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# Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

## Department of Electrical Engineering

Subject: Signals and Networks (EE21101)
Part-I Signals and Systems
UG-II Autumn 2016-2017 Tutorial-IV

Q1. (a) Determine the Fourier transform of the right-sided exponential signal x(t) = eat u(t) with a>0. Sketch
the waveform of x(t), magnitude spectrum |X(j)|, and the phase spectrum X(j).
(b) If the value of a becomes double, sketch the modified magnitude spectrum |X(j)|, and the modified
phase spectrum X(j).
(c) if the signal becomes two-sided exponential x(t) = ea|t| , i.e. signal having even symmetry, sketch the
spectrum of the signal.
Q2. (a) Determine the Fourier transform and sketch the magnitude and phase spectrum of the following signal,
given in (1)

eat , t < 0

p(t) = (1)
eat , t > 0
with a=0.4
(b) if a 0, the signal p(t) becomes signum function, sgn(t). Draw the magnitude and phase spectrum of
this signum function.
Q3. (a) Using the principle of time-frequency duality, find the Fourier transform of the constant amplitude
signal, given in (2)
x(t) = 1, t (2)
Note: F{(t)} = 1, t.
(b) The unit-step function can be expressed as u(t) = 21 + 12 sgn(t). Using this, determine the Fourier
transform and sketch the magnitude spectrum of u(t).
Q4. (a) Given the relationship y(t) = x(t) h(t) and g(t) = x(3t) h(3t), show that g(t) has the form g(t) =
Ay(Bt), where A and B are real numbers.
1
(b) Consider a causal LTI system with frequency response H(j) = j+3 . For a particular input x(t) this
3t 4t
system is observed to produce the output y(t) = e u(t) e u(t). Determine x(t).
Q5. (a) Determine and draw the Fourier Transform-based magnitude spectrum of the modulated pulse

cos (2F0 t) , |t| <
x(t) = (3)
0, |t| >

## (b) Consider the system function

1
H(j) =
(4)
1 + j 280
Find the 3dB cut-off frequency Fc of the system. If the input signal is of the form x(t) = 5cos(2Fi t),
compute the steady-state output of the signal if Fi = 20 Hz, Fi = 100 Hz and Fi = 200 Hz.
Q6. (a) Determine the Discrete time Fourier Transform (DTFT) x[n] = n u[n] with || < 1.
(b) Determine the Discrete time Fourier Transform (DTFT) x[n] = |n| with || < 1.
Q7. (a) Determine the DTFT of x[n] given by

1, L n L
x[n] = (5)
0, otherwise
Draw the spectrum X() for L = 4 from 2 2.
n 2 n
(b) If a signal x[n] = 34 u[n] is fed to an discrete time LTI system h[n] =

3 u[n], determine the
convolution y[n] = h[n] x[n] using DTFT.

Q8. (a) Find the bilateral Laplace transform of the anti-causal signal x(t) = eat u(t), where a = ar + iai is
any complex constant. Sketch the ROC.
(b) Determine the bilateral Laplace transform (from the first principle) of the pulse signal

1, 0 < t <
x(t) = (6)
0, otherwise

## Find the pole-zero diagram of X(s).

(c) Using linearity and time-shifting property, x(t) = u(t) u(t ), please verify your previous result.

Q9. (a) Determine the bilateral Laplace transform of the signal x(t) = 2et u(t) + 5e2t u(t). Sketch the ROC.
(b) Consider two signals x1 (t) and x2 (t) given by x1 (t) = et u(t) and x2 (t) = (t) e2t u(t). Determine
x(t) = x1 (t) x2 (t) using bilateral Laplace transform techniques. Determine the ROC of X1 (s) and
X2 (s) and X(s).
s+1
Q10. (a) The bilateral Laplace transform a causal signal is X(s) = s(s+3) . Determine x(t) using partial fraction
expansion (PFE).
s+1
(b) A causal signal x(t) has the bilateral Laplace transform X(s) = s(s2 +9)
with the ROC R{s} > 0.
Determine x(t) using PFE.