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+32/( N af _ Yf {Y ] l]e h g jYda\ Y\ ]4 gk L m h af Ye Z wk( DgmjfYd\] dY Mg[a|l|\]k
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; @ 9 M E = AD &B] Yf 'H a]jj] ( +32-( Pgaj( kYngaj 5 hgmngaj6d][`YeYfake][`]rd]k SY_mY
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; J = H = 9 M & J g Z ]jl( +33/( 9 Y f ljg h g dg _ aY Z jY kad]ajY  n aklY \g I m | Z ] [4 me Y
h jg h g klY \ ] h ]kimakY( Af4 ; 9 J < G K G  < =  G D AN = AJ 9 & J( "  J M : = F &
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+/.(
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Yf\k`YeYfake* L m [kg f 4 M f an]jkalq g ^ 9 jarg fY Hj]kk(
< YE 9 L L 9 & J g Z ]jlg ( +31*( E alg  [ Yf lae alg  ] f lj] gk L ae Z ajY ( Af4 D = N A'
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\ Ym bg m j\ ` ma( F]kN]ehkGg\]jf]k  /30(
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< = K ; G D 9 & H ` adah h ]( +320( UGfYlmj]\ge]klaim]6kqeZgdake]]lhjYpak\Yfkd |[gdg_a]
\]k;[`mYj* H Yjak4 E Yakg f  \ ]k K [a]f []k \] d@ ge e ](
WWWWWWWWW ( +33,( K g [ a] la]k g ^  fYlm j]Yf \  l`]f Ylm j]g ^  kg[a]lq( Af4 C M H = J & 9(
$ga'_(%( =gf[]hlmYdakaf_kg[a]lq* D g f \ j]k4 J g m ld[\ _]& hh( + * 1 '+ , 0 (
< = K ; G D 9 & H ` adah h ] "  L 9 Q D G J & 9 f f ]'; ` jaklaf ] $gj_k(%( +33-( FYj]egfl|]\]
+;eY\gm]* F Bgee] +,0+,2(
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F ]o  Q gjc4 ; g dm e Z aY M f an ]jkalq Hj]kk(
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[gdgfarY{zg* J ag \]BYf ]ajg 4 HYr "  L ]jjY)9 f h g [k(
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af _lg f 4 K[g llak`  9 [Y\ ]e a[ H j]kk) K e al` kg f aYf  Af klalm lag f  H j]kk& hh4 +'-/(
,+. C< M 9 J < G  N AN C AJ G K  < A ; 9 K L J G

> 9 M KLG & ; Yjdgk( +33+( Gp JYjYcYfz6 \jYna\aYfYlg][YkYe]flgYnmf[mdYjfY;eYr


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E mk]m F Y[ag f Yd& l]k] \ ]  \gmlgjY\g(
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af n ]kla_ Y{zg  ]lf g d _a[Y fg : jYkad( Af4 Cfn]kla_Y{zg]lfgd_a[Yfg<jYkad[gmljgk
]fkYagk* H ]lj h g dak4 Ng1(]k& hh4 ++3'+3*(
> G M ; 9 M D L & E a[` ]d( +313( 9 _g n]jf Ye ]f lYda\Y\]( Af4 Ga[jg^ka[Y\g Jg\]j* J ag 
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M f an]jka\ Y\ ] \ ] K zg  HYmdg& l]k] \ ] \gmlgjY\g(
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= \ m [Y{zg  ]  \ g  < ]khg jlg(
