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Ivan Galamian

Frederick Neumann

CONTEMPORARY
VIOLIN TECHNIQUE

Volume One
PART 1

Scale and Arpeggio Exercises

Catalog No. 1.2356

GALAXY MUSIC CORPORATION


a division of

ECS
PUBLISHING
Preface

This is the firs t in a projected se rie s of three books intended to present a method of study
covering the essential elements of contemporary violin technique. Scales and arpeggios in
single stops (Part I) are integrated in an entirely new way with a system of bowing and rhythm
patterns* (Part II). By application to the e x e rc ise s, the patterns are designed to help the student
derive greater and quicker benefit from his scale and arpeggio practice.
Since technical m astery depends more upon control of mind over muscle than upon m ere agility
of fingers, the direct way to such m astery lies through working procedures which present a
constant challenge to the student's thinking p ro cesses. For this reason new problems must
always be faced and solved. To provide such new problems in almost inexhaustible supply is
the chief purpose of these patterns.
The patterns are in two categories: Bowings (designated by B) and Rhythms (designated by R).
Each category is divided into sections, coded B1 to B16 for bowings, and R l to R16 for rhythms.
The numbers indicate the number of notes in each pattern. For example, the following bowing
pattern is regarded as a two-note pattern, being made up of two-note components
*"'# and is therefore listed under B 2. The design "T'-# "T"# is a four-note pattern and
appears under B4.
The same principle applies to the Rhythms. The following example J. J. 3 J. 3 derives from
the two-note rhythmical figure n . Accordingly it is referred to as a two-note rhythm pattern
and is listed under R2.
3 6
The figure JT3 IT j is a three-note pattern (R 3). The figure
is a twelve-note pattern (R 12).

All three-note patterns can be applied to any ex ercise employing groups of three notes or any
of their multiples. In an eight-note ex ercise , all patterns of B 1 ,B 2 ,B 4 and B 8 can be combined
with all patterns of R l, R 2, R4 and R8. In twelve-note e x e rcise s, all B and R patterns of 1, 2,
3, 4, 6 and 12 can be combined. This versatility of application perm its a single pattern to be
used for several different e x ercise s. Innumerable combinations of B and R patterns can be
utilized, as well.
The following illustrations derived from Chapter 3, Part I, will demonstrate the method of
combining the e x e rc ise s with the patterns. The applicable patterns are:
B l , B2, B 3, B4, B 6 and B 12
R l, R2, R3, R4, R6 and R12
3 ____ 3 3 3
F irs t Primary pattern: J J- ] ] J j j J J J J j J ||

Example of ex ercise :

Application of its fir s t prim ary pattern:

*The guiding idea of this integration is explained in Ivan Galamians book, P rinciples o f Violin Playing
and Teaching, Prentice-H all, In c., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1962.
Application of B3, 2) i with first prim ary pattern:

Application of R 2, 1) a) detache, b) legato

Combined withJ33, 2) #n and R2, 1)

3 6
Combined with B4, 3) "T"* and R12, 8) J J~3 J7 1 J JJJ5 5

At the head of each chapter in Part I B and R code numbers are listed to indicate the applicable
patterns. Prim ary patterns in which the ex e rcise should fir s t be practiced are also given.
To facilitate the use of various bowings, rhythms and their combinations, all note-heads in the
ex ercise s are printed without stem s. Bowing patterns are shown by note-heads which do not
indicate any specific time value, m eter or rhythm. Rhythm patterns are presented without any
indications for specific bowings.
Wherever two different fingerings are given (one above and one below the notes) both are to be
practiced. Other fingerings should also be devised. In some ex ercise s in Chapters 10-12 of
Part I the use of "creeping" fingering is suggested. This technique is briefly explained in
Chapter 10.
The teacher will be the best judge of which bowings, rhythms and their combinations will most
usefully serve the needs of each student. It is suggested that the patterns be utilized in a d iv er
sified fashion and that the rhythms and bowings be employed in constantly changing combinations
to stimulate continuous interest. Chapters 3, 4 and 7 of Part I contain particularly important
m aterial for such treatm ent.
We hope this approach to the problems of contemporary violin technique will provide interesting
and profitable results for both teacher and student.

Ivan G alam ian


F r e d e r ic k Neumann

GMC 2356 Hi
T ab le of Symbols

Sym bol D efinition


I, II, III, etc. 1st, 2nd, 3rd Position, etc.
G, D, A, E Strings
D ------------ Stay on the same string
Continue with the same finger
Reach up
Reach down
2 2
Keep finger down

Remain in position
1
Scales in One Position
Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, Bs, ( B16)
Ri, R2, R4, Rh, ( R16)
Primary Patterns:

P r a c tic e this e x e r c i s e in a ll the m a jo r and m in or k ey s. *

I . - .

*
II

$
III
m +-
$ T * -+T

TV
~w ~#.

$
*

VI

$
V II

$ dtZMZ
This may be continued into h igh er positions.
E x a m p l e :
*

GMC 2356
Copyright 1966, by Galaxy Music Corporation, for all countries, Printed in U .S .A .
a division o f ECS Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts.
1
2
Scales on One String
Groups of twelve n o tes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:

i ; t j r n r h r n i? j m r m f m it j m n / m n

P r a c tic e this e x e r c i s e on a ll fo u r strin g s in a ll the m a jo r and m in or k ey s .

ONE-FINGER SCALES

1 1
A G . __________ ^ * -

_________ ________________________ ^ ___________________________________________ t t _________________ J _________ ............... A


