.
10 The children .................................... drinking milk at the
moment. 6 What are these people doing now?
1 I .............................................................................................................................
5 Write questions and short answers. 2 My mum .........................................................................................................
3 My dad ............................................................................................................
1 the students / play 4 My teacher ...................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................... ? 5 My brother/sister ...................................................................................
Yes, .................................... 6 My best friend ...........................................................................................
2 you and your friends / run 7 My grandma ................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ ? 8 My grandpa ..................................................................................................
No, .................................... 9 The children in my class ...................................................................
3 you / sleep
................................................................................................................................ ?
No, ....................................

17

SmashGrammar_I.indd 17 6/24/08 11:43:36 AM


7
Present simple / adverbs of frequency
present simple :

Negative
Affirmative Question Answer
Long form Short form
Yes, I do.
I like I do not like I dont like Do I like ... ?
No, I dont.
Yes, you do.
You like You do not like You dont like Do you like ... ?
No, you dont.
He does Yes, he does.
He likes He doesnt like Does he like ... ?
not like No, he doesnt.
Yes, she does.
She likes She does not like She doesnt like Does she like ... ?
No, she doesnt.
Yes, it does.
It likes It does not like It doesnt like Does it like ... ?
No, it doesnt.
Yes, we do.
We like We do not like We dont like Do we like ... ?
No, we dont.
Yes, you do.
You like You do not like You dont like Do you like ... ?
No, you dont.
They do Yes, they do.
They like They dont like Do they like ... ?
not like No, they dont.

present simple :

 .
We live in a big house.

 .
I go to school every day.

 .
The sun rises in the east.

 present simple :
in the morning(s) / in the afternoon(s) / in the evening(s)
at night
on Sunday(s) / on Monday(s)
every day / every evening / every Sunday, .
I do my homework every evening.
I dont go to school on Saturdays.

18

SmashGrammar_I.indd 18 6/24/08 11:43:46 AM


7
(he, she, it) present simple,
-s .
walk He walks
start She starts
snow It snows


+ -y, -ss, -sh, -ch,
-y -ies. -x -o, -es.
try tries wash washes
cry cries watch watches
: play plays go goes

Adverbs of frequency
 always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom never
, , , , .
I always do my homework.
My brother sometimes watches television.
My parents often visit my grandmother.

 always, usually, often .


I dont always do my homework. We dont often eat fish.
My brother doesnt usually listen to me. He isnt always late for school.
be do.

1 Circle the correct answer. 2 Make negative sentences using


dont or doesnt.
1 I like / likes English!
2 Dan play / plays football. 1 The boys .................................... like French.
3 The boys live / lives in Athens. 2 I .................................... walk to school.
4 The dog eat / eats a lot. 3 My cat .................................... eat fish!
5 Tom trys / tries hard. 4 Jim .................................... live here.
6 Jen washes / washies her hair. 5 The television .................................... work.
7 Sam dos / does English with me. 6 My friend .................................... eat pizza
8 Mum go / goes to work by bus. and I .................................... eat hamburgers.
9 The children watch / watches TV every evening. 7 James .................................... speak German.
10 I take / takes a walk in the forest every morning. 8 Sue ....................................play computer games.
11 The baby cry / cries all the time! 9 Tom .................................... read comics.
12 He wash / washes his hair every day. 10 Michael and Mary .................................... drink milk.

19

SmashGrammar_I.indd 19 6/24/08 11:43:46 AM


7
3 Find the adverbs of frequency and 4 Put the words in the correct order.
use them in the sentences about you.
1 usually / do / I / in the mornings / my homework
Across ...............................................................................................................................

2 You do this a lot. 2 never / we / on holiday / go / in the winter


3 You dont do this ever! ...............................................................................................................................

4 You do this quite a lot. 3 win / doesnt / that football team / often
Down ...............................................................................................................................

1 You dont do this all the time. 4 sometimes / my parents / me / money / give
5 You do this all the time. ...............................................................................................................................
5 always / play football / you / at weekends / do
1 ............................................................................................................................... ?
2
O F T E N
5 Write questions and short answers.
3
V 1 she / live / with her sister
................................................................................................................................ ?
No, ...........................................
2 you / enjoy / English lessons
................................................................................................................................ ?
Yes, ...........................................
4 5 3 they / usually / eat meat
U ................................................................................................................................ ?
No, ...........................................

W 4 you / know / the answer


................................................................................................................................ ?
Yes, ...........................................

1 I .................................... do my homework.
2 I .................................... go swimming.
3 I .................................... write letters.
4 I .................................... eat fish.
5 I .................................... go to school on Saturdays.

20

SmashGrammar_I.indd 20 6/24/08 11:43:47 AM


8
Present simple / present continuous
I go to school every day. (present simple)
I am going to school now. (present continuous)

 present simple ,

I like sport. We go on holiday every year. Tigers run fast.

 present continuous ,
.
Im doing my homework at the moment. Why are you shouting? John is working late this week.

 state verbs
present continuous. :
like, love, hate, know, .
John likes ice cream a lot. I love pizza! She hates football! I know the answer to this question.

1 Underline the correct tense. 3 Write about something that you ...
1 I dont buy / am not buying a magazine every month. 1 do every day. ...................................................................................................
2 I am hating / hate this food. 2 do on Sundays. ..............................................................................................
3 Do you know / Are you knowing Kate? 3 are doing now. ................................................................................................
4 Most days, my dad reads / is reading the newspaper. 4 usually do. ..........................................................................................................
5 Whats funny? Why do you laugh / are you laughing? 5 never do at the weekend. ......................................................................
6 I usually sleep / am sleeping at home but today I sleep
/ am sleeping at my friends house.
4 Correct the mistakes.
2 Complete with the present 1 Im not liking tests.
continuous or present simple form ...............................................................................................................................

of the words in brackets. 2 Bill is playing music every day.