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@ AJ L R = D &N af []f l( +332( < ] +Yf l` jg h g dg _a[ e g jYd] x H |[g fg e a]kqe Z g dai m [
\[ dY h j|\ Ylag f 4 x h jg h g k \] \ ]m p kg [ag dg _a]k Ye Yrg f akl]k& E |e g aj] \]
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af Hgjl`o]kl;eYrhfaY* ; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _] M f an]jkalq Hj]kk(
@ M ? @ 'BG F = K & K l]h ` ]f ( +313( $N`] JYdeYf\l`] Jd]aY\]k6afalaYlagfYf\[gkegdg_q
af Hgjl`o]kl;eYrgf* ; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _] M f an ]jkalq Hj]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +322( L ` ]  _m f  Yf\ l` ] Z g o 4 e ql` k g a o ` al] e ]f Yf\ af \ aYf k(
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C = F K AF ? = J & C ]f f ]l`  $gj_(%( +32.( GYjjaY_]hjY[la[]kafFgodYf\Mgml`;e]ja[Y*
M jZ Yf Y4 M f an]jkalq g ^ Addaf g ak Hj]kk(
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D gf \j]k4 J gmld]\_](
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Yg]klm\g\ghYj]fl]k[glaeZajY* K zg  H Ymdg 4 M f an]jka\ Y\ ] \]K zg  HYmdg& \ akk] j
lY{zg  \] e ]kljY\g(
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< |[g m n ]jl](
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= e h ~[` ]mjk \ ]  H ]fk]j ]f J gf\(
,+0 Aa< M 9 J < G  N dN C AJ G K  < da ; 9 K L J G

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BYf ]ajg 4 E mk]m F Y[ag f Yd) M > J B& l]k] \ ] \g mlgjY\g (
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D AE 9 & 9 f lg f ag  ; Yjdgk \] K g m rY( +33,( G  _ g n ]jf g \ g k f \ ag k kgZ Y _ ] klzg  \g
K H A( Af4 ; 9 J F = AJ G  < 9  ; M F @ 9 & E ( $gj_(%& dak+jaY\gkf\agkfg <jYkad*
K zg  HYmdg4 > Yh ]kh )KE ; ); g e h Yf` aY \ Yk D ]ljYk& hh( +//'+1,(
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_ ]f Yk \Y > m f\Y{zg  F Y[ag f Yd \g f \ ag ( F g lY k kg Z j] g ]klm\g  \ Y j]dY{zg 
]f lj] Yf ljg h g dg _aY ] af [da_]fake g  fg : jY kad& +302'+32/( Af4 G D AN = AJ 9 &
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kmY|la[YYdae]flYj* Jag \]BY f ] ajg 4 H H ? 9 K \g E m k]m  F Y[ag f Yd&\ akk]jlY{zg 
\] e ]kljY\g(
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af\_]fYfY]k[gdY* : jYkdaY4 E = ; )E 9 J A)M f ]k[g(
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j]^d]pzgkgZj]gkD~*  K zg  H Ymdg 4 >>D; @ )M KH(
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H H ? 9 K \g E mk]m F Y[ag f Yd& l]k] \] \ g mlgjY\g (
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l]k] \ ] \g mlgjY\g (
