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APUSHMidtermReviewQuiz1

1. Therevenuefromwhichofthefollowingactswastobeusedtopaythesalariesofroyalgovernors,thus
negatingthecolonialpowerofthepurse?
A. TeaAct
B. StampAct
C. SugarAct
D. CurrencyAct
E. TownshendActs

2. TheprimaryreasontheBritishgovernmentwasinterestedincharteringGeorgiawasto
A. earnprofitsforitsproprietorswhowerefriendsoftheking
B. provideabufferbetweenSouthCarolinaandSpanishFlorida
C. establishacolonyforthepoorwhowereimprisonedfordebt
D. establishacolonyofsmallfarmersratherthanslaverunplantations
E. experimentwithriceagriculture

3. ThemajorstumblingblockbetweenthecoloniesandGreatBritainwas
A. KingGeorgesrefusaltobelievethecolonieswereloyalsubjects
B. Parliamentsinsistenceonthetheoryofvirtualrepresentation
C. TheBostonTeaParty
D. TheTownshendActs
E. TheProclamationofRebellion

4. WhichofthefollowingwasnottrueoftheBritishpositionintheAmericanRevolution?
A. ThewarwasunpopularinGreatBritain.
B. ThehitandruntacticsoftheAmericansmadeitdifficultfortheBritishtoplanand
executetheirstrategies
C. TheBritishwerewellsupportedbyboththeirnavyandbyLoyalistfarmers
D. Secureintheirempire,theBritishwereabletofocustheirresourcesandattentionon
theAmericanRevolution
E. TheBritishhadawelltrainedarmyledbyprofessionalsoldiers

5. Whichofthefollowingrebellionswascausedbyfrontiersettlersandlandlessformerindenturedservants
angeredbythepoliciesofVirginiasgovernment?
A. theStonoUprising
B. NatTurnersRebellion
C. TheWhiskeyRebellion
D. ShaysRebellion
E. BaconsRebellion

6. ThePueblopeopleadaptedtotheenvironmentofthe
A. Woodlands
B. GreatPlains
C. Southeast
D. Southwest
E. PacificNorthwest

7. SpainbegantofortifyandsettleitsNorthAmericanborderlandsinorderto
A. protectitsCentralandSouthAmericandomainsfromencroachmentsbyEnglandand
France
B. gaincontrolofCanada
C. gainmoreslaves
D. findapassagetothePacificOcean
E. obtainmoreNativeAmericanworkers
8. Thesettlementfoundedintheearly1600sthatwasmostimportanttolaterUnitedStatesdevelopmentwas
A. SantaFe
B. Quebec
C. MassachusettsBay
D. SanDiego
E. Jamestown

9. AmajorreasonforthefoundingoftheMarylandcolonywasto
A. establishadefensivebufferagainstSpanishcoloniestotheSouth
B. createarefugeforCatholics
C. helptheProtestants
D. allowLordBaltimoretokeepthelandforhimself
E. payoffadebtowedtoWilliamPitt

10. UnlikeSeparatists,Puritans
A. advocatedstrictseparationofchurchandstate
B. practicedpassiveresistancetooppression
C. remainedmembersoftheChurchofEngland
D. wereCalvinists
E. didnotreallywanttocometothenewworld

11. KingPhilipsWarresultedin
A. thelastingdefeatoftheNewEnglandIndians
B. FrancesmovingintoCanada
C. TheformationofapowerfulallianceamongtheNativestoresisttheEnglish
D. Alloftheabove
E. Noneoftheabove

12. ThepopulationoftheChesapeakecoloniesthroughoutthefirsthalfoftheseventeenthcenturywasnotable
forits
A. fastgrowthrate
B. scarcityofwomen
C. lowdeathrate
D. stablefamilystructure
E. highnumberofslavescomparedtoEnglishcitizens

13. Theheadrightsystem,whichmadesomepeopleverywealthy,entailed
A. usingIndiansasforcedlabor
B. givinglandtoindenturedservantstogetthemtocometotheNewWorld
C. givingtherighttoacquirefiftyacresoflandtothepersonpayingthepassageofa
laborercomingtoAmerica
D. discouragingtheimportationofindenturedservantstoAmerica
E. grantingthreeslavestoanyonewhopaidtheirpassage