...............................................................................................................................
Hi John, 3 Are you playing football often?
How are you? Im in my room and I (1) ........................................... ...............................................................................................................................
(write) this on my new computer. Its great! 4 Do you drinking coffee?
I (2) ........................................... (use) it every day. All this week, we ...............................................................................................................................
(3) ........................................... (have) tests at school and these days, 5 Does he go to bed late always?
I (4) ........................................... (use) the computer to learn more ...............................................................................................................................
things about my lessons.The best thing is that it plays 6 They arent eat out every day.
DVDs and I sometimes (5) ........................................... (watch) films ................................................................................................................................
on it. Of course, it also (6) ........................................... (play) CDs.
At the moment, I (7) ........................................... (listen) to a CD by
a group called My Chemical Romance.
(8) ........................................... (you / know) them?
Write soon,
Bill
21

SmashGrammar_I.indd 21 6/24/08 11:43:57 AM


9
Have got / havent got
have got , :

Affirmative Negative
Question Short
Long Short
Long form Short
form
answers
form form
I have Yes, I have.
I have got Ive got I havent got Have I got ... ?
not got No, I havent.
You have You Yes, you have.
You have got Youve got Have you got ... ?
not got havent got No, you havent.
He has Yes, he has.
He has got Hes got He hasnt got Has he got ... ?
not got No, he hasnt.
She has She Yes, she has.
She has got Shes got Has she got ... ?
not got hasnt got No, she hasnt.
It has It Yes, it has.
It has got Its got Has it got ... ?
not got hasnt got No, it hasnt.
We have We Yes, we have.
We have got Weve got Have we got ... ?
not got havent got No, we havent.
You have You Yes, you have.
You have got Youve got Have you got ... ?
not got havent got No, you havent.
They have They Yes, they have.
They have got Theyve got Have they got ...?
not got havent got No, they havent.
I have got a red bicycle. Jane has got a big house. Have you got a pen? No, I havent.
He has got a green car. They have got two computers in their room. Has Jane got a blue coat? Yes, she has.

1 Circle the correct answer.


1 I has / have got blue eyes. 6 Ben hasnt / havent got any money.
2 What have / has you got there? 7 Jessica and I has / have got green bikes.
3 Have / Has John got my CD? 8 Nick and Mary has / have got a small car.
4 They has / have got long hair. 9 You hasnt / havent got a car.
5 The robot has / have got wheels. 10 Has / Have you all got a computer?

2 Look at the table and complete the sentences.


bike computer DVD player MP3 player digital camera mobile phone
Luke P P P
Christina P P P
Pedro P P P P
Mat P P P P
Helen P P
Nick P P P P P
22

SmashGrammar_I.indd 22 6/24/08 11:44:08 AM


9
1 Luke .................................... a bike but he .................................... 4 What have you got? What havent
a computer. He .................................... a DVD player and a you got?
digital camera but he .................................... an MP3 player
or a mobile phone. Ive got ...........................................................................................................
2 Christina .................................... a computer. She ..............................................................................................................................
.................................... an MP3 player and a digital camera but ..............................................................................................................................
she .................................... a DVD player or a mobile phone. ..............................................................................................................................
I havent got ...............................................................................................
3 Pedro .................................... a DVD player and he
...............................................................................................................................
.................................... an MP3 player. He .................................... a
...............................................................................................................................
bike and a computer. Also, he .................................... a digital
...............................................................................................................................
camera and a mobile phone.
4 Mat .................................... a computer, a DVD player and an
MP3 player. Also he .................................... a mobile phone
5 Circle the correct answer.
but he .................................... a bike or a digital camera.
5 Helen .................................... a computer, a DVD player or 1 .................................... Mary got my bike?
a digital camera. She .................................... a bike and she a) Has b) Have c) Does d) Can
.................................... an MP3 player, too.
2 A cat .................................... a tail.
6 Nick .................................... a digital camera. a) have got b) havent got
He .................................... a bike and a computer. c) hasnt got d) has got
He .................................... a DVD player and an MP3 player.
3 Have we got all the books? Yes, .................................... .
He .................................... a mobile phone, too.
a) we do b) we have c) weve d) have we
4 Steve and Jane are happy because .................................... lots
of money.
3 Write questions and short answers.
a) they are got b) they have got
c) have they got d) have got they
1 the twins / brown hair
................................................................................................................................ ? 5 .................................... got brothers or sisters.
Yes, ........................................... a) I dont b) I dont have
c) Ive havent d) I havent
2 we / any cheese.
................................................................................................................................ ? 6 Have I got a red nose ? No, .................................... .
No, ........................................... a) havent got b) havent you
c) you havent d) you havent got
3 Peter / a pen
................................................................................................................................ ? 7 .................................... a French book?
No, ........................................... a) Has got he b) Have got he
c) Has he got d) Have he got
4 your computer / a DVD player
................................................................................................................................ ? 8 You .................................... a red bike.
Yes, ........................................... a) hasnt got b) havent got
c) have not d) has got not

23

SmashGrammar_I.indd 23 6/24/08 11:44:08 AM


10
Be: past simple
be :
Negative
Affirmative Question Answer
Long form Short form
I was I was not I wasnt Was I ... ? Yes, I was.
No, I wasnt.
You were You were not You werent Were you ... ? Yes, you were.
No, you werent.
He was He was not He wasnt Was he ... ? Yes, he was.
No, he wasnt.
She was She was not She wasnt Was she ... ? Yes, she was.
No, she wasnt.
It was It was not It wasnt Was it ... ? Yes, it was.
No, it wasnt.
We were We were not We werent Were we ... ? Yes, we were.
No, we werent.
You were You were not You werent Were you ... ? Yes, you were.
No, you werent.
They were They were not They werent Were they ... ? Yes, they were.
No, they werent.
He wasnt happy. When I was 4, I wasnt very tall.
Fiona wasnt tired yesterday. Were your friends here yesterday? No, they werent.
simple past be
.
I was at a party last Saturday.
When Georgia was a baby, her hair was blonde. (Her hair isnt blonde anymore.)

past simple:
yesterday, last night/Saturday/week/year, in 2005, .

