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IAJPS 2017, 4 (11), 3840-3849 Bahram Baloch et al ISSN 2349-7750

CODEN [USA]: IAJPBB ISSN: 2349-7750

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF

PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES
http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1039890

Available online at: http://www.iajps.com Research Article

TO IDENTIFY AND IMPROVE THE USE OF MEDICINAL


PLANTS OF SOUTHERN BALOCHISTAN TURBAT (KECH)
Bahram Baloch1*, Shafi Muhammad2, Muhammad Younas2, Gul Muhammad2,
Muhammad Siddique 1 Almas Kanwal,2 Sameera1, Salwa1
1
MPhil Scholar, Faculty of Pharmacy University of Balochistan.
2
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Pharmacy University of Balochistan
Abstract:
Balochistan is the native home of many medicianl plants. Local people use thses medicinal plants cure of
different disesase. Current reserch work descibes the knowledge in traditional practices of plants identified
among the peoples of district turbat, balochistan pakistan. Information was collected from 50 informants. 38
informants were female and 12 were male. The informant was grouped into four distinctive age groups. Number
of male herbalist were 12 from age 45 between 65 and number of female herbalist were 38 from age 38 to 70.
Medicinal plant were used for different diseases from which 14 were used for diseases of git, 11 plants were
used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, 5 plants are used due to anti microbial effects, 4 plants were
used for different blood disease, 3 plants were used in fever, 3 plants for skin disease, 2 plants for CNS effects
and 2 used in liver disease, only one is in cough.
Corresponding author:
QR code
Bahram Baloch,
MPhil Scholar,
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Balochistan, Saryab Road,
Quetta, 87300,Pakistan.
Bahrambaloch559@gmail.com Phone Number: +92-333-7997677
Please cite this article in press as Bahram Baloch et al , To Identify and Improve the Use of Medicinal Plants
of Southern Balochistan Turbat (KECH), Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2017; 4(11).

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INTRODUCTION: around 250 medicinal plants (false hellebore,


In early days, in exploration for treatment of their cardamom, the star gentian, cinnamon, pepper,
disease, peoples use natural medicinal plants poppy, flax, henbane, aloe, etc). [16]
obtain from different areas. [1] Till the introduction Utilization of shrubbery (Plants) as a resource of
of modern chemistry of medicines in after 15th drug has been seen and is a significant constituent
century, naturally plants were used for the both of the health care system was documented from
prophylaxis and healing. [2] According to the stone ages. Conventional Unani medicine is an
Chinese more then 360 drugs ( their dried parts), element of our country Pakistan. Pakistan has a
numerous of them are still use now a days wealth of 57 thousands variety of remedial plants.
(ephedra, cinnamon, jimson, ginseng, gentian, More than 350 plant species are common. Among
Podophyllum, Theae-folium, camphor and Rhei- these plants there are close to 456 medicinal plants,
rhisoma).[3-4] various flavour plants also used still which are utilized to synthesis more than 350
now a days originate from Asia (clove, nutmeg, conventional formulations to treat various
pepper, etc). [5] Book Ebers Papyrus , circa in 1550 ailments.[16]
Before Christ , mention a group of more then 790 Turbat is the Divisional head office of the Makran
proscriptions related to 700 or more plant genus and has developed significantly in new days to
and medicinal plants used for treatment of several become a vital data processing centre. Turbat is
pathogenic conditions such as, common centaury, district of Balochistan, Pakistan. The municipality
juniper, coriander, willow, fig, onion, garlic, senna, is the managerial centre of Kech and Turbat, the
aloe, castor oil plant, pomegranate, etc.[6,7] curing municipality contains only one U.C. Kech district
different ritual accompany a treatment, different has a hot & dry weather. Kech is classified as "hot
aromatic medicinal plants were used (incense and summer and mild winter" temperature area.
myrtle). [8] In epics (The Iliad and The Odysseys) According to the weather of Turbat some plants are
written by homer, created circa in 800 Before cultivated in summer and some other are cultivated
Christ, more then 62 plant genus from the Minoan, in winter due to the hills covered with alluvial soils
Egyptian Assyrian and Mycenaean therapy by e.g.in Dasht and Nihing river.
drugs were referred to, few plants out of them are
named after their legendary characters from these
METHODOLOGY:
epics. [9] Herodotus (500 Before Christ) referred to
Our study was conducted in southern area of
plant of castor oil, garlic and sweet-smelling
Balochistan at headquarter of Makran division
hellebore, and Pythagoras referred to, Scilla
district Kech and district consists of five sub
maritima (common name sea onion), mustard and
tehsils. During the study information was collected
cabbage. The Hippocrates (459370 Before Christ)
from Dasht, Mand, Zamuran, Bal, Tump, Hoshab
work on more then 300 medicinal plants and
and Turbat.
classify them on their physiological action. [10,11]
Botanical science is introduced by Theophrast
Geographical Overview
(371-287 Before Christ) in his two different books
Kech district is one of the prevalent districts in the
De Historia Plantarium The Plant History and
province; with the subsequent largest population
De Causis Plantarium The Plant Etiology. In his
after Quetta city, the principal city of Balochistan.
above books, the Theophrast classify more than
When makran district was titled the rank of a
500 medicinal plants known that time.[12,13]
division and was segregated into three districts,
Among many others, Theophrast referred to
Kech was designated as a district, with its name as
monkshood, fragrant and false hellebore,
Turbat, on July 1, 1977. In 1994-95, the name of
pomegranate, mint, cardamom, iris rhizome,
Turbat district was altered to its pervious name, i.e.,
cinnamon etc. For the explanation of the toxic
Kech. The district is mentioned as Kech while
action of plants, Theophrast introduced the
Turbat town is its headquarters. The total area of
important aspect for humans to become used to
Kech district encompasses 22,539 square km. The
them by a steady and regular increase of the doses.
district assimilated of four tehsils, Turbat, Buleda,
[14,15] The book De re medica written by Celsus
Dasht and Tump.
a medical writer (25 Before Christ 50 AD) quoted

