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The International Conference Rethinking Energy Efficiency
in Buildings and Energy Planning Education
19th October 2017, Krko, Slovenia

Book of abstracts

Rebeka Kovai Lukman and Peter Virti

University of Maribor, Faculty of Energy Technology
Local Energy Agency Dolenjska-Posavje-Bela krajina
Municipality of Krko

Published by:
University of Maribor, 2017
Copies: online e-versions only

CIP will be added

International Scientific Committee
Rebeka Kovai Lukman, University of Maribor, Slovenia
Peter Virti, University of Maribor, Slovenia
Yoram Krozer, University of Twente, the Netherlands
Aida Szilagyi, National Cleaner Production Centre, Romania

The conference has been realized with the support of the Erasmus+ programme of the European
Union and the Central Europe Programme.

Inter-linking issues and trends in energy education

R. Kovai Lukman and P. Virti 6

Strengthening Energy Literacy by Developing Critical Thinking and

Whole-Systems Perspective about Energy Issues
M. Drevensek, M. Marhl and T. agar 7

Integrated strategies to complex building renovation

M. Premrov and V. egarac Leskovar 9

Cost effective energy optimization in buildings

M. Fike 10

Minimizing environmental impact while ensuring healthy indoor environment

by modifying users behaviour
J.Vetrek, D. Podjed, S. Dolinek and G. Cerinek 11

Energy and financial monitoring as a basis for planning energyrenovation,

EMPOWER project
V. Krmelj, K. Polutnik and M. Rojs 12

Educational vs. scientific approaches to energy efficiency refurbishment

of residential buildings
M. Lenik, M. igart, M. Premrov and V. egarac Leskovar 13

Pomurje Regional Living Lab in the frame of the INTENSSS PA project

B. Vogrini and . ohar 14

Refurbishment of buildings on a district level

J. Eren, T. Hkkinen, and H. Erhorn-Kluttig 15

Innovative financial instruments for energy efficiency measures in public buildings

B. Krajnc and N. Jurko 16

Towards a goal of efficiency through energy reduction

F. Rihl, R. Kovai Lukman1 and P. Virti 17
Inter-linking issues and trends in energy education

R. Kovai Lukman1* and P. Virti2

1Univeristy of Maribor, Faculty of Energy Technology, Hoevarjev trg 1, 8270 Krko, Slovenia


This paper represents results of the E-resplan project, focusing on the integration of the
innovative tools, such as energy concept maps into energy planning education. Several
methods were used from state-of-the-art analyses in six countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Italy,
Spain, Malta and Portugal), comprehending legal frameworks, existing integration between
the energy planning and spatial planning, professionals involved in the preparation of
Sustainable energy action plans (SEAPs) and educational offer regarding the energy
planning. Based on these analyses, in each country three SEAPs case studies were chosen
and were reviewed in details to prepare a basis for the energy concepts maps. The concepts
maps tool was tested on university staff members. The self-evaluation revealed that
participants gained new knowledge and competences in the energy planning and have a
better understanding of a relationship between different concepts, subjects, developed a
critical thinking, and approved their problem solving ability.

Key words: energy education, energy planning, sustainable energy action plans.

*Prof. Rebeka Kovai Lukman, PhD, University of Maribor, Faculty of Energy Technology, Hoevarjev trg 1,
8270 Krko. E-mail: Rebeka.kovacic@um.si; Tel.+ 386 3 777 04 03.

Strengthening Energy Literacy by Developing Critical Thinking and
Whole-Systems Perspective about Energy Issues

Mojca Drevensek1,2*, Marko Marhl1,3,4 and Toma agar1,5,6

1 EN-LITE Society for Strengthening Energy Literacy, Slovenia
2 Consensus Communications, Slovenia
3 Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, Slovenia
4 Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor, Slovenia
5 Faculty of Energy Technology, University of Maribor, Slovenia
6 GEN energija d.o.o., Slovenija



Energy literacy is an understanding of the nature and role of energy in our daily lives: in
households, at work, for transport, in the local community, at national and international
(global) level and in the universe. It is the ability to apply knowledge about energy, energy
sources and energy use to answer everyday life questions and solve problems.