1 Complete with was or were. 2 Complete the text with these words.
was (x3) were (x2) wasnt werent
1 My dad .................................... good at football.
2 The girls .................................... happy. I had a fantastic time yesterday. It (1) ....................................
3 Our test .................................... very difficult yesterday. a really good day. We (2) .................................... at school
4 He .................................... strong and clever. because it (3) .................................... Sunday. My mum and dad
5 How many people .................................... there last night? (4) .................................... out, and my sister (5) ....................................
6 Her hair .................................... not long. in the house. My best friend and I (6) .................................... at
7 Faye .................................... ten in 2005. home alone and we played all day. It (7) .................................... great!
8 Jim and Mike .................................... sad yesterday.
9 The dog .................................... on the sofa.
10 The boys .................................... at school. 3 Put the words in the correct order.
11 The girls .................................... in the garden.
12 She .................................... in the classroom. 1 test / that / easy / was
............................................................................................................................... ?

24

SmashGrammar_I.indd 24 6/24/08 11:44:18 AM


10
2 Rob / at home / yesterday / wasnt 5 Mat and Tom / at a party / last Saturday
............................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................... ?
3 you / at school / were / in the morning No, ....................................
...............................................................................................................................
6 Natalie / in England / last year
4 here / wasnt / Ann / on Monday ............................................................................................................................... ?
...............................................................................................................................
Yes, ....................................
5 werent / we / at sport / good
............................................................................................................................... 7 Mat / at work / last Sunday
6 tall / wasnt / when I was young / I ............................................................................................................................... ?
............................................................................................................................... No, ....................................

4 Correct the sentences. 6L


 ook at the table and complete
the sentences with was/wasnt,
James Bond was ugly. (handsome)
were/werent.
James Bond wasnt ugly. He was handsome.
...............................................................................................................................
1 The test was difficult. (easy)
actor actress painter writer
...............................................................................................................................
Marilyn
2 The city was big. (small) Monroe P
...............................................................................................................................
Pablo
3 The man was tall. (short) Picasso P
...............................................................................................................................
James
4 Alexander was English. (American) Joyce P
...............................................................................................................................
Cary
5 The bags were heavy. (light) Grant P
...............................................................................................................................
James
6 The street was busy. (quiet) Dean P
...............................................................................................................................
Oscar
Wilde P
Vincent
5 Write questions and short answers. van Gogh P
Natalie
1 the weather / nice / yesterday Wood P
............................................................................................................................... ?
No, .................................... 1 Marilyn Monroe and Natalie Wood ....................................
2 Alexander / strong and clever writers. They .................................... actresses.
............................................................................................................................... ? 2 .................................... James Dean a painter?
Yes, .................................... No, he .................................... . He .................................... an actor.
3 Vincent van Gogh .................................... a painter.
3 Zorro and Popeye / heroes 4 James Joyce .................................... a writer.
............................................................................................................................... ? He .................................... an actor.
Yes, .................................... 5 Cary Grant .................................... a painter.
4 you / at school / last Wednesday He .................................... an actor.
............................................................................................................................... ? 7 Oscar Wilde .................................... an actor.
No, .................................... He .................................... a writer.
8 Pablo Picasso .................................... a painter.

25

SmashGrammar_I.indd 25 6/24/08 11:44:19 AM


11
Past simple (regular / irregular verbs)
past simple  :
: did not / didnt +
I did not / didnt walk to school this morning.

. 
I walked to school yesterday morning. :
Did + you/he/she/. +
 . Did you go? (not Did you went?)
When Tom was fifteen, he walked to school Did he finish his homework? (not Did he finished?)
every day.
 :
Yes, I/she/he/ . did.
No, I/she/he/ . did not / didnt.

 
-ed . -y, -y
walk walked -ied .
start started try tried
climb climbed cry cried
carry carried

,
-ed.
stop stopped past simple .
clap clapped . :
eat ate
 -e, -d drink drank
. think thought
love loved go went
change changed
like liked
!

1 Write the past simple of these 2 Circle the correct answer.


regular verbs.
1 He pointted / pointed at me.
laugh .......................................... wave .......................................... 2 We stopped / stoped for lunch.
finish .......................................... clap .......................................... 3 Bill looked / lookked at the book.
want .......................................... play .......................................... 4 They visitted / visited their aunt.
like .......................................... talk .......................................... 5 Mary cried / cryed at the film.
walk .......................................... change .......................................... 6 I studied / studyed for the test.
7 Mum shouted / shoutted at him.
8 We all loved / lovved the story.
26

SmashGrammar_I.indd 26 6/24/08 11:44:29 AM


11
3 Write the negatives. 7 Mike / post the letter
............................................................................................................................... ?

1 I looked at my homework. Yes, ....................................


...............................................................................................................................
8 Juliette / laugh at the joke
2 I phoned you last night. ............................................................................................................................... ?
...............................................................................................................................
No, ....................................
3 They wanted to eat.
...............................................................................................................................
4 The boys liked the film.
...............................................................................................................................
5H
 ow many irregular verbs can you
5 You worked hard. fill in?
...............................................................................................................................
6 It rained on Monday. become .............................. can ..............................
............................................................................................................................... A begin .............................. choose ..............................
7 I believed the story. B break .............................. come ..............................
............................................................................................................................... C bring .............................. cut ..............................
8 Sam walked to school. buy ..............................
............................................................................................................................... do .............................. fall ..............................
9 Terry climbed up the mountain. D draw .............................. find ..............................
............................................................................................................................... E drink .............................. fly ..............................
10 Jane changed her clothes. F drive .............................. forget ..............................
............................................................................................................................... eat ..............................

G get .............................. know ..............................


H give learn
4 Write questions and short answers. I
.............................. ..............................
go .............................. leave ..............................
J have .............................. lose ..............................
1 he / take / the money K hold ..............................
............................................................................................................................... ? L
Yes, ....................................
M make .............................. rewrite ..............................
2 you / cycle / to school N mean .............................. ride ..............................
............................................................................................................................... ? O meet .............................. ring ..............................
No, .................................... P put .............................. run ..............................
3 he / finish / his homework Q read ..............................
............................................................................................................................... ? R
Yes, .................................... say .............................. sleep ..............................
see .............................. speak ..............................
4 Mark / believe / you
S sing .............................. stand ..............................
............................................................................................................................... ?
sit .............................. swim ..............................
No, ....................................
shake ..............................
5 you / stop and look T
............................................................................................................................... ? U take .............................. wake ..............................
Yes, .................................... V teach .............................. wear ..............................

6 they / watch TV W tell .............................. win ..............................

............................................................................................................................... ? X think .............................. write ..............................

