Você está na página 1de 132

U.S. Chart No.

1
Symbols, Abbreviations and Terms
used on Paper and Electronic Navigational Charts
12th Edition, April 15, 2013
Corrected through NM Nov. 16, 2013

Corrected through LNM Nov. 12, 2013

Prepared Jointly by

Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Department of Defense
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

1
New in Edition 12: ECDIS Symbols and Other ECDIS Information
ECDIS

Symbology for displaying Electronic Navigational Charts (ENCs) on an Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS) has been added to U.S. Chart No. 1. See the
Preface and Introduction sections for more details.
In addition to the ECDIS symbols shown in the traditional lettered sections of U.S. Chart No. 1, there are now several special pages devoted exclusively to providing important
details about ECDIS. These pages are distinguished by the ECDIS icon, as shown in the top left corner of this page. The ECDIS pages are also listed in the table of contents
in italic type.

One major difference in the use of paper charts and ENCs is the ability of ECDIS to display the same feature differently depending on user settings and
other conditions, such as a ships draft. An important example is that ECDIS displays wrecks, rocks and other obstructions with their traditional paper chart
symbols if they are at or deeper than the depth of the safety contour set for the ship. Dangers that are shoaler are portrayed with the unique ECDIS isolated
danger symbol shown at left. (See the ECDIS Portrayal of Depths page for more information about the ECDIS safety contour.)

Another advantage that ECDIS provides over paper charts is enabling users to obtain more information about a feature through a
cursor pick. Some feature attribute values that can be obtained by cursor pick are noted throughout U.S. Chart No. 1. This is especially
true if a particular value, such as height, vertical clearance or the like is included in the INT symbol description. The cursor pick icon, shown
at left, is used to indicate when a reference to a cursor pick is made.
7KHUHDUHPDQ\RWKHUDWWULEXWHYDOXHVWKDWXVHUVPD\REWDLQWKURXJKDFXUVRUSLFNWKDWDUHQRWVSHFLFDOO\QRWHG7KHVHLQFOXGHEXWDUHQRW
limited to, the purpose, seasonality, periodicity, status, color, height, type of structure and the visual or radar conspicuousness of features;
shape, color or color pattern of buoys; characteristics of lights; category of obstructions and wrecks; radar wave length, radio frequency,
communication channel and call signs; the presence of AIS transmitted signals; information regarding pilotage services and many more.

No man is an island and no single reference document stands on its own. U.S. Chart No. 1 is a handy guide for ECDIS
users, but it is no substitute for mandated ECDIS training.

The ECDIS user and developer communities are invited to help improve the presentation of ECDIS symbology and infor
mation in U.S. Chart No. 1. We want to know what you think works well, which parts are a little rocky, and what additional
information you would like to have included in the next edition of U.S. Chart No. 1.

Please send any recommendations or corrections to:


USChart1@noaa.gov
or
National Ocean Service, NOAA (N/CS2)
Attention: U.S. Chart No. 1
1315 East West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20912-3282

2
SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS

Contents

Document Sections and ECDIS Pages Symbol Sections

Preface 5 GENERAL
Introduction 5 A Chart Number, Title, Marginal Notes
Schematic Layout 8 B Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass
Day, Dusk and Night Color Palettes 9
TOPOGRAPHY
Conspicuous and Non-Conspicuous Features 26
C Natural Features
ECDIS Portrayal of Depths 45
D Cultural Features
Examples of Routing Measures in ECDIS 66
E Landmarks
6LPSOLHGDQG7UDGLWLRQDO3DSHU&KDUW6\PEROV 86
F Ports
Index of Abbreviations 106
G (Not currently used)
Index 112
Appendix 1, IALA Maritime Buoyage System 124 HYDROGRAPHY
H Tides, Currents
I Depths
J Nature of the Seabed
K Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture
L Offshore Installations
M Tracks, Routes
N Areas, Limits
O (Not currently used)

NAVIGATION AIDS AND SERVICES


P Lights
Q Buoys, Beacons
R Fog Signals
S Radar, Radio, Satellite Navigation Systems
T Services
U Small Craft (Leisure) Facilities

3
4

PREFACE INTRODUCTION
Presentation of Two Symbology Sets New Column Headers
This edition of U.S. Chart No. 1 has a new name and a new look. Its title is now Sym- The orientation of this edition of U.S. Chart No. 1 has been rotated 90 into a land
EROV$EEUHYLDWLRQVDQG7HUPVXVHGRQ3DSHUDQG(OHFWURQLF1DYLJDWLRQDO&KDUWV. For scape format to allow two additional columns to be added to the right side of the page.
WKHUVWWLPH86&KDUW1RSUHVHQWVERWKRIWKHPDMRUV\PERORJ\VHWVXVHGIRU These columns hold the ECDIS symbols corresponding to the paper chart symbols
marine navigation. shown on the left side.
As in previous editions, the symbols used on paper nautical charts produced by the ,17  V\PEROV DV VSHFLHG LQ WKH 5HJXODWLRQV RI WKH ,+2 IRU ,QWHUQDWLRQDO ,17 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Geospatial- &KDUWV DQG &KDUW 6SHFLFDWLRQV RI WKH ,+2 appear in the second column from the
Intelligence Agency (NGA) and digital raster representations of those charts, such left, after the symbol number. Any variations from INT 1 symbology that are used on
as NOAA Raster Nautical Charts (NOAA RNCs), are presented in lettered sections charts produced by NOAA or NGA are shown in the NOAA, NGA and the Other NGA
organized in categories, such as Landmarks, Depths, and Lights. New in this edition columns (columns 4a, 4b, and 5 respectively).
is the inclusion of the corresponding symbols used to portray Electronic Navigational ECDIS symbols and their descriptions are shown in columns 6 and 7 respectively.
Chart (ENC) data on Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS) as The ECDIS description usually provides the generic symbol name given in the IHO
VSHFLHGE\WKH,QWHUQDWLRQDO+\GURJUDSKLF2UJDQL]DWLRQ ,+2  6SHFLFDWLRQVIRU&KDUW&RQWHQWDQG'LVSOD\$VSHFWVRI(&',6 although sometimes
Other Non-ECDIS Digital Displays May Portray Data Differently other clarifying terms are also provided in column 7. The ECDIS symbols shown use
1DYLJDWLRQV\VWHPVFHUWLHGWRPHHWWKHH[DFWLQJSHUIRUPDQFHVWDQGDUGVHVWDEOLVKHG the day color palette (see page 9).
by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) are said to be ECDIS type approved. When columns 4a and 4b are combined, this indicates that NOAA and NGA both use
The symbology used to display ENCs or other non-ENC nautical navigational data on the same non-INT 1 symbol for that particular feature. When any of columns 4a, 4b, or
non-ECDIS systems, such as geographic information systems, recreational GPS and 5 are blank, then the INT 1 symbol has been adopted for use by the organization for
RWKHUFKDUWGLVSOD\V\VWHPVFDQGLIIHUVLJQLFDQWO\IURPWKHV\PERORJ\VSHFLHGIRU which that column applies.
ECDIS type approved systems. U.S. Chart No. 1 RQO\VKRZVWKHV\PERORJ\XVHGRQ The schematic layout following this introduction shows a typical symbol table page.
ECDIS. It provides details about the table headers and the types of information presented in
each of the columns.
Sample Chart Layouts
Section A presents two schematics showing typical layouts of the major elements of
NOAA and NGA charts.

INFORMATION ON SELECTED CHART FEATURES


Soundings
The sounding datum reference is stated in the chart title. Soundings on NOAA and
NGA charts may be shown in fathoms, feet, fathoms and feet, fathoms and fractions,
or meters and decimeters. In all cases the unit of depth used is shown in the chart title
and outside the border of the chart in bold type (see item b in Section A). For ECDIS,
the sounding datum is part of the ENC metadata, which can be retrieved through a
cursor inquiry.
Heights
Heights of lights, landmarks, structures, etc. refer to the shoreline plane of reference.
The unit of height is shown in the chart title. When the elevations of islets or bare rocks
are offset into the adjacent water, they are shown in parentheses. For ECDIS, the unit
of height is meters.
Drying Heights
For rocks and banks that cover and uncover, elevations are underlined and are ref
erenced to the sounding datum as stated in the chart title (or in the ENC metadata).
When the heights of rocks that cover and uncover are offset into the adjacent water,
they are shown in parentheses.
5
Shoreline Light Range (Visibility)
Shoreline shown on charts represents the line of contact between the land and a A lights range or visibility is given in nautical miles, except on the Great Lakes and
VHOHFWHGZDWHUHOHYDWLRQ,QDUHDVDIIHFWHGE\WLGDOXFWXDWLRQWKLVOLQHRIFRQWDFWLV adjacent waterways, where light ranges are given in statute miles. For lights having
XVXDOO\WKHPHDQKLJKZDWHUOLQH,QFRQQHGFRDVWDOZDWHUVRIGLPLQLVKHGWLGDOLQX more than one color, NOAA charts give only the shortest range of all the colors. On
ence, a mean water level may be used. The shoreline of interior waters (rivers, lakes) NGA charts, multiple ranges may be shown using the following convention. For lights
LVXVXDOO\DOLQHUHSUHVHQWLQJDVSHFLHGHOHYDWLRQDERYHDVHOHFWHGGDWXP6KRUHOLQH ZLWKWZRFRORUVWKHUVWQXPEHULQGLFDWHVWKHUDQJHRIWKHUVWFRORUDQGWKHVHFRQG
is symbolized by a heavy line (symbol C 1). Apparent shoreline is used on charts to number indicates the range of the second color. For example, Fl WG 12/8M means the
show the outer edge of marine vegetation where the limit would be expected to appear range of the white light is 12 nautical miles and the range of green light is 8 nautical
as the shoreline to the mariner or where it prevents the shoreline from being clearly miles. For lights with three colors, only the longest and shortest ranges are given and
GHQHG$SSDUHQWVKRUHOLQHLVV\PEROL]HGE\DOLJKWOLQH V\PEROV&&&S the middle range is indicated by a dash. For example, Fl WRG 12-8M means that the
C q and C r). range of the white light is 12 nautical miles, the range of green light is 8 nautical miles
Landmarks and the range of the red light is between 8 to 12 nautical miles. The dash can appear
in any of the three positions.
A structure or a conspicuous feature on a structure may be shown by a landmark sym
bol with a descriptive label (see Section E). Prominent buildings that could assist the Aids to Navigation Positioning
mariner may be shown by actual shape as viewed from above (see Sections D and E). 7KH[HGDQGRDWLQJDLGVWRQDYLJDWLRQGHSLFWHGRQFKDUWVKDYHYDU\LQJGHJUHHVRI
On NGA charts, landmark legends shown in capital letters indicate that a landmark is reliability. Floating aids are moored to sinkers by varying lengths of chain and may shift
conspicuous; the landmark may also be labeled CONSPICUOUS or CONSPIC. due to sea conditions and other causes. Buoys may also be carried away, capsized
On NOAA charts, all landmarks are considered to be conspicuous, and landmark leg or sunk. Lighted buoys may be extinguished and sound signals may not function,
ends shown in all capital letters indicate a landmark has been positioned accurately; because of ice or other causes. Therefore, prudent mariners will not rely solely on any
legends using both upper and lower case letters indicate an approximate position. VLQJOHDLGWRQDYLJDWLRQSDUWLFXODUO\RQRDWLQJDLGVEXWZLOODOVRXVHEHDULQJVIURP
[HGREMHFWVDQGDLGVWRQDYLJDWLRQRQVKRUH
ECDIS portrays conspicuous features with black symbols and non-conspicuous fea
tures with brown symbols. Only the conspicuous version is shown in the lettered sec Colors
tions of U.S. Chart No. 1. See the ECDIS Conspicuous and Non-Conspicuous Fea Color conveys the nature and importance of features found on nautical charts. Chart
tures page in front of Section E for more information. HOHPHQWVVLJQLFDQWWRPDULQHQDYLJDWLRQVXFKDVOLJKWVFRPSDVVURVHVDQGUHJX
IALA Buoyage System lated areas, are emphasized with magenta. Lateral marks on NOAA charts are shown
ZLWKDUHGRUJUHHQOO6KDGHVRIEOXHGHSLFWSRWHQWLDOKD]DUGVWRQDYLJDWLRQW\SLFDOO\
The International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities shallow water and submerged obstructions. Areas of deeper water believed to be clear
(IALA) Maritime Buoyage System is followed by most of the worlds maritime nations; of obstructions are shown as white. Land, and other features that are always dry, are
however, systems used in some foreign waters may be different. IALA buoyage is depicted with buff on NOAA charts and gray on NGA charts. Foreshore and other
divided into two regions: Region A and Region B. All navigable waters of the United intertidal features are portrayed with a green tint. Other colors may be used to provide
States follow IALA Region B rules, except U.S. possessions west of the International additional information, such as protected areas, which are outlined in blue or green
Date Line and south of 10 north latitude, which follow IALA Region A rules. and mineral lease blocks, which are outlined in red.
The major difference between the two buoyage regions is the color of the lateral 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHV
marks. Region A uses red to port and Region B uses red to starboard (red-right
returning). The shapes of the lateral marks are the same in both regions, can to port 7UDIFVHSDUDWLRQVFKHPHVVKRZUHFRPPHQGHGODQHVWRLQFUHDVHVDIHW\RIQDYLJD
and cone (nun) to starboard, when entering from seaward. Cardinal and other marks, tion, particularly in areas of high density shipping. These schemes are described in the
such as those for isolated dangers, safe water and special marks are also the same International Maritime Organization (IMO) publication, Ships Routeing.7UDIFVHSDUD
in both regions. Section Q and Appendix 1 illustrate the IALA buoyage system for both tion schemes are generally shown on nautical charts at scales of 1:600,000 and larger.
Regions A and B. :KHQSRVVLEOHWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQVFKHPHVDUHSORWWHGWRVFDOHDQGVKRZQDVGHSLFWHG
in Section M.
U.S. Lateral Marks
Conversion Scales
Most of U.S. waters are in IALA Region B. In the U.S. system, on entering a channel
from seaward, buoys and beacon dayboards on the starboard side are red with even Depth conversion scales are provided on all charts to enable the user to work in
numbers and have red lights, if lit. Buoys and beacon dayboards on the port side are meters, fathoms or feet.
green with odd numbers and have green lights, if lit. Preferred channel buoys have Correction Date
red and green horizontal bands with the top band color indicating the preferred side The date of each new chart edition is shown below the lower left border of the chart.
of passage. The date of the latest NGA issued U.S. Notice to Mariners applied to the chart is

6
shown after the edition date. NOAA charts also show the date of the latest U.S. Coast
Guard Local Notice to Mariners applied to the chart.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Information on the use of nautical charts, aids to navigation, sounding datums and the
practice of navigation in general is in 7KH$PHULFDQ3UDFWLFDO1DYLJDWRU(Bowditch),
available through the Publications link on the NGA Maritime Safety Information portal
at msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal.
Tide and current data over U.S. waters is available from the NOAA Center for Opera
tional Oceanographic Products and Services at tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov.
'HWDLOHGLQIRUPDWLRQDERXWVSHFLFOLJKWVEXR\VDQGEHDFRQVDQGJHQHUDOLQIRUPDWLRQ
about the U.S. Aids to Navigation System and the Uniform State Waterway Marking Sys
tems is in the U.S. Coast Guard Light List, at navcen.uscg.gov/?pageName=lightLists.
Information about aids to navigation in foreign waters is in the NGA List of Lights, avail
able through the Publications link on the NGA Maritime Safety Information portal at
msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal.
Other important information that cannot be shown conveniently on nautical charts
can be found in the NOAA U.S. Coast Pilot, at www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/staff/
chartspubs.html and NGA Sailing Directions, available through the Publications link
on the NGA Maritime Safety Information portal at msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal.
U.S. Nautical Chart Catalogs and Indexes
NGA catalogs are available through the Product Catalog link on the NGA Maritime
Safety Information portal at msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal. NOAA catalogs are
available at www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/mcd/ccatalogs.htm. A list of the dates of the
latest editions of NOAA charts is at www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/mcd/dole.htm.

CORRECTIONS AND COMMENTS


Corrections to U.S. Chart No. 1 will appear in the weekly U.S. Notice to Mariners,
available through the Notice to Mariners link on the NGA Maritime Safety Information
portal at msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal.
Users may send corrections or comments to USChart1@noaa.gov or by mail to:
National Ocean Service, NOAA (N/CS2)
Attention: U.S. Chart No. 1
1315 East West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282

7
Schematic Layout of U.S. Chart No. 1:

A
K Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions

'
C Rocks Supplementary national symbol: a
E 3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU+HLJKWV+3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+
No. INT 'HVFULSWLRQ NOAA NGA Other NGA (&',6
rock which covers and
uncovers or is awash at
low water
(06)
Uncov 1m underwater hazard which
Rock which covers and uncov
11 ers, height above chart datum
( 2)
( 2) 4
(06)
covers and uncovers with
drying height
Uncov 1m
isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
1 2 3 4a 4b 5 6 7

A Section designation

B Section

C Sub-section

D Reference to Supplementary national symbols at the end of each section

E Cross-reference to terms in other sections

1 &ROXPQ1XPEHULQJV\VWHPIROORZLQJWKH&KDUW6SHFLFDWLRQRIWKH,+2$OHWWHULQWKLVFROXPQLQGLFDWHVDVXSSOHPHQWDU\QDWLRQDOV\PERORUDEEUHYLDWLRQIRUZKLFKWKHUHLVQRLQWHUQDWLRQDOHTXLYDOHQW

2 &ROXPQ5HSUHVHQWDWLRQWKDWIROORZVWKH&KDUW6SHFLFDWLRQVRIWKH,+2 ,17V\PERO

3 Column 3: Description of symbol, term, or abbreviation

4a * Column 4a: Representation used on charts produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

*
4b Column 4b: Representation used on charts produced by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)

5 Column 5: Representation of symbols that may appear on NGA reproductions of foreign charts

6 ** Column 6: Representation used to portray ENC data on ECDIS

7 ** Column 7: Description of ECDIS symbols

* When columns 4a and 4b are combined then NOAA and NGA both use the same symbol. When either column 4a or 4b is blank then the respective agency uses the INT 1 symbol shown in column 2.

:KHQFROXPQVDQGKDYHVHYHUDOURZVIRUWKHVDPHV\PEROQXPEHUWKHQ(&',6SRUWUD\VWKLVIHDWXUHGLIIHUHQWO\GHSHQGLQJRQWKHVKLSVGUDIWDQGRWKHUFRQGLWLRQVDVGHQHGLQ(&',6E\WKHPDULQHU DVLVWKH
**
case for K 11). When columns 6 and 7 combine rows to span across several symbol numbers then ECDIS portrays all of the grouped symbol numbers the same way (see C 5C 7).

6LJQLHVWKDWWKLVUHSUHVHQWDWLRQLVREVROHWHEXWLWPD\DSSHDURQROGHUFKDUWV

6LJQLHVWKDWDIHDWXUHDWWULEXWHYDOXHVXFKDVDKHLJKWGLVWDQFHRUQDPHPD\EHREWDLQHGWKURXJKDQ(&',6FXUVRUSLFNUHSRUW7KHUHDUHPDQ\DWWULEXWHYDOXHVWKDWPD\EHREWDLQHGLQWKLVPDQQHUEXWWKHFXUVRU
SLFNLFRQLVRQO\XVHGWRQRWHYDOXHVWKDWDUHVSHFLFDOO\UHIHUUHGWRLQWKHGHVFULSWLRQRIV\PEROVFROXPQDQGWKDW(&',6GRHVQRWGLVSOD\QH[WWRWKHV\PERO+HLJKWRIWUHHVLQ&LVDQH[DPSOH

8
Day, Dusk and Night Color Palettes
ECDIS

ECDIS allows the mariner to change the color palette that is used to display an ENC.
Three different color tables have been designed to provide the maximum clarity and
contrast between features on the display under three different lighting conditions on the
bridge, namely Day, Dusk and Night.

Each symbol is rendered in a different color appropriate for the lighting condition that
the color table is meant for. This design provides maximum contrast for the display on
a sunny day, as well as preserving night vision on a dimly lit bridge in the evening. This
allows the mariner to look back and forth between the chart on the ECDIS display and
out to sea through the bridge window without the mariners eyes needing to readjust to
a difference in light intensity.

DAY
 7KH'D\&RORU7DEOHPHDQWWREHXVHGLQEULJKWVXQOLJKWXVHVDZKLWHEDFN
ground for deep water and looks the most like a traditional paper chart.

 7KH 'XVN &RORU 7DEOH XVHV D EODFN EDFNJURXQG IRU GHHS ZDWHU DQG
colors are subdued, but slightly brighter than those used in the Night Color
Table.

 7KH1LJKW&RORU7DEOHPHDQWWREHXVHGLQWKHGDUNHVWFRQGLWLRQVXVHVD
black background for deep water and muted color shades for other features.

The images on the right show each of the three color palettes.
DUSK
The symbols shown in the remainder of this document use the day color palette.

NIGHT

9
A

Chart Number, Title, Marginal Notes Schematic Layout of a NOAA Chart (reduced in size)
Note: this is an example only and not to be used for navigation

12

0DJQHWLF)HDWXUHV%
7LGDO'DWD+

1 Chart number in national chart series


Mercator Projection
13 6FDOHDW/DW
Chart number in international (INT)
North American Datum of 1983 2 series (if any)
(World Geodetic System 1984) 3

3 Reference ellipsoid of the chart

4 Publication note (imprint)

5 Copyright note

6 Date of current edition

7 Notice to Mariners corrections

8 Dimensions of inner borders

N

9 Corner coordinates

10 Chart title

Explanatory notes on chart construction,


11
W

etc. To be read before using chart.

12 Seal(s)

Scale of chart. Some charts have scale


13 at a stated latitude.

Unimak Pass
1:15000
13 14 Linear scale on large scale charts
:

Nautical Miles

500
0.1 0

0
Yards
500
Meters
1000
1.0

1500
14
500 0 500 1000 1500
:

1

1

Published at Washington, D.C.


U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE
COAST SURVEY

10
A

Chart Number, Title, Marginal Notes


Linear border scale on large scale
15 charts. On smaller scales use latitude
borders for sea miles.

Cautionary notes (if any). Information


16 on particular features, to be read before
using chart.

