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World History II:

Unit 2 Project Proposal

Group Member(s): Phaphat Aowsathaporn (Mill), Gawin Lohaburananont (Win), Nichaporn


Nattawut (Earn), Nutchanon Charnwutiwong (Nont)
Country assigned: Ethiopia
Development goal selected: 1) Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger.
Type of Product: Video comic on youtube.

Product Description:
(Make sure it is clear what the product will look like, what it will include, and how it will be
organized.)
In our product, we decided to create a comic that contain cuties drawing and beautiful
coloring. Also, we will put it on youtube and put some effects into it. At first, we will tell a story
from the past to present of Ethiopia which are represented by cuties cartoons. To make the
audiences have better understandings about Ethiopia, video will contains subtitle and
soundtrack, which can explain the pictures that we draw. Furthermore, the comic will contain
basic information about the history of Ethiopia, what happened to Ethiopia in the past and
present, population, food, culture, language, social problems, government, etc.

Summaries: (one paragraph minimum for each section with main ideas only)

Brief background of your country in written in your own words: (post 1900 creation of
country + some major events that made the country what it is today)
People have been living in Ethiopia for a long time. The first kingdom called Axum rose in
the first century AD. Axum traded with Rome, Arabia and India. Axum became Christian in the
4th century.
Ethiopia joined the League of Nations in 1923. In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia and took
over it. They used weapons such as poison gas. After that in 1941, the British freed Ethiopia
from Italy. Due to at that time, there was World War II and in the war, Italy decided to enter the
war by joining the German side, and they lost. Therefore, Ethiopia was free.
In 1960s, there was the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea which became part of
Ethiopia after World War II, and this called Eritrean War of Independence. It took around 30
years to end and the result was the peaceful separation between two of them. The years
following, there was the border problem created another war named Eritrean-Ethiopian War,
war between two of the poorest countries. The war ended with approximately 70,000 people
died, the peace agreement and the commission to demarcate the border between two
countries. As the result, the economy was weak and country did not have money due to they
spent about hundreds of millions of dollars in the war.
In addition, during 1974, communism came to Ethiopia. The king was overthrown and
killed. People fought in the country. They murdered thousands of people and many people
were deported. Communism in Ethiopia was gone in 1991. Elections were held in 1995.
The economy of Ethiopia grew rapidly in the 21st century. The population is around 102
million. The country is still poor, but it might grow more and fast in the future.
World History II:
Unit 2 Project Proposal

Brief summary of the history of the social issue (based on MDG selected) in your
country: (causes of the social issue in your country)
There are four main causes of social issue in Ethiopia, which are War, Economic planning in
Ethiopia, huge difference of climate, different tribe and different language. War causes
Ethiopia to become one of the poorest country in the world because it destroyed economic of
the country. To create war, it needed a lot of money. Also, many people are killed. Economic
planning causes overproducing product that destroy the environment around the factories.
Moreover, the location of Ethiopia is located in the big vary climate. Also, disaster make
Ethiopia became undeveloped country and the poors. In addition, people in Ethiopia came
from a lot of different tribe. Hence, they speak different language that are reason why its hard
to unite the country and make people become in harmony. Moreover, people have different
religion belief that causes some conflict in the society.

Brief summary of how the social issue (based on the MDG selected) has affected your
country (post 1945): (effects of the social issue in your country current situation)
Poverty is the number one problem in Ethiopia. More than 44% of Ethiopian population has
poverty, and most of them live in rural areas. Most of poverty in Ethiopia was mainly affected
by the lack of rainfall that leads to drought. When theres drought, it leads to food scarcity, and
followed by poor health conditions, or even death. More than 7% of Ethiopian people has HIV
(thats quite many, compared to other countries). HIV and other diseases drives poor people
even deeper into poverty. Another cause of poverty in Ethiopia is the lack of education. Many
people even work than study. Only 10% or less people in Ethiopia has education, and more
than 3 million children are our of school (thats world rank #2). Like other countries, poor
country becomes poorer and poorer, and it is difficult to restore economy.

Brief summary of what your countrys government has done to deal with the social issue
(based on the MDG selected): (policies in place and progress in dealing with the problem)
Agriculture growing up since 2005 make 4% reduced of the poverty in a year. Therefore,
government in Ethiopia wants to create the agricultural growth, and spending the fund mostly
on basic services and safety net. This safety net called The Productive Safety Net Program
and this alone pushes 1.5 million people out of poverty. However, there are around 37 million
people who remain poor. The poorest people becomes poorer due to government wants to
improve incomes of many poor farmers challenged against the poorest. In addition, from
Ethiopias Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program or SDPRP in 2003 -
2004, it indicated that government has embarked on a program to push the education to
create human capacity, expand the infrastructure as fast as the population growth, open
economy and decentralize government. As the result, the poverty improved 11.6% by looking
at the employment and incomes growth.
World History II:
Unit 2 Project Proposal

Reference list for the starter sources used:

MDG report:

Addisstandard. (2015, October 23). Latest MDG Progress


Report Released. Retrieved from
http://addisstandard.com/latest-mdg-progress-report-
released/

Sources:
World Health Organization Africa. (n.d.). Ethiopia:MDG
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger - Others
MDGs. Retrieved from

http://www.aho.afro.who.int/profiles_information/index.ph
p/Ethiopia:MDG_Goal_1:_Eradicate_extreme_poverty_and_h
unger_-_Other_MDGs
UNDP in Ethiopia. (n.d.). Eradicate extreme hunger and

poverty Where we are. Retrieved from


http://www.et.undp.org/content/ethiopia/en/home/SDG/
mdgoverview/overview/mdg1.html
World History II:
Unit 2 Project Proposal

Assessing progress in Africa toward the Millennium


Development Goals. (n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/PublicationFiles/
mdg_report_2014_ethiopia_case_study.pdf
United Nations. (n.d.). We can end poverty. Retrieved from
http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/poverty.shtml