Você está na página 1de 3

ARTICLE-3

CLIMATE CHANGE, AQUACULTURE AND EXTENSION: AN OVERVIEW

Mudada Dibyanath1*, Alok Kumar Jena1, Janmejaya Parhi2 1Research Scholar, College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University, Lembucherra 2Department of Fish genetics and Breeding,College of Fisheries, CAU, Lembucherra Corresponding author’s email:-nath37143@gmail.com

1. INTRODUCTION

Aquaculture and fisheries are the major contributors to food supply, food security and livelihoods option to about hundreds of millions of people around the world. Aquaculture depends on aquatic ecosystems (freshwater, coastal and marine). These ecosystems are already feeling the impact of climate change due to their high sensitivity to changes in temperature, salinity and acidity. As a result, livelihoods dependent on fisheries are expected to be among the first significantly impacted by climate change. Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate defined climate change as “Any change in climate over an extended period of

time, usually a decade or more, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. Changes in climate may be due to natural processes or due to persistent anthropogenic changes in atmosphere or in land use.” Climate changes is mainly due to following factors such as,

I)Biotic factors like volcanic activities, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, Tectonics plate movements etc. II) Anthropogenic activities like deforestation, pollutions, global warming, acid rain etc.

  • 2. Contribution of

aquaculture towards food production and livelihood

Aquaculture remains the major contributors of nutritiousfood sources, food security, income and ultimate livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people around the world.

Aquaculture defined as the farming of aquatic organisms, including fishes, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic plants farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production viz. stocking, feeding, management and also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated (FAO, 2014).Currently, the world aquaculture production has increased from 55.7 MT in 2009 to 73.8 MT in 2014. However, world per capita fish consumption has increased from an average of 9.9 Kg in the 1990s to about 20.1 kg in 2016 for

about 7.3 billion population around the world. There about 56.6 million of people of the world directly and indirectly engaged with fisheries sector for their livelihood in the field of production, post-harvest services, marketing and distribution etc.

Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î SRR Aqua Suppliers .. HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover Impeller Bush & Bush
Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î
SRR Aqua Suppliers ..
HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover
Impeller Bush & Bush Stand
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
SRR
SRR
SRR
SRR AAAAA QUA
SRR
QUA
QUA
QUA
QUA
Gear Box & Motor SS Frames
SS Shaft Worm Gear
AAAAAquaculture Products
Worm Shaft
Flower Shaft
www.srraqua.com
info@srraqua.com
V.SUBBA RAJU, 76600 92645. 76600 72645
Dealers for : SRR Aqua Suppliers (I). Manufacturers
of Paddle Wheel Aerators & Spares
Shop Address : 1-3-32/3, KNF Road,
Opp : Vinayaka Temple, Black Bridge,
Main Road, AMALAPURAM-533 201.
A.P. E.G.D.t., web : www.srraqua.com
J : 08856-235645
PAGE
32

www.aquastarmagazine.com

Aqua Star - APRIL - 2017

ARTICLE-3

3. Impact of Climate Change on Aquaculture

ARTICLE-3 3. Impact of Climate Change on Aquaculture Fig.1. Impact of climate change on Aquaculture Climate

Fig.1. Impact of climate change on Aquaculture

Climate change has both direct as well as indirect impact on the aquaculture which ultimately affects

the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people around the world on which they depends. The

livelihoods of small-scale fish farmers and fishers in developing small island states, drought-prone countries, and developing countries of South and South-East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are already reported to be significantly affected (FAO, 2014).Climate change is transforming the context in which the world’s 56.6 million fishers and fish farmers live and work. This is posing a major threat to their livelihoods and the ecosystems on which they depend.Some of these impacts of climate changes on aquaculture are discussed here.

3.1. Direct impacts

Global warming and increased temperature affects the waterlevel, quality, quantity and survival of fishes in the ponds. Due to global warming causes the melt of icebergs as a result sea level rises and entering in to the river banks resulting in increase in saline water intrusion that affects the freshwater culture practices. It causes water stress as a result affecting aquaculture in non- perennial water bodies. Changes in monsoon patterns and the occurrence of extreme

weather events.

