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T HE NEW
GL U T T O N O R EP I C U RE
H OR AC E F LE TC H E R S '
WO R ! S

TH E A B - Z . . . OF OUR OWN NU
T RIT IO N i ud .
4 50 pp .
Ju s t ss e .

T H E N E W M E N T IC U L T U R E ; o n ,

T A B C
HE T
- - L F ti o r RU E IV IN G . or

eth th d 3 pp
o u san . 10 .

T H E N E W G LU T T O N O R E P I
CUR E ; E ON O M N T T O N
O R, C IC U RI I .

34 4 pp Ju t i u d
. s ss e .

H A PP IN E SS A F m S F O U N D IN
'
o az m o u c

MIN U S F A T G T T th th u
E R HOU H . en o

sand s pp. z I .

T H A T L A S T W A IF ; R S A O , OCI L

! A AN T N
U R 7 pp I E . 2 0 .
THE

N E W G L U TTO N
OR

E P IC U R E

BY

H O R AC E F L E TC H E R

N E W YO R !
FRE D ERIC ! A ST O ! ES CO M PAN Y
.

1 9 05
COP Y R G I HT , 1 8 99, 1903

BY H O R AC E F L E TC H ER

P ubli h d
s e No v brem e ,
1
90 3

TH E N I R I TY
U V E S P RE SS
C A M B R I D G E U . S . A
.
P R E F AC E


The o rigi nal G l utton or E picure

h as bee n completely revi sed an d m uch


e n la rged i nc l ud i n g c o n si derabl e n e w
,

matter adde d i n th e form of testimony


by competen t i nvestigators wh ich con ,

rm s the original claims O f the book


an d supple me nts the m wi th i mportan t
suggestions .


The N ew G lutto n or E picure is

now i ssued as a companio n vol u me to


the A B Z o f O ur O wn N u trition i n

. .
-
.
,

the A B C . . . is i ntended to
broa d e n th e ill ustratio n Of th e necessity
of dietetic eco nomy i n th e p ursui t of an
easy way to successful l ivi ng i n a man ,

ner calculated to appeal to a varie ty Of


readers ; and wherei n i t may suggest th e
scrappi ness and extravagance Of a n i n
temperate screed the author j oi n s i n ,
vi PRE FACE
the cri ticism Of the purists and Off ers i n
apology th e excuse that s o -cal led screeds
sometimes attract atte ntion where more
sobe r state me nt fails to be heard .

E special atte ntio n i s i nvi ted to th e


E xplanation of the A B C Series at
. . .

,

the back of this v olum e as showi ng the


,

desirability of regard for enviro nmen t i n


all its phases ; and al so to the section ,

Tell -tale E xcre ta on page 1 4 2 an


, ,

evidence of righ t or faul ty feedi ng per


s i s te n tl y neglec ted heretofore but Of ,

u tm ost i mportance i n a broad study O f


the n utri tion problem .

The professional appro val Of D rs Van .

S omeren H iggins Kellogg and Dewey


, , , ,

representi ng wide di fferenc es of points


O f V iew and opportuni ty of application ,

are most val uable con tri butions to th e


subj ec t
. T he conrmatio n Of h igh
physiol ogical authori ty stre ngthens this
professional endorsem e nt .The testi
m ony of lay colleagues given is equally
val uabl e and comes from wi d ely sepa
rated experiences and from observers
,
PRE FACE v

whose evi d e nce ca r rie s great weigh t .

T he co mman d ante of a battleship cruis


i ng i n foreign wate rs and represe nting
the n ation al desce nt Of L uigi C ornaro ;
a general m a nage r o f o n e of the l argest
i nsu rance compan ies Of the world ; a
cosmopol itan artist of American farm
birth an d Fre nc h matri mo nial choice
an d reside nce ; an d a disti nguished o n
vi z/a n t each with a worl d O f expe rience
, ,

test ifyi ng i n thei r own manne r of expres


sion is appreciate d as most val uabl e
,

assistance to th e cause of econom ic


d ie tetic reform .

D uring the origi nal experi me n ts i n


C hicago and i n Dayton O h io the origi
, , ,

n ator was m uch i n d ebte d to J ames H .

L acey E squi re o f N ew O rl eans L a


, , , .
,

a nd C edar R api d s for helpful s u gge s


,

tions wh ic h h is early trai n ing as a


,

pharmaceutical chem ist re ndere d him


able to give .

T here are al so n ume rous altruistic ,

self-sa cr i ci n g wome n w h o h ave bee n


,

active colleagues o f th e author i n testing


v i PRE FACE
the vi rtues o f an eco n omic n utrition and ,

who have greatly assisted in m aking


the economy an add ed new pleasure of
life i nstea d Of being a restrai nt or a de
,

privation This is accomplishe d e asily


.

by a change of attitude towards th e ques


tion and i n such reform women m ust
,

h ave an important part to play To .

their kindly mean t but hygienically n u


,

wise aggressive hospital i ty i n beggi ng


, ,

frien d s to eat an d d rink m ore than they


wan t j ust to satisfy thei r o wn generous
,

i mpulses i s due m uch of the m ilde r


,

gl uttony that is prevalen t .

I mposition upon th e bo d y Of any


excess o f food or dri nk i s o n e Of the
most d angerous and far-reach i ng Of self
abuses ; because w hatever the body has
n o need Of at the momen t m us t be gotten
rid of at th e expen se O f m uch val uabl e
e nergy take n away from brain service -
.

H ence i t is that whe n the re is i ntesti nal


constipation th e energy rese rve is low
-

ered e normously and even where the re


,

i s no painful Obstruction the mere pas


,
PR EF ACE ix
sage o f waste through some twenty to
twe nty ve fee t of convol uted i n testinal
-

canal is a great tax upo n avail able mental


and physical power ; an d th is disabili ty
i s O fte n imposed o n i n n oc en t me n by
wel l -meani ng wom en i n the exerci se o f
a too aggressive hospi tali ty .

Menti on of constipatio n suggests an


oth er refere nce to o n e of th e specially
new featu res o f this d iscussion i nsisted
,

upon by a trul y econom ic and aesthetic


n utritio n an d h erei n lifte d o u t o f th e
,

depth s o f a m orb i d prej udice to testify


to the necessity o f care i n the m anne r
o f taking food for th e m ainte nance o f

a respec tabl e sel f respect


- . S o rmly
roote d is th e fallacy that a daily gener
o u s de f ecatio n is necessa ry to h ealth

that less freque n t period ici ty is looked


u pon with alarm whereas a norm ally
,

economic n utritio n is p r aw n by greate r


i nfrequen cy accompan ied by a n en ti re
,

absence o f di f culty i n d efecating an d by


esca pe fro m the usual putridity d ue to
th e n ec essi ty of bacteri al d ecomposition.
x PRE FACE
T o illustrate th e prevailing ignorance
relative to this m ost important necessity
o f sel f-c are an d al so a traditional p r ej u
,

d ice eve n among p hysi cians the follow


, ,

ing extract from a lette r j ust received is


given : You ask me to de ne more
exactly what I mean by c onstipati on ;
th is is n o t at all di f cul t ; I m ean ski p
pi ng a day i n having a c al l to stool .

There was no troubl e about i t and the ,

quanti ty was not l arge b u t whe n I m en


,

ti o n e d i t to my doctor h e advised me to
stop chewi ng if it i nte rfered wi th the
regular daily stools I m ust confess that
.

I neve r f el t so well as wh ile I was chew


i ng a n d sippi ng i nstead o f th e hasty
,

bol ti ng a n d gulpi n g which o n e is apt to


do o n though tless o r busy occasions but ,

I don t thi nk it i s worth wh il e for a ch ap


to m onkey with h i s hygienic departmen t


whe n he is e mployi ng a profession al
regularly to tell h im the latest ki nk

about heal th . To th i s surprisi ng state

o f th e evide nce of prof essionals

l ike Van Someren Kellogg H iggi ns


, , ,
PRE FACE xi
an d D ewey as wel l as that of th e great
,

me n o f physiol ogy who h ave spoken


h erei n an d i n the A B -Z o f O ur O wn
, . . .


N utriti on gives hopeful answer but
, ,

sugges ts a warni ng .

The auth or has notice d that imme


d i a te l y fol k begi n to give attentio n to
'
any n e w r g zm e rel ative to diet exercise , ,

me ntal discipl i ne or whatever el se they, ,

begi n to charge all u n usual happe ni ngs


to the ch ange of habi t wh ereas before ,

th e same th ings we re comm on b ut n u


notice d E ven am o ng me n o f sc ientic
.

h abit o f though t un d uly con stipate d by


,

s tal e co nse rvatism the o l d o l d corpse o f


, ,

trad i tion T h e acc um ul ate d expe rie nce


,


o f the wh ol e race m ust be correc t is ,

revive d an d used i n argume n t co n te n


ti o u s l y ; but to th is relapse i nto non
s ci e n ti c re asoni ng comes the reply :

I f the accu m ulate d expe rience of the


h u man race is evi d e nce that c rime and
diseas e are natural then disease and ,

crim e are good thi ngs an d shoul d not



be d isc o u rage d .
xii PRE FACE
There are many sorts o f constipatio n ,

th e worst of wh ich are constipation of


affection o f appreciation of grati tude
, , ,

and of all the constructive vi rtues wh ich


constitute true al truism L et us avoid .

si nn ing i n this regard ! I n p ursu it of


th is th ough t the following is apr op o s

S P EC I A L R E C O G N I T I O N
The au th or wishes h ere also to ex , ,

press gratitude to many who have n ot


gured by n ame i n th e A B or
. .

elsewhere herei n but whose assistance, ,

e ncouragem en t cri ticism and exampl e


, ,

h ave helped th e cause along i n o n e way


o r another O f these many friends a
.

few are qu ickly recalled but not n ece s ,

s a r i l y i n the order o f thei r frie n dly ser

vice To J oh n H P atterson E squi re of


. .
, ,

Dayton O h io ; C ol James F O S h au gh
,
. .

nessy of N ew York ; S tewart C hish ol m


, ,

E squ ire o f C leveland O hio ; Fred E


, ,
.

W adsworth E squire of Detroit Michi


, , ,

gan ; and H enry C Butche r E squire of .


, ,

P hil adelph ia are due m uch f or e n co u r


,
PRE FACE xii i
age m e n i n purs uing th e i nvestigation
t
at cri tical m omen ts of the struggle ; as
wel l as to H on W ill iam Van P atten.
,

o f Burli ngton Vermo n t whose i n terest , ,

i n the S eries began with Me n

ti cu l tu r e an d h as contin ued u nabated .

I n Dr S wan M B urnett o f W ash ing


. .
,

ton D C h as bee n e nj oyed a m entor


,
. .
,

with great scie ntic discrimi nati o n an d


a sympathy i n the renements of art and
sentime nt as expresse d i n J apanese aes
,

t heti c c ivil isation wh ich has been ex ,

tr e m e l y encou raging and m ost i nspi ri ng


i n relati on to th e whol e A B C i d ea . . . .

From G ervais Kerr E squire of Ve n , ,

ice came o ne of th e i mportant s u gge s


,

tions incorporate d i n the A B -Z P ri me r ; . . .

and the yo ung Venetian artist E C , . .

L eo n Boeh m rendered great se rvice i n


,

stu d ying habits of die tetics among the


peoples of th e Balkan P en i nsular i n ,

T urkey along th e D al matian C oast an d


, ,

i n C roatia .

P ro f W ill iam J ames of H arvard


.
,

U niversi ty i n h is G i ff o r d L ec tures at
,
xiv PRE FACE
the U n iversi ty of E di nburg Scotland , ,

publ ishe d u nder the ti tle o f T h e V a



r i e ti es o f R eligious E xpe rience gave ,

the practical reform atory e ffort o f the



S eries a great i mpetus by
quoting approvi ngly from Me n ti cu l


ture and H appi ness C om ing fro m
.

a teach er of ph ilosophy and psychology ,

with a physiological training and a n


M D degree to support th e approval
. .
,

recogn itio n is m uch apprec iated ; bu t ,

i n addi tio n to h is publ ished u tterances ,

D r J ames has fol lowed the psych o


.

physiological studies o f th e move me n t


wi th i nterest and has give n m uch val ue d
,

e ncourageme n t .

T h is does not begi n to compl ete the


l ist o f those to whom the author o wes a
debt o f especial gratitude The argus .

eye d vigilance O f the c ollec tors and


doctors of worl d news who m ould publ ic
-
,

O pi n ion i n a great m easure has brough t ,

to the cause of d ietetic reform estab


l i s h e d upo n an aesthe tic basis thei r
ki ndly assistance but as usual they
, , ,
PRE FACE xv
'
p refe r to remai n zm og I n this s ecl u .

sio n howeve r R al ph D Bl umenfeld


, , .
,

E squ i r e o f L o n d on an d R oswel l Marti n


, ,

Field E s qu ire o f C hicago can not be i n


, , ,

cl u d ed ; ne i th er can C harle s J ay T ayl or ,

the originator of the T aylo r M aid gi rl


- .

J am es P R eill y E squi re o f N ew York


.
, , ,

has l igh tened the l abours of th e i nvesti


gator an d has stre ngth ened h is arm i n
,

m any ways ; as h ave also Messrs B F . . .

S teve ns and Brown o f L o ndon not , ,

al one as m ost e fcie n t age nts b u t as ,

friends i n te reste d i n th e cause i n hand .

I n the various books o f the series o ppo r


tu n i ty has occu rre d to express app r e ci a
t ion o f many sympathetic friendships ,

an d i n heart and m emory they h old per


p e tu al carn ival T o. Maj or T h omas E .

D avis of the N ew Or l ea n s P i cay u n e is


, ,

d ue m ore th an mere express io n o f grati


tude for excellen t editorial s o n o u r sub
j ec t ; an d across th e ocean S i r Thomas ,

Barlo w the p rivate physici an o f K i n g


,

E d ward V I I D r L eonard H uxl ey P rof


,
.
, .

Alfred Marshal l o f C am bridge U nive r


,
xvi PRE FACE
an d R eginald Barratt E squ ire of
s i ty , , ,

L ondon have bee n m ost sympathetic


,

and assistful O n both sides of the


.

waters W illiam Dana O rc utt E squire


, , ,

of T he U n iversity P ress C ambridge , ,

M assach usetts and Frederick A Stokes


, .
,

E squire o f N ew York have added friend


, ,

sh ip for th e cause to m uch appreciated


practical assistance .

These an d many oth ers are preferred


c reditors of gratitude i n addition to ,

th ose wh ose m en tion is e mbodied el se


w here i n th e various boo ks of th e

Series .

As attempted to be sh own i n the


AB . . under th e caption Bunch ing

H i ts a n d P e rs o n al U m p i r i n g t h i s ,

study of men ticul tu re from th e bas is of


econom ic and ep i c urean n utriti on i n ,

conn ection wi th a puried exterior an d



i nteri or e nvi ronmen t is team -work as , ,

i n football c ricke t or baseb al l and a


, , ,

laudable e nthusias m is a n importan t


feature of th e gam e ; h ence to concl ude , ,

th is especial book being a personal co n


,
P R E F AC E

TO 1
9 0 6 E D ITIO N S

fo rm e r i n tr o d u c t i o n s w e re wr i tte n
S I N CE th e
m u c h s u c c e ss h as b e e n a tt a i n e d i n fu r t h e r a d

v a n ci n
g th e r e fo rm s a d vo c a te d i n th e A B C . . .

L if e S er i es Pro fe ss o r Ch i tte n d e n h as p u b
.

l i s h e d h i s re p o rt o n th e Ya l e e x p e r i m e n t s i n
b o o k fo rm i n b o th Am e ri c a an d E n g l a n d
1
,

a n d h i s r e s u l t s h av e b e e n a c c e p te d i n s c i e n t i c

c i r c l e s th e w o r l d o ve r as a u th o r i tat i ve l y co n
e l u s i ve .

At th e p re s e n t w r i t i n g th e m o s t i m p o rta n t
H e al th o ard s o f u ro p e a r e p l a n n i n g to p u t th e
B E 3

n e w s t a n d ar d s o f d i e t a r y e c o n o m y i n t o p r a c t i c a l

u s e a m o n g p u b l i c c h ar g e s i n a m a n n e r t h a t can

o n ly r e s u l t i n b e n e t to th e w a r d s o f th e n a t i o n s

as w e ll a s m ak e a n i m p o r ta n t s av i n g to th e ta x

p ay e r s I n th e m o s t i m p o rta n t o f th e s e fo r e ig n
.

p u b l i c h e al th d e p a r t m e n ts th e H e al t h O f c e r o f
th e B o a rd h as h i m s e lf p ra c ti s e d th e n e w ly e s
tabl i s h e d e c o n o m y fo r tw o y e ar s a n d h i s p l a n s ,

Ph y i l gi l E
1 y in N utri t i n Th Fr d r i k A
s o o ca co n o m o e e e c .

S t k C p y N w Y rk
o es o m an , e o .

Willi H 2 am L dn e r n e m an n : o n o

u th r i s t y t p r i tt d t p ubli h th p rti ul rs
.

Th 3
e a o n o e e m e o s e a c a

of th r f r i pr
e se e o b t h
m h
s f i l i f r
n ti
o ce s s , u e as o c a n o m a o n

r g rd i n g t h
e a d i i fu ll y p t h y w i t h t h
em an s n s m a em .
xx PRE FACE
ar e fo rm u l ate d o n p e rs o n a l e x p e ri e n c e w h i ch
fu lly c o n rm s P ro fe ss o r C h i tte n d e n s r e p o rt an d

th at o f th e a u t h o r a s h e re i n r e l at e d .

At a m i ss i o n ary a gr i c u l t u r al c o ll e g e s i t u ate d ,

n e ar N a shv i ll e Te n n
,
.w h e re th e s t u d e n ts e arn
,

t h e i r t u i t i o n a n d th e i r b o ard w h i l e p u r s u i n g
'
t h e i r s tu di e s a s i x m o n t hs te s t o f w h at i s t e r m e d
,

Fl e tch e r i s m re s u l te d i n a s avi n g o f ab o u t o n e
h alf o f th e d rafts o n th e c o m m i ss ary i m m u n i ty ,

fr o m i ll n e ss i n c re a s e d e n e rgy s tre n gth an d e n


, ,

d u r a n c e an d g e n e ra l a d o p ti o n o f th e s u gg e s ti o n s
,

p u b l i sh e d i n th e s ev e ra l b o o k s o f th e a u th o r i n
c l u d e d i n th e A B C s e S er i es
. . . .

I n th e var i o u s d e p artm e n ts an d b ra n ch e s o f
th e B a ttl e Cr e e k S a n i t ar i u m i n Am e r i c a an d ,

w id e ly s c a tt e re d o ve r th e w o r l d s o m e e ig h t
,

h u n d re d e m p l o y e e s a n d th o u s an d s o f p at i e n ts
h ave b e e n a c c u m u l at i n g e vid e n c e o f th e e f c a c y
o f F l e t ch e ri s m fo r m o r e t h a n t h r e e y e ar s a n d ,

s c ar c e a m o n th p as s e s w i t h o u t a l e tte r fr o m D r .

! e ll o gg to th e a u t h o r c o n t a i n i n g n e w t e s ti m o ny
c o n rm i n g th e A B C s e l e ct i o n s an d s u g
. . .

g e s ti o n s
.

Th e a u t h o r h as re c e i v e d w i th i n th e p a s t two
y e ar s m o re t h an a th o u s a n d l e tte r s b e a ri n g th e
a pp r o v a l O f th e w r i te r s w i th r e p o r t O f b e n e ts

re c e i ve d w h i ch s e e m al m o s t m i ra c u l o u s an d ,

t h e s e i n c l u d e th e l e ad e r s i n m a ny b ra n ch e s
O f h u m a n o c c u p at i o n p h y s i o l o gi s ts s u rg e o n s
, ,
PRE F ACE xx i

m e d i c al p ra c t i t i o n e rs art i s ts b u s i n e ss m e n l i t
, , ,

e r a r y w o rk e r s a th l e te s w o r k i n g m e n a n d w o m e n
, , ,

a n d a l m o s t e ve ry d e g re e o f m e n ta l an d p h y s i ca l

a c t i v i ty
.

O n e o f th e m e di c a l a d v i s e r s o f ! i n g E d w ar d ,

o f w h o m th e ! i n g o n c e s a id : H e i s a s p l e n di d
d o c t o r b u t a p o o r c o u rt i e r fo ll o w s th e s u gge s
,

ti o n s o f th e s e b o o ks i n p re s cr ibi n g to h i s
s u m p t u o u s cl i e n t s
.
C O N TE N TS

PACE

P R E FACE
SPE CIAL RE COGNITION xh

TH E N E W GLUTION E PICUR E

OR

TH E P E RSONAL C ASE AN D E ND ORSE M E NT OF


D R E RNE ST VAN SO ME R E N
. Io

E xpE RIMENTs UPO N H U M AN N UTR ITI O N N OTE .

E V SIR M I CHAE L F OS TE R ! C B M P , . . .
, . .
,

F R S. . . 1 8
PROF E SSOR CH IIT E ND E N S RE P OR T ON TH E

AUTH O R 25

VARs r r V-C R E W E X E RCISES U ND E R D R WIL .

LIAM G AND E RSON O F YALE UNIV E RSITY


.
,

32
TH E ATWATE R -B E NE DI CT C ALO R IM E TE R -M E A S

M I LITA RY SCI E NTI FI C C OOPE RATION


-

D R ! E LLOGG S APPRE CIATI ON


.

E XTRACTS FROM D R E DWARD H OO! E R D E WE Y


.

AN AG RE E AB LE E ND URANCE TE ST
E DWARD W RE D FIE LD S E VIDE N CE
.

G E N E RAL O BSE RVATI ONS IO I

O UR N ATURAL G UARD IANS 1 06


xxiv CON TE N TS
P AG E

O BJ E CTIONS C ONSIDE R E D 1 1 7
TH E M IND P OWE R P LANT ~
1 32
TE LL-TALE E XCRE TA 142

SCI E NTI FI C O BSE RVATI ON OF A LITE RARY TE ST


SUBJ E CT I4 7

WH AT SE NSE ? TASTE 1 51
D R M ON! S BOSTON ; AND PRO F ME TCH NI
.
, .

KOFF PAR IS ; E LONGATE D I NTESTINE S


, 76
1

AUTH OR S P E RSONAL E XPE RI E NCE



18 8

SO M E PE RTINE NT ! UE RI ES I
9S
I MPO RTAN T CO N FI RM ATI ON :

C OMMANDANTE C E SARE AGNE LLI 2 06

C LAR E NCE F Lo w ES! UI RE


.
, 2 1 1

A F IV E YE ARS LAY E XP E RIE NCE



:

BARON RANDOLP H N ATILI


D R H U BE RT H I GG INS CASE AN D C OMM E NT
.

226

2 36

G IV E TH E BAB IES A C HANCE 26


5

M UN CHIN G P ARTIE S AN D TH E

C HE WIN G
F AD 2 70
SPE CIME N E CONOMI C D INNE R 28
3
D IE T IN TH E YALE EXAM INATI ON OF TH E AH
TH OR 296

I NFLU E NCE OF SU GGESTION 30 0


F LE TCHE RISIN G COMP LE TE M EANIN G
:

30 8
E XP LAN ATION OF TH E A B C SERIE S . . .
31 5
2 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPIC URE
requirements i n o u r o w n nutri tion i t i s ,

perh aps bette r put than the same author


could now d o ; th at is if i ntended for
,

th e e nlightenme n t o f pe rsons whose c uri


o s i t has n ot yet bee n exci ted or whose
y ,

i nterest i n thei r n u tri tive wel fare is still


you ng and inexpe rie nced .

W i th regard to th e stateme n t that

whatever has no taste is not n utri



tious copied fro m a high e ducati onal
,

authority correction certainly m ust be


,

m ade . P ure proteid has n o perceptible


taste as measured by taste -bud appr e
ci ati o n any more than pure water has
,

speci c taste and ye t who m ay not say


,


that water tastes good whe n o n e is

real ly thi rsty Taste i s a very subtle


.

sense an d is closely alli ed to feeli ng .

T hi ngs are o fte n sai d to taste good


because th ey feel good i n the mouth o r
to the th roat as they descend to th e
stomach .

R egarding also the a d vice to remove


from the m outh refractory substance that
the tee th an d sal iva can n ot re d uce to a
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 3

c on d itio n to excite the S wall owing Im


pulse T he re is th eoretical an d ac tual
.

n utri me n t i n th e cotto ny bre of tough


l obste r o r poor sh or lean pork and
, , ,

there is goo d reason to bel ieve that a


s trong digestive apparatus ca n take care
'
o f such to ugh substance af ter a
f as /i zo n

an d ge t n utri me nt o u t of i t I n the
.

sam e way the h ard woody bre o f Ol d


,

n uts i s th e ide ntical mate rial that was


rich i n j uicy oils and proteid whe n th e
n uts were fresh but i f swallowe d i n th e
,

tough ene d condition that age bri ngs to


n uts i t is bu t sl owly red uced i n the
,

sto mach and in testi nes an d o nly at eno r


m ous expense I f pu tr i facti ve bacterial
.

decomposition has to be resorted to to


get ri d o f the stu ff th e process is the n
poiso nous as well as di fficul t .

Accor d i ng to physiol ogical authori ty


which we must for th e m oment accept
, , ,

proteid is a vitally-necess ary mate rial


and we cannot a fford to waste i t O u r .

life d epends upon pro teid to replace the


waste o f muscular tissue wh ich occurs
4 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
with eve ry movemen t but when even
,

good proteid is fou nd by the mouth to


be i n a form that is too refractory for
th e teeth to h andle i t is poor policy to
,

send i t on to th e toothless stomach and


i n testi nes for th e accompl ishme nt of the
red ucti on I f the mouth can n ot handle
.


what i ts guardian senses don t l ike i t ,

can spit i t out and get ri d of i t i m m e di


ately ; bu t if the s tomach or i ntesti nes
are a fflicted with somethi ng that i s
h arder than they can easily take care of ,

they h a v e to call i n th e assistance of


bacterial scavengers whose method i s
poisonous decomposi tion and whose fee
,

i s putridity o f odour pen etrating the


w hol e syste m and issu ing at every pore ,

maki ng C ol ogne wate r a l arge com


m o di ty eve n i n s o -called P ol i te S ociety .

There are d iscernibl e i n the mou th


d isti nct se nses of discrimi nation against
substance that is undesirable for the
system I f the mouth senses are per
.

m i tte d to express an opi n ion thei r a n


,

ti pa th y is easily read . I t is far safer to


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 5

S pi t out what th e natural i mpul se of


swallowi ng hesitates at o r fails to suc k ,

u p wi th avidi ty , th an i t i s to force a
swallo w i ng to ge t rid of i t simply to

satisfy a prud ish tabl e m an ner o h


j i To avoid impoli te n de m

e ct .o n co

nati on we really make hogs o f ourselves

o n the S l y and vulgar slang alone is


,

appropriate to exp ress th e shame f ul


confession .

