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Instruction and Operating Manual

Thermal Analysis in Cast Iron

QuiK-Lab E
Document Version: 4.06
Date of Issue: 17 Sep 2012
17 Sep 2012 QuiK-Lab E page I of IV

2012 Heraeus Electro-Nite

This manual is copyrighted by Heraeus Electro-Nite. No part of this document


may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in any retrieval system, or
translated into any language by any means without the express written
permission of Heraeus Electro-Nite.

Heraeus Electro-Nite makes no warranties as to the contents of this


documentation and specifically any implied warranties of merchantability or
fitness for any particular purpose.

Heraeus Electro-Nite further reserves the right to alter the specification of the
product without obligation to notify any person or organisation of these
changes.

Improvements or instrument changes added after this document was printed


are to be found on one or more pages enclosed at the end of this manual.
We ask you to take note of these extra sheets.

All instrument boards contain electronic components that can be damaged by electrostatic
discharge. These boards should only be handled by qualified personnel. The necessary safety
precautions and security guidelines must be observed during maintenance and service on the
instrument.

Trademarks: All brand names and product names included in this manual are trademarks,
registered trademarks, or trade names of their respective holders.

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Table of contents

1 Safety and Usage Notes .............................................................................................................. 1


1.1 General .................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Qualified Personnel ............................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Danger Notices ...................................................................................................................... 1
1.4 Proper Usage ........................................................................................................................ 2
1.5 Procedures for Maintenance and Repair............................................................................... 2
1.6 Guidelines for Handling Electrostatic Discharge ................................................................... 2
1.6.1 Electrostatic Discharge ................................................................................................... 2
1.6.2 Shipping of ESD-Sensitive Modules ............................................................................... 2
1.7 Looking After the Instrument ................................................................................................. 3
1.7.1 Cleaning Notes ............................................................................................................... 3
1.8 Packaging the Instrument ...................................................................................................... 3
1.8.1 Packaging Recommendation .......................................................................................... 3
1.9 Calibrating the System .......................................................................................................... 3
1.10 Safety Regulations ............................................................................................................. 3
1.11 CE-Declaration of Conformity ............................................................................................ 4
1.12 RoHS Regulations .............................................................................................................. 4
1.13 WEEE Regulations ............................................................................................................. 4
1.14 Recycling ............................................................................................................................ 4
2 Instrument Overview .................................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 5
2.2 Important Installation Remarks .............................................................................................. 6
2.3 Specifications ........................................................................................................................ 6
2.4 User Interface ........................................................................................................................ 7
2.4.1 Instrument Displays ........................................................................................................ 7
2.4.2 Third Display ................................................................................................................... 8
2.4.3 Signal Lights.................................................................................................................... 8
2.5 Using External Programs to View Results............................................................................. 8
2.6 Metallurgical Principles .......................................................................................................... 9
2.6.1 The Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram .................................................................................... 9
2.6.2 White Solidification ........................................................................................................ 10
2.6.3 Grey Solidification ......................................................................................................... 10
2.6.4 Slightly Hypereutectic Iron ............................................................................................ 11
2.6.5 Extending the Phase ..................................................................................................... 11
2.6.6 The Importance of the Peak Temperature .................................................................... 12
2.6.7 The Importance of Using Formulas .............................................................................. 12
2.6.8 Thermal Analysis of GJS (Ductile Iron) ......................................................................... 13
2.6.9 Magnesium Monitor ...................................................................................................... 14
2.7 Formulas Used for Calculations in the QuiK-Lab E............................................................. 14
3 Operating the Instrument ........................................................................................................... 16
3.1 Brief Operating Description ................................................................................................. 16
3.2 Putting the Instrument into Operation.................................................................................. 16
3.3 Interpreting Error Messages ................................................................................................ 17
4 Setting Instrument and Measurement Parameters .................................................................... 18
4.1 Operating the LCD and Keys .............................................................................................. 18
4.2 Entering the Password ........................................................................................................ 20
4.3 Using the Parameter Menu ................................................................................................. 20

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4.4 Setting Parameters with a Web Browser............................................................................. 20


4.5 Spoolout .............................................................................................................................. 21
4.6 List of Parameters ............................................................................................................... 22
4.7 Menu Structure for QuiK-Lab E Settings ............................................................................. 45
5 Sending Results from the Instrument ........................................................................................ 50
5.1 Sending Results Using Data Telegrams (Parameters 4.1 and 5.1) .................................... 50
5.1.1 Programming Telegrams .............................................................................................. 50
5.1.2 Sending Binary Codes .................................................................................................. 52
5.1.3 Default Telegrams ......................................................................................................... 53
5.1.4 Setting Up Serial Communication Using Com Ports .................................................... 55
5.1.5 Setting Up Serial Communication Using Ethernet ........................................................ 55
5.2 Communication with MeltControl 2000................................................................................ 56
5.3 Sending Results to the Remote Viewer (Parameters 6.4.1 to 6.4.3) .................................. 56
5.4 Sending Results Using the Profibus Option (Parameter 5.9) .............................................. 57
5.4.1 Configuring Profibus ..................................................................................................... 57
5.4.2 Slave configuration ....................................................................................................... 57
5.4.3 Data Length for Cyclic Transfer .................................................................................... 58
5.5 Sending Results Using the Modbus Option (Parameter 5.9) .............................................. 59
5.5.1 Modbus Principle .......................................................................................................... 59
5.5.2 Configuring the Modbus ................................................................................................ 60
5.5.3 Register Summary ........................................................................................................ 60
5.6 Sending Results Using the Wireless Option........................................................................ 61
5.7 Sending Results Using the 4-20mA Analog Output Option................................................. 62
5.7.1 Specifications ................................................................................................................ 62
5.7.2 Configuring the Milliampere Output .............................................................................. 62
5.7.3 Board Configuration Switch .......................................................................................... 63
5.7.4 Output Scale Configuration ........................................................................................... 63
6 Technical Data ........................................................................................................................... 64
7 Housing Dimensions .................................................................................................................. 65
8 Inputs and Outputs ..................................................................................................................... 67
8.1 Cable Inputs and Dimensions ............................................................................................. 67
8.2 Power Input (4-Pin Harting Plug)......................................................................................... 68
8.3 Measurement Input (2-Pin Marlin Plug)............................................................................... 68
8.4 Ethernet Interface ................................................................................................................ 69
8.5 Profibus/Modbus Option ...................................................................................................... 69
8.6 Heat Number Input Option .................................................................................................. 70
8.7 TTY Output II Option ........................................................................................................... 71
8.8 0/4 to 20 mA Output Option ................................................................................................. 72
9 Internal Instrument View ............................................................................................................ 73
10 Main Board.............................................................................................................................. 74
10.1 Main Connection Block X1 ............................................................................................... 75
11 Display Boards ........................................................................................................................ 76
11.1 Display Board Matrix with LCD and Keys ........................................................................ 76
11.2 Display Board Matrix for Heat Number Input and Keys ................................................... 76
12 Spare Parts List ...................................................................................................................... 77

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1 Safety and Usage Notes

1.1 General
This manual provides the information required to use the instrument. It is written for technically
qualified personnel such as engineers, programmers, or maintenance specialists who have been
specially trained and who have the specialised knowledge required in the field of instrumentation
and control.
This manual is an integral part of the instrument even if, for logistical reasons, it has to be ordered
separately. For the sake of clarity, not all details of all versions of the instrument are described, nor
can it cover all conceivable cases regarding installation, operation, and maintenance. If you require
further information or face special problems that have not been dealt with in sufficient detail in this
manual, contact Heraeus Electro-Nite.
We would also point out that the contents of this manual shall not become a part of, or modify, any
prior or existing agreement, commitment, or legal relationship. The Purchase Agreement contains
the complete and exclusive obligations of Heraeus Electro-Nite. Any statements contained in this
manual do not create new warranties or restrict the existing warranty.

1.2 Qualified Personnel


Only qualified personnel should be allowed to work on this instrument. Non-compliance with the
warnings contained in this manual or appearing on the instrument itself can result in severe
personal injury or damage to property. Qualified personnel includes:
System planning and design engineers who are familiar with the safety concepts of
automation equipment.
Operating personnel who have been trained to work with automation equipment and are
conversant with the content of the manual in as far as it is connected with the actual operation
of the instrument.
Commissioning and service personnel who are trained to repair such automation equipment
and who are authorised to energise, de-energise, clear, ground, and tag circuits, equipment,
and systems in accordance with established safety practices.

1.3 Danger Notices


The notices and guidelines that follow are intended to ensure personal safety, as well as protecting
the instrument and connected equipment against damage.
The safety notices are warnings for protection against loss of life (yours or service personnel) or for
protection against damage to property and are highlighted in this manual by the terms and
pictograms defined here. The terms used in this manual and marked on the instrument itself have
the following significance:
Danger: Indicates that death, severe personal injury, or substantial property damage will result if
proper precautions are not taken.
Warning: Indicates that death, severe personal injury, or substantial property damage can result if
proper precautions are not taken.
Caution: Indicates that minor personal injury or property damage can result if proper precautions
are not taken.
Note: Indicates important information about the product, its operation, or a part of the manual to
which special attention is drawn.
Attention: Hints in this documentation to special safety-related guidelines, which equate to the
safety level of Caution and Note.
This pictogram is used in relation to Danger, Warning, and Caution notices.

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1.4 Proper Usage


The instrument or instrument components may only be used for the applications described in
the manual or the technical description, and only in combination with the equipment,
components, and devices of other manufacturers as far as this is recommended or permitted
by Heraeus Electro-Nite.
The instrument described has been developed, manufactured, tested, and the manual
compiled in keeping with the relevant safety standards. Consequently, if the handling
instructions and safety guidelines described for planning, installation, operation, and mainten-
ance are adhered to, the instrument, under normal conditions, will not be a source of danger to
property or life.

1.5 Procedures for Maintenance and Repair


If measurement or testing work is to be carried out on an active unit, your national accident
prevention rules and regulations must be observed. Use only suitable electrical tools.

Warning:
Repairs to an item of automation equipment may only be carried out by Heraeus Elec-
tro-Nite service personnel. For replacement purposes, use only parts or components
contained in the spare parts list or listed in the Spare Parts List section of this manual.
Unauthorised opening of equipment and improper repairs can result in loss of life or se-
vere personal injury as well as substantial property damage.
Only use the fuse types specified in the technical specifications or the maintenance
instructions of this manual.
Do not throw batteries into an open fire and do not carry out any soldering work on
batteries (danger of explosion). Maximum ambient temperature 100C. Lithium batteries
or batteries containing mercury should not be opened or recharged. Make sure that the
same type is used when replacing batteries.
Batteries must be disposed of as classified waste.

1.6 Guidelines for Handling Electrostatic Discharge


VLSI chips (MOS technology) are used in practically all Heraeus Electro-Nite electronic modules.
These VLSI components are, by their nature, very sensitive to over voltages and thus to
electrostatic discharge (ESD).

1.6.1 Electrostatic Discharge

This pictogram and warning label is used on cabinets, sub-racks, and packing and suggests
that modules are susceptible to ESD.

Before starting maintenance or installation make sure that you have sufficient protection
against ESD.

Electronic devices can be destroyed by voltage and energy levels that are far below the level
perceptible to human beings. Such voltages can occur when a component or a module is touched
by a person who has not been electrostatically discharged.

In most cases, the components subjected to such over voltages, cannot be immediately detected
as faulty; the fault occurs only after a long period in operation.

1.6.2 Shipping of ESD-Sensitive Modules


Anti-static packing material must always be used when storing and dispatching modules and
components. If the container itself is not conductive, the modules must be wrapped in a conductive
material such as conductive foam, anti-static plastic bag, aluminium foil, or paper. Normal plastic
bags or foil should not be used under any circumstances. For modules with built-in batteries,
ensure that the conductive packing does not touch or short-circuit the battery connections: if
necessary cover the connections with insulating tape or material.

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1.7 Looking After the Instrument
The QuiK-Lab E measurement system requires little maintenance. However, since it is subject to
thermal and mechanical stress, it is recommended you check it once a week to ensure accurate
results. For a combined calibration and function test of the measuring system, we recommend the
use of our Checkmate lance and calibration check instrument.

CAUTION: Make sure that the lance cable is disconnected from the instrument before
isolation checks are carried out.

1.7.1 Cleaning Notes


The QuiK-Lab E can be cleaned with a damp cloth and mild detergent.

1.8 Packaging the Instrument


Since the instrument is a high-quality electronic measurement unit, it should only be dispatched in
its original packing. If the original packing is no longer present, then it is advisable to properly pack
the device in a sufficiently large box lined with a shock-absorbing material such as PUR foam,
polystyrene flakes, or similar. The shock-absorbing layer should have a minimal thickness of 10cm
on all sides. Before packing the instrument, it must be wrapped in paper or plastic film.

1.8.1 Packaging Recommendation


For overseas transportation, the unit should be welded into an air-tight plastic film, ideally with a
desiccant added. These packing recommendations also apply when returning the unit to the
manufacturer.

1.9 Calibrating the System

ONLY AUTHORISED PERSONNEL MAY CALIBRATE THE SYSTEM.


The instrument should only be calibrated if the result measurements cant
be adjusted with the offset adjust parameter.
The instrument must be calibrated within one year of bringing it into first service.

Before calibration, ensure the QuiK-Lab E is acclimatised. To calibrate you need a calibration
instrument with mV output like an AOIP. Select the calibration option in the menu (see page 42) and
follow the on-screen instructions. A display on the front of the instrument shows CAL to indicate
calibration process in progress. The calibration is performed on 10mV, 40mV, 200mV, and 1000mV.
For isolation checks you must open the measurement circuit at the input connector. All calibration
factors are stored in the non-violated memory of the instrument.

Because the instrument is calibrated on mV, ensure you use copper/copper wiring all the way
to the mainboard. Compensated thermocouple wiring gives incorrect calibration.

1.10 Safety Regulations


The unit must be connected in compliance with the VDE 0100 "Regulations for establishing high
voltage equipment with mains voltages below 1000 V".

Warning
Before opening the equipment, it is essential that the mains voltage is
switched off to all channels or that the mains plug is disconnected.

Note that users connected (signalling system, horn) could have their own
power supply, which must also be disconnected. Work on live system
components may only be carried out with the utmost care by skilled
technical personnel.

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1.11 CE-Declaration of Conformity


QuiK-Lab E complies with the essential provisions of the EU-directives:

Directive 2004/108/EC concerning electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).


Directive 2006/95/EC concerning electrical equipment designed for use within certain
voltage limits (LVD).

for as far the operating limits, described in the documents accompanying the instrument, are
observed.

1.12 RoHS Regulations


All electrical devices sold in the European market from the 1 July 2006 must fulfill the EU Directive
2002/95/EC Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (RoHS) as well as the national laws derived from it. According to the definition in Annex
IB of the EU Directive 2002/96/EC WEEE, Heraeus Electro-Nite measuring instruments and
analysis devices belong to category 9 - monitoring and control instruments.

All Heraeus Electro-Nite instruments placed on the market after 1 July 2006 do not contain
materials prohibited according to the RoHS directive.

Affected parts and components are identified and adapted to the statutory requirements and other
substances in those parts and components are utilised where necessary. The quality and usability
of our devices are not affected.

The adaptations are usually not visible, although adapted primary housing parts can show different
surface colour.

1.13 WEEE Regulations

According to the EU Directive 2002/96/EC Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE),
all electrical devices sold in the European market from the 13 August 2005 must be marked with
a special symbol. This symbol (crossed out waste disposal receptacle with thick black bar
underneath) indicates to the customer that the device must not be placed in household waste,
but must be either deposited at a collection place for commercial scrap or returned to the
manufacturer.

Heraeus Electro-Nite devices are exclusively for commercial use and may not be transferred to
private use. Devices must be disposed of according to the national, statutory regulations for
commercial electrical scrap. You must also follow the EU Directive WEEE regulations and their
national conversion. If in doubt, ask your national importer or Heraeus Electro-Nite.

