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GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS

10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ


Chapter 1: Electricity

1. The most basic particle of negative charge is 8. A 100 resistor has a conductance, G, of
the a. 0.01 S
a. Coulomb b. 0.1 S
b. Electron c. 0.001 S
c. Proton d. 1 S
d. Neutron
9. The most basic particle of positive charge is
2. The coulomb is a unit of the
a. Electric charge a. Coulomb
b. Potential difference b. Electron
c. Current c. Proton
d. Voltage d. Neutron

3. Which of the following is not a good 10. If a neutral atom loses one of its valence
conductor? electrons, it becomes
a. Copper a. Negative ion
b. Silver b. Electrically charged atom
c. Glass c. Positive ion
d. Gold d. Electrically charged atom and positive
ion
4. The electron valence of a copper atom is
a. +1 11. The unit of electric current is the
b. 0 a. Volt
c. 4 b. Ampere
d. -1 c. Coulomb
d. Siemens
5. The unit of potential difference is the
a. Volt 12. A semiconductor, such as silicon, has an
b. Ampere electron valence of
c. Siemens a. 4
d. Coulomb b. +1
c. -7
6. Which of the following statements is true? d. 0
a. Unlike charges repel each other
b. Like charges repel each other 13. Which of the follwing statements is true?
c. Unlike charges attract each other a. Current can exist without voltage
d. Both b and c b. Voltage can exist without current
c. Current can flow through an open circuit
7. In a metal conductor, such as a copper wire, d. Both b and c
a. Positive ions are the moving charges that
provide current 14. The unit of resistance is the
b. Free electrons are the moving charges a. Volt
that provide current b. Coulomb
c. There are no free electrons c. Siemens
d. None of the these d. Ohms
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 1: Electricity

15. Except for hydrogen(H) and helium (He) the 21. The nucleus of an atom is made up of
goal of valence for an atom is a. Electrons and neutrons
a. 6 b. Ions
b. 1 c. Neutrons and protons
c. 8 d. Electrons only
d. 4
22. How much charge is accumulated in a
16. One ampere of current corresponds to dielectric that is charged by a 4A current for 5
a. 1C/1s seconds?
b. 1J/1C a. 16 C
c. 6.251018 electrons b. 20 C
d. 0.1610-18 C/s c. 1.25 C
d. 0.8 C
17. Conventional current is considered
a. The motion of negative charges in the 23. A charge of 6 C moves a given point every
opposite direction of electron flow 0.25 seconds. How much is the current flow in
b. The motion of positive charges in the amperes?
same direction as electron flow a. 24 A
c. The motion of positive charges in the b. 2.4 A
opposite direction of the electron flow c. 1.5 A
d. None of these d. 12 A

18. When using a DMM to measure the value of 24. What is the output voltage of a battery that
a resistor expends 12 J of energy in moving 1.5 C of
a. Make sure that the resistor is in a circuit charge?
where voltage is present a. 18 V
b. Make sure there is no voltage present b. 6 V
across the resistor c. 125 mV
c. Make sure there is no other component d. 8V
connected across the leads of the resistor
d. Both b and c 25. Which of the following statements is false?
a. The resistance of an open circuit is
19. In a circuit, the opposition to the flow of practically zero
current is called b. The resistance of a short circuit is
a. Conductance practically zero
b. Resistance c. The resistance of an open circuit is
c. Voltage infinitely high
d. Current d. There is no current in an open circuit.

20. Aluminum, with an atomic number of 13,


has
a. 13 valence electrons
b. 3 valence electrons
c. 13 protons in its nucleus
d. 3 valence electrons and 13 protons in
its nucleus
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 2: Resistors

1. A carbon composition resistor having only 7. A potentiometer is a


three color stripes has a tolerance of a. Three-terminal device used to vary
a. 5% the voltage in a circuit
b. 20% b. Two-terminal device used to vary the
c. 10% current in a circuit
d. 100% c. Fixed resistor
d. Two-terminal device used to vary the
2. A resistor with a power rating of 25 W is voltage in a circuit
most likely a
a. Carbon-composition resistor 8. A metal-film resistance is color-coded with
b. Metal-film resistor brown, green, red, brown, and blue stripes.
c. Surface-mount resistor What are its resistance and tolerance?
d. Wire-wound resistor a. 1500 1.25%
b. 152 1%
3. When checked with an ohmmeter, an open c. 1521 0.5%
resistor measures d. 1520 0.25%
a. Infinite resistance
b. Its color-coded value 9. Which of the following resistors has the
c. Zero resistance smallest physical size?
d. Less than its color-coded value a. Wire-wound resistors
b. Carbon-composition resistors
4. One precaution to observe when checking c. Surface-mount resistors
resistors with an ohmmeter is to d. Potentiometers
a. Check high resistances in the lowest
ohms range 10. Which of the following statements is true?
b. Check low resistance on the highest a. Resistors always have axial leads
ohms range b. Resistors are always made from carbon
c. Disconnect all parallel paths c. There is no correlation between the
d. Make sure your fingers are touching physical size of a resistor and its
each test lead resistance value
d. The shelf life of a resistor is about 1 year
5. A chip resistor is marked 394. Its resistance
value is 11. If a thermistor has a negative temperature
a. 39.4 coefficient (NTC), its resistance
b. 394 a. Increases with an increase in operating
c. 390,000 temperature
d. 39,000 b. Decreases with a decrease in operating
temperature
6. A carbon-film resistor is color-coded with c. Decreases with an increase in
red, violet, black, and gold stripes. What are its operating temperature
resistance and tolerance? d. Is unaffected by its operating
a. 27 5% temperature
b. 270 5%
c. 270 10%
d. 27 10%
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 2: Resistors

12. With the four-band resistor color code, gold


in the third stripe corresponds to a
a. Fractional multiplier of 0.01
b. Fractional multiplier of 0.1
c. Decimal multiplier of 10
d. Resistor tolerance of 10%

13. Which of the following axial-lead resistor


types usually has a blue, light green or red
body?
a. Wire-wound resistors
b. Carbon-composition resistors
c. Carbon-film resistors
d. Metal-film resistors

14. A surface-mount resistor has a coded value


of 4R7. This indicates a resistance of
a. 4.7
b. 4.7 k
c. 4.7 M
d. None of these

15. Reading from left to right, the colored bands


on a resistor are yellow, violet, brown and gold.
If the resistor measures 513 with an
ohmmeter, it is
a. Well within tolerance
b. Out of tolerance
c. Right on the money
d. Close enough to be considered within
tolerance
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 3: Ohm's Law

1. With 24V across a 1-k resistor, the current, 8. A 10 resistor dissipates 1 W of power when
I, equals connected to a dc voltage source. If the value of
a. 0.24 A dc voltage is doubled, the resistor will dissipate
b. 2.4 mA a. 1 W
c. 24 mA b. 2 W
d. 24 A c. 4 W
d. 10 W
2. With 30 A of current in a 120-k resistor,
the voltage, V, equals 9. If the voltage a across a variable resistance is
a. 360 mV held constant the current, I, is
b. 3.6 kV a. Inversely proportional to resistance
c. 0.036 V b. Directly proportional to resistance
d. 3.6 V c. The same for all values of resistance
d. Both a and b
3. How much is the resistance in a circuit if
15V of potential difference produces 500 A of 10. A resistor must provide a voltage drop of
current? 27V when the current is 10mA. Which of the
a. 30 k following resistors will provide the required
b. 3 M resistance and appropriate wattage rating?
c. 300 k a. 2.7k, 1/8W
d. 3 k b. 270, 1/2W
c. 2.7k, 1/2W
4. A current of 1000 A equals d. 2.7, 1/4W
a. 1A
b. 1mA 11. The resistance of an open circuit is
c. 0.01 A a. Approximately 0
d. None of these b. Infinitely high
c. Very low
5. One horsepower equals d. None of these
a. 746 W
b. 555 ft lb/s 12. The current in an open circuit is
c. Approximately kW a. Normally very high
d. All of the above b. Usually high enough to blow fuse
c. Zero
6. With R constant d. Slightly below normal
a. I and P are inversely related
b. V and I are directly proportional 13. Which of the following safety rules should
c. V and I are inversely proportional be observed while working on a live electric
d. None of these circuit?
a. Keep your self well insulated from earth
7. One watt of power equals ground
a. 1V 1A b. When making measurements in a live
b. 1J/s circuit, place one hand behind your back
c. 1C/s or in your pocket
d. 1V 1A and 1J/s c. Only make resistance measurements in a
live circuit
d. Both a and b
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 3: Ohm's Law

14. How much current does a 75-W lightbulb 20. If a short circuit is placed across the leads
draw from the 120V power line? of a resistor, the current in the resistor itself
a. 625 mA would be
b. 1.6 A a. Zero
c. 160 mA b. Much higher than normal
d. 62.5 mA c. The same as normal
d. Excessively high
15. The resistance of a short circuit is
a. Infinitely high
b. Very high
c. Usually above 1k
d. Approximately zero

16. Which of the following is considered a linear


resistance?
a. Lightbulb
b. Thermistor
c. 1- k, -W carbon-film resistor
d. Both a and b above

17. How much will it cost to operate a 4-kW air-


conditioner for 12 hours if the cost of electricity
is 7c/kWh?
a. $ 3.36
b. 33c
c. $ 8.24
d. $ 4.80

18. What is the maximum voltage a 150,


1/8W resistor can safely handle without
exceeding its power rating? (assume no power
rating safety factor.)
a. 18.75 V
b. 4.33 V
c. 6.1 V
d. 150 V

19. Which of the following voltages provides the


greatest danger in terms of electric shock?
a. 12 V
b. 10,000 mV
c. 12 0V
d. 9 V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 4: Series Circuits

1. Three resistors in series have individual 6. How much is the voltage across a shorted
values of 120, 680 and 1.2k. How much is component in a series circuit?
the total resistance? a. The full applied voltage
a. 1.8k b. The voltage is slightly higher than
b. 20k normal
c. 2k c. 0V
d. None of these d. Cannot be determined

2. In a series circuit, the current is 7. How much is the voltage across an open
a. Different in each resistor component in a series circuit?
b. The same everywhere a. The full applied voltage
c. The highest near the positive and b. The voltage is slightly lower than normal
negative terminals of the voltage source c. 0V
d. Different at all points along the circuit d. Cannot be determined

3. In a series circuit, the largest resistance has 8. A voltage of 120V is applied across two
a. The largest voltage drop resistors, R1 and R2, in series. If the voltage
b. The smallest voltage drop across R2 equals 90V, how much is the voltage
c. More current than the other resistors across R1?
d. The largest voltage drop and more a. 90V
current than the other resistors b. 30V
c. 120V
4. The polarity of a resistors voltage drop is d. Cannot be determined
determined by
a. The direction of current through the 9. If two series opposing voltages each have a
resistor voltage of 9V, the net or total voltage is
b. How large the resistance is a. 0V
c. How close the resistor is to the voltage b. 18V
source c. 9V
d. How far away the resistor is from the d. None of these
voltage source
10. On a schematic diagram, what does the
5. A 10 and 15 resistors are in series across chassis ground symbol represent?
a dc voltage source. If the 10 resistor has a a. Hot spots on the chassis
voltage drop of 12V, how much is the applied b. The locations in the circuit where
voltage? electrons accumulate
a. 18V c. A common return path for current in
b. 12V one or more circuits
c. 30V d. None of these
d. Cannot be determined
11. The notation, VBG, means
a. The voltage at Point G with respect to B
b. The voltage at Point B with respect to
G
c. The battery (b) or generator (g)
d. None of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 4: Series Circuits

12. If a resistor in a series circuit is shorted, 17. A 5- and 10- resistors are connected in
the series current, I series across a dc voltage source. Which
a. Decreases resistor will dissipate more power?
b. Stays the same a. The 5- resistor
c. Increases b. The 10- resistor
d. Drops to zero c. It depends on how much the current is
d. They will both dissipate the same
13. A 6-V and 9-V sources are connected in a amount of power
series-aiding configuration. How much is the
net or total voltage? 18. Which of the following equations can be
a. -3V used to determine the total power in a series
b. +3V circuit?
c. 0V a. PT = P1 + P2 + P3 + + etc.
d. 15V b. PT = VT I
c. PT = I2 RT
14. A 56- and 82- resistors are in series with d. All of these
an unknown resistor. If the total resistance of
the series combination is 200, what is the 19. Using electron flow, the polarity of a
value of the unknown resistor? resistors voltage drop is
a. 138 a. positive on the side where electrons enter
b. 62 and negative on the side where they
c. 26 leave
d. Cannot be determined b. negative on the side where electrons
enter and positive on the side where they
15. How much is the total resistance, RT, of a leave
series circuit if one of the resistors is open? c. opposite to that obtained with
a. Infinite () conventional current flow.
b. 0 d. Both b and c
c. RT is much lower than normal
d. None of these 20. The schematic symbol for earth ground is

16. If a resistor in a series circuit becomes


open, how much is the voltage across each of a.
the remaining resistors that are still good?
a. Each good resistor has the full value of
applied voltage b.
b. The applied voltage is split evenly
amongst the good resistors
c. 0V c. (answer : letter c)
d. This is impossible to determine

d.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 5: Parallel Circuits

1. A 120-k resistor, R1, and a 180-k 6. How much resistance must be connected in
resistor, R2, are in parallel. How much is the parallel with a 360- resistor to obtain an
equivalent resistance REQ? equivalent resistance REQ of 120 ?
a. 72 k a. 360
b. 300 k b. 480
c. 360 k c. 1.8 k
d. 90 k d. 180