Source Diagram (if any). Navigators


17 should be cautious where surveys are
inadequate.

18 Reference to a larger scale chart

Reference to an adjoining chart of


19 similar scale

a Conversion scales

Reference to the units used for depth


b measurement

c Compass rose

d Bar code and stock number

Glossary: Translation of words on chart


e
that are not in English

f ,GHQWLFDWLRQRIDODWWLFHGFKDUW LIDQ\

g Tidal and Tidal Stream information


within the chart coverage

11
B Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass
No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Geographical Positions

1 Lat Latitude

2 Long Longitude

International Meridian
3 (Greenwich)

4 Degree(s)

5 Minute(s) of arc

6 Second(s) of arc

Position approximate

Point feature or area of


Position approximate (not
low accuracy
7 3$ accurately determined or does PA (PA)
QRWUHPDLQ[HG

Sounding of low accuracy

Point feature or area of


low accuracy
Position doubtful (reported in
8 PD
various positions)
PD (PD)

Sounding of low accuracy

9 N North

10 E East

11 S South

12 W West

13 NE Northeast

14 SE Southeast

15 NW Northwest

16 SW Southwest

12
Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass B

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Control Points

20 Triangulation point

21 Observation spot Obs Spot

Position of an elevation
22 Fixed point
or control point

23 Benchmark BM

24 Boundary mark Bdy Mon

St M 32
Distance along waterway, no Canal and distance point
25.1 visible marker 7 with no mark

7
Distance along waterway with Y Bn (46)
25.2 visible marker
Canal and distance point

Note: ECDIS uses a magenta km symbol to represent distance marks. However, the distances shown along waterways on NOAA-produced ENCs are displayed in statute miles.

Symbolized Positions (Examples)


Symbols in plan: position is
30 center of primary symbol ECDIS follows the paper chart convention for the
SRVLWLRQRIV\PEROVH[FHSWIRUVLPSOLHGV\PEROVIRU
6\PEROVLQSUROHSRVLWLRQLVDW buoys and beacons (see Q 1).
31 bottom of symbol

Point symbols: accurate


32 positions
MAST Position of a point feature

Point symbol: approximate ECDIS indicates approximate position only for


33 position
Mast
wrecks, obstructions, islets and shoreline features.

Units Supplementary national symbols: am

40 km Kilometer(s)

41 m Meter(s)

42 dm Decimeter(s)

43 cm Centimeter(s)

44 mm Millimeter(s)

International nautical mile(s)


45 M
(1852m), sea mile(s)
Mi NMi NM

46 Cable(s) (0.1M) cbl

13
B Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

47 ft Foot/Feet

48 Fathom(s) fm

49 h Hour(s) hr

50 m min Minute(s) of time

51 s sec Second(s) of time

52 kn Knot(s)

53 t Ton(s), Tonnage (weight)

54 cd Candela(s)

Magnetic Compass Supplementary national symbols: n

60 Variation var VAR Varn Magnetic variation

61 Magnetic mag

62 Bearing brg

63 True T

64 Decreasing

65 Increasing

66 Annual change

67 Deviation dev

Cursor pick site for


magnetic variation at a
point

Note of magnetic variation, in


68.1 position
Cursor pick site for
magnetic variation over
an area

Note of magnetic variation, out


68.2 of position

14
Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass B
No. NOAA / NGA ECDIS

Compass rose, normal pattern (smaller patterns of compass rose may be used)

Magnetic variation (example):


VAR 415W (2011) means magnetic variation was 415W in 2011
ANNUAL DECREASE 8 means annual change is 8E or decreasing 8 annually
For 2012 the magnetic variation is 47W

0 10
350
340 20
30
330
0 40
32 0
30
330

50
31
MAGNE TIC

300

60
60
Cursor pick site for

290

70
70

300
magnetic variation at a
point
4 15'W ( 2011

280
AR

80
)

90
270

90
270
AN

8'
NU SE

100
260
A L DE C R E A

120

110
250

0
24

120
240
15
0

130
23
210

0
180
22
0

0
14
210
150
200
160
190 170
180

Isogonic lines, Isogonals

Cursor pick site for


71 Varn - 3 magnetic variation along
a line

15
B Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Local magnetic anomaly:


Within the enclosed area the Cursor pick site for
82.1 magnetic variation may deviate magnetic anomaly along
from the normal by the value a line or over an area
shown

Local magnetic anomaly:


LOCAL MAGNETIC LOCAL MAGNETIC Cursor pick site for
Local Magnetic Anomaly Where the area affected cannot LOCAL MAGNETIC DISTURBANCE
82.2 (see Note)
DISTURBANCE ANOMALY
(see note) magnetic anomaly at a
EHHDVLO\GHQHGDOHJHQGRQO\ (see note) (see note) point
is shown at the position

Supplementary National Symbols

a Square meter(s) m2

b Cubic meter(s) m3

c Inch(es) in

d Yard(s) yd

e Statute mile(s) St M St Mi

f Microsecond(s) sec s

g Hertz Hz

h Kilohertz kHz

i Megahertz MHz

j Cycles/second cps c/s

k Kilocycle(s) kc

l Megacycle(s) Mc

m Ton(s) (U.S. short ton) (2,000lbs) T

n Degree(s) deg

16
Natural Features C

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Coastline Supplementary national symbols: ae

)RUHVKRUH,-

1 Coastline, surveyed Coastline

Coastline or shoreline
2 Coastline, unsurveyed construction of low
accuracy in position

Presence of cliffs
coincident with coastline
is obtained by cursor
high low pick

Sloping ground crest line


distant from coastline,
3 Cliffs, Steep coast
radar or visually
conspicuous

Cliff as an area

Conspicuous hill or
4 Hillocks
mountain top

5 Flat coast

6 Sandy shore Nature of coastline is


obtained by cursor pick

7 Stony shore, Shingly shore


Conspicuous hill or
8 Sandhills, Dunes
mountain top

17
C Natural Features

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Relief Supplementary national symbols: eg

3ODQHRIUHIHUHQFHIRUKHLJKWV+

Elevation contour with


Contour lines with values and spot height, contour
10 spot height
109 m
value is obtained by
cursor pick

Position of an elevation
11 Spot heights 119 m
or control point

Approximate contour lines with


12 values and approximate height
Elevation contour with
spot height, contour
109 m value is obtained by
cursor pick

13 Form lines with spot height

Approximate height of top of 135 TT Approximate height of trees is


14 trees (above height datum) obtained by cursor pick

Water Features, Lava

20 River, Stream

River

21 Intermittent river

18
Natural Features C

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Rapids

22 Rapids, Waterfalls Waterfall

Waterfall, visually
conspicuous

23 Lakes Lake

24 Salt pans

Continuous pattern for


25 Glacier
an ice area (glacier, etc.)

26 /DYDRZ

Vegetation Supplementary national symbols: it

Line of trees

30 Woods in general Wooded


Wooded area

19
C Natural Features

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

31 Prominent trees (isolated or in groups)

31.1 Deciduous tree


Tree
31.2 Evergreen (except conifer)

31.3 Conifer
Vegetation, line of trees
31.4 Palm

31.5 Nipa Palm

31.6 Casuarina
Wooded area
31.7 Filao

31.8 Eucalypt

Mangrove with coastline


or shoreline construc
32 Mangrove
tion of low accuracy in
0
position
0

Marsh with coastline or


33 Marsh, Swamp, Reed beds shoreline construction of
low accuracy in position

Supplementary National Symbols

Chart sounding datum line


a (surveyed)
Uncovers

Approximate sounding datum


b line (inadequately surveyed)

Foreshore; Strand (in general);


c Stones; Shingle; Gravel; Mud; Mud
Sand

Br Br
ea ea
d Breakers along a shore ke
rs
ke
rs

(if extensive)

20
Natural Features C

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

e Rubble

f Hachures

g Shading

i Deciduous woodland

j Coniferous woodland

k Tree plantation

l &XOWLYDWHGHOGV

m *UDVVHOGV

n 3DGG\ ULFH HOGV


o Bushes

p Apparent shoreline Marsh

Vegetation or topographic
q (Feature Area Limit-in general)

r Cypress Cypress

s Grass Grass

t Eelgrass Eelgrass

21
D Cultural Features

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Settlements, Buildings
+HLJKWRIREMHFWV(/DQGPDUNV(

1 Urban area Built-up area

Settlement with scattered


2 buildings

Settlement (on medium and


3 small scale charts)
Name Built-up area as a point

4 Village Vil

Conspicuous single
5 Buildings
building

Important building in built-up Conspicuous single


6 area building in built-up area

7 Street name, Road name Street name is obtained by cursor pick

Status of ruins is obtained by cursor


8 Ruin, Ruined landmark Ruins Ru pick

5RDGV5DLOZD\V$LUHOGV Supplementary National Symbols: ac

10 Motorway, highway
Road, track or path as
a line

11 Road (hard surfaced)

Road as an area
Track, Path (loose or
12 unsurfaced)

22
Cultural Features D

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

13 Railway, with station Railway, with station

14 Cutting Cutting

Embankment

15 Embankment
Embankment, visually or
radar conspicuous

Tunnel
16 Tunnel
Tunnel with depth below
the seabed encoded

Airport as a point

Runway as a line

17 $LUSRUW$LUHOG Airport

Airport area, with runway


area and visually con
spicuous runway area

Other Cultural Features Supplementary National Symbols: di


clr 20.0 Vertical clearance
VERT CL 6 M
Vertical clearance above high clr cl 20.0 Closed clearance
20 water 6 clr op 20.0 Open clearance
FIXED BRIDGE sf clr 20.0 Safe clearance
HOR CL 25 FT
VERT CL 20 FT
HOR CL 8 M Horizontal clearance is obtained by
21 Horizontal clearance
cursor pick
8

clr 20.0
Fixed bridge with vertical
22 clearance
clr 20.0 Bridge

23
D Cultural Features

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Opening bridge (in general) with


23.1 vertical clearance

clr cl 8.2
clr op 20.0
Swing bridge with vertical
23.2 clearance
clr cl 8.2 Opening bridge
clr op 20.0
Lifting bridge with vertical
23.3 clearance (closed and open)

Bascule bridge with vertical


23.4 clearance

clr 20.0

23.5 Pontoon bridge clr 20.0 Bridge

clr cl 8.2
clr op 20.0

Draw bridge with vertical clr cl 8.2


23.6 clearance
Opening bridge
clr op 20.0

clr 20.0
Transporter bridge with vertical
24 FOHDUDQFHEHORZ[HGVWUXFWXUH
clr 20.0 Bridge

clr 20.0
Aerial cableway

Overhead transporter, Aerial


25 cableway with vertical clearance
clr 20.0
Aerial cableway, radar
conspicuous

OVERHEAD POWER CABLE sf clr 20.0


AUTHORIZED CL 140 FT Transmission line
Overhead power cable with
pylons and safe vertical
26 clearance sf clr 20.0
Transmission line, radar
TOWER TOWER conspicuous

1RWH7KHVDIHYHUWLFDOFOHDUDQFHDERYHWKHKHLJKWGDWXPDVGHQHGE\WKHUHVSRQVLEOHDXWKRULW\LVJLYHQLQPDJHQWDZKHUHNQRZQRWKHUZLVHWKHSK\VLFDOYHUWLFDOFOHDUDQFHLVVKRZQLQEODFNDVLQ' DOVRVHH
diagram at H 20).

24
Cultural Features D

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

clr 20.0
Overhead cable
Overhead cable, Telephone Tel
27 line, Telegraph line with vertical
clearance clr 20.0
Overhead cable, radar
conspicuous

clr 20.0
Overhead pipeline
Overhead pipe with vertical OVHD PIPE
28 clearance
VERT CL 6FT
clr 20.0
Overhead pipeline, radar
conspicuous

Oil, gas pipeline,


29 Pipeline on land submerged or on land

Supplementary National Symbols

a Highway markers

Same grade
Railway (Ry)
b (single or double track) Ry above
Railroad (RR)
Ry below

c Abandoned railroad

d Bridge under construction

e Footbridge

Viaduct
f Viaduct

g Fence

h Power transmission line

i Approximate vertical clearance


abt 21

25
Conspicuous and Non-Conspicuous Features
ECDIS

There are 25 features for which ECDIS displays either a black symbol, if the feature
Silo
is visually conspicuous, or a brown symbol if is not. Only conspicuous landmarks
are depicted on NOAA paper charts and ENCs. Therefore, only the conspicuous Single building
symbol versions are shown in the symbol tables of U.S. Chart No. 1. Both versions
of the symbols for these features are shown on this page. Tank

Cairn
Tank farm

Chimney
Tower

Dish aerial
Water tower
Dome
Windmill
Flare stack

Windmotor
)RUWLHGVWUXFWXUH

Wind generator farm


Hill or mountain top

The seven symbols shown below represent features that only have a brown sym
Mast bol. There is no corresponding black, conspicuous symbol. The brown symbol is
displayed regardless of the conspicuousness of the feature.
Monument
Cranes

Mosque or minaret
)ODJVWDIIDJSROH

Position of a point feature


Mangrove

Radar scanner
Mine, quarry

Radio, television tower


Quarry

5HQHU\ Timber yard

Religious building, Christian Tree

Religious building, non-Christian

26
Landmarks E

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU+HLJKW+/LJKWKRXVHV3%HDFRQV4

General
Non-conspicuous point
feature
Non-conspicuous
1 Examples of landmarks TANK Tr MONUMENT
building

Non-conspicuous
water tower

Examples of conspicuous Conspicuous point


landmarks (On NOAA charts, feature
EMPIRE STATE
a large circle with dot and SPIRE
BUILDING
2 capitals indicates that position Conspicuous building
is accurate; a small circle with
RADAR MAST CHIMNEY
lowercase indicates that position Conspicuous water
is approximate.) tower
The information
symbol is displayed if a
Pictorial sketches (in true
3.1 position)
supplemental image is
available, which may be
accessed by cursor pick

Pictorial sketches (out of


3.2 position)

Height of top of a structure


4 above height datum
(30)
Height is obtained by cursor pick
Height of structure above ground
5 level
(30)

Landmarks

Church as a point
10.1 Church Ch
Church as an area

10.2 Church tower

Church tower, spire, or


10.3 Church spire SPIRE Spire
dome

10.4 Church cupola CUPOLA Cup

11 Chapel Ch Chapel

27
E Landmarks

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Position of a point
12 Cross, Calvary
feature

13 Temple

14 Pagoda
Religious building,
non-Christian
15 Shinto shrine, Joss house

16 Buddhist temple or shrine

17 Mosque, Minaret
Mosque or minaret

18 Marabout

Landmark area, type is


19 Cemetery Cem
obtained by cursor pick

TOWER
20 Tower Tr Tower
Tr

STANDPIPE WTR TR
Water tower, Water tank on a
21 tower
Water tower
Spipe Wtr Tr

CHIMNEY
CHY
22 Chimney (208) (202) Chimney
Chy

Flare
23 Flare stack (on land) FLARE Flare stack

Monument (including column,


24 pillar, obelisk, statue)
MONUMENT Mon Monument

25.1 Windmill WINDMILL Windmill


Windmill, status of ruins
is obtained by cursor
pick
25.2 Windmill (without sails)

26.1
Wind turbine, Windmotor WINDMOTOR Windmotor Wind motor

26.2 Wind farm WIND FARM Wind Farm Wind generator farm

FS FS
27 Flagstaff, Flagpole )ODJVWDIIDJSROH
FP FP

28
Landmarks E

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

R MAST R Mast
28 Radio mast, Television mast Mast
TV MAST TV Mast

R TR R Tr
29 Radio tower, Television tower Radio, television tower
TV TR TV Tr

30.1 Radar mast RADAR MAST Radar Mast Mast

30.2 Radar tower RADAR TR Radar Tr Radar tower

30.3 Radar scanner Radar scanner

DOME (RADAR) RADOME


30.4 Radome Dome
Dome (Radar) Radome

ANT (RADAR)
31 Dish aerial Dish aerial

Ant (Radar)

Tank

32 Tanks TANK Tk

Tank farm

SILO Silo
33 Silo Silo
ELEVATOR Elevator

)RUWLHGVWUXFWXUH RQODUJHVFDOH
34.1 charts)
)RUWLHGVWUXFWXUH

Castle, Fort, Blockhouse (on


34.2 small scale charts)
)RUWLHGVWUXFWXUH
Battery, Small fort (on small
34.3 scale charts)

35.1 Quarry (on large scale charts) Quarry area

35.2 Quarry (on small scale charts) Quarry

36 Mine

29
E Landmarks

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

37.1 Recreational vehicle site

Camping site (including


37.2 recreational vehicles)

Supplementary National Symbols

a Muslim shrine

b Tomb

c Watermill

d Factory Facty

e Well Well

f School Sch Sch

g Hospital Hosp

h University Univ Univ

i Gable GAB Gab

Telegraph Tel
k 7HOHJUDSKRIFH Tel Off

l Magazine Magz

m Government house Govt Ho

n Institute Inst

o Courthouse Ct Ho

p Pavilion Pav

q Telephone T

r Limited Ltd

s Apartment Apt

t Capitol Cap

u Company Co

v Corporation Corp

30
Ports F

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Protective Structures Supplementary national symbols: ac

Dike as a line

Dike as a line,
1 Dike, Levee, Berm
conspicuous

Dike as an area

2.1 Seawall (on large scale charts)

Seawall

2.2 Seawall (on small scale charts)

Causeway as a line

Causeway, covers and


uncovers as a line
Cswy
3 Causeway
Causeway as an area

Causeway, covers and


uncovers as an area

Bkw
Breakwater as a line
4.1 Breakwater (in general)

Breakwater (loose boulders,


4.2 tetrapods, etc.)
Breakwater as an area

Breakwater (slope of concrete or


4.3 masonry)

Training wall (partly submerged


5 at high water)
Training wall

31
F Ports

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

6.1 Groin (always dry) Groin Groin (always dry)

6.2 Groin (intertidal) Groin Groin (intertidal)

6.3 Groin (always under water) Groin Groin (submerged)

Harbor Installations
'HSWKV,$QFKRUDJHV/LPLWV1%HDFRQVDQGRWKHU[HGPDUNV40DULQD8

10 Fishing harbor Fishing harbor

11.1 Boat harbor, Marina Yacht harbor, marina

11.2 Yacht berths without facilities

11.3 Yacht club, Sailing club

Mole as a line
12 Mole (with berthing facility)
Mole as an area

13 Quay, Wharf Whf Wharf (quay)

14 Pier, Jetty Pier


Pier (jetty),
promenade pier
15 Promenade pier

Pontoon as a line

16 Pontoon

Pontoon as an area

17 Landing for boats Ldg Lndg Landing

32
Ports F

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Steps
18 Steps, Landing stairs Landing steps

19.1 Designation of berth 3 A 3 Berth number


Nr 3

19.2 Visitors berth Yacht harbor, marina

Dn
Dol
20 Dolphin Mooring dolphin
Dol (Great Lakes)
Dol

Deviation mooring
21 Deviation dolphin dolphin

Pile
22 Minor post or pile
Pile (Great Lakes)
Pile or bollard

23 Slipway, Patent slip, Ramp Slipway, ramp

0
24 Gridiron, Scrubbing grid Gridiron

25 Dry dock, Graving dock Dry dock

Floating dock as a line


26 Floating dock
Floating dock as an area

27 Non-tidal basin, Wet dock Wet dock and gate

Dock

28 Tidal basin, Tidal harbor

Dock, under construction


or ruined

33
F Ports

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Floating hazard

Boom
Floating barrier, e.g. oil barrier, Floating oil barrier, oil
29.1 B ar rie r
F lo at in g security barrier retention (high pressure
pipe)

%RRPRDWLQJ
obstruction

Floating oil barrier, oil


Oil retention barrier (high Floating Barrier
29.2 pressure pipe)
retention (high pressure
pipe)

30 2011
Works on land, with year date

r
Ruin or works under
Works at sea, Area under Under nst construction
31 construction de r co
2011 reclamation, with year date (2011) Un

Year and condition of


Under constr under construction or
2011 Works under construction, with (2011)
32 2011 year date
ruin is obtained by cursor
pick

Ruins
33.1 Ruin

Ruined pier, partly submerged at Pier Pier, ruined and partly


33.2 high water submerged

0
34 Hulk Hk Hk Hulk

34
Ports F

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Canals, Barrages Supplementary national symbol: d

&OHDUDQFHV'6LJQDO6WDWLRQV7&XOWXUDO)HDWXUHV%

Canal

40 Canal Canal
Ditch

St
a Lock gate as a line

2
ck
de
Ti

Lo

1
41.1 Lock (on large scale charts)

a
ck
St

er
Lo

nt
e
Tid

Ce
l
ro
Lock gate as an area

nt
Co
Canal Lock

41.2 Lock (on small scale charts) Navigable lock gate


Ditch Sluice
(Tidegate, Floodgate)

Non-navigable lock gate

42 Caisson, Gate Caisson as a line

Caisson as an area

Non-navigable lock gate

43 Flood barrage Flood barrage as a line

Flood barrage as an
area

Dam as a line
'DP:HLU GLUHFWLRQRIRZ
44 shown is left to right)
Dam as an area

35
F Ports

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Transhipment Facilities Supplementary national symbols: ef

5RDGV'5DLOZD\V'7DQNV(

Roll-on, Roll-off (RoRo), Ferry


50 Terminal
RoRo terminal

Conspicuous single
Transit shed, Warehouse (with
51 designation)
building, designation is
obtained by cursor pick

Timber yard as a point

52 Timber yard

Timber yard as an area

Lifting capacity is
obtained by cursor pick

Crane with lifting capacity,


53.1 Traveling crane (on railway)
Crane as a point

Crane as an area

ne
Cra

Crane
Container crane (with lifting
53.2 capacity)

Crane, visually
conspicuous as an area
53.3 Sheerlegs (conspicuous)

Public Buildings Supplementary national symbol: g

Conspicuous single
60 +DUERUPDVWHUVRIFH Hbr Mr
building
Conspicuous single
building
61 &XVWRPRIFH Cus Ho
Customs

+HDOWKRIFH4XDUDQWLQH
62.1 building
Health Office

Conspicuous single
62.2 Hospital Hosp
building

63 3RVWRIFH PO

36
Ports F

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Supplementary National Symbols

a Jetty (partly below MHW)

Subm Jetty
b Submerged jetty

Submerged Jetty

c Jetty (on small scale charts)

d Pump-out facilities P

e 4XDUDQWLQHRIFH

Quar

M
oo
rin
f Mooring Canal 1
g
Ca
na
l

g Conveyor
Conveyor

37
H Tides, Currents

Terms Relating to Tidal Levels

INT Terms Supplementary National Terms (see lt for other terms and symbols)
No. Term Description No. Term Description

1 CD Chart Datum, Datum for sounding reduction a HW High Water

2 LAT Lowest Astronomical Tide b HHW Higher High Water

3 HAT Highest Astronomical Tide c LW Low Water

4 MLW Mean Low Water d LWD Low Water Datum

5 MHW Mean High Water e LLW Lower Low Water

6 MSL Mean Sea Level f MTL Mean Tide Level

7 Height datum, Land survey datum g ISLW Indian Spring Low Water

High Water Full and Change (Vulgar establishment of


8 MLWS Mean Low Water Springs h HWF&C
the port)

9 MHWS Mean High Water Springs i LWF&C Low Water Full and Change

10 MLWN Mean Low Water Neaps j CRD Columbia River Datum

11 MHWN Mean High Water Neaps k GCLWD Gulf Coast Low Water Datum

12 MLLW Mean Lower Low Water

13 MHHW Mean Higher High Water

14 MHLW Mean Higher Low Water

15 MLHW Mean Lower High Water

16 Sp Spring tide

17 Np Neap tide

38
Tides, Currents H

No.

