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ID : 1310897








Live- in- Field Experience


Live- in- Field Experience

(LFE) Report, summer 2017

Noshipur Village

ID# 1310897






ID# 1430116

24th May, 2017




Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB)

Subject: Letter of Transmittal for the LFE Report, summer 2017.

Dear Sir,

With due respect, I would like to say that I am SYED WAFI HAIDER, want to submit my Live-
in Field-Experience (LFE) report. This was an observational study, conducted during 23rd April
to 4th May 2017 for the course LFE-201 on our field venue in Dinajpur. It was jointly organized
by Independent University, Bangladesh and BRAC Learning Center, Dinajpur (BLC).

I did my fieldwork and prepared the report based on the data collected from the villagers of
Noshipur in Dinajpur through questionnaire survey, observation methods and Group discussion.
I tried my best to learn about the demography, geography and rural life, usages of Media, women
empowerment and market analysis of this village. This was an enormous experience for me and I
have learnt a lot about the culture, beliefs and custom of the village people.

I also hope that you would kindly take into consideration any mistakes in preparing this report.

Sincerely yours,


Id: 1310897

Section: 01



Firstly, I would like to thank the Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) for offering such a
different and exclusive course. This LFE program has shown us the other good side of humanity
where people have such little demand and needs, which I wouldnt have seen otherwise. Live-in-
Field-Experience (LFE) is actually a research and growing work on different fields of honor.
Through this course we have actually experienced a tidy sum about the village-life.

I really appreciate the host organization BRAC Learning Centre (BLC) for giving us such an
opportunity to explore the area and for helping and guiding us throughout the course and to for
the support of accommodation, food facilities, and security. My special regard goes to Mr.
Naheem Mahtab, Ms Susmita Mandal & Mr. Arifur Rahman Khan for their support and
help throughout the entire course. My special thanks go to the monitors Mr. MD Shohidul Alam
(Lead Monitor), Mr. Shehab Hossain (Assistant Lead Monitor) , Ms. Zohra Zabin (Monitor ) and
Ohidul Islam Henoy ( Monitor). They were very much helpful, supportive and cooperative. All
of them have guided us throughout the course session to achieve our success in collecting the

Lastly, I am very grateful to the village people. Without their tremendous co-operation& support,
this data assemblage and success of the course would not accomplish. The experience and
adherence that we have gained from LFE course will always be ever cherished and hopefully
will crutch us up in our practical life ahead.

Executive Summary:
This report aims at providing detailed information about the village East & West Noshipur (East
Noshipur also known as Haji Musa Para with another three paras) which is located in Dinajpur
district. In order to make this report we followed a specific format provided to us by our
respected Faculty members. Our topic for the report is to find out the actual result of Health and
Wealth situation, Education, women empowerment, Usages of mass Media at West Noshipur
and market analysis of Ranigonj HAAT-Bazaar and to know our village we tried collecting
information by conducting survey on the allocated households in the village. The report starts
with the introduction part where we included a brief description about the village profile of East
Noshipur (East Noshipur also known as Haji Musa Para with another three paras) which contains
a small description of the village. The report contains some basic information about the village
where we mentioned about village population, location, schools, madrassa, clinic etc. The report
also has a detailed methodology section where the method used for assembling the report is
mentioned such as conduction of a survey for data collection. A broad findings part is included
in the report which contains all the important aspects that we found through conducting the
survey. This part includes various observations associated with the people of West Noshipur
village such as life style and environment, common occupation, education, addiction, disease,
accidents, mental conditions, women empowerment, Usages of mass Media. The report also
discusses about the behavior of the people and presents the experience that we gained through
the survey. The report contains a market analysis segment of Ranigonj Bazaar and HAAT near
Noshipur where we tried to compare and analyze the market prices between Dhaka and Ranigonj
Bazaar, Dinajpur. The overall experience of LFE was a beautiful one. I learned and experienced
a lot which added to our knowledge. I created good bonding with some of the villagers. However
there were some lacking and limitations that we faced during the conduction of survey. The
report concludes with a photo gallery containing some pictures of all those memories which we
cherished throughout the survey work and our stay in Dinajpur.