2. A 100- resistor, R1, and a 300- resistor, 7. If one branch of a parallel circuit becomes
R2, are in parallel across a dc voltage source. open
Which resistor dissipates more power? a. All remaining branch currents increase
a. The 300- resistor b. The voltage across the open branch will
b. Both resistors dissipate the same be 0V
amount of power c. The remaining branch currents don
c. The 100- resistor not change in value
d. Impossible to determine d. The equivalent resistance of the circuit
decreases
3. Three 18- resistors are in parallel. How
much is the equivalent resistance REQ? 8. If a 10- R1, 40- R2, and 8- R3 are in
a. 54 parallel, calculate the total conductance, G T, of
b. 6 the circuit.
c. 9 a. 250 mS
d. None of these b. 58 S
c. 4
4. Which of the following statements about d. 0.25 S
parallel circuits is false?
a. The voltage is the same across all 9. Which of the following formulas can be used
branches in a parallel circuit to determine the total power, P T, dissipated by a
b. The equivalent resistance of a parallel parallel circuit?
circuit is always smaller than the a. PT = VA IT
smallest branch resistance b. PT = P1 + P2 + P3 + + etc.
c. In a parallel circuit the total current in c. PT = V2A/REQ
the main line equals the sum of the d. All of these
individual branch currents
d. The equivalent resistance of a parallel 10. A 20- R1, a 50- R2, and a 100- R3 are
circuit decreases when one or more connected in parallel. If R2 is short-circuited,
parallel branches are removed from what is the equivalent resistance, REQ, of the
the circuit circuit?
a. Approximately 0
5. Two resistors, R1 and R2, are in parallel with b. infinite
each other and a dc voltage source. If the total c. 12.5
current, IT, in the main line equals 6A and I2 d. Cannot be determined
through R2 is 4A, how much is I1 through R1?
a. 6 A
b. 2 A
c. 4 A
d. Cannot be determined
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 5: Parallel Circuits

11. If the fuse in the main line of a parallel 16. If one branch of a parallel circuit opens, the
circuit opens, total current
a. The voltage across each branch will be a. Doesnt change
0V b. Decreases
b. The current in each branch will be zero c. Increases
c. The current in each branch will increase d. Goes to zero
to offset the decrease in total current
d. The voltage across each branch will be 17. In a normally operating parallel circuit, the
0V and the current in each branch will individual branch currents are
be zero a. Independent of each other
b. Not affected by the value of the applied
12. A 100- R1, and a 180- R2, are in voltage
parallel. If the current, I1 through R1 is 24 mA, c. Larger than the total current
how much is the total current, IT? d. None of these
a. 16 mA
b. 40 mA 18. If the total conductance, GT, of a parallel
c. 9.6 mA circuit is 200 S, how much is REQ?
d. Cannot be determined a. 500
b. 200 k
13. A 2.2-k R1 is in parallel with a 3.3-k R2. c. 5 k
If these two resistors carry a total current of 7.5 d. 500 k
mA, how much is the applied voltage VA?
a. 16.5 V 19. If one branch of a parallel circuit is short-
b. 24.75 V circuited,
c. 9.9 V a. The fuse in the main line will blow
d. 41.25 V b. The voltage across the short-circuited
branch will measure the full value of
14. How many 120- resistors must be applied voltage
connected in parallel to obtain an equivalent c. All remaining branches are effectively
resistance of 15? short-circuited as well.
a. 15 d. Both a and c
b. 8
c. 12 20. Two lightbulbs in parallel with the 120-V
d. 6 power line are rated at 60W and 100W
respectively. What is the equivalent resistance,
15. A 220- R1, 2.2-k R2, and 200- R3 are REQ, of the bulbs when they are lit?
connected across 15V of applied voltage. What a. 144
happens to REQ if the applied voltage is doubled b. 90
to 30V? c. 213.3
a. REQ doubles d. There is not enough information to
b. REQ cuts in half calculate REQ
c. REQ does not change
d. REQ increases but is not double its
original value
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 6: Series-Parallel Circuits

1. In Fig. 6-16, 9. If becomes open in Fig. 6-16,


a. and are in series a. The voltage across points A and B will
b. and are in series decrease
c. and are in series b. The resistors , , and will be in
d. and are in series series
c. The total resistance, , will decrease
2. In Fig. 6-16, d. The voltage across points A and B will
a. , and are in parallel measure 24 V
b. and are in parallel
c. and are in series 10. If opens in Fig. 6-16,
d. and are in parallel a. The voltage across will measure 0 V
b. The voltage across will measure 0 V
3. In Fig. 6-16, the total resistance, , c. The voltage across points A and B will
equals measure 0 V
a. 1.6 k d. Both B and C
b. 3.88 k
c. 10 k 11. If becomes open in Fig. 6-16, what
d. none of the above happens to the voltage across points A and B?
a. It decreases
4. In Fig. 6-16, the total current, , equals b. It increases
a. 6.19 mA c. It stays the same
b. 150 mA d. None of the above
c. 15 mA
d. 25 mA 12. If shorts in Fig. 6-16,
a. The voltage, , decreases to 0 V
5. In Fig. 6-16, how much voltage is across b. The total current, , flows through
points A and B? c. The current, , in is zero
a. 12 V d. Both A and C
b. 18 V
c. 13.8 V
d. 10.8 V

6. In Fig. 6-16, how much is through ?


a. 9 mA
b. 15 mA
c. 6 mA
d. 10.8 mA

7. In Fig. 6-16, how much is through ?


a. 9 mA
b. 15 mA
c. 6 mA
d. 45 mA

8. If shorts in Fig. 6-16, the voltage,


a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Stays the same
d. Increases to 24 V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 6: Series-Parallel Circuits

13. In Fig. 6-17, how much voltage exists 18. In Fig. 6-17, assume that the standard
between terminals C and D when the bridge is resistor, , has been adjusted so that the
balanced? currentin is exactly 0 A. how much voltage
a. 0 V exists at terminal C with respect to terminal B?
b. 10.9 V a. 1.1 V
c. 2.18 V b. 0 V
d. 12 V c. 10.9 V
d. None of the above
14. In Fig. 6-17, assume that the current in
is zero when is adjusted to 55,943 . What 19. In Fig. 6-17, assume that the ratio arm
is the value of the unknown resistor, ? resistors, and , are interchanged. What is
a. 55,943 the valueof the unknwon resistor, , if
b. 559.43 equals 33,950 when the bridge is balnced?
c. 5,594.3 a. 339.5 k
d. 10 k b. 3.395 k
c. 33,950
15. In Fig. 6-17, assume that the bridge is d. None of the above
balanced when is adjusted to 15,000 . How
much is the total current, , flowing to and 20. In Fig. 6-17, assume that the standard
from the terminals of the voltage source, ? resistor, , cannot be adjusted high enough to
a. Zero provide a balnced condition. What modification
b. Approximately 727.27 A must be made to the circuit?
c. Approximately 1.09 mA a. Change the ratio arm fraction, / ,
d. Approximately 1.82 mA from 1/10 to 1/100 or something less
b. Change the ratio arm fraction, / ,
16. In Fig. 6-17, what is the maximum from 1/10 to 1/1, 10/1 or something
unknown resistor, , that can be greater
measured for the resistor values shown in the c. Reverse the polarity of the applied
ratio arm? voltage,
a. 99.99 d. None of the above
b. 9,999.9
c. 99,999
d. 999,999

17. In Fig. 6-17, the ratio / determines


a. The placement accuracy of the
measurement of
b. The maximum unknown resistor, ,
that can be measured.
c. The amount of voltage available across
terminals A and B
d. Both A and B
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 1-6)

1. A carbon resistor is color-coded with brown, 7. If 2A of current is allowed to accumulate


green, red, and gold stripes from left to right, its charge for 5s, the resultant charge equals
value is a. 2C
a. 1500 5% b. 10C
b. 6800 5% c. 5A
c. 10,000 10% d. 10A
d. 500,000 5%
8. A potential difference applied across a 1M
2. A metal-film resistor is color coded with resistor produces 1mA of current. The applied
orange, orange, orange, red and green stripes, voltage equals
reading from left to right, its value is a. 1uV
a. 3.3k 5% b. 1mV
b. 333k 5% c. 1kV
c. 33.3k 0.5% d. 1,000,000 V
d. 333 0.5%
9. A string of two 1000 resistances in series
3. With 30V applied across two equal resistors with a parallel bank of two 1000 resistances.
in series, 10mA of current flows. Typical values The total resistance of the series-parallel circuit
for each resistor to be used here are equals
a. 10 , 10W a. 250
b. 1500 , W b. 2500
c. 3000 , 10W c. 3000
d. 30M , 2W d. 4000

4. In which of the following circuits will the 10. A string of two 1000 resistances in series
voltage source produce the most current? with a parallel bank of two 1000 resistances.
a. 10V across a 10 resistance One of the resistances in the series string
b. 10V across two 10 resistances in opens. Then the current in the parallel bank
series a. Increases slightly in both branches
c. 10V across two 10 resistances in b. Equals zero in one branch but is
parallel maximum in both branches.
d. 1000V across a 1M resistance. c. Is maximum in both branches
d. Equals zero in both branches
5. Three 120V, 100W bulbs are in parallel
across a 120V power line. If one bulb burns 11. With 100V applied across a 10,000
open: resistance, the power dissipation equals a
a. The other two bulbs cannot light a. 1mW
b. All three bulbs light b. 1W
c. The other two bulbs can light c. 100W
d. There is excessive current in the main d. 1kW
line.
12. A source of 10V is applied across R1, R2, &
6. A circuit allows 1mA of current to flow with R3 in series, producing 1A in the series circuit,
1V applied. The conductance of the circuit R1 equals 6 and R2 equals 2. Therefore, R3
equals equals
a. 0.002 a. 2
b. 0.005uS b. 4
c. 1000uS c. 10
d. 1S d. 12
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 1-6)

13. A 5V source and a 3V source are connected 19. A surface-mount resistor is marked 224. Its
with series-opposing polarities. The combined resistance is
voltage across both sources equals a. 224
a. 5V b. 220k
b. 3V c. 224k
c. 2V d. 22k
d. 8V
20. If a variable voltage is connected across a
14. In a circuit with three parallel branches, if fixed resistance,
one branch opens, the main-line current will be a. I and V will vary in direct proportion
a. More b. I and V will be inversely proportional
b. Less c. I will remain constant as V is varied
c. The same d. None of the above
d. Infinite
21. If a fixed value of voltage is connected
15. A 10 R1 and a 20 R2 are in series with a across a variable resistance
30V source. If R1 opens, the voltage drop a. I will vary in direct proportion to R
across R2 will be b. I will be inversely proportional to R
a. Zero c. I will remain constant as R is varied
b. 20V d. None of the above.
c. 30V
d. Infinite

16. A voltage V1 of 40V is connected series-


opposing with V2 of 50V. The total voltage
across both components is
a. 10V
b. 40V
c. 50V
d. 90V

17. Two series voltage drops V1 and V2 total


100V for Vt. When V1 is 60V, then V2 must
equal
a. 40V
b. 60V
c. 100V
d. 160V

18. Two parallel branch currents I1 and I2 total


100mA for It. When I1 is 60mA, then I2 must
equal
a. 40mA
b. 60mA
c. 100mA
d. 160mA
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 7: Voltage Dividers And Current
Dividers

Problems 6-10 refer to the figure.


1. In a series circuit, the individual resistor
voltage drops are 6. How much is I1 in R1?
a. inversely proportional to the series a. 400 mA
resistance values b. 300 mA
b. proportional to the series resistance c. 100 mA
values d. 500 mA
c. unrelated to the series resistance values
d. none of the above

2. In a parallel circuit, the individual branch


currents are
a. not related to the branch resistance
values
b. directly proportional to the branch
resistance values
c. inversely proportional to the branch
resistance values
d. none of the above

3. Three resistors R1, R2, and R3, are connected


in series across an applied voltage, VT of 24 V. If 7. How much is the bleeder current, IB?
R2 is one-third the value of RT, how much is V2? a. 500 mA
a. 8 V b. 400 mA
b. 16 V c. 100 mA
c. 4 V d. 300 mA
d. This is impossible to determine.
8. How much is the total current, IT?
4. Two resistors R1, and R2, are in parallel. If R1 a. 500 mA
is twice the value of R2,how much is I2 in R2 if IT b. 400 mA
equals 6A? c. 100 mA
a. 1 A d. 300 mA
b. 2 A
c. 3 A 9. What is the voltage, VBG, if Load B becomes
d. 4 A open?
a. 18 V
5. Two resistors R1, and R2, are in parallel. If b. 19.2 V
the conductance, GT, of R1 is twice the value of c. 6 V
the conductance, G2 of R2, how much is I2 if IT = d. 22.15 V
6 A?
a. 1 A 10. What happens to the voltage VBG, if Load A
b. 2 A becomes open?
c. 3 A a. It increases.
d. 4 A b. It decreases.
c. It remains the same.
d. This cannot be determined.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 8: Analog and Digital Multimeters

1. For a moving-coil meter movement, IM is 6. To double the current range of a 50uA, 2k


a. the amount of current needed in the moving-coil meter movement, the shunt
moving-coil to produce full-scale resistance, RS, should be
deflection of the meters pointer. a. 2k
b. the value of current flowing in the b. 1k
moving-coil for any amount of pointer c. 18k
deflection. d. 15k
c. the amount of current required in the
moving-coil to produce half-scale 7. A voltmeter using a 20uA meter movement
deflection of the meters pointer. has an /V rating of
d. none of the above. a.

