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ABB Medium Voltage Products Sanjay Sharma, 29.11.

2016

Substation Communication with


IEC 61850 and Application
Examples
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 1
Substation communication using IEC 61850
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview, IEC 61850 Edition 2
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 2
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview, IEC 61850 Edition 2
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 3
IEC 61850 Overview
Starting point and set goals

Interoperability
The ability of IEDs from one or several
manufacturers to exchange
information and use the information for
the their own functions.
Free configuration
The standard shall support different
philosophies and allow a free
allocation of functions e.g. it must work
equally well for centralized (RTU like)
or decentralized (SCS like) systems
Long term stability
The standard shall be future proof, i.e.
it must be able to follow the progress in
communication technology and the
evolving system requirements

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 4
IEC 61850 Overview
Communication Profiles

IEC 61850 Data Model (Objects, Services)

Client -Server Sampled


GOOSE
Communication Values

Mapping

MMS Real time


Communication
TCP
IP
Ethernet Link Layer with VLAN and Priority tagging
Ethernet Physical Layer, 100Mb/s

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 5
IEC 61850 Overview
Vertical Communication Profile

Introduction Vertical communication using


Mechanical design
Module functionality IEC 61850 MMS profile to
MicroSCADA Pro
Communication COM600, MicroSCADA,
Tools Grid Automation
Application examples controller COM600
RTU560 or 3rd party masters
Conclusions
Based on normal TCP/IP in
Ethernet
IEC 61850 DA relays accepts five parallel
MMS
IEC 61850 clients
At the same time also IEC
61850 horizontal
communication and other
protocols can be used as well

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 6
IEC 61850 Edition 2
Standard continues
IEC 61850 Edition 1
From proprietary protocols towards a
global communication standard
for substation automation

Data model for water


and wind application
IEC 61850 Edition 2
A broad, encompassing standard for
Communication Networks and Systems
for power utility automation

IEC 61850 Edition 2.1 / 3


New extensions in work for
smart grid

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 7
IEC 61850
Edition 2
technological leadership

Technological leadership, Standard is


ready
Market needs and expectations
Support for both Edition 1 and Edition 2

Edition 2

2004 Today Mature technology


More features to support user needs
ABB
Latest version (important life cycle
Edition 1 certificates perspective)
PRP
HSR
Edition 2 certificates
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 9
IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
GOOSE Communication, General

Standardized horizontal
Network control
center communication in station bus
Ethernet replaces hard-wiring
between IEDs
GOOSE = Generic Object Oriented
Station
Automation Substation Event
Series
COM600 GOOSE is used to broadcast events
to peer IEDs in a substation
Station bus IEC 61850
Ethernet Multicast messages
Can in principle transmit any kind of
process data between the IEDs
Ethernet technology offers a fast and
reliable station bus for transfer of data
Supervised communication

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 10
IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
Traditional Approach

DCS/NCC
Local SCS
GPS time source Local
SCS

External signals

Station bus (e.g. Modbus TCP) Monitoring, control, settings

Clock synch
Third
IRIG-B party
relay

External signals Interlocking, shared voltage signals

Conventional copper-wired inter-bay signals like:


Time synchronization
Protection blocking
Control interlocking

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 11
IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
Station Bus with GOOSE

DCS/NCC
Control system
Local
HMI
- SCS & GW
GPS time source

Monitoring, control, settings


Interlocking, shared external signals
Station bus IEC 61850 Time synchronization

Third
party
relay
External signals

Inter-bay signals using IEC 61850 and GOOSE


SNTP based time synchronization utilising station communication and
enabling +/-1 ms event time stamping accuracy

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 12
IEC 61850
SMV Horizontal Communication

Standardized Process Bus


Network control
center communication in Ethernet
Ethernet replaces hard-wiring
between IEDs
SMV = Sampled Measured Values
Station
Automation SMV is used to broadcast stream of
Series
COM600 raw measurement samples to peer
IEDs in a substation
Process bus IEC 61850
Ethernet Multicast messages with
sample rate of 4kHz
Ethernet technology offers a fast and
reliable station bus for transfer of data
Supervised communication

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 13
IEC 61850 Communication
IEEE 1588 Time Synchronization

IEEE 1588 (Precision Time Protocol PTP)


version 2 with Power Profile time
synchronization method enabling 1 s high
accuracy time synchronization
Required especially in process bus
applications with sampled values using
protocol IEC 61850-9-2LE
IED has a time-stamp resolution of < 4 s
Grand Master Clock sends once per second
synchronization message to network as
multicast message
Accurate usage of IEEE 1588 requires
hardware level support from all devices in
network

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 14
IEC 61850 Communication
IEEE 1588 time synchronization

Benefits
High accuracy (1 s)
Reliable
Ethernet and HSR/PRP compliant

Reliability
Redundant clock masters
Backup clock masters (IED level)
Supervision

Ready for The most demanding applications


1 s = 1:1000000s
1 s < 0.05
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 15
IEC 61850 Communication
IEEE 1588 Example

