Você está na página 1de 7

20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

Boeing P-26 Peashooter


The Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" was the first American all-
P-26 "Peashooter"
metal production fighter aircraft and the first pursuit
monoplane to enter squadron service with the United States
Army Air Corps.[N 1] Designed and built by Boeing, the
prototype first flew in 1932, and the type was still in use with
the U.S. Army Air Corps as late as 1941 in the Philippines.
There are only two surviving Peashooters, but there are three
reproductions on exhibit with two more under construction.

Contents
1 Design and development P-26 Peashooter in flight

2 Operational history Role Fighter


2.1 U.S. Army Air Corps National origin United States
2.1.1 Overseas deployments
2.2 Combat service Manufacturer Boeing

3 Variants First flight 20 March 1932


4 Operators Retired 1956 (Guatemala)[1]
5 Surviving aircraft Primary users United States Army Air Corps
5.1 Replicas Republic of China Air Force
6 Specifications (P-26A) Philippine Army Air Corps
7 See also Guatemalan Air Force
8 References Number built 151[2]
8.1 Notes
Unit cost $14,009[3]
8.2 Citations
8.3 Bibliography Variants Boeing P-29/XF7B-1
9 External links

Design and development


The project, funded by Boeing, to produce the Boeing Model 248 began in September 1931, with the US Army Air
Corps supplying the engines and the instruments. The design, which included an open cockpit, fixed landing gear and
externally braced wings, was the last such design procured by the USAAC as a fighter aircraft. The Model 248 had a
high landing speed, which caused a number of accidents. To remedy this, flaps were fitted to reduce the landing speed.
The Army Air Corps ordered three prototypes, designated XP-936, with the first flight on 20 March 1932.

The Boeing XP-936 was still tricky to land; sometimes, because of the short nose, it tended to roll onto its back and
would flip forward, injuring a number of pilots. The prototype's unarmored headrest offered virtually no protection in
such instances. As a result, production Model 266s ("P-26A"s) had a taller, armored headrest installed.

Two fighters were completed as "P-26B"s with fuel-injected Pratt & Whitney R-1340-33 engines. These were followed
by twenty-three "P-26C"s, with carburated R-1340-33s and modified fuel systems. Both the Spanish Air Force (one
aircraft) and the Republic of China Air Force (eleven aircraft) ordered examples of the Model 281 version of the P-26C

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 1/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

in 1936.

The diminutive "Peashooter", as it was known by service pilots, was faster than previous American combat aircraft.
Nonetheless, rapid progress in aviation led to it quickly becoming an anachronism, with wire-braced wings, fixed
landing gear and open cockpit. The stressed-skin cantilever-wing Dewoitine D.500 flew the same year as the P-26 and
two years afterwards the Soviet I-16 was flying with retractable landing gear. By 1935, just three years after the P-26,
the Curtiss P-36, Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Hawker Hurricane were all flying with enclosed cockpits, retractable
landing gear and cantilever wings. However, the P-26 was easy to fly, and would remain in service until the U.S.
entered World War II.

Operational history

U.S. Army Air Corps


Deliveries to USAAC pursuit squadrons began in December 1933 with the
last production aircraft in the series coming off the assembly line in 1936,
designated the P-26C. Ultimately, 22 squadrons flew the Peashooter, with
peak service being six squadrons in 1936. P-26s were the frontline fighters
of the USAAC until 1938, when Seversky P-35s and Curtiss P-36s began to
replace the P-26. A total of twenty P-26s were lost in accidents between
1934 and America's entry into World War II, but only five before 1940.

Air Corps units using the P-26[4] were the:

1st Pursuit Group (17th, 27th, and 94th PS), Selfridge Field, Michigan;
4th Composite Group (3d, 17th, and 20th PS), Nichols and Clark
fields, Philippine Department.
8th Pursuit Group (33rd, 35th, and 36th PS), Langley Field, Virginia;
16th Pursuit Group (24th and 78th PS), Albrook Field, Panama Canal
Zone;
Formation of nine Boeing P-26s of
17th Pursuit Group (34th, 73d, and 95th PS), March Field, California the 20th Pursuit Group
18th Pursuit Group (6th and 19th PS), Wheeler Field, Hawaii; and
20th Pursuit Group (55th, 77th, and 79th PS), Barksdale Field,
Louisiana.