No, .................................... Y understand ...........................


Z

27

SmashGrammar_I.indd 27 6/24/08 11:44:30 AM


11
6 Match the present to the past. 8 Tick the correct sentences.
Rewrite the incorrect ones.
1 wear a taught
2 tell b woke 1 I didnt knew the answer. ....................
3 say c ran ...............................................................................................................................
4 wake d saw 2 She learnt to drive a car. ....................
5 see e went ...............................................................................................................................
6 ring f told 3 Did you drank all the milk? ....................
7 teach g wore ...............................................................................................................................
8 get h rang 4 We flew to London. ....................
9 run i said ...............................................................................................................................
10 go j got 5 What time did they left? ....................
...............................................................................................................................
6 After the lesson, we sang a song. ....................
7 Find the past verbs and use them ...............................................................................................................................

in the sentences. 7 The girls didnt understood me. ....................


...............................................................................................................................
8 I throwed the ball to him. ....................
L O S T A L I O P ...............................................................................................................................

B F R W A D O P Q 9 I sayed Happy Birthday to my friend


this morning. ....................
E D G V S O P K U ...............................................................................................................................

J N B E G A N S N 10 We were late and we ran


into the classroom. ....................
T U Y G C F U X D ...............................................................................................................................
11 They stayed at home last night. ....................
A T P E F G T N E
...............................................................................................................................
B U L M O H E M R 12 Where did she went? ....................
...............................................................................................................................
O J O I R J R I S 13 What did she bought? ....................

U S P N G K W Y T ...............................................................................................................................
14 What time did you call me? ....................
G X Y X O E O R O ...............................................................................................................................

H K E R T E P C O 15 When did they buy the new car? ....................


...............................................................................................................................
T R S T G S F S D
I Q D Y D D C N S
D P E F E L L G S

1 We won.You .................................... !
2 They .................................... a new car.
3 You .................................... my birthday!
4 Penny .................................... in the river!
5 The lesson .................................... at 9 am.
6 Pete .................................... the question but I didnt.
28

SmashGrammar_I.indd 28 6/24/08 11:44:30 AM


12
11
Subject and object pronouns; possessive adjectives
and pronouns; possessive s; whose
Subject and object pronouns
(personal pronouns)
.
(subject pronouns)
(object pronouns).


 : I, you, he, she, it, we they.
Angela and Jennifer are my friends. They are sisters.
( : Angela and Jennifer are my friends. Angela and Jennifer are sisters.)


 : me, you, him, her, it, us them.

: :
These exercises are hard I cant do these exercises. These exercises are hard I cant do them.

Who is Helen? I dont know Helen. Who is Helen? I dont know her.
They all looked at me.
They invited us to the party.

Possessive adjectives and pronouns


(possessive adjectives)
(possessive pronouns) .

 : my, your, his, her, its, our their.



.
Its my bike.
Is this your homework?
Our mum and their mum are friends.

 : mine, yours, his, hers, ours theirs.



.
Its not your bike its mine.
This is my homework yours is over there.

Possessive s Whose
s whose
. (, ) .
s . Whose is this book?
-s, . Whose friend is he?
This is Harrys book. Thats the dogs bed.
It is our teachers pen. Our parents bedroom.

29

SmashGrammar_I.indd 29 6/27/08 12:48:17 PM


12
1 Complete the table. 5 Put the words in the correct order.

Personal Personal 1 is / my / bag / this


Possessive Possessive
subject object ...............................................................................................................................
adjectives pronouns
pronouns pronouns 2 their / she / mum / is
I me my ...............................................................................................................................
....................
3 books / are / those / mine
you .................... .................... yours
...............................................................................................................................
he him .................... his 4 them / like / dont / I
she .................... her .................... ...............................................................................................................................

it it 5 to be quiet / us / tells / our teacher


....................
...............................................................................................................................
we us our ....................

they .................... .................... theirs


6 Write the apostrophes ().
1 She is my mothers sister.
2 Circle the correct word. 2 That is Gregorys book.
3 Here is the childrens room.
1 Please help I / me with the exercise.
4 I know all my teachers names.
2 Whose / Whos bag is this?
5 That boys name is Ryan.
3 This is Bills / Bills bag.
4 Can you come with we / us?
5 Its my parents / parents room. 7W
 rite answers to the questions. Use
6 Where are my CDs? I cant find they / them! the words in brackets to help you.
Whose bag is this? (me)
3 Write the personal pronouns. Its mine.
...............................................................................................................................
1 Whose sister is she? (my mum)
1 Jeff is my brother. .................................... ...............................................................................................................................
2 Mary is very tall. .................................... 2 Whose books are they? (you)
3 My brother and I like it! .................................... ...............................................................................................................................
4 The test is difficult. .................................... 3 Whose car is it? (Tommy)
5 The boys play football. .................................... ...............................................................................................................................
4 Whose toy is this? (Maria)
...............................................................................................................................
4 Complete with a possessive adjective.
1 Marias clothes are nice. I like .................................... clothes. 8 Fill in the gaps with one word.
2 The dog isnt eating. .................................... food is here.
1 That CD is not .................................... . Its mine.
3 The boys want to play. Theyve got ....................................
Give .................................... back, please!
football with them.
2 You have a classroom and .................................... have a
4 We need to correct all .................................... mistakes.
classroom. Ours is here. .................................... is over there.
5 Good children are always nice to .................................... parents.
3 Those books are Simons. Give .................................... to the
6 No, thats my bag, not yours! .................................... bag is
teacher, please.
over there.
4 Ive got a good computer game. Come and play with
.................................... .

30

SmashGrammar_I.indd 30 6/24/08 11:44:41 AM


13
Must / mustnt / have to
must mustnt .

 must .
You must listen to your teacher.
You must do your homework.

 mustnt .
We mustnt (must not) talk in the lesson.
You mustnt (must not) touch the ball with your hands.

to must/mustnt.


have to must ( mustnt).
You have to do your homework.

1 Circle the correct phrase. SCHOOL RULES

1 They must to go / must go now.


P O
2 You must not / have not shout. ............................................................... ...............................................................
............................................................... ...............................................................
3 Jo mustnt / must to not do that.
4 We have to / must to get a goal.
............................................................... ...............................................................
............................................................... ...............................................................

