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Draw the circuit diagram to measure the potential difference across a 10 resistor when it is connected with
series with 20 resistor and 6V source. [1]
-6 2
2. A cupper wire of 2.510 m area carries a current of 1.6A. If the number of density of electron in the wire is
810 26 /m2 ,then calculate the drift speed of electron in the wire [2]
3. A galvanometer gives full scale deflection for a current of 0.25 A . Calculate the required resistance to convert
the galvanometer into ammeter of range 5A. [2]
4. 5 cells of emf 1.5V and internal resistance 0.1 are connected in such a manner the current in the external
resistance of 10 is maximum. Draw the circuit diagram of the combination and calculate the current in the
circuit. [3]
5. State Kirchhoffs laws for the network of conductors. Use the laws to obtain the balanced condition of
Whetstones bridge . Verify if the condition remains the same , when the positions of battery and galvanometer
are interchange. [2+4+1]
6. A battery of emf e and internal resistance r is connected with external resistance R to complete the circuit.
Show the battery deliver maximum power to R when R=r [3]
7. Four resistances each of one ohm, are connected to form a square . find the resistance across any one side of
square .
8. Explain the heating effect of current and state Joules law of heating. Discuss electric power and calculate power
consumed by 100W and 220V bulb in 2 min when connected to 220V supply. [7]
9. Explain the circuit diagram , how you determine the unknown resistance using meter bridge.

1. What exactly is an ampere?

2. Why is a current-carrying wire normally not electrically charged?
3. Prove that the current density of a metallic conductor is directly proportional to the drift speed of electrons.
4. A number of identical cells, n, each of emf E, internal resistance r connected in series are charged by a d.c. source of emf
E, using a resistor R.
(i) Draw the circuit arrangement.
(ii) Deduce the expressions for (a) the charging current and (b) the potential difference across the combination of the cells.
Define conductivity of a conductor. Explain the variation of conductivity with temperature in
(a) good conductors, (b) ionic conductors.
5. Prove that the current density of a metallic conductor is directly proportional to the drift speed of electrons through the

1. Define resistivity of a conductor. Plot a graph showing the variation of resistivity with temperature for a metallic
conductor. How does one explain such a behaviour, using the mathematical expression of the resistivity of a material.