All old Heraeus Electro-Nite devices can be deposited at Heraeus Electro-Nite premises, free of
charge and using a certificated disposal company. The customer pays only for the carriage.

1.14 Recycling
If the instrument has to be discarded, think about the following recycling issues. The device
consists of several components that can be disposed of separately:

The electronic cards for electronic recycling.


The housing for metal recycling.

For further recycling information, see section 1.13.

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2 Instrument Overview

2.1 Introduction
The QuiK-Lab E is an instrument for measuring temperature and determining carbon equivalent,
saturation degree, and carbon and silicon content in cast iron melts. Other mechanical and physical
properties can also be determined.

The QuiK-Lab E utilises special measurement crucibles (QuiK-Cups) and software-based solutions to
measure, calculate, and display measurement values in real time. The determined values are shown
on easy-to-read digital displays until the next measurement takes place. The temperature signal is the
basis in the QuiK-Lab E for calculating:

Peak temperature (TP)


Liquidus temperature (TL)
Carbon equivalent (CEL)
Saturation degree (SC)
Tensile strength (RM)
Brinell hardness (HB)
Quality index (Z/H)
Solidus temperature (TS)
Carbon content (%C)
Silicon content (%Si)
Graphitisation factor (K)
Amount of eutectic graphite (MEG)
Eutectic temperature minimum (-T)
Eutectic temperature maximum (+T)
Undercooling (UT)
Recalescence (TM)
Cold junction (CJ)
Time end of freeze (EF)
Magnesium monitor (MAG)

A regional code parameter can be set to EU (Europe) or US (United States) to fine tune the
instrument for use in those regions. The instrument can be used in other regions, but must
currently use either EU or US settings.

Measurement results can be specified and sent from the instrument using the standard serial or
Ethernet connections, or using other, optional, interfaces.

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2.2 Important Installation Remarks


To guarantee the safe usage of the wall-mounted instrument in all working condition and to fulfil the
EMC-directive, observe the following. The picture shows the shielding section to be found on the
inside, bottom wall of the housing:

Shielding
- Use only shielded cables.
- Cut off the outer cable isolation to 20mm.
- Connect the shield to the shielding block.

Profibus

Ethernet

2.3 Specifications
The QuiK-Lab E is equipped as standard with:

One isolated measurement channel for temperature, type K.


Three external output relays for the Ready, Measure, and Complete signals. An external
horn can be placed parallel to the Complete output signal. The horn is affected by strong
inductive disturbances, but these are eliminated and sparks are quenched directly at the
horn using an R-C-series connection.
One serial TTY current loop 20mA communication port.
One Ethernet board with Ethernet connectivity and real-time clock.
On the US version, one extra V24 output module.

The QuiK-Lab E can be extended with a second serial interface. This can be:

Extra TTY module or


Profibus module or
Modbus module or
Wireless module or
2 x mA output module
A board for heat number entry. If this option is chosen, it replaces the second display.

Note: On the US version of the instrument, a V24 output module is installed by default on
COM2. No other option can be installed on COM2 without first removing the V24 output
module. A combination of the V24 output module with a second TTY, Profibus, Modbus,
wireless, or mA module is not possible.

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2.4 User Interface
The instruments user interface consists of three parts:

On the front door of the instrument, there are two displays:


o The top display has four LEDs and matrix unit indication to display measurement
results.
o The bottom display can be:
The same display as the top display, but with four external keys to enable
scrolling through the different results.
A 10-digit heat number input board with external keys to enable scrolling
through the different results.
On the front door of the instrument, three signal lamps indicate the status of the instrument.
Inside the front door of the instrument, four keys and an LCD are used to change
instrument and measurement parameters.

Note that an instrument with three displays is also available. On such an instrument, the top and
middle displays have four LEDs and matrix unit selection and the bottom display shows a 10-digit
heat number with external keys to enable scrolling through the different results.

2.4.1 Instrument Displays


Two bright LED displays with four digits show the measured and calculated values. Results with
more than four digits are shown as Or, indicating an over range. The displays also show a four-
character alphanumeric indication of the unit.

The results displayed are set by parameters, which you can change. See section 4 on page 18 for
more information about changing parameters. Parameter 3.5.1 controls the top display and
parameter 3.5.2 controls the bottom display. If there are three displays, parameter 3.5.3 controls
the third display. The displays always show the real-time value of the measured channel as long as
no result is available. The result is displayed as soon as it is available. The unit matrix switches
accordingly. Errors that interrupt the measurement are displayed. The error indicates why the
measurement was interrupted. See section 3.3 on page 17 for more information about errors.

The right-most dot on the top display indicates whether communication has been established with
MeltControl.NET or wireless.

The bottom display has four keys. You normally use the and keys to scroll through the various
calculated values. They are used differently when entering the carbon, silicon, and algorithm
selection. These values can be changed using the front keys. This is indicated with an arrow in
front of the unit identification:

1. Press ENT to edit the value shown. The value starts blinking. This indicates that you can
change it.
2. Press and to change the value.
3. Press ESC to revert back to the old value or ENT to store the new value in the parameter
list. This new value also remains when the QuiK-Lab E is switched off and on again. The
new value stops blinking.

Note: The algorithm selection can only be changed using the front keys when no measurement is
running.

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After changing the carbon and/or silicon adjustment, all available results of the current
measurement will be recalculated. At the end of measurement and after the detection of the
liquidus level (TL), all results are sent out to the selected communication interfaces. If you change
the carbon and/or silicon adjustment after communication has occurred, the system recalculates
and displays new results on the instrument, but no further communication occurs.

If you have the correct display board, you can use the second display to change the heat number
using the and keys. See section 8.6 on page 70 for more information.

2.4.2 Third Display


You can configure three displays if the instrument has the correct display board. For example, if
you have a type 7 display board, the heat number is displayed and you can change the heat
number using the external keys. Parameter 3.5.3 controls the third display. See section 4 on page
18 for more information about changing parameters.

2.4.3 Signal Lights


Signal lights on the front door indicate the status of the instrument:

Green: the instrument is ready for operation and a QuiK-Cup is connected.


Yellow: the instrument is measuring.
Red: measurement is complete.

Note: The instrument can be configured to communicate with MeltControl 2000 (see section 5.2),
but if no connection to MeltControl 2000 can be found, the yellow lamp blinks during a
measurement.

When a magnesium cup is used and you select the MAG result to be displayed, there is also an
alarm signal. If the MAG result is:

Green, the green lamp blinks


Stop, the red lamp blinks

2.5 Using External Programs to View Results


Although the QuiK-Lab E can operate as a standalone measuring instrument for thermal analysis, it
can also work as part of the following external software systems, which are available as options:

The MeltControl 2000 system consists of the local measuring device, for example, QuiK-
Lab E, and a PC on which the MeltControl 2000 software is installed. The advantage of
using MeltControl is that data can be stored and processed and cooling traces can be
visualised. Up to three cooling traces can be displayed for comparison. Optional software
can alternatively be installed for charge calculation, weighing data, active oxygen
measurement, spectrographic analysis, melting reports, casting reports, and SPC.
MeltControl 2000 can also calculate parameters based on formulas other than those in the
QuiK-Lab E. Those recalculated parameters can be sent back to the instrument, which
then operates as a display. Be careful when using the instrument like this because it will
not send the recalculated values to its communication channels. When parameter 7.8 is set
to MELTCONTROLRESULTS, the instrument takes over the values calculated by
MeltControl 2000.

Note: Due to rounding or other formulas used in MeltControl 2000, the results sent back
to the QuiK-Lab E can be different from those calculated by the QuiK-Lab E.

When connected to a PC through the Ethernet interface, the Remote Viewer software can
be used to view the temperature measurements of the QuiK-Lab E online. Measurement
curves can also be displayed on the PC. The Remote Viewer connects to one instrument
only.

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2.6 Metallurgical Principles

2.6.1 The Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram


A melt of cast iron can solidify in two ways: white and grey, which is clearly visible at the fracture
surface when breaking the cast in half.

White: solidification happens so quickly that the carbon has no time to become graphite, but
only cementite (Fe3C). This is the case for thin castings, melts not properly inoculated, and
when carbide-promoting elements are added to the melt, for example, tellurium. In the iron-
carbon phase diagram the full lower line is applicable (metastable system).
Grey: the solidification is slower and gives enough time for the carbon to precipitate in the
base iron melt as graphite, whether in lamellar shape (GJL, grey iron), in spherodial shape
(GJS, ductile iron), or in the intermediate shape like vermicules (GJV, compacted graphite
iron). In the iron-carbon phase diagram the upper dashed line is applicable (stable system):

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2.6.2 White Solidification


A white solidification is achieved by using a QuiK-Cup with tellurium, also called a QC4011. The
cooling curve shows a first arrest at the liquidus temperature (TL), where the liquid melt starts to
form the first solid particles. A second arrest is seen at the solidus temperature (TS), where the
melt has become completely solid. The following shows a white cooling curve:

From the TL and TS detected in the measured cooling curve of a QC4011 the %C, the CEL (and
SC), and the %Si can be calculated.

2.6.3 Grey Solidification


A grey solidification is achieved by using a blank QuiK-Cup, also called a QC4010. The cooling
curve also shows a first arrest at the TL, but instead of a flat second plateau, a minimal and
maximal eutectic temperature is found: TE min (or -T) and TE max (or +T). The following shows a
grey cooling curve:

From the TL, the CEL (and SC) can be calculated and from the TE min and TE max, the
undercooling UT (a measure of the quality of inoculation) and the recalescence TM (a rough
measure of graphite formation) can be calculated.

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2.6.4 Slightly Hypereutectic Iron
In slightly hypereutectic iron, where the liquidus temperature (TL) is the same as the solidus
temperature (TS):

Starting from 2.0%C, the TL decreases with increasing %C. The difference between TL
and TS becomes smaller.
Normally at 4.3%C, the TL = TS, for grey solidified samples.
Because the QC4011 contains tellurium, a white solidification is obtained. At about 4.7% -
4.8%C, the white TL hits the TS line. This is the furthest that can be measured.
At higher %C, the TL rises again, but not in a known way, so there is no longer a formula
that can correlate %C with TL and TS.

The following shows a slightly hypereutectic cooling curve:

2.6.5 Extending the Phase


Thermal analysis can normally only be done for CEL values lower than the eutectic composition
(4.3%), also called hypo-eutectic. But using a cup with Te extends the range to almost 4.8% in the
hyper-eutectic range. The following shows the range extension:

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2.6.6 The Importance of the Peak Temperature


The peak temperature (TP) is the highest temperature that the cooling curve reaches, and is
detected and stored in the QuiK-Lab E. The TP value can be used to check the pouring
temperature in the spoon. If too high (1370C), the K-thermocouple in the QuiK-Cup can melt. If too
low, no TL arrest can be found.

2.6.7 The Importance of Using Formulas


The iron-carbon phase diagram is applicable for infinite melt volumes. Since much smaller melt
volumes must be used to get results in a reasonable time (less than four minutes), the measured
temperatures are lower and dependent of the cup volume. The formulas are therefore dependent
on cup size. The following formulas are valid for the standard QuiK-Cups with a volume of about
50cc:

CEL: Carbon Equivalent Liquidus


Besides carbon, silicon and phosphorus also influence the state of solidification. The CEL
parameter was developed to replace the carbon as co-ordinate in the iron-carbon diagram. This
parameter is:

CEL= %C+%Si/4+%P/2

The CEL can be calculated from the TL:

CEL= 14.45 0.0089*TL

SC: Saturation degree


This is like CEL, but as a measurement in relation to the eutectic point where SC=1.
SC = 3.674 0.0023*TL

%C: Carbon content


When both TL and TS are measured with a tellurium cup, the following equation applies:
%C = -6.51 0.0084*TL + 0.0178*TS

Due to the nature of the iron-carbon diagram, the %C determination is very accurate.

%Si: Silicon content


The %Si can be calculated from the TS:

%Si = 78.411 4.28087*Si-adj 0.06831*TS


Where the Si-adj is the set value on the display of the QuiK-Lab E. In practice the Si adjustment
factor is the %P for low P contents (up to 0.20%); for high P contents half of this value should be
taken as a rule of the thumb. To find the optimal Si adjustment factor, take at least five cooling
curves of different melts of the same grade, together with a white chilled sample for spectrometric
evaluation (both TS of the thermal analysis and the %Si of the spectrometer). Take the best fit of
Si-adj in the %Si formula. For each grade, with different composition, the %Si-adj should be
recalculated, since many other elements besides silicon (for example Phosphorus) have an
influence on the position of the TS. Not knowing these elements beforehand makes the %Si
determination less accurate than the spectrometer.

UT: Undercooling
This is a measure of the quality of inoculation. The less the undercooling, the better the inoculation.
UT = 1150 TE min

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TM Recalescence
This is a rough measure of graphite formation. The slope between TE min and TE max varies
whether lamellar, vermicular, or nodular graphite particles are formed.

TM = TE max TE min

For unalloyed grey iron, the following material data can be calculated:

Rm: Tensile strength


This is also called the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and it is the pressure in the stress-strain
diagram where the test bar finally breaks.
Rm (in N/mm) = 9.81*(102-82.5*Sc)

HB: Brinell Hardness


This is a measure of hardness of the surface of cast iron.
HB = 538.6 354.75*Sc

Z/H: Machinability quotient


This is the ratio of Rm and HB. In German it is called the Zugfestigheit/Hrte and this parameter
gives an indication of the machinability of the measured cast iron.

K: Graphitisation factor
It is a measure of grey solidification.

MEG: Amount of eutectic graphite


In German it is called the Menge des eutektischen Graphits. It is the portion of carbon precipitated
as eutectic graphite in the solidification of cast iron.

2.6.8 Thermal Analysis of GJS (Ductile Iron)


You must use the QC4012 cup with tellurium and sulphur. The extra sulphur is needed to eliminate
the magnesium used for the treatment of GJS, so that the normal QC4011 formulas can be used.
Note that in all these formulas, you should increase the TL by 5C and the TS by 2.5C.

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2.6.9 Magnesium Monitor


Treated iron must contain sufficient magnesium to ensure a good nodular graphite structure, which
in turn ensures high quality ductile iron castings. Ductile iron must therefore be tested at some
stage of its production to ensure that magnesium levels are high enough.

Thermal analysis using the QuiK-Lab E can provide a rapid shop floor assessment of whether an
iron contains sufficient magnesium for ductile iron production. A result (pass or fail) is obtained very
soon after pouring the thermal analysis sample, thus giving the earliest possible indication of the
metal quality and, if necessary, allowing the addition of extra Mg before inoculation.

The QuiK-Lab E Mg monitor measures the time for the temperature of iron in a cup to drop
between two fixed temperature points (1170C and 1135C). If the time in seconds between these
two points is too high the iron in the cup is assumed to solidify white giving a fail. If the time in
seconds between these two points is too low the iron in the cup is assumed to solidify grey giving a
pass.

2.7 Formulas Used for Calculations in the QuiK-Lab E


Results are calculated as soon as all parameters are available. Data telegram communication
happens only at the end of the measurement, whereas communication to MeltControl or the
Remote Viewer happens immediately. The QuiK-Lab E calculates CEL, SC, %C, and %Si using
the following formulas:
CEL = CEL_F1 CEL_F2 * TL

SC = SC_F1 SC_F2 * TL

%C = (C_F1 * TS) (C_F2 * TL) C_F3 + C_ADJUST.

%Si = SI_F1 - (SI_F2 * TS) - (SI_F3 * SI_ADJUST.)

The formulas for calculating the material data are:

RM = (RM_F1 RM_F2 * SC) * 9.81

HB = HB_F1 HB_F2 * SC

Z/H=RM/HB = ((RM_F1 RM_F2 * SC) * 0.981)/HB

The formula for calculating MEG with SC < 1 is:

MEG = %C MEG_F1 + MEG_F2 * (%Si% + Si_ADJUST.)

The formula for calculating MEG with SC > 1 is:

MEG = MEG_F3 MEG_F4 * (%Si + SI_ADJUST.)

