Você está na página 1de 234

Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual

Page ii
His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Abu Dhabi

Page iii
Page iv
His Highness General Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed
Forces and Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Executive Council

Page v
Page vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABU DHABI PUBLIC REALM DESIGN MANUAL

Part I Part II

1.0. Introduction 3 4.0. Public Realm Network 31

1.1. Public Realm Definition 3 4.1. Abu Dhabi Island Conceptual Public Realm Network 31

1.2. Manual Jurisdiction 3 4.2. Abu Dhabi Mainland Conceptual Public Realm Network  31

1.3. Planning Context 4 4.3. Al Ain Conceptual Public Realm Network 31

1.4. Planning Process 5 4.4. Continuing the Process 31

2.0. Vision 9 5.0 Parks 37


2.1. Principles 9 5.1. Park Planning Process 37
2.2. Policies 9
5.2. Park Hierarchy 37
3.0 Level of Service 15 5.3 Park Design Guidelines 39

3.1. Public Realm Hierarchy 15 Park Universal Design Guidelines 41

3.2. Universal Level of Service 16 Art Park 43

3.3. Park Hierarchy 17 Baraha 45

3.4. Streetscape Hierarchy 18 Ceremonial Park 47

3.5. Waterfront Hierarchy 19 Community Garden 49

3.6. Public Place Hierarchy 20 Community Park 51

3.7. Park Service Area Analysis 21 Conservation Park 53

3.8. Existing Park and Open Space Conditions 25 Desert Park 55

3.9. 2030 Park Level of Service 25 Family Park 57


Heritage Park  59
Linear Park 61
Meyadeen 63
Oasis Park 65
Sports Park 67

Page vii
6.0 Streetscapes 71 8.0 Public Places 115
6.1. Streetscape Planning Process 71 8.1. Public Places Planning Process 115
6.2. Streetscape Hierarchy 71 8.2. Public Place Hierarchy 115
6.3 Streetscape Design Guidelines 73 8.3 Public Place Design Guidelines 117
Streetscape Universal Design Guidelines 75 Public Places Universal Design Guidelines 119
Ceremonial Route 77 Cultural Destination 121
Gateway 79 Heritage Feature 123
Mushtarak (Shared-Use Access) 81 Landmark Destination 125
Parking Area 83 Mosque 127
Pedestrian First Corridor 85 Plaza 129
Pedestrian Crossing 87 Souq 131
Scenic Route 89
Sikka (Paved Pedestrian Path) 91 Part III
Themed Corridor 93
Appendix A - Glossary 137
Transit Corridor 95
Appendix B - Plant List 141
7.0 Waterfronts 99
Appendix C - Irrigation Guide 213
7.1. Waterfront Planning Process 99
7.2. Waterfront Hierarchy 99 Appendix D - Acknowledgements 215
7.3 Waterfront Design Guidelines 101
Waterfront Universal Design Guidelines 103
Waterfront Access 105
Preservation Area 107
Recreation Area 109
Urban Area 111

Page viii
FIGURES & TABLES
ABU DHABI PUBLIC REALM DESIGN MANUAL

Figure 1.1: Plan Abu Dhabi 2030 4 Figure 5.1: PRDM Planning Process 37

Figure 1.2: Plan Al Ain 2030 4 Table 5.1 Public Realm Park Hierarchy 38

Table 3.1 Public Realm Hierarchy Definition 15 Table 5.2 Park Typologies 39

Table 3.2 Universal Standards 16 Figure 6.1: PRDM Planning Process 71

Table 3.3 Public Realm Park Hierarchy 17 Table 6.1 Public Realm Streetscape Hierarchy 72

Table 3.4 Public Realm Streetscape Hierarchy 18 Table 6.2. Streetscape Typologies 73

Table 3.5 Public Realm Waterfront Hierarchy 19 Figure 7.1: PRDM Planning Process 99

Table 3.6 Public Realm Public Place Hierarchy 20 Table 7.1 Public Realm Waterfront Hierarchy 100

Figure 3.1 Park Coverage Gaps - Abu Dhabi Island 22 Table 7.2. Waterfront Typologies 101

Figure 3.2 Park Coverage Gaps - Abu Dhabi Mainland 23 Figure 8.1: PRDM Planning Process 115

Figure 3.3 Park Coverage Gaps - Al Ain City 24 Table 8.1 Public Realm Public Place Hierarchy 116

Table 3.7 Existing Conditions of Parks and Open Space (2010) 25 Table 8.2. Public Place Typologies 117

Table 3.8 Parks Allocation by Municipality 25

Figure 4.1: Abu Dhabi Island Conceptual Public Realm Network 32

Figure 4.2: Abu Dhabi Mainland Conceptual Public Realm Network 33

Figure 4.3: Al Ain City Conceptual Public Realm Network 34

Page ix
Page x
MANDATE OF THE ABU DHABI URBAN PLANNING COUNCIL

The Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council was The Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Councils
created by Law No. 23 of 2007 and is the primary purpose is to deliver upon the
agency responsible for the future of Abu vision of His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin
Dhabis urban and regional environments, Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the United
and the expert authority behind the Arab Emirates and Ruler of Abu Dhabi,
visionary Abu Dhabi 2030 Urban Structure for the continued fulfillment of the grand
Framework Plan published September design envisaged by the late Sheikh Zayed
2007. Chaired by His Highness General Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Father of the Nation,
Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and the ongoing evolution of the Emirate of
Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Deputy Abu Dhabi. By drawing on urban planning
Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed expertise from local Emiratis, throughout
Forces and Chairman of the Abu Dhabi the Arab States of the Gulf, and around the
Executive Council, the Abu Dhabi Urban world, the Urban Planning Council strives
Planning Council defines the shape of to be a global authority on the future of
human settlements in the Emirate, ensuring urban planning and design.
factors such as sustainability, infrastructure
capacity, community planning and quality Building on the success of Plan Abu Dhabi
of life, by overseeing development in the 2030, the Abu Dhabi Urban Planning
cities and in the Emirate as a whole. The Council is pleased to issue the Public Realm
Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council ensures Design Manual for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
best practice in planning for both new and the guidelines of which are contained
existing settlements. within this document.

Page xi
Page xii
Part I
Chapter 1.0 - INTRODUCTION
1.1 Public Realm Definition
1.2 Manual Jurisdiction
1.3 Planning Context
1.4 Planning Process
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 1 Page 2
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 1 - Introduction

1.0. Introduction 1.1. Public Realm Definition 1.2. Manual Jurisdiction


The Abu Dhabi Public Realm The public realm includes all exterior For the purpose of this Manual, the
This Manual is part of the UPCs places, linkages and built form elements public realm includes all areas within the
Design Manual (PRDM) development regulations and is approved that are physically and/or visually
by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi Executive existing and planned urban and settled
was commissioned by the accessible regardless of ownership. areas of the Emirate. Urban areas are
Council for use in all public realm designs
Abu Dhabi Urban Planning across the Emirate, as defined by this
These elements can include, but are defined in the maps contained in Capital
not limited to, streets, pedestrian ways, 2030, Plan Al Ain 2030 and Plan Al
Council (UPC) to guide the Manual or otherwise by the UPC. bikeways, bridges, plazas, nodes, Gharbia 2030. Where ambiguity arises
development of a world- This Manual constitutes one of many squares, transportation hubs, gateways, regarding the jurisdiction, consult with
class public realm. related design initiatives in the Emirate of parks, waterfronts, natural features, the UPC.
Abu Dhabi. It shall be used in conjunction view corridors, landmarks and building
Historys greatest cities with other adopted standards and interfaces. The PRDM has developed Conceptual
have unique physical guidelines as applicable. The PRDM Public Realm Networks for three initial
To simplify and plan for the Emirate,
integrates the needs of different agencies focus areas: Abu Dhabi Island, Abu Dhabi
patterns that are defined and shall be undertaken by multiple
the public realm is organised into
Mainland and Al Ain City. The Networks
by the relationships four categories: Parks, Streetscapes,
professionals, including urban planners Waterfronts and Public Places. provide specific guidance based on the
between buildings, streets, and designers, transport planners, traffic Definitions for these categories are as unique qualities of each focus area.
open spaces and landforms. engineers, and landscape architects. follows: Conceptual Public Realm Networks will
These relationships form The Manual shall be used by all agencies Parks - Public spaces within a also be completed for Al Gharbia and the
in the design and approval of all public Al Ain in 2011.
the public realm system realm designs in the Emirate of Abu
community for recreational use.
and create destinations. Parks may include natural areas
Dhabi, and shall take precedence over all such as mountain ridges and wadi
existing public realm design manuals. systems.
With the development of
The Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design
the PRDM, the Emirate Manual will be updated regularly as new
Streetscapes - The visual elements
of Abu Dhabi is actively of a street including the road,
data and experience with best practices
sidewalk, street furniture, trees and
planning for the public become available. Please check the UPC
open spaces that combine to form
realm and building a world- website for the latest version before
the streets character.
using this Manual.
class community. Waterfronts - All land areas along
The PRDM consists of three parts:
the waters edge.
The Public Realm Design
Part I: The foundation for public Public Places - All open areas within
Manual is an essential realm planning. a community visible to the public or
planning tool that will help for public gathering or assembly.
Part II: A step-by-step guide to
the Emirate achieve its developing a public realm project If a proposed public realm design falls
vision for the future. that is consistent with the public into more than one category, other
realm vision, principles and policies. category guidelines may be applied per
area of variance. Any conflicts between
Part III: Technical Appendices. typology design guidelines revert to
Each section focuses on how the public the Universal Design Guidelines (UDG).
realm meets the needs of the future Any conflicts between Universal Design
residents and visitors of the Emirate. Guidelines revert to policies.

Chapter 1 Page 3
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 1 - Introduction

1.3. Planning Context More than just a sustainability Finally, the PRDM was developed in
programme, Estidama is the symbol of respect to the wide range of planning
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is planning an inspired vision for governance and documents completed and compiled
for the next generation. The PRDM is community development. It promotes by the UPC, the Municipalities and
one piece of an Emirate-wide planning sustainable principles in every aspect of other agencies to create a plan that
strategy. The PRDM builds on other our community and nurtures lifestyle- appropriately addresses the public realm
planning documents in a continued effort enhancing initiatives for the people of of the Emirate.
to shape the future development of Abu Abu Dhabi today, but also taking a longer
Dhabi. term view for the next generations.
Central to the planning efforts in Abu In addition to coordinating with the
Dhabi are the 2030 Plans which establish guiding principles of the 2030 Plans and
a vision for future development of the Estidama, the PRDM incorporates the
Emirate. The 2030 Plans include: fundamental concepts of the following
Plan Capital 2030: Urban Structure UPC initiatives:
Framework Plan Abu Dhabi Development Code
Plan Al Ain 2030: Urban Structure Estidama Pearl Rating System (PRS)
Framework Plan
Abu Dhabi Urban Street Design
Plan Al Gharbia 2030: Urban Manual (USDM)
Structure Framework Plan
Interim Coastal Development
The 2030 Plans regulate the pattern of Guidelines

Urban Structure Framework Plan


urban expansion to balance economic,
social and environmental priorities Neighbourhood Planning
in a sustainable manner. The plans Consolidated Community Facilities
emphasise human-scale development Requirements for New Developments
within a pedestrian-friendly environment. Abu Dhabi Mosque Design
In particular, the 2030 Plans establish Regulations: Interim Design
a framework for public open space Guidelines & Standards
that preserves the unique ecology of
Public safety and security has also played
the Emirate and prevents sprawling
community development. Using these an important role in the development
of the PRDM. The safety and security
plans as guides, the PRDM develops Plan Abu Dhabi 2030
specific strategies for enhancing the element of the PRDM applies the
public realm. principles of Crime Prevention Through Plan Abu Dhabi 2030
Environmental Design (CPTED) and
Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council
62221 . P.O.Box 62221

The PRDM also maintains the principles


Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Tel: +971 2 409 6000

approaches the challenge of creating a Fax: +971 2 443 2903


www.upc.gov.ae

of one of the fundamental concepts of defensible environment by addressing


planning in Abu Dhabi: Estidama. The both the physical and psychological
Arabic word for sustainability, Estidama aspects of design.
is an initiative to incorporate sustainable Urban Structure Framework Plan
principles into every aspect of planning in
the Emirate.

Figure 1.1: Plan Abu Dhabi 2030 Figure 1.2: Plan Al Ain 2030

Chapter 1 Page 4
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Table 1.1: Key Public Survey Responses
1.4. Planning Process Public Survey The Community Facilities Survey clearly
showed that:
The PRDM is focused on providing a As part of the PRDM, an opinion survey Key Qualities for Ideal Parks
63% of the total households (6,907
public realm that meets the needs of the was conducted to gather input on the
households) said that there was one Security
people of Abu Dhabi. Key to fulfilling availability and use of parks. The
or more missing community facility Family Seating Areas
this objective is understanding how survey gauged the publics opinion to
from their local area;
the community views the public realm. help inform the policies and guidelines Hygienic Restrooms
During the planning process, various produced in the PRDM. The findings of The top most cited missing
Game Areas for Children
stakeholder meetings and a public survey the survey are presented in Table 1.1. community facilities were;
The survey was completed as part of Places to Buy Soft Drinks
were held to address community and a shopping or eating premises
agency needs. the PRDM and provided a preliminary places of entertainment Comfortable Seating
assessment of residents perceived needs (gardens, parks and Shaded Areas
Stakeholder Meetings for parks. playgrounds); Diverse Play Equipment
As the UPC was completing a project healthcare (especially in rural
In seeking to realise our vision and to in parallel to determine the community areas); Key Qualities for Ideal Streetscapes
improve the quality of the public realm, facility needs of residents, a community
numerous stakeholder meetings and facilities survey was completed. A total 2,663 households said that they Safety and Security for Families
consultations were conducted with of 10,882 households were surveyed were missing a park in their Property Separation Between People and
key agencies involved in public realm as part of this project. The overall neighbourhood the single, highest Vehicles
planning, including: objectives of this household survey missing community facility that
people specified; Adequate Seating
The Department of Municipal Affairs provided:
30% of households visit parks - High-quality Paving Materials
(DMA) Focussed and up-to-date insights
more than three times any other Shopping and Dining
on the size, structure and
Abu Dhabi Municipality (ADM) characteristics of households sports facility. Cycling Opportunities
Al Ain Municipality (AAM) throughout Abu Dhabi Emirate;
Key Qualities for Ideal Waterfronts
Insights on the current patterns of
Department of Transportation (DoT) use of community facilities in the Proper Shading and Seating Along
Tourism Development and Investment Emirate and frequency of visits; Pathways
Company (TDIC) Insights on community facilities that Increased Access for Pedestrians and
households perceived as missing or Cyclists
Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and
inadequately provided. Naturalised Environment
Heritage (ADACH)
Food, Drink and Restrooms
During each meeting, participants
discussed current challenges in public
Key Qualities for Ideal Public Places
realm planning, including best practice
in the management and design of the Safety and Security
public realm, and appropriate elements Proper Separation to Ensure Family
and tools to be utilised in the Manual. Privacy
The outcome of these meetings was the
Variety of Shopping
development of the shared vision and
principles outlined in Chapter 2.0. Shaded Areas
Food, Drink and Restrooms

Chapter 1 Page 5
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 1 Page 6
Chapter 2.0 - VISION
2.1 Principles
2.2 Policies
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual

Chapter 2 Page 8
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 2 - Vision

2.0. Vision 2.2. Policies 1.1.8 Crime prevention and security,


through design principles, is used to create
Principle 2.0
The policies define and implement the nine safe and secure places for the community. Identity - The public realm will be a
The public realm in Abu Dhabi expresses public realm principles. These policies
traditional Arab culture while serving (CPTED) unique expression of Arab culture,
support and guide the decision-making
the diverse, multicultural population. 1.1.9 Security features are designed and heritage, values and traditions expressed
process and should be used to inform the
It is a fully accessible and engaging integrated in the public realm so they are throughout Abu Dhabi, the UAE Capital.
content of all public realm and development
experience that includes diverse public proposals from initial concept to physically and visually cohesive with other 2.1 General Policy
parks and civic spaces; an interconnected implementation. Implementing public realm streetscape elements.
system of public walkways, bicycle trails policies should result in a clear way forward 2.1.1 Plant materials used in the public
1.2 Park Policy
and public transit; a vibrant and active realm will reinforce the unique regional
to achieve quality outcomes.
waterfront; and active mixed-use areas 1.2.1 Parks provide ample space for identity of areas within the Emirate.
that are all enhanced through high- activities, sports, fitness and organised play.
quality architecture, streetscape design
Principle 1.0 2.1.2 The public realm incorporates a
and public art. It is safe, comfortable and 1.2.2 Parks are protected from development broad selection of public art based on the
Liveability - The public realm is a safe in perpetuity. recommendations of the Public Art Master
responds to the climate and environment
and comfortable space, where diverse Plan and emerging policies.
of Abu Dhabi. 1.2.3 Play areas offer clearly separated
activities can be experienced by all, 2.1.3 The public realm enhances the
amenities to accommodate different age
2.1. Principles contributing to peoples physical and
groups. urban environment and encourages the
mental wellness, and providing a high- development of a positive identity for the
Furthering this vision, nine principles 1.2.4 Visibility is maintained throughout play
quality of life. Emirate.
expand on how the public realm areas so adults can supervise children.
addresses the following key themes: 1.1 General Policy 2.1.4 Historic, cultural and natural resources
1.2.5 Furnishings and amenities for adults
Liveability in the public realm are preserved and
1.1.1 The public realm promotes physical are clustered adjacent to play areas.
enhanced.
Identity and mental health by providing an alternative 1.3 Streetscape Policy
to the urban environment. 2.1.5 The public realm provides an authentic
Access
1.3.1 Streetscapes are designed for experience and learning opportunity about
Connectivity 1.1.2 The public realm contributes to a
pedestrians first. Arab culture and tradition.
high-quality of life by providing space for
Placemaking & Design Excellence relaxation and enjoyment. 1.3.2 Streetscapes offer well-defined 2.2 Park Policy
Environmental Stewardship pedestrian routes, spaces and entrances to
1.1.3 Vegetation is located and grouped to 2.2.1 Parks will provide space for cultural
buildings for convenient movement.
Inclusivity increase the comfort of pedestrians through and social activities.
passive cooling and shading effects. 1.4 Waterfront Policy
Activation 2.2.2 Oases are the Emirates signature
1.1.4 Trees and shade structures are used to 1.4.1 Waterfronts will include recreational attraction for visitors to Al Ain.
Shared Ownership & Implementation
create continuous shadeways. activities such as swimming and boating.
The public realm principles support 2.2.3 The interface with oases will
1.1.5 High-quality materials that are easy 1.4.2 Waterfronts include access to the be enhanced to highlight their unique
the decision-making process and
to clean, maintain and repair are used in the waters edge using boardwalks, pathways characteristics as working farms.
the achievement of long-range and
public realm. and promenades for outdoor recreation.
measurable results. They ensure that
public realm development reflects the 1.1.6 Lighting is scaled for pedestrians and 1.5 Public Place Policy
established vision. provides the greatest safety benefit for
vehicles and pedestrians. 1.5.1 Public places encourage social
interaction.
1.1.7 The public realm is adequately
maintained to ensure safety. 1.5.2 Public places seamlessly connect with
their surroundings.

Chapter 2 Page 9
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 2 - Vision
2.3 Streetscape Policy 3.1.3 Special features in the public realm 3.5.2 Commercial activities, such as 4.3.2 Streetscapes prioritise pedestrians
2.3.1 Streetscape and gateway design are accessible to all residents and visitors by markets and open-air souqs, extend along over vehicles by including safe at-grade
communicates entry and arrival. meeting the standards of universal design streetscapes to increase their visibility and crossings and appropriate mid-block
and accessibility. accessibility. crossings.
2.3.2 Streetscape design enhances and
preserves views of significant buildings, 3.1.4 The public realm includes a hierarchy 4.3.3 Sikkak are used to connect
of wayfinding signs such as maps, Principle 4.0 neighbourhoods.
such as mosques, government or cultural
facilities and natural areas such as coasts, information kiosks and street signs. Connectivity - The public realm is 4.4 Waterfront Policy
deserts, mountains and oases. 3.1.5 The public realm incorporates interconnected and enhances the 4.4.1 Waterfronts are part of a continuous
2.3.3 Streetscapes promote the visual pedestrian, bicycle and vehicle safety mobility of people by providing active transportation system for pedestrians,
prominence of important circulation routes features including tactile paving at continuous land and water access for bicycles and waterborne transport.
by eliminating unsightly signage clutter, crossings, appropriate lighting and signalised pedestrians, cyclists and other modes of
utility and mechanical equipment and by pedestrian crossings. 4.4.2 Views are preserved by establishing
transport.
implementing a lighting strategy. sightlines down major street corridors.
3.2 Parks Policy
2.4 Waterfront Policy 4.1 General Policy 4.5 Public Place Policy
3.2.1 By 2030, 90% of all residents in 4.1.1 The public realm is a continuous
2.4.1 Waterfronts define the coastal identity the Emirate will be within 350 m walking 4.5.1 Building landscapes are connected
of Abu Dhabi Emirate. shaded pedestrian experience. visually and thematically to the surrounding
distance of a park.
2.4.2 The Emirate defines and celebrates 4.1.2 Wadis link elements in the public streets and neighbourhoods.
3.2.2 Continuous public access will be realm.
its relationship to the water through provided along the edges of wadis above the 4.5.2 Walls surrounding government facilities
interpretive displays, signage and public art. flash flood level. 4.1.3 The public realm includes protected are eliminated, or their heights reduced, to
2.4.3 A variety of water-related signature drop-off and pick-up areas to maximise enhance visual linkages to the surrounding
3.3 Streetscape Policy safety, accessibility and connectivity to neighbourhood.
features create a unique waterfront.
3.3.1 Street furniture, walls, fencing and other modes of transportation.
2.5 Public Place Policy
utilities are situated to minimise visual or 4.1.4 Community facilities are co-located Principle 5.0
2.5.1 Public places serve as destinations physical obstructions for pedestrians and with parks and open spaces to improve
highlighting the special attributes and cyclists. Placemaking & Design Excellence - The
efficiency and encourage shared facilities.
attractions of the Emirate. public realm is made up of high-quality,
3.4 Waterfront Policy 4.2 Park Policy human-scaled and visually interesting
2.5.2 Public places are fully integrated with
surrounding commercial uses to promote 3.4.1 Promote a multimodal transportation 4.2.1 Parks include a network of accessible places. The public realm includes
commerce and economic activity. system that integrates ferries, water taxis spaces with diverse uses for the existing and multi-functional, flexible and climate
and other waterborne transportation for future populations. responsive design solutions using high-
Principle 3.0 pedestrians, bicycles and vehicles. 4.2.2 Parks and oases are integral in quality, sustainably sourced materials.
3.4.2 Views to the waterfront are protected the overall open space network of safe, 5.1 General Policy
Access - The public realm ensures
in areas where physical access is limited. attractive and legible links with residential
full access to Parks, Streetscapes, 5.1.1 The public realm demonstrates high
3.4.3 Provide views and/or access points and commercial areas.
Waterfronts and Public Places. levels of design excellence and follows best
to the waterfront at a minimum of 1 every 4.3 Streetscape Policy practice maintenance procedures.
3.1 General Policy
500 m.
4.3.1 Streetscapes incorporate appropriate 5.1.2 The public realm meets the needs of
3.1.1 The public realm is visually and 3.5 Public Place Policy separation between pedestrian, bicycle and
physically accessible. the community while enhancing the historic
automobiles. and/or multi-cultural context of the Emirate.
3.5.1 Public places incorporate gateways
3.1.2 Within the public realm all water
and wayfinding techniques to encourage
features will be accessible to the public.
access.

Chapter 2 Page 10
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 2 - Vision
5.1.3 The public realm promotes safety and 5.5.2 High-quality landscape and plaza 6.1.8 Water features use grey water, TSE or 6.5 Public Place Policy
security by providing adequate lighting, sight design contribute to the overall experience salt water where feasible.
6.5.1 Archaeological sites are preserved
lines into parks, and minimising secluded of the public realm. 6.1.9 Water features function only in the and enhanced as educational or interpretive
spaces. early morning hours (before 9 AM) and in areas.
5.1.4 Tree pruning is minimised to allow Principle 6.0 the early evenings (after 6 PM).
trees to grow naturally and assume their Environmental Stewardship - The public 6.1.10 Mycorrihizal fungus and other Principle 7.0
natural form. beneficial microorganisms and fungi are
realm is responsibly designed to achieve Inclusivity - The public realm will provide
5.1.5 Structures and amenities will be water and energy efficiency, and will added to planting soils to enhance plant
constructed of heat-resistant materials such health. a safe and comfortable array of diverse
respect important natural assets and places and activities for all people to
as timber or molded plastic. native flora and fauna. 6.1.11 Water metres and leakage detection enjoy.
5.1.6 High-quality materials that are easy 6.1 General Policy technology are employed to monitor
to clean, maintain and repair if damaged are irrigation and ensure that water is not being 7.1 General Policy
used in the public realm. 6.1.1 Through temporary interpretive wasted and the water budget maintained. 7.1.1 The public realm includes amenities
5.2 Park Policy displays during, and permanent displays 6.2 Park Policy for everyone including young, old, physically,
following construction, the public is involved visually and mentally challenged individuals
5.2.1 The use of hedges around parks is with the design of the public realm. 6.2.1 Plants that produce food are
and their families.
minimised to ensure views remain open. 6.1.2 Solar, light-emitting diode(LED) or encouraged.
7.1.2 The public realm is inviting to people
5.3 Streetscape Policy wind-powered lighting is used, where 6.2.2 Natural turf in parks is minimised on
of all ethnicities.
practical, to reduce energy consumption. active recreation areas and sports pitches.
5.3.1 Streetscapes reflect the scale, 7.1.3 Adequate, properly maintained
character and function of adjacent land uses 6.1.3 The public realm design conserves 6.3 Streetscape Policy
universally accessible public restrooms are
and integrate with the surrounding natural water, preserves habitat and enhances provided in the public realm.
6.3.1 Streetscapes are designed to minimise
and built environments. biodiversity by using climate-appropriate
negative environmental impacts (heat island, 7.2 Park Policy
plant materials.
5.3.2 Streetscapes vary in scale and the excessive irrigation, etc.).
use of paving, curbs, trims, channels and 6.1.4 A water budget will be used for all 7.2.1 Residents and park users are included
6.3.2 Medians with natural turf are replaced
landscaping to differentiate streetscape public realm development to comply with in park programming decisions.
with drought resistant plants and hard
typologies. Estidama. 7.2.2 Universally accessible entertainment
surfaces to reduce the need for irrigation.
5.4 Waterfront Policy 6.1.5 At least 80% of the total proposed facilities, spaces for sports and leisure
6.4 Waterfront Policy
landscaped areas in public realm projects activities are developed to diversify parks
5.4.1 Waterfronts will be compatible with consist of locally occurring, drought tolerant 6.4.1 Waterfronts are maintained in their and activate the landscape.
adjacent development. plant species. natural state, where appropriate. 7.3 Streetscape Policy
5.4.2 The Abu Dhabi coastline includes 6.1.6 Irrigation water is used efficiently and 6.4.2 Alterations or work to waterfronts
world-class destinations in appropriate 7.3.1 The consistent use of Braille signage,
will balance the benefits of creating a green consider both terrestrial and marine
locations. tactile paving materials, multi-lingual
environment with the cost of irrigating the habitats/ecosystems and in compliance with
signage, audible street crossing signals and
5.4.3 Waterfronts will highlight views both green landscape. environmental policies and guidelines.
other techniques are employed to ensure
to and from the water. 6.1.7 Irrigation water will be treated 6.4.3 Water quality is protected for universal accessibility.
5.5 Public Place Policy sewage effluent (TSE) and/or alternative recreational uses such as swimming, diving
water sources including harvested water and underwater recreation.
5.5.1 The urban environment is enhanced from adjacent public sites, storm-water
with inviting and interactive public places. catchment, air conditioning condensate and
ablution water from mosques.

Chapter 2 Page 11
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 2 - Vision

7.4 Waterfront Policy 8.1.4 A mechanism will be established for 8.5 Public Place Policy 9.3.2 Construction and streetscape
citizens to report maintenance problems. maintenance programmes do not encroach
7.4.1 Universally accessible entertainment 8.5.1 The interface of the public realm
8.1.5 Landscapes within the public realm unnecessarily on the public realm,
facilities, restaurants and cafs, spaces for with public places provides a seamless link
demonstrate low cost, environmentally jeopardise pedestrian or traffic safety or
sports and leisure activities are developed between activities.
effective maintenance techniques. create other hazards.
to diversify and activate waterfronts.
7.4.2 Access to the waters edge, and 8.1.6 Activation encourages active Principle 9.0 9.3.3 Building owners are encouraged
ownership by including local institutions, to assist in identifying streetscape
into the water, accommodates everyone Shared Ownership & Implementation
business owners, and other stakeholders maintenance and security issues.
regardless of age, physical, visual or
in future decision-making processes. - The public realm will be developed 9.4 Waterfront Policy
mental ability.
through a cooperative effort of
7.5 Public Place Policy 8.1.7 Activation includes flexible government and/or private entities to 9.4.1 Interpretive and communication
programming that accommodates a ensure a high-quality resource that programmes help people understand the
7.5.1 Public places are designed to variety of uses. all stakeholders will contribute to and value of maintaining clean and healthy
comfortably and equitably accommodate
8.2 Park Policy enjoy. waterfronts.
people of all ages and abilities.
8.2.1 A programme of continuous 9.1 General Policy 9.5 Public Place Policy
Principle 8.0 evaluation process for parks will be
9.1.1 Future public realm improvements 9.5.1 Public places are maintained and
developed to ensure equipment, facilities, enhanced with the cooperation of both
Activation - The public realm are enhanced through mutual cooperation
finishes, materials and treatments are public and private entities.
will immediately be improved by maintained in good condition. and information sharing.
ensuring activities and functions 9.1.2 Unhealthy practices, such as public
are appropriately integrated and 8.2.2 A public education campaign
engages the community in helping to keep cigar and cigarette smoking and spitting,
programmed while also defining a are prohibited in the public realm.
clear operations and maintenance parks litter-free.
8.3 Streetscape Policy 9.1.3 Tourism and wayfinding materials
programme that ensures continued
and a corps of uniformed guides will be
contribution to the identity of Abu 8.3.1 Street cleaning, litter removal and available in the public realm.
Dhabi. minor maintenance tasks increase the 9.2 Park Policy
8.1 General Policy Emirates efforts to maintain and enhance
the public realm and increase perceptions 9.2.1 Civic and cultural groups are
8.1.1 A single agency to address Emirate- of safety and comfort. encouraged to adopt parks and public
wide planning, development, operations places for group clean-ups, to increase a
and maintenance of the park and open 8.3.2 Activation of streetscapes consider
existing pedestrian and retail circulation sense of ownership.
space network should be formed.
patterns to strengthen their relationship to 9.3 Streetscape Policy
8.1.2 An active partnership among the streetscape and stimulate greater use.
Abu Dhabi Municipality (ADM), Al 9.3.1 Streetscape standards and
Ain Municipality (AAM) and Western 8.4 Waterfront Policy regulations are consistently enforced for
Region Municipality (WRM) encourages 8.4.1 Specific operations and maintenance the enjoyment, safety and security of all
communication and information sharing. procedures maintain the unique conditions and to increase the positive identity of the
of waterfronts. Emirate.
8.1.3 Regular maintenance will not disrupt
park users during hours of peak use.