Limited working hours
Our working hours conflicted with the local people.
Students were sent to difference people for different purpose.
During the rapport building, the respondents often ask if they are going to be benefited or
not. When they get the negative answer, sometime they get demoralized to give
The information that we collected through the survey were very hard to compile. All the
data were scattered and thus having difficulty to priorities them.


Primary information for this report has been collected through observations and attentive
listening. We took interviews and group discussion results. Each of us split and collected
information from different households. We went to those households and collected data for the
entire survey.

Primary information for this report has been collected through observation, attentive listening, in
depth interviews and group discussions. Effort was put into gaining trust of the people through
the collective effort of the group member. We collected all the data. In the study, both informal
and formal survey methods were followed. For collecting data, we used a questionnaire survey
which was provided by our university. The questionnaire was divided into two parts a)
Household Questionnaire and b) Adult Questionnaire in which there were different types of
questions like respondent's name, marital status, age, education, profession, income source and
so on.

Figure: A complete Flow Chart of the Methodology of the Report

Table of content

Introduction 09
Objective of LFE 10-11
About BLC ( BRAC learning center) 12-16
Village map 17-18
Village Socio Cultural status and education 19-24
Health and sanitation 24-25
Rural Finance 26
Market Analysis 27-38
Technology 39
Recommendation 40
Conclusion 41
Photos Gallery 42-43
Reference 44


As IUB aims at developing leadership qualities among the students with a view to serving the
nation and humanity at large, this compulsory Three-credit course of Live-in-Field Experience
(LFE) is an important step towards attaining its goal. LFE is not only about the study of village,
it is also about the study of the predominant culture and mode of production of Bangladesh. LFE
course is jointly organized by IUB, Dhaka and BRAC Learning Centre (BLC). This course is
only offered in IUB among all the universities of Bangladesh. This is really a wonderful
experience for the students to get such a close touch with the villagers. 80% of our total
population lives in village. Again, people living in cities have some wrong ideas about village
people. We should know about the villagers and their culture. Our ideas will also change if we
see them from closer. With these reason behind IUB offers such a course like LFE for its

Bangladesh is still in the developing phase. More than two decades have been passed since its
Liberation. Still our main mode of production is peasant economy. Civilization and development
has not been taken place in significant extent. Villagers are ignored by the urban people. They
are termed as rural idiot and rustic. In many cases their knowledge is better than ours. We have
many things to learn from them. Still we cannot ignore village and peasant since our root is
there. Learning and understanding them knows our root. So, we cannot simply ignore them.

Objective of LFE

The general objective of LFE is to help the participants learn the application of social research,
appreciate rural problems and gain firsthand experience of working with rural people.

The specific objectives are:

Enrich our general knowledge.

Getting familiar with our Gram bangle.
Getting familiar with our villages, soil, atmosphere, and people.
Rural Market structure, the process of exchange, marketing activities, etc.
The social structure and changes in the village and the reasons for the changes.
Economy and rural production cycle, the wealth and resources owned by villagers.

Major objective of the report is to find out the actual result of Health and Wealth
situation, Education, women empowerment, Usages of mass Media at Noshipur
Too familiar with qualitative method of data collection.
Gain knowledge about rural life in Bangladesh, its people, and their standard of living.
To have an idea about the economic condition of the villagers, as well as facts,
demographic, social, environmental and health,.
Field survey for appreciating problems and potential of rural areas.
To gain firsthand experience of working with rural people in their traditional environment
as well as an understanding of development needs of rural areas.
To learn how to build rapport with villagers.

BRAC Learning Centre (BLC)
BRAC Learning Division (BLD) is responsible for augmenting the capacity and professionalism
of BRAC staff and programmed participants through a wide range of training and learning
programmed. It also provides other development organizations and government organization
with need-based and tailor-made consultancy services at home and abroad such as- Afghanistan,
SriLanka, Pakistan, Uganda, Sudan, Tanzania, Haiti, and Sierra Leone. Some of the notable
consultancy services may be mentioned here i.e. a six-month long consultancy support on
Review Social Development Module and Training Materials was provided to Chars Livelihood
Programmed (CLP) funded by DFID; Assessment of institutional capacity building needs of
Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) institution, and capacity building support was given jointly by
BLD, BPATC and Accenture Development Partnership (UK), etc.