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The following shows the default values of the formula factors:

Default
CEL_F1 14.45
CEL_F2 0.0089
SC_F1 3.647
SC_F2 0.0023
RM_F1 102
RM_F2 82.5
HB_F1 538.6
HB_F2 354.75
SI_F1 78.411
SI_F2 0.06831
SI_F3 4.28087
SI_ADJUST 0.03
C_F1 0.0178
C_F2 0.0084
C_F3 6.51
C_ADJUST 0
K_F1 1.333333
K_F2 1
K_F3 5
K_F4 3
MEG_F1 1.3
MEG_F2 0.1
MEG_F3 2.93
MEG_F4 0.022

Note: All formulas in the QuiK-Lab E work with temperatures expressed in C

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3 Operating the Instrument

3.1 Brief Operating Description


The functional operation of the instrument is automated: you just have to ensure that the QuiK-Cup
is attached to the contact block of the holder, which in turn is connected to the QuiK-Lab E thermal
analysis instrument by a type K extension wire. The instrument is ready for operation when the
main current supply is switched on.

3.2 Putting the Instrument into Operation

The temperature of the QuiK-Lab E should be assimilated with the environmental


temperature before the first measurement. The QuiK-Lab E should be switched on
at least 10 minutes before the first measurement.

1. Place the QuiK-Cup on the holder. The measuring circuit is closed and the green (Ready)
light comes on to show that the instrument is ready for measurement.
2. Pour liquid iron into the QuiK-Cup. Measurement starts when the temperature set in
parameter 2.2 (see page 23) is reached.
3. The liquid iron cools in the QuiK-Cup and the QuiK-Lab E shows measured values on the
top digital display. The bottom digital display shows various calculated values. Scroll
through these values using the up and down arrows underneath the bottom display.
Measured and calculated values can be sent out over several different communication
channels and protocols.
4. Remove the QuiK-Cup from the holder after the red light comes on.
5. The QuiK-Lab E is ready for a new measurement after putting a new QuiK-Cup on again.

Important Notes:

Do not change the settings for the display type unless you change a display to another
type (see parameters 9.5.1 to 9.5.3). The display type is marked on the display board as,
for example, yyyy.xx.06 where 06 = display type 6.
Do not change the jumper settings J1 to J6 on the display boards.

Changing the above settings could render the device inoperable. If this happens, the device must be
returned to Heraeus Electro-Nite.

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3.3 Interpreting Error Messages
Possible errors during the measuring process are signalled by the red signal lamp and are
indicated on the digital display. Standard errors are:

Err1: no cold junction available


Err2: value too high
Err3: TC break
Err4: no evaluation
Err6: value too low

The measurement that caused the error is followed by a short textual description, which scrolls
horizontally underneath the standard error on the result type or unit display. For example, for Err3:

T C: TC Break indicates that the thermocouple broke and no measurement could be taken:

Note that if an error occurs with no number following, contact your local Heraeus Electro-Nite
Service Office for further assistance.

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4 Setting Instrument and Measurement Parameters


All instrument and measurement settings, known as parameters, are stored in internal memory and
are not lost in the absence of power. You can access each parameter individually using the internal
keys and LCD or by using a web browser (see section 4.4 on page 20).

4.1 Operating the LCD and Keys


Inside the housing of the QuiK-Lab E, at the back of the bottom display board, an LCD and keys
are used to set instrument and measurement parameters.

QuiK-Lab E 4.06.00
23/06/12 13:36:13
Com.Status EU
0000 Password

General instrument information and the parameter menu are displayed on the four lines of the LCD.

The first line shows the name of the instrument and the version number of the software in the
format X.YY.ZZ where:

X: major version number


YY: released version number
ZZ: minor version number (only used internally at HEN, released versions are always 00)

The second line displays the date and time.

The third line shows the status of the communication buffers of the different communication
channels. A - means that there is no problem with the communication on the corresponding
channel, while an X identifies a buffer overflow on the communication channel. Action must be
taken when a communication error occurs, for example, telegrams must be shorter. An instrument
reset (after power on, parameter change, or calibration) also resets communication errors. You can
also manually reset a communication error when in the idle state (no ready, measure, or complete
signal, no calibrating, or no parameter setting) by pressing the ENTER or ESC key. There are six
communication channels available corresponding to the six positions of the Com. Status:

Position 1: Viewer
Position 2: Ethernet place C
Position 3: Ethernet place B
Position 4: Ethernet Place A
Position 5: COM2
Position 6: COM1

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In the following example, there is a buffer overflow on the fifth communication channel (COM2):

QuiK-Lab E 4.06.00
23/06/12 13:36:13
Com.Status x EU
0000 Password

Note that the communication buffer information is only displayed when you are at the top level of
the menu. The current region code of the instrument is also displayed at the end of the third line.
The region code indicates the region in which the instrument is operating, currently EU for Europe
or US for the United States see parameter 9.6 on page 45 for more information.

Depending on whether a password is entered, the fourth line is used either to set instrument
parameters or to inspect the spoolout using the four keys (UP, DOWN, ENTER, and ESC)
underneath the LCD. The spoolout contains up to 250 of the latest measurement results (see the
following picture). When the menu password is not entered the instrument is in spoolout
inspection mode. You can then use:

ESC to start showing the spoolout on the LCD. The first line displays the number of
records in the spoolout and the number of records currently shown, where number 1 is the
most recent record. The second line shows the currently selected record in the spoolout.
The telegram scrolls over the display so that the whole record can be viewed - the LCD is
only 20 characters long and the spoolout telegrams are 63 characters long.
UP and DOWN keys to go to the next and previous record in the spoolout.

When the menu password is entered (see section 4.2 on page 20 for entering the password), the
instrument is in menu mode. You can then use the:

UP and DOWN key to access every menu item, as well as to increase or decrease the
parameter value if selected.
ENTER key to descend into the menu structure, as well as to access and confirm the
entered parameter value.
ESC key to ascend the menu structure, as well as cancel the entered parameter value.

Hold down a key to repeat it until released. To access the parameter menu, the instrument must be
in idle state. This means that no measurement is in progress and no QuiK-Cup is attached to the
probe holder. No signal lamps are on when in the idle state.

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If the correct password has been entered, the parameter menu is displayed on the LCD. The top
LED on the front shows the text Par to indicate that the instrument is not ready for measurement.
Parameter values are valid after resetting the instrument. The QuiK-Lab E is reset after pressing
ESC when you are at the top level of the menu.

4.2 Entering the Password


To enter the parameter menu, the correct password must be entered. On the bottom line of the
LCD, the four digits of the password are shown (0-0-0-0). Press the ENTER key to access the first
password digit. (>0< 0-0-0 is displayed.) Use the UP and DOWN keys to enter the correct value
(2448). Press the ENTER key again to go to the second digit (2>0<0-0). Repeat this until all digits
are entered and press the ENTER key once more. If the code is accepted, the display shows:
Press <ENT> for Menu. If the code is wrong, the display shows 0-0-0-0 again.

4.3 Using the Parameter Menu


The parameter menu is built like a tree structure. Every item has a number. Use the UP and
DOWN keys to select all items of the same level in the menu structure. Use the ENTER and ESC
key to descend and ascend into the menu. If you are at the lowest menu item, the consequent
menu parameter is displayed on the bottom line of the LCD. When pressing the ENTER key, the
LCD shows the menu parameter between > and <, to indicate the parameter being accessed.
Use the DOWN and UP keys to change the value of this parameter between the minimum and
maximum value or the different values possible. To confirm the new value, press ENTER once
more. To cancel the new value and return to the previous one, press the ESC key.

4.4 Setting Parameters with a Web Browser


With a web browser, you can access the instrument remotely through the integrated web server.
Setting parameters remotely using the integrated web server is just like setting them using the LCD
and keys. If a connection is established with the web browser, the web browser shows the contents
of the LCD and four push buttons represent the keys. Enter the IP address of the instrument into
the address bar of the web browser followed by /para to connect with the remote instrument.

Syntax: LOCAL IP-ADDRESS INSTRUMENT/para, for example, http://192.168.2.1/para.

(Note that the version of the software might be different.)

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You cannot access the instrument during a measurement. While controlling the instrument, the
menu and parameter text is sent to the LCD as well as to the web browser. The input from the keys
controlling the menu and parameters is processed in the same way.

There is only one difference between controlling the instrument locally and remotely. If controlling
the parameters remotely using a web browser, the programmable data telegram can be entered
into the available web browser input fields. However, you dont have the repeat function when
holding down the push buttons representing the keys.

4.5 Spoolout
The spoolout function of the instrument can store the results of the last 250 measurements. The
spoolout records are actually the results of the telegrams that you can send to the communication
channels. If the telegrams are longer than 63 bytes, they are truncated in the spoolout. Use
parameter 9.7.1 (on page 45) to set the telegram number used for the spoolout.

Use the LCD to inspect the spoolout (see section 4.1 on page 18). The current spoolout content
can also be sent out over one of the installed communication channels. Use parameter 9.7.2 (on
page 45) to do this. Use parameter 9.7.3 (on page 45) to clear all results in the spoolout.

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4.6 List of Parameters


The following is a brief description of all the different parameters (menu items). See also section
4.7 for a summary. Note that some menu items are only relevant under certain conditions.

[1.] Evaluation
As liquid iron cools, a cooling curve traces the drop in temperature against time. Because of phase
changes in the iron, temperature does not drop steadily and there can be abrupt changes in the
slope of the curve. The instrument evaluates these changes, which are known as arrests. It
evaluates the deviation of temperature (in C or F) and plateau length (in seconds). A plateau is
an evaluated measurement value during a given measuring time.

As soon as the temperature exceeds a preset start value, the evaluation begins and the instrument
searches for a plateau that lies within a temperature tolerance (or height) and plateau length -
together the height and length make up the measurement window. If a plateau is found within the
measurement window, the evaluation is stopped. If a plateau is not found within the measurement
window, an error is generated and no result is displayed.

1. Evaluation
1.1 Diff.Peak/Liq.
1.2 Select Algorithm
1.3 TC Linearity

[1.1] Diff.Peak/Liq.
(minimum 5C, maximum 50.0C, step 5C, default 40C)
Sets the temperature difference allowed between the peak and liquidus temperatures. An error
occurs and the measurement is interrupted if the temperature difference is less than this value.

[1.2] Select Algorithm


(BIGCUPS, SMALLCUPS, MAGCUPS, default BIGCUPS)
Sets the algorithm to be used to calculate the evaluation points for either big cups:
QC4010/4011/4012 (algorithm 0, Al0), small cups: QC4000/4001 (algorithm 1, Al1), or magnesium
cups: TT335 (algorithm 2, Al2). If you change the default setting, the changed value remains active
until standard parameters are loaded, which has the effect of returning the instrument to its default
settings.

[1.3] TC Linearity
(IPTS48, IPTS68, ITS90, default EU IPTS68, default US IPTS48)
Sets the conversion table to be used for the thermocouple.

[2.] Timing & Start

2. Timing & Start


2.1 Measuring Time
2.2 Start Condition

[2.1] Measuring Time


(minimum 60 seconds, maximum 900 seconds, step 10 seconds, default 400)
Sets the maximum measuring time to find all evaluation points. After finding an evaluation point,
results of this evaluation are calculated immediately, but the measurement continues. The
measurement ends when this parameter is reached or the temperature falls below the start
condition parameter. The results are communicated in a data telegram after the measurement
ends, but communication to the Remote Viewer software or MeltControl occurs immediately.

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[2.2] Start Condition
(minimum 200C, maximum 1200C, step 50C, default 400C)
Sets the start temperature for a measurement. When the temperature exceeds this level, the
measurement is initiated and the signal changes from green to yellow. This parameter also
determines the end of measurement. If the temperature falls below this parameter, the
measurement ends.

[3.] IO-Hardware

3. IO-Hardware
3.1 End/Err Time
3.2 Relay Logic
3.3 Pulsed Err Sig.
3.4 Fixed End Time
3.5 Display Result
3.5.1 Display 1
3.5.2 Display 2
3.5.3 Display 3
3.6 External access
3.6.1 TP
3.6.2 TL
3.6.3 CEL
3.6.4 SC
3.6.5 RM
3.6.6 HB
3.6.7 Z/H
3.6.8 TS
3.6.9 %C
3.6.A C
3.6.B %Si
3.6.C Si
3.6.D K
3.6.E MEG
3.6.F -T
3.6.G +T
3.6.H UT
3.6.I TM
3.6.J CJ
3.6.K EF
3.6.L MAG
3.6.M Al
3.6.N Ht
3.7 Scroll Results

[3.1] End/Err Time


(minimum 0 seconds, maximum 10 seconds, step 1 second, default 2)
Sets the time in seconds that the measurement complete signal (red) stays on after a
measurement.

[3.2] Relay Logic


(NC, NO, default NO)
When set to NC, the external signal relays are inverted (normal closed contacts). When set to NO,
the external signals are normal open contacts. This only affects the external signal, not the internal.

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[3.3] Pulsed Err Sig.


(Yes, No, default EU Yes, default US No)
When set to Yes, the measurement complete signal (red) blinks if an error occurs. If set to No, the
signal is static.

[3.4] Fixed End Time


(Yes, No, default Yes)
When set to Yes, the measurement complete signal (red) stays on for the time set in the Signal
End/Err time parameter. If set to No, the measurement complete signal (red) stays on until all
communication is over and the measuring channel is free again for a new measurement cycle.

[3.5] Display Result


Sets the indication of the displays.

[3.5.1] Display 1
(TP, TL, CEL, SC, RM, HB, Z/H, TS, %C, C, %Si, Si, K, MEG, -T, +T, UT, TM, CJ, EF, MAG,
AL, Ht, default TS or T channel 0 with magnesium cup)
Sets the results shown on the first (top) display. The top display always shows the real-time
measured temperature provided that no result is available. As soon as the result is available, the
system automatically switches over from the measured to the chosen result. The unit matrix
switches accordingly. If a measurement ends due to an error, the error code is shown on the
display and the matrix display switches to the result that causes the error. The result of the
previous measurement is displayed until the start of a new measurement. Note that the last four
parameters are only available if a display board of the appropriate type is installed and configured.
Note also that there is a different default value when the instrument is configured to use a
magnesium monitor cup.

[3.5.2] Display 2
(TP, TL, CEL, SC, RM, HB, Z/H, TS, %C, C, %Si, Si, K, MEG, -T, +T, UT, TM, CJ, EF, MAG,
AL, Ht, default CEL or MAG with magnesium cup)
Sets the results shown on the second (bottom) display. The bottom display always shows the
specified result. Four dashes are shown if that result is not available. The chosen result of the
previous measurement is displayed until the start of a new measurement. Using the external keys,
you can also change the result shown on the bottom display. Note that the last four parameters are
only available if a display board of the appropriate type is installed and configured. Note also that
there is a different default value when the instrument is configured to use a magnesium monitor
cup.

[3.5.3] Display 3
(TP, TL, CEL, SC, RM, HB, Z/H, TS, %C, C, %Si, Si, K, MEG, -T, +T, UT, TM, CJ, EF, MAG,
AL, Ht, default TL or MAG with magnesium cup)
Sets the results shown on the third display if available. The third display always shows the
specified result. Four dashes are shown if that result is not available. The chosen result of the
previous measurement is displayed until the start of a new measurement. Using the external keys,
you can also change the result shown on the third display. Note that the last four parameters are
only available if a display board of the appropriate type is installed and configured. Note also that
there is a different default value when the instrument is configured to use a magnesium monitor
cup.

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[3.6] External access
Sets the measurement results or heat number to be shown or scrolled on the bottom display using
the external keys.