Chapter 2 Page 12
Chapter 3.0 - Level of Service
3.1 Public Realm Hierarchy
3.2 Universal Level of Service
3.3 Park Hierarchy
3.4 Streetscape Hierarchy
3.5 Waterfront Hierarchy
3.6 Public Place Hierarchy
3.7 Existing Park and Open Space
Conditions
3.8 Park Service Area Analysis
3.9 Following the Standards
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 2 - Vision

Chapter 3 Page 14
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.0 Level of Service Coordination Combining park Table 3.1 Public Realm Hierarchy Definition
objectives with other development
Generally, Level of Service (LOS) plans;
standards are used to quantify the PUBLIC REALM HIERARCHY
Balance - Offering a mix of
amount of parks and/or open space Hierarchy Definition
programming and activities
which must be provided to meet
throughout the park and open space
a communitys basic needs and
system;
expectations both now and in the future. The highest level of the hierarchy is the Emirate level which includes public
Shaping Identifying ways that realm elements that serve the entire Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The Emirate level
The standards also provide a benchmark Emirate
the park and open space system can public realm elements include the most important parks, civic spaces and
for evaluating service deficiencies in natural landscapes in the Emirate.
promote or contain growth;
existing communities and for monitoring
progress towards meeting growth Connections Identifying ways
management and park provision goals. to link parks and open spaces and
associated resources.
For the purpose of the PRDM, Level The Municipality level features public realm elements that serve an entire
of Service has been established by Note - The PRDM quantifies Level Of Municipality (Abu Dhabi, Al Ain and Al Gharbia) within the Emirate and
identifying a public realm hierarchy Service only as it is applicable to the Park Municipality includes significant attractions for a variety of users. The Municipality level
and Waterfront categories of the public public realm elements form the central building blocks of each regions public
particular to the Emirate and a
realm. realm system.
universal Level of Service derived from
international best practice.
3.1. Public Realm Hierarchy
Further consideration has been given
to the following in order to ensure the The Public Realm Hierarchy forms The City level includes public realm elements that serve all residents of a City
standards meet the specific requirements the basis for identifying Level of or community. This would include all of the mainland cities, Al Ain, Madinat
of the Emirate: Service. The hierarchy consists of five City Zayed and Mussafah for example. The City level public realm elements are
classifications: Emirate, Municipality, often defined through master plans. These elements should be developed
Quantity Targeting a total City, District and Neighbourhood. within the context of the Municipality-wide system.
percentage of the defined urban areas
to be set aside for parks, or protecting Each hierarchy classification defines the
a total percentage of the land in any role the public realm plays in serving
new development as open space; the population of the Emirate. Higher
classifications of the hierarchy, such as The District level parks serve sectors within a City or small settlements such
Proximity Locating a park within a Emirate, serve the entire Emirate and as Al Rahba, Al Saad or Liwa. The District level public realm elements serve
defined proximity of every resident; are used by all residents. The lower District
multiple Neighbourhoods and are often the place where local events and
Accessibility Ensuring parks are hierarchy levels, such as Neighbourhood, festivals would occur.
located to be physically accessible serve the local population and are
by foot, bicycle or public transit and integrated into daily routines with vital
visually accessible for the greater importance to the lives of local residents.
public; Table 3.1 defines the Public Realm
Distribution Arranging park Hierarchy. The hierarchy reflects The Neighbourhood level of the hierarchy encompasses the smallest
locations to ensure balanced services traditional practices of public space planning area and can include subdivisions, blocks or high-rise residential
across geographical areas; planning found throughout the world Neighbourhood developments. Public realm elements at the Neighbourhood level are highly
and is refined to represent the levels of integrated into the daily lives of local residents and are where the most
Equity Providing parks and publicly prominent activities of daily life occur.
open space evenly across diverse planning in Abu Dhabi.
populations;

Chapter 3 Page 15
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.2. Universal Level of Service Table 3.2 Universal Standards

The Level of Service standards regulate Criteria Universal Standard


the amount and location of public realm
elements. Three universal standards are Park Level of Service 1.3 ha/1,000 population
established for the Emirate. They include: Open Space 20% of Total Land Area
A universal Level of Service for parks; Maximum Distance to Nearest Park 350 m or 10 minute walk
A universal standard for open space;
A universal standard for the maximum
distance to a park.
The universal Level of Service for
parks is the provision of 1.3 hectares
of developed parks per every 1,000
residents (1.3 ha/1,000 pop.). Developed
parks include all parks and usable/active
Waterfronts. This standard is not inclusive
of conservation and natural areas that
have been defined and protected for public
purpose.
The universal target for open space for
each Municipality is to maintain 20% of
developed areas as open space. Open
space is defined as land or water that
remains in an undeveloped, natural state
as well as landscapes with low intensity
development for public use, such as
Parks, Streetscapes, Public Places and
Waterfronts. This target will ensure a
continued balance between the built urban
environment and open space.
The universal standard for the maximum
distance to a park is 350 m. With this
standard, a minimum of 90% of the
residents of Abu Dhabi Emirate should be
able to access a public park within 350 m
of their homes.

Chapter 3 Page 16
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.3. Park Hierarchy Table 3.3 Park Hierarchy

The Park Hierarchy organises parks Description Level of

Hierarchy
according to their role in serving the Service Service Service
population of the Emirate. Each park will Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location Radius Population (ha/1,000
fall into one or more of the hierarchy Population)
levels. The design, scale and role of each
Spacious land areas of Emirati significant public art Dictated by natural landscapes, major
park will vary depending upon its level Emirate-wide significance historical landmarks and monumental
within the hierarchy. Areas for Emirate Day
Natural, undeveloped Celebrations central spaces within developed areas

Emirate
Table 3.3, the Park Hierarchy, defines Residents of landscapes Passive Use 100
Emirate N/A
parks within each level of the hierarchy. the Emirate Preservation of km +
The table identifies the targeted users important natural features
of parks and general descriptions of Emirate-wide important
civic spaces
the qualities common to parks at each
level (major characteristics, features or Municipality-important Major cultural events Dictated by major civic entities,
activities and typical location). Parks in public spaces landmarks or historic landscapes of

Municipality
Historic and civic landmarks
Municipality-wide significance 25 -
each hierarchy level will be developed Residents of a Historic and civic Monumental public art
landmarks 150 Municipality 0.2
to serve a certain population and draw Municipality Generally passive use km
users from a defined radius. Finally, Suitable for Municipal-wide
the 1.3 ha/1,000 population standard is activities and gatherings
broken down, defining the proportions
Important civic spaces Public art Locations of major civic spaces should
of each hierarchy level that will compose be central within densely populated
the entire Emirate-wide park system. Preservation of unique Performance space
and historic assets areas. Additional City parks should be
Specialised sports facilities located around civic facilities and assets
This table is a general guide for Residents of 2.5 10,000 -
City

Specialised destination Active and passive use (museums, institutions, governmental 0.4
developing parks within each level of the a City sports facilities 25 km 20,000
buildings, historic landmarks, etc.).
hierarchy. Its purpose is to achieve a Larger City parks designed for specific
park system that functions for the entire uses are located adjacent and accessible
to population centres
Emirate.
Serves multiple Smaller scale public art Focused around developed population
Neighbourhoods centres and can be co-located with other
District

Active and passive use


Residents of a public uses such as schools 0.35 1,000 -
Mix of daily use and Large athletic fields for 0.4
District 2.5 km 10,000
important district-wide organised and informal
public functions activities
Integrated with daily Features designated areas Locations are within a maximum of 350
lifestyles and activities design for outdoor childrens m of residents. Smaller typologies such
Neighbourhood

Provide Neighbourhood play as the baraha have a general distribution


Residents users with a variety of Equipped playgrounds of 1/developed residential block
0.35 150 -
of a local play areas and gathering Smaller sport pitches/courts 0.3
km 1,000
Neighbourhood areas
Abundant seating
Abundant shade
Active and passive use

Total Developed Park Level of Service (ha/1,000 population) 1.3

Chapter 3 Page 17
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.4. Streetscape Hierarchy Table 3.4 Streetscape Hierarchy

Streetscapes play a central role in the Description

Hierarchy
formation of the public realm. They Service Service Level of
function both as important public Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location Radius Population Service
space and as the network of linkages,
connecting all public and private space Contains routes and byways that connect Ceremonial events Dictated by connectivity to other
throughout the Emirate. The character Municipalities throughout the region Emirate significant public Municipalities and presence of
Primary corridor into the Municipality landmarks and places that are of
and function of streetscapes can vary art

Emirate
Residents of Emirate-wide importance
depending upon where they fall within Often contains Emirate attractions or Areas for Emirate Day N/A N/A N/A
the Emirate
the public realm hierarchy unique environmental features Celebrations
Often contains Emirate-wide important
Table 3.4, the Streetscape Hierarchy, civic spaces
defines streetscapes of the public
Municipality-important streetscapes Corridors for public Dictated by centralised urban
realm according to their role in serving transportation location along corridors that
the population within the overall Suitable for Municipal-wide activities
carry users in and out of the
transportation network. The table Municipality and gatherings Parking areas and
Municipality and connect to
Historic and civic landmarks pedestrian zones adjacent to
identifies the primary users of each Residents of a major city-wide corridors
Municipal buildings N/A N/A N/A
Municipality
hierarchy of streetscape, general Provides access to
characteristics and features/activities Municipalitys most
that are common to each hierarchy. important areas and
The table identifies the typical location landmarks
of each streetscape hierarchy. Size, Principal corridors within a City Public art Located centrally within
Service Radius, Service Population and Provide access between Districts Gateways the urban areas and around
Level of Service are not applicable to shopping areas, business
Residents of Important civic spaces Shopping and business centres, civic facilities and N/A N/A N/A
streetscapes. a City
Preservation of unique and historic districts assets (museums, institutions,
City

assets governmental buildings, historic


This table is a general guide for
landmarks, etc.
developing streetscapes within each
level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to Accessible by individual Neighbourhoods Pedestrian and transit Focused around developed
achieve a system that functions to serve located within the District connection to community population centres
Mix of daily use and important district- facilities, business
the entire Emirate. districts, and residential
Residents of a wide streetscapes
Neighbourhoods N/A N/A N/A
District Reflect the unique character of the
District

District
Lower design speeds, narrower streets,
and pedestrian-friendly character
Streetscapes intended for use by Activities are Integrated within residential
Neighbourhood

residents within walking distance accommodated by paved communities along primary


Residents Integrated with daily lifestyles and pedestrian access between bicycle and pedestrian corridors
of a local activities residences and community N/A N/A N/A
Neighbourhood facilities
Designed primarily for pedestrian/shared
use and have limited to no vehicular access Abundant seating
Abundant shade

Total Developed Streetscapes Level of Service N/A

Chapter 3 Page 18
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.5. Waterfront Hierarchy Table 3.5 Waterfront Hierarchy

The waterfront is one of the Abu Dhabis


Level of Service
greatest assets. To reach world-class Description

Hierarchy
status the waterfront must become a Service Service
Radius Population (% of Accessible
destination that is accessible to residents Users Characteristics Features / Amenities Locations Waterfront
and visitors alike with high-quality, Frontage)
diverse public spaces that celebrate and
strengthen local character and heritage. Preservation Limited waterfront development Dictated by the presence
and conservation Provides public access to important Emirate significant

Emirate
Table 3.5, the Waterfront Hierarchy, of the Emirates waterfront landscapes waterfront features,
Residents of 100 km + Emirate 40 60%
most important natural landscapes and
defines waterfronts according to their the Emirate
natural waterfront locations of Emirate
role as a part of the entire Abu Dhabi features importance.
coastline. The hierarchy defines the
users, general characteristics, features/ Municipally Large promenade Dictated by the presence
amenities and the typical location along significant Iconic design of coastline adjacent to a
the coastline. The table also gives shorelines major urban city centre.

Municipality
Focal point of the urban area
guidance for scale, the population size Residents of a Passive recreation 40 km Municipality 5 10%
that is served and a radius in which Municipality
each level of waterfront can expect Event space
to draw users. Finally, the Level of Large gathering nodes
Service provides benchmarks for the Major beach and conservation areas
percentage of the accessible coastline
to be developed or protected under each City-wide Narrower promenade design than Dictated by proximity to
important regional/Municipal level densely developed urban
hierarchy level. Waterfront areas.
Residents of Access to Citys most important beach 10 15 20,000 -
City

This table is a general guide for areas 10 15%


a City km 50,000
developing waterfronts within each Beach preservation and development
level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to Passive recreation
achieve a system that functions to serve
the entire Emirate. Interpretive Trail access Dictated by proximity
and educational District-oriented beach access to medium density
District

Residents of a opportunities developed areas, centrally 5 10 2,000


Smaller promenade/boardwalk design located along a Districts 10 15%
District Passive km 20,000
enjoyment of the Passive recreation edge.
coast
Preservation Trails integrated into the Dictated by proximity to
Neighbourhood

and conservation Neighbourhood Neighbourhood centre.


Residents of locally Neighbourhood-oriented shoreline
important 0.5 2
of a local access 150 2,000 10 15%
landscapes km
Neighbourhood Small boardwalks in central areas
Passive recreation

Total Developed Waterfront Level of Service N/A

Chapter 3 Page 19
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.6. Public Place Hierarchy Table 3.6 Public Place Hierarchy

Public places are the most diverse

Hierarchy
category of the public realm. They Description
Service Service Level of
define the public space around important Radius Population Service
destinations and features of the Emirate. Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location
Public places are categorised into the
Public realm surrounding a special
public realm hierarchy according to their feature or natural area of Emirate
Emirate significant landmarks

Emirate
Dictated by presence of
role and importance as space in the Residents of importance Areas for Emirate-wide Day
Emirate attractions and N/A N/A N/A
Emirate. the Emirate Celebrations
Often contains Emirate attractions features
or unique environmental features
Table 3.6, the Public Place Hierarchy
defines space surrounding public Regionally important public spaces
facilities, institutions and significant established due their suitability Plazas and facilities that serve
destinations. The table identifies the for Municipal-wide activities and Municipal purposes

Municipality
gatherings of significant cultural or Dictated by the presence
users and features/activities common to historic amenities
Regional hotels and visitor of regional shopping
Residents of a destinations
each level of the hierarchy. The typical Municipality Gatherings of significant cultural or
areas, business centres, N/A N/A N/A
location of public places is also provided. Historic and civic landmarks civic entities, or
historic amenities
landmarks
Because the development of public places Significant hotels, convention
Monumental public art
is often tied directly to major landmarks, centres, theatres, museums and
institutions or other pre-existing entities, other destination sites
scale, Service Radius, Service Population Major public places
Accommodates important
and Level of Service are not applicable shopping areas as well as civic centrally located within
within the hierarchy. Public places intended for the use spaces an urban area. Around
Residents of business and retail areas,
City

of entire City populations Civic spaces and historic/ N/A N/A N/A
This table is a general guide for a City civic facilities and assets
cultural institutions that serve
developing public places within each the City
(museums, institutions,
level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to governmental buildings,
historic landmarks, etc.)
achieve a system that functions to serve
the entire Emirate. Community features that serve
multiple Neighbourhoods and provide Shopping and residential Focused around
a mix of uses (such as souqs, pedestrian areas
District

developed population
Residents of a mosques, schools) Plazas and community open centres and can be co- N/A N/A N/A
District
Mix of daily use and important space located with other public
district-wide public functions uses such as schools

Public places that


Integrated with daily lifestyles and
Neighbourhood

accommodate daily
activities Neighbourhood interests
Residents Locations are within a
Provide Neighbourhood users with Gathering spaces between
of a local maximum of 350 m of N/A N/A N/A
a variety of play areas and gathering residences and mosques
Neighbourhood residents
areas
Abundant seating
Abundant shade

Total Developed Public Places Level of Service N/A

Chapter 3 Page 20
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.7. Park Service Area Abu Dhabi Island Planned parks in Khalifa City A and Service Area Analysis Findings
Mohammad Bin Zayed City leave roughly
Analysis Figure 3.1 illustrates Park Coverage Gaps half the area outside of the Park Service The review of the Park Service Areas in
for Abu Dhabi Island. Currently, there is Area. Mussafah, although an industrial Abu Dhabi Island, Abu Dhabi Mainland and
An analysis of the service area for each
substantial park coverage for areas north area, also has a population that is not Al Ain City show that, while there may be
park shows that some portions of the
of Zayed the First Street. This area is the currently served by parks. limited park service, the communities are
communities are served by parks while
most densely populated area. currently expanding their park network.
others require additional parks. As the Many areas on the Mainland have planned Nonetheless, the analysis demonstrates
Emirate of Abu Dhabi continues to grow, Between Zayed the First Street and Al or master planned park networks. that further public realm improvements
so will the need for parks. The Service Saada Street, there is less coverage. In this North Wathba and South Shamkha are are needed to serve the increasing
Area Analysis identifies the areas where area, there is a large population that is a planned communities with extensive population needs.
parks exist or are currently planned. In considerable distance from parks. South park networks. Park coverage includes
addition, this analysis demonstrates of Al Saada Street, there are several parks the entire area. The Master Plan for the
areas that are not within the service that provide a greater service area then Capital District provides parks with a
range of a park. These areas are to be the central part of the Island. service area that covers the majority of
targeted for additional parks. In Abu the Capital District
Dhabi, 350 m is the maximum desired Parks and playgrounds currently planned
distance that any person would have to for Abu Dhabi Island, once completed, will Shahama, Bahia, Al Rahba, and Bani Yas
walk to a park. The Park Service Area fill in a significant portion of the service have planned parks that cover the majority
Analysis identifies this distance as the area gap in the central part of the Island. of the populated areas. Mussafah, north
Park Service Area. There is still a large gap near the Eastern of 8th street, will be a new mixed-use
Road Corridor. Planned parks increase the community served extensively by parks.
Specifically, the Park Service Area service area on the Island, but there are
includes the areas within the parks still areas where population is not within Al Ain City
as well as all areas within 350 m of the Park Service Area.
the park boundaries. The analysis Figure 3.3 illustrates Park Coverage
assumes that all parks contain the Abu Dhabi Mainland Gaps for Al Ain City. If considering the
minimal amenities necessary. By using oases and the Hili Archeological Park
Figure 3.2, illustrates Park Coverage Gaps
Geographical Information System (GIS) as parks, the central area of Al Ain City
for the Abu Dhabi Mainland. Currently
to establish a buffer area around each has a generous Park Service Area. Aside
there are very few existing parks on the
existing or planned park, the analysis from these, Al Ain has few existing
Mainland. Only three parks in Shahama
identifies the park service areas. parks. Existing parks are separated by
and one in Ban Al Jesrain are located
large distances leaving unserviced areas
This type of analysis should be carried proximate to a population. The other
in between. Parks that are planned
out continuously while planning and parks are in remote locations where
according to the plot data create a widely
prioritising the location of new parks. residents are required to drive to reach
distributed system of parks. Many of
them. As a result, the park coverage is
these parks are not centrally located
very limited on the Mainland.
within the neighbourhood and, due to the
Khalifa City A, Khalifa City B, North low density of development, are often
Shamkha, and Mohammad Bin Zayed more than a kilometre away from the
City are settled areas with no parks residents they are serving. There are
serving their residents, although many are two neighbourhoods that are completely
currently planned. within a Park Service Area.

Chapter 3 Page 21
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

* Planned Parks and Planned


Playgrounds include parks and
playgrounds that are presently
planned and expected to be
constructed for Abu Dhabi Island

Figure 3.1 Park Coverage Gaps - Abu Dhabi Island

Chapter 3 Page 22
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

* Planned Parks include parks


that are presently planned and
expected to be constructed for
Abu Dhabi Mainland

Figure 3.2 Park Coverage Gaps - Abu Dhabi Mainland

Chapter 3 Page 23
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

* Planned Parks include parks


that are presently planned and
expected to be constructed for Al
Ain

Figure 3.3 Park Coverage Gaps - Al Ain

Chapter 3 Page 24
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

3.8. Existing Park and Open The City of Singapore, which is approaching Table 3.7 Existing Conditions of Parks and Open Space (2010)
build out, is one of the most densely
Space Conditions developed cities in the world. It has 10%

Municipality
Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi
of its land area as open space.

Mainland
With the universal standards established for

Al Ain
Island
the Emirate, a review was conducted of the Because Abu Dhabi and Al Ain are each
public realm in Abu Dhabi Island, Abu Dhabi projected to experience significant growth
Mainland and Al Ain City. The following over the next 20 years, it is important that
is a description of the existing conditions they designate land for open space as there
identified. is likely to be an increased demand for new Population 975,444 577,231 398,213 338,970
The Abu Dhabi Municipality (ADM) has parks and open spaces.
531 hectares (ha) of developed parks that Total Land Area (ha) 181,617 15,718 165,899 103,030
serve a population of approximately one
3.9. 2030 Park Level of
million people (0.54 ha of parks for every Service Developed Parks (ha) 531 386 145 234
1,000 residents). Abu Dhabi Island has Developed Parks Level of Service
Anticipated park needs are provided by
386 hectares of parks (0.67 ha per 1,000 (ha/1,000 pop.) 0.54 0.67 0.36 0.69
hierarchy in Table 3.8. The table identifies
residents).
the expected parks for each hierarchy
The Mainland has 145 hectares of parks level that will be needed to fulfil the 1.3 % Developed Parks of total land area 0.30% 2.50% 0.10% 0.20%
(0.36 ha per 1,000 residents). When ha/1,000 standard for the 2030 population.
overall open space, defined to include Existing Open Space (ha) 22,980 386 22,594 1,785
Each hierarchy (below the Emirate level)
parks, conservation areas and additional
has a defined Level of Service. This Level
natural landscapes, is included, open spaces % Open Space of total land area 12.70% 2.50% 12.60% 1.70%
of Service, displayed in Table 3.8, identifies
accounts for 12.7% of ADMs land area. the quantity of parks that each Municipality
Al Ain City has 234 ha of developed parks, needs to develop in order to adequately Table 3.8 Parks Allocation by Municipality
serving a population of nearly 340,000 serve the 2030 population.
people. For every 1,000 residents, there is The standards for parks are established Parks Required for Existing Parks Required for 2030
0.69 ha of parks. Of the Citys total land to provide a systematic approach to Population (ha) Projected Population (ha)
area 1.7% of Al Ain City is public open developing the public realm. These Level of
space. Service

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi
standards offer a significant improvement in

Mainland

Mainland
Service Area (ha/1,000

Al Ain

Al Ain
Island

Island
The review of the existing conditions in park and open space levels when compared
population)
Abu Dhabi and Al Ain highlights the need to the existing conditions in the Emirate.
for public spaces that are usable and As Parks, Streetscapes, Waterfronts and
accessible. Both Abu Dhabi and Al Ain City Public Places are evaluated, designed and
provide less than the universal standard developed, total space, typologies, facilities Emirate N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
of 20% open space recommended for the and access should all be considered in the
Emirate. context of these standards. Quantities of Municipality 0.2 115 80 68 260 414 200
A review of world-class cities shows each should be continually reassessed as
that New York City and Washington, DC, City 0.4 231 159 136 520 828 400
population changes to ensure the public
each have nearly 20% of their total land realm is appropriately is developed to serve District 0.4 231 159 136 520 828 400
areas dedicated to public open space. The the residents of the Emirate.
Solidere, Beiruts Central District, has Neighbourhood 0.3 173 119 102 390 621 300
master planned for 20% of the land area
to be dedicated to open space, despite its Overall Developed
location, land constraints and high density. Park System 1.3 750 517 441 1,690 2,691 1,300

Chapter 3 Page 25
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 3 - Level of Service

Chapter 3 Page 26
Part II
Chapter 4.0 - PUBLIC REALM NETWORK
4.1 Abu Dhabi Island Conceptual
Public Realm Network
4.2 Abu Dhabi Mainland Conceptual
Public Realm Network
4.3 Al Ain Conceptual
Public Realm Network
4.4 Continuing the Process Through
Further Study
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual

Chapter 4 Page 30
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 4 - Public Realm Network

4.0. Public Realm Network Across the entire Island, a system of 4.3. Al Ain Conceptual Public 4.4. Continuing the Process
water to water connectors reinforce the
Public realm networks identify an urban grid and unite the north and south Realm Network The following are additional studies that
integrated and cohesive system of places shorelines. Key locations along the shore should be prepared to support the Public
The Conceptual Public Realm Network for
and linkages for a community. The and a network of national, regional and Realm Design Manual and further develop
the City of Al Ain focuses on creating a
following describes the conceptual public city parks enhance waterfront access and the tools to implement a world class public
circular linked open space system. The
realm networks for Abu Dhabi Island, Abu provide diverse places and experiences. realm.
system adopts a radial form with the
Dhabi Mainland and Al Ain. The perimeter of the Island along the downtown and a new ceremonial park at 1. Parks and Recreation Master Plans
Conceptual public realm networks will also waters edge is envisioned to be public the centre.
be completed in due course for Al Gharbia, open space and ringed with a continuous A Parks and Recreation Master Plan is
Wadis and pathways become the spokes a plan that identifies existing parks and
Al Ain Region and the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. and accessible pedestrian system. In areas and a boundary pathway is the rim. The recreation programs, the Level of Services
where ownership or land use prevent this
4.1. Abu Dhabi Island from occurring, connectivity is maintained
primary loop of the system surrounds and supply, the needs and wants of the
downtown and links all of the oases and population, trends in recreation services
Conceptual Public Realm with designated inland routes. parks to create an inner city greenway. and the deficiencies in supply. Master
Network 4.2. Abu Dhabi Mainland The loop is completed by developing a Plans should be completed for each of the
series of parks and buffers along the border Municipalities.
The Conceptual Public Realm Network Conceptual Public Realm of Oman. This buffer creates both an
developed for Abu Dhabi Island embraces
the Islands cosmopolitan nature by Network attractive entry into the Emirate and aids 2. Public Realm Detailed Manuals
security with increased visibility.
enhancing the urban grid pattern as the The Conceptual Public Realm Network for Public Realm Detailed Manuals identify, by
A secondary loop surrounds the City typology, standard products and suppliers
predominant organising element. The urban Abu Dhabi Mainland focuses on creating of Al Ain and defines the approximate for all of the built components of the Public
grid provides the foundation for developing a system of linear corridors that link development boundary of the City. The Realm including: paving and hardscape
an integrated system of Parks, Waterfronts future destinations and major public two loops are connected by Wadis and a materials, play structures, coordinated
and Public Places that combine to reinforce spaces. The continuity of accessible and radial system of pathways and corridors groupings of street and park furniture, light
the Waterfront character and image of the connected public open space along the that links the desert to centre of the City. fixtures, light poles, bollards, etc.
Island. Streets are the primary links in the waters edge is preserved and enhanced New regional parks are developed in areas
system that connect the Islands attractions through the creation of a series of parks surrounding the City near the junctions
and destinations. at the shoreline. Each of these parks is of the linear system. All of the main
Figure 4.1, identifies key gateways the terminus of a system of desert to destinations in the City are linked within
that announce arrival to the Island from water connectors which physically unite the system.
the Mainland. These gateways provide both elements of the natural landscape
within the built environment. The desert Gateways announce entry into the City
orientation and reassert the image of
to water connectors pass through future and are located at the main streets from all
Abu Dhabi as a world-class Waterfront
conservation parks. A series of regional directions including Oman.
community. Access to the central
downtown and its primary Waterfront parks will function as the primary open
park the Corniche - is provided through space and organisational element of future
the centre of the Island and along the communities and new cities.
north and south shorelines. Arrival into The Capital District, and approach to
the downtown is announced by a trio of the mainland from Al Ain and Dubai, are
gateways located at the intersections of announced with formal gateway features.
Hazaa Bin Zayed Street.

Chapter 4 Page 31
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 4 - Public Realm Network

Figure 4.1: Abu Dhabi Island


Conceptual Public Realm Network

Figure 4.1: Abu Dhabi Island Conceptual Public Realm Network

Chapter 4 Page 32
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 4 - Public Realm Network

Figure 4.2: Abu Dhabi Mainland Conceptual Public Realm Network

Chapter 4 Page 33
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 4 - Public Realm Network

Figure 4.3: Al Ain City Conceptual Public Realm Network

Chapter 4 Page 34
Chapter 5.0 - PARKS
5.1 Park Planning Process
5.2 Park Hierarchy
5.3 Park Design Guidelines
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 4 - Public Realm Network

Chapter 5 Page 36
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

5.0 Parks 5.2. Park Hierarchy


As development occurs in the Emirate, Table 5.1 Park Hierarchy, defines parks 1 - Define Project
the Public Realm Design Manual provides within each level of the hierarchy. The
a shared direction that ties various public table identifies the targeted users of
realm projects together to form a system. parks and general descriptions of the
Together with the vision, principles and qualities common to parks at each
policies, the Parks section of the PRDM is level (major characteristics, features or
activities and typical location). Parks in 2 - Review Policies
a step-by-step guide to developing parks
that enhance the public realm system. each hierarchy level will be developed
to serve a certain population and draw
5.1. Park Planning Process users from a defined radius. Finally, the
1.3 ha/1,000 population Level of Service
The steps to park development include: standard is broken down, defining the 3 - Identify Hierarchy
policy review, hierarchy application proportions of each hierarchy level that
and typology application. This section will compose the entire Emirate-wide
describes the hierarchy and typology park system.
application process.
This table is a general guide for
Hierarchy Application: The hierarchy developing parks within each level of the 4 - Determine Level of Service
relates to a parks role in serving hierarchy. Its purpose is to achieve a
the population of the Emirate. park system that functions for the entire
Determining the appropriate Emirate.
hierarchy level informs the Level of
Service determination. The Level 5 - Identify Typology
of Service provides the amount of
developed parks needed for a given
population.
Typology Application: The typology
relates to a parks design purpose. 6 - Apply Universal Design Guidelines
Determining the appropriate
typology informs the application
of design guidelines. Universal and
typology design guidelines provide
the minimum standards for park 7 - Apply Typology Design Guidelines
development.
The planning process flowchart (Figure
5.1) illustrates the steps to prepare a
park project.
8 - Complete UPC Approvals Process

Figure 5.1: PRDM Planning Process

Chapter 5 Page 37
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks
Table 5.1 Park Hierarchy
Hierarchy

Level of Service
Description Service Service
Radius Population (ha/1,000
Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location Population)

Spacious land areas of Emirate Emirati significant public art Dictated by natural landscapes, major historical landmarks
significance Areas for Emirate Day Celebrations and monumental central spaces within developed areas.
Natural, undeveloped landscapes
Emirate

Residents of Passive Use 100


Preservation of important Emirate N/A
the Emirate km +
natural features
Emirate-wide important civic
spaces
Municipality-important public Major cultural events Dictated by major civic entities, landmarks or historic
spaces landscapes of Municipality-wide significance.
Municipality

Historic and civic landmarks


Residents of a Historic and civic landmarks Monumental public art 25 -
Municipality 0.2
Municipality Generally passive use 150 km
Suitable for Municipal-wide activities and
gatherings
Important civic spaces Public art Locations of major civic spaces should be central within
Preservation of unique and Performance space densely populated areas. Additional City parks should
historic assets be located around civic facilities and assets (museums,
Residents of Specialised sports facilities 2.5 10,000 -
City

institutions, governmental buildings, historic landmarks, 0.4


a City Specialised destination sports 25 km 20,000
Active and passive use etc.). Larger City parks designed for specific uses are
facilities located adjacent and accessible to population centres.

Serves multiple Neighbourhoods Smaller scale public art Focused around developed population centres and can be
Mix of daily use and important Active and passive use co-located with other public uses such as schools.
District

Residents of a district-wide public functions 0.35 1,000 -


Large athletic fields for organised and 0.4
District 2.5 km 10,000
informal activities

Integrated with daily lifestyles Features designated areas designed for Locations are within a maximum of 350 m of residents.
and activities outdoor childrens play Smaller typologies such as the Baraha have a general
Neighbourhood

Provide Neighbourhood users Equipped playgrounds distribution of 1/developed residential block.


Residents with a variety of play areas and Smaller sport pitches/courts
of a local gathering areas 0.35 km 150 - 1,000 0.3
Abundant seating
Neighbourhood
Abundant shade
Active and passive use

1.3
Total Developed Park Level of Service (ha/1,000 population)

Chapter 5 Page 38
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

5.3 Park Design Guidelines Table 5.2 Park Typologies


Design Guideline Language
The Park Design Guidelines are The design guidelines identify the Park Description
intended to implement the policies language that defines various park Typology
covered in Part I of the PRDM. The elements. The topics addressed in the Purpose
Park Design Guidelines represent the universal and typology design guidelines
minimum standards that guide all park include: Art Park To offer a space to interact with public art
development. They ensure that all parks External Linkages
provide the basic elements essential to a Access
functional public space. The application Baraha To provide a small space for local passive use
Internal Circulation
of these guidelines will help to build a Parking
coordinated park system for the Emirate. To provide a facility for community-wide events and
Universal Access Ceremonial Park
Design guidelines developed for parks Buildings commemoration
include Universal Design Guidelines Special Features
and Typology Design Guidelines. The To provide a space for gardening activities, beautification,
Shading Community Garden
Universal Design Guidelines are applicable education, recreation and physical activity
Softscape
to all parks. The Typology Design
Guidelines are applicable to specific Hardscape To accommodate active and passive uses and community
Community Park
park typologies. There are 13 different Furniture events
park typologies that provide a variety of Water Features
leisure and recreation opportunities. Public Art Conservation Park To preserve, rehabilitate or create natural features or areas
Table 5.2 provides a brief description of Lighting
all park typologies. Further descriptions Fences/Walls/Screens
are provided in the individual park Signage/Wayfinding Desert Park To preserve or recreate the natural desert landscape
typology sections. Services/Infrastructure
Safety/Security
Family Park To accommodate local active and passive recreation
Guidelines on the minimum standards
are provided for each topic. Compliance
with the design guidelines is based on Heritage Park To preserve historic landmarks, sites or places
the form of the statement. Statements
include:
Shall statements mandatory to Linear Park To provide corridors for passive and active recreation
comply with the design guideline;
Should statements recommended
to comply with the design guideline; Meyadeen To provide a small central meeting area for passive use
May statements permitted in the
park design; discretionary based on To buffer the historic oases with a park for preservation and
Oasis Park
programming needs, park function, enhancement
site conditions.
Sports Park To accommodate sports activities and active uses.