Tidal Levels and Charted Data


7LGH*DXJH7

Planes of reference are not exactly as shown below for all charts.
They are usually defined in notes under chart titles. Spot height 128

Overhead power
cable
100

Safe vertical clearance Elevation of light source


(magenta) Topographic
Charted vertical Charted vertical contours
clearance clearance
MHHW
(7)
Islet height
Charted HW (coast) line
MHW

20 MSL

Sea surface at any time


Height of tide Observed depth (12)
Drying height
MLW

Charted LW (drying) line


MLLW (Chart datum)

Charted depth
(sounding)

Notes:

1) The numbers   and (12), shown above, are examples of how spot heights, topographic contour labels, islet heights and drying heights appear on NOAA paper charts. The numbers are enclosed in

(parentheses) if the value is offset into the water to more clearly show the islet or rock.
2) On NOAA charts, except for lake charts, the HW (coast) line is equal to the MHW line.

Tide Tables

No. INT Description NOAA

7,'$/,1)250$7,21

3/$&( +HLJKWUHIHUUHGWRGDWXPRIVRXQGLQJV 0//:

0HDQ+LJKHU 0HDQ 0HDQ


Tabular statement of 1$0( /$7/21*
High Water High Water /RZ:DWHU
semi-diurnal or diurnal tides
feet feet feet

%DOWLPRUH)W0F+HQU\ 
1
: 1.7 1.4 0.2
30 Note: The order of the
columns of levels will be Annapolis, U.S. Naval Academy 
1
: 1.4 1.2 0.2
the same as that used
in national tables of tidal :DVKLQJWRQ'&:DVKLQJWRQ&KDQQHO 
1
: 3.2 2.9 0.1
predictions. 'DVKHV  ORFDWHGLQGDWXPFROXPQVLQGLFDWHXQDYDLODEOHGDWXPYDOXHVIRUDWLGHVWDWLRQ5HDOWLPHZDWHU
levels, tide predictions, and tidal current predictions are available on the Internet from
KWWSWLGHVDQGFXUUHQWVQRDDJRY

1RY

39
H Tides, Currents

No. ECDIS

Point or area for which


a tidal stream table is
available

31 Tidal stream table

Boundary of an area
for which there is tidal
information

Tidal Streams and Currents Supplementary national symbols: mt

%UHDNHUV.7LGH*DXJH7

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

2.5 kn Flood stream, rate at


spring tides

Current or tidal stream


whose direction is not
3.0 kn
known
40 Flood tide stream with rate

Boundary of an area
for which there is tidal
information

Ebb stream, rate at


2.5 kn
spring tides

Current or tidal stream


whose direction is not
known
41 2.8 kn Ebb tide stream

Boundary of an area
for which there is tidal
information

40
Tides, Currents H

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

42 Current in restricted waters


2.5 kn Non-tidal current
Ocean current with rates and
43 seasons (see Note)

Tide rips

44 Overfalls, tide rips, races

symbol used only in small areas


Overfalls, tide rips;
eddies; breakers as
point, line, and area
Eddies
45 Eddies
symbol used only in small areas

Position of tabulated tidal stream Point for which a tidal


46 data with designation stream table is available

Offshore position for which tidal


47 levels are tabulated

Supplementary National Symbols (Supplementary national terms relating to tidal levels are listed after H 17)

l Stream Str

m Current, general, with rate 2 kn

n Velocity, Rate vel

o Knots kn

p Height ht

q Flood

r New moon

s Full moon

10 11 0
9 1
t Current diagram 8 2
7 3
6 5 4

u Gulf Stream Limits Approximate location of Axis of Gulf Stream

41
I Depths

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

General

Sounding of low
1 ED Existence doubtful accuracy

Sounding of low
accuracy

Underwater hazard with


2 SD Sounding of doubtful depth depth greater than 20
meters

Isolated danger of depth


less than the safety
contour

Sounding of low
accuracy

3.1 Rep 5HSRUWHGEXWQRWFRQUPHG


Point feature or area of
low accuracy

Low accuracy line


demarking area wreck or
Reported (with year of report), obstruction
3.2 5HS 
EXWQRWFRQUPHG
Low accuracy line
demarking foul area

Obstruction, depth not


stated

Sounding of low
accuracy

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
less
5HSRUWHGEXWQRWFRQUPHG
4 sounding or danger (on Underwater hazard with
small scale charts only) depth greater than 20
meters

Isolated danger of depth


less than the safety
contour

Point feature or area of


low accuracy

42
Depths I
No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Soundings Supplementary national symbols: ac

3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU+HLJKWV+

Sounding shoaler than or


Sounding in true position (NOAA equal to safety depth
shows fathoms and feet with 3
10 vertical numbers and meters with
6 3
4 6 4

sloping numbers) Sounding deeper than


safety depth

(23)
11 Sounding out of position
3375
Depths are always shown in their true position in
ECDIS
12 Least depth in narrow channel (47 )

Status of no bottom
13 No bottom found at depth shown found is obtained by
cursor pick

Soundings which are unreliable


or taken from a smaller scale
source (NOAA shows unreliable Sounding of low
14 soundings in fathoms and feet accuracy
with sloping numbers and in
meters with vertical numbers)

Drying heights and contours Drying height, less than


15 above chart datum
6
or equal to safety depth

Natural watercourse (in intertidal


16 area), tidal gully, tideway
Tideway

43
I Depths

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Depths in Fairways and Areas Supplementary national symbols: a, b

3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+

20 Limit of dredged area

Dredged channel or area with


21 depth of dredging in meters and
decimeters Dredged area

30 FEET APR 2011 Depth, date of latest


Dredged channel or area with survey and other
22 depth and year of the latest information is obtained
control survey by cursor pick
30 FEET
APR 2011

Dredged channel or area with


23 maintained depth

3 29
23
Area swept by wire drag. The
depth is shown at chart datum. 8 22
76
24 (The latest date of sweeping is swept to 9.6
Swept area
30 (1930)
shown in parentheses.) 18
7
21

0 Unsurveyed 10
(see note)
10 Incompletely surveyed
area

Depths
(see ZOC diagram)
Unsurveyed or inadequately Unsurveyed
25 surveyed area; area with
inadequate depth information 11
13
Inadequately surveyed 12
(see note)
10 17
13 Unsurveyed area

Unsurveyed rky
22
20

44
ECDIS Portrayal of Depths
ECDIS

ECDIS depth related symbols closely resemble their paper chart counterparts; however,
ECDIS provides valuable additional information to mariners that paper charts cannot.

Soundings
ECDIS enables mariners to set their own-ship safety depth. If no depth is set, ECDIS sets
the value to 30m. Soundings equal to or shoaler than the safety depth are shown in black;
deeper soundings are displayed in a less conspicuous gray. Fractional values are shown
with subscript numbers of the same size.

Depth Contours & Depth Areas


Depth contours in ECDIS are portrayed with a thin gray line. Each pair of adjacent depth
contours is used to create depth area features. These are used by ECDIS to tint different
depth levels and to initiate alarms when a ship is headed into unsafe water.
Portrayal of Depth Areas with 2 Color Settings
Depth Contour Labels

ECDIS depth contour labels are not centered and oriented along iso 6RPH(&',6HQDEOHPDULQHUVWRGHQHWZRDGGLWLRQDOGHSWKDUHDVIRUPHGLXP
lines as they appear on paper charts. They are displayed upright and deep water and medium-shallow water by setting a deep contour value and
may appear either on or next to the contour lines that they describe. a shallow contour value. If this option is used, the safety contour is displayed
The labels are black and the same size as soundings, but the labels between the medium deep and medium shallow contours.
have a light halo to set them apart. The graphic to the left shows depth
labels and soundings both deeper and shoaler than the safety depth.
Note that depths on NOAA paper charts and ENCs are usually com
piled in fathoms and feet. Because ECDIS displays depths in meters,
soundings and contour lines often show fractional meter values. The
own-ship safety contour (described below) is always displayed, but
mariners may choose to have all other depth contours turned off.

Safety Contour
ECDIS uses a safety contour value to show an extra thick line for the depth contour that
separates safe water from shoaler areas. If the mariner does not set an own-ship safety
contour value, ECDIS sets the value to 30m. If the ENC being displayed does not have a
contour line equal to the safety contour depth value set by the mariner, then ECDIS sets
the next deeper contour as the safety contour. Depending on the contour intervals used on
individual ENCs, ECDIS may set different safety contours as a ship transits from one ENC
to another. ECDIS will initiate an alarm if the ships future track will cross the safety contour Portrayal of Depth Areas with 4 Color Setting
ZLWKLQDVSHFLHGWLPHVHWE\WKHPDULQHU

Two or Four Tints for Shading Depth Areas


ECDIS tints all depth areas beyond the (green tinted) foreshore in either one of two or Some ECDIS also provide the mariner with the option of
one of four shades of blue. This is similar to the convention used for paper charts, but displaying a cross-hatch shallow water pattern over all
the depths used to change from one tint to another are based on the safety contour and depth areas shoaler than the safety contour.
thus customized for each ship. If the mariner chooses two shades to be displayed, water
deeper than the safety contour is shown in an off-white color, water shoaler than the safety
contour is tinted blue.

45
I Depths

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Depth Contours
Drying contour Two Shades Four Shades

Low water line


foreshore foreshore

Blue tint, in one or more shades,


or tint ribbons are shown to
different limits according to the
scale and purpose of the chart very
and the nature of the bathymetry. shallow
depth
shallow water
On some charts, contours and shallow contour
values are printed in blue. depth

medium
shallow
depth

30 safety contour

medium
deep
depth

deep water
contour

deep
depth

all deeper contours deep


depth

Approximate depth
20 contour
31 Approximate depth contours 50
Approximate safety
depth contour

Supplementary National Symbols

a Swept channel 6

89
Swept area, not adequately
b sounded (shown by purple or 15 102
green tint) 119
10

2ft
c Stream 5
6

46
Nature of the Seabed J

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Types of Seabed Supplementary national abbreviations: aag

5RFNV.

1 S Sand S Sand

2 M Mud M Mud

3 Cy Clay Cy Clay

4 Si Silt Si Silt

5 St Stones St Stones

6 G Gravel G Gravel

7 P Pebbles P Pebbles

8 &E Cobbles Cb Cobbles

9.1 R Rock; Rocky Rk; rky R Rock

9.2 Bo Boulder(s) Blds R Boulder

R Lava

10 Co Coral, Coralline algae Co Coral

11 Sh Shells (skeletal remains) Sh Shells

12.1 S/M Two layers, e.g. sand over mud

fS M Sh The main constituent is given


12.2 UVWIRUPL[WXUHVHJQHVDQG f S M Sh
fS.M.Sh with mud and shells

13.1 Wd Weed (including kelp) Weed, kelp

13.2 Kelp, Weed Kelp Weed, kelp as an area

47
J Nature of the Seabed

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Sand waves as a point

Sand waves as a line

14 Sandwaves Sandwaves

Sand waves as an area

15 Spring in seabed Spring Spring

Types of Seabed, Intertidal Areas

gravel Areas of gravel and


20 Area with stones and gravel
stone stone

Rocky area, which covers and


21 uncovers
Rocky ledges or coral
reef
Coral reef, which covers and
22 uncovers

Qualifying Terms Supplementary national symbols: ahbf

30 f Fine
only used in
31 m Medium relation to
sand
32 c Coarse

33 EN Broken

34 sy Sticky

35 so Soft

36 sf Stiff

37 Y Volcanic YRO

Rocky ledges or coral


38 ca Calcareous Ca
reef

39 h Hard

48
Nature of the Seabed J

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Supplementary National Abbreviations


a Ground Grd

b Ooze Oz

c Marl Ml

d Shingle Sn

f Chalk Ck

g Quartz Qz

h Schist Sch

i Coral head Co Hd

j Madrepores Mds

k Volcanic ash 9RO$VK

l Lava La

m Pumice Pm

n Tufa 7

o Scoriae Sc

p Cinders Cn

q Manganese Mn

r Oysters Oys

s Mussels Ms

t Sponge Spg

u Kelp K

v Grass Grs

w Sea-tangle Stg

x Spicules Spi

y Foraminifera Fr

z Globigerina Gl

aa Diatoms Di

ab Radiolaria Rd

ac Pteropods Pt

ad Polyzoa Po

ae Cirripedia Cir

af Fucus Fu

49
J Nature of the Seabed

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

ag Mattes Ma

ah Small sml

ai Large lrg

aj Rotten rt

ak Streaky str

al Speckled spk

am Gritty gty

an Decayed dec

ao Flinty \

ap Glacial glac

aq Tenacious ten

ar White wh

as Black EOEN

at Violet YL

au Blue EX

av Green gn

aw Yellow yl

ax Orange or

ay Red rd

az Brown EU

ba Chocolate ch

bb Gray gy

bc Light lt

bd Dark dk

be Varied YDUG

bf Uneven XQHY

50
Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture K

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

General
Obstruction, depth not
stated
Obstruction which covers
and uncovers
Danger line: A danger line draws
Underwater hazard with
attention to a danger which
depth of 20 meters or
would not stand out clearly
less
enough if represented solely by
1 its symbol (e.g. isolated rock) Isolated danger of depth
or delimits an area containing less than the safety
numerous dangers, through contour
which it is unsafe to navigate

Foul area, not safe for


navigation

46 Obstn Swept sounding, less


21 Rk 35 Rk
than or equal to safety
2 Swept by wire drag or diver (157) depth
46 Wk 46 Wk Swept sounding, greater
(1937) than safety depth
Depth unknown, but estimated
46 Wk 46 Obstn ECDIS displays safe clearance depths in the same
3 to have a safe clearance to the 35 Rk manner as known depths.
depth shown

Rocks
3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU+HLJKWV+3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+
Land as a point at small
scale
Rock (islet) which does not 25
10 cover, height above height datum (21) (4 m)
Land as an area, with an
8m
elevation or control point

Rock which covers and


uncovers or is awash at
low water
(06) Underwater hazard
Rock which covers and uncov Uncov 1m which covers and uncov
11 ers, height above chart datum ( 2)
( 2) 4
(06) ers with drying height
Uncov 1m Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Rock which covers and
uncovers or is awash at
low water

Rock awash at the level of chart Underwater hazard


12 datum which covers and
uncovers
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

51
K Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Dangerous underwater
Underwater rock of unknown rock of uncertain depth
13 depth, dangerous to surface
navigation Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

Underwater hazard with


Underwater rock of known depth; 27 Rk a depth of 20 meters
or less
14.1 inside the corresponding depth 12 Rk 21
area R
Underwater hazard with
depth greater than 20
meters
Underwater rock of known depth; 42 Rk
outside the corresponding depth
14.2 area, dangerous to surface
5 Rk Isolated danger of depth
5 less than the safety
navigation R contour

Underwater hazard with


a depth of 20 meters
Underwater rock of known or less
35  
15 depth, not dangerous to surface 35Rk R.
navigation Underwater hazard with
depth greater than 20
meters
Dangerous underwater
rock of uncertain depth
Obstruction, depth not
stated
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

Coral reef which is always Co Safe clearance shoaler


16 covered Reef line than safety contour
31

128 Safe clearance deeper


than safety contour

256 Safe clearance deeper


than 20 meters

Br
eak
er s Overfalls, tide rips;
West Breaker
17 Breakers Br PA
eddies; breakwaters as
point, line, and area

52
Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture K

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Wrecks and Fouls


3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+

Mast (1.2) Wreck, always dry, with


Wreck, hull never covers, on
20 large scale charts
Hk Hk 1.2 m
height shown
Wk

Wreck, covers and


Wk uncovers
Mast (12 ) Wk
Wreck, covers and uncovers, on
21 large scale charts
Hk
Wk Wk

Wk Distributed remains of
wreck

Submerged wreck with


depth of 20 meters or
less

Submerged wreck with


52 65 Submerged wreck, depth known, 9 depth greater than 20
22 on large scale charts meters
Wk

Distributed remains of
wreck

Wk Submerged wreck with


Submerged wreck, depth depth less than the
23 unknown, on large scale charts
Hk Wk
safety contour or depth
Wk unknown

Wk
Wreck showing any portion of Wk
24 hull or superstructure at level of Wreck showing any
chart datum Wk portion of hull or
Wk superstructure at level of
chart datum
Wreck of which the mast(s) only Mast (10ft)
25 are visible at chart datum
Masts Funnel

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
less
Underwater hazard with
Wreck, least depth known by 512 Wk
26 sounding only
(11) depth greater than 20
meters
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

53
K Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Swept sounding for


underwater hazard less
than safety depth
Swept sounding for
Wreck, least depth known, swept underwater hazard
27 by wire drag or diver
25
greater than or equal to
safety depth
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Dangerous wreck, depth
unknown
Dangerous wreck, depth
28 unknown Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Sunken wreck, not dangerous to Non-dangerous wreck,
29 surface navigation depth unknown
Underwater hazard with
safe clearance of 20
meters or less
Wreck, least depth unknown, but Underwater hazard with
30 considered to have a safe 4 safe clearance greater
clearance to the depth shown than 20 meters
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Foul area of seabed safe
for navigation but not for
anchoring
31.1 (25)

Foul ground, not dangerous to


surface navigation, but to be Foul ground
avoided by vessels anchoring,
trawling, etc. (e.g. remains of
wreck, cleared platform)
31.2 Distributed remains of
wreck

Obstructions and Aquaculture


3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+.HOS6HDZHHG-8QGHUZDWHU,QVWDOODWLRQV/

Obstruction, depth not


stated
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
40 Obstruction, depth unknown contour

Safe clearance shoaler


than safety contour

54
Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture K

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
less
Underwater hazard with
Obstruction, least depth known
41 by sounding only
depth greater than 20
meters
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

Less than or equal to


safety depth
swept

depth

Greater than safety


depth

Method of depth measurement is


obtained by cursor pick
Obstruction, least depth known,
42 swept by wire drag or diver known Underwater hazard with
by depth of 20 meters or
diver less
or
other Underwater hazard with
means depth greater than 20
meters

Isolated danger of depth


less than the safety
contour
Obstruction, depth not
Stumps of posts or piles, wholly stated
43.1 submerged Subm Piles

piles
Underwater hazard with
depth of 20 meters or
Subm piles Well less
Submerged pile, stake, snag, or Isolated danger of depth
43.2 stump (with exact position)
Stakes Deadhead
less than the safety
Snags Stump
contour

Fish stakes as a point

Fsh
44.1 Fishing stakes stks
Fish stakes as an area

)LVKWUDSVKZHLU
44.2 Fish trap, Fish weir, Tunny nets Fish trap
tunny net as a point

)LVKWUDSVKZHLUWXQQ\
45 Fish trap area, Tunny nets area
net as an area

55
K Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Isolated danger of depth


less than the safety
contour
Obstn
(actual
46.1 Fish haven Fish Haven
shape)
Safe clearance shoaler
than safety contour

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
less

Underwater hazard with


depth greater than 20
meters

Isolated danger of depth


less than the safety
Obstn

contour
46.2 Fish haven with minimum depth Fish Haven

(auth min 42ft)

Safe clearance shoaler


than safety contour

128 Safe clearance deeper


than safety contour

256 Safe clearance deeper


than 20 meters

47 6KHOOVKEHGV Oys
Marine farm as a point

Marine farm (on large scale


48.1 charts)
Marine Farm

Obstn Marine farm as an area


(Marine Farm)
Marine farm (on small scale
48.2 charts) Marine Farm

56
Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions, Aquaculture K

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Supplementary National Symbols


a Rock awash (height unknown)

Shoal sounding on isolated rock Rks


b 5 Rk 21
or rocks

Sunken wreck covered 20 to


c 30 meters

d Submarine volcano Sub vol

e Discolored water Discol water

Sunken danger with depth 21 Rk 46 35 Rk 46 Obstn


f cleared (swept) by wire drag

g Reef of unknown extent Reef

Coral reef, detached (uncovers


h at sounding datum) Co

Subm
i Submerged crib Crib
Crib

j Crib, duck blind (above water) Duck Blind Crib

k Submerged duck blind Duck Blind

Subm
l Submerged platform platform Platform

Coral reef which covers and


m uncovers

n Sinkers

Foul
Foul area, foul with rocks or
o wreckage, dangerous to Wks
navigation
Wreckage

Unexploded
p Unexploded ordnance Ordnance

q Float Float

Stumps of posts or piles, which


r cover and uncover
Subm

piles

57
L Offshore Installations

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

General
$UHDV/LPLWV1

Well
348
Well 346 Area to be navigated
CORRIB
1 Ekofisk Oilfield 1DPHRIRLOHOGRUJDVHOG GAS FIELD
with caution, name is
obtained by cursor pick
Well 334 334 Well

Offshore platform, name


2 Platform with designation/name
Name
is obtained by cursor
pick

Area where entry is


Limit of safety zone around prohibited or restricted or
3 offshore installation to be avoided, with other
cautions

Cautionary area,
4 Limit of development area
navigate with caution

:LQGWXUELQHRDWLQJZLQG
Fl.Y Wind motor visually
5.1 turbine, vertical clearance under
conspicuous
blade

Offshore wind farm

5.2 Wind farm (offshore)

2IIVKRUHZLQGIDUP RDWLQJ

6 Wave farm Wave farm

Platforms and Moorings


0RRULQJ%XR\V4

Production platform, Platform,


10 Oil derrick
Offshore platform

&RQVSLFXRXVDUHVWDFN
11 Flare stack (at sea)
on offshore platform

58
Offshore Installations L
No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Single Point Mooring (SPM),


12 including Single Anchor Leg
Mooring (SALM), Articulated Name
Loading Column (ALC)

Observation/research platform
13 (with name)
Name Name
Name Offshore platform, name
and status of disused is
Disused platform with obtained by cursor pick
14 Ru Z-44 superstructure removed
(disused)
(ru)

Artificial Island Name


15 $UWLFLDOLVODQG
(Mukluk)

Single Buoy Mooring (SBM), Oil Installation buoy and


or gas installation buoy including PRRULQJEXR\VLPSOLHG
16 Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring Installation buoy, paper
(CALM) chart

Tanker
17 Moored storage tanker Offshore platform

18 Mooring ground tackle Ground tackle

Underwater Installations Supplementary national symbol: a

3ODQHRI5HIHUHQFHIRU'HSWKV+2EVWUXFWLRQV.

