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Greg Tattkowski - Ferm


milab - PPD
Mu2e
end transfer line salvage - Task
Right be T 5150
05/13/20
015, REV. 06/24/2015

This calc
culation determ
mines if an S18x54.7 beam
m found at the
e Fermilab ra
ailhead will be
e suitable for lifting sections
s of the Mu2e
e right bend trransfer line.
Beam diimensions
Nd 2.00 Source: A
ASME BTH-1--2014 3-1.3.1 for category A lifters
2
A
Area 16.0 in Source: A onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
AISC Steel Co e P1-32

bf 6.00 in 2 0.7812 in 4.438in


4 Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e 4" free fit clearance holes
P1-32 minus 2x 3/4

bf 6.00 in After Bob


b Woods revie
ew, remove th
he 2*0.7812*in
n factor from previous

tf 0.691in
Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-32

rx 7.07 in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-33, r about axis X-X for a S18x54.7 beam
m

ry 1.14 in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-33, r about axis Y-Y for a S18x54.7 beam
m

4
Ix 801 in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-33, I about axis X-X for a S18
8x54.7 beam
m

d 18 in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-32, Depth, d

Tw 15 in 2 0.3970 in 14
4.206in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-32 , minus 2x 3//8" free fit clearance holess

tw 0.461in
Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-32

Lbeam 38 ft

bf
4.342 Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-33.
2f
2t

E 29000ksi
Source: A
ASME BTH-1--2014 1-6.1, typical
t for steel

Fy 36 ksi Source: A onstruction Manual, 14th edition,


AISC Steel Co e P3-81

Fu 58 ksi Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e Table 2-4

G 11200ksi
Source: A
AISC 360-05 S
Specification for Structurall Steel Buildin
ngs, 2005

4
J 2.33 in Source: A
AISC Steel Co
onstruction Manual, 14th edition,
e P1-33

3
2
A f b f t f 4.146
4 in This is an
n assummptio
on because th
he wording of ASME BTH-1
1-2014 is prettty vague, A.ff = Area of thee compressio
on flange

2
A w tw d 8.298in
8 Web area
a

3
b f tf 4
o
Ioy
12
12.438in Source: S
Shigley's Mecchanical Engin
neering Desig
gn, 8th edition
n, back cover

1 2 Source: A ASME BTH-1--2014 r.T definition on P6: "radius of gyration of a se


ection comprissing of the coompression fla
ange plus one
e-third of the ccompression web area (AK
KA 1/6 of
A f.r.T A f A w 5.5299in the total w a in the plane of the web
web area), takke about an axis b, in."
6

Ioy
rT 1.5in Source: A
AISC Steel co anual, 9th ediition, P2-116, from examplle 11.
onstruction ma
A f.r.T

Beam lo
oad calculatio
on

Simple
S beam bending calc
culations

After talking
t with Jo
ohn Voirin, we
e determined
d that the bestt course of acction would be e upper lifting lugs 10' from the ends. Allso, we will usse a 20' sling . Per ASME B30.9-2014, 9-1.10.1, ang
e to offset the gle of loading has to be gre
eater
than or
o equal to 30 0 degrees.

4
Lsling 20 ft

asymmetrric.load 10 ft
f Source: AISC
C Steel Consstruction Manu
ual, 14th edition, P3-215, case
c 9

m 2 asymmetrric.load
Lbeam
ngle
Lhalf.trian
2
9 ft

Lhalf.triangle
loading acos 63.256deg
6
Lsling
loading
g
30 1 1 means true
e, therefore ccan continue. If equal to zero, need to re
e-evaluate, as o ASME B30..9-2014, 9-1.10.1
s it would be in violations of
deg

3
mtransfer.line 2.098 10 lbm 1.0
049 ton Source: Stre
ess and deflecction calculatiion, assuming
g a 93' length of transfer lin
ne

mtransferr.line 2 ton Uprating to tthe nearest to


on

g mtransfer.line 3
Rsymmettric.load 2 10 lbf
2

3
Psymmetrric.load Rssymmetric.loadd 2 10 lbbf

4
M max.symmetric.load
Psymmetric.lload asymmetrric.load 2 10 lbf ft Source AISC
A Steel Co
onstruction Ma
anual, 14th ed
dition, P3-215
5, case 9

3
mmetric.load
Vmax.sym Rsymmetric.looad 2 10 lbf C Steel Consstruction Manu
Source: AISC ual, 14th edition, P3-215

5
Psymmetric.load asymmetric.load
3 Lbeam 4 asymmetric.load
2 2
max
0.244 in
Source AISC Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition, P3-215, case 9
24 E Ix

Psymmetric.load

tan loading
fa
0.063 ksi Nomenclature: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4, combined axial and bending stresses
Area

d
Mmax.symmetric.load
2
fb 2.697 ksi
Ix

ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4 combined axial and bending stresses calculation