14. IncontrasttotheChesapeakecolonies,thoseinNewEngland
A. hadamorediversifiedeconomy
B. expandedwestwardinalessorderlyfashion
C. hadamoreethnicallymixedpopulation
D. weremoreorientedtowardtheindividualthantowardcommunityinterests
E. usedindenturedservantsaslaborers
APUSHMidtermReviewQuiz1
1. ThemajorachievementofthegovernmentundertheArticlesofConfederationwas
A. defeatoftheWhiskeyRebellion
B. levyingofthenationsfirstprotectivetariff
C. establishmentoftheprocedureforsettlingtheNorthwestTerritory
D. thenegotiationofthetreatywithSpaingivingtheUnitedStatesthe
rightofdepositatNewOrleans
E. removaloftheNativeAmericanthreatintheOhioValley

2. TheProclamationof1763contributedtogrowingtensionbetweenthecoloniesandGreatBritainbecause
theProclamation
A. forbadesettlersfrommovingintothelandwestoftheAppalachians
untiltreatiescouldbesignedwiththeNativeAmericans.
B. settheboundarybetweenCanadaandMaine,NewYork,andVermont
C. outlawedlandspeculationinthetransAppalachiansbutnotthe
purchaseoflandbysettlers
D. declaredmartiallawonthewesternfrontierofthethirteencolonies
E. establishedthepresenceofastandingBritisharmyinthecolonies

3. ThemostsignificantresultoftheFrenchandIndianWarwasthat
A. FrancegaveSpaintheLouisianaTerritoryinpaymentforitsdebts
B. FrancelostitsremainingterritoriesinNorthAmerica
C. TheNativeAmericansintheOhioValleylosttheirFrenchallies
D. Thecolonistlearnedtoworktogetherandrealizedthebenefitsof
cooperation
E. Pontiacsrebellion

4. ThemajorsignificanceoftheGreatAwakeningofthe1700swas
A. itinadvertentlyhelpedtonurturetheseedsofindependenceby
emphasizingtheindividualsfreedomtochoosehisorherownreligion
B. itwasledbyEnglishmanGeorgeWhitefieldandJonathonEdwardsof
Massachusetts
C. itledtodivisionswithinchurchesthatgaverisetodifferent
PresbyterianandCongregationalistsects
D. itledtotheestablishmentofcollegestotrainministers
E. itcreatedaneedforreligioustolerationtodealwiththediversityof
religions

5. TheDeclaratoryAct
A. askedtheloyalsubjectsofGeorgeIIItoopposerebellion
B. wasaprecursortotheDeclarationofIndependence
C. statedParliamentspositionthatithadtherighttomakelawsforthe
coloniesinallmatters
D. wasdraftedbytheMassachusettslegislatureandurgedtheother
coloniestoresisttheTownshendActs
E. draftedbytheFirstContinentalCongresslistedthebasicrightsofthe
colonistsandBritishsubjects

6. AccordingtotheNavigationActs,
A. goodsdidnothavetobeshippedthroughEnglandsolongascustoms
dutieswerepaid
B. enumeratedgoodscouldbesoldonlyinEngland
C. hatmakersinthecoloniescouldselltheirbeaverhatstoEnglandorthe
colonies
D. colonistscouldexportrawwool,yarnorwoolclothtocountriesother
thanEnglandifcustomswerepaid
E. smugglerswouldbetriedinadmiraltycourts

7. Europeanvoyagesofdiscoveryandexplorationwerefacilitatedby
A. theRenaissance
B. newnavaltechnology
C. theriseofnationstates
D. competitionbetweenEuropeannations
E. alloftheabove

8. ThefinancialmeansforEnglandsfirstpermanentcolonizationinAmericawereprovidedby
A. ajointstockcompany
B. aroyalproprietor
C. QueenElizabethII
D. thelawofprimogeniture
E. ChristopherColumbus

9. TheearlyyearsatJamestownweremainlycharacterizedby
A. starvation,diseaseandfrequentIndianraids
B. economicprosperity
C. constantfearofSpanishinvasion
D. majortechnologicaladvancement
E. theminingofgoldresources

10. AmongthePuritans,itwasunderstoodthat
A. theywouldestablishdemocraticgovernmentinAmerica
B. clergymenwouldholdthemostpowerfulpoliticaloffice
C. thepurposeofgovernmentwastoenforceGodslaws
D. alladultwhitemalelandownerscouldvoteforpoliticalleaders
E. womencouldhaveanequalopportunityforpoliticaloffice

11. TheNewEnglandConfederation
A. includedalloftheNewEnglandcolonies
B. wasdesignedtobolstercolonialdefense
C. ledtheAmericancoloniestoseekindependencefromEngland
D. wascreatedbyEnglishgovernmenttosteamlineitsadministrationof
thecolonies
E. wasaresultoftheGloriousRevolution

12. Intheseventeenthcentury,duetoahighdeathratefamilieswerebothfewandfragilein
A. NewEngland
B. TheChesapeakecolonies
C. Themiddlecolonies
D. Georgia
E. Pennsylvania