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n]jka\ Y\ ] \] K zg  HYmdg& l]k] \] \g mlgjY\g (
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Z Ykk]k l]jj]k \ ] > 9 e |jaim] \m Km\( DgmjfYd\] dYMg[a|l~\]k;e|ja[Yfakl]k &
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fY AAAY J ]m f azg  \g ? jmh g  \ ] H ]kimakY\g j]k\Y 9 _ ja[ m dlm jY fY 9 e Yr f aY(
WWWWWWWWW ( +322( I fgkkg_gn]jfg 6gkNa[mfY]gj]_ae]lml]dYj* K zg  H Ymdg 4 E Yj[g
R ]jg ) ; F H i (
WWWWWWWWW ( +332( M e Y ]lf g dg _aY \ g k f \ ag k e aklm jY\ g k8 K alm Y{ zg  [g dg f aYd&
l]jjalg jaYdarY{zg  ] ^dmpg k [m dlm jYak( GYfY  . $+%4 .1'11(
G D D E 9 F & : ] jl] dd( +310( ;da]fYlagf6 G Yjpk  [gf[]hlagf g ^  eYfaf [YhalYdakl kg[a]lq*
; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _] M f an]jkalq Hj]kk(
G J L F = J &K ` ] jjq :( +32.(L ` ] g jq afY f l` jg h g dg _ qkaf [] l`]kapla]k( =gehYjYlan]
Mlm\a]kg ^ Mg[a]lqYf\Baklgjq  ,0 $+%4 +,0'+00(
G N = J AF ?  C 9 H D 9 F &Bg Yf f Y( +31/( N`] JaYjgY( Yh]ghd]g ^ l`] Ijafg[g<Ykaf6Y
klm\qafcafk`ahYf\eYjjaY_]* G p ^g j\ 4 ; dYj]f \gf (
WWWWWWWWWW( +311( ; g e e ] f lk lg  l` ] kqe h g kam e  K g [ aY d lae ] Yf \  kg [ aY d kh Y[ ]
af dg o dY f \  K g m l`  9 e ] j a[ Y f  k g [ a] l a] k ( Af 4 ; [l]k \f R CD-  = gf_j]k
Cf l]jf Y lagf Y d \]k ; e |ja[Y f akl]k  $ H Y j ak & + 3 1 0 %( H Y j ak 4 K g [ a| l |  \ ] k 
9 e | ja[ Y f ak l] k & hh( - 2 1 '- 3 . (
,+2 @ \ m Y j\ g N an Z ajg k >B ; Ykljg

WWWWWWWWW ( +32+( J ]n a]o  Y jla[ d] 4 9 e Yrg f aYf  Yf l` jg h g dg _ q ( DgmjfYd g ^  FY+af


;e]ja[Yf Mlm\a]k  +- $+%4 +/+'+0.(
G N = J AF ?  C 9 H D 9 F & Bg Y f f Y  $gj_(%( +311( Kg [aYd lae ] Yf \  kg [aYd kh Y[] af
dgo dYf\ Kgml` 9 e ]ja[Yf  kg [a]la]k( Af4 ; [l]k \mRFC- =gf_j}k Cfl]jfYlagfYd
\]k;e|ja[Ymak+]k( AA& hh( 1 '- 3 . %( HYjak4 K g [a|l| \ ]k 9 e |ja[Yfakl]k(
H = AJ 9 F G & E YjarY( + 3 2+( C`] Yfl`jghgdg_q g ^  Yfl`jghgdg_q6 l`] <jYradaYf [Yk]*
; Ye Z ja\ _]4 @ YjnYj\  M fan]jkalq& l]k] \] \g mlgjY\g (
WWWWWWWWW ( +33,( OeY Yfljghgdg_aY fghdmjYd6lj~k]ph]ja~f[aYk[gfl]ehgjxf]Yk* : jY k
daY4 = \ alg jY M f an ]jka\ Y\ ] \ ] : jYkdaY(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33/( < ]kl]jjY \ g k ] ]padY\ g k4Y f ljg h g dg _aY f g  : jYkad ]  fY  f \ aY ( Af4
; 9 J < G K G  < =  G D AN = AJ 9 & J( $gj_(%( ?kladgk \] Yfljghgdg_aY* ; Ye h af Yk4
