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Science of
Contents The Field

Lesson 1 The Zero Point Field 5

Lesson 2 We are beings of light 7
Lesson 3 How molecules talk through energy 9
Lesson 4 On the worlds wavelength 11
Lesson 5 The real art of seeing 13
Lesson 6 Signaling along the light pipes 15
Lesson 7 The power of intention 19
Lesson 8 The electric power of our intention 21
Lesson 9 Mind over machine 23
Lesson 10 Sending intention to living systems 25
Lesson 11 Beyond time and space 27
Lesson 12 Feeling the way to our own future 29
Lesson 13 A brief story of time 31
Lesson 14 Healing through The Field 33
Lesson 15 The intensity of the shared moment 35
Lesson 16 The sacred and the profane 37
Lesson 17 Sharing the dream 39
Lesson 18 Psychic spying through The Field 41
Lesson 19 The knowingness of plants 43
Lesson 20 Tomorrow never comes 45
Lesson 21 Tuned in to enlightenment 47
Lesson 22 Scribbling with Times pencil 49
Lesson 23 The holographic double-helix 51
Lesson 24 Memory waves 53
Lesson 25 A little light music 55
Lesson 26 Peering into The Field 57
Lesson 27 The power of touch 59
Lesson 28 Bad news comes early 61
Lesson 29 The right-brain stuff 63
Lesson 30 The plastic brain 65
Lesson 31 A snapshot of the life force 67
Lesson 32 Asking the universe for help 69
Lesson 33 Biofeedback brainstorming 71
Lesson 34 Einsteins other brainstorm 73
Lesson 35 The thinnest of boundaries 75
Lesson 36 Till death do subatomic particles part 77

Science of
The Zero Point Field The Field
Lesson 1

he Field is the Zero Point Field, a motion of subatomic matter ever gets to
subatomic field of unimaginably zero.
large quantum energy in so-called In physics equations, most physicists
empty space. A field is a matrix or medi- subtract zero-point energy away because
um which connects two or more points in they believe that, as it is ever-present, it
space, usually via a force, like gravity or doesnt affect anything. However, a few
electromagnetism. It is considered that frontier scientists, like Texas astrophysi-
area of space where this change and its cist Hal Puthoff, have rediscovered the
effects can be detected. Simply put, a importance of the Zero Point Field as a
field is a region of influence. final puzzle piece to answer many of the
In the quantum world, quantum fields large questions in sciencelike gravity
are not mediated by forces, but by that have perplexed scientists for many
exchanges of energy which are constantly years. Arthur C. Clarke believed their dis-
redistributed in a dynamic pattern. This coveries about Zero Point Field energy
constant exchange is an intrinsic property were so significant that he called their
of particles. Even real particles are not papers on it landmark.
set little billiard balls, as they are some- One of the most important aspects of
times depicted, but nothing more than a subatomic waves is that they are encoders
little knot of energy which briefly and carriers of information. When two
emerges and disappears back into the waves are in phase, and bump into each
underlying field. othertechnically called interference
A constant ping-pong game of energy the combined amplitude of the waves
occurs at the subatomic level. Quantum is greater than each individual amplitude,
particlesthose pulsating knots of ener- so the signal is stronger. This amounts to
gyconstantly interact with each other an imprinting or exchange of information
by exchanging energy through other called constructive interference. Once
quantum particles. These virtual parti- theyve collided, each wave contains
cles appear out of nowhere, combining information, in the form of energy cod-
and disappearing in less than an instant, ing, about the other; this includes all of
causing random fluctuations of energy the other information it contains.
without any apparent cause. They differ Interference patterns amount to a constant
from real particles because they only exist accumulation of information, and waves
during that exchange. have a virtually infinite capacity for
If you add up all the movement of all storage.
the particles of all varieties in the uni- Consequently, the existence of the
verse, you come up with a vast inex- Zero Point Field has a greater, metaphys-
haustible energy sourcea field of fields ical implication. It implies that all matter
sitting there unobtrusively in the back- in the universe is interconnected by
ground of the empty space around us. To waves, which are spread out through time
give you some idea of the magnitude of and space, and can carry on to infinity,
that power, the energy in a single cubic tying one part of the universe to every
yard of empty space is enough to boil all other part. The idea of The Field might
the oceans of the world. just offer a scientific explanation for
Also referred to by physicists as the many metaphysical notions, such as the
vacuum, the Zero Point Field is called Chinese belief in the life force, or chi,
zero because this tango even occurs at described in ancient texts as something
temperatures of absolute zero, the lowest akin to an energy field.
possible energy state, where all matter has It means that we and all the matter of
been removed and nothing is supposedly the universe are literally connected to the
left to make any motionthe closest that furthest reaches of the cosmos through

Science of
The Field the largest Zero Point Field waves of the Einstein himself understood that the
Lesson 1 grandest dimensions. In this view, The only fundamental reality was the underly-
Field connects everything in the universe ing entitythe field itself. The Field
to everything else, like some vast invisi- might be the closest we have to what in
ble web. It is as though a memory of the Star Wars was called The Force.
universe for all time is contained in empty Lynne McTaggart
space that each of us is always in touch

The missing link?

Many scientists are beginning to regard the Zero Point Field as vital for providing an
answer to what has remained missing in physics. Peter Milonni at Los Alamos NASA
facilities has speculated that quantum theory will be replaced by a modified theory of
classical physics which takes into account the limitless energy of the Zero Point Field.
Other scientists, from top-ranking institutions such as Princeton and Stanford
University in the US and many prestigious institutions in Europe, have realized that the
Zero Point Field could hold the key to areas that have bedeviled scientists for centuries.
Indeed, the existence of the Zero Point Field could explain:
why atoms are stable. Electrons refuel energy by tapping into these quantum fluctua-
tions of empty space
gravity, a concept that has stumped the greatest geniuses of science. The Zero Point
Field is partially shielded by two objects and this causes an attraction between them
Newtons law of inertia
F = Ma, one of the most fundamental axioms in the world, can be proved by factoring
in the Zero Point Field
how the solid, stable stuff we call matter, which has a certain mass, is an illusion and
simply subatomic particles being held together by the grip of a background sea of
why everything in our world, no matter how heavy or large, boils down to a collection
of electrical charges interacting with the Zero Point Field
many of the through-the-looking-glass properties of subatomic matter that have been
described by quantum physics.

Science of
We are beings of light The Field
Lesson 2

ne of the great mysteries of biol- made the remarkable discovery that
ogy is how cells communicate humans emit highly coherent photons
with each other. The modern the tiniest particles of light.1 Light is
scientific view is that DNA, the coiled present in plants and is used during pho-
double-helix of genetic coding that is a tosynthesis. When we eat plant foods, it
blueprint of the bodys proteins and must be, Popp theorizes, that we take up
amino acids, somehow manages to spear- the photons and store them. When a plant
head all the bodys dynamic activities just is digested, it is metabolized into carbon
by selectively turning off and on certain dioxide (CO2) and water plus sunlight
segments of DNA, or genes, whose from the photosynthesis. We extract the
nucleotides, or genetic instructions, in CO2 and eliminate the water, but the light
turn select from a large alphabet of amino is stored in the form of the entire spec-
acids the genetic words which create trum of electromagnetic wave frequen-
specific proteins. These proteins are then cies, from the lowest to the highest.
supposedly able to both build the body, At different frequencies, photons per-
and switch on and off all the chemical form different functions. Popp and his
processes inside the cell which ultimately organization, the International Institute of
control the running of the body. Biophysics in Neuss, Germany, found
Where scientists fall short is in that molecules in cells respond to certain
explaining how DNA knows when to frequencies and that a range of vibrations
orchestrate this and how these chemicals, from photons causes a variety of respons-
all blindly bumping into each other, can es in other molecules of the body. These
operate more or less simultaneously. Each biophoton emissions, as he calls them,
cell undergoes, on average, some 100,000 provide a perfect communication system
chemical reactions per seconda process for transferring information to many cells
that repeats itself simultaneously across across the whole organism.
every cell in the body. His research shows that one of the
If DNA is the control room, what is most essential stores of light and sources
the feedback mechanism enabling indi- of biophoton emissions is DNA, which is
vidual gene and cell activities to act in capable of sending out a vast range of fre-
unison? And if all these actions are due to quencies. Furthermore, specific frequen-
simple chemical collisions between mole- cies seem to be linked to certain func-
cules, how can it work rapidly enough to tions. DNA may be like a master tuning
account for the coherent behaviors that forkit strikes a particular frequency and
all living beings exhibit every minute of certain molecules follow.
their lives? Popps experiments showed that these
If these occurrences are due to chance, weak light emissions are sufficient to
theres little statistical hope of their hap- orchestrate the body, and that all living
pening within the universe of the cell. The thingsfrom the most basic organisms to
average cell contains one molecule of complex humansemit a permanent cur-
protein for every 10,000 molecules of rent of photons, from only a few to hun-
water, so molecules jostle around the cell dreds.
like a handful of tennis balls floating Rudimentary animals or plants tend to
about in a swimming pool. emit 100 photons/cm2/sec at a wave-
Many of the frontier scientists length of 200800 nanometers, corre-
described in The Field believe that the sponding to a very-high-frequency elec-
heart of cell communication is not a hap- tromagnetic wave well within the visible
hazard chemical reaction, but an ener- range, whereas humans emit only 10
getic frequency on the quantum level. photons/cm2/sec.
German physicist Fritz-Albert Popp If each molecule has its own signature

Science of
The Field frequency, its receptor or molecular creating a cascade of electromagnetic
Lesson 2 match can tune into this frequency much impulses traveling at the speed of light.
as you can tune your radio to a specific This, rather than accidental collision,
station, even over vast distances. Each would be a better explanation of how a
vibration is reinforced by the vibration of virtually instantaneous chain reaction
another body at or near its frequency. This occurs in biochemistry.
resonance on the same wavelength would Lynne McTaggart
then begin to resonate with the next mol-
ecules in the biochemical reaction, thus 1 Z Naturforsch, 1972; 27b : 731

A subatomic network
In quantum physics, quantum coherence means that subatomic particles are able to
cooperate. These subatomic waves or particles not only know about each other, but are
also highly interlinked by bands of common electromagnetic fields so that they can com-
municate with each other.
They are like a multitude of tuning forks that all begin resonating together. As the waves
enter into phase or synch, they begin acting like one giant wave and one giant sub-
atomic particle. It becomes difficult to tell them apart.
Many of the weird quantum effects seen in a single wave apply to the whole. Some-
thing done to one of them will affect the others. Coherence establishes communication.
Its like a subatomic telephone network. The better the coherence and finer the telephone
network, the more refined wave patterns will have a telephone.
The end result is a bit like a large orchestra. All the photons are playing together, but
they are still individual instruments that are able to carry on playing individual parts.
Nevertheless, when you are listening, its difficult to pick out any one instrument.
In his experiments, Popp found that the human body had the highest level of quantum
order, or coherence, possible in nature. Usually, this coherencecalled a BoseEinstein
condensateis only observed in materials such as superfluids or superconductors that
are generally studied and observed in the laboratory in very cold places, just a few
degrees above absolute zeronot in the hot and messy environment of a living thing.

Science of
How molecules talk through energy The Field
Lesson 3

n all aspects of life, molecules must homoeopathy experiments, has carried
speak to each other. If you are ex- out countless studies decisively demon-
cited, your adrenals pump out more strating that cells dont rely on the hap-
adrenaline, which tells specific receptors penstance of collision, but on electromag-
to make your heart beat faster. The usual netic wave signaling at low frequency
theorythe Quantitative Structure- (less than 20 kHz). The electromagnetic
Activity Relationship (QSAR)is that frequencies that Benveniste has studied
two molecules that match each other correspond with the audio range even
structurally exchange specific (chemical) though they dont emit any noise that we
information as well as energy when they can detect. All sounds on our planetthe
bump into each other. Its like a key find- sound of water rippling in a stream, a
ing its own keyhole (which is why this crack of thunder, a shot fired, a bird chirp-
theory is also called the keykeyhole or ingare low frequency, between 20 Hz
lock-and-key interaction model). and 20 kHz, the range in which the human
Biologists still adhere to the mecha- ear hears.
nistic notions of Descartes that there can According to Benvenistes theory, two
only be reaction through contact, some molecules are then tuned into each other,
sort of impulsive force. The central prob- even at long distance, and resonate at the
lem with the current theory is that it is too same frequency. These two resonating
dependent upon chance and also requires molecules then create another frequency,
a good deal of time. It cant begin to which, in turn, resonates with the next
account for the speed of biological molecule or group of molecules in the
processes like anger, joy, sadness or fear. next stage of the biological reaction. This
But if each molecule has its own sig- would explain, in Benvenistes view, why
nature frequency, its receptor or molecule tiny changes in a moleculethe switch-
with the matching features would tune ing of a peptide, saycan have a radical
into this frequency, much as your radio effect on what that molecule actually
tunes into a specific station or one tuning does.
fork causes another tuning fork to oscil- This is not so farfetched, considering
late at the same frequency, even over vast what we already know about how mole-
distances. They will be in resonancethe cules vibrate. Both specific molecules
vibration of one body will be reinforced and intermolecular bonds emit specific
by the vibration of another body at or near frequencies, which can be detected bil-
its frequency. lions of light-years away by the most sen-
As these two molecules resonate on sitive of modern telescopes. These fre-
the same wavelength, they would then quencies have long been accepted by
begin to resonate with the next molecules physicists, but few have paused to con-
in the biochemical reaction, thus creating sider whether they actually have some
a cascade of electromagnetic impulses purpose. Although other scientists have
traveling at the speed of light. This, rather conducted extensive experimentation on
than accidental collision, would better electromagnetic frequency in living
explain how you initiate a virtually things, Benvenistes contribution was to
instantaneous chain reaction in biochem- show that molecules and atoms have their
istry. It is also a logical extension of the own unique frequencies by using modern
work of Fritz-Albert Popp. If photons in technology to record these frequencies
the body excite molecules, it is logical and using the recording itself for cellular
that they have their own signature fre- communication.
quency. From 1991, Benveniste demonstrated
French biologist Jacques Benveniste, that he could transfer specific molecular
better known for his memory of water signals simply by using an amplifier and

Science of
The Field electromagnetic coils. Four years later, he ing magnetic field, work they performed
Lesson 3 was able to record and replay these sig- in collaboration with Center National de
nals through the use of a multimedia com- la Recherche Scientifique in Medudon,
puter. Over thousands of experiments, France.
Benveniste recorded the activity of the The inescapable conclusion: mole-
molecule on a computer and replayed it to cules speak to each other in oscillating
a biological system ordinarily sensitive to frequencies. It appears that the Zero Point
that substance. In every instance, the bio- Field creates a medium enabling the mol-
logical system has been fooled into think- ecules to speak to each other non-locally
ing that it has been interacting with the and virtually instantaneously.
substance itself and acted accordingly, Lynne McTaggart
initiating a biological chain reaction just E-mail: info@livingthefield.com
as it would have in the presence of the
actual molecule.1 1 FASEB J, 1996; 10: A1479; FASEB J,
Other studies have shown that 1995; 9: A227, A683; J Immunol, 1993;
Benvenistes team can erase these signals 150: 146A
and stop cellular activity with an alternat-

Molecules by e-mail
In perhaps the most dramatic of his experiments, Benveniste showed that the signal could
be sent across the world by e-mail or by ordinary mail on a floppy disk.
Colleagues at North western University in Chicago recorded signals from ovalbumin
(Ova), acetylcholine (Ach), dextran and ordinary water on a purpose-designed transducer
attached to a computer equipped with a sound card. The signals were then copied onto a
floppy disk and posted to Benvenistes laboratory in Clamart, a suburb of Paris. In later
experiments, the signals were also sent by e-mail as attached documents.
The Clamart team then exposed ordinary water to the signals of this digital Ova, Ach,
dextran and water, and infused either the exposed water or plain water (control) into
isolated guinea-pig hearts.
The digitized water produced highly significant changes in coronary flow compared
with the control water. Effects from the digitized water were identical to those produced
on the heart by the actual substances themselves.1
1 J Allergy Clin Immunol, 1997; 99: S175

Science of
On the worlds wavelength The Field
Lesson 4

hen we look at the world, we accumulated during an average lifespan.
do so on a much deeper level Its been said that, with wave-interference
than we realize. Our brain patterns, the entire US Library of
talks to itself and to the rest of the body Congress, containing every book ever
not with images or chemical impulses, published in English, would fit into a
but in the language of waves and frequen- large sugar cube.
cy. We perceive an object by resonating In 1979, Russell and Karen DeValois,
with it, getting in synch with it. To know a husband-and-wife team of neurophysi-
the world is literally to be on its wave- ologists at the University of California at
length. Berkeley, converted simple tartan and
Think of your brain as a piano. When checkerboard patterns into quantum-
we observe something out there, certain wave information, and found that the
portions of the brain resonate at specific brain cells of cats and monkeys respond-
frequencies. At any point of attention, the ed not to the patterns themselves, but to
brain strikes certain strings of a specific their component quantum-wave informa-
length and frequency. This information is tion. Countless studies, recounted in the
then picked up by the ordinary electro- DeValois book Spatial Vision,1 show that
chemical circuits of the brain, just as the numerous cells in the visual system are
vibrations of the strings eventually res- tuned to certain frequencies. Other stud-
onate through the entire piano. ies by Fergus Campbell at Cambridge
When you first look at something, cer- University, England, and a number of
tain frequencies resonate in the brains other labs have also shown that the cere-
neurons. These neurons send information bral cortex of humans may be tuned to
about these frequencies to another set of specific frequencies. 2, 3
neurons. This second set of neurons trans- American neurosurgeon Karl Pribram
lates these resonances from wave inter- has also found that the brain is a highly
ference information (see box, page 32) discriminating frequency analyzer. He
and sends the resulting information to a showed that the brain has an envelope
third set of neurons, which then begins to that limits the otherwise infinite wave
construct a pattern of molecules that information available to it, so that we are
eventually forms the image you see in not bombarded by the limitless wave
front of you. This threefold process information in the Zero Point Field.4
makes it far easier for the brain to corre- In his own studies, Pribram confirmed
late separate imageseasily achieved that the visual cortex of cats and monkeys
using wave-interference shorthand, but respond to a limited range of frequen-
extremely awkward with an actual real- cies.5 DeValois and his colleagues also
life image. showed that cortical neurons are tuned to
After seeing this image, the brain a limited frequency range. In studies of
processes the information in a wave-fre- both cats and humans, Campbell has
quency shorthand and scatters these shown that the brains neurons respond to
throughout the brain, rather like a local a limited band of frequencies.
area network copying major instructions In Pribrams studies with cats in
for many employees in the office. Storing which he recorded frequencies from the
memory as wave-interference patterns is motor cortex of cats while moving their
remarkably efficient, hence the vastness right forepaw up and down, he discovered
of our memory. Waves can hold unimag- that, like the visual cortex, cells in the
inable quantities of datafar more than motor cortex responded to only a limited
the 280 quintillion (280 followed by 18 number of frequencies of movement.
zeros) bits of information that supposedly Pribram and others have demonstrated
constitute the average human memory that perception occurs at a much more

Science of
The Field fundamental level of matterthe nether- 1 DeValois R, DeValois K. Spatial Vision.
Lesson 4 world of the quantum particle. We dont Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988
see objects per seonly their quantum 2 Pribram K. Brain and Pe r c e p t i o n ,
informationand from this we construct Holonomy and Structure in Figural
our image of the world. Perceiving the P r o c e s s i n g. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
world is a matter of tuning into The Field. Erlbaum, 1991: 76
Lynne McTaggart 3 Ann Rev Psychol, 1980: 30941
E-mail: info@livingthefield.com 4 Pribram K, op cit, Chapter 9
5 Pribram K, op cit, p 79

Quantum shorthand
Waves are described through a series of calculus equations called Fourier transforms,
named after the French mathematician Jean Fourier, whod developed these equations
early in the 19th century to help Napoleon Bonaparte determine the optimum interval
between shots of a cannon so that the barrel wouldnt overheat.
Fouriers method was eventually found to break down and precisely describe patterns
of any complexity into a mathematical language that was a kind of timeless, spaceless
shorthand for the relationship between waves, measured as energy. Any optical image
could be converted into the mathematical equivalent of interference patterns, when waves
superimpose each other.
These equations can also be used in reverseyou can take these components repre-
senting the interactions of waves and their frequency, and reconstruct any image.
Russian researcher Nicolai Bernstein filmed human subjects dressed entirely in black
costumes on which white tapes and dots marked the position of the limbsnot unlike a
Halloween skeleton costume. The participants were asked to dance against a black back-
ground while being filmed. When the film was processed, all that could be seen was a
series of white dots moving in a continuous pattern or wave form.
When Bernstein analyzed the waves, he discovered that all of the rhythmic movements
could be represented in Fourier trigonometric sums to such an extent that he could
predict the next movements of his dancers to an accuracy of within a few millimeters.
The fact that movement can be represented formally in terms of Fourier equations
means that the brains conversations with the body might also be occurring in the form of
waves and patterns rather than as images. The brain somehow can analyze movement,
break it down into wave frequencies and transmit this wave-pattern shorthand to the rest
of the body.

Science of
The real art of seeing The Field
Lesson 5

alter Schempp, mathematics But he began to wonder whether the
professor at the University of mathematics and theory of how this
Siegen in Germany, special- machine worked could be applied to bio-
izes in the mathematics of harmonic logical systems. He had called his theory
analysis, or the frequency and phase of quantum holography because what hed
sound waves. In the 1980s, he decided to really discovered was that all sorts of
explore whether it is possible to extract information about objects, including their
three-dimensional images from sound 3-D shape, is carried in the quantum fluc-
waves and, by 1986, hed published a tuations of the Zero Point Field, and that
book which mathematically proved how this information could be recovered and
you could get such a 3-D image, or holo- reassembled into a 3-D image. Schempp
gram, from the echoes of radio waves had proved, as physicist Hal Puthoff had
received in radar. first predicted, that the Zero Point Field
Schempp thought that the same prin- was a vast memory store. Through
ciples might apply to functional magnetic Fourier transformation, MRI machines
resonance imaging (MRI), a tool used to could take information encoded in the
examine the soft tissues of the body. Zero Point Field and turn it into images.
Taking pictures of the brain and soft But the real question posed by
tissues of the body with MRI is ordinari- Schempp went far beyond whether he
ly a matter of getting to the nuclei of could create a sharper image in MRI.
water molecules scattered throughout the What he was really trying to find out was
brain. Because protons spin like little whether his mathematical equations
magnets, locating them is often most unlocked the key to the human brain.
simply accomplished by applying a mag- In his quest to apply his theories to
netic field. This causes the spin to accel- this larger question, Walter came across
erate to the point where the nuclei behave the work of Peter Marcer, a British physi-
like microscopic gyroscopes spinning out cist whod worked at CERN in
of control. This makes them that much Switzerland. Marcer himself had been
more conspicuous, enabling the MRI doing work on a computation based on
machine to locate them. As the molecules wave theory in sound, and was sitting
slow down, they give off radiation. there with a theory which he intuitively
What Schempp discovered is that this sensed could be applied to the human
radiation contained encoded wave infor- brain. In Marcers mind, Walters
mation about the part of the body being machine worked on the same principle
examined, which the machine can capture that Karl Pribram had worked out for the
and eventually use to reconstruct a 3-D human brain: by reading natural radiation
image. With the use of Fourier transforms and emissions from the Zero Point Field.
(see Living The Field Lesson Four) and Not only did Walter have a mathematical
many slices of the body, all of this infor- map of how information processing in the
mation is combined and eventually turned brain may work, which amounted to a
into an optical picture. mathematical demonstration of the theo-
Schempp went on to revolutionize the ries of Karl Pribram, but he also had, as
construction of MRI machines and wrote Peter saw it, a machine which worked
a textbook on the subject. He showed that according to this process.
imaging worked as holography did, and Like Pribrams model of the brain,
soon became the world authority on the Schempps MRI machine underwent a
machine and on functional MRI, a special staged process, combining wave-interfer-
form of the technology that allows you to ence information taken from different
observe brain activity in response to sen- views of the body and eventually trans-
sory stimuli.1 forming it into a virtual image.