13. Throughoutthegreaterpartoftheseventeenthcentury,theChesapeakecoloniesacquiredmostofthelabor
theyneededfrom
A. Africanslaves
B. Whiteindenturedservants
C. CapturedIndians
D. WestIndiannatives
E. Irishlaborers

14. BaconsRebellionwassupportedmainlyby
A. youngmenfrustratedbytheirinabilitytoacquireland
B. theplanterclassofVirginia
C. thoseprotestingtheincreasedimportationofAfricanslaves
D. peoplefromJamestown
E. farmersprotestingtaxesonWhiskey
APUSHMidTermReviewQuiz2A
1. TheJudiciaryActof1789
F. establishedtheprincipleofjudicialreview
G. designatedtheSupremeCourtasthecourttoheardisputesinvolvingfederallaws
H. establishedtheofficeofAttorneyGeneralandtheDepartmentofJustice
I. createdthefederalcourtsystem
J. wasinvokedbyAndrewJacksoninthedisputeoverenforcementofWorcesterv.
Georgia

2. TheissueofprotectivetariffsledtofiercedebateinAndrewJacksonsadministrationover
a. internalimprovements
b. Indianremoval
c. Statesrights
d. Popularsovereignty
e. Speciecircular

3. TheMonroeDoctrinewasissued
a. toprotectU.S.businessinterestinLatinAmerica
b. towarnthattheUnitedStateswouldnottolerateanyattemptsbyEuropeannations
tointerveneinaffairsoftheirformercoloniesintheWesternHemisphere
c. toassertthattheUnitedStateshadtherighttoensurethatacceptablegovernments
wereinpowerinnationsoftheWesternHemisphere
d. aspartoftherecalloftroopsfromNicaraguaandHaiti
e. toforestallasimilardeclarationbyFrance

4. ThesignificanceoftheAnnapolisConventionlayin
a. itsagreementonuniformtraderegulationsforthenewstates
b. itsdecisiontosendtroopstoendShaysRebellion
c. itsratificationoftheNorthwestOrdinance
d. itsdecisiontorequestanotherconventiontodiscusstheweaknessesoftheArticles
ofConfederation
e. itsnominationofGeorgeWashingtonforpresident

5. TheForceBillandtheTariffActof1833werepassedtodealwiththecrisisthatdevelopedover
a. theWebsterHayneDebate
b. SouthCarolinasOrdinanceofNullification
c. SouthCarolinaExpositionpublishedanonymouslybyJohnCalhoun
d. TariffofAbominations
e. theMaysvilleRoadveto

6. WhydidthesouthernstatesvoteforHamiltonsplantoassumestatedebts?
a. Mostofthemhadbeenunabletopayofftheirdebtsandstoodtogainfromfederal
assumptionofthedebt.
b. Mostsouthernsenatorsandcongressmenhadspeculatedinstatebondsandwould
makelargeprofitsiftheywererepaidinfullbythefederalgovernment.
c. SouthernersbelievedthatastrongerunionwouldbenefittheSouthmorethanother
sectionsofthenation.
d. NortherncongressmenagreedtohelpSouthernersgainaccesstotheMississippi
RiverfromSpain.
e. NorthernrepresentativesagreedtotransferthefederalcapitolfromPhiladelphiatoa
locationonthePotomacRiverinVirginia.

7. WhichofthefollowingwasoneoftheaccomplishmentsofJaysTreaty?
a. ItendedtheBritishpracticeofimpressment.
b. ItarrangedforwithdrawalofBritishtroopsfromAmericansoil.
c. ItreopenedtheBritishWestIndiestradetoAmericanships.
d. ItsettledtheissueofcompensationforslavestakenduringtheRevolution.
e. ItallowedtheUnitedStatestohaveaccesstotheportatNewOrleansonthe
MississippiRiver.

8. WhatwasthemainsourceofvotesinfavorofwarwithBritainwhenCongressdeclaredwarinJune
1812?
a. RepublicansinpopulousstateslikePennsylvania,Maryland,andVirginia
b. Warhawksandwesternstates
c. NewEngland
d. NewYorkandNewJersey
e. theSouth

9. Whichofthefollowingduringtheantebellumperiodwasmostresponsibleforthegrowthofcotton
farmingintheOldSouthwest?
a. thediscoveryofmethodsforgettingseaislandcottontoflourishintheinterior
uplands
b. theremovaloftheFiveCivilizedTribes
c. theadoptionofahomesteadlawmakingthelandavailablefreetoqualifiedsettlers
d. theinventionofthemechanicalreaper
e. theinventionofEliWhitneyscottongin

10. WhichofthefollowingstatementsabouttheErieCanaliscorrect?
a. ItlinkedNewYorkCitythroughinlandwaterwaystoOhioandmakethecitya
majoroutletforMidwesternproduce.
b. ItandtheNationalRoadweretheonlymajorinternalimprovementsfinancedbythe
federalgovernmentbeforetheCivilWar.
c. ItcontributedtothegrowingimportanceofMississippiRivercitiessuchasNew
Orleans.
d. Ithadlittleimpactonshippingcosts.
e. Itencouragedtheuseofhomespunmaterialsinsteadofmassproducedproducts.