[3.6.1] TP
(Yes, No, default Yes)
If set to Yes, the peak temperature is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.2] TL
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the liquidus temperature is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.3] CEL
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the carbon equivalent is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.4] SC
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the saturation degree is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.5] RM
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the tensile strength is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.6] HB
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the Brinell hardness is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.7] Z/H
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the quality index is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.8] TS
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the solidus temperature is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.9] %C
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the carbon content is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.A] C
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the carbon adjustment is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

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[3.6.B] %Si
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the silicon content is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.C] Si
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the silicon adjustment is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.D] K
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the graphitisation factor is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.E] MEG
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the amount of eutectic graphite is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.F] -T
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the minimum eutectic temperature is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.G] +T
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the minimum eutectic temperature is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.H] UT
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the undercooling is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.I] TM
(Yes, No, default Yes or No with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the recalescence is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.J] CJ
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the cold junction is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.K] EF
(Yes, No, No)
If set to Yes, the time end of freeze is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.L] MAG
(Yes, No, default No or Yes with magnesium cup)
If set to Yes, the magnesium monitor is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

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[3.6.M] AL
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the algorithm adjustment is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.6.N] Ht
(Yes, No, default No)
If set to Yes, the heat number adjustment is shown or scrolled using the external keys.

[3.7] Scroll Results


(Yes, No, default Yes)
If set to Yes, all available calculation results selected to appear on the display (through parameter
3.6.x) will scroll over the display. Each result remains on the display for four seconds before the
next available result is displayed. The scrolling stops if any external key except ESC is pressed.
ESC resumes scrolling. Scrolling automatically starts at the start of a new measurement. If set to
No, there is no result scrolling on the display. Note that this software also works on instruments
having no external keys, but scrolling cannot be stopped or started using these keys.

[4.] Serial Com1 TTY


(Profibus, Modbus, TTY)
The parameters for serial port COM1 (the default TTY board) are set using parameters 4.1 to 4.8.

4. Serial Com1 TTY


4.1 Com1 Telegram
4.2 Com1 Status
4.3 Com1 Test Meas.
4.4 Com1 Protocol
4.5 Com1 Baud Rate
4.6 Com1 Data Bits
4.7 Com1 Stop Bits
4.8 Com1 Parity

[4.1] Com1 Telegram


(No, 1 to 7, MC2000, default EU 1, default US 3)
The instrument has seven data telegrams available. Data telegrams 1 to 4 are pre-programmed
and fixed you cant change or delete them. Data telegram MC2000 is used to communicate with
the MeltControl 2000 program. For data telegrams 1 to 7, at the end of every measurement, the
selected data telegram is sent over each of the corresponding communication channels. If no data
telegram is chosen, the communication channel is disabled for data telegram transmission. Status
output is still possible over this communication channel. Data telegrams 5, 6, and 7 also have a
standard telegram after loading standard parameters, but can be programmed with a web browser
using the Ethernet connection. You can change or delete data telegrams 5, 6, and 7, but if you then
reload standard parameters, data telegrams 5, 6, and 7 are changed back to the standard
telegram. The data telegram can be transmitted to peripheral devices like printers, displays, and
computers. Receiving software must be run on those peripheral devices to process the received
data.

Data telegram MC2000: This data telegram communicates with the MeltControl 2000 program.
This receiving software displays, collects, and stores measurements from several instruments.
Curve data is sent as a data stream every one tenth of a second. The QuiK-Lab E can establish
only one communication channel for MeltControl 2000, therefore this parameter is ignored on other
communication channels if there is already one dedicated communication channel. The priority is
Com1, Com2, Ethernet place A.

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[4.2] Com1 Status


(Yes, No, default No)
Send the status of the instrument over the communication port. On every status change of the
instrument, and when the Send status parameter is set to Yes, the data telegram begins with the
four-byte status:

Byte 1: status bits part 1

x x x x x x x x x = 0 or 1

Bit 0 = Complete: After measuring = 1


Bit 1 = Measuring: During measurement = 1
Bit 2 = Ready for Measurement: Circuit closed = 1
Bit 3 = Error: After an error measurement = 1
Bit 4 = Liquidus measurement = 1
Bit 5 = Bath level (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 6 = EMF measurement (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 7 = TxD complete: If TxD done = 1

Byte 2: status bits part 2

x x x x x x x x x = 0 or 1

Bit 0 = Draw (used for the Remote Viewer)


Bit 1 = Lines open (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 2 = End of Measurement (used for the Remote Viewer)
Bit 3 = x
Bit 4 = x
Bit 5 = x
Bit 6 = Blinking active (if status lamps are blinking = 1)
Bit 7 = Horn active (if associated with the complete signal = 1)

Byte 3: probe characters

N (4Ehex) = No probe attached (lines open)


T (54hex) = Temperature probe

Byte 4: measurement place number (00 - 99)

Long bus running times can lead to delayed transmission of status instructions, which in
turn can lead to automatic immersion lance hardware being damaged due to it being left in
the melt for too long. To receive the status byte correctly, set the data bits to 8 in parameter
4.6.

[4.3] Com1 Test Meas.


(Yes, No, default Yes)
Set this parameter to Yes to enable a data telegram output on the individual communication
channels when performing a test measurement or calibration check. Set it to No to disable the data
telegram output.

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[4.4] Com1 Protocol
(None, Busy Ready, CTS, 3964, 3964R, STX..BCC ETX, STX..ETX BCC, default None)
Specific protocols can be set on the serial communication ports. If no protocol is used, the data
telegram is transmitted to the receiver without protocol. Use:

None to use no protocol.


Busy Ready to connect using a signal to indicate that data is ready to be sent.
Clear to Send (CTS) to connect using a signal to indicate that data is ready to be
received.
3964 and 3964R Siemens protocols for communication to, for example, a PLC. See the
Siemens website for more information about these protocols.
STX..ETX BCC and STX..BCC ETX to send out a data telegram within start of text (STX)
and end of text (ETX) control characters. Sent data is verified with the block check
character (BCC).

[4.5] Com1 Baud Rate


(300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, default EU 300, default US 1200)
Sets the baud rate of the serial communication channel. When sending out on low data speed, the
communication buffers can overflow and data can be lost. The third line of the LCD inside the
instrument indicates this see section 4.1 on page 18.

[4.6] Com1 Data Bits


(8, 7, 6, 5, default EU 7, default US 8)
Sets the data bits used on the serial communication channel. When choosing seven or lower data
bits, not all ASCII characters can be formed.

[4.7] Com1 Stop Bits


(1, 2, default EU 2, default US 1)
Sets the number of stop bits used on the serial communication channel.

[4.8] Com1 Parity


(None, Odd, Even, default EU Even, default US None)
Sets the parity used on the serial communication channel.

[5.] Serial Com2 Option


(Profibus, Modbus, TTY)
The parameters for serial port COM2 (option board) are set using parameters 5.1 to 5.9.

5. Serial Com2 Option


5.1 Com2 Telegram
5.2 Com2 Status
5.3 Com2 Test Meas
5.4 Com2 Protocol
5.5 Com2 Baud Rate
5.6 Com2 Data Bits
5.7 Com2 Stop Bits
5.8 Com2 Parity
5.9 ProfB/ModB addr.

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[5.1] Com2 Telegram


(No, 1 to 7, MC2000, default EU No, default US 4)
The instrument has seven data telegrams available. Data telegrams 1 to 4 are pre-programmed
and fixed you cant change or delete them. Data telegram MC2000 is used to communicate with
the MeltControl 2000 program. For data telegrams 1 to 7, at the end of every measurement, the
selected data telegram is sent over each of the corresponding communication channels. If no data
telegram is chosen, the communication channel is disabled for data telegram transmission. Status
output is still possible over this communication channel. Data telegrams 5, 6, and 7 also have a
standard telegram after loading standard parameters, but can be programmed with a web browser
using the Ethernet connection. You can change or delete data telegrams 5, 6, and 7, but if you then
reload standard parameters, data telegrams 5, 6, and 7 are changed back to the standard
telegram. The data telegram can be transmitted to peripheral devices like printers, displays, and
computers. Receiving software must be run on those peripheral devices to process the received
data.

Data telegram MC2000: This data telegram communicates with the MeltControl 2000 program.
This receiving software displays, collects, and stores measurements from several instruments.
Curve data is sent as a data stream every one tenth of a second. The QuiK-Lab E can establish
only one communication channel for MeltControl 2000, therefore this parameter is ignored on other
communication channels if there is already one dedicated communication channel. The priority is
Com1, Com2, Ethernet place A.

[5.2] Com2 Status


(Yes, No, default No)
Send the status of the instrument over the communication port. On every status change of the
instrument, and when the Send status parameter is set to Yes, the data telegram begins with the
four-byte status:

Byte 1: status bits part 1

x x x x x x x x x = 0 or 1

Bit 0 = Complete: After measuring = 1


Bit 1 = Measuring: During measurement = 1
Bit 2 = Ready for Measurement: Circuit closed = 1
Bit 3 = Error: After an error measurement = 1
Bit 4 = Liquidus measurement = 1
Bit 5 = Bath level (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 6 = EMF measurement (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 7 = TxD complete: If TxD done = 1

Byte 2: status bits part 2

x x x x x x x x x = 0 or 1

Bit 0 = Draw (used for the Remote Viewer)


Bit 1 = Lines open (not used for QuiK-Lab E)
Bit 2 = End of Measurement (used for the Remote Viewer)
Bit 3 = x
Bit 4 = x
Bit 5 = x
Bit 6 = Blinking active (if status lamps are blinking = 1)
Bit 7 = Horn active (if associated with the complete signal = 1)

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Byte 3: probe characters

N (4Ehex) = No probe attached (lines open)


T (54hex) = Temperature probe

Byte 4: measurement place number (00 - 99)

Long bus running times can lead to delayed transmission of status instructions, which in
turn can lead to automatic immersion lance hardware being damaged due to it being left in
the melt for too long. To receive the status byte correctly, set the data bits to 8 in parameter
5.6.

[5.3] Com2 Test Meas.


(Yes, No, default Yes)
Set this parameter to Yes to enable a data telegram output on the individual communication
channels when performing a test measurement or calibration check. Set it to No to disable the data
telegram output.

[5.4] Com2 Protocol


(None, Busy Ready, CTS, 3964, 3964R, STX..BCC ETX, STX..ETX BCC, default EU 3964R,
default US None)
Specific protocols can be set on the serial communication ports. If no protocol is used, the data
telegram is transmitted to the receiver without protocol. Use:

None to use no protocol.


Busy Ready to connect using a signal to indicate that data is ready to be sent.
CTS to connect using a signal to indicate that data is ready to be received.
3964 and 3964R Siemens protocols for communication to, for example, a PLC. See the
Siemens website for more information about these protocols.
STX..ETX BCC and STX..BCC ETX to send out a data telegram within start of text (STX)
and end of text (ETX) control characters. Sent data is verified with the block check
character (BCC).

[5.5] Com2 Baud Rate


(300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, default EU 19200, default US 9600)
Sets the baud rate of the serial communication channel. When sending out on low data speed, the
communication buffers can overflow and data can be lost. The third line of the LCD inside the
instrument indicates this see section 4.1 on page 18.

[5.6] Com2 Data Bits


(8, 7, 6, 5, default 8)
Sets the data bits used on the serial communication channel. When choosing seven or lower data
bits, not all ASCII characters can be formed.

[5.7] Com2 Stop Bits


(1, 2, default 1)
Sets the number of stop bits used on the serial communication channel.

[5.8] Com2 Parity


(None, Odd, Even, default EU Even, default US None)
Sets the parity used on the serial communication channel.

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[5.9] ProfB/ModB addr.


(1 to 127, default 0)
Sets the Profibus/Modbus slave address. See section 5.4 on page 57 for more information on
Profibus addresses and section 5.5 on page 59 for more information on Modbus addresses.

For Profibus:
Hexadecimal switches on module < 7Fh, the slave address is taken from these switches.
Hexadecimal switches on module >= 7Fh, the slave address is set by the software. The
maximum software address is 7E. If the software slave address is set to 00h, no software
address is sent to the Profibus module (for example, for option TTY).

For Modbus:
Hexadecimal switches on module < F8h, the slave address is taken from these switches.
Hexadecimal switches on module >= F8h, the slave address is set by the software. The
maximum software address is 7Eh. If the software slave address is set to 0, no software
address is sent to the Modbus module (for example, for option TTY).

[6.] Ethernet Port


The instrument can be connected through the Ethernet to a local area network using a unique IP
address. This is the instruments local IP address. Ethernet parameters can be set to:

Direct data telegrams from the instrument to one of three places A (6.1), B (6.2), or C (6.3)
Connect the instrument to the Remote Viewer software (6.4)
Connect the instrument to the Ethernet (6.5)

6. Ethernet Port
6.1 Eth. To Place A
6.1.1 Telegram To A
6.1.2 Status To A
6.1.3 Test Meas. To A
6.1.4 IP Place A
6.1.5 Port Place A
6.1.6 Conn. A Close
6.1.7 Connect To A
6.2 Eth. To Place B
6.2.1 Telegram To B
6.2.2 Status To B
6.2.3 Test Meas. To B
6.2.4 IP Place B
6.2.5 Port Place B
6.2.6 Conn. B Close
6.3 Eth. To Place C
6.3.1 Telegram To C
6.3.2 Status To C
6.3.3 Test Meas. To C
6.3.4 IP Place C
6.3.5 Port Place C
6.3.6 Conn. C Close
6.4 Eth. Remote View
6.4.1 Remote View
6.4.2 Dest. IP View
6.4.3 Dest. Port View
6.5 Set Local Para.
6.5.1 Local IP address
6.5.2 Local subnet mask
6.5.3 Local gateway

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[6.1] Eth. To Place A
Place A can be for example, a PLC system, PC, or printer. Use parameters 6.1.1 to 6.1.7 to set up
Ethernet communication between the instrument and place A.

[6.1.1] Telegram To A
(No, 1 to 7, MC2000, default No)
Defines which telegram is sent over the Ethernet to place A after a measurement.

[6.1.2] Status To A
(Yes, No, default No)
When set to Yes, on every status change, the status is sent over the Ethernet to place A.

[6.1.3] Test Meas. To A


(Yes, No, default Yes)
When set to Yes, communication takes place over the Ethernet when a test measurement with a
Checkmate instrument is done. When set to No, the Checkmate measurement is not sent out.

[6.1.4] IP Place A
(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.2, default US 192.168.2.20)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the IP address of place A (parameter 6.1.7). Once all
data has been sent, the communication channel is closed according to the value set in parameter
6.1.6. Note that you must also set the correct local network settings see parameter 6.5.

[6.1.5] Port Place A


(8500 to 8600, default 8520)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the port number assigned to place A. The destination
server at place A continuously listens to this port to detect a request to establish communication
with the instrument.

[6.1.6] Conn. A Close


(100ms, 1 second, 2 seconds, 4 seconds, Never, default 100ms)
If all data has been sent from the communication buffer to place A, the Ethernet channel is closed
after the period set in this parameter. If set to Never, the receiving software controls the closing of
the Ethernet channel. All three data telegrams (for place A, B, and C) are sent out sequentially over
one hardware port.

[6.1.7] Connect To A
(Client, Server, default Client)
The Client is the standard value and assumes that the instrument controls the connection channel
on the Ethernet port. This is described in parameters 6.1.4/6.2.4/6.3.4 and 6.1.6/6.2.6/6.3.6. You
would set this parameter to Server, for example, when third-party software requires it. If place A is
set to Client, places B and C are also set to Client. If place A is set to Server, places B and C are
also set to Server.

[6.2] Eth. To Place B


Place B can be for example, a PLC system, PC, or printer. Use parameters 6.2.1 to 6.2.6 to set up
Ethernet communication between the instrument and place B.

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[6.2.1] Telegram To B
(No, 1 to 7, default No)
Defines which telegram is sent over the Ethernet to place B after a measurement.

[6.2.2] Status To B
(Yes, No, default No)
When set to Yes, on every status change, the status is sent over the Ethernet to place B.

[6.2.3] Test measurement to B


(Yes, No, default Yes)
When set to Yes, communication takes place over the Ethernet when a test measurement with a
Checkmate instrument is done. When set to No, the Checkmate measurement is not sent out.

[6.2.4] IP Place B
(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.2, default US 192.168.2.20)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the IP address of place B (parameter 6.1.7). Once all
data has been sent, the communication channel is closed according to the value set in parameter
6.2.6. Note that you must also set the correct local network settings see parameter 6.5.

