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# 1.

## Small objects are delivered to the 2 m inclined chute by a conveyor belt A

which moves at a speed v1=0.4 m/s. If the conveyor belt B has a speed
v2=0.9 m/s and the objects are delivered to this belt with no slipping,
calculate the coefficient of friction mk between the objects and the chute.
mg y
30o

max
N x
mkN
Fx ma x Fy 0

F ma
Fy 0 N mg cos 30 0 N mg cos 30

mg sin 30 m k mg cos 30
Fx ma x m k N mg sin 30 ma x ax 4.905 8.495m k
m

v2 2
vdv a x dx vdv 4.905 8.495m k dx
v1 0

2

1 2
2
v2 v12 4.905 x 8.495m k x 0
1
2

0.9 2 0.4 2 4.9052 8.495m k 2

m k 0.558
2. A force P is applied to the initially stationary cart. Determine the velocity
and displacement at time t=5 s for each of the force histories P1 and P2.
Neglect friction.
y mg
x
P max

1 P1=k1t N
50
P1
5
t 10t F x ma x P ma x 10t 10a x ax t
v t
dv t2
a
dt
dv tdt
vo 0 0
v
2
at t 5 s vt 5 12.5 m / s

x t
dx t2 t3
v
dt
dx dt
xo 0 0
2
x
6
at t 5 s xt 5 20.83 m

2 P2=k2t2
P2 k 2t 2 50 k 2 52 k2 2 P2 2t 2
F x ma x P ma x 2t 2 10a x a x 0.2t 2
v t
dv t3
a dv 0.2t dt v 0 .2 at t 5 s vt 5 8.33 m / s
2

dt vo 0 0
3
x t
dx t3 t4
v
dt
dx 0.2 dt
xo 0 0
3
x 0.2
12
at t 5 s xt 5 10.416 m
3. The sliders A and B are connected by a light rigid bar and move with
negligible friction in the slots, both of which lie in a horizontal plane. For the
position shown, the velocity of A is 0.4 m/s to the right. Determine the
acceleration of each slider and the force in the bar at this instant.
velocity of A is 0.4 m/s to the right

30o 15o
A
sA

0.5 s
s A sB A s A s B 0.259 m
sin150 sin15

+x
T
15o P=40 N

mAaA F x mAa A P T cos15 2a A
40 T cos15 2a A 1
RA

+y
30o

15o
30o T mBaB F y mB a B T cos15 3aB
RB T cos15 3aB 2
velocity of A is 0.4 m/s to the right
B
s A s B 0.259 m

30o 15o
A
sA

## 2s A s A 2s B s B 1.73s A s B s A s B 0 s A s B 0.259 m , v A 0.4 m / s

vA vB
s B v B 0.4 m / s vB
Second derivation of geometrical relation

## 0.966a A 0.966a B 0.0858 0 3

From eq.s (1), (2) and (3) T=25 N , aA=7.95 m/s2 , aB=8.04 m/s2
4. The 1.8 kg collar is released from rest against the light elastic spring, which
has a stiffness of 1750 N/m and has been compressed a distance of 150
mm. Determine the acceleration a of the collar as a function of the vertical
displacement x of the collar measured in meters from the point of release.
Find the velocity v of the collar when x = 0.15 m. Friction is negligible.

mg
Fx ma x
N Fspring mg ma x 17500.15 x 1.89.81 1.8a x

## a x 136.02 972.2 x (Acceleration is function of displacement.)

Fspringk(0.15x)

vdv a x dx
v 0.15

136.02 972.2 x dx
1 2
vdv
0.15
v 136.02 x 486.1x 2 v 4.35 m / s
v0 0 0
2 0
5. A heavy chain with a mass r per unit length is pulled by the constant force P along a
horizontal surface consisting of a smooth section and a rough section. The chain is initially at
rest on the rough surface with x=0. If the coefficient of kinetic friction between the chain and
the rough surface is mk, determine the velocity v of the chain when x=L.The force P is greater
than mkrgL in order to initiate motion.

W1=rg(Lx) W2=rgx
L x

Fx ma x P F friction ma x
P m k rg L x rLa x
N1=rg(Lx) N2=rgx
P x
ax mk g mk g
rL L
Ffrictionmkrg(Lx)
(Acceleration is function of displacement.)

v L P x
vdv a x dx vdv
rL km g m k g dx
v0 0 0 L

2 L
1 2 P x P L2 2P
v x m k gx m k g L m k gL m k g v m k gL
2 rL 2L rL 2L r
0
6. The collar slides down the rod. The
coefficient of friction is mk = 0.35. The
tension in the cable attached to the
collar is constant as 80 N and the angle
between the cable and the horizontal
remains the same as a throughout the
motion. The weight of the collar is 60 N.
If the collar stops after 10 seconds it
starts sliding down the rod with an
initial velocity of 5 m/s, what should a
be?
mk = 0.35. If the collar stops after 10 seconds it starts sliding down the rod with an initial velocity of 5 m/s, what should a be?

T W=mg F y 0
N W cos 45 T cosa 45 0
y

N 60 cos 45 80 cos
a N 42.426 80 cos

F f m k N 0.3542.426 80 cos
N
+x F f 14.849 28 cos
FfmkN
14.849 28 cos 80 sin 60 sin 45
60
F x ma x F f T sin mg sin 45 ma x
9.81
ax

## a x 4.509 4.578 cos 13.08 sin (Acceleration is constant.)

v f 0 10
dv
ax x
dt
dv x a x dt dv 4.509 4.578 cos 13.08 sin dt
v0 5 0
0 5 4.509 4.578 cos 13.08 sin 10 4.578 cos 13.08 sin 5.009 0
cos

4.578 13.08 tan 5.009 sec 0 sec 2.611tan 0.914 sec 2 2.611tan 0.9142
sec 2 6.817 tan 2 4.773 tan 0.836 sec 2 1 tan 2 5.817 tan 2 4.773 tan 0.164 0

0.8536 40.48
tan a 45 85.48 o
0.033 1.89