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 16
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 17
Relion Performance
GOOSE Performance Requirements
GOOSE response time requirements from application to
application according the standard (IEC 61850-5) are:
Type 1A (tripping)
Class P2/3: <3ms
Class P1: <10ms (P1 = distribution S/S)
Type 1B (others)
Class P2/3: <20ms
Class P1: <100ms

Transfer time t = ta + tb + tc
ta tb tc

Communication Communication
F1 Processor Processor
F2

Physical device PD1 Physical device PD2


ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 18
Relion Performance
615 and 630 performance testing with KEMA

Not only the relays are tested for IEC 61850 conformance,
but also ABB switchgear solution was tested in Brno
switchgear factory high-voltage lab
IEC 62271-3, High-voltage switchgear and control
gear Part 3: Digital interfaces based on IEC 61850
Test arrangement above

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 19
Relion Performance
Comparison between hardwired and GOOSE performance

GOOSE performance is faster


than the overall hardwired one
Relion IEDs fullfill standard
requirement for protection
applications
GOOSE has higher error
detection
Interruption of
communication link is
detected within
configurable setting
KEMA test report according
IEC 62271-3, High-voltage
switchgear and control gear
Part 3: Digital interfaces based
on IEC 61850 available

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 20
Relion Performance
Utilizing GOOSE in Switchgear

Use case:
UniGear with 10 bays
Load management system, as
well as control system interface
~58% of the signals are between the
relays or other automation
Replaced by Ethernet

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 21
Relion Performance
Solution benefits with GOOSE

Application changes can be


easily implemented via
software without being force
to modify wiring and
relevant drawings

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 22
Substation communication using IEC 61850
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 23
IEC 61850 in DA Products
Advanced Usage of Ethernet

WebHMI
Viewing of alarm & event list
Saving of event data
Parameter setting
Signal monitoring
Measurement viewing
Phasor Diagram viewing
Fault Records
Upload, analysis
Disturbance Recordings
Upload, analysis
IED Tool Connectivity
Local, Remote
Service Bus access
Settings export/import

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 24
IEC 61850 in DA Products
Relion

Native support for IEC 61850 communication


Native IEC 61850 enables fast GOOSE
(Generic Object Oriented Substation Event)
horizontal communication between IEDs
KEMA IEC 61850 conformance statements
available
In 615/620 Ethernet redundancy as option
615 and 620 series also supports in parallel
with IEC 61850:
Modbus TCP/IP and RTU/ASCII
DNP3 TCP/IP and serial
IEC 60870-5-103
630 series also supports:
DNP3 TCP/IP
IEC 60870-5-103

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 25
IEC 61850 in DA Products
615, 620 and 630 series IEC 61850

IED core protocol for all functionality


and applications
Settings and parameterization are done
fully according IEC 61850 services
COMTRADE disturbance recordings
over IEC 61850 or FTP
Fault records available in IEC 61850
Fast GOOSE messaging between IEDs
fulfilling IEC 61850-5 requirement, data
transmission time <10 ms from IED to
IED
SNTP for time synchronization with 1ms
accuracy
Support of five parallel clients

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 26
IEC 61850 in DA Products
COM600

Powerful gateway between substation


and IEDs
Takes full advantage of DA IEDs IEC
61850 features improving engineering
efficiency
Easy to use local or Web HMI with
single line diagram, even&alarm list and
much more
Intelligent real-time applications in
COM600 with 61131 Logic Processor
Supports GOOSE e.g. with RIO600
Cyber Security optimized

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 27
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 28
Application Examples
Remote I/O RIO600
INC

RIO600 inputs are connected to Earthing


Switch open and closed statuses

In case there is change of status RIO600


sends information to IED B
Station bus IEC 61850

Due change in station interlocking scheme


IED B sends notification to other IEDs in IEC
61850 station bus

Ok, thx for The use of RIO600 extends the available I/O
status update. space for Relion IEDs
Now I can
close my CB
also. ES status
in GOOSE
message
OUT OUT
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 29
Binary GOOSE Application
Busbar Protection (O/C blocking)
INC
I also see the
fault on Busbar
GOOSE can be used for Logic Busbar
Ok, thanks for Protection (Overcurrent blocking
information. I
will block my protection) for logic protection
O/C function. coordination
Fault on cable side on outgoing feeder
Station bus IEC 61850 is seen by IED in the OUT feeder and
by IED in incoming feeder, due to the
GOOSE msg. sent set parameters for Overcurrent
to upstream IED
protection function (I>>)
I will take care I>>> Start from outgoing feeder is
of it. You do
not need to
shared via GOOSE to incoming feeder
operate. where it blocks the I>> function
I see fault in my Fault is cleared out by Circuit Breaker
feeder.
in outgoing feeder faster than hard
wired

OUT
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 30
Application examples
Arc protection using REF615
1.
Three separate sensors

2.
Busbar compartment
X Circuit-breaker
compartment
Cable compartment
3.

Operating conditions
Arc detected

Arc and current detected


Current threshold
separately adjustable
for phase currents and
neutral current

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 31
Binary GOOSE Application
ARC Protection Intertripping
INC

I am, I will
GOOSE can be used for ARC
open my CB protection intertripping within the
to eliminate
the fault.
switchgear
IED in OUT feeder detects the ARC
e.g. on busbar side
Station bus IEC 61850
The IED in INC have to eliminate this
fault
GOOSE msg. sent
to upstream IED
IED in INC will open the CB and fault
is cleared

I see fault on
Busbar side,
who is
interested?