2. For an analog VOM with a mirror along the b.


printed scale, c.
a. the pointer deflection will be magnified
by the mirror when measuring small d.
values of voltage current and resistance.
b. the meter should always be read by 8. As the current range of an analog meter is
looking at the meter from the side. increased, the overall meter resistance, RM,
c. the meter is read when the pointer a. decreases
and its mirror reflection appear as b. increases
one. c. stays the same
d. both a and b. d. none of the above

3. A current meter should have a 9. As the voltage range of an analog VOM is


a. very high internal resistance increased, the total voltmeter resistance, RV,
b. very low internal resistance a. decreases
c. infinitely high internal resistance b. increases
d. none of the above c. stays the same
d. none of the above
4. A volt meter should have a
a. resistance of about 0 10. An analog VOM has an /V rating of
b. very low resistance 10k/V. what is the voltmeter resistance, RV, if
c. very high internal resistance the voltmeter is set to the 25V range?
d. none of the above a. 10k
b. 10M
5. Voltmeter reading is usually a problem when c. 25k
measuring voltages in d. 250k
a. parallel circuits
b. low resistance circuits 11. What shunt resistance, RS, is needed to
c. a series circuit with low resistance make 100uA, 1k meter movement capable of
values measuring currents from 0-5mA?
d. high resistance circuit a. 25
b. 10.2
c. 20.41
d. 1k
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 8: Analog and Digital Multimeters

12. For a 30V range, a 50uA, 2k meter 18. An analog ohmmeter reads 18 on the R x
movement needs a multiplier resistor of 10k range. What is the value of the measured
a. 58k resistance?
b. 598k a. 180k
c. 10M b. 18k
d. 600k c. 18
d. 180
13. When set to any of the voltage ranges, a
typical DMM has an input resistance of 19. Which meter has a higher resistance, a
a. about 0 DMM with 10M of resistance on all DC voltage
b. 20k ranges or an analog VOM with a 50k/V rating
c. 10M set to the 250V range?
d. 1k a. the DMM
b. the analog VOM
14. When using an ohmmeter in measuring c. they both have the same resistance
resistance in a circuit, d. this is impossible to determine
a. the power in the circuit being tested
must be off. 20. When using an ohmmeter when measuring
b. the power in the circuit being tested the continuity of a wire, the resistance should
must be on. measure,
c. the power in the circuit being tested a. about 0 if the wire is good
must be off or on. b. infinity if the wire is broken (open)
d. the power in the circuit being tested c. very high resistance if the wire is good
must be turned on after the leads are d. both a and b
connected.

15. Which of the following voltages cannot be


displayed by a DMM with a 3 digit displayed?
a. 7.64V
b. 13.5V
c. 19.98V
d. 29.98V

16. What type of meter can be used to measure


AC currents without breaking open the
circuits?
a. an analog VOM
b. an amp-clamp probe
c. a DMM
d. there isnt such a meter

17. Which of the following measurements is


usually the most inconvenient and time-
consuming in troubleshooting?
a. resistance measurements
b. DC voltage measurements
c. current measurements
d. AC voltage measurements
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 9: Kirchhoffs Laws

1. Kirchhoffs Current Law states that 5. When Kirchhoffs Voltage Law, a closed path
a. the algebraic sum of the currents flowing is commonly referred to as a
into any point in a circuit must equal to a. node
zero b. principal node
b. the algebraic sum of the currents c. loop
entering and leaving any point in a d. branch point
circuit must equal to zero
c. the algebraic sum of the currents flowing 6. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law states that
away from any point in a circuit must a. the algebraic sum of the voltage
equal to zero sources and IR voltage drops in any
d. the algebraic sum of the currents around closed path must total zero
any closed path must equal to zero b. the algebraic sum of the voltage sources
and IR voltage drops around any closed
2. When applying Kirchhoffs Current Law path can never equal zero
a. consider all currents flowing into a c. the algebraic sum of all the currents
branch point positive and all currents flowing around any closed loop must
directed away from that point equal to zero
negative d. none of the above
b. consider all currents flowing into a
branch point negative and all currents 7. When applying Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
directed away from that point positive a. consider any voltage whose positive
c. remember that the total of all the terminal is reached first as negative and
currents entering a branch point must any voltage whose negative terminal is
always be greater than the sum of the reached first as positive
currents leaving that point b. always consider all voltage sources as
d. the algebraic sum of the currents positive and all resistor voltage drops as
entering and leaving a branch point does negative
not necessarily have to be zero c. consider any voltage whose negative
terminal is reached first as negative
3. If a 10A I1 and a 3A I2 flow into point X, how and any voltage whose positive
much current must flow away from point X? terminal is reached first as positive
a. 7A d. always consider all resistor voltage drops
b. 30A as positive and all voltage sources as
c. 13A negative
d. this is impossible to determine
8. The algebraic sum of +40V and -30V is
4. Three currents I1, I2, and I3 flow into point X. a. -10V
if I1 = 2.5A, I3 = 6A and I4 = 18A, how much is b. +10V
current I2? c. +70V
a. 21.5A d. -70
b. 14.5A
c. 26.5A
d. 9.5A
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 9: Kirchhoffs Laws

9. A principal node is 14. The fact that the sum of the individual
a. closed path or loop where the algebraic branch currents equals the total currents in a
sum of the voltages must equal zero parallel circuit is the basis for
b. the simplest possible closed path around a. Kirchhoffs Current Law
a circuit b. Node-voltage analysis
c. a junction where branch currents can c. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
combine or divide d. the method of mesh currents
d. none of the above
15. If you do not go completely around the loop
10. How many equations are necessary to solve when applying Kirchhoffs Voltage Law, then
a circuit with two principal nodes? a. the algebraic sum of the voltages will
a. 3 always be positive
b. 2 b. the algebraic sum is the voltage
c. 4 between the start and finish points
d. 1 c. the algebraic sum of the voltages will
always be negative
11. The difference between a mesh current and d. the algebraic sum of the voltages cannot
a branch current is be determined
a. a mesh current is an assumed current
and a branch current is an actual
current
b. the direction of the currents themselves
c. a mesh current does not divide at a
branch point
d. both a and c above

12. Using the method of mesh currents, any


resistance common to two meshes has
a. two opposing mesh currents
b. one common mesh current
c. zero current
d. none of the above

13. The fact that the sum of the resistor voltage


drops equals the applied voltage in series
circuit is the basis for
a. Kirchhoffs Current Law
b. Node-voltage analysis
c. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
d. the method of mesh currents
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 10: Network Theorems

1. A resistor is an example of a(n) 6. Nortons Theorem states that an entire


a. bilateral component network connected to a pair of terminals can be
b. active component replaced with
c. passive component a. a single current source in parallel with
d. both a and c a single resistance
b. a single voltage source in parallel with a
2. To apply the Superposition Theorem, all single resistance
components must be c. a single voltage source in series with a
a. the active-type single resistance
b. both linear and bilateral d. a single current source in series with a
c. grounded single resistance
d. both nonlinear and unidirectional
7. With respect to terminals A and B in a
3. When converting from a Norton-equivalent complex network, the Thevenins Voltage, VTH,
circuit to a Thevenin equivalent circuit or vice is
versa, a. the voltage across terminals A and B
a. RN and RTH have the same value when they are short-circuited
b. RN will always be larger than RTH b. the open-circuit voltage across
c. IN is short circuited to find VTH terminals A and B
d. VTH is short circuited to find IN c. the same as the voltage applied to the
complex network
4. When solving for the Thevenins equivalent d. none of the above
resistance RTH
a. all voltage sources must be opened 8. A Norton equivalent circuit consists of a
b. all voltage sources must be short 100uA current source, IN, in parallel with a
circuited 10k resistance, RN. if this circuit is converted
c. all voltage sources must be converted to into a Thevenin equivalent circuit, how much is
current sources VTH?
d. none of the above a. 1kV
b. 10V
5. Thevenins Theorem states that an entire c. 1V
network connected to a pair of terminals can be d. this is impossible to determine
replaced with
a. a single current source in parallel with a 9. With respect to terminals A and B in a
single resistance complex network, the Norton current, IN, equals
b. a single voltage source in parallel with a a. the current flowing between terminals A
single resistance and B when they are open
c. a single voltage source in series with b. the total current supplied by the applied
a single resistance voltage to the network
d. a single current source in series with a c. zero when terminals A and B are short-
single resistance circuited
d. the current flowing between terminals
A and B when they are short circuited
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 10: Network Theorems

10. Which theorems provides a short for finding


the common voltage across any number of
parallel branches with different voltages
sources
a. The Superposition Theorem
b. Thevenins Theorem
c. Nortons Theorem
d. Millmans Theorem
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 11: Conductors and Insulators

1. A closed switch has a resistance of 7. Which has more resistance, a 100ft length of
approximately No. 12 gage copper wire or a 100ft length No.
a. infinity 12 gage aluminum wire?
b. zero ohms a. The 100ft length of No. 12 page
c. 1M aluminum wire
d. none of the above b. The 100ft length of No. 12 page copper
wire
2. An open fuse has a resistance that c. They both have exactly the same
approaches resistance
a. infinity d. This is impossible to determine
b. zero ohms
c. 1 to 2 8. In their pure form, all metals have a
d. none of the above a. negative temperature coefficient
b. temperature coefficient of zero
3. How many connecting terminals does an c. positive temperature coefficient
SPDT switch have? d. very high resistance
a. 2
b. 6 9. The current rating of a switch corresponds to
c. 3 the maximum current the switch can safely
d. 4 handle when it is
a. open
4. The voltage drop across a closed switched b. either open or closed
equals c. closed
a. the applied voltage d. none of the above
b. zero volts
c. infinity 10. How much is the resistance of a 2000ft
d. none of the above length of No. 20 gage aluminum wire?
a. less than 1
5. For round wire, as the gage numbers b. 20.35
increase from 1 to 40 c. 3.33
a. the diameter and circular area increase d. 33.27
b. the wire resistance decreases for a
specific length and time 11. How many completely isolated circuits can
c. the diameter increases but the circular be controlled by a DPST switch?
area remains constant a. 1
d. the diameter and circular area b. 2
decreases c. 3
d. 4
6. The circular area of round wire, doubles for
a. every 2 gage sizes 12. Which of the following metals is the best
b. every 3 gage sizes conductor of electricity?
c. each successive gage size a. steel
d. every 10 gage sizes b. aluminum
c. silver
d. gold
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 11: Conductors and Insulators

13. What is the area in circular mils (cmils) of a


wire whose diameter, d, is 0.01 inches?
a. 0.001cmil
b. 10cmil
c. 1cmil
d. 100cmil

14. The term pole as it relates to switches is


defined as
a. the number of completely isolated
circuits that can be controlled by the
switch
b. the number of closed contact positions
that the switch has
c. the number of connecting terminals the
switch has
d. none of the above

15. The motion of ion charges in a liquid or gas


is called

a. the corona effect


b. hole flow
c. superconductivity
d. ionization current
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 12: Batteries

1. Which of the following cell is not a primary 8. Five D-size alkaline cells in series have a
cell? combined voltage of
a. Carbon-zinc a. 1.5V
b. Alkaline b. 5.0 V
c. Zinc-chloride c. 7.5V
d. Lead-acid d. 11.0V

2. The DC output voltage of a C-size alkaline 9. The main difference between a primary cell
cell is and a secondary cell is that
a. 1.2V a. a primary cell can be recharged and a
b. 1.5V secondary cell cannot
c. 2.1V b. a secondary cell can be recharged and
d. about 3V a primary cell cannot
c. a primary cell has an unlimited shelf life
3. Which of the following cells is a secondary and a secondary cell does not
cell? d. primary cells produce a DC voltage and a
a. Silver-oxide secondary cells produce an AC voltage
b. Lead-acid
c. Nickel-cadmium 10. A constant voltage source
d. both b and c a. has very high internal resistance
b. supplies constant-current to any load
4. What happens to the internal resistance, ri, resistance
of a voltaic cell as the cell deteriorates? c. has very low resistance
a. It increases d. none of the above
b. It decreases
c. It stays the same 11. A constant-current source
d. It usually disappears a. has a very low internal resistance
b. supplies constant current to a wide
5. The DC output voltage of a lead-acid cell is range of load resistance
a. 1.35V c. has a very high internal resistance
b. 1.5V d. both b and c
c. 2.1V
d. about 12V 12. The output voltage of a battery drops from
6.0V with no load to 5.4V with a load current of
6. Cells are connected in series to 50mA. How much is the internal resistance, ri?
a. increase the current capacity a. 12
b. increase the voltage output b. 108
c. decrease the voltage output c. 120
d. decrease the internal resistance d. This is impossible to determine

7. Cells are connected in parallel to 13. Maximum power is transferred from a


a. increase the current capacity generator to a load when
b. increase the voltage output a. RL = ri
c. decrease the voltage output b. RL is maximum
d. decrease the current capacity c. RL is minimum
d. RL is 10 or more times the value of ri
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 12: Batteries

14. What is the efficiency of power transfer for


the matched load condition?
a. 100%
b. 0%
c. 50%
d. This is impossible to determine

15. The internal resistance of a battery


a. cannot be measured with an ohmmeter
b. can be measured with an ohmmeter
c. can be measured indirectly by
determining how much the output
voltage drops for a given load current
d. both a and c
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 11-12)

1. Which of the following is the best conductor 7. A battery has a no-load voltage of 9V. Its
of electricity? terminal voltage drops to 8.25V when a load
a. carbon current of 200mA is drawn from the battery.
b. silicon The internal resistance ri equals
c. rubber a. 0.375 ohms
d. copper b. 3.75 ohms
c. 41.25 ohms
2. Which of the following wires has the largest d. 4.5 ohms
cross-sectional area?
a. No. 28 gage 8. When RL= ri
b. No. 23 gage a. maximum voltage is across RL
c. No. 12 gage b. maximum power is delivered to RL
d. No. 16 gage c. the efficiency is 100%
d. the minimum power is delivered to RL
3. The filament of a lightbulb measures
2.5ohms when cold. With 120 V applied across 9. A constant-current source has
the filament, the bulb dissipates 75 W of power. a. very high internal resistance
What is the hot resistance of the bulb? b. constant output voltage
a. 192 ohms c. very low internal resistance
b. 0.625 ohms d. output voltage the is always zero
c. 25 ohms
d. 47 ohms 10. Cells can be connected in series-parallel to
a. increase the voltage above that of a
4. A DPST switch has how many terminal single cell
connections for soldering? b. increase the current capacity above that
a. 3 of a single cell
b. 1 c. reduce the voltage and current rating
c. 4 below that of a single cell
d. 6 d. both a and b

5. Which of the following materials has negative


temperature coefficient?
a. steel
b. carbon
c. tungsten
d. nichrome

6. The IR voltage across a good fuse equals


a. the applied voltage
b. one-half the applied voltage
c. infinity
d. zero
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 13: Magnetism