As a matte r of fac t if o n e faithfully


,

practise m outh th oroughness i n con


n e cti o n with al l h is food for a term of a

few weeks he will nd that th e appetite


,

ceases to invi te the sort of th ings that


have to be spit out Th e appeti te grad
.
~

u al l bu t u nfail i ngly i ncl i nes to foods


y
that are protable al l the way th rough ,

and i n wh ich there i s l ittle o r n o waste .

T his revelation al one S hows a delicate


useful ness of Appeti te that h as escaped
stude nts o f th e h uman se nses .

I n the matte r of the i nsal ivatio n o f


l i qu ids evidence co nti nues to accumulate
,

to S how that i n the prese n t p revalence


6 TH E N EW GLUTTO N OR EP I CURE
o or soft foo d s l ies the great d an
f l iquid
ge r to the digesti v e econom y o f man .

Th rough them mouth work becomes


,

neglected and th e tende ncy is to force


,

th e stomac h and i ntesti nes to take o n


the work of the powe rful m outh m uscles
and gl ands i n additio n to th ei r own
work and i n the straining that ensues
,

trouble begins .

There is n o w no do ubt but th at ta s te


i s evide nce of a chem ical process goi ng
o n that S hould not be i nterrupted o r
transfe rred to th e i nte ri or of the body .

Tried upon m ilk for so l ong a period as


seven tee n days d uri ng which n oth ing
,

was take n but m ilk n ot eve n water


, ,

thorough i nsal ivation secured more than


a twenty- ve per cen t econo m y i n actual
assimilatio n ; not alon e with one subj ec t ,

but wi th no less than ve pe rsons l ivi ng


,

o n m i lk fro m the same cow and all of


,

whose strict test h istory was recorded .

I t seems also to be the o nly way i n


wh ich a practically O dou rl ess sol id ex
c reta is obtai nable a n d th is i s certai nly
,
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR E PICURE 7

evi d e nce worth considering an d a de


s i de r a tu m wo rth striving for .

W h ile i t is a n excelle nt thi ng to


give thorough mouth atte ntion to any
thi ng take n in to the bo d y to solids
,

al one eve n if l iqui d s are neglected the


, ,

best economic an d cl eanl y resul ts are


o nl y obtained wh en all substances both ,

l iqu id an d sol id are e ithe r m u nch ed o r


,

taste d o u t o f existence as i t were and


, ,

have bee n absorbed i nto a wai ti ng an d


w illi ng bo d y ; a body with a n ea r n ed
appetite .

W i th l i quids one S imply h as to d o as


the wine -tasters and th e tea-tasters d o .

S mall sips are i ntake n and the liquid i s


taste d be twee n th e top o f the tongue
( th e spoon e n d ) an d th e roof o f th e
m outh unti l al l th e taste is tasted ou t
of it and the S wallowi ng I mpul se has
,

claimed i t T h is is by n o means a d is
.

agreeable task and as soon as the u h


,

natu ral ly acquired h abi t of greed an d


i mpatie nce is conquered the reward of
,

f ol lowi ng this natural require men t i s


8 TH E NEW GLU T
T ON OR EPICURE
very great an d i ncreases with practice .

F ive years o f experie nce h as taught th e


auth or that a really keen appreciation o f
taste and its del icacy o f possible r e n e
m en t i s not known to persons o f ordinary
habits of life The pleasure which comes
.

with co nform ity with the natu ral requi re


m e nts i s truly E picurean and disregard
o f the m is as su rely gl uttonous .

The auth or still clai ms d iscovery of


a disti nc t physiological func tion which

he rst named N ature s Food Fil ter
.

Van S omeren prefe rred the name of a


N ew R eex of Degl utition I t is i n .


,


fact the N atural Swall owi ng I mpulse
,

,

i n vi ted o n ly by food m echan ically and


chem icall y pr ep a r ed for passing o n to
the i nterior call i t by whatever name
,

you like or may .

At the time this li ttle book was rst


publ ished the only note i n favour o f
,

givi ng speci al atten tion to buccal di

gestion that ha d bee n so unded was


,

,

the advice of Mr G ladstone to h is C hil .

d re n C hew your f oo d thi rty-two ti mes


,

10 TH E NEW GLU TT ON OR EPICURE

TH E P E R S O N AL CAS E
AN D
E ND O R S E ME N T
OF

D R ERNE ST
. VAN SO M EREN
AN

EN G L I S H PH YS I CI AN AN D S U R G E O N P RACTIS I N G
,

IN VE N ICE I TAL Y
,

MY D AR M R F L TC H E R
E . E :


I t would be al most ap r op o s to sen d
yo u as an e nd o r seme n t of your pri nci
,

ples the dic tum of the ragge d and d irty


,

tramp i n the advertiseme nt of P ear s

soap I wo uld h ave to am en d i t sl ightly


.

and say : I use d your years


ago ; since whe n I have used n o oth er .

I s ay a l m o s t ap r opo s advisedly for


, ,

wh il e the soap claims to keep the o ute r


man Cl ean the practice of your pri nci
,

ples j ustly claims to keep the i nner m an


sweet and Clean so lesseni ng the need ,

to cleanse th e outer man !



A well known E ngl ish surgeon ( I
-

thi nk S ir W m Mitchell Banks) r e co m .

me n d s physicians an d surgeons to t ake


TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE II
a l eaf from the book of paten t med ici ne
-

ve ndors and make their patie nts testify


,

to thei r successful treatm e n t . I will


take the h i n t and give you as my ,

doctor a testim on ial of h o w pe rson


al ly I am b eneted by you r advice .


Three years ago when I rst met
,

you though u nde r thirty years of age


, ,

an d mysel f a practising physic ian and


surgeon I was su fferi ng fro m gout
, ,

and had bee n u nde r the r eg i m e of a


L ondon special is t for th e treatme nt of
that mal ady . Though v igorously ad
heri ng to the prescribed d iet I su ffered
,

fro m time to ti me My symptom s were


.

typical paroxysmal pai n i n m y righ t


great toe and i n th e last j oi nts o f both
li ttle nge rs the righ t o n e bei ng tume
,


ed wi th the wel l -known n ode Fro m
.

ti me to ti me generally once a m onth I


, ,

suffe red from i ncapacitating h eadach es .

Freque n t colds boils on the neck and


,

face chronic ecze m a of the toes an d


, ,

f reque nt aci d dyspepsia we re other


and pai nful signs that the li fe I was
12 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
l eading was not a h ealthy o n e Ye t I .

was accounted a h eal thy person by my


friends and was withal athl etic
, , I , .

fence d an h our daily took calisthe nic ,

exerci ses every morni ng forc i ng myself ,

to do them and I rowed whe n I obtaine d


,

l ei sure to do so I n S pi te o f this e xe r
.

cise and a n i nhere n t l ove Of fresh air ,

which kept al l the wi ndo ws of my house


ope n throughou t th e year I su ffe red as ,

above W orse still I was losing inter


.
,

est i n life and i n my work .


I n o ne or two conve rsations you
l aid dow n your si mple p ri nc iples of
eco nom ic n utri tion You t o ld me that .

m y food ough t to be masticated th or


oughly u ntil taste was elim i nated and
, ,

th at ( my) l iquid nou rishme n t if take n , ,

o ught to be si m i l arly treated Yo u also .

told m e that taki ng food i n th is way I


, ,

m igh t wi thout fear of consequences


, ,

gi v e free rei n to my appe tite To shorte n .

my story I ll say that i n th ree m onths


,

after the practice of these p ri nciples my


symptoms ha d disappeare d N ot only .
TH E NEW GLU TTON OR EPICURE I3

had my i n terest i n my life and work r e


turn ed bu t my whole poi n t of view had
,

changed and I fo un d a pleasure i n both


,

l ivin g and worki ng that was a constant


surp rise to me For this my dear M r , .

Fl e tche r I can neve r repay yo u My


,
.

only desi re has bee n and is to try and ,

do for othe rs i n my practice what you


did for m e .


N OW I have si nce that ti me had
occasional c ol d s h eadaches and gou ty
, ,

pai ns ; but whe reas form erly I coul d not


,

explai n thei r causes I can n ow i n var i


,

ably trace the m to carel essness i n th e


buccal digesti o n of my food and can ,

soon S hake them O ff S O m uch for m y .

testimonial N ow fo r othe r m atters


. .

I d o not know what may be the ex


te nt o i th e claim s you are advanci ng i n
regard to the be nets acc rui ng from th e
practice of yo ur pri ncipl es I f you as .
,

you i n j ustice m ay clai m eve n the wi dest


,

bene ts as surel y fol lowi ng the prac tic e


of these principles m any wil l relegate
,

these claims to the l i mbo where all such


14 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

panaceas are soon forgotten They .

will e rr greatly if they do so The seem .

i n gl y S imple procedure of i nsal ivati n g


o ne s food most carefully is not cal cu

lated to impress people with th e fac t


that great permanen t benet foll ows .

The subtlety of the ch a n ges th at occ ur


is d ue to th e greatly inc reased ac tion of
a vital process e of th e a d mixture with
,
.
,

the food stuffs o f sal iva i n such quanti


-
,

ties as to al te r the che mical reaction of


the i ni ti al stage of d igestion Th is i ni .

tial ch ange causes a conseque nt c h ange


of al l th e processes foll owing i t and a ,

change also i n the nal products of th e


e n ti re process of digestion ; the great
est Ch ange being perhaps the e l i m i , ,

nation of l ast resort digestion by the


-

i ntesti nal ora (digestion by decomposi


tion caused by bacteria ) and consequent ,

eli mi nation fro m the body of th e toxi ns ,

they produce The life of an organ ism


.

has bee n dened as the su m of al l

those i n te r actions wh ich take place b e


-

twee n the various cells con stituting the


TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE 1 5

organism and thei r seve ral e nvi ron


m ents ( H arry C ampbell ) The nal
.

.

products o i digestion are absorbed i nto


th e bl ood stream and go to form part ,

of th e S eve ral environ me n ts o f the

cells The individ ual cell the various


.
,

groups of sp e cial ised cells s uch as the ,

brai n nerves m uscles bones etc i n


, , , , .
,

short th e whole organis m is be ne cially


,

i nuenced and m ade m ore resiste n t to


disease by th e p uri ty of a blood stream
that n o l onger con tai ns the toxi ns of
bac terially digested food .


The fu rthe r i nvestigatio n of you r
discovery by th ose com petent will I a m ,

conden t resul t i n such a si mpl icati on


,

of the rules for a h eal thy l ife that th e


m e d ical profession at prese n t forced ,

by a lack of k nowledge of the vital pro


cesses o f n utri tion to base thei r treat
me nt on the veriest em pi ricism will ,
.

the n be abl e to teach all an d sundry


h o w to l ive At pres e n t al l we can do
.
,

is to treat and percha n ce c u re for a time


certai n symptoms al lowing the patien t
,
16 TH E NEW G LUTTON OR EPICURE
to re turn afterward s to a mode o f l ife
that is really responsib l e for h is malady .


Disease is an ab norm al mode of life .

( H arry C ampbell ) T h e three factors


.

i n i ts causatio n are :
(a ) C ell struc tu re .

( 5) I nte rnal cell e nvi ron me n t .

(e) E xternal body e nvironme nt



.

H eredi ty d e termi nes to a very large ,

exten t ou r cell structure an d co n s e


, ,

quently our body structure .


Sanitary scie nce regulates ou r ex
ternal body e nviro nmen t as m uch as th e
articial and n oxi ous habits of S O-called
c ivilisatio n will all ow The me ntal and
.

physical external body e nvi ronm e n ts


have also thei r e ff ec t on th e organism .


You r d iscovery of si mple rul es for
an E co nomic N utritio n wil l co ntrol th e
i nternal cell e nvi ro nme nt I n d o i ng .

h is th e predisposition to disease i s
,

m aterially a ff ec ted Th e i nternal c ell


.

e nvi ronm ent being free from toxic


material an d th e cell i tself better n ou r
,

i s h ed the c el l s resistance to disease i s


,
18 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
vol um e e ntitled The A
, of O ur
,

. B Z
. .


O wn N utrition .


The followi ng N ote by D r P ro
.

fe s s o r S i r Michael Foste r
, MP ,
. .
,

F R S etc i s a further li nk i n the chai n


. . . .
,

of developme n t of appreci ation of the


n eed of se rious attentio n to the scie nce
o f h uman n u trition exci ted by this i n

i ti a ti ve ( D.r Foster is the P e.rmanen t


H onorary P resident of th e I ntern ational
C ongress o f P hysiologists ) .

E XP E R I ME N TS U P O N HU MAN
N U TR I TI O N
N OTE BY S IR M I C H AE L F O S TE R ,

M . P .
, F R S
. . .


I n 1 9 0 1 D r E rnest Van S omere n .

submi tted to the British Medi cal As


sociati on and afte rwards to the C on
,

gress o f P hysiol ogists at T urin an ,

accou nt o f some experi m ents i nitiated


by Mr H orace Fletcher These ex
. .

e r i m e n ts we nt to S how that the pro


p
cesses of bodily n utri tio n are very
TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 19

profou ndly affec ted by the prel imi nary


treatmen t of the food stu ffs i n the mouth
-

and i ndicated th at great advantages


foll ow from th e adoption of certai n
m ethods i n eati ng Th e essentials of
.

these special methods stated briey an d


,

without regard to certai n i mportan t


theoretical consideration s d iscussed by
D r Van Some ren consist o f a specially
.
,

prolonged mastication which is n e ce s


s ar i l
y associated with an i nsal ivation o f
the food stu ffs m uch more th orough
-

than is obtained with ordi nary habits .

The results brough t to l ight by the


prel im i nary experime ntal trial s we n t to
S how that such treatme nt of the food
has a most importan t e ffec t upon the
economy of the body i nvolvi n g i n the
,

rst pl ace a very notable re d uc tio n i n


the amoun t of foo d and especial ly of
proteid food necessary to mai ntai n
compl ete e i ci e n cy .


I n the sec ond pl ace this treatmen t
produced i n th e expe rie nce of i ts origi
,

n ato r s an i ncrease i n the s ubj ective an d


,
20 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
O bjective well bei ng o f th ose wh o pr a c

tise i t and as they believe i n thei r


, , ,

power Of resistance to the i nroads of dis


ease Th ese secondary e ffects m ay i n
.

deed be al m ost assumed as a corollary


o f the rst m en tioned ; because there

can be l i ttle doubt that th e ingestion of


food and perhaps especially o f pro
te i d food i n excess of what is u nde r ,

the best cond itions su fcie nt for m ai n


,

te n an ce and activity can only be del e


,

te r i o u s to the organ ism cl ogging i t with


,

waste products wh ich m ay at ti mes be


o f a direc tly toxic nature .

I n th e autum n o f 1 9 0 1 M r Fletche r .

and Dr Van S omere n came to C am


.

bridge with the i n tention o f havi ng the


matte r m ore closely i nqu i red i n to with ,

the assistance of physi ological experts .

Th e matte r evoked considerabl e i n terest


i n C ambridge and O bservati ons we re
,

made not only upon th ose m ore i mm e


di ate l y i nte rested b ut upo n other i n
,

di vi d u al s some of whom were themselves


,

m edical men an d trained observers .


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 21

C ertai n facts were establ ished by


these O bse rvations wh ich h oweve r are
, , ,

to be l ooked upo n as still o f a p r el i m i


n ary nature The adoptio n of the habi t
.

o f th orough i nsal ivation of the food was

fou nd in a consen su s o f O pin ion to h ave


an immediate and very striking e ffect u p
o n appeti te m aki ng this more di s cr i m i n
,

ating an d l eadi ng to th e Ch oice o f a


,

s imple dietary and i n particul ar reducing


the c raving for esh food The appetite
.
,

too is beyond all question fully satised


,

with a dietary considerably less i n am ou nt


than with ordinary habits is demanded .

N ume rical data were obtai ned i n


several cases b ut i t i s not proposed to
,

deal with th ese i n detail h e re as they ,

n eed th e supplem entary study wh ich


will be sh ortly referred to .


I n two i ndividuals who p ushed th e
m eth od to its l imi ts i t was fou nd th at com

p l e te bodily efcie ncy was m a i n ta m e d

for som e weeks upon a dietary wh ich had


a total e ne rgy val ue of l ess than one half -

of th at usually taken and comprise d l ittl e


,
22 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
m ore than o ne third of the proteid con
-

sumed by th e a ve r age man .

I t may be doubted if conti n ued


e f ciency could be mai ntained wi th such
low val ues as these and very prolonged
,

obser v atio n s would be necessary to e s


tab l i s h the facts But all subj ects o f th e
.

experi m ents wh o appl ied th e principles


i ntell igently agreed i n nding a ve ry
marked reduction i n th ei r needs an d ,

expe rie nced an i ncrease i n their se n se of


wel l bei ng and an i nc rease i n thei r work
-

i ng powers .


O ne fact fully co nrm ed by th e C am
bridge obse rvations consists i n the e ffec t
O f the special h abits described upon the

waste products of the bowel These


are greatly red uced i n amou n t as m ight
,

be expec ted ; but they are also m arkedl y


changed i n characte r becomi ng O dour
,

l ess and i no ffe nsive and assum i n g a


,

conditio n wh ich suggests th at the i n


testin e is i n a h eal thier and m ore aseptic
condition th an is th e case u nder ordi nary
ci rc umstances .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 23

Al th ough th e experim e n ts h i therto


made are as al ready stated only prel im
, ,

i n a r y i n natu re and l i mited i n scope ,

th ey establish beyond al l question that


a ful l and careful study of the matte r is
u rge ntly called for .

For th is fuller study the C ambridge


l aboratories do not posse ss at prese nt
eithe r th e necessary equipm en t o r the
funds to provi de i t For the detailed
.

study of th e physical e fcie ncy of a man


u nder varyi ng cond iti ons elaborate an d
,

expe nsi ve apparatus is re qui red ; and


the advan tages Claim ed fo r th e special
treatme nt of th e food j ust disc ussed ca n
only be fully tested by prol onged and
l aborious experimen ts call i ng for a con
s i de r ab l e staff of workers
.


I t i s of great im portance th at the
m i nd of th e lay p ubl ic S h oul d be di s
abused of th e idea that m edical sci e nce
i s possessed O f nal i nformation con
cerni ng questions of n utrition Th is is
ve ry far i ndeed from being th e case .

. H uman n utrition i nvolves h ighly com


24 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
pl ex factors an d the scienti c basis for
,

o u r knowl edge o f th e subj ect i s b u t


small ; wh ere question s of diet are con
ce rned m edical teaching no less than
, ,

popular practice i s to a great exten t


,

based upon empiricism .

B ut the scientic and social impor


tance of the questio n i s cl early i m me n se ,

and it is greatly to be desired that i ts


study shoul d be e ncouraged .


M F O S TE R
. .


Ap r il 2 6th ,

Th e i nterest excited i n P rofessor


Foster was coinciden t with that e s
o u s e d by Dr P rofessor H e n ry P icker
p .

ing Bowdi tch P rofessor o f P hysiology


,

O f H arvard Medical S chool and Dea n ,

of Americ an P hysiol ogists U nder the .

aegis o f such e ncou ragemen t th e late r

d evelopments are not at all surpri sing .

I n orde r to exte nd and verify the n d


i ngs o f D r F G owland H opki ns o f C am
. . ,

bridge U niversity E ngland as stated i n , ,


26 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
years i n p ursui t of a study of th e sub
,

j e ct of h um an n utri ti on practised a cer


,

tai n degree of abstine nce i n the taking


o f food and attai ned important economy

with as h e belie v es great gai n i n bodily


, ,

an d mental vigour and with marked


improvemen t i n hi s general heal th .

U nder h is new me th od of l iving h e


nds him self possessed of a peculi ar
tness fo r work of al l ki nds and w i th
freedom from the ordi nary fatigue i n
ci de n tal to extra physical exe rtion In
.

using the word absti ne nce possi bl y a


wro ng im pression is given for the h abits
,

O f life now foll owed have resulted i n


the disappearance of the ordinary cr av
i ng for food I n other wo rds th e
.
,

gentleman i n question fully satises h is


appeti te but no l onge r desi res th e
,

amou nt of food cons umed by m ost


i ndivi dual s .


For a period of th i rtee n days i n ,

J an uary h e was u nder Observatio n i n


,

the wr i ter s laboratory h is exc retion s


bei n g analyse d daily with a V i ew to asce r


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR E P I CURE 27

tai ni ng th e exact amount of proteid con


sumed The results S howed that the
.

average daily amou n t o f proteid m eta


b o l i se d was gram s th e body weigh t
,
-

( 1 65 po unds ) remai n ing practical ly


constant E spec ially note w orthy also
.

was the ve ry complete util isati on Of the


prote id food du ri ng thi s period of
obse rvation I t will be O bserved he re
.

that the daily amount of proteid food


take n was l ess than one half that of the
m i ni m u m Voit standard and it sh ould
,

also be mentioned that th is appare n t


decie ncy i n proteid food was not made
good by any large consumption O f fats
or carbohyd rates .Further there was ,

n o restriction i n diet O n the contrary


. ,

there was perfec t freed om of Ch oice and ,

th e instructions give n were to follo w


hi s usual d ietetic habits Analysis of .

the exc retions Sh owe d an outpu t o f


n i trogen equal to the breaki ng down
of gram s of proteid pe r day as ,

an ave rage the extremes bei ng


,

grams and gram s of prot eid .


28 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I n Feb ruary a more thorough se ries
,

o f observation s was m ade i nvolvi ng a


,

careful analysis o f the daily diet to ,

gethe r with analysis of th e excreta so ,

that no t alone th e proteid con sumptio n


m igh t be ascertai ned bu t l ikewise th e
,

total in take of fats and carboh ydrates .

The di e t consum ed was qui te S imple ,

and c on sisted merely of a prepared


cereal food m il k and maple sugar
, ,

T his d iet was take n twice a day for


seven d ays and was selected by the
,


subj ec t as givi ng s u i ci e n t variety for
h is needs and qui te i n accord wi th h is
taste N o attempt was m ade to co n
.

form to any give n sta n dard of quantity ,

but the s ubj ec t took each day s uch


am o unts of the above foods as h i s ap
petite c raved E ach portion taken h ow
.
,

eve r was careful ly weighed i n th e


,

l aboratory the ch em ical compositio n of


,

the food dete rm i ned and the fuel value


,

calcul ated by th e usual me thods .

The foll owi ng table gives the daily


i ntake of proteids fats and carbohy d rates
,
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 29

for six days toge ther with the calc ulated


,

fuel val ue and al so the ni troge n i n


,

take togethe r with the nitroge n o utput


,

through the excreta M any othe r data .

we re obtained sh owi ng dim i nish ed ex


cretion of uric acid e thereal sulphates , ,

phospho ric ac id etc but they need not ,


.
,

be discussed here .

In ta k e O u tp u t o f N i t r o ge n .

ta ds
F at s .
C ar
bo h y
Cal o r
m s
o
Nitr o
Un n e . F a ce s To ta l .

. . .
ge n .

r s r s
G a m G am . G r s
am G r s r s r s r s
am . G am G am . G am .

F eb . 2 1 25 4 900
46 8 4o 4 1 69 0 7 05

38 1 . 1 74 7 5 53
2 69 o 1 71 1
2 67 0 1 7 37 7 49 7 64
30 7 3 I8 52

2 53 0 1 606 6 90


Th e m ai n th ings to be noted i n
these resul ts are rst that th e total , ,

daily co nsumption o f prote id am ou nted


on an a v erage to only 4 5 grams and ,

th at the fat an d c arbohydrate were


taken i n quan tities only su fc ie n t to
bri ng the total fuel val ue of the daily
Av r g f th f u r d ys e a e o e o a .
30 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
food up to a little m ore than large
calories I f h oweve r we eli mi nate the
.
, ,

rst day wh en for some reason the sub


,

j ec t took an un usual ly smal l amoun t of


food these gures are inc reased some
,

what but they are ridic ulously l o w


,

compared wi th the ordi narily accepted


dietary standards W he n we recal l that
.

the Vo i t standard demands at least


1 18 grams of protei d an d a total fuel
val ue o f large calories daily we ,

appreciate at o nce the full signicance


o f the abo v e gures But i t may be.

asked was th is diet at all adequate for


,

the needs of the b o dv su fcie n t for a


man weigh ing 1 6 5 pou nds ? I n reply ,

i t may be said that the appetite was


satised an d that the s ubj ect had full
freedom to take more food if h e so de
si red To gi v e a physiol ogical answer
.
,

i t m ay be said that the body weigh t re -

mai ned practi cally constant th roughou t


the seve n days period an d further i t

, ,

will be observed by com pari ng the g


u res of th e tabl e that th e nitroge n of
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 31

the i ntake and th e total ni troge n of the


output were not far apart I n other .

words the re was a close approach to


,

what the physiologis t call s n itroge nous


equilibri um I n fac t i t wil l be noted
.
,

that on seve ral days th e n i troge n out


p ut was slightly less than th e n itroge n
take n i n W e are therefore apparently
.
, ,

j ustied i n sayi ng th at th e above diet ,

si mpl e though i t was i n variety and i n ,

quan tity far below the usual ly accepted


requi reme n t was qui te adequate for th e
,

needs o f the body I n this c on n ection


.

i t m ay be asked wh at were th e ne eds o f


,


the body d uri ng th is seve n d ays period ?
Th is i s ob v i ously a very im portant
point C an a ma n o n suc h a diet eve n
.
,

though it su f ce s to keep up body


we i gh t and apparen tly al so p h ysiological
equil ibri um do work to a n y exte n t ?
,

W il l there be u n de r such cond ition a


prope r degree of tness for physical
work of any ki nd ? I n orde r to a sce r
tai n this poi n t the subj ect was i nvi ted
,

to do physical work at the Yale U n i


32 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
versity Gym nasi um and pl aced u nde r
th e guidance of th e director of th e
gym nasi um D r W illiam G Anderson
, . . .

Th e res ults of the obse rvations th ere


m ade are h ere give n take n ve rbati m
,

from D r Anderson s report to the


.

write r.

O n th e 4 th , 5 th , 6 th
and 7th of
February 1 9 0 3 I gave to M r H orace
, , .

Fle tcher the same ki nd of exerc ises we


give to th e Varsi ty C rew They are .

drastic an d fati gui ng and can not b e


d o ne by begi n ne rs without sore n ess an d
pai n resul ti ng Th e exerc ises he was
.

asked to take were of a character to tax


the heart and l ungs as well as to try the
m uscles of the l i mbs and tru nk I .

sh oul d not give these exerci ses to Fresh


m e n o u accou n t Of the i r severi ty .

M r Fletcher has taken these m ove


.

m ents with an ease that is unl ooked for .

H e gives evidence of n o sore ness o r lame


ness and the large groups o f m uscles
respon d th e second day without evide nce
34 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
M r Fle tche r h ad for several m onths past
.

take n prac ti cally no exercise other than


that i nvolved i n daily walks about town .


I n v iew of the stre n uous work i m
posed during the above four days i t i s ,

qui te evident that the body h ad need of


a certai n am oun t of nu tri tive material .