9
...A
9
9
m -.u
#

m
~~~~--------

ffH 1 1 1 1 ---------- __ 9 9 9 , a . 4 ............... 4 ................ 4 ............. a 0 9 m ~ ~ ~ ..................


W 1 m 9 9 o * 4 4 4 . o 9 m i '

i t - + 2 3 3 3
z 2 * ? T
1 1
i i 1

TW O -FIN G ER SCALES

------ 93 ----- ^_________ i p___ _____ ___ .. ....................... . ----------


0
I# G 4 . ' 91 9 ' ..... 9 ..... #.___ m 4 ...............q ................................... .............. ...- _____
M 4 1 9 O ............ ...-jft....... 9 ....... M ...... 9 ....... i ...........o .........................-.....
IlH t n 4 o 9 9 ?----------.... ... .... -------------- -------q----- -----_--------9 - ---- 9 -----.,---------- 9 --------- _9
VHJ 1 2 1 2 m m 9 o L .......... .......... ....4.................. 2....... * L ...9 ...... 9 ..... .......... ..........2...........
y + - t ? 3 2 3
i d

2 GMC 2356
THREE-FINGER SCALES

GMC 2356 3
F O U R - F I N G E R S C A L E S

G
i 4 ..........................................
JT A ^ ^ M A .......- .... - .................................................................
J r < t m w ( o 9 # m i ...................................
\a 9 m m
I JIM
A S tt 4 m ...........m 9
i 9 9 m 4

4 GMC 2356
3
T h ree-O ctav e Scales
Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, Bl2
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, Rl2
Prim ary Patterns:

i rn m r h r fc nt m iis m rn m m
In addition to these patterns, practice all three-octave sca les with the A c c e le r a tio n E x e r c is e
as shown in the following example. In playing it make sure that the value of the quarter note
rem ains the same throughout. Choose a slow tempo at fir s t (J = 50-60), then gradually in crease
it. The ex ercise may also be practiced in rev erse as a R etard ation E x e r c is e by starting at the
end with the thirty-second notes and finishing with the eighth notes.
4 4

4 4


-0--M
r

i '?
i t
* -0-

2356 5
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iCC.

- w ~+ I3 ------ 4-
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4
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t;

XJL
K#
A
33E

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4 4 E
tl *? _*. _ 4
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tti
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5 2356
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4 4

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I 3
4 4

=*=#=

i0 2356
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1 3
A -m- (3 2)
A

3
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E^rKy .. , ..................... "-------------- ' ; H ' r * ------------- :-------------------- 1---------------- 4---------------------


# # # * . 1 ..: ................
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r------------
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a -4------4-

2356 11
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(fo. _...# ........m... ...................* ..... .... 1........................
2
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ft 4- a- -- =
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(4) 1
D (4) 1 fe
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i

--------.-----_ # 1 .. ---------------- 1----------- 1------------1------------1---------------------


f a ^----B * * * ----------------1----------------------

4 4

A o
#
s

D
b t] 4*~ -4--------------1---------------4-
s 9 0 ......-m + 90
2
D

4 , 3
b\>A k b l +
-4 ------ 9- *~ " r .

4 B -*-...-9-

(4 ) 1

^ .............. ................. ............................................................ 9 w .............................................................................


---------------------------------------------------------------------1--------------------------- 4--------------------------- 4-----------------------------------------------------
9 1> , b ...... , - - * q # # ........... i
fa b \? * 0 . 0 * * _ ! , j

12 2356
2356 13
4
Scales of V aried L en g th
and D ifferent Groups of Notes
P r a c t ic e th ese s c a le s in a ll the m a jo r and m in or k e y s .

Groups of five notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B5


Rl, R5
Prim ary Patterns:

j j j j j in n w f T w n w n w n w 1

* W henever the two highest notes o f these scales fo rm a half-step, they will best be played by the sam e fin g e r.
E x a m p le :
8 ---------------------- l
3 3

Ui T* ; TM t ML ,

14 2356
Groups of seven notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B7
Rl, R7

m
Prim ary Patterns:

i rm ii m rm i

0.....#

m ==*=

0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 ....... .........


............................ _ ...4................................. ........................
jt f L ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0 m ------------ * ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

J f f l J _ * * .. ____ 1 ________ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"I 4

m T

-t--------1- -4--------1-------- 1-

3 3

2 a- I -I- -3 m-

GMC 2356 i5
Groups of nine notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B3, B9
Rl, R}, R9

Primary Patterns:

I ~ j JT i m n .- h .- h s h is h r n r n i.~ h ih n

16 GMQ 2356
F o u r-O cta v e Scales
Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, BH
Rl, R2, R4, RH
Primary Patterns:
CSSSSSrnSSSSSS 9 EE&5E5!^^BE55E353 9 (S35SSSfM
M^^3S3S3* SSS^SSST"1
0 J-----
0 0' , 0^ 0' II7
II4 / 7 7 T JT T 3 : J T T ! J T 7 3 : J J J J J 7 T 3 : # u j 3 #f##5 : r m ,
JL 'A* ! 1 _ jl ZZ i M_
-i~ - 4t-
p i
2 3

a
#-

3 2356
IS
- - - - -J

(3 2) 3

j * ^ I
------- ------------------------------------ --

--------------- 0 ------------------------------- 3 --------------------------- - 3 --------- - - , , -|


j * -----------------1------------------------------------------ 4 ---------4 -----------------------------

.............
* n 3
. i ,
*
==B

(4 2)

(3 1 3> 8 ---------------------------

; , ; . 5 .

if = - ,
- - w ....
.......* .... $ * * *
......... x ............. ............
------------------------- ----------------------------- 1-------- - ^ ............. 1 ---------------------------- t -------------------------------------------4 ---------- 3 -----------------------3---------

$ _______________________ * * *

1
_4L
O|

3

I
i
i
}j~

: * .. - ^ g ::z9r:::- ::- ...-


C

~ 7 ~ - .

TO p b ---------------------------------- .. '........ *. * - - ^ -

GMC 2356 19
6
A rpeggios in One Position
Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, Rl, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:

i i f z jT j jT J 1 7 } Ilf USgTTfiJTJTg I

*Stay in second position and rea ch hack with the f i r s t fi n g e r .

20 GMC 2356
2356
21
22 2356
.............. t L 4 ~ -+ 4 i

- A ------------ ------------1 , . * ------------------------------- " . i \ /,-i* -----------


---------
H ^-------------------
1 .. i_________
i
------- 9-------h--------- 1 ---------------------- M ____i i
^ b # : - .......- ..............................................................................................# .......
5r 2 -------------------------------------------- 1
l i 4 4

Ife;

# * ? f a ...- ...........' '


---- 2--------- -
, = |
----------------------------- ^m--------
E T ..... ^ # * * - q
#------------- = ----------.--------- ? _ * d
# .......... ............. .... ..... *
i i

GMC 2356
25
2356
24
4
_A_

UL is l

$ r r , ;i

p t m

ife

k>+- bi.
^" j b<
t S

GMC 2356
25
Mm
4
,4 ^ A.
4^- tr t -

i
L 2 2
t#- -*-m
^ ^
(4) .JL- ilL Ig=

&
#

2356
26
Groups of sixteen notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, BH, B16
Rl, R2, R4, Rti, R16
Prim ary Pattern:

i 1

$ *

EE
s -8 ft-

2356
27
--------------------------------------------- ------------------ ------------T q
. $ $ $ ------------------- :--------------^ . r z -------------------------- :________________U---------M ---- w ---- ---- >-----------------------------

r - - ^ p _ ^ T -------------------------- *
-#-

M l i . j i i " . . ------------------------------ ^
^ 1 - = !
p
* T 1

<r >------------------------r ------------------. . . . - F = ------------------------------------------, ' * * * * . ---------------------------------------1


_____________ 1 ______ ------------------------------- ---- # -----V --------------------- -
2-------------- , b -------------------------------------------------------------- * -

1r * #
r ~ -
1
i

0 ,J2 ----------------------------- ~ [? ----- 1


. i " * m -----------H rU| t n1
j*' I -------- 0 m . ---------- -------------------------------------- --------------- 0 J

1 1 ? ? - T * 1
1

0 .................. . ---------------------------------,
M & h ----------------------- . > * ...................... # # ---------------------------------------------------- m m ------------------
------------- a------------- ^ 4 * ------------------ -- -------------------------------------------------- ."
2 ---------- w ----------- ------------------------------- * m ------
^ T * *
JT ^ ^
i
i

1 1 ^ 4 2 0

. -------------------------------- A 1 .....-4 a t f --------------------------- n A ' ,,<01: . * . J ! > . z = |


--------- L _ t f i 3 m m --------------------------------------------------------------- m -
OJ-----------------1-------------_ . . w ..
^ r -
7 ..................................... ' 1 H
3 T ' 1
l 3

= = ------------------- ----------------^ - r - * --------- ----------------------------------------- ------------------------1


2
, * ..... ----------- #
- % - i . - -----------------------------------= = f c * = F = -#-
1
1

<2, < 4 ) ( 2 , #

0 , " i M --------------3 1 . * * .... .......................... ' * .


7 r> \> l - ---------------------------------------------------------------------- * * >
* - - r - H -
tj -#- 4 4 3
r ' 4
1

-------------------------- j # # * ----------------------------------------- * * ^

rip 1> ^ ~ r , - * ~ --------------- ^


------------2
m
M - * ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ m 9 .

a (2 ) ( 4 , ( 2 )

------------------- -- i 1 i = ........

W ^ T ^ r - 1 ' r f - M V ^
i ..;.-?-------
2 4
^
2356
28
$
(2) (4) (2 )

4 1

4 -m 4 3 G
(2)(4) (2) ^ JL j*L
__ A
X l /i
-^>1.
---- .1 m * 1 3 18------- 3 1 ? # 1 4
... 1 .
h MA
-f .
3 ^ I *
1 . * ------------------------------------- W
* ^
* , ....... ................... ......... ....... ...............
1
G

2356 25
7
T h re e-O cta v e A rpeggios
Groups of nine notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B3, B9
Rl, R3, R9
Prim ary Patterns:

i m m m us t b m i b \ m r h t h

. , .................... #
9 ~ - ---------------------------------------------------------- b . ? ~ ~ n --------------------------------------------- ,
/ t ..................... . m v .................. 1 ...................................... n ... 0 ....................................................... .................... m # 1 1 .................................................
f(T % o | 0 .............................. ...... - ............................................. -....................... 2 m 0 a
< w .................. ...........
( 7 0 .................... _ ............................................. n m
t ? 7 0 0 -0 - #
' W 1 1

JL 1
----A.*- m 3(1
)
# i ------------- #-- I. I
--------- Jrlr

Jr-------------- #w---------- ---------- 1----0---------- -------------------


ae05------------- 0-0---- -9-.\r-
--------------- r ^ - ----
i---- 0-------
----------------- = i* " 1 ............. ' ...................2 * T

30
2356
i l l j WL
i l

------- ------- - .K _ 2
= = 4
^ l l ^ f c ------------------------------------------------- 1? # ------------------- !----------------------------------- ......................................... ......a r ........- .......... ................ .... ... -
1

------------------ --------------------------- J ----------m -------- W.---------------------- i ---------------------- ----------------------------------------------- 3 m 0 ---------------------------------------------

( k 1? .....[ 7 - ---------------------------------------------------------------- e ----------------r r - 2 ........... ................. m ........................... ................. - ........... # ........


\ 5 / ......... . . # ......................................................................................................................................................#
- * * - - < --------------------------------------------- i-------------------------- 1 1 # 9

am
4
e

I& -e-

A 3 U1
2 *
-0 -
-4-
M
J J E
|2
........................... 1
4
a)
h > I j k ]l 2 A _
~ ~ - + . L 2
..................................................1.......# ^ - - ......-
IT

--------- t ----1 . ^1----------------- 1------- * ~ --------------------------------- 9-------P ------------------- i ------------------


----------------------- * ------- 1---------------------------------------------
w * = J ? f -------------------------- 8------------------------------------- 2 y , d