1. The Maxwell (Mx) is a unit of 8. What is the name for a nonmetallic material
a. flux density that has the ferromagnetic properties of ion?
b. permeability a. lodestone
c. magnetic flux b. toroid
d. field intensity c. ferrite
d. solenoid
2. With bar magnets,
a. like poles attract each other and unlike 9. One tesla (T) is equal to
poles repel each other a. 1Mx/m2
b. unlike poles attract each other and b. 1Mx/cm2
like poles repel each other c. 1Wb/m2
c. there are no north poles or south poles d. 1Wb/cm2
on the end of each magnet
d. none of the above 10. The ability of a material to concentrate
magnetic flux is called its
3. The Tesla (T) is a unit of a. induction
a. flux density b. permeability
b. magnetic flux c. Hall effect
c. permeability d. Diamagnetic
d. magnetomotive force
11. If the north (N) pole of a magnet is placed
4. 1 Maxwell (Mx) is equal to near a piece of soft iron, what is the polarity of
a. 1 x 108 Wb the nearest induced pole?
b. 1Wb/m2 a. south (S) pole
c. 1 x 104 G b. north (N) pole
d. One magnetic field line c. it could be either north (N) or a south (S)
pole
5. 1 Wb is equal to d. this is impossible to determine
a. 1 x 108 Mx
b. One magnetic field line 12. A magnet that requires current in a coil to
c. 1Mx/cm2 create the magnetic field is called a(n)
d. 1x104 kG a. permanent magnet
b. electromagnet
6. The electric or magnetic effect of one body on c. solenoid
another without any physical contact between d. either b or c
them is called
a. its permeability 13. The point at which a magnetic material
b. induction loses its ferromagnetic properties is called the
c. the Hall Effect a. melting point
d. hysteresis b. freezing point
c. curie temperature
7. A commercial permanent magnet will last d. leakage point
indefinitely if it is not subjected to
a. a strong demagnetizing field 14. A material that becomes strongly
b. physical shock magnetized in the same direction as the
c. high temperatures magnetizing field is classified as
d. all of the above a. diamagnetic
b. ferromagnetic
c. paramagnetic
d. toroidal
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 13: Magnetism

15. Which of the following materials are 22. The flux density in the iron-core of an
nonmagnetic? electromagnet is 0.25 T. when the iron core is
a. air removed, the flux density drops to 62.5 x 10-6 T.
b. wood what is the relative permeability of the iron
c. glass core?
d. all of the above a. r = 4
b. r = 250
16. The Gauss (G) is a unit of c. r = 4000
a. flux density d. this is impossible to determine
b. magnetic flux
c. permeability 23. What is the flux density, B, fro a magnetic
d. none of the above flux of 500 Mx through an area of 10 cm2?
a. 50 x 10-3 T
17. One gauss (G) is equal to b. 50 G
a. 1Mx/m2 c. 5000 G
b. 1Wb/cm2 d. Both a and b
c. 1Mx/cm2
d. 1Wb/m 24. The geographic north pole of the earth has
a. no magnetic polarity
18. 1Wb equals b. south magnetic polarity
a. 1 x 108 Mx c. north magnetic polarity
b. 10,000 Mx d. none of the above
c. 1 x 10-8 Mx
d. 100 Mx 25. With an electromagnet
a. more current and more coil turns mean
19. Atoroid a stronger magnetic field
a. is an electromagnet b. less current and fewer coil turns mean a
b. has no magnetic poles stronger magnetic field
c. uses iron for the core around which the c. if there is no current in the coil, there is
coil is wound no magnetic field
d. all of the above d. both a and c

20. When a small voltage is generated across


the width of a conductor carrying current in an
external magnetic field, the effect is called
a. the Doppler effect
b. the Miller effect
c. the Hall effect
d. the Mitchel E. Schultz effect

21. The weber (Wb) is a unit of


a. magnetic flux
b. flux density
c. permeability
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 14: Electromagnetism

1. A current of 20 mA flowing through a coil 6. A conductor will have an induced current or


with 500 turns produces an mmf of voltage only when there is
a. 100 A-t a. a stationary magnetic field
b. 1 A-t b. a stationary conductor
c. 10 A-t c. relative motion between the wire and
d. 7.93 A-t magnetic field
d. both a and b
2. A coil with 1000 turns must provide an mmf
of 50 A-t. The required current is 7. The polarity of an induced voltage is
a. 5 mA determined by
b. 0.5 A a. motor action
c. 50 A b. Lenzs law
d. 50 mA c. the number of turns in a coil
d. the amount of current in the coil
3. The left-hand rule for solenoids states that
a. if the fingers of the left-hand encircle 8. For a relay, the pick-up current is defined as
the coil in the same direction as a. the maximum current rating of the relay
electron flow, the thumb points in the coil
direction of the north pole b. the minimum relay-coil current required
b. if the thumb of the left-hand points in to keep a relay energized
the direction of current flow, the fingers c. the minimum relay-coil current
point toward the north pole required to energize a relay
c. if the fingers of the left-hand encircle the d. the maximum current in the switching
coil in the same direction as electron contacts
flow, the thumb points in the direction of
the south pole 9. The moveable arm of an attraction-type relay
d. if the thumb of the right-hand points in is called the
the direction of current flow, the fingers a. contacts
point toward the north pole b. relay coil
c. terminal
4. The physical motion resulting from the forces d. armature
of two magnetic fields is called
a. Lenzs law 10. For a conductor being moved through a
b. motor action magnetic field, the amount of induced voltage is
c. the left-hand rule for coils determined by
d. integration a. the rate at which the conductor cuts the
magnetic flux
5. Motor action always tends to produce motion b. the number of magnetic flux lines which
from are cut by the conductor
a. a stronger field toward a weaker field c. the time of day during which the
b. a weaker field toward a stronger field conductor is moved through the field
c. a north pole toward a south pole d. both a and b
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 14: Electromagnetism

11. Degaussing is done with 17. The magnetic field surrounding a solenoid
a. strong permanent magnets is
b. alternating current a. like that of a permanent magnet
c. static electricity b. unable to develop north and south poles
d. direct current c. one without magnetic flux lines
d. unlike that of a permanent magnet
12. Hysteresis losses
a. increase with higher frequencies 18. For a relay, the holding current is defined
b. decrease with higher frequencies as
c. are greater with direct current a. the maximum current the relay contracts
d. increase with lower frequencies can handle
b. the minimum amount of relay-coil
13. The unit of field intensity is the current required to keep a relay
a. oersted energized
b. gilbert c. the minimum amount of relay-coil
c. A-t/m current required to energized a relay
d. both a and c d. the minimum current required to operate
a relay
14. The saturation of an iron core occurs when
a. all of the molecular dipoles and magnetic 19. A vertical wire with electron flow into this
domains are aligned by the magnetizing page has an associated magnetic field which is
force a. clockwise
b. the coil is way too long b. counter clockwise
c. the flux density cannot be increased in c. parallel to the wire
the core when the field intensity is d. none of the above
increased
d. both a and c 20. How much is the induced voltage when a
magnetic flux cuts across 150 turns at the rate
15. For a single conductor, carrying an of 5 Wb/s?
alternating current, the associated magnetic a. 7.5 kV
field is b. 75 V
a. only on the top side c. 750 V
b. parallel to the direction of current d. 750 mV
c. at right angles to the direction of
current
d. only on the bottom side

16. A coil with a 200 mA of current has an mmf


of 80 A-t, how many turns does the coil have?
a. 4000 turns
b. 400 turns
c. 40 turns
d. 16 turns
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 15: Alternating Voltage and Current

1. An alternating voltage is one that 8. To compare the phase angle between two
a. Varies continuously in magnitude waveforms, both must have
b. Reverses periodically in polarity a. The same amplitude
c. Never varies in amplitude b. The same frequency
d. Both a and b c. Different frequencies
d. Both a and b
2. One complete revolution of a conductor loop
through a magnetic field is called a (n) 9. A 2-khz sine wave has a period, t, of
a. Octave a. 0.5s
b. Decade b. 50s
c. Cycle c. 500s
d. Alternation d. 2ms

3. For a sine wave, one-half cycle is often called 10. If a sine wave has a period, t, of 40s, its
a(n) frequency, f, equals
a. Alternation a. 25k hz
b. Harmonic b. 250 hz
c. Octave c. 40 khz
d. Period d. 2.5 khz

4. One cycle includes 11. What is the wavelength of a radio wave


a. 180 degrees whose frequency is 15 Mhz?
b. 360 degrees a. 20 meters
c. 2 rad b. 15 meters
d. Both b and c c. 0.753 ft
d. 2000 meters
5. In the united states, the frequency of the ac
power-line voltage is 12. The value of alternating current or voltage
a. 120 hz that has the same heating effect as a
b. 60 hz corresponding dc value is known as the
c. 50 hz a. Peak value
d. 100 hz b. Average value
c. Rms value
6. For a sine wave, the number of complete d. Peak-to-peak value
cycles per second is called the
a. Period 13. The wave length of a 500-hz sound wave is
b. Wavelength a. 60 km
c. Frequency b. 2.26 ft
d. Phase angle c. 4.52 ft
d. 0.226 ft
7. A sine wave of alternating voltage has its
maximum values at 14. In residential house wiring, the hot wire is
a. 90 and 270 usually color-coded
b. 0 and 180 a. White
c. 180 and 360 b. Green
d. 30 and 150 c. Black or red
d. As a bare copper wire
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 15: Alternating Voltage and Current

15. A sine wave with a peak value of 20 V has 21. Raising the frequency of 500 hz by two
an rms value of octaves corresponds to a frequency of
a. 28.28 V a. 2 khz
b. 14.14 V b. 1 khz
c. 12.74 V c. 4 khz
d. 56.6 V d. 250 hz
16. A sine wave whose rms voltage is 25.2 V
has a peak value of approximately 22. In residential house wiring, the neutral wire
a. 17.8 V is always color-coded
b. 16 v a. Black
c. 50.4 V b. Bare copper
d. 35.6 V c. Green
d. White
17. The unit of frequency is the
a. Hertz 23. The second harmonic of 7 Mhz is
b. Maxwell a. 3.5 Mhz
c. Radian b. 28 Mhz
d. Second c. 14 Mhz
d. 7 Mhz
18. For an ac waveform, the period, t, refers to
a. The number of complete cycles per 24. A sine wave has a peak voltage of 170 V.
second What is the instantaneous voltage at an angle
b. The length of time required to of 45?
complete one cycle a. 240 V
c. The time it takes for the waveform to b. 85 V
reach its peak value c. 0 V
d. None of the above d. 120 V

19. Exact multiples of the fundamental 25. Unless indicated otherwise, all sine wave ac
frequency are called measurements are in
a. Ultrasonic frequencies a. Peak-to-peak values
b. Harmonic frequencies b. Peak values
c. Treble frequencies c. Rms values
d. Resonant frequencies d. Average values

20. The wavelength of a radio wave is


a. Inversely proportional to its frequency
b. Directly proportional to its frequency
c. Inversely proportional to its amplitude
d. Unrelated to its frequency
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 13-15)

1. Which of the following statement is true? 6. Which of the following can produce the most
a. Alnico is commonly used for induced voltage?
electromagnets. a. 1-A direct current
b. Paper cannot affect magnetic flux b. 50-A direct current
because it is not a magnetic material. c. 1-A 60-Hz alternating current
c. Iron is generally used for permanent d. 1-A 400Hz alternating current
magnets.
d. Ferrites have lower permeability than air 7. Which of the following has the highest
or vacuum. frequency?
a. T = (1/1000) S
2. Hysteresis losses b. T = (1/60) S
a. are caused by high-frequency c. T = 1 S
alternating current in a coil with an d. T = 2 S
iron core
b. generally increase with direct current in 8. Two waves of the same frequency are
a coil opposite in phase when the phase angle
c. are especially important for permanent between them is
magnets that have a steady magnetic a. 0o
field b. 90o
d. cannot be produced in an iron core c. 360o
because it is a conductor d. rad

3. A magnetic flux of 25,000 lines through an 9. A 120-V, 60-Hz power-line voltage is applied
are of 5cm2 results in across a 120- resistor. The current equals
a. 5 lines per flux a. 1 A, peak value
b. 5000 Mx of flux b. 120 A, peak value
c. Flux density of 500 G c. 1 A, rms value
d. Flux density corresponding to 25,000 A d. 5 A, rms value

4. If 10 volts is applied across a relay coil with 10. When an alternating voltage reverses in
100 turns having 2 ohms of resistance, the polarity, the current it produces
total force producing magnetic flux in the a. reverses in direction
circuit is b. has a steady dc value
a. 10 Mx c. has a phase angle of 180
b. 50 G d. alternates at 1.4 times the frequency of
c. 100 Oe the applied voltage
d. 500 A . t

5. The ac power-line voltage of 120V rms has a


peak value of
a. 100 V
b. 170 V
c. 240 V
d. 338 V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 16: Capacitance

1. In general, a capacitor is a component that 8. Which of the following types of capacitors


can typically has the highest leakage current?
a. pass a dc current. a. plastic-film.
b. store an electric charge b. electrolytic.
c. act as a bar magnet. c. mica.
d. step up or step down an ac voltage. d. air-variable.