= \ alg jY \Y M fa[Ye h& h h  +-'-*(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33/( ;^Y n g j\Y ]lfg_jY^aY* J ag  \]BY f ] ajg 4 J ]dme ] < me Yjw(
WWWWWWWWW ( +332( O `]f  Y f l` jg h g dg _ q ak Y l ` g e ]4 l` ] \ a^^] j]f l [g f l]p lk g ^  Y
kaf _d] \ ak[ah daf ]( ; ffmYdL]na]og ^ ;fl`jghgdg_q  ,14 +*/'+,2(
H = J J G F = 'E G AK = K & : ]Yljar( +33,( f \ ag k  danj]k ] f \ag k ]k[jYng k4 g k h jaf [
h agk \ Y d] _ akdY{ zg  af \ a_ ] f aklY \g h]jg \g  [ g dg f aY d % k | [ m dg k RPC Y P N AAA%(
Af4 ; 9 J F D AJ G  <9 ; M F @ 9 & E ( $gj_(%( BakljaY \gk f\agk fg<jYkad* Kzg
H Ymdg 4 > Yh ]kh ) KE ; ) ; g e h Yf ` aY \ Yk D ]ljYk& hh(++/'+-,(
WWWWWWWWW ( +331( L]dY{]khj][agkYk6^ jYf[]k]k]Ye]jf\agkfgk|[mdgRPCC* K zg H Ymdg 4
< ]h lg ( \] 9 f ljg h g dg _ aY& >>D; @  \Y M f an]jka\ Y\ ] \ ] K zg  HYmdg& l]k] \]
< g m lg jY\g (
J 9 E G K& 9 d[a\ Y J( +32*( Ba]jYj[+faY ] kaeZagk]6 j]dY{]kafl]jljaZYak fg <jYkad  K zg 
HYmdg4 @ m [al][)AF D (
WWWWWWWWW ( +322( Af\aYf ng a[]k4 [g f lY[l ]p h ]ja]f []\  Yf \  ]ph j]kk]\ ( Af4 @ AD D &
B (  $gj_(%( L]l`afcaf_`aklgjq Yf\eql`* M jZ YfY4 M f an]jkalq g ^ Addaf g ak H j]kk&
hh( ,+.',-.(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33*Y( = l` f g dg _q : jYradaYf  klqd]( : jYkdaY4 M f an]jka\ Y\ ] \] : jYkadaY&
NjYZYd`gk]e =a~f[aYkMg[aYak( M|ja];fljghgdg_aY  23(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33*Z( G]ejaYkMYfmew6]khY{g]l]ehg]emeYkg[a]\Y\]SYfgeYea* K zg
HYmdg4 E Yj[g  R ]jg)M F : (
J = AK& >wZ ag O( +33+(G lYZ]dzg ]YdmhY4l]g jaY&e |lg \ g _]f ]jYdarYf l]]a\ ag _jY^Y
f g  [ g f l] p lg  ZjYkad]ajg( L]naklY<jYkad]ajY\]=a~f[aYkMg[aYak  +0& Yf g  04 ,1'.,(
J A: = AJ G & < Yj[q( +31*( Ikf\agk]Y[anadarY{zg6Yafl]_jY{zg\YkhghmdY{]kaf\_]fYk
fg<jYkadeg\]jfg* J ag  \]BYf ]ajg 4 ; anadarY{zg  : jYkad]ajY(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33/( *  hgngZjYkad]ajg* K zg  H Ymdg 4 ; g e h Yf ` aY \Yk D]ljYk(
J A; 9 J < G & ; Yjdg k 9 dZ ]jlg ( G k f \ ag k ] Y kg [ ag \ an ] jka\ Y \ ]  f YlanY [g f l] e h g '
@ L F G A (G ? A 9  : J 9 K A M a d J 9 ,+3

jy f ]Y  fg : jY kad( Af4 D G H = K  < 9  KAD N 9 & 9 jY[q "  ? J M H AG F A& D m k <(
:( $g j_k(%( ; l]evla[Y af\_]fY fY ]k[gdY* : jY kdaY4 E C ; ) E 9 J A) M f ]k[g &
h h (, 3 '0 * (
J AN A= J = & H]l]j( +303( GYjjaY_] Yegf_ d`] Njag6 Yhjaf[ahd] g ^  kg[aYdgj_YfakYlagf*
G p ^g j\ 4 ; dYj]f \ g f  Hj]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +32.( Cf\ana\mYdYf[dkg[a]lqafAmaYfY6; [gehYjYlan]klm\qg ^ ; e]jaf\aYf
