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Types of Human Rights

Humans have rights. These are rights any law has to abide by irrespective of the circumstances.
These basic rights include certain civil liberties and political rights. The most salient right to all
humans is their right to life and physical safety. The protection of human rights ensures a certain
degree of decent humane treatment. We hear a lot about the violation of human rights. This is when
the basic rights of humans are denied. There are a many violations. This essay is about these types
of human rights violations.

One of the most outstanding human rights violations is rape. Rape is the act of intercourse without
consent. Many women are raped in war-torn countries because the persons doing this horrendous
act wish to show power over the victim. Many women in countries, such as, Palestine and Gaza are
constantly raped by the other parties because they simply can. For many years, the international
community had failed to face the problem of rape during armed conflict. However, as rape, sexual
mutilation and forced pregnancies gained popularity, it is now considered a human rights violation.

Another type of human rights violation is genocide. This is the termination of a particular ethnic race
or religious group. The German Nazis termination of the Jewish race during World War II and the
termination of the people of Rwanda are good examples. Genocide puts neighbors against each
other. It puts husbands against wives and vice versa. Most often, the underlying cause of genocide
stems from the stereotypes and prejudices that have been developing over centuries. The people
are divided into in and out groups and this I the beginning of the horrendous acts that result in
genocide.

Torture is another type of human rights violations. This also occurs during conflict and is the act of
humiliating and annihilating the dignity of a person. Physical torture includes beatings, electric
shocks and mutilations. Psychological torture is the deprivation of food and water for extended
periods, deprivation of sleep and other types of punishments. Torture is most often used during
interrogations and to extract confessions from people. This is a type of human rights violations that is
still used today.

Child trafficking and child labor are also types of human rights violations. Children are supposed to
enjoy the best years of their lives and not take part in acts of sexual intercourse or work in sweat
shops in the pits of the earth. Most often, children are sold into these situations by their parents. This
type of human rights violations are not seen only during war times. Instead, it is often seen in third
world countries where selling a child is a means to some money.

Every person has the right to live freely and safely. However, this does not happen in todays world.
Human rights do exist. However, for many people it is a remote and unattainable goal. Although
there are laws, it is sometimes, not worth the time and effort pursuing a complaint as it takes years
and a significant amount of money to enforce.

Kinds of Human Rights


Human rights are the most fundamental and important of rights. They are the rights that the
government in the United States spelled out in the Bill of Rights and the Constitution, and
they are the rights that the United Nations aims to protect for all people. These rights would
exist even without government protection or intervention.
Some examples of human rights include:
The right to life
The right to liberty and freedom
The right to the pursuit of happiness
The right to live your life free of discrimination
The right to control what happens to your own body and to make medical decisions for
yourself
The right to freely exercise your religion and practice your religious beliefs without fear of
being prosecuted for your beliefs
The right to be free from prejudice on the basis of race, gender, national origin, color, age or
sex
The right to grow old
The right to a fair trial and due process of the law
The right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment
The right to be free from torture
The right to be free from slavery
The right to freedom of speech
The right to freely associate with whomever you like and to join groups of which you'd like to
be a part.
The right to freedom of thought
The right not to be prosecuted from your thoughts
Most people accept these rights as fundamental and inalienable and in free countries like
the United States, there is little disagreement about these basic human rights.

Controversial Human Rights


There are other rights that some believe are basic human rights but that others believe are
more controversial.
For example, some of the controversial rights that some believe are human rights include:
The right to reproductive freedom including the right to choose abortion
The right to be free from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, including the right
to marry a person of the same sex
The right to bear arms and to not have the government infringe unduly on that right
The right to regular and affordable health insurance subsidized or supported by the
government or provided by a single payer system
Government programs such as Social Security, Medicare and food stamps that purport to
protect the poor also are based on the idea that people have the basic right not to live in
poverty, to have enough to eat and to grow old gracefully. While these programs may be
more controversial, most people accept these rights as part of the social safety net even
there is disagreement on how best to facilitate programs that guarantee these rights.
Different societies have different ideas on what fundamental human rights are and the
government protections extended to protect basic human rights are a reflection of the
widespread cultures and ideals of the society as a whole.

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