11. WhatwasoneofthereasonswhyAndrewJacksonvetoedtherecharteringoftheBankoftheUnited
States?
a. Thebankpreventedstatesfromlendingmoney.
b. Itrefusedtoacceptdepositsoffederalrevenue.
c. Itwasaprivatemonopolyrunbyaprivilegedfew.
d. Itspresidentconstantlymeddledinnationalpolitics.
e. HenryClayencouragedhimtovetothebanktohelpwintheelectionof1832.
12. TheSenecaFallsDeclarationofSentimentscalledfor
a. statetaxsupportedpublicschools
b. equalrightsforwomen
c. immediateabolitionofslavery
d. humanetreatmentforthementallyill
e. votingrightsforNativeAmericans

13. WhatwerethegoalsoftheHudsonRiverschoolofpainters?
a. todepictnaturalsceneswithphotographicaccuracy
b. topreservearecordofthedisappearingwilderness
c. todepictscenesofruinedcastlesandcrumblingtemples
d. todepictthenationsgreatleaders
e. noneoftheabove
APUSHMidTermReviewQuiz2B
1. PassageoftheTwelfthAmendmentwasadirectresultof
A. thecontroversythatarosewhentheelectionof1824wassettledintheHouseofRepresentatives
B. thedifficultiesthatresultedfromnothavingseparatepresidentialandvicepresidentialelectionsin
theelectoralcollegeintheelectionof1800
C. therevolutionof1800
D. theoneman,onevotesystemoftheelectoralcollege
E. thelossofthe1888presidentialelectionbyGroverClevelandtoBenjaminHarrison

2. AllofthefollowingwereelementsofU.S.foreignrelationswithGreatBritaininthefirsthalfofthe
nineteenthcenturyEXCEPT:
A. RushBagotAgreement
B. Warof1812
C. SettlementoftheboundarydisputeoverOregon
D. PurchaseofAlaska
E. WebsterAshburtonTreaty

3. TheAmericanSystemfavoredallofthefollowingEXCEPT:
A. developmentofU.S.industrialcapacity
B. relaxationofthequotasystemforimmigrants
C. lesseningofsectionaldivisions
D. acharterfortheSecondBank
E. aprotectivetariff

4. TheunderlyingcauseforthedepressionthatlingeredafterthePanicof1837was
A. thehightariff
B. cheapmoney
C. overspeculationofwesternlands
D. acorrespondingdepressioninEuropeanmarkets
E. VanBurensindependenttreasurysystem

5. Hamiltonsdomesticprogramreflectedhisbeliefthat
A. thesurvivalofthefederalgovernmentdependedontherepublicanvirtuesofthecommonpeople
B. thenationhadtobeindustriallyselfsufficientandthatthenationalgovernmenthadtomaintain
authorityoverthestates
C. Americasbestopportunityforeconomicsurvivallayinitstraditionalsourceofstrength,
agriculture
D. thestatesneededtoreassertpoweroverthenationalgovernmentbecauseindividualselfsacrifice
andvirtueweremosteffectiveatthelocallevel
E. thefederalgovernmentshouldprovideeducationalopportunitiestoincreasethenumberofpeople
capableofparticipatingingovernment

6. PoliticalcoalitionsbegantodevelopduringWashingtonsfirsttermovertheissueof
A. thecreationofthefederalcourtsystem
B. interferencewithAmericanshippingbyFranceandBritain
C. Washingtonssuccessor
D. thetariff
E. Hamiltonsfinancialprogram

7. ThebasicthrustofJohnQuincyAdamssforeignpolicywasto
A. conquercommercialrivalsbymilitarymeans
B. militarizetheGreatLakesforsecurity
C. encourageEuropeaninvolvementinkeepingpeaceintheWesternHemisphere
D. secureAmericanbordersandstrengthenthepeacewithGreatBritain
E. pursueManifestDestiny
8. PresidentAndrewJacksonspolicytowardNativeAmericansincluded
A. anattempttodeclaretheIndiansaseparatenations
B. theestablishmentofgovernmentmissionstoeachIndiantribe
C. amorecoerciveremovalpolicy
D. adesiretobolstertheirculture
E. afederalassimilationplan