[6.2.5] Port Place B


(8500 to 8600, default 8521)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the port number assigned to place B. The destination
server at place B continuously listens to this port to detect a request to establish communication
with the instrument.

[6.2.6] Conn. B Close


(100ms, 1 second, 2 seconds, 4 seconds, Never, default 100ms)
If all data has been sent from the communication buffer to place B, the Ethernet channel is closed
after the period set in this parameter. If set to Never, the receiving software controls the closing of
the Ethernet channel. All three data telegrams (for place A, B, and C) are sent out sequentially over
one hardware port.

[6.3] Eth. To Place C


Place C can be for example, a PLC system, PC, or printer. Use parameters 6.3.1 to 6.3.6 to set up
Ethernet communication between the instrument and place C.

[6.3.1] Telegram To C
(No, 1 to 7, default No)
Defines which telegram is sent over the Ethernet to place C after a measurement.

[6.3.2] Status To C
(Yes, No, default No)
When set to Yes, on every status change, the status is sent over the Ethernet to place C.

[6.3.3] Test Meas. To C


(Yes, No, default Yes)
When set to Yes, communication takes place over the Ethernet when a test measurement with a
Checkmate instrument is done. When set to No, the Checkmate measurement is not sent out.

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[6.3.4] IP Place C
(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.2, default US 192.168.2.20)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the IP address of place C (parameter 6.1.7). Once all
data has been sent, the communication channel is closed according to the value set in parameter
6.3.6. Note that you must also set the correct local network settings see parameter 6.5.

[6.3.5] Port Place C


(8500 to 8600, default 8522)
A data telegram is sent over the Ethernet to the port number assigned to place C. The destination
server at place C continuously listens to this port to detect a request to establish communication
with the instrument.

[6.3.6] Conn. C Close


(100ms, 1 second, 2 seconds, 4 seconds, Never, default 100ms)
If all data has been sent from the communication buffer to place C, the Ethernet channel is closed
after the period set in this parameter. If set to Never, the receiving software controls the closing of
the Ethernet channel. All three data telegrams (for place A, B, and C) are sent out sequentially over
one hardware port.

[6.4] Eth. Remote View


Set parameters 6.4.1 to 6.4.3 to connect the instrument to a remote computer on which Heraeus
Electro-Nite Remote Viewer or MeltControl software is installed. (Your sales administrator can give
you advice on which software package best fits your needs.) This software can be used to visualise
the measurement on the remote computer. A graphical visualisation of the measured curve,
results, and status of the instrument is continuously sent over Ethernet. This visualisation occurs in
real time. The right-most dot on the top display of the instrument blinks if a connection exists
between the instrument and the remote computer.

[6.4.1] Remote View


(Yes, No, default No)
Set this parameter to Yes to connect the instrument to a remote computer on which Remote Viewer
or MeltControl software is installed.

[6.4.2] Dest. IP View


(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.2, default US 192.168.2.20)
Sets the IP address of the remote computer on which Remote Viewer or MeltControl software is
installed.

[6.4.3] Dest. Port View


(8500 to 8600, default 8514)
Sets the port number to be used for connection with the remote computer on which Remote Viewer
or MeltControl software is installed. Note that for MeltControl, this value should always be 8514.

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[6.5] Set Local Para.


Sets parameters to connect the instrument to the Ethernet so that the instrument can be used in a
local area network. After changing the local Ethernet settings, check that you can connect to the
instrument from the destination PC. To do this, at the command prompt of the PC type ping
192.168.2.1 (where this is the default IP address of the instrument). Note that there can be more
than one destination PC when different communication channels are used. The ping command can
be used to verify the proper configuration on each destination PC.

[6.5.1] Local IP
(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.1, default US 192.168.2.10)
Sets the IP address of the QuiK-Lab E. Ask your network administrator for this setting.

[6.5.2] Local Sub. Mask


(mask, default 255.255.255.0)
Sets the subnet mask of the QuiK-Lab E. Ask your network administrator for this setting.

[6.5.3] Local Gateway


(IP address, default EU 192.168.2.67, default US 192.168.2.1)
Sets the gateway of the QuiK-Lab E. Ask your network administrator for this setting.

[7.] Instrument Setup

7. Instrument Setup
7.1 Offset adjust
7.2 Measurement place
7.3 Heat number
7.3.1 Heat number
7.3.2 Heat number length
7.3.3 Heat number format
7.4 Unit temperature
7.5 Clock Time
7.6 Clock Date
7.7 Data Telegram
7.7.1 Telegram 5
7.7.2 Telegram 6
7.7.3 Telegram 7
7.8 MC2000 results
7.9 Magmonitor
7.9.1 Temp 1
7.9.2 Temp 2
7.9.3 Temp 3
7.9.4 t1
7.9.5 Dt 1->2
7.9.6 Dt 2->3

[7.1] Offset Tmp


(minimum -5.0C, maximum +5.0C, step 0.1C, default 0C)
Sets measurement result adjustments in units of temperature. A measuring channel can have an
offset adjustment value added to correct a linear error that occurs throughout the measuring range.
This might be needed because of zero drift due to the age of the instrument. The offset can be
positive or negative.

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[7.2] Meas. Place
(0 to 255, default 0)
Sets a place number that identifies the instrument. There can be up to 256 instruments on the plant,
each with its own measurement place number. The number to which you change the measurement
place remains active until you load standard parameters, which has the effect of returning the
instrument to its default settings.

[7.3] Heat number

[7.3.1] Heat Number


(0000000000, ZZZZZZZZZZ, default EU 0000000000, default US 0000)
Sets the heat number of the next measurement. This number can be up to 10 alphanumeric
characters long consisting of 0 to 9 and A to Z. If a test measurement is recognised, the heat
number changes automatically to 9999999999.

[7.3.2] Ht. no. Length


(3, 10, default EU 10, default US 4)
Sets the length of the heat number of the next measurement.

[7.3.3] Ht. no. Format


(Alphanumeric, Numeric, default Alphanumeric)
Sets the format of the heat number of the next measurement.

[7.4] Unit Temperature


(C, F, default EU C, default US F)
Sets the measured, displayed, and calculated temperature scaling to C or F.

[7.5] Clock Time


(hh:mm:ss)
Sets the instrument time in the above format. You can change the time, but not the format of the
time.

[7.6] Clock Date


(DD/MM/YY)
Sets the instrument date in the above format. You can change the date, but not the format of the
date.

[7.7] Data Telegram


Data telegrams 5, 6, and 7 can be programmed with a web browser using the Ethernet interface.
After every measurement, the QuiK-Lab E transmits a data telegram in either ASCII or binary code.
Various measurement values can be transmitted. See section 5.1 on page 50 for more information.

[7.7.1] Telegram 5: freely programmable using the web browser

[7.7.2] Telegram 6: freely programmable using the web browser

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[7.7.3] Telegram 7: freely programmable using the web browser

[7.8] MC2000 results


(MELTCONTROLRESULTS, INSTRUMENTRESULTS, MELTCONTROLFULLCONTROL, default
MELTCONTROLRESULTS)
The MC2000 receiving software can calculate results and send them to the instrument. The results
calculated by the QuiK-Lab E are overwritten. With this parameter, you can choose to display the
results received from MC2000 if available or to display the results calculated internally by the QuiK-
Lab E itself. When set to MELTCONTROLFULLCONTROL, the QuiK-Lab E does no evaluation on
the curve.

[7.9] Magmonitor

[7.9.1] Temp 1
(1000 to 1600, default 1200C)
Sets the first temperature arrest point for the magnesium monitor.

[7.9.2] Temp 2
(1000 to 1155, default 1170C)
Sets the second temperature arrest point for the magnesium monitor.

[7.9.3] Temp 3
(1000 to 1600, default 1135C)
Sets the third temperature arrest point for the magnesium monitor.

[7.9.4] t1
(5 to 20, default 10 seconds)
Sets the time for the first temperature point for the magnesium monitor. If Temp 1 is not reached
within t1 seconds, the measurement stops.

[7.9.5] Dt 1->2
(30 to 60, default 60 seconds)
Sets the time difference between arrest points 1 and 2 for the magnesium monitor. If the measured
time difference between Temp 1 and Temp 2 is greater than Dt 1-2 seconds, the measurement
stops.

[7.9.6] Dt 2->3
(30 to 60, default 60 seconds)
Sets the time difference between arrest points 2 and 3 for the magnesium monitor.

If the measured time difference between Temp 2 and Temp 3 is greater than Dt 2-3 seconds, the
red lamp starts blinking. The instrument continues looking for the third temperature arrest and
shows STOP when it is reached. The red lamp stops blinking when the probe is disconnected.

If the measured time difference between Temp 2 and Temp 3 is less than Dt 2-3 seconds, GO is
displayed. A blinking green lamp shows that the magnesium measurement was OK. The green
lamp stops blinking when the probe is disconnected.

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[8.] Formulae
All formulas are factorised. The default values are as specified and there are no limits when
changing these values. Change the values one character at a time using the up and down keys.

8. Formulae
8.1 CEL
8.1.1 CEL: Factor F1
8.1.2 CEL: Factor F2
8.2 SC
8.2.1 SC: Factor F1
8.2.2 SC: Factor F2
8.3 %C
8.3.1 %C: Factor F1
8.3.2 %C: Factor F2
8.3.3 %C: Factor F3
8.3.4 %C: -> C
8.4 %Si
8.4.1 %Si: Factor F1
8.4.2 %Si: Factor F2
8.4.3 %Si: Factor F3
8.4.4 %Si: -> Si
8.5 RM
8.5.1 RM: Factor F1
8.5.2 RM: Factor F2
8.6 HB
8.6.1 HB: Factor F1
8.6.2 HB: Factor F2
8.7 K
8.7.1 K: Factor F1
8.7.2 K: Factor F2
8.7.3 K: Factor F3
8.8 MEG
8.8.1 MEG: Factor F1
8.8.2 MEG: Factor F2
8.8.3 MEG: Factor F3
8.8.4 MEG: Factor F4

[8.1] CEL

[8.1.1] CEL: Factor F1


(default 14.450)
Sets the carbon equivalent (CEL) formula factor 1.

[8.1.2] CEL: Factor F2


(default 0.0089)
Sets the CEL formula factor 2.

[8.2] SC

[8.2.1] SC: Factor 1


(default 3.64)
Sets the saturation degree (SC) formula factor 1.

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[8.2.2] SC: Factor 2


(default 0.0023)
Sets the SC formula factor 2.

[8.3] %C

[8.3.1] %C: Factor 1


(default 0.0178)
Sets the carbon content (%C) formula factor 1.

[8.3.2] %C: Factor 2


(default 0.0084)
Sets the %C formula factor 2.

[8.3.3] %C: Factor 3


(default 6.51)
Sets the %C formula factor 3.

[8.3.4] %C: -> C


(default 0.0)
Sets the carbon adjustment parameter. This has an immediate effect on the carbon calculated from
the previous measurement.

[8.4] %Si

[8.4.1] %Si: Factor 1


(default 78.411)
Sets the silicon content (%Si) formula factor 1.

[8.4.2] %Si: Factor 2


(default 0.06831)
Sets the %Si formula factor 2.

[8.4.3] %Si: Factor 3


(default 4.28087)
Sets the %Si formula factor 3.

[8.4.4] %Si: -> Si


(default 0.03)
Sets the silicon adjustment parameter. This has an immediate effect on the silicon calculated from
the previous measurement.

[8.5] RM

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[8.5.1] RM: Factor F1
(default 102.0)
Sets the tensile strength (RM) formula factor 1.

[8.5.2] RM: Factor F2


(default 82.5)
Sets the RM formula factor 2.

[8.6] HB

[8.6.1] HB: Factor F1


(default 538.60)
Sets the Brinell hardness (HB) formula factor 1.

[8.6.2] HB: Factor F2


(default 354.75)
Sets the HB formula factor 2.

[8.7] K

[8.7.1] K: Factor F1
(default 1.333)
Sets the graphitisation (K) formula factor 1.

[8.7.2] K: Factor F2
(default 5)
Sets the K formula factor 2.

[8.7.3] K: Factor F3
(default 3)
Sets the K formula factor 3.

[8.8] MEG

[8.8.1] MEG: Factor F1


(default 1.300)
Sets the amount of eutectic graphite (MEG) formula factor 1.

[8.8.2] MEG: Factor F2


(default 0.100)
Sets the MEG formula factor 2.

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[8.8.3] MEG: Factor F3


(default 2.930)
Sets the MEG formula factor 3.

[8.8.4] MEG: Factor F4


(default 0.220)
Sets the MEG formula factor 4.

[9.] Service
Only authorised personnel may change these menu items because they determine the working of
the QuiK-Lab E.

9. Service
9.1 Sample rate
9.2 Burnout
9.3 Meas Param Std
9.4 Calibrate system
9.5 Config Displays
9.5.1 Display 1
9.5.2 Display 2
9.5.3 Display 3
9.6 Region Code
9.7 Spoolout
9.7.1 Spool Tele
9.7.2 Spool To Port
9.7.3 Spool Clear

[9.1] Sample rate


(50Hz, 60Hz, default EU 50Hz, default US 60Hz)
Sets the conversion rate of the analog-to-digital converter. This is 50Hz for Europe and 60Hz for the
United States. The measured sample rate is always the mean value of 10 sampled frequencies per
second.

[9.2] Burnout
(negative, none, default negative)
Sets the burnout control for when thermocouples fail. Set the burnout to negative so that if the
thermocouple fails, the output will go to the bottom of the measuring range. Set the burnout to none
when the instrument is measuring parallel with another instrument that has a negative burnout.

[9.3] Meas Param Std


(Yes, No, default No)
Set this parameter to Yes to immediately restart the instrument and restore the default factory
settings to all evaluation parameters (1 to 1.3) and timing and start parameters (2 to 2.2).

[9.4] Calibrate system


For authorised personnel only. See section 1.9 on page 3.

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[9.5] Config Displays
Sets the results to be shown on the displays according to the type of display board:

Type 4 = without external keys


Type 6 = with external keys
Type 7 = with heat number (and matrices)

These parameters are only changed if another display configuration is required. This is normally
done by the HEN service or production department. The type specified remains active until you
load standard parameters, which has the effect of returning the instrument to its default settings.

[9.5.1] Display 1
(Type 4, Type 6, Type 7, default Type 6)
Sets the display type for the first (top) display. Note that the default type 6 display board supports
the use of external keys although these keys are not used on display 1.

[9.5.2] Display 2
(None, Type 4, Type 6, Type 7, default Type 6)
Sets the display type for the second (bottom) display.

[9.5.3] Display 3
(None, Type 4, Type 6, Type 7, default None)
Sets the display type for the third display.

[9.6] Region Code


The region code indicates the region in which the instrument is operating: either EU for Europe or
US for the United States. After you set the region code, the instrument reboots automatically to
default the selected regional parameters. The code you specify remains active until you load
standard parameters, which has the effect of returning the instrument to its default settings as
shown in section 4.6 and summarised in section 4.7. The two axes for temperature (minimum and
maximum) as sent to the Remote Viewer also depend on the region code of the instrument:

Region code Unit Minimum Maximum


US F 500 3300
F 2000 3300
EU C 300 1800
C 1100 1800

[9.7] Spoolout
The spoolout function of the instrument can store the result of the last 250 measurements. The
spoolout is organised as a first-in-first-out (FIFO) buffer. The following parameters can be used to
configure the spoolout.

[9.7.1] Spool Tele


(No, 1 to 7, default 7)
Sets the telegram to be used for the spoolout. The spoolout truncates any telegram result longer
than 63 bytes.

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[9.7.2] Spool To Port


(Com1, Com2, Eth To Place A, Eth To Place B, Eth To Place C, no default)
Sets the communication channel to which the spoolout results are sent. If the spoolout is sent to
serial port COM1, for example, the configuration parameters for COM1 (4.1 to 4.8) are applicable.
Note that there is no default for this parameter just a list of communication channels on which to
send the spoolout. The selection made is not stored in the instrument.