2. The basic unit of capacitance is the 9. One of the main applications of a capacitor is
a. farad. to
b. henry. a. block ac and pass dc.
c. tesla. b. block both dc and ac.
d. ohm. c. block dc and pass ac.
d. pass both dc and ac.
3. Which of the following factors affect the
capacitance of a capacitor? 10. When checked with an ohmmeter, a shorted
a. the area, A, of the plates. capacitor will measure
b. the distance, d, between the plates. a. infinite ohms.
c. the type of dielectric used. b. zero ohms.
d. all of the above. c. somewhere in the range of 1 to 10 M
d. none of the above
4. How much charge in coulombs is stored by a
50-F capacitor woth 20 V across its plates? 11. The equivalent capacitance, CEQ , of a 10-F
a. Q = 100 C and a 40-F capacitor in series is
b. Q = 2.5C a. 50 F.
c. Q = 1mC b. 125 F.
d. Q = 1 C c. 8 F.
d. 400 F.
5. A capacitor consists of
a. two insulators separated by a conductor. 12. A 0.33-F capacitor is in parallel with a
b. a coil of wire wound on an iron core. 0.15-F and a 220,000-pF capacitor. What is
c. two conductors separated byana the total capacitance, CT?
insulator. a. 0.7 F.
d. none of the above. b. 0.007 F.
c. 0.07 F
6. A capacitance of 82,000 pF is the same as d. 7 nF.
a. 0.082 F.
b. 82F. 13. A 5-F capacitor, C1, and a 15-F capacitor,
c. 82 nF. C2, are connected in series. if the charge stored
d. both a and c. in C1 equals 90C, what is the voltage across
the capacitor C2?
7. A 47 F-capacitor has a stored charge of 2.35 a. 18 V.
mC. What is the voltage across the capacitor b. 12 V.
plates? c. 9 V.
a. 50 V. d. 6 V.
b. 110 V approx..
c. 5 V.
d. 100 V.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 16: Capacitance

14. A plastic-film capacitor, whose coded value 20. A capacitor that can store 100C of charge
is 333M, measures 0.025F when tested with a with 10 V across its plates has a capacitance
capacitor-inductor analyzer. the measured value of
capacitance is a. 0.01 F.
a. well within tolerance. b. 10F
b. barely within tolerance. c. 10 nF.
c. slightly out of tolerance. d. 100 nF.
d. right on the money.
21. Calculate the permissible capacitance range
15. Capacitors are never of a ceramic disk capacitor whose coded value
a. nanofarad units. is .068Z.
b. microfarad units. a. 0.0544 F to 0.1224 F.
c. picofarad units. b. 0.0136 F to 0.0816 F.
d. both b and c. c. 0.0136 F to 0.1224F.
d. 0.0544 pF to 01244 Pf.
16. Which type of capacitor could explode if the
polarity of voltage across its plates is incorrect? 22. The equivalent series resistance (ESR) of a
a. air-variable. capacitor should ideally be
b. mica. a. infinite.
c. ceramic disk b. as high as possible.
d. aluminum electrolytic. c. around 100 k or so.
d. zero.
17. The voltage rating of a capacitor is not
affected by 23. The charge and discharge current of a
a. the area of the plates. capacitor flows
b. the distance between the plates. a. through the dielectric.
c. the type of dielectric used. b. to and from the capacitor plates.
d. both b and c. c. through the dielectric only until the
capacitor is fully charged.
18. The leakage resistance of a capacitor is d. straight through the dielectric from one
typically represented as a(n) plate to the other.
a. resistance in series with capacitor plates.
b. electric field between the capacitor 24. Capacitance increases with
plates. a. larger the plate area and greater distance
c. resistance in parallel with the between the plates.
capacitor plates. b. smaller the plate area and greater
d. closed switch across the dielectric distance between the plates.
material. c. larger plate area and less distance
between the plates.
19. A 2200-F capacitor with a voltage rating of d. higher values of applied voltage.
35 V is most likely a(n)
a. electrolytic capacitor. 25. Two 0.02-F, 500-V capacitors in series
b. air-variable capacitor. have an equivalent capacitance and breakdown
c. mica capacitor. voltage rating of
d. paper capacitor. a. 0.04F, 1kV.
b. 0.01F, 250 V.
c. 0.01 F, 500 V.
d. 0.01 F, 1 kV.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 17: Capacitive Reactance

1. The capacitive reactance, XC, of a capacitor is 7. What is the capacitive reactance, XC of a 330-
a. inversely proportional to frequency. pF capacitor at a frequency of 1 MHz?
b. unaffected by frequency. a. 482 .
c. directly proportional to frequency. b. 48.2 .
d. directly proportional to capacitance. c. 1 k.
d. 482 M.
2. The charge and discharge current of a
capacitor flows 8. What is the instantaneous value of charging
a. through the dielectric. current, iC, of a 10-F capacitor if the voltage
b. only when a dc voltage is applied. across the capacitor plates changes at the rate
c. to and from the plates. of 250 V per second?
d. both a and b. a. 250A.
b. 2.5 A.
3. For direct current (dc), a capacitor acts like c. 2.5A.
a(n) d. 2.5 mA.
a. closed switch.
b. open. 9. For a capacitor, the charge and discharge
c. short. current, iC,
d. small resistance. a. lags the capacitor voltage, vC, by a phase
angle of 90.
4. At the same frequency, a larger capacitance b. leads the capacitor voltage,vC, by a
provide phase angle of 90.
a. more charge and discharge current. c. is in phase with the capacitor voltage, vC.
b. less charge and discharge current. d. none of the above.
c. less capacitive reactance.
d. both a and c. 10. Two 1-kXC values in series have a total
capacitive reactance of
5. How much is the capacitance, C, of a a. 1.414 k.
capacitor that draws 4.8 mA of current from a b. 500 .
12-Vac generator? The frequency of the ac c. 2 k.
generator is 636.6 Hz. d. 707 .
a. 0.01F.
b. 0.1 F. 11. Two 5-kXC values in parallel have an
c. 0.001F. equivalent capacitive reactance of
d. 100 pF. a. 7.07 k.
b. 2.5 k.
6. At what frequency does a 0.015-F capacitor c. 10 k.
have an XC value of 2 k? d. 3.53 k.
a. 5.3 MHz.
b. 5.3 Hz. 12. For any capacitor,
c. 5.3 kHz. a. the stored charge increases with more
d. 106 kHz.. capacitor voltage.
b. the charge and discharge currents are in
opposite directions.
c. iC leads vC by 90.
d. all of the above.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 17: Capacitive Reactance

13. The unit of capacitive reactance, XC, is the


a. ohm.
b. farad.
c. hertz.
d. radian.

14. The main difference between resistance, R,


and capacitive reactance, XC, is that
a. XC is the same for both dc and ac,
whereas R depends on frequency.
b. R is the same for both dc and ac,
whereas XCdepends on frequency.
c. R is measured in ohms and XC is
measured in farads.
d. none of the above.

15. A very common use for a capacitor is to


a. block any dc voltage but provide very
little opposition to an ac voltages.
b. block both dc and ac voltages.
c. pass both dc and ac voltages.
d. none of the above.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 18: Capacitive Circuits

1. For a capacitor in a sine-wave ac circuit, 8. A 10-F capacitor, C1, and a 15-F capacitor,
a. VC lags iC by 90. C2, are connected in series with a 12-V dc
b. iC leads VC by 90. source. How much voltage is across C2?
c. iC and VC have the same frequency. a. 4.8 V.
d. all of the above. b. 7.2 V.
c. 12 V.
2. In a series RC circuit, d. 0 V.
a. VC leads VR by 90
b. VC andR are in phase. 9. The dividing line for a coupling capacitor at a
c. VC lags VR by 90. specific frequency can be taken as
d. both b and c. a. XC ten or more times the series
resistance.
3. In a series RC circuit where VC = 15 V and b. XC equal to R.
VR = 20 V, how much is the total voltage, VT? c. XC one-tenth or less the series
a. 35 V. resistance.
b. 25 V. d. none of the above.
c. 625 V.
d. 5 V. 10. A 100- resistance in series with a
capacitive reactance of 75 . The total
4. A 10- resistor is in parallel with a capacitive impedance, ZT, is
reactance of 10 . The combined equivalent a. 125 .
impedance, ZEQ, of this combination is b. 25 .
a. 7.07 . c. 175 .
b. 20 . d. 15.625 .
c. 14.14 .
d. 5 . 11. In a series RC circuit,
a. VC and VR are in phase.
5. In a parallel RC circuit, b. VT and I are always in phase.
a. IC lags IR by 90. c. VR and I are in phase.
b. IR and IC are in phase. d. VR leads I by 90.
c. IC leads IR by 90.
d. IR leads IC by 90. 12. In a parallel RC circuit,
a. VA and IR are in phase.
6. In a parallel RC circuit where IR = 8 A and IC b. VA and IC are in phase.
= 10 A, how much is the total current, IT? c. IC and IR are in phase.
a. 2 A. d. VA and IR are 90 out of phase.
b. 12.81 A.
c. 18 A. 13. When the frequency of the applied voltage
d. 164 A. increases in a parallel RC circuit,
a. the phase angle, I, increases.
7. In a series RC circuit when R = XC,the phase b. ZEQ increases.
angleZ, is c. ZEQ decreases.
a. +45. d. both a and c.
b. -90.
c. 0.
d. -45.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 18: Capacitive Circuits

14. When the frequency of the applied voltage


increases in a series RC circuit,
a. the phase angle, , becomes more
negative.
b. ZT increases.
c. ZT decreases.
d. both a and c.

15. Capacitive reactance, XC,


a. applies only to nonsinusoidal wave or dc.
b. applies only to sinewave.
c. applies to either sinusoidal or
nonsinusoidal waveforms.
d. is directly proportional to frequency.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 19: Inductance

1. The unit of inductance is 8. An open coil has


a. henry a. Zero resistance and zero inductance
b. farad b. Infinite inductance and zero resistance
c. ohm c. Normal inductance and zero resistance
d. volt-ampere d. Infinite resistance and zero
inductance
2. Which of the following factors affect the
inductance, L, of an inductor? 9. Two 10-H inductors are connected in series-
a. Number of turns aiding and have a mutual inductance, L m, of
b. Area enclosed by each turn 0.75 H. The total inductance, L T, of this
c. Permeability of the core combination is
d. All of the above a. 18.5 H
b. 20.75 H
3. A transformer cannot be used to c. 21.5 H
a. Step up or down an ac voltage d. 19.25 H
b. Step up or down a dc voltage
c. Match impedances 10. How much is the self induced-voltage, VL,
d. Transfer power from primary to across a 100-mH inductor produced by a
secondary current changed of 50,000 A/s?
a. 5 kV
4. The interaction between two inductors b. 50 V
physically close together is called c. 5 MV
a. Counter emf d. 500 kV
b. Self inductance
c. Mutual inductance 11. The measured voltage across an unloaded
d. Hysteresis secondary of a transformer is usually
a. The same as the rated secondary voltage
5. If the secondary current in the step-down b. 5 to 10% higher than the rated
transformer increases, the primary current will secondary voltage
a. Not change c. 50% higher than the rated secondary
b. Increase voltage
c. Decrease d. 5 to 10% lower than the rated secondary
d. Drop a little voltage

6. Inductance can be defined as the 12. A laminated iron-core transformer has


characteristic that reduced eddy current losses because
a. Opposes a change in current a. The laminations are stacked vertically
b. Opposes a change in voltage b. More wire can be used with less dc
c. Aids or enhances any change in voltage resistance
d. Stores electric charge c. The magnetic flux is the air gap of the
coil
7. If the number of turns in a coil is doubled in d. The laminations are insulated from
the same length and area, the inductance, L, each other
will
a. Double
b. Quadruple
c. Stay the same
d. Be cut in half
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 19: Inductance

13. How much is the inductance of a coil that 19. The secondary current, Is, in an iron-core
induces 50V when its current changes at the transformer equals 1.8 A. If the turns ratio, ,
rate of 500 A/s?
equals 3:1, how much is the primary current, I p
a. 100 mH
?
b. 1 H
a. Ip = 1.8 A
c. 100 uH
b. Ip = 600 mA
d. 10 uH
c. Ip = 5.4 A
d. None of the above
14. A 100 mH inductor is in parallel with a 150
mH and a 120 mH inductor. Assuming no
20. For a coil, the dc resistance, ri , and
mutual inductance between coils, how much is
inductance, L, are
LEQ?
a. In parallel
a. 400 mH
b. Infinite
b. 370 mH
c. The same thing
c. 40 mH
d. In series
d. 80 mH

15. A 400-uH coil is in series with a 1.2-mH coil


without mutual inductance, how much is L T?
a. 401.2 uH
b. 300 uH
c. 160 uH
d. 1.6 mH

16. A step-down transformer has a turns ratio,


, of 4:1. If the primary voltage, Vp , is 120 Vac
, how much is the secondary voltage, Vs?
a. 480 Vac
b. 120 Vac
c. 30 Vac
d. This is impossible to determine

17. In an iron-core transformer has a turns


ratio, , of 3:1 and Zs = 16, how much is Zp?
a. 48
b. 144
c. 1.78
d. 288

18. How much is the induced voltage, VL,


across a 5-H inductor carrying a steady dc
current of 200 mA?
a. 0 V
b. 1V
c. 100 kV
d. 120 Vac
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 20: Inductive Reactance

1. The unit of inductive reactance, XL, is the 7. What value of inductance will provide an XL
a. Henry of 500 at a frequency of 159.15 kHz?
b. Ohm a. 5 H
c. Farad b. 500 uH
d. Hertz c. 500 mH
d. 750 uH
2. The inductive reactance, XL, of an inductor is
a. Inversely proportional to frequency 8. Two inductors L1 and L2, are in series. If XL1
b. Unaffected by frequency = 4 k and XL2 = 2 k, how much is XLT?
c. Directly proportional to frequency a. 6 k
d. Inversely proportional to inductance b. 1.33 k
c. 4.47 k
3. For an inductor the induced voltage, VL, d. 2 k
a. Leads the inductor current, iL , by 90
b. Lags the inductor current, iL , by 90 9. Two inductors L1 and L2, are in parallel. If
c. Is in phase with the inductor current, iL XL1 = 1 k and XL2 = 1 k, how much is XLEQ?
d. None of the above a. 707
b. 2 k
4. For a steady dc current, the XL of the c. 1.414 k
inductor is d. 500
a. Infinite
b. Extremely high 10. How much is the inductance of a coil that
c. Usually about 10 k draws 25 mA of current from a 24-V ac source
d. 0 whose frequency is 1 kHz?
a. 63.7 uH
5. What is the of inductive reactance, XL , of a b. 152.8 mH
100-mH coil at a frequency of 3.183 kHz? c. 6.37 H
a. 2 k d. 15.28 mH
b. 200
c. 1 M
d. 4

6. At what frequency does a 60-mH inductor


have an XL value of 1k?
a. 377 Hz
b. 265 kHz
c. 2.65 kHz
d. 15.9 kHz
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 21: Inductive Circuits

