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NAME CLASS DATE

Practice Masters Level A


3.1 Solving Systems by Graphing or Substitution

Graph and classify each system. Then nd the solution from the graph.
y x 6
1.

y x 2
y 2x 1
2.
1
y x2
3
3.

xy0
3x y 6
y y y

4 4 4

2 2 2

x x x
4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4
2 2 2

4 4 4

2x 4y 12 yx y 2x 1
4.
xy2
5.
y 5x 0
6.
y 2x 5
y y y

4 4 4

2 2 2

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


x x x
4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4
2 2 2

4 4 4

Use substitution to solve each system of equations. Check your solution.


yx3 xy8 2x y 7
7.
10x 2y 18 8.
4x y 2 9.
3x 2y 10

x 3y 0 2x y 12 x 6y 18
10.
3x 2y 7
11.
2x 4y 2
12.
3x 2y 6

46 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2


Answers

Lesson 3.1 4. (2, 4), independent


Level A y

1. (1, 1), independent


4
y
2

4
x
4 2 2 4
2
2

x
4 2 2 4 4

4
5. (0, 0), independent
y
2. (3, 3), independent
4
y
2

4
x
4 2 2 4
2

x
4 2 2 4
2

4
6. no solution, inconsistent
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

y
3. (3, 3), independent
4
y

4
x
4 2 2 4
2
2
x
4 2 2 4 4

4
7. (1, 4)
8. (2, 10)
9. (4, 1),
10. (3, 1)
11. (5, 2)
12. (0, 3)

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 305


NAME CLASS DATE

Practice Masters Level A


3.2 Solving Systems by Elimination

Use elimination to solve each system of equations.


Check your solution.
2x y 41 3x 4y 3
1.
2x 5y 13
2.
3x 2y 9

x 2y 5 8x 3y 7
3.
2x y 10 4.
4x 5y 23

x 3y 3 7c 3d 25
5.
3x y 11 6.
7c 3d 12

3x 2y 4 5x 2y 44
7.
6x 3y 6 8.
3x 3y 39
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

4x 2y 4 3x y 1
9.
16x 8y 16 10.
4x 8y 2


8
2x 5y
3x 4y 16

7
11. 12.
2x 5y 3 1
7x y 2
2


1 1
6x 5y x 2y 4
13. 2 14. 3
3x 2y 0 4x y 21

11x 12y 112 9x 18y 45


15.
11x 12y 324
16.
18x 9y 90

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 49


Answers

Lesson 3.1 8. no solution


Level B
9. (0.1, 0.4)
1. (3, 7), independent
10. 125 feet wide, 500 feet long
y
10
11. 75 mL acid solution
8 25 mL pure acid
6
4 12. 8.5 pounds of pecans
2
x 5.5 pounds of almonds
10 6 4 2 4 6 8 10
2

6
Lesson 3.1
8 Level C
10
1. (1.73, 1.73)
2. (6, 0), independent 2. (0.68, 3.07)
y
3. (1, 2, 4)
10

12, 41, 27
8
8
6 4.
2

10 8 6 4 2 2 4 6 10
x 5. (2, 1, 1)
2
4
6
6. (7, 5, 2.5)
8
10 7. plane air speed is 280 mph

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


wind speed is 40 mph
3. no solution, inconsistent 2
8. 6 mL chlorine solution
y 3
1
5 13 mL pure water
3
4
3
9. $444.44 at 11%
1 $4555.56 at 6.5%
x
5 4 3 2 1 2 4 5 25d
1 10. rate of boat mph
2 48
3
7d
4 rate of current mph
5 48

Lesson 3.2
4. (1, 11)
Level A
5. (12, 4)
1. (24, 7)
6. all real numbers
2. (5, 3)

2, 3
1 2
7. 3. (5, 0)

306 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2


Answers

4. (2, 3) 10. (20, 16)

2, 3
5. (3, 2) 1
11.
6. no solution
1 7
7. (0, 2) 12. 2, 2
8. (10, 3)
13. (6, 2)
9. innite number of solutions
14. no solution
1 1
10. ,
2 2 Lesson 3.2
11. (4, 1) Level C

11 1 no solution

1.
12. ,
42 3 2. (4, 12)
1 1
3, 2
3. innitely many solutions
13.
4. (2a b, 3a 2b)
14. (6, 3) 5. (0.05, 0.08)
no solution 5c 2d 4c 3d

15.
6. ,
16. (5, 0) 7 7
7. 9 skilled, 15 unskilled
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Lesson 3.2
Level B 8. 300 large, 240 small
1. (10, 6) 9. $3695.65 at 19%
$1304.35 at 7.5%
2. (12, 1)
3. (1, 12) Lesson 3.3
Level A
1 1
4. ,
6 8 1.
5
y

4
5. (5, 6) 3
2
6. innitely many solutions 1
x
7. no solution 5 4 3 2 1 2 3 4 5
2
8. (358, 269) 3
4

4, 2
7 5
9.