E
r 0.38 10.785 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 Table 3-2.2-1
Fy

bf
4.342
2 tf

bf
r 1 1 means true, therefore can assume a compact section per ASME BTH-1-2014 Table 3-2.2-1
2tf

Cmx 1.0 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4

Cmy 1.0 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4

fbx fb 2.697ksi
Assume x-direction is along the beam length and z-direction is along the web of the beam

1.10Fy
Fbx 19.8 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-6
Nd
1.10Fy
Fby 19.8 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-6
Nd

fby 0 psi No bending across the y-direction

Keff.len.factor 1 Source: AISC Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition, P16.1-25 "The effective length factor, K, of all members shall be taken as unity unless a smaller value can be
justified by rational analysis". Also, see P16.1-511, Table C-A-7.1 for case (d)

Keff.len.factor Lbeam
Slenderness ratio.x 64.498
rx

Keff.len.factor Lbeam
Slenderness ratio.y 400
ry

6
2
2 E
Cc 126.099
Fy

Slenderness ratio.x
2
1 F
2 y
2 Cc
Fa.x
if Slenderness ratio.x Cc 29.914ksi
Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.2
9 Slenderness ratio.x 3 Slenderness ratio.x
3

Nd 1
40 Cc 3
40 Cc

2
E
2
1.15 Nd Slenderness ratio.x

Slenderness ratio.y
2
1 F
2 y
2 Cc
Fa.y
if Slenderness ratio.y Cc 0.778 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.2
9 Slenderness ratio.y 3 Slenderness ratio.y
3

Nd 1
40 Cc 3
40 Cc

2
E
2
1.15 Nd Slenderness ratio.y


Fa min Fa.xFa.y 0.778ksi
The minimum of F.a.x and F.a.y gives you the highest value of ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-29

2
E
Fex.prime 29.914ksi
Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4
2
1.15 Nd Slenderness ratio.x

2
E
Fey.prime 0.778 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4
2
1.15 Nd Slenderness ratio.y

fa Cmx fbx Cmy fby


1.0 1 If equal to 1, along with the following equation, ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4 (a) is satisfied. Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4, combined
Fa fa fa axial and bending stresses
1 F
Fex.prime bx
1 F
Fey.prime by

fa fbx fby
1.0 1 If equal to 1, along with the previous equation, ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4 (a) is satisfied. Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.4, combined
Fy Fbx Fby axial and bending stresses
N
d

7
E
Lp 1.76 ry 4.746ft Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 Equation 3-7 for I-shaped members
Fy

0.67 E
Lp 1 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 Equation 3-7 for I-shaped members
Fy d
A
f

ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.3.2 major axis and minor axis bending of compact sections with unbraced length greater than Lp and noncompact sections calculations

Cb 1 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.3.2, conservative assumption

2
3.19 rT E Cb
Lr 6.336 ft ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-10
Fy

Lr Lbeam 0 If equal to zero, then need check against ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-13

Lbeam
Lb 12.667ft
Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 P5 defenition
3

3.19 E Cb Lb 17.59 E Cb
1 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-13. If equal to zero, then need to check against ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-15. If equal to one, the allowable bending stress is the
Fy rT Fy larger of the values given by equations 3-14 and 3-17.

Lb 17.59 E Cb
0 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-15. Ignore as criterion for equation 3-13 is passed
rT Fy

Fy Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-9, "For I-shape members and channels bent about the major axis with unbraced lengths that fall in the ranges defined by either eq. (3-
Fb.tension 18 ksi 13) or (3-15), the allowable bending stress in tension is given by eq. (3-9)"
Nd

fb Fb.tension 1 If equal to 1, then we pass the tensile requirements of ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.3.2

E Ix
2.00
G J
CLTB 0.275 0.368
L 2
b
b
f
2
Lb
Fy

Fb.compression max1.10
rT Fy C 0.66 E Cb 12.606ksi
Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 eqations 3-14 and 3-17.
31.9 E Cb Nd LTB Lb d
Nd

Af

8
fb Fb.compression 1 If this is equal to zero then we need additional bracing. Currently, bracing length is defined above as L.b.