9. WhichofthefollowingwasthefirstmajorcanalprojectintheUnitedStates?
A. theBlackstoneCanal
B. theC&OCanal
C. theOhioCanal
D. thePanamaCanal
E. theEricCanal

10. WhydidPresidentJacksonvetotheMaysvilleRoadBill?
A. Thebilldidnotprovideenoughmoneyforhisownstate.
B. Heopposedfederalfundingofinternalimprovements
C. Hepreferredtosupportsteamboatlines.
D. ThegovernorofKentuckyobjectedtotheroad.
E. HesupportedtheNationalRoadinstead.

11. WhowasthemainoppositiontoAndrewJacksonduringhissecondterminoffice?
A. DemocraticParty
B. WhigParty
C. RepublicanParty
D. FederalistParty
E. KnowNothingParty

12. InhisExpositionandProtest,JohnCalhounarguedthatastatehadthepowerto
A. Impeachthepresident
B. Nullifyanunconstitutionalfederallaw
C. Setitsowntariffrates
D. Raiseavolunteerarmy
E. Secedefromtheunion

13. InthepreCivilWardecades,Americanpainterspreferredtopaint
A. historicaltopics
B. portraits
C. mythologicaltales
D. religiousscenes
E. landscapes
APUSHMidTermReviewQuiz3A
1. In1860whatgroupsaccountedforthreefourthsofallforeignbornAmericans?
A. IrishandGermans
B. IrishandEnglish
C. GermansandDutch
D. SwissandNorwegians
E. JapaneseandChinese

2. WhydidJohnC.Calhounbelievethatthefederalgovernmenthadnopowertoprohibitslaveryinthe
MexicanCession?
A. HesaidthatnofederalrulesorregulationshadeveraddressedtheissueofslaveryinAmerican
territory.
B. Hebelievedthatfreestatesalreadyhadenoughterritory.
C. Hebelievedthatslaveswereproperty,andtheConstitutionprotectedtherighttoproperty.
D. HearguedthattheresolutionbyCongressmenDavidWilmothadspecificallysettledtheissue.
E. Hearguedtheissueofslaveryshouldbelefttothestates.

3. WhichofthefollowingstatementsabouttheCompromiseof1850isCORRECT?
A. ItendedslaveryinWashington,DC.
B. ItallowedthepeopleofCaliforniatodecideslaveryonpopularsovereignty.
C. IthadthebackingofJohnC.CalhounandalmostallsouthernersbutwasopposedbyDaniel
Websterandmostnortherners.
D. ItspassagewashelpedbyStephenDouglassstrategyofbreakingupClaysbillandpassingthe
compromiseinpieces.
E. ItprohibitedslaveryinNewMexicoandUtah.

4. WhatwasthesignificanceofHarrietBeecherStowesUncleTomsCabin?
A. Itcontradictedprevailingstereotypesofslavery.
B. Bypresentingadynamicslavesociety,thebookchallengedthecommonnotionthatslaverytore
aparttheblackfamily.
C. Itprovokedamoreaggressiveantisouthernandantislaverypositioninthosewhowereuncertain
ontheslaveryissue.
D. Alloftheabove.
E. Noneoftheabove.

5. TheGadsdenPurchasewas
A. thesymbolicfirstlandsaleinthenewKansasTerritory
B. JamesGadsdenspurchaseofsuppliesforanunofficialmilitaryexpeditiontoHonduras
C. AplantopurchaseCubafromSpainforamaximumpriceof$25million
D. acquiredinthetreatyofGuadalupeHidalgo
E. asmallstripoflandinsouthernArizonaandNewMexicopurchasedforarailroadline

6. TheDredScottdecisiondeclaredthatCongresscouldnot
A. admitnewslavestates
B. prohibitslaveholdersfromtakingslavesintonorthernstates
C. barslaveryintheterritories
D. passafugitiveslavelaw
E. segregatepublicfacilities

7. Mostfoundersofutopiancommunitiesbelievedthat
F. ifsocialarrangementscouldbeperfected,theillsofsocietycouldbeeliminated
G. ifmenandwomenlivedtogetherwithoutbeingmarried,thepopulationwoulddecline
H. ifperfectcommunitieswerecreated,thegovernmentwouldbeforcedtoabolishslavery
I. ifthenaturaldefectsofhumansocietycouldbeoutlawed,menandwomencouldliveinharmony
J. ifcommunitiesfocusedonsmallscaleindustrialproduction,bettersocialconditionswouldresult