1. Inductive reactance, XL, 8. In a series RL circuit where XL = R, the phase


a. Applies only to nonsinusoidal waveforms angle, Z , is
or dc a. 45
b. Applies only to sine waves b. 0
c. Applies to either sinusoidal or c. +90
nonsinusoidal waveforms d. +45
d. Is inversely proportional to frequency
9. In a parallel RL circuit
2. For an inductor in a sine wave ac circuit, a. VA and IL are in phase
a. VL leads iL by 90 b. IL and IR are in phase
b. VL lags iL by 90 c. VA and IR are in phase
c. VL and iL are in phase d. VA and IR are 90 out of phase
d. None of the above
10. A 1-k reisistance is in series with an
3. In a series RL circuit inductive reactance, XL , of 2k. The total
a. VL lags VR by 90 impedance, ZT, is
b. VL leads VR by 90 a. 2.24 k
c. VR and I are in phase b. 3 k
d. Both b and c c. 1 k
d. 5 M
4. In a series RL circuit where VL = 9V and VR =
12V, how much is the total voltage ,VT? 11. When the frequency of the applied voltage
a. 21 V decreases in an parallel RL circuit,
b. 225 V a. The phase angle, I , becomes less
c. 15 V negative
d. 3 V b. ZEQ increases
c. ZEQ decreases
5. A 50- resistor in parallel with an inductive d. Both a and b
reactance, XL, of 50. The combined equivalent
impedance, ZEQ of this combination is 12. When the frequency of the applied voltage
a. 70.7 increases in a series RL circuit,
b. 100 a. Z increases
c. 35.36 b. ZT decreases
d. 25 c. ZT increases
d. Both a and c
6. In a parallel RL circuit
a. IL lags IR by 90 13. The dividing line for calculating the value of
b. IL leads IR by 90 a choke inductance is to make
c. IL and IR are in phase a. XL 10 or more times larger than the
d. IR lags IL by 90 series R
b. XL one-tenth or less than the series R.
7. In a parallel RL circuit, where IR = 1.2A and c. XL equal to R
IL = 1.6A, how much is the total current ,I T? d. R 10 or more times larger than the series
a. 2.8 A XL
b. 2 A
c. 4 A
d. 400 mA
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 21: Inductive Circuits

14. The Q of a coil is affected by


a. Frequency
b. The resistance of the coil
c. Skin effect
d. All of the above

15. If the current through a 300-mH coil


increases at the linear rate of 50 mA per 10 s,
how much is the induced voltage, VL ?
a. 1.5 V
b. 1.5 kV
c. This is impossible to determine because
XL is unknown
d. This is impossible to determine because
VL also increases at a linear rate
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 22: RC and L/R Time Constants

1. What is the time constant of the circuit in fig. 6. If a 2-M resistor is placed across the
22-11 with S1 closed? switch, S1, in fig. 22-11, how much is the peak
a. 250 s inductor voltage, VL, when S1 is opened?
b. 31.6 s a. 0 V
c. 50 s b. 25 V
d. 5 ms c. 50 kV
d. This is impossible to determine.

Figure 22-11 7. In fig. 22-11, what is the value of the current


35s after S1 is closed?
a. Approximately 20 mA
b. Approximately 12.5 mA
c. 15.8 mA
d. 20 mA

8. With S1 closed in fig. 22-11, the length of one


time constant could be increased by
a. Decreasing L
b. Decreasing R
c. Increasing L
2. With S1 closed if fig. 22-11, what is the
d. Both b and c
eventual steady state value of current?
a. 15.8 mA
9. In fig. 22-11, what is the value of the
b. 12. 5 mA
inductor voltage five time constants after S1 is
c. 0 mA
closed?
d. 25 mA
a. 50 kV
b. 25 V
3. In fig. 22-11, how long does it takes the
c. 0 V
current, I, to reach its steady-state value after
d. 9.2 V
S1 is closed?
a. 50 s
10. In fig. 22-11, what is the value of the
b. 250 s
resistor voltage exactly 100 s after S1 is
c. 500 s
closed?
d. This is impossible to determine
a. 12 V
b. 21.6 V
4. In fig. 22-11, how much is the resistor
c. 3.4 V
voltage at the very first instant (t= 0s) S1 is
d. 15.8 V
closed?
a. 0 V
Figure 22-12
b. 25 V
c. 15.8 V
d. 9.2 V

5. In fig. 22-11, what is the value of the resistor


voltage exactly one time constant after S1 is
closed?
a. 15.8 V
b. 9.2V
c. 6.32 V
d. 21.5 V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 22: RC and L/R Time Constants

11. In fig. 22-12, what is the time constant of 17. In fig. 22-12, assume that C is completely
the circuit if S1 in position 1? discharged while in position 2. What is the
a. 2 s voltage across R1 exactly two time constants
b. 5 s after S1 is moved to position 1?
c. 10 s a. 37 V
d. 1 s b. 13.5 V
c. 50 V
12. In fig. 22-12, what is the time constant of d. 86 V
the circuit if S1 in position 2?
a. 2 s 18. In fig. 22-12, what is the steady-state value
b. 5 s of current with S1 in position 1?
c. 10 s a. 100 A
d. 1 s b. 50 A
c. 1 A
13. In fig. 22-12, how long will it take for the d. 0 A
voltage across C to reach 100 V after S1 is
placed on position 1? 19. In fig. 22-12, assume that C is fully charged
a. 1 s to 100 V with S1 in position 1. What is the value
b. 2 s of the capacitor voltage 3s after S1 is moved to
c. 10 s position 2?
d. 5 s a. 77.7 V
b. 0 V
14. In fig. 22-12, how much voltage is across c. 22.3 V
resistor, R1, at the first instance the switch is d. 36.8 V
moved from position 2 to position 1? (Assume
that C was completely discharged with S1 in 20. In fig. 22-12, assume that C is charging
position 2.) with S1 in position 1. At the instant the
a. 100 V capacitor voltage reaches 75 V, S1 is moved to
b. 63.2 V position 2. What is the approximate value of the
c. 0 V capacitor voltage 0.7 time constants after S1 is
d. 36.8 V moved to position 2?
a. 75 V
15. In fig. 22-12, assume that C is fully charged b. 27. 6 V
to 100 V with S1 in position 1. How long will it c. 50 V
take for C to discharge fully if S1 is moved to d. 37.5 V
position 2?
a. 1 s 21. For best results, an RC coupling should
b. 5 s have a(n)
c. 10s a. Short time constant
d. 2 s b. Medium time constant
c. Long time constant
16. In fig. 22-12, assume that C is completely d. Zero time constant
discharged while in position 2. What is the
voltage across C exactly 1s after S1 is moved to
position 1?
a. 50 V
b. 63.2 V
c. 36.8 V
d. 100 V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 22: RC and L/R Time Constants

22. A differentiator is a circuit whose


a. Output combines its original voltage with
the new change in voltage
b. Output is always one-half of Vin
c. time constant is long with the output
across c
d. output is proportional to the change
in applied voltage

23. An integrator is a circuit whose


a. Output combines its original voltage
with the new change in voltage
b. Output is always equal to Vin
c. output is proportional to the change in
applied voltage
d. time constant is short with the output
across R

24. The time constant of an RL circuit is 47 s.


if L= 4.7 mH, calculate R.
a. R = 10 k
b. R = 100
c. R = 10 M
d. R = 1 k

25. The time constant of an RC circuit is 330


s. If R = 1 k, calculate C.
a. C= 0.33 F
b. C= 0.033 F
c. C= 3.3 F
d. C= 330 pF
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 19-22)

1. A coil induces 200 mV when the current 7. A 100 R is in series with 100 of XL. The
changes at the rate of 1 A/s. The inductance L total impedance Z equals
is a. 70.7
a. 1 mH b. 100
b. 2 mH c. 141
c. 200 mH d. 200
d. 100 mH
8. A 100 R is in parallel with 100 of X L. The
2. Alternating current in an inductance total impedance Z equals
produces maximum induced voltage when the a. 70.7
current has its b. 100
a. maximum value c. 141
b. maximum change in magnetic flux d. 200
c. minimum change in magnetic flux
d. rms value of 0.707 x peak 9. If two waves have the frequency of 1000 Hz
and one is at the maximum value when the
3. An iron-core transformer connected to a 120 other is at zero, the phase angle between them
V, 60 Hz power line has a turns ratio of 1:20. is
The voltage across the secondary equals a. 0
a. 20 V b. 90
b. 60 V c. 180
c. 120 V d. 360
d. 2400 V
10. If an ohmmeter check on a 50-H choke
4. Two 250 mH chokes in series have a total reads 3 , the coil is probably
inductance of a. open
a. 60 mH b. defective
b. 125 mH c. normal
c. 250 mH d. partially open
d. 500 mH
11. An inductive circuit with L=100 mH and
5. Which of the following will have minimum R=10 k has a time constant of
eddy current losses? a. 1 s
a. solid iron core b. 100 s
b. laminated iron core c. 10 s
c. powdered-iron core d. 1000 s
d. air core
12. A capacitive circuit with R=1.5k and
6. Which of the following will have maximum C=0.01 F has a time constant of
inductive reactance? a. 15 s
a. 2-H inductance at 60 Hz b. 1.5 s
b. 2-mH inductance at 60 kHz c. 150 s
c. 5-mH inductance at 60 kHz d. 150 s
d. 5-mH inductance at 100 kHz
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Cumulative Review Self-Test (Chapter 19-22)

13. With respect to the pulse width of the


applied voltage, the time constant of an RC
integrator should be
a. short
b. the same as the pulse width of VT
c. long
d. shorter than the pulse width of VT

14. With respect to the pulse width of the


applied voltage, the time constant of an RC
differentiator should be
a. long
b. the same as the pulse width of VT
c. longer than the pulse width of VT
d. short

15. The current rating of a transformer is


usually specified for
a. the primary windings only
b. the secondary windings only
c. both the primary and secondary windings
d. the core only

16. The secondary of a transformer is


connected to a 15- resistor. If the turns ratio
NP / NS = 3:1, the primary impedance ZP equals
a. 135
b. 45
c. 5
d. none of these
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 23: Alternating Current Circuits

1. In an ac circuit with only series resistances 7. An ac circuit has a 100- R, a 300- XL, and
a. VT and I are in phase a 200- XC all in series. What is the phase
b. RT = R1 + R2 + R3 + etc angle of the circuit?
c. Each voltage drop is in series with the a. 78.7
current b. 45
d. All of the above c. -90
d. 56.3
2. In an ac circuit with only parallel inductors
a. IT lags VA by 90 8. A 10- resistor is in parallel with an XL of
b. VA lags IT by 90 10. If the applied voltage is 120 V, what is the
c. VA and IT are in phase power factor of the circuit?
d. None of the above a. 0
b. 0.5
3. A series circuit contains 150 of XL and c. 1
250 of XC. what is the net reactance? d. 0.707
a. 400, XL.
b. 400, XC. 9. An ac circuit has an 80- R, 20- XL, and a
c. 100, XC. 40- XC in parallel. If the applied voltage is 24
d. 291.5, XC. Vac, what is the phase angle of the circuit?
a. -26.6
4. What is the power factor (PF) of a purely b. 45
resistive ac circuit? c. -63.4
a. 0 d. -51.3
b. 1
c. 0.707 10. In an ac circuit with only series capacitors
d. Without values, this is impossible to a. VT leads I by 90
determine. b. VT lags I by 90
c. Each capacitor voltage drop leads I by
5. The unit of apparent power is the 90
a. Volt-ampere (VA) d. Both a and c
b. Watt (W)
c. Volt-ampere reactive (VAR) 11. A 10- R is in parallel with a 15- XL. the
d. Joule (J) applied voltage is 120 Vac. How much is the
apparent power in the circuit?
6. A 15- resistance is in series with 50 of XL a. 2.4 kW
and 30 of Xc. if the applied voltage equal 50 V, b. 1.44 kVA
how much real power is dissipated by the c. 1. 44 kW
circuit? d. 1.73 kVA
a. 60 W
b. 100 W 12. The unit of real power is the
c. 100 VA a. Watt (W)
d. 4.16 W b. Volt-ampere (VA)
c. Joule (J)
d. Volt-ampere reactive (VAR)
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 23: Alternating Current Circuits

13. In a parallel ac circuit with XL and XC


a. IL and IC are 90 out of phase
b. IL and IC are in phase
c. IL and IC are 180 out of phase
d. XL and XC are 90 out of phase

14. In a series RLC circuit,


a. XL and XC are 180 out of phase
b. IL and IC are 180 out of phase
c. XL and XC are 90 out of phase
d. XL and XC are in phase

15. A parallel ac circuit with 120 Vac applied


has a total current, IT, of 5A. if the phase angle
of the circuit is -53.13, how much real
power is dissipated by the circuit?
a. 600 VA
b. 480 W
c. 360 W
d. 3.6 kVA
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 24: Complex Numbers For AC
Circuits

1. Numbers on the horizontal axis are called 7. When adding or subtracting complex
a. Imaginary numbers numbers, all numbers must be in
b. Conjugate numbers a. Polar form
c. Real numbers b. Scientific notation
d. Complex numbers c. Rectangular form
d. None of the above
2. Numbers on the plus or minus j axis are
called 8. When multiplying complex numbers in polar
a. Imaginary numbers form
b. Conjugate numbers a. Multiply the magnitudes and subtract
c. Real numbers the phase angles
d. Complex numbers b. Multiply the magnitudes and add the
phase angles
3. A value of j500 represents c. Multiply the angles and add the
a. 500 of inductive reactance magnitudes
b. 500 of capacitive reactance d. Multiply both the magnitudes and phase
c. 500 of resistance angle
d. 500 of conductance
9. When dividing complex numbers in polar
4. An inductive reactance of 20 can be form
expressed as a. Divide the magnitudes and subtract
a. +20 the phase angles
b. j220 b. Divide the magnitudes and add the
c. -j20 phase angles
d. +j20 c. Divide the phase angles and subtract the
magnitudes
5. A series ac circuit consist of 10 of d. Divide both the magnitudes and phase
resistance and 15 of inductive reactance. angle
What is the impedance of this circuit when
expressed in polar form 10. What is the admittance, Y, of a parallel
a. 15 + j10 branch whose impedance is 200 -63.43 ?
b. 18 56.3 a. 5 -63.43 mS
c. 18 33.7 b. 5 -26.57 mS
d. 25 56.3 c. 200 63.43 mS
d. 5 63.43 mS
6. An ac circuit has an impedance, Z, of 50 -
36.87 . What is the impedance of this circuit 11. In complex numbers, j2 corresponds to
when expressed in rectangular form? a. 180
a. 40 - j30 b. -1
b. 40 + j30 c. -90
c. 30 + j40 d. Both a and b
d. 30 - j40
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 24: Complex Numbers For AC
Circuits