[9.7.3] Spool Clear


Clears the spoolout.

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4.7 Menu Structure for QuiK-Lab E Settings

Function Minimum Maximum Step Default EU Default US

1. Evaluation
1.1 Diff.Peak/Liq. 5C 50.0C 5C 40C 40C
1.2 Select Algorithm BIGCUPS SMALLCUPS, toggle BIGCUPS BIGCUPS
MAGCUPS
1.3 TC Linearity ITS90 IPTS48, toggle IPTS68 IPTS48
IPTS68
2. Timing & Start
2.1 Measuring Time 60 seconds 900 seconds 10 seconds 400 seconds 400 seconds
2.2 Start Condition 200C 1200C 50C 400C 400C
3. IO-Hardware
3.1 End/Err Time 0 seconds 10 seconds 1 second 2 seconds 2 seconds
3.2 Relay Logic NC NO toggle NO NO
3.3 Pulsed Err Sig. Yes No toggle Yes No
3.4 Fixed End Time Yes No toggle Yes Yes
3.5 Display Result
3.5.1 Display 1 TP, TL, CEL, TP, TL, CEL, toggle TS/ TS/
SC, RM, HB, SC, RM, HB, T channel 0 T channel 0
Z/H, TS, %C, Z/H, TS, %C,
C, %Si, C, %Si,
Si, K, MEG, - Si, K, MEG, -T,
T, +T, UT, +T, UT, TM,
TM, CJ, EF, CJ, EF, MAG,
MAG, AL, AL, Ht
Ht
3.5.2 Display 2 TP, TL, CEL, TP, TL, CEL, toggle CEL/MAG CEL/MAG
SC, RM, HB, SC, RM, HB,
Z/H, TS, %C, Z/H, TS, %C,
C, %Si, C, %Si,
Si, K, MEG, - Si, K, MEG, -T,
T, +T, UT, +T, UT, TM,
TM, CJ, EF, CJ, EF, MAG,
MAG, AL, AL, Ht
Ht
3.5.3 Display 3 TP, TL, CEL, TP, TL, CEL, toggle TL/MAG TL/MAG
SC, RM, HB, SC, RM, HB,
Z/H, TS, %C, Z/H, TS, %C,
C, %Si, C, %Si,
Si, K, MEG, - Si, K, MEG, -T,
T, +T, UT, +T, UT, TM,
TM, CJ, EF, CJ, EF, MAG,
MAG, AL, AL, Ht
Ht
3.6 External access
3.6.1 TP Yes No toggle Yes Yes
3.6.2 TL Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.3 CEL Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.4 SC Yes No toggle No No

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Function Minimum Maximum Step Default EU Default US

3.6.5 RM Yes No toggle No No


3.6.6 HB Yes No toggle No No
3.6.7 Z/H Yes No toggle No No
3.6.8 TS Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.9 %C Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.A C Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.B %Si Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.C Si Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.D K Yes No toggle No No
3.6.E MEG Yes No toggle No No
3.6.F -T Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.G +T Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.H UT Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.I TM Yes No toggle Yes/(No) Yes/(No)
3.6.J CJ Yes No toggle No No
3.6.K EF Yes No toggle No No
3.6.L MAG Yes No toggle No/(Yes) No/(Yes)
3.6.M Al Yes No toggle No No
3.6.N Ht Yes No toggle No No
3.7 Scroll Results Yes No toggle Yes Yes
4. Serial Com1 TTY
4.1 Com1 Telegram No 1 7, MC2000 toggle 1 3
4.2 Com1 Status Yes No toggle No No
4.3 Com1 Test Meas. Yes No toggle Yes Yes
4.4 Com1 Protocol None, Busy 3964, 3964R, toggle None None
Ready, CTS STX..BCC
ETX,
STX..ETX BCC
4.5 Com1 Baud Rate 300, 1200, 9600, 19200, toggle 300 1200
2400, 4800 38400, 57600
4.6 Com1 Data Bits 8, 7, 6, 5 8, 7, 6, 5 toggle 7 8
4.7 Com1 Stop Bits 1 2 toggle 2 1
4.8 Com1 Parity None Odd, even toggle Even None
5. Serial Com2 Option
5.1 Com2 Telegram No 1 7, MC2000 toggle No 4
5.2 Com2 Status Yes No toggle No No
5.3 Com2 Test Meas. Yes No toggle Yes Yes
5.4 Com2 Protocol None, Busy 3964, 3964R, toggle 3964R None
Ready, CTS STX BCC ETX,
STX ETX BCC
5.5 Com2 Baud Rate 300, 1200, 9600, 19200, toggle 19200 9600
2400, 4800 38400, 57600
5.6 Com2 Data Bits 8, 7, 6, 5 8, 7, 6, 5 toggle 8 8
5.7 Com2 Stop Bits 1 2 toggle 1 1
5.8 Com2 Parity None Odd, even toggle Even None

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Function Minimum Maximum Step Default EU Default US

5.9 ProfB/ModB addr. 0 127 (FF) 1 0 0


6. Ethernet Port
6.1 Eth. To Place A
6.1.1 Telegram To A No 1 7, MC2000 toggle No No
6.1.2 Status To A Yes No toggle No No
6.1.3 Test Meas. To A Yes No toggle Yes Yes
6.1.4 IP Place A 192.168.2.2 192.168.2.20
6.1.5 Port Place A 8500 8600 1 8520 8520

6.1.6 Conn. A Close 100ms, 4 seconds, toggle 100ms 100ms


1 second, never
2 seconds
6.1.7 Connect To A Client Server toggle Client Client
6.2 Eth. To Place B
6.2.1 Telegram To B No 17 toggle No No
6.2.2 Status To B Yes No toggle No No
6.2.3 Test Meas. To B Yes No toggle Yes Yes
6.2.4 IP Place B 192.168.2.2 192.168.2.20
6.2.5 Port Place B 8500 8600 1 8521 8521
6.2.6 Conn. B Close 100ms, 4 seconds, toggle 100ms 100ms
1 second, never
2 seconds
6.3 Eth. To Place C
6.3.1 Telegram To C No 17 toggle No No
6.3.2 Status To C Yes No toggle No No
6.3.3 Test Meas. To C Yes No toggle Yes Yes
6.3.4 IP Place C 192.168.2.2 192.168.2.20
6.3.5 Port Place C 8500 8600 1 8522 8522
6.3.6 Conn. C Close 100ms, 4 seconds, toggle 100ms 100ms
1 second, never
2 seconds
6.4 Eth. Remote View
6.4.1 Remote View Yes No toggle No No
6.4.2 Dest. IP View 192.168.2.2 192.168.2.20
6.4.3 Dest. Port View 8500 8600 1 8514 8514
6.5 Set Local Para.
6.5.1 Local IP address 192.168.2.1 192.168.2.10
6.5.2 Local subnet mask 255.255.255. 255.255.255.
0 0
6.5.3 Local gateway 192.168.2.67 192.168.2.1
7. Instrument Setup
7.1 Offset adjust -5.0C +5.0C 0.1C 0.0C 0.0C
7.2 Measurement place 0 255 1 0 0
7.3 Heat number
7.3.1 Heat number 0000000000 ZZZZZZZZZZ 0000000000 0000

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Function Minimum Maximum Step Default EU Default US

7.3.2 Heat number length 3 10 10 4


7.3.3 Heat number format Alphanumeric Numeric Alphanumer Alphanumer
ic ic
7.4 Unit temperature C F toggle C F
7.5 Clock Time hh:mm:ss hh:mm:ss
7.6 Clock Date DD/MM/YY DD/MM/YY
7.7 Data Telegram Only with web browser
7.7.1 Telegram 5
7.7.2 Telegram 6
7.7.3 Telegram 7
7.8 MC2000 results MELTCONTR MELTCONTR toggle MELTCONT MELTCONT
OLRESULTS, OLFULLCONT ROLRESUL ROLRESUL
INSTRUMEN ROL TS TS
TRESULTS
7.9 Magmonitor
7.9.1 Temp 1 1000 1600 1 1200C 1200C
7.9.2 Temp 2 1000 1155 1 1170C 1170C
7.9.3 Temp 3 1000 1600 1 1135C 1135C
7.9.4 t1 5 20 0.1 10 seconds 10 seconds
7.9.5 Dt 1->2 30 60 0.1 60 seconds 60 seconds
7.9.6 Dt 2->3 30 60 0.1 60 seconds 60 seconds
8. Formulae
8.1 CEL
8.1.1 CEL: Factor F1 14.450 14.450
8.1.2 CEL: Factor F2 0.0089 0.0089
8.2 SC
8.2.1 SC: Factor F1 3.674 3.674
8.2.2 SC: Factor F2 0.0023 0.0023
8.3 %C
8.3.1 %C: Factor F1 0.0178 0.0178
8.3.2 %C: Factor F2 0.0084 0.0084
8.3.3 %C: Factor F3 6.51 6.51
8.3.4 %C: -> C 0.00 0.00
8.4 %C
8.4.1 %Si: Factor F1 78.411 78.411
8.4.2 %Si: Factor F2 0.06831 0.06831
8.4.3 %Si: Factor F3 4.28087 4.28087
8.4.4 %Si: -> Si 0.03 0.03
8.5 RM
8.5.1 RM: Factor F1 102.0 102.0
8.5.2 RM: Factor F2 82.5 82.5
8.6 HB
8.6.1 HB: Factor F1 538.60 538.60
8.6.2 HB: Factor F2 354.75 354.75

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Function Minimum Maximum Step Default EU Default US

8.7 K
8.7.1 K: Factor F1 1.333 1.333
8.7.2 K: Factor F2 5 5
8.7.3 K: Factor F3 3 3
8.8 MEG
8.8.1 MEG: Factor F1 1.300 1.300
8.8.2 MEG: Factor F2 0.100 0.100
8.8.3 MEG: Factor F3 2.930 2.930
8.8.4 MEG: Factor F4 0.220 0.220
9. Service
9.1 Sample rate 50Hz 60Hz toggle 50Hz 60Hz
9.2 Burnout negative none toggle Negative Negative
9.3 Meas Param Std Yes No toggle No No
9.4 Calibrate system
9.5 Config Displays
9.5.1 Display 1 Type 4 Type 6, toggle Type 6 Type 6
Type 7
9.5.2 Display 2 None Type 4, toggle Type 6 Type 6
Type 6,
Type 7
9.5.3 Display 3 None Type 4, toggle None None
Type 6,
Type 7
9.6 Region Code ST EU, US toggle EU US
9.7 Spoolout
9.7.1 Spool Tele No 1-7 toggle 7 7
9.7.2 Spool To Port Com1, Com2 Eth To Place toggle Executes on Executes on
A, Eth To selection selection
Place B, Eth
To Place C
9.7.3 Spool Clear Executes on Executes on
selection selection

Disable unused functions to avoid unnecessary delays of the instrument software.


When enabling Ethernet functions, always connect the instrument to the Ethernet.

Notes:

When changing the default settings of parameters with a grey background, their changed
values remain active until standard parameters are loaded, which has the effect of
restoring default settings to all evaluation parameters (1 to 1.3) and timing and start
parameters (2 to 2.2).
Parameters in italic are the default parameters when the instrument is configured to use a
magnesium monitor cup.

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5 Sending Results from the Instrument

5.1 Sending Results Using Data Telegrams (Parameters 4.1 and 5.1)
The QuiK-Lab E can send out a data telegram containing measurement results when that
measurement has ended. There are seven different data telegrams. The first four are fixed and
cannot be changed. Using a web browser, you can program the last three; 5, 6, and 7.

5.1.1 Programming Telegrams


To transmit ASCII control characters, first send # followed by the hexadecimal ASCII character (XX
= 00 to FF). Every character can be transmitted using this syntax. The ASCII control characters
are: SOH, STX, ETX, EOT, ENQ, ACK, BEL, BS, TAB, LF, VT, FF, CR, SO, SI, DLE, DC1, DC2,
DC3, DC4, NAK, SYN, ETB, CAN, EM, SUB, ESC, FS, GS, RS, US. For more information about
ASCII control characters, see an ASCII code table. For example:

QUIK-LAB E(CR)(LF) = QUIK-LAB E#0D#0A


(STX)QUIK-LAB E #123(ETX) = #02QUIK-LAB E #23123#03

Programming the following requires strict syntax, where a capital letter must be entered exactly as
shown, but lower case letters just represent the format of data.

Result: #Rxyzuvt fields

#R starts the result definition


x result type (see result list below)
y if y='+' then always with the sign, else the sign only if the value is negative
z number of characters before the comma (0 to 9) or F for fixed length with or without a
comma included as a character (for example, for seven-segment displays)
u number of characters after the comma, or, if fixed length, the total length
v maximum number of characters displayed after the comma if fixed length
t fill character. If fill character is 0, the sign precedes this

Result list
2 TP
3 TL
4 CEL
5 SC
6 RM
7 HB
8 Z/H
9 TS
A %C
B C
C %Si
D Si
E K
F MEG
G -T
H +T
I UT
J TM
K CJ
L EF
M MAG
N AL
O Ht

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Temperature Unit: #U field

#U character C or F is automatically displayed depending on the setting of the


temperature unit - see parameter 7.4 on page 37

Place Number: #Pxy field

#P starts the place number definition


x the number of characters for the place number
y the filling characters for the place number. If the place number length is shorter than x,
y characters are added to the front.

Date: #S field

#S the date in the format dd/mm/yy

Time: #Tx field

#T starts the time definition


x If x=L the format is hh:mm:ss
If x does not =L the format is hh:mm

Example:
Enter: Date: #S Time: #TL Temp: #R0-4100 #U#0D#0A
Result: Date: 22/06/10 Time: 14:09:35 Temp: 1289.3C

Heat Number: #Hxy field

#H starts the heat number definition


x the number of characters for the heat number (hexadecimal notation)
y the filling characters for the heat number. If the heat number length is shorter than x, y
characters are added to the front.

Example:
Enter: Ht No: #HA0#0D#0A (where A is the hexadecimal notation for 10)
Result: Ht No: 123456BCDE

Error Number: #Xabc field

#X starts the error number definition


a the result type (see the result list above)
b the number of characters for the error number
c the filling characters for the error number. If the error number length is shorter than b, c
characters are added to the front.

Example:
Enter: #X23*
Result: the error of TP (2) then three characters filled with a * (**3) in case of error 3

Possible errors are:


1 = no cold junction available
2 = value too high
3 = TC break
4 = no evaluation
6 = value too low

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Example telegram:
To program: Date: (Date) Time: (Time) Temp: (Value) C (CR)(LF)
Enter: Date: #S Time: #TL Temp: #R0-4100 #U#0D#0A
Result: Date: 22/06/10 Time: 15:09:35 Temp: 1287.5C

5.1.2 Sending Binary Codes


In addition to ASCII codes, binary codes can be output from the instrument. The following
identifiers are used in a telegram to indicate that binary code output is to follow:

#I to send 16-bit signed integer values. For example, #Ixyz, where:

x = result number
y = L for low byte first or H for high byte first
z = multiplier power, for example z=0 gives a multiplier of 100 = 1

#D to send 32-bit signed integer values. For example, #Dxyz, where:

x = result number
y = L for low byte first or H for high byte first
z = multiplier power, for example z=0 gives a multiplier of 100 = 1

#F to send 32-bit signed floating point values. For example, #Fxy, where:

x = result number
y = L for low byte first or H for high byte first

These binary code identifiers can be used in any of the programmable telegrams: 5, 6, or 7.

Examples:

To send a peak temperature (TP) result using integer format with high byte first, enter #I2H0,
where:

#I integer value to follow


2 is the TP result
H is high byte first
0 is no multiplier

To send a TP result using double integer format and a value of 0.1% with low byte first, enter
#D2L1, where:

#D double integer value to follow


2 is the TP result
L is low byte first
1 is the multiplier (101 = 10)

To send a TP result using floating point format with low byte first, enter #F2L, where:

#F floating point value to follow


2 is the TP result
L is low byte first

Note: The binary format identifiers are only interpreted if the telegram is used on either Ethernet
or serial communication using protocol 3964R.