L.. _ ...9 M ........ 0--------------------------------------------------------

= * * 3 = ^ * 3
------------
.M L ~ ~ t . . ...... I ------------------ 3-4 ^P-------------------
? f - - Z ? ------------------------------------ q * #.m
E

A I
1 * >
JE_ _
- 4
_ = = b^ 2 u i > -
4 0 A W 1/^
m \ i bp 1
7 p H m m i 4 o 4 _ bp l 3
- & & - ----------------------------------- #-?T 4
------------------------- ----------------- --------------------------------------------------------------P -------------------------
V----------1 7----- 9 ....... ...1.........- ....... .......... t...... : .:z:.:z................... j t .l" :.:..1-.L--r N ---------*-------------------------
s 7P

2 2

^ i i 3 b-p- bp D
~ ^ --
d
1 L
u ^ ; ....^ = = =
4 ........ 9 + - = - - -2 -
P kf ~ ~
-i S-
i~
E E

- 1 ------- 9 - -P 4--- 2--- 1---3-

4I 2
\>JL 3 3
3
_ 4 ------- 2--- P
bp -3- p 1
nr-
o

.b * . i
- T fe------ ---------------P^ i-------- . ##i--------
_------------ , f i------- ................................................

~/L-b------------- 1---- p i ----- --------------------------------- ^p-


z@ 5=z i ^ ------ "zzzz i #g-----------------


P"
2 2

32 2356
E
3 = # 2
1

(3 2)

i- i
-4----- 2 -

=!fe i t ?
pi * = '
*

1 -+ -
* * * 3 -*- M . + 3
_#_ z = z z = Z Z i .
- = = - * - 5.
--------------- ^ = i i ______ ................. ....4'..' # j e z z A z ..Z.......
it
v 1i
t o -------------------------- 1 ^ 0 *-f c' - - - - - .. - .... ........ ............ -w r
i ... 0 * V ....- j T - .... *...... * * ..... = : .:....:---------------------------- --------------------------------------------------- m I

Z Z _ JL 2
---- -------------------------# --------------------------
U f a , 4
4------------------- -------------------------------- j A - Z . - . i
H------ 1-----a... m ' -----------:-------------------------
$ : ; .
2 ? ' ............

4
-------------------, 3
* V :
0 ^ = - *- ----4 # .......................................
. . .. ....... #
W- J
A a ......................'
A
- J ? ---------------------3----------- 0 ..... # -------------------
i > .............. ........ - .......- .......~ "...................................................... ............
2

2356 33
i 8 - -
1 h -i-
D-
= i= 4 -L
g, * flf
* 1 -1
ljP -4-----3-
i L- T -..... -

D

- T

.... r...... m m , m 1 \> --------------------------i , i - " 3...." ....... .a^....... .... i t 4___
4 _ a M _jk q
L
................................................ 4 " 4 I--------- * 1-------------------------- i----- -------- ...............-................... ........... ....... m 1 -
J ! 2 -------------------------------- x- % m ------------ ----------------------------------- ----------------------------------; ----------------------#
2 1

i D - A j E
# A ' D ----------
4 L2 2 U2
1 5 # i ^ - g # ..= ^ - . - i r i 1 __________ ,
S A k k t . ^ ---------- ----------- d h i # l 4 2 l 8 2------ ...4
w ) 2 b--------------------------------------------------------- 1> .....1
E 1
2 D A

A 8 " e
i 8 - - -
? & * ^

l | M ..... T ........................................... ..... ? ~ ' T 1 # ..... w -------------- ^ * T 4 2 T +-


p *> b ; ..- g ----------- ? - -- ------------ ....... 4-----* ---- 4----- i -------------------------------------

2 1 I

34
2356
'1 3
(4) *- 1
# ~ # r---
_....................... # ^ ^---
> L'P. It----------- ht- i-------- --------- --------4------------#ti- -------
----------- -------------------- ^ _ . - i --------- #---------------- 1*
:y 7 T ... :- @ . - y - - ............ - -
9------------ :--------------------

3 8- - - - - - - t 3
* , * _ * M. M
1------
. r ~ t ^

1
o f o 9 v \> ---------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- 0

1
L - i - * ---------------------------< * ------------------------------------------------ 1

n 2
( 2)
yz i At
#. =*=4= 'S k i
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o

1
1 3 "I 2
L- A D
I 2 4

~ar
o

(4) (4)
2

"P"
0

8 ---------
- - - - -j 3 ..............................i 3
# m
rt# ^ m 1**- m p- 1 p
{ / S i i ----------------------- * j ------------- * i n ------------------ 0 i i A A m
rm n
VSj
v* m .

1 ~0 m . . 0....
T l

2356 35
(4) 8 - - 3
M . JtL M . 8j ' 3' "
2 *- 1
-0 - ----
, ______________________> ^ - 1 ^ ^ f ^ ---------
*--------------------------- # 5------------------i ---------- - ...... t 2+ _ I "*1 T T z
4 0 n 17 p .......... m

1
J .......... ..... ------------ ------------------------ *

1
1 H 1
-

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. m. -*-b# ~~

i
D

E <> 8 - -
1 1 , r3
: i i b -*- :b # - L ~ ^ L
b# ~ . b # .. ~~b# ~ ~ ~ ~ .b < (2) *
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i ? p lb<
1 l
D
D

' 3 A 1 3
+ L 2
4*- * -2-----
-fcJL 4----- 4- y I ~ -4------ 3-

i & * :: =

-T 2 I A
1 1?JL 2 D G (4 )
L 2 I2 * _______ t - # ,2 2
P| b * f 1 4 2 1 3 -4------2----- 4------1----- 9 9 * --- 3- z wz

1- # -
i I
-# -----4-
1 A E 1
D

1 3 n 3
(4)
2

4 * ,.. b*>.. ;k.\' . ...... .... A.... .. #.............


3#... ....
--- i ----------- (4)---------------------
------ :-------_ _ --------------------- * 0
# 1------^
----------------------------- 1
(2)

1 3 (4)
2

4 b b 1
-+ t-
l
(2 )
~ m +

1
D

1 3
i

JU * ... 4 ...........#
~ # # , -q
H H
%H
fcLZ----- 1, *. .... 4----------------
* r :
--------- ................. .......

f= w = z
-
-------------------- 1---------:--------- ^ ---------p* e ------ 1
D

36 2356
,3
L -11 ZZL1
4^ M.
fa* zr^========rq:
$BE
D
1 1 1

1 3

m - j '
A

-, A
H 3

pi
~ l i-U 4 D
i i
jg _ z : ~~ # 3
-4 -

1 3

( 2) ( 2)

1 3 '1 3
1
~ #

2356 37
1 , 8 - - -
1 .. 2
A ^ ^ - , i f , . A = i ^ n
-X -\ l------ :------- m i-------- 1---.^------- ?:--------------*----------------- 9 ---------- A iin J-------- 2 i ...*" 1 4 I. ._
-------------------------- i _ * ------ 1 T< ft
g r ; .. ----------:<3 ~ ..ir
D

8 --------- --
3 1 3
V 1 1 2 2 JL JtL

M * h & ~ A # 7 * f r
G
1 L ' *
#
1
4
- - ^ 4 ^ -
1
= ^
4 .
= * v
4.......
.
*[; ::
,
---------------------------------------- 14 _
- 4 - 1 7 ---------- ---------------
D

8 - ------------
(2 8 ------------
? \

G .
------------------ 4---------------- % 9 - r ------- J 2 1 4y - 2 - 2... -
I t f a t ,1 I* ------------------------------------ 2 Hm 1 fly 4 = (3) --------------
D A E

8 -----------
4) 1
3 "* 3 (3 3 3

- 4 -
:* 9 7z M-
. - * #------------.
J ^ A i 7 " 7 ^ T ? n . = t J . * 1 , . ^ - ^ = i = --- i-------------- 4-------------:----- -------
------ :------------------------ m ----------- % f --------------------------------------- 2 *
y 7
V A D *
1,-1 A
' 2
D

A D

1
D

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:
i n n m n T}iij r h r h r h j t j i i
P r a c t ic e this a ls o with the s lu r exten ding o v e r two m e a s u r e s .

A
i \>J = E to b ,

$ E to w
2356 39
^ ------------------------------------i * ' ----------:------- 1----- \ - = .. 7 * .-, |
:------------ ------- - ............................- - .. , - =
T ^ r w . ' = ~w
* ,

J8L

M. ^ 4
a i * * * - - -2- ............... m
T t r r * = --------- 1 . ? - -------------------- J &...................
m ....... . _

y - ^ - : = 1 * T
i

1 ,,
~ ~ ~ ~~ * b _--------------------------------------.
JPuK- i?--------------------- r -------------------- 1---------- ----------------------- B------------------ * a ---------r 3-------------------
---- ----------------------- ----------------2---- --------------
b|? Z ..~ ^ T . P = = ^ ^ 1

i . = =
Jr-tJ v b ... ......- - - b# tl# ..... 2 4 1" ......... ........ .......... < i T i l l i -------------------- t M l -
---------------------------- J - 1< 1 1,0 i
1 E................... ... ...... . ...... W

* - A <!>
j . * =
f ........................................... ......# ----- 1------------------------ = .....
= .............
- * ...... _ .__a . ___
: ................
-----m__
= # t ------- 1 2------e ----------- a ------------------------------- -------------------------------------i----- 3----------- 0 ---- ------------------
------------ ------- ------ 0 ------------------------
.....................................................' .." # ' #...V
^ T A

JL
Z Z Z Z ~ *L A . -0 . 4
# ....................... ...... T~ * ----- i----------- .1...(2) ... ---- 4 0 }---- 1----- 2----------- * . ------------------
= & T.......... - .... ur- * * v ............. __.... 0 ...... -.... 9 # .................. ...........
----------------- - 0 -----e------- ------------------- - ---------------------- -------------:------------------------------------------ <..... .... ...^ - J
^ -w

i
^ h. o ... L . __ _.
^ ................... --------------- a ------------------- 2----- 3----- ----------------- 2---------------- y------- m---- 9 e ------------- zzz
-------------------------------------------------------- 9 - f 0 ----
# = A ------------ # a 1

* , = 3
------------------------- # iL---- 1-3-------------------------
= * * F------------------------5----- 0 kw .. ' U ... -7---- 3----- 1----- 3----- 3 ... -i 8- -a- i -8 , p0 \ r ............
n 1/
T * T ^ > e
A A

A Z =
_ ^ J r = ------------ ------------ 1 y - ... ....* ----------- 1----- 8 8------- 1-------:-------- 2 # * ^ A-----
<5 >T * ? ............... -: - ^ --------------------------------- * ---- a------------------
1 - - -------------------------------------------------------- 9---- * ^ '

40 2356
A
_ --- --- JSL *4
I * = = f ---- 4----------------- 3------------- -------ft----- .2 ---- ------------------------
r ....... ............ ....
ft *T 1
2

^ b f t. 3

= = = * . b f t _ ^ _ _ J ........
---- 4----------------- 1---- 4---------------- #_ _ _ T_ _ ---------
WA r !-----
1- 1,----------
__________ . r - i------------
--#* ' ^ = {
7-----------------------------
= 7 -------- ---------------------------------------------------- jz - jim
............... _ 1
2

4 1
Z j f t t J * --------------------------- 1-------------1-------I----- 1--------- 4 - ------------------ 1 i ---------- f r y - f r * i 3--------------------
--------------------------------------- 2------ u . ,........................- : :
; , ^ != --------------------- ^ E H *_ b ^ ~
2

1 -0
^ .% -j----- ----------- :-------------------1------ m----- * -----* --------------i ------ 2------ g_-------i4-----------
= = * - i , _____________ __
---------------- 9--------------9......m-------------- ----
= P \ ________ # ft- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- = * - . , i .......-
E
T

i.
- *
= - i
ii l jl :? : =
-r -E = ~ .S L * ^
f e n : ...... ' .......-? -------------------- i ------- 4------ 3--------------3------------------- ----- ----- -------------------------------
= P \ - .................. ......... 7 ~............................ ..
. ________ i. *
....... V # ............. ........................................................................... -m-
2

i t e = ^ JL I

, r ~ - ... i . . . -------------------------- ,
= p \t-V . ~
L 1 * <--------------. I f * ----------------------------------:-------------- ----------- _ .... .......................... ~ -q -
~w 9 -* * P
2

2 ,,1

= * * 4 ^ , ,
. t * i - i l e - E
= # % * !h i ------------------------- - la * ' f f y 4 -------------1 a 3 . # t " 4 ,
::= tf =
i r .......... * ------------------------ 1 -------------------- g : = ^ r v
2

, ............ * _ * . . * / ' = .. = .= - * . . __________________


- 4 - ----------------------------- 4 --------------# ------ r ---------
i t --------------------------------------- S ~ * ---------------------- 1 *------ *---------- ------------------- ------------------------- -------------------- T.-----# ----- ^ ---------------
$ ; . * * T = = L E ^
2

8 ----------- - - - - . . - - j
1 -#- -ft- 2
---------- * ----- 2 ------------ I = _ J | ----- 1 ---------- ----------- _ _ _ _ _ ----------
------- ------- ------* ----- #------------------ * -----# ----- m------ -----------------------
_ i * T ' ~ ~ f * 1
----------------------------- 3----------------------------- -2------------- #-.....~..................
................ # #

2356
41
~1
3 bi 2
f - 2--------
#

D 1 3

b . K 7 bH l i d d > HA :
1 M m 1 3' 1 2
i b $ * fr fo
f ife

E ^
1 1 -- -O -o 3 -0- m 2
= j h k 4 --------- :--------------- . * * -------------- t I i------ 0------------- * i--------------------- * w -------------- r
< fo b b b r .... , * 1--------------------- 1-------- 1 *
2

Q_ _ _ _ _
O _ ______

-* 0 0
J lU , * : * * t ^ 4 3 0 : --------------- # ?
i, , , . -------------

5O - -_ - _ - _ - _ _- i
i b^ -i- ^ -*- b * - _ 3 -*- b * - _ 2
A 1. I - ^ ~ ----- =----- T .. T - ------------------ ---- # -------------------- ---- ----- ------------------------ ,

P~
2

*1 1

1 2
_JL_ ZM1
-2 8- 4 3-

* I ~ ===*=

. It* -#----
j 2-
^ . I 'T ^ -4 - Hh =*=

42 2356
2 _
V - 4 j m #

1 - ' --------------
-*- 3 -*- 1
* .....
------i ------3-------------- ------- 4--------------------- ----- # ----- _ --------------------
^ ...:.... - . * - ?
=gp7 ..0 # ......* . , . * --------------- 1------------------------------ 1---------------------- ---------------L -----------------------------# * ,
2

