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Berikut adalah Daftar verbs yang diikuti oleh Gerund menurut Buku

Understanding and Using English Grammar Karangan Betty S. Azar (2002:318):

1 Admit He admitted stealing the money


2 Advise She advised waiting until tomorrow
3 Anticipate I anticipate having a good time on vacation
4 Appreciate I appreciated hearing from them
5 Avoid He avoided answering my questions
6 Cant bear I cant bear waiting in long lines
7 Begin It began raining
8 Complete I finally completed writing my term paper
9 Consider I will consider going with you
10 Continue He continued speaking
11 Delay He delayed leaving for school
12 Deny He denied committing the crime
13 Discuss They discussed opening a new business
14 Dislike I dislike driving long distances
15 Enjoy We enjoyed visiting them
16 Finish She finished studying about ten
17 Forget Ill never forget visiting Napoleons tomb
18 Hate I hate making silly mistakes
19 Cant help I cant help worrying about it
20 Keep I keep hoping he will come
21 Like I like going to movies
22 Love I love going to operas
23 Mention She mentioned going to a movie
24 Mind Would you mind helping me with this?
25 Miss I miss being with my family
26 Postpone Lets postpone leaving until tomorrow
27 Practice The athlete practiced throwing the ball
28 Prefer Ann prefers walking to driving to work
29 Quit He quit trying to solve the problem
30 Recall I dont recall meeting him before
31 Recollect I dont recollect meeting him before
32 Recommend She recommended seeing the show
33 Regret I regret telling him my secret
34 Remember I cant remember meeting him when I was a child
35 Resent I resent her interfering in my business
36 Resist I couldnt resist eating the dessert
37 Risk She risks losing all of her money
38 Cant stand I cant stand waiting in long lines
39 Start It started raining
40 Stop She stopped going to classes when she got sick
41 Suggest She suggested going to a movie
42 Tolerate She wont tolerate cheating during an examination
43 Try I try changing the light bulb, but the lamp still didnt work
44 Understand I dont understand his leaving school

1. Kata kerja yang diikuti to infinitive.


Contoh: He agreed to speak before the meeting.
agree consent have offer shoot
aim
continue hesitate ought start
appear
hope
dare plan stop
arrange hurry
decide prefer strive
ask intend
swear
deserve prepare
attempt leap threaten
detest proceed
be able leave try
dislike
promise
beg expect like use
propose
begin fail long refuse wait

care forget love remember want

choose get mean say wish

condescend happen neglect

2. Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh sebuah objek lalu to infinitive


Contoh: My father advised me to study hard.
advise choose have love remind
allow command hire motivate require

ask dare instruct order send

beg direct invite pay teach

bring encourage lead permit tell

build expect leave persuade urge


buy forbid let prepare want
challenge force like promise warn

Catatan: Beberapa dari kata kerja ini juga termasuk dalam kategori pertama dan bisa
digunakan tanpa ada objek yang mengikuti.
3. Kata kerja yang diikuti gerund
Contoh: He admit stealing my money
admit delay finish permit resist
forbid
advise deny postpone resume
get through
practice
appreciate detest have quit risk
spend (time)
avoid dislike imagine recall
suggest
cant help enjoy mind report
tolerate
complete escape miss resent
waste (time)
consider excuse

4. Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh preposisi lalu gerund


Contoh: We concentrate on doing well
admit to depend on plan on
approve of disapprove of prevent (someone) from

argue about discourage from refrain from

believe in dream about succeed in

care about feel like talk about

complain about forget about think about

concentrate on insist on worry about

confess to object to

Hope to intend to
Promise to offer to
Seem to pretend to
Expect to want to
Plant to decide to
Agree to refuse to
Appear to ask to
Would like to need to

Some verbs are followed by pro(noun) and then an infinitive, as in (4) and (5). Below are verbs which
are followed by pro(noun) then an infinitive.

Tell someone to advise someone to


Encourage someone to remind someone to
Invite someone to permit someone to
Allow someone to warn someone to
Require someone to order someone to
Force someone to ask someone to
Expect someone to would like someone to
Want someone to need someone to

Enjoy appreciate
Quit (give up) finish (get through)
Avoid postpone (put off)
Keep (keep on) consider (think about)
Suggest discuss (talk about)
Mind stop
Delay mention

The following are a verbs which are followed by infinitive or gerund (with no different in
meaning)

Beginning like hate


Start love cant stand
Continue prefer cant bear

Karena gerund dapat digunakan sebagai kata benda (noun), maka di dalam kalimat gerund dapat
digunakan:

1. sebagai subjek
apabila gerund sebagai subjek, maka gerund dapat berdiri sediri atau berbentuk phrase.
- Smoking is a bad habbit
- Singing makes me happy