8. WilliamLloydGarrisonpledgedhisdedicationto
A. shippingfreedblackbacktoAfrica
B. outlawingtheslavetrade
C. preventingtheexpansionofslaverybeyondtheSouth
D. theimmediateabolitionofslaveryintheSouth
E. gradualcompensationforslaveownerstofreetheirslaves

9. AmericanTranscendentalistsmaybestbecharacterizedaswhichofthefollowing?
A. AgroupofNorthernintellectualswhosharedabeliefinthevalueofhumanintuition,thepresence
ofdivinityinnatureandanemotionalcomprehensionofGod.
B. AreligioussectthatbelievedintheconceptofsinandthenecessityforforgivenessfromGodand
fromfellowworshippers.
C. Anumberoflooselyorganizedcommunitarianswhoengagedinsexualexperimentsoutsidethe
confinesofmarriage.
D. AsectoformerUnitarianministerswhoexpectedChristtodescendtoearthwithintheirlifetimes.
E. ApersecutedbandwhohadtofleetotheWestbecauseoftheirunpopularideasaboutpolygamy
andotherunconventionalpractices.

10. ThehostilityoftheKnowNothingpartywasprimarydirectedagainst
A. Thegrowthofcitiesandindustrialmanufacturing
B. IrishandGermanimmigrants
C. FreeMasonandmembersofotherfraternalorders
D. Abolitionists
E. Slaveholders

11. WhichofthefollowingmostlikelyincreasedMexicansuspicionofUnitedStatesterritorialobjectivesin
the1830sand1840s?
A. AbolitionistagitationintheNorth
B. JacksonspolicytowardtheannexationofTexas(183637)
C. TheWebsterAshburtonTreaty
D. Claysspeechesinthecampaignof1844
E. Rhetoricinthepressonmanifestdestiny
APUSHMidTermReviewQuiz3B
1. TheWilmotProvisowasa
A. stipulationthatslaverybeprohibitedinanyterritoryacquiredinthenegotiationswithMexico
B. legislativeamendmentthatsaidthattheUnitedStatesshouldacquireonlyTexasasaresultofthe
MexicanWar
C. pleatoapplythetermsoftheMissouriCompromisetoanyterritoryacquiredfromMexico
D. requesttooutlawslaveryinTexasiftheUnitedStateswontheMexicanWar
E. successfulattempttoendtheMexicanWarquickly

2. TheissuesbehindtheCompromiseof1850includedallofthefollowingEXCEPT:
A. EnforcementoftheFugitiveSlaveAct
B. TherulingoftheDredScottcase
C. Thepolicyregardingslaveryintheterritories
D. ThesaleofslavesintheDistrictofColumbia
E. BoundarydisputeswithTexasandNewMexico

3. PersonalLibertyLawswere
A. statelawsaimedathamperingenforcementoftheFugitiveSlaveAct
B. federallawsguaranteeingtherightofslaveholderstoprotectionoftheirslaveproperty
C. statelawsprohibitingblacks,freeorslave,fromenteringastate.
D. federallawsguaranteeingthatstateswouldnotdenyanypersonlife,liberty,orpropertywithout
dueprocessoflaw
E. foundtobeconstitutionalinthecaseBakerv.Carr

4. TheConscienceWhigswere
A. membersoftheWhigpartywhowereconvincedthattheirpartyhadanobligationtoadheretothe
termsoftheCompromiseof1850
B. northernpoliticianswhobelievedthatthebestwaytoeliminateslaverywastocurbexpansionist
sentimentamongsoutherners
C. thenorthern,antislaverywingoftheparty,ledbySenatorWilliamSewardofNewYork
D. southernantislaveryDemocratswhowerelookingforanalternativepoliticalparty
E. noneoftheabove

5. ThenewRepublicanPartyin1852derivedsupportformallofthefollowinggroupsEXCEPTformer:
A. SouthernDemocrats
B. NorthernWhigs
C. KnowNothings
D. NorthernDemocrats
E. FreeSoilers

6. WhichstatementbestdescribestheRepublicanPartypositionintheelectionof1860?
A. ThereshouldbeimmediateemancipationofslavesintheSouth
B. Aprogramofgradualcompensationshouldbestarted
C. Thereshouldbenofurtherextensionofslaveryintotheterritories
D. Theprincipleofpopularsovereigntyshouldbehonestlyappliedintheremainingterritories
E. Astrongerfugitiveslavelawshouldbepassed