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
Well less
15 Prod Well
(cov 21ft) Underwater hazard with
20 Submerged production well Well Well depth greater than 20
(cov 83ft) Prod Well meters
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Isolated danger of depth
Suspended well, depth over
21.1 wellhead unknown
Pipe less than the safety
contour
Underwater hazard with
depth of 20 meters or
less
Pipe
(cov 24ft) Underwater hazard with
Suspended well, with depth over
21.2 wellhead
depth greater than 20
Pipe meters
(cov 92ft)
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour
Isolated danger of depth
Wellhead with height above the Well
21.3 VHDRRU (5.7) less than the safety
contour

59
L Offshore Installations

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Foul area of seabed safe


22 Site of cleared platform for navigation but not for
anchoring

Pipe Pipe Obstruction in the water


Above-water wellhead (lit or
23 (1 8 ) unlit)
Pipe (24) which is always above
water level

24 Underwater turbine

Underwater turbine or
subsurface ODAS
Subsurface Ocean(ographic)
25 ODAS
Data Acquisition System (ODAS)

Submarine Cables

30.1 Submarine cable


Submarine cable

30.2 Submarine cable area



Cable Area

31.1 Submarine power cable


Submarine cable area

31.2 Submarine power cable area

Status of disused is
32 Disused submarine cable
obtained by cursor pick

Submarine Pipelines

6XSSO\SLSHOLQHXQVSHFLHGRLO Oil, gas pipeline,


40.1 gas, chemicals, water submerged or on land

Submarine pipeline area


Supply pipeline area: unspeci
40.2 HGRLOJDVFKHPLFDOVZDWHU
Pipeline Area with potentially
dangerous contents

60
Offshore Installations L
No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

2XWIDOODQGLQWDNHXQVSHFLHG Water pipeline, sewer,


41.1 water, sewer, outfall, intake etc.

Pipeline Area Submarine pipeline area


Outfall and intake area: unspeci
41.2 HGZDWHUVHZHURXWIDOOLQWDNH
with generally
non-dangerous contents

Nominal depth of buried


Buried pipeline/pipe (with
42.1 nominal depth to which buried)
pipeline is obtained by
cursor pick

42.2 Pipeline tunnel Pipeline tunnel

Underwater hazard with


depth of 20 meters or
less
43 Diffuser, Crib
Isolated danger of depth
less than the safety
contour

Status of disused is
44 Disused pipeline/pipe
obtained by cursor pick

Supplementary National Symbols

a Submerged well (buoyed) Well Well Well

PWI

b Potable water intake


Depth over Crib
Crib 17 ft

61
M Tracks, Routes

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Tracks Supplementary national symbols: ac

7UDFNV0DUNHGE\/LJKWV3/HDGLQJ%HDFRQV4

Leading line bearing a non-regulated,


recommended track

Leading line (solid line is the Direction not encoded


1 track to be followed, means Lights in line 090
in line) 270 deg
One-way

270 deg
Two-way

Transit (other than leading line), 270 deg


2 clearing line
Beacons in line 090 Bns in line 270.5 Clearing line; transit line

Non-regulated, recommended track


EDVHGRQ[HGPDUNV

Direction not encoded


Recommended track based on a Lights in line 090
3 V\VWHPRI[HGPDUNV 90 deg
One-way

270 deg
Two-way

Non-regulated, recommended track


QRWEDVHGRQ[HGPDUNV

Direction not encoded


Recommended track not based
4 RQDV\VWHPRI[HGPDUNV 90 deg
One-way

270 deg
Two-way

%DVHGRQ[HGPDUNVRQHZD\
One-way track and DW track 90 deg Non-regulated
5.1 EDVHGRQDV\VWHPRI[HG recommended track
marks
Deep water route

1RWEDVHGRQ[HGPDUNVRQHZD\
One-way track and DW track 90 deg Non-regulated
5.2 QRWEDVHGRQDV\VWHPRI[HG recommended track
marks
Deep water route
centerline
Recommended track with 7m If encoded, the shoalest depth range
6 maximum authorized (or
73 m
value along the track is obtained by
recommended) draft stated cursor pick

62
Tracks, Routes M

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Routing Measures Supplementary national symbols: de

Basic Symbols

7UDIFGLUHFWLRQLQD
Established (mandatory)
10 GLUHFWLRQRIWUDIFRZ
RQHZD\ODQHRIDWUDIF
separation scheme

6LQJOHWUDIFGLUHFWLRQ
5HFRPPHQGHGGLUHFWLRQRIWUDIF in a two-way route part
11 RZ RIDWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQ
scheme
Separation line (large scale,
12 small scale)
7UDIFVHSDUDWLRQOLQH

13 Separation zone 7UDIFVHSDUDWLRQ]RQH

Limit of restricted routing


PHDVXUH HJ,QVKRUH7UDIF RESTRICTED AREA
14 Zone (ITZ), Area to be Avoided
(ATBA))

7UDIFVHSDUDWLRQ
15 Limit of routing measure
scheme boundary

7UDIFSUHFDXWLRQDU\
area as a point

16 Precautionary area

7UDIFSUHFDXWLRQDU\
area as an area

Archipelagic Sea Lane (ASL);


Axis and boundary of
17 axis line and limit beyond which
archipelagic sea lane
vessels shall not navigate

Fairway designated by regulatory


7.3m
authority with minimum depth
Fairway, depth is
18 SAFETY FAIRWAY 166.200 (see note A)
obtained by cursor pick
Fairway designated by regulatory
<7.3m> authority with maximum
authorized draft

63
M Tracks, Routes

Examples of Routing Measures on Paper/Raster Charts

Inshore Traffic Zone 20.1

1)
(201
25.1 Inshore Traffic Zone

.5m
10
WAY
25.1

FAIR
18
Precautionary
23 Area
21
20.1 24
20.1 RW

28.1
27.1

29.1

DW
Area to be RW
Avoided
(see Note)
26.1
20.2

DW
27.3

DW
RW

29.2
26.1

DW
22.
28.2

5m
22 26.2 27.2
20.3
Inshore
traffic
zone

25.2
DW

DW
27.3
DW
27.3 20.1 27.3

64
Tracks, Routes M

No.

Examples of Routing Measures


18 Safety fairway

20.1 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPH 766 WUDIFVHSDUDWHGE\VHSDUDWLRQ]RQH

20.2 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHWUDIFVHSDUDWHGE\QDWXUDOREVWUXFWLRQV

20.3 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHZLWKRXWHUVHSDUDWLRQ]RQHVHSDUDWLQJWUDIFXVLQJVFKHPHIURPWUDIFQRWXVLQJLW

21 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHURXQGDERXWZLWKVHSDUDWLRQ]RQH

22 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHZLWKFURVVLQJJDWHV

23 7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPHFURVVLQJZLWKRXWGHVLJQDWHGSUHFDXWLRQDU\DUHD

24 Precautionary area

25.1 ,QVKRUH7UDIF=RQH ,7= ZLWKGHQHGHQGOLPLWV

25.2 ,QVKRUH7UDIF=RQHZLWKRXWGHQHGHQGOLPLWV

26.1 5HFRPPHQGHGGLUHFWLRQRIWUDIFRZEHWZHHQWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQVFKHPHV

26.2 5HFRPPHQGHGGLUHFWLRQRIWUDIFRZIRUVKLSVQRWQHHGLQJDGHHSZDWHUURXWH

27.1 'HHSZDWHUURXWH ': DVSDUWRIRQHZD\WUDIFODQH

27.2 Two-way deep water route, with minimum depth stated

27.3 Deep water route, centerline as recommended one-way or two-way track

28.1 Recommended route, one-way and two-way (often marked by centerline buoys)

28.2 Two-way route, with one-way sections

29.1 Area to be Avoided (ATBA), around navigational aid

29.2 Area to be Avoided, e.g. because of danger of stranding

65
M Tracks, Routes

Examples of Routing Measures in ECDIS

20.1
25.1

29.1 25.1

18
23
21
20.1
20.1

24 28.1

27.1
26.1
20.2

27.3

26.1
29.2

28.2
22 26.2 27.2
20.3

25.2

27.3 27.3 27.3


20.1

66
Tracks, Routes M

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Radar Surveillance Systems

30 Radar surveillance station Ra Radar station

31 Radar range Radar range

270 deg
32.1 Radar reference line Ra Ra Radar line

Non-regulated recommended track


EDVHGRQ[HGPDUNV

Direction not encoded


Radar reference line coinciding
32.2 with a leading line 90 deg
One-way

270 deg
Two-way

Radio Reporting Points

Nr 13 Radio calling-in point for


WUDIFLQRQHGLUHFWLRQ
ch s74
only

Radio reporting (calling-in or


Nr 13 Radio calling-in point for
way) points showing direction(s)
40.1 of vessel movement with desig
ch s74 WUDIFLQERWKGLUHFWLRQV
VHF 80 nation (if any) and VHF-channel

Nr 13 Radio calling-in point,


ch s74 direction not encoded

Nr 13 Radio calling-in point for


ch s74 WUDIFLQRQHGLUHFWLRQ
only

Nr 13
ch s74 Radio calling-in point for
40.2 Radio reporting line WUDIFLQERWKGLUHFWLRQV

Nr 13
ch s74 Radio calling-in point,
direction not encoded

67
M Tracks, Routes

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Ferries

Ferry
Ferry
50 Ferry Ferry route

51 Cable Ferry Cable Ferry Cable ferry route

Supplementary National Symbols


Recommended track for deep
a GUDIWYHVVHOV WUDFNQRWGHQHG DW
E\[HGPDUNV

Depth is shown where it has ft


76
b been obtained by the cognizant DW
DW 83ft
authority

c Alternate course

68
Areas, Limits N

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

General *
'UHGJHGDQG6ZHSW$UHDV,6XEPDULQH&DEOHV6XEPDULQH3LSHOLQHV/7UDFNV5RXWHV0

Maritime limit in general, usually


implying permanent physical
1.1 obstructions (tint band for
emphasis)
&DXWLRQDUHDDVSHFLF
Maritime limit in general, usually caution note applies
implying no permanent physical
1.2 obstructions (tint band for
emphasis)

Limit of restricted area


Area where entry is
2.1 RESTRICTED AREA prohibited or restricted or
Limit of restricted area, with tint to be avoided
band for emphasis

Area where entry is


prohibited or restricted or
to be avoided, with other
PROHIBITED AREA
cautions
Limit of area into which entry is
2.2 prohibited
PROHIBITED AREA Area where entry is
prohibited or restricted or
to be avoided, with other
information

Anchorages, Anchorage Areas


Anchorage area as a
5HSRUWHGDQFKRUDJH QRGHQHG point at small scale, or
10 limits) anchor points of mooring
trot at large scale

Nr 6
11.1 Anchor berths 14 6 No 1
Anchor berth

3
Anchor berths with swinging Radius of swing circle is obtained by
11.2 circle
D17 cursor pick

* ECDIS represents many types of area limits with just a few different symbols. Information about the type of area and its associated restrictions or prohibitions may be obtained by cursor pick.

69
N Areas, Limits

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

12.1 Anchorage area in general


Anchorage

Anchorage
12.2 Numbered anchorage area
No. 1

Neufeld
12.3 Name
Named anchorage area Anchorage

Deep water anchorage area,


DW
12.4 Anchorage area for deep draft
Anchorage
vessels
Type of anchorage area
Tanker is obtained by cursor
12.5 Tanker anchorage area Anchorage pick

Anchorage area for periods up


12.6 to 24 hours

12.7 Explosives anchorage area EXPLOSIVES ANCHORAGE

QUAR
ANCH
Quarantine
12.8 Quarantine anchorage area Anchorage
QUARANTINE
ANCHORAGE

12.9 Reserved anchorage area

Note: Anchors as part of the limit symbol are not shown for small areas. Other types of anchorage areas may be shown.

SEAPLANE
13 Seaplane operating area LANDING Seaplane landing area
AREA

Type of anchorage area


14 Anchorage for seaplanes is obtained by cursor
pick

70
Areas, Limits N

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Restricted Areas Supplementary national symbols: d, e, g

Area where anchoring is


prohibited or restricted

ANCH ANCH
PROHIBITED PROHIB
Area where anchoring is
20 Anchoring prohibited prohibited or restricted,
with other cautions

Area where anchoring is


prohibited or restricted,
with other information

$UHDZKHUHVKLQJRU
trawling is prohibited or
restricted

FISH
PROHIB $UHDZKHUHVKLQJRU
FISH trawling is prohibited
21.1 Fishing prohibited
PROHIBITED or restricted, with other
cautions

$UHDZKHUHVKLQJRU
trawling is prohibited
or restricted, with other
information

71
N Areas, Limits

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Area where diving is


21.2 Diving prohibited
prohibited

22.1 Bird sanctuary

Environmentally
Sensitive Sea Area
(ESSA)

22.2 Seal sanctuary

Area with minor restric


tions or information
notices

1RQVSHFLFQDWXUHUHVHUYH
22.3 National parks, Marine Reserves
(MR)

Particularly Sensitive Sea Area


22.4 (PSSA)
PSSA

72
Areas, Limits N

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Explosives
Explosives or chemical
Explosives dumping ground, EXPLOSIVES

23.1 Dumping individual mine or explosive DUMPING AREA

dumping ground as a
Ground point

EXPLOSIVES

Explosives dumping ground


23.2 (disused), Foul (explosives)
DUMPING

AREA DISUSED
Explosives or chemical
dumping ground as an
area
Dumping ground for chemical Dumping Ground
24 waste
Dump Site

DEGAUSSING DEGAUSSING
25 Degaussing range (DG range) RANGE RANGE Degaussing area

If a speed restriction exists, the speed


27 Maximum speed
limit is obtained by cursor pick

Military Practice Areas

30 Firing practice area Restricted area

Area where entry is


Military restricted area, entry Prohibited
prohibited or restricted or
Entry PROHIBITED

31 Prohibited prohibited AREA

Area

to be avoided, with other


cautions

Mine-laying (and counter-


32 measures) practice area
Restricted area
Submarine transit lane and
33 exercise area SUBMARINE EXERCISE
AREA

34 Minefield
(see note)
0LQHHOG 0LQHHOG

International Boundaries and National Limits Supplementary national symbols: a, f, h

CANADA
40 International boundary on land Jurisdiction boundary
UNITED STATES

73
N Areas, Limits

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

CANADA
41 International maritime boundary Jurisdiction boundary
UNITED STATES

Straight territorial sea baseline Straight territorial sea


42 with base point baseline

43 Seaward limit of territorial sea TERRITORIAL SEA


Territorial sea

44 Seaward limit of contiguous zone Contiguous zone

45 /LPLWVRIVKHU\]RQHV /LPLWVRIVKHU\]RQH

46 Continental Shelf Limit of continental shelf Continental shelf area

Limit of Exclusive Economic Exclusive economic


47 Zone (EEZ) zone

48 Customs limit Custom regulations zone

49 Harbor Limit
Harbor limit Harbor Limit Harbor area, symbolized

Various Limits Supplementary national symbols: a, b

(2012) Limit of fast ice, Ice front (with


60.1 date)
Continuous pattern for
an ice area (glacier, etc.)
(2012) Limit of sea ice (pack ice)
60.2 seasonal (with date)

Floating hazard

Floating barrier, including log


Log boom Boom, ice boom
61 ponds, security barriers, ice
booms, shark nets
%RRPLFHERRPRDWLQJ
obstruction, log pond

62.1 Spoil ground Spoil Area

HO information note

62.2 Spoil ground (disused) Spoil Area Discontinued

74
Areas, Limits N

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

63 Extraction Area Extraction (dredging) area Dredging area

64 Cargo transhipment area

HO information note

65 Incineration area

Supplementary National Symbols

a COLREGS demarcation line

/LPLWRIVKLQJDUHD VKWUDS
b areas)

Dumping
c Dumping ground
Ground

Disposal Area 92
d Dumping area (Dump site) Depths from survey
of 2010 85

Reservation line
f (Options)

g Dump site Dump Site

h Three Nautical Mile Line THREE NAUTICAL MILE LINE

i No Discharge Zone NO-DISCHARGE ZONE

75
P Lights

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Light Structures and Major Floating Lights


0LQRU/LJKW)ORDWV4

Major light, minor light, light, Light, lighthouse,


1 Lt LtHo
lighthouse paper chart

PLATFORM Lighted offshore


2 Lighted offshore platform (lighted) platform, paper chart

Marker Lighted beacon tower,


3 Lighted beacon tower (lighted) paper chart

4 Lighted beacon
Lighted beacon,
paper chart
Articulated light, buoyant
5 beacon, resilient beacon Art

0DMRURDWLQJOLJKW OLJKWYHVVHO
6 PDMRUOLJKWRDW/$1%<
Light vessel, paper chart

1RWH0LQRUOLJKWV[HGDQGRDWLQJXVXDOO\FRQIRUPWR,$/$0DULWLPH%XR\DJH6\VWHPFKDUDFWHULVWLFV

Navigational lights on landmarks


7 or other structures

8 Important light off chart limits

76
Lights P

Abbreviation Period shown


No. Class of light Illustration ECDIS
INT NOAA

Light Characters
/LJKW&KDUDFWHUVRQ/LJKW%XR\V4
F
10.1 F F Fixed

Occulting (total duration of light longer than total duration of darkness)


Oc
Oc Oc Single-occulting

10.2 Oc(2) Oc (2)


Oc (2) Group-occulting
Example
Oc(2+3) Oc (2+3)
Oc (2+3) Composite group-occulting
Example

Isophase (duration of light and darkness equal)


10.3 Iso
Iso Iso Isophase

Flashing (total duration of light shorter than total duration of darkness)

Fl Fl 6LQJOHDVKLQJ Fl

10.4 Fl(3) Fl (3)


Fl (3) *URXSDVKLQJ
Example
Fl(2+1) Fl (2+1)
Fl (2+1) &RPSRVLWHJURXSDVKLQJ
Example
L FL When text for lights is displayed,
10.5 LFl L Fl /RQJDVKLQJ DVKVRUORQJHU
ECDIS uses INT abbreviations.
4XLFN UHSHWLWLRQUDWHRIWRXVXDOO\HLWKHURUDVKHVSHUPLQXWH
Q
Q Q Continuous quick

10.6 Q(3) Q(3)


Q (3) Group quick
Example
IQ
IQ IQ Interrupted quick

9HU\TXLFN UHSHWLWLRQUDWHRIWRXVXDOO\HLWKHURUDVKHVSHUPLQXWH
VQ
VQ VQ Continuous very quick

10.7 VQ(3) VQ(3)


VQ (3) Group very quick
Example

IVQ IVQ Interrupted very quick

8OWUDTXLFN UHSHWLWLRQUDWHRIRUPRUHXVXDOO\WRDVKHVSHUPLQXWH

UQ UQ Continuous ultra quick


10.8
IUQ IUQ Interrupted ultra quick

77
P Lights

Abbreviation Period shown


No. Class of light Illustration ECDIS
INT NOAA
Mo(K) Mo (K)
10.9 Example
Mo (K) Morse Code

F Fl When text for lights is displayed,


10.10 FFl F Fl )L[HGDQGDVKLQJ
ECDIS uses INT abbreviations.

W R W R W R Al WR
10.11 Al.WR AlWR Alternating

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

White (only on sector and Colors of lights shown


11.1 W alternating lights) Default light symbol if no
on standard charts color is encoded or color
11.2 R Red is other than red, green,
white, yellow, amber, or
orange
11.3 G Green

11.4 Bu Blue on multicolored charts Red

11.5 Vi Violet Green

White, yellow, amber or


11.6 Y Yellow
orange
on multicolored charts
at sector lights
11.7 Y Or Orange
Sector lights
11.8 Y Am Amber

Period
Period in seconds and tenths of
12 2.5s 90s a second

Elevation
3ODQHRIUHIHUHQFHIRU+HLJKWV+7LGDO/HYHOV+
Elevation of light given in meters
13 12m or feet
36ft When text for lights is displayed,
ECDIS uses INT abbreviations.
Range
15M Light with single range
10M
15/10M Light with two different ranges only lesser of two 15/10M
14 ranges is charted
7M
15-7M Light with three or more ranges only least of three
ranges is charted
Note: Charted ranges are nominal ranges given in Nautical Miles.

78
Lights P

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Disposition

(hor) Horizontally disposed

Disposition of light is obtained by


15 (vert) Vertically disposed
cursor pick

( ) ( ) 3 lights disposed in the shape of


a triangle

Example of a Full Light Description


INT Example NOAA Example NGA Example
FlR15s21m11M

ft

Fl(3) &ODVVRIOLJKWJURXSDVKLQJUHSHDWLQJDJURXSRI Fl(3) &ODVVRIOLJKWJURXSDVKLQJUHSHDWLQJDJURXSRI The descriptions of non-sector lights are shown
WKUHHDVKHV WKUHHDVKHV in ECDIS when the display of text is turned on, as
shown above. (The aid to navigation or other struc
WRG Colors: white, red, green, exhibiting the different WRG Colors: white, red, green, exhibiting the different WXUHWKDWLVDOZD\VVKRZQDWWDFKHGWRDOLJKWDUHLQ
FRORUVLQGHQHGVHFWLRQV FRORUVLQGHQHGVHFWLRQV ECDIS is not depicted here.)