BRAC Learning Centre (BLC)

BLC - Central Office & Central Training Centre

Ayesha Abed Library

Small Auditorium



Information Board of BLC DinajpurBLC Work Activity

BLC work Activity

Social Vision: They provide on justice, equity, democracy and environmentally sound

Organizational Mission: To give disadvantaged women, men and children greater voice,
reduce their vulnerability, increase use of citizenship rights and help them enhance their
quality of life. To that end, BLC pursues educational, economic development and social-
organization approaches. It works to strengthen social protection and safety networks and
participates in national and international outreach and advocacy. BLC works in
collaboration with communities, civil society, government and the private sector.

Strategy: BLC combines grass-roots service delivery, community mobilization and

advocacy in its strategy.

Programmed: BLC programmed portfolio has evolved over the last 27 years. At present
the core activities include non-formal adult education and lifelong learning, livelihood
enhancement, financial services and primary education. In addition to its core activities
BLC is involved in vulnerable group development, juvenile justice, early childhood
development, local governance improvement, community health and sanitation.

Village Mapping


At first my assigned village was East Noshipur of Dinajpur. It is a large village. The village has
four paras Haji Musa para, Kathua para, Saotal para and Molla para. In Noshipur village
there are 2,200 voters which them 700 are Hindu. Secondly we assigned to another village for
some transportation problem and for an accident. Which village name is West Noshipur. Now
the village map of East Noshipur is drawn to represent the whole area of the village and also to
get the idea of the overall view.

My first assigned was East Noshipur village. It was little walking distance from BRAC Learning
Center (BLC). Every day in the morning after our breakfast we used to go to the village. The
village East Noshipur is beautiful and also the people of the village are really polite and friendly.
The area of the village is big and it divided into small paras. The village people are very busy
because most of them are day labor or farmer.

Noshipur (East) at a glance:

Para Haji Musa para, Kathua para, Saotal

para and Molla para

Village Noshipur

District Dinajpur

Religion Islam, Hinduism

Number of School 01

Masjid 04

Mandir 01

Madrasa 01

Clinic 01

Graveyard 01

Village socio cultural status and education
Social change is a huge phenomenon to explain. It has the changes that have been happening
over the years. As the responses of social changes are interlinked, a change in one part of society
often results in changes in other part of the community as well. Although the change takes place
very slowly, the cause of change is more or less interconnected. If we cautiously observe the
changes, we find that the changes have been very quick in recent years. Social change process
identifies the sequential change of the local environment, economy and social dimension of a
place for a certain period of it me. For the timeline analysis adult people are usually chosen by
the researchers because of their complete knowledge of the activities of the village. Timelines
were used as means of visualizing the major events that have occurred in the Village over time. It
provides an actual of all the historical profile. It helped a lot to understand the complete situation
of Noshipur village.

Population: If we start from population there were less people even before the 21stcentury.
Recently Noshipur has 1000 to 1500 people which are approximately 4 times bigger than
what it had before liberation. Larger family, increases in birth rate, increasing number of
marriage are mainly responsible for the huge population of Noshipur. On the other side now
people are coming into this village from other place for their livelihood.
Occupation: Most of the people in Noshipur are day labor and tempo driver. Some people
are hesitant to take up their forefathers profession of firming and more interested in other
jobs. This was quite radical for the village since the women went to work. Overall in
Noshipur, there is diversification of all sorts of occupations. There are service holders,
women employees, farmers, labours, and drivers.
Education and Facility: Noshipur village literacy level is not very satisfactory. People are
very open to educate their children. Most children go to Nashipur School for studies.
Income: The people of upper class mainly get remittances. There are some land owners in
noshipur village but they do not utilize their land for agricultural purpose. The village is not
economically well off.

Dowry: Dowry is a major problem in any society. The people of this village always take or
give dowry when they get married. They give dowry through cash, gold, furniture, property
etc. For some basis dowry has become trendier in this village. Most of the time, it is being a
force from the part of bridegrooms family. There is a pathetic thing that now the people of
noshipur village calling it Gift not dowry but they take it obviously.

Most of the student is female

During Survey time take a picture with village women

Survey time take a picture with Misses Chabi , She talked about the dowry system, their
socio cultural activities and female education system.