Chapter 5 Page 39
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

These selected images illustrate the aspiration for the parks of Abu Dhabi

Chapter 5 Page 40
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Buildings Shall provide a minimum of 80% shade


Universal Access
for all gathering areas
Park Universal Design Shall conform to international best Shall design buildings to reflect the Shall provide a minimum of 40% shade
Guidelines (UDG) practice in universal access
Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed
unique character of the typology
Shall locate and screen maintenance
for all informal gathering areas
Should provide shade at limited access
width of 1.8 m on the primary pathway buildings away from public use areas points, kiosks, viewing points and
Design Guidelines Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed Should encourage a visual and connective locations of interpretive displays
width of 1.5 m on all secondary pathways interaction between interior and exterior Should locate shading to promote outdoor
External Linkages Shall locate lighting columns, signposts, space through outdoor classrooms, large activities, increase social interaction and
Shall link to other major features and refuse/recycling containers, trees, windows and door openings and shaded encourage outdoor lifestyles
destinations bollards, benches and other furniture or outdoor terraces and arcades Should use various types of shade
Should link to the open space system fixtures at or beyond the boundaries of Should locate buildings to enhance structures, softscape features or canopy
pedestrian routes sightlines and emphasise views trees to provide shade
Should extend to street edge
Shall create a clear distinction between Should design buildings to reflect the
Should maintain and relate to streetscape pedestrian routes and adjoining surfaces same architectural character as other site Softscape
hierarchy using visual and audible indicators and buildings as expressed through consistent
Should link to public transit tactile paving Shall use PRDM plant list to determine
use of materials, forms and colours
appropriate plant materials
Shall use a maximum gradient of 1:20
Access on all pedestrian routes; gradients above Special Features Should provide a minimum of 1 tree per
1:20 shall use steps with integrated 50 m2 of park area
Shall accommodate emergency vehicle See Specific Typology
access ramping Should cluster trees in groups
Should provide safe and direct access for Shall provide a minimum of 10% reserved Shading May provide open turf area for
pedestrians and cyclists parking facilities for disabled access with unstructured play
minimum dimensions of 2.4 m x 4.8 m Shall provide continuous shade for
Should create a hierarchy of entrances 80% of primary walkways based on Hardscape
with a 1.2 m access zone
that reflects the streetscape hierarchy a minimum 1.8 m width within the
Shall provide the international symbol of Shall surround all water features with slip
through zone.
Internal Circulation accessibility on disabled access reserved resistant materials
parking Shall provide continuous shade for
Should create a hierarchy of pathways Shall surround all play structures with
Shall provide accessible route from 60% of secondary walkways based
light coloured impact material
Should provide a primary pathway as designated disabled access parking stalls on a minimum 1.8 m width within the
organising element through zone. Should provide a variety of play surfaces,
to all accessible entrances hard and soft, natural or synthetic
Should provide secondary pathways to Shall incorporate Braille in all signage Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded rest
link features in the park area every 500 linear metres of primary Should alter hardscape materials to
elements in all public places indicate space transition
walkway
Parking Should locate disabled access parking near Should use permeable unit paving material
the primary circulation route Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded
rest area every 1000 linear metres of of natural stone and at a scale that
Shall sufficiently setback parking from Should design seating arrangements to responds to the use of the area
higher profile facilities and building secondary walkway
allow mobility restricted users to sit Should use good-quality compacted
elements such as bridges alongside friends and family or in groups Shall provide a minimum 40% shade for
all surface car parking crushed natural stone or gravel on
Should organise parking to limit impact Should use well-defined edge treatments pathways
on pedestrian circulation and park use such as plant materials, change in texture Shall provide 100% shade coverage for
all play structures Should use large format paving/motifs
or curbs to indicate any change in route in primary gathering spaces and smaller
Shall provide a minimum of 40% shade
format paving in small seating spaces
for informal play

Chapter 5 Page 41
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Should provide light standards at park Should provide a map or directory kiosk
Furniture Public Art entrances and to define street edges at street intersections, entrances and
Shall group furniture together, leaving Shall use public art to enhance the public Should highlight public art, landscape, pathway intersections
clear a minimum width of 1.5 m realm foliage and water features
between furniture Services/Infrastructure
Should provide public art in primary
Shall use coordinated furniture designs gathering areas Fences/Walls/Screens Shall locate utility and access boxes
that are contemporary, simple and Should locate public art to accent view Should use fences/walls/screens only outside the pedestrian travel zone
appropriate to context corridors and mark gathering areas to define use areas and restrict public Shall design pedestrian access routes to
Shall use high-quality designs and Should locate smaller public art near access where appropriate be free of obstacles
materials that withstand climatic entrances or gateways to help draw users Should minimise perimeter fencing Should separate and screen maintenance
conditions, heavy use and vandalism into the space facilities from public circulation routes
Should use walls to a maximum height of
Should use light coloured and non- Should provide public art that is visual 0.5 m to accommodate seating and use areas
reflective furniture and tactile to generate interest and Should provide a minimum of 1 drinking
Should use fences/walls/screens that
Should provide a variety of seating activity are constructed of the same or similar fountain
options arranged in clusters to maximise Should use public art constructed of materials expressed in the park design
social and community interaction durable and low-maintenance materials Should use berms, low walls and dense, Safety/Security
Should provide refuse/recycling Should design public art to ensure public locally occurring plant materials for
containers at entrances and in gathering safety screening Shall employ Crime Prevention through
areas Environmental Design (CPTED) principles
Should surround interactive sculptures May use walls/fences/screens that
Should provide shaded bicycle racks at all designed for children with light coloured do not restrict views to maintain park Should strategically place emergency call
park entrances impact materials security and encourage safety of park boxes (i.e. help stations) throughout park
Should limit interactive sculptures users Should locate amenities, such as
Water Features playground equipment, picnic shelters,
designed for children to a maximum
height of 1.8 m Signage/Wayfinding and sports courts, to provide visibility
Shall locate water features in areas of
from adjoining streets
high activity Should use public art that is sensitive in Shall avoid placement of signage and
colour and material to the park design Should maintain clear sightlines to toilets,
Should provide water features, rippled or wayfinding in locations that interfere concession facilities and playgrounds
flowing palette with pedestrian or cyclist through zone
May provide interpretive public art that or sightlines May use furnishing and landscaping to
Should minimise the use of water and define and outline ownership of space
recycle water when possible focuses on culturally, historically or Shall provide a consistent hierarchy of
environmentally significance to encourage natural surveillance and
Should use water features that are signage and wayfinding elements natural access control
accessible to all park users Shall use a unified visual language for
Lighting all signage and wayfinding materials,
May limit access by use of gates, fences,
Should use timed water features such as walls and landscape screens to prevent
pop jets, spouts and mist Shall use low-level or pedestrian lighting colours, scales and types or discourage public access to park in
May integrate public art within water such as bollards, in-ground lights, step Shall be durable, easily maintained and unmonitored areas
features and wall lights use a non-reflective matte finish on all May use security lighting with motion
Shall clearly illuminate treads, risers and signage sensors in isolated and less frequented
May use water play features adjacent to
childrens play areas any other level differences along primary Shall be placed to reinforce primary areas
and secondary pathways gateways and landmarks
Shall prioritise the use of LED and high Shall integrate use of lighting in areas of
efficacy lighting high nighttime use

Chapter 5 Page 42
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

The entrance into the park is defined with


gateways and provides direct access to Buildings
Art Park the interpretive centre. An art trail is the See Park UDG
primary organising element of the park.
Special Features
Context Design Guidelines
Art Parks are areas programmed primarily Shall provide play structures that are
to display public art for interactive, External Linkages custom designed for the park
educational and recreational uses. May provide a media wall or LED display
They provide opportunities for artistic Should link to a minimum 2 streets
May provide an interpretive centre
expression within the community. Should incorporate streetscape elements
into park entrances May provide an amphitheatre
May provide outdoor classrooms
Purpose Should front a public street and be
Art Parks provide an opportunity within or adjacent to a neighbourhood
or commercial area
Shading
Precedent: Outdoor Gallery to integrate fine arts, visual arts,
performance arts, music and dance into Should use tensile shade structures in
the community. These facilities diversify Access activity areas and interactive sculpture
the open space system while providing Should define primary entrances with areas
essential park amenities. formal gateway features Should provide permanent shade
The design of Art Parks focus on structures at event spaces
providing a distinct outdoor place for Internal Circulation Should maintain air circulation in
interaction, education and recreation. permanent shade structures
Art Parks also accommodate permanent Shall provide a primary pathway with a
minimum width of 5 m May use sculptural mobiles as
and temporary art displays. All Art Parks permanent shade structures
have a distinct theme for unique and Should design the primary pathway to
inspiring experiences. link interpretive centre, event spaces,
Softscape
major displays and primary entrances
Precedent: Interactive Displays Facilities Should provide secondary pathways a Should incorporate sculpted land forms
minimum width of 3 m to define space
An interpretive centre is the focus of
the Art Park. An art trail links a series Should locate trees and low shrubs to
of public art works with the interpretive Parking define outdoor art and sculpture display
centre, the primary entrances and other space
Should provide shared off-site parking
major attractions and features in the or underground parking if provided on- Should use trees, palms and shrubs to
park. Active and passive recreation areas site define pathways and park perimeter
are located throughout the Art Park. May use annuals and perennials to
Should provide parking for tour and
school bus highlight or accent gateways, pathways
Access and installations of public art
Art Parks are accessible from primary Universal Access
streets, served by public transit and
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling See Park UDG
Precedent: Contextual Public Art network.

Chapter 5 Page 43
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Hardscape Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Central Gathering Area


Should design hardscape features to Shall use customised lighting design to
enhance the art function of the park highlight public art and sculpture
Should use a simplified hardscape Should use artistic lighting to define
palette to unify and strengthen the role gateways, the primary pathway and
of public art in the overall park design gathering areas

Furniture Fences/Walls/Screens
Should provide sculptural furniture See Park UDG
unique to site
Signage/Wayfinding
Should calculate total seating area
requirement based on: Should provide a park identification
-- 1 seating area per 20 linear metres sign and an interactive wayfinding
of primary pathway kiosk at park entrances
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres Should provide interpretive displays at
of secondary pathway event spaces and gathering areas
Should calculate total picnic table May use directional colour coding on
requirement based on: pathways
Design Guideline Illustration: Interactive Media Wall
-- 1 picnic table per 60 linear metres Services/Infrastructure
of secondary pathway
See Park UDG
Water Features
Safety/Security
Should provide unique water features
with integrated public art See Park UDG

Public Art
Should incorporate public art into all
design elements
Should provide interactive sculpture
areas
Should incorporate public art into
infrastructure (lighting, street furniture,
tree grates, fences, street signs,
manhole covers, water fountains)
May provide temporary exhibition
space

Chapter 5 Page 44
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Design Guidelines Hardscape


Baraha Should use hardscape features that
External Linkages reflect and enhance the character of the
Should directly link to sikkak and surrounding architecture
Context
immediately-adjacent residential units
Barahaat are spaces between homes Furniture
that are located in a small number of key Should be a semi-private space that is
positions throughout the fareej. There are within the fareej Should provide coordinated site furniture
usually a small number of Baraha to create that responds to the character of the
Should be visually separated from the fareej
focal points for residents to come and street
interact with one another, ensure maximum Should calculate the total seating area
use and provide a focus for a larger number Access requirement based on:
of people. In urban areas these could also -- 1 seating area per 5 linear metres of
be referred to as pocket parks. Shall provide pedestrian access only primary pathway
Should calculate total picnic table
Purpose Internal Circulation requirement based on:
Each Baraha is designed to meet the
Should provide a well-defined transition -- 1 picnic table per 10 linear metres of
needs of the people and facilities close-
of spaces from semi-public to private secondary pathway
Precedent: Shaded Play Area
by and provide a pleasant environment
for residents. For example, Barahaat near
schools may contain a small playground Parking Water Features
for children and families, whereas See Park UDG
Shall not allow parking
Barahaat near mosques may contain a
public majlis or berza which are found Public Art
Universal Access
outside mosques, for worshippers from See Park UDG
the neighbourhood to meet and greet each See Park UDG
other. Lighting
Buildings Shall use low-level or pedestrian lighting
Facilities such as bollards, in-ground lights, step
See Park UDG
Typical park facilities include small seating and wall lights
areas, play areas, shading and landscape
elements.
Special Features
Fences/Walls/Screens
N/A
Access See Park UDG
Barahaat are accessible from the Shading
Signage/Wayfinding
surrounding residences and sikkak within
Should provide shade for a minimum
the fareej. Access is limited to pedestrians. See Park UDG
50% of the park area
Separation from private family areas is
provided within the site. There is a well- Services/Infrastructure
Softscape
defined transition of spaces from semi-
Should provide small trees and/or palms See Park UDG
public spaces to private spaces.
Barahaat link to local community facilities May use low-maintenance groundcovers
Precedent: Shaded Gathering Area Safety/Security
and larger gathering spaces or meyadeen. and low flowering shrubs
See Park UDG
Chapter 5 Page 45
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Chapter 5 Page 46
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Gateways define the entrances to the park Parking


that connect to the processional route and
Ceremonial Park the assembly space. The processional route Should provide shared off-site parking or
is the primary pedestrian pathway and a underground parking if provided on-site
feature in the park. Secondary routes link Should not allow parking on street
Context other areas of the park to the processional frontage
Ceremonial Parks are large areas route. Views in the park frame the
programmed primarily for public assembly monumental public art. Views out of the Universal Access
and commemoration. They are the focal park focus on distant sightlines and iconic
point of the community and support the features. See Park UDG
identity of the place. Security considerations include minimising
surrounding building heights and visual Buildings
Purpose access/sightlines into the park. Primary See Park UDG
Ceremonial Parks are facilities for events, entrances link to the open space system.
celebrations and commemorations of great
Design Guidelines Special Features
Precedent: Amphitheatre significance to the community. Creating
an iconic place, Ceremonial Parks provide Should provide an assembly space linked
formal locations to welcome foreign leaders, External Linkages to a centralised processional route to
dignitaries and other visitors. Should provide an open and accessible accommodate ceremonial events
Ceremonial Parks can host large, interface between the streetscape and
community-wide events. Their design park
Shading
focuses on providing monumental spaces for Should link to a minimum of 2 primary Should use colourful canopies and
celebration. ceremonial tensile shade structures
streets
Should use shade structures to define
Facilities Access park perimeter and assembly space
A large assembly space is a the focus of
the park. A processional route leads to Should be accessible from all frontages
Softscape
this space and is defined by gateways at Should define entrances with formal
the primary entrances. The park space is gateway features Should use large canopy trees to reinforce
characterised by monumental public art. the monumentality and ceremonial
Picnic areas and interpretive displays are Internal Circulation function of the park
located outside of the assembly area to Should use strong vertical rows of palms
allow for large events in the park. When Should provide a primary pathway a
minimum width of 6 m flanked by lower contrasting foliage trees
the park is not being used for an event it to define processional route
serves as a space for passive recreation and Should design the primary pathway as the
circulation, including picnicking, walking and processional route through the park Should use land forms to enclose large
cycling. open spaces
Should orientate processional route to
maximise the cooling effects of prevailing
Access winds and minimise solar gain
Ceremonial Parks are accessible from all
sides, served by public transit and integrated
Precedent: Performance Space into the pedestrian and cycling network.

Chapter 5 Page 47
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Should provide perimeter pedestrian


Hardscape lighting with light standards a maximum Design Guideline Illustration: Ceremonial Park Connected to Processional Route
Shall design hardscape to reflect height of 4 m
ceremonial function of the park Should provide low-level lights in park
Shall use high-quality natural stone interior to a maximum height of 0.8 m

Furniture Fences/Walls/Screens
Should locate furniture along the Shall not allow perimeter fences or
perimeter screens
Should calculate total seating area May use low walls along a maximum
requirement based on: 15% of perimeter to a maximum height
of 0.8 m
-- 1 seating area per 20 linear metres
of primary pathway Signage/Wayfinding
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres
Should provide a media screen to a
of secondary pathway
maximum size of 50 m2
Should calculate total picnic table
Should provide interactive wayfinding
requirement based on:
kiosks along the perimeter and in
-- 1 table per 40 linear metres of central gathering areas
secondary pathway
Should provide interpretive displays
located throughout the park
Water Features
Should provide water features as a focal Services/Infrastructure
point of the park See Park UDG
Should design water features in
recognition of the scale and function of Safety/Security
the Ceremonial Park
Should integrate security cameras along
Public Art with perimeter light standards
Should provide bollards on the
Should provide a public art that is perimeter
an iconic symbol and a defining and
Should use perimeter elements to
organising element of the park enhance security
Lighting Should be designed for crowd
management and control
Should use custom-designed light
standards that reflect the monumental
and ceremonial function of the park
Should provide light standards along the
perimeter to a maximum height of 8 m

Chapter 5 Page 48
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

The primary entrances are located along


the primary street. There are a minimum Buildings
Community Garden of two secondary entrances to the park. Shall not allow temporary structures on
A hierarchy of pathways define circulation individual plots
and gardening plots. Vehicular access
Should provide each garden plot with a
Context is limited. All entrances link with the
storage facility to a maximum external
Community Gardens support and surrounding neighbourhood.
size of 2.0 m in length, 2.0 m in width
encourage local food security and and 2.3 m in height
production in local communities. They Design Guidelines
Should provide a centralised storage
contribute to community awareness,
External Linkages building
positive social interaction, community
education and the ecological biodiversity
in urban areas. Should link to a minimum of 2 streets Special Features
Should link the market square to the May provide a publicly accessible
Purpose streetscape market square at the entrance or in the
Community Gardens go beyond the primary gathering area
Access
traditional allotment garden, which May provide a central greenhouse for
is dedicated to individual use, and Should define primary entrances with seed propagation
includes common areas that can involve gateway features
wider community initiatives including Should provide a single access point for Shading
Precedent: Community Garden Market educational programmes that involve service vehicles Should provide a contiguous shade
schools and youth groups in gardening
activities. structure at the market square
Internal Circulation
Community Gardens can host educational Should provide 1 shade structure per 4
programmes. Their design focuses Should provide a primary pathway to garden plots
on creating spaces to share gardening accommodate vehicular, bicycle and Should use shade structures
resources and experiences. pedestrian circulation with a minimum constructed of natural materials
width of 6 m
Facilities Should integrate the market square into Softscape
Individual garden plots are the key the primary pathway
Should use locally occurring species to
facilities in the Community Garden. Plots May provide secondary pathways define plot edges, primary routes and
are clustered around a central feature between all garden plots with a entrances
area. The feature area may be a market, minimum width of 2 m
a farm service building and/or a gathering Hardscape
area. Parking
Should use good-quality compacted
Should locate parking outside the crushed natural stone or gravel on
Access perimeter wall pathways
Community Gardens are organised and Should provide 1 parking stall per 3
maintained by local residents and other Should define central gathering areas
garden plots and special features with permeable
individuals who participate in gardening.
They are accessible through controlled unit paving material
Universal Access
entrance gates and served by public
Precedent: Garden Plots transit. See Park UDG

Chapter 5 Page 49
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Furniture Signage/Wayfinding Design Guideline Illustration: Garden Plots


Should provide 1 refuse/recycling Should provide a park identification sign
container per 4 garden plots at entrances
Should provide 1 compost container per Should provide a regulations sign at the
4 garden plots central storage building
Should calculate total seating area Should provide identification markers at
requirement based on: each garden plot
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres Should provide a garden plot key plan at
of primary pathway entrance
-- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres Should provide interpretive displays
of secondary pathway located throughout the park
Should calculate total picnic table
requirement based on: Services/Infrastructure
-- 1 table per 60 linear metres of See Park UDG
secondary pathway
Safety/Security
Water Features
See Park UDG
See Park UDG
Design Guideline Illustration: Market Square
Public Art
See Park UDG

Lighting
Should provide lighting along pathways
located on the exterior of the garden
walls
Should provide lighting along garden
plots located on the interior of the
garden walls

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should provide walls around all garden
plots a maximum height of 0.8 m
Should use walls constructed of natural
materials

Chapter 5 Page 50
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Access Parking
Community Park Community Parks are accessible from all Should provide off-site parking or
street frontages, served by transit and underground parking if provided on-site
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling May provide on-street parking
Context network. The park is accessible at all
Community Parks range in size and hours. Universal Access
are programmed for passive and active The primary entrances to the park are
use. They are located near urban and defined by a formal gateway or public See Park UDG
rural areas to support the community art that serves as a park identifier. A
environment. primary pedestrian pathway is the Buildings
key organising element of the park. See Park UDG
Purpose Secondary pathways connect to active
Community Parks are facilities that and passive areas within the park. Special Features
Precedent: Shaded Play Equipment provide open space for active and The park links to the open space system
passive recreation. These parks provide and the surrounding community. Should provide central space for
essential park amenities for residents and community events
visitors. They are a meeting place in the Design Guidelines Should provide play structures that
community and provide space for local accommodate all ages and abilities and
sports activities. Each Community Park External Linkages are unique to each park
provides wayfinding and public services Should locate adjacent to community
for an enhanced community experience. Should link to a minimum 2 streets facilities
Community Parks can host local May include in-built BBQ areas
community events. Their design focuses Access
on creating spaces for community May provide athletic fields
Should define primary entrances with
experiences. formal gateway features Shading
Facilities Internal Circulation See Park UDG
The focal point of the park is a central
gathering area. Play areas, picnic areas, Shall provide a primary pathway with a Softscape
private seating areas and active and minimum width of 3.5 m
Shall design the primary pathway to Should provide limited natural turf in
passive recreation areas are located
have a unique character passive recreation areas
around the gathering area. Active
recreation areas serve as informal sports Should provide secondary pathways Should provide synthetic turf in active
field facilities. with a minimum width of 2.5 m recreation areas
All activity areas are defined by Should design pathways to link primary Should locate large canopy trees
pathways and trees. Shade structures use areas, define space and enhance adjacent to pathways to define
separate active and passive areas offering views circulation routes and activity spaces
orientation to the park. The park also
provides accessible public services,
including toilets, that are located near the
Precedent: Event Space street.

Chapter 5 Page 51
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Hardscape Should provide interior lighting for


picnic shelters Design Guideline Illustration: Central Gathering Area
See Park UDG May provide low-level lights at all
entrances
Furniture
Should provide clusters of seating at
Fences/Walls/Screens
entrances, playgrounds, gathering area See Park UDG
and adjacent to pathways
Should calculate total seating area Signage / Wayfinding
requirement based on:
Should provide a neighbourhood map/
-- 1 seating area per 20 linear metres directory at the primary entrances
of primary pathway Should provide interpretive displays in
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres gathering areas and points of interest
of secondary pathway
Should calculate total picnic table Services / Infrastructure
requirement based on:
See Park UDG
-- 1 table per 40 linear metres of
primary pathway Safety / Security
Water Features See Park UDG
Design Guideline Illustration: Central Gathering Area
May provide interactive childrens water
play area including pop jets and splash
pad

Public Art
Should provide public art that identifies
the park
Should be located near the primary
entrances

Lighting
Should provide light standards along the
primary pathway to a maximum height
of 4 m
Should provide low-level lights on
secondary pathways to a maximum
height of 0.8 m

Chapter 5 Page 52
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

To maintain a natural environment, user


services and amenities are restricted. Internal Circulation
Conservation Park Structures are restricted to those that Shall provide a primary pathway to a
enhance habitat, environmental quality maximum width of 2.5 m
and viewing of the natural environment. Should provide secondary pathways to
Context a maximum width of 1.8 m
Conservation Parks are areas primarily Access
for the preservation, rehabilitation or Conservation Parks have limited or Parking
creation of natural features or areas. controlled public access. They are
They may be located to surround existing Should setback parking from park
accessible from local streets, served by boundary
natural features to support environmental public transit and integrated into the
preservation. pedestrian and cycling network. Should integrate parking into the
natural landscape
Entrances are well-integrated with the
Purpose landscape. A staging area that links
Should provide parking that is 100%
Conservation Parks are facilities primarily permeable
directly with the entrance is located
for environmental education and passive near the parking areas. Pedestrian
recreation. Creating these facilities
Universal Access
circulation through the space is limited to
preserves and enhances the unique designated pathways and boardwalks. See Park UDG
environmental qualities of Abu Dhabi. Primary entrances connect to the open
Conservation Parks are predominantly space system including streets, linear Buildings
natural in character and form, reflecting parks and natural corridors. View
the landscape characteristics common to Should locate buildings off-site
corridors and viewsheds towards
the Emirate. Shall design buildings to reflect the
Conservation Parks are preserved and
Precedent: Semi-private Family Spaces Conservation Parks can host unique character of the Conservation
enhanced.
Park
environmental education and interpretive
programmes. Each park promotes a Design Guidelines Special Features
better understanding of Estidama. Their
design promotes bio-diversity and habitat External Linkages Should provide gathering areas that
preservation. support education/interpretation,
Should only provide linkages outside of passive recreation and relaxation
Conservation Parks also accommodate park boundary and park setback
tourists and diversify the appeal of Abu Should provide interpretive displays
Dhabi as a destination. Conservation along pathways
Access
Parks have a unique theme based on the Shading
environmental resources within the sites. Shall not allow access in areas of high
environmental sensitivity Should use shade structures
Facilities Should have a 100 m setback around constructed of natural materials
park boundary May provide shade structures at
The natural environment is the focal point
of the park. A pathway marked with Should define entrances with informal entrances
interpretive displays throughout the site pedestrian scale features
is the key facility in the park. Should provide pedestrian access only
Precedent: Controlled Access

Chapter 5 Page 53
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Softscape Should use furniture constructed of


natural materials or an interpretation Design Guideline Illustration: Conservation Feature
Shall not allow natural turf or areas of of the form, texture and colour of such
open grass materials
Shall incorporate and reflect the native Should use furniture with a colour
landscape of the Conservation Park palette similar to the natural tones of
Shall use locally occurring, drought the Conservation park
tolerant plant materials at natural Should use furniture materials with
densities minimal reflection
Shall allow the natural ecosystem to be
self-maintaining to the greatest extent Water Features
possible See Park UDG
Should incorporate sculpted land forms
to define space Public Art
Should group all plant materials into
See Park UDG
distinct hydrozones
Lighting
Hardscape
Shall use low-level lighting only
Should use hardscape that is
permeable and has a natural desert
Fences/Walls/Screens
colour palette
Design Guideline Illustration: Pathway
Should use natural stone, tumbled See Park UDG
glass, granular material, pea gravel,
compacted or bound gravel and Signage/Wayfinding
decomposed stone to stabilise sand
areas and to assist surface water Should provide a park identification
drainage sign at entrances
Should provide pathway markers at
Furniture grade level
Should support off-site education
Should calculate total seating area curriculum
requirement based on:
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres Services/Infrastructure
of primary pathway
See Park UDG
-- 1 seating area per 80 linear metres
of secondary pathway Safety/Security
Should calculate total picnic table
requirement based on: See Park UDG
-- 1 table per 60 linear metres of
secondary pathway

Chapter 5 Page 54
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

May provide secondary pathways with


Facilities
Desert Park The unique biodiversity of the natural
a minimum width of 2.5 m
Should design pathways to link to
desert environment is the focal point primary use areas, define space and
of the park. Pathways marked with enhance views
Context interpretive and botanic displays are
Desert Parks showcase the unique found throughout the park. Rock Parking
biodiversity of the desert climate of formations and desert landforms provide
the Emirate. Desert Parks also serve to informal play areas for children. Should provide on-street parking or
preserve and enhance key natural areas To maintain a natural environment, user shared off-site parking
and environments that act as a buffer services and facilities are restricted Should minimise visual impact
between the natural desert or cultivated to those which enhance the habitat, Should provide parking that is 100%
agricultural areas and developed urban environmental quality and viewing of the permeable
Precedent: Landscape Feature and rural settlement areas. natural environment.
Desert Parks are intended to be low- Universal Access
maintenance and have restricted water Access
requirements. See Park UDG
Entrances and pathways link to gathering
areas. Each Desert Park links to the open Buildings
Purpose space network of the surrounding area.
Desert Parks provide an opportunity Shall design buildings to reflect
for residents and visitors to experience Design Guidelines the unique character of the desert
and learn about native flora and fauna landscape
of the Arabian Desert. Programmed External Linkages
areas support gathering, education/ Special Features
interpretation, passive recreation and Should link to adjacent public facilities,
relaxation and include the potential for neighbourhoods, mosques, school Should provide gathering areas that
small performance spaces, public art and parcels and commercial areas support education/interpretation,
limited water features. passive recreation and relaxation
Precedent: Interpretive Display Should incorporate streetscape
Desert Parks can host educational and elements into the park entrances Should provide interpretive displays
interpretive programmes and may include along pathways
visitor centres, greenhouses, bio- Access May provide small performance spaces
domes and conservatories. Their design
focuses on emulating the natural desert Shall restrict vehicular access Shading
landscape and topography and reinforcing Should define primary entrances with
traditional Emirati culture. This is formal gateway features Should use shade structures
achieved through low-impact sustainable constructed of natural materials or
Should define secondary entrances
design strategies and integrating high tensile fabrics
with enhanced landscape features
levels of native biodiversity. Desert
Parks contain naturalised landscapes Internal Circulation
and terrain, pathways and limited water
features to create a natural desert- Shall provide a primary pathway with a
like setting for walking, cycling and minimum width of 4.5 m
Precedent: Performance Space picnicking.