2 Look at the list of activities and ............................................................... ...............................................................

complete the table with the school ............................................................... ...............................................................

rules. Use must or mustnt. ............................................................... ...............................................................


............................................................... ...............................................................
talk in the lesson
have long hair (boys) ............................................................... ...............................................................
eat in the classroom ............................................................... ...............................................................
remember your books
run in the school ............................................................... ...............................................................
use your mobile phone ............................................................... ...............................................................
listen to music
do all your homework ............................................................... ...............................................................
talk politely to your teacher ............................................................... ...............................................................
ride your bike in the school
be quiet during the lesson ............................................................... ...............................................................
wear make-up (girls) ............................................................... ...............................................................
listen to the teacher
31

SmashGrammar_I.indd 31 6/24/08 11:44:52 AM


13
3 What do you say if you see 5C
 omplete the dialogue using
someone who is ... must /mustnt and a verb in the list.
hit (x2) have go be try
1 writing on the desk?
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... Freddy: Harry, can you teach me how to play tennis?
2 walking in the road? Harry: Its easy, but if you want to play tennis, you
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... (1) ...................................................... fit! And you
3 eating with dirty hands? (2) ...................................................... two or four players.
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... Freddy: How do you start?
4 throwing a mobile phone? Harry: First, you (3) ...................................................... the ball
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... over the net to the other side, but the ball
5 playing tennis with a broken arm? (4) ...................................................... outside the white lines.
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... Freddy: Can the ball touch the ground?
6 swimming in a dirty river? Harry: Yes, but you (5) ...................................................... it before
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... it touches the ground a second time.
7 dropping litter in the street? Freddy: How do you win?
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... Harry: Well, you (6) ...................................................... to hit the
8 rude to their teacher? ball where the other player cant hit it back.
You mustnt ..................................................................................................... Freddy: Sounds fun. Do you want a game?
9 feeding the animals in the zoo?
You mustnt .....................................................................................................
10 playing very loud music late at night? 6H  elp protect the environment.
You mustnt .....................................................................................................
What must/mustnt you do?
Write sentences.
4 What do you have to do ... recycle paper P
use the car every day O
1 today? switch off the lights when not in the room P
...............................................................................................................................
ride your bike more often P
2 tonight?
............................................................................................................................... use plastic shopping bags O
3 tomorrow? keep the beaches clean P
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
4 at the weekend?
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

5 every day? ...............................................................................................................................


...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

32

SmashGrammar_I.indd 32 6/24/08 11:44:52 AM


14
Question words (who, what, where, which)

. :
Who ( ) Which
 (
Who is that man? .. ,
Who is going to come to the party? )
Which car is his, the blue car or the red car?
What ( ) Which animal do you like more, a cat or a dog?
What is his name?
What colour is your bike?

Where
Where is the party?
Where are you going?

1 Write who, what, where or which. 4 Correct the mistakes.


1 ............................ is your car the blue one? 1 Which time is it?
...............................................................................................................................
2 ............................ do you go to school?
3 ............................ is your teachers name?
2 What did you put my keys?
...............................................................................................................................
4 ............................ bought you that present?
5 ............................ did you get your dog?
3 Where is your favourite singer?
...............................................................................................................................
6 ............................ do you want for dinner?
4 Who boy found all the answers?
...............................................................................................................................

2 Match the questions to the answers. 5 Where house do you live in?
...............................................................................................................................

1 Who is that? a Its at home. 6 Who is that mans name?


...............................................................................................................................
2 What is that? b Its my mum.
3 Where is your mums car? c Its this one.
4 Which car is your mums? d Its my mums car. 5 Write the question words who,
what, where or which.
3 Put the words in the correct order. Tina: (1) .................................... buys your clothes? Do you
buy them or does your mum buy them for you?
1 CD / which / you / buy / did Sarah: Sometimes my mum buys me things, but I
............................................................................................................................... ? usually buy my own clothes.
2 my / mobile / broke / who Tina: (2) .................................... do you usually go shopping?
............................................................................................................................... ? Sarah: In town.There are lots of good clothes shops there.
3 go / where / on holiday / you / did Tina: (3) .................................... shop is your favourite?
............................................................................................................................... ? Sarah: Theres a shop called Top Girl. I love their
4 song / like / you / do / which clothes, but they are a bit expensive.
............................................................................................................................... ? Tina: (4) .................................... was the last thing you bought
there?
Sarah: This jacket. Do you like it?
33

SmashGrammar_I.indd 33 6/24/08 11:45:02 AM


15
be going to
be (am, is, are) going to .
Im going to meet my friends tomorrow.
The weather is going to be very hot tomorrow.

be going to :

Affirmative Negative
Long Short Short Question Answer
form form Long form form
I am Im going I am not Im not Am I Yes, I am.
going to to going to going to going to ... ? No, Im not.

You are Youre You are not You arent Are you Yes, you are.
going to going to going to going to going to...? No, you arent.

He is Hes He is not He isnt Is he Yes, he is.


going to going to going to going to going to ... ? No, he isnt.

She is Shes She is not She isnt Is she Yes, she is.
going to going to going to going to going to ... ? No, she isnt.

It is Its It is not It isnt Is it Yes, it is.


going to going to going to going to going to ... ? No, it isnt.

We are Were We are We arent Are we Yes, we are.


going to going to not going to going to going to ... ? No, we arent.

You are Youre You are not You arent Are you Yes, you are.
going to going to going to going to going to...? No, you arent.

They are Theyre They are not They arent Are they Yes, they are.
going to going to going to going to going to ... ? No, they arent.

Im going to win! Its going to rain.


Im not going to win! It isnt going to rain.
Am I going to win? Is it going to rain?

(am, is, are) going to


.
Im going to visit my grandma on Sunday.
George is going to be doctor.

