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Task # IV. Elaborate. Explain the picture below.

Read
carefully the direction. (limit your explanation to 5-6
sentences only) provide a sheet of paper for your answer.
Values are not static; they vary across time and between groups
as people evaluate debate, and change collective societal
West Visayas State University- ECHC
beliefs. Values also vary from culture to culture. For example, Understanding CULTURE,
cultures differ in their values about what kinds of physical
closeness are appropriate in public. Its rare to see two male SOCIETY, AND POLITICS
friends or co-workers holding hands in the United States and even
here in the Philippines where that behaviour often symbolizes Midterm Examination 2017-2018
romantic feelings. But in many nations, masculine physical
intimacy is considered natural in public. This difference in cultural
values came to light when people reacted to photos of former
president George W. Bush holding hands with the Crown Prince of
Saudi Arabia in 2005. A simple gesture, such as hand-holding,
carries great symbolic differences across cultures.

Keep
Smiling!
GENERAL INSTRUCTION:
Do not write unnecessary markings on the
In many parts of Africa and the Middle East, it is test questionnaire. Put all your answers in
the space provided. Read carefully and
considered normal for men to hold hands in friendship.
follow the instructions in every test items.
How would you as a Filipino react to these two soldiers? Write legibly and work independently.

THE UNIVERSITY HAS A SANCTION FOR ACADEMIC DISHONESTY


Task # I. Identification. Provide the term (s) being referred to by the 7. It is considered as the storehouse of culture. This element of culture is
following statements. the primary tool by which people learn and communicate their social
world.
1. The rules about what people should or should not do, say or a. Language b. beliefs c. values d. traditions
think in a given situation.________________________
2. Strong norms that regarded as morally significant and violations 8. In every society there is norms, like for example here in the
Philippines, attending mass in a proper attire is highly appreciated
of them are considered a serious matter.__________________
rather than wearing a sexy shorts or mini- skirts. What kind of norms
3. In the study of culture, these are the physical objects used by the
is being observed?
people that embrace a certain culture. ____________________ a. Mores b. Folkways c. Taboo d. Laws
4. In the study of culture these are the aspects with no physical
existence but could be experienced by people who live by 9. Diana is foreign exchange student from U.S.A, she cant stop herself
them.___________________________ from laughing when she hears some Filipino students who cannot
5. This are the norms composed of ordinary usages and pronounce well in their language class. What kind of cultural terms
conventions of everyday life and violation of these does not she is violating?
constitute heavy sanctions. ________________________ a. cultural relativism b. ethnocentrism c. values d. mores
6. This norm is a powerful social belief which holds that certain acts
10. Mr.Makisig is handling a grade 3 pupils, he considers the different
are utterly disgusting and unthinkable. ____________________
intellectual capacity of his students because he is an advocate of
7. This norms which has been enacted by political authorities and Howard Gardner theory. What kind of special needs he is
supported by the state. _________________________ considering?
8. This are anything that can express or evoke a. intellectual b. Physical c. Sensory d. Behavioral
meaning._________________________
9. This are the shared sets of spoken and often written symbols and 11. It is the a socially constructed category composed of people who
rules for combining those symbols into understandable share biologically transmitted traits that members of society consider
units._____________________________ important. Ex. The Filipinos where consider lower class because they
10. It is when you see your culture as the standard of judging others have brown skins.
culture.____________________________ a. ethnicity b. Race c. Gender d. Religion
11. This term refers to the people living at a certain place at a given
12. Female nowadays are asking for equality between male, because
time embracing the same culture. ______________________
they believe that they are able to perform the duties and
12. This refers to the total lifestyle of people living at a certain responsibilities of males in the society.
society.__________________________________ a. ethnicity b. Race c. Gender d. Religion
13. These are long established practices considered as unwritten
laws to a given place or class of people. ________________ 13. This is the adjective noun that is relates to large groups of people who
14. The belief that ones lifestyle, ideas, or products are inferior and have certain racial, cultural, religious, or other traits in common.
what is foreign is superior. _________________________ a. ethnicity b. Race c. Gender d. Religion
15. This are the point of reference or criteria for recognizing,