Yet the work was done without appar


e ntly drawi ng upo n any rese rve the
body may h av e possessed The die t .
,

small though it was and with only h alf


,

the accepted requirement i n fuel val ue ,

still su fced to furn ish the requisite


e nergy T he work was accomplished
.

with pe rfect ease without strain wi thou t


, ,

the usual resul tan t l am eness with out tax


,

i ng the h eart or l ungs and wi thou t loss


,

o f body weight- I n other words in M r


.
, .

Fletche r s case at l east th e body m achi n


e ry was kep t i n perfect tness with ou t


th e consumption of any such quan tities
of fuel as has ge nerally bee n considered
necessary .


J ust he re i t may be i nstructi ve to
observe that the food co n su med by M r .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 35

Fle tcher duri ng this seve n days period

and wh ich has been sh own to be


e n ti rely adequate fo r his bodily ne eds
d uring stre nuous acti v i ty cost eleve n
cen ts daily th us m aking the total cost
,

for the seve n days seven ty seven ce nts !


-

I f we con trast this gure wi th the


am ounts generally paid for ave rage
nourish men t for a l ike period o f time ,

the re is certai n ly food for serious


though t M r Fletche r avers that he
. .

h as fol lowed h is presen t plan o f l i vi n g for


nearly ve years ; he usually takes two
meals a day ; has bee n led to a strong
l iking for sugar and c arbohyd rates i n
gen eral and away from a meat d iet ; is
always i n perfect h ealth and is co n
,
~

s ta n tl i n a co ndi tio n o f tness fo r


y
work H e prac tises thorough mastica
.

tion with more complete i nsalivatio n of


,

the food (liqui d as wel l as sol id ) than


i s usual thereby i nsuring m ore com
,

p l e te and ready digestio n an d a more


th orough utilisatio n of th e n utri tive
portions of the food .
36 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I n view o f these resul ts are we n ot
,

j ustied i n aski ng ourselves whethe r


we have ye t attai ned a cl ear com pre
h e n s i o n of the real requirem ents o f th e
body i n th e matter of daily n utrime nt ?
W h ether we fully comprehe nd the best
and most econom ical m ethod o f mai n
tai ni ng th e body i n a state o f physi
ological tness ? Th e case o f Mr .

Fle tche r j ust desc ri bed ; the resul ts


n oted i n c on nection with certai n Asiatic
peoples ; the fru itarians an d n u tarians
i n o u r own co un try rece n tl y studied by

P rofesso r J affa of the U n iversity o f


,

C aliforn ia ; al l suggest the possibili ty


o f m uch greater physi ol ogical econ omy

than we as a race are wont to practise .

I f these are merely exceptional cases ,

we need to kn ow it but if on the other


, ,

h an d i t is poss ible for m anki nd i n


,

general to mai ntai n prope r n utri tive


c ondi tio ns on dietary s tandards far b e
l ow th ose now accepted as necessary ,

i t is time for us to ascertai n that fact .

For if our standards are n ow u n n e ce s


,
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 37

s ar i l h igh th e n surely we are n ot on ly


y ,

practisi ng an uneconomical method o f


sustaining l ife but we are subj ecting
,

ou rsel ves to cond itions the reve rse o f


physiol ogical and which m ust of n ece s
,

s i ty be i n i mical to o ur well be i ng The .

possibil i ty of more scien tic knowl edge


o f th e natural requ ireme nts of a healthy

n u triti on is m ade brighte r by the fact


that th e eco nomic results noted in co n
n ecti o n wi th our m etaboli sm exam i na
ti o n of M r Fletche r i s con rm atory of
.

sim ilar results obtained u nde r the dirc e


tio n and scrutiny of Si r Mi chael Foste r
at th e U n iversity of C ambridge E ngland , ,

d uri ng the autum n and wi nte r of l as t


year ; and by D r E rnest Van S omere n
.
,

M r Fletche r s co l /a o r a cen r i n Ve nice


.
, ,

o n subj ects o f various ages and of both

sexes some accou n t of which h as al ready


,

bee n presented to th e British Medical


Assoc iation and to th e I nter n ational
C ongress of P hysiol ogists at i ts l ast
m ee ti ng at T u ri n I taly At the sam e
, .

time emphasis must be lai d upon th e


38 TH E NE w GLUTTON OR EPICURE
fac t that no den ite an d posi tive con
e l usion s can be arrived at except as the

resul t O f careful experim e n ts and o bse r


v a ti o n s o n many i ndivi dual s coveri ng
long pe riods of time Th is h owever
.
, ,

the write r hopes to do i n th e very near


'
future with the co o peration o f a co rps
,

o f interested observers .

The proble m is far reach i n g I t i n


-
.

volves not alon e the i ndividual bu t ,

society a s a wh ole for beyond the i ndi


,

vidual lies the broader eld of th e com


m u ni ty a nd wh at proves helpful for the
,

o n e will eve ntually reac t for th e bette r

men t of society and for the improveme n t



of man ki nd i n general .

This test of work was accompli shed


o n food of the nitrogen val ue of less
than 7 grams daily whe reas the text
,

books declare that from 1 6 to 2 5 gram s


of n i troge n are necessary to h uman ex
i s te n ce. The heat val ue O f th e food
consumed during the test and wh ich ,

w as l ike i n amoun t to what had bee n


TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 39

h abitually take n by the author fo r about


ve years previously (less than 1 600 l arge
C alories ) was only n a if tn e a m o u n t set
,

down by the maj ority o f th e presently


accepted au th orities as necessary to ru n
th e body o f a man of th e author s weigh t

an d activi ty The heat-e con om y sh ow


.
-

i ng was veri ed a week o r two l ater i n


a 32 -ho ur calorimeter m easu reme n t i n
the apparatus of P ro fessors Atwater and
Be nedict at Middletown C on n ,
.

E vide nce of even more signi can t


val ue has acc u mulated outside th e eld

of th e auth o r s own experi men ts and
tests After m ore than a year of careful
.

trial am ong some thousands of patie nts


and among som e h und reds o f earnest
employees D r James H Kellogg o f
, . .
,

the great Battle C reek Sanitarium has ,

adopted the suggestions co n tai ned i n


th is book as the rst requi re me nt of th e
treatment at the S anitarium I n l ike .

man ne r D r E dward H ooke r Dewey


, .
,

the sturdy advocate of dietary eco nom y -

fo r the past th irty years author of the ,


40 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE

N o-B reakfast regime n and various,

books upo n th e subj ec t of auto -nu tri tio n


and dietary -rest bent his atten tio n upo n
,

the e ff ect of thorough bucc al digestion


presc ri bed after a period of rest from o u t
side feeding and here foll ows h is appr e
,

ci a ti o n as extrac ted from personal letters .

Before quoting from th e h igh app r e


c i a ti o n o f D r D ewey and D r Kell ogg
. .

i t may be well to state that the author


stands simply for a test subj ect factor i n -

a commonweal natu ral i nqui ry and no


p raise of the subj ec t attaches to th e
perso n o f the author W h atever th e
.

author is i n th e enj oymen t o f h ealth and


,

strength is the result of natural c auses


,

wh ich have devel oped d uri ng h i s study of


th e n atural requirements i n our n utrition .

P lease forget th e perso nal ele ment an d



consider that what is the author s gai n
i n e f c ie ncy as rel ated is the possible
,

possessi on o f th e reader as wel l and ,

w hateve r work or test th e auth or per


forms is do ne as m uch for th e reade r
as for th e author h imself .
4 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
C an non as fully related i n the A B
, . .

we n ot only get the economic r e


s u l ts but we are able to know and eve n

see some o f the reasons fo r thi ngs as


well .

I nteresti ng testi mony and c ommen t


relative to the presen t study will be
fou nd at the e nd of the vol um e i n com
m u n i ca ti o n s from C ommandan te C esare

Agnell i C l arence F L ow E squire Baron


,
.
, ,

R andol ph N atil i and one o f un usual sug


,

e s ti v e n e s s as e v ide nce o f the n eed of


g ,

further study of n utri tion from D r H u ,


.

bert H iggi ns of C ambridge E ngl and , .

M I L I TARY S C E NT
- I I FIC P
C O O E RAT O N I
W ith the e v idence and in terest j ust
outl i ned i t was no t di f cult for the
,

auth or to enlis t th e co Ope r ati o n of


S urgeo n G ene ral O Re i l l y o f the U n ited
-

A rmy and the e ndorsemen t o f G ene ral


L eonard W ood for l arger i nvestigation
o f the subj ec t These Ofcers both of
.
,

them surgeons and m edical doctors h ad ,

supported the m il itan t martyr scie ntist - -


,
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 43

D r Maj or W al te r R eed i n h is great


.
,

sani tary acc om plishm en t ; h ad fough t


yellow feve r to a nish toge ther i n C uba ;
h ad traced its spread to a specic cause ;
and were thereby encou raged to tackle
eve n s o com m o n and powerful e nem ies
as I ndigesti on and Mal -Assi milation .

The i nvestigation now i n progress at


Yale U n iversity u nde r th e direction of
,

P rofess or C hi ttenden and un der th e


foste ring auspices of th e Trustees of
the B a c/ze a a which i s administered

,

by the N ational Acade my o f S ciences ,

and o ther con tributed support is a Mil ,

i ta n t-S ci e n ti c cam paign wh ich will no t


cease un til we kn ow as mu ch abou t h u
man n utri tion at least as we know about
, ,

the n utrition of o u r d omesti c an imals .

I n th is l ittl e book howeve r is an ac


, ,

cou nt o f th e rst distress and war c ry ,

( to appropriate an expression Of th e Sal


vatio n Army) and while the workers i n
,

Scienc e m ay take a considerable time


to m ake O bse rvation s and i nvestigate

the reasons for thi ngs the un d erlying

,
44 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
claims herei n stated will i t is bel ieved , ,

ul timately be establ ished as fu n damen tal


facts of both H ygiene and P hysiol ogy .

The psychic factor i n d igesti on i s


eve n m ore important than origi n al l y
cl aim ed by th e auth or and fully ac ,

coun ts for the strength attai ned by the


C hristian Sc ie nce m ovement .

I n the A B Z o f O ur O wn N utri
. .
- .


tion are reprinted for rece nt scie ntic ,

reports i n addi ti on to the papers of Dr


,
.

Van S ome re n and P rofessor Ch i tte n


den before me ntioned articl es and lect
, ,

u res by D r P rofessor P awl ow th e great


.
,

R ussian physi ologist an d o n e of the


Bo ard of Assessors i n the I n ternation al
N utriti on I nvestigation desc ribed i n ,

the A B

.
( repri
. nted from the n e
E nglish Transl ation by D r W H . . .

Thompson Of Trin ity C ollege D ubli n ;


, ,

E ngl ish publishers G ri fn Co ; Amer , .

ican publ ishers L i pp incott , on


the me n tal inuence over the sal iva r y ,

gastri c and in testi nal sec reti ons Als o


,
.
,

nearly an h un d re d pages of m ost vi rile ,


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 45

readable and importan t O bservations


,

on Mastication by Dr H arry C am p ,

.

bell M D
,
. .o f, th e N orth
wes t L ondo n H osp ital ; rep ri nted by
co urteous perm issi on of th e author an d
of the editor of the L a n cet Also a .
,

desc ription of th e digestive process i n


'
anim al s as see n by aid of the R o n tgen ,

or X R ay ; a m ost readabl e accou n t of


-

the i nnite patience and appl ication of


D r W B C an non O f the H arvard M edi
. . .
,

cal School devote d to learni ng the


,


reasons fo r things done i n the close d
and sec re t laboratory of th e stomach
and i ntestines .

Th e above is a necessary advertise


men t of an othe r vol ume i n the A B C . . .

L ife S eries ; because the detail s of th is


partic ular attempt to reduce the ph il o s o
phy of everyd ay l ife to pro table simples
is li nked-u p i n several vol um es devel
oped i n the course of study of the sub
j ect for location of the ge rm i nal causes .


Men tic ul ture was th e rst of th e
series and rel ate s to the i n divi d ual .
46 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

H appi ness cam e next and l ocated


the chief enemy of happi ness i n F ea r
tn o u g n t the unprotable elem en t of fore
,

though t That L ast W aif treated


.

the question as related to the S ocial


W hol e C hildre n i n partic ul ar and r eco m
, ,

m ended S o ci a l ! u a r a n ti n e ; by exten
si on of infant education to the extreme
of all owing n o ch ild to escape educa
ti o n a l care This prese nt treatise deal s
.

with the rst require me n t of such i n fa n


tile care an d education right feedi ng , .

DR . ! E L L O GG S APP R E C I ATI O

N
The great Battle C reek S an i tari um ,

unde r the i nspi ration and d irection of


D r J H Kell ogg has grown to enor
. . .
,

mous proportions i n th irty seve n years - .

I t began with on e patien t i n a two


storey fram e h ouse i n a c ountry village ,

and has been largely i n uen tial i n c reat


i ng th e presen t proud di sti n c tion of
Battle C reek M ich igan wi th i ts m il
, ,

l i on s upon m ill ions Of i nveste d i ndus


tri al capi tal .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 47

The
cure is based upon the estab
l i s h m e n t i n th e patie n t of righ t n utri
tion right fu ncti on i ng of the bodil y
,

organs an d secretion s and thereby as


,

sisti n g N ature to perform the c ure i n


a natural man ne r P ure foods and othe r
.

condition s of righ t n utri tio n h ave bee n


the particular study o f the i n stitution
sta ff and large and nely furnished
,

chemical and bacteri ol ogical laborato


ries have bee n i n stalled for the study o f
n utri tio n i n a sci en ti c man ne r
.

The Battle C reek S an i tari um i s a


purely h uman i tarian and ph ilan th ropic
i nstitution . By perpetual charte r al l
,

of the prots of the co nce rn i n all of


i ts ram ication s are dedicated to the ex
te nsion of the Americ an Medical Mi s
s i o n ar y C ause and there have bee n
,

already estab l ishe d more th an sixty


b ra nches of the paren t i nsti tution i n
di ffere n t parts o f the world principal ly
,

i n or near th e ch ief C i ties of Ame rica ,

and all are occupied with savi ng and


regenerating th e physical body of the
48 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
sick as a fou ndati on for possible moral
awakeni ng and S piri tual c ul ti v ation .

Th e work done by these h u m an i ta


rian i nsti tuti ons is most practical an d ,

the best evidence o f the practical i ty is


thei r growth P atien ts are c harged what
.

they can conve nie ntly pay bu t no ne wh o


,

need are refused atten tion B ranches .

are m ade self supporting as soon as po s


-

sibl e bu t are rst n urtured by the pare n t


,

sani tarium The re are som e h u ndreds


.

of physicians n urses an d othe r at


, ,

tach s o f the d i fferen t i nsti tutions and ,

these are e nth usiasts i n the h u m a n i ta


rian work taki ng as wages only what
,

they need for most eco nom ical support ,


a mere pittance and derivi ng thei r
,

chi ef compe nsatio n fro m satis faction


gai ned i n th e ser v ice Al l i n all i t is
.
,

an expressio n of inspirational altruism


worthy of the exampl e o f the G ood
S amaritan and a practical demonstra
tio n of th e S ermon o n the Mount .

Th e special attention of th e wri te r


was called to th e work of the Battle
50 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
sibl e e ffective S o ci a l ! u a r a n ti n e as pre

sen ted i n h is book Th at L ast W aif
,

.

Twen ty-fou r n eglected an d S ick ch il


dren of u nfortunate paren ts h ave bee n
rescued from an alm ost hopel ess condi
tion and have bee n adopted i nto the best
,

o f su rroundings an d c ultu re all promis ,

i ng to becom e splendid wealth -produc


tive citize ns and orname nts to soci ety .

For m ore than a year Dr Kell ogg .

and h is staff of earnest workers h a v e


bee n testi ng the suggestion s o ffered i n

G l utton or E picu re and i n the treatise


,

o f Dr Van Somere n and app reciation


.
,

of these suggestions and the work that


h as s ince been done to sti mulate i nte rest
i n the questio n i n high scien tic circles
will be found i n some extracts from D r .

Kellogg s letters which th e author h as


received perm ission to pri nt herewith .

B ATTL E CR K M I CH N

EE ,
6 1 90 .
, o v . 2 ,
2 .

D AR M R F L E TC H E R
E . :

I h ave your ki nd note of N ovember


2 0 th .Thank you very m uch for you r
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE S I

appreciative words You r visit here .

was a great inspi ration to all o f us I t .

is not often we n d a m an wh o e n te rs
i nto th e thi ngs wh ich we love so heart
i ly as you h ave done The thi ng that .

i nterested us especially was the fac t th at


you are th e founder of a n e w and wonder
ful m ovement whic h i s bound to do far
,

more for th e ad vanceme n t of the princ i


ples for wh ich we are worki ng than al l
that we have d on e o r anyth ing we can
do I shall awai t with great i nterest
.

th e devel opmen t of your work and shal l


expec t to receive great l igh t from you r
e fforts W e are all in trai n ing to nd
.

ou r reexes and are expecti ng to m ake


,

a great deal out o f this .

B ATTLE C R E K M I CH D 2 9 E ,
.
, ec . 1, 1 02 .

MY D E AR F R I N D E :

I have received th e beau tiful book


which you se nt me That L ast W aif or , ,

Social ! uaranti ne I t is a charm i ng


.

vol ume I devou red i t eage rly and I


.
,

nd myself i n th e posi tion o f an eage r


5 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
d isci ple S i tting at th e feet of a maste r .

You r ideas of social rege neration stri ke


deeper than those of any other m ode rn
'
auth or and I shall be glad to co o perate
,

wi th you i n any way possible i n p r o m u l


gating these pri nciples You have made .

you r book talk i n a m ost impress i v e


way From cover to cove r i t is S impl y
.

adm i rable and m ust do a world of good .

I sh al l wri te a li ttl e n otice of it for m y


j ou rnal Go o a H ea l tn
,

.

Agai n than king you for thi s i nter



esti ng vol ume I remai n , ,

Most si ncerely an d respectful ly


yours ,


H K E LL OGG . .

B ATT L E C R E E K M I CH
,
.
, J an . 2 2 , 1 90 3 .

DE A R F R I ND E :


I h ave shamefully neglected you .

I wan t to assure you h o w m uch I a p


p r e ci a te you r e ncou ragi ng notes I .

read the m to m y colleagues and they ,

were so m uch a ffected that tears came


i nto the i r eyes I assure you we feel .
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 53

that yo u are i ndeed a brother to us


i n our work and th at G od has provi
,

de n ti al l y se nt you to be a frien d to
u s and to the pri nciples whi ch we
represe nt .

I h ad a lette r from D r H aig a few .

days ago i n wh ich h e me ntioned you


and your work an d said he was m uch ,

i nterested i n i t D r H aig you k now . .


, ,

has done a great deal i n calli ng atte n


tio n to uric ac i d i n meats a nd othe r
foods H is work has not all been ac
.

ce pte d by great l aboratory m e n but ,

D r H al l o f O we n s Medical C ollege i n
.
,

M anchester h as rece n tly rei nforced h is


,

resul ts I have at di ffe ren t ti mes r e


.

p e a te d his experim en ts with i n teresting


results .


I assu re you we S hal l be gl ad to
receive any suggestion s from any s ci e n
ti c authority wh o m ay visit us and if ,

there is any part of our work which can


be improved we shall be glad to put i t
,

there as soon as our atte n tion is called


to it .
54 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE

Again thanking yo u for your ki ndly
i n terest i n our work I remai n ,

Most si ncerely yours ,


J H K E LL OGG

. . .

B ATTL CR K M I CH F b
E EE
9 3 , .
,
e . 22 , 1 0 .

MY D AR F R I N D
E E :


I have yours of J a n uary 2 9 th I .

am m uch interested i n what yo u wri te


about you r demo nstration at N ew H a v e n .

I want to gi v e the widest publ ic ity pos


sible to your work I nd great good
.

i n it I am talking to my patients
.

conti n uall y about i t I know from m y .

experience that yo u are righ t Fo r


.

m any years I ha v e requ i red my patien ts


to gi ve special a tte ntio n to chewi ng and ,

h ave made i t a w ritte n prescription fo r


each patie n t to chew a sauce rful o f dry
granose akes at the begin n ing of each
meal I have see n great good from th is
.

m ethod .


W ith kindest regards I remain as , ,

eve r ,

Most sincerely you rs ,



J H K E LL OGG

. . .
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 55

B ATTL CRE E K M I CH M r c h 1 6 903


E ,
.
, a ,
1 .

ED AR F R I ND E :


I am exceedi ngl y i nterested i n the
facts which yo u com m unicate especiall y ,

D r Ande rso n s report I t is quite re


.

.

m arkabl e . I am verifyi ng th e same


ideas i n my o w n pe rsonal experience .

I am conde nt you have discovered a


great an d important pri nciple and I shall
watch wi th i nte rest future de v elopmen ts .

I am goi ng to ge t o ur stude nts i n terested


i n i t I f you feel d isposed to d o so I
.
,

shall be glad to h ave you make out a


l ittle l i ne of expe riments which wil l tally
with the experime n ts wh ich you have
bee n conducti ng so th e resul ts may be
,

compared .


1 h ave i n hand a translati o n o f C or
n a t o s work which I have been th inki n g

of publ ishi ng I t occ u rred to me that


.

pe rhaps you would be able to write a


l i ttle ch apte r for th is work or an i n tro ,

d uction I am goi ng to ge t i t o u t i n
.

n ice S hape and I trust i t m ay be the


,

means of doing good i n i nclining th ose


56 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
wh o read i t toward a S i mple r life I am .

g r e a tl
y i n te r e s te d i n the ideas which yo u

presen t i n yo ur vari ous books .

I hope you will h ave a safe j ou rney


to I taly and back .

I remai n as e v e r

, ,

Ve ry si nce rely and respectful ly


yours ,


J H K E LL OGG . . .

B ATTL C R K M I C H M r c h

E EE
9 3 , .
,
a 22, 1 0 .

MY D AR M R F L TCH E R
E . E :

I h ave yours o f March l gth



I .

thank you very m uch fo r promising to


write an i n troduction for the ed ition of

L uigi Co r n a r o s l ife You are j ust the .

man to do it I propose to get the book


.

o u t i n neat tasty S hape


, S h all be glad .

to have suggestions from you on th is


poi n t Th e manager of a large de n o m i
.

national publ ishing h ouse i n C hicago is


i n terested and wants to publ ish i t wi th
us H e h as promised to help about th e
.

artistic features .

AS regards o u r me d ical college I



,
5 8 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
our standard h igh so that no one could
obj ect to th e reform featu res of our
work o n accoun t of i ncompete ncy O u r .

studen ts are ad mi tted to practice i n


N ew York having passed the e xa m i
,

nations o f the S tate Board O ur best


.

re ason for bel ievi ng that our dipl omas


are recognised eve rywhere is because
of stude nts from the C ollege hav i ng
passed the examinations i n nearly every
S tate O ne of ou r students rece n tly
.

graduated from the U n iversity of D ub


l in afte r h aving spen t a year th ere as ,

they requi re ve years i nstead of four


years as with us .

You r experime n ts are su rpassingl y


i nteresting You r performance wi th D r


. .

Anderson was phenomenal . I confess


you are a physiological p uzzle I f chew


.

i ng accompl ishes these wonde rful thi ngs


for you i t is certai nly worth th e wh ile
, .

I am trai ni ng m yself from day to day


to masticate m y food more and m o re
th oroughly a n d I co n fess the re i s greate r
good i n i t than I ever i magi ned .
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 59

I am sending you a li ttl e box of foods


that I thi nk you will l ike especially the
,

p r o to s e roast
, the gl u ten biscui t and
,

the chocolates .

I woul d l ike to get h ol d of a l ist o f


your books ; I wan t to put the m i n to the
h ands o f our stude nts to read Ki n dly
.

give me a l ist o f th e names and th e


publishers and I wi ll esteem i t a favour .


I m igh t have said further i n refer
e nce to ou r C ollege th at i t i s l isted by the
N ew York Board o f R egen ts as well as
by the I ll i noi s S tate Board of H eal th .

W e are going to m ake c on side rable


im proveme nt i n o u r school th e next
year W e are tryi n g to p ut up a n e w
.

buildi ng W e need
. ve ry m uch ,

as our work has no endowme nt and i t


requ ires very great sacrice an d m ost
stre nuous e ffort to keep i t goi ng O u r .

teachers work for a mere pittance and


o u r stude nts are compelled to save an d

economise i n every way to ge t th ro u gh .

N earl y all of them have to pay thei r


way i n work of some sort .
60 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

By the way I am taking li be rty to
,

se nd you wi th th is copies of some l i ttle ,

bookle ts which I have j ust gotte n ou t


i n refere nce to our work .

I am as ever , ,

Yo ur fri end ,

J H K E L L O GG . . .

B ATTL E C R K M I CH
EE ,
.
, Ju n e 2 4 , 1 903 .

MY D AR F R I ND
E E :

I have yo ur ki nd note of J u ne 2 1 s t .

I am happy to be remem bered by yo u


tho I h ave negl ected writi n g y o u I .

w as afrai d my lette r woul d n o t nd you


o n you r j ourneys .


W e are ch ewing hard out h ere at
Battle C reek Ch ewi ng m ore eve ry day
, .

W e are continually th i nking and ta l k


ing of you and the wonde rful refo rm
you se t going W e have gotte n up a
.

l ittle chewing song whic h we sing to


the patie nts I t i s o nly doggerel bu t


.

i t h elps to keep th e idea before ou r


people W e dedicated i t to you and I
.

am goi ng to se n d you a copy of it as


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 6!

soo n as the pri n ters get it ready I f yo u .

feel too m uch disgraced I will take


your nam e o ff .


That l ittle book on C orn aro is n ot

out yet W e h ave bee n waiting for


.

the i ntrod uction fro m yo u W e can .

wait as m uch longer as is necessary ,

as yo u are the man to furnish th is


i n trod uc tio n
.


I h ope you wi ll com e W est some
tim e this sum me r so yo u can d rop i n
an d see us i n ou r ne w buildi ng W e .

are not qu ite i n perfec t run n ing order


yet but we S hall soon be xed i n good
,

shape and wil l be del igh ted to have


you wi th us You h a v e helped us
.

greatly i n calli ng our atte ntion to the


great im portance of chewing W e had .

known i t for a l ong ti me bu t had n ot


practised i t . You demonstrated th e
thi ng i n such a graphic way th at the
whole world is constrai ned to listen .


T hanki ng you for you r ki nd note ,

I remain very s incerely yours


, ,


J H
K E
. L L O GG
. .
62 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
B ATTL CR K M I C H Ju l y 3 9 3

E EE ,
.
, 2 ,
1 0 .

M Y D AR M R F L TC H R
E . E E :


I have your ki nd fav ou r of J uly 1 4 .

You are doi ng me al togethe r too m uc h


honour I am only a plodd i n g h umbl e
.
,

d octor and h a v e never had any o ppo r


,

tu n i ty to do any great thi ng because of ,

the l i mits of my abilities and because I ,

h ave not th e opportu nity to devote m y


e nergies to any one special thing ; bu t
h ave s o man y thi ngs to d o that I can do
noth i ng v ery well .