2. sebagai objek
sebagai objek gerund mempunyai dua kemungkinan yaitu :

a) object kata benda (object of verb)


yaitu objek yang digunakan setelah kata kerja atau verb
tidak semua kata kerja dapat diikuti gerund, ada beberapa kata kerja yang dapat diikuti gerund :
admit : mengakui
understand : mengerti, tahu
suggest : menyarankan
anticiapate : mengetahui lebih dulu
appreciate : menghargai
avoid : menghindari
consider : mempertimbangkan
excuse : memaafkan
escape : lolos, melarikan diri
save : menghemat, menyimpan
risk : mempertaruhkan
save : menhemat, menyimpan
prevent : mecegah
postpone : menunda
miss : gagal
mind : keberatan
mention : menyebutkan
involved : terlibat
imagine : menghayal, membayangkan
forgive : memaafkan
finish : selesai
begin : mulai
continue : terus, melanjutkan
intend : bermaksud
needs : perlu
requires : perlu
try : mencoba
start : memulai
love : senang
dislike : tidak suka
like : suka

VERBS FOLLOWED BY TO INFINITIVE

1 Afford I cant afford to buy it


2 Agree They agreed to help us
3 Appear She appeared to be tired
4 Arrange Ill arrange to meet you at the airport
5 Ask He asked to come with us
6 Cant bear I cant bear to wait in long lines
7 Beg He begged to come with us
8 Begin It began to rain
9 Care I dont care to see that show
10 Claim She claims to know a famous movie star
11 Consent She finally consents to marry him
12 Continue He continued to speak
13 Decide I have decided to leave on Monday
14 Demand I demand to know who is responsible
15 Deserve She deserve to win the prize
16 Expect I expect to enter graduate school in the fall
17 Fail She failed to return the book to the library on time
18 Forget I forgot to mail the letter
19 Hate I hate to make silly mistakes
20 Hesitate Dont hesitate to ask for my help
21 Hope Jack hopes to arrive next week
22 Learn He learned to play the piano
23 Like I like to go to the movies
24 Love I love to go to operas
25 Manage She managed to finish her work early
26 Mean I didnt mean to hurt your feelings
27 Need I need to have your opinion
28 Offer She offered to help us
29 Plan I am planning to have a party
30 Prefer Ann prefers to walk to work
31 Prepare We prepared to welcome them
32 Pretend He pretended not to understand
33 Promise I promise not to be late
34 Refuse I refuse to believe his story
35 Regret I regret to tell you that you failed
36 Remember I remembered to lock the door
37 Seem That cat seems to be friendly
38 Cant stand I cant stand to wait in long lines
39 Start It started to rain
40 Struggle I struggle to stay awake
41 Swear She swore to tell the truth
42 Threaten She threatened to tell my parents
43 Try I am trying to learn English
44 Volunteer He volunteered to help us
45 Wait I will wait to hear from you
46 Want I want to tell you something
47 Wish She wishes to come with us

VERBS FOLLOWED BY (PRO)NOUN AND TO INFINITIVE

48 Advise She advised me to wait until tomorrow


49 Allow She allowed me to use her car
50 Ask I asked John to help us
51 Beg They begged me to come
52 Cause Her laziness caused her to fail
53 Challenge She challenged me to race her to the corner
54 Convince I couldnt convince him to accept our help
55 Dare He dared me to do better than he had done
56 Encourage He encouraged me to try again
57 Expect I expect you to be on time
58 Forbid I forbid you to tell him
59 Force They forced him to tell the truth
60 Hire She hired a boy to mow the lawn
61 Instruct He instructed them to be careful
62 Invite Harry invited the Johnsons to come to his party
63 Need We needed Chris to help us figure out the solution
64 Order The judge ordered me to pay a fine
65 Permit He permitted the children to stay up late
66 Persuade I persuade him to come for a visit
67 Remind She reminded me to lock the door
68 Require Our teacher requires us to be on time
69 Teach My brother taught me to swim
70 Tell The doctor told me to take this pills
71 Urge I urge her to apply for a job
72 Want I want you to be happy
73 Warn I warned you not to drive too fast

Keterangan:

Nomor 48-73, setelah verbs disisipi oleh Object, baik berupa Noun ataupun
pronoun, baru setelah itu diikuti oleh to infinitive.

Jika ada tambahan referensi mengenai daftar kata kerja yang diikuti oleh to infinitive
ataupun kata kerja yang diikuti oleh Gerund, silahkan tambahkan. Dan semoga
referensi ini bisa dimanfaatkan dengan sebaik-baiknya.

Apabila di dalam kalimat terdapat lebih dari satu kata kerja, maka kata
kerja berikutnya harus dalam bentuk dasar ( infinitive ) yang di awali
dengan to.
Contoh :

I want to go home
I hoped to see my parents last night
I like to sit by the fire in the morning
I need to buy some food
I wanted him to go home by taxi last night

Apabila ada kata kerja yang tidak diikuti kata kerja lagi, tapi misalnya
diikutikata sifat, keterangan tempat atau keterangan jabatan, maka
sebelumnya harus diawali dengan to be
Contoh :

I want to be free
I want her to be happy
I asked them to be at school on time yesterday
I hope my son to be a doctor

Tapi tidak semua kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris diikuti kata kerja
dalam bentuk Infinitive.