Best Wishes Greetings to our aqua farmers ... VA SISTAAAAA MARINE VA VA VA SIST VA
Best Wishes Greetings to our aqua farmers ...
VA SISTAAAAA MARINE
VA
VA
VA SIST
VA SIST
SIST
SIST
MARINE
MARINE
MARINE
MARINE
SHRIMP HA
SHRIMP
SHRIMP
SHRIMP HATCHERIES
SHRIMP HA TCHERIES
HA
HA
TCHERIES
TCHERIES
TCHERIES
KAVALIPURAM (VIA) TANUKU
Cell : 93936 44469. West Godavari Dist.,
Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î SRR Aqua Suppliers .. HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover Impeller Bush & Bush
Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î
SRR Aqua Suppliers ..
HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover
Impeller Bush & Bush Stand
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
SRR
SRR
SRR
SRR AAAAA QUA
SRR
QUA
QUA
QUA
QUA
Gear Box & Motor SS Frames
SS Shaft Worm Gear
AAAAAquaculture Products
Worm Shaft
Flower Shaft
www.srraqua.com
info@srraqua.com
V.SUBBA RAJU, 76600 92645. 76600 72645
Dealers for : SRR Aqua Suppliers (I). Manufacturers
of Paddle Wheel Aerators & Spares
Shop Address : 1-3-32/3, KNF Road,
Opp : Vinayaka Temple, Black Bridge,
Main Road, AMALAPURAM-533 201.
A.P. E.G.D.t., web : www.srraqua.com
J : 08856-235645
PAGE
33

www.aquastarmagazine.com

Aqua Star - APRIL - 2017

ARTICLE-3

3.2. Indirect impacts It incidences diseases outbreaks

which affects the aquatic animals. It damages the biodiversity, breeding habitats of native aquatic animals.

4.Possible adaptive measures

for climate changes in aquaculture:

Some tips Institutional, policy and planning measures. It includes as follows

Implementation of ecosystem approach to aquaculture as a global strategy. Prioritizing and enhancing mariculture and non-feed aquaculture. Enhancing the use of suitable inland water bodies through culture based fisheries and appropriate stock enhancement practice.

Aquaculture insurance.

Research and technology transfer. Aquaculture zoning and monitoring.

5.Livelihood related adaptive strategies for aquaculturists against climate change

Generation of alternative livelihood resources;

Community awareness programmes for disaster management; Construction of coastal embankments for cyclone protection; Construction of cyclone shelters; Mixed culture of fish species to fight salinity changes; Building higher dikes around aquaculture farms to deal with flood and development of water irrigations facilities for coastal aquaculture to tackle drought situation. Providing feedback to government and interested agencies with situation reports on various causes of climate change and its effects. Conducting technology demonstrations coupled with capacity building of farmers as to how to mitigate or adapt to the effects of climate change. Organizing seminars, exposure visits, workshops and field days on climate risk management. Use of farmer-to-farmer

extension strategy to promote awareness and adoption of climate resilient best practices. Use of information communication technologies. E.g. Kisan Mobile Advisory Services (KMAS). Formation of Young Farmer Clubs (YFC) and organizing farmer field schools to encourage farmers in mutually learning about climate change issues and fostering joint decisions in executing consensus based adaptation options. 6. Conclusion Extension plays an important role in empowering farmers and helping them mitigate and adapt to climate change.Collaborative efforts of Government, private institutions and other stake holders can effectively mitigate the challenge arising from climate change on aquaculture.So these institutions through extension agency train the people how to prepare themselves to face such climate change so that the risk on aquaculture can be minimized.

Scientist's, Professor's and Students can send their ARTICLES for publication : AQUA STAR, Rithwika Towers, 1st Floor, A4, # 48-15-22/1, Gandhipuram-1, Rajahmundry-533103. E.G.Dt., A.P. Cell: +91 98481 67720. e-mail: aquastar9@gmail.com

Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î SRR Aqua Suppliers .. HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover Impeller Bush & Bush
Ô~·`«∞ ™È^Œ~°∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí"å~°Î
SRR Aqua Suppliers ..
HDPE Float HDPE Motor Cover
Impeller Bush & Bush Stand
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
LALITHA ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
SRR
SRR
SRR
SRR AAAAA QUA
SRR
QUA
QUA
QUA
QUA
Gear Box & Motor SS Frames
SS Shaft Worm Gear
AAAAAquaculture Products
Worm Shaft
Flower Shaft
www.srraqua.com
info@srraqua.com
V.SUBBA RAJU, 76600 92645. 76600 72645
Dealers for : SRR Aqua Suppliers (I). Manufacturers
of Paddle Wheel Aerators & Spares
Shop Address : 1-3-32/3, KNF Road,
Opp : Vinayaka Temple, Black Bridge,
Main Road, AMALAPURAM-533 201.
A.P. E.G.D.t., web : www.srraqua.com
J : 08856-235645
PAGE
34

www.aquastarmagazine.com

Aqua Star - APRIL - 2017