kg[aYdgj_YfakYlagf* ; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _ ] M f an ]jkalq Hj]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33-(L ` ] Ye ]jaf \ aYf arYlag f  g ^ \ ]k[]f lYf\ Y^^afalq( CDB gee]  +,0
+,2 P P P AAA $,'.%4 / * 1 '/ + 0 (
K 9 @ D AF K& E Yjk` Ydd( +32+( Baklgja[Yde]lYh`gjk Yf\ eql`a[Ydj]Ydala]k6 Mljm[lmj] af
l`]]Yjdq`aklgjqg ^ l`]MYf\oa[`akdYf\k Eaf_\ge* 9ff 9 jZ g j4 L ` ] M f an]jkalq
g ^  E a[` a_Yf  Hj]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33-( O Yalaf _ ^g j > g m[Ymdl( Jja[cdq J]YjJYeh`d]l ,4 ,+(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33/( Bgo fYlan]k$$ l`afc6 YZgml =YhlYaf =ggc( ^g j ]pYehd]* ; ` a[Y_g4
L ` ]  M f an]jkalq g ^  ; ` a[Y_g  Hj]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +330(L ` ] kY\ f ]kkg ^  ko ]]lf ]kk4l` ]fYlan]Y f l` jg h g dg _ qg ^ O ]kl]jf
[g ke g dg _q( =mjj]fl;fl`jghgdg_q -1 $-%4 -3/'.,2(
WWWWWWWWW ( +331( G  h ]kkae ake g  k]f lae ] f lYd ] Y ]p h ]ja~f [aY ]lf g _jw^a[Y4 h g j
i m ]Y [m dlm jY fzg | me  g Z b] lg ]e  naY \ ]] p laf { z g  $H Yjl] A%( GYfY - $+%4
. + '1 - (
WWWWWWWWW ( +331( G  h ]kkae ake g  k]f lae ] f lYd ] Y ]p h ]ja~f [aY ]lf g _jw^a[Y4 hgj
im ]Y [m dlmjY fzg ] me  g Z b] lg  ]e  naY\ ] ]p laf {z g $H Yjl] AA%( GYfY - $,%4
+ * - '+ / * (
K; @ 9 < = F &C _gf( +310(G]klm \ g Ylm Yd\Yk[m dlmjYkaf \_]fYk( Af4 K; @ 9 < = F &
=( $gj_(%( F]al+ajYk\]]lfgdg_aYZjYkad]ajY* K zg  HYmdg4 ;aY( = \ alg jY F Y[ag f Yd(
K= = ? @ J & 9 fl`gfq( +32+( HYlmj]Yf\kg[a]lqaf =]fljYd< jYkad6l`]M lq Y Cf\aYfkg ^
GYlg Ajgkkg* ; Ye Z ja\ _ ]& E K4 @ Yjn Yj\  M f an]jkalq H j]kk(
K = = ? = J & 9 f l` g f q"  N AN = AJ G K  < = ; 9 KL J G & = \ m Yj\ g  :( +311( H gflgk \[
naklY kg Z j] gk f \ ag k Z jYkad]ajg k4 me  ]f kYag  Z aZdag _jw^a[g ( <gd]laeCf^gjeYla
ng]<aZdag_jv^a[g\]=a~f[aYkMg[aYak ,(
K = = ? = J & 9 f l` g f q5 < 9 E 9 L L 9 & J gZ]jlg 9( "  N AN = AJ G K  < =  ; 9 KLJ G &
= \ m Yj\ g  :( +313( 9 [g f kljm { zg \Y h ]kkg Y fYk kg [ a] \ Y\ ] kaf \ _ ] f Yk Z jYka
d]ajYk( <gd]lae\gGmk]mH Y[agfYd -,4 ,+3(
KAD N 9 & E wj[ag( +33-( LgeYf[] \]hjae Yk ]hjaegk6 ]lfg_jY^aY \ghYj]fl]k[g oYaeaja)
YljgYja* J ag \]BY f ]ajg 4 H H ? 9 K \g E mk]m F Y[ag f Yd& l]k] \] \ g mlgjY\g (
K AE G F < G F & ? adZ ]jl( +30.( F af\ ana\Y]lkY_ ]f }k]h`qka[g)Zag`_aim]%C)*$af\ana\mYlagf
w dYdmea}j]\]kfglagfk\]^ gje ]]l\ af^gjeYlagf&* HYjak4 H M >
,,* C < M 9 J < G  N d N d a d J G K  < d' ; 9 K L J G

K C G J M H K C A& Bg ` f ( +310( MqeZgd Yf\ l`]gjq6 Y h`adgkgh`a[Yd klm\q g ^ l`]gja]k g ^