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Socio-Economic Condition: of agriculture machinery with respect to cropped


The land utilization statistics in terms of cultivated, areas portrays a gloomy picture. Only 11tractors
cropped and irrigated areas is furnished. are available per on thousand cropped area, while
Accordingly, the district shares are about 2, 4 and 3 the share of other machinery is also insignificant.
percent in the province respectively, while the
share of geographical area is about 7 percent. Canal Geo-Climate:
is the major source of irrigation with about 67 The type of weather of Kech is warm in summer
percent share in total irrigated area. Tube wells and and placid in winter. Summer season persists from
spring/karezes are the also important sources of March to November, with June being o the
irrigation. warmest month when mercury elevates upto 44 0C.
Major crops with a share of at least 5 percent of Winter season persists from December to February
cropped area of the district with the largest share in with January as the chilliest month, acquiring
the cropped area, dates is sown on 24092 hectares. greatest temperature almost at 10 0C. In winter the
This is followed by wheat (9972 hectares) and north and north-east wind (goreech) is freezing.
Kharif fodder (2860 hectares). The numbers and The rainy season is frequently untentative and
share of agricultural machinery reflect the extent of average rainfall is inadequate.
modernization of agriculture. Extremely low shares

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Field Work: (6%), flowers, root and bark (2% for each) (Table
We started to focus on the ethano-medicinal plants 2).
of the mentioned area turbat (kech) since beginning
of March 2015. We have selected the area due to Diversity of the Medicinal Plants
lack of concentration on the medicinal plants their A total of 51 plant species belonging to 49 genera
traditional uses, parts used and dosage form of the and out of which 14 were used in different diseases
herbs of this area. The knowledge was gathered by of GIT, 11 plants have anti-inflammatory, analgesic
free listening interviews with indiscriminately effects, some of them (6) used for other disease, 5
selected field interviews with main informants plants were used due to their anti microbial effects,
selected after free listening. The information 4 plants for different blood disease, 3 plants are
regarding herbal medicines their local names and used in fever, 3 plants for skin disease, 2 plants for
traditional uses of medicines from Turbat (Kech). CNS effects and 2 used in liver disease, only one is
The survey was chiefly focused on ethano- in cough (table 3).
medicinal utilization of herbal plants in district
Kech. The field interviews were conducted in local Families of the Medicinal Plants
language (Makrani balochi). The ethano-medicinal The most well known plant families as far as the
information of medicinal plants their local names, quantity of species were the Fabaceae And
location, part used, dosage form and uses were Lamiaceae (4 species for each), Amaranthaceae
collected from 12 males and 38 females, age of 38 And Asteraceae (3 species for each),
to 70 herbalist. Number of male herbalist were 12 Asclepidaceae, Boraginaceae, Compositae,
from age 45 between 65 and number of female Malvaceae, Mimosaceae, Poaceae, Rubiaceae,
herbalist were 38 from age 38 to 70. Xanthorrhoeacea And Zygophellacea (2 species for
each), Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Apressaceae,
Colletion, Identification of Medicinal Plants: Bruseraceae, Cannabinaceae, Capparaceae,
Information about the therapeutic utilization of Chenopodiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lythraceae,