8 -----------------------

~i 1 -i 3
...
- 0 - 4 , ......................... i
- ....... ^ - . * - * > l i - ~ > 4
4----- 8------2-------1----- 4----- 2------------------ *
a
m I.
...,
0 ,-------
A b 1, i h 1 ......3' 4 * t - t 3
.. ( g ) 17 m t> Hw--------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------ f r * \>m d p f r i - j b
R

(3) E
4
D 3 _

np~
2

m m

8 - ...............................
i * , i *
= - jt V h i = - j-^ h i o
J M t , . , i . T _ * i r t 4 i f * r 4 = ! -^ - a * 2 ^7 4 % ^ T- . L................ - \ % L
...J * 1 * ------------------------- :-------------------------- 2--------- :-----------------
^ ........ ~ ....

2356
45
G

2
JL
D ^ b*-
=fr^E3g $
i 2
G

i W- - Q
D JL ^ =
~4----92----- 1......-4-

2
G
1 E
4
D 1 _# #_
_^_
# = -4--------2 -
It=4=
F
11__UE
+
2
G

(2)
D & i
=|P= 4 ---- 2-----3- -2 1-
3 SE
==
2
G

D t\-+- fr*- ^ tK ft : - f a b
1-------3------4------ s------ 1------ 2------3----------A------ 3 ......2------ 1
3 E
2 E
G

3
D
4- 4 e~
EC
2
G
2356
44
8
F o u r-O cta v e A rpeggios
Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
R l R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:

i r i i r h r i i m n m u m i m n

2356 45
46 GMC 2356
4------ -t-

< i)
4

4 --- ~
m ~W~
1
JP!}Z

Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, B8, (Bl6)


Rl, R2, R4, R8, (R16)
Prim ary Patterns:

i rm m : jwm ujm jw iii

2356 47
l(2) i l i f e L Q)
-it------ 2 B - -3B2---12-
4

= 3 - i* = 3 - ^
2 12 3 1 ~4" 3 2 14- il S
4S GMC 2356
2 1 4
JtL ^ 2 JL
E
3
..
1 * !Lzi -1------ 12-
=3C=?= 0 * #
fr-

L i
1 3 1.... ........ 3 4 -31-

ib * - fc *. i 2 E 3

4---- 2-----------1 2----3----------8 3-----2 1---- 3------ t----9-


>p i # 1.
#
0 TJ # E
8 -------------- - 3------------------- 1
* - 2 1 4 3 E
A ^ Q4 = = ^ ii= ^ i .,
J?J> ... 4 a---- 1-2 3 1 23 A 3 2 1 4 3 1 4 3 -------- --------
1 ^
4 H
8

(2) 1 1 2

Pta 1 . #
* 1 -1---- 64----------3-
e
-6-4- -4----
~9TjjjT

GMC 2356 45
9
A rpeggios on One String
TRIADS

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, Bl, Bl, B4, B6, B12
Kl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:

i (p r h r h r h it f f n j w s m m r n m n t t t;n
W ritten f o r the G -strin g , the e x e r c i s e s in this s ec tio n a r e to h e p r a c tic e d on a ll fo u r strings.

--------------------------------------- i--------------K---------------------------------------------
^ - ........ i - 4 ------------------------------------f i------ # ------4------0 ----- ------- 4----------------------
-----------------------
---- . --- - . . 1------
----- 0
-------- d------3----------------------- ------- # -------------- 8-------
.......... ........ ........... ^ "' '
f ........... -...... * ........1 * 2 T . . . z g =

________ i_______m.
3 4-
4 4 ........4" 1 # - -m 4-
~9~
- Vw 3

-L .-. ft#
& 4 # m
*-----~..... _ 1
1

i= ia c - 2 a- x. U ^ a ....4 -#, -* it.'


fe U r # 1

(2 ^
* 4 7 - g i
(2 3)
# ...
b* $triE
# ="*

_4---- #---- *
7# i # 4
, ....y y - frf- *-
m
#....'-2
1

50 GMC 2356
GMC 2356 51
2 ^ 2 3
a .1 # i. # 1 I ji #
- J * ------------------------ 3-------------- P * ----- 4------- ----- # ----- 3------------------------ ----------------------- ------------------------------- 4 ----- ----- # ----- g----------------------
... 4 , ------ 2------3 _ ---------------- -------- * ----- ----------------
~ r fo ............. ttl * " 2 ' ~ 8 ........ :...............: ... - ................ 4 .........
Jj __ # r 1 ...................................................................* ' ' __ 1 !..... .................... ................. a> '
* i 3

2
JjiJs
$
i=

4
1 [

(2 43) <! J*
4 =fe t ^
$ $ ~ *T IP
52 GMC 2356
DIMINISHED SEVENTHS
Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, BH, ( B u )
Rl, R2, R4, RH, (R16)
Primary Patterns:
i r m m ) \ \ fip .J W J T fifT H X

4
--- m--- H ---- 1 2--- m 3---
- J - , 4 j W -k ^ --- 3-------------------
---------- 3 ------------* -
I
-----0 a .
---------------- ... ~ 1 i ~1~ i 5-2---- ---------
2 fc k * T

- 6 ~ . _________
J L ...... 3---------- ,8 ---- ----------- 1.... i& b 4U ^o n J i t * b. . ,3-------------------
J s L __ ________ 2 -*-.. ---------i
J 1 5 W T W 4 *----i---- ~------------- : ' ..
1
2 2

3
m
-----g___= ^* -----......
-
jU J -----1------s------------
............ a * i_ il
it'1 b# # ^ - - 2-....... h ------------- ^ = 5
o ........
M r

DOM INANT SEVENTHS


Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, BH, (Bl6)
Rl, R2, R4, RS, (R16)
Prim ary Patterns:

J j j j j / T T j wf m m n m u w i

1
GMC 2356
53
3
..In *
Jn >f ; .i '2 l i .1 = p jB m
i 4 \>0- ^ $0-

M: I?*-*
f

(o)
3 3
-M-

GMC 2356
54
Broken T hirds
Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, Rl2

Prim ary Patterns:

i jmjmm ?iun irh rh n j isjpm im n i


Also slu r two m e a s u re s .

P r a c tic e in a ll the k e y s ,

IN ONE POSITION
P r a c tic e both fin g erin g s to c o v e r a ll the p o s itio n s ,

I
* w"m+

ii . . a

$
III

.....

VI

l
VII

ON ONE STRIN G

P r a c t ic e in a ll the k e y s . Eight different fingerings are given. They may all be applied to any
string.
EN TIRE SCALES

P r a c tic e in a ll the k ey s .

-4 1- -4 1-
W
w
1

56 GMC 2356
Broken Fourths, F ifth s and Sixths
FOURTHS IN ONE POSITION

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B}, B4, Be, B12
Rl, R2, R l R4, R6, Rl2
Prim ary Patterns:

f jr ^ jw jw in j j~j j t j jt j rn
A lso slu r two m e a s u re s .

P r a c t ic e in a ll thS k e y s . Practice each ex ercise first with the upper, then with the lower
fingering.
FOURTHS ON ONE STRING

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B\ B4, B6, B12


Rl, R2, R l R4, R6, Rl2
Prim ary Patterns:

im im m n rn rhrhrn i

P r a c t ic e in a ll the k ey s . All six of the succeeding fingerings may be applied to any string. The
"creep ing"* or "c a te rp illa r" style of execution is applicable to fingerings 1), 2) and 3).
Fingering 4) uses extensions throughout in the manner of fingered octaves.

3
jslL -0-2-
0-3-
-0-3-

-0-3- -*-3- -tr p -

* T,C reeping" fingering as shown in example a) should be pi ay ed as illustrated in example b) While the
fourth finger plays the a', the first finger co n tracts to f '. It then acts as a pivot for the shift of the hand
and arm toward the next position. Example c) shows the use of an extension: the third finger stretch es
up to e " while the first finger rem ains on b . The third finger then acts as a pivot for the shift of the first
finger and the hand to the second position.
The sam e principle applies in descending fingerings as shown in examples d) and e), the form er with con
tractions, the la tte r with extensions.

GMC 2356
58
FIFTHS ON ONE STRING

Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B4, Bh


Rl, R2, R4, RS

n /rajram i
Prim ary Patterns:

i rrn rrn

P r a c t ic e in a ll the k e y s . This ex ercise can be played in three different ways:


1) by shifting in the traditional manner.
2) by maintaining the stretch of a fifth throughout:

3) with "creeping" fingering.

i /- ----------- :-------------------- .... .. m # r ....0 1 * ---------j ---------------------


~/f t y i ;.iv i i " # r ... . 0 t ; ... ................
...... m 9 ----------# -------- ...# # * ---------- - ~
...................
"0 ...........
0 ....... m ------.... ^
m ................. ..
..... 9
- W .... - * 1

GMC 2356
59
SIXTHS ON ONE STRING

Groups of eight notes. PATTERNS: Bl, Bl, B4, BH


Rl, R2, R4, R8

irm rm
Prim ary Patterns:

11

P r a c t ic e in a ll the k ey s . Here, too, three different ways are possible:


1) shifting one step while maintaining the stretch of a fifth:

2) maintaining throughout the stretch of a sixth in the manner of tenths.

3) "creeping" fingering.

GMC 2356
60
12
T he C h ro m atic Scale

Groups of twelve notes. Use the A c c e le r a tio n E x e r c is e (page 5) in addition to


PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, Rl2
Primary Patterns:

* hi j r r n i n T n iii

Also s lu r two m e a s u re s .

IN ONE POSITION

*
1 ~2
iw # ; n* 1 1
ri 2 l

-i 7 4 3 , 2
-I".
^ # |?*I
i l: o i 4 -t t-
1 2 i f * b"*-
3 2 1 2 T

I o .ll i " j(l li * I* -? -t


i K > *' * ' 2 3 4

-p -
rwr^r
0 W '
1

e x e rc is e may be continued into high er positions.


GMC 2356
61
ON ONE STRING

P r a c t ic e a ls o cm the D and A s tr in g s . All four fingerings may be applied to any string. Other
fingerings may be devised.

2 ji 3
-O -

a#
..T U p , Q.
1 1 & 1 * * ii
t ? * r > *>

3 , 3 2 ,
2
a . ba i 3 , 2 i . 4 3 2 i : k+ : it - \>j l X - i L i i L4 3 , 2 t
o:

FO UR-O CTA VE SCALE


13
T he W h ole-T on e Scale
ON ONE STRING

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, Bl, B3, B4, B6, B ll


Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Prim ary Patterns:

\ jt j r h r n f n o jw h t h w u 1
Also slu r two m ea su res.

P lay on a ll fo u r strin g s.

G
..V*
* * m--- _ I 4 ~~ 3~

*"3 1 : 7 4 * b \>m
l . H It - T * *

--------------------3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------- ---------------------------- -------------------


& .......... --------------------- ................................................. .......................... 3 ... ~ 1 'H m " h 0 S '* " ' ; * " >

M ............ : ........> * q * q * ^ * 1 =

> q r ^ f f * 2
3 9 X 3

ACROSS TH E STRINGS
Patterns as above.
D 1 ,3 2
-e 3-
-4 - 3- tr-1. 3 4 9- 1>* b#

A 4 1 4 i3 ,2
1---,---- *----- m--- *
^i4 -W ^ -3 a-
9 . # _I4 =
$ 2----0------ g-- * ---- --CHF"
.

4 T

D D
-4---- 1- -4---- 1- 4 ------ 4- -4--- +-
5?=
*
GMC 2356 63
0
tt it $* mr

i X
0
If#'

3
I. * . li H 4 . j>
^-jrT^Tyrzzig
- - - 1
,
^!>
? imz
* #* #* f a

A D
D l 1 3
IMZ

i |* fe D

it#- jU _ 4 d
G D n , i i i ^
J? |2 ~ m * ---- 4 1 ....." - z .A......4 ___________ U .i k [/ y^ : ...LV%.
TO --^-^------- ------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------------------- 4--- tx>
G D A D G

TH R EE-O C TA V E SCALE

Groups of nine notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B3, B9


R l , R3, R9

im jtj m isnmnbiihmiT.
Prim ary Patterns:

E
l

m
$ * i5 -* 1
D

b* \>i 2
-U -
^ [?

54 GMC 2356
A
ElEEE-E
8------ 4-
i ft* fl? ft
A

n 3

^ Ix- h. t?
b< S=4
D
G

2 8
E
M- *4 =
% - # ^
$ t!
D

A
ftf: # 3 b* bJ 4
JXL

E
4 1
D A 0- -*- $k
-t-
k .. -4- j* il
-4 t-
E
D
A
i3
4
\>A
1 A
^ b*. Vm- hm 3

=k::::,.h

1= i
# t

2 A
JT H S 5 l> bi 4

-8 i 3=
3E
D

GMC 2356
55
A F ew N o n -T rad itio n al Scales and A rpeggios
The sca les and arpeggios in this section are intended as introductory study m aterial for
contemporary music. Each ex ercise is built from a basic interval or se rie s of intervals
indicated by the lower bracket and regularly repeated at a definite interval-distance shown by
the upper bracket. The resulting non-traditional sequences provide a technical basis for an
approach to present-day music.

SCALES
Groups of nine notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B3, B<)
Rl, R3, R9

Primary Patterns.

jT j j t j m i n
#- S'#

~! j i i| iw

t
A ? ^ ,. j.
^ . # # * = ^= -------- 4 v 3 1 =3=
-fZ m
:\rr

-3---------- 1---- ^

\rr +

*
CD ^ ? tt? i
b# \{
r > :

I 4
2
#
^ 3 if
# 0 f|)
* * $- M

- , : -

- - - - - - - - - - - - -,

o j> --i fj# L -


T ^ - g* g * m L- 1-------------------
$ ............ * ?# r * ^

*7%^ upper accidentals re p re s e n t a second version o f the sca le.

GMC 2 3 5 6 67
E

& t>. ti t i *
$

'1 - 3

ft*-#* jj> _ a b#
* 1

h lh '/ *
(3 - 4 - ^ l! I k f e
A* tt# *

j _
. # 3 n ^

~
^

........ r
b ^

*^ - . . .
____________ ^ -------------------------------------------------------------------------w
.................................._ r
+ - 1 - - - - ......- j . 1 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

IT = ^
IT ^

ff# # * l ^ - b . -------------------------------- N
.............. * B -

.11 L(2)L
W

t
^ b*- Lm ^3 # #
8 f f -
u4 2
* 2-
b + r ^ -

l \ . j|^ ^ g = 1 . 1 > ; I ^

E
hi 1
bv 1 * , * .
3

* * t # tt? ii * 4 ' A* ff ^
t Thn* w
# -r k b?
r ;o ^
$ D
^

6S GMC 2356
Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R12
Primary Patterns:

i f n r n f i i j j j i? j m j m m j i s m m im n
Also s lu r two m e a s u re s,
4 4

I . 1.1 . f# =
ft b*

i , . b.

3
-m -
ft # bi
=*=<

ARPEGGIOS

Groups of twelve notes. PATTERNS: Bl, B2, B3, B4, B6, B12
Rl, R2, R3, R4, R6, R l2
Primary Patterns:

t i m m m } m r h r h r h s f j m m m im r,
A lso slu r two m e a s u re s .

GMC 2356
70
i* * - ^ it . > - -fe

- o. 3 F
,= 4

E 8
A 1 L 3
A
^ = * 4J = ^ b *
, (2) ii^ 3
j -

(2) A 3
:.y '

"F ^ "

A
,( 2 ) i \>J *4
"? '

*
GMC 2356
71
-

3 31 $ -#-
:g JfiB-

"W (3

J_ k i
3
i~ e :

i tK
-(3-

h r fit i ^ ^ t . >

* W **

A
hi l*i $ -# - a 3 \?j
J - J

= i= f

72 GMC 2356
jl ____ =------- * aF_ _=_

8 -------- - -3 n
zJLp______ V ----- (4---------^tt------t- J e . -
. ....--- ----- [--i-- #->-- i .. i_ i 2---------
:-----------
....... .......
p----------
--------1:....- -g*Lzta> i.:------
^ .. * b*l?# = ------------

8 --------
ji3 ^
- ^ i - ^ b l,
= 4 = ----------, | ,.^ ^ ' . & * * ,------------------------