12. Susceptance, B, is
a. The reciprocal of impedance
b. The reciprocal of reactance
c. The reciprocal of resistance
d. The same as conductance

13. A branch current of +j250 mA represents


a. 250 mA of inductive current
b. 250 mA of resistive current
c. 250 mA of capacitive current
d. 250 mA of in-phase current

14. A parallel ac circuit has an admittance, Y,


of 6 mS + j8 mS. What is the impedance, Z, in
polar form?
a. 10 45 k
b. 100 53.13
c. 100 -53.13
d. 14 53.13

15. What is the resistance, R, of an ac circuit


whose impedance, Z, is 300 53.13 ?
a. 240
b. 180
c. 270
d. 60
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 25: Resonance

1. The resonant frequency of an LC circuit is 8. Above resonance, a parallel LC circuit


the frequency where appears
a. XL = 0 and XC = 0 a. inductive
b. XL = XC b. resistive
c. XL and rs of the coil are equal c. capacitive
d. XL and XC are in phase d. none of the above

2. The impedance of a series LC circuit at 9. A parallel LC circuit has a resonant


resonance is frequency of 3.75 MHz and a Q of 125. What is
a. maximum the bandwidth?
b. nearly infinite a. 15 kHz
c. minimum b. 30 kHz
d. both a and b c. 60 kHz
d. none of the above
3. The total line current, IT, of a parallel LC
circuit at resonance is 10. What is the resonant frequency of an LC
a. minimum circuit with the following values: L = 100 H
b. maximum and C = 63.3 pF?
c. equal to IL and IC a. fr = 1 MHz
d. Q times larger than IL or IC b. fr = 8 MHz
c. fr = 2 MHz
4. The current at resonance in series LC circuit d. fr = 20 MHz
is
a. zero 11. What value of capacitance is needed to
b. minimum provide a resonant frequency of 1 MHz if L
c. different in each component equals 50 H?
d. maximum a. 506.6 pF
b. 506.6 F
5. The impedance of a parallel LC circuit at c. 0.001 F
resonance is d. 0.0016 F
a. zero
b. minimum 12. When either L or C is increased, the
c. different in each component resonant frequency of an LC circuit
d. equal to the rs of the coil a. decreases
b. increases
6. The phase angle of an LC circuit at c. doesnt change
resonance is d. This is impossible to determine.
a. 0
b. +90 13. A series LC circuit has a Q of 100 at
c. 180 resonance. If Vin = 5 mVpp, how much is the
d. -90 voltage across C?
a. 50 Vpp
7. Below resonance, a series LC circuit appears b. 5 mVpp
a. inductive c. 50 mVpp
b. resistive d. 500 mVpp
c. capacitive
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 25: Resonance

14. In a low Q parallel resonant circuit, when XL 20. Which of the following can provide a higher
= XC, Q?
a. IL = IC a. a higher L/C ratio
b. IL is less than IC b. a lower L/C ratio
c. IC is less than IL c. more resistance in series with the coil
d. IL is more than IC d. either b or c

15. To double the resonant frequency of an LC


circuit with a fixed value of L, the capacitance,
C, must be
a. doubled
b. quadrupled
c. reduced by one-half
d. reduced by one-quarter

16. A higher Q for a resonant circuit provides


a. dampened response curve
b. wider bandwidth
c. narrower bandwidth
d. none of the above

17. The current at resonant frequency of a


series LC circuit is 10 mApp. What is the value
of current at the half-power points?
a. 7.07 mApp
b. 14.14 mApp
c. 5 mApp
d. 10 mApp

18. The Q of a parallel resonant circuit can be


lowered by
a. placing a resistor in parallel with the
tank
b. adding more resistance in series with the
coil
c. decreasing the value of L or C
d. both a and b

19. The ability of an LC circuit supply complete


sine waves when the input to the tank is only a
pulse is called
a. tuning
b. the flywheel effect
c. antiresonance
d. its Q
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 26: Filters

1. A voltage that varies in magnitude but does 6. The cutoff frequency, fC, of a filter is the
not reverse in polarity is called a(n) frequency at which the output voltage is
a. alternating voltage a. reduced to 50% of its maximum
b. steady dc voltage b. reduced to 70.7% of its maximum
c. pulsating dc voltage c. practically zero
d. none of the above d. exactly equal to the input voltage

2. The capacitor in an RC coupling circuit 7. The decibel attenuation of a passive filter at


a. blocks the steady dc component of the the cutoff frequency is
input voltage a. -3 dB
b. blocks the ac component of the input b. 0 dB
voltage c. -20 dB
c. appears like a short to a steady dc d. -6 dB
voltage
d. will appear like an open to the ac 8. To increase the cutoff frequency of an RL
component of the input voltage high-pass filter, you can
a. decrease the value of R
3. The value of a bypass capacitor should be b. decrease the value of L
chosen so that its XC value is c. increase the value of R
a. 10 or more times the parallel resistance d. both b and c
at the highest frequency to be bypassed
b. one-tenth or less the parallel 9. An RC low-pass filter uses a 2.2-k R and a
resistance at the lowest frequency to 0.01-F C. What is its cutoff frequency?
be bypassed a. 3.5 MHz
c. one-tenth or less the parallel resistance b. 72.3 Hz
at the highest frequency to be bypassed c. 7.23 kHz
d. equal to the parallel resistance at the d. 1.59 kHz
lowest frequency to be bypassed
10. For either an RC low-pass or high-pass
4. In an RC low-pass filter, the output is taken filter,
across the a. XC = 0 at the cutoff frequency
a. resistor b. XC = R at the cutoff frequency
b. inductor c. XC is infinite at the cutoff frequency
c. capacitor d. none of the above
d. none of the above
11. When a pulsating dc voltage is applied as
5. On a logarithmic graph paper, a 10 to 1 an input to the primary of a transformer, the
range of frequencies is called a(n): output from the secondary contains
a. octave a. only the steady dc component of the
b. decibel (dB) input signal
c. harmonic b. a stepped up or down version of the
d. decade pulsating dc voltage
c. only the ac component of the input
signal
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 26: Filters

12. A power-line filter used to reduce RF 18. A-type high-pass filter consists of
interference is an example of a a. series inductors and parallel capacitors
a. low-pass filter b. series inductors and a parallel resistor
b. high-pass filter c. a series capacitor and parallel
c. notch filter inductors
d. band-pass filter d. none of the above

13. On a logarithmic graph paper, a 2 to 1 19. When examining the frequency response
range of frequencies is called a(n) curve of an RC low-pass filter, it can be seen
a. decade that the rate of roll-off well above the cutoff
b. decibel (dB) frequency is
c. harmonic a. 6 dB / octave
d. octave b. 6 dB / decade
c. 20 dB / decade
14. What is the decibel (dB) attenuation of a d. both a and c
filter with a 100-mV input and a 1-mV output
at a given frequency? 20. For a signal frequencies in the passband,
a. -40 dB an RC high-pass filter has a phase angle of
b. -20 dB approximately
c. -3 dB a. 45
d. 0 db b. 0
c. +90
15. In an RL high-pass filter, the output is d. -90
taken across the
a. resistor
b. inductor
c. capacitor
d. none of the above

16. An RL high-pass filter uses a 60-mH L and


a 1-k R. What is its cutoff frequency?
a. 2.65 kHz
b. 256 kHz
c. 600 kHz
d. 32 kHz

17. A T-type low-pass filter consists of


a. series capacitors and a parallel inductor
b. series inductors and a bypass
capacitor
c. series capacitors and a parallel resistor
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 27: Diode and Diode Applications

1. A pure semiconductor is often referred to as 7. The sharing of valence electrons in a silicon


a(n) crystal is called
a. extrinsic semiconductor a. doping
b. intrinsic semiconductor b. the avalanche effect
c. doped semiconductor c. covalent bonding
d. none of the above d. coupling

2. An n-type semiconductor is a semiconductor 8. When used as a voltage regulator, a Zener


that has been doped with diode is normally
a. trivalent impurity atoms a. forward-biased
b. impurity atoms whose electron valence is b. reverse-biased
+4 c. not biased
c. pentavalent impurity atoms d. none of the above
d. none of the above
9. In an n-type semiconductor, the minority
3. For a silicon diode, the barrier potential, VB, current carriers are
is approximately a. free electrons
a. 0.7 V b. protons
b. 0.3 V c. valence electrons
c. 2.0 V d. holes
d. 6.8 V
10. A p-type semiconductor is a semiconductor
4. In a p-type semiconductor, the majority doped with
current carriers are a. trivalent impurity atoms
a. free electrons b. impurity atoms whose electron valence is
b. valence electrons +4
c. protons c. pentavalent impurity atoms
d. hole d. none of the above

5. To forward bias a diode, 11. To a first approximation, a forward-biased


a. the anode voltage must be positive diode is treated like a(n)
with respect to its cathode a. open switch with infinite resistance
b. the anode voltage must be negative with b. closed switch with a voltage drop of 0
respect to its cathode V
c. the cathode voltage must be positive with c. closed switch in series with a battery
respect its anode voltage of 0.7C
d. either a or b d. closed switch in series with a small
resistance and a battery
6. A reverse-biased diode acts like a(n)
a. closed switch 12. What is the dc output voltage of an
b. open switch unfiltered half-wave rectifier whose peak output
c. small resistance voltage is 9.8 V?
d. none of the above a. 6.23 V
b. 19.6 V
c. 9.8 V
d. 3.1V
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 27: Diode and Diode Applications

13. What is the frequency of the capacitor 19. A diode is a(n)


ripple voltage in a full-wave rectifier circuit if a. unidirectional device
the frequency of the transformer secondary b. linear device
voltage is 60 Hz? c. nonlinear device
a. 60 Hz d. both a and c
b. 50 Hz
c. 120 Hz 20. What is the approximate dc output voltage
d. This is impossible to determine. from a filtered bridge rectifier whose peak
output voltage is 30 V?
14. In a full-wave rectifier, the dc load current a. 19.1 V
equals 1 A. How much dc current is carried by b. 9.5 V
each diode? c. 30 V
a. A d. none of the above
b. 1 A
c. 2 A
d. 0 A

15. A 12-V Zener diode has a 1-W power rating.


What is the maximum rated Zener current?
a. 120 mA
b. 83.3 mA
c. 46.1 mA
d. 1A

16. In a loaded Zener regulator, the series


resistor has a current, IS, of 120 mA. If the load
current, IL, is 45mA, how much is the Zener
current, IZ.
a. 45 mA
b. 165 mA
c. 75 mA
d. This is impossible to determine.

17. The approximate voltage drop across a


forward-biased LED is
a. 0.3 V
b. 0.7 V
c. 5.6 V
d. 2.0 V

18. The output from an unfiltered half-wave or


full-wave rectifier is a(n)
a. pulsating dc voltage
b. steady dc voltage
c. smooth dc voltage
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 28: Bipolar Junction Transistors

1. Which transistor region is very thin and 7. A transistor operating in the active region
lightly doped? has a base current, IB, of 20 A. If dc = 250,
a. the emitter region how much is the collector current, IC?
b. the collector region a. 50 mA
c. the anode region b. 5 mA
d. the base region c. 12.5 mA
d. 80 A
2. Which region in a transistor is the most
heavily doped? 8. Which of the following biasing techniques
a. the emitter region produces the most unstable Q point?
b. the collector region a. voltage-divider bias
c. the gate region b. emitter bias
d. the base region c. collector bias
d. base bias
3. In a transistor, which is the largest of all the
doped regions? 9. When the collector current in a transistor is
a. the emitter region zero, the transistor is
b. the collector region a. cutoff
c. the gate region b. saturated
d. the base region c. operating in the breakdown region
d. either b or c
4. For a transistor to function as an amplifier,
a. both the EB and CB junctions must be 10. When a transistor is in saturation,
forward-biased a. VCE = VCC
b. both the EB and CB junctions must be b. IC = 0 A
reverse-biased c. VCE = 0 V
c. the EB junction must be forward- d. VCE = VCC
biased and the CB junction must be
reverse-biased 11. Emitter bias with two power supplies
d. the CB junction must be forward-biased provides a
and the EB junction must be reverse- a. very unstable Q point
biased b. very stable Q point
c. large base voltage
5. For a typical transistor which two currents d. none of the above
are nearly the same?
a. IB and IE 12. The dc of a transistor
b. IB and IC a. Ic / IE
c. IC and IE b. IB / IC
d. none of the above c. IE / IC
d. Ic / IB
6. In what operating region does the collector of
a transistor act like a current source? 13. For a transistor operation in the active
a. the active region region,
b. the saturation region a. IC = dc x IB
c. the cutoff region b. VCC has little or no effect on the value of
d. the breakdown region IC
c. IC is controlled solely by VCC
d. both a and b
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 28: Bipolar Junction Transistors

14. In a transistor amplifier what happens to 20. The end points of a dc load line are labeled
the collector voltage, VC, when the collector a. ICQ and VCEQ
current, IC, increases? b. IC(sat) and VCE(off)
a. VC increases c. IC(off) and VCE(sat)
b. VC stays the same d. none of the above
c. VC decreases
d. This is impossible to determine

15. With voltage-divider bias, how much is the


collector-emitter voltage, VCE, when the
transistor is cutoff?
a. VCE = VCC
b. VCE = VCC
c. VCE = 0 V
d. none of the above

16. On the schematic symbol of an PNP


transistor,
a. the arrow points out on the emitter lead
b. the arrow points out on the collector lead
c. the arrow points in on the base lead
d. the arrow points in on the emitter
lead

17. What is the dc of a transistor whose dc is


0.996?
a. 249
b. 100
c. approximately 1
d. This is impossible to determine

18. In a transistor, which current is the largest?


a. IC
b. IB
c. IE
d. ID

19. A bipolar junction transistor has


a. only one p-n junction
b. three p-n junctions
c. no p-n junctions
d. two p-n junctions
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 29: Transistor Amplifiers

