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6.

9 Problems 249

ertex where a massless rod of


ss rod (see Fig. 6.19). A mass m
d plane ** PHYS3350 Classical Mechanics Homework lM Three 1
ng rod (assume that it can pass x
a frictionless plane inclined at an
ed at a support, and the whole
Homework m
and mass m hangsThree.
from M ; l
he rods,
nds about
a short the hinge.
distance
1. (20)The curveLet
beyond the = b(x/a) is rotated M
y(x)side around the y axis with constant frequency
dn let x be the distance
(see Fig.1).between m
A bead moves frictionlessly along the curve. Find the frequency of small
hang down). Find the
oscillations equations
about the equilibrium point. Under what conditions do oscillations exist?
Find the normal
find the normal modes when
modesgets
(This problem Fig. 6.19
messy.)
anda little
their
Fig. 6.18
y

gled
oundvertex
the ywhere a massless
axis with rod of
constant
sassless rod (see Fig.
frictionlessly along6.19). A mass m b
the curve. l
sthe long rod
about the (assume that itpoint.
equilibrium can pass x
hinged at a support, and the whole m
xist? (This problem gets a little x
e of the rods, about the hinge. Let Ma
m, and let x be the distance between
tion. Find the normal modes when Fig.Fig. 6.19
6.20
Figure 1: Rotating curve.
a frictionless cone. The cone y
s axis vertical. The half-angle
e distance
ted from
around the the particle
y axis to
with constant
2. (30)A particle slides on the inside r0
b surface of a frictionless cone. The cone is fixed with
moves
he frictionlessly
cone. Find the along the
equations curve.
of
its tip on the ground and its axis vertical. The half-angle at the tip is (see Fig.2). Let
ations aboutr the equilibrium
be the point.
distance from the particle to the axis, and let be the angle around the cone.
(1) Find the equations of motion.
ons
us rexist? (This problem gets a,
little
0 , what is
(2)the frequency,
If the particle moves x frequency, , of this motion?
in a circle of radius r0 , what is the
a
urbed slightly from this circular
(3) If the particle is then perturbed slightly from the circular motion in question (2),
what is the frequency, , of the oscillations about the radius r0 ?
scillations about thewhat
(4) Under radius r0 ? doesFig.
conditions = 6.20
?
ace of a frictionless cone. The cone
Fig. 6.21
and its axis vertical. The half-angle
be the distance from the particle to
o masses, m1 Find m2 ,equations
and the and two of r0
und the cone. l1
Find the equations of motion. m1
fl radius
modesr0and their
, what frequencies
is the frequency, , l2
n the
perturbed
cases m 1 = mfrom
slightly circular
2 , m1this m2 ,
falthe oscillations
case m1 = mabout
2 (andthe radius r0 ?
consider m2
?). Fig. 6.21
Fig.Figure
6.22 2: Motion in a cone.

of two masses, m1 and m2 , and two l1


1
6.22). Find the equations of motion. m1
normal modes and their frequencies l2
nsider the cases m1 = m2 , m1 m2 ,
h other people problems 1 and 2. You can consult the textbook and
works.
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PHYS3350 Classical Mechanics Homework


M Three 2
to slide on a horizontal bar without any
ched to the bottom of the
3. (25) block
It has with
been a
proposed that some strings in String theory of particle physics are
d can oscillate macroscopic
freely in the same planemassive. Consider an infinitely long straight string with a linear
and very
mass density . A star of mass M lis in a stable circular orbit around the string with
angular momentum l.
mall oscillations1)ofWhat
the system.
is the effective potential for the star?
2) What is the radius of the circularmorbit?
3) What is the frequency of small oscillations around the circular orbit?

ome strings in String theory of particle


nd very massive. Consider an infinitely long
mass density . A star of mass M is in a stable
ring with angular momentum l.

e potential for the star?

of the circular orbit?


niversity Physics 203 Fall 2006
cy of small oscillations around the circular orbit?
Problem Set 8 due Wednesday, November 29 at 5 PM
Figure 3: Circular orbit around the string.
3.35
collaboratively:
3:40
4. (25)Two masses m are suspended by springs k from a massless beam of length 2l
that can rotate freely around its center. Consider small tilt oscillations of the beam and
t discuss with other people problem 3. You can consult the textbook and
vertical oscillations of the masses. Find the oscillation frequencies of the normal modes.
revious homeworks.
What is the meaning of a zero oscillation frequency?
ses m are suspended by springs k
assless beam of length 2l that can 2l
ely around its center. Consider
oscillations of the beam and
oscillations of the masses. Find k k
ation frequencies of the normal
What is the meaning of a zero m m
n frequency?

-1- Figure 4: Spring with two masses m.