Noshipur Primary

Primary School

Female student

Health & Sanitation
Sufficient sanitation, together with useful cleanliness also protected water, need aid basic with
handy well being and to social What's more investment improvement. We every one think that
absence of sanitation may be those principle reason for ailment.

Sanitation by alludes of the procurement from claiming offices and administrations to the safe
transfer of human urine whats more countenances. Sanitation will be also those hygienic
methods for pushing wellbeing. Hygienic method for aversion might a chance to be toward
utilizing building results (e. G. Sewerage whats more
wastewater treatment), straightforward advances (e. G.
Latrines, septic tanks), or Indeed by personage
cleanliness hones (e. G. Basic hand washing for soap).

Lavatory utilization will be exactly great what we have seen. Just about every last bit
individuals utilization the ring-slab shut toilets. We were precise inspired will see that. We have
seen that altogether those 11 families we need visited. Yet altogether couple of would there who
don't utilization sandals Furthermore cleanser dependably. However some kids would not
acclimated to it. Kids must additionally make taught to embrace this propensity.

Sanitation facilities:
Sanitation is one of the most important aspects for living a healthy life. The awareness for better
and cleaner sanitation facilities required for better living is absent in the mind of the people
living in the rural parts of the country in proper format to be executed by all. In other words we
can say that, we can find a moderate awareness of sanitation among village people. The villagers
are now known about the sanitation system as they are now sending their childrens in schools.

Thus they are getting much information from schools as well as NGOs. The improved sanitation
system has contributed well in avoiding the sickness and maintaining the environmental and
personal Hygiene.

The most common disease suffered by the males of Noshipurare fever, skin diseases, blood
pressure, asthma and arthritis. It happens because they take a lots of cigarette and weed and also
because they work hard in the fields. Children suffer from cold fever, worm, allergy and pox
because most of the time they take food without washing their hand and walk here and there
barefooted. Women mostly suffer from Fever, blood pressure, Gynecological problems and
pregnancy related problem.

Only one clinic in

nashipur Village

Rural Finance
Mojamel Hassan is one of the village men who
took loan from Grameen bank.

Principle amount = 20,000

Interest = 3,000

Total week = 44

Weekly paid = 500

Interest Rate = 3,000\20,000 = 15%

Interest Amount per week = 3,000\44 =


Weekly paid without interest = 500-68.18 = 431.82


1. Policy Issue
2. Context Of The Emulation
3. High Interest Rate.
4. Unable to pay Installment
for poverty.
5. Details of the Intervention.

Market analysis


A rural market is a vital and very complex array of activities which plays a significant role to
facilitate economic activities in the village as well as throughout the country. Rural market not
only generates employment and smooth then the economic activities but it also creates a platform
for the farmers to trade their production and thus support their livelihood and as a means to meet
the everyday necessity of themselves and the villagers.


Our objective of the market analysis was

Classification of Products and Services.
Inward and Outward products.
Value Chain Analysis of Litchi.
Consumer Goods.


Business sector could a chance to be characterized similarly as a physical setting or spot to trade
about products also benefits between genuine and possibility purchasers furthermore merchants
with a few those vicinity from claiming haggling of energy looking into at whatever sides. It
includes a more terrific degree about rivalry between the merchants in place should hold buyers
consideration. Business sector assumes An huge part in encouraging the monetary exercises On a
specific setting Also may be Surely those The majority essential analytics parcel of the economy,
since they achieve those purchasers Furthermore dealers together for trading products What's
more administration.

Difference between HAAT and Bazaar

Bazaar HAAT
Saturday , Monday, Tuesday , Wednesday and Sunday and Thursday
Local people buy their daily material from People came from difference places to buy
Bazaar various things
Specific people sell product People from difference places came and sell
their product
Local customer Customer came from difference places
Small Area Large area
Daily related product sell and buy Related-unrelated all kind of product available

Convenience Goods:

An accommodation handy will be a purchaser

thing that is generally accessible What's more
bought habitually for insignificant exert. Since an
accommodation handy might be discovered
readily, it doesn't require the purchaser with
experience an escalated consideration choice
making transform. Comfort goods, for example, such that daily
papers What's more candy, would not the same as claim to fame
goods, for example, cars, which would more unreasonable also
often convey a more stupendous chance cost of the purchaser.