7. TheKansasNebraskaActnullifiedpartofthe
A. Compromiseof1850
B. GreatCompromise
C. WilmotProviso
D. MissouriCompromise
E. DredScottdecision
8. AsaresultofMexicanrestrictionsinTexasinthe1830s,Americanssettlersthere:
A. convertedtoRomanCatholicism
B. freedtheirslaves
C. disallowedfurtherAmericanimmigration
D. plottedarevolution
E. petitionedtheUSgovernmentforstatehood

9. TheFreeSoilerscondemnedslaverybecause
A. oftheharmitdidtoAfricanAmericans
B. ofmoralprinciples
C. itwastheonlywaytheyhadofcombatingtheappealoftheRepublicanparty
D. theywerenativists
E. itdestroyedthechancesoffreewhiteworkerstorisetoselfemployment

10. ThetermsoftheTreatyofGuadalupeHidalgoincluded:
A. UnitedStatespaymentof$15millionforthecessionofnorthernMexico
B. UnitedStatesannexationofTexas
C. thebanningofslaveryfromallterritoryacquiredfromMexico
D. arequirementthatMexicopay$3.25millionindamagestotheUnitedStates
E. anendtotheslavetradeinMexico
APUSHMidtermReviewQuiz4A
1. DuringtheCivilWar,mostofthesoldiersinboththeUnionandConfederatearmieswere
a. conscripts
b. volunteers
c. convicts
d. politicalappointees
e. over28yearsold

2. TheBattleofAntietaminSeptember1862
a. wasastrategicvictoryfortheSouthbecauseGeneralGrantcalledoffhisinvasionof
Richmond
b. encouragedLincolntoissuetheEmancipationProclamation
c. encouragedGreatBritainandFrancetorecognizetheconfederacyasanindependentnation
d. AandC
e. BandC

3. TheaccomplishmentsofthenewgovernmentestablishedduringcongressionalReconstruction
includedallofthefollowingconditionsEXCEPT:
a. creationofpublicschoolsystemsandprogramsofpublicworks
b. landconfiscationandmoreequitableredistribution
c. expansionofstatebureaucraciesandincreasedsalariesforstateemployees
d. increasedstatedebtsandtaxes
e. voterparticipationbyformerslaves

4. ReconstructionendedintheSouthasadirectresultof
a. thecollapseoftheremainingcarpetbaggovernmentsinFlorida,SouthCarolina,and
Louisiana
b. ratificationoftheFifteenthAmendment
c. increasedactivitiesofwhitesupremacistgroups
d. DemocratsacceptanceofHayesasPresidentinexchangeforthewithdrawaloftroopsform
theSouth
e. generalNorthernfatiguewiththeprogramsoftheRadicalRepublicans

5. Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthelabormarketinthesecondhalfofthenineteenthcentury
isNOTtrue?
a. Unionstrikesandboycottswereconsideredtobeconspiraciesintherestraintoftrade
BThenationallabormarketwashighlycompetitivebecauseofthemovementofpeoplefromfarms
tocitiesandtheinfluxofimmigrants
C.TheAFLeffectivelyrecruitedandorganizedimmigrants.
D.Aseriesofeconomicdepressionsdrovewagesdown.
E.Installmentofnewmachinessometimesresultedintechnologicalunemployment

6. IntheWesttheimmigrantswhoborethebruntoflaborhostilityinthe1870sand1880swere
a. Jewish
b. Chinese
c. IrishCatholic
d. Russian
e. Japanese
7. TheHaymarketSquarebombingin1886resultedin
a. increasedsympathyforworkersandunions
b. theelectionofseveralGermanbornanarchiststotheIllinoisstatelegislature
c. thearrestofthepolicewhofiredonthecrowd
d. intensifiedanimositytowardlaborunions
e. thedeclineoftheAFL

8. ThesecondSiouxWar(18751876),whichsawthedefeatofCusterattheBattleofLittleBigHorn,
wascausedbyallofthefollowingEXCEPT:
a. theextensionoftherouteoftheNorthernPacificRailroad
b. thegoldrushintheBlackHills
c. aconcentratedeffortonthepartofthemajorProtestantdenominationstoconverttheSioux
toChristianity
d. corruptionwithintheDepartmentoftheInterior
e. overlandmigrationofsettlerstothePacific

9. DuringReconstruction,SouthernBlackstypicallydidwhichofthefollowing?
a. workedasdaylaborersintownsandcities
b. migratednorthward,exercisingtheirnewfreedom
c. ownedandworkedsmallfarms
d. workedinminesandfactories
e. wenttotechnicalschoolssuchasTuskegee