A. Berikut ini adalah daftar kata-kata kerja yang harus diikuti kata
kerja
dalam bentuk Infinitive.

afford = mampu like = suka


arrange = mengatur love = suka, cinta
attempt = mencoba manage = mengurus,mengatur
began = mulai need = memerlukan
bother = mengganggu plan = merencanakan
cease = berhenti prefer = lebih suka
choose = memilih pretend = pura-pura
continue = melanjutkan promise = berjanji
dare = berani, menantang propose = mengusulkan
decide = memutuskan refuse = menolak
determine = menentukan seek = mencari
expect = berharap start = mulai
fail = gagal swear = bersumpah
forget = lupa try = mencoba
help = menolong trouble = menyusahkan
hesitate = ragu-ragu undertake = mengerjakan
hope = berharap want = ingin
intend = bermaksud wish = berharap, ingin
learn = belajar

Pola kata kerja di atas adalah :

S + VERB + TO + INFINITIVE + O
Contoh :
I can't afford to buy a new car
I choose to stay at home this week end
I continue to study English abroad
I forgot to write her address
Do you intend to go abroad next year
I pretended to be sick because I wanted to go home
B. Kata-kata kerja berikut ini harus diikuti Object kemudian kata kerja
yang
diawali to + infinitive.

advise = menasihati implore = memohon


allow = mengizinkan intend = bermaksud
ask = menyuruh, bertanya instruct = melatih,
beg = memohon, meminta memerintah
bribe = menyuap invite = mengundang
cause = menyebabkan lead = memimpin
challenge = menantang mean = bermaksud
command = memerintah oblige = mengharuskan
compel = memaksa permit = mengizinkan
dare = menantang persuade = membujuk
direct = mengatur press = mendesak
drive = memaksa, menyebabkan request = meminta
enable = memungkinkan require = memerlukan
encourage = mendorong (motivasi) teach = mengajar
entitle = memberi nama tell = menyuruh
expect = mengharapkan tempt = menggoda
forbid = melarang urge = mendesak
force = memaksa warn = memperingatkan
help = menolong want = ingin

Pola kata-kata kerja di atas adalah :

S + VERB + OBJECT + TO + INFINITIVE + O

Contoh :

I advised the students to study hard


I do not allow my children to go out at night
I forbade the students to smoke in the school
I advised them to be careful when they crossed the road
Do you permit your children to smoke?
I warn the students not to open their notebooks during
the test
I beg you not to come to my house every night
I asked him not to be noisy at night

KEGUNAAN YANG LAINNYA DARI TO-INFINITIVE

A. To-Infinitive dapat digunakan untuk


menyatakan maksud, tujuan atau alasan
Contoh :

I went home to take my money


I visited the library to return the books yesterday

Kata kerja to take menerangkan maksud atau tujuan mengapa saya


pulang ke rumah. Demikian juga kata kerja to return menerangkan tujuan
saya mengunjungi perpustakaan.

B. Apabila kata kerja berikutnya mengandung arti pasif, maka kata kerja
tersebut harus dalam bentuk ke tiga dan diawali dengan to be
Contoh :

I want you to be accompanied by my brother


I want the injured man to be taken to the hospital

C. To-Infinitive dapat ditempatkan di awal kalimat, yaitu sebagai subject.


Contoh :
To smoke too much is bad for health

To walk regularly in the morning can make our body healthy

To be called a coward is bad

D. To-Infinitive dapat ditempatkan pada posisi complement (pelengkap


subject),yaitu setelah to be misalnya :is atau was. To be tersebut
mengandung arti : adalah
Contoh :
My daily job is to wash dishes and clothes
The important thing for us to do is to study hard

E. To-Infinitive dapat ditempatkan setelah kata benda dan mengandung arti


pasif,yaitu : yang harus di / yang dapat di..
Contoh :
I have a lot of work to do
Do you have anything to eat?
I have something to tell you

INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO

Ada sejumlah kata kerja yang harus diikuti Object + bare Infinitive
(infinitive tanpa to). Kata-kata kerja yang dimaksud adalah :

Bid = memohon
Help = menolong
Know = tahu
Let = membiarkan
Make = membuat, menyebabkan
Have = menyuruh

Polanya adalah sebagai berikut :

S + V + O + infinitive (V1)

Contoh : I bade the audience leave the room


I must help him do the exercises
I have never known her sing so beautifully before
The teacher let us go home early this morning
I dont want to make her cry
You must have someone clean the room tomorrow