34

SmashGrammar_I.indd 34 6/24/08 11:45:13 AM


15
1 Write am, is or are. 4 What are Sally and Ben going to do
on holiday? Write sentences.
1 Nigel .................................... going to win.
2 You .................................... going to lose.
Sally Ben
3 They .................................... going to eat.
4 It .................................... not going to rain. go to the beach P O
5 The dog .................................... going to bite you!
go to
6 .................................... we going to play football? O P
the mountains
7 Where .................................... she going to go?
8 I .................................... going to learn the guitar. ride a bike P P
sleep a lot P P
build
2 Write the short forms. a sandcastle P O
build
1 I am going to buy a car. O P
a tree house
...............................................................................................................
2 It is not going to snow. go to school O O
...............................................................................................................
3 We are not going to have a test. 1 Sally is .............................................................................................................
............................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

4 You are going to fall! 2 She isnt ........................................................................................................


............................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

5 She is not going to have a party. 3 Ben is .............................................................................................................


............................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

6 We are going to fail the test! 4 Ben isnt ........................................................................................................


............................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

No, we are not! 5 They are .......................................................................................................


............................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
6 They arent .................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

3 Complete the text with these


words and the correct form of be
going to.
buy (not) cook have invite
(not) listen make watch

Tom and Crissy (1) .................................... a party. They


(2) .................................... all their friends. Tom (3) ..................................
balloons. Crissy (4) .................................... hamburgers, she
(5) .................................... lots of salads. Tom and Crissys parents
(6) .................................... to the music! They (7) .................................... a
DVD.

35

SmashGrammar_I.indd 35 6/24/08 11:45:13 AM


16
Will / Wont
will .

Affirmative Negative
Long Short Short Question Answer
form form Long form form
Yes, I will.
I will go Ill go I will not go I wont go Will I go?
No, I wont.
You will Yes, you will.
You will go Youll go You wont go Will you go?
not go No, you wont.
He will Yes, he will.
He will go Hell go He wont go Will he go?
not go No, he wont.
She will Yes, she will.
She will go Shell go She wont go Will she go?
not go No, she wont.
Yes, it will.
It will go Itll go It will not go It wont go Will it go?
No, it wont.
We will Yes, we will.
We will go Well go We wont go Will we go?
not go No, we wont.
You will Yes, you will.
You will go Youll go You wont go Will you go?
not go No, you wont.
They They will They Yes, they will.
Theyll go Will they go?
will go not go wont go No, they wont.

Ill see you next week.


Well go to a party tomorrow.

will/wont + verb:
  .
. Ill call you tonight at home.
Ill see you next week. Ill study very hard for the test.
Kate will be at home at 12 o clock.
 .
 Im hungry. Ill make a sandwich.
. The phone is ringing. Ill answer it.
I think Jason will pass his test.
Will Liverpool win the football match again? to
Yes, I think they will. / No, I dont think they will. will.
People will have more free time in the future. You will find the answers at the back
of the book. (not You will to find ...)

. will:
Ill help you with your homework. tomorrow, next week, next year
No, I wont tell you the answers to the test!

36

SmashGrammar_I.indd 36 6/24/08 11:45:24 AM


16
1 Write the short forms. 4 you / will / me / help / please
............................................................................................................................... ?
1 I will ...................................................................................................................... 5 the boys / win / will
2 She will .............................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................... ?
3 They will .......................................................................................................... 6 wont / they / no
4 We will .............................................................................................................. ...............................................................................................................................

5 I will not ...........................................................................................................


6 We will not ....................................................................................................
4 Write short answers.

2 Put will in the correct place. 1 Will your favourite team win its next match?
...............................................................................................................................

1 In 50 years, people travel to work by helicopter. 2 Will we have robots to do our homework?
................................................................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................................

2 You help me with this exercise? 3 Will you leave school at 16?
................................................................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................................

3 Children not go to school in the future. 4 Will you pass your next test?
................................................................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................................

4 One day, I be rich. 5 Will the weather be nice tomorrow?


................................................................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................................

5 We ever live on the Moon? 6 Will someone give you lots of money soon?
................................................................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................................

6 I send you a postcard!


................................................................................................................................
7 I go to bed. 5 Write about you. What will/wont
................................................................................................................................ you do ...
8 We go to the beach on Saturday!
................................................................................................................................ 1 later today?
...............................................................................................................................
2 when you get some money?
3 Put the words in the correct order. ...............................................................................................................................
3 when you leave school?
1 carry / Ill / books / your ...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... 4 when you see your best friend?


2 wont / Margaret / this test / pass ...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... 5 when youre 30?


3 we / new computers / have / will ...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... ?

37

SmashGrammar_I.indd 37 6/24/08 11:45:24 AM


17
Will / be going to

will be going to
Im going to
Luke will go to
visit my grandma
England next month.
on Sunday.
I think we will have
Look! Its going
robots in our homes
to rain soon.
in 50 years.

Ill help you carry

these heavy bags.

Ill give you the

money back next

week.
Theres someone at
the door. Ill go and
see.

1 Complete the sentences with the 5 a) Whats wrong with Jamie?


b) He .......................................................... (not tidy) his room
correct form of be going to or will
because hes very tired!
and the verb in brackets.
6 a) Thanks for the money. I ..........................................................
1 a) Sara is sleeping at her grandparents house this (give) it back to you next week.
evening. b) No problem. What ..........................................................
b) Yes, her parents .......................................................... (paint) (you/do) with it?
her bedroom at the weekend. 7 a) Im a little hungry. I ..........................................................
2 a) Its Saturday, tomorrow! Great! (make) a sandwich.
b) Yes, I think I .......................................................... (get up) late b) Mum .......................................................... (order) pizza for
tomorrow. everybody soon. Be patient!

3 a) You can read my comic if you like. 8 a) I think I .......................................................... (fail) the maths
b) Thanks very much! I .......................................................... (give) test. I dont understand anything.
it to you on Monday. b) Dont say that. I .......................................................... (help)
you study and you ..........................................................(be) fine.
4 a) Why are all those people buying tickets?
b) They .......................................................... (watch) a football
match.

38

SmashGrammar_I.indd 38 6/24/08 11:45:34 AM


18
Comparative/superlative
(comparative) (superlative)
.

.