Chapter 5 Page 55
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Softscape Should calculate total seating area


Design Guideline Illustration: Neutral Colour Pallet and Wadi Feature
requirement based on:
Shall not allow natural turf or areas of -- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres
open grass of primary pathway
Shall incorporate and reflect the native -- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres
desert landscape of secondary pathway
Shall use locally occurring, drought Should calculate total picnic table
tolerant plant materials at natural requirement based on:
densities
-- 1 table per 80 linear metres of
Shall allow the natural ecosystem to be
secondary pathway
self-maintaining to the greatest extent
possible May use furniture accent colours
approximate to the desert in bloom,
Should incorporate sculpted land forms
appropriate primarily in playgrounds
to define space
Should group all plant materials into Water Features
distinct hydrozones
See Park UDG
Hardscape
Public Art
Should use hardscape that is
permeable and has a natural desert Should provide public art that reflects
colour palette or enhances the natural desert
Should use natural stone, tumbled environment
glass, granular material, pea gravel,
compacted or bound gravel and Lighting
decomposed stone to stabilise sand See Park UDG
areas and to assist surface water
drainage Fences/Walls/Screens
Furniture Should not allow perimeter fencing
Should use furniture constructed Signage/Wayfinding
of natural desert materials or an
interpretation of the form, texture and Should provide interpretive displays at
colour of such materials gathering areas and unique features
Should use furniture with a colour
palette similar to the natural tones of Services/Infrastructure
the desert
See Park UDG
Should use furniture materials with
minimal reflection Safety/Security
See Park UDG

Chapter 5 Page 56
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Primary entrances link with the Should provide play structures that
surrounding community. Entrances accommodate all ages and abilities and
Family Park provide direct access to the feature play are unique to each park
structure. A public art is located at the Should locate adjacent to community
entrance of the park as a park identifier. facilities
Context Low seat walls are used to separate
May include in-built BBQ areas
Family Parks are small areas programmed the park activities from the street but
for active and passive recreation. They maintain direct visibility into the site.
Shading
are located near residential developments
to provide the local population with Design Guidelines See Park UDG
typical park amenities.
External Linkages Softscape
Precedent: Childrens Play Structure
Purpose Shall provide open and contiguous Should provide limited natural turf in
Family Parks are facilities that provide frontage on a minimum of 1 street passive recreation areas
space for active and passive recreation. Should link to a minimum of 2 streets Should provide synthetic turf in active
Providing basic park amenities, Family recreation areas
Parks serve everyday recreational Access Should locate large canopy trees
needs. They are local meeting places
Should locate primary entrances on adjacent to pathways, picnic and play
for residents and activity centres for
primary street areas to define circulation routes and
children.
activity spaces
Family Parks can host local community Should restrict vehicular access
events. Their design focuses on creating Should define primary entrances Hardscape
spaces for family experiences. Family
Parks also accommodate community Internal Circulation See Park UDG
wayfinding and interpretation.
Precedent: Water Play Feature May provide pathways Furniture
Facilities Parking Should provide furniture at all play
All Family Parks include a play structure areas and entrances
with adjacent shaded seating areas. Should provide on-street parking or Should calculate total seating area
Play structures provide the focus of the shared off-site parking requirement based on:
park. Water play features, multi-use
Universal Access -- 1 seating area per 20 linear metres
courts and picnic areas are provided if
of primary pathway
space permits. The design of these parks See Park UDG
should minimise maintenance. -- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres
of secondary pathway
Buildings
Access Should calculate total picnic table
See Park UDG requirement based on:
Family Parks are accessible from local
streets, served by public transit and -- 1 table per 40 linear metres of
Special Features primary pathway
integrated into the pedestrian and
cycling network. Family Parks are only Should provide central space for
accessible by pedestrians and cyclists. community events
Precedent: Community Gathering Space

Chapter 5 Page 57
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Water Features Design Guideline Illustration: Childrens Adventure Play Area


May provide interactive childrens water
play area including pop jets and splash
pad

Public Art
Should provide interactive public art
aimed at children

Lighting
Should provide low-level lights at
entrances, play structures and shade
structures to a maximum height of 0.8
m

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should allow walls only at entrances
and street edge
Should provide screening for semi-
Design Guideline Illustration: Shaded Play Spaces
private family areas
May provide vegetative screens to a
maximum height of 1.8 m

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide a neighbourhood map/
directory at entrance

Services/Infrastructure
See Park UDG

Safety/Security
See Park UDG

Chapter 5 Page 58
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks
All entrances link directly to the Park. Universal Access
The heritage site is accessible from
Heritage Park pathways within the park area. See Park UDG
The primary pathway links the park
area, the gathering area and the heritage Buildings
Context site. Secondary pathways extend into
Heritage Parks are primarily for the Should locate buildings outside of the
the park area and the heritage site.
preservation and enhancement of historic heritage site landscape
Primary entrances to the Heritage Park
landmarks, sites or places. They surround are connected to the open space system.
heritage sites to support the historic and Views to and from the heritage site are
Special Features
cultural identity of the Emirate. preserved. Should provide a staging area
Should provide interactive interpretive
Purpose Design Guidelines displays in staging area
Heritage Parks are facilities for authentic,
interpretive and educational experiences. External Linkages
Shading
Focusing on heritage resources, these Should link to a minimum of 1 street
parks provide places to learn about the Should provide shade at staging area
unique culture and history of the Emirate. Should link to other major features and
Should use shading features that
destinations
Heritage Parks can host educational complement the heritage site
and interpretive programmes. Their Access
Precedent: Heritage Site Forecourt design focuses on providing interesting Softscape
educational experiences. Heritage Parks Should be visually open
Shall extend the heritage site
also accommodate tourists and diversify
Internal Circulation landscape into the park
the appeal of Abu Dhabi as a destination.
Heritage Parks have themes based on the Shall use 100% locally occurring
Shall provide a primary pathway with a species with a focus on native plant
heritage resources within each site. minimum width of 3.5 m materials
Should provide secondary pathways
Facilities with a minimum width of 2 m Hardscape
The heritage site is the focus of the Should link the staging area to the
Heritage Park. Park amenities and See Park UDG
parking and the heritage site
features are located outside the heritage
site boundary. Park facilities include Should reflect established circulation Furniture
gathering areas, picnic areas and patterns in pathways
interpretive displays. A staging area Should calculate total seating area
is located next to the parking area to Parking requirement based on:
enhance arrival to the park. Should define and separate parking -- 1 seating area per 20 linear metres
from heritage site of primary pathway
Access Should subdivide parking lots into -- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres
Heritage Parks are accessible from local shaded modules of a maximum 7 of secondary pathway
streets, served by public transit and parking stalls per module
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling
network. Heritage sites are accessible
Precedent: Heritage Feature Entrance from Heritage Parks.

Chapter 5 Page 59
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Water Features Design Guideline Illustration: Staging Area


See Park UDG

Public Art
Should provide public art consistent
with heritage feature Lighting
Should provide light standards along
perimeter to a maximum height of 4 m
Should provide lighting consistent with
heritage feature
Should provide feature lighting

Lighting
See Park UDG

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should allow walls only at staging area
to a maximum height of 0.8 m Design Guideline Illustration: Primary Pathway
May use vegetative screens to a
maximum height of 1.2 m

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide heritage feature
identification sign at entrance
Should use bottom lit signs
Should provide a wayfinding map in
staging area
Should direct visitors from parking area
to heritage site
Should provide interpretive displays

Services/Infrastructure
Should locate services/infrastructure
outside of heritage site landscape

Safety/Security
See Park UDG

Chapter 5 Page 60
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Access Buildings
Linear Park Linear Parks are accessible from streets, May provide small-scale retail kiosks
public places or other parks in the open
space system. The parks are served by Special Features
Context public transit and are key components of
Linear Parks are corridors for passive the pedestrian and cycling network. Should provide a rest area at path
and active recreation. They are located intersections and access points
Entrances to the park are defined with a
along natural corridors, utility easements rest area, signage and wayfinding. Linear
and other linear open spaces. They are Shading
Parks link to the open space system and
located throughout the community.
other various destinations within the Should provide shade at all path
community. intersections and access points
Purpose
Precedent: Multi-use Path
Linear Parks are facilities for walking and Design Guidelines Softscape
cycling that link the various elements,
destinations and features in the Should conform to and enhance the
External Linkages existing natural landform
surrounding community. Some Linear
Parks can accommodate horse and camel Should maintain existing and provide Should limit areas of natural turf
riding. These parks provide opportunities new public amenities along park edges May provide surface stormwater
for exercise and circulation within the Should provide linkages to the park at detention within the corridor
community. a maximum of 200 m apart in urban May increase edge plant materials to
The design of Linear Parks focuses on areas or mid-block minimise the visual impact of urban
promoting non-motorised circulation Should provide linkages to the park at a areas
for recreation and commuter traffic. maximum of 800 m apart in rural areas
These parks support healthy living and Hardscape
promote physical activity. Linear Parks Access
also provide habitat corridors for wildlife See Park UDG
Precedent: Urban Linear Park and serve as areas for storm water See Park UDG
management and grey water recycling. Furniture
Each linear park has a theme that is Internal Circulation
enhanced by the unique urban or natural Shall provide bollards at street
characteristics of the corridor. Should provide a shared use pathway intersections and access points
with a minimum width of 4.0 m Should calculate total seating area
Facilities May design secondary pathways in requirement based on:
sweeping curves and bends, avoiding -- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres
Linear Parks vary in width and may
straight lines and unnatural or tight of primary pathway
follow existing natural or urban corridors.
curves
A pathway is located through the park -- 1 seating area per 80 linear metres
linking each park entrance. Rest areas of secondary pathway
are provided along the pathway and
Parking
feature benches, shade structures Should be provided off-site Water Features
and wayfinding features. Interpretive
displays are also located at rest areas to Universal Access May create a more connected water
identify natural or cultural features of the system as a consistent piece that
Precedent: Integrated Public Art See Park UDG unifies the park
park or surrounding area.

Chapter 5 Page 61
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Public Art Design Guideline Illustration: Shadeway linking Entrances


See Park UDG

Lighting
May provide light standards to a
maximum height of 4.0 m

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should use bollards to define edges in
urban areas
May allow light coloured chain-link
fencing to a maximum height of 0.5 m
if required to define the corridor

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide a park identification
sign at street intersections to a
maximum size of 1 m2
Should provide a wayfinding map at
street intersections Design Guideline Illustration: Integrated Uses
Should provide interpretive displays at
pathway intersections

Services/Infrastructure
Should provide a drinking fountain at
street intersections

Safety/Security
Should integrate security cameras with
street light standards at entrances
May provide emergency call boxes at
entrances

Chapter 5 Page 62
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Design Guidelines Hardscape


Meyadeen Should use hardscape features that
External Linkages reflect and enhance the character of
Should link to community facilities the fareej
Context
May use colour and pattern to define
Meyadeen are the larger neighbourhood
Access the gathering area
level gathering spaces that tie together
various community uses and are Should provide pedestrian or shared- Furniture
programmed primarily as central meeting use access only
areas. They are located as focal points Should provide coordinated site
in a traditional neighbourhood system or Internal Circulation furniture that responds to local context
fareej.
See Park UDG Water Features
Purpose Parking See Park UDG
Meyadeen are facilities for meeting and
gathering within the wider community. Shall not allow parking Public Art
Precedent: Central Meeting Area Their design focuses on providing safe
and pleasant environments for residents. Universal Access See Park UDG
See Park UDG Lighting
Facilities
A central feature, such as a fountain or Buildings See Park UDG
planting of palms, defines the formal
gathering area in the Meyadeen. See Park UDG Fences/Walls/Screens
Seating areas, plant materials and shade
structures are located around the site. Special Features See Park UDG
Vegetated screens and small landscape May provide a semi-private family area
features are used to allow women and Signage/Wayfinding
children to pass privately around the site. Shading See Park UDG
See Park UDG Services/Infrastructure
Access
A Meyadeen is accessible from Softscape See Park UDG
surrounding residences and sikkak or
small pathways within the fareej. Access May use low-maintenance Safety/Security
is limited to pedestrians. groundcovers and low flowering
There are a minimum of two primary shrubs See Park UDG
entrances, both with direct access to May utilise palms and trees in small
the central feature. Circulation around bosque or grove configuration
the site is open and obstacle-free to
accommodate large gatherings.

Precedent: Central Meeting Area

Chapter 5 Page 63
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Chapter 5 Page 64
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Design Guidelines Special Features


Oasis Park Should provide a staging area near
External Linkages parking
Context Should link to a minimum of 2 streets May provide informal performance
Should link parking area and space at central location
Oases are historic sites for farming. An
Oasis Park includes areas that surround streetscape
the Emirates historic oases for the Shading
preservation and enhancement of these Access Should use shading features that
unique places. complement the oasis
Should define entrances with gateway
features
Purpose Softscape
Oasis Parks are facilities for education Internal Circulation See Park UDG
and interpretation. Their design focuses
on creating spaces for passive recreation Shall provide a primary pathway with a
Precedent: Traditional irrigation while providing learning experiences. minimum width of 3 m Hardscape
Oases Parks also provide gateways to the Should link the staging area to the Should use compacted crushed sand,
oases. parking area and the oasis entrance natural stone or gravel
May provide secondary pathways with
Facilities a minimum width of 2 m Furniture
The park area is within a buffer zone
Shall provide bollards at street
around the Oasis. A gathering area is Parking intersections and access points
provided as an orientation and central
hub in the park area. Interpretive Should locate parking parallel to the Should calculate total seating area
displays are located in the gathering area. street at a minimum of 30 m from the requirement based on:
walled oasis perimeter -- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres
Access Should minimise the visual impact of of the primary pathway
Oasis Parks are accessible from primary parking
Precedent: Primary Pathway streets, served by public transit and Water Features
integrated into the pedestrian and Universal Access
See Park UDG
cycling network. All oases are publicly See Park UDG
accessible, although treated as semi-
private agricultural reserves, walled and
Public Art
Buildings
have controlled access through gates. See Park UDG
There are a minimum two primary Should locate buildings near parking
entrances to the park. A primary Should be constructed from natural Lighting
pathway links the parking area and materials reflecting oasis context
staging area to the Oasis entrance. Should provide light standards along
May provide an interpretive centre perimeter a maximum height of 4 m
Secondary pathways loop around the
park area. Should provide low-level and in-wall
The Oasis Park links to the open space lighting along the primary pathway
Precedent: Edge Treatment
system. May up-light key landscape features

Chapter 5 Page 65
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Fences/Walls/Screens Design Guideline Illustration: Staging Area


Shall replace or repair walls using
materials and design equal to original
oasis wall

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide a park identification
sign at primary entrances
Should provide a park identification
sign at secondary entrances
Should use bottom lit signs
Should provide a wayfinding map in
staging area and central gathering area
Should provide interpretive displays in
staging area
Should provide a minimum of 9
interpretive displays in oasis, clustered
in groups around key features

Services/Infrastructure Design Guideline Illustration: Interpretive Display


See Park UDG

Safety/Security
See Park UDG

Chapter 5 Page 66
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Access Parking
Sports Park Sports Parks are accessible from the Shall provide a minimum 22 parking
primary streets, served by public transit stalls per athletic field
and integrated into the pedestrian and Shall provide a minimum 11 parking
Context cycling network. stalls per court
Sports Parks are large areas programmed A primary pedestrian pathway is the Shall provide a maximum 88 parking
primarily for sport and active uses. They key organising element of the park. stalls per parking lot
provide the recreational facilities for a Secondary loop pathways extend from the
variety of activities and are integral to all Shall subdivide parking lots into shaded
primary pathway to define the perimeter modules of a maximum 11 parking
communities. and knit together passive and active areas. stalls per module
Tertiary loops complete the system in a May provide staging areas for coach
Purpose series of links within the park. drop-offs
Sports Parks are primarily for organised Primary entrances link to the open May provide overflow car parking
Precedent: Shaded Play Equipment sporting events and active recreation. space system, define arrival and connect
Consolidating these activities into a larger with the primary pathway. Secondary Universal Access
park promotes multi-use of the spaces entrances, if required, link to the
and sharing of facilities and amenities. surrounding neighbourhood. Shall follow international best practice
This leads to higher quality athletic for sports facilities
facilities that are clustered in a common Design Guidelines
facility; other park typologies are then Buildings
preserved for non-sporting activities. External Linkages Should locate public service building
Sports Parks host larger scale events that near gathering areas and entrances
occur over a number of days in a single Should link to a minimum of 2 streets
Should provide changing facilities,
location. Sports Parks also accommodate Should maximise co-location and recreation management office and
more informal activities such as walking sharing opportunities between community facilities in public service
trails, picnic facilities and play areas for complementary sports and adjoining building
children. Sports Parks have a common school facilities
Precedent: Shaded Event Seating theme or character no matter where they Special Features
are located. Access
Shall provide single tier, shaded
See Park UDG spectator stands
Facilities Should provide stands for medium and
An activity centre is provided as an Internal Circulation large pitches
orientation and central hub in the park. Should provide viewing mounds for
Athletic fields are located to be quickly Shall provide a primary pathway with a
smaller pitches
accessed from parking areas for those minimum width of 5 m
Should provide 2 picnic shelters per
carrying equipment. Picnic facilities, Shall provide secondary pathways with
gathering area with a minimum size of
walking trails and play structures are a minimum width of 3.5 m 40 m2
located near the organised sporting areas Shall provide separation between sports Should provide central play area
to allow easy access for spectators and pitches and pathways
children, but are spatially separated from Should provide a range of play
Precedent: Synthetic Surfacing structures
streets.

Chapter 5 Page 67
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 5 - Parks

Shading Public Art Design Guideline Illustration: Multi-use Games Activity Area (MUGA)
Should provide shade structures adjacent May provide public art that references
to all sports pitches sports
Shall orientate viewing positions away
from the setting sun Lighting
Shall orientate pitches to avoid low sun Shall not allow flood lighting with an
angles illumination level above 200 lux at pitch
level
Softscape Should provide light standards along the
Should define primary routes and primary pathway to a maximum height
gathering areas of 4 m
Should use permeable synthetic turf for Fences/Walls/Screens
athletic fields
Should use groundcovers and shrubs only Shall provide chain-link fencing to
at the entrances to define the gateway enclose sports pitches with a minimum
height of 1.2 m to a maximum height of
Hardscape 3m
May use Fences/Walls/Screens to buffer
Should avoid using loose gravel or adjacent uses
materials which might adversely affect
Design Guideline Illustration: Active and Passive Recreation Areas
pitches Signage/Wayfinding
Furniture Should provide a park identification sign
at primary entrances to a maximum size
Should provide furniture at all play areas of 5 m2
and entrances
Should provide a park identification
Should calculate total seating area sign at the secondary entrances to a
requirement based on: maximum size of 1 m2
-- 1 seating area per 40 linear metres Should use exterior lit signs
of primary pathway
-- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres Services/Infrastructure
of secondary pathway
Shall provide 1 toilet per 4 fields/courts
Should calculate total picnic table
requirement based on: Safety/Security
-- 1 table per 60 linear metres of
See Park UDG
secondary pathway

Water Features
May provide interactive childrens water
play area including pop jets and splash
pad

Chapter 5 Page 68
Chapter 6.0 -STREETSCAPES
6.1 Streetscape Planning Process
6.2 Streetscape Hierarchy
6.3 Streetscape Design Guidelines
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual

Chapter 6 Page 70
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

6.0 Streetscapes Typology Application: The


typology relates to a streetscapes
As development occurs in the Emirate, design purpose. Determining the 1 - Define Project
the Public Realm Design Manual (PRDM) appropriate typology informs the
provides a shared direction that ties application of design guidelines.
various public realm projects together to Universal and typology design
form a system. guidelines provide the minimum
Together with the vision, principles and standards for streetscape 2 - Review Policies
policies, the Streetscapes section of development.
the PRDM is a step-by-step guide to The planning process flowchart (Figure
developing streetscapes that enhance the 6.1) illustrates the steps to prepare a
public realm system. streetscape project.
Streetscapes play a central role in the 3 - Identify Hierarchy
formation of the public realm. They 6.2. Streetscape Hierarchy
function both as important public space Table 6.1 Streetscape Hierarchy,
and as the network of pedestrian defines streetscapes of the public
linkages and crossing points, connecting realm according to their role in serving
all public and private space throughout the population within the overall 4 - Determine Level of Service
the Emirate. In the development of transportation network. The table
streetscapes, consideration is to be given identifies the primary users of each
to the scale and range of spaces created hierarchy of streetscape, general
to ensure positive contribution to the characteristics and features/activities
public realm. that are common to each hierarchy. 5 - Identify Typology
The table identifies the typical location
6.1. Streetscape Planning of each streetscape hierarchy. Size,
Process Service Radius, Service Population and
Level of Service are not applicable to
The steps to streetscape development streetscapes.
include: policy review, hierarchy 6 - Apply Universal Design Guidelines
application and typology application. This table is a general guide for
This section describes the hierarchy and developing streetscapes within each
typology application process. level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to
achieve a system that functions to serve
Hierarchy Application: The the entire Emirate.
hierarchy relates to a streetscapes 7 - Apply Typology Design Guidelines
role in serving the population of
the Emirate. Determining the
appropriate hierarchy level informs
the character and function of the
streetscape. 8 - Complete UPC Approvals Process

Figure 6.1: PRDM Planning Process

Chapter 6 Page 71
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Table 6.1 Streetscape Hierarchy

Level of
Description
Hierarchy

Service Service Service


Radius Population (ha/1,000
Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location
Population)
Contains routes and byways that connect Ceremonial events Dictated by connectivity to other Municipalities
Municipalities throughout the Emirate Emirate significant public art and presence of landmarks and places that are of
Emirate

Primary corridor into a Municipality Emirate-wide importance


Residents of the Areas for Emirate Day Celebrations N/A N/A N/A
Emirate Often contains Emirate attractions or unique
environmental features
Often contains Emirate-wide important civic spaces
Municipality-important streetscapes Corridors for public transportation Dictated by centralised urban location along
Municipality

Suitable for Municipal-wide activities and gatherings Parking areas and pedestrian zones corridors that carry users in and out of the
Residents of a adjacent to Municipal buildings Municipality and connect to major city-wide
Historic and civic landmarks N/A N/A N/A
Municipality corridors
Provides access to Municipalitys
most important areas and landmarks

Principal corridors within a City Public art Located centrally within the urban areas and
Provide access between Districts Gateways around shopping areas, business centres, civic
Residents of a
facilities and assets (museums, institutions, N/A N/A N/A
City Important civic spaces Shopping and business districts
City

governmental buildings, historic landmarks, etc.)


Preservation of unique and historic assets
Accessible by individual Neighbourhoods located Pedestrian and transit connection Focused around developed population centres
within the District to community facilities, business
Mix of daily use and important district-wide districts, and residential
Residents of a streetscapes Neighbourhoods
N/A N/A N/A
District
District

Reflect the unique character of the District


Lower design speeds, narrower streets, and
pedestrian friendly character
Streetscapes intended for use by residents within Activities are accommodated by Integrated within residential communities along
walking distance paved pedestrian access between primary bicycle and pedestrian corridors
Neighbourhood

Residents Integrated with daily lifestyles and activities residences and community facilities
of a local Designed primarily for pedestrian/shared use and Abundant seating N/A N/A N/A
Neighbourhood have limited to no vehicular access Abundant shade

Total Developed Streetscapes Level of Service N/A

Chapter 6 Page 72
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
Table 6.2. Streetscape Typologies
6.3 Streetscape Design Design Guideline Language
Guidelines The design guidelines identify the Description
language that defines various streetscape Typology
The Streetscape Design Guidelines are elements. The topics addressed in the
Purpose
intended to implement the policies universal and typology design guidelines
covered in Part I of the PRDM. The include:
Streetscape Design Guidelines are the External Linkages To link residents and visitors to significant landmarks and serve as a
Ceremonial Route
minimum standards that will guide all processional space for ceremonial events
Access
streetscape development. They ensure
that all streetscapes provide the basic Internal Circulation
Parking To define major intersections and provide visual identification and sense of
elements essential to a functional Gateway
arrival
public space. The application of these Universal Access
guidelines will help to build a coordinated Special Features
streetscape system for the Emirate. Shading Mushtarak (Shared- To offer shared-use streets primarily for pedestrians that can accommodate
Design guidelines developed for Use Access) vehicles at low speeds
Softscape
streetscapes include Universal Design
Guidelines and Typology Design Hardscape
Guidelines. The Universal Design Furniture Parking Areas To provide underground, surface, structural and overflow parking systems
Guidelines are applicable to all Water Features
Streetscapes. The Typology Design Public Art
Guidelines are applicable to specific Lighting Pedestrian First
To serve as public open space and provide walkable communities
Streetscape typologies. There are 10 Corridor
different Streetscape typologies that Fences/Walls/Screens
provide a variety of circulation options. Signage/Wayfinding
Services/Infrastructure To provide safe and convenient pedestrian connections to the surrounding
Table 6.2 provides a brief description Pedestrian Crossing
open space network
of all Streetscape Typologies. Further Safety/Security
descriptions are provided in the Guidelines on the minimum standards
individual Streetscape Typology sections. are provided for each topic. Compliance To frame views, vistas and scenic resources along corridors recognised for
Scenic Route
with the design guidelines is based on cultural, historic, natural and/or scenic qualities
the form of the statement. Statements
include:
Sikka (Paved To provide pedestrian access to nearby homes, gathering areas and
Shall statements mandatory to comply
Pedestrian Path) community facilities
with the design guideline;
Should statements recommended to
comply with the design guideline; To connects heritage and cultural destinations and provide routes which
Themed Corridor
May statements permitted in the contain features of a particular theme
streetscape design; discretionary based
on programming needs, streetscape
function, site conditions. Transit Corridor To prioritise multimodal transit options over vehicular use

Chapter 6 Page 73
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

These selected images illustrate the aspiration for the streetscapes of Abu Dhabi

Chapter 6 Page 74
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
Parking Shall use traffic islands that are a Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded
minimum width of 2.5 m to provide rest area every 1000 linear metres of
Streetscape Universal Shall sufficiently setback parking from persons using mobility aids and seniors secondary walkway
with safe resting zones
Design Guidelines higher profile facilities and building
elements such as bridges Shall use audible signals that are a
Shall follow Estidama guidance for outdoor
thermal comfort
(UDG) Should organise parking to limit impact on
pedestrian circulation and streetscape use
minimum 15 db louder than ambient noise
Shall provide two different audible signals
Shall provide a minimum of 80% shade
for all formal gathering areas (includes
Should provide a physical barrier, such as identifying when it is safe to cross the picnic structures)
Design Guidelines landscaping or bollards, where parking street
Shall provide a minimum of 40% shade
areas are situated against the sidewalk Shall provide a minimum of 10% reserved for all informal gathering areas
External Linkages (e.g. existing retail forecourt parking) parking facilities for disabled access with
minimum dimensions of 2.4 m x 4.8 m Should provide a minimum 1 shaded rest
Should link to the open space system area every 1000 linear metres of bicycle
Universal Access with a 1.2 m access zone
Should maintain and relate to streetscape path
Shall conform to international best Shall provide the international symbol of
hierarchy accessibility on disabled access reserved Shall provide shade for a minimum 50%
practice in universal access of on-site surface parking lots
Should link to public transit parking
Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed Should provide continuous shade on
width of 1.8 m on primary pathway Shall incorporate Braille in all signage
Access elements in all public places primary and secondary walkways
Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed Should provide shade at access points,
Shall accommodate emergency vehicular width of 1.5 m on all secondary pathways Shall provide an accessible route from
access designated disabled access parking stalls kiosks, viewing points and locations of
Shall locate lighting, signposts, refuse/ to all accessible entrances interpretive displays
Should provide safe and direct access for recycling containers, trees, bollards,
pedestrians and cyclists benches/furniture/fixtures at or beyond Should locate disabled access parking near Should use shading to reduce glare,
the boundaries of pedestrian routes the primary circulation route intense solar and UV exposure
Internal Circulation Shall create a clear distinction between Should design seating arrangements to Should locate shading to promote outdoor
pedestrian routes and adjoining surfaces allow mobility restricted users to sit activities, increase social interaction and
Shall connect pedestrian crossings alongside friends and family or in groups
using visual indicators and tactile paving encourage outdoor lifestyles
to adjacent sidewalks and be clearly
designated for safety, with appropriate Shall use a maximum gradient of 1:20 on Should use well-defined edge treatments Should use various types of shade
surface markings or variation in material, all pedestrian routes; gradients above 1:20 such as plant materials, change in texture structures or softscape features to provide
and signage shall use steps with integrated ramping or curbs to indicate extent or change in shade
and be clearly identifiable and contrast route
Should provide mid-block pedestrian
crossings with on-demand signals on visually with their surroundings Softscape
Buildings
long blocks Shall place gratings so that the long Shall use PRDM plant lists to determine
Should provide a buffer between the dimension is perpendicular to the dormant See Specific Typology appropriate plant materials
direction of travel
sidewalk and road, such as a planting Shall avoid use of natural turf in medians
strip, bicycle lane and/or on-street parking Shall provide curb cuts at right angles to Special Features
path of travel with flared non-slip sides Should preserve existing street trees
Should provide continuous sidewalk with See Specific Typology wherever possible, as mature street trees
direct connections between destinations Shall use curb cuts that are of a clearly create a greater sense of enclosure along
to form an unbroken coordinated different and detectable texture Shading roads
pedestrian network Shall construct traffic islands with Should locate street trees a minimum of
Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded rest
Should provide connectivity for pedestrian materials and finishes that are easily
area every 500 linear metres of primary 1.5 m from the curb edge
and bicycles distinguishable from the surrounding
paving walkway
Should create a hierarchy of pathways

Chapter 6 Page 75
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Hardscape Water Features Lighting Shall be placed to reinforce primary


gateways and landmarks
Shall surround all water features with slip Shall locate water features in areas of Shall use energy efficient LED light
resistant materials high activity technology Shall integrate use of lighting in areas of
high nighttime use
Should alter hardscape materials to Should provide water features, rippled or Shall use low-level or pedestrian lighting
indicate space transition flowing such as bollards, in-ground lights, step Shall locate street names on all corners,
and wall lights perpendicular to the path of travel
Should use permeable unit paving material Should minimise the use of water and
of natural stone and at a scale that recycle water when possible Shall clearly illuminate treads, risers and Should provide a map or directory kiosk
responds to the use of the area any other level differences along primary at street intersections, entrances and
Should use water features that are
and secondary pathways pathway intersections
Should use good-quality compacted accessible to all streetscape users
crushed natural stone or gravel on Should provide light standards to define May provide interpretive displays at
pathways Public Art streetscape pathway intersections
Should use large format paving and or Shall use public art to enhance the public Should highlight public art, landscape,
foliage and water features Services/Infrastructure
motifs in primary gathering spaces and realm
smaller format paving in small seating Should be human-scaled and aid Shall locate infrastructure underground
Should provide public art in primary
spaces accessibility Should separate and screen maintenance
gathering areas
Should construct paved areas adjacent to May use security lighting with motion facilities from public circulation routes
Should act as a centrepiece
trees to allow expanded root zones for sensors in isolated and less frequented and use areas
enhanced growing conditions Should locate public art to accent view areas
corridors and mark gathering areas
Safety/Security
Furniture Should provide public art that is visual and Fences/Walls/Screens
tactile to generate interest and activity Shall employ Crime Prevention Through
Shall group street furnishings in a Shall use fences/walls/screens that Environmental Design (CPTED) principles
coordinated manner that does not Should use public art constructed of
maintain sightlines at intersections if
obstruct pedestrian circulation on durable and low-maintenance materials Should strategically place emergency
provided
sidewalks, and vehicular circulation to Should design public art to ensure public call boxes (i.e. help stations) throughout
safety Should minimise perimeter fencing streetscape
driveways, parking, loading and service
areas Should surround interactive sculptures Should use walls to a maximum height of Should maintain clear sightlines along the
designed for children with light coloured 0.5 m to accommodate seating Streetscapes
Shall use coordinated furniture designs
that are contemporary, simple and impact materials May integrate video surveillance systems
appropriate to context Signage/Wayfinding with emergency call boxes
Should limit interactive sculptures
Shall use high-quality designs and designed for children to a maximum Shall avoid placement of signage and May use furnishing and landscaping to
materials that withstand climatic height of 1.8 m wayfinding elements in locations that define and outline ownership of space to
conditions, heavy use and vandalism Should use public art that is sensitive in interfere with pedestrian or cyclist encourage natural surveillance and natural
Should use light coloured and non- colour and material to the streetscape through zone or sightlines access control
reflective furniture design palette Shall provide a consistent hierarchy of
Should provide a variety of seating May provide interpretive public art that is signage and wayfinding elements
options culturally, historically or environmentally Shall use a unified visual language for
Should provide refuse/recycling significant all signage and wayfinding materials,
containers at entrances and in gathering May provide public art developed and colours, scales and types
areas created by the community or through a Shall be durable, easily maintained and
Should provide shaded bicycle racks significant member of the community avoid deep colours
May consider locations for temporary Shall use a non-reflective matte finish on
public art installations all signage

Chapter 6 Page 76
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
The corridor intersects with other major Should preserve and enhance views
corridors throughout the community. to significant landmark, cultural and
Ceremonial Route During parades, processionals and heritage features
special events, vehicular traffic can
be temporarily detoured to adjacent Buildings
Context streets. Pedestrians are able to access
the Ceremonial Route from the larger See Streetscape UDG
Ceremonial Routes are grand-scale
streetscapes programmed primarily as streetscape network.
Special Features
processional space for ceremonial events.
They are the feature corridor in the Design Guidelines See Streetscape UDG
community.
External Linkages Shading
Purpose Should link to public transit Should provide temporary shade
The Ceremonial Route provides a direct Should link to major roadways structures at grandstand areas
route to landmark destinations in the
Should link to transit hubs and resort Should provide shade structures along
community. This corridor is the formal
areas pedestrian corridor and transit stops
welcome route for foreign leaders,
dignitaries and other visitors. The Should accommodate event traffic on Softscape
Ceremonial Route is designed to host parallel streets
major processionals for community-wide Shall design and maintain the median to
ceremonial events. Access preserve open views
Precedent: Processional Route
The Ceremonial Route is characterised Shall provide security and emergency Shall limit the use of natural turf
by open views, uniform street trees, and vehicle access Should use softscape features with
ceremonial banners and flags. Streetscape a high level of formality and visible
features are consistent to give a unified Should provide drop-off facilities to
serve attractions as required pattern
appearance throughout the route. Should use large-scale matching trees
Internal Circulation and palms as street trees
Facilities Should limit street trees or palms to
The Ceremonial Route is a linear, typically Should design streetscape to link two or three species to provide unifying
high volume corridor with defined landmarks, heritage features and public elements
starting and end points. The corridor institutions
Should use softscape features in the
accommodates large crowds and support Should accommodate large crowds median that are simple, attractive and
facilities during ceremonial events. during special events bold
The Ceremonial Route contains a section May use trees at the perimeter to
(minimum 1 km) to be staged for Parking define the corridor, provide a backdrop
events within 24 hours and to include and screen undesirable views
Should provide Park-and-Ride
grandstands, retractable bollards, toilets
opportunities for special events
and other facilities. Hardscape
Universal Access Should use decorative paving at
Access
grandstand and gateway areas
The Ceremonial Route provides easy See Streetscape UDG
Should use high-quality paving
access for residents and visitors from Shall provide an iconic streetscape to
Precedent: National Day Celebrations materials for curb, intersections and
transit hubs and resort areas. accommodate ceremonial events areas adjacent to landmarks