I remem ber D r Krauss very well . .

H e has fo r some years been assistan t


to P rof W i ntern itz the P rofessor of
.
,

N er v e D iseases i n th e Medical Depart


m e n t of the R oyal and I mperi al U ni
vers i ty of Austria H e seemed a ve r y
abl e physicia n and a del igh tful gen tle .

m an I was very glad to mee t h im


. .

I have al ready se n t you a C opy of a


l ittle bookl e t e n ti tled The B uildi n g of

a Temple of H eal th .


W e w i ll be m ost happy to h a v e a
visi t fro m you I woul d like to kno w
.
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 63

about wh at ti me you are comi ng and I ,

will e ndeavo ur to be here I have a call .

to give an address at C hautau qua N Y , . .


,

early i n August and i f I d o n ot know


,

whe n you will be h ere I migh t possibly ,

be away which I S ho ul d con sider a


,

great m isfortune .


W e h ave nothi ng h ere I am sure , ,

which will be n ew to sc ientic men ,

and I apprehe nd that they will h ave


a very di ffe re n t opi nion o f ou r work
than yo u have .

I have a l ittl e book which I th i nk I


h ave not se n t you e n ti tl ed The L ivi ng
,

Templ e .

I will send a copy to you ;
al so a copy of the C hewi ng Song
,

wh ich is now o u t I t is n oth i ng b ut a


.

cheap th i ng in te nded only fo r my own


,

li ttl e folks ; bu t it got out and several ,

peopl e wan ted i t so I have allowed i t


,

to be put i n pri n t The purpose w as .


,

of cou rse si mply to i mpress the chew


,

i ng idea O f course yo u are well as


.
,

you are apt to be wel l by chewing


well .
64 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

By the way I me t a disciple of ,

yours a day or two ago H e was .

S en ator Burrows from Kalamazoo H e ,


.

cal led with hi s wife and som e othe r


ladies and M r R ose the ch ief clerk of
, .
,

th e U S Senate to make us a li ttle


. .
,

v i sit I had a ve ry del igh tful chat with


.

them O n remarking to the S enator


.

th a t h e did n ot look any olde r than


when I s a w h i m last bu t seemed to ,

be very well he told me he was i n


,

pe rfec t heal th and he expected to li v e


,

for eve r H e had rece ntly gotte n h old


.

of so meth ing that was doi ng h i m s o


m uch good that h e belie v ed he should
neve r be sick I begged to kn ow h is.

secret and found i t was chewi ng I


,
.

asked h i m how h e discovered i t and h e ,

told me h e had l earned i t from you r


del ightful book Yo u are certai nly pro .

m o ti n
g the most i mportan t hygie n ic re

form which has been brough t forward i n


m ode rn times W he n you visi t us again
.
,

you will see i n our din i ng room of ou r -

new buildi ng m ore H orace Fletcher dis


66 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
i ng for th e new buildi ng The cost of .

p ri nting paper and bi ndi ng i s paid for


, ,

by co ntributions so al l the m oney r e ,

c e i v e d goes toward th e build ing fund

for the Sanitari um I h ope by t h is and .

other means to get the buildi ng pai d for


before I die .


I th i nk your ch ewing reform is of
m ore importance to the world than you
real ise You m ust have a great fund of
.

goo d cheer with you ; do ubtless because


you chew ! I tol d our patien ts here that
I had heard f rom you that Ki ng E d ward
was C hewi ng It i n te r e s te d and am used
.

the m ve ry greatly The idea of m unch .


i ng parties is a good o ne .

As eve r ,

Your friend ,


J H K E LL O GG . . .


B ATT L
R K M I C H Aug s t 9 3 E C EE ,
.
,
u 2 1, 1 0 .

D E AR M R F L TC H R . E E :

I have yours of August 2 o th with


the list of pe rsons to whom you desi re

to have The L ivi ng Templ e sent The

.
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 67

books are al ready sen t together with a


l ittl e note calli ng atte n tio n to th em .


Your conti n ued courtesies are pu t
ting u S unde r obl igations which we can
n ever repay .


There are a l ot of devils of di ffere nt
sorts to be cast ou t and I am su re th e
,

dyspeptic devil is about the worst and


the m ean est o f the m all .


A quarte tte sang th e C he wing

S ong j ust before my lec ture i n the par


l our last eve ni ng Th e great parlour was


.

lled to its utm ost capaci ty The people


.

cheered h eartily not at th e si nging n or


,

the song but th e senti men t I too k


, .

occasio n to tell them I th ough t M r .

H orace Fletcher i n i naugu rati ng the


,

chewing reform had done more to h elp


,

s u ffering h um an i ty than any other man


of the presen t ge n eration and th at I fel t
,

ve ry m uch m ortied that we had neg


l e cte d thi s im portan t m atter to such
an exten t here th at you h ad to come to
the San itari u m and be a m issio nary of
good heal th and u rge this i mportan t
68 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I

matter upon ou r atten tion I feel that


we are all greatly i ndebted to you and ,

seem to be getti n g con tin ually more and


m ore i n to your debt and I d o not know,

any way to disch arge the obl igation ;


b u t if any acciden t sh ould e v er happen
to you so you get i ll i t wi ll certai nly be
,

a deligh t to us to have the opportun ity


to mi niste r to you if you will permi t us
so to do .

I am glad you have postponed you r


visi t until O ctobe r as by that ti me we
,

sh all h av e many th i ngs i n better work


i ng order and our medical cl ass will
,

be here I wa nt to h ave our medical


.

students meet you .

I to l d M r N ichols the other day you


.

we re com i n g to v isit us H e was greatly .

deligh ted to hear this H e feel s as I do .

that the work which you h ave i n a u g u


rated is the m ost i mportan t m oveme n t
wh ich h as bee n started i n m odern tim es .

I remai n as eve r
, ,

Fraternally yours ,


J H K E L L OGG

. . .
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 69

B ATTL CR E K M I C H S p t 3 903

E E ,
.
, e . 0, 1 .

D E AR F R I N D E :


I have your kin d note of th e 2 3d
i nst I am s ure th at one of my letters
.

to you h as bee n lost I wrote promptly .

telli ng you that you were at liberty to


use anything I have wri tte n yo u respect
i ng your work .

I am more an d more enth us iastic re


specting the value of thorough chewi ng .

I have read wi th great i n te rest D r H arry .

C am pbell s articl es and am rep ublish ing


i n M o der n M edi ci n e a large part of what


he has written .


I have bee n thi nking whether I
migh t dare ask permissi on from you to
publ ish you r article W hat Se nse as a

trac t P ossibly i t i s al ready pri nted i n


.

that way I would l ike to c i rculate i t


.

widely amo ng my patien ts and our n u rses ,

and doctors I am d oi ng my best to get


.

them all to chewi ng and have had great ,

be net myself fro m th orough m asticati on .

O ur Medical Sc hool h as j ust begu n


agai n and I have o ne n ice cl ass o f six
,
70 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
tee n stude n ts who are goi ng to devote
the mselves to th e study of appl ied phys
i o l o g y and all of them will experim en t
,

o n the e ffects o f thorough masticati on


i n rel ation to the quan tity of food ; also
i n relatio n to the quanti ty of proteids .

I f you would l ike th e detail s of the r e


s u l ts of th e experi ments I will give them
,

to you later .


By th e way if you h a v e any wri tten
,

o r pri nte d o utl ine of data whi ch you


thi nk i t desi rabl e to col lect I wil l be
,

glad to h ave i t as a help to us i n r e


searches o f this sort W e have prepared
.

o u r laboratory to do al m ost anyth i ng


that needs to be done and we have a ,

whole l ot of e nth usiastic young m en and


wom e n wh o wil l enter i n to th is th ing
with great ze al and we will be glad to
,

co Ope r a te wi th you tho roughly as I feel

that yo u have introduced a li ne o f r e


search and i nvestigation wh ic h i s of
i m men se i mportance I h a v e read with
.

great i nterest P ro f C hi ttende n s article


.

i n the P op u l a r S ci en ce M o n ti ly and
/ ,
TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 7 1

I can b ut feel that yo u are a h eaven -sen t


m issionary to the worl d in this matter o f
d iet reform .

I remain

,

As eve r you r friend ,


J H K E LLO GG

. . .

P S
. .I h ave for many years give n
a good deal of atte ntio n to the matte r o f
mastication I t has been my regular
.

p resc ription for al l m y patie nts for m any


years to eat at the begin ni ng of each meal
som e G ranose Flakes Th e pu rpose o f .

this was to secu re i nc reased activity of


th e sal ivary glands and to e ncourage
,

the habi t of m astication I have foun d .

imme nse benet from this practice .

I appreciate exceedingly al l th e good


th i ngs yo u are se nding me W hat a de .

l igh tful time you m ust h ave h ad i n th e


Adirondacks ! I h ave neve r h ad such
a pleasure i n my l ife as I h ave had my ,

nose con ti n ually o n the gri n d stone at


work since I was te n years of age wi th ,

n o vacations at all I t is a rem arkable


.
7 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
spectacle that these great men these ,

learned professors and scientists and ,


'
army med ical m en sh ould be co o pera
,

t i ng so e nth usiastically with a layman to


l earn the true philosophy of life ; but i t
has always bee n so The great di s co v
.

e ries have not bee n m ade by great s ci e n


ti s ts and great doc tors but by m e n
,

whose m inds were above th e bias of


prescribed education and who we re able
,

to l earn fro m th e great book of nature ,

which i s the book of G od .

W he n you com e agai n I h ope you


will h ave time to stay wi th us a l ittl e
while so we can have som e good Chats .

I would l ike to S i t d own and go i nto th e


h eart of th i ngs with y o u when I th i nk,

we shoul d nd our ideas runni ng ve ry


cl ose together W e shall expec t to see
.

you next mo nth I have to be away for


.

a few days sometime d uri ng the month ,

so I h ope you will l et me k no w a l i ttle


wh ile be fore you com e about what ti me
to expec t yo u.
74 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
men d i t as a work o f the h ighest prae s

tical i mportance .


I have rece i ved the articl e of D r .

Van S ome ren and I wish I had scores


,

of the m to se nd to my patie n ts I h ave .

read it wi th the greatest i nte rest and ,

sh all keep i t m ost of the time i n the


mail pouches .

I n these latter times I am becom ing


m ore and m ore impressed with the
resul ts of over food e ve n wi th the -

we l l u nt i l now I feel th at the pussy


,

bel ly i s a matter so C learly attr ib u


table to gl uttony as to be a cause of
shame at least i n the physiological
, ,

sense . .

I hope you will feel i t a duty to e n


large and expand the useful ness of G l ut
to n or E picu re
The people are ripe i n
.

th is cou ntry for j ust such a book I .

feel that yo u are doing the m ost i mpor


tan t work i n physiological i nvestigation
of any l iving man and we i n th is co un ,

tr y e spec ially need all your ne w material


, ,

as an addi tion to the book .


TH E N E W GLUTT ON 0R EPICURE 75

( Tw o y rs l t r ;
ea y rs t st )
a e af et r ve ea

e .

Ju l y th 9 3 20 , 1 0 .


W hat you have done to u nfol d
physiologic mastication means m ore fo r
h uman weal than all the m ere m edical
prescri bers h a v e gi v e n the world fro m
Adam to the p resen t mome n t I have .

tested the method you advise wi th the


ail i ng as yo u coul d not have had s o
,

l arge an opportu nity to do I h ave .

been h avi ng the care of fasters for


the past twen ty six years and n ow al l
-
,

of th em when they return to thei r


,

heal th y appeti te and feedi ng have to ,

Fletc h erise eve ry m orsel J ust n o w .

a man has ended a thi rty two day fast -

u nder my care and has begu n taking


,

food agai n wi th an appeti te and a rel ish


,

that h is me mory does n ot recall h avi ng


e nj oyed befo re H e swallows n oth ing
.

that is not red uce d to th i n liqu id .

O nly occasional abstinence from food


for a tim e and such atte n tio n to masti
catio n makes h eal th possi ble wi th the
,

maj ori ty o i people te mpted by quan ti ,


76 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ties of soft and rich foods N o other .

o n e has taugh t s o wisely how avail able


b rai n power can be saved from w a stage
i n th e stom ach as h av e yo u
,
th e val ue
i s beyo n d all estimate .

I t has be e n give n to me to become a


teacher among those wh o ha v e nei ther
time nor means to cultivate heal th ;
m i ne to teach them h ow to get all the
heal th possible withou t the use of any
,

of th e heal th arts I n dispe nsing th e


.

new ph ysiology of die tary rest I have


h ad n eed o f al l the ti me possible with ,

none left for th e experim e n ts of science ,

hence I ha v e done l ittle o r noth ing to


speak of in the experi me nt way s u g
gested i n you r letters .


I am very glad to hear fro m you
agai n and sh all be pleased to have yo u
,

i ndicate the n u mber of the P op u l a r


S ci en ce M o n tn ly i n wh ic h P rofessor
,

C h i ttenden s art i cle on your work at


Yal e appe ared so that I can send for


,

i t Thi n k of this my d ear M r Fletcher


.
,
.
,

what a conservation the re is of e nergy ,


78 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
the exceed ing good you have done m e
i n teach ing how to save e ne rgy avail
able for brain power by Fl etcherisi ng -

all foods before swallowi ng I n the .

case of dropsy I have pre v i ously writte n


,

abou t I am conde n t the sole m eans


,

of success that is bei n g acco m pl ished


n o w is due to th e Fle tcherisi ng of al l
,

m orsels Th e patien t spends never l ess


.

than an hour and a half over h is on e


meal a d ay At th e e nd of his forme r
.

fast with hi s we igh t of 2 5 0 lbs c u t


, .

down to 1 2 5 lbs he was perm i tted to .


,

take six meals a day and i n a few weeks ,

h e was nearly as bad as ever with h is ,

weigh t raised to 1 8 0 lbs U nder my .


care a n d afte r only a seventeen -days fast
,

(dietary rest ) he was reduced agai n to


,

122
% lbs There has
. si nce bee n a
m on th o f feeding on e m eal a day by
your method wi th weigh t restored to,

1 5 6 lbs and no hi nt of returni ng dro ps y


.

an d you are guil ty of th is for no oth e r ,

than th e practice of thorough masticatio n


has bee n capable of s uch curing work .
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 79

You r experie nces as detailed i n th e
,

P op u l a r S ci en ce M o n tl cly (J un e ,

were read w i th absorbing i nterest There .

i s n o m ore im portant work for man to


do than that wh ich yo u are doi ng I .

h ave not the patie nce for de tails and ,

si nce the N o Breakfast P lan has b e


come som ewhat known to the world I ,

h ave bee n too busy ; bu t the m o re I


study an d study you i n particular the
, ,

m ore I see and real ise wh at o f c ri mes

an d of evil desires are due to ove r


food to bol ting food .


N o w for some th i ng ne w ! I n an
article o n The Mystery of M igration s
i n the S a tu r day E ven i n g P o s t of August
2 2d i t i s gi v en o u t that all m i
grati ng bi rds let thei r l ast meal ge t th or
oughly digested that they m ay start o n
,

th e ir l ong igh t with empty stomachs ;


that n o powe r may be diverte d to the
d igesting mach i nery of the i r stomach .

W hat i s th e signicance of thi s i n re


lation to the N o B reakfast P lan ?


I t i s the true physiology of I nsti nct !
80 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
r esp o n s e to
( In a r eq u e s t fo r p r i ss i n
e m o to q u t
o e

h i s app r e c i at i o n ) .

S pt b r
e em e 17 th , 1 903 .

R M R F L TC H E R
DEA . E :

You may freely state my views of


th e value of th e work you have done


for human ity better th an I have done .

Know th is ; I am not able to adequately


express m y own apprec iation of i t as ,

revealed i n the room s of the ail i ng


th rough out seve ral years of experience ,

by a ny language at my comm an d H ere .

is some th i ng form al if you l ike to use ,

it .

Yo urs with admi ration and gratitude



,

E H D E WE Y
. . .

P S
T he m atte r of thorough mas
. .

ti ca ti o n as unfolded and i n sisted o n by


,

H orace Fletche r i s the greatest pra e ,

tical physiol ogy that a dyspeptic gl u t ,

tonous world ever has received The .

discove ry of i ts i mportance of m outh


work in savi ng the strai n of ove r work
,
-

i n th e stomach and i n the i n testi nes ,


8 2 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
as I nd th e e ffec t of it i n th e sick room - .

T heoretical ly d igestio n m ay take place


,

far down i n the digestive tract but it is ,

prac tical ly found that wh en th is possi


bi l i ty i s resorted to by reason o f neglec t
,

o f the earl i e r buccal or gastric digestion ,

trouble soon h appe ns and we doctors ,

are call ed i n to try to e ffec t c ures by


m edici ne o r oth erwise For every one .

h orse -power of work as i t were that is


, ,

sligh ted i n the m outh it requi res per ,

h aps te n h o rse-powe r of en ergy to repai r


th e neglec t fu rthe r o n and all of th is ,

waste of energy is charged agai nst the


brai n -power pl easu re powe r reserve on
,
-

storage .

As I read the acc o un t of M r Fletch .


e r s sh owi ng o f h eat eco nom y reported
-
,

by P rofessor C hi ttende n i n h i s P op u l a r
S ci en ce M o n tn ly article and wh ich was ,

veried i n the calori me ter measure me n t


at M iddletown I see at once from m y
, ,

own observations that h alf th e heat


,

c ommonly used i n the hu man engi ne i s


occupied i n forci ng the un n ecessary
TH E NEW GLUTTON O R EPICURE 83

w aste through thi rty feet of i ntesti nal



folds and convol utio ns .

The author feel s ve ry grateful to D r .

Dewey not alon e fo r h i s e ncourageme n t


, ,

but for the service he has rendered


h uman ity by h is he roic stand for tem
p e r a n ce i n feeding
. H e is one of th e
sturdy E scul apian L uthers wh ose cry
,

o f reform c omes from the i mpulse o f an

i nborn C h ristian Al truism .

W he n i t becomes ge n erally k nown ,

as i t some day will be that ove r-eati ng


,

and wrong eati ng are th e pri me causes


-

o f temptatio n to i ntemperance i n d ri nk

i ng the m easure of D r Dewey s se rvice
, .

to the Tempe rance C ause will be bette r


appreciated .
84 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

AN AG R E E AB L E E N D U R AN C E
TEST
After th is vol ume was publ ished i n
18 98 , th e eld of experi men t was
changed from the U n ited S tates to
E urope . Th e physical exerc ise and
mental recreation of th e summe r of
1 8 9 9 consisted partly of bicycl i n g We .

landed i n H olland toured H olland


, ,

Belgi um and N orthe rn France an d


, ,

reached P aris i n the course o f about


two month s and with upwards of ve
.


h u nd red m i les wheel ing For another
.

month we bicycled lei surely aroun d


P ari s and added two o r th ree h u n dred
m iles to o u r cyclometer record D uring
.

the mon th o f J uly the author further


rode som e seve n h undred miles i n and
abou t th e Forest o f Fontai nebleau .

Th e idea o f an e ndu rance test was -

suggested to the author by th e ease


wi th wh ich h e accompl ished a ce ntury
86 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
found o n the edge of the forest borde r
i ng the S ei ne at Brolles and we we nt
,

fo r a spi n togethe r and nally returned


awheel to P aris To make a ce ntury
.


run i n a day had al ways seemed to the
author a f e at for athletes a n d expe rts
only and whe n h e fou nd that he had
,

m ade i t without any inconve nien ce and

was in n o way pai nfully c o n scious of it


next day th e ambitio n to s ee w n a t r ea l ly
,

co u l d li e do n e w a s bo rn. I t would give


practical m easure o f the improve men t
d ue to a n econom ical n utrition I t was
.

known wh at th e n e wly ambitious con


testant for a r e cord co u l d n o t do two
years b e f o re b u t it was now unce rtai n
,

what he m zjg/ct (5e m i l e to do u nder Changed



c ond i tio n of h e al th eve n wi th two years
additi o n al h andicap of age ; besides i t ,

h appen e d to be the h al f-ce ntury year o f


the autho r s l ife and a good tim e to j o t

down a record of a new s tart i n l ife .


R efere nce to econom ical n utrition

i n con nection wi th a full measure of


r ec reation needs som e explanation To
.
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPI CURE 87

be econom ical mean s to m ost persons


p rivatio n of pleasure I t i s true that th e
.

econ omic standard attai ned by L uigi


C ornaro had bee n maintai ned wi th ease
by the author si nce the begi n n ing of
h is experim ents i n the sum mer o f 1 8 9 8 .

Th is was n ot accom pl ished by t ryin g


to em ul ate Co r n ar o s example b u t was

reached by a m ethod o f taki ng food and ,

devel oped i n the cou rse of a special


study of th e economic natu ral requi re
men ts The autho r ate j u s t w n a t l ei s
.

appe ti te ca l k d
f,or as nearly as ci rc um
stances o f s upply pe rmi tted he ate a l l
,

tn a t Iti s app eti te w o u l d a l l o w ; e nj oyed


a gustatory pleasure that da d n er/er oeen
e u a l l ed under o l d habits o f taking food
g ,

and was a disti nc t epicurean gaine r


by the econ om y learned and practised .


B ut an d i n th is but l ies the secret
the solid food had bee n munched ap
r e ci ati ve l u n ti l it was l i queed an d
p y
a strong S wallowing I mpulse compelled
i ts d egl utitio n T he sapi d an d n utri
.

tious l iquids we re tasted as th e wi n e


88 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
tasters taste wi ne as tea taste rs taste
,

tea and as all experts test or G e t


, ,


the G ood o u t o f anyth ing I nstead
, .

o f bei ng d ru nk down i n a ood like


water wh ich has no taste and n o rea
,

so n to s tay i n the regio n o f taste ,

del icious c ou ntry m ilk was sipped and


tasted wi th the e nd of th e tongue ,

wh ere the best taste buds are un til i t


-
,

disapp e ared by natural absorpti on I n .

th is way th e m il k was fully e nj oyed ,

large l y as s imil ated and as the resu l t of


, ,

almost subsisting o n bread and mil k


al one at times i n response to the cou n
, ,

try appeti te th e disproporti onately ex


,

ce s s i v e waste usually e ncou ntered whe n

pu rsui ng a m ilk diet was not e xpe


-

r i e n ce d ; the digestion ash ( solid ex


c reta) was extremely smal l and average d


only about one tenth of th e amou nt com
-

m o n l
y wasted i n th e digestiv e process

i n ordi nary habits o f taki ng b read and


m ilk hastily an d carelessl y .

I t is signi cant that while the quan


,

tity of food habi tually take n was about


90 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

p r o ach e d by di fferent meth ods of grati


cati o n T he powerful young artist
.

wh o vol u nteers the sto r y l ived i n the


ord i nary way and the aged reformer and
research -di e te ti ci a n whom the you n g ,

athlete paced treated h is food as rec


,

o m m e n de d i n this book .

E D WAR D W R E D F I E L D S
.

E VI D E N CE
( In r e spo n s e to a in v i t at i o n to r c o u n t h i s r e e
n e m m

b r an c e o f th e te s t afte r l ps e o f fo u r y rs )
a a ea .

CE N TR E BR I D G E P E NN

, .

M Y D AR M R F LE TC H R
E . E :


My reme mbrance of the trip is as
follows : O n August l o th 1 8 9 9 I w as , ,

spendi ng the summe r at Brolles on the ,

border o f the Forest o f Fon tai neblea u i n


France whe n you came to visit m e and
,

e nj oy th e forest at th e same ti me th at
you were c onducti ng some ch ewing ex

e ci s e s an d plan n i ng an e nd urance test
r

o n bicycl e o n th e ftie th an niversary of


you r birthday You were quietly l iv
.

i ng the n according to the regime n w i th


whic h your name is now connected an d
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 9 1

I was pursu i ng th e ordin ary habits of


l ife wh ich are com mon to artists abroad .

Th e test was not o n ly to dete rm i ne th e


e ndurance of yourself bu t to furnish a
,

c ontrast wi th ordi nary condi tions o f n u


tr i ti o n W e we re eati ng at the sam e
.

table wi th the same food availabl e to


,

each and we re taki ng about th e sam e


,

am oun t of physical exercise W e turned .

i n at n ight at th e same ti me as people ,

are apt to do i n the co untry and i t was ,

my c ustom to ri se at or befo re dayligh t .

Th is h abi t of early risi ng came natural


to me from my farme r e d ucation an d
h abitual p ractice and ye t I neve r could
,

surprise you early enough to catch yo u


asleep My rst th ough t on getting out
.

was to stop u nde r your wi ndow an d


chan t the refrai n M r Fle tche r are you
, .
,


up ? i n i mitati o n o f the catch l i ne of a -

popul ar song of the year Frequently .

the cl ick of you r type-wri ter warned me


that you were al ready at work but you ,

were a l ways awake and rea d y for any


th ing doing .
9 2 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPIC URE
I was at the tim e thirty years of

, ,

age and thought mys e lf i n good c ondi


tion and strong e ve n fo r a farmer s boy ; ~

h ad previously done conside rable l ong


distance road -ridi ng i ncl uding L eague ,

o f American W heel men ru ns etc i n ,


.
,

competi tio n wi th the c racker jacks ;

a nd to be frank with you though t th e


, ,

agreemen t to pace yo u on that par ti cu


lar day a s nap and I expec ted to lose

,

you i n the woods before l o ng .

Th e day was perfec t rather warm



, ,

as I remembe r i t and wi th l i ttl e or n o


,

b reeze O ur start was made at


.

A M ( arose at
. . C ourse selected
To Fontai ne bleau and thence ac ross
country to O rleans about o ne h un dred ,

kilomete rs distan t from B roll es I con .

s i de r e d O rleans the l imi t an d fully ex

p e cte d to h ave yo u return by rail way


from there .

W e were run ni ng at the rate of


twen ty to twen ty-two kil om eters the


hour and from tim e to time I woul d
,

look back for Fletcher b ut he was al ,


94 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
condition but h ad you known at the
, ,

time h ow I w as cussing your heal thy


,

appearance and impat i ence to proceed ,

you would n t have bothered me so m uch


with your sympathy After a partial .

rec overy and the sl ow ride i nto Blois ,

six kilometers away I left you taki ng


, ,

th e trai n back to P aris yo u ha v i ng ,

dec ided to go it alone for the rest of


the day and thus complete the test .


The arri val at Bl ois was about
P M ( 1 70 kil ometers a l i ttle abo ve 1 00
. .
~

m il es) and took about nine hours i n ,

cl uding stops to accomplish The next


, .

m orni ng we recei v ed your dispa tch from


Saum ur nearly an other h u nd red m iles
,

d own th e L oire telli ng us th at th e ru n


,

to that poi nt had bee n c omple ted by


P M that night and M r Fletche r
. .
, .

returned the next day as fresh and as


strong as I h a d ever see n h i m at any
time during th e sum mer .

S tarti ng the day foll owing with wife


and daugh te r for a bicycle ride th rough
France to S w itzerland I accompanied
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 95

your party as far as G eneva and th e ,

on l y th i n g I could n t d iscover was h o w


a m an who ate so little could travel so


far and seem never to get ti red .