It is important for citizens to be energy literate and therefore adequately equipped to

make informed, fact-based and science-based decisions about energy and its use. As
energy issues require at least a basic understanding of physics, geology, biology, climate
science, mechanical and electrical engineering, economics, sociology, psychology,
international relations and many more, raising energy literacy is a highly interdisciplinary
challenge where only a systems-based approach can fully appreciate the complexity of
energy related issues.

A national energy literacy project was launched in Slovenia in 2013, called EN-LITE
(www.en-lite.si, web-page currently in Slovene only) and since then several activities
aimed at strengthening energy literacy among key stakeholders have been implemented.
By now the project has initiated a translation of a book and a handbook on energy literacy,
implemented interviews with several natural- and social-science experts, issued a
brochure on radiation literacy and organized several events and media activities with the
aim of fostering critical thinking about energy issues. Under the umbrella of EN-LITE a
digital educational and awareness-raising platform iEnergija is now being developed
(launch planned by the end of 2017) that will focus on relevant issues around energy
flexibility in the future decarbonized energy system. iEnergija will be based on the facts
about Slovene energy system and offer different perspectives on energy issues by several
Slovene experts who are involved in energy flexibility issues. Nevertheless, the concept of
iEnergija, from the energy literacy point of view, could be applied to other countries
existing and future energy systems and energy flexibility related challenges. In this way

* Mojca Drevenek, M. Soc. Sci., EN-LITE Society for strengthening energy literacy and Consensus

Communications, Slovenia, Email: mojca.drevensek@consensus.si.

iEnergija will offer a starting point for better formal and informal education about energy
(for students, decision-makers, media and interested citizens) and also an opportunity for
energy sector stakeholders (utilities, TSOs and DSOs, traders, aggregators, regulators
etc.) to present the specific topics and challenges related to their fields of work and their
energy projects in a broader, whole-systems perspective.

Key words: critical thinking, education, energy flexibility, energy literacy, whole-systems

Integrated strategies to complex building renovation

M. Premrov1*, V. egarac Leskovar1

1University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and

The domain of energy consumption is witnessing a worldwide trend whose aim is to
reduce primary energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, particularly those
of CO2. Construction is, besides the fields of transport and industry, one of the main
users of the prime energy from fossil sources, which makes this sector highly
responsible for the implementation of climate-environmental policies. Buildings are
responsible approximately for 35% to 40% of CO2 emissions and are thus closely linked
to climate changes. It is important to point out that buildings in Europe date from
different periods with specific building regulations typical of the time. A substantial
proportion of the existing European building stock is more than 50 years old with many
of buildings not properly maintained during their operational period. Consequently,
those buildings no longer correspond the current energy - efficiency requirements, from
this viewpoint the refurbishment presents an enormous potential for improving their
energy balance. However, the energy-efficiency is not the only problem concerned. Some
very important aspects of building quality are often overlooked during a planning
process of building renovation. The additional important issues which should be
considered are also the building functionality, structural stability and seismic resistance,
economical analysis, environmental impact, quality of indoor building environment and
many other aspects.
The article presents different approaches for energy conscious renovation of older
buildings. Special emphasis is focused on the complex renovation approach, which
interrelates the above mentioned renovation issues presented on different case-studies
of public and residential buildings. The synthesis of architectural and structural
solutions using latest scientific findings are directly implemented in the teaching process
at University of Maribor, as well as in practical design projects for commercial parties.
The presented interdisciplinary approach leads to determination of general guidelines
for complex building renovation which can serve the designers and decision makers
already in the early design stage.

Key words: energy-efficiency, building renovation, complex approach, interdisciplinarity

*Vesna egarac Leskovar, University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering
and Architecture, Smetanova ulica 17, E-mail: vesna.zegarac@um.si ; Tel.: +386 2 22 94 300

Cost effective energy optimization in buildings

M. Fike1*
1Faculty of Energy Technology, University of Maribor


The paper presents an approach in the determination of the most economically and
technically efficient new building or energy renovation of the existing building from the
viewpoint of the investing costs of envelopes composition and fitting out the boiler room,
including the present value of heating costs. The process of determination starts with
gathering the data of a certain building (climate, building envelope and energy systems),
after that buildings energy demand is calculated. Different heating systems are analysed.
For each energy system investing, operating and costs of fuel are defined in order to
calculate present value of heating cost. Determination of optimum insulation material for
the buildings envelope (roof, facade and floor) and its thickness is included. Finally, the
optimal solution is calculated. The approach is presented on the simulation case of a
single-family house. The result of the study is presented by a set of parameters showing
different costs of building envelope from the point of initial investment for a calculated
energy demand of building. In the second step the present value costs of heating is
calculated and compared with the additional cost of initial investment in the envelope and
additional investment in the buildings boiler room in order to determine which
combination of envelope and heating system is the most economically efficient.

Key words: Energy efficiency, Energy demand, Economically efficient, Optimum

insulation thickness, Life cycle cost.

* Matej Fike, Faculty of Energy Technology, University of Maribor, Hoevarjev trg 1, 8270 Krko,


Minimizing environmental impact while ensuring healthy indoor
environment by modifying users behaviour

J.Vetrek1, , D. Podjed2, S. Dolinek1, G. Cerinek1,

1Institutefor Innovation and Development of University of Ljubljana

2Institute of Slovenian Ethnology, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and

Use of buildings presents major pressure on ecosystems services, energy and resources
use. A prevailing perception is that buildings consume energy and resources; relevant
publications traditionally start with a sentence: Buildings in EU use nearly 40% of final
energy . The fact is, that people use energy and resources for their comfort and
activities at home and at work. We should therefore move our focus from buildings and
technologies to people who use buildings and try to influence their behaviour, habits
and motives, in terms of more responsible use of energy and resources.

In order to make right decisions, reliable information support in essential. We show the
approach we implemented for collecting and analysing data necessary for determination
of educational building Organizational Environmental Footprint (OEF) on Life Cycle
Assessment (LCA) approach utilizing all significant impact sectors (energy, transport,
goods...). Energy in the operational phase is the most influential factor, therefore we
focus on the last.

In this article we go beyond classical energy efficiency measures in buildings i.e.

investments in envelope and systems. On the case of larger public building (UL Faculty
of Economics) we show how systematic energy management focusing on behaviour of
various stakeholders groups decreased electricity use for ~30% in 2016 compared to
2015 without investments.

We present the example of behaviour influencing approach being developed utilizing

people friendly technologies encouraging them towards healthier habits while helping
decrease energy use.

Key words: behaviour, buildings, energy, LCA, people,

1 Corresponding author, J. Vetrek, Institute for Innovation and Development of University of

Ljubljana, T: + 386 1 2418 641, E: jure.vetrsek@iri.uni-lj.si

Energy and financial monitoring as a basis for planning energy
renovation, EMPOWER project
1Energyagency of Podravje Institution for sustainable energy use, Smetanova ulica 31, 2000
maribor, Slovenia


In the lifetime of the buildings (new or renovated), many conditions occur that influence energy
use and CO2 emissions. To sustain planned or achieved energy savings and CO2 reductions good
monitoring and management system using ICT tools and processes based on the principle of
plando-act-check should be used continuously. Many of them are available on the market but
not all optimal for specific buildings or users. At the same time financial savings are good
opportunity to payback investments. So called energy contracting and public private
partnerships need financial mechanisms for energy refurbishment projects. Combination of
different financial resources (EU funds, banks, private investors) allow much more investments
than planned only in public budgets. To find optimal tools to implement effective energy
monitoring and planning tools nine partners from 9 EU regions have started with the
implementation of the EMPOWER project, which brings new challenges and opportunities in
facing the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and monitor energy efficiency in buildings to
achieve long term, year by year savings.
EMPOWER is an international project co-financed with the support of Interreg Europe through
the European Regional Development Fund. The project leader is the Energy Agency of Podravje
(ENERGAP) from Slovenia. Within the project, there is an exchange of ideas and experiences in
the field of dynamic monitoring of energy efficiency in buildings and in connection with this with
innovative financial instruments. ENERGAP has been implementing dynamic energy monitoring
and management system in the region of Upper Podravje for already 10 years. The results are
good energy and finances related database that include around 300 public buildings. The data
can be used for energy planning and reporting. Slovenia has adopted legal obligation for energy
management in public buildings. The energy management system gives easy accessible and
understandable results in a short time that can be used to report and check the achievements. At
the same time it can be used as a financial planning and implementing tool. We can already
state that without continuous energy monitoring and management long-term energy and
financial savings are not possible.