endemic plants villages and towns of Turbat city, Myrtaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Papaveraceae,
Hoshab, Mand ,Tump, Dasht, Zamuran, Bal. were Plantagaceae, Polygonaceae, Resedaceae,
surveyed and collected plants during (2014-2016). Rhamnaceae, Solanaceae, Tamaricaceae And
We tried to collect the right plant after knowing the Umbeliferae, (1 specie for each) (table 4).
correct growing area of the specific medicinal
plant. After collection we dried the plant under Administration Routes And Dosage
shade at room temperature. In current study, it was clear that taking the
medicinal plants orally was the most favored
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: administration mode (83%), and 17% plant species
Socio-demographic information of the were used topically. Several reports shows that, the
inhabitants and documentation of medicinal most parts of the natural plants are liked to take
plants orally and oral method of administration is the
We met a sum of 50 informants. 38 informants ruling over the topical method of administration
were female and 12 were male. The informants [17, 18, 19, 20].
were grouped into four distinctive age groups.
Substantial quantities of informants were in the age Types of Plants of the Medicinal Plants
group of 38 to 70 years. Number of male herbalist The growth habit of plant reveals that, there were
were 12 from age 45 between 65 and number of total 10 trees, 21 shrubs (both small and large), 18
female herbalist were 38 from age 38 to 70 (table herbs and 2 climbers. Thats why there is large
1). medicinal plants are in shrub and herb form ( table
5).
Parts Used of the Medicinal Plants
CONCLUSIONS:
The most widely recognized plant parts used were
The current study is report on ethanomedicinal uses
their Leaves (29%), Seeds (17%), whole plant (14
of medicinal plants used in turbat district. Further
%), Fruits and Milky Exudate (8% for each) Stem
research work is required on these mediicnal plants
to authnticate the tradtional claim.

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Table 1: Over all Plants detail

LOCAL PART THERAPEUTIC


SCIENTIFIC NAME FAMILY HABITAT LIFE FORM
NAME USED USES
SNAKE BITE,
SCORPION
ACACIA PERENNIAL STUNG AND
MIMOSEAE CHIGIRD TURBAT SHRUB
JACQUEMONTI TREE INDUCE
SPONTANEOU
S ABORTION
ALHAGI DASHT,
FABECEAE SHINZ PERENNIAL STEM DIABETES
MAURORUM MAND
ALOE XANTHORRH EVERGREEN
KARZARWA DASHT LEAVES PAIN KILLER
BARBADENSIS OEACEA PERENNIAL
ANETHUM UMBELIFERA DILL
GWATAG TURBAT ANNUAL HERB SEVERE PAIN
GRAVEOLENS E SEEDS
ARNEBIA BORANGINA BURN,INFLAM
RODEN TURBAT ANNUAL HERB STEM
DECUMBENS CEAE MATION
USED AS
ASPHODELUS XANTHORRH DASHT,
PIMALUK ANNUAL HERB LEAVES LAXATIVE IN
TENUIFOLIUS OEACEAE MAND
CHILDREN
FOUR- CHEST AND
ATRIPLEX AMARANTHA EVERGREEN
SORECHK MAND WINGED THROAT
CANESCENS CEAE PERENNIAL
FRUITS INFECTION
AZADIRACHTA EVERGREEN SEEDS, COOLING
MELIACEAE SHIRISH ZAMURAN
INDICA PERENNIAL LEAVES AGENT
BOERHAVIARUBIC NYCTAGINA
LANTI DASHT ANNUAL HERB ROOTS JAUNDICE
UNDA CEAE
TO PREVENT
MILKY
BOSWELLA BRUSERACE CHILDRENFRO
KONDRIK TUMP ANNUAL HERB EXUDAT
SERRATA AE M VIRAL
E
ATTACK
DASHT, MILKY TO
CALOTROPISPROU ASCLEPIDAC PERENNIAL
KARAG MAND AND EXUDAT REMOVETHE
RA EAE SHRUB
TURBAT E THORN
CANNABINA ANNUAL HERB
CANNABIS SATIVA BHANG BAL LEAVES HYPOTIC
CEAE ACEOUS PLANT
ANTI
CAPPARIS CAPPARACE DECIDUOUS ROOT INFLAMMATO
KALER DASHT
DECIDUAS AE SHRUB BARK RY FOR
JOINTS
CARALLUMA ASCLEPIDAC EVERGREEN HEPATITIS,
MARMUTK TURBAT FRUIT
TUBERCULATA EAE PERENNIAL TYPHOID
DIGERA AMARANTHA FLOWER ERTHROMELA
SOHRPOL TURBAT ANNUAL HERB
MURICATA CEAE ,LEAVES LGIA
ZYGOPHELL
FAGONIA INDICA KARKAWAG DASHT PERENNIAL LEAVES CANCER
ACEA
FOENICULUM PERENNIAL IMPROPER
APIACEAE RAZ TURBAT FRUIT
VULGARE HERB DIGESTION
DECIDUOUS
GREWIA TENAX MALVACEAE PUTRUNK ZAMURAN LEAVES TYPHOID
SHRUB
Continue.