(S igned ) Very since rely



,


E W R E DF I E LD

. . .

S p t 7th
e . 1 ,

TE S T C O M P L E TE D
The experience of the author o n that
e ven tful ftieth birth day as registered ,

i n th e successive sen sations is worthy ,

o f reco r d .

I n starti ng out i n the cool of the


morni ng as the day was dawn ing and ,

speeding th rough the beautiful Fo rest of


F o n tai n ebleau the feeli ng o f exhil aratio n
,

was i nd escribabl e An h ou r or two


.

pas s ed before th ere was any s ense of


unpleasantness attach i ng to th e steady
gri n d o f duty wh ich l ed u s to pass re
l u cta n tl y by i nvi ti n g spots a n d scenes
wi thout stoppi ng In
. the begi nn i ng
there was th e kee nest feeli ng o f pleasure
96 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
i n the mere m ovement with out any ex
,

e r ti o n
, ove r an d among an enchanti n g
l andscape I t was wh at o ne migh t call
.

a b irdlike se nsation of freedom of m o v e


me nt which bicycl i ng and skati ng ,

among th e com mon means of l o co m o


tion alone gi v e
, .

Re d e l d d id not l e t up on the pace


and I was determi ned n ot to beg for
respite Betwee n fty a n d sixty kil o
.

me ters Of dista n ce o n ly had been m ade


w he n I fel t that th e day was not pro
pitious for an e ndura n ce test and I fully
-
,

expected to be co m pelled to return fro m


O rleans l eisurely i n the afte rnoon and
even ing by wheel with only a sligh t
addition to the century run of the pre -

c e e di n
g Fourth of J uly accomp l ished .

Before O rleans was reached however , ,

all sense of stra i n passed and second ,

wi nd and second s tre n gth h a d b e co m e


-

i n stalled for th e day W he n I l e ft Re d


.

e l d at Blois I fel t stronger th an any


time before and as eage r to k ick the
,

pedals as whe n we started i n the morn


9 8 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
and proceeded down the beautiful road
towards S aum ur . My ambition was
h ere raised to complete 300 kil om ete rs
and the distance to Saum ur j ust about
lled that am bition I rode lei surely for
.

a time afte r d ini ng and then grad ually


i ncreased the speed to abou t eigh teen
kilometers an h our wh ich b ro ugh t m e to
,

m y destination a little past te n with a feel


,

i ng of sl eepi ness that i nvited to a hasty


falli ng i nto bed but with su rprisi ngly
,

l ittle o r no sense of m usc ular fatigue .

My cyclome ter registered a l i ttle more


than 304 kil ometers or 1 9 0 m iles ; not
,

m uch fo r experts u nde r th e co ndition s


, ,

to be su re but a revelation of possibili ties


,

to a man of fty who had once not many ,

years before bee n de nied l ife i nsurance


,

o n accou nt of h eal th disabili ty This .

was wo rth m ore than millions of m oney


to me ; and n o one knows how m uch i t
will signify to the h u man fam ily whe n
the k n o wledge o f a truly economic n utri
tion is attai ned and establ ish ed .

I was brigh t awake at dayligh t the next


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 99

m orning and h ad the impul se to moun t



my wheel and see how t I was in con

sequence o f m y exertion of th e day before .

Th is I did and rode eigh ty kil om ete rs


,

(fty m iles ) before breaki ng my fast at


n i ne o cl ock

. I bel ieve I coul d ha v e
ridden as far that day had the condi tion s
bee n favourable My weigh t on return to
.
,

m y balances at Broll es was red uced two


,

kilogra m s ( n early ve pou nds ) bu t a ge n ,

e r o u s th i rst for a day o r two and a sl igh tly


,

i ncreased appetite put the l oss back agai n


i n side a week even wh ile ridi ng my
wheel daily o n the way to G e neva .

S i nc e reach ing I taly and abiding i n


,

Venice there h ave bee n l ong pe ri ods


,

whe n no systematic physical exerci se


has bee n i nd ulged i n O nce after .
,

n early a year of physical i nactivi ty I ,

took wi th me an atte ndan t and m ade


an ave rage of seven ty ve m iles a day
-

i n th e m ou n tai n d istric ts of southern


G e rmany for observation of i ncrease of
food requi remen t d uri ng hard work .

N either m uscular sore ness n or m uscular


,
1 00 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
fatigue except th e pe riodical weari ness
,

o f sl eepi ness ,were experie nced as the


resul t of the sudd e n change from the
m ost restful e n v i ronme n t to stre n uous
activi ty ; and herei n lies a physiological
q uestion that is far reach ing i n i ts s i g n i
-

c ance I t woul d see m tha t Appeti te in


.
,

i ts n ormal condition assisted i n i ts dis


,

c rim inatio n by careful m outh treatmen t -

o f food guards the body from excess and


,

keeps i t al ways i n trai ni ng

The later
.

expe rie n ce at Yale U ni v ersity u nder D r .

Anderson and P rofessor C h itte nde n


showed the same i mm u n ity from mus
c u l ar disability and has brough t the
,

question to good hands fo r sol ution .

The author has vol um i nous data


relati v e to h is work but i t is not a ppl i
,

cable to any othe r person E ach person


.

i s a law unto h i mself and no two sets of


conditions are al ike Treat yo ur food
.

as ad v ised h erei n and ge t surprisi ng new


experi ences for yoursel v es is the advice
,

and m oral of the story .


102 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
di rect the e ne rgy gene rated al ong all ur

i ng li nes of usefulness .

lf
= < ll
= = lf
= <

N ature requi res n o sacri ces and


i mposes no penal ties for obeying he r
be n e ce n t demands .

N atural L aws are easily compre


h ended if studied obj ec ti v ely .

I ll heal th i nharm ony and u nhappi


,

n ess c ome only from disobeyi ng N ature .

G od (obeyed ) is O nly G ood .

N ATU R E S TU D Y

N ature can not be p rotably studied


alone thro ugh books .

N atu re has a separate message for


e ach i ntelligence .

E ach body mach i n e has pec ul iari


ties whic h the possessor alone can
u nde rstand .

O bj ec t lessons pe rsonally e xpe r i


,

e n ce d or O bserved are the best


,
.


O nce see i ng ( or feel ing ) i s wort h

an h u ndred times tel l ing about i s a ,

wise J apanese proverb ; an d i t is true .


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICU RE 103

As the swi nging pendul u m taugh t


G alileo an d the fall ing apple suggested
,

to S ir I saac N ewton the l aw of gravi ty


, ,

i n l ike man ne r the m odern el ec tric


power pl ant teaches us by analogies
-
, ,

suggestions useful i n the study of o ur


selves o u r own M ind P ower P lant
-
.

O LD AN D N E W

TH E O LD I D E AS
T he o l d religion condemned m an ,

even th ough u nenligh te ned to perdi ,

tion and saved hi m only th rough special


dispensati on .

Th e o l d e d ucation insisted on narrow


formulas and tri ed to cra m all m e n tal i ty
i nto prescribed m oulds .

The ol d physiol ogy presupposed d is


ease and gl oried pathology .

TH E NEW S TU D Y
The n ew religion gl o r i e s L ove ,

stimul ates Appreciatio n and preaches


only Op tim ism .
1 04 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
T he new pedagogy aims to discover
the useful tendency wi th wh ich each
c reature is equipped at bi rth and to
c ul ti vate th is G od -give n i ncl i nation as
designed by th e C reator .

The new physiol ogy studies H ygie ne


a nd assists N ature by sec u ri ng P reve n
tion to avoid the necessity of correction
and c ure .

S AF E H YP OTH E S E S
Assu m i ng that N atu re s i nten tion s

are o nly right ill -heal th i s unn at ural


, .

I f N ature s i nvi tations as expressed


by N ormal Appe ti te are righ tly inter


,

r e te d good h ealth m ust resul t


p , .

W he n there i s bad health N ature


has bee n disobeyed .

A RE AS O N A B LE CON C L U S I ON
I f P hysiology h as fail ed to teach
a way to mai ntai n perfec t heal th som e
o f her hypotheses m ust be wrong .

I f any o f the hypotheses o f P hysi


1 06 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

O U R N AT U R AL G U AR D I AN S

TH E S E N SE S

G U I DI N G S U P P O S I TI O N S
The stomach and other h idden parts
of the body have automatic functi ons i n
dependen t O f the will that perform diges
tion ; these functio ns are beyo n d the
scope of control and hence means of
,

preve nti ng ill digesti o n must be studied


-

by the aid of the exteri or sensations .

S igh t Appeti te Touch and Taste


, ,

are the senses useful in sel ec tion of


food and i n the preve nti on of i ndigestion .

Sigh t and Appeti te relate to i n vi


tati o n and selection Wh ile Touch and
,

Taste are d iscri m in ators and i ndicators


o f co nditions .

Appeti te and Taste are the sense


functions that are m ost i m portan t to
heal th and he nce th ey are the most i m
,

portant to study and u nderstand They .


TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 107

are the guide i n n utri tion and the guard


o f th e body mach ine the Mi n d P owe r

P lant .

S mell also is a n importan t aid i n


sel ecti on and discrimi nation and i s an
e ffective assistan t of Appe tite .

AP P E TI TE AN D TAS TE AN ALY S E D
Appetite should be d igni ed and
recognised as a di stinc t sense .

N ormal Appeti te is N ature s mean s

o f i ndicati ng her fuel and repair r e


u i r e m e n ts for th e M ind P ower -P lan t
q .

S tudy N ormal Appetite an d heed i ts


i nvi tation I t prescri bes wisely
. Its .

mark of d istinction to di ff erentiate it


,

from False Appeti te is wateri ng of the


,

m outh for s o m e p a r ti cu l a r tn i n g .

Fal se Appetite i s a n i ndenite cr av


i ng for s o m etn i n g AN Y TH I N G ! to smothe r
,

disagreeabl e se nsations and frequently i s


expressed by the symptom of fai nt

Al l gone ness

ness or
- -
[ Vi d e
. the

A B Z of O U R O WN N
. . .

Taste i s the ch emist o f the body ;


1 08 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
o f the M ind P ower P lan t More co r -
.

r ectl
y perhaps i t i s the report of a
, ,

che mical process relati ng to n utrition .

Taste is an evidence of nutrition .

W hil e taste lasts a necessary process is


goi ng on .

Taste should therefore be care fully


, ,

studied and u nderstood .

Both Taste an d Appetite d i ffer i n


d i fferen t i ndi viduals and i n the sam e
i ndividual u nder d i ffe re nt conditions of
th ought or activi ty .

Taste is also depende n t o n suppl y of


the mouth j uices usuall y called sal iva ,

and these d i ffe r material ly i n i nd i v id u al s ,

necessi tating self study sel f-understand


-
,

i ng and self care to i nsure preve ntion


,
-

of i ndigestio n and disease .

The most important part of n u trition


i s the right prep a ration of food i n th e
m outh for fu rther digestion .

The most importan t discovery i n


physiol ogy is the relation of compulsory
o r i n v ol untary swallowing to the righ t
p reparation of food for digestion .
1 10 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ti on will be assured and perfect heal th
main tai ned .

>= X

N AT RE U
S F OOD F I LTE R
N ature has provided an Automatic
Food Fi lter wh ich i f righ tly used wil l
, ,

preven t the i ntrod uction of any harmful


substance i nto the stomach .

3k lf
= = = 16

At the e ntrance to the th roat there are


certai n m uscular folds or convol uti o n s ,

i ncl udi ng th e palate wh ich whe n i n re


, ,

pose form an organ that is n othi ng less


,

than a P e rfect Food Fil te r This l ter .

has also automatic quali ties wh ich c om


pel i t to empty i tself by th e process we
call I nvol un tary S wal lowi ng .

I nvol u n tary swal lowi ng is reall y com


p u l so r
y swallowing ; unless a v ol untary
e ffort to restrai n i t is se t up against i t .

Th e real S wal lowing I mpulse i s s o


strong th at it is prac tically compell i ng .

The Food Filter when rightly pe r


,

form ing i ts protecti ve functio n i s i mpe r ,

vio n s to anythi ng except pure wate r a t


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 1 I
the righ t temperature for adm issi on to
the stomac h and to n utri men t wh ich
.

has bee n p roperl y dissol ved and chem i


cally converted by salivation (m ixture
with saliva ) i n to a substance suitable fo r
further digestion .

I M P ORTAN CE OF M ASTI CATI ON


I f we masticate subm it to vigorous
j aw action everythi ng th at we take
i nto the m outh l iqu i d as well as sol id
, ,

u ntil the n utritive part of i t d isappears


i nto the stomach th ro ugh compul sory
o r i nvol u ntary swall owing and remo v e ,

from the m outh all brous i nsol ubl e and ,

tasteless remai nder we will take in to th e ,

body th ereby only th at which i s goo d


, ,

for th e body .

lf
= < i f! i f:

The rst th o u gh t th at will arise i n


the reader s m in d o n pe rusal of th e

above declaratio n wil l und oubtedly be ,

W h at ! masticate m ilk soups wi nes , , ,

spi ri ts and othe r l iqu i d s ; no nsense !


,


That is impossible !
1 12 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
I t is not howeve r i mpossibl e and
, , , ,

furthe rm ore i t is a bs o l u tely n ecess a r y to


,

r o tecti o n a a i n s t a bu se o /
p g f t ce s to m a ck

a n d p o s s i bl e di s ea se .

Liquid for adul ts for anyon e afte r


,

the eruptio n of teeth is an articial ,

an d u nnatural susten ance ; something


not taken in to consideration whe n the
h uman bo d y was plan n ed L iquid food .

(dru nk without mixing wi th sal iva ) i s


a sort o f n utritive self-abuse and the ,

o nly way to avoid the ill e ff ect is to


give i t th e same c hance to encou nte r
saliva that the consti tuen t i ngredients
would h ave had in a m ore solid state .

For the importance of th is see D r C amp .

bell s able treatise o n mastication re


pri nted from th e L ondon L a n cet i n the


A B Z of O U R O WN N U TRI TI O N

.
- .
. .

*
3

T h e only thi ngs necessary to life that


we are compel led to take i nto the body
that do not exci te the sense of taste are
pure air and pu re wate r These are .

necessary to l ife but are not what is


,
1 14 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I n consideri ng th e reasonableness o f
m asticating everythi ng that h as taste
u ntil i t is absorbed by N ature s Food

Fil ter i t m ust be rem embered that the


,

only l iquid food provided for man th at


is n ot articial is mil k and the natural ,

m eans provide d for taki ng milk i nto the

stomach is by sucking wh ich is l ike ,


m astication Th e m ilk of fruits such
.
,

as c o coan ut mil k for i nstance is found , , ,

i n l iquid form only i n the unripe fruit , ,

an d remains l iquid only wh ile it is ripe n


i ng i nto pulp .

lf
= r X
= =

I nsal iva ti on d oes not seem to be com


p i ete wi th o ut j aw acti on al though sali va ,

( someti mes only m ucous ) ows freel y


i nto th e mouth wi thout i t u nder c o ndi
tions wh ich we ter m watering of th e


m outh excited by kee n ness of appe ti te .

1 B f r th r upt i n f t th i n c h i l d th r i s
e o e e e o o ee a e e n o

s c r ti n f s li v n l y uc us bu t t h r s il k i s
e e o o a a, o m o m o e

s tr n gl y l k l in
o a d h nc h
a n d f s li v t
e , an e e as n o ee o a a o

p r p r i t f d i g s t i n Al l i l k th t h
e a e or e st do . m a as

o o

o r h asb n i x d w i th w t r i s c id d r q u i r s
ee m e a e a , an e e

s al i va t g i v i t th q u l i ty f th er s i l k
o e e a o m o m .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 15

( See P awlow s C am
pbell s,Van S om

e r e n s and othe r evidence i n AB Z



. . .
,

o f O U R O WN N U TRI TI ON

)
The n ormal pe rvi ousness o r natu ral
open i ng of the Food Fil te r for swallow
i ng food is d irectly assisted and a ffected
by movemen t of the jaws exe rcised i n
vigoro us m an ne r .

Mastication or mouth - treatmen t


, ,

therefore eve n o f l iquids that excite


,

taste seems to be a n ecessary part of


,

thoroug h insalivation .

X
=< 3
ft X
= <

N atu re has a good reason for eve ry


th ing she plan s .

It is asserted by ph ys i o l o gi cal ch e m i s ts
that sal iva take n from the mouth an d
,

kept at no r m al tem perature will dissolve ,

b reads and si m ilar foods and conve rt


the starch i n th e m into m al tose gl ucose ,

o r sugar The converted form i s th at


.

which i s suitable for further digestion .

S aliva also c onverts some acids i nto


alkali and readily ne utral ises all acids .

I t is also asserte d that saliva d oes


1 16 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
not dissolve some th i ngs ( proteid sub
stances) nor ch em ical ly affect the m as
visibly as i t does starch and acid but , ,

eve n if th is be true it is no less esse n tial


,

that the j uices pro v ided i n the mouth


should h ave an Opportuni ty th rough ,

mastication or m o v em en t abou t i n the


, ,

mouth to do what they are able to do


,

i n assisti ng digest i on .

E xperi me nt shows that if al l foods are


submi tted to th e exam ination and actio n
o f these j uices un til i nvol un tary swall ow

i n g takes place the resul ts i n aidi ng


,

su bsequen t d igestio n are impo rtan t i n


prom oti ng healthy n utri tio n .

Separati on ne utral isation al kal i n a


, ,

tion s acch ar i da ti o n of the proteid and


, ,

carbo -hydrate eleme nts of commo n


foods an d perh aps a partial e m u l s i ca
tio n o f fats are a l l possible i n the mouth
an d are m ore easily and quickly done
the re than i nside the body Much care .

i n M outh -Treatm e n t is an assurance o f


economy an d s afety i n Alimentati on .
1 18 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ti on provided by b e n e ce n t N ature ?
I n wel l selected and well cooke d foo d
there is l ittle fou n d that the j uices o f
the mouth i n con nection wi th the teeth
can not take care of and prepare so as to
be acceptabl e to N atu re s Food Fil te r

.

I f bre is found i n the food it can be


put upon th e fork i n the same mann er
that a cherry pi t is usual ly handled
and transfe rred to the plate wi th ou t
observation .

An other fancied obj ection to th o r


o ugh m asticatio n is that i t i nterferes
wi th the sociabil i ty o f a m eal .

T his i s al so a se nsel ess bugbear I t .

is true th at o ne cannot con v e rse freely


wi th large m orsels of food i n the m ou th .

I t i s also true that i t i s n oth i ng less than


a g l u tto n o u s c ustom to greedily take a
big mouthful of food and if accosted
, ,

with a q uestio n to bol t i t i n orde r to


,

an swer .

I t will be foun d easy to carry o n co n


versation Withou t disagreeable i n te rrup
tio n and yet foll ow N atu re s de mands i n

TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 19

properl y m asticati ng foo d by taki ng


s mall morsels i nto the m outh I t wil l .

be fou nd al so to add to the real pleasure


o f eati ng and eve ntually will becom e a
,

h abi t by choice .

Anothe r objectio n raised by th ose


w h o are a ficted with the habi t of gl ut
tony i s th e lack o f ti me pe rm itted by
th ei r b usi ness occupation .

The tim e nee ded to appease the nat


u ral appeti te of a h earty an d active m an ,

to compensate for the daily waste an d


keep th e weigh t at n ormal is from th i rty ,

to forty - ve m i nutes for twenty four -

h ou rs 1
T his r equi res atte ntion an d i n
.

d u s tr i o u s masticatio n D ivided i nto .

three m eal s it is less th an a quarte r o f


an hou r for each m eal .

1
Th e c tu l ti r q u i r d by th u th r d u rin g
a a m e e e e a o

th e l t s t s t s cu r f u ll l i n t t i n
Ya e e o e in t in
e a m e a o , m a a

w i ght d f u ll y pp s w r k in g n s pp
e , an a ea e a o m a a e

tit e, w

fr t w n ty f u r t t w n ty s i x in u t s
as o m e -
o o e - m e ,

d i v id d in t tw
e ls f
o c h d y Th c
o m ea n or ea a . e o m m o

h b it i s t b l t f d d w s t t i
a o o ft r w rd s in
oo an a e m e a e a

t rp id in c t i v i ty w h i l l l th e n rgy i s busy in th
o a , e a e e e

s t c h d in t s t in s try ing t get rid f th e g t


o m a an e e o o r ea

e x c ss l o d d up o n th
e a e em .
1 20 TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
E picurean h abits however incl i ne , ,

o n e away from th ree meals a day and

m ake two meal s sufcie n t for ordi n ary


activity .

O ne objector on the spu r of m ome n ,

tary discussion claimed th at i n travelling ,

by railway th e tim e allowed for eati ng


woul d not perm i t E pic urean m eth ods .

Th e author arrived at M obil e Al a , .


,


rece ntl y wi th a workingm an s appeti te
and had only twe n ty min utes i n wh ich
to get o ff the trai n o n agai n and satisfy , ,

the appeti te There is an excelle n t .

l u nch cou nter now at M obil e an d o n ,

the counter there was a tempti ng array


o f thi ngs to eat and d ri nk Appetite .

l
ch ose at once a fat rich ham sandwich , ,

a glass of c reamy m il k and a hexagon al


F i v y r s f E p i cu r n nj y n t d s t u d y f
1
e ea o ea e o m e an o

the f d in s t in c t s d f d c n i cs h v t ught
oo an o o e o om a e a

the a u th r t l i k
o o n y th ings b tt r th n sl i c s f
e m a e e a e o

d d p i g s ndw i c h d b tw n l i c s f d l i ci us b r d
ea a e e ee S e o e o ea .

V g t ri n
e e a xtr i s t d f ddi s t th u th r i s t
a e em an a e a o n o ,

bu t an tt n t i n t n t u r l l din gs in c l in s
a e o o a w y a ea e o n e a a

fr d d
o m ea t w h i c h i s b l i v d t ind uc
m ea ,
uc h e e e o e m

u ri c c id d in f v u r f t h nd f d l n t s
a , an a o o rs - a oo e em e as

fr s h fr th h rt d th b r s t f M th r N t u r
e om e ea an e ea o o e a e
122 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPI CURE
an m igrati n g mic r obes th at we r e oat
y
i ng about i n my atmosphe re looki n g for
strai n ed t i ssue or fe r me n ti n g food i n
wh ich to build thei r disease n ests .

O bservatio n proves that you d o n o t


get m uch m ore n utrime n t out of you r
food tha n s al iva p repares i n some w ay
for digestion gul p though you may bu t
, ,

you can take i n a load of disease possi


bi l i ti e s i n tryi ng to fo r ce th e food past
o r otherwise evade p r ope r sal ivatio n .

S P IT IT OU T

W hateve r does not i nsalivate easily


is su rely da n ge rous .

The re is n oth i n g more pronoun ced


o f expression by i ts i n fl ue n ce o n i ncl i n a

tion th an th e i mpulsive desi r e to S pit


out of the m outh a n yth i n g that seem s
u n pro table to th e se n ses .

IN S TIN CTIV E D IS C R IM IN AT IO N
M uscles have bee n p r ovided for th is
p u rpose (separati n g col lecti n g a n d spit
, ,

ting out anyth i ng wh ic h th e i n sti ncts


-
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE I23

protest agai n st ) th at a re more facil e


th an th ose o f a n elepha n t s p r oboscis

an d these muscl es m ove th i n gs to and

f r o i n th e m outh o r expel th e m if they


are u n desirable .

I f you acqui re the h abi t of co n su l ti n g


th e S w all o w i n g I m pulse a n d p r ac tise
o n l y i n vol u n tary s w al l o w i n g i n eati n g yo u
w ill nd that th ese muscles a r e ve r y d is
cri mi n ati n g a n d w il l i n sti n c tively assist
i n the r ej ection of u n p r otabl e m atter .

Thei r se n se o f touch will soon dis


c r imi nate agai n st u n protable food eve n
whe n the se nse of taste is fooled by some
all u r ing sauce o r co n dime n t .

N atu r e is t r uly a m arvel of good


se nse if yo u give her a cha n ce to expres s
he r l ikes and d isl ikes with ou t rest r ai n t .

N atural Appe ti te i s th e best possibl e


j udge of what th e syste m n eeds a n d the ,

se nses wh ich N ature s Food C hem ist


empl oys i n h er wo r k a r e u n e rr i n g i n
thei r select i o n wheneve r they a r e per
m i tte d to ac t as i n tended by N atu re .

2
1 24 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

G IV E N AT U R E A T R IA L
Try N ature s way for a w eek o r

a m onth and you will n eve r have a


desi re to be eve n mildly gl utto n ous
agai n .

O ne week o f fai thfu l tria l without


lapses sh ould x a habi t of co n sulti n g
i n vol u n tary s w all o w i n g as a n automatic
guide i n eati n g so that atte n tio n w il l
not have to be strai ned to heed i t .

O n e week o f co n stan t atte n tion to


obeyi n g N atu r e s dema n ds i n eatin g will

so im p r ess its use ful n ess o n the stude n t


o f E picu rea n ism that a n acc ide n tal act

o f forced s w allo w i ng w ill be a sh oc k to

the se n sibili ty .

O n e week of obedience of N ature s


s i mple requi r eme n ts w il l dem onstrate


that sh e i mposes no pe n al ties fo r follo w
i n g he r n atu ral requi r em e n ts bu t only ,

fo r d isobedie n ce of he r p r otective laws .

O n e week of ea r n est ope n m i n ded ,


-

study of N atu r e s rst p r inciple of life


n utri t i on will co nvert a p i t i ab l e


1 26 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ness and stre n gth of the sec r eti ons at
the tim e of t r ial .

This l iability to changed condition s


would co n sti tute a se r ious danger if i t
were n o t for the p r otective Food Filte r ,

or R eflex of Degl utitio n wh ich Van


, ,

S omeren has so w el l desc r ibed i n th e


A B Z ; and w h e never mou th -t reat

. .

m e n t of a n ythi n g to be i ngested is n eg
l e cte d a n d fo r ced s w all o w i ng hasty
,

bol ti n g of food o r gul pi n g of l iquid


food is i ndulged i n th is p r otec tion
,

is el uded and the da n ger is converted


i nto actual inter n al self -abuse .

WA R N IN G

Above all th i ngs do n t s tr a i n to be
ca r eful S trai n i n h i bi ts
. pa r alyses
all o f th e gland ul ar function s and de
ra n ges the n ervous n icety of adj ustme n t .

J ust eat slo w l y del iberately smal l m o r


, ,

sels a n d sip a n d taste small qua n tities


,

of liquids a n d obse rve what happe n s .

You w ill soon lea r n to K n ow yourself



and K now Thyse l f has be e n th e

TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE 1 27

advice of all th e sages fro m the beg i n


n i ng o f time .

G L ADS T O N E S R U L E

N umbers of m asticatio ns as related


to give n quant i ties and ki n ds o f foods
are n o guide to be relied upo n .