j]da_agfafkg[aYdYfl`jghgdg_q* ; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _] M f an ]jkalq Hj]kk(
K L G ; C AF ? BJ (& ? ]g j_]( 32 3( L ` ]]l` f g _jYh ` a[ k]f kaZ adalq g ^  l` ]  +3,*k Yf\
\ a]  \ m Ydake  g ^  \ a]  Yf l` jg h g dg _a[Yd ljY\alag f( Af4 K L G ; C AF ?  BJ (& ?(
$g j_(%( LgeYfla[ eglan]k6 ]kkYqk gf Yfl`jghgdg_a[Yd k]fkaZadalq* E Y\ akg f 4 L ` ] 
M f an]jkalq g ^  O ak[g f kaf  Hj]kk& hh( ,*2',10(
K L J 9 L @ = J F &E Yjadqf ( +321(L ` ] dae alkg ^ Ymlg 'Yf l` jg h g dg _q( Af4B9 ; C K G F &
9 ( $gj_(%( ; fl`jghgdg_qYl`ge]( hh( +0'-1(
WWWWWWWWW ( +322( N`]_]f\]jg ^ l`]_a^l6hjgZd]ekoal`oge]fYf\hjgZd]ekoal`kg[a]lq
afG]dYf]kaY* : ]jc ]d]q4 M f an ]jkalq g ^  ; Yda^g jf aY H j]kk(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33,( : g g c J ]n a]o  >gjme 4 E ( K ljYl` ]jf &L ` ]  ? ]f \ ]j g ^  l`] ? a^l(
JY[a^a[Mlm\a]k  +/ $+%4 +,-'+/3(
K M J J 9 D = K & 9 d]p Yf \ j] +333( ;f [mj\mk]fk6gZb][lanYlagf]lkfZb][lanYlagf[`]"d]k
=Yaa\gk+ba\]+;eYrgfa]h]ee]f]*Jfjak)* = [gd]\]k @ Yml]k = lm\]k]fK [a]f []k
K g [aYd]k& l]k] \ ] \ g mlgjY\g (
L 9 Q D G J & 9 f f ]'; ` jaklaf ]( +32.( D Ye ]ja[Yf ake ]ljg h a[Yd4 mf ] ^jg f la}j] ^gkkad]
\ ]d]l` fg dg _a]8 Af4J M H H '= AK = F J : A; @ &:($gj_(%( Baklgaj]k\]d$Yfl`jghgdg_a]6
RPC)RRka}[d]k* HYjak4 C daf c ka][c& hh( ,+-',--(
WWWWWWWWW ( +332(Ban Y jg caf k` ah 4 kae h d]Yf\ [g e h d]p  ^g je m dYk4Y< jYna\ aYf
ljYf k^g je Ylag f  _jg m h ( Af4 ? G < = D A= J & E ( ]lYd* $gj_k(%( $NjYfk^gjeYlagfkg ^
Eafk`ah* O Yk` af _lg f ) D g f \ j]k4 K e al` kg f aYf  Af klalm lagf  H j]kk& hh( +21',+-(
L = AP = AJ 9 'H AF L G & E wjf ag( +332( d]ahYja6 kY[ja^[agk ] na\Y kg[aYd]flj] gk f\agk
; jYjY%=YjaZ]&* Kzg H Ymdg 4 @ m [al][) 9 f h g [k) = \ alg jY \Y M > H dd(
L @ G E 9 K &? ]g j_( s+302V( +32,( Jgdla[Y af\a_]aaaklY \gkhgjlm_m]k]k fg<jYkad( -1,,)
-20,* K zg  HYmdg4 DgqgaY(
L G O F K D = Q & ? jY`Ye ( +322( C\]Yk g ^ gj\]jYf\hYll]jfk g ^  [`Yf_] af SYeafY`mY
kg[a]lq* ; Ye Z ja\ _]4 ; Ye Z ja\ _ ] M f an]jkalq H j]kk& l]k] \] \g mlgjY\g (
L M J F = J & L ]j]f []( +313( L ` ] ? ] Yf \  : g jg jg  kg [a]la]k Yk \ aYd][la[Yd kqkl]e k4
Y _ ] f ] jYd e g\]d( Af4 E 9 Q : M J Q 'D = O AK& <( $gj_(%( >aYd][la[YdMg[a]la]k6 l`]
A]Yf\<gjgjgg ^ = ]fljYd< jYrad ; Ye Z ja\ _]&E Ykk4 @ YjnYj\ M f an]jkalqH j]kk&
hh( + . 1 '+ 1 2 (
WWWWWWWWW ( +32*( D ] \ |f a[ ` ] m j \ g ak]Ym p  ]f  [g f l]pl]( ;fl`jghgdg_a]]lMg[a|l|k  .