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5.1.3 Default Telegrams
The following data telegrams are programmed in the QuiK-Lab E, that is, these are the contents of
the data telegrams after loading the standard parameters. The first four cannot be changed, but
you can change the last three. The programmed telegram is shown in bold italics.

Telegram 1

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:55:53 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 02 0F 20 54 31 20 11 20 30 32 20 31 32 36 32 20 .. T1 . 02 1262
0020 30 30 30 30 20 30 2E 30 30 20 30 2E 30 30 30 20 0000 0.00 0.000
0030 30 30 30 30 20 30 2E 30 30 20 30 2E 30 30 20 30 0000 0.00 0.00 0
0040 2E 30 30 20 30 30 30 2E 30 20 30 30 30 2E 30 20 .00 000.0 000.0
0050 30 2E 30 30 30 20 30 2E 30 33 30 20 30 2E 30 30 0.000 0.030 0.00
0060 20 30 30 30 30 20 30 30 30 30 20 20 0D 0A 03 0000 0000 ...

#02#0F T1 #11 #P20 #R2-4000 #R3-4000 #R4-1200 #R5-1300 #R9-4000 #RL-1200 #RC-1200
#RA-1200 #R6-3100 #R7-3100 #R8-1300 #RD-1300 #RF-1200 #RI-4000 #RJ-4000
#0D#0A#03

Telegram 2

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:56:16 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 44 61 74 65 3A 20 30 36 2F 31 30 2F 31 30 20 54 Date: 06/10/10 T
0020 69 6D 65 3A 20 32 32 3A 35 30 3A 34 37 20 50 6C ime: 22:50:47 Pl
0030 61 63 65 3A 20 30 30 32 20 48 65 61 74 3A 20 30 ace: 002 Heat: 0
0040 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 50 45 41 4B 3A 20 000000000 PEAK:
0050 31 32 36 31 2E 36 20 54 4C 3A 20 31 31 38 38 2E 1261.6 TL: 1188.
0060 38 20 43 45 4C 3A 20 33 2E 38 37 31 20 53 43 3A 8 CEL: 3.871 SC:
0070 20 30 2E 39 34 30 20 52 4D 3A 20 32 33 39 2E 38 0.940 RM: 239.8
0080 36 20 48 42 3A 20 32 30 35 2E 31 34 20 5A 2F 48 6 HB: 205.14 Z/H
0090 3A 20 31 2E 31 36 39 20 54 53 3A 20 30 30 30 30 : 1.169 TS: 0000
00A0 2E 30 20 25 43 3A 20 20 30 2E 30 30 30 20 25 53 .0 %C: 0.000 %S
00B0 69 3A 20 30 2E 30 30 30 20 4B 3A 20 30 2E 30 33 i: 0.000 K: 0.03
00C0 30 20 4D 45 47 3A 20 30 2E 30 30 30 20 54 6D 69 0 MEG: 0.000 Tmi
00D0 6E 3A 20 30 30 30 30 2E 30 20 54 6D 61 78 3A 20 n: 0000.0 Tmax:
00E0 30 30 30 30 2E 30 20 20 44 74 54 3A 20 30 30 2E 0000.0 DtT: 00.
00F0 30 20 44 74 54 4D 3A 20 30 30 2E 30 20 43 6A 74 0 DtTM: 00.0 Cjt
0100 3A 20 33 33 2E 31 20 45 6F 66 3A 20 30 30 30 30 : 33.1 Eof: 0000
0110 2E 30 20 43 41 64 6A 3A 20 30 30 2E 30 30 20 53 .0 CAdj: 00.00 S
0120 69 41 64 6A 3A 20 30 2E 30 30 20 41 6C 67 6F 3A iAdj: 0.00 Algo:
0130 30 0D 0A 0..

Date: #S Time: #TL Place: #P30 Heat: #HA PEAK: #R2-4100 TL: #R3-4100 CEL: #R4-
1300 SC: #R5-1300 RM: #R6-3200 HB: #R7-3200 Z/H: #R8-1300 TS: #R9-4100 %C: #RA-
1300 %Si: #RC-1300 K: #RD-1300 MEG: #RF-1300 Tmin: #RG-4100 Tmax: #RH-4100 DtT:
#RI-2100 DtTM: #RJ-2100 Cjt: #RK-2100 Eof: #RL-4100 CAdj: #RC-2200 SiAdj: #RE-
1200 Algo:#RN-1000#0D#0A

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Telegram 3

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:58:17 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 30 36 2F 31 30 2F 31 30 32 32 3A 35 30 3A 34 37 06/10/1022:50:47
0020 20 50 6C 61 63 65 3A 20 30 30 32 20 48 65 61 74 Place: 002 Heat
0030 3A 20 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 4D 61 67 : 0000000000 Mag
0040 3A 30 30 30 30 0D 0A :0000..

#S#TL Place: #P30 Heat: #HA Mag:#RM-4000#0D#0A

Telegram 4

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:58:43 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 30 36 2F 31 30 2F 31 30 32 32 3A 35 30 3A 34 37 06/10/1022:50:47
0020 20 54 50 3A 31 32 36 31 2E 36 20 54 4C 3A 31 31 TP:1261.6 TL:11
0030 38 38 2E 38 20 54 53 3A 31 31 30 38 2E 38 20 2D 88.8 TS:1108.8 -
0040 54 3A 20 30 30 30 30 2E 30 20 2B 54 3A 20 30 30 T: 0000.0 +T: 00
0050 30 30 2E 30 20 43 45 4C 3A 33 2E 38 37 31 20 53 00.0 CEL:3.871 S
0060 43 3A 30 2E 39 34 30 20 52 4D 3A 32 33 39 2E 38 C:0.940 RM:239.8
0070 36 20 48 42 3A 32 30 35 2E 31 34 20 5A 2F 48 3A 6 HB:205.14 Z/H:
0080 31 2E 31 36 39 20 25 43 3A 33 2E 32 34 30 20 25 1.169 %C:3.240 %
0090 53 69 3A 32 2E 35 34 37 20 4B 3A 30 2E 30 33 30 Si:2.547 K:0.030
00A0 20 4D 45 47 3A 20 32 2E 31 39 38 20 44 54 3A 30 MEG: 2.198 DT:0
00B0 30 2E 30 20 54 4D 3A 30 30 2E 30 20 43 6A 74 3A 0.0 TM:00.0 Cjt:
00C0 33 33 2E 31 20 45 6F 66 3A 31 30 38 33 2E 37 20 33.1 Eof:1083.7
00D0 43 41 64 6A 3A 30 32 2E 35 35 20 53 69 41 64 6A CAdj:02.55 SiAdj
00E0 3A 32 2E 30 31 20 41 6C 67 6F 3A 30 0D 0A :2.01 Algo:0..

S#TL TP:#R2-4100 TL:#R3-4100 TS:#R9-4100 -T: #RG-4100 +T: #RH-4100 CEL:#R4-1300


SC:#R5-1300 RM:#R6-3200 HB:#R7-3200 Z/H:#R8-1300 %C:#RA-1300 %Si:#RC-1300 K:#RD-
1300 MEG: #RF-1300 DT:#RI-2100 TM:#RJ-2100 Cjt:#RK-2100 Eof:#RL-4100 CAdj:#RC-
2200 SiAdj:#RE-1200 Algo:#RN-1000#0D#0A

Telegram 5

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:59:07 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 43 55 53 54 4F 4D 20 35 CUSTOM 5

CUSTOM 5

Telegram 6

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 11:59:30 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 02 43 48 31 4C 30 2E 30 20 48 32 30 30 30 2E 30 .CH1L0.0 H2000.0
0020 20 56 31 31 38 39 2E 30 03 02 43 48 32 4C 30 2E V1189.0..CH2L0.
0030 30 20 48 32 30 30 30 2E 30 20 56 30 30 30 30 2E 0 H2000.0 V0000.
0040 30 00 0.

#02CH1L0.0 H2000.0 V#R3-4100#03#02CH2L0.0 H2000.0 V#R9-4100#03

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Telegram 7

- Date: 20.10.2010 Time: 12:01:30 -


Number ----------------------- HEX ----------------------- ----- ASCII ----
0010 30 36 2F 31 30 2F 31 30 32 32 3A 35 34 3A 30 31 06/10/1022:54:01
0020 20 54 50 3A 31 32 36 31 2E 39 20 54 4C 3A 31 31 TP:1261.9 TL:11
0030 38 39 2E 30 20 54 53 3A 31 31 30 38 2E 38 20 2D 89.0 TS:1108.8 -
0040 54 3A 20 30 30 30 30 2E 30 20 2B 54 3A 20 30 30 T: 0000.0 +T: 00
0050 30 30 2E 30 20 43 45 4C 3A 33 2E 38 36 39 20 53 00.0 CEL:3.869 S
0060 43 3A 30 2E 39 34 30 20 52 4D 3A 32 34 30 2E 32 C:0.940 RM:240.2
0070 33 20 48 42 3A 32 30 35 2E 33 30 20 5A 2F 48 3A 3 HB:205.30 Z/H:
0080 31 2E 31 37 30 20 25 43 3A 33 2E 32 33 38 20 25 1.170 %C:3.238 %
0090 53 69 3A 32 2E 35 34 37 20 4B 3A 30 2E 30 33 30 Si:2.547 K:0.030
00A0 20 4D 45 47 3A 20 32 2E 31 39 36 20 44 54 3A 30 MEG: 2.196 DT:0
00B0 30 2E 30 20 54 4D 3A 30 30 2E 30 20 43 6A 74 3A 0.0 TM:00.0 Cjt:
00C0 33 33 2E 33 20 45 6F 66 3A 30 30 30 30 2E 30 20 33.3 Eof:0000.0
00D0 43 41 64 6A 3A 30 32 2E 35 35 20 53 69 41 64 6A CAdj:02.55 SiAdj
00E0 3A 32 2E 30 31 20 41 6C 67 6F 3A 30 0D 0A :2.01 Algo:0..

S#TL TP:#R2-4100 TL:#R3-4100 TS:#R9-4100 -T: #RG-4100 +T: #RH-4100 CEL:#R4-1300


SC:#R5-1300 RM:#R6-3200 HB:#R7-3200 Z/H:#R8-1300 %C:#RA-1300 %Si:#RC-1300 K:#RD-
1300 MEG: #RF-1300 DT:#RI-2100 TM:#RJ-2100 Cjt:#RK-2100 Eof:#RL-4100 CAdj:#RC-
2200 SiAdj:#RE-1200 Algo:#RN-1000#0D#0A

5.1.4 Setting Up Serial Communication Using Com Ports


The following parameters apply when setting up data telegram communication:

To COM1: parameters 4.1 to 4.8 (on page 27)


To COM2: parameters 5.1 to 5.9 (on page 30)

These parameters enable you to set up baud rate, parity, and protocol.

5.1.5 Setting Up Serial Communication Using Ethernet


The following parameters apply when setting up data telegram communication over the Ethernet:

To Ethernet place A: parameters 6.1.1 to 6.1.6 (on page 33)


To Ethernet place B: parameters 6.2.1 to 6.2.6 (on page 34)
To Ethernet place C: parameters 6.3.1 to 6.3.6 (on page 34)

These parameters enable you to set up the destination port and destination IP address. Note that
when data telegram communication is used over the Ethernet, the local settings of the Ethernet
board should also be set. See parameters 6.5.1 to 6.5.3 (on page 36).

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5.2 Communication with MeltControl 2000


The QuiK-Lab E can communicate with the MeltControl 2000 program using the Com ports or
using the Ethernet. However, only one can be used at the same time. That is, if different channels
are configured to communicate with MeltControl 2000, only one can function. The priority is COM1,
COM2, Ethernet Place A.

Use the following settings to communicate with MeltControl 2000 using COM1:

Parameter 4.1: telegram - MC2000


Parameter 4.4: protocol - No
Parameter 4.5: baud rate - 9600
Parameter 4.6: data bits - 8
Parameter 4.7: stop bits - 1
Parameter 4.8: parity - even

Use the following settings to communicate with MeltControl 2000 using COM2:

Parameter 5.1: telegram - MC2000


Parameter 5.4: protocol - No
Parameter 5.5: baud rate - 9600
Parameter 5.6: data bits - 8
Parameter 5.7: stop bits - 1
Parameter 5.8: parity - even

Note: For COM1 or COM2, the settings for baud rate, data bits, stop bits, and protocol might be
different. The settings mentioned here are the default settings as used in MeltControl 2000.

Use the following settings to communicate with MeltControl 2000 using Ethernet place A:

Parameter 6.1.1: telegram place A - MC2000


Parameter 6.1.5: port place A the same as the port configuration in MC2000, for
example, 8520
Parameter 6.1.6: connection close - Never
Parameter 6.1.7: connection to A - Server
Parameter 7.8: MC2000 results - MELTCONTROLRESULTS

Notes:
Since the connection to MC2000 is a server connection that might never be closed, all
other Ethernet-based data telegram or MC2000 communication is not available. However,
Remote Viewer communication continues to work.
When Ethernet is used to communicate to MC2000, all the local settings of the Ethernet
board should be set. See parameters 6.5.1 to 6.5.3.

5.3 Sending Results to the Remote Viewer (Parameters 6.4.1 to 6.4.3)


Set the following parameters to enable communication between the QuiK-Lab E and the Remote
Viewer:

Parameter 6.4.1: Remote viewer - Yes


Parameter 6.4.2: Destination IP address set this to the IP address of the PC on which the
Remote Viewer is running
Parameter 6.4.3: Destination port set this to the port to which the Remote Viewer listens

Since Ethernet is used to communicate to the Remote Viewer, all the local settings of the Ethernet
board should also be set. See parameters 6.5.1 to 6.5.3 on page 36.

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5.4 Sending Results Using the Profibus Option (Parameter 5.9)
Profibus-DP communication is only possible if the optional Profibus board is installed. This option
board is a Serial (RS232) to Profibus-DP converter, which allows the QuiK-Lab E to transfer
measurement data over the Profibus communication system. This converter uses the second serial
port (COM2) of the QuiK-Lab E for the transmission based on RS485 technology. The second
serial port has the following settings:

19200 baud
8 data bits
1 stop bit
even parity
3964R protocol

Setting up a data telegram is basically the same as with any other serial port. Profibus-DP for
QuiK-Lab E uses a two-wire RS485 half-duplex interface for communication. This implies a
master/slave protocol. The master addresses a slave using a unique slave address. This slave
address for the QuiK-Lab E can be set from 1 to 126 with parameter 5.9 on page 32.

5.4.1 Configuring Profibus


Profibus is configured using the master PC or temporary PC connected to the PLC. To allow the
master to address a slave on the Profibus system, it needs to know its configuration. Programs by
Siemens, ABB, or Gould for example can provide this. Refer to the relevant documentation for
further information. They all make use of a GSD file, which describes the basic functions of the
slave and how to set parameters. This GSD file is delivered on CD along with the optional Profibus
board.

Note: The data format of QuiK-Lab E output is either ASCII or binary (16-bit integer, 32-bit
integer, or 32-bit floating point).

5.4.2 Slave configuration

Note: Some systems do not allow parameters to be set through menus, therefore the next
window shows the hexadecimal strings that represents the previous parameters:

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5.4.3 Data Length for Cyclic Transfer


This configuration defines the number of bytes and words that need to be sent from the QuiK-Lab
E. The next window shows an example of setting up 160 bytes (5x16 words) to be sent and
received on each cycle. Other settings can be made depending on the requirements.

Note: The configuration data is sent to the slave (QuiK-Lab E) as soon as the Profibus system is
started (PLC from Stop to Run).

Long bus running times can lead to delayed transmission of status instructions,
which in turn can lead to automatic immersion lance hardware being damaged
due to it being left in the melt for too long. To receive the status byte correctly,
set the data bits to 8 in parameters 4.6/5.6.