G ladstone s dictum C h ew each m o r



sel of food at least th irty tw o times w as -
,

of little val ue except as a ge n eral sug


gestion S om e m orsels o f food will n o t
.

r esist th irty tw o m asticatio n s wh i le oth


-
,

e rs wil l defy seve n h u n d red .

The auth or has fo u n d that one - fth


of an ou n ce of the mid w ay sectio n of the
ga r de n you ng onion someti mes called
,

challot has r equired seven h und r ed


,

a n d t w en ty -two m asticat i o n s befo r e d is

appea r i n g th r ough i n v olu n ta r y s w all o w


in g . Afte r th e tussle ho w eve r th e , ,

you n g o n ion left n o odour upo n the


b reath a n d j oi ned th e happy family i n
the stomach as i f it had bee n of corn
starch softness and co n s i ste ncy .
1 28 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I t wil l be d i fcul t w ith ou t actual dem
,

o n s tr a ti o n to co n vi n c e the advocates of
,

Total Abst i n e nce that any wh isky


ca n be take n i n a seemi n gly harm les s
form but i t is t r ue that tho ro ugh i n
,

salivatio n of bee r w i n e o r spi r its u n til


, ,

disappeara n ce by i n vol u nta ry s w all o w


i n g robs the m of th ei r powe r to i n
,

toxicate pa r tly because appeti te wil l


,

to l er a te u t l i ttl e.

TEM PE RA N CE P RO M O TE D
As a matter of fact w h isky take n i n ,

th is a n alytical w ay is a su r e m ea n s of
breaki n g up desire fo r i t a n d i t is an ex ,

ce l l e n t protectio n i n d r i n ki n g as well as

eati n g Ma n y of o u r test-subj ects h ave


.

bee n s teady and some h ave bee n heavy


d r i n ke rs b ut pe rsiste n t atte n ti o n to
B uccal Tho r ough n ess has c u r ed al l o f
-

them of a n y desi r e fo r alcoh ol a n d i n


time i t s u rely leads to complete i n to l e r
a n ce of i t .

I t is also t r ue th at take n i n th e w ay ,

suggested the body refuses to tolerate


,
1 30 TH E N E W GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
the ac ute discomfort was at once allayed
eve n before the rep ai r was comp l ete .

! N O W THY S E LF


Know Thyself has been the ad
m on i tio n of sages from earl iest ti m es .

Beco me acquai nted wi th your N ormal


I n sti n cts wi th Appetite and wi th your
,

food che mist Taste and follow thei r d i


, ,

rections with i mpl ici t co n de n ce i s the ,

admon ition taught by ou r expe r ime n ts ,

for they can lead yo u to robust health


a n d greatly i n c r eased vigou r of body and

m i nd S tudy a n d heed the m patie n tly


.

for a week a n d you will follo w thei r i n


vi tati o n s and war n i n gs through life .

Thorough repai r of an i m pai red body


m ay not be e ffec ted i mmediately al ,

though wo n de r ful results al most mi


r a cu l o u s have bee n attained i n th ree

m o n ths ; but a w eek s fai thful an d atte n
tive study of the possibil i ties of E pi cu
r e an i s m ,
w ith r igh t al i mentation as its
bas i c requi reme nt i n adding to the
,
'' '
TH E NEW GLU I IO N OR EPICURE 1 31

comfort and enj oy m e nt o f l ife will r e


sul t i n r i gh t eating bei ng made philo
soph ically a n d re l igio usly habi tual and
,

will give a backbone of E picurean char


acter th at w i l l n ot eas i ly succumb to
g l uttonous i mpetuosity .
1 32 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE

TH E M I N D P OW E R P LA N T

A U S EF UL A N A LO G Y
Al l of the fu nc ti o n s of th e body are
ope r ated by somethi n g very m uch aki n
to elect r icity me n tal e n e rgy s o that
as i de f rom the ferme ntation wh ich gl u t
to n y makes possible th e m e r e drag of
,

handl i n g of dead m ate r ial i n the body ,

that the body can not use for two o r ,

th r ee days is a w asteful d r aught o n


,

the avail abl e me n ta l capaci ty .

U s ing an elect r ic po w e r-plan t as an


al o o u s to the Mi n d P o w e r -P la n t of the
g
brai n and a t r olley r ail r oad as analogous
,

to th e machi n e ry of the body a n alo

gies wh ich are ve r y close by co n si sten t


si mila r i ty the loadi n g of th e stomach
with unprepared food as i n gl utto n y i s
, ,

l ike l oadi n g at cars with pig i ro n and


ru nni n g them a r ou n d the l i n e of th e
road i n p l ace of passenge r cars thereby ,
1 34 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
steam and dynamos out of w hich elec
,

tr i ci ty is evolved togethe r w i th auxiliary


,

p umps an d hoists and blo w e r s and what


n ot other devices to he l p c r eate co n trol ,

a n d economise the e ne rgy are the esse n


,

tial parts of a n electric power pla n t To- .

i n sure eco n omy a n d acc u racy these are


made as nearly au tom atic as possibl e .

A t o n e e n d o f the furn ace house th ere


is su n k i n the ceme n t floo r a large i ro n
scoop o r tray i n to which ca r tl oads of
l ump coa l are dumped This scoop .

sh aped receptacl e i s also the platform


of a weighi n g machi n e so that each
load i s weighed I n the bottom of the
.

scoop there is a t rap -door w hich bei ng


, ,

opened permi ts the coal to d r op th r o ugh


,

betwee n the teeth of a c r ushe r w he r e


the large l umps a r e reduced usually to ,

the size o f a small nut .

From th e c r ushe r the coal fall s i n to


the buckets of an e n dless chai n hoist -

a n d i s co n veyed aloft to g r eat h oppe r

shaped bins w hich occupy the e n ti r e


space u nder the roof over the furnaces .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 35

L eadi ng back fro m each bi n to th e con


s tan tl y m ovi ng grate bars of th e fu r nace

u nde r n eath is a p ipe w h ich delive r s the


c rush ed coal to the grate bars a n d dis
tributes i t eve n ly ove r their su rface as
fast as it can be recei ved i n to the fu r nace ,

regulated of course by th e c onsumpt i on


, ,

that is goi n g o n i n side the fu rnace .

To accompl ish this autom atic feeding


each set o f grate bars i s constructed i n
h i n ged sections and forms a wid e e n d
,

less i ron be l t which revolves and carries


the coal w i thi n th e cavi ty o f th e fu r n ace .

The coal c r ush er b ucke t hoist m ov


, ,

able grate bars ash col lec to r s and S ifte rs


, ,

p umps b l o w e r s lights a n d all other uti l i


, ,

ties of the plan t as we l l as th e great


,

travell ing c r a n e wh ich can hoist and



carry m any tons weigh t a n y part o f
the eno r m ous dy n am os from place to
pl ace are ope rated by e l ectric i ty wh i ch
,

i s gene r ated i n the dynamos .

A utom atic gauges that measure and


i ndicate and sw i tch boards that regu l ate
,
-

the ene r gy created and stored i n the


1 36 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
dynamos play importan t parts i n th e
eco n omy and wo r ki n g of the pl an t and
are analogous to appeti te and taste i n
man .

AN ALO G Y ILLU S T RA TE D
The fu ll a n alogy may be best ill us
tr a te d by arrangi n g the similar fu n ctio n s
o f the tw o e n ergy c r eati n g mach i nes -

opposi te each othe r i n parall el col um n s .

E LECT R IC AN D M IN D P O W E R-P LA N T S
C O M P AR E D
E L ECT RIC P OWER P L AN T - MI D N P O WE R P LA N T -

Fu l e . Fo o d .

S l c ti
e e on o f fu e l as to S l c ti
e e f f d f
on o o o or

s te am -mki g a n an d e co n u tri ti velu ; r l va e n o m a

n o m i c qu l i ti a es . a pp ti t
e ri g
e se v n as an

e x c t gu id
a d g ug e an a e .

C ru s hi g c o al n s o as to i c ti g f d
M as t a n o o so

r d r c bu ti
en e o m s o n as th t th
a ju i c
e f th es o e

y d c pl
e as an om ete as m o u th ct
can th a on e

p i bl
o ss e . s ub t c w i th g t t
s an e r e a es

fr d ; t t b i g vi
ee om as e e n e

d c f th w rk i g f
en e o e o n o

th pro c
e es s .
TH E N E W
:

1 38 GLUTTON OR EPICURE
t

A UXILIA RY O P E R ATIN G M OTO RS


E l c tri ce t r t N r c ll o t r t
m o o s a .
e v e- e m o s a

t h d t
ac e th p r t t h d t gl d
o e se d a a e ac e o an s an

p rta s c hio r f th m a u cl c ct d w i th
n es o e m s es , on n e e

pl t c
an c ted by w ir
, on n e th br i by r b es e a n n e ve- r es

and d r w i g po w r fr a n d dr w i g th e om an a n o n e m en

th d y
e o n am t l s .r u e rgy f a or n e vo s n e o r

p wr o e .

Aut ti c w i tc h
o m a s es S i ti en s r d
ve n e ve en s

r gu l ti g th tr
e a n i e an s m s t r i
e m ti g in a c h c ll f
n n ea e o

i f p w r t th
s o n o o e o e m o th b d y d p tr ti g
e o an en e a n

t r i
o s r p n t th i r es o n se o e ea c h gl d ig ll i g an , s n a n , o n

uc tu ti g re q u ir
a nt em e n s . b i g t uc h d f p w r
e n o e ,
or o e

t o j c t di g ti
e e cr es ve se e

ti on s or o i l y ucu d m s as e

m d d by th
an e d f e n ee s o

d ig ti es l upp l y i g
on ,
a so , s n

a ut ti c p w r t
om a o e o m us

cl es p l y d i xt ri r
em o e n e e o

w rk o i o i g th
o r n m v n e

f d ub t c
oo s th r ug h
s an e on o

th pr c
e f di g ti
o ess o es o n

an d ft rw rd di p i g
a e a s os n

o f th xcr tee h de a as e s an

cli k r n it w r
e s , as Th e e. e

g gl i
an th w i tc h
o n s ar e e s

b rd f th b d y
o a s o e o .

Au t
ic d df
o m at e m an o r App e ti te , i di c ati g
n n te

f l
ue r q u ir d i th e
as e e n q u i r em en ts o f th e M i d n

pr gro f c bu ti
es s o om s on P o w er Pl - an t fo r r pl c e a e

to uppl y th w t o
s e as e r i n g th e c o n s ta n t w as te o f
TH E N EW GLUTT O N OR EPICURE 1 39

u fu l
se co n s u m pti o n o f th e i u co s um ed
t ss e n in ru n

l ct i c i ty
e e r . n i n g th e a c hi e m n .

G o d D r ug h t f rc d
o a , o e p ti i ti c T h i k i g
O m s n n ,

if ce ry
n e ssa . f rc d i f c
o e ry f i t n e es s a , or

i c ry t h l th
s n e es s a o ea .

t
a s
a it

P RO TA L E MA N A GE ME N T
FI B

I n te l l igen t E n gi n ee r In te ll i ge n S elf !
t - n o w l
in g . edg e an d S lf C r
e - a e, as

i ti g
s s n Na tur i e n h er
g dioo n te n t o n s i .

i .
4

E c on om ic s to ki gn . F e e di g o l y w h atn n is
a c tu al l y re q u ire d fo r s u s

te n an ce .

U NP R O F ITAB L E M A N A GE ME N T
O ver l o adi n g an d c h o k O v erl o ad i n g an d c h o k
i n g th e f ur a c e w i th i r ni g th e s to m ac h w i th n

regul ar a d di rty c o l
n u n as ti c ated u n so l ed
a . m , v ,

u co n ver te d a d th ere n ,
n ,

fo re i n di g e s ti b l e fo o d .

3

Ir 3

Ne gl c t f c l
e o ean n i g ,
N at ur e is n o t n e gl c t e

o i l i g d rep air
n an s . f ul ; h e d o e s w e ll d
s an

qu i ck l y al l th e l ubri c ti g a n

an d re p ai ri g o f th e n

M i d P o w e r Pl an t w h e n
n -

e ve r s tra i n i s re m o ve d
an d s h e i s g i e n th e r e v

q u ire d rest o r ti m e to ,
1 40 TH E NE W GLU TTON OR EPICURE
a cc o m pl i h
s th e w o rk be
tw e e n m ea s l .

3

i

Un ry hn e c
d e s sa as e s an c ry f r t
Un n e es s a e m en

c li k rn cu b ri g th
e s , en m e n e i g xcr t r u l ti g fr
n e e a, es n om

p l t d p i ti g d u t i
an , e o s n s n u lt r d d
n p e e an u n r e

th j ur l f th
e o n a s o e m a p r d f d d p i ti g
a e oo , e os n

c hi d
n esr q u iri g an e n p i u di t i th
o so n o s se m en n e

m uc h p w r to h d l o e an e bl d ch
oo l tr i i g an n e s , s a n n

a d re
n ve m o . th ei t ti ify i g
n es n es , o ss n

th ec rti l g y t ll i
a a es , cr s a s

i g i
n th k id y n d e n e s an

bl dd r d dr w i g x
a e an a n e

c i l y up
es s v e th il on e av a

a bl rgy o f th r u
e en e e n e vo s

c tren d th il bl
es an e av a a e

br i a n rgy f p w er to en e or o

h dl an d di c h rg e an s a e .

P RO TA LE FI B ECT IO N
D IR AN D U S E O F E N E RGY
G d w ir oo es l di g t
ea n o Credi t b l ai i lif a e m s n e .

pr t b l u
o a e s es .

G o d i u l ti
o n s a on or i so C o ce trati o n
n n o f pur
l ti
a f c i rcu i t w i r
on o es . p o se .

i !

R i e s s tan c C il
e o s . S lf C e - on t o rl . R e s e ve r
f rc
o e .

a: a

Succ es s , ev i d en ce d by Succ es s , d c d by
e vi en e

pr t o . en e rgy c r d dh p
o n se ve an a

pi n es s s e cur d e .
142 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

T E L L TA L E E X C R E TA

I t is u n fortun ate that the perpetua


tion of ea rly igno r a n t abuses of N ature s

pure i nte ntions has led to a too prudish


attitude to w ard the o n e i n fall ible evi
de n ce of heal th co n ditions as sh own by
the r efuse of repair and digestio n as ,

it i s only by the excreta that ulti m ate


i ndicatio n o f th e r esults of n ut r ition are
obse r vable They are th e rel iable r e
.

port rel ative to the most impo r ta n t


thi ng i n heal th digestio n a n d they
m ust be u n de r stood i n orde r to be read .

The r e is n o knowledge so val uabl e


i n i ts relatio n to health as that which
e n ables o n e to r ead health bul leti n s by
mea n s o f th e exc reta .

D i ffe r e n t foods co n tai n di ffe r e n t el e


me n ts of w aste mate r ial a n d to be abl e
to i de n tify o r j udge th e econom i c val ue
TH E N EW G LUTTON OR EPICURE 14 3

of food prev i ous l y consume d a k n o wl


edge o f i ts digesti on ash is esse n tial
- .

A ch ild should be taugh t th e di ffe r


e nce bet w ee n heal thy an d u nhealthy
exc reta i n o r de r to be on guard at the
r st w ar n i ng of d isorder rath er than be
,

allowed to re mai n ig n orant u n ti l disease


h as take n rm ho l d of the system The.

kno w ledge i s not complicated and can


be easily acqui red by eve n you n g
ch il d r en
.

W he n th e possibil ity o f pe rfect pro


te c ti o n i n the matte r of n ut r itio n i s
ge n eral l y kno w n one m ission of the
,

physician w ill be to teach preve n tio n


o f abuses o f feedi n g by evidence of
the exc r e ta .

The h ealthy faeces of m any w il d ani


m als i s comparatively d ry odourless
,

and cl eanly ; a n d a fa r m ba r n yard or


a dece ntly kept ci ty stable is n o t a n
o ffence to eve n p r ud ish prej udice .

N ot so the vicinage of a n ope n r e


ce tacl e for
p the waste of human i n

di gest i on .
1 44 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I n a n i mal s o ffe nsive eges ta are e vi
,

de n ce of digestive disturbance ow i ng
to som e u n i ntell ige n t feeding o n the
part o f attendants ; i n h um ans the cause
an d e ffec t o f o ff en sive excreta ar e th e
sam e .

W he n a race o r work-anim al shows


digestive disturbance the l east i n te l l i
gen t owner o r keepe r knows that i t is
no t t for wo r k o r raci ng a n d ye t th is
,

sym bo l o f u n tn es s is c om m on to th e
h uman race .

O ne o f th e m ost noticeab l e a nd s i g
n i can t results o f econ om ic n ut ri tion

gai ned th r ough carefu l atte n ti o n to the


m outh treatme nt o f food o r bucc al -di
-
,

gestion is n o t o n ly th e small qua n ti ty of


, ,

waste obtai ned but i ts i noffe n s ive n ess .

U nde r best test conditio n s the ash es


-

of econom ic d igestion have bee n r e


du ce d to o n e -ten th of the average give n
as n orm al i n th e latest text books o n -

P hysio l ogy Th e eco n omi c digestio n


.

ash form s i n pill ular sh ape a n d whe n


re l eased these are massed together h av ,
1 46 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE

the e n d of six eigh t or te n days th e , , ,

lo n ger pe riods of rest being the evide n ce


o f th e best eco n omic a n d heal th resul ts .

U nde r ord i n ary co ndi tions of careless


ness and stre nuous envi ro n me n t say an ,

excit i n g an d exac ti n g c i ty occ upatio n ,

twice a week i s as often as one should


accum ulate a dep osit of d igest i o n -ash
a n d feel sure that the st r ai n on the
system is not excess i ve a n d da n ge r ous .

You n g people seem to th r ive eve n w he n


del ive r i n g daily a la r ge qua n tity o f
smelly exc r e ta ; b ut i t is a n abuse o f
the te n h o r se rese r ve
- 1
wi th which th e
h um a n e n gi n e is supplied ; an d alo n g

i n the fo r ties o r the fties o r the

sixties the body sh ows si g n s o f pre


matu r e wear whe n i t shoul d be b ut i n
i ts p r i me .

A nother i mportan t m atte r sh ould be


me n tio n ed i n th is exch a n ge of sa n ita ry
co n de n ces W he n th e ashes o f diges
.

1
D r . i
M el tz er
s e s t m ate o f hu m an r r es e v e s t e n r gth
an d r i tan c e w h i c h
es s u m st be o ut w r
.
o n or r
o ve

s tr i d b f r d th call
a n e e o e ea s l
a s e tt e m e n t.
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 147

tion are d umped th e body shou l d assume


the sh ape o f th e lette r Z I t is th e
.

n atura l position of pri m itive m a n ( squat

ti n g o n h is heel s ) a n d th e body was


,

o r igi nally constructed o n that pla n If .

oth er w ise poised ( sitti n g e r ec t ) the de l i v


e r y of d i gesti o n -ash is pe r form ed with
the same di fc ul ty as would be e xpe r i
e n ce d whe n tryi n g to fo r ce a sem i-sol id

th rough a be nt o r a ki n ked hose .

The publication o f th e observat i on


o f Dr . h ere foll o w i ng is a b r eak
,

away from th e pru de ry of a diseased and


disgusti n g age , a protest j oin tly shared
by the scie n tic obse rver and the vo l u n
tary test-subject whose only aim i n the
,


pursu i t o f the study to a n i sh is the

ul t i mate be n et of the h uman race .

S C I E N TI F I C OB S E R V ATI O N O F A
L I TE RA R Y TE S T S U B JE CT


D uri ng hi s soj our n i n W ash ington
i n July 1 9 0 3 I saw m uc h o f M r
, , .

and i n a very i nt i mate w ay The weather


.
1 48 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR E P ICURE
at th at period was ve ry hot som et i me s ,

n ear a n d very sul t r y For te n .

days or two w ee ks i n the midst of thi s


seaso n he w as busil y e n gaged i n co n
s tructive writi n g tur n ing o u t o n an
,

average som e eight th ousa n d wo r ds o n


h i s typew r ite r daily which mean t a cl os e
,

application for te n or fourtee n hours


each day H e usually be ga n his wo r k
.

at from two to ve o cl ock i n the m o r n

i ng co nti nui n g ofte n u ntil th ree o r four


,

o cl ock i n the afte rn oo n whe n w e woul d


com mo n ly go togeth er to a ball game ,

which h e e nj oyed w ith the e n th usiasm


of a boy of twelve L ater i n the even i ng
.

h e woul d resu me his work fo r fro m o n e


to th r ee h ours retiri n g at from ten to
,

abou t mi d n igh t H i s food c o n sisted of


.

a glass o f m i l k wi th a t r ac e of co ffee ,


a n d cor n gem s fou r of wh ich h e con

,

sumed i n th e t w e ty fou r h o urs O cca


n - .

s i o n al l y he w ould add i n ve ry hot


weathe r a gl ass o f l emo n ade There .

w as at n o tim e an y evidence of m e n ta l
o r physical fatigue That such an .
1 5 0 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
stai n n o r odou r remai n i ng ei ther i n the ,

rectum o r upon th e hand The ex .


1

c r eta we r e i n the fo r m o f nea rl y r ou n d

bal ls varyi ng i n size f r om a small marble


,

to a pl um These we r e gree n ish b r own


.

i n colour o f r m co n siste n ce an d co v
, ,

e r ed o v e r wi th a thi n laye r of m ucus ;


u t t/zer e w a s n o m o r e o do u r to i t Mam
Mer e i s to a Izo t 62seu zt
'

The whole mass w eighed 5 6 g r am s



.

T he n ext day there w as a fu r ther deposi t


o f th e same ki n d o f d r y waste maki n g -
,

I 35 g r ams ( about 4 ou n ces for the ni n e


% )
days .I t seems to m e the re could be n o
mo r e co n cl usive evi de nce of complete
digestion a n d assi m il atio n tha n this .

The existe n ce of perfect n utri t i on i s


i n dicated by h is abil ity to co n ti n ue with ,

o u t fatigue a n d u n de r tryi n g co n diti ons ,

w ork w h ich co ul d only be accomplished


i n a n idea l co n ditio n of health .

WA S H IN GTO N D C Ju l y 3 , . .
,
1,

S i il r p ci
1 m a f di g ti
s e h h
m en s b o es o n -as av e e en

k p t f y r w i th u t c h g th r th d ryi g
e o r ve ea s o an e o e an n

t du t
o s .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 151

W H A T S EN S E ?
TA S T E 1

The S e n se o f Taste h as a val ue i n


relation to n utri tio n that has not fully
bee n app r e ciated .

Taste has bee n co n side red the low


est i n use f ul ness o f al l the se n ses
, , .

O n the c o n t r a r y if p r ope r ly u n de r ,

stood taste is o n e o f the m ost i mportan t


,

o f al l th e fac ulties man possesses .

Taste h as lacked apprec iat i o n for ,

th e reas o n that i t has bee n supposed


that i t cate red to se n suali ty i n the vul ,

a r sense and pe r fo r med the fu n ctio n of


g ,

devilish temptatio n rathe r than that of


natural i n vitatio n a n d p r otec tio n .

1G l u tt E p i cur w
on o r ri gi ll y c p de as o n a o m o se

of tw o ll r b k l t
sm a e ti tl d oo N tur F d
e s en e a e s

oo

Fil t r ; o W h t d W h t S w ll w
e r, a an d Wh t
en o a o

an

a

S ?
en s e Ec o r,i c N u tri ti ; b u d t g th r
o n o m on o n o e e .

I th i re i i
n s th rd r h b r t i d wi th o e
v s o n e o e as een e a n e s m

r p ti ti o n s b t w i th diff r t pp li c atio s
e e , u e en a n .
1 52 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
U po n a n exam i n atio n th at a n y o n e ,

ca n make fo r h i msel f howeve r i t is , ,

revealed th at taste i s the faithful se r


va n t of appetite ; th e senti ne l o f th e
stomach of the i n testi n es o f the tissues
, ,

a n d of the brai n wh ose guidance and


,

w ar n i n g if heeded wil l give heretofore


, ,

u nk n own e n j oyme n t o f eati n g and at ,

the same ti m e i n sure pe r fect heal th


and the maxim um of stre n gth .

*
3 X
= ~

T A S TE IS TH E G U ID E AN D G U ARD O F
N U T R IT IO N

The m ore w e l earn the m ore evi den t ,

i t i s that there is a P erfect Way l ocked ,

o r
,
rather e nfol ded i n al l o f N ature s
, ,

secrets and that i t is i n te nded th at man


,

shall sometime discove r them .

Taste i n its no rm al co n diti o n when


, ,

all o w ed to di rec t o r advise se rves seve r al ,

i mpo r ta n t fu n ctio n s not the l east o f ,

w hich is as r s tassi sta n t to Appetite .

Appe ti te c r aves th e ki n d of nourish ment


the body need s i nv i tes to eating g i e s
, ,
v
1 54 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
Those wh o now e n j oy good h eal th
wi l l n d a n e w j oy i n l iv i n g whe n they
have d isco ve red th e i n tell ige n t use of
taste an d subm i t the fuel of their M i n d
P owe r-P la n t and stre n gth to the a n alysis

and sel ection of N ature s i nsti nctive
age nts .

L ATE S T D EF IN ITIO N

D r W illiam T H arris i n his lates t


. .
,

con tri bu tio n to th e I n ter n atio n al E d u



cati on Series P sy c/zo l ogi e F o u n da ti o n s
,

o
f E d u ca ti o n denes
, the prese n tly ap e

p r e ci a te d val ue of the se n se of taste as ,

f oll ows : The l owest form of special


sense i s taste which i s cl osely all i ed to


,

nutri tio n . Taste pe rceive s the phase of


assi milation of th e obj ect w h ich is com ,

m e n ci n w i th the m ou th The i n divid


g .

u al i t of the objec t is attacked an d i t


y
gives way its orga n ic product o r i no r
,

a n i c agg r egate su ff e r i n g dissol uti on


g
taste pe rce ives the dissol utio n S ub .

stances that do n ot y i eld to the attack


TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 55

of the j uices of the mouth have n o taste .

G l as s and gold have l ittle taste as com


pa r ed with sal t or sugar The sense of.

taste di ffe r s f r om th e process of n u t r itio n


i n the fact that i t does n o t assi mil ate the
body tasted but reproduces ideally the
,

e n e rgy th at m akes th e i mp ressio n o n


the se n se organ of taste E ve n taste .
,

therefore is a n ideal activi ty al th ough


, ,

i t is p r ese n t o n ly w he n the n ut ri tive


e n ergy is assim il ati n g it perceives
th e obj ect i n a process of dissolution .

Sm ell is anoth e r speciali satio n which


perceives dissol ution of obj ects i n a more
gene ra l fo rm th an taste Both sme l l an d
.

taste pe rceive c hem i ca l ch anges that i n



volve dissol uti on o f the obj ect .

I f th i s is th e recognised esti mate


o f taste , which is t r ue as widely as I
have bee n able to i n qui re both among ,

physicians and am o n g th e l atest books


on heal th i t i s certa i n ly a case o f neg
,

l ecte d app r eciation such as th e worl d has


n o t w i tnessed up to th e prese n t time .