15s
Period: the time taken to exhibit one full sequence of 15s Period: the time taken to exhibit one full sequence of Sector lights (as described in the INT, NOAA and
WKUHHDVKHVDQGHFOLSVHVVHFRQGV WKUHHDVKHVDQGHFOLSVHVVHFRQGV NGA examples at left) are depicted graphically in
16 ECDIS, as shown below and in P40.
21m
Elevation of focal plane above datum: 21 meters Elevation of light:
The description of a sector light or
21ft 21 feet any other type of light may always be
21m 21 meters obtained by cursor pick.

15-11M Nominal range: white 15M, green 11M, red between Nominal range:
15 and 11M
11M shortest range of all the lights is 11M
15-11M white 15M, green 11M, red between 15 and 11M

79
P Lights

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Lights Marking Fairways


Leading Lights and Lights in Line
Leading lights with sectors

g
de
3
5.
22
Leading lights with leading line
(solid line is the track to be
20.1 followed) and arcs of visibility Lts in line 270
Bearing given in degrees and
tenths of a degree

/HDGLQJOLJKWV PHDQVOLJKWV
in line) Oc OcR 270 deg
20.2 Leading lights
Bearing given in degrees and
tenths of a degree

Leading lights on small scale


20.3 charts

FlG FlG 270 deg

Lights in line, marking the sides Lights in line, marking


21 of a channel the sides of a channel
2FlR 270 deg

22 Rear Lt or Upper Lt Rear or upper light

23 Front Lt or Lower Lt Front or lower light

80
Lights P

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Direction Lights
Directional light with sector

RED
Direction light with narrow
sector and course to be followed,
30.1 DQNHGE\GDUNQHVVRU 269 deg

N
GREE
XQLQWHQVLHGOLJKW

Directional light without sector

deg
209
Direction light with course to be
30.2 followed, sector(s) uncharted

16
5.5
de
g
Fl(2)5s11M Oc12s6M

Direction light with narrow


IDLUZD\VHFWRUDQNHGE\OLJKW
30.3 sectors of different character on
standard charts

Light, directional

Direction light with narrow


IDLUZD\VHFWRUDQNHGE\OLJKW
30.4 sectors of different character on
multicolored charts

Moir effect light (day and night), FY 270 deg Category of light as
31 arrows show when course moir effect is obtained
alteration needed by cursor pick

Note: Quoted bearings are always from seaward.

81
P Lights

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Sector Lights

40.1 Sector light on standard charts

Light, sector

Sector light on multicolored


40.2 charts

Sector lights on standard charts,


41.1 the white sector limits marking
the sides of the fairway

Sector lights on multicolored


41.2 charts, the white sector limits
marking the sides of the fairway

82
Lights P

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Light, danger

Main light visible all-round with


42 red subsidiary light seen over

RED
danger

Light, obscured

All-round light with obscured


43

OBSC
sector

Light with arc of visibility


44 deliberately restricted
Light, restricted

45 Light with faint sector Light, faint

83
P Lights

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

,QWHQVLHGOLJKWYLVLELOLW\LVREWDLQHGE\
cursor pick

46 /LJKWZLWKLQWHQVLHGVHFWRU
/LJKWLQWHQVLHG

Lights with Limited Times of Exhibition


Lights exhibited only when spe
50 FLDOO\QHHGHG IRUVKLQJYHVVHOV Occas F R (occas)
ferries) and some private lights

Daytime light (charted only


where the character shown by F Bu 9m 6M
51 day differs from that shown at (F by day)
night)

Fog light (exhibited only in fog, or Status and condition of light is


52 character changes in fog) obtained by cursor pick

Unwatched (unmanned) light


53
with no standby or emergency
arrangements

54 (temp) Temporary

55 (exting) Extinguished

Special Lights
)ODUH6WDFN DVVHD /)ODUH6WDFN RQODQG (6LJQDO6WDWLRQV7

AeroAlFlWG7.5s11M
60 Aero light (may be unreliable) AERO Al WG 7.5s Light
AERO 108m 13M AERO

Air obstruction light of high


61.1 intensity (e.g. on radio mast) AERO F R 77m 11M
AeroFR313m11M Conspicuous mast with
light
Air obstruction light of low
61.2 intensity (e.g. on radio mast)
TR (RLts)

Category of light is obtained by cursor


62 Fog Det Lt Fog detector light
pick

)ORRGOLWRRGOLJKWLQJRID
63 (Illuminated)
structure
Floodlight

84
Lights P

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

64 Strip light Strip light

Private light other than one Status of private is obtained by cursor


65 (priv)
exhibited occasionally Priv F R (priv) pick
Priv maintd

66 (sync) Synchronized light

Supplementary National Symbols

a Riprap surrounding light

S-L Fl
b Short-Long Flashing

G-S Fl
c Group-Short Flashing

d Fixed and Group Flashing F Gp Fl

e 8QPDQQHGOLJKWYHVVHOOLJKWRDW FLOAT

LANBY, superbuoy as
f navigational aid

85
6LPSOLHGDQG7UDGLWLRQDO3DSHU&KDUW6\PEROV
ECDIS

ECDIS can be set to display aids to navigation with either traditional paper chart or Fixed Marks
VLPSOLHGV\PEROV7KHWZRV\PEROVHWVDUHVKRZQEHORZ6RPH(&',6FRORUOOWKH
Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG 6LPSOLHG6\PERO1DPH
SDSHUFKDUWEXR\VKDSHVEXWWKLVLVQRWUHTXLUHGE\,+2(&',6SRUWUD\DOVSHFLFD
tions. Cardinal beacon, north
*
Floating Marks
Cardinal beacon, east
Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG 6LPSOLHG6\PERO1DPH *

Cardinal buoy, north * Cardinal beacon, south


*

* Cardinal buoy, east * Cardinal beacon, west

'HIDXOWV\PEROIRUDEHDFRQ XVHGZKHQQRGHQLQJ
* Cardinal buoy, south attributes have been encoded in the ENC)

Isolated danger beacon


* Cardinal buoy, west

'HIDXOWV\PEROIRUEXR\ XVHGZKHQQRGHQLQJDWWULEXWHV Major lateral beacon, red


have been encoded in the ENC)
Major lateral beacon, green
* Isolated danger buoy

Conical lateral buoy, green Minor lateral beacon, green

Conical lateral buoy, red Major safe water beacon

Can shape lateral buoy, green Minor safe water beacon

Can shape lateral buoy, red


Major special purpose beacon

Minor special purpose beacon

Installation buoy and mooring buoy * Paper chart symbols display various buoy or beacon shape symbols in conjunction with the topmark.
6LPSOLHGSRUWUD\DORQO\GLVSOD\VWKHWRSPDUN
6HYHUDOGLIIHUHQWSDSHUFKDUWV\PEROVFRUUHVSRQGWRWKLVVLPSOLHGV\PERO

** Safe water buoy


Day Marks
Special purpose buoy, spherical or barrel shaped, or default
symbol for special purpose buoy Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG 6LPSOLHG6\PERO1DPH
Special purpose TSS buoy marking the starboard side of the
WUDIFODQH
Square or rectangular daymark
6SHFLDOSXUSRVH766EXR\PDUNLQJWKHSRUWVLGHRIWKHWUDIF
lane

Special purpose ice buoy or spar or pillar shaped buoy Triangular daymark, point up

Super-buoy ODAS & LANBY Triangular daymark, point down

/LJKWRDW
5HWURUHHFWRU
Light vessel

86
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Buoys and Beacons


,$/$0DULWLPH%XR\DJH6\VWHPZKLFKLQFOXGHV%HDFRQV4

Default symbol for buoy,


Default buoy symbol if no other paper chart
GHQLQJDWWULEXWLRQLVSURYLGHG Default symbol for buoy,
VLPSOLHG
Default symbol for a
Default beacon symbol if no beacon, paper chart
RWKHUGHQLQJDWWULEXWLRQLV
provided Default symbol for a
EHDFRQVLPSOLHG

ECDIS shows the position of buoys and beacons


with a circle at the bottom of paper chart symbols.
1 Position of buoy or beacon
)RUVLPSOLHGV\PEROVWKHSRVLWLRQRIWKHDLG
corresponds with the center of the symbol.

Colors of Buoys and Beacon Topmarks Supplementary national symbols: p

$EEUHYLDWLRQVIRU&RORUV3

*UHHQDQGEODFN V\PEROVOOHG G
2 black)

Single color other than green R


3 and black

Multiple colors in horizontal RG


4 bands, the color sequence is
from top to bottom
Multiple colors in vertical or RW
5 diagonal stripes, the darker color
LVJLYHQUVW

5HWURUHHFWLQJPDWHULDO 5HWURUHHFWRU
6
1RWH5HWURUHHFWLQJPDWHULDOPD\EHWWHGWRVRPHXQOLWPDUNV&KDUWVGRQRWXVXDOO\VKRZLW8QGHU,$/$5HFRPPHQGDWLRQVEODFNEDQGVZLOODSSHDUEOXHXQGHUDVSRWOLJKW

Lighted Marks
0DUNVZLWK)RJ6LJQDOV5

Lighted marks on standard Fl G Fl R Fl R


7 charts R

Lighted marks on multicolored


8 charts

87
Q Buoys, Beacons

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

7RSPDUNVDQG5DGDU5HHFWRUV
)RU$SSOLFDWLRQRI7RSPDUNVZLWKLQWKH,$/$6\VWHP4)RURWKHUWRSPDUNV VSHFLDOSXUSRVHEXR\VDQGEHDFRQV 4

Paper chart symbols for topmarks (on the left, below)


are always displayed above a buoy or beacon shape
symbol, as in Q 10 and Q 11.
6LPSOLHGV\PEROV RQWKHULJKWEHORZ IRUFDUGLQDO
marks, isolated dangers and safe water consist of
only the topmark without the buoy shape symbol.
6LPSOLHGV\PERORJ\IRUPDUNVZLWKDQ\RWKHUW\SH
RIWRSPDUNZLOOGLVSOD\RQO\WKHVLPSOLHGEXR\RU
beacon shape symbol without a topmark.

2 cones point upward

2 cones point downward

2 cones base to base

2 cones point to point

IALA System buoy topmarks 2 spheres


9 (beacon topmarks shown upright)
Sphere

Cone point up

Cone point down

Cylinder, square, vertical


rectangle

X-shape

Flag or other shape

Board, horizontal
rectangle

Cube point up

Upright cross over a


circle

T-shape

Beacon with topmark, color, radar G 3 bn No 2 Beacon in general with


10 No2 UHHFWRUDQGGHVLJQDWLRQ Ra Ref topmark, paper chart

Buoy with topmark, color, radar by No 3 Conical buoy with


11 No3 UHHFWRUDQGGHVLJQDWLRQ No 3 topmark, paper chart

1RWH5DGDUUHHFWRUVRQRDWLQJPDUNVXVXDOO\DUHQRWFKDUWHG(&',6GRHVQRWGLVSOD\UDGDUUHHFWRUVRQ[HGRURDWLQJDLGVWKLVLQIRUPDWLRQLVREWDLQHGE\FXUVRUSLFN

88
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Buoys

Shapes of Buoys
)HDWXUHV&RPPRQWR%XR\VDQG%HDFRQV4

Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG

Conical buoy, nun buoy, ogival


20 buoy N Conical buoy

21 Can buoy or cylindrical buoy C Can buoy

22 Spherical buoy SP Spherical buoy

23 Pillar buoy P Pillar buoy

24 Spar buoy, spindle buoy S Spar buoy

25 Barrel buoy, tun buoy Barrel buoy

Super-buoy

26 Superbuoy Lanby, super-buoy

Super-buoy odas & lanby

Minor Light Floats

30 /LJKWRDWDVSDUWRI,$/$6\VWHP /LJKWRDW

/LJKWRDWQRWSDUWRI,$/$
31 System
/LJKWRDW

89
Q Buoys, Beacons

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Mooring Buoys Supplementary national symbols: m, n

2LORU*DV,QVWDOODWLRQ%XR\/

Mooring buoy, can


shape, paper chart

Mooring buoy, barrel


40 Mooring buoys
shape, paper chart

Installation buoy and


PRRULQJEXR\VLPSOLHG

Fl Y 2s Mooring buoy with light


41 Lighted mooring buoy (example) DUHEDUUHOVKDSHSDSHU
chart

Trot, mooring buoys with


Trot, mooring buoys with ground
42 tackle and berth numbers Nr 1 ground tackle and berth
numbers

Tel Mooring buoy, can


Tel shape, paper chart
Tel = telegraphic
Mooring buoy with telegraphic or Mooring buoy, barrel
43 telephonic communication shape, paper chart
T
T
Installation buoy and
T = telephonic
PRRULQJEXR\VLPSOLHG

Numerous (5 buoys)
44 Numerous moorings (example) mooring
Moorings
Small craft mooring area
buoys

Availability of visitor
45 V Visitors mooring moorings at marina is
obtained by cursor pick

90
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Special Purpose Buoys


Note: Shapes of buoys are variable. Lateral or Cardinal buoys may be used in some situations.

Purpose of buoy and other information


is obtained by cursor pick
Firing danger area (Danger
50 Zone) buoy

51 Target

52 Marker Ship Conical buoy with


topmark, paper chart
53 Barge

54 DG Degaussing Range buoy


Special purpose buoy,
spherical or barrel
55 Cable Cable buoy 7HO
shaped, or default
symbol for special
56 Spoil ground buoy SXUSRVHEXR\VLPSOLHG

57 Buoy marking outfall

Super-buoy, paper chart

Super-buoy odas &


ODAS buoy (Ocean Data ODQE\VLPSOLHG
58 Acquisition System), data ODAS ODAS
collecting buoy Spherical buoy, paper
chart

Spherical buoy, simpli


HG

Conical buoy with


topmark, paper chart

Buoy marking wave recorder or


59 current meter Special purpose buoy,
spherical or barrel
shaped, or default
symbol for special
SXUSRVHEXR\VLPSOLHG
Conical buoy, paper
60 Seaplane anchorage buoy AERO chart
%XR\PDUNLQJWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQ
61 scheme

Conical buoy with


62 Buoy marking recreation zone
topmark, paper chart

Emergency wreck marking buoy


63 BuY BuY
(EWMB)
Al.Oc.BuY.3s

91
Q Buoys, Beacons

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Seasonal Buoys
(occas)
Buoy privately maintained Y Status as private is obtained by cursor
70 (example) 3ULY pick
(01.04.
Y 31.10.)

Status as periodic and period start and


71 Seasonal buoy (example)
stop dates are obtained by cursor pick

Beacons Supplementary national symbols: o

/LJKWHG%HDFRQV3)HDWXUHV&RPPRQWR%HDFRQVDQG%XR\V4

Default symbol for a


beacon, paper chart
Beacon in general,
Bn Bn Default symbol for a
80 characteristics unknown or chart Bn G R EHDFRQVLPSOLHG
scale too small to show
Beacon in general, paper
chart

Beacon with color, no distinctive R RW Beacon color is obtained by cursor


81 topmark Bn pick
G
Beacon color is obtained by cursor
pick

See note at Q 9 for information about topmarks and


(&',6VLPSOLHGV\PERORJ\

Beacon in general with


topmark, paper chart

Major red lateral beacon,


VLPSOLHG
Beacons with colors and
82 topmarks (examples) Beacon in general with
topmark, paper chart

Cardinal beacon, north,


VLPSOLHG

Beacon in general with


topmark, paper chart

Isolated danger beacon,


VLPSOLHG

Beacon in general with


Beacon on submerged rock with topmark, paper chart
83 colors (topmark as appropriate)
Isolated danger beacon,
VLPSOLHG

92
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Minor Impermanent Marks Usually in Drying Areas (Lateral Marks of Minor Channels)
0LQRU3LOH)

Stake Stake
Minor, stake or pole
90 Stake, pole
beacon, paper chart
Pole Pole R

Port Hand Starboard Hand Minor, stake or pole


beacon, paper chart
91 Perch, withy
R Minor red lateral beacon,
VLPSOLHG

Minor green lateral


92 Withy
EHDFRQVLPSOLHG

Minor Marks, Usually on Land


/DQGPDUNV(

100 Cairn Cairn CAIRN Conspicuous cairn

Square or rectangular
day mark, paper chart

Square or rectangular
GD\PDUNVLPSOLHG

Triangular day mark,


point up, paper chart
101 Colored or white mark
Triangular day mark,
SRLQWXSVLPSOLHG

Triangular day mark,


point down, paper chart

Triangular day mark,


SRLQWGRZQVLPSOLHG

Colored topmark (color known


102.1
or unknown) with function of a
beacon

Painted boards with function of


102.2 leading beacons

93
Q Buoys, Beacons

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Beacon Towers
Beacon tower, paper
chart

Beacon tower with


Beacon towers without and with RW topmarks, paper chart
110 topmarks and colors (examples) Bn

Major red lateral beacon,


VLPSOLHG
Major green lateral
EHDFRQVLPSOLHG

Lattice beacon, paper


111 Lattice beacon
chart

Special Purpose Beacons


/HDGLQJ/LQHV&OHDULQJ/LQHV0

Note: Topmarks and colors shown where scale permits.

Bns in 270 deg


120 Leading beacons line 270 Leading beacons

Bns in 270 deg Beacons marking a


121 Beacons marking a clearing line line 270 clearing line or transit

MARKERS
270 deg

Beacons marking measured MARKERS Beacons marking


122 distance with quoted bearings measured distance
COURSE 27000'
TRUE 270 deg

Cable landing beacon


123 Cable landing beacon (example) W (example)

124 Refuge beacon


3XUSRVHDVUHIXJHRUULQJGDQJHU
area beacon is obtained by cursor pick
125 Firing danger area beacons

126 Notice board Notice board

94
Buoys, Beacons Q

IALA Maritime Buoyage System


IALA International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities

Where in force, the IALA System applies to all fixed and floating marks except landfall lights, leading lights and marks, sectored lights and major floating lights. The standard buoy shapes are cylindrical (can) ,
conical , spherical , pillar , and spar , but variations may occur, for example: light floats . In the illustrations in Q 130.1, only the standard buoy shapes are used. In the case of fixed beacons (lit
or unlit), only the shape of the topmark is of navigational significance. Lateral marks are generally for well-defined channels.

130 There are two international buoyage regions where lateral marks differ. Region A is primarily comprised of the waters surrounding Greenland, Africa, Europe, Australia and Asia (except for Japan, the Republic of
Korea and the Philippines). Region B is primarily comprised of the waters surrounding North and South America, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Philippines.

ECDIS marks the boundary between IALA regions A and B with this symbol:

180 150W 120W 90W 60W 30W 0 30E 60E 90E 120E 150E 180

60N 60N

30N 30N

B B
Japan
Republic of Korea
130.1
Philippines

0 0

A
30S 30S

60S 60S

180 150W 120W 90W 60W 30W 0 30E 60E 90E 120E 150E 180

95
Q Buoys, Beacons

Port-hand marks are red with Port-hand marks are green with G
cylindrical topmarks (if any). R
G G cylindrical topmarks (if any). R R
If lit, light is red. If lit, light is green.

R G
R G

Fl R RGR Fl G
GRG
R G Fl R
Fl G
Fl G R Fl R
INT Fl R G
G
Fl G
G
Fl G Fl R
R
R G R
Fl(2+1)R
Fl(2+1)G
GRG RGR

Starboard-hand marks are green G R Starboard-hand marks are red If lit, lights on port-hand and starboard-hand marks may
R G
G
with conical topmarks (if any). R with conical topmarks (if any). KDYHDQ\UK\WKPVSHFLHGH[FHSW)O  ZKLFKLVXVHG
If lit, light is green. If lit, light is red.
for preferred channel aids.
REGION A REGION B
All preferred channel marks have horizontal bands of
130.1 color; the top color indicates the preferred channel.
R G
G G C R
C N R
P S N
Port-hand marks are red with Port-hand marks are green with
cylindrical topmarks (if any). cylindrical topmarks (if any).
If lit, light is red. R R
C If lit, light is green. G
G
C
A preferred channel buoy may be a can or conical shape
S S
to indicate the preferred channel (in addition to the top
RG
R
Fl R
C G
GR
C color band), but may also have a pillar or spar shape.
Fl G
G R
Fl G G Fl R R
G R Fl R
R Fl G Fl G Fl R
G
NOAA Fl R Fl G
RG
GR Fl(2+1)R
Fl(2+1)G
R G G R
C N C N
G R
N N
Starboard-hand marks are green Starboard-hand marks are red
with conical topmarks (if any). with conical topmarks (if any).
If lit, light is green. If lit, light is red.

REGION A REGION B

Direction of Buoyage: The direction of buoyage is that taken when approaching a harbor from seaward. Along coasts, the direction is determined by buoyage authorities, normally clockwise around land masses.

Symbols showing direction of buoyage where it is not obvious

INT
IALA Region A IALA Region B
General symbol for direction of buoyage
on multicolored charts on multicolored charts
130.2

ECDIS General symbol for direction of buoyage IALA Region A IALA Region B

96
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT ECDIS

Cardinal Marks: indicating navigable water to the named side of the marks. In the illustration below all marks are the same in Regions A and B.