OUT
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 32
Application examples
Loss-of-mains protection using GOOSE and BST

REF615
IED A on the incoming feeder detects an
open circuit-breaker condition
My Breaker has The CB position information is
been opened.
Disconnect
transferred to Relay B as a GOOSE
X IED A
all distributed message
generation!
After receiving the GOOSE message
GOOSE message
Relay B transfers the information to
X Relay C using BST, binary signal
RED615 transfer
IED B Relay C will issue a command to
disconnect the generator from network
Cable or OHL

BST message over


protection Whole communication chain 28ms!
communication
(upto 20km optical link)

IED C
Connection to
X RED615 grid is lost.
Disconnect
G generator!

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 33
KM2

Binary GOOSE application


Tap changer control with AVR (Master/Follower mode)
Master Follower Follower Follower

Affirmative. Affirmative. Affirmative.

e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615/RET620

My tap position
is changed.
Adjust your tap
positions also.

Station bus IEC 61850


GOOSE msg. sent
to Followers

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 34
Slide 34

KM2 tento tiez zanimovat nejak


Karol Majer; 22.5.2014
Analog GOOSE application
Tap changer control with AVR (Minizing circulating current mode)

e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615 e.g.REU615/RET620

Station bus IEC 61850


Vector information is shared
over Analog GOOSE between
regulators

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 35
Analog GOOSE application
Temperature measurement in Motor substation
INC

Thanks,
temperature
value received.
Station bus IEC 61850

GOOSE msg. sent


to other OUT feeders

I measure the
ambient Thanks,
temperature in temperature
Motor room. The value received.
value is 25,2
Celsius.
Amb. Temp.
measurement

OUT 1 OUT 2 OUT 3

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 36
Binary and Analog GOOSE application
Active Load-shedding with PML630
HMI
Grid External Grid
connection Systems connection
Im loosing
power, I
have to COM600
disconnect
my CB
Ok, I see.
We have to
G Generator shed loads G Generator
to keep the
network
stabilized.
PML630 Priority 1
CBs OPEN! Station bus IEC 61850

IED

Priority 3 Priority 1 Priority 2 Priority 2 Priority 3

Transformer Cable Bus Coupler Transformer Cable


M M
Ok,
ABB Group understand. I
December 2, 2016 | Slide 37
open my CB
IEC 61850 9-2 Sampled Values
Process Bus Example

ABB Group
Raw phase measurements sent with 4kHz sampling rate
December 2, 2016 | Slide 38
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 39
Redundancy solutions retained for IEC 61850

With zero switchover time (seamless)


PRP (Parallel Redundancy Protocol)
IEC 62439-3 Clause 4
HSR (High-availability Seamless Redundancy)
IEC 62439-3 Clause 5
PRP/HSR is a patent of ABB Corporate Research
ABB has assured the IEC to provide licenses throughout the world
free of charge or under reasonable terms
HSR
Normal operation

Operation
description:
1. Message from
IED is sent via
both links (A
and B) to the
SCADA via HSR
ring

A B A B A B

A B A B A B A B A B

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 41
HSR
Operation under failure condition

Operation
description:
1. Failure
recognized in
HSR ring (A
link)
2. Message is
received by
SCADA via
healthy part of
ring (B link)

A B A B A B

A B A B A B A B A B

Broken comm. link

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 42
PRP
Normal operation

Operation
description:
1. Message is
received in
COM600 via
both parallel links
(LAN A and
LAN B) A B

LAN A LAN B

A B A B A B A B A B

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 43
PRP
Operation under failure condition

Operation
description:
1. Failure
recognized in
PRP network
(LAN A)
2. Message is
received in A B
COM600 via
healthy link (LAN
B)

LAN A LAN B

Broken comm. link

A B A B A B A B A B

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 44
Communication Solutions
Contents

1. Introduction
2. IEC 61850 Overview
3. IEC 61850 Horizontal Communication
4. Relion Performance
5. IEC 61850 in DA Products
6. Application Examples
7. Ethernet Redundancy
8. Conclusion

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 45
Communication Solutions
Conclusions
IEC 61850 offers system integration and interoperability
Less wiring between IEDs means less equipment
and work
GOOSE and 9-2 has superior functionality comparing to
traditional wiring (performance, link and data supervision)
Flexible utilization of available I/Os in the substation
equipment
Substation automation and IED configuration is more
intelligent and flexible
Seamless Redundant Ethernet provides improved
availability
Future proof communication standard choice

ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 46
ABB Group
December 2, 2016 | Slide 47