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Sample Computation

Group A 150.5148.855
Angle of internal friction ()= sin ( )
330.5248.855
Deviator stress= 397.710-100
= 1.154
= 297.71 KPa
b =248.855-(148.855(sin(1.154(0.017453))
R1= Deviator Stress/2 =245.856 KPa
= 297.71/2
= 148.855 KPa Cohesion=(148.855(cos (1.154(0.017453))-
(245.856(tan (1.154(0.017453))
C1 = R1 + 100 = 143.87 KPa
= 148.855 + 100
= 248.855 KPa

Group B

Deviator stress= 397.710-100


= 297.71 KPa

R2 = Deviator Stress /2
= 301 /2
= 150.5 KPa

C2 = R2 + 180.5
= 150.5 + 180
= 330.5 KPa
Set-Up Of Experiment
Analysis and Interpretation of Data
Triaxial test is more reliable because we can measure both drained and
undrained shear strength

The test specimen itself must firstly be prepared from a sample of soil before placing into the triaxial cell. For
cohesive soils this may involve trimming undisturbed specimens extruded from Shelby tubes or cut from block
samples, whilst for granular soils the specimen may require preparation directly on the pedestal using a split-part
mould. In the case of cohesive specimens such as that shown in Figure 5, a membrane suction stretcher can be
used to place the rubber membrane around the soil once in position on the pedestal. Note that disturbance to the
specimen should be kept to a minimum during preparation.

The saturation process is designed to ensure all voids within the test specimen are filled with water, and that the
pore pressure transducer and drainage lines are properly de-aired. This may be achieved by firstly applying a
partial vacuum to the specimen to remove air and draw water into the transducer and drainage lines, followed by
a linear increase of the cell and back pressures. The latter process is shown in Figure 6, during which a constant
effective stress should be maintained at no point should the effective stress increase above the value required
for shearing, as this leads to specimen over-consolidation. To assist the specimen in reaching full saturation, the
following steps may be taken:

Use of de-aired water to fill specimen voids.


Increase of back pressure to force air into solution.

This test method covers determination of the strength


and stress-strain relationships of a cylindrical specimen of
either undisturbed or remolded cohesive soil. Specimens are
subjected to a confining fluid pressure in a triaxial chamber. No
drainage of the specimen is permitted during the test. The
specimen is sheared in compression without drainage at a
constant rate of axial deformation (strain controlled).
1.2 This test method provides data for determining undrained
strength properties and stress-strain relations for soils.
This test method provides for the measurement of the total
stresses applied to the specimen, that is, the stresses are not
corrected for pore-water pressure.

The unconsolidated undrained (UU) test is the simplest and fastest procedure, with soil specimens loaded whilst
only total stresses are controlled and recorded. This allows the undrained shear strength cu to be determined,
which is suitable for assessing soil stability in the short-term (e.g. during or directly following a construction
project). Note this test is generally performed on cohesive soil specimens.

Conclusion
UU triaxial test gives shear strength of soil at different confining stresses. Shear
strength is important in all types of geotechnical designs and analyses.