VQ
N

E
W

or Q

N
W E

Topmark: 2 black cones

Black above yellow


Light: White

VQ(9)10s VQ(3)5s
or Q(9)15s or Q(3)10s The same abbreviations are used for lights on
YBY BY BY BYB spar buoys and beacons. S
The periods 5s, 10s, and 15s may not always Paper chart symbology
130.3 Point of be charted.
W interest E
0 5 10 15
Time (seconds) N
Period

YBY YBY YB YB BYB BYB

Yellow with Yellow above black Black with


Cardinal marks are seldom used in U.S. waters
black band yellow band
and do not appear on NOAA charts, except for
charts that also depict Canadian waters.
W E
VQ(6)+LFl.10s
or Q(6)+LFl.15s
SE
SW

YB

S
S
6LPSOLHGV\PERORJ\

97
Q Buoys, Beacons

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Pillar buoy with 2


Isolated Danger Marks stationed spheres topmark
over dangers with navigable
water around them
BRB BRB

130.4 Body: black with red horizontal BR Spar buoy with 2


band(s) spheres topmark
Fl(2)
BRB BRB Topmark: 2 black spheres
Light: white
Isolated danger buoy,
VLPSOLHG

Spherical buoy, paper


chart

Safe Water Marks such as


mid-channel and landfall marks Pillar buoy with sphere
RW RW RW
topmark
130.5 Iso or
Body: red and white vertical RW
Oc or stripes
LFl.10s or
RW RW RW Mo(A) Topmark (if any): red sphere Spar buoy with sphere
topmark
Light: white

Safe water buoy,


VLPSOLHG

Spherical buoy,
paper chart

Special Marks not primarily to


assist navigation but to indicate Can buoy
special features
Y Y Y Y

Body (shape optional): yellow*


130.6 Conical buoy
Y Y Y Y
Topmark (if any): yellow x or
upright cross
Al.Oc.BuY.3s* Fl.Y Lights: yellow, rhythm optional*
BuY* BuY* Spar buoy with x-shape
*in special cases yellow may be topmark
in conjunction with another color

Special purpose buoy,


VLPSOLHG

98
Buoys, Beacons Q

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Supplementary National Symbols

a Bell buoy BELL BELL

b Gong buoy GONG GONG

c Whistle buoy WHIS WHIS

Fairway buoy (red and white


d vertical stripe) RW

Mid-channel buoy (red and white


e vertical stripe) RW

Starboard-hand buoy (entering R


f from seaward - US waters) 

Port-hand buoy (entering from G


g seaward - US waters)  

Bifurcation/Junction buoys RG GR
h
Isolated danger, Wreck or
Obstruction buoy BR

i Fish trap (area) buoy Y

j Anchorage buoy (marks limits) Y

Triangular shaped beacons R RG


Bn

G GR W B
l Square shaped beacons Bn Bn Bn

Beacon, color unknown Bn

o Lighted beacon
Bn

Security barrier
q Security barrier

r 6FLHQWLFPRRULQJEXR\

s Float (unlighted)

t White and blue buoy


WBuW

99
R Fog Signals

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

General
)RJ'HWHFWRU/LJKW3)RJ/LJKW3

Position of a
conspicuous point
feature with fog signal

Lighted pillar buoy, paper


Position of fog signal, type of fog
1 AIS signal not stated Fog Sig
chart with fog signal

Lighted super-buoy,
paper chart with fog
signal

Types of Fog Signals, with Abbreviations Supplementary national symbol: a

10 Explos Explosive GUN

11 Dia Diaphone ',$

12 Siren Siren SIREN


Type of fog signal and its
13 Horn Horn (nautophone, reed, tyfon) HORN characteristics are obtained by cursor
pick
14 Bell Bell BELL

15 Whis Whistle :+,67/(

16 Gong Gong GONG

Examples of Fog Signal Descriptions


Note: The fog signal symbol will usually be omitted when a description of the signal is given.

Siren at a lighthouse, giving a


long blast followed by a short
20 one (N), repeated every 60
Fl 3s 70m 29M Fl 3s 70m 29M Light with fog signal
SIREN Mo(N) 60s SIREN
seconds

Pillar buoy, paper chart


21 Wave-actuated bell buoy
BELL BELL with fog signal

Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG


Light buoy, with horn giving a
single blast every 15 seconds, in Q(6)+LFl 15s Lighted pillar buoy, paper
22 conjunction with a wave-actuated HORN(1) 15s
Q(6)+LFl 15s
chart with fog signal
HORN WHIS
whistle WHIS

Supplementary National Symbol


a Morse Code fog signal Mo

100
Radar, Radio, Satellite Navigation Systems S

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Radar
5DGDU6WUXFWXUHV)RUPLQJ/DQGPDUNV(5DGDU6XUYHLOODQFH6\VWHPV0
Coast radar station, providing
1 range and bearing service on Ra Radio station
request

Ramark, radar beacon


2 transmitting continuously
Ramark

Radar transponder beacon, with


3.1 PRUVHLGHQWLFDWLRQUHVSRQGLQJ RACON
within the 3 cm (X) band
Radar transponder beacon, with
3.2 PRUVHLGHQWLFDWLRQUHVSRQGLQJ
within the 10 cm (S) band

Radar transponder beacon, with Racon (Z)


3.3 PRUVHLGHQWLFDWLRQ (3 & 10 cm)

Radar transponder beacon with


sector of obscured reception Radar transponder
beacon

3.4

Radar transponder beacon with


sector of reception

Leading radar transponder


beacons (: objects in line)

3.5
Leading radar transponder
beacons coincident with leading
lights

Paper Chart 6LPSOLHG


Radar transponder beacons on RACON () Radar transponder on
3.6 RDWLQJPDUNV
5 Racon
RDWLQJPDUN
Fl R 4s

4 5DGDUUHHFWRU Ra Ref
Symbol indicating this
object is radar
conspicuous
5 Radar conspicuous feature Ra (conspic)

101
S Radar, Radio, Satellite Navigation Systems

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Radio
5DGLR6WUXFWXUHV)RUPLQJ/DQGPDUNV(5DGLR5HSRUWLQJ &DOOLQJLQRU:D\ SRLQWV0

Circular (non-directional) marine


10 or aeromarine radiobeacon RC R Bn

Directional radiobeacon with RD 270

bearing line RD
11 Radio station
Directional radiobeacon
coincident with leading lights

12
Rotating pattern radiobeacon

RW
Additional information regarding radio,
CONSOL Bn
such as category of radio station,
13 Consol beacon 190 kHz CONSOL signal frequency, communication chan
MMF nel, call sign, estimated signal range,
periodicity and status may be included
in the cursor pick.
14 5DGLRGLUHFWLRQQGLQJVWDWLRQ RDF
The presence of an AIS transmitted
signal intended for use as an aid to
Coast radio station providing navigation associated with a physical
15 QTG service
R Sta

R
aid, including the AIS MMSI Number,
can be obtained by cursor pick on the
physical aid.
16
Aeronautical radiobeacon

AERO R Bn

$XWRPDWLF,GHQWLFDWLRQ6\VWHP
17.1 transmitter

$XWRPDWLF,GHQWLFDWLRQ6\VWHP
17.2 WUDQVPLWWHURQRDWLQJPDUNV
(examples)

Virtual AIS (with unknown IALA


18.1 V-AIS
GHQHGIXQFWLRQ

Virtual AIS (with known IALA


18.2 V-AIS
GHQHGIXQFWLRQ
North cardinal virtual aid
V-AIS

Satellite Navigation Systems


World Geodetic System, 1972
WGS WGS72 WGS84
or 1984
50
Note: A note may be shown to indicate the shifts of latitude and longitude, to one, two or three decimal places of a minute, depending on the chart scale, which should be made to satellite-derived positions (which are
referred to WGS 84) to relate them to the chart.

Station providing DGPS


51 corrections DGPS
DGPS reference station

102
Services T

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Pilotage
Boarding place, position of a pilot
1.1 cruising vessel
Pilots Pilot boarding place

Boarding place, position of a pilot


1.2 cruising vessel, with name (e.g. Name
District, Port)
Boarding place, position of a pilot
1.3 cruising vessel, with note (e.g. (see note) Pilot boarding area
Tanker, Disembarkation)

1.4 Pilots transferred by helicopter

3LORWRIFHZLWKSLORWORRNRXW
2 Pilot lookout station

3 3LORWRIFH PIL STA Pilots

Port with pilotage service


4 (boarding place not shown)

Coast Guard, Rescue

CG

10 Coast Guard station Coast guard station


R TR
CG WALLIS
SANDS

Coast guard station


Coast Guard station with Rescue
11 station
Rescue station

Rescue station, Lifeboat station,


12 Rocket station
LS S

13 Lifeboat lying at a mooring Rescue station

14 Refuge for shipwrecked mariners

Signal Stations

20 Signal station in general SS Sig Sta

Signal station, showing


21 LQWHUQDWLRQDOSRUWWUDIFVLJQDOV
Signal station
7UDIFVLJQDOVWDWLRQ3RUWHQWU\
22 and departure signals

23 Port control signal station HECP

103
T Services

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

24 Lock signal station

25.1 Bridge passage signal station

%ULGJHOLJKWVLQFOXGLQJWUDIF
25.2 signals

26 Distress signal station

27 Telegraph station

28 Storm signal station S Sig Sta

Weather signal station, Wind


29 signal station, National Weather NWS SIG STA
Service (NWS) signal station
Signal station
30 Ice signal station

31 Time signal station

32.1 Tide scale or gauge Tide Gauge

Automatically recording tide


32.2 gauge

33 Tide signal station

34 Tidal stream signal station

35 Danger signal station

36 Firing practice signal station

Supplementary National Symbols

a Bell (on land) BELL

b Marine police station MARINE POLICE

c Fireboat station FIREBOAT STATION

d Notice board

e Lookout station; Watch tower LOOK TR

f Semaphore Sem

g Park Ranger station

104
Small Craft (Leisure) Facilities U

No. INT Description NOAA NGA Other NGA ECDIS

Small Craft (Leisure) Facilities


7UDIF)HDWXUHV%ULGJHV'3XEOLF%XLOGLQJV&UDQHV)3LORWV&RDVW*XDUG5HVFXH6LJQDO6WDWLRQV7

Marina facilities

7,'(6 '(37+ 6(59,&(6 6833/,(6


$3 $/ (/ 5 5 0 /, BOAT )2 : W '
$0 (3 $5 )7 ,1 AT ,(

72

%$ (5
1

*
38 7
35 2 (& 2 6(

$8

5
1 $, ,1 & 5(17$/ ' 7( ER
75 36

,7
,/
0 66

2
2 * 5 $3 / 5 /

7,
(

7
(
3 +

&
$& 6, , 8 6  2  -IC 2

&

$& +$
& 5 $ 6

2 2
' ,7 5) + ' ,/

&

&
72

$/
+ $, & E

8 :
( 8 *

$1
*

./ 5'
) ,7

(6
7 <0 $& /:

7 (
// ,1

&
)( 5

$5
(( < $6

67 5

(
2
5 * $*

+
(7 $1 22 (' 0 $< 72

7(
(

$5
7 & 2

$7 6/
2  (

5
5  5 1 )( 1 $0 /,

5
6 5 7 :

7
,2 $8
2
6 1

+
(3 (3 ,( ,1 $7 2 (7

6$
:
(7 (

1
3,

:
5

2
1 * 8

0
2 5

$5
2 1

/(
'
57 76 6% 5$

8
57 *

6(
$'

2
5<

(
(5 /

72

1
(' ('

6
,2

'
5

$,

5<
7+

/
6
NO /2&$7,21
a 1 /$69(*$6%2$7 80 20 S +0 0 )& T P :' C WI GH BT G

2 /$.(0($'0$5 80 15 B E S +0 0 )/ T P :' C WI '*


3 +(0(1:$<+$5%25 80 S

4 7(03/(%$5+$5 80 15 SN 0 H )/& 76/3 :' C WI GH BT G


5 (&+2%$<5(6257 35 35 %0 S 0 0 H )/& 76/3 :' C WI GH BT G

6 29(5721%($&+ 100 S 0 )& 76/ :' WI G BT G


7 &$//9,//(%$<0 100 40 S 0 H )& TS P :' WI G B G
 '(127(6+2856/$7(5  '(127(6+2856($5/,(5
7+(/2&$7,2162)7+($%29(38%/,&0$5,1()$&,/,7,(6$5(6+2:1217+(&+$57%</$5*(3853/(180%(56
7+(7$%8/$7('$3352$&+)((7 5(3257(' ,67+('(37+$9$,/$%/()5207+(1($5(671$785$/25'5('*('&+$11(/727+()$&,/,7<
7+(7$%8/$7('3803,1*67$7,21,6'(),1('$6)$&,/,7,(6$9$,/$%/()253803,1*287%2$7+2/',1*7$1.6
+ $3352$&+'(37+)/8&78$7(6:,7+/$.(/(9(/6

105
Index of Abbreviations

Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type

A
C
abt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D i
C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Can, cylindrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 21

AERO, Aero . . . . . . . .Aeronautical light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 60-61.1


C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Aero R Bn . . . . . . . . . .Aeronautical radiobeacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 16


C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Aero RC . . . . . . . . . . .Aeronautical radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 16


c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 32

AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$XWRPDWLF,GHQWLFDWLRQ6\VWHP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 17.1-17.2


Ca, ca . . . . . . . . . . . . .Calcareous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 38

Al . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Alternating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.11
CALM . . . . . . . . . . . . .Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16

ALC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Articulated Loading Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12


Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Capitol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E t

Am . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Amber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.8
Cas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Castle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 34.2

anc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ancient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cb. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cobbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 8

ANCH, Anch . . . . . . . .Anchorage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 20


cbl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 46

ANT, Ant . . . . . . . . . . .Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 31


cd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Candela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 54

approx. . . . . . . . . . . . .Approximate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cem . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cemetery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 19

Apprs . . . . . . . . . . . . .Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coast Guard station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 10

Apr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chocolate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ba

Apt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Apartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E s
Ch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.1

Arch . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Archipelago. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ASL . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Archipelagic Sea Lane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 17


Chem . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chemical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.1-40.2

ATBA. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Area To Be Avoided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 29.1


CHY, Chy, Chys . . . . .Chimney(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 22

Aug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cirripedia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ae

auth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Authorized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 46.2


Ck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chalk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J f

Ave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Avenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 20-21, 26, 28

B
Cl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Clay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 3

B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bay, bayou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Centimeter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 43

B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 2
Cn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J p

Bdy Mon . . . . . . . . . . .Boundary mark (monument). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 24


Co . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E u

Bk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coralline Algae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 10, K 16

bk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J as
Co Hd . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coral Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J i

bk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 33
Co rf . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coral reef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bkw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Breakwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 4.1


COLREGS . . . . . . . . .International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea . . . . N a

Bl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.4
Consol . . . . . . . . . . . .Consol Beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 13

bl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J as
constr . . . . . . . . . . . . .Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 32

BM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bench mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 23
Corp . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E v

Bn, Bns . . . . . . . . . . .Beacon(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 2, P 4-5, Q 80-81


cov . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L21.2

BnTr, BnTrs . . . . . . . .Beacon tower(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 3, Q 110


cps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cycles per second . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B j

Bo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Boulder(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.2


Cr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Creek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bollard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Columbia River Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H j

Br . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 17
crs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 32

br . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J az
c/s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cycles per second . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B j

brg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 62
Cswy. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Causeway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 3

brk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 33
Ct Ho . . . . . . . . . . . . .Courthouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E o

Bu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.4


Cup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cupola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.4

Cus Ho . . . . . . . . . . . .Customs house. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 61

Cy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Clay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 3

106
Index of Abbreviations
Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type
D \ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flinty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ao

D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Destroyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
fm, fms . . . . . . . . . . . .Fathom(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 48

dec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Decayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J an
fne. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 30

Dec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .December . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fog Det Lt . . . . . . . . .Fog detector light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 62

Deg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Degree(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B n
Fog Sig . . . . . . . . . . . .Fog Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 1

Destr . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Destroyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flagpole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 27

dev . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Deviation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 67
FPSO . . . . . . . . . . . . .)ORDWLQJ3URGXFWLRQ6WRUDJHDQG2IRDGLQJ9HVVHO . . . . . . L 17

DF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Direction Finder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Fr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Foraminifera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J y

DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Degaussing Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 25, Q 54


Fs, FS . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flagstaff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 27

DGPS . . . . . . . . . . . . .Differential Global Positioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 51


Fsh stks . . . . . . . . . . .Fishing stakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.1

Di . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Diatoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aa
FT, ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Foot, Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 47, D 20

DIA, Dia . . . . . . . . . . .Diaphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 11


Fu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J af

Dir. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Direction light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 30-31


G
Discol . . . . . . . . . . . . .Discolored. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K e
G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 6

dist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Distant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.3, Q 2

dk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Dark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bd
G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

dm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Decimeter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 42
GAB, Gab . . . . . . . . . .Gable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E i

Dn, Dns . . . . . . . . . . .Dolphin(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 20


GCLWD . . . . . . . . . . .Gulf Coast Low Water Datum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H k

Dol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Dolphin(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 20
Gl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Globigerina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J z

DW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Deep Water route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 27.1, N 12.4


glac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Glacial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ap

DZ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Danger Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 50


gn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J av

E
Govt Ho . . . . . . . . . . .Government House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E m

E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 10
Gp Fl. . . . . . . . . . . . . .*URXSDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.4

ED. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Existence Doubtful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 1


Gp Oc . . . . . . . . . . . . .Group occulting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.2

EEZ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Exclusive Economic Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 47


GPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Global Positioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Entr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J a

ESSA . . . . . . . . . . . . .Environmentally Sensitive Sea Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22


Grs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Grass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J v

Est . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Estuary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
grt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gross Register Tonnage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

exper. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Experimental. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gross Tonnage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Explos . . . . . . . . . . . .Explosive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 10
gty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gritty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J am

Exting, exting . . . . . . .Extinguished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 55


gy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bb

F
H

F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.1
H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Helicopter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 1.4

f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 30
h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 39

F Fl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .)L[HGDQGDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.10
h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 49

F Gp Fl . . . . . . . . . . . .Fixed and Group Flashing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P f


HAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Highest Astronomical Tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 3

Facty. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Factory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E d
Hbr Mr. . . . . . . . . . . . .Harbormaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 60

FAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fish Aggregating Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


HHW . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Higher High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H b

Fd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fjord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F34, K 21, 22

Feb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .February . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FISH . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 21
hor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Horizontally disposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15

Fl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flashing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.4
Hor CL . . . . . . . . . . . .Horizontal clearance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 21

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H q
Hosp . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hospital. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E g, F 62.2

Fla . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flare stack. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 11


hr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 49

107
Index of Abbreviations

Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type

hrd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 39
Le . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ht. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H p
LLW . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lower Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H e

HW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H a
Lndg. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Landing for boats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 17

HWF&C . . . . . . . . . . .High Water Full & Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H h


LNG . . . . . . . . . . . . . ./LTXHHG1DWXUDO*DV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hertz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B g
LoLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Load-on, Load-off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I
Long. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Longitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 2

IALA . . . . . . . . . . . . . .International Association of Lighthouse Authorities*. . . . . . . . . . Q 130


LPG . . . . . . . . . . . . . ./LTXHHG3HWUROHXP*DV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

IHO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .International Hydrographic Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Lrg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Large . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ai

illum . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Illuminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 63
LS S . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Life saving station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 12

IMO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .International Maritime Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


lt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bc

In. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Inlet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lt Ho . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Light house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 1

in, ins . . . . . . . . . . . . .Inch(es). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B c


Lt, Lt(s) . . . . . . . . . . .Light(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 1

Inst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E n
Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E r

INT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 2, T 21
LW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H c

Intens . . . . . . . . . . . . .,QWHQVLHG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 46
LWD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Low Water Datum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H d

IQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Interrupted quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.6


LWF&C . . . . . . . . . . . .Low Water Full and Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H i

ISLW . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Indian Spring Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H g


M

Iso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Isophase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.3


M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mud, muddy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 2

ITZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,QVKRUH7UDIF=RQH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 25.1


M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nautical mile(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45

IUQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Interrupted ultra quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.8


m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Medium (in relation to sand) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 31

IVQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Interrupted very quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.7


m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Meter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 41

J
m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Minute(s) of time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 50

Jan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .January. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mattes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ag

Jul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Magnetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 61

Jun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .June . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Magz. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Magazine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E l

K
Maintd. . . . . . . . . . . . .Maintained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 65

K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kelp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J u
Mar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .March . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

kc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kilocycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B k
Mc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Megacycles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B l

kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kilohertz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B h
Mds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Madrepores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J j

km . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kilometer(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 40
MHHW . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Higher High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 13

kn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Knot(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 52
MHLW. . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Higher Low Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 14

L
MHW. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 5

L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lake, loch, lough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


MHWN . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean High Water Neaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 11

L Fl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ./RQJDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.5
MHWS . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean High Water Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 9

La . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lava . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J l
Mi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nautical mile(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45

Lag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lagoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
min . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 46.2

LANBY . . . . . . . . . . . .Large Automatic Navigational Buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6


min . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Minute(s) of time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 50

LASH . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lighter Aboard Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Mk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 101

LAT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lowest Astronomical Tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 2


Ml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Marl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J c

Lat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Latitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 1
MLHW. . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Lower High Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 15

Ldg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Landing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 17
MLLW . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Lower Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 12

Ldg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Leading Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 20.3


MLW . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 4

*Now known as the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities, the organization formerly called the International Association of Lighthouse Authorities/Association Internationale de Signali
sation Maritime (IALA/AISM) continues to use IALA as an abbreviation for its full name.

108
Index of Abbreviations
Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type

MLWN. . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Low Water Neaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 10


PA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Position approximate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 7

MLWS . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Low Water Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 8


Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Passage, Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

mm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Millimeter(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 44
Pav . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pavilion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E p

Mn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J q
PD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Position doubtful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 8

Mo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Morse Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.9, R 20


Pk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Peak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

MON, Mon . . . . . . . . .Monument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24


PLT STA . . . . . . . . . . .Pilot station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 3

MR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Marine Reserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22
Pm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pumice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J m

MRCC. . . . . . . . . . . . .Maritime Rescue and Coordination Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


PO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3RVWRIFH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 63

Ms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mussels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J s
Po . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Polyzoa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ad

MSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Sea Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 6


pos, posn . . . . . . . . . .Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mountain, Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post Off. . . . . . . . . . . .3RVWRIFH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 63

Mth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Priv, priv . . . . . . . . . . .Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 65, Q 70

MTL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mean Tide Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H f


Prod well . . . . . . . . . .Production well. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 20

N
PROHIB . . . . . . . . . . .Prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 2.2

N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .North . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 9
PSSA . . . . . . . . . . . . .Particularly Sensitive Sea Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22

N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20
Pt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pteropods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ac

NE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Northeast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 13
Pyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pylon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26

NGA . . . . . . . . . . . . . .National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Q

NM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nautical miles(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45
Q. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.6

NMi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nautical miles(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45


QTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Service providing DF signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15

No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 12.2


Quar . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quarantine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F e

NOAA . . . . . . . . . . . . .National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. . . . . . . . . . .