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HALOXYLON AMARANTHA IMPROPER


TRAHT MAND ANNUAL SEED
PERSIUM CEAE DIGESTION
HEPATOPROT
ECTIVE
HALOXYLON CHENOPODIA PERENNIAL AERIAL EFFECT,
TRAHT MAND
SALICORNICUM CEAE WOODY PLANTS PARTS HEPATO-
BILIARY
DISORDERS
TREAT
COMPOSITA EVERGREEN AERIAL SWELLING
IPHIONA AUCHERI KULMEER DASHT
E SUBSHRUB PARTS AND JOINT
PAIN
JAUBERTIAAUCHE STOMACHACH
RUBIACEAE TUSSO TURBAT ANNUAL SHRUB LEAVES
RIA E
SMOKE
FROM
JUNIPERUS APRESSACEA PROSTRATE DELIRIUM OF
APURS MAND THE
EXCELSA E SHRUB FEVERS
BRANCH
ES
AN
ANAPHRODISI
AC,
ANODYNE,
CARMINATIVE
, DIURETIC,
ANNUAL OR LEAF,SE EMOLLIENT,
LACTUCA SATIVA ASTERACEAE HALIKO MAND PERENNIAL EDS & FEBRIFUGE,
HERB STEM HYPOGLYCAE
MIC,
HYPNOTIC,
NARCOTIC,
PARASITICIDE
AND
SEDATIVE.
LAUNAEA ANNUAL AERIAL ANTIBACTERI
ASTERACEAE ALAKU TURBAT
CAPITATA SHRUB PARTS AL ACTIVITY
LAWSONIAINERMI LYTHRACEA ERTHROMELA
HINI MAND ANNUAL SHRUB LEAVES
S E LGIA
USED FOR
MYRTUS PERENNIAL
MYRTACEAE MORT ZAMURAN BARK CHILDREN AS
COMMUNIS SHRUB
GERMICIDAL
OCIMUM ANNUAL; STOMACH
LAMIACEAE NAZBO DASHT LEAVES
BASILICUM PERENNIAL AND GERD
OLIGOMERIS PERENNIAL AERIAL USED FOR
RESEDACEAE IZBOTK MAND
LINIFOLIA HERB PARTS FEVER
FLOWE
R
PAPAVERA PAPAVERACE
ISHASH TURBAT ANNUAL BORDER HYPNOTIC
PAEONIFLORUM AE
S AND
BEDS
PERENNIAL
PEGANUMHERMAL ZYPOPHELLA SHRUB
GANDAKO TURBAT SEEDS CANCER
A CEA PERENNIAL
HERB
PLANTAGO PLANTAGAC STOMAHCACH
DANICHK TUMP ANNUAL SEEDS
AMPLEXICAULIS EAE E
Continue.

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POLYGONUM POLYGONAC TURBATMA SEEDS,