Staple Goods:
Staple goods are the daily necessary products that we use
in our daily life. Consumer goods (such as bread, milk,
paper, sugar) that are bought often and consumed
routinely. Staples offer little differentiation and are
usually compete on the basis of price.

Staple goods = routinely consumed goods

Impulse Goods:

Drive merchandise would the individuals

items alternately products which need aid
purchased toward clients ahead drive or
without critical manner of thinking similarly
as contradicted to staple alternately vital
products. Drive merchandise need aid the
individuals which allure alternately entice An
client right away and the client essentially
dives ahead and buys those result without any
exploration alternately without speculation.

Emergency product:
The products which are bought in case of emergency or
urgent need are called Emergency product. Medicine and
burial clothes were the only emergency products
observed at the HAAT

Shopping product:
The shopping products are bought less
frequently and need much planning and
shopping effort. Examples of shopping
products are beauty soap, furniture,
clothes, sandals etc.

Specialty Product:
Specialty products have exceptional individualistic or brand identification for which
sufficient numbers of buyers are willing to make a special purchasing effort. Villagers take
longer time to make final decision about buying a specialty product. For them jewelry is the
specialty products.

Unsought product:
The consumers products, consumers do not know about or dont think of buying generally
are unsought products. Some of these kinds of products are Burial Cloth, Family planning
measures: Condom & Birth Control Pills and herbal medicine.
We observed that a great variety of brand products are coming into the Haat. Some of those
are Parachute coconut oil, Pran, Close up, Sunsilk shampoo, Sandalina soap, Rangs and LG
electronics etc.

Value and distribution chain between producer and customer:

For value chain analysis I took Radish as a sample:

A farmer produces radish and spend the following:

Fertilizer- Bio fertilizer Hand made Uria 84tk/kg
Irrigation Per Bigha 300tk
Worker Cost 300tk per person Selling Price- 10tk/kg

Whole seller
Buying Price- 10tk/kg
Transport Cost-15tk per van
Selling Price- 15tk-17tk/kg (Profit 2tk/kg.avg

Dhaka Arot(Karwan Bazaar)

Buying price-20tk/kg including middle man & transport cost
Bazar rent, labour cost
Selling price- 25tk-30tk/kg including profit

Local Area Bazar / Small retailer

Buying price- 25tk-30tk/kg
Shop rent, utility, worker, local politics
Selling price- 40tk-45tk/kg including profit

Buying Price- 40tk-45tk/kg

Distribution channel

Input Production Processing

Selection Processes Activities

Outward products:

These 3 types of product imported from outside of city at Ranigonj Haat-

Household Items

Services provider Ranigonj bazaar:

1) Distributed Place: The village hat is the distribution place where products distributed

from producers to middle man, middle man to seller or seller to customers.

2) Cobbler: In this Bazaar there are so many cobbler, villagers come with their shoes and

Repairs from cobblers.

3) Handicraft: There are some handcrafts in the village Bazaar.

4) Electrified: The hat is fully electrified.

5) Barber shop: This may be a put the place male villagers get their hair slice furthermore

shaves. In this. Cottage there are you quit offering on that one man stall Also a few stalls

need limit for serving two or three. Kin at once.

6) Tailors: The tailors stitch cloths like salwarkameez, dress, trouser, and shirt.

7) Herbal medicine: In the village hat there are some people who sell herbal medicine.

8) Transportation: Transportation like van used for carrying goods or other products from

one place to another.

Local Product


Orange Biscuits

Rabeya Semai

Fake Products (clone products):
There were so many fake products in Ranigonj Market and the people were very unaware about
the fake products. Some examples:

Product Name Original Product Fake product

Pran Juice vs aafi juice

Glaxose D vs Dextrose

Tang vs TASKIA

Nutty biscuit Vs Nutt


Why the products became fake:

1. Concept of cheap price
2. Low income people
3. Lack of knowledge about brand name.

Price Comparison from Dinajpur to Dhaka is given below;

Serial Product Picture of Product Price in Price in Price

Number Name Dinajpur Dhaka Difference

1. Green 30/- per 50/- per 20/-tk each

Chili kg kg

2. Potato 18/-tk per 20/-tk 2/-tk each

New kg per kg

3. Long 30/-tk per 56/-tk 26/-tk each

Brinjal kg per kg

4. Carrot 17tk per 30tk per 13tk each

kg kg

5. Tomato 20tk per 40tk per 20tk each

kg kg

Why does the price varies?