Science of
The Field Although Walter had written some information and out of them constructed
Lesson 5 general papers about how his work could our image of the world.
be applied to biological systems, it was Perceiving the world was a matter of
only in partnership with Peter that he tuning into The Field.
began to apply his ideas to a theory of Lynne McTaggart
nature and the individual cell. What they E-mail: lynne@livingthefield.com
were beginning to realize was something
that Pribrams work had always hinted at: 1 Schempp WJ. Magnetic Resonance
perception occurred at a much more fun- Imaging: Mathematical Fo u n d a t i o n s
damental level of matterthe nether- and Applications. London: Wiley-Liss,
world of the quantum particle. We didnt 1998
see objects per se, but only their quantum

Where the brain decodes the world

After making a number of discoveries about quantum frequencies and the act of percep-
tion, neurosurgeon Karl Pribram wondered where this intricate process of wavefront
decoding and transformation could take place. It then occurred to him that the one area
of the brain where wave-interference patterns might be created was not in any particular
cell, but in the spaces between them.
At the end of every neuron, the basic unit of a brain cell, are synapses, where chemi-
cal charges build up, eventually triggering electrical firing to the other neurons. In the
same spaces, dendritestiny filaments of nerve endings wafting back and forth, like
shafts of wheat in a slow breezecommunicate with other neurons, sending out and
receiving their own electrical wave impulses. These slow-wave potentials flow through the
glia, or glue, surrounding neurons, to gently nudge or even collide with other waves.
At this busy juncture, where a ceaseless scramble of electromagnetic communications
between synapses and dendrites takes place, it is most likely that wave frequencies are
picked up and analyzed, since these wave patterns are creating thousands of wave-
interference patterns at every moment.
Pribram conjectured that these wave collisions must create the pictorial images in our
brain. When we perceive something, its not due to the activity of neurons themselves, but
to certain patches of dendrites distributed around the brain which, like a radio station, are
set to resonate only at certain frequencies. It is like having a vast number of strings all over
your head, only some of which vibrate as a particular note is played.

Science of
Signaling along the light pipes The Field
Lesson 6

tuart Hameroff, an anaesthesiolo- It occurred to Hameroff that the
gist at the University of Arizona, microtubules within the cells of dendrites
was fascinated by how anesthetic and neurons might be light pipes, acting
gases turn off consciousness. Since gases as waveguides for photons, sending
with such disparate chemistry as nitrous these waves from cell to cell throughout
oxide, ether, halothane and isofluorane the brain without any loss of energy. They
could all bring about a loss of conscious- might even act as tiny tracks for these
ness, he figured it must have something to light waves throughout the body.1
do with some other property besides Eventually, a number of scientists
chemistry. Hameroff guessed that general neuroscientist Karl Pribram, physicist
anesthetics must interfere with the electri- Kunio Yasue, Hameroff and Scott Hagan
cal activity within every cell, and this from the Department of Physics at McGill
activity could turn off consciousness. If Universitycollaborated on a theory for
this were so, then the reverse would also the nature of human consciousness.2
be true: electrical activity of the cells According to their theory, microtubules
making up the dendrites and neurons in and the membranes of dendrites repre-
the brain must somehow be key to con- sented the Internet of the body. Every
sciousness. neuron of the brain could log on at the
Microtubules are the scaffolding of same time and speak to every other neu-
the cell, maintaining its structure and ron simultaneously via the quantum
shape. These microscopic hexagonal lat- processes within.
tices of fine filaments of protein, called Microtubules help to marshal discor-
tubulins, form tiny hollow cylinders of dant energy and create global coherence
indefinite length. Thirteen strands of of the waves in the bodya process
tubules wrap around the hollow core in a known as superradiancethen allow
spiral, and all the microtubules in a cell these coherent signals to pulse through
radiate outward from the center to the cell the rest of the body (see Living The Field
membrane, like a cartwheel. Lesson Two for a definition of coherence).
We know that these little honeycomb Once coherence is achieved, the pho-
structures act as tracks for transporting tons can travel all along the light pipes
various products from one cell to another, as if they were transparent, a phenome-
particularly in nerve cells, and they are non called self-induced transparency.
vital for pulling apart chromosomes dur- Photons can penetrate the core of the
ing cell division. microtubule and communicate with other
In his own experiments with the photons throughout the body, bringing
brains of small mammals, Hameroff about collective cooperation of subatom-
foundas did German physicist Fritz- ic particles in microtubules throughout
Albert Poppthat living tissue transmit- the brain.
ted photons and that good penetration of If this is the case, it would account for
light occurred in certain areas of the unity of thought and consciousnessthe
brain.1 fact that we dont think of loads of dis-
Microtubules turn out to be exception- parate things at once.2
al conductors of pulses. Pulses sent in one Through this mechanism, coherence
end travel through pockets of protein and becomes contagious, moving from indi-
arrive unchanged at the other. Hameroff vidual cells to cell assembliesand in the
also discovered a high degree of coher- brain, from certain neuron cell assemblies
ence among neighboring tubules, such to others. This could explain the instanta-
that a vibration in one microtubule would neous operation of our brain, which
tend to resonate in unison through its occurs at between one ten-thousandth to
neighbors. one one-thousandth of a second, requiring

Science of
The Field the information to be transmitted at 100 to long been observedthe tendency of
Lesson 6 1000 meters per seconda speed that electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns
exceeds any known connections between in the brain to become synchronized.3
axons or dendrites in neurons. H a m e r o ff observed that electrons
Superradiance along the light pipes glide easily along these light pipes with-
also accounts for a phenomenon that has out getting entangled in their environ-

The quantum brain

Many scientists in research centers around the globe now concur that the brain sends
messages via quantum frequencies. Kunio Yasue, a quantum physicist from Kyoto, Japan,
has carried out mathematical formulations to help understand the neural microprocess.
Like US neuroscientist Karl Pribram, his equations showed that brain processes occur at
the quantum level and that the dendritic networks in the brain are operating in tandem
through quantum coherence.1
Yasue and his colleague Mari Jibu, of the Department of Anesthesiology, Okayama
University, in Japan, have also theorized that the quantum messaging of the brain must
take place through vibrational fields along the microtubules of cells (see main text).25
Another of their colleagues proposes that the basis of all the brains functions involves
the interaction between brain physiology and the Zero Point Field.6 Italian physicist
Ezio Insinna, of the Bioelectronics Research Association, in his own experimental work
with microtubules, discovered that these structures have a special signaling mechanism
thought to be associated with the transfer of electrons.7
Emilio Del Giudice and the late Giuliano Preparata, physicists at the Milan Institute for
Nuclear Physics, came up with experimental evidence of Stuart Hameroffs theory that
light pipes contain organized energy fields inside them. Microtubules are hollow and
empty save for some water. Ordinary water from a tap or in a river is disorderedthe
molecules move about randomly. But some of the water molecules in brain cells are
coherent, the Italian team discovered, and this coherence extends a tiny bit outside of
the microtubules. In this case, it is overwhelmingly likely that the water inside the micro-
tubules is also ordered. This offers indirect evidence that some sort of process that
creates quantum coherence is occurring inside.8, 9
1 Pribram K. Brain and Perception: Holonomy and Structure in Figural Processing. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum, 1991: 283
2 Jibu M, Yasue K. A physical picture of Umezawas quantum brain dynamics, in Trappl R, ed.
Cybernetics and Systems Research 92. Singapore: World Scientific, 1992
3 Pribram KH. The basics of quantum brain dynamics, in Pribram KH, ed. Proceedings of the First
Appalachian Conference on Behavioral Neurodynamics, 1992
4 Cybern Syst Intl, 1993; 1 (24): 17
5 Carvallo E, ed. Nature, Cognition and System III. London: Kluwer Academic, 1993
6 J Sci Explor, 1996; 10: 375400
7 Insinna E. Ciliated cell electrodynamics: from cilia and flagella to ciliated sensory systems, in
Malhotra A, ed. Advances in Structural Biology. Stamford, CN: JAJ Press, 1999: 5
8 Hameroff SR. Ultimate Computing. Biomolecular Consciousness and Nanotechnology. Amsterdam:
North-Holland, 1987
9 BioSystems, 1994; 32: 95209

Science of
mentthat is, without settling into any The Field
single state. This enables them to remain 1 Hameroff SR. Ultimate Computing. Lesson 6
in a quantum statewhich is a condition Biomolecular Consciousness and
of all possible statesthereby enabling N a n o t e c h n o l o g y. Amsterdam: North-
the brain to eventually choose one among Holland, 1987
them. 2 BioSystems, 1994; 32: 95209
This might be a good explanation for 3 Zohar D. The Quantum Self. Flamingo,
free will. At every moment, our brain is 1991: 70
making quantum choicestaking poten- 4 Laszlo E. The Interconnected Universe:
tial states and making them actual ones.4 Conceptual Foundations of Transdiscip-
All of this led to an heretical thought linary Unified Theory. World Scientific,
that had already occurred to Popp. 1995: 41
Consciousness is a global phenomenon
that occurs everywhere in the body, not
simply in our brains. Consciousness, at its
most basic, is coherent light.
Lynne McTaggart

Science of
The Field

Science of
The power of intention The Field
Lesson 7

wo aspects of quantum physics are indeterminate packets of energy that
provide the theoretical explana- cannot be precisely quantified or under-
tion for how our thoughts can stood in themselves. Sometimes they
affect our world. behave as particlesa set thing confined
One of the strangest and most incom- to a small spaceand sometimes they act
prehensible aspects of quantum physics is like a wavea vibrating and more diffuse
the so-called Copenhagen interpretation. thing spread out over a large region of
Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg, two space and time. Other times, they act like
of the founding fathers of quantum both a wave and a particle at the same
physics, noted that, according to their time.
experiments, an electron wasnt a precise Quantum particles are also eerily
entity, but existed as a potential, a super- omnipresent. For instance, when transit-
position, or sum, of all probabilitiesthat ing from one energy state to another, elec-
is, of all possible wave functionsuntil trons seem to be trying out all possible
it is observed or measured. At that point, new orbits at the same time. This means
the electron freezes into a particular state. that, once you peer closer and closer at
Once we stop looking or measuring, the matter, it isnt even matter as we usually
electron dissolves back into the ether of think of itsomething solid or stable that
all possibilities. you can touch or describe, or even a set
Part of this interpretation is the notion one thingbut a host of tentative possi-
of complementaritythat you can bilities.
never know everything about a quantum At this level of reality, nothing is set
entity, such as an electron, at the same or predictable; the best that can ever be
time. The classic example is position and calculated is probabilitythe likelihood,
velocity. If you discover information when you take a certain measurement,
about one of these aspectswhere it is, that you will obtain a certain result a cer-
for instancethen you will not be able to tain percentage of the time. Rather than a
determine exactly where its going or at universe of static certainty, at the most
what speed. fundamental level of matter, the world
Quantum physicists also discovered a and its relationships are utterly unpre-
strange property in the subatomic dictable, a state of pure potential and infi-
worldnon-locality. This refers to the nite possibility.
capacity of quantum entities, such as indi- In other words, reality is something
vidual electrons, to influence another akin to unset Jell-O.
quantum particle instantaneously over The Copenhagen interpretation prima-
any distance, despite no exchange of rily suggests that randomness is a basic
force or energy. Non-locality suggests feature of nature. As physicists describe
that quantum particles, once in contact, it, the only thing that produces order out
retain a connection even when separated, of pure randomnessthe tendency of the
so that the actions of one will always universe toward chaos and entropyis
influence the other, no matter how far the living observer.
they become separated. One of the fundamental laws of quan-
The Copenhagen interpretation shat- tum physics states that an event in the
ters the very foundations of our under- subatomic world exists in all possible
standing of the nature of reality. It sug- states until the act of observing or meas-
gests that matter at its most fundamental uring freezes it, or pins it down, to a sin-
level cannot be divided into independent- gle state. As physicists put it, this causes
ly existing units or even be fully the vector, or wave functionthe state of
described. Subatomic particles arent all possibilitiesto collapse into some-
solid little objects like billiard balls, but thing fixed, or real.

Science of
The Field This means is that our observation Our observationour very involve-
Lesson 7 our human consciousnessis central to mentcauses the Jell-O to set.
the process through which subatomic This astounding observation suggests
quantum flux actually becomes some- that the consciousness of the observer
thing set, or real. It is as though our act of brings the observed object into being.
attention is the one thing that can catch Nothing in the universe exists as an actu-
the butterfly on the wing. al thing independently of our perception
This suggests that the most essential of it.
ingredient of the interconnected universe Thus, on the most profound level,
is the living consciousness that observes quantum theory suggests that reality is
it. Quantum physicists postulate that there created by each of us at the moment of
is a participatory relationship between attention. This implies that every minute
observer and observed. Subatomic parti- of every day we are creating our world.
cles can only be considered to be proba- Most important of all, it suggests that
bly existing in space and time until they reality is not fixed, but fluid, or mutable,
are perturbedthe act of observing and and hence possibly open to our influence.
measuring them forces them into a set Lynne McTaggart

The ordering effect of living consciousness

According to the latest scientific evidence, in our act of participation as an observer in
the quantum world, we are also influencers.1 In other words, we dont simply stop the but-
terfly at a certain point in its flight, but also influence the path it will takenudging it in a
particular direction.
The most recent models of human consciousness present it as something that is not
limited by the body, but as an ethereal presence that itself is non-local, able to trespass
into other bodies and living things, and affecting them as if they were its own.
This is not so far-fetched when you consider the latest experiments on the human mind
that demonstrate that human consciousness is also a quantum process.
Living beings therefore are, in a sense, ordering systemscreating order where there
is chaos.
Every thought we have is a tangible energy that changes the physical properties of
other things in the world. If this is so, then intention is the most powerful energy in the
universe as it can influence and shape its world.
1 Eur J Physics, 1987; 8: 173

Science of
The electric power of our intention The Field
Lesson 8

he most astonishing implication of treated by the healers had minor shifts in
the new physics concerns the role molecular structure, producing a funda-
of human intentionits ability to mental change in the oxygenhydrogen
shape our world, its central role in the bonds and decreasing hydrogen bonding
nature of reality. Quantum theory sug- between molecules, similar to what hap-
gests that reality is not fixed, but fluid, or pens when water is exposed to magnets.
mutable, and hence open to influence, and A number of other scientists have con-
that we are central to this entire process as firmed Grads findings.1
influencers. In a similar study, experienced medi-
The latest scientific research shows tators were asked to attempt to affect the
that our thoughts express themselves as molecular structure of water held in a test
an energy that can actually be measured tube while in their meditative state.
as a surge of electrical voltagechanging Again, examination by infrared spec-
the molecular structure of the object of trophotometry showed that the quality
our intentions. Our thoughtsour hopes, of the waterparticularly its absorption
desires, wisheshave an independent characteristicshad been significantly
energy that transforms the nature of our altered.2
world. Our own order appears to have a Astonishingly. when we hold a
domino effect on the object of intention. focused thought, its likely that we are
The scientific research demonstrates making an alteration in the molecular
that our intentions change the very prop- structure of something outside ourselves.
erties of physical reality around us. A number of researchers have
Experiments using directed intention attempted to quantify the energy pro-
have recorded changes in temperature, in duced by human intention. Psychologist
the electrical conductivity of water and Elmer Green (best known for his exten-
even in the proportion of magnetic force sive work on biofeedback) and his col-
seen in ordinary physical reality. The leagues at the Menninger Clinic, now in
domino effect of our own coherent and Houston, wired an electrode to a healer
quantum energy appears to create a con- sitting inside a room with copper walls (to
ditioned spacea place where the ambi- block all interference from any other elec-
ent Zero Point Field is somehow more tromagnetic source). Although partici-
ordered. pants had the expected readings of 1015
In William Tillers black-box experi- mV from ordinary breathing and heart-
ments (see Lessons One and Two), once beats, the healers body voltage would
an initial intention had been sent out, sub- zoom up to a voltage 100,000 larger than
sequent intentions began to work more normal. At the same time this was hap-
quickly. It is as though human thought has pening, corresponding pulses of 15 volts
a power that affects all of the space appeared on each of the four copper
around it in order to send its message. walls.
A body of extraordinary research has On investigating the source of this
been able to demonstrate how our inten- energy, the researchers discovered that
tion actually changes physical reality. the pulses were coming from the healers
Bernard Grad, PhD, now retired asso- lower abdomen. Only a small current had
ciate professor of psychiatry at McGill to flow for a short period of time to
University in Montreal, carried out achieve this extraordinarily large voltage.
numerous studies on the effect of healers The healers intention to heal ultimately
holding containers of water that were to manifested itself as a huge surge of elec-
be used to irrigate plants. Afterwards, he trical power.3
chemically analyzed the water by infrared If directed thought is a tangible ener-
spectroscopy and found that the water gy that can have a physical impact on

Science of
The Field everything in your world, we can use 2 J Sci Explor, 1994; 8 (3): 4389
Lesson 8 these intentions to interact with our pos- 3 Green EE. Proceedings, First Annual
sessions and the living things around us. Conference, International Society for
Lynne McTaggart the Study of Subtle Energies and
Energy Medicine (ISSSEEM). Boulder,
1 Grad B. In Otto HA, Knight JW (eds). Colorado, 2125 June 1991
Dimensions in Wholistic Healing: New
Frontiers in the Treatment of the Whole
Person. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1979:

Our thoughts change the tape

Most of the evidence to date suggests that the systems most open to change are
labilemutable or easily open to change. Living systems are dynamic, open systems
that is, always changing. In other words, it is easier to heal someonea living thing
constantly in fluxthan to lift or change a static element like a chair.
Quantum physicists Dr Emilio Del Giudice and the late Dr Giuliano Preparata of the
University of Milan provide a glimpse as to why this might be. The two physicists spent
years studying the physics of ordinary water (see Living The Field Lesson Four). They
discovered that water molecules have 'coherent domains"1they act just like a laser to
efficiently transfer electromagnetic frequencies by creating resonance between water
Dr Shui-Yin Lo of the American Technologies Group has discovered that, when a
substance is dissolved in water and subjected to repeated dilutions and shakings (as it
does in homeopathy), clusters of ice crystals form in the water not because of the
temperature, but because of electromagnetic energy fields. Lo also discovered that
these ice crystals are apparently unique to the substance itself and change every time it is
diluted, as is done in homeopathy.2 This confirms the special properties of water as a kind
of recording medium that can capture and store quantum information.
Like the tape in an audiotape recorder, water can pick up signals, store them and
transfer them on. When we intend something, we are changing the taped message.
These results have enormous repercussions when you consider that living things are
largely composed of water. They accord with the experiences of healers who often claim
that any reputable healer can energize water for healing.
1 Phys Rev Lett, 1988; 61: 10858
2 Modern Phys Lett B, 1996; 10: 909

Science of
Mind over machine The Field
Lesson 9

he simplest way to test the power has been designed and carried out by for-
of human intention is to see if mer dean of engineering Robert Jahn, at
human consciousness can affect the Princeton Anomalies Engineering
machinery that is governed by a proba- Research (PEAR) laboratory at Princeton
bilistic system. University. Jahn refined and improved
In the 1970s, Helmut Schmidt, a Schmidts original equipment, determin-
physicist and researcher at Boeing ing that his random event generators, or
Aeronautics, produced the first random REGS (pronounced with a hard G),
number generator, a 20th-century ver- should be driven by an electronic noise
sion of the flip of a coin, the movements source rather than atomic decay. The ran-
of which were based on a system of dom movement of these machines (to
random radioactive atomic decay. These either heads or tails) is controlled by a
are machines with an output consisting of randomly alternating frequency of posi-
perfectly random activity that, in physics, tive and negative pulses. Their output is
is viewed as a state of disorder. utterly random and without any inherent
If it can be shown that participants order so, according to the laws of proba-
in a study have altered some element of bility, they can be expected to produce
the machines outputeven ever so either heads or tails approximately
slightlythey would have shifted the 50 per cent of the time.
odds of something happening or altered The most common configuration is a
the tendency of a system to behave in a computer screen that is randomly alter-
certain way. Some information transfer or nating two imagessay, cowboys and
ordering mechanism would be going Indians. Over hundreds of thousands of
onwhat physicists term negative studies, Jahn has decisively demonstrated
entropy, or negentropy for shortthe that human intention can influence these
move away from randomness or disarray. random electronic devices to produce
Its like persuading a person at a more of one image, as specified by the
crossroads, momentarily undecided about participant (more Indians than cowboys,
taking a walk, to head down one road say).1
rather than another. They would, in other In 1987, a combined analysis of all the
words, have created order. REG experimentsmore than 800
The most persuasive of these studies carried out by some 68 investigators