h-. ~~........ '>* ,t|2
...... 79* * L -----
=^f l"
^ L"Wlir^ ------------------------------- ----------------- :

,
------------------------ -0- ^ -------- --
y - .i-/* ' 1

8 ---------- - .
^ ( Iji hl jd.
4 ............... .. r ^ H h_4 * _..ff* j>
----------- - -------- ^ *.------------
i.
.... 1 _ ............. ......
8 ---------- - 3 1
i * ^ t ii- -.-=
Ji , . } * * ... A I....w
......... !-_______
------ --- ,
^ T i k ^ - .. ....... = * " ~ k. 1

j) .... ., ; ,
^ b^ * # # ------------------- = . 1 - ~ f t* 4 * = ^
GMC 2356
73
i L2 L , E
\}M- b'M- 2
- 3 --------1-------3------- 1-
b
$ b 4=^4 h r"

D
jj ~ 1 # , b# ij
2 ...
f t _ . -

E
D , bi-tfc i -
i L . b* ~ t| ^ # ~ t :
* ,i =

$ yy

Groups of nine notes. PATTERNS: Bl, Bl, B'J


R l, Rl, R'J

Primary Patterns;

?jtj m m i
Also slu r two m e a s u re s .

GMC 2356
74
A , 3 bl bl
=
,
bi
1 \>M- bl L
b#- ^ k
pj
-0-- 77- -0-

GMC 2356
75
Ivan Galamian
Frederick Neumann

CONTEMPORARY
VIOLIN TECHNIQUE

Volume One
PART 2

Bowing and Rhythm Patterns

Catalog No. 1.2356

GALAXY MUSIC CORPORATION


a division of

(ECS)
PUBLISHING
B o w in g Patterns
The Bowing Patterns are realized by repetition. Thus, the basic two-note pattern be
com es Each m aster pattern form s variants by being shifted, note
by note, across the bar line.
All patterns maybe started either upbow or downbow. Dots may be substituted for dashes
and vice versa. Either may represent any kind of detached or staccato stroke, short or
long; on or off the string.
Apply the bowings fir s t to the Prim ary Patterns which appear at the beginning of each
ex ercise in Part I. Then combine them with the Rhythm Patterns to be found starting on
page 20 of Part II.

2 GMC 2356
ONE-NOTE BO W IN G PA TTERN S Bl
n v
i) 0 0 0 2) 0 0 0 0
v n

T W O -N O TE BO W IN G PA TTER N S Bl

TH REE-N O TE BO W IN G PA TTER N S B3

1) 0 0 0 2) 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0


3) 0 0 0 4) 0 0 0


0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

g m c 2356 Copyright 1966, by Galaxy Music Corporation, for all countries, P rin te d in u . s . a .

a division o f ECS Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts.

3
B4 FOUR-NOTE BO W IN G PATTERNS

4 GMC 2356
FIVE-NOTE BO W IN G PATTERNS B 5

* Variant :
From here on , each m aster pattern is followed by a variant which can form still fu rth er variants by
being shifted, note by note , across the bar line .
GMC 2356 5
B6 SIX-N OTE BO W IN G PATTERNS

6 GMC 2356
GMC 2356 7
8 GMC 2356
EIGHT-NOTE BO W IN G PATTERNS B8

1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2)

CMC 2356 9
10 GMC 2356
N IN E-N O TE BO W IN G PATTERN S B9

i) 2)

GMC 2356 11
12 GMC 2356
7) 8)

GMC 2356 13
Bll TW EL V E-N O T E BO W IN G PATTERNS

1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2)

14 GMC 2356
GMC 2356 15
16 GMC 2356
GMC 2356 17
(B n )
SIX T EE N -N O T E BO W IN G PATTERNS Bl6
Sixteen-note patterns are formed by combining patterns of sm aller groups adding up to
sixteen notes, such as a twelve- and a four-note group; two eight-note groups; a seven-, a
six - and a three-note group, e tc . These newly formed patterns may then be shifted, note
by note, acro ss the bar line to form still m ore patterns.
Exam ples:
a twelve- and four-note group:

two eight-note groups:

The sam e combination principle can also be used to form new twelve-note, nine-note,
eight-note patterns, e tc .

GMC 2356 19
R h y th m P attern s
The Rhythm Patterns, like the Bowings, are realized by repetition. In some instances this
repetition is spelled out, partially or entirely, for greater clarity . A bracket I I is then
used to indicate the basic pattern.
A slur combined with a horizontal line linking two notes shows that they are tobe played
as one note. For example, J j> indicates one note representing the time value of five s ix
teenths. The line is to show that the pitch rem ains unchanged.

Beginning with R2, the patterns in each chapter are arranged in three groups under the
headings of a), b) and c ) . a) presents simple rhythms in traditional m eters, b) syncopated
rhythms and c) rhythms in irregular m eters.
The following patterns should be practiced fir s t ddtache, then legato. For legato practice
begin by slurring the notes of the pattern only, J^ 3 Then extend the slur over the en
tire m easure. Where re sts within the pattern prevent a legato rendition, play the pattern in
one bow stroke,
As a final step, bowing and rhythm patterns should be combined as illustrated in the last
two examples in the preface.

NOTE: It may be advisable to begin the rhythm patterns on open strings before applying these patterns
to the scales, noting those that are troublesome fo r additional attention.

20 GMC 2356
ONE-N OTE R H YTH M PATTERNS Rl

Every sequence of equal notes represents a one-note rhythm pattern, to be defined as the
repetition of a single note, or of a note and a re st:

1) 2) 3) 4)

IJ J
All Prim ary Patterns in Part I belong to this category. T here is no need for further examples
except for afterbeats and syncopations like these:

l) 2) 3)
-j ? | | I u r 1" ^ | -j k
7 j j j jllj> in ? n 0 0 \-0 I m-I0 0 -w m m

4) 5) 6) 7)

7 J r /X -J J II7 J> 7 J> II 7 7 J T " ! Hi ? / T T p

8) 9) 10 )

? J) ? j! ^ j! I ? J* v y ^ i ^ i I i- J* J* */ J1

GMC 2356 2
jR .2 T W O -N O T E R H Y T H M PATTERNS

1) 2) 3) 4)____________ 5) 6)

*>i d ) n ii>777 ? *> i n iie I e ? i i n ii ^

7) 8) 9) 10)

77 i H 7 i n in.

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 2 against 3

b) i j_ . f i i j ? i> i n j ii ? in j j
J f^ L T f

1) 2) 3) 4)

c) g J. J I J J. I J J>I J> J

5) 6) 7) 8)

I J J. I J. J I J-J> J I J JU I

9) 10 ) 11) 12)

I J Jl I J. > I J> J I J J-

22 CMC 2356
TH REE-N O TE R H Y T H M PATTERNS R 3

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

>id) r ~ n i m im im iF 3 n

7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12)

j~~b i h i . i m iii j t j im im

1) I 1 2) 3)

b>i ? ij i i j ? } ? i j ? > ?ji

4) 5) 6) 7)

r m . i j. 3_ j j im _ j m i
8) 3 against 2 9) 3 against 4

* vi i
ni id ji i *
t r rt t i r~ p h " r P r

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

c) j. n i n j. i j>j. j> i j j i> i j j>j m j. i j. n

8) 9) 10) 11) 12)

/3J iu n i j n n n j iit j>j j jllm

13) 14) IS) 16) 17)

i j j j> j. j j i j. j. j> iu jT ju j j j io j i j>j._j i>i


GMC 2356 23
R 4 FOUR-N O TE R H Y T H M PA TTERN S

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

) i JT731 srn i rm i rm irm nj m i rim i


8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14)
I3 j j 3 j } r3~)

rm. iii(t) rm i rm i rm i rm . nrm i rm


15) 16) 17) 18) 19)

J II JrH'dJ III J. ] J J II J J J. J II J J ?] J

20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25)

rm ii rm. nrm 1 r m nrm.. 1 rm


1) 2) 3) 4)

wi r 3Xrn ii r~i-m 1 ns~n 1 n _ m


5) 6) 7)

rm rm i ? m n y j 1n ru u ^ 1r im jm

8) 9) 10) 11) 12)

jn jn -j ii J- 5 7 7 7 ii X T J L s ii >j. r m ii r n

13) 14) 15) 4 against 3

<t j 7j> j 7j> i j_ r 3 - r 3 . j in j j j j


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) (K 4 )

<) j jtjii j>j n i i ' r r n j J r r n s j i j j t j i j i j n

6) 7)

I jt t j ii j m

8) 9) 10) 11) 12 )

2 J JIJ J IIJ J ii>J I J. ; JT3 J I J i m I J J7TJ J

13) 14) 15)


i . , k ,, 3 +2 +3 , . i . ,
ii M n \j. i j. J. i J J> I 8 J. :n : J.

FIVE-N O TE R H Y T H M PA TTERN S R5
1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

) j j j j j i r r m i rrr~ n i m n irrm

6) 7) 8)

n m w r h n

9) 10) 11) 12 ) 13)

i(i) r r a i i m i f r j jtjii m n nnm


14) 15) 16)

rh n in f f i i Jrn n
GMC 2356 25
(Ri) i) 2)________________ , 3)

w 3, ? i m m n n 11

4) 5) 6) 7) 5against 2

j %j i . n ii r \ n ^ r n n jr u r \ n m r r r n
r r i ftr r

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

c> >r m
>
i >r r m> nn m 1 n \nm \ n

7) 8)

n m i jrr3 m i

9) 10) id 12)

2> n m i r,R i n 1j /nin

13) 14) 15) 16)

m j J- 3 II h .H II 7 ! JfS II n ! II
GMC 2 3 5 6
SIX-NOTE R H Y T H M PA TTER N S R 6

1) 2) 3) 4)

*>! r r r m i; j j j j j ij j j j j j in r m n

5) 6) 7) 8)

fj i j n i JT T m i /j j m irrrm i

9) 10) 11) 12)

j j j rn I j j r n j ij Hi j j i j j

13) 14) 15) 16)

J. J J J J J IJ-j J. J~ti l J J J J J J. IIJ J. JJ J J

17) 18) 19) 20) 21)


I 3 I I 3 l |3 | 5 5

rm n i r r r m nm m i j srm i i m j i

22) 23) 24) 25) 26)


____ _ j3s i3-i
i j j m i im ~m 1m m 1m i h 1
27) 28) 29) 30)

8m r n i j~ tj m im m 1m m 1
31) 32)

m ?m im ?m 1
GMC 2 3 5 6 2 7
( R 6) i) 2) ____________

b>i ? ii > x m JT3 'jllt73 m i


3) 4) 5)

I ijn-ri-rn n
frir:im
6) 7) 8)

4 n ^ n .n n i n .- n n ~ m i r y ~ r n s ~ n
9) 10)

n n n ~ n n

1) 2) 3) 4)

c>i j y r m ii nrm nm m rmn


5) 6) 7) 8)

r r r m m m nm m ii r m n
9) 10) 11) 12)

n rm j . r a j i e j ^ j i n j r n
13) 14) 15) 16)

ij im u j~j i j>j J>jm i j *\ rm


17) 18) 19) ,---------------------------------------- 1

m ij n i j n im ii m \m a j m
20) 21) 22)
2 + 3 + 3 i i i k * i k ii i i k * r "T i ii 3 + 2 _ + _ 3
8

23) 24)

m \n\i n\m
GMC 2356
28
SEVEN-NOTE R HY T HM PATTERNS R 7

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

>f /7JOTII jm JT J I JT3 O T IIJT 3OTII O TJO TI


6) 7)

rn rm ii /r a . m ii j j o t j ii / j o t j ii

10) 11) 12) 13) 14)

JSJ J53II O T /T 3 1 171 OTII O T r S I jTJ J=T5S1II


15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20)
r 3 ~i r 3 ~i r 3 ~i r 3 ~i i~ 3 ~i r 3 ~i _______________

1J .ffijjJ I J7JJ JjJ I J j j j j j J I J JJJJJd I JJJJJJj I J5 E J J5

1) 2)

>> i ;= m i > i 4 L /t t j m 4 t r

3) 4) 5)

m /n n i r r m n i /rrrrn
6) 7)

8) 7 against 2 9) 7 against 3
7 7
2
4 j
i
j
ii
j
i i ii
j j
i
j j
i i ii
ii i j .....j ... j
i i i i i i
j j
i i i
j j
i i i

"J \ I
r
I
r r
I
sri r
* 1"* I
r r
I I / "J\
r
I
r
I I'
f-'N
j -t
I
rre r
I |
r

GMC 2356 29
(R7) 1) 2) 3) 4)

oi m rmirmm irm mnrm m


5) 6) 7) 8)

m r m nm r m nm j> /n iln /r r s

9) 10) 11) 12 )

j im r r i ir r r r m i

13) 14) 15) 16)

irm m nm rm \n m n ir m m n

17) 18) 19)

m rm wnm mi }xrmm ? ju

20) 21 ) 22) 23)

^ n ;j
jM
m ji m
m i m j i m u m j j>ij j>ii

24) 25) 26)

3+2+3
P H l i J

i m i J I J n i J i J f t
GMC 2356
50
EIGHT-NOTE R H Y T H M PA TTER N S R 8

1) 2) 3)

>I F T H FTFF I /3fT3 FTTT I F T T J FT1F


4) 5) 6)

rm rm nrm rra irra rm


7) 8) 9)

rm r m n/r a rm 1 r m r a
10) 11) 12) 13)

r m m i . i r m . r m nn r . i m un m n r .
14) 15) 16)

j j n n J j I r a n j j n I FTT1 j n j
17) 18) 19)

m ii r m /m . nm ra n
20) 21) 22)

rm ran nj m ran nran nm i


23) 24) 25) 26)

i r B fm im nSn r a m irm m
27) 28) 29) 30) 31)

D fUJffCJ IIJ JJJ Jiid I }fti IT) I J71 J33SIIJSS/TJ


G M C 2 3 5 6 3 2
(Rs) 1) 2)

>) 3 1 'j n r m 17 ?j /3 i } i 74 = /^ - *^3 i

3)r r m j r i 'ru m / m m . r a m

n m T R -F m II /T T /T 3 /T3 I

i ! n j~ x n . r a i W m n r m n

') s r~3 j j j j j j i / m i 'r m r r m

" r r a n i jn j. j j. dj. j i j f m r r r
7) 8) 9)

J J J J J JJJII J! 3 JJJJ J! 3 I JJ JJJ X 3 3


10) 11) 12)

ir m irrrr^ m ir m rro
13) 14) 15)

rm rm i/rm m njttj m /3
16) 17) 18)

g
v*n m m nn m m nmj J>m
> > >

19) 20) 21)

af a >j t j >r3 >m nm n j t t j nr m j jtj


32 GMC 2356
N IN E-N O TE R H YTH M PATTERNS R 9

1) 2) 3)
ooco

4) 5) 6)

m j n m ij n n j m i jo j m m

7) 8) 9)

m JT} m I I JT
3JT3JT
3 I I J J3j t j :j J J II
10) 11) 12)

jj/jjjj n u n n i s m nr m n s ii

13) 14) 15)

J JJJ J I JJJ J J Ij J
fc-ro

16) 17) 18)

r r i m m i m m r t i nn m n m

19) 20) 21)

rrm r m nr~ j m m nr m m n
G M C 2 3 5 6 33
(R 9 ) 1) 2) 3)

>)m snm i m mm i m m m
> > > > > > >

rn mm i m mm w
m mm
7) 8>r

trm . n rm nx l r i m . m m mjw
1) 2) 3) 4 ) _______ _______________

o i n tF rm t\ m m m nm m m i r a f f r m n

Fimfmt. Ft. i nj. j j. j j j. j j. i i j j j j j i jjjjj j j j j i


9) 10) 11)

irsmrm i j jjjjj m i j j j j"ji m


12) 13) 14)

FFFTt rm IIJ J.dJ.dJ m IJ. JJJJJ JTT3


15) 16) 17)

2+3J
8 n \ m \ m t i m \ m \ m i rt\ m \ m
18) 19)

r n ir n ir n u i r n if f n i
20) 21) 22)
3 + 2 + 3
m \ m \ m \ m \ n \ n T ] i m \ n .\ m
23) 24)

m i r n i j~3 j j i j. m

i r n \m

24 GMC 2 3 5 6
TW EL V E-N O TE R H Y T H M PA TTERN S Rl2
1) 2) 3)

>2 n n j j j j j j j j i jm j t j t jjt s i j t jtt3j t s j t


4) 5) 6)

n fh sfj i ifi n jm rh i m jfi rh n


7) 8) 9)

jt jtt jt j ii j jt jtt /t o t ii /j o t j t j jt j
10) 11) 12)

j n fm fh n iij mmmmmmi jt jt
13) 14) 15)

j jt o t jo t ii j o t o t j t j i j j o t j t m
16) 17) 18)

j jw n H77^i j jt t t j t t /3tt nj t t /sr j j t jt


19) 20) 21)

J JTJ JTJ JTSTIIJTTT3 r n J JTJIIJTJ/OTJ JTJ


22) 23) 24)

j jtjJS 5 3 S J iij mmv rhwmmj r h j


25) 26) 27)

JT J JT J3 O T IJ J3OT JT JT I JT J3OT JT J
G M C 2 3 5 6 2 5
(R 1 2) 28) 29) 30)
ro

J J J JJJJJJJJJ i j j j j j j j j j r n ii jjjj'jtj
31) 32) 33)

JJJJJII JJJJJJ
34) 35)

j j j j j j j j j j j j l JJJJj j j j lj j J I
36) 37) 38)

2 j-j mm i nm n mm nmmnm n n
39) 40) 41)

n i n r t t iJ i f m i / ff3 /r r tt jfjii
42) 43) 44)

J J J J J J J J Jim II J J J J J J J J J JII J J J J J J J JJJ