10. Ofthefollowing,themostthreateningproblemfortheUnionfrom1861to1863was
a. possibleBritishrecognitionoftheConfederacy
b. SpanishinterventioninSantoDomingo
c. FrenchobjectionstotheUnionBlockade
d. Britishinsistenceontheabolitionofslavery
e. BritishobjectionstotheUnionpositiononcontinuousvoyage.
APUSHMidTermReviewQuiz4B
1. Ofallthemethodsthenorthernandsoutherngovernmentsusedtofinancethewar,whichwasthemost
effectiveatraisingrevenue?
a. incometaxes
b. propertytaxes
c. governmentwarbonds
d. loans
e. printingpapermoney

2. Whydidthebattleoverblacksuffrageultimatelydividethewomensrightsmovement?
a. Alargepartofthewomensrightsmovementdidnotbelievethataconstitutionalamendmentwas
necessarytogaintherighttovote
b. Halfofthemovementadvocatedfocusingontherightsofblackwomen,whiletheotherhalf
emphasizedthatfirstpriorityshouldbeontherightsofblackmen
c. Someadvocatesofwomensrightsrefusedtosupportblacksuffragewithoutattendantwoman
suffrage
d. Thewomensrightsmovementhadalwaysavoidedthedebateoverslavery,andmanynowfeared
beingdrawnintothenewdebateoverblackrights
e. Manymembersofthewomensrightsmovementwantedtoextendthegoalstoinclude
temperance

3. AndrewJohnsonvetoedtheCivilRightsActof1866becausehebelieved
a. itsprovisionswerealreadycoveredinthe14thAmendment
b. itviolatedstatesrights
c. itshouldhaveincludedwomensrights
d. itwouldbeunnecessaryonceReconstructionwentintoeffect
e. itwasnotstrongenoughtocounteracttheblackcodes

4. AgricultureprosperedduringtheCivilWarasaresultofallofthefollowingEXCEPT:
a. risingpricesforfarmproducts
b. theHomesteadActof1862
c. developmentoflaborsavingmachinessuchastheMcCormickreaper
d. expansionoftherailroads
e. contractionofthemoneysupply

5. TheGrangemovementdidallofthefollowingEXCEPT:
a. successfullylobbyforthepassageoflawsinseveralstatesthatsetmaximumrailroadpassenger
andfreightrates
b. winMunnv.Illinios
c. supportlaissezfairecapitalism
d. organizebusinessessuchasmills,banks,andgrainelevators
e. admitwomenonanequalbasiswithmen

6. TheCreditMobilierscandalinvolved
a. anattemptbyCongresstoraiseitsownpayandtocollecttwoyearsbackpay
b. abribebyanIndiantradetoWilliamBelknap,theSecretaryofState
c. BossTweedandthebuildingofacourthouseinNewYorkCity
d. theawardingofconstructioncontractstotheUnionPacificRailroadbyagroupofstockholdersto
theirowncompanyatinflatedprices
e. aringofwhiskeydistillersandblackmailerswhohadbeendefraudingthefederalgovernmentof
taxesonwhiskey
7. WhichofthefollowingstatementsbestdescribestheUnitedStatesattheendofthenineteenthcentury?
a. Thenationhadshiftedfromanagrarian,ruraleconomytoanindustrial,urbanone.
b. Thedevelopmentofavasttransportationsystemwasamajorfactorintheindustrializationofthe
Midwest.
c. Theclosingofthefrontiermarkedtheendoftheeraofmanifestdestiny.
d. Citieshadundergoneavastchangewiththegrowthofurbanservicesandinfrastructures.
e. Widespreaduseofthetelegraphandtelephonehadcreatedagiantcommunicationsnetworkthat
linkedthenation.

8. Whichofthefollowingwasaconsequenceoftheshifttosharecroppingandthecropliensysteminthelate
nineteenthcenturySouth?
a. Amajorredistributionoflandownership.
b. Adiversificationofcrops.
c. AcycleofdebtanddepressionforSoutherntenantfarmers.
d. Ariseincottonyieldsperacrefromantebellumproductionlevels.
e. TheterminationofthecontrolextendedbyWhitelandownersoverformerslaves.

9. TheSocialGospel,orGospelofWealth,movementwasbasedon:
a. Catholicism
b. Protestantism
c. Judiasm
d. Socialism
e. Federalism

10. Inthelatenineteenthcenturycasesdealingwiththerightsofblacks,theSupremeCourtdecidedthat
a. the14thAmendmentprotectedcitizensfromprivateactsofdiscriminationbutnotfrom
governmentacts
b. racialsegregationwasconstitutionalaslongaseachracehadequalfacilities
c. polltaxesandliteracytestswereillegal
d. thecivilrightsclausesofthe15thAmendmentwereunconstitutional
e. the14thAmendmentwasunconstitutional