The mothers of intention

Humans are not the only living beings with influence over the physical world. Using a vari-
ation of Jahns REG machines, a French scientist named Ren Peoch carried out an
ingenious experiment with baby chicks. As soon as they were born, a movable REG was
imprinted on them as their mother. The robot was then placed outside the chicks cage
and allowed to move about freely while Peoch tracked its path. After a time, the evidence
was clear the robot was moving toward the chicks more than it would do if it were wan-
dering randomly.
The desire of the chicks to be near their mother was an inferred intention that
appeared to be having an effect in drawing the machine nearer.
Peoch carried out a similar study with baby rabbits. He placed a bright light on the
movable REG that the baby rabbits found abhorrent. When the data from the experiment
were analyzed, it appeared that the rabbits were successfully willing the machine to stay
away from them.
Science of
The Field showed that experimenters could affect sizes is to convert it into the number of
Lesson 9 the machine so that it gave the desired persons surviving out of 100 people in a
result 51 per cent of the time instead of medical emergency. An effect size of 0.2
the expected 50 per cent. In some of means that 20 more people than expected
Schmidts experiments, certain individu- out of 100 will survive.
als had shifted the odds to 54 per cent.2 To give some hypothetical idea of the
Although 51 or 54 per cent doesnt magnitude of the PEAR effect size, lets
sound like much of an effect, statistically say that, with a certain type of heart oper-
speaking, its a giant step. If you combine ation, one-third of patients usually sur-
all the studies into what is called a meta- vive. Now, say that patients undergoing
analysis, the odds of this overall score this operation are given a new drug with
occurring are a trillion to one.3 The US an effect size of 0.3about the size of
National Research Council also conclud- the PEAR effect. Offering the drug on top
ed that the REG trials could not be of the operation would virtually double
explained by chance.4 the survival rate, so that two-thirds of
An effect size is a figure which patients undergoing the procedure will
resembles the actual size of change or live. An additional effect size of 0.3
outcome in a study. It is arrived at by would turn a medical treatment that had
factoring in such variables as the number been lifesaving less than half the time into
of participants and the duration time of one that worked in a majority of cases.
the test. The overall effect size of the Lynne McTaggart
PEAR database was 0.2 per hour.5 The
PEAR effect sizes are considered small, 1 Behav Brain Sci, 1987; 10: 6001
whereas the overall REG studies are 2 Broughton RS. Parapsychology: The
considered small-to-medium. However, Controversial Science. NY: Ballantine
these effect sizes are far larger than those Books, 1991:177
of many drugs deemed to be highly suc- 3 Radin D. The Conscious Universe: The
cessful in medicine. For instance, the Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena.
effect of aspirin in preventing heart dis- NY: HarperEdge, 1997: 140
ease is 0.032about 10 times smaller 4 Found Phys, 1989; 19 (12): 1499514
than the PEAR effect size. 5 PEAR Technical Note 94003, 1994;
A simple way to understand effect September

Science of
Sending intention to living systems The Field
Lesson 10

he PEAR group (see Living The the monitor and attempt to gain his or her
Field Lesson Nine) suggests that attention. Meanwhile, in the other room,
consciousness may be an ethereal the staree, relaxed in a reclining chair, had
presence that trespasses into things been told to think about anything other
beyond our bodies and affects them as if than wondering whether he or she was
they were its own. being stared at. The starees unconscious
William G. Braud, professor and response (stress if he or she were being
research director of the Institute of stared at) would be picked up by a lie-
Transpersonal Psychology, has assembled detector machine.
the largest body of research on how much Once again, in the majority of such
influence individual intention might have studies, those being stared at showed sig-
on other living systems. These are diffi- nificantly greater stress during the staring
cult studies to design as most living sys- sessions than would be expected by
tems have so many variables that it is chance.2
hard to measure change. So Braud began Other research conducted all over the
with simple animals. Initially, he showed world has shown that human intention
that human thought could control the can affect bacteria and yeast, plants, vari-
direction in which fish swim, make ger- ous animals, human cellular preparations
bils run faster on activity wheels and and enzyme activity. Studies on humans
prevent the breakdown of human cells in have shown that one set of people could
the lab.1 successfully affect the eye or gross motor
Braud then moved on to experiments movements, breathing and anothers
to see if humans could influence each brain rhythms.3
other. He began with what would become This research inspired an important
one of his signature studies: the effect of consideration. Was the effect any larger if
being stared at. Researchers into the the system needed changing? Were the
nature of consciousness are particularly more organized of usbiologically
fond of this phenomenon because it is a speakingbetter at accessing this infor-
relatively easy extrasensory experiment mation and drawing it to the attention of
with which to judge success. With trans- others?
mitted thoughts, there are many variables In 1983, Braud tested out this theory
to consider when determining whether with a series of studies in collaboration
the receivers response matches the with anthropologist Marilyn Schlitz.
senders thoughts. With staring, the Braud and Schlitz selected a group of
receiver either feels it or doesnt. highly nervous people, as evidenced by
Its the closest you can get to reducing their high sympathetic-nervous-system
subjective feelings to the simple binary activity, and another, calmer group. Their
multiple choice of a REG machine. results suggested that the mental and
Participants were placed in a room physical structures of the senders con-
and attached to silver chloride palmar sciousness are able to exert an ordering
electrodes, a skin-resistance amplifier and influence on those who most need it.
a computer. The only other equipment in Calm people can calm down highly nerv-
the room was a camcorder. This small ous people, and focused people can help
video camera was attached to a TV mon- to focus distracted people. The same large
itor in another room. This would allow effects were not shown when people were
the starer to view the subject peacefully already calm or focused.4
without the possibility of any form of sen- These results gave Braud several
sory cueing. important clues. It was apparent that ordi-
Whenever the script dictated, the star- nary humans have the ability to influence
er would stare intently at the subject via other living things on many levels:

Science of
The Field muscle activity, motor activity, cellular needed it. Those who required some-
Lesson 10 changes, and nervous system activity. But thingcalming down, focused atten-
the influence increased depending on how tionseemed more receptive to influence
much it mattered to the influencer, or how than others.
much he or she could relate to the object Lynne McTaggart
of influence. The smallest effects were
found in the fish studies; these increased 1 McTaggart L. The Field: The Quest for
in experiments dealing with cuddly ger- the Secret Force of the Universe.
bils; they increased yet again with human London: HarperCollins, 2001: 1289
cells; and they were at their greatest when 2 J Parapsychol, 1993; 57: 391409
people were attempting to influence 3 Alt Ther, 1997; 3 (6): 6273
another person. 4 J Parapsychol, 1983; 47 (2): 95119
But the greatest effect of all occurred
when the people to be influenced really

Getting on the same wavelength

In studies carried out in Mexico, a pair of volunteers in separate rooms were asked to feel
each others presence and influence the other. In fact, the brainwaves of the participants,
as measured by EEG, began to synchronize. At the same time, electrical activity within
each persons brain also synchronized, a phenomenon usually seen only with meditation.
But it was the participant with the most coherent brainwave patterns who tended to
influence the other. The most ordered brain pattern always prevailed.1, 2
In this case, a coherent domain is established, just as with molecules of water (see
Living The Field Lesson Four). The brain of each member of the pair becomes less tuned
in to its own information and more receptive to that of the other. In effect, they pick up
someone elses information from the Zero Point Field as if it were their own.
As in the case of Brauds studies, the observer with the greater degree of coherence,
or order, influenced the probabilistic processes of the less-organized recipient. The more
ordered of Brauds pairs affected the quantum state of the more disordered other and
nudged it, too, towards a greater degree of order.
Our natural state of being is a tangoa constant state of one influencing the other.
Just as the subatomic particles that compose us cannot be separated from the space and
particles surrounding them, so living beings cannot be isolated from each other. A living
system of greater coherence could exchange information and create or restore coherence
in a disordered, random or chaotic system. The natural state of the living world appears
to be ordera drive towards greater coherence.
1 Int J Neurosci, 1987; 36: 4153
2 Subtle Energies, 1992; 3 (3): 2543

Science of
Beyond time and space The Field
Lesson 11

ne of the most inviolate notions werent sensitive to either time or space.
in our sense of ourselves and our Its test participants achieved the same
world is our concept of time and results in affecting the outcome of com-
space. We view life as a progression that puterized machines psychokinetically
we can measure through clocks, calendars whether they were 3000 miles away or
and the major milestones of our lives. The sitting right in front of them.
other inviolate notion from classical Also, in 87,000 experiments, volun-
physics is the idea that the world is a teers were asked to address their attention
geometric place filled with solid objects to the machines operations anywhere
with spaces in between them, and that the from three days to two weeks after the
size of the in-between spaces determines test had been run. In every regard, these
the kind of influence one object has on data were identical to the more conven-
another. tional data generated when participants
However, a number of studies suggest were attempting to influence the machine
that, at a more fundamental level of exis- at the time it was being run. In fact, in a
tence, there is no space or timeno obvi- certain direction, there were larger effects
ous cause and effect of something hitting than those seen in the standard experi-
something else and causing an event over ments.2
time or space. A number of other investigators have
Newtonian ideas of an absolute time attempted this kind of backward time
and space or even Einsteins view of a travel to influence the behavior of gerbils
relative spacetime are now replaced by running in activity wheels or the direction
a truer picturethat the universe exists in of people walking in the dark (and hitting
some vast herewhere here represents a photobeam), or even cars hitting a
all points of space and time at a single photobeam in a tunnel in Vienna during
instant. If subatomic particles can interact rush hour. The number of revolutions of
across all space and time, then so might the activity wheels and hits of the photo-
the larger matter they compose. In the beam were converted into clicks, then
quantum world of The Field, a subatomic taped, stored and played for the first time
world of pure potential, life exists as one between one day and a week later to
enormous present. observers, who were all successful in
Emerging scientific research demon- their attempts to influence the gerbils to
strates that our thoughts have a power that run faster, or to make the people or cars
transcends time or space. The property of run into the photobeam more often.
non-locality suggests that our thoughts Another study attempted to determine
another form of quantum energyhave whether a healer could retroactively influ-
an effect, regardless of the point in time ence the spread of blood parasites in rats.
they are generated or their distance from All told, 10 of the 19 studies showed
the object of intention. effects significantly better than chance
Physicist Helmut Schmidt, formerly enough to indicate that something out of
of Lockheed, conducted a series of psy- the ordinary was going on.3
chokinetic experiments with random Present or future intentions act on ini-
event generators (REGs) that showed tial probabilities and influence what
decisively that people continue to affect events actually come to pass, regardless
the results of these electronic devices of when we have the thought.
days after the actual tests had been run The scientific theory and the experi-
(see box, page 96).1 mental data together suggest an out-
Studies carried out by the Princeton landish idea: our thoughts, in effect, live
Engineering Anomalies Research on forever.
(PEAR) group also showed that results Lynne McTaggart

Science of
The Field 1 J Pa r a p s y c h o l o g y, 1985; 49: 22944
Lesson 11 2 J Sci Explor, 1997; 11 (3): 34567
3 Alt Ther, 2000; 6 (1): 3748

Back to the future

In one series of studies, Helmut Schmidt rewired his REG machines to an audio device
to randomly set off a click that could be taped and heard, through headphones, in either
the left or right ear. He then taperecorded the outputs, making sure that no one, including
himself, was listening. A copy of the master tape was made, again with no one listening,
and locked away. Schmidt also created tapes as controlswhere no one would try to
affect the leftright clicks. As expected, when these control tapes were played, they
contained left and right ear clicks that were more or less evenly distributed.
Then, a day later, Schmidt had a volunteer take one of the tapes home. His assignment
was to listen to it and try to influence more of the clicks to come into his right ear. Later,
Schmidt had his computer count up the left and right clicks.
His result seemed to defy common sense: the influencer had changed the output of the
machinejust as if hed been present when it was being recorded in the first place. These
results were as significant as his ordinary REG tests carried out in real time.
Over more than 20,000 trials in five studies carried out in 19711975, Schmidt showed
that a highly significant number of tapes deviated from expectation (roughly 50 per cent
each of left and right clicks). His results were similar using machines that moved a needle
on a dial to either left or right. Of 832 runs where the volunteer attempted to influence the
needle to go left, nearly 55 per cent had more left-hand needle moves than right. Since
a copy of the original results had been made and locked away, there was absolutely no
possibility of fraud.
Schmidt also found that it was important for the influencer to be the first observer.
If anyone else heard the tape first and listened to it with focused attention, the tape
seemed to become unsusceptible to a later influence. Any form of focused attention
seemed to freeze the system into final being.
Schmidt didnt think that his participants had actually changed the past or modified
the tape. Their intentions had reached backward down the timeline to affect what would
have happened in the first place.
Although these types of studies have been thin on the ground, they accord with what
we know about the observer effect in quantum theorythat observation by living things
brings things into a final and set being.1
1 SchmidtH. PK tests with and without preobservation by animals, in Henkel LS, Palmer J (eds).
Research in Parapsychology 1989. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1990: 159

Science of
Feeling the way to our own future The Field
Lesson 12

ost people, at some point, have ratory proof that our bodies can anticipate
a premonition that turns out to and act out our own future emotional
be true. The problem is how to states. It also suggested that the nervous
test this in a laboratory. How do you make system is not just reacting to a future
sure that someone can remember or has shock, but is also working out the emo-
told the truth about their forecast? tional meaning of it.1
Consciousness investigator Dr Dean Radins studies were successfully
Radin came up with a novel twist for test- replicated by psychologist Dick Bierman,
ing premonition. Instead of relying on at the University of Amsterdam.2 Bier-
verbal accuracy, he tested the body man went on to use this model to deter-
instead. Although some labs had exam- mine whether people anticipate good or
ined whether people could forecast their bad news. In studying the electrodermal
futures in their dreams, Radin was main- activity (EDA) of people involved in a
ly interested in whether people had the gambling card game, Bierman found that
same sort of clear foreboding when they rapid changes in EDA were recorded
were awake. before they saw their cardsand the
In his lab at the University of Las differences tended to correspond to the
Vegas, Dean set up a computer that ran- type of cards they got. Those about to
domly selected photos designed to either receive a bad hand were more rattled, and
calm or agitate, arouse or upset the partic- showed signs of a heightened fight-or-
ipant. Radins volunteers were wired up flight response.
to physiological monitors that recorded This suggests that, on a subconscious
changes in skin conduction, heart rate and physiological level, we have an inkling
blood pressure. when we are about to receive bad news
The computer randomly displayed or when bad things are going to happen
color photos of tranquil scenes (of nature to us.3
or landscapes)or scenes to shock or Radin tried another test of seeing into
arouse (autopsies or erotica). As expect- the future using a variation of Helmut
ed, the participants body calmed down Schmidts machine (see Living The Field
immediately after observing the tranquil Lesson Eleven). Radins device was a
scenes, and became aroused after being pseudo-random event generatorstill
confronted by the erotic or disturbing. unpredictable, but in a different mecha-
Naturally, the largest response came after nism. A seed number (initiating number)
theyd seen the photos. would start a highly complex mathemati-
However, what Radin discovered is cal sequence of other numbers. The
that his subjects were also anticipating machine contained 10,000 different seed
what they were about to see, registering numbers and so 10,000 different mathe-
physiological responses before they saw matical possibilities. The pseudo-random
the photo. As if trying to brace them- number generator produced sequences of
selves, their responses were highest random bits, or zeros and ones. Those
before they saw an image that was dis- sequences with the most ones in them
turbing. Blood pressure would drop in the were deemed the best sequences and,
extremities about a second before the therefore, the most desirable. The objec-
image was flashed. tive was to stop the machine at a particu-
Strangest of all, possibly reflecting lar moment, on a particular seed number,
that Americans are more unsettled by sex to initiate the best sequences.
than by violence, Radin discovered a far That, of course, was the trick of it.
higher foreboding with the erotic than The window of selection was tiny: the
with the violent. correct seed number would flash up in
Radin now had some of the first labo- 20-msec windows10 times faster than

Science of
The Field human reaction time. So, to be successful n o n. New York: HarperEdge, 1997:
Lesson 12 at this, somehow you had to intuitively 11924
know that a good seed number was com- 2 Percept Motor Skills, 1997; 84: 68990
ing up and press the button down precise- 3 Bierman DJ. Anomalous Aspects of
ly at that exact millisecond. Intuition. Presentation at the Fo u r t h
Yet, as impossible as it sounds, this European Meeting of the Society for
was exactly what Radin and his colleague Scientific Exploration, Valencia, 1998
Ed May did. Over hundreds of trials, 4 Radin DI, May EC. Testing the intuitive
Radin and May were somehow able to data sorting model with pseudorandom
know just when to hit the button to number generators: a proposed
achieve the favorable sequences.4 method, in Weiner DH, Nelson RG, eds.
Lynne McTaggart Research in Parapsychology 1986.
Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1987:
1 Radin D. The Conscious Universe: The 10911
Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenome-

Travels foretold
The PEAR (Princeton Engineering Anomalous Research) laboratory at Princeton
University has amassed its own store of evidence showing that people can foretell events.
Programme directors Robert Jahn and Brenda Dunne designed most of their remote-
viewing studies as precognitive remote perception, or PRP. All of the studies consisted
of a pair of participants. One was the traveler, who received an envelope containing a
destination; the other stayed behind in the lab.
The remote viewers remaining behind in the PEAR lab were asked to name the desti-
nation of a traveling partner not only before they actually got there, but also many hours
or days before the travelers themselves knew where they were going.
Those involved in the experiment would pick the travelers destinations from a pool of
randomly chosen targets, or they could choose the destination spontaneously, while the
study was running.
The traveling partner would then follow the standard protocol of remote-viewing
experiments. Theyd spend 1015 minutes at the target site at the assigned time, record-
ing their impressions of it, taking photos and following the checklist of questions produced
by the PEAR team. Meanwhile, back at the lab, the remote viewer would record and draw
his or her impressions of the travelers destination, from half an hour to five days before
the traveler arrived.
Of PEARs 336 formal trials involving remote viewing, the majority was set up as PRP
and were just as successful as the usual variety.1
1 Jahn RG, Dunne BJ. Margins of Reality. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987: 1627

Science of
A brief story of time The Field
Lesson 13

number of studies that violate The past and present are blurred into one
time and space trouble many vast here and now, so your brain picks
investigators of consciousness. up signals and images from the past or
The type of zero-point energy scientists the future. Our future already exists in
are most familiar with is electromagnetic: some nebulous state that we may begin to
with cause and effect, and certain laws actualize in the present.
and limits. This makes sense if we consider that
However, the Princeton and Schmidt all subatomic particles exist in a state of
experiments (see Lessons Eleven and all-potential until observedwhich
Twelve) suggest three possible scenarios. would include being thought about.
The first is a vision of an utterly deter- Systems theorist Ervin Laszlo has
ministic universe, where everything that proposed a physical explanation for time-
was ever going to happen already has. displacement. He suggests that the Zero
Here, people with premonitions are sim- Point Field of electromagnetic waves
ply tapping into information that is, on has its own substructure. The secondary
some level, already available. fields caused by the motion of subatomic
The second lies within the known particles interacting with The Field are
theoretical laws of the universe. Dutch called scalar waves, and are not limited
psychologist Dick Bierman has postulat- by the speed of light, but can travel far
ed that precognition may be possible faster. Laszlo proposes that it is scalar
through a well-known quantum phenom- waves that encode the information of
enon known as retarded and advanced space and time into a timeless, spaceless
wavesthe so-called WheelerFeyn- quantum shorthand of interference pat-
man absorber theory, which says that a terns.
wave can travel backward in time to In Laszlos model, this bottom-rung
arrive at its source. level of the Zero Point Fieldthe mother
When one electron jiggles a bit, it of all fieldsprovides the ultimate holo-
sends out radiating waves into both the graphic blueprint of the world for all
past and future. The future wave, say, hits time, past and future. It is this that we tap
a future particle, which also wiggles, into when we see into the past or future.1
sending out its own advanced and retard- Pure energy at the quantum level has nei-
ed waves. The two sets of waves from ther time nor space, but is present as a
these two electrons cancel each other out, vast continuum of fluctuating charge. We,
except in the region of The Field between in a sense, are time and space. When we
them. bring energy to conscious awareness
The end result of a wave from the first through the act of perception, we create
traveling backward and a wave from the separate objects that exist in space
second traveling forward is an instanta- through a measured continuum. By creat-
neous connection. In premonitions, it ing time and space, we create our own
could be that, on a quantum level, we are separateness.
sending out waves to meet our own The latest remarkable evidence sug-
future. gests that quantum non-localitythe
The third possibility is that everything notion that quantum particles, once in
in the future already exists as pure poten- contact, retain their connection forever,
tial and that, in seeing into the future or no matter how far they are separated
the past, we are helping to bring it into occurs in time as well. Caslav Brukner, at
being, just as we do a quantum entity with the University of Vienna, and colleagues,
observation. Information via subatomic including Vlatko Vedral, a theoretical
waves doesnt exist in time or space, but physicist at Imperial College, London,
is somehow spread out and ever-present. made an extraordinary finding with

Science of
The Field quantum particles. In a thought experi- observer effect occurs in time as well as
Lesson 13 ment (which physicists routinely engage space. It could even mean that our
in to predict an effect through mathe- thoughts affect our past as well as our
matics), they found that when they meas- future. A thought not only lasts forever
ured a photons position, they got one it is forever rippling back and forward
result. But when they took the same to influence what has been and what
measurement later, they got a different will be.
result. This suggests that the act of meas- Lynne McTaggart
uring a second time affected the first 1 Laszlo E. The Interconnected Universe:
result (unpublished; see www.arxiv.org/ Conceptual Foundations of Transdiscip-
abs/quant-ph/0402127). linary Unified Theory. Singapore: World
This finding has many extraordinary Scientific Publishing, 1995: 31
implications. It could mean that the

The past in the present

One of the most remarkable of the Stanford Research Institute remote-viewing studies
of the 1970s involved the gifted remote-viewer Pat Price. The study followed the usual
protocol: an electronic calculator randomly chose a locationin this case, the Rinconada
pool complexfor Prices traveling partner, and Pats job was to describe and draw the
(to him unknown) location of his colleague.
After 30 minutes, Price closed his eyes and described, with near-correct dimensions,
the large pool, the smaller pool and a concrete building. In all respects, his drawing
was accurate, save one: he insisted that the site housed a water-purification plant. His
drawing included rotating devices in the pools and two water tanks on the site.
For several years, SRI investigators Hal Puthoff and Russell Targ assumed that Pat
had got this one wrong. There was no water-purification system there, and there
certainly werent any water tanks.
Then, in early 1975, Russell received an annual report of the city of Palo Alto in cele-
bration of its centennial, containing some of the citys highlights over the last century.
Flicking through it, Targ was flabbergasted to read: In 1913, a new municipal waterworks
was built on the site of the present Rinconada Park. There was also a photo of the site
which clearly showed two watertanks. Russ remembered Pats drawing and pulled it out
the tanks were exactly where Price had drawn them.
When Pat saw the site, he saw it as it had been 50 years earlier, even though all
evidence of the plant had long since disappeared.
This study suggests that there is no such thing as a timeline. When we see beyond
our senses, we can simultaneously see into the future or reach back into the past. Like
an electron, we are everywhere at once.

Science of
Healing through The Field The Field
Lesson 14

an we tap into The Field to con- An ingenious trial by Gerald Solfvin
trol our own health or even to heal showed that our ability to hope for the
others? best may also affect the healing of other
Nearly 130 good, controlled human beings. He injected an entire group of
trials have been carried out on healing. In mice with malaria, which is invariably
the 1960s, biologist Dr Bernard Grad, of fast-acting and fatal in rodents. Five mice
McGill University in Montreal, a pioneer handlers were then told that only half the
in the field, wanted to determine whether mice had been injected and that a psychic
psychic healers could transmit energy to healer was attempting to heal half the
plants that he made ill by soaking their mice. Neither statement was true.
seeds in salty water, which retards All the handlers could do was to hope
growth. Before he soaked the seeds, how- that the mice in their care would recover,
ever, he had a healer lay hands on one and that the psychic healers intervention
container of salt water to be used for one would work. In the end, the mice per-
batch of seeds. The other container of salt formed just as the handlers thought they
water (not exposed to a healer) held the would: if the handlers expected them to
remainder of the seeds. More of the seeds be healed, the mice did better; if the han-
in the batch exposed to healer-treated salt dlers expected them to be ill, the mice
water sprouted than in the other batch. were more ill.7
Grad then hypothesized that the Up until the work of the late Elisabeth
reverse might also happennegative Targ (see box, page 120), the most im-
feelings might have a negative effect on pressive studies in people had been
the growth of plants. He had a few psy- carried out by physician Randolph Byrd
chiatric patients hold containers of ordi- in 1988. In his double-blind trial involv-
nary water, which were then used to ing nearly 400 patients in a coronary
sprout seeds. One patient, a man being care unit, half of the patients (unbe-
treated for psychotic depression, was knownst to them) were being prayed for
noticeably more depressed than the oth- by Christians outside of the hospital.
ers. Seeds watered from the container Those whod been prayed for showed
held by this depressed man failed to significantly less severe symptoms, and
grow.1, 2 required less assistance from a ventilator,
In later experiments, Grad chemically and fewer antibiotics and diuretics than
analyzed the water by infrared spec- patients not prayed for.8
troscopy and discovered that the water Another study from MAHI (Mid-
treated by the healer had minor shifts America Heart Institute) showed that
in its molecular structure, including heart patients had fewer adverse events
decreased hydrogen bonds between the and a shorter hospital stay if they were
molecules, similar to what happens when prayed for. In this instance, the healers
water is exposed to magnets. A number were ordinary Christians who believed in
of other scientists confirmed Grads God and the power of prayer. After a
findings.3 month, symptoms in the prayed-for group
Grad moved on to mice, which had had been reduced by more than 10 per
been given skin wounds in the lab. After cent compared with those patients receiv-
controlling for various factors, even the ing standard care.9
effect of warm hands, he found that the These studies have a number of pro-
skin of his test mice healed far more found implications regarding the nature
quickly when healers treated them.4 of illness and healing. They suggest that
Other studies have shown that amyloido- illness is a disturbance in the quantum
sis, malaria and laboratory-induced goitre fluctuations of an individual. Healing, as
can be healed in laboratory animals.5, 6 Fritz-Albert Popps work on biophoton

Science of
The Field emissions suggests, might be a matter of . . . You Just Might Get It. San Fr a n -
Lesson 14 reprogramming individual quantum fluc- cisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1997: 179
tuations to operate more coherently. It 3 Otto E, Knight JW (eds). H o l i s t i c
appears that we can order the random Healing: New Frontiers in the Treatment
fluctuations in the Zero Point Field and of the Whole Person. Chicago: Nelson-
use this to establish greater order in Hall, 1979: 199212
another living thing. Healing may be 4 Int J Parapsychol, 1963; 3 (5): 24
seen as providing information that can 5 J Parapsychol, 1983; 5 (1): 5176
return the system to stability. 6 J Sci Explor, 1995; 9 (2): 20921
Lynne McTaggart 7 Eur J Parapsychol, 1982; 4 (2): 16097
8 South Med J, 1988; 81 (7): 8269
1 J Am Soc Psychic Res, 1965; 59: 9 Arch Intern Med, 1999; 159 (19):
95127 22738
2 Dossey L. Be Careful What You Pray for

The ultimate test

One of the best studies of healing looked at whether prayer and intention could cure
the ultimate hopeless case: terminal AIDS patients living in San Francisco in the 1980s.
The late Elisabeth Targ, a psychiatrist, and Fred Sicher, a retired hospital administrator,
selected AIDS patients with the same T-cell counts and AIDS-defining illnesses. They
then gathered an eclectic assortment of 40 healers across Americafrom traditional
Christian healers to a Native American shaman. The healers were given a photo, a name
and a T-cell count, and asked to rotate patients each week so that each patient eventual-
ly received healing from 10 different healers. All healing was done remotely.
During the six months that the study lasted, 40 per cent of the matching controls
died. But all 10 of those sent healing were not only still alive, but healthier, on the basis
of their own reports as well as objective medical evaluations.
Targ and Sicher repeated this study with even tighter protocolsmatching for age,
degree of illness and many other variables as well as degree of illness. Again, after six
months, the treated group were healthier by every parameter tested and far less likely to
have developed new illnesses or to be hospitalized.
As for the healers, it didnt matter what method was used so long as the healer held
an intention for the patient to heal. Calling on Spider Woman, a healing grandmother star
figure in the Native American culture, was every bit as successful as calling on Jesus.
Most of the healers claimed to have put out their intention, then stepped back and
surrendered to some other kind of healing force, as though they were opening a door
and allowing something greater to come in.

Science of
The intensity of the shared moment The Field
Lesson 15

veryday observation requires a be trying to influence the machine in any
very low state of attention. You way.
take in many sights, sounds and When they analyzed the results, they
smells around you in the course of your discovered that a large rise in the graph
ordinary activities. However, when you corresponded exactly with an intense,
do something that really engages your 20-minute discussion that had captivated
mind and emotionslistening to music, the audience. Many of the 50 attendees
watching a gripping moment of theatre, had remarked that the discussion was a
attending a political rally or a religious special shared moment. One member
serviceyou concentrate with every pore reported that a change in the groups ener-
of your body. You attend to it in a state of gy had been almost palpable.1
peak intensity. Nelson decided to try his FieldREG
Roger Nelson, a 56-year-old doctor on other eventsbusiness and academic
of psychology who worked at Princetons meetings, a humor conference, concerts
PEAR laboratory, wondered whether the and theatrical events. He sought out com-
ability of consciousness to order or influ- pelling events that kept the audience riv-
ence depends upon how intent the observ- etedwhen a great number of people
er is. And if it does, what would be the were all engaged in the same intense
effect of more than one person? Hed thought at the same time.2, 3 A member
seen from the PEAR data that bonded of the Covenant of Unitarian Universalist
couplespeople who were intensely Pagans (CUUPS) expressed interest, so
involvedhad a more profound effect on Nelson made him a loan of a FieldREG;
REG machines than individuals.1 It sug- the machine attended six of their ritual
gested that two likeminded people creat- pagan gatheringsincluding Sabbats and
ed more order in a random system. those held during the full moon.1
Now, suppose you assemble an entire In every instance, the REG machine
crowd, all focusing intently on the same moved into some sort of order precisely
thing. Would the effect be even greater? during moments of peak attention: special
Was there a relationship between the size presentations at meetings, the climaxes
of the crowd or intensity of interest and of humor conferences, the most intense
the size of the effect? After all, he moments of a pagan ritual. These effects
thought, everyone had had moments in were largethree times what it was for
their lives where the consciousness of a individuals at PEAR trying to affect the
group event could almost be felt. And machines on their own. During the Pagan
could a REG machine pick up evidence sessions, the FieldREG veered wildly
of a collective consciousness? off course twice, both during full-moon
Robert Jahn and Brenda Dunne were rituals.1
already planning to attend the Interna- The particular activity didnt really
tional Consciousness Research Labora- matter. What seemed most important was
tories in April 1993 and, on Nelsons sug- the intensity of the group, the ability of
gestion, Jahn and Dunne kept a computer the activity to keep its audience spell-
running throughout their conference. bound, and it helped if there was some
What they were looking for was whether sort of context that was emotionally
this steady shift from random movement meaningful to the attendees. At the humor
would indicate some change in the infor- conference, the machine made its greatest
mation environment, and be related to deviation during an evening keynote pres-
the shared information field and collec- entation, which was so funny that the
tive consciousness of the group. The main audience gave the comic a standing ova-
difference between these and the ordinary tion and demanded an encore. What was
REG trials was that the group wouldnt most important was that everyone was

Science of
The Field focused in rapt attention, all thinking the academic meetings had no effect on the
Lesson 15 same thought. REG. If a group was bored and their
What appeared to be happening was attention wandered, then in a manner of
that, when attention focused the waves speaking, the machine was bored, too.
of individual minds on something similar, Lynne McTaggart
a kind of group quantum coherence
occurred, which had a physical effect. 1 J Sci Explor, 1996; 10 (1): 11141
The REG machine was in a sense a sort of 2 Radin D. The Conscious Universe. New
thermometer, measuring the dynamics York: HarperEdge, 1998: 15774
and coherence of a group. Business and 3 J Sci Explor, 1996; 10 (1): 14368

And the winner is . . .

Consciousness researcher Dean Radin wondered if there was such a thing as long-
distance coherencethe effect of lots of people in different places all thinking the
same thought. The most obvious vehicle for long-distance likemindedness is television.
Everybody watches television, particularly the popular shows. Would they all be thinking
the same thing while they watched?
To test this, Radin needed an event that would guarantee an audience on the edge
of its seat. For his first study, Radin chose the 67th American Academy Awards in
March 1995 which, with its estimated viewer size of one billion, was one of the biggest
audiences he could think of. This audience comprised people in 120 different countries,
so their contribution to mass attention would be coming from around the world.
Radin used two REG machines, placed in different spots. During the broadcast, both
Radin and his assistant painstakingly noted down, minute by minute, the high-interest
and low-interest moments of the show. Any moments of peak tension, such as the
announcement of the winners for best picture, best actor or actress, were timed and
noted as high-coherence periods.
After the show ended, he examined his data. During the highest-interest periods, the
REGs degree of order increased to such a level that the odds against it having occurred
by chance were 1000 to 1. The same did not occur during moments of low intensity. Radin
replicated his own experiment a year later, with similar results. He got the same kind
of results with the Summer Olympics of July 1996 and then the OJ Simpson trial.

Science of
The sacred and the profane The Field
Lesson 16

hus far, weve looked at the effect at the nature of collective memory and
of collective intentions on random resonance arose during a trip to Egypt.
event generators (REGs), and Nelson decided to attend a two-week tour
whether having many people think the of Egypt with a group of 19 colleagues,
same thoughts at the same time will cause planning to visit the main temples and
a REG machine to move away from ran- sacred sites of the Ancient Egyptians.
domness towards order. But does the col- There they would carry out a series of
lective memory have the same power? informal ceremonies, such as chanting
The idea of sacred sites particularly and meditation. The trip would give him
intrigued Princeton Engineering Anom- the chance to see whether people engaged
alies Research (PEAR) scientist Dr Roger in meditative activities at these sitesthe
Nelson. Were such places sacred because kind of activities, in a sense, for which the
their use over the centuries had invested sites had been intendedwould have
them with that quality, or had there been even more effect on the REGs.
a particular characteristic of the site Nelson kept a PalmREG running in
configuration of trees or stones, or even his coat pocket during visits to all the
its very locationpresent from the outset major pyramids and sites. The PalmREG
that naturally elected it for that purpose? was on while the group meditated or
Ancient peoples are claimed to have been chanted and when they were simply wan-
sensitive to the earths signals, able to dering through the temples, and even dur-
read and pay attention to special energetic ing moments when he was on his own,
configurations. touring or meditating. He also kept a
If there was something different about careful record of the times at which
the place itself, had a type of collective various activities had occurred.
consciousness coalesced there like an When hed returned home and com-
energetic whorl, or had some sort of ener- piled his data, an interesting pattern
getic resonance always existed there? emerged. The strongest effects on the
And would any of this register on a REG machine were during times when the
machine? group was engaged in a ritual such as
Nelson decided to seek out several chanting at a sacred site. In most of the
sites in the US that had been sacred to main pyramids, the effects were six times
Native Americans. He walked around that of the usual REG trials at PEAR and
Devils Tower monument in Wyoming, twice those of ordinary FieldREG trials
considered sacred by certain tribes, with a (see Living The Field Lesson Fifteen).
tiny palm-sized REG (PalmREG) in his Indeed, these were among the largest
pocket, and visited Wounded Knee in effects hed seenas large as with a
South Dakota, the site of the massacre of bonded couple. But when he collated the
an entire Sioux tribe. Nelson surveyed data from the 27 sacred sites hed visited
the desolation, the cemetery and the mon- while simply walking around them with
ument to the dead. He fell into a deep no more than a respectful silence, the
quiet. results were even more astounding. The
Later, when he looked at the data for spirit of the place itself appeared to regis-
the two places, it was beyond doubt: his ter effects every bit as large as the medi-
machines output was definitely affected, tating groups.2
producing a far larger effect size than Of course, as the PalmREG was being
ordinary PEAR studies (see Living The carried in his pocket, his own expecta-
Field Lesson Nine), as though there were tions may have affected itthe well-
some lingering memory of the thoughts of known experimenter effect. Or it could
all the people whod lived and died here.1 have been the collective expectations and
The perfect opportunity to look closer awe of the other visitorsafter all, he

Science of
The Field was never at these sites completely on At the sacred sites where chanting hadnt
Lesson 16 his own. But other controls demonstrated taken place, simple group presence, or
that the situation was rather more compli- perhaps even the place itself, held a high
cated. degree of resonating consciousness. The
When the group attempted chanting machine had registered an effect even in
and meditation at other sites not deemed the midst of the more mundane activities
sacred but were, nevertheless, interesting, or places, so long as the group attention
the effects on the PalmREG were signif- had been aroused.
icant, though smaller. Even when the And no matter how deeply engaged
members of the group seemed attuned to Nelson had been on his own, he could not
each othersuch as during a solar match the effect size of the group.
eclipse, attending a special astrology Clearly, some resonance reverberated at
session or at a sunset birthday partythe the sacred sites, possibly even a vortex of
machines effects were also small, not coherent memory or energetic spirit of
much greater than those observed during place.
a standard REG trial. Lynne McTaggart
Both the type of place and the groups
activity seemed to play contributing roles 1 J Sci Explor, 1998; 12 (3): 42554
in creating a kind of group consciousness. 2 PEAR Technical Note 97002, July 1997

A pyramid in parallel
There was one other remarkable element of Nelsons data collected on the Egypt trip.
During his trip to the Great Pyramid of Khufu on the Giza plateau, the PalmREG veered
off its random course with a positive trend during two group chants inside the Queens
Chamber and the Grand Gallery, and then with a strongly negative trend in the Kings
Chamber, where theyd carried on their chant. A similar observation had been made
at Karnak.
Nelson was amazed once the results had been plotted on a graphboth formed a
large pyramid. It was hard to keep from thinking that, on some level, the PalmREG had
been experiencing Nelsons trip in parallel.

Science of
Sharing the dream The Field
Lesson 17

ne of the questions arising from was this image, under a foreboding sky,
the many studies conducted with of some sort of ancient Mexican civiliza-
random-event generators (REGs) tion.1
and the effect of human consciousness on By the time the dream lab closed in
them is the ownership of thought. If you 1978 through a lack of funding, they had
can influence machines, it rather begs the amassed 379 trials. The Maimonides
question of exactly where your thoughts work was so successful that, when ana-
lie. Where exactly is the human mind? lyzed by Jessica Utts, a University of
The usual assumption in Western cul- California statistician and expert in psy-
ture is that it is located in our brain. If this chic research, the total series showed an
is true, how can thoughts or intentions astonishing accuracy rate of 84 per cent.
affect others? Is it that the thought is out The odds of this happening by chance
there? Or is there such a thing as an were a million to one.2
extended mind, a collective thought? The dream laboratory also attempted
Does what we think or dream influence to study forecasting by examining peo-
anyone else? ples dreams about their own futures.
Among the most convincing studies They devised a novel procedure involving
of telepathy ever conducted are the dream the gifted English psychic Malcolm
studies done at the Maimonides Medical Bessent. Bessent had honed his special
Center in Brooklyn in the late 1960s. talent by studying for many years at the
Noted parapsychologist pioneers London College of Psychic Studies,
Montague Ullman and Dr Stanley under equally gifted and experienced
Krippner carried out numerous experi- hands in ESP and clairvoyance.
ments to see if thoughts could be sent Bessent was invited to sleep at the
and incorporated into dreams. Maimonides dream laboratory, where he
Typically, a dreamer would be asleep was asked to dream about what would
in a soundproof chamber, behind an elec- happen to him the following day. During
tromagnetic shield, with electrodes taped the night, he would be awakened, and
to his skull. In another room, a volunteer asked to report and record his dreams. In
sender would select random images (a one instance, Bessent followed the agreed
painting, usually) and attempt to will procedure for reporting his dream. The
this image to the dreamer to be incorpo- next morning, another investigator, who
rated into his dream. Shortly thereafter, had no knowledge or contact with
the dreamer would be awakened and Bessent or his dream, carried out the pro-
asked to elaborate on his current dream. cedure for randomly selecting a target
This work achieved many staggering among some art reproductions of paint-
successes. In one case, Sol Fieldstein, a ings. It turned out to be Van Goghs
City College doctoral student, randomly Hospital Corridor at Saint-Remy. As a
selected the painting Zapatistas by Carlos further precaution against bias, the tape
Orozco Romero, comprising a panorama of Bessents recounting of his dream had
of Mexican revolutionaries, followers of been wrapped up and mailed to a tran-
Emiliano Zapata, marching with their scriber before the target image had been
shawled women under the dark clouds of chosen.
an imminent storm. Sol concentrated on As soon as the painting was chosen,
the image, attempting to send it to the the Maimonides staff went into high gear.
dreamer. Moments later, the dreamer, Dr When Bessent woke up and left the sleep
William Erwin, a psychoanalyst, was room, he was greeted by staff in white
awakened. The dream he was having, he coats, who called him Mr Van Gogh and
said, was crazy, almost like a Cecil B. treated him in a rough, perfunctory man-
DeMille production. What he kept seeing ner. As he walked along the corridor, he

Science of
The Field could hear the sound of hysterical laugh- targets as well as those hed just seen.
Lesson 17 ter. The doctors forced him to take a pill The use of dreams to forecast future
and disinfected him with a swab of cot- events had an equally remarkable rate of
tonwool. accuracy.3
Later, the transcript of his description Lynne McTaggart
of his dream was examined. It turned out
that Bessent had described being a patient 1 Broughton RS. Parapsychology: The
attempting to escape, while many people Controversial Science. New Yo r k :
dressed in white coatsdoctors and other Ballantine Books, 1991: 912
medical staffwere being hostile 2 Radin D. The Conscious Universe: The
towards him.3 Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenom-
Bessents laboratory premonitions enon. New York: HarperEdge, 1997
were highly accurate, with six out of a 3 Broughton RS. Parapsychology: The
total of eight considered right on target. Controversial Science. New Yo r k :
In a second series, Bessent proved he was Ballantine Books, 1991: 957
able to successfully dream about future

Spreading round the pain

In addition to sharing thoughts during dreaming and meditative states, the scientific
evidence shows that people can empathetically feel anothers pain. Psychologist Charles
Tart, of the University of California at Davis, one of the foremost experts into altered
states of consciousness, once designed a particularly brutal study in which he adminis-
tered electrical shocks to himself to see if he could send his pain and have it register
with a receiver, who was hooked up to machines that would measure heart rate, blood
volume and other physiological changes.1
What Tart found was that his receiver was aware of his pain, but not on a conscious
level. Any empathy they might have had registered physiologically through a decreased
blood volume or faster beating of the heartbut not consciously. When questioned, the
recipients had no idea when Tart was getting the shocks. Deborah Delanoy, of the
University of Edinburgh, has carried out similar studies, and arrived at similar conclu-
Tart also showed that when two participants hypnotize each other, they experience
intense common hallucinations. The two also claimed to have shared an extrasensory
communication in which they knew each others thoughts and feelings. 3
1 Int J Parapsychol, 1963; 5: 37586
2 Delanoy D, Sah S. Cognitive and psychological psi responses in remote positive and neutral emo-
tional states, in Bierman R. (ed), Proceedings of the American Parapsychological Association, 37th
Annual Convention. University of Amsterdam, 1994
3 Radin D. The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomenon. New York:
HarperEdge, 1997

Science of
Psychic spying through The Field The Field
Lesson 18

ngo Swann was involved in the first described the weather. But the interior of
Stanford Research Institute studies one peak interested Price. He thought he
on psychic spying by remote view- saw an underground storage area which
ing, sponsored by the US Central had been well concealed, perhaps delib-
Intelligence Agency in the 1970s, and run erately so. Looks like former missile
by physicists Hal Puthoff and Russell site . . . but area now houses record stor-
Targ. Swann himself proposed using geo- age area, microfilm, file cabinets, he
graphical coordinates to provide a real wrote.
test of his powers, and to more closely He described the aluminum sliding
resemble how the CIA envisaged using doors, the size of the rooms and what they
remote viewing.. contained, even the maps pinned on the
After 50 attempts, Swann improved wall. Price even gave details of one spe-
and, by his 100th test, Hal phoned cific officeincluding the names on the
Christopher Green, an analyst in the folders in the filing cabinets, and the
CIAs Office of Scientific Intelligence, names of the colonel and majors who sat
urging him to try a test for the agency. at the steel desks.
Although Green was dubious, he agreed Turner read the reports and shook his
to give them a set of map coordinates of a head. The psychics were totally off beam,
place not even he knew anything about. he said. All hed given them were the
At Greens request, his colleague coordinates of his summer cabin.2 Green
Hank Turner produced a set of extremely went away puzzled. That weekend, he
precise coordinates, down to the minutes drove out to the site with his wife and, a
and seconds of latitude and longitude, of few miles from the coordinates, saw a
a place that only Turner knew. Green took government No Trespassing sign on a
the coordinates and called Hal. site that seemed to match the psychics
At SRI, after Swann was given the descriptions.
coordinates, he described a burst of What Swann and Price had seen was
images: mounds and rolling hills, a river a vast secret Pentagon underground facil-
to the east, a city to the north. He said it ity in the Blue Ridge Mountains of West
seemed a strange place, somewhat like Virginia. It was as though their psychic
the lawns that one would find around a antennae had picked up nothing of note
military base. He had the impression with the original coordinates and so
there were old bunkers around or per- scanned the area until they got on the
haps just a covered reservoir.1 wavelength of something more relevant
A few days later, Puthoff received a to the military.
phone call from Pat Price, a building con- Puthoff gathered nine remote viewers
tractor from Lake Tahoe. Price was offer- in total, mostly beginners with no track
ing his services in their experiments as record as psychics, who performed in
hed been using remote viewing success- more than 50 trials. An impartial panel
fully for years, even catching criminals of judges compared the targets with tran-
when hed served as police commissioner scripts of descriptions. The descriptions
in Burbank, Los Angeles. may have contained some inaccuracies,
Puthoff gave Price the coordinates but they were detailed and accurate
from the CIA. Three days later, Hal enough to enable the judges to directly
received a package from Price containing match a description with a target roughly
pages of descriptions and sketches. Price half the timea highly significant result.
was describing the same place as Swann, As a backup, Hal also asked a panel
but in more detail, with a precise descrip- of five SRI scientists not associated with
tion of the mountains, its locale and the project to blind-match unedited, unla-
proximity to roads, and a town. He even belled, typed transcripts and drawings,

Science of
The Field made by the remote viewers, with the 1 Schnabel J. Remote Viewers: The
Lesson 18 nine target sites that the panel visited in Secret History of Americas Psychic
turn. The judges came up with 24 correct Spies. New York: Dell, 1997: 10413
matches of descriptions and site, against 2 Op cit, page 336
a predicted five matches.3 3 Puthoff H, Targ R. Proceedings of the
Lynne McTaggart I E E E, 1976; 64 (3): 32954

How Reagan started Star Wars

One day, a contract monitor came to the Stanford Research Institute with the coordinates
of a Soviet site of great interest to the analysts. They gave the coordinates to Pat Price,
who closed his eyes and spoke after a full minute.
I am lying on my back on the roof of a two- or three-storey brick building, he said
dreamily. Theres a giant gantry crane moving back and forth over my head . . .1 Pat
went on to sketch the building layout and paid particular attention to what he kept
describing as a gantry crane.
Several days later, Targ, Puthoff and Price discovered theyd been asked about a
suspected PNUTSCIA code for a possible nuclear underground testing site. Pats
drawing closely resembled some satellite photos, even down to a cluster of compressed-
gas cylinders.
Pats descriptions included what was going on inside. He saw workers attempting to
assemble a massive 60-foot metal globe by welding together metal gores, shaped like
wedges of fruit.
Two years later, an Air Force report was leaked to Aviation Week magazine about
the CIAs use of high-resolution reconnaissance satellites, which confirmed Pats vision.
The satellites were being used to observe the Soviets, who were manufacturing enormous
steel gores in a nearby building. These steel segments were parts of a large sphere
estimated to be about 18 meters (57.8 feet) in diameter, the Aviation Week article said.
US officials believe that the spheres are needed to capture and store energy from
nuclear driven explosives or pulse power generators.2
The CIA made one assumption after another, which led the Reagan Administration to
develop the Star Wars programme. Many billions of dollars later, it turned out to be a
red herring. Semipalatinsk, the site Pat had seen, was not even a military installation. The
Russians were indeed developing nuclear rockets, but for their own manned Mars mis-
sion. All the rockets were to be used for was fuel.
1 Radin D. The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomenon. New York:
HarperEdge, 1997: 256
2 Aviation Week, 2 May, 1977

Science of
The knowingness of plants The Field
Lesson 19

he so-called Backster eff e c t The implications of a vast ecosystem
launched Hal Puthoff on the work of non-local awareness among all living
that would lead to the US Central things is perhaps the most profound sci-
Intelligence Agencys psychic-spying entific proposition of all. It portrays a
programme. In 1972, the year before hed universe not unlike the imaginings of
begun working on his zero-point field G e o rge Lucas in his Star Wars epic,
theories, Puthoff was interested in the where all deaths and intentions are regis-
possibility of interconnection between tered in The Forceor, in this case, The
living things. Hed been dabbling in Zero Point Field.
tachyonsparticles that travel faster than Undoubtedly, Backsters extraordi-
the speed of lightand kicking around nary body of work needs more independ-
the idea that, if electrons had non-local ent confirmation. However, in fact, a
e ffects, this might mean something number of prestigious organizations has
extraordinary on a large scale, particular- reproduced his experiments and found the
ly in living thingsa means of acquiring same results. In 1983, Colonel John
or receiving information instantaneously. A l e x a n d e r, then Chief of Advanced
It was then that he first sent a propos- Human Technology at the US Army
al for a study to Cleve Backster, the New Intelligence and Security Command,
York polygraph expert whod been carry- arranged for several of his colleagues to
ing out what were to become his famous visit Backsters lab. He then went on to
studies to see if plants could register set up identical equipment and eventually
emotionin the form of electrical sig- successfully replicated the human-cell
nalingon standard lie-detector equip- biocommunications experiments involv-
ment the same way that humans do in ing distances of up to 12 miles. Other
response to stress. confirmatory studies have also been car-
Backsters findings suggested that ried out by Professor V.N. Pushkin and
animals and plants had the ability to Alexander P. Dubrov, a doctor of botani-
engage in some sort of instantaneous cal science with a PhD in plant physiolo-
communication, even when separated by gy, and adjunct faculty member at the
miles or shielded by a variety of means. California Institute for Human Science
His studies also showed that plants appear (CIHS).2
to register strong human intentionin Nevertheless, this type of work pres-
effect, reading a humans thoughtsand ents extraordinary difficulties when
also seem to respond to the death or attempting to isolate the experimental
impending harm to other living things, effects. For one thing, the human inten-
including bacteria.1 tion used in the study must be genuine. As
Whether the subject was eggs, Backster says: If you merely pretended,
yoghurt or other bacteria, or even human you would not cause a reaction. The
blood cells, in each case, a mysterious plants seemed to know when you didnt
communication took place between the mean it.
living cells of different species. Puthoff There is also the problem of isolating
sent Backster a proposal for a modest the plants sphere of interest. At the time
experiment to test his tachyon hypothesis, of his early plant experiments, Backsters
and it was sitting on Backsters desk office was housed in Times Square in
when he was visited by Ingo Swann, the New York, the hub of constant daytime
gifted psychic. Swann contacted Puthoff activity in and out of his office. He often
and the two devised a series of remote had to wait until the building emptied
viewing-type studies that would be after 6pmbefore doing his experiments.
noticed and amplified by the CIA (see During the day, the plants would register
Living The Field, Lesson Eighteen). all sorts of human activities, he says, but

Science of
The Field in the evening, the plants showed stable who populate them. However, a plant
Lesson 19 readings until aroused by something. would not react to people or lifeforms
Another interesting effect was the outside of this contained space, even if
plants sphere of influence. They regis- it were close by.
tered his activities 75 feet away, yet not Lynne McTaggart
those of people on the street the same dis-
tance below. He realized that plants 1 Int J Parapsychol, 1967; X: 141
appear to develop a territoriality like ani- 2 Dubrov AP, Pushkin VN. Parapsychol-
mals do, and their receptivity only ogy and Contemporary Science. New
extends to the spaces they have staked out York, London: Consultants Bureau,
as belonging to them.3 In Backsters 1982
experience, a plant brought to a new 3 Ardrey R. The Territorial Imperative: A
space will become attuned to the activi- Personal Inquiry Into the Animal Origins
ties of the lifeforms in those spaces, of Property and Nations. Atheneum,
including other interconnecting rooms in 1966
offices or living spaces and the humans

The experimenter effect

One of the main problems in conducting biocommunications research is the possibility of
experimenter effect. Since plants react to human thoughts, they will also react to the
experimenters intention that the experiment work.
Furthermore, in Backsters experience, once a plant reacts to a given intention, it stops
reacting to itthus confounding any attempts to repeat the experiment.
Unfortunately, the requirements allowing for the accumulation of good data produced
by a repetition of the same event are in direct conflict with the observations which suggest
that spontaneous events are required to stimulate reactions. Backsters solution has been
to create an automated experiment to remove any conflicting or experimenter human
intention from confusing the results.
Hes also had to ensure that animal experiments arent being carried out at the same
time, that no other lifeforms are being injured or killed during the experiment (even bacte-
ria in the drains!), that the plants havent bonded with the experimenter (even watering
appears to do this, he says), and that the lab is empty of other visitors, phone conversa-
tions and the like. Two major experiments into the effect of the death of brine shrimp on
neighboring plants failed because he was unable to isolate the experimenters intention.

Science of
Tomorrow never comes The Field
Lesson 20
The most challenging studies into con - able to bend spacetime. Theoreticians
sciousness are those that violate the most believe that negative energy might allow
fundamental aspect of our current world us to travel through wormholes and at
view: our sense of time as an arrow with warp speed, build time machines and
an inevitable linear progression. even levitate.
Leibovici's study (see page 167) is only When electrons are packed densely
one of a large body of research showing together, the virtual photon-spray density
that the information available to us is increased and become organized into
doesnt conform to time as we know it. electromagnetic waves that flow in two
directionsso perhaps going back and

ccording to the evidence so far, it forth in time.3
appears that, through the power There is also the possibility that, at the
of thought alone, we can reach most fundamental layer of our existence,
back in time to influence other living there is no such thing as sequential time.
thingsthe spread of illness, the healing Pure energy as it exists at the quantum
of others, our own physical functions, and level does not have time or space, but
even our emotional and mental stress exists as a vast continuum of fluctuating
responses as they happened in the past. charge. We, in a sense, are time and
It isnt that we are changing what space. When we bring energy to con-
happened; its that we are going back scious awareness through the act of per-
down the timeline to influence what hap- ception, we create separate objects that
pened in the first place. then exist in space through a measured
Physicists and engineers have continuum. By creating time and space,
attempted an explanation for time-dis- we create our own separateness and,
placement, suggesting that secondary indeed, our own time.
fields caused by the motion of subatomic The latest research tends to back up
particles interacting with The Field this viewpoint. The results demonstrate
called scalar wavesmay be the that non-locality, also known as quantum
answer. These waves are not electromag- entanglementthe instantaneous influ-
netic and have no direction or spin; they ence of one subatomic particle on another
are also not limited by the speed of light, without any known force or energ y
but can travel far faster. Thomas E. between themoccurs through time as
Bearden, a systems analyst and retired well as space.
American lieutenant colonel and war spe- Caslav Brukner of the University of
cialist, first proposed that scalar waves Vienna, in conjunction with researchers
permitted the engineering of spacetime. from Imperial College in London, carried
Scalar Zero Point Field states have out a thought experiment to examine how
astonishing power. One scalar-powered quantum theory links successive meas-
laser can produce a single unit of energy urements of a quantum system.
with more output than all the worlds Brukner and his colleagues discov-
power plants combined.1 ered that the very act of measuring the
We also know that certain technolo- polarization of a photon for the second
gies, such as quantum optics, can use time affects the way it is polarized the
laser pulses to squeeze the Zero Point first time. In other words, measuring the
Field to the point that quantum destruc- polarization of a photon the first time is
tive interference overwhelms the usual one measurement. Then, if you measure a
random fluctuations of the Field and sec- second photon and go back to measure
tions of alternating positive and negative the first one again, you will get a different
energy.2 It is well accepted in physics that result (see Living the Field Lesson
this negative energy, or exotic matter, is Thirteen).

Science of
The Field As the journal New Scientist (27 present, with all of itpast, present
Lesson 20 March 2004) recently wrote: Entangle- and futureopen to our changesat
ment in time puts space and time on an any moment.
equal footing in quantum theory. Lynne McTaggart
If individual moments of time as well
as space have a non-local connection too, 1 Sci Am (special edition updated from
then this must change our very notions of May 2002 issue): 7783
the laws of cause and effect, our very 2 Sci Am (special edition updated from
notions of the way the world works. January 2000 issue): 8591
Experiments involving retrocausation 2 IEEE Microwave and Guided Wa v e
suggest a universe where life is one giant Letters, 1993; 3: 824

Reliving the Holocaust?

So what in our past can we change? Would it be possible, in a sense, to erase the
What the evidence shows is that open, or labile, systemsthose most open to
changeare the most susceptible to present or future influence. This includes random
processes, like random event generators (REGs), but also the workings of living things.
Any one of a number of the biological processes in living organisms requires an exquisite
cascade of processes, which would be sensitive to the kind of subtle effects observed,
say, in the PEAR research.1
Another clue lies in the Schmidt experiments with audio REGs. He discovered that it
was essential that the person attempting to influence the tapes be the very first listener.
If anyone else heard the tape first and listened with focused attention, the tape was
less susceptible to influence later. Focused attention seemed to freeze the system into
final being. A few studies even suggest that observation by any living systemhuman or
animalcan successfully block future attempts at time-displaced influence. This accords
with the observer effect in quantum theorythat observation by living observers fixes
things into being, like set jelly.2
It begs the thought that, had no one ever looked at Hitler, we might be able to stop
him right now.
1 Nelson RD. Technical Report, PEAR 99001. January 1999
2 J Parapsychol, 1985; 49: 22944

Science of
Tuned in to enlightenment The Field
Lesson 21

ost of us believe that the path to enhanced synchrony between the two
enlightenment is an entirely hemispheres of the brain.
spiritual journey, without a bio- Ordinarily, the two sides of the brain
logical component. However, study into process information independently and
the neurophysiology of the enlightened communicate only when strictly neces-
state shows that there are not only certain sary. However, in the altered state, or
physical characteristics common to all even during sessions of ESP (extrasenso-
who claim a higher state of being, but also ry perception), the two hemispheres work
certain physical means of attaining it. much more coherently.2 There are also
The common state of all altered states more low-frequency cortical brainwaves.
of consciousness is what the US-based After repeated out-of-body experi-
Monroe Institute characterizes as body ences, gifted American sensitive Robert
asleep, mind awake. The brain slows to Monroe and colleagues at his Institute
the point where the cortex is not aroused began to experiment with using sound to
and the parasympathetic nervous system produce an altered state of consciousness.
dominates, yet the mind is still awarea The result of these studies was the devel-
state that is often termed restful alert- opment of Hemi-Sync, a way to produce
ness. binaural beats (see box, page 184). The
The Transcendental Meditation organ- Monroe Institute has available a number
ization characterizes this transcenden- of CDs and tapes that use binaural beats
tal, or fourth state of consciousness to produce particular states of conscious-
after waking, sleeping and dreamingas ness.
consciousness unbounded, aware of Other studies carried out at the
itself, beyond the division of subject and Monroe Institute have also shown that
object.1 binaural beats can lead to profound alter-
TM researchers have demonstrated ations in consciousness, depending upon
that during TM, the brainwaves show a the speed of the frequency. For instance,
more regular pattern of slow frequen- binaural beats in the alpha range (812
ciesan average of 8.5 Hzwhich are Hz) can lead to an increased percentage
closer to the extremely slow delta waves of alpha waves in the brain, similar to the
typical of stage 3 and 4 sleep, rather than state of light dreaming or meditation,3, 4
the mixed frequencies of stage 1 sleep. or slower ones in the theta-wave (48
Others who have studied altered states Hz) or even delta-wave (14 Hz) ranges,
of consciousness have found that a which have reportedly aided meditation
greater proportion of lower-frequency and even creativity.4
brainwaves are produced. Likewise, Binaural beats in the beta-wave range
researchers have recorded circulatory and (1624 Hz), the frequency of ordinary
metabolic changesincreased central waking consciousness, have been used to
nervous activity and cerebral blood flow, improve concentration and general brain
reduced or ceased carbon dioxide pro- function.
duction by the muscles, and a fivefold The Department of Psychology at
elevation of arginine vasopressin (a hor- West Georgia College has even success-
mone thought to play a role in memory fully experimented with binaural beats as
and learning) in the bloodfeatures con- a method of improving memory.
sistent with the idea that, at this stage of F. Holmes Atwater, the director of the
higher consciousness, the body is extra- Monroe Institute, cautions that the effec-
ordinarily relaxed with a heightened state tiveness of binaural beats depends upon
of awareness.2 the willingness of the listener to relax and
Another key physiological change focus, as well as other types of meditative
during the altered state appears to be an practices, such as biofeedback or breath-

Science of
The Field ing exercises. Nevertheless, the Institute sciousness beyond sleep, dreaming,
Lesson 21 is one of the first to show that modern and waking, in Gackenbach JI (ed).
technology, as well as ancient practices, Sleep and Dream: A Sourcebook. New
can provide a map to enlightenment. York: Garland, 1986: 282315
Lynne McTaggart 2 Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 1992; 16 (3):
1 Alexander CN, Cranson RW, Boyer RW, 3 Hemi-Sync Journal, 1988; VIII (2): 12
Orme-Johnson DW. Tr a n s c e n d e n t a l 4 Hemi-Sync Journal, 1995; XIII (1): 35
consciousness: A fourth state of con-

Youve got the (binaural) beat

When a pair of human ears hears a sound, each ear hears the sounds frequency at a
different phase. This is because the waves, on approaching the ears, have to curve
around the head, so each ear hears the sound at a different point of the waves peak
or trough.
German researcher H.W. Dove discovered the concept of binaural beats: when a
different frequency is played in each ear via headphones or speakers, the brain distin-
guishes the phase differences of each sound and integrates the two waves. The brain
senses this third frequency as the frequency between the two being played in each
ear. As the two signals move in and out of phase, the brain perceives an increasing and
decreasing difference of phase, thus creating a standing wave.
As the Monroe Institute (www.monroeinstitute.org) has found, when these are played
continually in the ear, brainwaves are entrained to speed up or slow down, depending on
the frequency of the binaural beat.
This is largely because each hemisphere of the brain receives signals from each ear.
But when a binaural beat is produced, two separate standing waves (one in each ear) are
heard at the same frequency and sent to each hemisphere. It is this unique situation
that helps the two brain hemispheres to become synchronous.

Science of
Scribbling with Times pencil The Field
Lesson 22

ne of the most vexing problems to represent time as either a flow or a
to most physicists is the notion of moment, as an ordinary experience or an
time and its absolute relativity, extraordinary state of consciousness.
depending on the subjectivity of the To do this, he required something
observer. In the normal course of events, more sophisticated and three-dimensional
we experience time as a flow, or arrow. than a linear model. He played around
But during extraordinary experiences with fractal geometry until, in the mid-
during a mystic revelation, while taking a 1990s, he discovered a picture in a book
mind-altering drug, in a moment of mad- of what is known as a pencil of conics,
ness, or even during a near-death experi- where each different conic section has
ence (NDE)humans experience time four points in common (see drawing
rather differently: as an eternal moment below). Once he saw this pencil, Saniga
of now or even, in the case of clairvoy- realized that he had his modelsome-
ants, as a moment in the future. thing pliable enough to create a unified
To a person on a hallucinogenic drug, representation of time.1
time can even feel as though it is flowing Saniga then resorted to a specialized
backward. branch of mathematics called algebraic
However, mainstream physics does projective geometry. Rather than delin-
not have a theory able to embrace either eating each event in time as a single point,
our ordinary or extraordinary perception he considers it more accurate to represent
of time. Time to the physicist is still it as a curved line within an infinite series
described in accordance with Einsteins of curves arranged in a plane. These
concept of spacetime, where time and curves are called conic sectionscir-
space represent one giant cube, and the cles, ellipses, parabolas and hyperbolas
moments we experience are dots residing formed whenever a circular cone is
somewhere inside it. There is no physics intersected by a plane. Geometry, which
equation to account for the flow of time describes the mathematics of curves, and
or, indeed, for those anomalous moments algebra, which describes the mathemati-
when time stops, speeds up, or even sud- cal relationships between the curves taken
denly jumps backward or forward. together, could most accurately portray
Indeed, to most physicists, time as a for- this new sense of time.2
ward arrow is an illusion. So, this is how Sanigas model works.
Frustrated by the Einsteinian view of When you draw a pencil (see picture on
time, a Slovakian physicist has come up the right), each curve represents a
with another model that embraces both moment in time. A dot on one of the
our conventional notion of time as an curves is your own perspective, your
arrow as well as the subjective time expe- place in the present moment as it is to
rienced by humans undergoing extraordi- you. The infinite number of conic sec-
nary anomalous events. tions outside of the point represent the
Metod Saniga, an astrophysicist at the past, and the infinite number of sections
Slovak Academy of Sciences in
Bratislava, studied the NDE research of
Dr Raymond Moody and others, and
came up with his ingenious mathematical
model of time. Saniga began by poring
through a batch of accounts of people
whod described extraordinary moments
of time. After gathering a large sample of
these data, he began to construct a mathe-
matical model of time that elastic enough

Science of
The Field the point lies inside of represent the paper. Slot them into the pencil of conics
Lesson 22 future. so that all four pencils share the points
To represent an altered state of con- where the lines intersect. Then take a
sciousness, take a point (your place in piece of uncooked spaghetti (representing
time) and place it on top of one of the four yourself) and slot it through the entire
points in the pencil where all the curves model. If you place yourself on one conic
meet. From that perspective, every and straight line, you are in a position of
moment exists as the present, so time is ordinary perception of time and space.
experienced as an eternal now. But if your spaghetti lands in a place
To represent time standing still, says where more lines intersect, you may be at
Saniga, you move the point (your per- a point where you experience time as an
spective) to one of the two lines which eternal now or space as a giant
cross at the center of the picture. stretched-out here.
Saniga has devised a similar descrip- According to Saniga, there are 19 pos-
tion of space as an infinite set of lines that sible places to put your spaghettianalo-
all pass through one point. To represent gous to 19 different possible experiences
three dimensions, he has created three of time and space.
pencils of straight lines over three planes. Lynne McTaggart
At the point where all three pencils inter-
sect, you are standing at the place where 1 Saniga M. Algebraic geometry: A tool
all space feels like one big here. (For a for resolving the enigma of time?, in
description of this model, see Einstein on Buccheri R et al. (eds). Studies on the
acid, published in New Scientist, 2003; Structure of Time: From Physics to
180 [2426]: 40.) Psycho(path)ology. New York: Kluwer
Now, to create a complete model of Academic/ Plenum, 2000: 13766
spacetime, as Saniga described in the 2 Bernstein P. Vital Signs: The
New Scientist article, draw your pencil of International Association for Near-Death
conics, then draw three more pencils of Studies, 2003; XXII (2): 312
straight lines on three other sheets of

Science of
The holographic double-helix The Field
Lesson 23

ne of the greatest mysteries of holistic continuum. Nucleotides radiate
biology is how we, and every certain instructions to various parts of the
other living thing, take geometric body, and those cells that are affected
shape. then resonate to the same frequency and
A possible answer has come from pick up the signal.
German mathematician Walter Schempp Schempp and Marcer provided impec-
and British physicist Peter Marcer, who cable calculations and introduced a holo-
have developed a mathematical model to graphic model, but their ideas remained a
explain how DNA encodes shape and mathematical map, as divorced from the
self-organization. Their work suggests flesh and sinew of a human body as a
that DNA is an oscillating medium, like a road map of lines on a grid is from the
radio station, which sends and receives all actual terrain. Nevertheless, at the time
sorts of genetic information via waves. they were working on their model, Peter
This represents a radical new way of Gariaev, a molecular biologist at Mos-
looking at the way DNA guides the for- cows Institute of Control Sciences,
mation of any organism.1 Russian Academy of Sciences, and his
According to Schempp and Marcer, colleague Georg Tertishny, a theoretical
each base pair of nucleotides, containing laser physicist, gave these theoretical
the genetic instructions A, C, G or T, equations shape with hard experimental
encodes a diffraction patternan image data.
of the wave containing patterns of shape Through a series of ingenious experi-
at that particular momentthe informa- ments, Gariaevs team demonstrated that
tion necessary to define the organisms chromosomes emit radiation, or wave
shape at each stage of development. energy, that can be picked up at the fur-
Think of human DNA . . . as a stack thest reaches of the organism. They also
of . . . millions of CDs with information demonstrated that DNA appears able to
on them sufficient to generate you, they transform one type of frequency to anoth-
write.2 Each base-pair bond provides a er to send out information.
carrier wave for data in three dimensions, In one of the first of the experiments,
and takes the form of an encodingdecod- the Russian scientists bombarded DNA
ing process, much as a magnetic reso- preparations in a test tube with a laser
nance imaging (MRI) machine takes a beam. To their amazement, the DNA
picture of human tissue at one-second more or less simultaneously converted the
intervals and builds them up into a mov- beam into a radio frequency, or sound-
ing image.2 wave.3 After receiving this information,
In this model, genes have a holo- the DNA molecules began to polarizeto
graphic history of the organisms devel- march in stepand, like a miniature
opmenta sort of 3-D biography from transducer, instantaneously converted
the moment of conception. Your body as these radiowaves into its own lower fre-
an infant is essentially an empty vessel, quency to transmit instructions.
into which wave information from your This suggests that DNA is a type of
parents is passed on. As you grow, your resonating cavity that is not only able to
chromosomes slowly build up data read these data, but is also capable of
through the 3-D information carried and converting this information into a form
stored as waves. that can be sent out to other genes around
According to Marcers mathematical the body.
mapping, the chromosomes actually pro- In a paper written in collaboration
duce laser-like beams containing infor- with Gariaev and others, Peter Marcer
mation connecting the chromosomes of labeled this technique a new type of EPR
the separate cells of an organism into a spectroscopy (after Einstein, Podolsky

Science of
The Field and Rosen, the quantum physicists who up and sending out signals, and possibly
Lesson 23 first described non-locality). Within this the means by which the human body is
system, the Zero Point Field emissions of able to read the whole.
wave information about objects can be Lynne McTaggart
recorded and stored. It was both a brand-
new type of radiowave and a unique stor- 1 CCAI J Integr Study Artif Intell, 1993; 10
age device that could directly record the (112): 14964
dynamic behavior of objects, much as a 2 Marcer P, Schempp W. A mathematical-
laser beam in a hologram can encode 3-D ly specified template for DNA and the
information. In a sense, the double helix genetic code in terms of the physically
is both the bodys recording studio and realizable processes of quantum
radio station. holography, in Marcer PJ, Fedorec A
We have always known that the dou- (eds), Proceedings of the Symposium
ble helix of DNA is constantly gyrating. Living Computers, University of
Gariaev and his colleagues claim this Greenwich, 9 March 1996: 4563
gyration might be a transmitting device 3 Gariaev P et al. The DNA-Wa v e
a type of genomic radar at the quantum B i o c o m p u t e r. Presentation at the
level. What has always been thought of as CASYS 2000 Symposium, Lige,
random motion is the movement of a Belgium, 7 August 2000
radar search-and-receive device, picking

Radiation to raise the dead

Gariaev and his colleagues did a study with the seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana (mouse-
ear cress)a small plant of the mustard family, a favorite of genome projectstaken
from Chernobyl at the time of the nuclear accident in 1987. These seeds were certain
to be dead, killed off in a wintry bath of nuclear radiation.
Having obtained some ordinary seeds of the plant, they then exposed these live seeds
to a laser beam. The same beam was then shone onto the Chernobyl seeds.
What happened next was nothing short of a miracle. Within a few days, the Chernobyl
seeds sprouted and, to all intents and purposes, were normal.
Using artificially produced DNA radiation, the Russians have dramatically accelerated
plant growth. In a study of potatoes overexposed to highly ramped-up DNA radiation, they
were able to produce a Frankenstein plant in fast forward, with potatoes growing 1 cm/day.
The radiation also dramatically altered the way they grewthe tubers were produced not
on roots, but on stalks.
Both this experiment and the more dramatic resuscitation of the dead Chernobyl seeds
used radiation as a control. Radiowaves without DNA information produced no response
in any of the seeds.

Science of
Memory waves The Field
Lesson 24

n the last lesson, we learned how the body, is plausible because waves, of
Peter Gariaev, the molecular biologist course, are capable of recording an infi-
at Moscows Institute of Control nite amount of information in 3-D.
Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Radiation is the means by which cells
and his colleague Georg Tertishny, a are in communication with each other so
theoretical laser physicist, demonstrated that if something goes awry, the cells
that human chromosomes emit radiation, receive a quantum holographic image of
or wave energy, to guide processes in the that part, and immediately set to work to
body. But their discovery told them some- restore the body to its original blueprint.
thing else even more fundamental about This information is read by the chromo-
the way that the universe uses quantum somes own laser radiations which, in
information. turn, produce radio emissions to regulate
In their experiments, Russian scien- the rest of the body as a result of this
tists Peter Gariaev and Georg Tertishny information.
realized that they had uncovered more DNA also works in a feedback loop
than simply the key to DNA. What they with information from outside. Marcer
had discovered was a new type of memo- and German mathematician Walter
ry in the universe. Their work revealed a Schempp showed, via mathematical mod-
novel, static storage/recording environ- els, that primitive prokaryotic cells dont
ment capable of recording the 3-D shape simply replicate, but also co-resonate
and dynamic behavior of objects, as well with outside influences, and learn, adapt
as a new type of radio signal enclosing and change by picking up outside fre-
information. quencies. These basic cells recognize and
Gariaevs discovery, however select the chemical molecules required,
unorthodox it sounds, satisfies many and block out any information they need
unanswered questions about DNA. The to avoid to survive.
radio-station model creates the perfect A good example of this are super-
feedback mechanism, as DNA would bugs. Bacteria quickly learn to block
pick up information from cellssay, dur- antibiotics. According to classical theory,
ing an injuryand beam back modifica- this occurs through random mutations
tionsfor instance, instructions on how but that would take far too long. Its more
to heal. It also allows for 3-D imaging, likely that a superbug learns to reduce its
which would explain how your cells intake of antibiotics by blocking out the
know which cell gets placed where, and drugs signal.2
how billions of cells know about each With several of his colleagues,
other and coordinate their functions. Gariaev formed a company in Toronto
These messages can occur simultane- Eontech Inconce he understood the
ously on the quantum level, without the enormous commercial potential of his
time lag of cause and effect, and would findings. One day, we may be able to
better account for how our bodies do repair wounds with light beams carrying
things instantaneouslyfar faster than genetic waveforms.
would be possible through chemical mes- However, this technology could also
sages.1 Even the fastest form of known enable the creation of Frankenstein foods
communication in classical physicsthe that bear little resemblance to the real
speed of lightdoesnt account for the thing. And if your DNA data got into the
bodys ability to simultaneously and in wrong hands, it might be able to serve as
synchronization react to stimuli. the instrument for the perfect murder.
The involvement of waves in creating Gariaev had published two books and
shape, or dealing with dynamic processes 60 papers on wave genomics, but had
in the organism involving many parts of never presented his work outside of

Science of
The Field Russia. Finally, in October 2000, he was how life evolved on the planet. Rather
Lesson 24 allowed to travel, giving him an opportu- than a system of fortunate and progres-
nity to present his work to the West. In sivebut randomerror, if DNA is a
a small wood-paneled room, some 50 radar device and its messages are sent in
mathematicians and brain researchers at waves, this would suggest a mechanism
the Annual Symposium of the Institution that develops through learning via its own
of Analysts and Programmers in London exquisite feedback loop and by compari-
listened as this short, barrel-chested man son, as it retains old information that is
phonetically read the paper co-authored constantly compared with new data.
by British physicist Peter Marcer. At the Lynne McTaggart
end, all but a handful of geneticists, who
appreciated the implications of his find- 1 Gariaev P et al. The DNA-Wa v e
ings, clapped politely and sat in uneasy B i o c o m p u t e r. CASYS 2000, Lige,
silence, uncertain of how to react. Belgium, 7 August 2000, Symposium 4:
Gariaevs model provides a better 8
explanation than the current thinking for 2 CHAOS, 1998; 2: 30715

How our body repairs

The wave model also accounts for the bodys capacity for regeneration. Numerous
animal species have the ability to regenerate a lost limb. Experiments with salamanders in
the 1930s have shown that an entire limb could be amputated, yet entirely regenerate as
though following a blueprint.
This genetic blueprint may also account for phantom limbs, the strong sense among
amputees that a missing limb is still present. Amputees complaining of cramps, aches
or tinglings in the missing arm or leg may be experiencing true physicalitya shadow
of the limb as imprinted in The Field.1
Indeed, during Gariaevs experiment, once he had removed DNA material from the
laser, hed assumed the beam would return to a random pattern of photons. Instead, he
found a coherent patterning that was not exactly the DNA, but something elsea phan-
tom pattern of itwhich persisted for a time before disappearing. This recalls the work of
George De La Warr, who developed a camera that, when shone on DNA, would produce
images of the final plant.2, 3
1 Talbot M. The Holographic Universe. HarperCollins, 1996: 256
2 de La Warr G. New Worlds Beyond the Atom. London: Vincent Stuart Publishers, 1956
3 de La Warr G. Matter in the Making. London: Vincent Stuart Publishers, 1966

Science of
A little light music The Field
Lesson 25

any frontier scientists are dis- Similarly, in a patient with psoriasis
covering that non-localitythe affecting both arms, Popp applied a stan-
telepathic ability of subatomic dard treatment for psoriasis, shining a UV
particles to communicate instantaneously (ultraviolet) lamp on both the psoriatic
with each otheris present everywhere: portion of one arm and a healthy portion
in the light from stars, in the Zero Point for five minutes. After a few minutes,
Field and even in our bodies. German Popp measured the photon emissions
physicist Fritz-Albert Popp has carried from both parts of the arm.
out new work demonstrating that when When taking these measurements,
one portion of our body is changed in Popp and his colleagues used exacting
some way, the rest of us knows all about equipment that can count the light emis-
it. sions, photon by photonand they dis-
Some 30 years ago, while investigat- covered something remarkable. If the
ing a cure for cancer, German physicist number of emissions in one part of the
Fritz-Albert Popp stumbled upon the fact body increases or decreases, so do those
that human beings emit tiny packets of in other parts of the body.
light, which he called biophoton emis- In his first experiment, Popp found a
sions (see Living The Field Lesson Two). large change in the number of light emis-
He came to believe that living systems sions not only from where hed applied
maintain a delicate equilibrium of light the ointment, but also from distant parts
too much or too little indicates disease. of the body. Furthermore, the size of the
He also discovered what he called changes correlated all over the body: even
delayed luminescence: when light was from those places where no ointment had
shone on living cells, the cells would take been applied, Popp recorded the same
this light and, after a certain delay, shine increase in light emissions as from the
intensely. Popp considered this a correc- spot where the medicine had been used.
tive effect; in this instance, when a living In the case of the psoriatic patient and
system is bombarded with too much light, the UV-light treatment, the emissions
it rejects the excess. roughly quadrupled after using the light
Popp has been studying these light from both healthy and unhealthy regions
emissions for many years at the of skin, regardless of whether or not
International Institute of Biophysics, theyd been exposed to the UV lamp. An
which has 15 groups of scientists from hour later, all parts of the bodytreated
international centers all around the world. and untreated, healthy and unhealthy
He and his colleagues have uncovered had reverted to identical light emissions,
many new findings since those early although the healthy regions of skin
days. For instance, hes discovered that showed twice the amount of delayed
the number of these emissions matches on luminescence as the unhealthy regions.
both hands and the forehead, and that This may be because healthy skin doesnt
they seem to follow weekly and monthly need the light and so gets rid of it,
rhythms.1 whereas the psoriatic regions did have a
One of Popps most recent investiga- need for it and so retained it.
tions concerns the change in light produc- Popp believes that he has uncovered a
tion after medical treatment. In one new communications channel within the
experiment, he and his colleagues applied body that uses light as a means of instan-
medicated ointment to a spot on a taneous, or non-local, signaling to the
patients right arm, and then measured rest of the living organism. These signals
the light emissions from the treated area contain valuable information about the
as well as a number of untreated parts health state of [the body] as well as of
from all over the body. therapeutic effects, he says.

Science of
The Field Popps research takes us one step chronobiologyhow the movements of
Lesson 25 closer to understanding how our body the planets affect us. Like a watch that
communicates with itself and with the starts ticking at one point and carries on
rest of the universe. Parts of the body tell thereafter, theres also evidence that we
each other about the state of things with lock into certain periodicities after
these tiny messages of light. It also tells were born. Popps research offers more
us why the tools of modern medicine evidence that we are intimately connected
often have such blunderbuss effects. Even to a vast ecosystema not-so-blind
if a therapy is intended for a specific loca- watchmaker.
tion, this communications channel will Lynne McTaggart
cause it to have a global effect.
The periodic light emissions tie in 1 J Photochem Photobiol, 1997; B 40:
with the research weve covered on 1879

As powerful as the sun

Popp believes that such a signaling system is possible because the bodys light is highly
coherent, or organized. This means that all the frequencies of our body begin to fuse into
one giant frequency through hyperbolic light oscillations.1
To understand coherence, physicist William Tiller, professor emeritus of Stanford
University, uses the case of a 60-watt light bulb. It does not provide much illumination
because the emitted photons destructively interfere with each othersome waves are
peaking while the others are troughingso that most of the bulbs potential light is lost.
But if all the photons in the light bulb were to be in phase with each other, such that
all of the waves were operating in unison, the energy density of the light bulb would be
thousands to millions of times larger than that of the sun, which emits 6000 watts per
square centimeter.
This metaphor affords us a small glimpse of the vast energy potential within human
systems, once it can be harnessed for activities such as healing.
1 Physics Lett A, 2002; 293: 93

Science of
Peering into The Field The Field
Lesson 26

cientists have always been limited places at once without disturbing it or
in their understanding of the mul- collapsing it down to the one-dimension-
tiple nature of quantum particles al reality we are used to.
because the very act of observing them Aharonov, with colleagues such as
collapses them into a single state. But Benni Reznick, has devised a particle
now, several scientists claim to be able detector that makes use of the principle
to look right into The Field without dis- of uncertaintythat you can never know
turbing it. exactly where a particle is and where its
One of the most frustrating problems going at the same time. The particle
with the quantum world to most scien- detector takes such a weak sideways
tists is the fact that it cannot be observed glance at the particle that any measure-
as it really existsin its multiple state, ment taken moves it to less than the level
called superpositionwithout its of Heisenberg uncertainty. Because it
being disturbed. Instead of being a bil- has little effect on the experiment, it
liard ball of certainty, every quantum does not appear to collapse superposi-
particle exists on its own as a cloud of tion (see box, page 224).
probability, like a person occupying H o w e v e r, because these measure-
every seat in a stadium at the same time. ments are so weak, they are also often
In this strange twilight world, where inaccurate. Nevertheless, Aharonov has
everything exists in a gelatinous goo of found that, if you repeat the experiment
all possible states, the very act of meas- enough times and average your results,
uring or observing reduces the quantum you can get a result that is more or less
particle to one particular state, referred accurate.
to as collapsing the wave function. Scientists such as Raymond Chiao,
The only thing that dissolves this of the University of California at
cloud of probability into something solid Berkeley, and Aephraim Steinberg, of
and measurable is living observation. the University of Toronto, believe these
Take the tiniest peek at an electron, and weak measurements may explain quan-
you reduce it to a single state. Take the tum tunnelingthe ability of quantum
quickest measurement about where its particles to tunnel through barriers at
heading, and you end up with just one faster than the speed of light while using
direction. By noticing or weighing, you more energy than they are supposedly
create what we think of as the real capable of.
worldsome set somethingbut you If Aharonov is right, he may have
also affect what youre observing and so discovered how to observe a single
cannot observe it in its pure state. quantum particle with measurable
The observer effect suggests that our e ffects on matter at two places in the uni-
reality is participatory, that we are verse at the same time. At some point,
utterly intrinsic to the nature of our we may even be able to use this weak
world. Nevertheless, our inability to measurement to scientifically demon-
objectively observe the undisturbed strate that two contradictory things can
quantum state (or pre-world of pure happen in the universe, and yet be con-
potential) has severely limited our sistent. Aharonovs work may be one
understanding of quantum physics means of explaining anomalies about
until recently. time such as how it can move backward
Yakir Aharonov, a prestigious physi- and forward at once or even have a neg-
cist at the Quantum Group at Tel Aviv ative presence that is somehow can-
University, has discovered a meansat celled out.
least in theoryto observe the quantum Weak measurements may also give
world of superposition or multiple scientists the ability to peer into the

Science of
The Field quantum world sideways, as it were, to
Lesson 26 discover more of its Alice-in-
Wonderland qualities. This may be the
first step towards being able to see
directly inside of The Field.
Lynne McTa g g a rt

To be and not to be
Aharonovs weak measurement is a variation of a very strange thought experiment
devised by University of Oxfords Lucien Hardy. Through the use of a gadget called an
interferometer, an electron hits a mirror, which creates a superposition, causing the
particle to travel down two arms of the device at the same time. The two versions of the
particle are then reunited and hit another half-silvered mirror, positioned so that, if the
electron has been undisturbed during its travels through the interferometer, it will be
collected in detector C. If it has been disturbed, it is sent to detector D.
Hardy thought up a situation where hed have two such interferometers positioned so
that one arm of each would overlap. He then imagined firing a positron (an electrons
antiparticle) in one, and an electron in the other. At one point of their multiple journeys,
they should meet in the central overlapping region (the annihilation zone) and annihi-
late each other. However, according to quantum probability, as these particles exist in
multiple states, in some instances, the two particles could meet, but fail to wipe each
other out.
This stumped many physicists as an unresolvable paradox until Aharonov came up
with an interesting twist. He and some of his colleagues from the Tel Aviv University
Quantum Group imagined detectors that would measure so weakly that they could
record their presence in the annihilation zone AND in the non-overlapping arm of the
equipment at the same time. Although this would suggest that the equipment is not
recording anything accurately, Aharonovs calculations also record a negative (in other
words, 21) presence of the positron and electron in the non-overlapping section of the
In Aharonovs view, this may mean that the quantum world is even stranger than we
thought, and that pairs of particles can have a negative presencethey can be there,
but not be there. Every paradox in quantum theory may simply be a manifestation of
other strange behaviors of quantum objects that we have not yet detected, declared
his colleague Sandu Popescu of the University of Bristol.

Science of
The power of touch The Field
Lesson 27

hrough the ages, people have ured. The control groups showed no sig-
believed that saints and other holy nificant differences, whereas the glands
men have healing hands that can of the group that had received healing
imbue an object with healing power. weighed considerably less than the oth-
Researchers studying healing have dis- ers.
covered that we may be leaving our psy- There was no doubt: the healing had
chic imprintsgood and badin objects clearly slowed the development of goitre
that we hold. in the Estabany-treated mice.2
Can our positive intention have a For his second study, Grad made iden-
physical presence through our hands tical wounds the size of a US quarter
and other items we touch? (about one inch or 25 mm) on each ani-
Researcher Bernard Grad of McGill mal. Wounds are a good yardstick for
University in Montreal attempted to such studies as they tend to heal accord-
answer that question through a series of ing to a precise schedule and, unlike other
mouse experiments that also involved the physiological mechanisms, dont tend to
Hungarian healer Oszkar Estabany. vary from person to person.
These studies followed on from the Once again, Grad used three groups:
work of Gerald Watkins and his wife, two control groups, one of which
whose studies had shown that, by using received heat treatment; and one that was
intention, you could revive anaesthetized to receve healing from Estabanys hands.
mice more quickly.1 Aside from moral Up to two weeks later, the wounds
considerations, the central problem for were measured, and 12 had differences
Grad was to get the mice used to handling that were clearly evident to the naked
by a human. Grads solution was to build eye. Again, careful statistical analyses
metal boxes housing 12 tiny apartments confirmed, as with the goitre study, an
for each mouse, covered with a wire inescapable conclusion: the laying on of
screen, where the mice were placed for, hands had a profound effect.
at most, an hour at regular intervals. The Grad then repeated the thyroid exper-
healing was to take place while the box as iment but, instead of using Estabanys
held with the mice inside. hands, he simply placed a cloth that had
In the first series of studies, Grad been held by Estabany into the apart-
induced goitre (abnormal swelling of the ments of the mice to be healed.
thyroid gland) in the mice by feeding Remarkably, simply the presence of an
them an iodine-deficient diet while giving item held by the healer slowed the devel-
them thiouracil, which blocks iodine in opment of goitre.
the body from being delivered to the thy- Grad carried out similar studies with
roid. plants (see Living The Field Lesson
From his previous researches, Grad Twenty). As with his mice, he first made
knew that whenever the box of mice was barley seeds sick by inhibiting their
held in a healers hands, the heat in the growth by soaking them in salt water.
box would rise. So, he had two control Grad had divided plants into control and
groups: one which received nothing when treated groups, and had asked Estabany
placed in their apartments; and one which to hold the salt water intended for the
would experience increased heat via ther- treated plants between his hands.
mal tape, intended to simulate the heat Eight days later, the seedlings began
achieved by a pair of healing hands. The to break through the surface of the soil.
third group were to experience Estabanys Once again, a clear difference was evi-
laying on of hands. dent: the seeds that had received healed
Weeks after the event, the animals salted water were clearly taller than the
were sacrificed and their thyroids meas- others.