Overseas deployments
Between 1938 and 1940, P-26s were assigned overseas to supplement
Seversky P-35s in two defense units based at Wheeler Field, Territory of
Hawaii:
Boeing P-26A Peashooter of the
18th Pursuit Group (6th, 19th, 73d, and 78th PS) 34th Pursuit Squadron 17th Pursuit
15th Pursuit Group (45th and 47th PS). Group

The 17th PG became the 17th Attack Group in 1935, and its P-26s were
transferred in 1938 to the 16th Pursuit Group (24th, 29th, and 78th PS) at Albrook Field in the Panama Canal Zone.
These P-26s were transferred in 1940 to the 37th Pursuit Group (28th, 30th, and 31st PS) which flew them until they
were replaced by P-40s in May 1941. Some continued service with the 32d Pursuit Group (51st and 53rd PS), but only
nine P-26s remained operational in Central America at the start of World War II.

P-26As were also flown by the 3d PS of the 4th Composite Group, based in the Philippines. Between 1937 and 1941, 31
were sold to the fledgling Philippine Army Air Corps.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 2/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

Combat service
The first Boeing P-26 to experience major combat operation was the Chinese Model 281. On 15 August 1937, eight P-
26/281s from the Chinese Nationalist Air Force 3rd Pursuit Group, 17th Squadron, based at Chuyung airfield, engaged
eight out of twenty Mitsubishi G3M Nell medium bombers from the Kisarazu Air Group sent to attack Nanking. The
Chinese Boeing fighters helped shoot down two of the four Japanese bombers destroyed that day without suffering any
losses. Subsequent engagements between the Chinese Peashooter pilots and pilots of the Imperial Japanese Navy
flying the Mitsubishi A5M "Claudes" were the first aerial dogfights and kills between all-metal monoplane fighter
aircraft.[5] A single P-26 was in service with the Spanish Republican Air Force during the Spanish Civil War of 1936
1939, but no aerial kills were recorded with this fighter aircraft. It was shot down in 1936.[6][7]

By December 1941, U.S. fighter strength in the Philippines included twenty-eight P-26s, 12 of which were operational
with the 6th Pursuit Squadron of the Philippine Army Air Corps.[8] Filipino-flown P-26s claimed one G3M and two or
three Mitsubishi A6M2 Zeros before the last of the P-26s were burned by their crews on 24 December 1941.[9]

Only nine P-26s remained airworthy, serving in the Panama Canal Zone. In 194243, the Fuerza Area de Guatemala
acquired seven P-26s ostensibly by the U.S. government smuggling them in as "Boeing PT-26A" trainers to get around
restrictions of sales to Latin American countries.[10] The last two P-26s in service were still flying with Guatemala's air
force until 1956, when they were replaced with P-51 Mustangs. The P-26's last combat operation was with the
Guatemalan Air Force during a coup in 1954.[11]

El P-26 fue el ltimo avin de combate de la compaa Boeing en entrar en servicio hasta que Boeing adquiri
McDonnell-Douglas con produccin y contratos de soporte continuo para el Boeing F / A-18E / F Super Hornet en
2002. Entre esos aviones, Boeing s produjo el prototipo XF8B en 1944, as como la entrada X-32 en el concurso Joint
Strike Fighter en 2000.

Variantes
XP-936
Tres prototipos de aviones para el Cuerpo Areo del Ejrcito de los EE. UU., Propulsados
por motores radiales Pratt & Whitney R-1340-21 Avispa de 525 hp (391 kW) . Primer vuelo:
20 de marzo de 1932.
P-26A
Aviones de combate de un solo asiento, propulsados por un R-1340-27 de 600 hp (450
kW); 111 construido.
P-26B
Combatiente de un solo asiento, propulsado por un motor de 600 HP (450 kW) con
inyeccin de combustible R-1340-33; dos construidos.
P-26C
Luchador de un solo asiento, con un R-1340-33 carburador y un sistema de combustible
modificado; 23 construido.
Modelo 281
Versin de exportacin del P-26C; 11 construidos para China, uno construido para Espaa,
12 construidos.

Operadores
Repblica de China

Fuerza Area Nacionalista China - (China Nacionalista, 1930)

Guatemala

Fuerza Area Guatemalteca - (Hasta 1957)


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 3/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

Mancomunidad de las
Filipinas

Cuerpo Areo del Ejrcito de Filipinas -


(Hasta finales de 1941)

Espaa

Fuerza area republicana espaola - (1


demostrador utilizado brevemente)

Estados Unidos
Operadores del P-26.
Cuerpo Areo del Ejrcito de los
Estados Unidos