Key words: energy, CO2, monitoring, financial planning

Educational vs. scientific approaches to energy efficiency refurbishment of
residential buildings

M. Lenik1, M. igart1, M. Premrov1 and V. egarac Leskovar1*

1University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and


Newly built buildings add merely 1% or less to the existing European residential building
stock. About 2/3 of the existing buildings are over 30 years old and about 40 % are over
50 years old. Large proportion of old - energy inefficient buildings indicate that
refurbishment of the existing buildings is an obvious solution to achieve significant
energy savings and lower environmental impacts. Future generations of architects and
engineers should also be acquainted with the problematic of building refurbishment,
therefore this aspect is implemented in both educational and scientific research work at
the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture, University
of Maribor.

Within several classes in the last few years, projects based on case studies of multi-
storey residential buildings, kindergarten and school buildings, etc. were expounded. The
educational approach regards the broader view on the selected case-study including not
only the energy issues but also other aspects of sustainable building design. However the
scientific work addresses individual points of interest, which are identified already during
the education process. In order to scientifically investigate the subject simplification
methods must be applied. The results of research work can serve as general guidelines in
refurbishment of the existing buildings and at the same time become a tool for professors
and students in their project work.

In this article the comparison of educational vs. scientific approach to energy efficient
refurbishment of selected case-study residential building will be presented
demonstrating the divergence in approaches, but in the same time inseparable connection
between them.

Key words: energy-efficiency, building renovation, educational approach, scientific


*Vesna egarac Leskovar, University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering
and Architecture, Smetanova ulica 17, E-mail: vesna.zegarac@um.si ; Tel.: +386 2 22 94 300


Pomurje Regional Living Lab in the frame of the INTENSSS PA project

Author: Bojan Vogrini, Local Energy Agency Pomurje

Coauthor: tefan ohar, Local Energy Agency Pomurje

Content of the presentation:

Short about the project INTENSSS PA

Establishment of the Regional Living Lab - key stakeholders

Challenges of the Regional Living Lab political and other commitment

Strategic Sustainable Energy Plan with incorporated Action plan for the energy
efficiency and exploitation of renewable energy sources as a basis for the work of our
Regional Living Lab.

Main results of the presented project:

INTENSSS-PA will develop and implement a human and institutional capacity

building process related to sustainable energy planning and energy projects

This will be addressed to public authorities and societal stakeholders to support them
to enter in a new era of integrated sustainable energy planning through a participatory
and multi-level interdisciplinary decision making process.

The project will specifically develop seven regional integrated sustainable energy
plans through the Living Lab collaborative environment.

Energy Project, Public Authorities, Regional Living Lab, Renewable Energy, Stakeholder,
Sustainable Energy Planning

Refurbishment of buildings on a district level

J. Eren, T. Hkkinen, and H. Erhorn-Kluttig

Local energy agency of Gorenjska, Address: Stara cesta 5, 4000 Kranj;

E-mail: jure.erzen@leag.si ; Tel.: 059 92 49 74
Teknologian tutkimuskeskus VTT Oy, Address: Vuorimiehentie 3, 02150 Espoo;
E-mail: tarja.hakkinen@vtt.fi ; Tel.: +358407274561
Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, Address: Nobelstrasse 12, 70569 Stuttgart;
E-mail: heike.erhorn-kluttig@ibp.fraunhofer.de; Tel.: +497119703322

Presentation shows advantages and options for renovation of buildings, which appear when we
approach the refurbishment process on a bigger level district level. This approach is being investigated
in the scope of the EU program - Horizon 2020 within the project called MODER.
Project MODER tackles mobilization of innovative design tools for refurbishment of buildings on a district
level. In this aspect, different tools and measures are being evaluated.
Scope of the project exceeds common measures on buildings (facade refurbishment, installation of solar
panels, shading and use of renewable energy sources for heating and cooling). Presentation includes
some of the advantages that derive from refurbishment of buildings on a district level, tools we need,
and can already be used, and gives some insight in the business models that need to be formed,
validated and used.
Tools that are being developed in order to help with decision-making process and visualization of
measures of district refurbishment are D-ECA tool (District Energy Concept Advisor developed by
Fraunhofer IBP), and 3D visualization platform (developed by VTT).
Keywords: refurbishment, district, energy savings, cost savings, business models, tools.