Qz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quartz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J g

NOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .National Ocean Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


R

Nov . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .November . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coast radio station providing QTG service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15

Np . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Neap tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 17
R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Radio Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15

NT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Net Tonnage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Red. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.2

NTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Notice to Mariners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


R, r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rock, Rocky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.1, K b

NW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Northwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 15
R Bn . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Circular radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10

NWS SIG STA . . . . . .National weather service signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 29


R Lts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Air obstruction lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 61.2

O
R Mast . . . . . . . . . . . .Radio mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 28

Obs Spot. . . . . . . . . . .Observation spot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 21


R Sta. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Radio Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15

OBSC, Obscd . . . . . .Obscured. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 43


R Tower . . . . . . . . . . .Radio tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29

Obstn . . . . . . . . . . . . .Obstruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 41
R TR, R Tr . . . . . . . . .Radio tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29

Oc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Occulting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.2


Ra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 31-32, S 1

Occas. . . . . . . . . . . . .Occasional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 50
Ra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Radar reference line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 32.1

Oct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .October. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ra (conspic) . . . . . . . .Radar conspicuous object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 5

ODAS . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ocean Data Acquisition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 58


Ra Ref . . . . . . . . . . . .5DGDUUHHFWRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 4

Or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Orange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.7
Racon. . . . . . . . . . . . .Radar transponder beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 3

OVHD . . . . . . . . . . . . .Overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 28
Radar Sc. . . . . . . . . . .Radar scanner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.3

Oys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Oysters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J r
Radar Tr, RADAR TR Radar tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.2

P
Ramark . . . . . . . . . . . .Radar marker beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 2

P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pebbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 7
RC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Circular radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10

P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pillar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 23
RD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Directional radiobeacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 11

(P). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Preliminary (NTM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Rd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Radiolaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ab

109
Index of Abbreviations

Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type

Rd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Road, roadstead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Spherical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 22

rd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ay
Sp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .spire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.3

RDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5DGLRGLUHFWLRQQGLQJVWDWLRQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 14
Sp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Spring tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 16

Ref . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Refuge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 124


Spg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sponge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J t

Rep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Reported. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 3
Spi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Spicules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J x

Rf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Reef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spipe, Spipe . . . . . . .Standpipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 21

RG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5DGLRGLUHFWLRQQGLQJVWDWLRQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 14
spk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Speckled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J al

Rk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.1, K b
SPM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Single Point Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12

Rky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rocky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.1


SS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 20-36

RoRo . . . . . . . . . . . . .Roll-on, Roll-off Ferry (RoRo Terminal) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 50


St . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 5

rt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rotten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aj
St M, St Mi . . . . . . . . .Statute mile(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B e

Ru, (ru). . . . . . . . . . . .Ruin, ruined. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 8, E 25.2, F33


STA, Sta . . . . . . . . . . .Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 41.1, S 15, T 3

RW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rotating-pattern radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 12
stf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stiff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 36

S
Stg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sea-tangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J w

S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 1
stk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sticky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 34

S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 11
Str . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Strait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Spar, spindle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 24
Str . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H l

s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Second(s) of time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 51, P 12


str . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Streaky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ak

SALM . . . . . . . . . . . . .Single Anchor Leg Mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12


sub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Submarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K d

SBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Single Buoy Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16


Subm . . . . . . . . . . . . .Submerged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 43.1

Sc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scanner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.3
SW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Southwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 16

Sc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scoriae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J o
sy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sticky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 34

Sch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Schist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J h
T

Sch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .School. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E f
T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Short ton(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B m

SD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sailing Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E q
Sd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 63

SD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sounding doubtful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 2


T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tufa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J n

SE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Southeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 14
t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ton(s), Tonnage (weight) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 53, F 53

sec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Seconds of time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 51


Tel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Telegraph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 27

Sep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .September . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tel off . . . . . . . . . . . . .7HOHJUDSKRIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E k

sf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stiff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 36
Temp, temp . . . . . . . .Temporary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 54

sft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 35
ten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tenacious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aq

Sh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 11
Tk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 32

Shl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Shoal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TR, Tr, Trs . . . . . . . . .Tower(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.2, E 20

Si . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Silt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 4
TSS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7UDIF6HSDUDWLRQ6FKHPH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 20.1

Sig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Signal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 1, T 25.2


TT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tree tops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 14

Sig Sta . . . . . . . . . . . .Signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 20


TV Mast . . . . . . . . . . .Television mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 28

S-L Fl . . . . . . . . . . . . .Short-Long Flashing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P b


TV Tower . . . . . . . . . .Television tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29

S/M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sand over mud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 12.1


U

sml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Small. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ah
ULCC . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ultra Large Crude Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SMt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Seamount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uncov . . . . . . . . . . . . .Uncovers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 11

Sn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Shingle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J d
unev . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Uneven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bf

so . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Soft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 35
Univ . . . . . . . . . . . . . .University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E h

Sp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Church spire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.3


UQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ultra quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.8

110
Index of Abbreviations

Note: INT abbreviations are in bold type


UTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coordinated Universal Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

UTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Universal Transverse Mercator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

V
v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Volcanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 37

var, VAR . . . . . . . . . . .Variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 60

vard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Varied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J be

vel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Velocity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H n

vert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Vertically disposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15

Vert CL . . . . . . . . . . . .Vertical clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D20, 28

Vi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.5

Vil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Village . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 4

VLCC . . . . . . . . . . . . .Very Large Crude Carrier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G 187

vol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Volcanic, Volcano . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 37

Vol Ash . . . . . . . . . . . .Volcanic ash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J k

VQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Very quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.7

VTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9HVVHO7UDIF6HUYLFH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 12

W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.1

Wd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Weed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 13.1

Well . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Wellhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 21

WGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .World Geodetic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 50

Wh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ar

Whf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Wharf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 13

WHIS, Whis . . . . . . . .Whistle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 15

Wk, Wks. . . . . . . . . . .Wreck(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 20

Wtr Tr, WTR TR . . . . .Water tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 21

Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Yellow, Orange, Amber. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.6-11.8


yd, yds . . . . . . . . . . . .Yard(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B d
yl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aw

s, sec . . . . . . . . . . .Microsecond(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B f

111
Index

A B Boat harbor, marina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 11.1


Accurate position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 32 Band, S & X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 3.1-3.2 Boom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 29.1
Aerial Bar code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A d international . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 40-41
cableway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 25 Barge buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 53 Boulders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.2
dish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 31 %DUUDJHRRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 43 international . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 40-41
Aero light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 60 Barrel buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 25 mark, monument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 24
Aeronautical radiobeacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 16 Barrier Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 17
Air obstruction light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 61.1-61.2 RDWLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 29.1, N 61 Breakwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 4.1-4.3
$LUHOG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 17 oil retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 29.2 Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 20-24
Airport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 17 security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 61, Q q bascule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.4
AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 17.2-17.2 Bascule bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.4 draw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.6
All-round light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 42-43 Basin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 27-28 lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.3
Alternate course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M c Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 34.3 OLJKW WUDIFVLJQDO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 25.2
Alternating light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.11 %DWWHU\ IRUWLFDWLRQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 34.3 passage signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 25.1
Amber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11.8 Beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 80-126 pontoon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.5
Anchor berth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 11.1-11.2 articulated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 5 swing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.2
Anchorage buoyant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 5 transporter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 24
areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 10-14 leading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 102.2, 120 under construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D d
buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q j lighted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 3-5 Broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 33
for sea-planes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 14 marking a clearing line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 121 Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J az
Anchoring prohibited. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 20 marking measured distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 122 Buddhist temple, shrine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 16
Annual change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 66 on submerged rock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 83 Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 2, 5-6, 8
Anomaly, magnetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 81.1-82.2 radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 2-3.6 Buoyage system, IALA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 130-130.6
Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 31 radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10-16 Buoyant beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 5
Apartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E s resilient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 5 Buoys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20-71
Apparent shoreline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C p topmarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 9-11, 102.1 cardinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3
Approximate towers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 3, Q 110-111 isolated danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.4
depth contour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 31 Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 62 lateral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.1
height of top of trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 14 Being reclaimed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 31 marking outfall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 57
position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 7, 33 Bell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 14 marking recreation zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 62
topographic contour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 12 buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q a, R 21 PDUNLQJWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQVFKHPH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 61
vertical clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D i on land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T a mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 40-45
Aquaculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.1-48.2 Benchmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 23 safe water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.5
Archipelagic Sea Lane (ASL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 17 Berth VFLHQWLFPRRULQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q r
Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N anchor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 11.1-11.2 special purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 50-63
pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.2, L41.2 designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 19.1, N 11.1-11.2, Q 42 Buried pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 42
restricted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 14, N 2.1 visitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 19.2 Bushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C o
to be avoided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 14, 29.1-29.2 yacht . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 11.2 C
wire drag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 24 Bifurcation buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q h Cable
Articulated Loading Column (ALC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12 Bird sanctuary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 22.1 buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 55
$UWLFLDOLVODQG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 15 Black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . j as, Q 2 distance, unit of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 46
Ash, volcanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J k Blind, duck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K j-k ferry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 51
Astronomical tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 2-3 Blockhouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 34.2 landing beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 123
$XWRPDWLF,GHQWLFDWLRQ6\VWHP $,6 WUDQVPLWWHU . . . . . . S 17.2-17.2 Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J au, P 11.4 overhead. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26-27, H 20
Awash, rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 12, a Board (leading beacon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 102.2 submarine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L30.1-32
Boarding place, pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 1.1-1.4 Cableway (aerial) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 25

112
Index

Cairn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 100
Cleared platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 22
topographic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 10-12, H 20

Caisson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 42
Clearing line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 2
Control point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 20-24

Calcareous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 38
Clearing line beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 121
Conversion scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A a

Calling-in point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.1


Cliffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 3
Conveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F g

Calvary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 12
Coal head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J i
Copyright note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 5

Camping site. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 37.1-37.2


Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 32
Coral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J 10, 22, K 16, h

Can buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 21
Coast
Coral reef

Canal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 40
DW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 5
always covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 16

distance mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 25.1-25.2


radar station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 1
covers and uncovers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 22

Candela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 54
radio station providing QTG service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15
detached. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K h

Capitol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E t
steep. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 3
Coralline algae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 10

Cardinal Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3


Coast Guard station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 10-11
Corner coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 9

Cargo transhipment area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 64


Coastline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 1-8
Corporation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E v

Castle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 34.2
surveyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 1
Courthouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E o

Casuarina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.6
unsurveyed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 2
Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 21-22, K 11, 16, 21

Cathedral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.1
Cobbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 8
Crane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 53.1-53.3

Causeway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 3
Colored mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 101
Crib . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K i-j, L 43, b

Cautionary notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 16
Colored topmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 102.1
Cross . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 12

Cemetery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 19
Colors
Crossing gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 22

Centimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 43
beacons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 2-5
&URVVLQJWUDIFVHSDUDWLRQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 23

Chalk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J f
buoys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 2-5
Cubic meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B b

Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 21-23
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 11
Cultivated

Chapel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 11
topmarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 2-5
HOGV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C l

Chart
COLREGS demarcation line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N a
VKHOOVK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 47

datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 3, H 1, 20
Columbia River Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H j
Cultural Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D

number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 1- 2
Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24
Cupola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.4

reference to another . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 18-19


Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E u
Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 42-43

scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 13
Compass rose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 70
diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H t

title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 10
Composite
in restricted waters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 42

Chemical dumping ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 24


JURXSDVKLQJ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.4
meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 59

Chemical pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.1-40.2


group-occulting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.2
Customs

Chimney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 22
Conical buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20
house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 61

Chocolate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ba
Conifer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 31.3, j
limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 48

Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.1
Consol beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 13
RIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 61

dome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.4
Conspicuous landmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 2
Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 14

spire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.3
Conspicuous, radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 5
Cycles per second . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B j

tower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.2
Container crane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 53.2
Cylindrical buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 21

Cinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J p
Contiguous zone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 44
Cypress buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C r

Circular (non-directional) aeromarine radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . S 10


Continental shelf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 46
D

Circular (non-directional) marine radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10


Continuous
Dam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 44

Cirripedia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ae
quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.6
Danger

Clay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 3
ultra quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.8
ULQJDUHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 30, Q 50, 125

Clearance
very quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.7
isolated mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.4

horizontal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 21
Contour
line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 1

safe vertical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26, i


depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 30-31
signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 35

vertical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 20, 23.4, 23.6-28


drying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 30
zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 50

113
Index

Dangerous
Development area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 4
Duck blind. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K j-k

rock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 13, 14.2


Deviation Dumping ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N c, d, g

wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 28
dolphin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 21
chemical waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 24

Dark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bd
magnetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 67
explosives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 23.1-23.2

Data collection buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 58


DGPS correction transmitter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 51
Dunes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 8

Datum
Diaphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 11
E

chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 1, 20
Diatoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aa
East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 10

land survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 7
Diffuser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 43
cardinal mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3

sounding reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 1
Dike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 1
Ebb tide stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 41

Daymark (dayboard). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 10, 80-81, 110, l


Direction
Eddies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 45

Daytime light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 51
of buoyage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.2
Edition note. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 6

Deadhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 43.2
QGLQJUDGLRVWDWLRQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 14
Eelgrass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J t

Decayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J an
RIRZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 44
Elevation of light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, P 13

Deciduous
light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 30.1-31
Ellipsoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 3

tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.1
RIWUDIF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 10, 11, 26.1-26.2, 40.1
Embankment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 15

woodland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C i
Directional radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 11
Emergency wreck marking buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 63, Q 130.6

Decimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 42
Directions, compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B
Entry prohibited area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 2.2, 31

Decreasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 64
Discolored water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K e
Environmentally Sensitive Sea Area (ESSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22

Deep water
Dish aerial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 31
(VWDEOLVKHG PDQGDWRU\ GLUHFWLRQRIWUDIFRZ . . . . . . . . . . . . M 10, d

anchorage area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 12.4


Disposition of lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15
Eucalypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.8

route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 27.1-27.3
Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B
Evergreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.2

Degaussing range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 25
along waterway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 25.1-25.2
Example of

buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 54
measured, beacons marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 122
conspicuous landmarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 2

Degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 4, n
Distress signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 26
fog signal descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 20-22

Depth
Disused
full light description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 16

charted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20
pipeline/pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 44
landmarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 1

contours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 30
platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 14
routing measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 18-29.2

maintained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 23
submarine cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 32
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 47

minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 46.2, M 27.2


Diurnal tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 30
Exercise area, submarine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 33

observed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20
Dock
Existence doubtful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 1

out of position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 11
dry, graving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 25
Explanatory notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 11, 16

safe clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 3, 30, f


RDWLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F26
Explosive fog signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 10

swept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 24, a, b, K 2, 27, 42, f


wet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 27
Explosives

units used for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A b


Dolphin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 20-21
anchorage area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 12.7

unknown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 3, 13, 23, 28, 30, 40, L 21.1


Dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.4
dumping ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 23.1-23.2

Depths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I
Doubtful
Extinguished light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 55

Derrick, oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 10
depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 2
Extraction area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 63

Designation of
existence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I l
F

beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 10
position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 8
Factory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E d

berth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 19.1
Draft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 6, N 12.4
Faint sector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 45

buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 11
area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 20-23
Fairway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 18

platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 2
channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 20-23
Falling tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 30

reporting point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.1


Dredging (extraction) area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 63
Farm

tidal stream, position of tabulated data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 46


Drying
marine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 48.1-48.2

transit shed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 51
contour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 30
wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 6

Detector light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 62
height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, I 15
wind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 5.2

114
Index

Fast ice, limit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.1


Fog DVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.4

Fathom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 48
detector light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 62
occulting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.2

Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 47
light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 52
quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.6

Fence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D g
signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R
VKRUWDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P c

Ferry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 50-51
Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 47
very quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.7

terminal, RoRo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 50
Footbridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D e
Gulf Coast Low Water Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H k

Filao . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.7
Foraminifera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J y
Gulf Stream limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H u

Fine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 30
Foreshore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C c
Gun. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 10

Fireboat station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T c
Form lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 13
H

Firing
Fort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 34.2
Hachures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C f

danger area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 30
)RUWLHGVWUXFWXUH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 34.1
Harbor

danger area beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 125


Foul
installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 10-34

danger area buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 50


area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K o
limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 49

practice signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 36


ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 31.1-31.2
PDVWHUVRIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 60

Fish
Front light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 23
Harbors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F

haven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 46.1-46.2
Fucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J af
Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 39

marine farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 48.1-48.2


Full Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H s
+HDOWKRIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 62.1

trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 44.2-45, Q i
G
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H p

weir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 44.2
Gable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E i
datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 7, 20

Fishery zone limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 45


Gas
drying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, I 15

Fishing
pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.1
light (elevation of) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, P 13

harbor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 10
pipeline area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.2
rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 10-11

OLPLW VKWUDSDUHDV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N b
*DVHOG1DPH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 1
spot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 10-11, 13, H 20

prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 21.1
Gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 42
of structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 4-5

stakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 44.1
Geographical Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 1-16
tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, P 13

Fixed
Glacial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ap
of top of trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 14

bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 22
Glacier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 25
of wellhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 21.3

DVKLQJDQG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.10, d
Globigerina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J z
Hertz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B g

light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P10.1
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A e
High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, a

point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 22
Gong. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 16, Q b
High Water Full and Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H h

Flagstaff, Flagpole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 27
Government House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E m
Higher High Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, b

Flare stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 23, L11


Grass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C s, J v
Highest Astronomical Tide (HAT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 3

Flashing light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.4


*UDVVHOGV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C m
Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 10

Flat coast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 5
area with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 20
markers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D a

Flinty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ao
Gravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C c, J 6, 20
Hillocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 4

Float . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q s
Graving dock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 25
Horizontal

Floating
Gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bb
light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15

barrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 29.1. 29.2


Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J av, P 11.3, Q 2
Horizontal clearance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 21

dock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 26
Greenwich Meridian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 3
Horizontally disposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15

oil barrier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 29.1


Gridiron. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 24
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 13

wind farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 5.2


Gritty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J am
Hospital. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E g, F 62.2

wind turbine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 5.1


Groin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 6.1, 6.3
Hour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 49

Flood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H q
Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J a
Hulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 34, K 20-21, 23

barrage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 43
tackle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 42
I

tide (stream) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 40
Group
IALA Maritime Buoyage System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130

)ORRGOLWRRGOLJKW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 63
[HGDQGDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P d

115
Index

Ice Landing
range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 14

boom. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 61
beacon (cable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 123
sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 40.1-46

fast (ice front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 60.1


boats, for. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 17
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 60-66

sea ice (pack ice) seasonal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.2


seaplanes, for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 13
structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 1-7

signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 30
stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 18
synchronized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 66

Illuminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 63
Landmarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E
times of exhibition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 50-55

Imprint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 4
Lane, submarine transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 33
vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6

Inadequately surveyed area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 25


Large . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ai
Light characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.1-10.11

Inch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B c
Large Automatic Navigational Buoy (LANBY) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 6, f
Lighted

Incineration area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 65
Lateral marks (IALA System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.1
beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 4, Q o

Increasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 65
Latitude. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 1
beacon tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 3

Indian Spring Low Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H g


Lattice beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 111
marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 7-8

,QVKRUHWUDIF]RQH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 25.1-25.2
Lava . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 26, J 9, l
mooring buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 41

Installations, offshore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L
Layout of chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A
offshore platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 2

Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E n
Leading
Lighthouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 1

Intake pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L41.1-41.2, b


beacons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 120
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P

Intense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 46
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 20.1-23
Lights exhibited only when specially needed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 50

,QWHQVLHGVHFWRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 46
line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 1
Lights in line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 21

Intermittent river . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 21
Least depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 26-27, 30
Lights Marking Fairways. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 20.1-23

International
in narrow channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 12
Lights with limited times of exhibition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 50-55

boundary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 40-41
Leisure facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U
Limit of

chart number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 2
Levee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 1
airport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N e

meridian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 3
Lifeboat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 12-13
area feature in general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C q

nautical mile, sea mile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45


mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 13
area into which entry is prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 2.2, 31

Interrupted light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 12
contiguous zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 44

quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.6
Lifting bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.3
continental shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 46

ultra quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.8


Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J bc
danger line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 1

very quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.7


arc of visibility, with restricted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 44
development area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 4

Intertidal area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 20-22


character. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.1-11.8
dredged area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 20

,VODQGDUWLFLDO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L15
chart limits, off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 8
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 47

Isogonic lines (Isogonals) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 71


color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 11.1-11.8
fast ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 60.1

Isolated danger mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.4


description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 16
VKHU\]RQH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 45

Isophase light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.3


direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 30.131
VKLQJDUHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N b

J
disposition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15
Gulf Stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H u

Jetty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 14, a-c


elevation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 13
nature reserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22

Joss house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 15
exhibited only when specially needed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 50
no discharge zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N i

K
faint sector, with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 45
restricted area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 14, N 2.1

Kelp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 13.1-13.2, u
RDW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6, Q 30-31
routing measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 14-15

Kilocycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B k
in line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 21
safety zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 3

Kilohertz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B h
LQWHQVLHGVHFWRUZLWK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 46
sea ice (pack ice) seasonal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 60.2

Kilometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 40
landmarks, on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 7
unsurveyed area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 25

Knot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 52, H o
leading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 20.1-23
Limited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E r

L PDMRURDWLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6
Linear scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A14-15

Lake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 23
marking fairway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 20.1-23
Local magnetic anomaly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 81.1-82.2

LANBY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6, f
Moir effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 31
Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 41.1-41.2

Land survey datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 7, 20


period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 12
signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 24

116
Index

Log pond. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 61
Marl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J c
pile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 22

/RQJDVKLQJOLJKW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.5
Marsh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 33
post. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 22

Longitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 2
Mast
Minute

Lookout
radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.1
arc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 5

pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 2
radio, television. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 28
time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 50

station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T e
wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 25
Mixed bottom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J 12.2

Low water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 20, c


Mattes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ag
Moir effect light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 31

line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 30
Maximum
Mole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 12