1. The ac resistance, rac, of a diode 7. Which type of transistor amplifier has a


a. is not affected by the dc current in the voltage gain, AV, of approximately one, or unity?
diode a. the common-base amplifier
b. decreases as the dc current in the b. the common-emitter amplifier
diode increases c. the common-collector amplifier
c. increases as the dc current in the diode d. none of the above
increases
d. decreases as the dc current in the diode 8. What is the biggest disadvantage of the
decreases common-base amplifier?
a. its high input impedance
2. If a transistor has a dc emitter current, IE, of b. its low voltage gain
6.25 mA , how much is the ac resistance, re, of c. its high output impedance
the emitter diode? d. its low input impedance
a. 0.25
b. 4 k 9. Which of the following transistor amplifiers
c. 4 has the lowest output impedance?
d. This is impossible to determine a. the common-collector amplifier
b. the common-base amplifier
3. Which of the following transistor amplifier c. the common-emitter amplifier
configurations provides a 180 phase shift d. none of the above
between the ac input and output voltages
a. the common-emitter amplifier 10. A swamping resistor in a common-emitter
b. the emitter-follower amplifier
c. the common-base amplifier a. stabilizes the voltage gain
d. the common-collector amplifier b. increases the voltage gain
c. reduces distortion
4. Removing the emitter bypass capacitor in a d. both a and c
common-emitter amplifier will
a. decrease the voltage gain, AV 11. In the ac equivalent circuit of a transistor
b. increase the input impedance, Zin amplifier,
c. increase the voltage gain, AV a. the resistors appear as an ac short
d. both a and b b. the capacitors and VCC appear as an
open to ac
5. In a common-emitter amplifier, what c. the capacitors and VCC appear as ac
happens to the voltage gain, AV, when a load shorts
resistor, RL, is connected to the output? d. the XC values of all capacitors are
a. AV decreases assumed to be infinite
b. AV increases
c. AV doesnt change 12. Which of the following transistor amplifier
d. AV doubles configuration is often used in impedance-
matching applications?
6. Which type of transistor amplifier is also a. the common-base amplifier
known as the emitter follower? b. the emitter follower
a. the common-base amplifier c. the common-emitter amplifier
b. the common-collector amplifier d. the common-source amplifier
c. the common-emitter amplifier
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 29: Transistor Amplifiers

13. In which type of amplifier is the input


applied to the emitter and the output taken
from the collector?
a. the common-base amplifier
b. the common-emitter amplifier
c. the common-collector amplifier
d. the emitter follower

14. The collector of an emitter follower is


connected directly to the positive terminal of a
12-V dc supply. If the ac input voltage applied
to the vase is 2 Vpp, how much ac signal is
present at the collector?
a. Approximately 2 Vpp
b. 0 Vpp
c. Approximately 1.98 Vpp
d. This is impossible to determine.

15. What is the only amplifier configuration


that provides both voltage and current gain?
a. the common-base amplifier
b. the emitter follower
c. the common-emitter amplifier
d. the common-collector amplifier
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 30: Field Effect Transistors

1. A JFET is a(n) 8. Which JFET amplifier is also known as a


a. a unipolar device source follower?
b. voltage-controlled device a. the common-source amplifier
c. current-controlled device b. the common-gate amplifier
d. both a and b c. the common-channel amplifier
d. the common-drain amplifier
2. The drain and source leads may be
interchanged when using a(n) 9. In which JFET amplifier are the ac input and
a. asymmetrical JFET output voltages 180 out of phase?
b. symmetrical JFET a. the common-gate amplifier
c. D-type MOSFET b. the common-source amplifier
d. none of the above c. the common-drain amplifier
d. the source follower
3. A JFET is a
a. normally on device 10. Which of the following JFET amplifiers has
b. normally off device the lowest input impedance?
c. bipolar device a. the common-gate amplifier
d. current-controlled device b. the common-source amplifier
c. the common-drain amplifier
4. When a JFET is operating in the ohmic d. the source follower
region,
a. ID is independent of VDS 11. Which of the following JFET amplifiers has
b. ID is independent of VGS a high Zin, a low Zout, and a voltage gain less
c. ID increases in direct proportion to VDS than one?
d. the drain acts like a current source a. the common-gate amplifier
b. the common-source amplifier
5. The value of drain to source voltage, VDS, at c. the source follower
which the drain current, ID, levels off is called d. both a and b
the
a. cutoff voltage, VGS(off) 12. A depletion-type MOSFET is a
b. pinch-off voltage, VP a. normally off device
c. breakdown voltage, VBR b. normally on device
d. threshold voltage, VGS(th) c. current-controlled device
d. none of the above
6. A JFET operates in the current-source region
when 13. An enhancement type MOSFET
a. VDS > Vp a. normally off device
b. VDS < Vp b. normally on device
c. VDS = 0 V c. low input impedance device
d. VGS = 0 V d. current-controlled device

7. A JFET parameter that describes how 14. For an enhancement-type MOSFET, the
effective the gate-source voltage is in controlling threshold voltage, VGS(th), is the
the drain current is called its a. maximum allowable gate-source voltage
a. gamma, before breakdown
b. Beta, b. gate-source voltage that produces a
c. transconductance, gm leveling off of ID
d. none of the above c. minimum gate-source voltage that
makes drain current flow
d. none of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 30: Field Effect Transistors

15. To avoid damaging MOSFETs during


handling,
a. always wear a grounded wrist strap
b. never apply an input signal when the dc
power supply is off
c. never insert of remove them from a
circuit when the power is on
d. all of the above

16. Which of the following types of bias


produces the most unstable Q point in a JFET
amplifier
a. gate bias
b. current-source bias
c. voltage-divider bias
d. self-bias

17. When an n-channel JFET operates in the


ohmic region,
a. rDS increases as VGS becomes less
negative
b. rDS increases as VGS becomes more
positive
c. rDS increases as VGS becomes more
negative
d. rDS is independent of VGS

18. In a JFET amplifier with self-bias,


a. VG = 0 V
b. VS = IDRS
c. VGS = - IDRS
d. all of the above

19. For a depletion-type MOSFET with zero-


bias, the drain current, ID, equals
a. Zero
b. IDSS
c. IDSS
d. This is impossible to determine

20. The input impedance of a MOSFET is


a. higher than that of a JFET
b. lower than that of a JFET
c. no different than that of a JFET
d. approximately zero ohms
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 31: Power Amplifiers

1. In a Class A amplifier, the collector current, 7. A class C amplifier is typically used as a(n)
Ic, flows for a. Audio amplifier
a. 180 of the ac input cycle. b. Linear amplifier
b. 360 of the ac input cycle. c. Tuned rf amplifier
c. 120 or less of the ac input cycle. d. None of the above
d. 90 of the ac input cycle.
8. A class B push-pull amplifier uses a single
2. Which of the following classes of amplifier dc power supply voltage of 15V.. How much
has the highest power efficiency? voltage should exist across the collector-emitter
a. Class A region of each transistor?
b. Class B a. 7.5V
c. Class C b. 0V
d. Class AB c. 15V
d. This is impossible to determine.
3. The collector current in a class C amplifier
a. Is rich in harmonics. 9. A class A amplifier should be biased
b. Flows for 120 or less of the ac input a. At cutoff
cycle. b. Midway between saturation and cutoff
c. Is nonsinusoidal. c. Very near saturation
d. All of the above. d. None of the above

4. The transistors in a class B push-pull 10. A tuned class C amplifier has a power
amplifier are biased slightly above cutoff to supply voltage of 12 V. What is the ideal peak-
prevent to-peak output voltage?
a. Crossover distortion a. 12Vpp
b. Excessive power dissipation in the b. 48Vpp
transistors c. 24 Vpp
c. Excessive efficiency d. 6Vpp
d. None of the above
11. Which of the following amplifiers has the
5. In a class B amplifier, the collector current, lowest efficiency under large signal conditions?
Ic, flows for a. Class B push-pull amplifier
a. 120 of the ac input cycle b. Class C rf amplifier
b. 180 of the ac input cycle c. RC coupled class A amplifier
c. 360 of the ac input cycle d. Class push-pull amplifier with split
d. 60 of the ac input cycle supplies

6. When a Class B push-pull amplifier uses a 12. In a class B push-pull amplifier, the
split power supply, transistors Q1, and Q2
a. No output coupling capacitor is required. a. On the same half-cycle of input voltage.
b. A greater amount of output power can be b. On opposite half cycles of the input
obtained. voltage.
c. The efficiency decreases. c. Only on the positive and negative peaks
d. Both a and b. of the input voltage.
d. None of the above.
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 31: Power Amplifiers

13. In an RC-coupled class A amplifier,


a. The dc and ac load lines are usually the
same.
b. The dc load line is Steeper than the ac
load line.
c. The Q point should be located near
cutoff on the ac load line.
d. The ac load line is steeper than the dc
load line.

14. Which of the following is the best way to


bias a class B push-pull amplifier?
a. Diode bias.
b. Voltage-divider bias.
c. Zero bias.
d. None of the above.

15. A power amplifier delivers 25W of ac power


to a 4 speaker load. If the dc input power is
40W, what is the efficiency of the amplifier?
a. 78.6%
b. 25%
c. 62.5%
d. 160%
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 32: Thyristor

1. A diac is a 7. An RC phase-shifting network is used in SCR


a. Unidirectional device and triac circuits to
b. Device with three leads a. Control the conduction angle of the
c. Bidirectional device thyristor
d. Both a and b b. Handle some of the load current
c. Vary the holding current
2. The forward breakdown voltage of an SCR d. None of the above
a. Decrease as the gate current increase
b. Cannot be controlled by gate current 8. Which is the most sensitive mode of
c. Increase as the gate current increases operation for a triac?
d. None of the above a. Mode 1
b. Mode 2
3. Which of the following is best suited for c. Mode 3
controlling power in ac circuits? d. Mode 4
a. The SCR
b. The triac 9. Thyristors are used extensively in
c. An ordinary rectifier diode a. Small signal amplifiers
d. None of the above b. Stereo amplifiers
c. High-power switching application
4. For the UJT, the intrinsic standoff ratio, , d. None of the above
equals
a. RB1/RB2 10. A triac is equivalent to
b. RB1/RB1+RB2 a. Two diacs in parallel
c. RB2/RB1+RB2 b. An SCR without a gate lead
d. None of the above c. Two ordinary diodes in parallel
d. Two SCRs in parallel
5. Once an SCR is conducting
a. Its anode to cathode voltage increase
substantially
b. The only way to turn it off is with a
positive gate voltage
c. It can never be turned off
d. The gate losses all control

6. For an SCR, the holding current IH, is defined


as the
a. Minimum anode current required to
hold the SCR in its conducting state
b. Maximum anode current that the SCR
can safely handle
c. Minimum amount of anode current that
will keep the SCR off
d. None of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 33: operational amplifiers

1. The input stage of every op amp is a 8. The slew-rate specification of an op amp is


a. Differential amplifier the
b. Push-pull amplifier a. Maximum value of positive or negative
c. Common-base amplifier output voltage
d. None of the above b. Maximum rate at which its output
voltage can charge
2. The dc emitter current in each transistor of a c. Attenuation against a common mode
differential amplifier equals signal
a. The tail current, IT d. Frequency where the voltage gain is one
b. Twice the tail current or unity
c. One-half the tail current
d. Zero 9. In an inverting amplifier the input and
output voltages are
3. A differential amplifier has an Ad of 100 and a. In phase
an ACM of 0.1. what is its CMRR in dB? b. 90 out of phase
a. 1000 dB c. 180 out of phase
b. 60 dB d. 360 out of phase
c. 30 dB
d. This is impossible to determine 10. In an inverting amplifier, a virtual ground
a. Is no different from an ordinary ground
4. The output stage of a 741 op amp is a b. Can sink a lot of current
a. Differential amplifier c. Usually has a significant voltage drop
b. Common base amplifier d. Has the same potential as ground, yet
c. Common emitter amplifier it can sink no current
d. Push-pull amplifier
11. The input impedance of an inverting
5. A typical value of open loop voltage gain for a amplifier is approximately equal to
741 op amp is a. Ri
a. 100 b. Zero
b. 0.5 c. Infinity
c. 200,000 d. RF
d. None of the above
12. A noninverting amplifier has a 15k RF,
6. When the inverting (-) input of an op amp is and a 1.2k Ri. How much is its closed-loop
positive with respect to its noninverting (+) voltage gain, ACL?
input, the output voltage is a. 12.5
a. Negative b. -12.5
b. Positive c. 13.5
c. Zero d. 9
d. None of the above
13. A voltage follower has a
7. If an op amp has an open-loop voltage gain of a. High input impedance
100,000, what is the voltage gain at the open b. Low output impedance
loop cutoff frequency? c. Voltage gain of one
a. 100,000 d. All of the above
b. 70,700
c. 141,400
d. None of the above
GROBs BASIC ELECTRONICS
10th Edition by MITCHEL E. SCHULTZ
Chapter 33: operational amplifiers

14. An op amp circuit has a closed-loop voltage 20. In an voltage-to-current converter, the
gain of 50. If the op amp has an f unity if 15 MHz, output current is not affected by
what is the closed-loop cutoff frequency? a. The load resistance value
a. 30 kHz b. The input voltage
b. 300 kHz c. The resistance, R, across which the
c. 750 MHz input voltage is present
d. 750 kHz d. None of the above

15. When an op amp circuit uses a single


supply voltage, the dc output voltage from the
op amp should be equal to
a. Vcc
b. Vcc
c. Zero
d. Vcc

16. In an op amp summing amplifier, the


inputs are effectively isolated from each other
because of the
a. low output impedance of the op amp
b. feedback resistor
c. virtual ground
d. none of the above

17. For a first-order, active low-pass filter, how


fast does the output voltage roll off above the
cutoff frequency?
a. 6 dB/decade
b. 20 dB/decade
c. 6 dB/octave
d. Both b and c

18. An op amp comparator that uses positive


feedback is known as a
a. Zero crossing detector
b. Schmitt trigger
c. Peak detector
d. Voltage follower

19. A comparator never uses


a. Positive feedback
b. An input signal
c. Negative feedback
d. None of the above