$-%4 2/'++/(
WWWWWWWWW ( +32.( < mYd g h h g kalag f & `a]jYj[`q& Yf\ nYdm]4 e g q]lq kljm [lm j] Yf\
kqe Z g da[ h g dYjalqaf ; ]f ljYd :jYrad Yf\ ]dk]o ` ]j]( Af4 ? 9 D= Q &B(; ( $gj_(%(
>a^^|j]f[]k( nYd]mjk( `a|jYj[`a]6l]pl]k g^^]jlkw Ub9mak >megfl* HYjak4 = \ alag f k \]
d= @ = KK& hh( - - - '- 1 * (
= L F G D G ? A 9  : J 9 K @ (CdJ9 ,,+

WWWWWWWWW ( +32/( 9 f ae Yd kqe Z g dake & lg l]e ake  Yf\ l`] kljm [lm j] g ^  e ql`( Af4
M J L G F & ?( $gj_(%( ; faeYdeql`kYf\e]lYh`gjkafMgml`;e]ja[Y* K Ydl D Yc]
; alq4 M f an ]jkalq g ^  M lY` H j]kk& hh( .3'+*0(
WWWWWWWWW ( +322( = l` fg ']l`f g` aklgjq4e ql`Yf \ `aklg jqaf fYlan]Kgml` 9 e ]ja[Yf
j] h j] k] f lYlag f k g ^  [g f lY[l( Af4 @ AD D & %( <( $gj_(%( L]l`afcaf_ G ql` Yf\
Baklgjq6 Cf\a_]fgmkMgml`;e]ja[Yfh]jkh][lan]kgfl`]hYkl*  M jZ Yf Y4 M f an]jkalq
g ^  Addaf gak H j]kk& hh( , - / ', 2 + (
WWWWWWWWW ( +33+( J ]h j]k]f laf _ & j]kaklaf _& j]l` af c af _ 5 ` aklg ja[Yd ljYf k^g je Ylag f k
g ^  C YqYh g  [m dlm j] Yf \  Yf l` jg h g dg _a[Yd [g f k[ag mkf ]kk( Af4 K L G ; C AF ? 
?( O( $gj_(%( =gdgfaYdkalmYlagfk6 ]kkYqk gf l`] [gfl]plm ladakYlagf g ^  ]l`fg_jYh`a[
cfgod]\_] %Baklgjq g ^  ;fl`jghgdg_q & 1%( E Y\ akg f 4 M f an]jkalq g ^ O ak[g f kaf 
H j]kk& hh( , 2 / '- + - (
WWWWWWWWW ( +33-( < ] [g ke g dg _aYY `akl jaY4 j]kakl~f [aY& Y\ Yh lY{ zg ] [g f k[a~f [aY
kg [aYd ]f lj] gk C YqYh ( Af4 N AN = AJ G K  < = ; 9 KL J G & = ( : ( $gj_(%( ; eY
rgfaY6]lfgdg_aY]`akljaYaf\_]fY* Kzg HYmdg4 F @ A)M KH& hh( . - '0 0 (
N 9F  N = D L AA=E & D[aY ++( +33/( , Z]+g]Y ^]jY 6Y]kl|la[Y\Yhjg\m{zg]\Y hj]\Y{vg
]flj]gk QYqYfY* K zg  HYmdg4 M f an]jka\Y\]\] K zg  HYmdg& l]k]la[ \gmlgjY\g(
N = D @ G & G lwnag( +32*( 9 f ljg h g dg _ aY h YjY km][g  n]j( >Y\gk6 L]naklY\]=a~f[aYk
Mg[aYak ,- $+%4 13'3+(
N A< 9 D & Dmp " : 9 J J = L G  A1 & Ad] f q g ( +331( G ]dg h ]j\ a\ g  s>avjagkf\agk( \]
< Y j[ q  J aZ ]ajg %( ;fmvjag;fljghgd_a[g  304 +/3'+22(