Chapter 6 Page 77
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Furniture Signage/Wayfinding Design Guideline Illustration: Processional Route Connected to Ceremonial Park
Should provide moveable seating and Shall not allow outdoor advertising
handrails for pedestrian comfort and unless directly related to an upcoming
accessibility event
Should provide retractable bollards Shall incorporate pavement markings
and oversized planters to close down and other strategies to minimise need
sections of the route required for for signs
ceremonial purposes Should include ceremonial banners,
flags and large speciality signage
Should calculate total seating area
requirement based on: Should allow event signage
-- 4 seating area per 250 linear Should limit signage to maintain views
metres of primary pathway
Services/Infrastructure
Water Features Shall have the ability to connect to
electrical power for event-specific
See Streetscape UDG needs such as spotlights and public
address systems
Public Art
Shall function as an effective roadway
Should locate large-scale public art during daily use Design Guideline Illustration: Linear Planting and Design to Define Corridor
at gateways, gathering areas and Should provide an additional water
destination points supply and lighting for special events
May camouflage highly visible
Lighting transformers
Should provide decorative street Safety/Security
lighting
Should size and space light standards Shall use security cameras strategically
to reflect the monumental and placed along route for use during
ceremonial function of the route special events
Should use traffic calming strategies
Fences/Walls/Screens
Should provide unobtrusive barrier
fencing for use during ceremonial and
processional events
Should use Fences/Walls/Screens to
visually hide undesirable views from
ceremonial route

Chapter 6 Page 78
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Design Guidelines Special Features


Gateway Should define major intersections and
External Linkages thoroughfares, landmarks and arrival
Shall identify the beginning or ending points
Context
of a roadway segment Should provide a sense of arrival and
Gateways are programmed primarily to departure
provide visual identification and sense of Should incorporate the surrounding
arrival to a unique section of roadway, areas features and characteristics in Should provide a visual landmark and
announcing its beginning and end points. design and construction details wayfinding point

Purpose Access Shading


Gateways are features that define major Shall provide at roundabouts with Should provide shade at pedestrian
intersections and entrances. These single-lane crossing, pedestrian- crossings that does not interfere with
visual landmarks function as wayfinding actuated signals (HAWK, puffin, or sight lines
elements in the community. They also similar)
contribute to the unique character of the Shall provide at roundabouts with
Softscape
roadway segment. multi-lane crossings, a pedestrian Shall use low-level plant materials at
Often located near important tourist activated signal pedestrian crossings to maintain clear
destinations, hotels and retail areas, Shall locate primary pedestrian sight lines
Precedent: Gateway Monument Gateways welcome visitors to
crossings before yield line if the Should use low-maintenance and low
destinations and, when used at a
Gateway is a roundabout impact softscape features
residential scale, each neighbourhood.
The design of the Gateway reflects the Internal Circulation Hardscape
identifiable features of the surrounding
neighbourhood, such as the central See Streetscape UDG May use decorative paving to identify
business district, heritage features and gateway parameters and/or pedestrian
natural areas. Parking crossings
See Streetscape UDG
Facilities Furniture
Gateways may incorporate signature Universal Access See Streetscape UDG
focal points such as art installations,
See Streetscape UDG
sculpture, monuments, fountains and Water Features
unique landscape features.
Buildings Should not provide water features in
Access
See Streetscape UDG roundabouts
Gateways accommodate pedestrian and
bicycle activity and connect it to the Public Art
larger traffic circulation system.
Shall provide public art visible from
outside the Gateway

Precedent: Gateway Feature

Chapter 6 Page 79
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Lighting Precedent: Gateway Sculptural Element


Should provide lighting features that
reflect the identity of the Gateway

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Streetscape UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Shall use signage and wayfinding
features that are clearly identifiable
from outside the Gateway
May provide wayfinding kiosks at
pathway entrances that display a City
map and indicate key landmarks, rest
areas and features within walkable
distance
May use colour as an identifying
element for separate districts
Precedent: Gateway Roundabout
Services/Infrastructure
See Streetscape UDG

Safety/Security
See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 80
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Design Guidelines Buildings


Mushtarak See Streetscape UDG
External Linkages
Special Features
Context See Streetscape UDG
Mushtarak are shared-use streets that are Should use buildings, trees, planting
programmed to accommodate vehicular Access and hardscape to define edges, rather
and pedestrian activity within the same than conventional kerb edges and
Shall accommodate neighbourhood
space. Vehicle speeds are controlled to allow carriageway widths
access and discourage through traffic
pedestrians and cyclists to safely share the Should segregate formal play spaces
Shall provide emergency vehicle access
street.
Shall clearly indicate entrances and Shading
Mushtarak are appropriate in all types of exits to the Mushtarak
residential areas, including suburban, urban See Streetscape UDG
and inner city locations; and for all dwelling Shall include traffic calming measures
types including highrise flats, terraces and on approach
Should restrict length of individual
Softscape
semidetached or detached homes.
Mushtarak streets to a maximum of Should provide forward visibility
Purpose 400 m through height and positioning of
Precedent: Shared Use Street planting
The purpose of the Mushtarak is to create Internal Circulation
a safe, well-connected neighbourhood and
reduce the impact of cars in residential Shall limit vehicle speed to 30 km/h Hardscape
areas. Even though cars are given access, Should balance the needs of Shall use surface treatment of Gateways
the primary function of the street is social pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles to clearly distinguish the Mushtarak
interaction and gives priority to people May use variations and deviations Should use alternative paving surfaces
rather than cars. in the width and alignment of the to reduce vehicle speed
vehicle path, through the positioning
Facilities Should use contrasting surface materials
of car parking spaces, trees and street
to delineate vehicle pathways,
A key feature in the Mushtarak is signage furniture
pedestrian zones and parking areas
and wayfinding that clearly identifies the
rules of the road. There is no vertical Parking
Furniture
separation between vehicular and pedestrian Should arrange onstreet parking so
uses and no marked travel lanes. Lower that it does not dominate views of the Should provide limited amounts of
vehicle speeds are enforced by alternative street or interfere upon other activities seating in the pedestrian zone to avoid
paving, narrow lane widths and signage. associated with Mushtarak blocking access
Should provide designated on-street
Access parking
Water Features
Mushtarak are integrated into the network Should not be in blocks of more than See Streetscape UDG
of neighbourhood streets. Because they are 46 vehicles.
intended for low speed travel, Mushtarak Public Art
are not accessible from major roadways. Universal Access
Pedestrians are able to access the Mushtarak See Streetscape UDG
Precedent: Shared Use Street from the neighbouring residences. See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 81
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Residential Mushtarak Shared Surface


Should use pedestrian-scaled-lighting
Should use low-level at gathering
areas
May use a combination of wall
brackets and light columns in mixed
vehicular and pedestrian areas

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should integrate Fences/Walls/Screens
with surrounding architecture
Should use screens to visually hide
refuse/recycling containers

Signage/Wayfinding
Shall use signage and wayfinding
features to indicate entrance and exit
of Mushtarak

Services/Infrastructure Design Guideline Illustration: Urban Mushtarak Shared Surface

See Streetscape UDG

Safety/Security
See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 82
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
The area surrounding Parking Areas should Internal Circulation
be obstacle-free, shaded and provides
Parking Area convenient pedestrian connections to Should provide at least 1 at grade
surrounding buildings and public transit pedestrian route that is uninterrupted by
stops. surface parking and driveways
Context Wayfinding signage should show the Should accommodate pedestrian, transit
Parking Areas are programmed primarily locations of nearby places and link and bicycle circulation
to accommodate transportation needs. pedestrians to the wider community and Should provide centrally-located shaded
Parking areas may include underground, open space system. pathways for pedestrians
surface, structured or overflow parking
systems. Design Guidelines Parking
Shall provide efficient, safe, attractive
Purpose External Linkages parking areas designed for shared use
Precedent: Integrated Public Art Parking Areas accommodate parking Should link to various commercial,
needs for surrounding destinations while recreational and cultural destination Universal Access
providing a safe and attractive landscape areas
for pedestrians. Parking Areas take account See Streetscape UDG
of their impact on the overall character Should link to multimodal transit
of a place and the contribution towards Should link to park and ride facilities Buildings
increased street activities. See Streetscape UDG
Underground and above-ground parking Access
conveniently connect to the pedestrian Should provide drop-off areas, access Special Features
network. Underused parcels of land points and crosswalks from parking areas Should provide sheltered storage areas
adjacent to Parking Areas may be used for to facility entries for bicycles
overflow parking; when not in use, these
Should locate surface parking behind
parcels may serve as recreational spaces. Shading
or beside buildings, away from primary
street frontages and street corners Shall provide continuous shadeway to
Precedent: Pedestrian Shadeway Facilities
Should locate entrances and exits away street edge
Parking Areas provide shaded rest areas, from intersections
bicycle racks and wayfinding kiosks for Should provide shade along pedestrian
Should provide access to surface parking paths, drive lanes and parking areas
pedestrians. Shade structures and paving
materials are light-coloured. Parking lots from secondary streets whenever May use Photovoltaic Parking Shade
Areas may contain artistic features. These possible
features are used to improve the overall Should avoid locating parking between Softscape
appearance of Parking Areas and to the front facade line of buildings and a Should distribute softscape throughout
increase pedestrian comfort. street edge the site to screen parking, reinforce
Should divide larger parking areas both circulation routes, create pleasant
Access visually and functionally into smaller pedestrian conditions and maximise
Parking Areas contain multiple entry points parking courts shade
for pedestrians in order to reduce walking Should design for low speed vehicular May include landscaped islands at the
distances. Vehicle entrances and exits entry and exit beginning and end of each parking row
to parking areas are designed to prevent and to break up longer rows or highlight
Precedent: Photovoltaic Parking Shade special features
conflicts with pedestrians.

Chapter 6 Page 83
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Hardscape Fences/Walls/Screens Design Guideline Illustration: Shaded Parking


Should use decorative paving or a May use combination of screening, low
change in hardscape material/colour decorative fence/wall to provide buffer
to emphasise edges, pedestrian routes to street edge
and crossings, entrances, loading areas
and other special features within the Signage/Wayfinding
parking area
Should provide wayfinding kiosks that
Should use light-coloured materials, display a map of the City and indicate
such as white asphalt or light-coloured landmarks, rest areas and features
pavers, in the hardscape to reduce within walkable distance
urban heat island effect
Services/Infrastructure
Furniture
See Streetscape UDG
See Streetscape UDG
Safety/Security
Water Features
May incorporate emergency call boxes
Should not provide water features
May use security cameras to monitor
Public Art parking structures and surface lots
Design Guideline Illustration: Shaded Pathway and Informal Gathering Area
See Streetscape UDG

Lighting
Shall ensure all parking spaces and
circulation routes are well-lit
Shall direct light downward and avoid
light overspill on adjacent properties,
streets and open spaces
Should use light standards maximum
height of 6 m
Should provide pedestrian-scaled
lighting, such as bollards or lower-
scale pole fixtures along pedestrian
routes

Chapter 6 Page 84
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Facilities Internal Circulation


Pedestrian First Defining features of the Pedestrian First Shall prioritise multimodal transit options
Corridor Corridor include: distinctive paving across
the entire roadway extended to adjacent
over vehicular use
Should accommodate pedestrian and
animated building faces; paving to appear bicycle circulation
as a plaza treatment without curbs;
Context broadened sidewalks to enable continuous
Pedestrian First Corridors are programmed
Parking
street trees; unique lighting, banners and
primarily to accommodate pedestrian furnishing; and fixtures that can close May provide on-street parking
circulation. They have important segments of the streets off from vehicular
pedestrian-oriented functions and/or traffic for occasional street festivals, Universal Access
connections to pedestrian destinations. markets and other events.
Pedestrian First Corridors permit vehicular See Streetscape UDG
traffic at very slow speeds to discourage Access
through-traffic and promote pedestrian Buildings
priority. Narrow travel lanes, low speed limits, on-
street parking and pedestrian/bicycle right- See Streetscape UDG
of-way allow for a safer mix of pedestrian
Precedent: Shaded Pathway Purpose and vehicular access. Medians and rights- Special Features
Pedestrian First Corridors have a mix of-way are wide enough to accommodate
of uses including highly animated uses festivals without having to close the street. Should provide unprogrammed open
with significant spill-out activities such spaces for special events such as
as sidewalk cafs, street performances, carnivals and art shows
Design Guidelines
concession stands, etc. They provide a safe
route for daily use and access to public Shading
External Linkages
transportation, employment, shopping See Streetscape UDG
districts and hotels. These corridors See Streetscape UDG
provide a dedicated pedestrian space along
Softscape
a roadway. Prioritising pedestrians first, Access
they provide a vital part of creating healthy, Should use groundcovers and other
walkable communities. Should provide pull-over and drop- strategies to protect trees from
off areas designed to accommodate maintenance equipment
Rights-of-way may be used to provide on- multimodal transportation
street parking, wide sidewalks and street Should use low impact and low-
furniture. Some corridors contain very Should accommodate service vehicle maintenance softscape features
wide landscape medians. These medians access and parking
May incorporate sculpted land forms to
can be transformed into linear park-like Should provide conveniently located define space
pedestrian zones that feature walking transit stops
paths, bicycle lanes and seating areas. Should provide access to pedestrian and Hardscape
bicycle pathways
Should provide signalised mid-block Should vary surface materials in texture
pedestrian crossings and colour to indicate rules of pathway

Precedent: High-quality Pedestrian Realm

Chapter 6 Page 85
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Furniture Design Guideline Illustration: Integrated Shading Feature and Active Nighttime Use
Shall provide shaded bicycle racks every
1000 m
Should calculate total seating area
requirement based on:
-- 2 seating areas per 150 linear
metres of primary pathway
-- 1 seating area per 250 linear
metres of secondary pathway

Water Features
See Streetscape UDG

Public Art
May provide public art as a navigation
aid that is visible from long distances
May provide small public art along the
pedestrian pathways
Design Guideline Illustration: Animated Uses with Spill-out Activities
Lighting
Should use lighting to encourage
nighttime use and safety

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should limit fences/walls/screens to
maintain views, open spaces and safety

Signage/Wayfinding
See Streetscape UDG

Services/Infrastructure
See Streetscape UDG

Safety/Security
Should locate emergency call boxes at
intervals of 200 m

Chapter 6 Page 86
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
Entrances to pedestrian overpasses,
underpasses and significant crosswalks Special Features
Pedestrian Crossing are identifiable from 200 m away and See Streetscape UDG
follow the pedestrians natural line of
travel as much as possible. Ramps and Shading
Context elevators provide universal access.
Pedestrian Crossings provide a clear Shall provide shade structures at
indication of a safe route for pedestrians Design Guidelines crossing areas
to cross. Street-level Pedestrian Crossings May integrate public art into the design
also provide a traffic calming measure. External Linkages of shade structures
Frequent crosswalks promote slower
traffic speeds and cautious driving. See Streetscape UDG Softscape
Alternative types of Pedestrian Crossings
include overpasses and underpasses. Access Shall use low impact and low-
Precedent: Connected Destinations maintenance softscape features
Should be located away from conflict
Purpose points at uncontrolled junctions
Shall use locally occurring plant
Pedestrian Crossings provide convenient materials
Should be sufficient distance between Shall use low growing plant materials to
pedestrian connections to the surrounding the crossing and the priority marking
open space network and are used for maintain visibility
for at least 1 waiting vehicle
safe access. Street-level crossings are an Should use ornamental plant materials
integral component in the public realm, Internal Circulation at crossing entrances
allowing pedestrians to safely travel May use softscape features to
across traffic lanes. Where street-level Should provide median refuge island identify crossing areas and discourage
pedestrian crosswalks are unsuitable, where road widths exceed 15 m or pedestrians from crossing outside the
particularly along high-speed or high- more than four travel lanes identified area
volume roadways, pedestrian bridges and
tunnels are provided. Parking Hardscape
Facilities See Streetscape UDG Should be paved continuously with
Precedent: Underpass Media Wall
Important crossings contain shade decorative feature paving treatment
Universal Access
structures and other vertical wayfinding Should vary hardscape features in
elements to indicate their location to Shall have suitable curb ramps at each colour and texture
pedestrians. All Pedestrian Crossings end of the crosswalk Should minimise grade changes
incorporate high-quality materials that Shall not contain manhole covers, storm Should use parallel pavement markings
enhance, rather than detract, from the gratings and other obstacles that limit for signalised or stop-controlled
overall streetscape character. free movement crossings to delineate the outside edges
Shall provide clearly identifiable push of the crosswalk, parallel to pedestrian
Access buttons (or other type of activation travel
Pedestrian Crossings have defined device) adjacent to the crosswalk at all Should locate crossings to align as
entry points to indicate their location pedestrian activated crossovers closely as possible with the through
to pedestrians and alert motorists of pedestrian zone of the corridor
the presence of pedestrians. They are Buildings
well-connected to the existing pedestrian
Precedent: Integrated Public Art network of sidewalks and pathways. See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 87
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Furniture Design Guideline Illustration: Integrated Public Art Feature


See Streetscape UDG

Water Features
See Streetscape UDG

Public Art
See Streetscape UDG

Lighting
Shall use lighting to increase safety and
awareness
Should use lighting to encourage nighttime
use and safety
May use accent lighting for special effects

Fences/Walls/Screens
May use fences/walls/screens to increase
safety by managing pedestrian circulation Design Guideline Illustration: Mid-block Crossing
and preventing vehicle conflicts

Signage/Wayfinding
Should incorporate pavement markings and
other strategies to minimise the need for
signs
Should use back-lit street-level maps and
directional signage
May provide wayfinding kiosks that display
and indicate landmarks, rest areas and
features within walkable distance

Services/Infrastructure
Should provide signalised pedestrian
crossings where important destinations or
significant walking traffic exists

Safety/Security
See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 88
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Access Universal Access


Scenic Route Scenic Routes are characterised by See Streetscape UDG
distinctive gateway features that provide
a sense of arrival and departure. They Buildings
Context provide access for cars, bicycles and See Streetscape UDG
Scenic Routes are programmed primarily public transportation. Pull-over and
to recognise, preserve and enhance a drop-off areas are provided along Scenic Special Features
roadway for its cultural, historic, natural Routes.
and/or scenic qualities. They allow Each designated Scenic Route contributes Should provide roadside viewing areas
residents and visitors to view, engage to the overall road network through its Should provide interpretive educational
and connect with vistas and landscapes distinct attributes. centres at pathway entrances
unique to Abu Dhabi.
May feature environmental
Design Guidelines preservation and ecological restoration
Purpose zones
Scenic Routes enhance significant May provide opportunities for
corridors by framing views, vistas External Linkages
mountain biking and hiking
and scenic resources and to provide Should link to other scenic routes May provide guided tours
interpretive and educational resources. through various wayfinding strategies
Precedent: Scenic Route Each corridor has an individual character Shading
Should link to major roadways
built upon its topography, views,
geographic presence and cultural Should provide shade at viewing areas
features.
Access
and pathway entrances
Scenic Routes provide access to and Should provide pull-over and drop- Should provide continuous shade along
through the distinct regional landscape of off areas designed to accommodate pathways
the Emirate, from the waterfront of Abu multimodal transportation
Dhabi to the mountain ridges and dunes Should provide pedestrian crossings Softscape
of Al Ain and Al Gharbia. from adjacent areas Should use low impact and low-
maintenance softscape features that do
Facilities Internal Circulation not detract from the natural landscape
Scenic Routes provide facilities to Shall provide a shared-use pathway Should maintain softscape features to
support active and passive recreation, preserve views
such as sightseeing, hiking, cycling, Should accommodate vehicle, transit
picnicking, bird watching and landscape and bicycle circulation Should use softscape features to frame
and enhance views and scenic qualities
photography. Interpretive and educational
centres may be provided to reinforce Parking Should use visually-attractive medians
cultural, historic, natural and/or scenic with low impact softscape features
Should provide parking at viewing that reflect the local landscape
qualities. areas
Should use softscape features in
Should provide on-street parking along medians that allow for maximum
sections of the corridor cross-visibility
Should visually screen parking from the Should protect the Scenic Routes
Precedent: Scenic Route roadway environmental and ecological assets

Chapter 6 Page 89
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Hardscape Fences/Walls/Screens Design Guideline Illustration: Overlook


Shall use universal language pavement Should limit fences/walls/screens to
markings on shared-use pathway for maintain views to significant features
directional guidance and rules of the
pathway Signage/Wayfinding
Should use contrast in material colour, Should provide unique signage
texture, and scale to draw attention to designating the scenic route
important points along the highway
route Should provide directional signage
to key geographic areas such as
Furniture waterfronts, jebels, deserts and oases
Should provide roadway directional
Should provide furniture along signage to specific facilities, such
pedestrian paths and viewing areas as lookouts, parks, recreation areas,
Should provide refuse/recycling campsites and rest areas
containers at pull-overs/drop-off Should provide interpretive displays
locations and viewing areas
Should limit signage to maintain views
and vistas
Water Features
See Streetscape UDG Services/Infrastructure
May provide toilets and drinking
Public Art fountains at viewing areas, pathway Design Guideline Illustration: Overlook
Should provide public art that reflects entrances and other public areas
and enhances the scenic area
Safety/Security
Lighting See Streetscape UDG
Should provide light standards sized
and spaced in scale with the route
Should limit the size and number of
light standards to minimise visual
interference with natural environment
Should use lighting that is programmed
and designed using dark sky principles
to prevent light spill into adjacent areas
May use feature lighting to highlight
natural features and landscape
elements

Chapter 6 Page 90
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Design Guidelines Hardscape


Sikka Shall use unit paving
External Linkages Should use hardscape features that
Context Should directly link to barahaat, reflect and enhance the character of
meyadeen, residential units and the surrounding architecture
The smallest elements of public space,
Sikkak are narrow streets that link the surrounding community facilities
Furniture
neighbourhood together. Should be separated from street edge
In Emirati neighbourhoods, Sikkak May provide seating dependent on
provide a network of pedestrian priority
Access minimum width of 3 m
routes to community services with Shall not allow vehicular access
traffic calming, safe crossings, and Water Features
shade. Internal Circulation See Streetscape UDG
See Streetscape UDG
Purpose Public Art
Sikkak link each home both to Parking See Streetscape UDG
neighbours and to community facilities.
Shall not allow parking
Precedent: Urban Shadeway Shaded by the buildings they run along, Lighting
Sikkak provide cool, safe, walkable Universal Access
routes to destinations. Shall provide low-level, pedestrian-
See Streetscape UDG scaled-lighting
Facilities May provide mini spotlight-type
Buildings lighting at doorway locations
Sikkak are uncluttered pedestrian
streets. They contain elements used to See Streetscape UDG
Fences/Walls/Screens
define entrances into the neighbourhood
and passively cool the pathways. These Special Features Should limit fences/walls/screens
elements are used to define entrances Should be designed to reflect the to architectural features of adjacent
into the neighbourhood. character and context of surrounding structures
environment
Access Signage/Wayfinding
Sikkak provide the internal access Shading May provide Sikka network map at
and linkages to the fareej traditional Should provide continuous shadeway entrance
neighbourhood system. Access is
defined through open gateways, May use overhead trellises or arbors
Services/Infrastructure
adjacent structures and courtyard walls. to provide shade
Softscape See Streetscape UDG

May use low impact and low- Safety/Security


maintenance plant materials that do May use safety provisions to prevent
not interfere with the pedestrian children from leaving the area
through zone
Precedent: In-built Shading

Chapter 6 Page 91
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Chapter 6 Page 92
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
Sidewalks and pedestrian corridors Universal Access
Themed Corridor connect the Themed Corridor to the
surrounding pedestrian network. The See Streetscape UDG
Themed Corridor provides easy and safe
vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle access Buildings
Context to landmarks and amenities.
Themed Corridors connect significant See Streetscape UDG
cultural and heritage destinations. They Design Guidelines
are located throughout the Emirate in Special Features
both urban and rural settings. External Linkages Should provide interactive thematic
Should directly link to public transit streetscape elements that reflect
Purpose attributes of adjacent landmarks
Themed Corridors provide connections to
Precedent: Linked Cultural Destination important features, such as forts, palaces, Access Should integrate historic, cultural, and
mosques and cultural institutions. Each scenic themes into structural details of
Should provide pull-over and drop- the streetscape
corridor has an individually themed off areas designed to accommodate
character that links destinations with May provide guided tours
multimodal transportation
similar attributes. It includes cultural
assets as well as amenities of a particular Should provide transit stops Shading
theme, such as flowering trees or iconic conveniently located and with direct
art. Themed Corridors are a part of a access to pedestrian and bicycle Should provide shade structures at
tourism strategy that promotes featured pathways seating areas and along pedestrian
landmarks. pathways
Internal Circulation Should use sculptural overhead trellises
Facilities or arbors to provide shade
Shall prioritise multimodal transit
The character of each Themed Corridor is options over vehicular use
expressed through thematic streetscape Softscape
Shall provide continuous, obstacle-free
elements and reflects attributes of pathways to allow uninterrupted and Should design softscape to reflect
Precedent: Coordinated Feature Lighting adjacent landmarks.
safe travel for cyclists and pedestrians corridor theme
Orientation areas with wayfinding kiosks Should use the colours, textures,
Should limit vehicular turning and
educate pedestrians of the significance material, and scale of adjacent features
of landmarks or the themed subject along reduce vehicle speeds
Should accommodate pedestrian, to design softscape
the route. Wayfinding elements along
the corridor may incorporate distinctive transit and bicycle circulation Should use identifiable tree species to
symbols or paving patterns. provide unifying elements
Parking Should use and maintain softscape to
Access Should provide on-street parking along
preserve and enhance views
A Themed Corridor has defined entrances the length of the corridor May use softscape features to develop
along its route and is easily accessible a theme
from multiple points in the community. May use landforms and linear plant
Entrances are enhanced with identifying materials to frame/isolate key views
features, such as gateway roundabouts,
iconic sculptures, and monuments.
Precedent: Public Art Theme

Chapter 6 Page 93
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Hardscape Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Shading and Gathering Areas


Shall incorporate simple symbols or Shall provide security lighting at
patterns in the hardscape features destinations and transit stops
to provide directional guidance or to Should provide decorative street
indicate of the theme of the corridor lighting
Should use contrast in material colour, Should provide light standards a
texture, and scale to draw attention to maximum height of 4 m
important points along the highway
corridor Fences/Walls/Screens
Should use the colours, textures,
material, and scale of adjacent features Should limit fences/walls/screens to
to design hardscape maintain views to significant features
May use fences/walls/screens to
Furniture visually hide unsightly views and
prohibit trespassing onto private
Should provide furniture along property
pedestrian pathways, transit stops
pull-over/drop-off locations and Signage/Wayfinding
gathering areas
Should provide refuse/recycling Shall not allow signage or wayfinding
containers at street intersections features to obstruct views and
landmarks Design Guideline Illustration: Shared Path
Shall provide shaded bicycle racks every
1000 m Should provide roadway and pedestrian
directional signage identifying route,
Should calculate total seating area key landmarks, heritage features,
requirement based on: cultural destinations and elements
-- 1 seating area per 250 linear relative to the corridor theme
metres of primary pathway Should provide interactive maps and
-- 1 seating area per 450 linear kiosks for pedestrians that complement
metres of secondary pathway the corridor theme
May use low walls and planters for Should use signage and wayfinding
informal seating area features that are uniform in height
and colour and relevant to the corridor
Water Features theme
See Streetscape UDG Services/Infrastructure
Public Art See Streetscape UDG
Should use public art to support the Safety/Security
corridor theme
See Streetscape UDG

Chapter 6 Page 94
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes
A range of parking strategies, including
Park-and-Ride, surface parking, on- Parking
Transit Corridor street parking and private parking, may Shall provide on-street parking when
be used in combination to increase possible to allow motorists to access
opportunities to access and use the pedestrian circulation opportunities
Context corridor.
Should use various parking strategies
Transit Corridors are programmed including park and ride
to prioritise multimodal transit over Design Guidelines
vehicular use. They provide separate Universal Access
travel lanes, which may or may not be External Linkages
physically segregated for rail, bus, taxi See Streetscape UDG Specil Features
and bicycles as well as safe pedestrian Should link to residential areas,
access to transit hubs and car parking. commercial centres and hotel districts
Buildings
Should link to major transport facilities
Purpose such as airports, high-speed rail and See Streetscape UDG
Transit Corridors are streetscapes with shipping ports
Precedent: Multimodal Corridor periods of high traffic volumes that Should link to major roadways Special Features
include a safe and comfortable pedestrian Should design streetscape features to
zone with minimal vehicular conflict. Access reflect the character and identity of
They provide separated travel lanes for the local area
Shall provide access for security and
rail, bus and bicycles as well as safe
emergency vehicles
pedestrian access to transit hubs and Shading
parking. Should provide drop-off areas a
minimum 400 m apart relative to Should provide shade structures
Facilities transit stops at transit stops along the primary
Transit Corridor facilities include a pathway, gathering areas, rental
Internal Circulation stations and destination points
streetscape with sufficient space to
accommodate pedestrian traffic and Should prioritise multimodal transit
amenities, such as street furniture and options over private motor vehicle use Softscape
Precedent: Transit Shelter street trees. Should design streetscape to easily link Should use softscape features to frame
Transit elements, including shelters, pedestrians to various forms of public primary entrances for transit stops and
toilets and platforms, are designed as transit pathways
public art in the overall streetscape. Should allow pedestrians to access Should use locally occurring and low-
Individual station areas reflect the various forms of public transit maintenance plant materials
unique and identifiable features of the
Should provide separated bicycle lanes Should locate trees along pathways,
community.
Should limit vehicle speeds rest areas
Access Should accommodate pedestrian, Should group low shrubs and
transit and bicycle circulation groundcover to define pedestrian areas
Multiple opportunities exist to access
transit along the corridor. The Transit
Corridor is integrated into the pedestrian
network of surrounding office buildings
Precedent: Integrated Transit Facilities and residences.