3
Fbracing 0.15 Fb.compression A f 7.84 10 lbf A long-standing rule of thumb is to provide bracing for two percent of the compressive force in the flange or member being braced. Although it lacks an explicit
consideration of the required bracing stiffness, this approximation is typically conservative. https://www.aisc.org/DynamicTaxonomyFAQs.aspx?id=1646
For contingency, this rule of thumb is ignored, and a value of 0.15 is used.
bf tw 3
Mmax.cantilever Fbracing 1.809 10 lbf ft Source: Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design, 8th edition, P993. This assumes that F.bracing is a force that is applied on a cantilever.
2

Initial guess for given-find loop

tbrace 0.25 in

Given
tbrace
M max.cantilever
2
Fy Source: Mc/I for bending the
3
T w t brace

12


tbrace.min Find tbrace 0.505in
Therefore, call out brace thickness at 1/2"

ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.5 combined normal and shear stresses calculation

Vmax.symmetric.load
fv 0.305 ksi Source: Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design, 8th edition, P95
Tw tw

fx fa 0.063 ksi

fy 0 ksi

2 2 2
Fy
fx fx fy fy 3 fv 1 If equal to 1, then the shear loading is acceptable per ASME BTH-1-2014 3-2.5
Nd

Top lug calculations (Note: Due to the fact that two slings are being used on the top lugs, the load actually comes in at an angle. However, if we assume that the edge of the plate is curved as shown in ASME BTH-1-2014 figure C-
3.3.1-1, the calculations will stay the same)
Lug dimensions

r 1.00 in Source: F10041778

w 4.00 in

a r 1 in

9
3
t in
4
7
Dp in Source: Shackle diameter, John Voirin
8

Dh 1.00 in Source: F10041778

Dh
RCL a 1.5 in Source: Visual inspection of ASME BTH-1-2014 Fig. C-3.3.3-1
2

Calculation of tensile stresses in lug

w Dh Source: Visual inspection of ASME BTH-1-2014 Fig. C-3.3.3-1


b e 1.5 in
2

Fu Dh
b eff min 4 t b e 0.6 1.184 in Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 section 3-3.3.1
Fy be

beff be 1 If this is equal to 1 then ASME BTH-1-2014 equations 3-47 and 3-48 are satisfied

2
Dp
Cr 1 0.275 1 0.867 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-46
2
Dh

Fu 4
Pt Cr 2 t b eff 3.72 10 lbf Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-45
1.20 Nd

Dp
55 48.125 Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-52
Dh

Dp 2
Area pinhole t 2 sin ( deg ) 0.489 in After talking with Bob Woods, he suggested using this for ASME BTH-1-2014 3-3.3.3 and 3-3.3.4
2
Psymmetric.load
ft.avg 4.093 ksi Load divided by the arc length and thickness
Area pinhole

Psymmetric.load Pt 1 If equal to 1, the actual tensile force is less then the allowable, which is good

Calculation of fracture strength beyond the pinhole

Fu Dh 0.92 b e

Pb Cr 1.13 RCL t 2.643 104 lbf Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-49
1.20 Nd 2 be
1
Dh
Psymmetric.load Pb 1 If equal to 1, acceptable per ASME BTH-1-2014 3-3.3.1

10
Calculation of shear strength of the pinhole

2
Dp 2
Zprime r r sin ( deg ) 0.055 in Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation C-2 for curved edges of a lifting plate
2

Dp 2
A v 2 a ( 1 cos ( deg ) ) Zprime t 1.636 in Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-51
2
0.70 Fu 4
Pv A 2.768 10 lbf Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-50
1.20 Nd v

Vmax.symmetric.load Pv 1 If equal to 1, acceptable per ASME BTH-1-2014 3-3.3.1

Calculation of the fatigue loading of the lug

FTH 4.5 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 Table 3-4.4-1, case 7.2 with R<2 in.

ft.avg FTH 1 1 means acceptable per ASME BTH-1-2014 section 3-3.3.3

Calculation of the bearing stresses in the lug

1.25 Fy
Fp 22.5 ksi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 equation 3-53
Nd

ft.avg Fp 1 1 means acceptable per ASME BTH-1-2014 section 3-3.3.4

Bottom lug calculations

Since P=R from the simple beam bending calculations, and we will be using the same lifting lugs on top and bottom, the calculations are the same for top and bottom lugs. If the top lugs are predicted to work, the bottom ones will work as
well.

Lug welding calculations

Exx 58 ksi Source: AWS A5.1/A5.1M:2004 Table 2 for E7018

Exx 4
Ft.weld 2.9 10 psi Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 3-3.4.1
Nd

5
tthroat.eff in tf 0.691in
Source: ASME BTH-1-2014 Table 3-3.4.2-1 assuming a case where the thicker part joined is between 3/4" and 1-1/2"
16
2
A throat.eff 2t throat.eff w 2.5 in 2 because there are welds on both sides of the lugs

11
Fy 4
A throat.eff 4.5 10 lbf
Nd
4
A throat.eff Ft.weld 7.25 10 lbf

Fy
A throat.eff Ft.weld A throat.eff 1 If true, then the weld base metal specified is good, yielding more strength than the base material
Nd

0.60 Exx 4
Pv.weld A throat.eff 3.625 10 lbf
1.20 Nd
Psymmetric.load
Pv.weld 1 If true, then the weld will withstand shear loads per ASME BTH-1-2014 3-3.4.1(b)

tan loading

12
13
14
15
16