GULSOOR ANNUAL GERMICIDAL
PLEBEIUM EAE ND ROOT
PROSOPIS MIMOSACEA PERENNIAL TO REMOVE
KAHUR TURBAT LEAVES
CINERARIA E TREE, PUSS
APOCYNACE DASHT, PERENNIAL MILKY
RHAZIASTRICTA ISHIRK DIABETES
AE MAND SHRUB EXUDATE
RICINUSCOMMUNI EUPHORBIAC
MURGHPAD MAND ANNUAL TREE SEEDS PURGATIVE
S EAE
ANTI-
RUBIA
RUBIACEAE MAJIT TURBAT EVERGREEN LEAVES INFLAMMATO
CORDIFOLIA
RY
ANTI-
SONCHUS INFLAMMATO
ASTERACEAE KALAMU DASHT ANNUAL HERB LEAVES
OLERACEUS RY,
ANTICANCER
ANTI-
SORGHUM PERENNIAL
POACEAE GOMAZ DASHT SEED ALLERGY,INF
HALEPENSE GRASS
LAMMATION
ANTI-
STIPAGROSTIS
POACEAE MAZG TURBAT PERENNIAL SEEDS INFLAMMATR
PLUMOSA
Y
TAMARICAC EVERGREEN MILKY
TAMARIX STRICTA GUZ DASHT RHEUTASIM
EAE PLANT EXUDATE
TEPHROSIA MAND,
FABACEAE MATHKENO PERENNIAL LEAVES ACNE
APOLLINEA TURBAT
TEUCRIUM AERIAL P SEVERE PAIN
LAMIACEAE KALPORA HOSHAB ANNUAL
STOCKSIANUM ARTS INSIDE BODY
TRICHODESMA BORAGINACE CHARMAIN ANNUAL,PERE LEAVES,
TURBAT COUGH
AFRICANUM AE G NNIAL PLANT STEM
TRIGONELLA
PERENNIAL STOMACH
ANGUINA FABACEAE SHIMSH TURBAT LEAVES
SHRUB GAS
CARMINATIV
E, GASTRIC
STIMULANT,
TRIGONELLA ANNUAL
FABACEAE AMBAG MAND SEED ANTIDIABETI
FOENUM PLANT
C AND
GALACTOGOG
UE
RIPE,
MAND, DECIDUOUS
VITEX AGNUS LAMIACEAE GWANIK DRIED PAIN KILLER
TUMP SHRUB
FRUITS
WITHANIA SOLANACEA PANEER PERENNIAL
DASHT SEEDS ULCER
COAGULANS E BAD TREE,
DIURETIC,
ANTI-
PARASITE,
ZATARIA PERENNIAL AERIAL
LAMIACEAE IZGHAND TURBAT ANTI-
MULTIFLORA PLANT PARTS
FLATULENCE
AND
APPETIZER
ZIZIPHORA STOMACH
LAMIACEAE PURCHINK MAND PERENNIAL LEAVES
CLINOPODIOIDES GAS
TO REMOVE
ZIZIPHUS RHAMNACEA TURBATMA EVERGREEN
KUNAR LEAVES HEAT FROM
MAURITIANA E ND PLANT
HEAD

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Table 2: Parts of Plants Used


MULTIPLE
PART AERIAL MILKY
LEAVES SEEDS PARTS OF FRUITS STEM FLOWERS ROOTS BARK
USED PARTS EXUDATE
PLANT
Total 15 9 7 6 4 4 3 1 1 1

TABLE.N0.3. Effective in Diseases

TOTAL
DISEASE

14
GIT DISEASE
ANTI,INFLAMMATRY,
11
ANALGESIC
MULTI USE 6
MICRO-ORGANISM
5
INFECTIONS
BLOOD DISEASE 4
ANTI-PYRETIC 3
SKIN DISEASE 3
CNS EFFECTS 2
LIVER DISEASE 2
RESPIRATORY
1
DISEASE

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Table No. 4. Families of Plants

FAMILY PLANTS
APIACEAE 1
APOCYNACEAE 1
APRESSACEAE 1
BRUSERACEAE 1
CANNABINACEAE 1
CAPPARACEAE 1
CHENOPODIACEAE 1
EUPHORBIACEAE 1
LYTHRACEAE 1
MYRTACEAE 1
NYCTAGINACEAE 1
PAPAVERACEAE 1
PLANTAGACEAE 1
POLYGONACEAE 1
RESEDACEAE 1
RHAMNACEAE 1
SOLANACEAE 1
TAMARICACEAE 1
UMBELIFERAE 1
ASCLEPIDACEAE 2
BORAGINACEAE 2
COMPOSITAE 2
MALVACEAE 2
MIMOSACEAE 2
POACEAE 2
RUBIACEAE 2
XANTHORRHOEACEA 2
ZYGOPHELLACEA 2
AMARANTHACEAE 3
ASTERACEAE 3
FABACEAE 4
LAMIACEAE 4

Table 5: Growth Habit of Plants

Growth Habit Total


Tree 10
Shrub 21
Herb 18
Climber 2

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