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DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

INTRODUCTION:

This document derives the formulae and provides the method to calculate capacitor unit and
detuning reactor ratings as relevant to a stage of a detuned capacitor bank.

DEFINITIONS:

FN = nominal system frequency


VN = nominal system phase to neutral voltage
VL = voltage across the reactor at nominal phase to neutral voltage
VC = voltage across the capacitor unit at nominal phase to neutral voltage
VCR = selected capacitor unit rated voltage
IS = nominal phase current in the detuned stage
QS = nominal single phase reactive power output of the detuned stage
QCR = capacitor unit rated single phase reactive power output
XS = capacitive reactance of the detuned stage
XC = capacitive reactance of the capacitor unit
XL = inductive reactance of the detuning reactor
L = inductance of the detuning reactor
D = detuning factor = X L (i.e. for 5% detuning D = 0.05)
XC

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DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

DERIVATION OF FORMULAE :

VN IS

XL = D.XC

XS

XC

XL = D. XC

XS = XC - XL = XC.(I D)

IS = VN = VN
XS XC.(I D)

VL = Is.XL = VN . D XC = VN .D
XC.(I - D) (I - D)

VC = IS. XC = VN . XC = VN__ THIS IS FORMULA 1


XC.(I - D) (I D)

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DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

QS = VN2 = V N2
XS XC.(I D)

Transposing,

XC = VN2____
(I-D).Qs
Now,

QCR = VCR2 = VCR2 . QS (I-D) THIS IS FORMULA 2


XC VN2
XL = D. XC = D.VN2__
(1-D).QS

XL = 2FL

Therefore,

L = XL = DVN2 . I THIS IS FORMULA 3


2F (I D).QS 2F

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DESIGN OF DETUNED CAPACITOR STAGE

WORK SHEET:

PARAMETERS:

VN = Volts Qs = VAr Fn = Hertz

STEP 1 Calculate VC from Formula 1

VC = VN VC = Volts
(I D)

STEP 2 Calculate VCR

VCR > VC VCR = Volts

STEP 3 Calculate QCR from Formula 2

QCR = VCR2 . QS . (I-D) QCR = VAr


V N2

STEP 4 Calculate L from Formula 3

L = D. VN2 . I L= Henry
(I D). QS 2F

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0.doc