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5.5 Sending Results Using the Modbus Option (Parameter 5.9)
Modbus communication is only possible if the optional Modbus board is installed. This option board
is a Serial (RS232) to Modbus converter, which allows the QuiK-Lab E to transfer measurement
data over the Modbus communication system. This converter uses the second serial port (COM2)
of the QuiK-Lab E for the transmission based on RS485 technology. The second serial port has the
following settings:

19200 baud
8 data bits
1 stop bit
even parity
3964R protocol

Setting up a data telegram is basically the same as with any other serial port. The settings stated
above describe how the instrument sends the telegram to the Modbus gateway. Normally, there is
no need to change these parameters. These are not the baud rate settings of the Modbus. To
change the baud rate settings of the Modbus, write the correct settings to the registers 64100 to
64104 using your Modbus master - see section 5.5.2 on page 60.

Modbus for QuiK-Lab E uses a two-wire RS485 half-duplex interface to communicate. This implies
a master/slave protocol. The master addresses a slave using a unique slave address. This slave
address for the QuiK-Lab E can be set from 1 to 126 with parameter 5.9 on page 32.

5.5.1 Modbus Principle


In Modbus systems, data is transferred using data frames. There are two types of data frames
possible: RTU and ASCII. The QuiK-Lab E uses RTU frames. The master or slaves check for an
idle condition (idle time) on the Modbus before sending an RTU frame containing the:

Address of the slave


Function code, which determines the data handling
Register, which contains the start address
Data itself (when writing)
CRC checksum

RTU frame:
Start Address Function Start register Data CRC sum End
Idle time 8 bit 8 bit 16 bit n x 8 bit 16 bit Idle time

Write data example:


Start Address Function Start register Data CRC sum End
Idle time 05H 10H 0000H n x 8 bit 16 bit Idle time

Read data example:


Start Address Function Start register CRC sum End
Idle time 05H 03H 1000H 16 bit Idle time

Slave loop back check:


Start Address Function Data CRC sum End
Idle time 05H 08H 00 00 A5 37H 16 bit Idle time

Note: The slave answers with the same frame.

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5.5.2 Configuring the Modbus


The Modbus system is configured using reserved registers. The Modbus master sends a data
frame (RTU) to the corresponding slave address.

Function code = Write multiple Registers (hexadecimal: 10), the register and the new configuration
data.

Note: The new configuration data is only valid after rebooting the system.

5.5.3 Register Summary

Register Parameter Value Byte Action


Writing buffer, data transfer from Modbus to slave:
0 to 126 Data Arbitrary W
Reading buffer, data transfer from slave to Modbus:
1000 to 1126 Data Arbitrary R
Information for reading buffer:
55000 Value of Buffer 0 to 65535 R
overflow
55001 Max. received data 0 to 255 R
bytes
Configuration of serial interface:
64000 Baud rate 0=300, 1=600, 2=1200, 3=2400 MSB R/W
4=4800, 5= 9600, 6=14400, 7=19200,
8=28800, 9=38400, 10=57600, 11=76800,
12=115200
Parity 0=no, 1=odd, 2=even LSB R/W
64001 Stop bits 0=1bit, 1=2bits MSB R/W
Word 0=5bits, 1=6bits, 2=7bits, 3=8bits LSB R/W
64002 n/a MSB
DTR/RTS Bit 0=DTR, Bit 1=RTS LSB R/W
64003 CD/CTS/RI/DSR Bit 0=CD, Bit 1=CTS, Bit 2=RI, Bit 3=DSR MSB R
n/a LSB
Modbus configuration:
64100 Baud rate 5=9600, 7=19200 MSB R/W
Parity 0=no, 1=odd, 2=even LSB R/W
64101 Data frame 0=RTU, 1=ASCII MSB R/W
Mode 0=Slave LSB R/W
64102 Address 1 to 247 MSB R/W
n/a
64103 Character time out 0 to 65500 R/W
64104 n/a
64105 Write time out 13000 to 65500 (with block check) R/W
4000 to 65500 (without block check)
3964R configuration:
64200 Block check 0=off, 1=on MSB
64201 Priority 0=low, 1=high LSB
Reset:
65000 Reboot Hexadecimal: AAAA W

Note: R = Read, W = Write, n/a = not available, LSB = least significant byte, MSB = most
significant byte.

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5.6 Sending Results Using the Wireless Option
Wireless communication is only possible if the optional wireless board is installed. Wireless
communication provides the ideal solution especially where data has to be transmitted from hostile
and exposed locations.

The radio transmitter board is a serial (RS232) to wireless converter that enables the instrument to
transfer measurement data over a wireless communication system. The converter uses the second
serial port (COM2) of the instrument for the transmission. The following settings must be configured
in the serial port to establish communication over the wireless transmitter:

57600 baud
7 data bits
1 stop bit
even parity
STX-ETX-BCC

Setting up a data telegram is basically the same as with any other serial port. The telegrams sent
out by the radio module can be captured by a receiver station, which is also part of the Heraeus
Electro-Nite instrument portfolio. The receiver station converts the radio signal to:

TTY (current (mA) serial connection through a converter to a PC) or


RS232 (voltage serial connection direct to a PC) or
Ethernet

After being received, data telegrams can be sent to a:

Display unit
Device that records all the measured data, for example, MeltControl.

Contact your sales administrator for more information about the different receiver boxes available
at Heraeus Electro-Nite.

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5.7 Sending Results Using the 4-20mA Analog Output Option


4-20mA analog current output is only possible if the optional milliampere output board is installed.
This option adds analog current loop functionality to the instrument. Each board has two
independent galvanically isolated 4 to 20 milliamp current sources. By combining two current
output boards in one instrument, a maximum of four output channels can be added to the
instrument. This option board is a serial-to-analog current converter. This converter uses the
second serial port (COM2). The following settings must be configured in the serial port to establish
communication on the analog output:

19200 baud
8 data bits
1 stop bit
Even parity
No protocol

Note that the analog current loop output cannot be combined with a Profibus, Modbus, or second
TTY option.

Using the jumpers on the board (see section 5.7.3), you can select output in the ranges 0mA to
20mA or 4mA to 20mA and fault indication of 0% full scale (FS) or 100% FS. An example of
accuracy at 0.4% FS in the 1000C to 1300C scale would be 1.2C.

5.7.1 Specifications
Parameter Value
Output current accuracy 0.4% FS
Burden resistance Maximum 500 ohms
Output isolation voltage 1kV

5.7.2 Configuring the Milliampere Output


The outputs can be configured to represent any result provided by the instrument, with any scale. If
you order the option board, the instrument is delivered with the board already installed. However, if
you want to reconfigure the board, see the milliampere installation guide that is delivered with the
instrument package. Edit the selected data telegram using a web browser over the Ethernet
connection so that the telegram has the following format:

#02CHa L0%val H100%val Vresult#03


Where:

#02 is the start of text control character


a is the addressed output channel (1 to 4) of the mA board
0%val is the output value corresponding to 0% of the output, for example, 1000C
100%val is the output value corresponding to 100% of the output, for example, 1300C
result is the result to be sent to the mA output. To format the result see section 5.1.1 on
page 50. The results are R2 to RO, where R2 is TP for example.
#03 is the end of text control character

The following example outputs temperature on mA output board channel 1, where 4mA corresponds to
1000C and 20mA corresponds to 1300C. C% is output on mA output board channel 2:

#02CH1 L1000 H1300 V#R0-4100#03#02CH2 L0 H10000 V#R2-1300#03

R2-1300 on the end means that result #2 (C%) is sent with one digit before the comma and three
digits after it, for example, 2.444.

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The mA output board supports numbers with a maximum of five digits, so to avoid truncation errors
(by ignoring digits after the comma) you might as well use the five available digits.

For example, on the 0-20mA scale:

R2-1300 and C = 2.44456789% the mA board outputs 2.444%


R2-1200 and C = 2.44456789% the mA board outputs 2.44% so an error of about 0.5% of full
scale

If a temperature of 1200C is measured:

the 0-20mA output would be (1200 - 1000) (1300 - 1000) x 20 = 13.3mA


the 4-20mA output would be (1200 - 1000) (1300 - 1000) x 16 + 4 = 14mA

5.7.3 Board Configuration Switch

off on
1 OCFG0 see below
2 OCFG1 see below
3 OCFG2 see below
4 ADDR address 1/2
5 CSEL not used
6 OPT0 not used
7 OPT1 not used
8 OPT2 not used

5.7.4 Output Scale Configuration


You can configure different settings for 0% and 100% output. You can use three DIP switches to
configure different output scales:

Switch settings Output scaling


OCFG2 OCFG1 OCFG0 0% 100% Fault (1)
OFF OFF OFF 0mA 20mA 0mA
OFF OFF ON 0mA 20mA 20mA
ON OFF OFF 4mA 20mA 0mA
ON ON OFF 4mA 20mA 4mA
ON OFF ON 4mA 20mA 20mA

Note (1): An error message is displayed if no value is available or the value is not in range.

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6 Technical Data

Analysis program for white Determination of %C, Undercooling and


and grey solidification of CEL/SC, %Si recalescence
cast iron melts
Additional program for Calculation of tensile Tensile strength hardness Quantity of eutectic graphite (MEG)
unalloyed grey cast iron strength (RM), Brinell factor (Z/H), graphite factor
melts hardness (HB) (K)
Temperature measuring linearised according to IEC Type K (NiCr-Ni) Compensated connector type K
range 584, IPTS48, IPTS68, or 400C 1370C
ITS90
Displays Bright display with LED Two 7-segment displays are Several display setups are possible
signals on front door mounted with 4-digit matrix for hardware and software
and four external keys. An
LCD with four keys is
mounted at the back of one
of those displays to set
instrument parameters.
Reference temperature 0C with cold-junction Cold junction mounted
adjustment inside the instrument
Accuracy +18C up to +28C ambient 0C up to +50C ambient
temperature 1C accuracy temperature 2C accuracy
Multifunctional display Peak temperature (TP), Carbon content (%C), Undercooling (UT),
Liquidus temperature (TL), Silicon content (%Si), Recalescence (TM),
Carbon equivalent (CEL), Graphitisation factor (K), Cold junction (CJ),
Saturation degree (SC), Amount of eutectic graphite Time end of freeze (EF),
Tensile strength (RM), (MEG), Mg monitor (MAG),
Brinell hardness (HB), Eutectic temperature Algorithm (AL),
Quality index (Z/H), minimum (-T), Error measurement
Solidus temperature (TS), Eutectic temperature
maximum (+T),
Three solid state outputs Outputs for external signals An external horn can be connected to the red lamp if a snubber
220V AC (Ready: green, Measure: network is mounted to avoid EMC problems
yellow, Complete: red)
Operation Individual measurement %Si and %C adjustment Heat number adjustment using
result selection using using external keys external keys if correct display board
external arrow keys fitted
Data output Measurement results (with One input and one output
floating point) and set by jumper to active or
measurement station passive
number through one serial
output TTY 20mA or using
the Ethernet interface
Housing, dimensions, and Metal housing for wall H=230mm, W=260mm, Weight 7.5kg
weight mounting. D=150mm
protection IP 55
Operating data Auto-range power supply Power consumption Ambient temperature
100 to 240V AC, 47 to 34VA maximum 0C up to +50C
63Hz
Interface Standard Ethernet module
Optional second serial port For Profibus, Modbus, With the 4-20mA analog output module, fault indication can be set
wireless, TTY, V24 output, by jumpers on the board to 0% full scale (FS) or 100% FS.
or 4-20mA analog output
module

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7 Housing Dimensions

Two-display version:

Housing depth: 150mm


Weight: approximately 7.5Kg
All dimensions in mm.

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Three-display version:

Housing depth: 150mm


Weight: approximately 8Kg

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8 Inputs and Outputs

8.1 Cable Inputs and Dimensions

Identification sticker:

The instrument type


The serial number of the instrument
The operating voltage range
The power consumption

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8.2 Power Input (4-Pin Harting Plug)

Power input:
90 to 260V AC, 47 to 63Hz, maximum 34VA

Pin Function
1 L1
2 N
3 Not connected
PE PE
Wiring mains input

8.3 Measurement Input (2-Pin Marlin Plug)

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8.4 Ethernet Interface

Use a standard Ethernet connector type RJ45. This is located on the Ethernet board see the
Ethernet socket in section 9.

Ethernet connector
(RJ45 Female)
1 TX+
2 TX-
1
3 RX+
4
8 5
6 RX-
7
8

8.5 Profibus/Modbus Option

Pin Function Pin Function


1 Not connected 2 Not connected
3 B+ 4 Not connected
5 DGND 6 V (+5V)
7 Not connected 8 A-
9 Not connected

Profibus connector

1A = A-
1B = B+

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8.6 Heat Number Input Option

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 10-digit, 20mm matrix display

 H T

ENT ESC

 HT indicates the heat number is being shown. To change the heat number using the external
keys:

1. Press ENT to start the change. The right-most character starts to blink indicating that you
can change this value.

2. Press the up arrow to increase the selected value or press the down arrow to decrease it.
Parameters 7.3.1, 7.3.2, and 7.3.3 set up the heat number, heat number length, and heat
number format respectively. According to these parameters you can enter heat numbers of
different lengths and formats.

3. Press ENT again to move to the next character on the left and repeat step 2.

4. Repeat step 3 until the heat number has been changed.

5. Press ESC to store the new heat number.

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8.7 TTY Output II Option

J3 On board TTY serial port

RxD

CTS

TTY jumper setting for active/passive

TxD RxD
1 2 3 1 2 3
J1 P A P A
J2
Xopt TTY

1 2 3
passive

1 2 3
active

17 | 18 | 19 | 20

Note that for instruments with US


settings, the default for TTY is
passive.

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8.8 0/4 to 20 mA Output Option

Board configuration switches

1 2 3 4
CH A Ch A Ch B Ch B
GND GND

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9 Internal Instrument View

Ethernet socket

Connection block X1

Measurement input Shielding block

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10 Main Board

Expansion connector II
Serial (Profibus, Modbus)

Connector
power supply

On board TTY serial port

RX

CTS

See text below.

Fuse for signals


500mA, FF

Connection block X1

Note that for instruments with US


settings, the default for TTY is
passive.

Output is always transmitted. Input can be selected with a jumper on the main board to either RX or CTS
(RXD or CTS on the optional TTY output II board). With RX (or RXD), data is transmitted without any control.
With CTS (Clear to Send, which is similar to Busy Ready), data is transmitted using a control. The control tells
the instrument what to do with the data and is available on terminals 11 and 12 of the main board (or 19 and
20 of the optional TTY output II board). The protocols that can be used are None, STX..ETX BCC, STX..BCC
ETX, 3964R, 3963, CTS, and Busy Ready. With the last two, select the CTS jumper. With all others, select the
RX (or RXD) jumper.

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10.1 Main Connection Block X1

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11 Display Boards

11.1 Display Board Matrix with LCD and Keys

11.2 Display Board Matrix for Heat Number Input and Keys

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12 Spare Parts List
When ordering spare parts, along with the spare part number always provide the instrument type
and instrument serial number.

Electronic Components
33300058 Mainboard Type K for QLE3
For display boards, either one of the following three parts:
33320066 E3 Display board Matrix
33312009 E3 Display board Matrix with LCD and Keys
33320075 E3 Display board Matrix with Heat-Number and Keys
33302121 Power Supply for E3 series complete with filter and mounting angle
33201048 Ethernet module with battery back-up and real-time clock for E III series

Electronics (Option)
33201047 Option Profibus DP for E III Series
33201053 Option Modbus RTU for E III Series
33201064 Option 2nd TTY Interface for E III Series
33201049 Option mA analog output for E III Series
33320067 Direct V24 output for E3 Instruments (note that this is standard on US
instruments)

Mechanical Components
33910362 Measurement input plug female
33313001 Filter Kit QLE3 consisting of Filter Glass + Filter Pad + Seal Foil
33980483 Power switch assembly incl. lamp and dust cover
33302126 LED Signal light Green for E3 series
33302125 LED Signal light Yellow for E3 series
33302124 LED Signal light Red for E3 series
33990027 Set of Fuses 250V 0.5A FF (10 pcs.)
33910338 Power Plug female 4-pol.

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