*
1 i t
1 56 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICUR E

P R E S U ME D C A U S E S O F D IS EAS E S

O n the undisputed authori ty of phys


i t is kno w n that al l diseases
i o l o gi s ts
are made poss i b l e by de ra n gem en t wh ich
i s favou rable to the propagatio n of th e
m ic r obes of disease o r by deposits of
,

i n harmo n io us matte r which are n ot


t h r ow n off .

Dera n geme n t of all the substance o f


the i nte r n al body is e ffec ted mai n ly and ,

probably enti rely by deposi t o f i n digest


,

ibl e food o r o f tissue wh ich is broke n


d o w n and i s not the r eafte r expelled
f rom the system by the o rdi n ary mean s
p r ovided for the disch arge o f w aste .

These i nharm onio us de po sits w hich


cause so m uch di rec t an d i n di rec t t r ouble
a r e mainly a n d probably e n tirely the t e
, ,

sul t o f excess o f eati n g o r o f wrong eat


,

i n g so that the digestive o rga n s of th e


,

body can n ot take care o f w hat is fo rced


o n them ; o r of adm itti n g substa n ces
,

wh ich they are powerl ess to make into


1 5 8 TH E N E W GLUTTO N OR EPICURE
eve r as to l eave m an w i th out a m ea n s of
,

k n o w i n g j ust h o w to gauge the qua n tity


of food requ i r ed fo r h e r best service a n d ,

p r obably whe n w e l ea r n the secret has


, ,

equal ly well p rovided us with certai n


discri mi nati on relative to the qual ity of
food that is best for harm o n ic devel op
me nt .

I n vestigati o n n ever fail s to nd p r o


visi o n fo r both gua r d an d guide i n al l
of N atu r e s pla n s a n d ma n s n ut r i tio n i s

of s uc h i mpo r ta n ce that she su r ely h as


n o t left i t o u t of th e l ist of the p r otected ,

O f the po w e r o f taste to disc r imi n ate


accurately i n th e matte r o f c om pa r ati ve
val ue of foods I am n o t sure as ye t ,

al though I am co n de n t th e po w er r ests
some w he r e withi n ou r r each if w e ca n
o n ly discove r i t ; but I have th e best
evi de n ce possibl e that taste h as th e
po w e r to ad v ise acc u r ately i n th e matte r
of th e ki n d of food a n d the q u a n ti ty r e
quired ; a n d h av i n g selected wh at i t
,

wa n ts or n eeds out of a m o r sel of food ,

rej ects the rest by ceasi ng to taste .


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 59

The m essage o r wa r n i n g which taste


gives i n con n ec tion wi th eati n g is TH A T ,

W H IL E AN Y T A S TE IS L EFT IN A M O U TH F U L
O F F OOD IN P RO CE S S O F M AS T IC A T IO N O R

S U C ! IN G IT IS N OT YE T IN C O N D ITIO N TO
,

BE P ASS E D O N To TH E S T O M A C H ; AN D
W H A T R EM A IN S A FTE R T AS TE H AS CE AS E D

IS N OT F IT F O R TH E S T O M A C H .

W H AT S E N S E
W he n o n e c omes to th in k about i t ,

what se n se is th e r e i n thro w i n g a w ay a
palatabl e morsel Of food w he n the taste
i s at i ts best o r w h i l e taste l asts at all
, ,

eve n if the purpose o f the meal i s me rel y


to con t r i bute to the pleasu r e o f eati ng ?
S om e peopl e l ive to eat and othe r s

eat to l ive i s a sayi n g th at i s fam iliar
to eve r yo n e a n d yet h ow fe w appreciate
,

that th e pe rfectio n of l ivi n g i n cl udes th e


perfec ti on of both these deside rata !
S uch i s th e im petuosity of u n cu l ti
va te d o r pe rverted h um a n te n de n cies
that the desire for acquis i tion some ,
1 60 TH E NEW GLU TTON OR E PICURE
times called greed i mpels one to s w al
,

l o w o n e mouthful o f food to take i n


anothe r without eve r d reami ng that the
,

ve r y last co n tributio n of taste to the last


rem n an t Of a delicious m o rsel is like the
last i cker of a candle more b r il lia n t ,

tha n any of the preced i n g o n es I n .

eati n g th e l ast taste w he n saliva the


, , ,

medium o f taste i s most pe rfectly i n


,

possessio n of th e sol utio n is better than ,

all th e othe r stages of the process I t i s .

the choicest a n d s w ee test exp r essio n of


the i ncide nt as related to each mouth
,

ful The n why not cou r t i t a n d O bey


.
,

thereby N atu re s r st l aw o f heal th ?


,

3i: 4%

Befo r e proceedi n g fu r the r w ith a de


sc r iptio n of i ts fu nc tio n s i t may be well
to state briey the certain resul t o f fol
l o w i n g th e guida n ce and h eedi n g th e
wa r n i n gs of taste .

Taste dete r mi nes the m asticatio n of


food so that th e requisite qua n tity of
saliva a n d othe r j uices of the m o n th a r e
added i n transi t S O that the stomac h
,
1 62 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
h um an tissue I t i s po ss i ol e to sec ure
.

th e pe rfec tly heal thy h uman tissue to ,

both th e gene rally healthy and to those


wh o are a ficted u nless too fa r go n e to
,

reform by kee n atte n tio n to the di r e c


,

tion of Taste an d th e re w ard of th e,

a ttention is m anifol d The actual pleas .

u r e derived f r om eati ng u nder th e di r e c


tion of th e m ethod suggested herei n
c an n ot be equalled by a n y other m eans .

= l 3k i lk

W hil e chee rful ness h opeful n ess good , ,

nature ch arity and all th e men tal good


,

qual ities a r e sple n did forced draugh ts of -

oxyge n ised imp ulse that assist the stom


ach i n co n sum i ng a n d other w ise i n
taki ng c are of any e r r atic or excessive
food supply a n d are able to h elp take
,

ca re of a m oderate gl ut of mate r ial ;


Taste if allo w ed to se r ve i ts full pu r
,

pose fu r n ish es i ts o wn d r augh t of chee r


,

ful n ess by m ea n s of the very pleasu r e it


d ist r ibu tes an d at the same time i t
,

p reve n ts i nste ad of i n d ucing gl utto n y


, ,
.

= < X = < li
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 63

The re are two ways of putti ng a


l im i t to a meal to eati n g O n e .

the wro n g o n e comes i n the shape


O f a protest o n the pa r t of a to o full
stomach w h il e the appe ti te i s ye t raven
o u s
. The r igh t o n e comes natural ly
f r om a pe rfectly satised feeling a
ceasi n g o f desi re fo r anythi n g mo r e ,

n o m atter how p r ev i o usly all uri ng to the

pal ate be fo r e the stomach i s o ve r b u r


,

de n e d The f o r me r is evidenc e of gl ut
.
,

a n d the l atte r is N ature s



o r gl utto n y ,

way for which the re i s every des i red


,

re ward .

SO M E E AS Y E XPE R IM E N T S

I t is a ve ry easy matte r to prove fo r


o ne s self that am ple saliva is essentia l

to the m ost econom ic an d pe rfec t d iges


t i o n ; and also that n o tw o m outhfuls
,

o f food requ i re the same quan tity .

E xperi me n t w ill be doubl y i n terest


i n g i n that i t reve al s pleasu re o f ta s te i n
eati ng that h as n ot be f ore bee n e nj oyed .
1 64 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
The functio n of saliva i n digestion has
comm o n ly bee n u n de r stood to be the
l ub rication of the food so as to e n able i t
to be s w allo w ed The t r u th is that it i s
.

th e rs t a n d most i mpo r ta n t solve n t


necessary to d igestio n th e good O fces
,

o f w h ic h a r e to sepa r ate make al ka ,

l i ne n e ut ralise sapo n i fy a n d othe r w ise


, , ,

re n de r th e succeed i n g p r ocesses w i thi n


the delicate o rga n s of the body as easy
as thei r deli cacy r equi res and th us n o t ,

to strai n a n d i n ame them i n to feste r


i ng breedi n g grou n ds for the myriads of
m icrobes of diseases w h ich we a r e com
p e l l e d to draw i n w i th every breath of

air w e i n hale .

D r awn i n to a perfec tly clean and


h eal thy o rga n i sm some m ic robes aid an d
,

a re a pa r t of l ife but take n i n to a system


,

cl ogged by d irt a n d st r ai n ed by over


wo r k these same harml ess creatures be
,

come age n ts of dest r uctio n Bacil li .

m a
y be eithe r f r ie n ds o r enemies a n d

we have th e choice .
1 66 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
day as a last souve n i r to be d istributed
a m ong his f r iends S hortly afte r th at
.
,

i n the f r ui ty an d sal ubrious foo th ills


o f the P acic C o ast o f C al ifo r n i a he ,

met wi th accide ntal S uggestio n w h ich


c ha n ged h is habits of livi n g a n d very , ,

soon h is attitude towa r d life an d death


, .

I sat with the pat r ia r ch o n his o n e


h und r edth bi r thday i n the same photo
g raph gal l e ry exami n ed th e po r t rai ts of
,

sixty ve and o n e h u n d red yea r s co n


-
,

ve r se d w i th th e subj ec t i n a low tone


Of voice looked upo n a m an w h o fel t
,

that he w a s yet i n m iddle life and i n ,

posse ssio n of an e n j oyme n t O f life that


h e said had n e ver bee n equ al led i n t he
early years of h is bo n dage to th e i gn o
rance and i mpatie n ce of yo u th l
.

S T UDY N AT U R E
W atch good N atu r e observe he r ,

m eth ods t r y to imitate th e m by way


,

o f expe r i me n t a n d you w il l n d that


, ,

1
Th r ju e t d p tri rc h i
e e v n a e ti ll l i e i
a a 1 903
s s a v n .
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 167

as he r etofore stated there is a p erfect


,

w ay e n folded i n all o f N ature s problems


and that man has only to discover the


w ay to have i t f r eely ac cessibl e to hi m .

W atch a c hild take i ts n ou r ish men t


i n natural m anner The sucki n g acti on
.

i s l ike th e ac t of masticatio n i n th at i t
exci tes the gla n ds whic h supply uids to
the mouth W hate ve r n umbe r o f these
.

uids the r e may be I w i ll c l ass th e m al l


,

as saliva C e r t ai n ly i n the case of m ilk


.

bei ng take n i n to the stomach sal iva i s ,

n o t n eeded to l ubricate i t I t is the r e


.
,

fo r e r easo n able to suppose th at saliva


,

i s i n ten ded as a part of the m ixtu r e


necessa ry to digestio n ; that is to the ,

c onve rs i o n of the food i nto n utri men t .

In the case Of ch ild re n n ou rishe d at


the breast of the m othe r th e o nly
n atu ral way th e food is al ready al ka
lin e and r eady for digestio n i n the
stomach and i ntestines as re l ated p re
vi o u sl
y
.

R emembe r also that i n the case , o f


i nval ids with very weak stomachs phy ,
1 68 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPIC URE
s i ci a n s r ecomm end taking m i l k an d
b r oth th r ough a st r aw o r th r ough a
glass tube Taki n g uid th is w ay r e
.

q u i r es a sucki n g actio n Of the m outh


a n d thereby in duces a ow of sal iva .

Of co u r se the uid is bette r d i gested


,

than w he n d r u n k because N ature s w ay


h as bee n fol lo w ed a n d i t i s n o w onder


,

that milk a n d O ften soups of di ffere n t


ki n ds a r e i n digestible if taken co n trary
,

to the n atu r al w ay except i n digestive


,

syste ms which ha v e n o t yet exhausted


thei r te n -horse -po w er r esista n ce capaci ty .

I have tried m il k and soups upon


a s tomach t rai n ed do w n so n e that
it w as li ke a pai r o f apothecary s bal

a n ce s se n sitive to the least i n h armo n y


, ,

to n d that if they are d r u n k there i s


a m ild p r otest a so r t of a s h rug of
the shoulders as i t w ere an d tha t
,

w he n the same l iquids have bee n moved


abo u t i n the m outh fo r the tim e n e ce s
sa r y to n aturally exci te th e S wallowi n g
I mp ul se they have passed i n to the
,

stom ac h with ou t the own er bei ng con


1 70 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICUR E
spices i n these w h ich excites the palate
i mmediately w he n the d ry morsel would
n o t do so i n such ma r ked deg r ee .

I f you take th e mea t o r the d ry b r ead



and masticate s u i ci e n tl y all owi n g th e
,

n utri men t to become tho r oughl y solved


by the saliva a n d sepa rated f r om th e
di r t , th e i ndigestible tasteless r e,

m a i n de r the taste w ill become m o r e


a n d more del ici ous as th e saliva gets

possessi o n of the sol u tio n and will h ave ,

a n al del icacy wh ich sauces ca n n o t


equal as a r e w a rd for pu r sui n g N ature s
,

i nvitatio n and re nde ri ng h e r th e ap


poi n ted service .

An easy experi me n t that will prove


the above state me n t to be co r rect i s to
take a va r ie ty of b reads w hite a n d ,

b r o w n toasted a n d u n toasted c r ust a n d


, ,

soft a n d afte r w a r ds some of the sam e


,

soaked i n soup or m ilk o r i n the j uice


, ,

O f w h atever m eat yo u happe n to have


a t your meal .

Take n d r y toast will on l y red uce a n d


,

d isappear wi thout effort of swallowing


, ,
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 71

i n to the s tomach leavi n g n o tastel ess


,

dregs beh i nd after abo u t th i rty actio n s


,

of th e j a w Th is is p r obably th e r easo n
.


w h y toast is a n i n v al id s best die t ;
because masticatio n is r equi r ed to c r ush
i t sal iva is l ibe rated by th e acts o f
,

masticatio n less saliva is r equi r ed to


,

prepare toast fo r th e stom ach tha n an y


other form of b read an d the r e fo r e th e
, ,

p r ope r co n ditio n s a re at tai n ed perfo r ce ,

a n d easy digesti on i s p r om oted C r ust .

of F r ench b r ead w il l do the same by


m ean s o f abou t fo r ty j ets let loose by
m asticatio n ; the soft i n side of French
b r e ad will re qui r e fty o r more ; c rust
,

a n d i n side of biscuits and of hom e


m ade b read some w hat mo r e than the
F r e nch b r ead ; w h il e Bosto n b r own


bread requi res as ma n y as seve n ty to
eigh ty j ets turned o n by actio n of mas
ti ca ti o n to dissolve i t .

The above refe r s to m ode r ate mo uth


fuls Th e p r ocess is i n com ple te u n ti l
.

all is d issolved taste cease s and n atura l


, ,

swa l l o w ing occ urs .


1 7 2 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
W ill it not be observ e d that mastica
tio n as fa r as c rush i n g o r ma n gli n g is
,

co n cer n ed has s m all pa r t i n the r ed ue


,


tion of Bosto n b r o w n b r ead a n d l i ttl e

,

see m i n g use except to tu r n o n the j ets


o f the solvi ng saliva fo r the m ate r i al
,

i tself i s soft a n d sometimes mushy


,

S al iva has l i ttle u s e as a l ub r ica n t i n


th is case for the r easo n th at the b r o w n
,

b r ead expe r ime n ted w ith ca n be easily


s w all o w ed w he n rst take n i n the mo uth .

Ab unda n t expe r ime n t h a s bee n m ade by



th ose to wh om Boston b r o w n b r ead

was forme r ly l i ttle less than a poi so n to ,

prove the asse r tio n that su f cie n tly ,

m ixed w ith sal i va i t is pe r fectly d igesti


,

ble and that th e delici ous taste Of the


b r ead afte r fo r ty o r fty b i tes to g .

m i n ute ) gets s w ee te r and s w eete r an d ,

attai n s its g r eatest s w eet n ess a n d m os t


delicate taste at the ve r y last w he n i t ,

has dissol v ed i n to li quid fo r m a n d most


of i t h as escaped i n to the stomach .

I t will be n oticed th a t the time or ,

atte n tio n requ ir ed to solve these di ffer


,
1 74 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ate for good i n eve ry di rectio n as i t has
,

proved i tself to be i n all cases tri ed ,

there is no lo n ge r doubt but that N a


ture s most i mpo r tant sec ret r elative to

h uma n al i me n tatio n has bee n heretofo r e


p ractically u ndiscove r ed ; th at is as far
,

as an y i n qui ry I have bee n able to


make sheds ligh t upo n the subj ect .

The resul t i n all the cases of my


,

observatio n h as bee n an im m ediate r e


,

s po n s e of n aturally i nc r eased e n e rgy ;


approac h o f w eigh t to w a rd the n ormal ,

W hethe r th e subj ec t w a s over-weigh t or


u n de r -w eigh t ; a great fall i n g Off of th e
w aste to be discharged by th e ave n ue of
th e lo w e r i ntesti n es and also th rough
the kid n eys ; rel ief of bl eedi n g h e m o r
r h o i ds and catarrh the diseases suf
fe r e d by the patie n ts ; e mancipatio n
f r om headach es ; clea r i n g of th e to n gue
of the yello w deposi t usually call ed
fu r that is a n i ndicatio n of rotte n
condi tio n s i n the stomach ; a n d retu r n
o f the e n ergy fo r wo r k w h ich all m e n

a n d wo me n should h ave , and wh i ch


TH E N E W GLUTTON O R EPICURE 1 75

nds expressio n i n heal thy ch ild r e n i n


the fo r m of g reat e n ergy for pl ay .

Th e tax upo n th e lo w er i n testi n es


h as been i n my expe r ime n ts reduced
, ,

so that the re was n o i n vi tatio n to rel ief


m ore f r eque n tly than o n ce i n fou r o r
ve days and the quanti ty of th e deposi t
,

w as less than half th e qua n tity of a


usual daily co nt r ibu tio n to waste u n der
forme r meth ods of taki n g i n n ou r ish
m e n t the r eby p r ovi n g th e fac t that
,

appe tite a n d taste whe n g i ve n ful l


,

cha n ce to se r ve se rve us wel l


,
.

Th is featu r e (qua n ti ty of waste ) dif


fe r e d i n the cases of the di ff ere n t pe r
so n s expe r ime n ted wi th according to
th e careful n ess with wh ich they obeyed
the test i n j u nctio n s. In s ome g reed
,

ab n ormali ty could not quickly be ove r


come but as the subj ects w e re selected i n
, ,

pa r t f r om the stratum of socie ty wh e r e


wa n t is the c o n sta n t d r ead i t i s n o t to
,

be wo n de r ed at that a l ifeti me habi t o f


trem or a n d g r eed S houl d resi st eve n th e
dictates of the i r reason B ut i t was i n
.
1 76 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
these that th e revelatio n exc ited the h igh
est app r eciation a t las t whe n they w ere
pu t i n possessi on of facu l ties an d stre n gth
th at th ey had supposed the C reator had
de n ied them i n a wo rld o f s u ffe r i n g .

There is n o doubt but that i t is pos


s i bl e to i n troduce n ut r ition in to the
system wh e r e i n o r rathe r whe rewith , ,

the r e is l ittle or no w aste mate r ial .

O n e physicia n to w h o m I appl ied ,

for i n formatio n suggested that too n e ,

an applicatio n Of m y m ethod m ight


n ally do a w ay with th e lower i n testines
al together f r om the same cause that a n y
u n used mem ber of the body and al so ,

u n nou r ish ed me mbers S h rivel and dis ,

appea r i n time .

W h ile th is i s possibl e th e mean s ,

take n towards i t a r e productive of m a r


v e l l o u s good r esul ts ; a n d i f the re w e r e ,

n o further use what pu r pose would they


,

1
ser v e ?
1 D r G rg M k
. eo f B t
e M c h u tt
o n s o os on ,
as s a se s ,

has r c tl y c ll d th tt ti
e en a e f th u th r t th
e a en o n o e a o o e

f c t th t th l g th f th i t ti i
a a e en o h b e n es n es n m an av e een

k w t ry fr
n o n o va i f t t tw ty- i e f t
om n n e ee o en n n ee .
1 78 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
se n siti ve co n ve n tio n ali ty bu t i s i t n o t
,

bette r to shock co n ve ntional i ty w i th a


prosc ribed term if i t means j ust what i t
,

says a n d n othi n g else than to shoc k


, ,

th e del icate o rganism of o u r mach i n e ry


o f li fe by th r o w i n g dirt i n to its fu r n ace

w ith good fuel a n d the r eby allo w i n g th e


,

glu t of ash es therefrom to e n cu mber th e


j our n als of our mecha n ism to th e w aste ,

o f ou r po w e r a n d to the weari n g ou t of

ou r mach i n e ry ?
3
k 3k

Disease is nothi n g but d i r t i n the


syste m a n d the r esul t of d irt I t is .

ou r o w n di r t at th at h avi n g bee n i n
,

tr o du ce d by o ur o w n carel ess n ess o r as


th e r es ul t of com bine d ignoranc e a n d
greed .

I g n o r ance h as excused a n d does ex


c use th e r espo n sibil ity ; but w he n w e ,

h ave provide n tially bee n p r ovi ded a


way by N atu r e to select a n d sift a n d
p r epare perfect fuel for the fu rnace of
o u r L ife P o w e r-P la n t the re ca n be n o
-
,

furthe r excuse for not foll owi n g th e


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 79

teachi n g to the extreme of the l ast pos


sibl e reneme n t .

r
ae n
a: at
:

I w ill n o t p re sume to say w hat and


whom good Docto r A ppetite wi th the ,

assistance of D octor Taste ca n cu re , .


~

They h ave both cu red a n d g reatly r e


l i e ve d rheumatism gou t eczem a obes
, , ,

ity u n der-w eigh t bleedi n g-pil es blotches


, , ,

a n d pimples catarrh that tired feel



, ,


i ng m uddy c omplexio n i n digestio n
, , ,

a n d yell o w-to n gue w ithi n fou r m o nth s


,
.

I t h as bee n r eveal ed that atte n tio n to


thei r i n vitatio n and w ar n i n g c ures u m
natu r al cravi n g a n d beautifully appeases
appetite desi res w ith o n e thi rd the usual -

food ; an d at the same ti me they teach


, ,

an appreciation a n d e n j oyme n t o f food


quite n e w eve n to 6072 vi va n ts .

An y perso n ca n employ D r N ormal .

A ppetite an d co n sul t D r G ood Taste .

fr ee of a t! c/za r g e and m ake e n dless


,

discoveries i n the possibil i ty of del igh t


ful and h ealthful ly eco n om ic n utritio n .

The suggestion was o r ig i nal l y g i ve n


18 0 TH E N EW GLUTTO N OR EPICURE
by th e author i n crudest form w ith the
assu r a n ce of physiologists that t r ial of
i t i n volved n o r isk b u t o n th e co n t r a ry , , ,

that i t led i n the r igh t di recti o n to w a r d


p r eve n ti n g disease I fel t th at it w a s too .

im po r ta n t to be w ithhel d from th ose w h o


do n o t k n o w the existe n ce of N atu r e s

p erfect w ay provided by the S e n ses of


Appeti te an d Taste .

R ecord of ca r eful tests a n d r esul ts


w il l probabl y foll o w i n a n othe r vol um e .

The auth or has e n te red the el d of i n


ve s ti g a ti o n to n d dete rr e n ts to N atu r e s

pe r fec t devel opme n t a nd w ill not res t


whil e a n y r emai n 1
.

W i th eve n the c rude h i n t taa t ,

d

kea l t/t ca n 5e s ecu r ea a n m ai n ta i n ed 6y
co n s u l ti n gpecti n g App eti te
an d r es an d

Ta s te each pe r so n havi n g e ither can


,

assist i n the i n vestigation .

1
At th e pr y r
es e n tt i m e, ve e a s af te r th i pr i
s om se

w as m ad th u th r i h ppy t
e, e a o s a o sa y th t i t h
a b as ee n

f i thf ull y k ep t d w i th i p rt
a an m o an t r ul t
es s t d il y
s ea

accru i g n .
18 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
Th e val ue of the di scove ry l ies i n r e
c og n isi n g th e fact that Taste still has
i mpo r tan t w o r k to do w ith passi n g food
w h il e yet th ere is taste and that what
,

r emai ns afte r Taste ceases to exp r ess


i tself should n o t go i n to th e stomach .

Th e ease w ith w hich o n e w ill lea r n



to enj oy a n d hang o n to food i n the

mo uth eve n mil k and soup afte r h e has


, ,

l ea r n ed a good r easo n fo r doing so w il l ,

quickly c r eate a cou n ter habi t w h ich is


i n acco rdance w ith N atu re s perfect w ay

.

W he n o n e h as discove red the deligh t



o f taa t l a s t i n a es cr i oa ol s w eet l a s /t o
y f f
ta s te which Taste o ffe r s as a po u s s e caf e
,

to those w h o se rve i t with respec t h e ,

w il l n d a n y food th at Appetite selects


i s n eeded for h is n ut r i tion a n d is good
, .

R e member this ! Sal t sugar som e , ,

sauces and S pices wh ich a re used to


make food palatabl e m ay be i n them
se l v es n utri tious but do n o t l e t them
,

m islead you The te n dency i s to relish


.

the m an d thi nk that they represe n t the


food they disguise wh ich ho w eve r is
, , ,
TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE 18 3

ofte n o n ly an excuse for them an d has ,

ve ry l ittle n ut r itio n itself I n thi s case a


.

mo r sel o f food is take n i n to the mouth ,

th e sauce o r S pice which i t ca r ries meets


i m mediate respo n se f r om Taste an d dis
appears w hereupon the indigestib l e food
,

morsel is s w allo w ed i n i n digestibl e co n


dition so as to admit a n othe r sauce -l ade n
supply .

The m ost n utri tious food does n o t


requi re sauces I t m ay seem d r y a n d
.

tasteless to the rst imp r ession b u t as , ,

the j uices of the mouth get possessio n


o f it,
w arm i t up solve its l ife givi ng
,
-

qua l ities out of i t a n d coax i t i n to use


ful n ess the de l igh t of a n e w -fou nd del i
,

cacy w ill gree t th e discove r e r .

I t m ay be di f c u l t at rst to avoid
, ,

s w all o w i n g food before i t is th o roughly


separated th e n ut r i me n t d i ssolved a n d
,

the d irt rej ected bu t afte r a l ittle prae


,

tice the r e wil l be n o di fc ulty O n the .

c ontra r y the re will be an i nvol u ntary


,

h abi t of rete nti on establ ished that w ill


be as tenacious of a morse l of food till
18 4 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
that last a n d s w eetes t taste h as bee n
fou n d as a dog is te n acious of a savory
,

bo n e .

Did i t ever occ ur to gum chewers


th at the gu m i s s imply an exci te r of
sal iva a nd that the s w ee t taste i s th e
,

n ut r itious dextri n i n the sal iva a n d h as


nothi n g to do w i th the gum ? I n the

o r di nary w ate r ing o f the m outh the

sam e s w ee t taste is expe r ie n ced .

A n othe r im porta n t fact i n th is co n


n ecti o n a n d w hich belo n gs i n
,
the l ist

of di rectio n s because i t is a leade r

,

is that perfect n utrition is a source Of


,

ampl e sal iva th e e ff ect th ereby repro


,

d u ci n g th e cause in frien dly reciproci ty .