Sobrevivir a los aviones


P-26A c / n 1899 nmero de serie 33-123 se encuentra actualmente
en exhibicin en el Museo Planes of Fame ubicado en Chino,
California . Este avin se vendi a la Fuerza area guatemalteca el 11
de mayo de 1943, y vol como FAG 0672 hasta que se retir en 1957
cuando fue recuperado por Ed Maloney. Una vez volado regularmente
con el registro N3378G, el P-26 del museo se coloc en pantalla
esttica a mediados de la dcada de 1980 para protegerlo. En 2004,
se tom la decisin de volver a volar el P-26, y se inici una
restauracin para devolver el P-26 a condiciones de vuelo. Esto se
complet en la primavera de 2006, con la primera aparicin de la
aeronave durante el espectculo areo del museo en mayo de 2006.
[12]El avin fue transportado sobre el Atlntico y volado y exhibido en P-26A 33-123 exhibido en Duxford
el aerdromo de Duxford, Inglaterra, en julio de 2014 durante la Airfield en julio de 2014 durante la
primera visita de posguerra a Europa. primera visita de posguerra a
P-26A c / n 1911 nmero de serie 33-135 se encuentra en la coleccin Europa
del Museo Nacional del Aire y el Espacio . Este avin se asign
originalmente al Escuadrn de Persecucin 94 en Selfridge Field,
Michigan , y fue uno de los P-26A enviados a la Zona del Canal de
Panam . Fue vendido a la Fuerza Area Guatemalteca el 11 de mayo
de 1943, y volado como FAG 0816 hasta que fue retirado en 1957.
Luego fue donado a la Institucin Smithsonian . Este avin fue
restaurado por la Fuerza Area de los EE. UU . Y se exhibi en el
Museo Nacional de la Fuerza Area de los Estados Unidos. en las
marcas del 34to Escuadrn de Ataque, hasta 1975, cuando fue
devuelto para su exhibicin en el Smithsonian Air & Space Museum.

Replicas P-26A 33-135 en exhibicin en el


Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center (
A P-26A is on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Virginia ) en las marcas de 1934 del
Force at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio.[13] It is painted as the 34 Escuadrn de Persecucin, 17
commander's aircraft of the 19th PS / 18th PG, stationed at Wheeler PG.
Field, Oahu, in 1938.
The San Diego Air and Space Museum has made a reproduction of an
early model to Boeing's plans with the original design's "streamlined
tailwheel" and without flaps and the crossover exhaust that were later additions. In addition, Mayocraft Inc.,
completed the final assembly in September 2006, and it went on display in June, 2011 after nearly 12 years of
construction.[14][15]
P-26D: A flying replica completed in 2006 is in the collection of the Military Aviation Museum, Virginia Beach,
Virginia.[16]
P-26C: two aircraft are being constructed by Golden Age Aeroplane Works (http://www.peashooter.net/index.php),
Seymour, Indiana.[17]

Specifications (P-26A)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 4/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

Data from Aviation-history.com[18]

General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 23 ft 7 in (7.18 m)
Wingspan: 28 ft (8.50 m)
Height: 10 ft 0 in (3.04 m)
Empty weight: 2,196 lb (996 kg)
Loaded weight: 3,360 lb (1,524 kg) P-26A replica on display at the
Powerplant: 1 Pratt & Whitney R-1340-27 "Wasp" radial engine, NMUSAF
600 hp (440 kW)
Performance

Maximum speed: 234 mph (203 knots, 377 km/h) at 6,000 ft (1,800 m)
Combat radius: 360 mi (310 nmi, 580 km)
Ferry range: 635 mi (550 nmi, 1,020 km)
Service ceiling: 27,400 ft (8,350 m)
Rate of climb: 719 ft/min (3.65 m/s)
Armament

Guns: 2 .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns or 1 x .30 (7.6mm) and 1 x .50 (12.7mm) caliber
machine guns
Bombs: 2 100 lb (45 kg) GP bombs or 5 x 31 lb (14 kg) anti-personnel bombs [19]

See also
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Breda Ba.27
Dewoitine D.500
Grigorovich I-Z
Mitsubishi A5M
Vickers Vireo
Vickers Jockey
Yakovlev AIR-7

Related lists

List of fighter aircraft


List of military aircraft of the United States

References

Notes
1. The P-26 continued the pursuit fighter concept that had been employed since World War I. The P for Pursuit
designation was derived from the French Chasseur designation (literally, hunter) for fighters.

Citations
1. Maloney 1973, p. 47.
2. Bowers 1976, p. 24.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 5/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