45) 46) 47)

/f f l J"J"J J I J JT] I J .s3=r3.^=: J"T1


48) 49) 50)

j- ] i j? js r 3 n f f i 1
51) 52) 53)

r h j j f l j f f f } i i r f a f f f i r h nj w r i i n b i n
54) 55) 56)

.T f e T n .m iiJ i m m f m iij r m n m r t w
57> 58) 59)

j j j j j ji j FTTt i r m j j j j I m n/ m j j j j j j j j i
GMC 2 3 5 6
Note: The preceding patterns can be varied by substituting dotted notes: (R 1 2 )

j JJJ n u n J 3 can be played J J- J J JT"5

T ] JJJJJJ canbe played f l . F3 r ? 5 .

b) I j j j j J j - j -j - j j j -j || j j j j j j ' j J' J J J J | J J J J J J J J J J JJS

.
> > > > > > > > >

JJJJJ>JJJJ J
> >-
JJII J'J7 "J>JJJ>J'JJ>JJIIJ
>
''JJ
>
JJ J
>
JJj> JJjII
7) 8) 9)

JJ>JJ>JJJ>JJ JJ> JII JJ>JJ>JJJ>JJJ>JJII J


>
JJJJJJ
> >
JJJ JJII
10) 11) 12)

i i f }
>
r
>
h r
>
h / t>j i i m
>
m
-
m
>
m 11 m
>
m
>
m
>
m w

13) 14) 15)

j n >J T D / >T i n J >I I / T> J / T l J >T l J T > J I i n n J T> J / T J J> T J I

16) 17) 18)

m m m m u m m m m 11 m m m m 11

n n n sh sh I j n n H TTh J.1JJ. JJ. JII

i m m n i
8) 9) 10)

jT D .jm jffli i i i n~tTT73j jfm u


37
Rl6 SIXTEEN -N O TE R H Y T H M PA TTERNS

l) 2)

>i n rm m j j j jtj
3) 4)

r~ J / 5 T 3 JT T T T 3 .FTT3 rm rm n m m i
5) 6)

n n sm
7) 8)

n M ] m n r r t i S~1 J"~J
9) 10)

1J JJ J 0 0 0 0 0 J JJ
id 12)

m r j j j j j j 1] f r m ifr m n m m m i
13) 14)

15) 16)

um m TTm i m
17) 18)

J JTS /f f 3 j j j j J 1j r r r m f m r m J
19) 20)

F m H T fT FlFT T }' J jj jj j j jrm i


3S GMC 2356
21) 22) (K M )

J r h H T T i J J J J J J JII J"'J j-J" J" j"j JT J J I

23) 24)
3 5 1 5 3 1

m f r m j j j j" jttj i m j j j j j j j j i

25) 26) 27)

mmrm nnfmrmmmrm mmmm i


4^<C0

jo t

28) 29) 30)


6 6 6
n IIJJ J J J"JJ jJ 5j j j j J J I n
31) 32)

J J JJJJjJJj JJJJ^ I J J J J J J J J J J J J J J ^"3 II

33) 34) 35)


3 9 9 3 3 9

IIJ J JJJJJJJJ J J J J T J I JTJ J j JJ JJJJHj J J J I


36) 37)

f j T 3 r i~ j i J fw w u m r i~ i
38) 39) 40)
12 12 6 10
=n II |.T"jniy r T B g
J J T J ^ 7 s II J J J J J J J J J i f f i - T J J J II J J J J J J

41) 42) 43)


10 6 7 9 9

im m i j j j j j j j yddddddd I Jdddddddd I
GMC 2 3 5 6 39
(R M ) 1) 2)

b) i >r m >r m r >m r >m i >r m r >m r m> r m i


3) 4)

>
r m> r m> r> m> r m nr m
>
r m > r m > r m

>
r m> r m > r m r >m i r m r m> r m >r m
1) 2)

<>? ~ ~ r m r m r m i n r m n r m r m

sj t j r h r h r h rm i 'n r h r h rm rm

) n r h rm m m nr r fm r h n j rm
7) 8)

j n m rm m m \ \ r m r h n m m )
9) 10)
OOQJX

j j j j jT j rrm i rm rm

nm
1 3 1 1 3 1 12) r 3 I r 3 I I 3 ___ ,

r r r r r m =rrm ~ m m r m rm rm
00^1

13) i 3 i i 3 I 14) r -3 I 1 -3 -1

j j n n r n J T J H A i II j n n m m Jfffl

j j n n j j jjjjjjjjin rm jjjjjjjjjj
15> r-a -. i -----1 16) ,- a - , i3 i

4Q GMC 2 3 5 6
Ivan Galamian
Frederick Neumann

Volume Two

DOUBLE AND MULTIPLE STOPS


in Scale and Arpeggio Exercises

Catalog No. 1.2562

GALAXY MUSIC CORPORATION


a division of
Contents

PART ONE: SCALES


I. THIRDS
A. Diatonic Consecutive T h ird s................................................................................................................ 2
B. Thirds in Disjunct M otion ....................... 3
C. Chromatic Minor Thirds ....... 4
D. Chromatic Major T h ird s....................................................................................................................... 5
E. Whole Tone S cales................................................................................................................................. 5
F. Alternating Thirds with Open Strings..................................................... 6
G. Extensions............................. 6
n. SIXTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive S ix th s ................................................................................................................ 7
B. Sixths in Disjunct Motion .............................................................................. 11
C. Chromatic Minor and Major S ix th s................................................................................................... 12
D. Whole Tone Scales .............................................................................................................................. 13
E. Alternating Sixths with Open Strings................................................................................................. 13
HI. OCTAVES
A. Diatonic Consecutive O ctaves.............................................................................................................. 14
B. Octaves in Disjunct M otion.......................................... 15
C. Chromatic O ctaves........................................................................... 16
D. Whole Tone Scales ................................................................................................................................ 17
E. Alternating Octaves with Open Strings...................................................................... *17
F. Extensions............................... 17
IV. TENTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive Tenths ................................................................ 18
B. Tenths in Disjunct Motion............................................................................................................ 18
C. Chromatic Minor and Major Tenths .......................................................................................... 19
D. Tenths and Octaves Combined................................................................................................ 19
V. FOURTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive Fou rth s.............................................................................................................. 20
B. Fourths in Disjunct M otion.....................................................................................................................20
C. Chromatic F ou rth s........................... 21
VI. FIFTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive Fifths................................................... 22
B. Chromatic Fifths .......................................................................................................................22
VH. UNISONS
A. Consecutive Unisons....................... 23
B. Disjunct Unisons ......................................................................... 23
VHI. SEVENTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive Sevenths.............................................................................................................. 23
B. Sevenths in Disjunct M o tion .................................................................................................................. 23
IX . DOUBLE HARMONICS
A. Scales in Thirds........................................................................................... 24

X. TRIPLE STOPS
A. Diatonic Triple Stops in Consecutive Motion......................................................................................25
B. Diatonic Triple Stops in Disjunct Motion............................................ 26

M
PART TWO: ARPEGGIOS

I. OCTAVES (Parallel and Fingered)


A. Major, Minor and Diminished Triads ............................................................................................... 28
B. Augmented T ria d s.............................................................. 30
C. Diminished Sevenths..............................................................................................................................30
D. Dominant Sevenths and Inversions......................................................................................................30
H. VARIOUS INTERVALS
A. Triads in Sixths and Fifths............................................................................................ 32
B . Triads in Thirds and Fourths................................................................................................................. 33
C. Triads with Passing Tones in Various Intervals................................................................................ 35
D. Augmented Triads in S ix th s................................................................................................................. 37
E. Diminished Sevenths in Various Intervals........................................................................................ 37
F. Dominant Sevenths in Sixths and Sevenths......................................................................................38
III. TRIPLE STOPS
A. Major Triads............................................................. 39
B. Diminished Sevenths..............................................................................................................................40
C. Fourth Chords...........................................................................................................................................40
IV. QUADRUPLE STOPS
A. Major T riads..................................................................................................................................... . . . . 4 1
B. Diminished Sevenths............................................................................................................................. 41

nM?
Preface
The second volume of Contemporary Violin Technique deals with double and multiple stops by way of scale and
arpeggio exercises. Together, the two volumes are intended to serve as efficient tools for building a technique to master the
violin repertoire of the past and present.
In the first (scale) part of this volume, most exercises are written in C but contain the note Practice in all keys. In
many exercises, where crucial technical problems are at stake (such as scales in thirds, sixths, octaves, etc.) it is important to
follow this instruction conscientiously. In other exercises, though, a smaller number of keys might meet an individuals need.
However, those who want to get the maximum benefit from this book are warned against limiting themselves to the written
key alone. By so doing they will severely handicap a balanced growth of their technique.
Where alternate fingerings are given, above and below the notes, care must be taken not to interchange them. Both
should be practiced and new ones may be devised.
As in the first volume, the notes are printed as unstemmed heads to facilitate the use of bowing and rhythm variants.
Double stops, by their nature, require fewer bowing and rhythm patterns than do the single stop exercises of the first
volume. However, the introduction of a few patterns is highly beneficial, once the exercise is mastered in its simplest form. The
patterns add a new dimension of technical challenge and besides minimize the danger of mechanical, unthinking repetition,
which is the chief cause of wasteful and inefficient practice habits.
The exercises are arranged in groups of either 6, 8 , 9, or 12 notes. In order to avoid needless repetition within the text,
the basic Bowing (B) and Rhythm (R) patterns for each of these categories are listed here:

Groups of 6 notes:

Bf] n J i w f f t f J t ii

Hu /]. ii ntw m m i m u
Groups of 8 notes:

bn r ) r n ii m n m rm j f f l n
brin /]. i n h urn ii rm . nj m n
Groups of 9 notes:

bfp f n n )\\m m m m m m h
bm i i m m i i J T i i i m m m h
Groups of 12 notes:

b fn ] J ) JjLii m m m m fn m n r m %
n j) r n ) r m u m r j j j j j j j i i

Bm n ^ iin ii/] .iim A ] iim m u


For further variants see Part II (Bowing and Rhythm Patterns) of Volume 1 of Contemporary Violin Technique. The following
examples, as listed in Bowing and Rhythm Patterns, are all theoretically applicable in this volume of double stop exercises.
B l, B2, B3, B 6
Groups of 6 : R l, R2, R3, R 6
B l, B2, B4, B 8
Groups of 8: R l, R2, R4, R 8
B l, B3, B9
Groups of 9: R l. R3, R9
B l, B2, B3, B4, B 6, B12
Groups of 12: R l, R2, R3, R4, R 6 ,R12
In practice, however, only the simpler of these patterns will generally be found useful; and the teacher or advanced player will
have to select ones that are suitable for a given situation.
The exercises, though generally on a rather high level of difficulty, need not be forbidding to the less advanced player
provided one approaches them by preparatory steps. One such step is to separate the notes of the double stops before playing
them together (the first exercise of the book will serve as an illustration):

'I*

Another approach is to practice a small section of an exercise first on one string, then on the other:

$ rrrrr
Following this procedure, one should finger the double stops as written, but bow only one string at a time. This method is
especially helpful in discovering the causes of poor intonation and in detecting flaws in shifting technique.

Finally, all exercises can be played in continuous alternation of the strings, be it slurred or detached, starting from
either below (ex. 1) or above (ex. 2) or in the triplet versions of exs. 3 and 4:
ex. 1 ex. 2 ex. 3 ex. 4

The gratifying reception accorded the first volume of Contemporary Violin Technique encourages us to believe that
this second volume will also be useful to teachers, students and advanced performers of the violin.

Ivan Galamian
Frederick Neumann

v
Table of Symbols
Symbol Definition

I, II, III, etc. 1 st, 2nd, 3rd Position, etc.

D A E Designation of strings;
G D A a single letter stands for the upper string.

D ' Stay on the same strings.


G ,

1 ------------------------------------ Continue with the same finger(s).

1
11__ ..... .............. |1
Keep the finger(s) down.
or 1 .......H

h - Reach up.

Reach down.
-H

vi
Part One
SCALES
I. THIRDS

A. Diatonic Consecutive Thirds


G roups of 1 2 notes ( S e e preface about bowings and rhythm s.)
Practice in all major and minor keys. *

D
a) G
-4--------- 4 -
t i t i t i f
i I
1 : it* f t *1rfr* > ( ! ( It** * **tl
b) A A D D
D D D G D G
G

a}
| f it **; i f i t * * * * * * * |
A D A E A E A
(E D G D A D A D
E
, d) A

t t t
i D)
E
D
E
A
A
D
E
A
A
D
'E>
<Aj

$ E
A
A
D
E
A
A
D
E
A

2 segue 2 2 2 segue 1 1 segue 2 2 segue 1 1

D
G

t f t t f [ ti f * t

* F o r example:
B major F minor (harmonic)
J*
tj.f. T " * 7

1977 by Galaxy Music Corporation, for all countries,


Gil/C. 1 .2 5 0 2 a division of ECS Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts. Printed in U.S.A.
3

I / A / 2

1 2
3 4 ] 2 1 2
m C S % m m-~m m C m..' ^ ^ g _ .. .....
--------------- 1 * ----------- * 1 % * * < 1 f | l < f f |
D
J () G

Groups of 8 notes 3 2
P ractice in all keys 4 4 2
1 S 3 _
1 1
* * * * * i ,
O A 3 ....g - f \ , i * * i * 2----------------------- ;----- ---- " ----* ----
----- 4------------------ --------------------
3 f t * * * * E
D A
1 1 3
1 1 I 1 - i * A *
1 1 3 3 g - f - . - f - . . - - , r.....
..... 8 "3 V $
% n * * r = i
g * T ~ E
3 G D A

9 2 1 1 3
, 4 1 J 2 1 3 3 4 -
1 < g f g 1 , 4 - -* ~ .... m g -----* ----- ----
--------- x J T 1 * 1 f | g U * -------------------
g - D D D A
3 , G G D
4 1 2
1 3 3
4 2 2 2
= f- * M 4 4
2------------ ----------------------------------------- ...........J g 4
----------------------------- * I g
4 ---------------- ----------- ------------------------ - 4 - ---------- --------------------------------------- -
fj E A D
A D G

P ractice in C, F, G, D and A maj 0 r


9* i 1 31 S>
_ 54 29
4 0 2 .
m ~ 2 4 0 0 2 |
, i .......- i ; i * ----------- }------------22------- 2-------
p f i 3 3 i 4 ; \i

1?. Thirds in Disjunct Motion


P ractice in all keys
2 2 2 2 |
* 2 2 ? 4 4 4 1 *
<- J?----------------4------------------ 4------------------ = ------------------v - C m ....- I ... ^ .......
g f .... _ _ * ------- T-------
* * f- * A E
D A

2 ? 8
2 J S f 4 i 2 2 n I I
< : * * * i i
f | t f t t * - --------------- g i f ........ f a I J < .. - 1 .................. ........ -1

f w -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 1 1 1
3 3 9 1 1 1 1 t
g ...... - m-----3 ------------------------- 3-
. . 8 ~i~ :
^ -------- = ------------------------------1 * * 1 * f * ~ f f I l g J
c p 4
u G
GMC. 1.2 5 6 2
4

Chromatic Minor Thirds


1/C
C.
Groups of 12 notes
D only
2 2 1 2 1
1 | 2 2
- 4 ------1 ----- 2----- 1----- 2 1------------if 1 L3 4 t 3 ..... 4
1 /L.... 9 4 9 ,1 4 11 II L fmuim ... l i 'S ~ T 4----------r 4------------j
2r a f _ l ) W ---- * _ * p Z 917 9 f )
y ^ l n . i f f * .... * $ * f t 3 3 scgwe ft V h p r t
4 4 ^ segue

2 1 2 0
L4 3 |4 \ 2
1 1- 1 J > J . ....... 1 T *
4 # , 7tf ,u 4 ! ! II B
.?.... 7 m. v% 41 .f ^ 2.
r ^ i f i fft 2 | segue 11 n * a * 1/ * t| "
11 2 f f segue 4
4 4 4

d o^y
1 2 1 2 1 4 > J 1 ! ? 2 2 2
A 4 3 3 4 3 3 , 4 | 4 4
n ^ = i f ^ maC f .... bf i t ! b J t f i k * , t frl^I i>
r+'w * ---- fL---------
7 f J h ----
1 ----- 1 segue----------------------- 1
J 4 4 4 *,

44 42 I 24
3

2 ) o cirrus,
m
I2 I 2 I 2 segue 2 2 segue
cPCrUP.

p *A * A
$ ~ ri a 1j 1m " =

ii lit* * 1 1= I 1= * ^ 4 <1,4*$* J*
2 Sffgaff
f
........................ . .. . ------------

segue

Two Octave Scale


1 2 1
2 3 4 3
-4- n -rii^
t '* i 1*
0 \ A"
2) D

2 l 2
4 3 .4
- T-fr-i 4 3r-4 5 n-----
> 1y
y y t
i Ijf
GMC. 1.2562
1/ D
D. Chromatic Major Thirds
Groups of 12 notes

c onIy 1 1 2 1

11 11 1I segue 3 3 3 segue ^

-i 1 - 1 I u 3 |^ l_ J I * 2

IT?? j
-2 ii

1
3

2
, 4

2
3

i 22 segMe
w h in?df 4 4 4 segue
n11|ii p1 fob'll^11!!
1 2 2
only

81 Wiffl
-|. $*i
I 3 8 3
tJ 1 I 1
3 3 3 ***

! ?
1 2 I 5
- 2- 3------2 s-e gue-

f
Two Octave Scale
1
1 24 31

A
D

* u ^ N 4 4 > t L I.L .J .

- --------------------------------- m ' mw% n t}s.

E . Whole Tone Scale


Groups of 8 notes

* 1** * * ;
A ^ f ff-f .
D D

1 ** 4\ 3I 24

$w * * a A
IzS^tS
s
D
(* * I )
CMC. 1.25<?2
F. Alternating Thirds With Open Strings
I/F

Groups of 8 notes
Four different fingerings are given. Each may be applied to the whole exercise.
P ractice in C, F , G and D major and their relative harmonic minors.

only
-4 F

D
only

only
2
0 4

j) only
2
4 2
4

2 1 "=
Tar 4 * 8 m .A m g v-

G. Extensions
Groups of 6 notes

1 2 l_ 1 2 1 21
3 4j 3 4 3 4J

$ . ut jf i t <t* w 1,?*

3 4J U 3
1 2l_
4T >\ I
S t i ts t f f ' t t t \t H it? *- * i it
0) v I . This exercise may be
continued into higher
* Keep 1st finger down through each measure.
positions.

Scales in one Position


Groups of 12 notes
E
Practice in all keys. 1
n . i 2 3 1 2
-Z-F t , t * t

* J * * t I j
f i

77izs exercise may


T * be continued into
higher positions.
7
II. SIXTHS

A. Diatonic Consecutive Sixths


Groups of 12 notes
P ractice in all keys.
5 only
3 2 3 2 | 2 3 3 2
-24-
2 1 -1 - -24-

$ 21 22 3 3
* #"
2 2
A D D
D G G

g * 2
2 2
2 2
1 ~ji0
3
3
o 4 * 4
?#
^ g- 1

|p l A D A E A
TT-^~ -Er
A
(8) D G D A D D

P ractice the preceding exercise also with the following fingerings:


D only

-3---- 3-

'i 2f 21
~9--- ^
| segue
segue

4
-3-
m * ~ar
4 4 segue \ 1 segue
3 3
CMC 1
8

II/A
Groups of 9 notes
P ractice in all keys.
A
D
12 A
D
3
D
G
Q , . 2-1 r=------m.# -.....
gp v... ...... ^ ----- ~m 'm._ o w m
JL ---- 1 i m 0 9 - m 0 - j s m ..............0 m * m-A...4 ......... 9 I * # , 2 ....i ~
3 ............ *----- ----- ^ ----- 2: #
W .....* .. 2 f \--------- 2 ---------' ----- 4----- 9 9 m - ^
3 1 A E A
A D D
D G

E A
A A D D
D 2 3 G

- 9 i i a .... i * ....^ ...I


~~m 0 m m --#ip-----------------* --# --jp 0
... - - ... * #
..* ...... ------------ j p
-fin a 4 , - 1
_ ------------------ 2 ------------------- 0 - 9 ----------

L - 2 ----------i---------- 2 ---------1
..4...4 ..3-------y------ 4----- ------4--------- T * ^
1 2 3 1 E A
A A D
D
E
A A A
D 2 D
2 1 3
- f ------ ------- -4- w ~ ^ 0 * .0 ------------- m.. m..0 - 7" JP A
# up* 0
i m ----- r 9 - # m
0 i x ^ I --- -------- --- a ---------------- --- 4 -4 - ----------- 4 ----- ------? * .. +
- J L
JE K l
^ Z Z _ J i5 4
, ------is----- -3 4- 33 ----- 4---------
- 4 - -------- 3------ # 0 -
4 2 1 3
3i1) E
A
A
D

Although the above fingerings are usable for all the keys, other fingerings are better adapted
to the needs of any specific key because they avoid the oblique movement of fingers from one
string to the next and thereby result in a clearer articulation. The principle is demonstrated
in the following three major and three minor keys and may be applied in analogy to all others.

2 4
3 4 4
1 3
2 4 2 JBl -0- 3
-434-
==*:
A E
D A
(!)
i
A 4
D 3
4 2
-3-1- i4 i2 \
1

-42- 9 mi
3 1
0 2 2.)
(V32

GMC. 1.2562
9

II/A 2 < f 8
4 2 4

A J I J? M 3 1 3

minor ^ jp #

(!)

GA/C. 7 . 2 5 ^
10
II/A

n
4
3 3 4
3
Ab
* m
majors
A
D

n 4 2 j
3 1 4

m0 =#=

(\)
2 8 n
1 4
4 3
2 4 3 4 2 4
f-j T # ,.m
- ..0 ^m # ^TT.*_ m o m m o m
^ jp # # # i r ... '
w .. m m m ..... ^ .
----^ ^ ^ .* ------
t T ; r # * ------------- EH
D

GMC. 1.2562
11
II/a
2 8
4 2 1 ,
3 1 2 4 ? 4 2 4
4 2
* 2) .EJiZ.
C J M _____ _ k ------------ b^ ^ # . a .* .- 4 -a _
-------- .------------1 + -* ----- 1.*. M "o * * "0
minors L-E--------------------------------- 1 ---- 3-------- * 0Z 0=J
D P2\
VI/

4 8-
4
3 A 3 4 2 A
4 2 2 3 1 u3 l 3g 2 4
4 2 4 2 3^ j
3 1 i. m. M, .. -.... .... ^..(P 1 4F.^ i __ ir - # I 3
fc
i a ; %
(!)
" " ' 1
2 4, 2| 8
2 4
2 1 3 1 4 2 4 o a
2 4 f J i _ 0 0 + 1r 3 1 - i 2 4 I 3
-*4. 3 1 3 2 4 2
I9 r = j .I t
^ # * ---- -1-------0"0"\ _. \:0
---- # ' jpj~ - -m..rn m 4P
m
_____----- ; P* jb.^#
o m L ^ JJ
f 1^ ^
D

B. Sixths in Disjunct Motion


Groups of 8 notes
8
P ractice in all keys.
2 2 2
y i i 1 ^ 1 , ,# *0 # -M..~ ^ m 0 m ~|
:M 9 9 m m -*
"tfe-------- m 0 0 m' 9 0 .- O 9 0 _ J r . . ........
D

(8 ) " 1 4

15 i k. 4
3
4
3 4
3
4
3
4
3
M=L :* = * = --ii #
$ A
D
D
G

4
4 4 3 4
4 3 3 3
3
3E

A E
D A

(8) n 2
l

y ............. * ^ ................ .. . ......... 0 .. 0 " 0 .. "M 0 r - * .................................. 1 - #-ir - - - W- 4 ..# .... 1 \ .,


X ------- 0 -9 - -----------------------
i

i
u

n
i

0 0---- K
1 --_ 0 jp--U
- *. -- 4P------- 0 '
<

J E 2---------------------------------------------- 1 ............................ ~ ......... m -- ^ -------


D

GMC. 7.252
12
II/ c

C. Chromatic Minor and Major Sixths


Groups of 12 notes
Chromatic minor sixths on two strings ( six different fingerings)
D
G

E
A 4
4 4 44 segue
3

f -2f $
r-
1 22l l 2 8 1 2 2 8
1I f
2" 8 8 i t j 8 3 2
1 2 2 * ^ ^ ^ 2 2 1
g
2 2
'f t ? ^
1 3 2
11
2 H

Chromatic major sixths on two strings ( six different fingerings)


I? only
2 2 2 seSue

1 2 1 2
t*T \W I I j
1 2 1
4
2
4 3
2 1 r?+ -&-0-.t 3 1 4 4
2

fjij
zzannp

1 2 5 5 2 5 5 3 4

E only
4 4 4 segue u - - - - -

E g f? T ^ L* , f t l f e V-0- -w\rm- fej


mv .m
4 '-7 a % . 8 i H ^ '3 E -4 4-
1 2 2 -4----- 2 2---- i~

GMC. 1.2562
13
ii/ d

D. Whole Tone Scales


Groups of 8 notes

E. Alternating Sixths with Open Strings


Groups of 8 notes
Practice in C, F , G, and D major and their relative harmonic minors,* six fingerings are given and each may
be applied to the entire exercise.
q only 2
2 2 2 2
-4- Hh
-m-
3
2

only
D 4
3 4 3 4
2 3 3

3 ^ T " 4 3 # 4 * 3 4 4* 4 * 3 4 ~3~# 4 * 3
2 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2
E , 2 3
a only 2
2 1
a ii ;i 23
1 + 2.
M. 1
JL 21
m 0 -0- -m ~ ^ *
m am 0 m

GMC. 1.2562
14
III. OCTAVES
A. Diatonic Consecutive Octaves
Groups of 12 notes
P ractice in all keys.

F in gered
4 3 3 4 ? 4 3 4
3 4 3 4 2 1 2
-4-2- 1 2 I
4 3

+ * 2 1 4
A

-24- 2
* 0 0

D only

3 4 3 4 ? 3 4 J 4 3 j 4
2 1 2 1 \ 2
1 2 ,01, H-
0 * 0 m 0 - y

i only
D

0 4 3 i 3 4 ? 2
42 ?1i2 1 2
-0-*-
* =*=#=
m
-0 ~ + -*-r
E
A

GMC. 1.2562
15
E 8 1
Ill/ A A A
A D D
4 4 segz/e 9
-41--- -l # G
3j| zmdt
m # * # jp
=MZ
dtjm z
E A
A D D
G

E n
A A
4 4seguel> .j l : D D
-4 i G
m # M0
=*==
E A
A D

E
A n A
segue
Fingered U 3 4 ? 2 ? B
i* ^IS
n S ' ills \ 4

m
^... # 2
i d
j z:
zzzzzijnr"

E n A
A segue
3 4 segwe
1 2 _ ^ ?2 D
G

/ 11 2 .#-*----- ---- # #.. *.. . 0 a + m ..m -0~..-.......m 0 m 2


W {% m--------- * ------------
- 0 - 0........ ................m. 9 ------------- m 0 m 0 ^
m ^^0 a +0
'S7 0 0 .9_...... .......... .... ------- V ^ ^
............ W m

2?. Octaves in Disjunct Motion


Groups of 8 notes
P ractice in all keys; four different fingerings are given and each may be applied to the whole exercise.
R only
A ^ ^ _

"V ......... 1 4...... ~ i r ^ _ g ------ =------


............. m ----- - ------ ..........*
- m * m m m
\

*
>

------------- _0 m-----
m.--- 0 --* --jm -Jl----- _____ ___m 0
1
1

m--0 --
U

i
I*

m #
..0mm0------
T -------- :z------a ^#v

z z z - ------------ * ------------- m 0 - 0 - 0 ~ r - z .... 0 .

3 q
3 i segue

A 0nly
4 ; segue
1

t 3 C
* W
zm -fh

4 { segue 0 8 " n
~ y ............... ~ m ~ j - * - 0 ............................ "r .. -------------- = -------- -------------- = - 1 m 0 _ . a r _ --- j. ..............
0 ------------------------------------ * 1 " ....w 0 ^ 0 ....... -....
1

i
G

+ ,
1

(m .... t ...... .................................. .


m i 3 ; 1 3 ------------------------------ 1 L...4. 3 J 3 ------------------------------ J
*-> 1 2 j l \ segue 1 1 1 1 segue

CMC. 1.2562.3
16

III/ B
E 8
A A
*4 4 segue D
"

^ 3 5 3 A 3 2 j IT segu e
, 4 3 4 3 ^ 3 2 2 1 2 1 z 1 E 1
3 2 ? 2 i z 1 a
A
1 2 1 D

(8 j) 4 segwe A
-a . 1 D D
G
=#=*= y
==*: rr ^ :
% 2 1
-a
2 j 2 j segue 4
2 1
3

* P arallel" fingerings with f 4 or 22 ma^ a^so used.

C. Chromatic Octaves
Groups of 8 notes

G only ,1 1

I 1 i. 'l * \b ZZ
_ 3 _ 4 4 *" # m ^ m k________ ,________
8
= g g g g = ^ L .. '8 * * r
; ; -L
** r 1
- i
* ^
\l *1. i> *
^ 'i i = g
^

0 1 1 se* e

only
D 4 4 segue
1 1
i*
# g# j riac.
? ~ w
-8 -31 2- 4 3-
1 2
4-
segue
12
[3 i 1 2 1 2 se s u e

E only
A .
4 4 Stfgwe

-ar] ^

2 2 segKe

3 4 4
3 4 4 segue 0 a1 1 m$m
4 4 segia? 0 1
i=
i . t ]*'
ft' + ilr -
2 3 3

3
Q segue
j segue O il
0 1

(8)
, a3 4 1 4 * segue 3 4

F - l- l ^ ^ - 0 ,1
# B---------- --------- ------- 'I?* !>! # P m-
#p# # W =^= W - y Jr
# 2
O
3
i !
3
segue !|
O i l segue

GMC. i .2 5 2
17
III/D
D. Whole Tone Scales
Groups of 12 notes

9 .....................................................................| r ~ it ~ w -W . T T l - I -

'3 '4 ' 3


1 2 2 A 2 '

E. Alternating Octaves with Open Strings


Groups of 8 notes
P ractice also in F , G, and D major; each of the five different fingerings can be applied to the whole exercise.
G A
4 segue

. j l _ m t + i 'j l m ~a t m j l 0 M

segue
4 2
i
i
$ D

i J o 2 -# 12 1? 1 4
i
F. Extensions
Groups of 8 notes
P ractice on other strings as well.
4
3 4 3-I 4O 2
| Z | Z O ft Z || Z 4 |Z Z Z La

i ^ ##j* Ibjib* *j*

4 3 4 3 4 3 4_|3 4 3 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 3 4 4 , 4 , 4 ,
1 1 ill 1 1 ii* l 2 ,, 1 2 1 2 3 2 ? | 2 1 2 1 2 3 2 3 2 ? 2 3
0
\>0
*-\)0
9 n 0 M L.*

*\ 9
____0

i * 0- b0 0 0 )\m 0 +
0 9 90
0 \^}
i # jj. 0 ^

4 4 4
a *4
<l 4 4 ses u e 33 *4 *4 9 33 4 44
** 9 , * 29 92 I1 92 , i 3

2--JL 2-^b
, J
l.'*
. ,
i,?# 1j] I ^#W
I? 0
- i~ T |J2^*^*^ *Wjj-2
* u w g ln r tg ~ Ji- :

Keep /irst finger down; third may be lifted.


GMC. 1.2562
18
IV. TENTHS
A. Diatonic Consecutive Tenths
Groups of 12 notes
P ractice in all keys.

gonly
A only
4 4 segue
1 1
=#==
-9-+ - A D E A
A A
D G A D
4 j segue D D

E 1
(S). A f = = i i * i t i 8 .
.a : : ----------------------------3 : -------------- m + -*--0 -- 9 - 0 -

0
# D
E
A

Groups of 8 notes
P ractice also in A, D, G, F and BV major.
3 i 8"
4 3 i o
1 - = = - .
ZMLZjjl

3 4
3 4 0 1 JL _ 3
0 1 0
T=t
X =#=* ==#=

B. Tenths in Disjunct Motion


Groups of 12 notes
P ractice in all keys.

1.2562
IV / c
C. Chromatic Minor and Major Tenths
G roups of 1 2 notes
j? only
3 4
0 1
\>o H# * j g ^ I- \\ * It* [IF
-V jf51
(5)*
E o
A 3

|y< r v %
b
f 0)
Z). Tenths and Octaves Combined
Groups of 1 2 notes P ractice in all keys
E
A
4 4 4 4 segue
l I 1 +

1 /L * " 0 # ............
1 3 * 3 3 -4 3
*J 1 1 1 1 1 lsegMe

(8) n
segue

-4------ 4------ 4------ 4 - segue


1 2 1 1

A only segue
D3 4 segue
5 1 1 1
Q 1 ^ 4P
1, mi
'

5 only

m
segue
4 3 4 3 segue
1 1 1 1
20
V. FOURTHS

A. Diatonic Consecutive Fourths


P ractice in all keys and on the other strings.
Groups of 12 notes
D only

9 e q O q 2 - 3 3 2JCI o - 3 2 -3
3
*> * * CF oft a .i l . , w
<)
..... *....... m 0 ~
0
#
m = -* - _JL _ m
....V -' Ji * m

1
2

1 segue 1 segue
-%------

# 1 | 4 segue
segue

Groups of 16 notes
A
D
t 9 1 I

A
1 2i 2
2 segueD

B. Fourths in Disjunct Motion


Groups of 8 notes
P r a c tic e in a ll the k e y s . segue
4 1 1
3 -2 8-
~0--- jm * .
t D
* %- A
D
E
A
G

GMC. 1.2562.
21
V /B

3 segue
-4---------- X = t
21 # #. -fr-
A
D

1
-0 0- 2
3C ::m m ...2
A
D D
G

C. Chromatic Fourths
Groups of 8 notes
D
G
1

fo s ft ' I*

I ire : b^s g b
c f t > ......... w....... \f......
WL/ Lt iu -f t f t jig
J 3 3 b *^ K s 1i~ * -- *-- 1? *-------* 7 #"' *

4 SV ^ - jtt:.. t
segue

(8)'
ii>*-
4 L
* a t f t ^ * ^ |[* ife f t

$ i ~i 1

2 1 2-
3 4-
4 3 4 -JL.
ft s i n f r
F s f t E
A

1 Li 1

fl ,J> i
h...... , 4 ........ 3 .... 4 ........ 3 4 3 2
4
1
3
2
4
1
3
2
---- rns:----
X----- --------------------------------------- * bn-s:-----
i h-1 .. f/S 4

-------------- - r T m --- =------ fc=


t-m ----- \J~m------- u * ------iJ?*
-------- m , I Z J g --------
-----1 - f w .........
# j e = _ :
D

GMC. L 2562
22
VI. FIFTHS

A. Diatonic Consecutive Fifths


Groups of 8 notes

2 3
if..I o 0 21k Sf2 "_ m~ ^ ^ jp ^ ------------- 1 ..... ...... # _ . 1 0 3.... a_::
- H i H ----S--- --------- 0 m w .............. ................. * M m0 .. g ...*
-/K r ------- m ^m 1^ ...,m .
......# " # ' ................. # 9 _

B. Chromatic Fifths
Groups of 12 notes
2
D 1 2 1 segue 2 2 \ segue
-2- -4-
1 -4 2- ipg ^ p#
.
segue

2 3 1 2 3 { | J 1 J I |i 1 ,3 i { ! 2 1 3 2
3 , 2
Ly ..j
P |
ill: Til?
"
^ -4 3
^
2 2
f t ,b#
"ill
=
1 2 2 23 ^
segue 3 22 segue

GMC. 1.2562.3
23

VII. UNISONS

A. Diatonic Consecutive Unisons


Groups of 12 notes
Practice in several keys.

-G ------- l-----1segue----------

1
s

!!

1
..................

U
0 m w ^
& j . ~ ~ " " --------------------- E--------------------- ------------------------------ A-----
D
G D

B. Unisons in Disjunct Motion


Groups of 12 notes
P ractice in several keys.
] 1 segue
A _4 _ -M i

VIII. SEVENTHS
A . Diatonic Consecutive Sevenths
Groups of 8 notes
P ractice in several keys.
E
A A - - -| 4 4
D 3
i 8' 4
2
3 1 1i 4
2 *l fAr 2
-V---------------
. 0 0 ........ ..
~S------- 2 1 . ; *o O------- 5------- #
,..
T " #....-h
m i... m . ... ~ . O t> o 44 4A j
3 ..... * ........ 9 M '? i o 4 w * m a w 9 ^ __ A
4 3
1 2
2 1 E A
2 1 A A D
D

B. Sevenths in Disjunct Motion 4 4


Groups of 8 notes 4 2
2 2
4 4 4Q 94 31 Z
9 A

A E
A
D

s 3
ii i j.
_ j
i
* . 3
-
:
i 3 segue

t A
D D
G

GAfC. Z.25&2
IX. DOUBLE HARMONICS
A. Scales in Thirds
Groups of 8 notes
Sounding g - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - n

$
1 C major E
A bo.
4, 4 0 . 4 H/> jo 3# ^^ ........C lS # .........^ 4 ub o >1 ^ ' 4 ii. - - - j

Sg J t i j l I* 4 8 * ... Sl tg
| |; ^j g

~i

D m a ,i0 r A ^ 4 Jk *.

^ jt i; f l M r P i|w ir liiftjfc , ; v j

8' i

E major

ii H** #

Bb major
u - i . V h :
H ^ i i >?; mWi g I' l ' n w M r y r f l f j p
~i
i f i * * *
+ *

E
Ab major , 4iA ,

t k K f e 'ii W * ^ "'i8 r l|8 ^

GMC. 1.2562
25
X. TRIPLE STO PS
A. Diatonic Triple Stops in Consecutive Motion
G roups of 1 2 notes
Practice in all keys.
Sample bowing patterns:

2 2
1 1 segue E

$
_3 ^ M-
..#
..i . ..I:.:, f jp
D
G

a
4
1 1
33 segue
23 g- --- ^^4i t *
#---r J t -- #--- a .- y- A

Q $*
A
42 45 segwe D
3 3 G

2 segue
1 ^ i

3
4
3
3
2
4
3 segue
3
2
2
1 segue t~ r
D
2
1 2 1
E
2 G
4
1 segue
3
E
"=
-A. _
*
A

~I t .T ' y 'f'-y 4 t
4 = F 4 E
$ =f= : f

4 segwe
- A
I y
26
X /A

3 segue E
I t H t * *
s -
* T

* 1 E
3 segue A
D f ^ i 4 4 l i t ! f \
4
4I
segue
4 4* 77ie two fingerings may be m ixed: use the 2nd fin ger when the major third, the 3rd fin g er
when the minor third is on top.

E A
1 A D
2 segue
_3______ , -j? m -* r t ^ -g- -j- # W 0 -

11
=#=*= A
E
A D
3 G
4 D

B. In Disjunct Motion
Groups of 12 notes
Practice in all keys.
A
D , 4

< i \ ; ; i * I *
E
A 2
D 4
------K------------------------- j... ^------- aai--------- _
* " iT

C M C . /.2 5 < ? 2
Part Two
ARPEGGIOS
I. OCTAVES
(Parallel and Fingered)
Major, Minor and Diminished Triads
Groups of 12 notes
Note: In the upper fingering o f this exercise as well as in all o f the parallel - octave exercises,
the third finger may be substituted fo r the fourth.
E segue
segue
4 1 E 2 . segue
0 2 4 0 0

"j
4 , 4 a # 0 o 4 : 4 6 w I \ T 4 ^ 4 o #
w
fz i* l ? n1 ?? i f 1* ' t J V ' * 3 2? r ' i 4
i
A
D \2
segue .
!u
4 f |Ap*----- #-
zk:
8 1 - 2-
w f i i I E
A
U T f
U ff o 3
J 1
f ~ T 1 2 E
I 1 A
D
2 M
T?T
4T IT f i 2 2 i 3 f- w
1 2 3

2 ,1 A 2 .
4 A 0
m %m
4 3 4-
i -3 - -8
M I f ^
-# -8 -3-
T
- 1 Jf>0 ^
4 i
3 v
1 4 If-
W ^T 2? 1
'2 * '
1 1 4 ,
2 3 3 1 2 2 3

\>+
\le
1 V J L - 3C Z Z :

w 3= *=
1 1 4
2 : 3 7 # 8
4 1 1
. 3
1 1 4 -#
f 12
, 3 2 ? ' 1 ! 3 2 **
A
E 2
< 4. ar 1 0
m * _ 4 . ^ ^ --------------- &
n---- o 45 43 -*
$ 4 1 ,1 2 1 2 I1 8 i1f 4f - p ^ ? TT4 31 11 2
3 j 2
3 11 3l
42 73
1 1

* F o r /us and JAe other minor arpeggios the following alternative lower fingerings may be applied:

8 8"

, y...3...1 3 * 8 ?
0 1 1 1 2i L1 3 1J 21 1 1 2
A
A

GMC. 1.2562
8 '

1
-4-#-
hi
'Ml
3 # nf ~ i " ? # * T I S ^ * 3 * 4 ! j= f = ^
0 3 o ^ 3 M A 2 f 9+ > } I a 1 f A 4 (!?*} I i I 2 1 * * 1 *
1 1 1 D 1
A D 1 D
D

A E 8 1 A
Ld -#- I -#- -0- D
m VJL m PAZZjB. m M.

t *
3 3 2 1 3i r
1
-#- 4
^ 2 3
# "
M
1
i n
D
3 '
1
rfe

1
2 1 f 2 1 ? A 5 ?
1 1 D 1
3
1 1
5
5 1 ?
1
2 * ? ? A 2
D
5
1

8
4 2 2
1 0

-4----- 3- = f= i
1 1 A A 2
D D

L i'l )
1
I i 11 D
i i ' U i 1, ' i i i T; i ? t 'If
1 D 1
30
I/ B
B. Augmented Triads
Groups of 12 notes

C. Diminished Sevenths
Groups of 9 notes
A
4
1 tat
90-
ZM Z
r t ?
X------;---- -75----Tt-Jj--
hr fa 3 1 ? hr
1 E
A

2
0
k =k
T i f #
* |,# h r - * 1. 1-
T 3 3 1 1 2 'f - * T tt3 r 1
* r 4 1 1 E A
D
1 -f- 3 5 1 i E

\>_
T m I l r f
1 2 f "* * -* tar It*- T * i
A 1 2 f ? 1 2 A
E
tD W n 1
| 1

Z>. Dominant Sevenths and Inversions


Groups of 12 notes
D only segue
4 segue
2 4 4 4 k
-+ 1 1- f
1 '# J| 3 * I?# ? 4 mm .1
^ F f, 713 S 1 2 1 4 3 4 i 2 " 2 i 4 3
M i *iJ} t t f i 1 2 5 f
- * / l ? 9.
2 1 4
1

1 2
9 2 J

0 1

V ^
t>* " i 3 *

3l 2
n n * '
t* 2 2 2 ? f~
4 r.
1 2 f 4 *ffn
I1 M 1lt1
CMC. 1.25ft2
31
I /D

=23

r2 f1 ? . , : mi lT . * 7 4ajT-> in* rLlt-


f
f T4*?^i
2 1
*IT MtT * *?T rf#! * 5 * 2 '

3 4 0 fe
=*^0= - 0 It- ay-# !

fr'
5ft 2 11 2
*
1 Z
4
2 3i
o
W -^ ^ r' fc#-*
3 -0- a 4
tf 2 1
3 4*
2 J 4 3
1 2 ? 2
1 2 2 5 1 0

8'
\>J

=^0=*
43- -4 0- -0 -4 - -34 - 3 4
2 1 -2 3- 1 2 -23- -32- =4=4-
12 -2--- 14- 4 1 3
1 1

*=#=
5i 4 3 0
-2-4 4-
=5=4
-41-
4 3 Ttj4f2 I ft43
2 1 2 3
4 * 0 4 3=+=
2 t 3 &- 1 2

CMC. 7 .2 5 6 2
II. VARIOUS INTERVALS

A. Triads in Sixths and Fifths


Groups of 12 notes

E
3

#m -20- # #
*
..
^ '"r

I tp1

E .4 A
4
0 2
gy.z zg: # .-
* # ^ #-

1K i)
4 A
i -# -2 1 D

3 g m m
.,. i-feSi # 2 4 A 2

(J
T~r 2 4
3 ) P
2 D
2
,i4 # IZJE I m 'm
m==mz
0 0" 0 0 0
=2= m _ mr.

r*{\ /2
c? T T ~r i r
T*&
33
I I/ B
B. Triads in Thirds and Fourths
Groups of 12 notes

1 , 4 1 1

W '1 rm.m

r i
!.i
2 1 2 ! l ! i
y ^ / i 2 iv T
3- -44- . a * * I
-m-Mm m
TT7~a
w A-S 4 -2 /

(0

12
3 s>
* 12
4*^*1 it
mt*:A"(I S
1* ti*1

, 3 1
2 4 2 | I-3
4 a
-5#- u

4 2
3 3 J 2
i* Jl_
{ 3 i i ^ 3 0 i S
5-<3 I
k jp if ^ f l n w g
v r f T
dz*=S:
-a 4 a
f
GMC. 1.2562
34

-0 -3 -
~~z:
Io|b 5

GMC. 1.2562
35
n /c
C. Triads with Passing Tones in Various Intervals
Groups of 8 notes
E
1 4
3
2
0_- - - - - - - - -
.. : . . . i : - * : ^ z i , r ^ - T T - i ^ ^ S l; # .
S. t * . * ..... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . # # H $ : S = - 1 h # g J

ji 11^.......
f=p o m m.... g T~ # jj S-

E
E 4 E

2 (u b ftld z i
k# S # m l H
=**

E
A
i 4
D
1 2 k#~*.1
11
a ., 1
2
1 -0 4
-2- frar t t
PS
k __^ _-K -____ | /g J
t* P S
f =*= /1 >

5.5 k A
1 2 A
2 k#J& 2 12 ^ < i , f ,
yJKLP S 5=*:
- 4-
0* _ _ _ _ JZ M p
Hi .... ~|..... - f r y ^

# 1 CT> 8

A
D
2
4
M jfe i
v~*~
ak k y ~ f
iezz~zzac SE
I llfei
1.2562
36

n /c

*
ftp ^*1F f l


E 4
1 3
4 n2
JL -f-A i =#i*=

A 1 5 ^ 2 i \ 2

I i ' r ; ^ a# . | tt L
\ ^ ..-.t M* ---------
* * r t - q
0 ............... .. ~ : .............. : j J
s t y * ' - ( i> "~
IK

2 E
5 * * 5 * 3 2 A- I 3
1 1 -0-_l 2
0 4 3 2 ^ # --* -lt* ^ J. 0 ------------ ., g . m -------
J 3 m \w m n , 1 ---------- ^ * T l -gT .."W"'# 't J|..'#.. *--... m * C A
tm 'a r - F r t l # t 4 -------------------- 3 g - - g _ ------------------------------------- ^_J
i? ^ # (T~1 ^ .....................

1 1
2 _#. -i - i 3 2 M . .
------- o 0 i - +. T T #.
$ ~m ^ ~ ........ * ..%.-m
1 0 --------
____ ,

9 ? * " 1 3f I * * = J
1,1' * ~~
-------------------------------- 0 i

2 2
1 2 > 2 4
J * i
^ ^ -f* 1 < .... i . . . _ * ry
J j - ------------ m * m * -------------- *m m
fm m
^ ^ i < #---------- -.........
--------------
m_L 7m A C
^ i/v ^M M 1^W P
fif ; * ( r r : .... # ................. ...................... # .. JL
.....

G3/C. J.25<?2
37

D. Augmented Triads in Sixths


II / D

Groups of 12 notes
2
A 2

P
A
. 2 , 1
_JL_
2
JE --- 3

A E
4 4
3
i I*
JkSujg: in : j
2 1.; , * i>, if* '
:P : :

E. Diminished Sevenths in Various Intervals


Groups of 9 notes
E E
4
9^ 4
9 2
4 A 3 1 3
1 4 2 3
2 4 3 1 I
JL '+ m 1
3 P#1 -4 3-
ZM+Z
*

4
3
4 2 | 1 0
m0
Ai 3
0 I
g b ~ m 01
1
=^H
f ip fsf T r 1* '

! 4rM ^ t i l 41
38

F. Dominant Sevenths in Sixths and Sevenths


n /F

Groups of 9 notes
2 4 2
4
3 1 4 2

1 3
3 .A 3 4 2
3 i
-0------------ 0- 0-
* A
o 2 # *-
|0 * w -+-m-
f (0

a ,t j
2 4
>0 0 * 1 4 -T -3 -

: i0 p
(?) i

4 2
3 1
l 3 1
2 0 4 1 3 E
0- m % 0 2 il
3 *L * -
<r 0 *

(?)
GMC. 1.2562
39
III. TRIPLE STOPS
A. Major Triads
Groups of 12 notes
Sample bowing patterns:

2 2 2 2 3
E 2 E
2 22
1 1
1 .JL.
1
1
1 1
1
2
2
1
2
2
3
2
1
2
1
1
ii
_#L -4-
m mz

m
2
2 3 1
1 2 1 2
^ m * -mm- Jm- .-- -JmK
1 2 1 1 I 1 1
. *^.m ... <
1 l ^
0 I 1

* . ---..... - : iplii-?
iU'7 4
jHP * * # * * # *^ ^
t A A A A A 1

fi ___

E 2 2 2 3 2
8 n2
3
2 I ?> 3
2 2 2
2
2 1
1 1
2
2 2 1
2 2
2 2 2 1 2
1 2 1
1 1 ~ *- 1 1
1
1
1
-m- .... # -m # -

3 2 1 2 3
2 2 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 2 2
2 22 1^. 1 } 2 2 4
1 1-- * . 1 ! 2 ? 1 1 2 3
2
I i * * :# :* ! !
:* = y
4
2 4
3 2 2
3 p 2 ; 3 21 1
1 ? ? ! 1
2 i l ^ i . 1 ? 2 1 1 2 i 11 0*
. . *
Ii

0 .0 0
- L

*
5*
/.2 5 ( ? 2
40

B. Diminished Sevenths
III/B

Groups of 8 notes
(Bowing patterns as above)

segue
8'
3
2
1 IZA.

2 4
3
1
0
2

8' 8*
1i 23
0 1
jt a b#- 0 3 d

f t E
4
2 3 o 3
1 2 0 2

(87

t "5#- 4*=^

C. Fourth Chords
Groups of 8 notes
(Bowing patterns as above)

E
1 segue
2 M. \>0-
3 0 i
# ~y ~a_- 3 "In
I
0M. JE
P0- -0 0 -
J> M-.
0 0-
\1^4^
J g *
uD '
1 m mz.
0 - 0-
- 00 *
0-
* -----------
2
2o
-

2 3 segue segue w
3 i 3
4 E
4

L fe*.
L
k P#-
z z z
#0----------- 0-
"WFUM l m m.... mz
# 0 - a
*
9------ T tt
3 3
4 4
41
IV. QUADRUPLE STO PS
A. Major Triads
Groups of 6 notes
Sample bowing patterns:

3 . |it4 1 3 I K*. _ j* . L3 1 3
n* H T ^ ~ f l t , l f y * -W * ? , !. K * ^ y

f ; t ; ; */--* - - ::n - - .* - i' - ^


j^Y 7 T T T f ?7 7 ffg*T 7 ~ 7 * T' TI
3 L 3 kjL 3 o , |3 1 3 o 3 3
3 b#- 3 3 J t ~^Z. M . 3
^ ,bit. ~ j ~ a k*. 2 :
," b * _ _ WL
:K m z 9+-
T 1

B. Diminished Sevenths
Groups of 8 notes
(Bowing patterns as above)
segue t

m + z : l jtm
U rT F