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 307


NAME CLASS DATE

Practice Masters Level A


3.3 Linear Inequalities In Two Variables

Graph each linear inequality.


1. yx 2. y 2x 4 3. y x
y y y

4 4 4

2 2 2

x x x
4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4
2 2 2

4 4 4

1
4. y x2 5. 3x y 5 0 6. y 2
2
y y y

4 4 4

2 2 2

x x x
4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


2 2 2

4 4 4

7. For a fund raiser, The Honor Society is selling two sizes of


candy bars. They earn a prot of $1.00 on small candy bars, s,
and $2.00 on large candy bars, l.
a. Write an inequality that represents a prot of at least $300.

400

300
b. Graph the inequality on the coordinate grid to the right.
200

c. Find three ordered pairs that represent achieving 100


the goal of making a $300 prot. s
50 100 150 200

52 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2


Answers

4. (2, 3) 10. (20, 16)

2, 3
5. (3, 2) 1
11.
6. no solution
1 7
7. (0, 2) 12. 2, 2
8. (10, 3)
13. (6, 2)
9. innite number of solutions
14. no solution
1 1
10. ,
2 2 Lesson 3.2
11. (4, 1) Level C

11 1 no solution

1.
12. ,
42 3 2. (4, 12)
1 1
3, 2
3. innitely many solutions
13.
4. (2a b, 3a 2b)
14. (6, 3) 5. (0.05, 0.08)
no solution 5c 2d 4c 3d

15.
6. ,
16. (5, 0) 7 7
7. 9 skilled, 15 unskilled
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Lesson 3.2
Level B 8. 300 large, 240 small
1. (10, 6) 9. $3695.65 at 19%
$1304.35 at 7.5%
2. (12, 1)
3. (1, 12) Lesson 3.3
Level A
1 1
4. ,
6 8 1.
5
y

4
5. (5, 6) 3
2
6. innitely many solutions 1
x
7. no solution 5 4 3 2 1 2 3 4 5
2
8. (358, 269) 3
4

4, 2
7 5
9.

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 307


Answers

y y
2. 6.
5 5
4 4
3
2 2
1 1
x x
5 4 3 1
1 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5
2
3 3
4 4
5 5

3. y 7. a. 1.0s 2.0l 300


5 b.
4
500
3
450
2
400
1
350
x
5 4 3 2 1 2 3 4 5 300
1
250
2
200
3
150
4
100
5
50
s
0 50 100 150 200 250
4. y
5
4
c. answers may vary, sample answers:
3 (134, 500), (1000, 1), (1, 577)
2
1
Lesson 3.3

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


x
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4
Level B
2
3
1. y
4
5
5
4

5. y 2
1
5 x
4 5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5
3 2
2 3
1
4
x 5
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 3 4 5
2
3
4
5

308 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2


NAME CLASS DATE

Practice Masters Level A


3.4 Systems of Linear Inequalities

Graph each system of linear inequalities.


y 3x 1 y 4x 2 y 2x
1.
y x 2.
y 3x 1 3.
y x 2
y y y

4 4 4

2 2 2

x x x
4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4
2 2 2

4 4 4

Write the system of inequalities whose solution is graphed.


y y y
4. 5. 6.
5 5
4 4
3
(1, 2) (0, 2)
2 2 2
1
(2, 0) 1 (0, 0) 1 (54 , 1
2)
x x x
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1
1 1 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1
1 2 3 4 5
(0, 1)2 2 2
3
(12 , 5
2)
(0, 3) (0, 3)3
5 5

7. Graph the system of linear inequalities.


y 4x 6 y

y 3x 1
y 2x 3
4

4 8 12 16
x

12

16

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 55


Answers

2. y c. D 1.1P5.27
5
4
3 10
2 8
1
x 4
5 4 3 1
1 1 2 3 4 5 2
2 p
10 8 6 4 2 2 4 8 10
3 2
4 4
5 6
8
10
3. y
5
4
d. S 1.57P8.3
3
4y/5 3 2
1 8
x 6
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5
4
2 2
3 p
10 8 6 4 2 2 4 8 10
2
5 4
6
8
4. a. D 1.5L5.8 10