Chapter 6 Page 95
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 6 - Streetscapes

Hardscape Fences/Walls/Screens Design Guideline Illustration: Multimodal Transit Options


Should use varied colour and texture May use fences/walls/screens to
materials or road markings to identify manage pedestrian traffic flow
mode of travel
Signage/Wayfinding
Furniture
Should provide wayfinding kiosks at
Should calculate total seating area pathway starting points that display a
requirement based on: map of the City and indicate landmarks
-- 2 seating areas per 250 linear and rest areas
metres of primary pathway Should provide vehicular signage to
indicate multimodal use
-- 1 seating area per 500 linear
metres of secondary pathway
Services/Infrastructure
Should locate refuse/recycling
containers at transit shelters See Streetscape UDG
Should provide shaded bicycle racks at
transit stations and stops Safety/Security
See Streetscape UDG
Water Features
May use decorative fountains to lessen Design Guideline Illustration: Integrated Transit
street noise

Public Art
Should relate to and enhance the
corridor theme
May provide artist designed transit
shelters

Lighting
Shall provide low-level lighting for
pedestrian areas
Should reflect and enhance character
of surrounding area and relate to
corridor theme

Chapter 6 Page 96
Chapter 7.0 - WATERFRONT
7.1 Waterfront Planning Process
7.2 Waterfront Hierarchy
7.3 Waterfront Design Guidelines
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Chapter 7 Page 98
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

7.0 Waterfront Typology Application: The


typology relates to a Waterfronts
design purpose. Determining the 1 - Define Project
As development occurs in the Emirate,
the Public Realm Design Manual (PRDM) appropriate typology informs the
provides a shared direction that ties application of design guidelines.
various public realm projects together to Universal and typology design
form a system. guidelines provide the minimum
standards for streetscape 2 - Review Policies
Together with the vision, principles development.
and policies, the Waterfront section of
the PRDM is a step-by-step guide to The planning process flowchart (Figure
developing Waterfronts that enhance the 7.1) illustrates the steps to prepare a
public realm system. Waterfront project.
3 - Identify Hierarchy
The Waterfront is one of the Abu Dhabis 7.2. Waterfront Hierarchy
greatest assets. To reach world-class
status, the Waterfront must become a Table 7.1 Waterfront Hierarchy, defines
destination that is accessible to residents Waterfronts according to their role as a
and visitors alike with high-quality, part of the entire Abu Dhabi coastline.
diverse public spaces that celebrate and The hierarchy defines the users, general 4 - Determine Level of Service
strengthen local character and heritage. characteristics, features/amenities and
the typical location along the coastline.
7.1. Waterfront Planning The table also gives guidance for scale,
the population size that is served and a
Process radius in which each level of Waterfront 5 - Identify Typology
The steps to Waterfront development can expect to draw users. Finally, the
include: policy review, hierarchy Level of Service provides benchmarks for
application and typology application. the percentage of the accessible coastline
This section describes the hierarchy and to be developed or protected under each
typology application process. hierarchy level.
6 - Apply Universal Design Guidelines
Hierarchy Application: The This table is a general guide for
hierarchy relates to a Waterfronts developing Waterfronts within each
role in serving the population of level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to
the Emirate. Determining the achieve a system that functions to serve
appropriate hierarchy level informs the entire Emirate.
7 - Apply Typology Design Guidelines
the Level of Service determination.
The Level of Service provides the
hierarchys percentage of total
accessible Waterfront frontage.
8 - Complete UPC Approvals Process

Figure 7.1: PRDM Planning Process

Chapter 7 Page 99
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Table 7.1 Waterfront Hierarchy

Level of Service
Description
Hierarchy

Service Service
Radius Population (% of Accessible
Users Characteristics Features / Amenities Locations Waterfront
Frontage)
Preservation and conservation Limited Waterfront development Dictated by the presence of Emirate significant
of the Emirates most important Provides public access to important Waterfront features, natural landscapes and
Emirate

Residents of the natural Waterfront features locations of Emirate-wide importance 100


Waterfront landscapes Emirate 40 60%
Emirate km +

Municipally significant Large promenade Dictated by the presence of coastline adjacent


shorelines Iconic design to a major urban city centre
Municipality

Focal point of the urban area


Residents of a
Passive recreation 40 km Municipality 5 10%
Municipality
Event space
Large gathering nodes
Major beach and conservation areas
City-wide important Narrower promenade design than regional/ Dictated by proximity to densely developed
Waterfront Municipal level urban areas
Residents of a Access to Citys most important beach 10 15
City

areas 20,000 - 50,000 10 15%


City km
Beach preservation and development
Passive recreation

Interpretive and educational Trail access Dictated by proximity to medium density


District

opportunities District-oriented beach access developed areas, centrally located along a


Residents of a 5 10
Passive enjoyment of the Districts edge 2,000 20,000 10 15%
District Smaller promenade/boardwalk design km
coast
Passive recreation
Preservation and conservation Trails integrated into the Neighbourhood Dictated by proximity to Neighbourhood centre
Neighbourhood

of locally important landscapes Neighbourhood-oriented shoreline access


Residents
Small boardwalks in central areas 0.5 2
of a local 150 2,000 10 15%
km
Neighbourhood Passive recreation

Total Developed Waterfront Level of Service N/A

Chapter 7 Page 100


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

7.3 Waterfront Design Design Guideline Language Table 7.2. Waterfront Typologies

Guidelines The Design Guidelines identify the language Description


that defines various Waterfront elements. Typology
The Waterfront Design Guidelines are
The topics addressed in the universal and Purpose
intended to implement the policies covered
typology design guidelines include:
in Part I of the PRDM. The Waterfront
Waterfront Access To provide passive recreational use and environmental conservations
Design Guidelines are the minimum External Linkages
standards that will guide all Waterfront
development. They ensure that all Access To protect ecologically significant waterfronts including mangroves, salt
Preservation Area
Internal Circulation flats and sand dunes
Waterfronts provide the basic elements
essential to a functional public space. The Parking To provide water or beach-based active and passive recreation
application of these guidelines will help to Recreation Area
Universal Access opportunities
identify Abu Dhabis waterfront.
Buildings
Design guidelines developed for Waterfronts Urban Area To offer public access and activity centres along the waterfront
Special Features
include Universal Design Guidelines
and Typology Design Guidelines. The Shading
Universal Design Guidelines are applicable Softscape
to all Waterfronts. The Typology Design
Hardscape
Guidelines are applicable to specific
Waterfront typologies. There are five Furniture
different Waterfront typologies that Water Features
provide a variety of Waterfront access and Public Art
recreation opportunities.
Lighting
Table 7.2 provides a brief description of all Fences/Walls/Screens
Waterfront typologies. Further descriptions
are provided in the individual Waterfront Signage/Wayfinding
typology sections. Services/Infrastructure
Safety/Security
Guidelines on the minimum standards are
provided for each topic. Compliance with
the Waterfront Design Guidelines is based
on the form of the statement. Statements
include:
Shall statements mandatory to
comply with the design guideline
Should statements recommended to
comply with the design guideline
May statements permitted in the
Waterfront design; discretionary based
on programming needs, Waterfront
function, site conditions

Chapter 7 Page 101


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

These selected images illustrate the aspiration for waterfronts in Abu Dhabi

Chapter 7 Page 102


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas
Parking Should locate disabled access parking Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded
near the primary circulation route rest area every 1000 linear metres of
Waterfront Universal Shall sufficiently setback parking from Should design seating arrangements to secondary walkway
higher profile facilities and building
Design Guidelines (UDG) elements such as bridges
allow mobility restricted users to sit
alongside friends and family or in groups
Shall provide a minimum 40% shade for
surface car parking
Should organise parking to limit impact Should use well-defined edge treatments Shall provide 100% shade coverage for
Design Guidelines on pedestrian circulation and Waterfront such as plant materials, change in texture all play structures
use or curbs to indicate extent or change in Shall provide a minimum of 40% for
External Linkages route informal play
Universal Access
Shall maintain/enhance physical and Shall provide a minimum of 80% shade
visual connectivity to waterfront Shall conform to international best Buildings for all formal gathering areas (includes
practice in universal access Shall design buildings to reflect the picnic structures)
Shall utilise access points to frame
waterfront views Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed unique character of the typology Shall provide a minimum of 40% shade
width of 1.8 m on the primary pathway Shall locate and screen maintenance for all informal gathering areas
Should link to the open space system
Shall maintain a minimum unobstructed buildings away from public use areas Should provide shade at access points,
Should extend to street edge
width of 1.5 m on all secondary Should encourage a visual and connective kiosks, viewing points and locations of
Should maintain and relate to streetscape pathways interpretive displays
hierarchy interaction between interior and exterior
Shall locate lighting columns, signposts, space through outdoor classrooms, large Should use shading to reduce glare,
Should link to public transit refuse/recycling containers, trees, windows and door openings and shaded intense solar and UV exposure
bollards, benches and other furniture or outdoor terraces and arcades Should locate shading to promote
Access fixtures at or beyond the boundaries of Should locate buildings to enhance outdoor activities, increase social
Shall locate parking lots, storage pedestrian routes sightlines and emphasise views to the interaction and encourage outdoor
areas and similar uses away from the Shall create a clear distinction between water lifestyles
waterfront edge and on unobtrusive sites pedestrian routes and adjoining surfaces Should design buildings to reflect the Should use various types of shade
Should provide safe and direct access for using visual indicators and tactile paving same architectural character as other site structures or softscape features to
pedestrians and cyclists Shall use a maximum gradient of 1:20 buildings as expressed through consistent provide shade
Should provide perpendicular connections on all pedestrian routes; gradients above use of materials, forms and colours
between the waterfront and the street 1:20 shall use steps with integrated Softscape
Should provide continuous access to the ramping and be clearly identifiable and Special Features Shall use PRDM plant list to determine
waterfront contrast visually with their surroundings See Specific Typology appropriate plant materials
Should create a hierarchy of entrances Shall provide a minimum of 10% Should cluster trees in groups a minimum
that reflects the streetscape hierarchy reserved parking facilities for disabled Shading of 3 trees per group
access with a minimum dimensions of
Should allow for water-based recreation Shall provide continuous shade for Hardscape
and related uses 2.4 m x 4.8 m with a 1.2 m access zone
80% of primary walkways based on
Shall provide the international symbol of a minimum 1.8 m width within the Shall surround all water features with slip
Internal Circulation accessibility on disabled access reserved through zone. resistant materials
parking Shall surround all play structures with
Should create a hierarchy of pathways Shall provide continuous shade for
Shall incorporate Braille in all signage 60% of secondary walkways based light coloured impact material
Should provide a primary pathway as elements in all public places
organising element on a minimum 1.8 m width within the Should alter hardscape materials to
Shall provide an accessible route from through zone. indicate space transition
Should provide secondary pathways to designated disabled access parking stalls Shall provide a minimum 1 shaded rest Should use permeable unit paving
link features in the Waterfront to all accessible entrances area every 500 linear metres of primary material of natural stone and at a scale
walkway that responds to the use of the area

Chapter 7 Page 103


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Should use good-quality compacted May integrate public art within water Shall use low-level or pedestrian lighting Shall use a unified visual language for
crushed natural stone or gravel on features such as bollards, in-ground lights, step all signage and wayfinding materials,
pathways May use water play feature adjacent to and wall lights colours, scales and types
Should use large format paving and or childrens play areas Shall clearly illuminate treads, risers and Shall be durable, easily maintained and
motifs in primary gathering spaces and any other level differences along primary avoid deep colours
smaller format paving in small seating Public Art and secondary pathways Shall use a non-reflective matte finish on
spaces Should be human-scaled and aid all signage
Shall use public art to enhance the public
Should construct paved areas adjacent to realm accessibility Shall be placed to reinforce primary
trees to allow expanded root zones for Should use down-lighting gateways and landmarks
enhanced growing conditions Should locate public art to accent view
corridors and mark gathering areas Should provide a map or directory kiosk
Fences/Walls/Screens at street intersections, entrances and
Furniture Should locate smaller public art near
entrances or gateways Should use fences/walls/screens only pathway intersections
Shall group furniture together, leaving to define use areas and restrict public May provide interpretive displays at
Should provide public art that is visual and
clear a minimum width of 1.5 m between access where appropriate pathway intersections
tactile to generate interest and activity
furniture
Should use public art constructed of Should minimise perimeter fencing
Shall use coordinated furniture designs Services/Infrastructure
durable and low-maintenance materials Should use walls to a maximum height of
that are contemporary, simple and
Should design public art to ensure 0.5 m to accommodate seating Shall locate infrastructure underground
appropriate to context
public safety and avoid delicate or sharp Should use fences/walls/screens that Should separate and screen maintenance
Shall use high-quality designs and
protrusions that can be broken or harmful are constructed of the same or similar facilities from public circulation routes
materials that withstand climatic
Should surround interactive sculptures materials expressed in the Waterfront and use areas
conditions, heavy use and vandalism
designed for children with light coloured design Shall provide a minimum of 1 drinking
Should use light coloured, non-reflective
impact materials Should use earth berms, low walls and fountain at gathering areas
furniture
Should limit interactive sculptures dense, locally occurring plant materials
Should provide a variety of seating options for screening Safety/Security
designed for children to a maximum height
Should provide refuse/recycling containers of 1.8 m Should design guardrails to allow
at entrances and in gathering areas Shall employ Crime Prevention Through
Should use public art that is sensitive maximum views Environmental Design (CPTED) principles
Should provide shaded bicycle racks at in colour and material to the Waterfront Should design guardrails and handrails
each Waterfront entrance Should strategically place emergency
design palette that relate to the architectural or call boxes (i.e. help stations) throughout
May provide interpretive public art that is landscape style of the public access area. Waterfronts
Water Features
culturally, historically or environmentally May use walls/fences/screens that do Should maintain clear sightlines to toilets,
Shall locate water features in areas of high significant not restrict views to maintain Waterfront concession facilities and playgrounds
activity May provide public art developed and security and encourage safety of users
May integrate video surveillance systems
Should provide water features, rippled or created by the community with emergency call boxes
flowing Signage/Wayfinding
May consider locations for temporary May use furnishing and landscaping to
Should minimise the use of water and public art installations Shall avoid placement of signage and define and outline ownership of space
recycle water when possible wayfinding elements in locations that to encourage natural surveillance and
Should use water features that are Lighting interfere with pedestrian or cyclist natural access control
accessible to all users through zone or sightlines
Shall design lighting levels and colour May limit access by use of gates, fences,
Should use timed water features such as considering he overall affect on patterns, Shall provide a consistent hierarchy of walls and landscape screens to prevent
pop jets, spouts and mist repetition, focal points, and rhythm within signage and wayfinding elements or discourage public access to Waterfront
the panorama of the Waterfront area via dark or un-monitored areas

Chapter 7 Page 104


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Canoe and kayak launching, picnicking,


Universal Access
and overnight camping may be provided in
Waterfront Access suitable areas. A public service building is See Waterfront UDG
located near the beach or camping areas,
if provided. Parking areas are located near Buildings
Context street entrances to minimise their impact
Waterfront Access is programmed and intrusion on the site. May provide public service building at
primarily for passive recreational use beach entrance and/or camping areas
and environmental conservation. These Access
areas are located around undeveloped or Waterfront Access has controlled access
Special Features
redeveloped waterfronts to support the for low-intensity recreational use. Should minimise disturbance and impact
natural Abu Dhabi Waterfront.
Informal entrances to the Waterfront to natural environment
Access orientate views and direct Should provide play structures in picnic
Purpose pedestrians to the water. Nature trails areas and campgrounds only
Waterfront Access supports the provide circulation within the site.
conservation or redevelopment of Should design boardwalks and viewing
naturalised sand beach waterfronts for platforms to sensitively integrate with
Design Guidelines landscape
passive recreational use. Designating
Waterfront Access maintains the External Linages
Precedent: Beach Access continuity of public access to the water Shading
and provides an important link in the open See Waterfront UDG
space system. These areas also enhance Should locate shade structures along
environmental quality through appropriate pathways at beach area a maximum of
Access 200 m apart
beach regeneration techniques.
Waterfronts Access can host Should define arrival to the beach with Should use shade structures
environmental and interpretive an informal entrance constructed of natural materials
programmes. The design of this Should limit vehicular access into the
Waterfront is based on the natural historic site Softscape
identity of the Abu Dhabi Waterfront.
Should design softscape at natural
Internal Circulation densities
Facilities Should direct views and circulation to
Open views and vistas to the water and the water Hardscape
along the waters edge are the focal point
of the Waterfront Access. To maintain Should provide pathways compatible to Should use good-quality compacted
a naturalised waterfront, recreational the natural landscape crushed natural stone or gravel next to
facilities are limited to those for passive beach
water-based activities. In more natural Parking
areas, boardwalks, overlooks, observation Should setback parking a minimum of
platforms and interpretive displays are 20 m from the waters edge
integrated to enhance public access and
create interpretive opportunities.

Precedent: Passive Recreational Use

Chapter 7 Page 105


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Furniture Design Guideline Illustration: Landscape at Natural Densities


Should provide furniture at all play areas
and entrances
Should calculate total seating area
requirement based on:
-- 1 seating area per 100 linear metres
of primary pathway
-- 1 seating area per 150 linear metres
of secondary pathway
Should calculate total picnic table
requirement based on:
-- 1 table per 75 linear metres of
secondary pathway

Water Features
Should not provide water features
Public Art
See Waterfront UDG
Design Guideline Illustration: Shaded Access
Lighting
Should provide low-level lighting at the
entrance to a maximum height of 1 m
Fences/Walls/Screens
See Waterfront UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide an identification sign
adjacent to parking
Should provide a site map at the entrance
Should provide interpretive displays

Services/Infrastructure
See Waterfront UDG
Safety/Security
See Waterfront UDG

Chapter 7 Page 106


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Small parking areas are permitted within


the buffer zone. Nature trails are a
Parking
Preservation Area key feature within the Preservation Should setback parking a minimum of
Area. The trail links the parking areas 30 m from the Waterfront
to the natural environment. To maintain
Context Should subdivide parking lots into
the natural environment, amenities are
modules of a maximum 7 parking stalls
Preservation Areas are for the limited to those with minimal impact,
preservation and enhancement of such as overlooks, boardwalks and shade May provide parking in buffer near and
ecologically significant waterfronts. They structures. parallel to the street
are located around natural waterfront
resources, including mangroves, salt flats, Access Universal Access
seagrass beds and other natural shorelines Preservation Areas have limited or See Waterfront UDG
to support these environmental features. controlled public access. They are
accessible from local streets. Buildings
Purpose Entrances are well-integrated with the See Waterfront UDG
Preservation Areas are waterfront facilities landscape. Pedestrian circulation through
for the protection of Abu Dhabis natural the site is provided with a loop trail Special Features
waterfront environment. Recognising their system.
ecological, scientific and aesthetic value, Shall minimise disturbance and impact
the Preservation Area serves to maintain Design Guidelines to natural environment
Precedent: Mangrove Forest Boardwalk
and enhance these resources. No land May provide interpretive centre
development is permitted in Preservation External Linkages
Areas. Shading
Preservation Areas can host See Waterfront UDG
environmental, interpretive and scientific See Waterfront UDG
programmes. Their design focuses Access
on ensuring minimal impact to the Softscape
Shall restrict access in environmentally
natural resources. These areas can sensitive areas See Waterfront UDG
also diversify environmental function
through naturalisation and water quality Internal Circulation
enhancements.
Hardscape
Should provide pathways, if appropriate, Should use good-quality compacted
Facilities compatible with natural landscape crushed natural stone or gravel
The natural environment is the focal point with a minimum width of 1.8 m to a
of the Preservation Area. A wide buffer maximum width of 2.5 m
zone is established around Preservation Should create a loop system, if possible,
Areas to secure environmental integrity to enhance experience and access to
and maintain adequate separation from natural features
developed urban areas.

Precedent: Wildlife Preserve

Chapter 7 Page 107


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Furniture Design Guideline Illustration: Boardwalk Overlook


Should calculate total seating area
requirement based on:
-- 1 seating area per 150 linear
metres of primary pathway
Should calculate total picnic table
requirement based on:
-- 1 table per 150 linear metres of
primary pathway

Water Features
Shall not provide water features

Public Art
See Waterfront UDG

Lighting
See Waterfront UDG

Fences/Walls/Screens
Should not allow fences/walls/screens

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide an identification sign
Should provide a site map at entrances
Should use unlit signs only
Should provide interpretive displays

Services/Infrastructure
See Waterfront UDG

Safety/Security
See Waterfront UDG

Chapter 7 Page 108


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Public service buildings, including Shall provide a primary pathway with a


showers and changing facilities, are minimum width of 5 m
Recreation Area incorporated at high use areas. Parking Should provide a continuous
areas are integrated either on-site boardwalk/promenade at beach areas
near entrances or at adjoining streets
Context Should design the primary pathway to
proximate to the water.
link to the gathering area
Recreation Areas are programmed
primarily for water or beach-based active Access Should provide secondary pathways a
and passive recreational uses. They are minimum width of 2.5 m
Recreation Areas are accessible from all
located as key destinations along the adjacent street ends, served by public Should provide a separate pathway for
waterfront to support the recreational transit and integrated into the pedestrian cycling with a minimum width of 3.0 m
needs of residents and visitors. and cycling network. They provide
access to the waterfront for both the Parking
Precedent: Beach Amphitheatre Purpose physically and visually challenged. Should provide parking on-site or at
Recreation Areas are waterfront facilities Formal gateways announce entrances. adjoining streets
for active and passive recreation and are Continuous access is provided across the Should locate parking near and parallel
key attractions along the Waterfront. The waterfront. A hierarchy of pathways to the street if on-site
character of these areas vary and can provide circulation within the area.
include sand beaches, green spaces and Should orientate parking for water
Primary entrances link with the open
marinas. Within the Recreation Area, viewing
space system.
the interface between land and water is Should subdivide parking lots into
focused on respecting natural processes, Design Guidelines modules of a maximum of 7 parking
enhancing habitat, reducing shoreline spaces
erosion, and minimising impacts on water External Linkages Should separate parking lots a minimum
quality. 100 m apart
Recreation Areas can host water or See Waterfront UDG Should setback parking a minimum of
beach-based sporting events. Their 20 m from waters edge
Precedent: Beach Sports design focuses on providing recreational Access
opportunities along the waterfront. Should define arrival with a series of Universal Access
Recreation Areas also accommodate formal gateways
social and cultural gatherings. Recreation See Waterfront UDG
Areas have a common theme regardless Should provide access that is visually
of where they are located. open both to and from the waterfront Buildings
Internal Circulation Should provide a public service building
Facilities
Should setback the public service
Marinas, developed in combination with Shall provide continuous access to the building a minimum 20 m from the
useable park space, are key activity waterfront water
centres in the Recreation Area. Shade Should design the minimum depth of
structures and canopies along the Should include showers and changing
waterfront access to no less than 12 m rooms in the public service building
Recreation Area provide protection from from the highest observable tide line to
the sun. Boardwalks on public beaches the curb line of the street
are integrated and define the sand edge.
Precedent: Public Art

Chapter 7 Page 109


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Special Features Should calculate total picnic table


requirement based on: Recreation Area Guideline Illustration: Recreational Waterfront
Should use stone shore protection at -- 1 table per 60 linear metres of
marinas secondary pathway
Should develop shore protection to
enhance and protect marine habitat Water Features
May include retail kiosks May provide interactive childrens
May include performance space and/or water play area including pop jets and
amphitheatre splash pad

Shading Public Art


See Waterfront UDG Should use public art to define and
enhance linear views to the waterfront
Softscape
Lighting
Should locate trees and palms in a
linear pattern along the street edge Should provide light standards at
Should provide continuous landscape parking lots to a maximum height of
buffer from street edge except for 4m
required vehicular access points and Should provide low-level lights along
pedestrian circulation facilities boardwalk/primary pathway to a
Should use landscape to indicate maximum height of 0.8 m
transitions between the waterfront and
the pedestrian network to which it is Fences/Walls/Screens
connected
Should use walls for grade change only
May use land forms to buffer street to a maximum height of 0.8 m
noise in urban areas
Should allow screening at women and
childrens and family beaches only
Hardscape
See Waterfront UDG Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide an identification sign
Furniture
Should provide interpretive displays
Should provide seating area at all play
areas and entrances Services/Infrastructure
Should calculate total seating area See Waterfront UDG
requirement based on:
-- 2 seating areas per 30 linear Safety/Security
metres of primary pathway
See Waterfront UDG
-- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres
of secondary pathway

Chapter 7 Page 110


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Access Internal Circulation


Urban Area Urban Areas link together activity nodes, Shall provide a hierarchy of pathways
parks, open spaces and gathering spaces parallel to the water
at the waters edge through uninterrupted Shall provide a primary promenade
Context physical and visual connections. They are
pathway with a minimum width of 8 m
Urban Areas are programmed primarily accessible from adjacent streets, served
for public access to the waterfront and by public transit and integrated into the Should provide secondary pathways
as waterfront activity centres. They are pedestrian and cycling network. with a minimum width of 2 m
located in urban areas and include areas The primary entrances are announced
such as the Corniche. with a gateway and frames the terminus Parking
of the most significant sightline and vista. Shall provide a mix of on-site and off-
Purpose A hierarchy of shared use pathways site parking with direct and convenient
Precedent: Distinct Waterfront Urban Areas ensure access to the are provided within the Urban Area for access to the waterfront
waterfront and maintain the waterfront pedestrians, bicycles and other non-
identity of Abu Dhabi in urban areas. motorized vehicles. Secondary entrances Universal Access
These areas provide opportunities to link with the open space system. Access
experience this distinct waterfront also includes drop-off and pick-up areas, See Waterfront UDG
location. taxi stands and an alignment to local
The design of Urban Areas focuses on
transit nodes. Buildings
preserving visual and physical access to Should setback buildings a minimum of
the waters edge. Urban Areas can host
External Linkages
20 m from the water
cultural and entertainment events and Shall preserve and enhance visual
may accommodate temporary public art Should use buildings to frame sightlines
access, vistas and sightlines from to and from the waterfront
exhibits. Urban Areas have a common intersecting primary and secondary
theme based on Abu Dhabis waterfront streets Should orientate buildings perpendicular
identity. to the waterfront
Should use primary entrances and
Precedent: Unique Site Furniture gateway to frame sightlines to the Should provide public service buildings a
Facilities water minimum 1,000 m apart
Multiple shared use pathways are the
Should maintain linear view corridors Special Features
key feature in the Urban Area. Piers and
viewing platforms are provided along the from street level to the waters edge
waters edge. A variety of temporary and Should provide play structures
permanent facilities are provided in the Access Should provide piers and viewing
area, including cultural and entertainment Should provide hard edged access platforms
venues, public services, concession with a minimum width of 5 m and a Should provide direct access to the
outlets, playgrounds, multi-use games and minimum depth of 2 m at appropriate waters edge
activity areas. Parking includes a variety locations to accommodate water
of on- and off-site solutions including, May provide an outdoor performance
transport access points space or amphitheatre
where appropriate, underground and
multi-level parking structures. Should provide strategic focal points at May include space for temporary
the waters edge pavillions
Precedent: Contiguous Waterfront May provide small-scale retail kiosks

Chapter 7 Page 111


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 7 - Waterfront Areas

Shading Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Active Waterfront


Should provide continuous shadeway Should provide light standards on the
primary pathway with a maximum
Softscape height of 4 m
Should provide groundcovers and Should provide low-level lights on
shrubs only to define entrance and secondary pathways to a maximum
special features height of 0.8 m
Should provide low-level lights in
Hardscape waterfront railing to a maximum height
of 0.8 m
Should use permeable synthetic turf on
athletic fields Fences/Walls/Screens
Furniture Should not allow perimeter walls and
hedges that obstruct sightlines or vistas
Shall orientate all furniture to waters Should allow walls along the perimeter
edge to a maximum height of 0.8 m where
Should provide seating areas at all play appropriate
areas and entrances Should allow screening at women and
Should calculate total seating area childrens and family beaches only
Design Guideline Illustration: Nighttime Use
requirement based on:
-- 2 seating areas per 30 linear Signage/Wayfinding
metres of primary pathway Should provide an identification sign at
-- 1 seating area per 60 linear metres primary entrances
of secondary pathway Should provide a Waterfront
May use raised planters for informal identification sign at secondary
seating entrances
Should provide interpretive displays in
Water Features each gathering area
See Waterfront UDG Should provide public information and
wayfinding kiosks at each public service
Public Art building

Should use public art to define Services/Infrastructure


gateways and primary entrances
See Waterfront UDG
May include temporary public art
exhibition spaces
Safety/Security
See Waterfront UDG

Chapter 7 Page 112


Chapter 8.0 - PUBLIC PLACES
8.1 Public Places Planning Process
8.2 Public Places Hierarchy
8.3 Public Place Design Guidelines
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual

Chapter 8 Page 114


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

8.0 Public Places Typology Application: The


typology relates to a public places
As development occurs in the Emirate, design purpose. Determining the
1 - Define Project
the Public Realm Design Manual provides appropriate typology informs the
a shared direction that ties various public application of design guidelines.
realm projects together to form a system. Universal and typology design
Together with the vision, principles and guidelines provide the minimum
policies, the Public Places section of standards for public place 2 - Review Policies
the PRDM is a step-by-step guide to development.
developing public places that enhance the
public realm system. The planning process flowchart (Figure
8.1) illustrates the steps to prepare a
Public places are the most diverse public place project.
category of the public realm. They 3 - Identify Hierarchy
define the public space around important 8.2. Public Places Hierarchy
destinations and features of the Emirate.
Public places are categorised into the Table 8.1 Public Place Hierarchy defines
public realm hierarchy according to their space surrounding public facilities,
role and importance as space in the institutions and significant destinations. 4 - Determine Level of Service
Emirate. The table identifies the users and
features/activities common to each level
8.1. Public Places Planning of the hierarchy. The typical location of
public places is also provided. Because
Process the development of public places is
The steps to public place development often tied directly to major landmarks, 5 - Identify Typology
include: policy review, hierarchy institutions or other pre-existing entities,
application and typology application. scale, Service Radius, Service Population
This section describes the hierarchy and and Level of Service are not applicable
typology application process. within the hierarchy.

Hierarchy Application: The This table is a general guide for 6 - Apply Universal Design Guidelines
developing public places within each
hierarchy relates to a public places
level of the hierarchy. Its purpose is to
role in serving the population of
achieve a system that functions to serve
the Emirate. Determining the the entire Emirate.
appropriate hierarchy level informs
the character and function of the 7 - Apply Typology Design Guidelines
public place.

8 - Complete UPC Approvals Process

Figure 8.1: PRDM Planning Process

Chapter 8 Page 115


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Table 8.1 Public Place Hierarchy

Level of
Description
Hierarchy

Service Service Service


Radius Population
(ha/1,000
Users Characteristics Features / Activities Location
Population)
Emirate significant
Public realm surrounding a special feature or natural area landmarks
Emirate

Residents of the of Emirate-wide importance Dictated by presence of Emirate attractions


Areas for National Day N/A N/A N/A
Emirate Often contains Emirate attractions or unique and features
Celebrations
environmental features

Plazas and facilities that


Regionally important public spaces established due their serve Municipal purposes
Municipality

suitability for Municipal-wide activities and gatherings of


Regional hotels and visitor Dictated by the presence of regional shopping
Residents of a significant cultural or historic amenities
destinations areas, business centres, civic entities, or N/A N/A N/A
Municipality Gatherings of significant cultural or historic amenities
Historic and civic landmarks landmarks
Significant hotels, convention centres, theatres,
Monumental public art
museums and other destination sites

Accommodates important
shopping areas as well as Major public places centrally located within
Public places intended for the use of entire City civic spaces an urban area. Around business and retail
Residents of a
City

populations Civic spaces and historic/ areas, civic facilities and assets (museums, N/A N/A N/A
City
cultural institutions that serve institutions, governmental buildings, historic
the City landmarks, etc.)