There are some important factors that affect the price level of Raniganj Bazaar and thereby affect
the level of economic activities of the villagers.

Seasonal pricing:

Season actually affects the price of especially agricultural product. For example: during the
harvesting season crops are massively sold by the sellers. In winter season the cloth stores earn
the most.

Transportation cost:

Usually traders include the transportation costing in the total price. Along with fluctuation of the
transportation cost the price also ebb and flow.

Distribution Channel:

In study of rural market analysis, we found mainly two types of distribution channels:

Direct Distribution Channel: It exists between the producers and end-consumers with no
intermediary level.

Indirect Distribution Channel: It exists between the producers and end-consumers with one or
more intermediary levels.

Products Promotion:

Buy any whistle ---

free sticker

Buy any mango jelly ---

free balloon

Promotional activities:

Promotion is the most effective tools use by the marketer to attract customers about a product or
service. Villagers are usually very much influenced by the advertisements and the posters that
are used for exposure of a product to the people. In the rural market most of the modern
promotional tools that we use in the urban areas are not used. However, in Raniganj Bazaar we
have seen that the marketers have relied heavily on some traditional promotional tools like:

1. Signboard: The marketers of Raniganj Bazaar have heavily adopted the signboard
medium to attract customers. Signboards allow the maximum visibility and thus are very
important to capture customers eye.
2. Posters: The Posters are usually stuck on the walls which are easily visible to the visitors
of the Bazaar. Posters are also displayed in the vans and other automobiles. The posters
increase the brand awareness and also reinforce the brand in the rural customers memory


Mobile Phone (normal phone)

(The women named Josina Khanom used

normal mobile phone. She talked to her son
and daughter they live in Dhaka.)

Television (Very few specific people) -When we survey 5-6

houses maximum number of houses had Television and

maximum number of women watching Indian Bangla serial

and Bangladeshi serial and movie.

Laptop (Very few specific people) During survey time we

found 3 houses out of 5 they had laptop because of their family

live in abroad.

Tractor Many men buy tractor, taking loan from Grameen


Fan- Fan available in every house.

Light- Light is everywhere.

Torch light- Village people always carry torch light.

My Findings & Recommendation:
Based on the survey the following recommendation can be made for improvement of the village:

1. Number of schools ought to build that those learners get the chance will be well taught.

2. Women get the priority to get good jobs with a handsome salary.

3. Number of schools should increase that the students get the opportunity to be well


4. Every religious people should understand about importance of women education. They

have to know that educated women can help them in finance.

5. All men should give importance on women decision. They should give that independence

to women what they exactly desire.

6. The meritorious students should get the chance to expand their educational qualification.

They must have the chance to go abroad, have extra fund for their other facilities that

helps them to learn more without any problem relating to money, shelter, and food and so


7. People should be aware about child marriage and should stop it because it can be cause

early giving birth of children that will effect negatively on women health.

8. Dowry system should totally give up from people because it damage women



It was a great opportunity to understand the lifestyle of our rural people and how the rural
women have their empowerment or rural Hats are in operation and also what are the roles and
impacts they play on the economy throughout our survey at Dinajpur. By performing the whole
analysis it is very clear that how the village women are really different from urban women or
how their society or culture influencing them. Also we get to know the distribution channels and
intermediaries are functioning in the rural market. I personally recommend and enjoy this type of
surveys because this extensive research gives us the understanding of how the villagers live in
the country and how hard the peasants are working for our nation. Peasants are the overall
victims as the middleman always deprives them. They play vital role for the production industry
so they should get the actual amount of return they deserve. Peasants should be awarded not
neglected. Again, being a part of the LFE we have a clear idea about how people are living and
adjusting in every situation. It was really a very educational journey for me and I gather lots of
new experiences which were unknown to me once. In conclusion, a clear picture of rural life is
visualized while visiting the Noshipur village and overall it was a fantastic field trip.

Photos Gallery