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Calculation Formulas to select Dehumidifiers at

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Simplified selection of dehumidifiers
For approximate evaluation of required dehumidification mode and preliminary selection one can use empirical
formulas taking into consideration two main requirements:
1. Dehumidification is performed in a closed room.
2. Room temperature corresponds to working temperatures range for the certain dehumidifier.
APPROXIMATE CALCULATION OF REQUIRED DEHUMIDIFICATION MODE
Designations:
Q required moisture release rate, l/h
V room volume, m3
Vw volume of dehumidified wood, m3
w density of dehumidified wood, kg/m3
S pool surface area, m2

Detailed description of dehumidification systems engineering is shown in Dehumidification systems design


manual Dantherm - 1998.

Required moisture
Sphere of application Conditions
release rate, l/h

Ventilation rate 0.3


Dry storage (warehouses) Q = Vx 1.2 10-3 Dehumidification rate 2.5
g/m3 h Air temperature 20

Dehumidification in living Ventilation rate 0.5


and administrative Q = V 1.5 10 -3 Dehumidification rate 2.5
premises g/m3 h Air temperature 20

Ventilation rate 0.3


Dehumidification rate (with
consideration of humidity
Dehumidification of evaporation from soaked
Q = V 2.0 10-3
buildings materials) 3.2 g/m3 h Air
temperature 20
Dehumidification period 8
days.

Airtight drying camera. Air


temperature 25-30
Q = Vw w X 0,4 Relative humidity 30-40 %
Dehumidification of wood
10 -3 Dehumidification rate 1% of
wood moisture load in 24
hours.

Private pools up to
50 m2 ( with
protective covering, at
Affluence of ambient air -
partial load): Q = S
Swimming-pools (10 S) m3/h Air temperature
0,public swimming
dehumidification - (t water + 2) relative air
pools over 50 m2
humidity - 60 %
(without protective
covering, at normal
load): Q = S 0.2
FORMULA OF STANDARD VDI 2089
Evaporation rate is calculated as follows:
W = S (rich - set) g/h;

Whereas:
S swimming pool area, m2;
rich pressure of water vapors in rich air at water temperature in the pool, mbar;
set - vapour fractional pressure at set air temperature and humidity, mbar;
- empirical coefficient, g/(m2 h mbar):
0.5 pool covered area,
5 pool motionless area,
15 small private swimming pools with limited number of swimmers,
20 - public swimming pools with usual number of swimmers,
28 swimming pools for recreation and entertainment,
35 swimming pools with water slides and significant wave formation.
Example. Private swimming pool.
Pool surface 20 5 m S= 100 m2
Water temperature 28 (100% rel. hum.) Rich= 37.78 mbar
Air temperature 30 (60 % rel. hum.) set= 25.45 mbar
Evaporation rate
W = 13 100 (37.78-25.45)= 16029 g/h = 16 l/h

BYAZIN-KRUMME FORMULA

For the period when there are swimmers in the pool:


Wop = (0.118 + 0.01995 (rich - set)/1,333) xSl/h,
For the period when there are no swimmers in the pool (water surface is blinded or filled with floating balls/balsa):
Wcl = (- 0.059 + 0.0105 (rich - set)/1,333) S l/h,
Whereas:
Rich pressure of water vapors in rich air at water temperature in the pool, mbar;
set - vapour pressure of rich air at set air temperature and humidity, mbar;
pool attendance rate:
1,5 for entertainment pools with active wave formation
0,5 for large public swimming pools
0,4 for hotel swimming pools
0.3 for small private swimming pools