10 Lesson 3.4
8 Level A
6

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


4 y
1.
2
5
p
10 8 6 4 2 2 4 6 8 10 4
2
3
4
2
6
1
8
x
10 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5

b. S 2.14L5.8 3
4
5

10
y
6
2.
5
4
4
2
3
p
10 8 6 4 2 2 4 6 8 10 2
2
1
4
6
x
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5
8
2
10

310 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2


Answers

3. y 2. y
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
x x
5 4 3 2 1 1 2 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 1 2
1

3 3
4 4
5 5

y 2x 4 y


3.
4. 5
y 3x 1 4
3
y 5x
5.
y x 3 1
x
5 4 3 1
1 1 3 4 5
y 2x 3
6.
y 2x 2
2
3
4
5
7. y
4
y 2x 3
4 4 8 12 16
x 4.
y 2x 3
y 4x 2
5.

1
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

12 y x2
2
16


y 2x
3
Lesson 3.4 6. y x3
2
Level B
y0
1. y
7. y
5
4 5
3
2
1
x 1
5 4 3 2 1 2 3 4 5 x
5 4 3 2 1
1 4 5

3 2
4 3
5 4
5

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 311


NAME CLASS DATE

Practice Masters Level A


3.6 Parametric Equations

Graph each pair of parametric equations for the interval 3 t 3.


1
x(t) t 2
x(t) t 3 x(t) t 2
y(t) 2t y(t) 3t 1
2
1. 2. 3.
1
y(t) t1
2
y y y

4 8 4

2 4 2

x x x
4 2 2 4 8 4 4 8 4 2 2 4
2 4 2

4 8 4

Write each pair of parametric equations as a single equation


in x and y.
x(t) t 3 x(t) t 2 x(t) t
4.
y(t) 2t 5.
y(t) 3t 1 6.
y(t) 4 t 2
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

x(t) 2t 2 x(t) t 1 x(t) 2(t 3)


7.
y(t) t 8.
y(t) t 2 9.
y(t) 3(t 1)


2 1 1
x(t) t 2 x(t) t 2 x(t) t
3 2 2
10. 11. 12.
3 1 1
y(t) t1 y(t) t1 y(t) t2 4t 1
4 2 2

13. A catcher throws the baseball from home plate to second base.
The following parametric equations describe the balls path:
x(t) 80t and y(t) 15t 16t2
The variables x and y are measured in feet per second, and t is
measured in seconds. What horizontal distance will the baseball
travel before it hits the ground?

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 61


Answers

2. Max: 11 Min: 14 b. y
100
2
3. Max: Min: 4 80 (30, 74)
3
60
x y 400
4. a.
50 y 250
x 100
40

20
(80, 30)
(90, 37)

(90, 30)

y x
b. 20 40 60 80 100
400
350 c. P 2.25x 4.5y
300
250
200
d. P $400.50
150
100
Lesson 3.6
50
x Level A
10050 100 200 300 400
100 1. y
5
4
c. R 540(0.759)x 34.9(6.8)y 3
R 409.86x 237.32y 2
1
d. $126,197 x
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5
2
Lesson 3.5 3
Level C 4
5
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

1. y
8 y
7
2.
6
5 8
4
4
2
1 x
8 4 4 8
x
2 1
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4
2

2. Max: 3 Min: 7
3. Max: 6 Min: 8.5
4. a. 1.75x 2y 200
4x 6.5y 600
x 90
y 30

Algebra 2 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C 313


Answers

3. y 2. y
5
4 8
3
2 4
1
x x
5 4 3 2 1
1 1 3 4 5 4 4 8 16
2 4
3
4 8
5

4. y 2x 6 3. y
5
5. y 3x 5 4
3
6. y 4 x2 2
1

1 5 4 3 2 1
x
y 1 1 3 4 5
7. x1 2
2
3

8. y x 2 2x 1 4

3
9. y x 12 4. y x 2
2
9 5 2 8
10. y x 5. y x
8 4 3 3
y 2x 2 8x 1

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


11. y x 1 6.

12. y 2x28x 1 7. y 1 x 3
8. y
13. about 99 feet
5
4
Lesson 3.6 3
2
Level B 1
x
1. y 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5
1
2
8 3
4
4

x
8 4 4 8
9. about 225 feet
4

314 Practice Masters Levels A, B, and C Algebra 2