expressing and evaluating social environment that is desirable 14. It is one of the societys important institutions that help explain the
existence of the supernatural being.
for us. ____________________________________
a. ethnicity b. Race c. Gender d. Religion
Task #2: Am I Right or Wrong? Write the word RIGHT if the statement
Task #IV. Read carefully each item and choose the letter with the
is true and WRONG if otherwise.
correct answer. (Please put the letter of the correct answer before
each number). 1. The Igorot Tribe is one society which has preserved its culture hence
should be integrated with the mainstream culture.
1. Teacher Cyril always use the Filipino values as a standard of morality 2. City people are more ethnocentric than rural folks.
even when he is with other nationality. Teacher Cyril employs the 3. Language is storehouse of culture means that it is the primary
principles of ______? means by which people learn and communicate their social world.
a. Cultural Relativism b. Ethnocentrism c. Sino-centrism 4. Unlike other members of the animal kingdom who act based on
d. Culture Shock biologically programmed instincts, human behaviour is completely
determined by culture.
2. The term Sociology was first coined by _____? 5. A symbol not only stands for something else, but also conveys a
a. Emile Durkheim b. Max Weber c. Karl Marx d. Talcot Parson certain attitude toward what it represents.
6. Culture is dynamic and it keeps on changing
3. Sociology lays emphasis on: 7. Culture changes faster in a complex society
a. the development, structure, and functioning of human society: social 8. Post Industrial are more fragile than they appear.
relations, social institutions, group interaction, and social structure 9. Pastoral societies still exist in the modern world particularly in Africa
b. the application of our understanding of society and its members in and in the Middle East
order to improve the well-being of all 10. Filipinos during the Pre- Spanish era were called uncivilized.
c. systems of government and how they serve citizens 11. Sociocultural evolution is the process of change and development in
d. the comparative study of human societies and cultures and their human societies that results from cumulative growth in their stores
development of cultural information.
12. Continuity and change are needed to understand the process in
4. Gender refers to sociocultural evolution
a. emic meanings associated with culturally defined expectations 13. Innovation may varies in all society and one of the most important is
b. etic sexual identity based on biological characteristics the amount of information a society already possesses.
c. different psychological capacities of male/female cognition and 14. Cultural extinction happen because of social and cultural
perception innovations, societies are often faced with choices between
d. different physiological capacities of males and females competing alternatives, and this leads to a process of selection.
15. Filipino culture is more superior to the American culture.
5. The belief that males are spiritually superior to females is 16. A Filipino may never experience a culture shock in his own country.
a. expressed in Christianity, Judaism and Islam 17. Chinese may feel ethnocentric towards our culture in the sense that
b. characterized by male dominated rituals and myths their culture is lesser than our culture.
c. often not accepted by women who have their own gender ideologies 18. Culture is universal because there are certain practices and beliefs
d. all of the above that may also observed in other culture.
19. In the modern times Filipino identity becomes strong and intact due
6. Women in pre-state societies to the emerging global culture.
a. resent being excluded from male ritual activities 20. For language to truly exist, it must have both a spoken and
b. do not attach much importance to what men do during rituals written form, just like the present day language of English and
c. are eager to participate in male secret ceremonies Filipino.
d. accept the reasons for male superior status 21.
21. All societies have non- material culture that is composed of Task # 4: Cite the effects of the following modes of
values, beliefs, knowledge and language. transportation in the Philippines in terms of technological,
22. If during your society and culture class, you stand up on your cultural, social and political change in the society.
chair to sing Boom Panes you would be violating a folkway.
23. Culture is dynamic and keeps on changing. Modes of Transportation. Effects on the following areas:
24. All cultures differ from one another and at the same time are
similar to one another. Technological:
25. Unlike other members of the animal kingdom who act based on
biological instincts, human behavior is completely determined by Cultural:
culture.
Task #5: Compare and Contrast the different communities that Social:
are present in the society. Cite at least 2(two) characteristics of
each community. Political:
Urban Rural IP

Technological:

Cultural:

Social:

Political:

Technological:

Cultural:

Social:

Political: