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Halle la solucin general de la ecuacin diferencial, usando series de potencias.

Exprese dicha
ecuacin mediante funciones elementales.

(1 + x 2 )y + 2xy 2y = 0
1. y = a1 x + a0 (1 x sen x)
1 1 1
2. y = a1 x + a0 (1 + x 2 3 x 4 + 5 x 6 7 x 7 + )
1 1 1
3. y = a1 x + a0 (x 3 4 x 4 + 6 x 6 7 x 7 + )
4. y = a1 x + a0 (1 + x arctan x)

Utilizar la formula general

() + () () + () = 0
(1 + x 2 )y + 2xy 2y = 0

(1 + x 2 ) 2 2 0
y + y =
(1 + x 2 ) (1 + x 2 ) (1 + x 2 ) (1 + x 2 )

=
=
Derivar y remplazar la formula original

=
=

= ( )
=

( + )y = ( 1) 2 + 2 = 1 2 = = 0
=2 =2 =0

ubicar de manera ordenada las series



( 1) 2 + ( 1) 2
=2 =2

+ 2 2 2 = 0
=1 =0

+ + ( + )( + )+ + ( ) +

= = =


=
homogenizar la serie

+ + ( + )( + )+ + ( ) + =

+ =
( + )( + )+ + ( ) + =
( ) + ( )( + )
+ = =
( + )( + ) ( + )( + )
( )
+ =
+

Dar valores a las incognitas

()
= 0 0+2 = +

2 = 0

()
= 1 1+2 = +

3 = 0

()
= 2 2+2 = +

2 1
4 = = 0
3 3

()
= 3 3+2 =
+

5 = 0

( )
= 4 4+2 =
+

3 1
6 = = 0
5 5