 

-er. -est.
than. the.
high higher than high the highest
low lower than low the lowest
old older than old the oldest

comparative superlative
-e, -e,
-r. -st.
nice nicer than eg n ice the nicest
safe safer than safe the safest
-y, -y -y, -y
-ier. -iest.
lazy lazier than lazy the laziest
tasty tastier than tasty the tastiest

, ,
-er. -est.
hot hotter than hot the hottest
big bigger than big the biggest


more. the most.
interesting more interesting interesting the most interesting
difficult more difficult difficult the most difficult


. .
good better than good the best
bad worse than bad the worst


the.
than.
He is the tallest boy in our class.
He is taller than me.
He is the tallest boy of all.

39

SmashGrammar_I.indd 39 6/27/08 12:48:28 PM


18
1 Write the comparatives and 8 These shoes are ............................................... than my old
shoes. (comfortable)
superlatives.
9 What do you think is ............................................... subject of
all? (useful)
cold ............................................... ...............................................
10 Im good at English but Im not ...............................................
hot ............................................... ...............................................
(good) in my class Stefanos is ...............................................
small ............................................... ...............................................
than me. (good)
big ............................................... ...............................................
interesting ............................................... ...............................................
good ............................................... ...............................................
hungry ............................................... ............................................... 4C
 omplete the text with these
bad ............................................... ............................................... words.
nice ............................................... ...............................................
bad good worse better worst best

My sister and I work very hard and we both get


2 Make comparative sentences. (1) .................................... marks at school. But she says that she is
(2) .................................... than me at English because she studies
1 Geography / hard / English more. I asked my teacher to give us a test so we could
............................................................................................................................... find out who is the (3) .................................... ! Well, we did the test
2 MP3s / new / CDs yesterday but we were both ill and guess what? Our
............................................................................................................................... marks were very (4) .................................... ! She got 10 out of 20
3 My sister / intelligent / her friends and I only got 8 my marks were (5) .................................... than
............................................................................................................................... hers! Now shes telling people at school that Im the
4 The blue bag / expensive / the green bag (6) .................................... student in the world!
...............................................................................................................................
5 Her test results / bad / mine
............................................................................................................................... 5 Correct the mistakes.
6 Johns homework / good / yours
............................................................................................................................... 1 That animal is the more dangerous in the world.
...............................................................................................................................
2 Who is the better student in the class?
3 Complete with the comparative ...............................................................................................................................

or superlative of the words in 3 My dad is the older than your dad.
...............................................................................................................................
brackets. 4 Shes more beautiful her sister.
...............................................................................................................................
1 Greece is ............................................... England. (warm)
5 Shes oldest girl in the class.
2 English lessons are ............................................... Italian lessons. ...............................................................................................................................
(interesting) 6 TV is more good than radio.
3 Which was ............................................... dinosaur of all? (big) ...............................................................................................................................
4 Your cat is ............................................... my cat. (fat)
5 The food at Jims Restaurant is ...............................................
the food here. (tasty)
6 I think History is ............................................... subject of all.
(difficult)
7 Life is ............................................... for us now than it was
before. (easy)

40

SmashGrammar_I.indd 40 6/24/08 11:45:45 AM


19
The imperative
(imperative)
,
, .


.
.
Open your books. Stand up!
Be quiet! Say something!
Give me the money.

 Dont .
.
Dont talk in the lesson! Dont move!
Dont shout! I can hear you! Dont write on the desk.

please
.
Help me with these boxes, please.

1 Circle the correct answer. 2 Complete the dialogue with these


words.
1 Open / Dont open the window its very cold tell answer come speak sit open say
outside!
2 Thats mine! Give / Dont give it to me! Teacher: Billy, (1) .................................... your book and
3 Shout / Dont shout in the lesson! (2) .................................... us the answer to question one.
4 Open / Dont open your books and look at page 57. Billy: Question one, sir?
5 Be / Dont be quiet Im trying to work. Teacher: Yes, Billy. (3) .................................... it quickly, please.
6 If theres a fire, use / dont use the lift. Were waiting.
7 Put / Dont put your hand up if you know the Billy: Um ... question one ... question one ...
answer. Teacher: OK, (4) .................................... down, Billy. George
8 Look / Dont look at the answers yet. do you know the answer?
9 Sit / Dont sit down and talk / dont talk! George: Um, I think it was ...
10 Do / Dont do your homework first and then Teacher: What are you saying, George?
watch / dont watch TV. (5) .................................... more clearly, please!
George: The name of the goddess was Athena.
Teacher: Excellent, George. Now Billy, (6) ....................................
the answer to question two, please.
Billy: Question two, sir? Um ...
Teacher: (7) .................................... and see me at the end
of the lesson, Billy.

41

SmashGrammar_I.indd 41 6/24/08 11:45:56 AM


19
3 What do you say when ... 4P
 repare breakfast for the whole
Use these verbs. family on Sunday morning!
eat tell close go be sit Use these verbs to complete the
ride give call(x2) sentences.
1 its noisy and you cant sleep? cut open pour
P P P
.................................... quiet, please.
lay P forget O put P
2 someone is standing up and you cant see?
.................................... down, please. wait P wake P make O
3 someone takes your pen? go P take P fill P
.................................... me my pen, please.
4 you dont want your friend to call you after 11? 1 ...............................................up earlier than all the others.
.................................... .................................... me after 11. 2 ............................................... to the kitchen
5 you dont want to know the answer? ............................................... any noise!
.................................... .................................... me the answer. 3 ............................................... the table.
6 you dont want someone to eat your pizza? ............................................... the best cups and plates out.
.................................... .................................... my pizza! 4 ............................................... the bread.
7 you dont want someone to ride your bike? .............................................. the bread basket!
.................................... .................................... my bike! 5 ............................................... the fridge.
8 you see a thief in your neighbours house? ............................................... out the jam, butter and milk.
.................................... the police! 6 ............................................... the coffee pot with
9 someone is very tired? 5 spoons of coffee.
.................................... to bed! 7 ............................................... hot water on the coffee.
10 someone has a headache? 8 Now ............................................... for everybody to wake up.
.................................... your eyes for a while!

42

SmashGrammar_I.indd 42 6/24/08 11:45:56 AM


20
Prepositions of place
prepositions of place
.

prepositions of place :

in
on The dog is in the living room.
behind The glass is on the table.
next t The ball is behind the television.
under The desk is next to the window.
in front of The toys are under the bed.
between The car is in front of the house.
near The pen is between the book and the notebook.
The supermarket is near my house.

1 Circle the correct answer. 5 Do you want to sit under / next to me?
6 Jake sits for hours in front of / on the computer.
1 My house is under / between the school and the 7 The pen is on / between the book.
shops. 8 Ian is standing between / in Fiona and Mary.
2 The board is on / in the wall near / in the door. 9 There is a park in / near my house.
3 Lets sit between / under this tree. 10 The birds are in / between the tree.
4 The car is in front of / in the house.

2 Find the prepositions of place and U N D E R A D R I


use them in the sentences.
W S A R E D J L N
1 My cat sleeps u.................................... my bed. S A G I B F A P F
2 Theres a park n.................................... our school.
T N S L E V S O R
3 The bear is b.................................... two igloos.
4 Your bag is b.................................... the door. U E A K H C Q R O
5 Jane sits n.................................... .................................... me.
O X C H I R Y T N
6 The teacher stands ....................................
f.................................... .................................... the board. L T Z G N U I F T
H T B D D I G E O
W O Y S B K J S F
C S D R O L X C S
V F O B L E L J V
H B E T W E E N Y
T A Z Y E R H K Q
E N E A R G O M N

43

SmashGrammar_I.indd 43 6/24/08 11:46:06 AM


20
3 Answer for you now. 5 Correct the mistakes.
1 Who/What is behind you? 1 Theres a tree in front the house.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
2 Who/What is in front of you? 2 The cat is behind from the garage.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
3 Who/What is next to you? 3 She sits between of John and Nancy.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
4 Who/What is near you? 4 Theres a shop next of the school.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
5 Who/What is between you and the door? 5 He lives on a nice house.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
6 What is in your bag? 6 Near of my house there is a park.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
7 What is on your desk? 7 Your book is on to the table.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................
8 What is under your desk? 8 The ball is under to the car.
............................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................

4 Complete the text with these words.


behind in (x2) near next under

My house is a small cottage (1) .................................... the town.


Theres a garage (2) .................................... to the house. We
keep our car and caravan (3) .................................... there.
(4) .................................... the house, there is a big garden. The
kitchen is (5) .................................... my bedroom, so I can hear
my brother when he looks (6) .................................... the fridge
for something to eat!

44

SmashGrammar_I.indd 44 6/24/08 11:46:07 AM


21
11
Ordinal numbers and dates

Ordinal numbers
(ordinal numbers)
. ..:
the first classroom
the second day of the month
the third child, .

, th .
1, 2, 3 , :
1st, 2nd, 3rd
4th, 5th, .

:
He was the first person there.
She came in second and won a prize.

100 :

Ordinal Numbers
Numbers numbers Ordinal Numbers Ordinal
numbers numbers
1 first 11 eleventh 21 twenty-first
2 second 12 twelfth 32 thirty-second
3 third 13 thirteenth 43 forty-third
4 fourth 14 fourteenth 54 fifty-fourth
5 fifth 15 fifteenth 65 sixty-fifth
6 sixth 16 sixteenth 76 seventy-sixth
7 seventh 17 seventeenth 87 eighty-seventh
8 eighth 18 eighteenth 98 ninety-eighth
9 ninth 19 nineteenth
100 one-hundredth
10 tenth 20 twentieth

Dates
:
. The seventeenth of October, two thousand and seven.
: October the seventeenth, two thousand and seven.
17th October, 2007
October 17th, 2007
17/10/07
17.10.2007

45

SmashGrammar_I.indd 45 6/24/08 11:46:17 AM


21
1 Circle the correct answer. 4 Write the dates in words.
1 The party is on one / the first of May. JULY
2 Tomorrow is twentieth / the twentieth of M T W T F S S
September.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
3 His birthday is on the twenty-third / twenty-three
of March. 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
4 My favourite month is the two / second month of 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
the year. 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
5 He came three / third in the competition. 29 30 31
6 My friend was the two / second person to finish.
AUGUST
7 There were seventeen / seventeenth people in the
room. M T W T F S S
8 Whats the date today? Is it the twelve / twelfth of 1 2 3 4
March? 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
9 She came here in two thousand and seven / seventh. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
10 Christmas Day is on the twenty-fifth / twenty-fifth 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
of December.
26 27 28 29 30 31

2 Fill in the gaps with one word. 1 1st July is a Monday.


...............................................................................................................................
1 Today is .................................... fifth .................................... June. 2 Mums birthday is on 13th July.
2 Bill came first, Susan came .................................... , and I came ...............................................................................................................................
third. 3 Our holiday starts on 22nd July.
3 My sister is 16. Her .................................... birthday was last week. ...............................................................................................................................
4 When you are 21, you can have 4 We come home on 12th August.
a .................................... -.................................... birthday party. ...............................................................................................................................
5 The little boy was born in two thousand .................................... 5 15th August is a holiday.
four. ...............................................................................................................................
6 His birthday is .................................... November the eighteenth. 6 31st August is a Saturday.
7 We write 1999 like this nineteen .................................... - nine. ...............................................................................................................................
8 We dont have school on January .................................... first.
5C
 omplete for you. Write the
3 Write the ordinal numbers in words. numbers and the words.
Number Ordinal In words 1 When is your birthday? ..........
number
...............................................................................................................................
1 1st
2 2nd 2 What year were you born? ..........
...............................................................................................................................
3 3rd
4 4th 3 When is your friends birthday? ..........

5 5th ...............................................................................................................................

6 6th 4 Whats the date today? ..........

7 7th ...............................................................................................................................

8 8th 5 What year is it? ..........

9 9th ...............................................................................................................................

10 10th 6 When will you be 16? ..........


...............................................................................................................................

46

SmashGrammar_I.indd 46 6/24/08 11:46:18 AM


SmashGrammar_I.indd 47 6/24/08 11:46:18 AM
Macmillan Hellas SA
2 Misaraliotou St
117 42, Makrygianni
Athens, Greece

ISBN 978-960-447-253-6

Macmillan Hellas SA 2008

First published 2008

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any
form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission
of the publishers.

Designed by Alexandra Bacoyianni

Cover designed by Macmillan Hellas SA

Printed and bound in Greece

2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

SmashGrammar_I.indd 48 6/24/08 11:46:18 AM