Community features that serve multiple Neighbourhoods


Shopping and residential
and provide a mix of uses (such as souqs, mosques,
pedestrian areas Focused around developed population centres
District

Residents of a schools)
Plazas and community open and can be co-located with other public uses N/A N/A N/A
District Mix of daily use and important district-wide public
space such as schools
functions

Public places that


accommodate daily
Neighbourhood

Integrated with daily lifestyles and activities Neighbourhood interests


Residents
Provide Neighbourhood users with a variety of play Gathering spaces between Locations are within a maximum of 350 m of
of a local N/A N/A N/A
areas and gathering areas residences and mosques residents
Neighbourhood
Abundant seating
Abundant shade

N/A
Total Developed Public Places Level of Service

Chapter 8 Page 116


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

8.3 Public Places Design Design Guideline Language


Table 8.2. Public Place Typologies

Guidelines The design guidelines identify the Description


The Public Place Design Guidelines are language that defines various public place Typology
the minimum standards that will guide elements. The topics addressed in the Purpose
all public place development. They universal and typology design guidelines To enhance the character and scale of the area surrounding a cultural
include: Cultural Destination
ensure that all public places provide the attraction
basic elements essential to a functional External Linkages To preserve the heritage site and provide authentic interpretive and
public space. The application of these Heritage Feature
educational experiences
guidelines will help to build a coordinated Access
system of public places within the Internal Circulation To improve the accessibility and pedestrian character between the street
Mosque
and the mosque
Emirate. Parking
Design Guidelines developed for Landmark Destination To reflect and enhance the character of the surrounding landmark venue
Universal Access
Public Places include Universal Design To provide a transitional open space between streets and prominent
Guidelines and Typology Design Special Features Plaza
buildings, such as hotels and government offices.
Guidelines. The Universal Design Shading
Souq To enhance the pedestrian environment around these shopping areas
Guidelines are applicable to all Public Softscape
Places. The Typology Design Guidelines
are applicable to specific Public Place Hardscape
typologies. There are six different Public Furniture
Place typologies that provide venues Water Features
for various public entertainment or
interpretation. Public Art
Table 8.2 provides a brief description Lighting
of all Public Place typologies. Further Fences/Walls/Screens
descriptions are provided in the individual Signage/Wayfinding
Public Place Typology sections.
Services/Infrastructure
Safety/Security
Guidelines on the minimum standards
are provided for each topic. Compliance
with the design guidelines is based on
the form of the statement. Statements
include:
Shall statements mandatory to
comply with the design guideline
Should statements recommended
to comply with the design guideline
May statements permitted in the
public place design; discretionary
based on programming needs, public
place function, site conditions

Chapter 8 Page 117


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

These selected images illustrate the aspiration for public places in Abu Dhabi

Chapter 8 Page 118


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Universal Access Should use well-defined edge Softscape


treatments such as plant materials,
Public Place Universal Shall conform to international best change in texture or curbs to indicate Shall use PRDM plant list to determine
extent or change in route
Design Guidelines (UDG) practice in universal access
Shall maintain a minimum
appropriate plant materials
Should cluster trees in groups a
unobstructed width of 1.8 m on the Buildings minimum of 3 trees per group
primary pathway
Design Guidelines See Specific Typology
Shall maintain a minimum Hardscape
External Linkages unobstructed width of 1.5 m on all Special Fetaures
secondary pathways Shall surround all water features with
Should link to the open space system See Specific Typology slip resistant materials
Shall locate lighting columns,
Should extend to street edge signposts, refuse/recycling containers, Shall surround all play structures with
trees, bollards, benches and other Shading light coloured impact material
Should maintain and relate to
streetscape hierarchy furniture or fixtures at or beyond the Shall provide shade at all gathering Should alter hardscape materials to
boundaries of pedestrian routes areas indicate space transition
Should link to public transit
Shall create a clear distinction between Shall shade all play structures Should use permeable unit paving
Access pedestrian routes and adjoining material of natural stone and at a scale
surfaces using visual indicators and Shall provide continuous shade for that responds to the use of the area
Shall accommodate emergency vehicle tactile paving 80% of primary walkways based on
a minimum 1.8 m width within the Should use good-quality compacted
access Shall use a maximum gradient of 1:20 crushed natural stone or gravel on
through zone.
Should provide safe and direct access on all pedestrian routes; gradients pathways
above 1:20 shall use steps with Shall provide continuous shade for
for pedestrians and cyclists Should use large format paving and or
integrated ramping and be clearly 60% of secondary walkways based
Should create a hierarchy of entrances on a minimum 1.8 m width within the motifs in primary gathering spaces and
identifiable and contrast visually with
that reflects the streetscape hierarchy through zone. smaller format paving in small seating
their surroundings
Shall provide a minimum 40% shade for spaces
Internal Circulation Shall provide a minimum of 10%
reserved parking facilities for disabled surface car parking Should construct paved areas adjacent
Should create a hierarchy of pathways access with minimum dimensions of Shall provide a minimum of 80% shade to trees to allow expanded root zones
2.4 m x 4.8 m with a 1.2 m access for all formal gathering areas (includes for enhanced growing conditions
Should provide a primary pathway as
organising element zone picnic structures)
Furniture
Should provide secondary pathways to Shall incorporate Braille in all signage Shall provide a minimum of 40% shade
link features in the Public Place elements in all public places for all informal gathering areas Shall group furniture together, leaving
Shall provide the international symbol Should provide shade at access points, clear a minimum width of 1.5 m
Parking of accessibility on disabled access kiosks, viewing points and locations of between furniture
reserved parking interpretive displays Shall coordinate furniture style, colour
Shall sufficiently setback parking from Shall provide an accessible route from Should use shading to reduce glare, and siting
higher profile facilities and building designated disabled access parking intense solar and UV exposure
elements such as bridges Shall use furniture designs that are
stalls to all accessible entrances Should locate shading to promote contemporary, simple and appropriate
Should locate disabled access parking Should locate disabled access parking outdoor activities, increase social to context
near the primary circulation route near the primary circulation route interaction and encourage outdoor Shall use high-quality designs and
Should organise parking to limit impact Should design seating arrangements lifestyles materials that withstand climatic
on pedestrian circulation and public to allow mobility restricted users to Should use various types of shade conditions, heavy use and vandalism
place use sit alongside friends and family or in structures or softscape features to
groups provide shade

Chapter 8 Page 119


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Should use light coloured and non- Should provide public art that is visual and May use security lighting with motion Shall integrate use of lighting in areas of
reflective furniture tactile to generate interest and activity sensors in isolated and less frequented high nighttime use
Should provide a variety of seating Should use public art constructed of areas Should provide a map or directory kiosk
options durable and low-maintenance materials at street intersections, entrances and
Fences/Walls/Screens pathway intersections
Should provide refuse/recycling Should design public art to ensure public
containers at entrances and in gathering safety Should use fences/walls/screens only May provide interpretive displays at
areas Should surround interactive sculptures to define use areas and restrict public pathway intersections
Should provide shaded bicycle racks at designed for children with light coloured access where appropriate
each public place entrance impact materials Should minimise perimeter fencing Services/Infrastructure
Should limit interactive sculptures Should use walls a maximum height of Shall locate infrastructure underground
Water Features designed for children to a maximum 0.5 m to accommodate seating Should separate and screen maintenance
Shall locate water features in areas of height of 1.8 m Should use fences/walls/screens that facilities from public circulation routes
high activity Should use public art that is sensitive in are constructed of the same or similar and use areas
colour and material to the public place materials expressed in the public place Should provide drinking fountains at
Should provide water features, rippled
design palette design major public gathering and waiting areas
or flowing
May provide interpretive public art that is Should use earth berms, low walls and
Should minimise the use of water and
culturally, historically or environmentally dense locally occurring plant materials Safety/Security
recycle water when possible
significant for screening
Should use water features that are Shall employ Crime Prevention Through
May provide public art developed and May use walls/fences/screens that do
accessible to all public place users Environmental Design (CPTED) principles
created by the community or through a not restrict views to maintain public
Should use timed water features such significant member of the community or place security and encourage safety of Should strategically place emergency
as pop jets, spouts and mist artist public place users call boxes (i.e. help stations) throughout
May integrate public art within water May consider locations for temporary public place
features public art installations Signage/Wayfinding Should maintain clear sightlines into the
May use water play feature adjacent to public place
Lighting Shall avoid placement of signage and
childrens play areas Should maintain clear sightlines to
wayfinding elements in locations that
toilets, concession facilities and
Shall use low-level or pedestrian lighting interfere with pedestrian or cyclist
Public Art through zone or sightlines
playgrounds
such as bollards, in-ground lights, step
Shall use public art to enhance the and wall lights May integrate video surveillance
Shall provide a consistent hierarchy of
public realm systems with emergency call boxes
Shall clearly illuminate treads, risers and signage and wayfinding elements
Should provide public art in primary any other level differences along primary May use furnishing and landscaping to
Shall use a unified visual language for
gathering areas and secondary pathways define and outline ownership of space
all signage and wayfinding materials,
to encourage natural surveillance and
Should act as a centrepiece Should provide light standards at public colours, scales and types
natural access control
Should locate public art to accent view place entrances and to define street Shall be durable, easily maintained and
edges May limit access by use of gates,
corridors and mark gathering areas avoid deep colours
fences, walls and landscape screens to
Should locate smaller public art near Should highlight public art, landscape, Shall use a non-reflective matte finish prevent or discourage public access to
entrances or gateways to help draw plant materials and water features on all signage public places un-monitored areas
users into the space Should be human-scaled and aid Shall be placed to reinforce primary
accessibility gateways and landmarks

Chapter 8 Page 120


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Access Shading
Cultural Destination Cultural Destinations are accessible from See Public Place UDG
streets, served by public transit and
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling Softscape
Context network. Sidewalks and pedestrian
Cultural Destinations are primarily for the corridors connect the Cultural Destination Should design softscape to achieve an
enhancement of museums, monuments, to surrounding compatible uses, such as uncluttered and open appearance
concert halls, theatres, libraries and restaurants and shopping. Should use linear planting to frame
other cultural attractions. They surround views of Cultural Destination
cultural attractions with public places External Linkages Should provide softscape with colourful,
that support the cultural identity of the scented and seasonal materials
Emirate. See Public Place UDG
Should mass shrubs and groundcover to
Access define seating, gathering and entrance
Purpose areas
Cultural Destinations welcome visitors Should provide drop-off areas away Should use the colours, textures,
and frame the cultural attraction setting. from the primary entrances of the material and scale of adjacent features
Views to the cultural attraction are feature to design softscape
preserved so that it is easily identifiable Should provide clear sightlines to the May use landforms and linear plant
Precedent: Performance Hall from the street. Cultural Destination materials to frame/isolate key views
The design of Cultural Destinations
carefully integrates elements that reflect Internal Circulation Hardscape
the cultural attraction. They are primarily
contemporary in nature, but can include See Public Place UDG Should use hardscape features that
historic features. The scale and character reflect the design, purpose and
of the area may vary greatly depending on
Parking character of cultural destination
the location and cultural attraction. Should provide special event parking Should define the central gathering area
areas and special features with unit paving
Facilities May provide staging areas for coach
Furniture
Facilities include seating, informal drop-offs
gathering areas, public art, water features Should provide shaded seating areas
and play structures. Wayfinding and Universal Access along pedestrian pathways and around
educational signage are integrated into central gathering area
the area and appeal to a multicultural See Public Place UDG
Should design furniture to compliment
audience. Open and flexible areas are
provided to accommodate special events.
Buildings the Cultural Destination
Public art encourages interaction with See Public Place UDG Water Features
the cultural attraction. Other Cultural
Destination facilities may include open-air Special Features See Public Place UDG
cafs and retail areas.
Should provide a central gathering area
Precedent: Cultural Attraction

Chapter 8 Page 121


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Public Art Design Guideline Illustration: Central Gathering Area


See Public Place UDG

Lighting
Should provide decorative lighting to
highlight special features
May use up-lighters and spotlights
integrated into the paving surfaces

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Public Place UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide interpretive displays that
highlight the significance of the cultural
attraction

Services/Infrastructure
See Public Place UDG

Safety/Security
See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 122


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

May provide interactive guided tours


Design Guidelines
Heritage Feature May provide performance space

External Linkages Shading


Context See Public Place UDG Should provide a variety of shade
Heritage Features are primarily for the structures
preservation and enhancement of forts, Access Should use shade structures constructed
palaces, archaeological sites and other of natural materials
heritage sites. They surround heritage Should define the primary entrance using
local and natural materials Should provide light coloured shade
sites with public places that support structures over seating
the historic and cultural identity of the Should provide drop-off areas away from
Emirate. the primary entrances Should locate shade structures next
Precedent: Heritage Village to water features such as fountains or
Should have direct connections to bicycle misters
Purpose and pedestrian pathways
Heritage Features preserve and provide Softscape
authentic interpretive and educational Internal Circulation
experiences. The overall character is Shall use softscape features to frames
See Public Place UDG views
understated to enhance, rather than
detract, from the significance of the Should design softscape to be
heritage site.
Parking uncluttered and have an open appearance
Should provide on-site parking located Should locate softscape to maintain
Facilities away from front of the heritage site street-to-feature visibility to allow for
Gathering areas provide key information Should design on-site parking to optimum viewing and photographing
and contain shade structures, drinking minimise impacts opportunities
Precedent: Performance Space fountains, seating areas and softscape May provide event parking areas Should use locally occurring plant
features. Wayfinding maps are provided materials
May locate overflow parking in open
to enhance connectivity by indicating
areas
locations of nearby heritage sites and Hardscape
other attractions. Heritage Features may
contain commercial opportunities within
Universal Access Should use hardscape features that
or adjacent to the heritage site. reflect natural and traditional materials
See Public Place UDG
Should use hardscape to define primary
Access Buildings entrances
Heritage Features are accessible from Should use hardscape features that are
See Public Place UDG durable and low-impact and do not
streets, served by public transit and
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling detract from the heritage site
network. Public transportation routes
Special Features
Should use hardscape features that
connect users to Heritage Features. May provide a central gathering area reflect the design, purpose and character
May identify optimum photographing of the Heritage Feature
vantage points for different times of the May decorative paving to enhance the
Precedent: Archaeological Site day and night Heritage Feature

Chapter 8 Page 123


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Furniture Services/Infrastructure Design Guideline Illustration: Central Gathering Area


Should locate seating at the perimeter See Public Place UDG
of the heritage site
Should use furniture constructed of Safety/Security
natural materials
See Public Place UDG
Should provide refuse/recycling
containers near adjacent streetscape

Water Features
May provide high-pressure water
misting systems in gathering areas
May use water features to lessen
street noise

Public Art
Should use public art that relates to the
heritage site
May provide mosaics, historical
artefacts or re-creations of heritage
elements Design Guideline Illustration: Heritage Site Separated from Street

Lighting
Shall use lighting that is appropriate in
character to the heritage site
Should provide pedestrian lighting
along the primary pathway and at
gathering area entrances and rest areas

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Public Place UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should use wayfinding to indicate
location of other heritage sites or
attractions

Chapter 8 Page 124


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Access Special Features


Landmark Destination Landmark Destinations are accessible Should provide a central gathering area
from streets, served by public transit and
integrated into the pedestrian and cycling Shading
Context network. Sidewalks and pedestrian
Landmark Destinations are primarily for corridors connect the Landmark Destination See Public Place UDG
the enhancement of large-scale venues to surrounding compatible uses, such as
that generate activity day and night such restaurants and shopping. Softscape
as hotels, convention centres and sports Wide sidewalks with shade trees and Should use softscape to reinforce
venues. They surround landmark venues wayfinding elements direct visitors transition from public to private space
with public places that support the Emirate from the street toward the Landmark
as a tourist destination. May mass shrubs and groundcover to
Destination. define seating and entrances areas
Purpose External Linkages May use small trees in raised planters
Landmark Destinations reflect and enhance Should be highly visible from all routes Hardscape
the character of the landmark venue.
Views to the primary entrances of the Access Should use hardscape to define primary
Precedent: Landmark Destination landmark venue are preserved. Landmark entrances
Destinations are frequented by visitors Should define primary entrances with
landscape, water features, public art and Should use hardscape features that are
and tourists and therefore require special durable and low-impact and do not
design consideration. high-quality materials
Should provide drop-off areas detract from the Landmark Destination
Should use hardscape features that
Facilities Internal Circulation reflect the design, purpose and character
The Landmark Destination complements of the Landmark Destination
and reflects the architectural character Should provide a well-defined transition
of spaces from public to semi-public to May use decorative paving to enhance
of the landmark venue. A forecourt area
private the Landmark Destination
in front of the feature frames the site
and provides a space for gathering and Shall provide a forecourt and arrival Furniture
photography. The public place is enhanced sequence
with unique softscape features and public See Public Place UDG
art. Parking
Lighting is used to illuminate the Landmark Shall setback parking areas/vehicle Water Features
Destination and forecourt area at night to circulation from primary entrances/
ensure the landmark venue is recognisable May provide fountain as a focal point of
gathering areas the public place
and usable at all times. Landmark
Should provide on-street parking May use water features to lessen street
Destinations that have ample open space
may contain park features, such as open Universal Access noise
lawns, seating areas, shade trees, shade May provide a high-pressure water
structures and water features. Other See Public Place UDG misting systems along the primary
typical facilities include open-air cafs and pathway and gathering areas
bicycle rental and storage. Buildings
Precedent: Landmark Destination
See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 125


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Public Art Design Guideline Illustration: Destination View


Should provide large-scale public art as
a central feature
Should provide public art that uses
colour and lighting to create interest
Should integrate public art into design
elements, such as paving, seating,
furniture and infrastructure

Lighting
Should use accent lighting and up-
lighting to enhance nighttime viewing
Should use decorative lighting to
enhance special features
Should use lighting that is appropriate
to the surrounding architectural context

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Public Place UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide interpretive displays
that highlight the significance of the
landmark venue

Services/Infrastructure
See Public Place UDG

Safety/Security
See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 126


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Should use features that reflect the


Access
Mosque The open space surrounding a Mosque
unique features and characteristics of
the mosque
offers a comfortable and purposeful
transition. The Mosque is accessible Shading
Context to the surrounding street network,
A Mosque is a place of worship and public transit and parking areas by way See Public Place UDG
an important aspect of daily life in of shaded sidewalks. Neighbourhood
the Emirate. The size and scale of the Mosques are connected to the fareej Softscape
Mosque varies according to function. network through sikkak.
Shall use softscape to frame the
The Masjid is a Mosque dedicated to
entrance and maintain views
daily prayer; the Jumaa Masjid is the Design Guidelines
larger Mosque for Friday sermon. Mosque May use softscape to help differentiate
design guidelines focus on the treatment the areas surrounding the Mosque from
of transitions from public spaces to semi-
External Linkages the semi-clean courtyard areas
public spaces that surround the Mosque. See Public Place UDG May use softscape features with
colourful, scented, edible and seasonal
Purpose Access components
The intent of this typology is to improve Should provide drop-off areas Hardscape
the accessibility to the Mosque and
enhance the character and pedestrian Internal Circulation Should use high-quality natural stone
experience of the surrounding outdoor Should use hardscape features that are
space. Shall provide a well-defined transition durable and low-impact and enhance
Facilities of spaces from public to semi-private the Mosque
to private
Mosque spaces are unique in their site Should use hardscape features that
Precedent: Mens Garden orientation and function in Islamic culture reflect design, purpose and character
Parking
and customs. The unclean zone is the of the Mosque
outer area of the Mosque and includes Should provide on-street parking May use decorative unit paving to
car parking and landscape buffers. The located away from primary entrances enhance the Mosque
semi-clean area includes courtyards, May locate overflow parking in open
landscaping, and ablution areas. areas Furniture
Microclimates are improved by providing
shade and water features. Universal Access See Public Place UDG
Environmental strategies, such as
water conservation, shade and low- See Public Place UDG Water Features
maintenance areas, are combined with Should provide water features in the
educational elements to enhance public Buildings
semi-clean zone
understanding of the demonstrated
strategy. Contemporary signage See Public Place UDG May provide water features that
describing the process of water recycle wudu water into garden areas
conservation may be used for education. Special Features
Public Art
Should provide gathering areas located
Precedent: Central Gathering Area between mosque and parking See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 127


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Gathering Area


Shall use lighting that is appropriate in
character to the Mosque
Should provide pedestrian lighting
along the primary pathway and at rest
areas, gathering areas and entrances

Fences/Walls/Screens
May use vegetative screens to visually
hide undesirable views from central
gathering areas

Signage/Wayfinding
See Public Place UDG

Services/Infrastructure
See Public Place UDG

Safety/Security
Design Guideline Illustration: Lighting Features
See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 128


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Access Shading
Plaza Plazas are accessible from streets, served Should locate shade structures at
by public transit, integrated into the gathering areas
pedestrian and cycling network and may Should provide light coloured shade
Context
be connected to interior spaces. structures that contain seating
Plazas are the public space in front of a
building available for civic purposes and Softscape
commercial activities. Plazas are usually
Design Guidelines
located at the intersection of important Should use softscape with colourful,
streets or other significant locations.
External Linkages
scented and seasonal components
Plazas can also be linear, following the Should maintain open views to the Should mass shrubs and groundcover
path of the built environment. Plaza so that it is easily visible from to define seating and entrance areas
the street May use trees in raised planters
Purpose
Plazas function as a transitional open Access Hardscape
space between streets and prominent
See Public Place UDG Should use hardscape features that
buildings, such as hotels and government
offices. Their primary function is to reflect the design, purpose and
Internal Circulation character of surrounding context
Precedent: Centralised Gathering Space encourage diverse opportunities for
social interaction and activities. Should provide pathways between May use paving colour and pattern
Plaza and street for accessibility to to define primary entrances and
Plazas provide rest areas along a surrounding buildings and parking circulation patterns
connected pedestrian system and serve areas
as focal points with unique placemaking Furniture
features within the urban and rural Parking
See Public Place UDG
framework. See Public Place UDG
Water Features
Facilities Universal Access
See Public Place UDG
Each Plaza has a specific programme of
See Public Place UDG
use. While some Plazas act primarily
as pedestrian nodes, others function as
Public Art
viewpoints to enhance the setting of a
Buildings
Should integrate public art into design
building. Plazas reflect and reinforce the See Public Place UDG elements, such as paving, seating,
character of its location. Good street-to- furniture and shelters
plaza visibility signifies that the Plaza is Special Features May use iconic sculpture or
a public space and allows users to watch
Should provide features that reflect the monuments as a central feature
street activity. Plazas provide a safe and
comfortable open space and are well-lit identity of the surrounding area
and accessible both day and night.
Precedent: Plaza with Pop Jet Feature

Chapter 8 Page 129


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Lighting Design Guideline Illustration: Gathering Space with Open Air Market
Should use accent lighting and up-
lighting on flags, banners and water
features to enhance building entrances
and streetscapes
Should use lighting that is appropriate
to the surrounding architectural
context
Should provide pedestrian lighting
along the primary pathway and at rest
areas and plaza entrances

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Public Place UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide wayfinding kiosk at
the primary entrances that displays
a City map and other plaza locations,
landmarks, parks, features and transit Design Guideline Illustration: Separation from Street Edge with Integrated Shading
within walkable distance

Services/Infrastructure
See Public Place UDG

Safety/Security
Should maintain street-to-plaza
visibility to increase safety
Should use perimeter elements to
enhance security

Chapter 8 Page 130


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Access Parking
Souq A gateway or other architectural feature See Public Place UDG
defines the street-level entrance to the
Souq. Universal Access
Context The Souq is an accessible and
Souqs primarily serve as central market comfortable public space that connects See Public Place UDG
places and may be themed around a to the pedestrian network of sidewalks
single commodity such as gold, fish or and corridors. Public transit and Buildings
spices. The Souq typology enhances the conveniently-located stops connect See Public Place UDG
pedestrian public realm around these the Souq to the larger multimodal
shopping areas. transportation network. Pedestrian- Special Features
scale signage indicates parking areas and
Purpose entrances to the Souq. The space within Should provide unprogrammed open
and around the Souq is clearly defined areas that are accessible to pedestrians
Providing a wide range of shopping and easy to navigate.
experiences. Souqs form a key part of and cyclists
Abu Dhabis cultural landscape. Souqs Should provide food courts, festival
also serve important social functions Design Guidelines spaces and viewing areas that serve as
by providing informal gathering spaces destinations to enhance markets
where people can come together. Large External Linkages
Precedent: Shade Structure Souqs provide a festival atmosphere and Shading
See Public Place UDG
function as visitor destinations. The
Should locate shade structures to
Souq typology functions as a transitional Access maintain air circulation in the Souq
zone between the marketplace and
surrounding streets and parking areas. Should provide pull-over and drop-
off areas designed to accommodate Softscape
multimodal transportation
Facilities May use small softscape features,
Should provide service vehicle access such as raised planters and vertical
In the traditional Souq, small seating and service truck parking
areas are provided. Modern Souqs may elements, such as palms
incorporate open-air cafs. Pedestrian Should provide direct access to
Should use softscape features that
amenities are added to enhance the pedestrian and bicycle pathways
reflect the design, culture and
public realm. character of the Souq
Internal Circulation
Streetscape elements are coordinated to
unify the different shopping areas and Shall be continuous and obstacle free Hardscape
provide a common theme throughout the to allow for safe, uninterrupted travel
See Public Place UDG
Souq. Should provide long, uninterrupted
The space around the Souq should be pathways that open onto small market Furniture
obstacle-free and designed to allow squares and allow for special events
vendors to set up and sell goods easily. such as small childrens carnivals and See Public Place UDG
Continuous pedestrian access throughout art shows
the Souq provides linkages between Should limit vehicular turning and Water Features
different markets. reduce vehicular speeds
Precedent: Open Courtyard See Public Place UDG
Should accommodate pedestrian,
transit and bicycle circulation

Chapter 8 Page 131


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Chapter 8 - Public Places

Public Art Design Guideline Illustration: Shaded Open Market Area


Should use public art as central feature
May use public art throughout the
Souq as an identifying element to
individual areas

Lighting
See Public Place UDG

Fences/Walls/Screens
See Public Place UDG

Signage/Wayfinding
Should provide wayfinding kiosks at
market pathway starting points that
display a map of the Souq and indicate
local attractions, rest areas and
features

Services/Infrastructure
See Public Place UDG

Safety/Security
See Public Place UDG

Chapter 8 Page 132


Part III
APPENDIX A - GLOSSARY
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix A - Glossary

Appendix A Page 136


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix A - Glossary

Glossary Crime Prevention Through Environmental


Design (CPTED) - Strategic opportunities
Intermodal Station - A centralised hub or
station that integrates and unites various
Open Space System (Open Space
Network) - An area of land or water that
identified during project planning and modes of transportation; can include air, remains in an undeveloped, natural state
The following are definitions for key terms
design to enhance public safety by rail, boat, public transit, vehicular, parking, as well as landscapes with low intensity
used in the Public Realm Design Manual.
reducing the potential for crime; often bicycle, pedestrian. development for public use, such as
includes eliminating concealment areas, Parks, Streetscapes, Public Places and
Assembly Space - A generous and well- maintaining open sightlines, locating Waterfronts.
Kiosk - A small free-standing structure
defined open space area that is paved to activity areas in clear view, enhancing
designed to provide information; can be
accommodate large public gatherings for communication ability, providing adequate
interactive and used for interpretation, Outdoor Classroom - A small outdoor
special events and ceremonies illumination, maximising public access/use
education, wayfinding. educational space with organised
of space.
or clustered seating designed to
Baraha - A small semi-private space accommodate gatherings of approximately
Level of Service - Relates to the amount
located in a fareej (barahaat is the plural of Fareej - A traditional neighbourhood 30-40 people.
provided of a particular service for a given
baraha) system.
population.
Overlook - A design feature that provides
Biodiversity - The diversity of plant and Gathering Area - A feature area designed a prominent viewing place.
LAT - Lowest Astronomical Tide is the
animal life in a particular habitat. to accommodate groups of people;
height of the water at the lowest possible
provides relief from the heat and sun; can
theoretical tide. Parks - Public open spaces within a
include site furniture, shade structures,
Bioswale - A wide, shallow, vegetated community for recreational use. Parks
landscaping, fountain, drinking fountain,
ditch that is designed to filter silt and may include natural areas such as
art/sculpture, interpretive displays. May statements - Permitted in the design;
sediment from surface storm water runoff. mountain ridges and wadi systems.
discretionary based on programming needs,
function, site conditions.
Hardscape - Ground plane surfacing
Buffer - A space and/or landscape feature Park-and-Ride - A parking strategy
material primarily used to accommodate
designed to provide separation to reduce or to reduce private motor vehicle traffic
circulation needs and public gathering/ Media Wall - A graphic digital information/
mitigate impacts between conflicting uses; in busy areas by providing a remote
assembly; material is made from a communication feature.
provides protection for environmentally parking lot that links users to alternative
manufacturing process.
sensitive areas. transportation opportunities.
Meyadeen - Small semi-public central
HAT - Highest Astronomical Tide is the meeting areas within a fareej.
Bumpout - A widened sidewalk area at Pathway - A track or route along which
height of the water at the highest possible
intersections where on-street parking is pedestrians and/or cyclists are intended
theoretical tide.
replaced by the sidewalk. Multimodal - The movement of people by to travel.
more than one method of transport.
Heat Island - An area with consistently
Waterfront - All land areas along the Picnic Shelter - A permanent, open aired
higher temperatures than surrounding
waters edge. Mushtarak - Shared-use access structure which houses picnic tables,
areas because of a greater retention of
streetscape. benches and other facilities. Barbeques
heat from buildings, concrete, and asphalt.
are not allowed in picnic shelters.
Commercial Pavilion - A primary structure
that combines indoor space and covered Hierarchy - A series of ordered groupings Natural Materials - Construction material
outdoor space, used primarily for retail, that is from the earth or plants and retains Placemaking - The process of creating
of elements within a system.
commercial, entertainment purposes to the character and qualities of its original Parks, Streetscapes, Waterfronts and
stimulate activity and enhance the appeal/ state; has undergone limited manufacturing Public Places that will attract people
attraction of a place. Hydrozones - A distinct grouping of plants or processing. because they are pleasurable or
with similar water needs and climatic interesting.
needs.

Appendix A Page 137


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix A - Glossary
Public Places - All open areas within a Recreation Area: Active - A defined Stewardship - Refers to the responsibility Water Feature - A design focal point that
community visible to the public or for outdoor space designed to accommodate to care for the worlds natural resources - emphasises the display of water; may
public gathering or assembly. organised/programmed sporting events land, air, wildlife and water - sustainably so include pools, fountains, cascades, spray
or spontaneous and intense active play; future generations can enjoy them. jets.
constructed of synthetic turf or rubberised
Public Realm Categories - This includes
asphalt.
Parks, Streetscapes, Waterfronts and Streetscape - The visual elements of a Water Play Feature - An amenity intended
Public Places. Note: If a public realm space street including the road, sidewalk, street primarily for use by children that allows
falls into more than one category, other Recreation Area: Passive - A defined furniture, trees and open spaces that creative interaction with water for play
category guidelines may be applied per outdoor space designed to accommodate combine to form the streets character. purposes; includes water that sprays,
area of variance. Any conflicts between rest, relaxation, lounging; constructed of mists, bubbles, cascades, showers, or
typology design guidelines revert to the natural turf. employs other effects; does not include
Sustainability - Identifies a concept and
Universal Design Guidelines. Any conflicts standing water; does not require lifeguards
attitude in development that considers
between Universal Design Guidelines revert and eliminates/drastically reduces potential
Shall statements - Mandatory to comply a sites natural land, water, and energy
to policies. for drowning; life cycle and maintenance/
with the design guideline. resources as integral aspects of the
operation costs are typically significantly
development.
less than swimming pools.
Public Art - An artistic work that is created
Should statements - Recommended to
and located for public accessibility. Public
comply with the design guideline. Trail - A pedestrian and/or cycling
art is either located in or clearly seen from Wayfinding - The process by which people
circulation path.
the public realm, such as a street, park, orientate themselves in space and navigate
urban plaza or public building. It includes Staging Area - A feature area designed their way from place to place.
all art forms and may be permanent or to provide a transitory gathering space TSE - Treated Sewage Effluent used for
temporary artworks (such as performance between parking lot and primary site landscape or plant irrigation.
WiMax - Wireless networking technology
art and exhibitions). Public art may be feature or destination.
for long-range applications; coverage can
freestanding or integrated into building
Typology - The systematic classification extend several miles.
exteriors, it may take the form of unique
functional objects (such as seats or gates), Setback - The minimum distance between of types that have characteristics, traits or
but not architectural design, advertising a property line or demarcated boundary functions in common.
signs or commercial branding. and the location where a structure or
facility can be built.
Universal Access - The ability of all people
Public Service Building - A facility that to have equal and unobstructed opportunity
includes public restrooms and could include Sikka - Paved pedestrian only path (sikkak to experience the public realm regardless of
showers, changing rooms, lockers, rental is the plural of sikka). social status, ethnicity, or physical, mental
kiosk, first aid room or food concession; and sensory ability.
perimeter outdoor space can include Softscape - Elements of the landscape that
shaded seating areas, site furniture, comprised live, horticultural elements; may Universal Language Pavement Markings -
drinking fountains, etc. also include synthetic materials that exhibit Internationally recognised traffic symbols
similar characteristics and appearance. applied to vehicular pavement surfaces to
Open Space Network - The parks, provide direction and instructions.
streetscape, waterfronts and public places - Special Features - Key design element(s)
and all links that connect these spaces - in that are intended as primary attractions or Wadi - A valley or dry river bed.
a Neighbourhood, District, City, Municipality places of activity in a public space.
or Emirate.

Appendix A Page 138


APPENDIX B - PLANT LIST
Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

Appendix B Page 140


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

Plant List Irrigation Classification


A wide range of species have been S Low Irrigation Required
identified for the public realm.
SS Medium - Low Irrigation
Required
Types of plants identified include:
Trees SSS Medium Irrigation Required

Palms SSSS High Irrigation Required


Shrubs h Wetland location
Groundcover and Ornamental Grasses Hazards (Plants that are serious
Succulents and Perennials hazards should be excluded from
parks.)
Climbers
Inland Suitability
Each plant identified for use in the public n Suitable for Inland Urban location
realm is listed in the matrix. The matrix l Suitable for a Desert location
provides the following information:
Waterfront Suitability
Botanical Name n Suitable for Urban Waterfront
Common Name location
l Suitable for a Non-Urban
Locally Occurring Species () Waterfront location
Exposure Group Public Realm Category
A. Most tolerant of extreme Parks
conditions
Streetscapes
B. Requires some wind shelter for
best growth Waterfronts
C. Requires shelter from afternoon Public Places
sun and strong wind Users Notes
D. Requires partial shade all day
during summer, full shade in
In addition, please refer to the Irrigation
afternoon and wind shelter
Rate Matrix in Appendix C for detailed
E. Requires total shade and shelter information regarding irrigation of each
plant category according to its irrigation
classification, maturity and season.

Appendix B Page 141


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Samar is a tree that is an important part of the regional culture. It


provides shade, light firewood and is a favorite for the wild bees.
Acacia tortilis Samar A S thorns n P P The classic inverted prism shape is its main feature. Suitable for
heritage parks, desert parks and scenic roads but not for urban
parks or streets.

Can be used as a street tree, park tree or for scenic routes but not
Acacia arabica Babul B SS nl n P P P P for locations that depend on uniformity. Can also fit in with a
heritage location.