3. Bowers 1976, p. 20.


4. Maloney and Ryan 1965, Squadron Assignments
5. Gustavsson, Hkan. "Sino-Japanese Air War 19371945." (http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/sino-japanese-1937.htm)
surfcity.kund.dalnet.se, 14 April 2010. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
6. Nash, David. "Aircraft that took part in the Spanish Civil War." (http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/drnash/model/spain/di
d.html) Aircraft of the Spanish Civil War, 31 March 2008. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
7. Green and Swanborough Air Enthusiast December 1980March 1981, p. 73.
8. Shores, Cull and Izawa 1992, p. 56.
9. Shores, Cull and Izawa 1992, pp. 184185, 195.
10. Baugher, Joe. "Boeing P-26". (http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_fighters/p26.html) USAAC/USAAF/USAF Fighter
and Pursuit Aircraft: Original Fighter Series-1922 to 1962. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
11. Cooper, Tom. "Guatemala since 1954." (http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_162.shtml) Central and Latin
American Database, 1 September 2003. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
12. "Photo 33-123 (airliners photo collection)." (http://www.airliners.net/search/photo.search?codesearch=33-123)
airliners.net. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
13. "P-26 Peashooter." (http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?fsID=338) Archived (https://web.
archive.org/web/20071226032750/http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?fsID=338)
December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved: 5
August 2010.
14. "P-26 Projects." (http://www.mayocraft.com/projects.html) Mayocraft. Retrieved: 17 March 2007.
15. ""Peashooter" fighter goes on display in San Diego" (http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2011/jun/15/peashooter-fig
hter-goes-display-san-diego/) San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved: 30 March 2015.
16. "P-26 Peashooter." (http://www.fighterfactory.com/p26-peashooter) Military Aviation Museum. Retrieved: 31 May
2013.
17. O'Comnnor, Tim. "Golden Age P-26 Page." (http://peashooter.net/?content=gallery) Golden Age Aeroplane Works
(http://www.peashooter.net/index.php). Retrieved: 26 July 2017.
18. "Boeing P-26 Peashooter." (http://www.aviation-history.com/boeing/p26.html) The Aviation History On-Line
Museum, The Aviation Internet Group, 2002. Retrieved: 1 July 2006.
19. Fitzsimons 1978, pp. 20622063.

Bibliography
Angelucci, Enzo and Peter M. Bowers. The American Fighter. Sparkford, Somerset, UK: Haynes Publishing
Group, 1987. ISBN 0-85429-635-2.
Bowers, Peter M. Boeing Aircraft since 1916. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. ISBN 0-85177-
804-6.
Bowers, Peter M. Boeing P-26 Variants (Aerofax Minigraph 8). Arlington, Texas: Aerofax Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-
942548-13-2.
Bowers, Peter M. "The Boeing P-26A". Aircraft in Profile, Volume One, Part 2. Windsor, UK/Garden City, NY:
Profile Publications/Doubleday, revised 4th edition, 1976. ISBN 0-85383-411-3.
Crosby, Francis. "Boeing P-26." Fighter Aircraft. London: Lorenz Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7548-0990-0.
Davis, Larry. P-26 (Mini in Action number 2). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc., 1994. ISBN 0-
89747-322-1.
Dorr, Robert F. "Boeing P-26 Peashooter". Air International, Vol. 48, No. 4, 1995, p. 239.
Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare (Volume 19).
London: Purnell & Son Ltd, 1978, First edition 1971. No ISBN.
Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "Boeing's Fighter Finale... The Peashooter Chronicle". Air Enthusiast,
Fourteen, December 1980March 1981, pp. 112, 7375.
Maloney, Edward T. Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" (Aero Series 22). Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers Inc., 1973.
ISBN 0-8168-0584-9.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 6/7
20/11/2017 Boeing P-26 Peashooter - Wikipedia

Maloney, Edward T. and Frank Ryan. P-26: History of the Famous Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" (Air Museum
Historical Series). Hollywood, California: Challenge Publications, Inc., 1965.
Pedigree of Champions: Boeing Since 1916, Third Edition. Seattle, Washington: The Boeing Company, 1969.
Shores, Christopher, Brian Cull and Yasuho Izawa. Bloody Shambles: Volume one: The Drift to War to the Fall of
Singapore. London: Grub Street, 1992. ISBN 0-948817-50-X.
Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes Second Edition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company,
1968. ISBN 0-370-00094-3.

External links
P-26 entry on historynet (http://www.historynet.com/boeing-p-26-peashooter.htm)
The Peashooters legacy, by Michael Lombardi (http://www.boeing.com/news/frontiers/archive/2007/april/i_history.
pdf)
Project for two Peashooter reproduction aircraft (http://peashooter.net/?content=article)
P-26 Peashooter at the (http://www.fighterfactory.com/p26-peashooter.htm) Military Aviation Museum, Virginia
Beach, Virginia
"High Speed Changes in Flying," Popular Mechanics, May 1935, pp. 706708 (https://books.google.com/books?id
=wd8DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA706&dq=Popular+Science+1935+plane+%22Popular+Mechanics%22&hl=en&ei=keos
Tr74FKLDsQLpvbGKCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&sqi=2&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&
q&f=true)

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boeing_P-26_Peashooter&oldid=806486813"

This page was last edited on 22 October 2017, at 10:03.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using
this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia
Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_P-26_Peashooter 7/7