Science of
The Field Like many healers, Estabany often stream of energy to his patients.3
Lesson 27 used materials such as pieces of cotton or Lynne McTaggart
paper as go-betweens for himself and 1 J Parapsychol, 1971; 35 (4): 257
his healees. Dr Daniel Benor, who has 2 J Am Soc Psychical Res, 1965; 59:
made an extensive study of the worlds 95127
evidence for healing, says it is unclear 3 Benor D. Spiritual Healing: Scientific
whether these intermediary objects store Validation of a Healing Revolution.
healing energy or simply serve as con- Southfield, MI: Vision Pu b l i c a t i o n s ,
duits through which the healer can send a 2001

Planting positive thoughts

Grads most intriguing study concerns the effect of a positive mental attitude on plants.
As with his other studies, he set out four groups of pots containing barley seeds. All were
saturated with 1-per-cent saline solution, but first, the vials of water were held by one
of three people, with the fourth vial serving as a control.
The first vial was handed to a healer who had a passion for plants. The healer held the
water for half an hour.
The other two vials of water were held by two patients from the hospital where Grad
workedone was a psychotic depressive, the other was neurotically depressed.
Grad himself didnt know who held what.
One patient was so depressed that he didnt even ask what was in the bottle, but
simply assumed that Grad, who wore a white coat, was just another of the many doctors
who prepared him for periodic electroshock therapy. The second, a woman, visibly lifted
when Grad told her that the bottle was part of an experiment; a half-hour later, when he
took the bottle off her, shed been cradling it like a child.
Grads results more or less followed his expectations.
The plants whose water had been held by the psychotic depressive grew the slowest,
followed by the control plants, whose water had been held by no one; the next-slowest
were the depressed womans plants and, finally, the plants watered by the green-fingered
The only surprise was the depressed womans plants coming in second place.
Although shed been chosen for her negative state of mind, shed apparently regained
her joie de vivre at the thought of being involved in the experiment.
Although this was only a small study, Grad realized the astonishing implications: your
intention worked better or worse, depending upon your state of mind at the time.

Science of
Bad news comes early The Field
Lesson 28

onsciousness researchers have studies of presentiment, participants were
been fascinated by the notion that more likely to receive precognitive infor-
our body is given a glimpse of our mation about photos that were disturbing
future before our mind is consciously or discomfiting. In fact, the photos that
aware of it. Some, like Dutch physicist tended to create the greatest anticipatory
Dick Bierman, have tried to quantify response were of erotic material, whereas
when we get this brief glimpse into our calming pictures failed to elicit the same
future. level of pre-information.
Stories abound as to premonitions of Bierman has also reanalyzed the data
catastrophe for example, all those pas- from other studies similar to his presenti-
sengers booked on the Titanic who can- ment study, but with different goals. One
celled at the last minute (see Living the from the University of Greifswald in
Field Lesson Five). Scientists have stud- Germany examined the speed with which
ied precognition and presentiment: the fear arises in people who are afraid of
ability to receive information about a spiders or snakes after being shown a
future event through no known sensory photo of the relevant creature. These
mechanism. But when exactly do we responses were compared with those
receive information about our future? Is it elicited by calm or erotic pictures.3 When
minutes before? Or hours or even days Bierman looked to see whether the test
before? And do we get all kinds informa- subjects had any premonition of their
tion, or only the bad news? feared animals, once again, the greatest
Such questions intrigued Dick Bier- anticipatory response was reserved for the
man, a Dutch physicist at universities in erotic photos, with the frightening ani-
both Utrecht and Amsterdam, who has mals in second place.4
made a study of unconscious emotion and Bierman also reexamined a University
the decisions we make unconsciously. He of Iowa study looking at the skin conduc-
has carried out a number of experiments tance of brain-damaged and healthy peo-
to examine our ability to react to future ple who were gambling with cards and
events before they occur. fake US dollars. In the original study, skin
In one series, he and his American conductance was measured just before
associate, consciousness researcher Dr the participants took a winning or losing
Dean Radin, wired up participants and card from one of four possible decks of
flashed photos of calming or emotionally cardswhich had been stacked with
upsetting images. Skin conductance tests either winning or losing cards. The goal
showed that the participants were uncon- was to determine whether the partici-
sciously registering the appropriate emo- pants bodies demonstrated any learned
tion about four seconds before they saw knowledge of the decks before they
the pictures.1 became consciously aware of it.5
Other studies have suggested that the On reanalysis of these data, Bierman
information available can be anticipated found that the healthy participants began
even earlier15 minutes or more. In a generating anticipatory responses before
study of extrasensory perception (ESP), picking cards from the bad decks,
for example, participants were able to whereas the brain-damaged participants
guess a color more quickly even when showed no premonitions of the bad
the colors name was given as long as cards.4
15 minutes after the guess.2 In a third study of Japanese symbols,
Most interesting of all is Biermans he found presentiments mainly with those
evidence that were more likely to receive suggestive of erotic subjects.6
presentiments of bad news, rather than Taking the three studies together,
good fortune. In the Bierman/Radin Bierman and Radin discovered that

Science of
The Field violent stimuli were felt earliest in the 2 Eur J Parapsychol, 1983; 5: 1949
Lesson 28 bodyeven earlier than erotic stimuli.7 3 Ps y c h o p h y s i o l o g y, 1999; 36: 6676
Overall, the greatest anticipatory 4 Fernandes J (ed). Frontier Science,
response in men was for the erotic, CTEC. Porto: Universidade Fe r n a n d o
whereas women showed the greatest pre- Pessoa Press, 2002
monition for both the erotic and violent. 5 Science, 1997; 275: 12935
In a sense, all future information 6 J Person Soc Psychol, 1993; 64 (5):
could be available to us at the present 7239
moment, but the future that most pre- 7 Bierman D, Radin DI. Anomalous
occupies us appears to be the one that unconscious emotional responses:
we most fear. Evidence of a reversal of the arrow of
Lynne McTaggart time, in Hameroff SR, Kaszniak AW,
Chalmers DJ (eds). Towards a Science
1 Percept Motor Skills, 1997; 84: 68990 of Consciousness III. MIT Press, 1998

Connecting with our future

Radin and Bierman did a final study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
to show the workings of the brain. While emotional photos were being flashed, clear
presentiment effects showed up in the visual cortex of the brain as well as in the amyg-
dalathe so-called emotional seat of the human brain. Such anticipatory consciousness
is not only available to usa similar study with earthworms found that they, too, could
anticipate vibrations.
Biermans studies suggest a universe that is more sophisticated than a dualistic
relationship between mind and matter, where mind sits inertly in the brain and nature
sits inertly outside it. Consciousness researchers have supposed that intention has a
cause-and-effect relationship to the world through a mechanistic signal transfer of some
But, as these data show, the influence is felt before the intention is even specified, so
it cannot be the result of a signal transfer, even one faster than light. Rather, it allows for
the possibility of a correlation that was there all along, a quantum non-local connection
that was always there in some underlying arrangement.1 All the studies Bierman has
examined suggest that intention transcends time.
1 Bierman D. Do PSI phenomena suggest radical dualism?, in Hameroff S, Kaszniak A, Scott A (eds).
Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press, 1998

Science of
The right-brain stuff The Field
Lesson 29
In earlier lessons, weve examined how Next, Persinger began administering
geomagnetic flux from the sun affects complex, modulated magnetic fields
psychic ability. As studies with gifted ranging from 2000 to 5000 nT (nano-
psychics have shown, manipulation of Teslas) in counterclockwise direction in
these fields can help or hinder Field the middle of Swanns head. Swanns
effects. psychic perception was suddenly altered.
The images hed been receiving vanished

ichael Persinger, professor of from his head, and were replaced by
psychology at Laurentian out-of-body experiences and images of
University in Ontario, Canada, inside his own brain. He also began to
has spent several decades examining the see the skeletons of the experimenters
subtle influence of natural electromagnet- standing outside the experimental cham-
ic (EM) and geomagnetic (GM) influ- ber. His description of their positions
ences upon the brain. Over hundreds of exactly matched where they were.
studies, Persinger has looked at how psy- At a later session, Persinger wanted
chic experiences have a physical counter- to explore whether his GM fields had the
part in the brain that is related to GM power to interrupt the ability of one of the
interference. greatest remote viewers in the world. He
But can these pulses be used to bathed the photos in computer-generated,
enhance or block so-called paranormal complex, magnetic-field patterns that
capacities? To answer this question, were less than 20 nT. Suddenly, Ingos
Persinger decided to put his theories to accuracy began to plummet. One of the
the ultimate test by enlisting the help of computers shown to be the most disrup-
master remote viewer Ingo Swann. tive was sending out waveforms of vary-
Swann, who was 68 at the time, has an ing phases (they were peaking and
international reputation as a gifted psy- troughing at different times).
chic. Indeed, as the first psychic used in There was only one conclusion to be
the preliminary programmes of psychic drawn: remote viewers like Swann pick
spying funded by the CIA and begun by up weak signals as waveformssignals
physicist Hal Puthoff in 1972, hed that can be easily interrupted by weak,
earned the appellation: father of remote variable magnetic fields.
viewing. As Persinger says, If this patterns
In his studies, Persinger placed Swann contain the information involved with Mr
in a sealed chamber, then had an assistant Swanns accuracy, then enhanced geo-
select a photograph from a magazine and magnetic activity would be a primary
place it in an envelope on a table in a candidate to mask . . . the contrast and
room six meters and three doors away shape of these patterns.
from Swann. When Swann was notified Other studies have shown that, when
that the envelope containing a photo was the earths geomagnetic activity exceeds
on the table, hed draw for three minutes 20 nT, people are less likely to have spon-
before moving on to the next photo. taneous psychic experiences. This proba-
Persinger then conducted a series of bly means that the signature EM frequen-
outbound trials, enlisting some of his cy around objects is less than 20 nT.
assistants as travelers, who would go to Persinger also believes that this infor-
landmark sites around Laurentian univer- mation is perceived in the older, more
sity, while Swann would attempt to draw primitive, portion of the brain which
and describe their whereabouts. evolved, says Persinger, as a survival
In both instances, Swann proved adept mechanism to make snap decisions about
at both drawing the pictures and the the meaning of threats. He discovered
whereabouts of his outbound partners. that the RV activity was being felt not in

Science of
The Field the neocortex, but in the more primitive thoughts.
Lesson 29 subcortical portion of the brainthe Persinger concluded that all things in
hippocampus or amygdalathe primitive the world are immersed within the geo-
seat of emotions. This may be why magnetic field and that each object has its
remote viewers perform best with arche- own signature interference pattern. When
typical images, says Persinger. Those are subtracted from the general background
the shapes that possess meaning that res- field, these electromagnetic units could
onates deep in the unconscious. be integrated into another form of per-
Persinger also believes that when ception of space and time. If we are ordi-
remote viewers see with the eyes of narily immersed in static, then broadcasts
their traveling partners, what they are from The Field are picked up by the brain
picking up is the spatial and holistic infor- only when the static clears.
mation being processed by their right Lynne McTaggart
brain, not their left-hemisphere ideas and

A bigger and better radio

From his work with Swann and others, Persinger concluded that gifted psychics may
possess differences in the microcircuitry of the right hemisphere of the brainthe portion
of the brain more associated with processing information spatially and intuitively.
With Swann, he discovered this to be the case. During their experiments, Persinger
recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) activity over various areas of Swanns brain.
Persinger discovered a different structural and functional organization in the parieto-
occipital region of Swanns right hemispherewhere sensory and visual information is
processed. In fact, Swanns receiving mechanism for intuitive information is larger than
Sean Harribance, another special subject of Persingers who is able to pick up
memories and other information about people just by standing close to them, also
exhibited a similar special brain configuration.
Persinger believes that the organization of Swanns brain may be allowing more
access to more information than is usual, which would account for Swanns claim to be
inundated with images.
Nevertheless, Swann psychic abilities improved as time when on and he received
more feedbackan indication that remote viewing is a learned skill.

Science of
The plastic brain The Field
Lesson 30

any neuroscientists studying monks brains were firing sustained
the brain of experienced medi- bursts of brain activity that hed never
tators have discovered that seen beforegamma bands of very fast
Tibetan monks can modify their brains cycles of 2570 Hzand that neural
to work in such a highly ordered and assemblies in distant parts of the brain
rapid manner that they are able to attain were working in harmony and across
a permanent state of bliss. vast distances. This type of synchroniza-
Richard Davidson, of the Laboratory tion was believed to be crucial in inte-
for Affective Neuroscience at the Wais- grating and distributing various neural
man Laboratory for Brain Imaging & processes into some sort of highly
Behavior at the University of Wisconsin ordered function and heightened aware-
at Madison, has been carrying out break- ness.1 They might even cause changes in
through research into affective process- the very structure of the brains synapses.
ingwhere the brain processes emotion, Indeed, the brains of the middle-aged
and the resulting communication between monks had been permanently altered.
the brain and body. His work came to Even during their resting state, the monks
the attention of the Dalai Lama, who had a high ratio of activity in the happi-
invited Davidson to visit his home in ness portion of their brain. Despite their
Dharamsala, India, in 1992. His Holiness, age, their brainwaves were far more
something of a science buff himself, coherent and organized than his robust
wished to understand more about the young student controls.2 With his equip-
inner workings of Tibetan monks trained ment, Davidson was able to pinpoint
in intensive meditation. intense activity in the left prefrontal cor-
Eventually, eight of the Dalai Lamas tex, just behind the left foreheadoften
most seasoned practitioners of Nying- considered the sector of the brain that
mapa and Kagyupa meditation were registers happiness.
flown to Davidsons lab in Wisconsin. Meditation also appeared to be dose-
During the studies, Davidson attached dependent. Monks whod been at medita-
more than 250 sensors to the scalps of the tion the longest had the highest levels of
monks, and wired them up to an elec- gamma activity. These induced changes
troencephalograph, which measures neu- were permanent.
ronal output during mental activity and More recently, Harvard psychologist
provides an instant readout of the electri- Sara Lazar has used magnetic resonance
cal activity of the brain. He then asked imaging (MRI) to map out exactly what
them to meditate on compassion, the brain regions are active during simple
unrestricted readiness to help all living forms of meditation. Like Davidson, she
beings that lies at the heart of Buddhas found increased signals in some areas of
teaching: Davidson chose this state the brain as time went on. It suggested to
because it would remove any attention on her that the neural activity during medita-
particular objects, memories or objectives tion was a dynamic process that evolved
and concentrate instead on a particular, as you practiced it. These jibed with the
transformative state of being. personal reports of meditators who
He also set up a set of controls claimed that changes in their subjective
undergraduates interested in meditation states continued throughout the duration
but whod never practiced it, and trained of their meditation.3
them for a single week. They were also Until recently, scientists have main-
fitted out with EEG sensors and told to tained that the brain is nothing more than
meditate on compassion while they were a complex computer that develops its
being monitored. hardwiring in youth and, thereafter, is
Davidson soon discovered that the more or less fixed permanently. However,

Science of
The Field new evidence like Davidsons shows that trical circuitry, and not the other way
Lesson 30 the brain is an elastic organ that revises around.
itself throughout life. Lynne McTaggart
The brain isnt just a piece of meat 1 Neuron, 1999; 24: 4965
and wiring, but an elastic receiving mech- 2 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2004; 101
anism. It is consciousness and mental (46): 1636973
training that forms the brain and its elec- 3 NeuroReport, 2000; 11: 15815

Human heaters
The study of monks and meditation began with Herbert Benson, the famous cardiologist
at Harvard Medical School, now president of the Mind/Body Medical Institute at Beth Israel
Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. Benson coined the term relaxation response after
discovering the profoundly relaxing and beneficial effects of meditation on the body: your
metabolism and breathing, heart rate and blood pressure all slow down.1
In 1988, Benson and his team traveled to remote monasteries in the Himalayas, in
northern India, where a number of Tibetan monks live in exile, and wired them up to record
their heart and breathing rates, and blood pressure. He also observed the seemingly
impossible in mindbody influence: using Tum-Mo meditation, the monks raised the
temperature of their fingers and toes by as much as 17 degrees. They also could raise
their metabolismoxygen consumptionby 61 per cent and lower it by 64 per cent. 2, 3
It was the largest change in resting metabolism ever reported; during sleep, metab-
olism only drops by 1015 per cent, and even experienced meditators can only decrease
it by, at best, 17 per cent.
Benson went on to do extraordinary studies with monks in Normandy. In the drafty
40F (4.4C) room in the monastery and only wearing flimsy garments, the monks
were covered in sheets soaked in cold (49F; 9.4C) water. Within minutes, steam began
to rise from the sheets and, within an hour, the monks were able to dry the sheets
solely by the force of their will alone.
1 Ps y c h i a t r y, 1974; 37: 3746
2 Nature, 1982; 295: 2346
3 Nature, 1982; 298: 402

Science of
A snapshot of the life force The Field
Lesson 31

professor of physics at St Since the invention of GDV, Korotkov
Petersburg State Technical Uni- has been using his technique to predict
versity in Russia has discovered certain clinical situations, such as the
a way to capture the total play of light recovery of people after surgery. GDV is
emanating from living things. becoming a well-accepted diagnostic tool
Physicist Konstantin Korotkov, who for many illnesses, including cancer and
has published some 70 papers on biology stress.2, 3 Hes even been able to correct-
and physics, and holds patents on a num- ly predict the likely success of athletes
ber of inventions, had long been intrigued training for the Olympics.4 The US has
by the work of Armenian engineer begun to show interest, and the National
Semyon Davidovich Kirlian, who discov- Institutes of Health has assembled a state-
ered that an electrical spark will photo- of-the-art examination of the technology
graph itself if it passes through photo- thus far.
graphic emulsion. Kirlian believed that Korotkov and his colleagues from the
photographing living things placed in a Research Institute of Physical Culture in
pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) St Petersburg, together with the Scandin-
would capture the human aura. On pub- avian International University in Orebro,
lishing his first study in 1964, he gave the Sweden, have demonstrated that the
idea of auras scientific legitimacy (see biofield undergoes profound changes in
box, page 264).1 altered states of consciousness such as
Kirlian was mostly ignored by the meditation.5, 6
Soviet scientific mainstream until the Most recently, hes been working with
1960s, when the Russian press discov- University of Arizona professor of psy-
ered bioelectrography, as it came to be chology Gary Schwartz, best known for
called. Kirlian photography also became his after-life experiments, the scientific
respectable in outer-space research. studies of mediums. They have discov-
Korotkovs contribution was to create ered certain aura signatures around
Kirlian photography in real time with homoeopathic preparations,7 a halo
state-of-the-art instrumentation. He dev- around inanimate objects,8 and a certain
eloped a technique called gas-discharge glow that persists even after a living thing
visualization (GDV), using 21st-century has died.911
tools such as fiberglass optics and power- But the most important revelation was
ful computing, blending photography the interaction between these biofields.
with light-intensity measurements and Korotkovs work offers evidence that
computed pattern-recognition techniques. these emissions, or wave resonances,
Korotkovs camera was able to take pic- have a purpose beyond the bodycom-
tures of the EMF around the hands, one munication between living things.
finger at a time. The resulting computed His photos offer living proof, captured
image offers real-time viewing of bioen- on a computer, that both living and non-
ergy emanating from people, plants, liq- living matter in the universe is not a solid
uids, powdersand even inanimate stable thing, but a dynamic, pulsating
objects. energy field.
Korotkov managed to convince the Lynne McTaggart
Russian Ministry of Health of the impor-
tance of his invention to medicine. At 1 J Sci Appl Photogr, 1964; 6: 397403
present, some 300 doctors, practitioners 2 Konikiewicz LW, Griff LC. Bioelectrog-
and researchers use the technology world- raphy: A New Method for Detecting
wide, and Korotkov has gone on to write Cancer and Body Physiology.
five books about the human bioenergy Harrisburg, PA: Leonard Associates
field. Press, 1982

Science of
The Field 3 Pa t h o p h y s i o l o g y, 1998; 5: 227 7 J Alt Complement Med, 2003; 9 (1):
Lesson 31 4 Hum Physiol, 2005; 31 (3): 31623 2538
5 J Alt Complement Med, 2002; 8 (2): 9 J Appl Phys, 2001; 89: 47327
15365 10 J Pathophysiol, 1998; 5: 55
6 Hum Physiol, 2000; 26 (5): 5968 (in 11 Korotkov K. Light after Life. Fair Lawn,
Russian) NJ: Backbone Publishing, 1998

Living pictures
Kirlian had two ways of taking his pictures. He could either place an object between a
sandwich of two electrodes at either end of a circuit and a photographic plate, or make
a sandwich of electrode, object, film and a dielectrical slab (an insulating material such
as glass).
He then applied a pulsed high voltage between another electrode touching the living
thing. When any conductive object (metal, or anything containing water such as part of
the human body) is placed on this plate, an electrical discharge occurs where the gap is
narrow, close to the object. The low current that results between the two electrodes
creates the corona dischargea halo of colored light around the object. Light from this
discharge can be recorded on a photographic film placed between the object and the
electrified plate.
The electrical impulses resulting from the ionization of water molecules and even salts
on the skin or iron in the blood are responsible for creating the image. Any changes in the
aura are claimed to be evidence of disease, as diet, hormones, the autonomic nervous
system, psychological and emotional states, and even organ function are supposedly
revealed in the biofield.