N A< 9 D & D mp $gj_(%( +33,( =jY^+keg af\_]fY* K zg  H Ymdg 4 K lm \ ag  F g Z ]d)> Yh ]kh )
= \mkh(
N AD 9 t 9 &9 h Yj][a\ Y( +33,( =ge]f\g[geg_]fl]6^gjeYk\g[YfaZYdakegoYja* J ag \]
BYf]ajg4 = \ alg jY \Y MHJB(
WWWWWWWWW ( +330Y( If]ekgegkfk6im]kl]k\YYdl]ja\Y\[fg]f[gfljg\gk QYja[gegk
<jYf[gk* J ag  \]BY f ] ajg 4 HH? 9 K \g E mk]m F Y[ag f Yd& l]k] \ ] \gmlgjY\g(
WWWWWWWWW ( +330Z( ; jaklzg k k]e  ^|4 Yd_m f k Ykh ][lg k \ Y [gf n]jkzg  \gk O Yja
$HYcYY F gnY%( G YfY ,  $+%4 +*3'+-1(
N AN = AJ G K  < =  ; 9 KL J G & = \mYj\g( +320( ;jYo]l|6 gk \]fk]k [YfaZYak* J ag  \]
BY f ] ajg 4 Bg j_ ]  R Y` Yj = \algj)9 fh g[k(
WWWWWWWWW ( +33,( G  [Ye h g  fY k]dnY& naklg  \Y h jYaY( ?klm\gk Baklja[gk / $+*%4
+ 1 * '+ 3 * (
WWWWWWWWW ( +33-Y( 9 d_m f k Ykh ][lg k \ YY^af a\ Y\ ] fg \ jYn a\ aYf Ylg Ye Yr f a[g ( Af4
N AN = AJ G K  < =  ; 9 KL J G & =( "  ; 9 J F = AJ G  <9( ; M F @ 9 & E ( $gj_k(%(
;eYrfaY6]lfgdg_aY]`akljaYaf\_]fY* K zg  H Ymdg 4 F [d]g \] @ akl jaY Af \ _]
fY ]  \g Af \ a_]f ake g  $M KH %)> Yh ]kh & hh( +/*,+*(
,,, @ < M 9 J < G  N d N A M J G K  < d'  ; 9 K L J G

WWWWWWWWW ( +33-Z( @ akl jaYk Ye ]jf \aYk( Hgngk?k^++\gk=]ZjYh -04 , , --(


WWWWWWWWW ( +33-[( D ] e YjZ j] ]l d]e qjl]4 \] d af [g f klYf [] \] d ye ] kYmnY_]( Af4
: = ; I M = D AF & 9 ( "  E G D AF A= & 9 ( $g j_ k (%( G |e gaj] \] dY ljY\alagf*
J ][` ]j[` ]k l` |e Ylai m]k( F Yf l]jj]4 K g [a|l| \ = l` f g dg _a]& hh( - 0 / '. - + (
WWWWWWWWW ( +33/( H ]f kYf \g  g h Yj]f l]k[g  Ye ]jf \ ag ( Af4 N AN = AJ G K  < =  ; 9 K
L J G & @( $gj_(%( ;fljghgdg_aY\ghYj]fl]k[g6]klm\gkYe]jf\agk* J ag  \ ]BYf ]ajg 4
= \ alg jY \Y M > J B& hh( 1',.(
WWWWWWWWW ( +330Y( G k h jg f g e ]k [g ke g d _a[g k ] g h ]jkh ][lan ake g  Ye ]jf \ag (
G YfY ,  $,%4 ++/'+..(
WWWWWWWWW ( +330Z( Ae Y_]kg ^  fYlmj]Yf\kg[a]lqaf9 e Yrg faYf ]l` fg dg _q(; ffmYd
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