Innovative financial instruments for energy efficiency measures in
public buildings
Botjan Krajnc1 and Nejc Jurko1
1 Energy Agency of Savinjska, aleka and Koroka Region

Energy retrofit of existing buildings represents a challenge both under the technological
and financial point of view. Although many dedicated financial instruments have been
created, and several energy efficiency initiatives have been implemented so far (with a
trend to operate at a large scale, see i.e. the programmes for the energy retrofit of schools
funded by the ELENA Programme), the financing system is still in a test phase. As stressed
in this paper, energy efficiency projects can be not appealing for the current market.
Nevertheless, interventions that are not financially sustainable can have social and
environmental benefits that can justify a public commitment. Focusing on economic and
financial aspects, though, the Municipality can choose the optimal financial scheme for a
project by assessing its appeal to the market:
a) Project fully sustainable under market conditions: in this case the Municipality should
give priority to PPP procedures, assigning to the private actor the whole
responsibility for project implementation and fund raising (resources can come from
the private actors own capital or from bank loans)
b) Project not sustainable under market conditions: in this case the Municipality should
check whether own funds are available or not, giving way to the following alternative
The Municipalitys resources are sufficient to cover the whole investment: the
Municipality can choose to directly finance the project through a public tender
(traditional public procurement)
The Municipalitys resources can cover only a part of the whole investment: the
Municipality should assess the availability of other financial sources on the market,
able to support the project sustainability in combination with public funds.
Otherwise, the municipality should find a way to fund the whole project with its
own funds.
c) Project partially sustainable under market conditions: the Municipality should assess
the availability of specific financial sources to support the project sustainability (i.e.
soft loans), also considering the possibility to provide in-kind contributions. If no
specific financial source is available and no other kinds of contribution are viable, the
Municipality should review the whole project.

However, it is important that the EU and its Member States keep on supporting energy
efficiency initiatives, which, though still not fully attractive for the market, are
nonetheless crucial to comply with EU legislation and policies, and to foster sustainable
socio-economic development in Europe.
Key words: energy contracting, energy efficiency, innovate financing, public buildings

Towards a goal of efficiency through energy reduction
Franc Rihl1, Rebeka Kovai Lukman1 and Peter Virti*1
1Univeristy of Maribor, Faculty of Energy Technology, Hoevarjev trg 1, 8270 Krko, Slovenia


Project TOGETHER - full name: Towards a goal of efficiency through energy reduction - is
co-funded by the Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE programme, which encourages cooperation
on shared challenges in Central Europe. Partners from seven European countries have
joined their forces to develop and implement solutions for increasing energy efficiency
and the use of renewable energies in public buildings.
The economic situation is forcing public authorities to limit Energy Efficiency (EE)
investments in buildings and, as in Central Europe there is a lack of uniformity in
approaches & capacities to adopt EE solutions, goal is to encourage public administrations
to improve EE in their buildings also by involving users in energy management.
TOGETHER changes the existing atomistic vision into a holistic vision of the buildings as
a whole of functions and relationships between physical space, technological devices and
users needs-behaviour. TOGETHER goes beyond isolated technical interventions by
integrating them with financial/contracting and Demand Side Management (DSM) tools
such as the EPIC model (Energy Performance integrated Contract), which is based on
technological devices & a behaviour-based component and a Building Alliance concept
among buildings managers, owners and users. Through the project the concept of
integrated energy management in public buildings, through implementation of selected
technical, DSM and financial measures in pilot buildings from different EU countries, will
be promoted.
The main outputs of the project are: an interdisciplinary transnational training model; a
training of trainers and 8 local interdisciplinary trainings, targeting about 150
owners/managers/decision makers; an integrated transnational toolkit combining
technical, financial and demand side management tools; pilot actions involving 85
buildings audited and equipped with smart metering systems for a total of 8 pilot
investments; a transnational strategy on how to increase energy efficiency in buildings
through integrated tools, which is translated at partners level into a policy package that
includes a reinvestment action plan, aimed at triggering further investments.
TOGETHER offers a transnational capacity building platform, where partners with
different levels of knowledge can strengthen their competences together, reducing their
disparities, and promote actions on both the supply and demand side when planning EE
in public buildings.

Key words: Demand Side Management. Energy Efficiency. Integrated toolbox. Pilot
buildings. Public Administration.

*Prof. Peter Virti, PhD, University of Maribor, Faculty of Energy Technology, Hoevarjev trg 1, 8270 Krko. E-
mail: peter.virtic@um.si; Tel.+ 386 3 777 04 00.