Lower light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 23
authorized draft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 6
Monument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24

Lower low datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H d


speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 27
Moored storage tanker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 17

Lower low water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H e


Mean
Mooring

Lower water full & change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H i


High Water (MHW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 5, 20, 30
berth number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 42

Lowest Astronomical Tide (LAT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 2


High Water Neaps (MHWN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 11
canal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F f

M
High Water Springs (MHWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 9
ground tackle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 18, Q 42

Madrepores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J j
Higher High Water (MHHW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 13, 30
life boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 13

Magazine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E l
Higher Low Water (MHLW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 14
numerous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 44

Magnetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 61
Low Water (MLW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 4, 20, 30
VFLHQWLFPRRULQJEXR\ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q r

anomaly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 82.1-82.2
Low Water Neaps (MLWN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 10
Single Buoy (SBM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16

compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 60-82.2
Low Water Springs (MLWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 8
Single Point (SPM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12

variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 60, 68-71


Lower High Water (MLHW). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 15
trot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 42

Main light visible all-round . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 42


Lower Low Water (MLLW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 12, 20, 30
visitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 45

Maintained depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 23
Sea Level (MSL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 6, 20
buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 40-45

Major
tide level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H f
lighted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 41

RDWLQJOLJKW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6
Measured Distance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 122
tanker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16

light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 1
Medium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 31
telegraphic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 43

light off chart limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 8


Megacycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B l
telephonic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 43

Manganese. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J q
Megahertz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B i
Morse Code

Mangrove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 32
Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 41
fog signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R a

Marabout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 18
Microsecond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B f
light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.9

Marginal notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A
Mid-channel buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q e
Mosque. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 17

Marina. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 11.1
Mile
Motorway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 10

facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U a
nautical (sea mile) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 15, B 45
Mud. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 2

Marine
statute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 25, e
Muslim shrine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E a

farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 48.1-48.2
three nautical mile line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N h
Mussels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J s

reserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 22.3
Military area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 30-34
N

Maritime limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 1.1-1.2


Millimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 44
National

Marker ship buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 52


Minaret . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 17
limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 40-49

Marks
Mine (explosive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 23.1
park. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22

cardinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3
Mine (ore extraction). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 36
Natural

colored . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 101
0LQHHOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 34
features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C

isolated danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.4


Mine-laying practice area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 32
watercourse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 16

lateral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.1
Minor
Nature

lighted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 7-8
impermanent marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 90-92
reserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22

minor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 90-102.2
light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 1, note after P 6
of the seabed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J

safe water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.5


OLJKWRDWV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 30-31
Nautical mile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 45

special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.6
marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 100-102.2
Nautophone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 13

117
Index

Neap tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 10-11, 17, 30-31


installation buoy, Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring (CALM) . . . . . L 16
Pipeline

Nets, tunny . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.2-45


pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 40.1
buried . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 42.1

New
pipeline area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 40.2
land, on. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 29

edition date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 6
2LOHOGZLWKQDPH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 1
overhead. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 28

moon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H r
One-way track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 5.1-5.2, 27.3
submarine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 40.1-44

Nipa palm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 31.5


Ooze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J b
tunnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 42.2

No anchoring area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 20
Opening bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 23.1
Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 2, 10,13-14, 22, P 2

No bottom found . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 13
Orange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ax, P 11.7
cleared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 22

No discharge zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N i
Ordnance, unexploded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K p
submerged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K l

Non-dangerous wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 29
Outfall
Point

Non-directional radiobeacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10
buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 57
base point for territorial sea baseline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 42

Non-tidal basin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 27
pipe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L41.1-41.2
[HG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 22

North. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 9
Overfalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 44
Single Point Mooring (SPM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12

cardinal mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3


Overhead
symbols, position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 32-33

Northeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 13
cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 27
triangulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 20

Northwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 15
pipe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 28
Pole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 90

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 11, 16
transporter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 25
Police station, marine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T b

Notice board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 126, T d


Oysters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J r
Polyzoa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ad

Notice to mariners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 7
P
Pontoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 16

Nun buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20
Pack ice, limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.2
bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.5

O
Pagoda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 14
Port

Obelisk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24
Painted board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 102.2
pilotage service, with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 4

Obscured sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 43
Palm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 31.4
signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 21-23

Observation
Park ranger station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T g
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F

platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 13
Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 22
Position

spot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 21
Patent slip. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 23
accurate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 2, E 2

Obstruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 40-48.2
Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 12
approximate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 7, E 2

light, air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 61.1-61.2


Pavilion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E p
of buoy or beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 1

Occasional light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 50
Pebbles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 7
doubtful. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 8

Occulting light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.2


Perch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 91
of fog signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 1

Ocean current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 43
Period of light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 12
of pilot cruising vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 1.1-1.3

ODAS buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 25, Q 58


Pictorial sketches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 3.1-3.2
tidal levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 47

2IFH
Pier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 14
tidal stream data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 46

customs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 61
promenade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 15
Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B

harbor masters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 60
ruined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 33.2
symbolized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 30-33

health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 62.1
Pile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 22
Post . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 22, K 43.1

pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 2-3
submerged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 43.1-43.2
RIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 63

quarantine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F e Pillar
submerged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 43.1

Offshore buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 23
Power

Installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L
monument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24
overhead cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26, H 20

platform, lighted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 2
Pilot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 1-4
submarine cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 31.1-31.2

position, tidal levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 47


boarding place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 1.1-1.3
transmission line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D h

Ogival buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20
helicopter transfer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 1.4
Practice area (military) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 30-34

Oil
look out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 2
Precautionary area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 16, M 24

barrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 29.1-29.2
RIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 2-3
Preferred channel buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.1

derrick. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 10
Pilotage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 1-4

118
Index

Private WUDQVSRQGHUEHDFRQVRQRDWLQJPDUNV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S 3.6


Research platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 13

buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 70
tower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29
Reservation line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N f

light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 65
Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 10-18.2
Reserve fog signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 22

Production
GLUHFWLRQQGLQJVWDWLRQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 14
Reserved anchorage area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 12.9

platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 10
mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 28
Resilient beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 5

well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 20
reporting line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.2
Restricted

Prohibited
reporting point, calling-in or way point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.1
area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 14, N 2.1, 20-27

anchoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 20
station, QTG service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15
light sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 44

area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 2.2, 31
Radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S 10-16
5HWURUHHFWLQJPDWHULDO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 6

diving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 21.2
Radiolaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ab
Riprap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P a

VKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 21.1
Radome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.4
River . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 20

Promenade pier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 15
Railway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 13, b
intermittent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 21

Protective structures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 1-6.3


station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 13
Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 10-11

Pteropods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ac
Ramark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 2
Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.1, K 10-15, a-b

Public Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 60-63


Ramp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 23
Rocket station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 12

Publication note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 4
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 14
Rocky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 9.1

Pumice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J m
Rapids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 22
area which covers and uncovers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 21

Pump-out facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F d
Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H n
Roll-on, Roll-off ferry terminal (RoRo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 50

Pylon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26, E 29
Rear light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 22
Rotating-pattern radiobeacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 12

Q
Reclamation area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 31
Rotten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aj

QTG service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15
Reclamation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 31
Roundabout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 21, d-e

Qualifying Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 30-39


Recommended
Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 27.1-28.2

Quarantine
deep water track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 27.3, a-b
Routing Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 18-29.2

anchorage area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 12.8


GLUHFWLRQRIWUDIFRZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 11, 26.1- 26.2, 28.1
Rubble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C e

EXLOGLQJKHDOWKRIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 62.1
route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 28.1
Ruin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 8, F 33.1

RIFH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F e
track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 3-4, 6
Ruined

Quarry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 35.1-35.2
Recreation zone buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 62
landmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 8

Quartz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J g
Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J ay, P 11.2, Q 3
pier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 33.2

Quay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 13
Reed beds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 33
S

Quick light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 10.6


Reef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 22, K 16, g-h
Safe

R
Reference to
clearance depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 3, 30, f

Races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 44
adjoining chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 19
vertical clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 26, i

Racon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 3
charted units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A b
water mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.5
Radar
larger-scale chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 18
Safety
beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 2-3.6
5HHFWRUUDGDU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 10-11, S 4
fairway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 18

conspicuous feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 5
Refuge
zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 3

dome (radome) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 30.4


beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 124
Sailing club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 11.3

mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 30.1
for shipwrecked mariners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 14
Salt pans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 24

range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 31
Regions, IALA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.1
Sand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 1

reference line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 32.1-32.2


Relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 10-14
Sandhills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 8

UHHFWRU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 10-11, S 4
Reported
Sandwaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 14

scanner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 30.3
anchorage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 10
Sandy shore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 6

station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 1
danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 4
Satellite Navigation Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S 50-51

surveillance system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 30-32.2


depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 3.1-4
Scale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A13-15

tower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 30.2
Reporting, radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.1-40.2
Scanner, radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.3

transponder beacon, racon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 3


Rescue station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 11-12
Schist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J h

119
Index

School. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E f
Shoal sounding on rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K b
ground buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 56

Scoriae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J o
Shore, shoreline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 1-8
Sponge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J t

Scrubbing grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 24
6KRUWORQJDVKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P b
Spot height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 11-13, H 20

Sea
Signal
Spring

ice limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.2


fog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R
tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 16, 30-31

mile (nautical mile) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 15, B 45


stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 20-36
seabed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 15

Seabed, types of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 1-15, a-bf


Silo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 33
Square

Seal
Silt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 4
meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B a

chart producer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 12
Single
shaped beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q l

sanctuary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 22.2
Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12
Stake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 43.2, Q 90

Seaplane
Buoy Mooring (SBM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16
Station

anchorage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 14
Point Mooring (SPM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 12
Coast Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 10-11

anchorage buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 60
Sinker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K n
coast radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 30, S 1

landing area, operating area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 13


Siren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 12
DGPS, providing corrections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 51

Seasonal
Sketches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 3.1-3.2
QTG, providing radio service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 15

buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 70-71
Slack water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 31
radar surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 30

sea ice limit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.2


Slipway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 23
UDGLRGLUHFWLRQQGLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 14

Sea-tangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J w
Small. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ah
railway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 13

Seawall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 2.1-2.2
Small craft
rescue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 11-12

Seaward limit of
leisure facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U
signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 20-36

contiguous zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 44
mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 44
tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 30

territorial sea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 43
Snag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 43.2
Statue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 24

Second
Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 35
Statute mile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B e

of arc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 6
Sounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 10-16
Steep coast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 3

of time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 51
doubtful depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 2
Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 18

Sector lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 40.1-46


out of position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 11
Sticky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 34

See adjoining chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 19


unreliable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 14
Stiff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 36

Semaphore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T f
Source diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 17
Stock number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A d

Semi-diurnal tide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 30
South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 11
Stones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 5

Separation
cardinal mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3
area with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 20

line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 12
Southeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 14
Stony shore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 7

scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 10-13, 20.1-29.2, d


Southwest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 16
Storage tanker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 17

zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 13
Spar buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 24
Storm signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 28

Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T
Special
Straight territorial sea baseline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 42

Settlements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 1-8
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P 60-66
Streaky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ak

Sewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L41.1-41.2
marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.6
Stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 20, H l, I c

Shading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C g
purpose beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 120-126
tidal signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 34

Shapes of buoys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 20-26


purpose buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 50-63
tidal table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 31, 46

Shark nets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 61
Speckled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J al
tide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 40-41

Shed, transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 51
Speed limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 27
Street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 7

Sheerlegs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 53.3
Spherical buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 22
Street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 7

6KHOOVKEHG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 47
Spicules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J x
Strip light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 64

Shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J 11
Spindle buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 24
Stumps of piles/posts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 43.1-43.2

Shingle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J d
Spire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 10.3
Submarine

Shingly shore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 7
Spoil
cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L30.1-32

Shinto shrine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 15
ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 62.1-62.2
cable area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L30.2

120
Index

exercise area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 33 Telegraphic mooring buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 43 Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 12, M 1-6, 27


pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40-44 Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E q 7UDIF
power cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L31.1 line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 27 separation scheme (TSS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 10-15, 20-26.2
power cable area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L31.2 Telephonic mooring buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 43 basic symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 10-15, d
transit lane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 33 Television buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 61
volcano . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K d mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 28 example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 20.1-29.2, f
Submerged station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 27 signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 21-22, 25.1
crib . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K i tower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29 surveillance station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M 30
duck blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K k Temple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 13 Training wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 5
jetty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F b Temporary Transhipment
platform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K l buoy (seasonal) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 71 area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 64
production well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 20 light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 54 facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 50-53.3
rock, beacon on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 83 Tenacious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aq Transit
well (buoyed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L a Terms relating to tidal levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 1-17, a-k lane (submarine). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 33
wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 22-23 Territorial sea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 42-43 line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 2
Subsidiary light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 42 Tidal shed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 51
Subsurface Ocean Data Acquisition System (ODAS) . . . . . . . . . L 25 basin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 28 Transmission line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 26-27, h
Sunken harbor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 28 Transmitter, AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 17.1-17.2
danger (swept). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K f levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 1-17, 20 Transponder beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 3.1-3.6
wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K c stream Transporter
Superbuoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 26 signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 34 bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 24
Supply pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 40.1-40.2 station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 46 overhead (aerial cableway) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 25
Surveyed table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A g, H 31 7UDSVK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.2-45, i
coastline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 1 table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 31 Travelling crane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 53.1
inadequately . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 25 streams and currents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 40-47 Trees
Suspended well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L21.1-21.2 table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 30 height of top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 14
Swamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 33 Tide types of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 31-32, i-k
Swept gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T 32.1-32.2 Triangular shaped beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q l
area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 24, b level terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 1-17, a-k Triangulation point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 20
channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I a rips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H 44 Trot, mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 42
wire drag, by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 2, 27, 42, f scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 32.1 True . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 63
Swing bridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D 23.2 signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 33 True (compass). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 63
Swinging circle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 11.2 Timber yard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 52 Tufa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J n
Symbolized positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 30-33 Time Tun buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 25
Synchronized light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 66 signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 31 Tunnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 16
T units of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 49-51 pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L42.2
Tanker Tomb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E b Tunney nets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.2-45
anchorage area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N 12.5 Ton, tonnage, tonne (weight) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B 53, m area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 45
CALM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 16 Topmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 9-11, 102.1 Turbine
storage, moored . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 17 Tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 20 wind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 26.1, L 5.1
Target buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 51 beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 3, Q 110-111 underwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 24
Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 32 church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 10.2 Two-way
Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 51 radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 30.2 route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 27.2, 28.1-28.2
Telegraph radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29 track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 4, 5.2
line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 27 television. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 29 Tyfon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 13
station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 27 water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 21

121
Index

Types of W
under construction, works in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 32

fog signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 10-16


Wall, training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 5
World Geodetic System (WGS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 50

seabed, intertidal areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J 20-22 Warehouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 51


Wreck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K 20-30, c

U Water
buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q h

Ultra quick light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.8 discolored . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K e


emergency wreck marking buoy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 63, Q 130.6

Uncovers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 11, 21, h features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 20-26


mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 25

Under construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 30-32 intake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 41.1-41.2


Y
Underwater pipeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.1, 41.1
Yacht
installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L20-25
pipeline area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L40.2, L41.2
berths without facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 11.2
rock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 13-15
tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 21
club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 11.3
turbine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 24
tower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 21
Yard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B d

Uneven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J bf
Waterfalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 22
timber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 52

Unexploded ordinance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K p
Watermill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E c
Yellow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J aw, P 11.6

Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A b, B 40-54
Wave
Z

University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E h
actuated fog signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 21-22
Zone

Unsurveyed
farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 6
Exclusive Economic (EEZ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 47

coastline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 2
recorder buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 59
VKLQJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 45

depths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 25
Way point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 40.1
LQVKRUHWUDIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 25.1-25.2

Unwatched, unmanned light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 53, e


Weather signal station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 29
seaward, contiguous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 44

Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 7
Weed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 13.1-13.2
separation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M 13, 20.1-20.3, e

Upper light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 22
:HLUVK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K 44.2

Urban area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 1
Well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E e

V
submerged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L a

Variation, magnetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 60, 68.1-71


suspended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 21

Varied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J be
production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L 20

Various limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N 60.1-65


Wellhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L21.3, 23

Vegetation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C 30-33, i-t


West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B 12

Velocity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H n
cardinal mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 130.3

Vertical
Wet dock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 27

clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 20, 23.4, 23.6-28


Wharf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 13

color stripes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Q 5
Whistle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R 15

lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15
buoy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q c
Vertically disposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 15
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J ar, P 11.1
Very quick light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 10.7
Wind
Vessel, light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P 6
farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 26.2, L5.2

Viaduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D f
signal station. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T 29

Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 3.1-3.2
turbine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E 26.1, L5.1

Village . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D 4
Windmill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E 25.1-25.2

Violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J at, P 11.5


Withy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 91-92

Virtual AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S 18.1-18.2


Woodland

Visitors
coniferous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C j

berth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F 19.2
deciduous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C i

mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q 45
Woods, wooded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C 30

Volcanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J 37
Works

ash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J k
at sea, (reclamation area). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 31

Volcano . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K d
on land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F 30

122
123

Appendix 1 IALA Maritime Buoyage System

Region A

Lateral Marks

Port Hand Starboard Hand Preferred Channel Preferred Channel


to Starboard to Port

BUOYAGE BUOYAGE
DIRECTION DIRECTION

red Color green red with one green horizontal band Color green with one red horizontal band

cylindrical (can), pillar, spar Buoy conical (nun), pillar, spar cylindrical (can), pillar, spar Buoy conical (nun), pillar, spar

single red cylinder (can) Topmark (if any) single green cone, point upward single red cylinder (can) Topmark (if any) single green cone, point upward

Lights (if any): may have any phase characteristic other than that used for preferred channels /LJKWV LIDQ\ DUHFRPSRVLWHJURXSDVKLQJ

Quick Flashing Fl (2+1)

Flashing

Long Flashing

Group Flashing

124
IALA Maritime Buoyage System Appendix 1

Region B

Lateral Marks

Port Hand Starboard Hand Preferred Channel Preferred Channel


to Starboard to Port

BUOYAGE BUOYAGE
DIRECTION DIRECTION

green Color red green with one red horizontal band Color red with one green horizontal band

cylindrical (can), pillar, spar Buoy conical (nun), pillar, spar cylindrical (can), pillar, spar Buoy conical (nun), pillar, spar

single green cylinder (can) Topmark (if any) single red cone, point upward single green cylinder (can) Topmark (if any) single red cone, point upward

Lights (if any): may have any phase characteristic other than that used for preferred channels /LJKWV LIDQ\ DUHFRPSRVLWHJURXSDVKLQJ

Quick Flashing Fl (2+1)

Flashing

Long Flashing

Group Flashing

125
Appendix 1 IALA Maritime Buoyage System

Cardinal Marks in Regions A and B


/LJKWVZKHQWWHGDUHZKLWH

E
W

N
VQ

or Q

POINT OF
W INTEREST E

VQ (9) 10s VQ (3) 5s

or Q (9) 15s or Q (3) 10s


SW

SE
VQ (6) + L Fl 10s

or Q (6) + L Fl 15s

126
IALA Maritime Buoyage System Appendix 1

Regions A and B

Isolated Danger Marks Safe Water Marks Special Marks

Color black with one or more red horizontal band(s) Color red and white vertical stripes Color yellow

RSWLRQDOEXWQRWFRQLFWLQJZLWKODWHUDOPDUNV
Buoy Buoy spherical, pillar or spar Buoy RSWLRQDOEXWQRWFRQLFWLQJZLWKODWHUDOPDUNV
pillar or spar preferred

Topmark (if any) DOZD\VWWHGZLWKGRXEOHVSKHUHV Topmark (if any) single red sphere Topmark (if any) single yellow X shape

Lights (if any) Lights (if any) Lights (if any)

Color white Color white Color yellow

Rhythm JURXSDVKLQJ Rhythm Iso Rhythm Fl Y

Oc Fl (4) Y

L Fl 10s May have any rhythm other than those used for
white lights on cardinal, isolated danger or safe
Morse A water marks.

127
128

Record of Corrections

Notice No. Corrected on Corrected by Notice No. Corrected on Corrected by Notice No. Corrected on Corrected by

129
Section Key
INT 500
A &KDUW1XPEHU7LWOHDQG0DUJLQDO1RWHV 412
Mercator Projection
6FDOHDW/DW 7th Ed., Mar. 5/09 DEPTHS IN METERS

B
350

0
0 10
3RVLWLRQV'LVWDQFHV'LUHFWLRQVDQG&RPSDVV LOCAL MAGNETIC ANOMALY
(see note)

C 1DWXUDO)HDWXUHV Marsh

clr 20.0 FIXED BRIDGE

D &XOWXUDO)HDWXUHV Tel HOR CL 25 FT


VERT CL 20 FT

E /DQGPDUNV TANK (202)

F Ports 1

Overhead power

Tide rips 10 11 0 cable

kn 9 1

H
3.
0 2.5 kn Tides and Currents
(see Note)
8
7
6 5 4
3
2
Charted vertical
clearance
Safe vertical clearance
(magenta)

15 89 Unsurveyed

I
'HSWKV 30 FEET
APR 2011 10
119 13 12 10
13
17

J Nature of the Seabed Gravel Rock

K Rocks, Wrecks and Obstructions 35 Rk Crib

Name
L Offshore Installations Fl.Y Prod Well Pipe
(cov 24ft) Crib Well

DW

M
Tracks and Routes
Ra
VHF 80

Disposal Area 92

N $UHDVDQG/LPLWV Log boom


Depths from survey
of 2010 85

RED
P
/LJKWV

Fl.WRG.4s
21m 18-12M

GREEN
Bn
Q R
Buoys and Beacons RG Bn
R
Q(6)+LFI 15s
R
)RJ6LJQDOV
BELL HORN(1) 15s
WHIS
Fl 3s 70m 29M
SIREN Mo(N) 60s
CONSOL Bn

S Radar, Radio and Satellite Navigation Systems 190 kHz


MMF

T Services NWS SIG STA

U 6PDOO&UDIW /HLVXUH )DFLOLWLHV