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# DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

INTRODUCTION:

This document derives the formulae and provides the method to calculate capacitor unit and
detuning reactor ratings as relevant to a stage of a detuned capacitor bank.

DEFINITIONS:

## FN = nominal system frequency

VN = nominal system phase to neutral voltage
VL = voltage across the reactor at nominal phase to neutral voltage
VC = voltage across the capacitor unit at nominal phase to neutral voltage
VCR = selected capacitor unit rated voltage
IS = nominal phase current in the detuned stage
QS = nominal single phase reactive power output of the detuned stage
QCR = capacitor unit rated single phase reactive power output
XS = capacitive reactance of the detuned stage
XC = capacitive reactance of the capacitor unit
XL = inductive reactance of the detuning reactor
L = inductance of the detuning reactor
D = detuning factor = X L (i.e. for 5% detuning D = 0.05)
XC

## 21.06.2003 Page 1 of 4 TB-008-0.doc

DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

DERIVATION OF FORMULAE :

VN IS

XL = D.XC

XS

XC

XL = D. XC

XS = XC - XL = XC.(I D)

IS = VN = VN
XS XC.(I D)

VL = Is.XL = VN . D XC = VN .D
XC.(I - D) (I - D)

XC.(I - D) (I D)

## 21.06.2003 Page 2 of 4 TB-008-0.doc

DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

QS = VN2 = V N2
XS XC.(I D)

Transposing,

XC = VN2____
(I-D).Qs
Now,

## QCR = VCR2 = VCR2 . QS (I-D) THIS IS FORMULA 2

XC VN2
XL = D. XC = D.VN2__
(1-D).QS

XL = 2FL

Therefore,

2F (I D).QS 2F

## 21.06.2003 Page 3 of 4 TB-008-0.doc

DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

WORK SHEET:

PARAMETERS:

## STEP 1 Calculate VC from Formula 1

VC = VN VC = Volts
(I D)

V N2

## STEP 4 Calculate L from Formula 3

L = D. VN2 . I L= Henry
(I D). QS 2F

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