Use in desert parks and any location requiring low irrigation


Acacia nilotica Arabian Gum A SS n P status.

A very good hardy species for inland areas. Provides fodder for
Maerua
crassifolia
Sarh A SS n P animals and is an endangered species. Should be used more as an
urban and rural species along roadsides and in parks.

Appendix B Page 142


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Best suited for inland areas away from humidity. Best used in
Olea europaea Olive C SS n n P P P P themed landscape plazas but is outside its comfort zone.

Salvadora Hardy plant for highway landscape, best if allowed to grow


persica
Toothbrush Tree A SS l l P P without cutting.

Tecomella Rohida, Desert Hardy and colourful small tree native to the Hajar Mountains. Best
undulata or Marwar Tree
A SS nl P P P suited to scenic highways, linear parks and desert parks.

Cordia myxa Lasura Tree B SSS n n P P P P Well suited for Al Ain and Abu Dhabi as a street tree and park tree.

Appendix B Page 143


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Ficus carica Fig B SSS n n P P P P Important tree for oases.

Wadi cordata Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate
Ficus cordata
Salicifolia
B SSS n n P P P P where shade is critical.

Best limited to oases where the fruit can be harvested and not
Morus alba White Mulberry B SSS n n P P P stain pavements

Culturally significant species as the source of Frankincense,


Frankincense although not native to the Arabian Gulf region. It grows
Boswellia sacra
Tree
B SS n n P P P P succesfully on Sir Bani Yas and in Al Ain with low irrigation rates
so has wide application.

Appendix B Page 144


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Globally distributed as a coastal, foredune species requiring low


Casuarina Ironwood,
equisetifolia Coastal She-oak
A SS l P P irrigation levels. Excessive water is counterproductive as the tree
grows rapidly then declines and loses its shape.

Parkinsonia
aculeata
Jerusalem Thorn A SS thorns n n P P P P Wide usage, often spoiled by poor pruning and overwatering.

As significant as the Date Palm in UAE cultural history. Has


application on highways and in urban parks and streets. Despite
the view that it is a desert tree and therefore needs less water
Prosopis
cineraria
Ghaf Tree A SS thorns nl n P P P P than other tree species, this is not the case. Ghaf can access
water at great depths and appears to be surviving in the desert.
Wherever such water has dried up, Ghaf have died. The tree will
be sized according to the amount of water it receives.

sharp
Yucca brevifolia Joshua Tree C SS pointed n n P P P Best suited to inland areas.
leaves

Appendix B Page 145


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Symbolic of Abu Dhabi, found in oases, along wadis, in parks,


Zizyphus spina- SS & along highways, school grounds, urban parks and streets. It can
christi
Sidr Tree A
SSS
thorns n n P P P P survive with little irrigation or it can benefit from a higher level of
irrigation and be a much larger tree.

Women's
Albizia lebbeck
Tongue
B SSS n n P P P P Excellent street and park tree for urban areas.

Azadirachta Excellent urban tree for streets, public plazas and parks. Very
indica
Neem Tree C SSS n n P P P P succesful in Al Ain.

Bauhinia Purple Orchid


purpurea Tree
D SSS n P P Shelter and west sun protection.

Appendix B Page 146


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Orchid Tree,
Bauhinia
variegata
Poor Man's D SSS n P P Shelter and west sun protection
Orchid

Bauhinia White Orchid


variegata 'Alba' Tree
D SSS n P P Shelter and west sun protection

Best suited to more humid coastal conditions and sheltered


Silk Cotton Tree, locations, will not grow to even half the height of such species in
Bombax ceiba
Kapok Tree
C SSS n P P P P their native SE and South Asia locations but will flower if kept
relatively dry during the winter months.

Callistemon Weeping Best suited to park use in Al Ain. Reduce water applications in
viminalis Bottlebrush
C SSS n n P P P P winter months to achieve good flowering.

Appendix B Page 147


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Calophyllum Beautyleaf,
inophyllum Kamani
C SSS n P P P P Will grow best in coastal locations and is best in urban parks.

Crown of Gold
Cassia excelsa
Tree
C SSS n n P P P Attractive small tree for urban use.

Golden Shower Good street and park tree but needs low irrigation level in cooler
Cassia fistula
Tree
C SSS n n P P P P months to ensure effective flowering.

Cassia javanica Pink Shower, Good street and park tree but needs low irrigation level in cooler
'Nodosa' Pink Cassia
C SSS n P P P P months to ensure effective flowering.

Appendix B Page 148


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Cassia Ceylon Senna, Good street and park tree but needs low irrigation level in cooler
roxburghii Red Cassia
C SSS n P P P P months to ensure effective flowering.

Cassia
Scrambled Egg
surattensis ( syn
Bush
C SSS n P P P P Attractive fast growing small tree for coastal urban areas.
C.glauca)

Chitalpa Pink Butterfly Best suited in the drier climate of Al Ain, where there are already a
tashkentensis Bush
C SSS n P good specimens. Needs shelter from wind and afternoon sun.

Chorisia Best suited in the drier climate of Al Ain, where there are already a
speciosa
Silk Floss Tree D SSS Thorns n n P P P good specimens. Needs shelter from wind and afternoon sun.

Appendix B Page 149


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Coccoloba Excellent coastal tree with large round leaves and edible fruit, very
uvifera
Seagrape B SSS nl P P P P tolerant of salt laden winds. Will also grow inland.

Buttonwood, pollen Although tolerant of harsh conditions it is best used along


Conocarpus
erectus
Button A SSS allergy l P P P highways or in loations where the pollen will not aggravate allergy
Mangrove source sufferers.

Conocarpus pollen Although tolerant of harsh conditions it is best used along


Silver
erectus Silver
Buttonwood
A SSS allergy l P P P highways or in loations where the pollen will not aggravate allergy
form source sufferers.

Ghatti Gum, Axle- pollen Although tolerant of harsh conditions it is best used along
Conocarpus
lancifolius
Wood or Button A SSS allergy l P P highways or in loations where the pollen will not aggravate allergy
Tree source sufferers.

Appendix B Page 150


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Yellow Geiger, Prefers coastal locations, limited use due to medium water
Cordia lutea
Muyuyo
C SSS n P P P P requirement.

Cordia Geiger Tree, Widely used in Abu Dhabi, prefers coastal locations but in future
sebestena Geranium Tree
C SSS n P P P P its use needs to be limited.

Cordia Kou, Sea Coastal location only - good small tree for waterfront parks and
subcordata Trumpet
C SSS n P P P P urban plazas near the sea.

Cupaniopsis Carrotwood, Coastal location only - good small tree for waterfront parks and
anacardioides Tuckeroo Tree
C SSS n P P P urban plazas near the sea.

Appendix B Page 151


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Use only in humid coastal areas, excellent park, urban plaza and
Royal Poinciana,
Delonix regia
Flamboyant
C SSS n P P P P street tree but will not be uniform in character as they are grown
from seed. Not attaractive during cooler months when leaves fall.

Dragon or Limited use as a park curiosity. Comes from Canary Islands which
Dracaena draco Dragon's Blood D SSS n n P P means climatically it needs protection from afternoon summer sun
Tree and is best used in Abu Dhabi.

Kaffir Coral, Limited use as a park tree, novelty but flowers poorly unless
Erythrina caffra
Kaffirboom Tree
C SSS thorns n P P allowed very little water in winter months.

Lofty Fig, False


Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate
Ficus altissima Banyan, Council B SSS n n P P P P where shade is critical.
Tree

Appendix B Page 152


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Ficus Indian Banyan Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate
benghalensis Tree
B SSS n n P P P P where shade is critical.

Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate


Ficus infectoria Bo Tree B SSS n n P P P P where shade is critical.

Ficus Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate
microcarpa
Malayan Banyan C SSS n P P P P where shade is critical.

Ficus
Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate
microcarpa Weeping Fig C SSS n P P P P where shade is critical.
'Benjamina'

Appendix B Page 153


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Good street and park tree providing dense shade in a climate


Ficus religiosa Bodhi B SSS n P P P P where shade is critical.

Needs shelter from wind and best if sheltered from summer


Ficus salicifolia Willow leaf fig C SSS n P P P afternoon sun.

Hibiscus
Tricolour Sea Well suited to coastal areas, especially where there is salt laden
tiliaceus
Hibiscus
B SSS nl P P P P air.
'Variegrata'

Hibiscus Beach, Sea or Well suited to coastal areas, especially where there is salt laden
tiliaceus Linden Hibiscus
B SSS nl P P P P air.

Appendix B Page 154


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Kigelia africana Sausage Tree C SSS n n P P Best used as a curiosity in public parks and gardens.

Important oasis species and also a good park tree. Not suited to
Mangifera indica Mango Tree B SSS n n P P P P street use. Has fragrant flowers and provides dense shade as well
as very edible fruit

Millingtonia Indian Cork Tree, Very good urban park tree, highly scented but will sucker so not
hortensis Tree Jasmine
C SSS n n P P P P suitable for streetsbut can be used in souks

Horseradish,
Good source of edible seed pods and suitable for community
Moringa oleifera Drumstick, Ben- A SSS nl P gardens and oases
oil tree

Appendix B Page 155


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Best in coastal parks and urban plazas but needs partial shade to
Pandanus utilis Screw Palm C SSS leaf spikes nl P P avoid summer burning.

Pandanus Best in coastal parks and urban plazas but needs partial shade to
veitchii
Ribbon Plant C SSS leaf spikes nl P P avoid summer burning.

Peltophorum
inerme
Yellow Poinciana B SSS n n P P P P Excellent urban tree, preferably in coastal areas.

Pithecellobium Madras Thorn,


dulce Manila Tamarind
B SSS thorns n n P P P P Hardy tree for urban streets.

Appendix B Page 156


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Singapore or Widely used in coastal areas, can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
Plumeria obtusa
White Frangipani
B SSS sap allergy n n P P P P Tolerant of salt laden winds.

Frangipani or
Plumeria rubra Temple Tree, Widely used in coastal areas, can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
'Acutifolia' West Indian
C SSS sap allergy n n P P P P Tolerant of salt laden winds.
Jasmine

Polyalthia Must be grown where it has good shelter and protection from
longifolia
Mast Tree C SSS n P P P P summer afternoon sun. Best for coastal regions.

Polyalthia
Weeping Mast Must be grown where it has good shelter and protection from
longifolia
Tree
C SSS n P P P P summer afternoon sun. Best for coastal regions.
pendula

Appendix B Page 157


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Pongamia Very good urban tree for streets, plazas, souks and parks. Best in
pinnata
Pongam Tree C SSS n P P P P coastal regions.

Guava is commonly found in oases, but can be useful as an urban


Psidium guajava Tropical Guava C SSS n n P P P P small tree.

Guava is commonly found in oases, but can be useful as an urban


Psidium littorale Cattley Guava C SSS n n P P P P small tree.

Saraca indica Ashoka C SSS n P P P Colourful tree best suited to urban coastal areas.

Appendix B Page 158


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

In its native habitat Spathodea grows to a very large tree, but this
Spathodea African Tulip does not happen in the UAE. The few specimens in Abu Dhabi are
campanulata Tree
C SSS n P P P P medium sized trees enjoying shelter and shade from afternoon
summer sun.

In its native habitat Spathodea grows to a very large tree, but this
Spathodea
Scarlet African does not happen in the UAE. The few specimens in Abu Dhabi are
campanulata
Tulip Tree
C SSS n P P P P medium sized trees enjoying shelter and shade from afternoon
'Scarlet'
summer sun.

Tabebuia Yellow Tabebuia, Hardy but slow growing species, suitable for Abu Dhabi. Grows
caraiba Trumpet Tree
C SSS n P P P P best in sheltered location in parks or urban plazas.

Tabebuia Purple Trumpet Hardy but slow growing species, suitable for Abu Dhabi. Grows
impetiginosa Tree
C SSS n P P P P best in sheltered location in parks or urban plazas.

Appendix B Page 159


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Pink Trumpet Hardy but slow growing species, suitable for Abu Dhabi. Grows
Tabebuia rosea
Tree
C SSS n P P P P best in sheltered location in parks or urban plazas.

Tamarindus
indica
Tamarind B SSS n n P P P P Hardy, well shaped and textured tree.

Terminalia Arjuna, White


arjuna Marudah
C SSS n n P P P P Very good shade tree for urban streets and parks.

Terminalia Very good umbrella shaped shade tree for coastal areas including
catappa
Tropical Almond C SSS n P P P marinas and waterfront parks.

Appendix B Page 160


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Thespesia Portia Tree,


populnea Indian Tulip Tree
B SSS n n P P P Very good shade tree for coastal areas and inland.

Natal Mahogany
Trichilia emetica
Tree
C SSS n P P P Good shade tree suited to Al Ain conditions.

Common Jujube, An oasis species producing edible fruit. Also can be used as an
Ziziphus jujuba
Chinese Date
B SSS n n P P P P urban park, street or plaza tree.

Thorns and Important oasis species but has suffered from a virus that has
Citrus limonum Lemon Tree D SSSS
disease risk n n P P almost wiped it out.

Appendix B Page 161


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
TREES BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Neodypsis Limited use in urban plazas where it is sheltered from wind and
decaryi
Triangle Palm D SSSS n P P has shade from summer afternoon sun.

Pseudobombax Shaving Brush Unusual plant grown for interest only. Limited use in urban plaza
ellipticum Tree
C SSSS n P P P P or urban park.

Ravenala
Strongly architectural, good plant for urban plazas but must be
madagascariensi Traveler's Palm E SSSS n P P sheltered from wind and afternoon summer sun.
s

Appendix B Page 162


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
PALMS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Nanorrhops Good species for scenic routes, urban plazas and parks where
ritchieanna
Zerbet A SS leaf spikes nl P P limited irrigation water is available.

Date Palm is essential in both a cultural context and as urban


shade. Does require higher water consumption than many tree and
Phoenix palm species but only at active growth periods. Over the 12
dactylifera
Date Palm B SSSS leak spikes n n P P P P months of the year, would use no more than any palm or tree of
similar stature. Needs little water in cooler months and little during
fruit ripening.

Specimen plant best suited to humid coastal environments. Will


Queen Sago
Cycas circinalis
Palm
D SSS n P P P burn in afternoon summer sun. Needs shelter and shade to grow
best.

Specimen plant best suited to humid coastal environments. Will


Cycas revoluta King Sago Palm D SSS n P P P burn in afternoon summer sun. Needs shelter and shade to grow
best.

Appendix B Page 163


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
PALMS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Livistona Chinese Fan


chinensis Palm
D SSS n P P P Needs shelter and afternoon shade in this region.

Phoenix Senegal Date Limited use as the Date Palm should be given priority as an
reclinata Palm
C SSS leaf spikes n n P P P integral part of community sustainability.

Phoenix Good feature plant where it is away from people access - leaf
roebelinii
Pigmy Date Palm C SSS leaf spikes n n P P P spikes are a serious hazard.

Rhapis excelsa Lady Palm E SSS n P P Needs shaded and shelterd location.

Appendix B Page 164


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
PALMS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Not suitable for this region except where sheltered from wind and
Roystonea regia Royal Palm D SSS n P P from afternoon summer sun.

Syagrus Not suitable for this region except where sheltered from wind and
romanzoffiana
Queen Palms E SSS n P P from afternoon summer sun.

Washingtonia California Fan leaf stem Hardy palm for most urban conditions including waterfront,
filifera Palm
B SSS
spikes n n P P P P although salt laden winds do cause some leaf burn in summer.

Washingtonia Mexican Fan leaf stem Hardy palm for most urban conditions including waterfront
robusta Palm
B SSS
spikes n n P P P P although salt laden winds do cause some leaf burn in summer.

Appendix B Page 165


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
PALMS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Archontophoeni Alexander Palm,


x alexandrae King Palm
E SSSS n P P P Shelter and west sun protection.

Bismarckia
nobilis
Bismark Palm C SSSS n n P P P P Shelter and west sun protection

Wodyetia Foxtail or Not suitable for this region except where sheltered from wind and
bifurcata Wodyetia Palm
E SSSS n P P from afternoon summer sun.

Appendix B Page 166


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Acacia Use in desert parks and any location requiring low irrigation
ehrenbergiana
Samal A S thorns l P status.

Aerva javanica occurs widely throughout the UAE, does not requie
Aerva javanica Al Ara A S l l P P P P irrigation after establishment but has maintenance needs (subtle
trimming) and is yet to be tested in urban environments.

Arthrocnemum
macrostachyum
Hamadh A S l P P P Waterfront species, as yet not produced by nursery industry.

Leptadenia Fire Plant, Very hardy shrub best used as a wind break along highways
pyrotechnica Merekh
A S l P P where there is little or no irrigation.

Appendix B Page 167


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Hardy plant - could be an excellent hedge plant but untested.


Lycium shawii Desert Thorn A S thorns l P P Thorns restrict it's use to hedge planting.

Adenium occurs in mountain regions of Oman, Yemen and Ethiopia


Adenium where it benefits from moist air. It cannot survive in Al Ain or Abu
obesum
Desert Rose B SS sap allergy n n P P P P Dhabi without some irrigation. It is best used where it is not in
direct contact with people.

Hardy locally occuring species in Hajja Mountains. Needs little


Dodonaea
viscosa
Shahus A SS n n P P P water and frequent light trimming to produce a good sustainable
hedge.

Senna italica Senna A SS nl n P P P Small hardy shrub commonly found along wadis beds.

Appendix B Page 168


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Vitex agnus- Chastetree,


castus Vitex
A SS n n P P P P Useful hedge plant and wind break.

Henna is commonly grown in oases and along mountain wadis. It is


Lawsonia Henna Plant,
inermis Mignonette Tree
B SSS n n P P P culturally significant so should also be associated with heritage
sites and community gardens.

Good species for low irrigation water availability. It should be


noted that all species need some water to survive. When new
Calligonum
comosum
Abal A S l P P P landscapes are installed there is a need for low irrigation
application in order to increase or sustain a higher vegetation
density than in natural context.

Best used inland , untested as a landscape plant and will need


Haloxylon
salicornium
Rimth A S l l P P special skills to properly maintain, however well worth developing
for highway landscape use.

Appendix B Page 169


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Can grow well in all areas including primary dune/ foreshore


Heliotropium
curassavicum
Khashafa A S l l P P locations, some salt tolerance. Also untested as a landscape plant
and will need special skills to grow properly.

Adenium occurs in mountain regions of Oman, Yemen and Ethiopia


Adenium
where it benefits from moist air. It cannot survive in Al Ain or Abu
obesum Snowbell B SS sap allergy n n P P P Dhabi without some irrigation. It is best used where it is not in
'Grumbly White'
direct contact with people.

Atriplex Four-wing Very good species for low water demand landscapes, meeting
canescens Saltbush
B SS l P P P P sustainable targets with ease.

Waxy Saltbush, Very good species for low water demand landscapes, meeting
Atriplex glauca
Grey Saltbush
B SS l P P P P sustainable targets with ease.

Appendix B Page 170


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Very good species for low water demand landscapes, meeting


Atriplex halimus Sea Orach B SS l P P P P sustainable targets with ease.

Atriplex Giant or Old Man Very good species for low water demand landscapes, meeting
nummularia Saltbush
B SS l P P P P sustainable targets with ease.

Gazania uniflora Treasure Flower C SS n n P P Hardy species for coastal parks and roadsides.

A hardy species but should not be grown in parks where contact


Jatropha
gossypifolia
Bellyache Bush C SS poisonous n n P P P with children is possible. Can use on highways and other contexts
where human contact is less likely.

Appendix B Page 171


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

A hardy species but should not be grown in parks where contact


Jatropha Peregrina, Spicy
integerrima Jatropha
C SS poisonous n n P P P with children is possible. Can use on highways and other contexts
where human contact is less likely.

Leucophyllum Texas Ranger, Very good hedge plant for most areas, low water demand and easy
frutescens Texas Sage
B SS n n P P P P to maintain.

Punica SS & Commonly grown in oases but should be used as a small tree in
granatum
Pomegranate C
SSS
thorns n n P P P urban areas.

Asclepias
curassavica
Blood Flower C SSS n n P P P P

Appendix B Page 172


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Bird of Paradise,
Caesalpinia Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
gilliesi
Paradise B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
Poinciana

Red bird of
Caesalpinia Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
pulcherrima
paradise, Pride B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
of Barbados

Caesalpinia
Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
pulcherrima Dwarf Poinciana B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
'Dwarf'

Caesalpinia
Pink Dwarf Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
pulcherrima
Poinciana
B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
'Dwarf Pink'

Appendix B Page 173


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Caesalpinia
Red Dwarf Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
pulcherrima
Poinciana
B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
'Red'

Caesalpinia
Yellow Dwarf Very common species, widely used. Needs low water regime but is
pulcherrima var.
Poinciana
B SSS n n P P P P often overwatered.
flava

Carissa poisonous
grandiflora
Natal Plum C SSS
berries n n P P P P Widely used low growing shrub, ideal hedge.

Cestrum Inkberry, Day


diurnum Jasmine
C SSS n n P P P Fragrant shrub best located in background as plant is unattractive.

Appendix B Page 174


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Cestrum
nocturnum
Night Jasmine C SSS n n P P P Fragrant shrub best located in background as plant is unattractive.

Coccoloba Excellent coastal tree with large round leaves and edible fruit, very
grandiflora
Seagrape B SSS nl P P P P tolerant of salt laden winds. Will also grow inland.

Cordyline Ti Plant, Good


fruticosa Luck Plant
D SSS n P P P P Prefers coastal locations, use as an accent plant.

Dombeya Pinkball, Tropical Semi herbaceous large shrub with attractive pink ball flowers.
wallichii Hydrangea
C SSS n n P P P Needs to be in semi shade and shelter.

Appendix B Page 175


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Dombeya x Semi herbaceous large shrub with attractive pink ball flowers.
seminole
Pink Cloud C SSS n n P P P Needs to be in semi shade and shelter.

Blue Butterfly
Duranta repens
Bush
D SSS n n P P Useful blue flowering shrub - needs afternoon summer shade.

Tropical
Hibiscus rosa- In recent years it has been badly damaged by insect attacks and
sinensis
Hibiscus, Rose of C SSS n P P P will present a maintenance problem. It's use is not advised.
China

Hibiscus
syriacus
Rose of Sharon C SSS n n P P Hardy flowering shrub for urban plazas and parks.

Appendix B Page 176


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Malvaviscus
arboreus
Turk's Cap C SSS n n P P P Widely used in public gardens providing colour for most of year.

Malvaviscus
Mexican Turk's
arboreus var
Cap
C SSS n n P P P Widely used in public gardens providing colour for most of year.
mexicanus

Orange Jasmine,
Satin Wood,
Murraya exotica
Honey Bush,
D SSS n P P P Needs shelter and shade from summer afternoon sun
Chinese Box

Murraya Orange Jasmine,


paniculata Chalcas
D SSS n P P Needs shelter and shade from summer afternoon sun

Appendix B Page 177


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Myrtus
communis
True Myrtle D SSS n P P P P Hardy shrub well suited to urban plazas and parks.

Peltophorum
pterocarpum
Copper Pod B SSS n n P P P P Similar to P.inerme but hardier and also suitable for inland areas.

Plumbago Blue Plumbago, Needs careful pruning to sustain good character and grows best in
auriculata Cape Leadwort
D SSS n n P P P P partial shade.

Plumbago Needs careful pruning to sustain good character and grows best in
auriculata 'Alba'
White Plumbago D SSS n n P P P P partial shade.

Appendix B Page 178


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Plumbago Needs careful pruning to sustain good character and grows best in
capensis
Cape Plumbago D SSS n n P P P P partial shade.

Plumeria Frangipani Tree, Widely used in coastal areas, can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
acutifolia Temple Tree
B SSS sap allergy n n P P P P Tolerant of salt laden winds.

Widely used in coastal areas, can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
Plumeria rubra Frangipani C SSS sap allergy n n P P P P Tolerant of salt laden winds.

Pseuderanthem
Purple False Must have shade and shelter. A good plant for under tree locations
um
Eranthemum
D SSS n n P P in parks or urban plazas.
atropurpureum

Appendix B Page 179


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Pseuderanthem Yellow-Vein Must have shade and shelter. A good plant for under tree locations
um reticulatum Eranthemum
D SSS n n P P in parks or urban plazas.

Rhodocoma South African


capensis Restio
D SSS n P P Needs shaded and shelterd location.

Russelia
equisetiformis
Firecracker Plant C SSS n P P Needs shelter and shade from afternoon summer sun.

Scaevola
frutescens
Beach Naupaka B SSS nl P P P P Hardy waterfront species best suited to Abu Dhabi.

Appendix B Page 180


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Tabernaemonta Needs shade from afternoon summer sun and shelter, best used in
na corymbosa
Flower of Love D SSS poisonous n n P P private plazas.

Tabernaemonta Crepe Jasmine, Needs shade from afternoon summer sun and shelter, best used in
na divaricata Pinwheel Flower
D SSS poisonous n n P P private plazas.

Yellow Trumpet Hardy species with wide application, needs little water in winter
Tecoma stans
Bush
B SSS n n P P P P months.

Tecoma x Hardy species with wide application, needs little water in winter
smithii
Orange Bells B SSS n n P P P P months.

Appendix B Page 181


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Tecomaria Cape Hardy species with wide application, needs little water in winter
capensis Honeysuckle
B SSS n n P P P months.

Dwarf
Thunbergia
natalensis
Thunbergia, D SSS n n P P Limited use in urban plaza or community garden context.
Natal Blue Bell

Acalypha Acalypha is a herbaceous shrub that needs shade from afternoon


wilkesiana
Copper Leaf D SSSS n n P P sun. It also needs a moderate level of irrigation.

Acalypha
Hoffman Copper Acalypha is a herbaceous shrub that needs shade from afternoon
wilkesiana
Plant
D SSSS n n P P sun. It also needs a moderate level of irrigation.
'Hoffmani'

Appendix B Page 182


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Acalypha
Yellow Copper Acalypha is a herbaceous shrub that needs shade from afternoon
wilkesiana
Leaf
D SSSS n n P P sun. It also needs a moderate level of irrigation.
'Yellow'

Alocasia
Elephants Ear,
macrorrhiza
Wild Taro
D SSSS n P P Full shade.
detail

Calliandra
brevipes
Pink Powderpuff D SSSS n P P Limited use in urban plazas or parks .

Gardenia Gardenia, Cape Needs a very sheltered and shaded location with daily watering in
augusta Jasmine
E SSSS n P P P summer, best excluded from public and commercial landscapes.

Appendix B Page 183


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
SHRUBS BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES

Gardenia Gardenia, Cape Needs a very sheltered and shaded location with daily watering in
jasminoides Jasmine
E SSSS n P P P summer, best excluded from public and commercial landscapes.

Needs shelter from wind and from afternoon sun, restrict its use
Giant Ixora,
Ixora casei
Malay Ixora
D SSSS n P P P to Abu Dhabi where it has a humid climate. Extreme heat will
cause leaf burn.

Prince of Needs shelter from wind and from afternoon sun, restrict its use
Ixora chinensis Orange, Chinese D SSSS n P P P to Abu Dhabi where it has a humid climate. Extreme heat will
Ixora cause leaf burn.

Needs shelter from wind and from afternoon sun, restrict its use
Jungle Flame,
Ixora coccinea
Jungle Geranium
D SSSS n P P P to Abu Dhabi where it has a humid climate. Extreme heat will
cause leaf burn.

Appendix B Page 184


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Limited use given it has not been developed as a landscape plant.


Crotalaria
aegyptaica
Nzah A S l P P Will need a similar level of sensitive maintenance as Haloxylon and
Aerva javanica .

Indigofera
intricata
Baysha A S l l P P P Use in Al Ain, not suited to humid locations.

A particularly beautiful perennial flower but one that has not been
Boerhavia grown in urban context. Flowers in the winter months then
elegans
Hamra B SS n P virtually disappears so it has limited value in urban landscapes.
The species would require specialist maintenance skills.

Locally occuring species, survives where roots have access to


Capparis moisture (mostly on Jebel Hafeet). Is suitable as a ground cover
spinosa
Caper Plant A SS thorns nl n P P P and has attractive flowers. Will need competent maintenance re
trimming and minimum irrigation.

Appendix B Page 185


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Pennisetum Widespread hardy grass species very suitable for highway


divisum
Bristle Grass A SS nl nl P P P P landscapes and desert parks. Excellent for dune stabilizing.

Crimson or
Pennisetum
setaceum
African Fountain A SS nl nl P P P P Widespread use in urban areas, often overwatered.
Grass

Tephrosia Hardy small shrub for desert areas and low water demand urban
apollinea
Dhafra A SS n P P landscapes. Untried as a urban plant.

Arundo donax Giant Reed B SSSS n n P P

Appendix B Page 186


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Cyperus Hardy waterfront species - needs little water and tolerates salt
laevigatus
Hasal A SS n n P P laden winds.

Thorns severely limit use, impossible to remove weeds from


thorns sap
Euphorbia milii Crown of Thorns D SS
allergy n P P amidst them, low water demand and attractive flowers are the
selling point but this is countered by maintenance issues.

Gazania hybrids Treasure Flower C SS n n P P Hardy species for coastal parks and roadsides.

Pennisetum
Purple or Red
setaceum
Fountain Grass
B SS nl nl P P P P Widespread use in urban areas, often overwatered.
rubrum

Appendix B Page 187


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Feathertop,
Pennisetum
villosum
White Fountain B SS nl nl P P P P Widespread use in urban areas, often overwatered.
Grass

Portulaca
grandiflora
Moss Rose C SS nl P P Widely used summer annual.

Ravenna or
Saccharum Needs to grow next to fresh water or receive higher irrigation rate
ravennae
Sugarcane B SS n P during growing season.
Plume Grass

The best hardy ground cover requiring very low water and
Sesuvium
portulacastrum
Sea Purslane A SS nl nl P P P P maintenance. S. Portulacastrum grows flat on the ground whereas
S. Verrcosum is approx 150 to 200mm height.

Appendix B Page 188


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Sesuvium
Red Sea
portulacastrum
Purslane
A SS nl nl P P P Rusty red version of S.portulacastrum.
Red Form

Sesuvium Taller growing and frequently overwatered. Grows best on a low


verrucosum
Rohama A SS n P P P water regime. Should not be taller than 120mm.

Senecio SS & Perennial suitable for urban street, plaza or park use as a low
cineraria
Dusty Miller D
SSS n n P P water demand ground cover.

Alternanthera Needs partial shade to avoid burning in extreme summer


bettzickiana
Joyweed C SSS n n P P P P conditions.

Appendix B Page 189


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Alternanthera Needs partial shade to avoid burning in extreme summer


flavescens
Yellow Joyweed C SSS n n P P P P conditions.

Alternanthera Needs partial shade to avoid burning in extreme summer


versicolor
Rose Bush C SSS n n P P P P conditions.

Carex
hachijoensis
Japanese Sedge D SSS n P P Attractive grass but needs to be used sparingly

Carissa
Dwarf Natal poisonous
grandiflora
Plum
C SSS
berries n n P P P P Widely used ground cover with low water demand.
'Green Carpet'

Appendix B Page 190


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Carissa
macrocarpa Compact Natal poisonous
'Boxwood Plum
C SSS
berries n n P P P P Widely used ground cover with low water demand.
Beauty'

Catharanthus Madagascar
roseus Periwinkle
C SSS n n P P P P

Clerodendrum Seaside Glory- Widely used as a hedge species, hardy but too often trimmed too
inerme Bower
A SSS n n P P P P hard and dies back leaving exposed woody branches and no leaf.

Mexican
Cuphea
hyssopifolia
Heather, False D SSS n P P P Good ground cover for humid coastal locations.
Heather

Appendix B Page 191


Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual
Appendix B - Plant List

PUBLIC PLACE CATEGORY


STREETSCAPE CATEGORY
COASTAL SUITABILITY
INLAND SUITABILITY
LOCALLY OCCURING

EXPOSURE GROUP

PARK CATEGORY
CLASSIFICATION

COASTAL AREA
IRRIGATION

CATEGORY
HAZARDS
SPECIES
GROUNDCOVER
BOTANIC NAME COMMON NAME USER NOTES
& GRASSES

Dietes Wild Iris, Fairy


grandiflora Iris
D SSS n P P Limitd use in private urban plazas.

Beefsteak Plant, Useful ground cover where shaded from afternoon summer sun.
Iresine herbstii
Bloodleaf
C SSS n P P P P Grows inland and in coastal urban locations.

seeds Commonly used colourful ground cover able to handle full sun.
Lantana camara Lantana C SSS
poisonous n n P P P Overwatering is a common problem