Science of
Asking the universe for help The Field
Lesson 32

ost prayer and directed inten- absorbed. This will reflect the rate of
tion for recovery requires an synthesis of the cells DNA. In his own
negative intentionthat the practice, Laskow only worked by estab-
microbes or cancer cells die so that the lishing some sort of emotional connected-
patient can live. But many enlightened ness with anything he sent intention to,
healers find that simply putting out an even cancer cells. The experimenter,
intention to restore the natural order quantum researcher Glen Rein, decided
works best. to see which intention of Laskows was
Any form of healing of an infectious the more powerful.
agent or a rogue cell implies a murderous He asked Laskow to send out five
intent. For the patient to get well, the can- different intentions while holding Petri
cer cell or microbe has to die. But to study dishes containing identical numbers of
the effects of murderous intent on bacte- cancer cells. The first intention was that
ria or cancer cells, or any other unwanted the cells return to the natural order and
invaders, presents impossible obstacles to harmony of cell growth, which would be
researchers. What if the healers aim is a normal cellular growth rate, rather than
slightly off that day and the negative abnormal accelerated growth of a cancer-
intent is instead sent to the host? In many ous cell. For this, Laskow used a simple
of the most famous studies of negative intention, without imagery.
intention, healers like Olga Worrell have For the next dish, he adopted a Taoist
refused to carry out negative intention on visualization exercise taught by Mantak
bacteria, worrying that their negative Chia called Circulating the Microcosmic
intent might move beyond the bacteria Orbit, and imagined only three of the
and take aim at some of the humans she cells remaining in the Petri dish.
was attempting to heal. Parapsychologists For the third, he did not try to direct
have had to content themselves with the intention in any way, but simply asked
working on the most basic of lifeforms for Gods will to flow through his hands.
Paramecium, mould and fungus, seeds For the fourth, he offered uncondi-
and sometimes cells. No researcher will tional love to the cancer cells, which
agree to intentionally kill a large living involved just meditating on the state with-
thing. out any direction at all.
But what, at the end of the day, is the For the final group, he imagined them
strongest type of intention? In many stud- dematerializingeither into The Light or
ies, the research shows that negative into The Void. He tried both to see if it
intention may perhaps be stronger. was more effective to release an entity
Studies of Qigong have shown that nega- through a direction (The Light) or simply
tive intention was stronger, as have stud- to give it a full range of potential (The
ies attempting to inhibit or grow mutating Void).
fungi.1 After doing focused breathing, which
But if negative intention is indeed the he believed balanced both sides of his
stronger force, do you always have to be brain, he carried out several exercises to
negative and murderous in intent to heal help center and energize himself as well
someone? as help him to achieve a loving state and
Leonard Laskow didnt think so. resonance with the tumor cells while he
Laskow was an American gynecologist focused on them.
and healer who participated in a study Laskows intentions had extraordinar-
attempting to inhibit the growth of cancer ily different effects. The most powerful
cells. To measure their exact growth, the of all was yielding to a positive higher
researchers planned to measure how power and asking the cells to return to the
much radioactive thymidine the cells natural order, which inhibited the cells

Science of
The Field growth by 39 per cent. Yielding to Gods Indeed, imagery combined with inten-
Lesson 32 will was only half as effective, inhibiting tion exerted a powerful effect. The effects
cells by 21 per cent, as was the focused were also extraordinary when he treated
visualization, which inhibited cells by the tissue-culture medium rather than the
18 per cent. Non-focused thoughtsuch cells themselves. In this case, using either
as unconditional love, unconditional imagery or his natural-order intention
acceptance of the way things arehad no inhibited the cells by 41 per cent.
effect either way, and neither did imagin- These results suggest that certain
ing the cells dematerializing. In the for- intentions and states of consciousness are
mer instance, the thought was not focused more effective than others, and that your
at all; in the latter, it was possibly not intention needs to be highly specific to
focused enough. work properly. The most effective type
In a second study, Laskow limited of intention may be to ask that the uni-
himself to focused intent either through verse and the natural order be restored
visualization or through his intention to and allow the greater intelligence to work
the cells return to the natural order. With through you.2
both of these, he achieved an identical Lynne McTaggart
20 per cent inhibition of cancer-cell
growth. However, when he combined his 1 Benor D. Spiritual Healing. Southfield,
natural-order intention with imagery that MI: Vision Publications, 2000
only three cells were left, remarkably, he 2 Rein G. Quantum Biology: Healing with
doubled his success rateinhibiting the Subtle Energy. Palo Alto, CA: Quantum
cells by 40 per cent. Biology Research Labs, 1992

The healing memory of water

For his third study, Laskow wanted to see whether each one of his five states of con-
sciousness had a signature pattern in water. He held each of his five states of mind while
holding a vial of water, which would later be used to make up the tissue-culture medium.
He discovered that water was able to store and transfer his healing information to
the culture medium and on to the cancer cells. As with the first study, the natural order-
treated water had the greatest effect, with a 28 per cent rate of inhibition.

Science of
Biofeedback brainstorming The Field
Lesson 33

or 40 years, biofeedbackthe use began using EEGs for brainwave feed-
of computerized feedbackhas back. At the sound of a tone, his partici-
been employed for a variety of pants had to guess whether their brain-
medical conditions such as Raynauds waves were mostly alpha or not. Kamiya
disease. More recently, scientists have then compared their answers with the
discovered that people can use it to information recorded by EEG. By the
control their own brainwaves.or a cat, second day, his first participant was able
nirvana is the food bowl just around the to guess correctly two-thirds of the time
corner. Dr Jaak Panksepp, of Bowling and, two days after that, virtually all of
Green University in Ohio, theorized that the time. A second participant discovered
this anticipatory joy has to do with the a means of putting himself into a particu-
seeking mode of the brain (see Living lar brainwave state on cue.7
the Field Lesson Thirty).1 The seeking Two American psychologists, Drs
circuits are fully engaged when an animal Eugene Peniston and Paul Kulkosky, built
is involved in high anticipation, intense upon Stermans and Kamiyas findings
interest or insatiable curiosity. Its a state with what many would say was an impos-
of being fully present and engaged in sible goal: reforming an alcoholic.
life.2 Peniston and Kulkosky used autogenic
Forty years ago, Barry Sterman, pro- training (see Living The Field Lesson
fessor emeritus of neurobiology and Nine) and biofeedback to train alcoholics
psychiatry at UCLA, accidentally came to damp down beta brainwaves, which
across the discovery that this anticipatory tended to be predominant during mom-
mode sent cats into a meditative statea ents of craving and dependency, and to
state of perfect stillness, yet fully alert increase the lower alpha- and theta-wave
moments before they got their reward. frequencies, which helped them to relax
Their brain settled into a particular elec- and establish greater brainwave coher-
troencephalography (EEG) rhythm of ence.
1215 Hz, corresponding to alpha brain Not only were 80 per cent of the
frequencies in humans. Eventually, alcoholics able to control their cravings
Sterman found that he could get the cats and stay off alcohol, but the training also
to recreate this state at will, and not sim- appeared to increase beta-endorphins,
ply when they were awaiting food. the feel-good chemicals in the brain.
In effect, the animals could control Brain feedback, combined with work on
their brainwaves. But could humans do their self-image, eventually eliminated
the same? To test this, he settled upon a much of these alcoholics dysfunctional
woman troubled by periodic epileptic behavior and transformed them into better
seizures caused by too many theta brain- people.8, 9
waves. Sterman then constructed a Building on this information, patients
biofeedback EEG machine that would have been able to use EEG biofeedback
flash a red light in the presence of a theta for sophisticated control of the range and
wave and a green light during an alpha type of wave frequencies emitted by their
state. brain. It has worked especially with trau-
After a while, the patient was able ma patients stuck in EEG slowing,
change her brainwave state at will, reduc- which leads to depression and mood
ing the amount and intensity of her swings, confusion, attention deficit and
epileptic fits. Sterman spent the next 10 fatigue.10
years of his life studying epileptics and Researchers have also been investi-
training them to reduce their own fits.36 gating the use of biofeedback to help
Then Joe Kamiya, a psychologist students concentrate or focus, or enhance
teaching at the University of Chicago, creativity. The goal is now less the

Science of
The Field achievement of one or another relaxed tions: Of animal brains and human feel-
Lesson 33 state than a kind of neural equilibrium: ings, in Manstead T, Wagner H, eds.
precision and control of a particular state Handbook of Psychophysiology. Chi-
for a given situation. chester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 1989:
With such preliminary successes, 526
consciousness investigators have begun 3 Semin Ps y c h i a t r y, 1973; 5 (4): 50725
to consider the unthinkable: that you can 4 Ann Behav Med, 1986; 8: 215
learn to control your mind, brainwave by 5 Biofeedback, 1997; 25 (1): 67, 201,
brainwave. 23
Lynne McTaggart 6 Clin Electroencephalogr, 2000; 31 (1):
1 Panksepp J. The anatomy of emotions, 7 Psychol Today, 1968; April: 7
in Plutchik R, ed. Biological Founda- 8 Clin Exp Res, 1989; 13: 2719
tions of Emotions. Emotion: Theory, 9 Med Ps y c h o t h e r, 1990; 3: 3755
Research and Experience, Vol III. New 10 J Head Trauma Rehabil, 2001; 16 (3):
York: Academic Press, 1986: 91124 26074
2 Panksepp J. The neurobiology of emo-

How does biofeedback work?

A biofeedback patient gets hooked up to a variety of monitors that provide instant
information on unconscious bodily functions such as brainwaves, blood pressure, heart-
beat and your brains instructions to your muscles. This instant snapshot of your bodys
autonomic state helps to pinpoint the precise instructions you should send to your
body, usually to improve a medical condition.
The more orthodox medical explanation of biofeedback is that it works through relax-
ationcalming the fight-or-flight responses triggered by stress. Only a few maintain that
the success of biofeedback has to do with positive intentions, carried out during deep
meditation or relaxation, that detour past the conscious mind, with its critical thoughts and
negativity, and travel straight to the limbic system, where it registers on a deep level.1
Nevertheless, the experimental evidence supports such a view. Virtually all of the
bodily processes that can be measured on a machinestomach-acid secretion, blood
circulation or even a single nerve cell controlling a muscle fiberhave proved pliant to
an individuals control.
Biofeedback is a modern method of enhancing self-intention.
1 Megabrain Rep: J Mind Technol, 1995; 2 (3): 2935

Science of
Einsteins other brainstorm The Field
Lesson 34

instein made the intuitive discov- for Astrophysics (JILA), managed to cool
ery that, at very cold temperatures, a tiny batch of rubidium atoms down to
subatomic particles take on anoth- 170 billionths of a degree above absolute
er property that enables them to act like a zero, a billion times colder than the fur-
single entity. But the quantum particles of thest reaches of outer space.
living things also appear to have internal It had been quite a feat, requiring trap-
coherence. The theory of relativity wasnt ping the atoms in a web of laser light and
Einsteins only great intuitive leap. Hed then magnetic fields. At a certain point,
had another astonishing insight in 1924, some 2000 atomsmeasuring about 20
after correspondence with an obscure microns, or about one-fifth the thickness
Indian physicist. Satyendra Nath Bose of a sheet of paperbegan behaving dif-
had been pondering the then new idea that ferently from the cloud of atoms sur-
light was composed of little vibrating rounding them, like one smeared-out sin-
packets called photons. Hed worked gle entity. Although the atoms were still
out that, at certain points, the photons part of a gas, they were behaving more
should be treated as identical to particles. like the atoms of a solid.
At the time, nobody believed him Four months later, Wolfgang Ketterle,
nobody but Einstein, after the Indian had at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
sent him his calculations. nology (MIT), replicated their experi-
Einstein liked Boses figures and used ment, but used a form of sodium, for
his influence to get the theory published. which he along with Cornell and Wieman
The data also sparked an idea: perhaps won the Nobel Prize in Physics 2001. A
under certain conditions, not only pho- few years after that, Ketterle and others
tons, but also atoms in a gas, which ordi- like him were able to produce the same
narily vibrated anarchically, might also effect with molecules.
behave in synchrony. Scientists believed that a form of the
Einstein set to work on determining BoseEinstein theory was responsible for
which conditions these might be. some of the strange properties theyd
According to his calculations, at very low begun to observe in the subatomic world:
temperaturesjust a few Kelvins above superfluidity, when certain fluids flow
absolute zerosomething strange would without losing energy or even sponta-
happen. Atoms normally operating at neously work themselves out of their con-
different speeds would slow down to tainers; and superconductivity, a similar
identical energy levels, and would both property of electrons in a circuit. In
look and behave like one giant atom. superfluid or superconductor states, liq-
Nothing in his mathematical armamentar- uid or electricity could theoretically flow
ium could tell them apart. at the same pace forever.
If this were true, Einstein had stum- Ketterle had also discovered another
bled upon nothing less than an entirely amazing property of atoms or molecules
new state of matter with utterly different in this state. All the atoms were oscillat-
properties from anything known in the ing in perfect harmony. It was similar to
universe. What those properties were he the photons in a laser, which behave like
could only guess. one giant photon, oscillating in perfect
Einstein published his findings, and rhythm. This organization is extraordin-
even lent his name to the phenomenon, arily energy-efficient. Instead of a three-
called a BoseEinstein condensate, but metre beam of light, the laser emits a
was never convinced that hed been right. wave 300 million times as far.
Nor were other physicists until 5 June Scientists were convinced that a
1995, when Eric Cornell and Carl BoseEinstein condensate was a peculiar
Wieman, of the Joint Institute Laboratory property of atoms and molecules slowing

Science of
The Field down so much that they are almost at They acted like one single frequency.
Lesson 34 rest, on exposure to temperatures only a This living frequency was able to organ-
fraction above the coldest temperatures ize to one giant coherent state, the highest
in the universe. form of quantum order known in nature.
But then, Fritz-Albert Popp and the When subatomic particles are said to be
scientists working with him had made the coherent, they become highly inter-
astonishing discovery that a similar prop- linked by bands of common electromag-
erty could be seen in the weak light ema- netic fields, and resonate like a multitude
nating from organisms. This was not sup- of tuning forks all attuned to the same fre-
posed to happen in the boiling inner quency. Theyd stop behaving like anar-
world of living things. Whats more, the chic individuals and had begun operating
biophotons measured from plants, ani- like one well-rehearsed marching band.
mals and humans were highly coherent. Lynne McTaggart

Organized thoughts
The idea that mind can affect matter is not so strange when you consider the constant
energy exchange that goes on between all matter and the Zero Point Field, and also
the unimaginable energy contained in so-called empty space. Based on Einsteins
famous equation E = mc2, the Zero Point energy contained in a single hydrogen atom
has almost a trillion times as much energy as in all of the stars and all of the planets
out to a radius of 20 billion light years, says William Tiller, engineering physicist and
founder of The Institute of Noetic Sciences.
All quantum particles contain this extraordinary energy, and any shift in the Zero Point
Field to a greater degree of order will cause massive changes in the ground-state energies
of atoms and molecules and, ultimately, the matter they comprise.
Since human intention represents a higher order of energy than anything in nature
at ordinary temperatures, and since it has been shown to interact with and order extra-
ordinary Zero Point energy, it is not surprising that intention can influence matter. Our
ordering effect upon the Zero Point Field must ultimately be responsible for a shift in
matter, as all matter is always carrying on its energy dance with The Field.

Science of
The thinnest of boundaries The Field
Lesson 35
Dr. Stanley Krippner, arguably one of times of major life changes, Krippner
the worlds experts on altered states, believed that his model could also apply
decided to test the boundaries of to mediums and healers.
students at the Ramtha School of Krippner and the Wickramasekeras
Enlightenment and discovered a group subjected the Yelm students to three psy-
with some of the thinnest boundaries chological tests, two of which measured
hed ever seen. the capacity to enter an altered state of
consciousness, plus one other designed

arapsychologist Stanley Krippner to reveal the individuals openness to
had the opportunity of examining transformative experiences.2 One test had
boundaries in an extreme situation: been shown to predict when and how
with individuals studying at Ramthas individuals entered altered states of con-
School of Enlightenment. It was house- sciousness and created psychophysiol-
wife J.Z. Knights claim that a 20,000- ogical changes in their own bodies.3
year-old warrior named Ramtha had once High scores on these tests indicated
appeared to her and henceforth used her one of two things: either the person had a
as a channel. Ramtha, through J.Z., had propensity toward insanity; or he was
gone on to set up a school of enlighten- extraordinarily psychic. Wickramasekera
ment, which was extremely successful, had once noted that, if these types of
but also the object of a great deal of exceptional abilities were focused on
skepticism. Tired of being labeled as a transcendent goals and ideals, they might
fraud, J.Z. Knight and her students asked offer these individuals a positive edge.
Krippner and a few other scientists to If the tests are to be believed, Ram-
carry out testing on herself and several thas students had virtually no bound-
of her students. Krippner contacted fel- aries. Hartmanns own mean score,
low psychologists Ian and Judy Wick- derived from 866 individuals, was 273.
ramasekera, who traveled with Krippner The Ramtha studies had scored 343. The
to the schools headquarters at Yelm, only other group Krippner had seen with
Washington. There, they set about carry- boundaries this thin were music students
ing out psychological testing on six of the and those suffering from frequent night-
long-time students who claimed to have mares. The Yelm Ramtha students also
developed keen clairvoyant skills. showed a high degree of what psycholo-
Wickramasekera had developed a gists call dissociation, with abilities to
high-risk model of threat perception, u n d e rgo profound alterations in their
which attempts to identify people most identity or sense of self. They also scored
likely to have psychic experiences or to high on absorptionan ability to readily
be susceptible to hypnosis. He found accept other aspects of reality, which has
that he could readily identify those whose been associated in other studies with a
sturdy and inflexible sense of reality susceptibility to altered states such as
blocked their own access to intuitive hypnosis.
information. Many of the techniques taught by
In Wickramasekeras model, in order Ramthafocusing on a desired outcome
to be able to perform healing or other and excluding all stimuli, blindfolding
psychic abilities, individuals had to be students and having them find their way
able to enter an altered state of reality and around in the labyrinthreminded
to block their sense of threat when they Krippner of a modern shamanic journey,
let go of their separatist notions of self.1 designed to help in the extending of an
Although Wickramasekera had developed individuals boundaries. An important
the model to predict those people at high component appeared to be the ability to
risk of psychological problems during engage in imaginative fantasy, which they

Science of
The Field claimed led them to an untapped area in
Lesson 35 the brain. 1. J Am Soc Psychol Res, 1998; 92: 124
Krippners psychological testing did 2 The individual tests were the
not take a point of view about the health Absorption Subscale of the Differential
of an individuals mental state or his Personality Questionnaire (DPQ), the
ability to navigate through ordinary Dissociative Experiences Scale and the
reality. Someone with thin boundaries Hartmann Boundary Questionnaire
had the capacity to become a healer or an 3. J Pers Soc Psychol, 1990; 59: 91101
axe murderer. On his departure, Krippner 4 Krippner S et al. Working with Ramtha:
only offered this proviso to the students: Is it a high-risk procedure? Proceed-
with boundaries this thin, keep close ings of Presented Papers: The Para-
watch over diet, exercise, rest and atti- psychological Association 41st Annual
tude.4 Convention, 1998: 5063
Lynne McTaggart

Gateways to an altered state

Krippners work offers evidence that another important component of intention is
engaging in practices that develop thin boundaries and enable one to dissolve the
personal ego. The method isnt important: praying or sweating in a sweat lodge can work
as well as meditation. Holding an intention with compassion and a sense of uncondition-
al love also offers a gateway into an altered state.
It recalls Krippers own experiences as a young man. Hed been drawn to Salvador
Dalis painting of The Last Supper, and the surreal figures that appear and disappear in the
back of the table. Hed often used the image as a focus point for meditation, but found that
he would merge with Jesus, not simply by staring at the image, but also by putting
himself in a state of compassion or Christ consciousness.
Communal situations, such as during formal worship, also offer a means of tearing
down the fence of the self.

Science of
Till death do subatomic particles part The Field
Lesson 36
Einstein called it spooky, but non- special-relativity theoryconsidered by
locality is perhaps the most important many to be the most fundamental prin-
feature of the quantum world and is ciple of the universe.
now being discovered in the world of Nevertheless, modern physicists such
the large as well. as Alain Aspect and his colleagues in
Paris have demonstrated decisively that

ne of the strangest aspects of the speed of light is no longer an absolute
quantum physics is a feature threshold of the speed of physical influ-
called non-locality, also poeti- ence in the universe.
cally referred to as quantum entangle- Aspects experiment, which involved
ment. The founders of quantum theory two photons fired from a single atom,
discovered that once subatomic particles, showed that the measurement of one pho-
like electrons or photons, are in contact, ton instantaneously affected the position
they remain cognizant of and influenced of the other photon, such that it has the
by each other instantaneously over any same luck or, as IBM physicist Charles
distance, forever, despite the absence of H. Bennett once put it, opposite luck.
the usual things that physicists understand The two photons continue to communi-
as being responsible for influence, such cate with each other so that whatever hap-
as an exchange of force or energy. When pens to one is identical to or the very
entangled, the actionsfor instance, the opposite of what happens to the other.
magnetic orientationof one always Today, even the most conservative
influences the other in the same or very physicists accept non-locality as a strange
opposite direction, no matter how far they feature of subatomic reality.
become separated. Erwin Schrdinger, Most quantum experiments incorpo-
one of the original architects of quantum rate some test of Bells inequality prin-
theory, believed that the discovery of ciple. This most famous experiment in
non-locality represented no less than quantum physics was developed by John
quantum theorys defining momentits Bell, an Irish physicist from Belfast, who
central property and premise. developed a practical means to test how
It is analogous to a set of twins being quantum particles really behave.
separated at birth, but retaining identical This simple test requires two quantum
interests and a telepathic connection for- particles that had once been in contact
ever. Lets say that one lives in Colo- being separated, and then measurements
rado while the other lives in London. being taken of the two. It is analogous to
Although they never meet again, both like a couple named Dorothy and Ted who
the color blue, both take a job in engi- were once together, but are now separat-
neering and both like to ski. In fact, when ed. Dorothy can choose one of two possi-
one falls down and breaks his right leg at ble directions to go in, and so can Ted.
Vale, his twin breaks his right leg at According to our commonsense view
precisely the same moment, even though of reality, Dorothys direction should be
he is 4000 miles away sitting on a stool, utterly independent of Teds, and certain-
sipping a latte at Starbucks. ly his choice shouldnt influence hers
Albert Einstein refused to accept non- either.
locality, referring to it disparagingly as At the time that Bell carried out his
spukhafte Fernwirkungen or spooky experiment, most physicists expected that
action at a distance. This type of instan- one of the measurements would always
taneous connection requires information be larger than the othera demonstration
that travels faster than the speed of light, of Bells inequality. However, when the
he argued, through a famous thought measurements were taken, he discovered
experiment that would violate his own that this inequality had been violated in

Science of
The Field that both measurements were the same. tiny do not apply to the large. Since the
Lesson 36 Some invisible wire appeared to be con- development of quantum theory, physi-
necting these quantum particles across cists have consoled themselves regarding
space to make them follow each other. non-locality by arguing that this strange,
All physicists since Bell understand counterintuitive property of the sub-
that a violation of Bells inequality prin- atomic world, which violates all logic and
ciple means that two of the basic assump- commonsense, does not apply to anything
tions science has made about our world bigger than a subatomic particle.
are wrong: that the world out there con- At the level of atoms and molecules,
sists of things that are isolated and self- which in the world of physics is consid-
contained; and that the properties of one ered macroscopic, or large, the universe
particle, like Dorothy, are entirely inde- starts behaving itself again by following
pendent of another particle, like Ted. the predictable, measurable, Newtonian
Nevertheless, the prevailing wisdom laws of physics.
continues to maintain that the laws of the Lynne McTaggart

Bigger connections
For some 50 years, physicists have accepted, as though it makes perfect sense, that
an electron behaving one way is subatomically somehow transmuted into classical (that
is, Newtonian) behavior once it realizes it is part of a larger whole.
Nevertheless, several recent experiments have shattered such a pat interpretation.
Researchers at the University of Chicago have demonstrated that macroscopic matter
such as atoms also evidence non-local effects at very cold temperatures. This invisible
connection enables these atoms to override strong interference such as the application
of a strong magnetic field.
These findings suggest that a type of telephone network is threaded through all
matter, creating instant communication, and a permanent connection over time and
space.1, 2
1 Science, 2002; 296: 21958
2 Nature, 2003; 435: 4851