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K Vasudevan Faculty of EE IIT Kanpur (vasu@iitk.ac.

in) 1

Tutorial 1
Date: 7th Aug. 2015

1. Prove the following properties of the complex exponential Fourier series:

(a) If the periodic function gp (t) is even, that is, gp (t) = gp (t), then
the Fourier coefficient cn is purely real and an even function of n.
(b) If gp (t) is odd, that is, gp (t) = gp (t), then cn is purely imaginary
and an odd function of n.
(c) If gp (t) has half-wave symmetry, that is, gp (tT0 /2) = gp (t), where
T0 is the period of gp (t), then cn consists of only odd order terms.

1 v1 (t)
A B vo (t) = dv1 (t)/dt
2F d
vi (t) = 3 cos(6t) i(t) dt

Figure 1: Block diagram of the system.

2. Consider the system shown in Figure 1. Assume that the current in branch
AB is zero. The voltage at point A is v1 (t).
(a) Find out the time domain expression that relates v1 (t) and vi (t).
(b) Using the Fourier transform, find out the relation between V1 (f ) and
Vi (f ).
(c) Find the relation between Vo (f ) and Vi (f ).
(d) Compute the power when the output voltage vo (t) is applied across
a 1 ohm resistor.
3. Consider a complex-valued signal g(t). Let g1 (t) = g (t). Let g1 (t)
denote the nth derivative of g1 (t). Consider another signal g2 (t) = g (n) (t).
Is g2 (t) = g1 (t)? Justify your answer using Fourier transforms.
4. Prove the following using the Schwarzs inequality:
|G(f )| |g(t)| dt
|j 2f G(f )| dt dt

Z 2

d g(t)
(j 2f ) G(f ) dt2 dt.

K Vasudevan Faculty of EE IIT Kanpur (vasu@iitk.ac.in) 2


2 1 1 2

Figure 2: Plot of g(t).

The Schwarzs inequality states that

Z x 2 Z x2

f (x) dx |f (x)| dx.
x=x1 x=x1

Evaluate the three bounds on |G(f )| for the pulse shown in Figure 2.

(t 3T /2)
0 T /2 T

Figure 3: A periodic waveform gp (t).

5. Consider the periodic waveform gp (t) given in Figure 3, where T denotes

the period.

(a) Compute the real Fourier series representation of gp (t). Give the
expression for the coefficient of the nth term.
(b) Compute the Fourier transform of gp (t).