I t will be found th at whe n norm al


,

co n diti o n s have bee n atta i ned th rough


atte n tio n to the i nspection sel ection an d
,

rej ectio n of Taste w h e n the to n gue has


,

l ost its m ala r ial yello w scu m a n d wh e n


H u n ge r is r eprese n ted by heal thful Ap
pe tite a n d h as dismi ssed bili ous a n d
i n satiabl e Cr avi ng f r om i ts se r vice the re
,

will at al l times be a delicatel y sweet


18 6 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
bel oved C og n ac wh ile they enj oy a vie w
of pasto ra l loveliness or a th rong of
passe r s -by i n a boulevard of P a r is .

N one of th ese people d ri nk a n yth i ng


but water and hence are n o t drunka rds ;
an d ,at the same t i me they h ave ful l,

e n j oymen t of N ature s m ost stim ul ati n g


an d delicious compoun ds i n a fo r m p r e
served by N ature for th e use of m an .

The taste of these stude n ts of n ut r i


tio n becomes so discri mi n ati n g that
they can disti nguish a W i n e or a be e r
or a cogn ac as they w ould disti n gu ish
,

betwee n i n ti m ate frie n ds a n d stra n gers .

The yea r the vi neyard th e state of th e


, ,

w eather or any accide nt that may have


,

s u rr ou n ded the developme n t o f th e


fruit are as disti n gu ishable to th ese
epicu res i n the esse n tial j uices as a r e
the marks o n me n which i n dicate p r os
e r it h appi n ess o r any stamp o f e n
p y ,

v i r o n m e n t whateve r .

An epicu rean ca n n ot be a gl utto n .

The re may be gl utto n s who a r e less


gl uttonous than other gluttons bu t ep i ,
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 18 7

cu r e a n ism is l ike pol ite n ess a n d cl e a n l i


ness a n d is the ce r tai n m a r k of ge n til i ty
,
.

A physi o l ogical chemist a f r ie n d ,

of the author who is respon sible for th e


,

suggestio n th at th e fu n c tio n of saliva


i n tur n i ng the starches of ou r food
i n to nut r i tious gl ucose may n eve r h ave
bee n fully give n a cha n ce to ac t th u s ,

accou n ts for the l ast del icate s w ee t taste


whic h i s attai n ed by compl ete m astica
tio n . I t i s the n a p erfect sol uti o n a n d ,

hence the del icacy of the taste .

Fo r ill ust r atio n t r y a ship s bisc u it


,

c omm o n ly call ed ha r dtack and keep


i t i n th e mouth tasti n g i t as yo u would
,

a piece of suga r ti ll i t has disappea r ed


,

e nti rely and n ote what a treasu re of


,

deligh t th ere is i n i t .

Taste will teach the expe r imen te r


m ore than I can eve n suggest I simply .

O ffe r a n i n troduction to Doctor N .

Appeti te a n d to Doctor G Taste and .

state some of thei r excelle nce s that I have


discove re d through the i r atte n tio n s to
mysel f and others unde r my d i rec t i on .
18 8 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
I w ill however give a r es u m
, , e of my
o wn expe r ie n ce as a guide .

PE RSO N A L C AS E , IN I I L TA C O N D ITIO N
Age 4 9 years ; h eigh t 5 feet 7 i nches
, , .

E xt r emes of w e igh t for ftee n years (i n


ord i n a r y clothi ng ) m i n im u m 1 9 8 lbs ; ,
.

maxi m um 2 1 7 lbs , C hest measu r e .


,

va ryi n g but l i ttle if a n y 4 2 i n ch es ;


, ,

waist measu r e ( tailo r s) 4 3 to 4 4 i n ches


.

U sual we ight d u r i n g the time about ,

2 0 5 lbs .

My experi me n ts bega n n ear the


m iddle of J u n e but wi th n o systematic
,

appl icatio n u n til the m iddl e of J uly ,

1 8 98 ; w eight o n J u n e I s t p r obably ,

ove r 2 0 5 lbs i n summ e r cloth i n g


.
, .

S PEE D Y IMP ROV EMEN T


O n O ctober as a r esul t of th e
1 0 th ,

expe r i me n ts weigh t 1 6 3 lbs a n d s ta


,
.
,

ti o n a r y ; ch est measure sam e as before ,

bu t wai st m easu r e red uced to 37 i nches ,


o r o n e i n ch below the tailo r s ideal


and n early down to the ath l ete s ideal
.
1 90 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
th e m iddl e of th e day w he n all the ,

a n imal s rest a n d some of the m che w


the c ud I took my meal I had not
, .
,

me an time experie n ced a mome n t of


,

c ravi n g for a n y tn i n g si n ce the meal of


the day be fore bu t I sat do w n w ith an
,

epicu r ea n appeti te .

T he article o f food o n the m en u tha t


rst att r acte d me I xed my desi r e ,

upo n . A t the time i t w as usually a


meat o r a s h a n d the r e accompa n ied
,

it o n ly a c up of co ffee n i n e -ten th s m ilk , ,

bread a n d butte r a n d potato , S om e .

ti mes th e meat sel ected w as an en tr ee ,

and was ga r n ished w i th r ice and other


f r ui ts o r vege tables .

About thi r ty mouthful s of these dis ,

posed O i i n som ethi n g less than twe n ty


ve h u n d r ed acts of masticatio n or othe r
m o v eme n t of th e m outh a n d taki n g ,

abou t thi r ty m i n utes to th i r ty ve m i n -

utes satised the appeti te so perfectl y


,

that all th e ices a n d des se r ts on a


s umptuous bill O f fa r e h ad n o attracti o n .

I n the meanti me water was d r u n k , ,


TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 19 1

i n small portio n s S lo w ly an d ic e w ate r


,

at that wi thout r est r ictio n to satisfy


, ,

thi r st ou t n o t whe n any food w as i n


,

p r ocess I n th e mouth the wate r w as


.

almost i n sta n tly b r ought to body-tem


e r a tu r e and i ts cool n ess was very ag r ee
p
abl e to all the se n ses I now ra r el y
.

take any w ate r except i n ve r y h ot w eathe r


w he n perspi r ation is active and then
o n l y e nough to que n ch th i rst excess ,

givi n g discom fo r t a n d n ecessitati n g


m ore pe r spi ratio n . W ater i n j u r es d iges
tio n by being take n w i th meals o n l y be
cause i t is used to wash dow n food n o t
yet p r epared fo r the stom ach I t i s th e .

u nt food th at is ca r ried dow n by i t and


n o t the water that d oes th e ha r m .

O ne cu p of cafe a u l a i t well swee t


,

e n ed s i pped a n d e n j oyed accordi n g to


,

th e epic u rean method satised all de


,

si r e for other s w eets a n d c r eated a har


m o n y o f va r iety that w a s si mply perfec t ,

wh il e i t w as pe r fectly s i m ple .

I di d n o t t r y to wo r k or th ink fo r
, ,

some ti me afte r the meal ; that i s I d id ,


192 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
n o t force though t ; b u t readi ng a ca t ,

n a a walk a m a ti n ee a ball game or a


p , , , ,

r i de i n a trolley car we r e recreatio n s


which I was able to enjoy as a so rt o f
p o u s s e caf for tw o o r th r ee h ou r s afte r
the m eal and then th e e n e rgy fo r w o r k
,

retur n ed so that if there w e r e som eth i n g


,

yet to be do n e i n the ti m e before th e


acc ustomed bed h ou r a n other day s ,

wo r k was easily accomplished .

Ath letic work physical labou r ex


, ,

t r eme activi ty i n a n y fo r m all be n et by


,

the same t r eatme n t as I h ave si n ce bee n


,

abl e to p r ove both perso n ally a n d by


expe r i me n t with others The o n ly dif .

fe r e n ce is the greater waste o f tissue ,

a n d the g r ea te r n eed fo r r e s to r ag e de ,

ma n ding an even i n g meal a n d possibly


an ea rl ier m idday meal .

E xercise w o r k acti v i ty
, ,
a n yth i n g
that c reates a dema n d fo r n ut r im e n t is
the e special f r ie n d o f Taste I t gi ves .

healthy appeti te and he n ce the r e is


pl e n ty for Taste to do and h e likes to
be of se rvice .
''
1 94 TH E N EW GLU I ION OR EPICURE
does away with at l east half th e d rudge ry
o f w om a n s w ork a n d makes us i mm une

f r om the attacks of m icrobes o f d isea s e ,

i t is the n n o ha r dsh ip to take a few les


so n s i n the A r t of E conom ic N ut r i tion .

E ve r y art i cial meth o d that h as bee n


s uggested to coax N ature i nto changing
h er p r oblems to sui t man s poo r i n ter

p r e ta ti o n has fai led bu t N atu r e h as ,

bee n patie n t w itha l H e r doo r to r e .

form is never closed a n d h e r patience ,

i s bou n dless towa rds prodigal an d fool


i sh ch ild r e n .

N ature has pu t the kee n est of the


senses at the th reshold of life to serve
both as h osts a n d se rva n ts but Appr e ci a ,

tion has heretofo r e failed to recog n i se


their t r ue O fce while I gno r a n ce bli n ded
, ,

by G reed has spurned and abused the


,

1
best of serva n ts .

1
Th e y pt
si th
m pr l c o m sf th
n e e so n a as e o e

a u th r d cri b d b p r i t ft r y r t t d
o es e a o ve e s s a e ve ea s

es an

exp ri c Th
e en e. d ur c t t f th h lf c tury
e en an e- e s o e a - en

b irth d y i F r c th b r ti
a n an f D r Bur tt i
e, e o s e va on s o . n e n

W h i gt
as n d th
o n x i ti i th l b r t ri
, an e e am n a o n s n e a o a o es

of C bridg
am d Y l l l t ll th
e an t ry f
a e a e e s am e s o o a
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 195
I

S O M E PE R T IN E N T ! U E R IE S

I f N atu re has r eveal ed a p erfect w ay


to the easy sol uti o n o f all of he r p r ob
lems as related to the affai r s of a n i m als
,

a n d plant l ife W H A T S E N S E is the r e ,

i n th i n ki n g that she h as discri m i n ate d


agai n st h e r C hief A ss i sta n t i n C ultiva
ti o n Ma n ? ,

I f N atu r e has p r ovided a n imal s w ith


kee n d isc r i mi n ati o n i n the m atte r o f
r f r d d i cr i g fc i cy
e o m e an w i th
n y r
eas n e en ev e n ve ea s

o f dd d g h
a edi c p th t th l gi c f th d i c
a e an a , so a e o o e a v e

o ri g i ll y gi i thi b k t d pr d f
n a ve n n I s oo s an s o ve , so ar .

h av e h d y w i g h t r d uc d fr
a m 2 7 p u d t
e 13 e e o m 1 o n s o 0

p u d d f l t b t w h l i gh t t I c ry y w i gh t
o n s an e es en es . ar m e

a t y gur d i r d b t
an t f th
e ties c rry e , u m os o e m e a a 20

p u d h di c p i w i t r d
o n an ti
a i u n r n e an so m e m es n s m m e

t o c l th f r f li c i t u fri d wh th i k I
a m e ea s o so o s en s, o n

m u t b ill w h I
s e t l k i g r bu t E x
en am n o oo n

o s

tr r bu t
em e i o gr t d g r t lif A p rt r
s n es s s a ea an e o e . a n e

O f th uth r i rl y d y i C l i f r i
e a o n ea rly r a s n a o n a , s eve a ea s

h i ju i r
s d ju t i th pri
n o an f l if d f rtu
s n e m e o e an o n e,

p d w y fr
as s e r r bu t
a a h o m y fo ve -
o s n es s , a s av e m an o

th e w o rl d bri gh t t d b t c i ti S i x f th

s es an es ze n s . o e

a u th r c h u o

f ts y r g h m s di d b c u
o en ea s a o a ve e e a se

o ft uc h r bu t
o o m d w rry Th y h d d t
o s n e s s an o . e ee e n o .

Th u th r y f ll w th
e a o y m a t b t o o em , an m o m en , u m ean

ti m e h i j o i g life
e e
s en rb f r y n as n ve e o e .
1 96 TH E N E W G LUTT ON OR EPICURE
h eal thful food W H AT S E N S E i s th ere
,

i n doubti n g h e r good i n te n tio n s to w ard


the h ighest fo rm of an im al i n this
rega r d ?
I f Taste i s the se n ti n el o f the stom ach
a n d a l so the pu r veyo r a n d i n spector of

n utri ti on W H A T S E N S E i s the r e i n
,

asc r ibi n g to i t the l owest place in th e


l ist of the se n ses ?
I f we e n j oy eating a n d are eati n g
, ,

pa r tly fo r the pleasu r e of i t W H A T


, ,

S E N S E is there i n th r o w i n g away a
morsel u n til the taste has bee n extracted

If
dirt is matter o u t of place

,

which is th e accepted de n i tion ,

W H A T S E N S E i s there i n call ing


u n n ut r itious food by a n y other n ame ?
I f taste is the evidence of n utri tio n ,

a n d ceases to act upo n dirt W H A T


,

S EN S E i s the re i n h u rr yi n g food past


the se n try-box of Taste w ithout givi n g
th e i n specto r ti me to selec t th e nutri
tion a n d rej ec t the di rt ?
I f the last ash o f taste i n deal i n g
with a m o r sel of food is th e best Of all ,
198 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
co n sumptio n and yet furnish all that is
necessary fo r perfect n ut r itio n W H A T
,

S E N S E i s there i n w ea r i n g o ut ou r
M i n d P ower Pl a n t with a gl ut of
-

s u r pl us ?
U n less a person has a pressi n g e u
a e m e n t w i th h is o w n fu n e r al W H AT
g g ,

S E N S E is there i n h u r ryi n g w ith h i s


m eals ?
I f w e ca n devote te n thousa n d acti o n s
o f the j aw daily to se n seless o r vicious
, ,

gossip W H A T S E N S E i s the re i n
,

denyi n g adequate j aw se r vice to the


most impo r tan t fu n ctio n o f l ivi n g ?
W H A T S EN S E is there i n a rich
person gl utti ng h is Mi nd P o w e r Pl a n t
-

with mo r e food fuel tha n i t n eeds j us t


-
,

because h e happens to have a n abu n


d a n ce to gl ut w i th o r gl ut o n ?
,

W H A T S E N S E is the r e i n calli n g
an
y gl utto
n a ge n tlema n

W H A T S E N S E is the r e i n call i n g
an
y gl u tto n a l ady
I f what Taste rej ects after h avi n g
,

selec ted n utri men t o u t O f a morsel of


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 1 99

food is di r t W H AT S E N S E i s th e r e
,

i n allo w i n g i t to co n tam i n ate a n d bu r


de n the delicate orga n s of d igestion
A n indigestible m orsel of food i s like
a ru naway team i n a c r owde d street .

W H A T S E N S E is th e r e th e n i n de , ,

m oral isi n g thi ngs i n th e th o r oughfa r e


o f ou r l ife o r ga n ism by admi tti n g u n r uly

substa n ce ?
An i n digestibl e m o r sel of food i n th e
stomach an d al l the w ay th rough th e
,

i n testi n es i s l ike a bull i n a chi n a


,


shop . W H AT S E N S E is the re ,

the n i n smashi n g the delicate utensil s


,

i n th e laboratory Of our M i n d P owe r -

P la n t by r ush ing bulls past S en ti n el


T as te ?

A S C IE N T IF IC P O IN T
P hysiological C hem i st ry dec l ares that
an importan t funct i o n of saliva i s turn
i n g th e starch of foods i n to dext r ose
sugar w hich is o n e of the h igh forms
of n utri tio n .
2 00 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
A n e mi nen t ph ysiol ogica l che mist ,

wh o is a f r iend of the author a n d who


,

h as bee n experi me n ti n g wi th the sug


gestio n s o ffe r ed by the discove ry of
n e w uses fo r Taste i n securi n g pe rfect

eco n om ic n ut r i tio n says that the i n ex


,

p r ess i bl
y sweet avou r which comes
wi th the last exp r ession o f Taste i n
c o n n ectio n w ith a m orsel of food e s ,

p e ci al l
y d r y b r eads w h
, ich a r e la r gely
sta r ch is evide n c e o f pe rfect co n ve rsio n
,

o f the sta r ch to sugar by the ac ti on of

the saliva .

The swee t taste spoke n of begins to


be apparen t i n d ry F r e nch b r ead after
abou t t w e n ty m oveme nts o f the mouth ,

a n d i nc r eases u n til the wh ole morsel i s

dissolved and d isappears i n to the stom


ach leavi n g beh i n d i t a most delicious
,

after- av o u r According to th e quan tity


.

i n the mouthful this p r ocess w ill take


f r o m fty to o n e h u n dred m o v eme nts
o f the mouth a n d require f r om half a

m i n ute to o n e m i n ute .

I n th is co n nec ti on remembe r please


, ,
2 02 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
gratefu l a n d hu n gry taste buds are eage r
-

for i t .

Don t dri n k soup ! Do n t d r i n k m il k !


Do n t dri n k bee r ! Don t d r i n k w i n e !


Do n t d r i nk syruped sodas for the taste


O f the syrups ! S ip eo er y t/zi n g taa t n a s


ta s te so that T aste can i n spec t i t and
get the good out of i t for you !

T A S TE S A P PE A L

W ater has n o taste th e r efo r e Taste


, ,

does n o t call i t to a hal t but says G o


, ,

right o n and do you r wo r k the r e i s ,

n oth i n g i n yo u that I can i mprov e ;


thank you for givi n g m e a fr eshe n i n g
up i n passi ng I f peopl e o n ly k n e w
.

w hat you a n d I kno w they w ould be


wise r woul d n t th ey ?
,

They w ould
l ea r n a thi n g or tw o about keepi n g thei r
Mi n d -P o w e r P la n t i n n e o r der a n d ge t
ri d of all th ei r physical ail me n ts a n d be ,

st r o n g an d happy and live to be a h u n


,

d r ed a n d fty yea rs of age with their


fac ulties u n impai r ed I say ! you a r e o n
.
TH E N EW G LUTT ON OR EPICURE 2 03

the outside a n d ca n give peopl e a hi n t ;


w h y do n t you tel l them what I am he re

for ! They set m e d o w n fo r a cappe r


,

l ike o n e of th ose fell o w s that sta n d out


side o f cheap restau ra n ts a n d i n vi te pas
se r s to com e i n a n d eat Th ey do n t

k n ow I am a n expert i n n ut r i me n t a n d
ca n p r otec t them f r om a n y h arm i n eat

in g. I o ffe r them also a r s t-class ban ao u


taste at the nish of m y w o r k to i n duce
,

th em to stay by a n d hel p me to do
p r oper wo r k bu t they are all i n such a
,

blamed h u r ry th at th ey n ever w ait fo r


th e oo n oo n an d the resul t i s that l oads of
,

d i r t an d i n digestibl e stu ff get by me and


m ake e n dless misch ief i n the mach i n e .

I hear abou t i t ofte n e nough you m ay


be sure Al l th e se w e r gas th e i nd iges
.

tion p r od uces comes back this way S poil s ,

my comfo r t an d d ull s my st r e n gth Yo u


,
.

s ee,
yo u ca n have a cha n ce perhaps to
, ,

learn for you rself a n d tell the peopl e


w hat I can do for them I m lodged i n

.

h e r e i n th e dark W he re they can t see m e


a n d I have n o means of i n form ing them .


2 04 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE

I wonder w h y i t i s that Moth er
N atu r e m akes such a myste ry of he r
blessi n gs . She n eve r adve r tises a n d
n eve r exh ibits he r best thi n gs pl ai n ly .

Al l he r p r ecious m etals a r e h idde n a w ay


i n n a r ro w seams i n the g r ou n d ; h e r
pea r ls a r e gua r ded by close -mouthed
oysters at the bo ttom of the ocea n ;
elect r ici ty i s as slippe ry as a n eel a n d
absol utely i n visible ; i n fact N at u r e i s ,

th e most r e ti r i n g i n he r habi ts of all


, ,

th e exp r essio n s of Dei ty ; an d co n sist ,

e n t w ith he r self sh e h a s put me i n h e r e


, ,

i n th e da r k a n d speechl ess p r ovided ,

w ith po w e r s O f selecti o n an d disc r im i n a


tio n w hich if u n de r stood a n d made
, ,

thorough use of w ill do fo r m a n all that


,

h e can desi r e .


The fu n n y pa r t of i t i s that th e a n i
mals othe r tha n m a n u s e m e i n s ti n c
, ,

ti v e l y a n d l ive thei r appoi n ted ti m e ;


w hile m a n i n h i s us u al big headed w a y
,
-
,

ce n tu r ies a n d centu r ies ago gave me the ,

lo w est pl ac e amo n g the S e n ses classed ,

my chief agen t a n d assistan t Sal iva as , ,


206 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPI C URE

I M P O R TA N T C O N F I R M A T I O N

CO M M A N D A N TE C E S A R E A GN E L L I

C om manda n te C esa r e Ag n elli o f H is,

I talia n Maj esty s battle shi p



Ga r i
,


baldi has bee n a n earnest colleague of
,

th e authors i n the N u t r i tion S tudy si n ce


the su mm e r of 1 9 00 L ike the auth o r s
.
,

h e received i n the course o f experim e n ta


ti o n such personal bene ts that the co n
ti n ned O bse r vations h ave bee n a sou rce
o f g r eat pleasu r e eve r si n ce I take
.

from a lette r dated Ta r a n to I taly som e


, , ,

exce rpts that a r e good evide n ce of the


cap r ice of appetite u nde r d i ffe r e n t cli
m atic conditio ns together w ith som e
i r r e l evan t m atte r quoted fo r i ts good
,

r eadi n g :

W h at a good lo n g friendly le tte r !
, ,

I f i t w as you r i n te n tio n to spoi l m e i t ,

ce r tai n l y p r o v ed a success ; a n d I feel


so m uc h obl iged and thank you so
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPI CURE 20 7

m uch for th e i n teresti n g descripti o n of


all yo u saw a n d did du r ing you r abse nce
f rom Ven ice th is sum mer .

Yo u are too good i n r emembe r i n g


the fe w word s o f e ncou ragemen t I sai d
to you when yo u r st spoke to m e
about you r expe r im e n ts The fact is
.

th at I have al w ays regre tted th at my


assistance i n th e experim e n ts could n o t
be of greate r se r vice ; a n d reall y of us
, ,

two I am the i ndeb ted fo r g r ati tude fo r


th e g r eat service you r discove r y has
d o n e to me si n ce th e l ucky day I had
the pleasure of you r acquai n tance .


My bad l uck would n o t h a v e i t to
a ll o w m y sh ip to go to E n gla n d fo r the
C oronation though at rst sh e was s e
,

l e cte d to be o n e o f th e th ree O n ly tw o
.

days ago I met o n e of o ur o ffi ce rs w h o was


o n the C a r lo Al be r to and h e co n rm ed
,

al l th at you wrote a n d all th at h as bee n


pri n ted abou t the magn ice n ce o f the
n aval revi ew at S pith ead .

I w ish n o w that I we r e wi th you to ,

be ab l e to tal k abou t what happened to


2 08 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
m e dur i ng th is l ast c ruise of ou rs i n ,

re l atio n to obse rvatio n s of nutri ti on I .

can o nly report facts a n d feeli n gs and ,

yo u may be abl e to con n ec t th em a n d


assign th e causes You k n ow I do n o t
.

usuall y dri nk w ine o n ly water ; well o n


, ,

the coast o f Afri ca I h ad such a d istaste


for the latter that I w as c ompell ed to
take be er to qu e n ch th i rst n o r could I
,

even endure m i n e r al waters My desi re .

for food was quite ch a n ged my physi ,

ological c r avi n g dictati n g to me quite


plai n l y as i n a doctor s p resc r iptio n
,

what I wanted E ve n th e best sh i n


.

the Medi terran ean did n o t sa tisfy m e .

Tod ay i t was eggs a n d to -mo r ro w i t


was c ocoa bu t never meat th at I fel t th e
,

wish for B ut what is a new cap r ice o f


.

desire re l ates to my sm oki n g I co u l d .

n o t s m o ke a s i n l e pipe n or a cigar ; onl y


g
c ould I tole rate c igarettes and th ose quite
,

wi thout p l easu re At Smy r na I al most


.

fed on ices a n d l em o n ades but al w ays ,

a n d ever I could ea t ( not d r i nk ) my cup

of cocoa i n the m orni ng The heat on .


2 10 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
best o u t o f i t with th e assista n ce of
my c u rious appeti te and did n o t su ffe r
,

i n conve n ie n ce as di d the oth ers B u t .

we we r e la rgely rewarded i n Turkish


Asia ,
a really blessed pa rt o f th e
wo rl d an d especially at S myrna My
,
.

day began i n the bazaar a n d e nded


the re my eyes e n j oyi n g Tu rkish a n d
,

P ersian a r t i n al l thei r ma n ifestatio n s ,

from th e r ich Bokha r a a n d Khorassa n


carpets t o the D am as e o i n l aid wo r ks ,

R hodes emb r oide r ies an d so on O ne


, .

sees that a r t has come f r om the E as t ,

a n d in e v e ry b r a n ch of i t the i n ue n ce

o f the me r idian is al ways d iscove r ed


a n d pe r ceived . My great r eg r et was
not to be able to take i t al l a w ay with
m e to Ve n ice and divide i t with my
esteemed frien ds the r e fo r our m u
tual e n j oym e n t C u r iously en ough at
.
,

S myrna I fou n d a good bit of I tal ia n


pottery that I secu red for almost n oth
in g. I t w oul d have bee n a great thi n g
if you could h ave bee n the r e to pass
those te n days i n Smy r n a with m e .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 21 1


I gave a n o r de r fo r som e carpets
to be made o n m easu r e bu t it wil l take
,

m o n th s to h ave the m r eady Many .

people do n o t app r eciate th e o l d car


pets b ut to m y taste m odern ones do
,

n ot h ave the velvety l ook o r th e s o n


p l es s e an d th e soft n ess of the ol d o nes .

I am sor ry c i rcumstances p r eve n ted


my lli n g you r com mission H ad D r .

V a n S om e re n bee n the r e he is so fo n d,

O f old thi n gs I am sure he w o ul d h ave


,

rui ned him self .

I t seems as if we would rem ai n he r e


the wh ol e of th i s mo n th and the n I ,


hope for a fort n igh t s l eave to go to
Ve nice ; and I look forward to the
pleasure of a l ong chat together .


( ig
S n ed ) C A G N E L LI . .

C LA R E N CE F . L O W, E S ! U I R E

TH E V E G ET AR IA N TE N D E N CY C O N FIR M E D
The re lato r of the foll owi ng e xpe r i
e nce was conversan t w i th the earl y r e
sea rches Oi the elde r author and gave
2 12 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
m asticati on a t r ial for a ti me H e gave .

i t too pai n ful atte n ti o n as is apt to be ,

the case with begi n ne r s a n d the st rai n ,

m ade th e prac tice tedious an d u ndoubt


e dl i nh ibi ted th e secretio n of the digest


y
ive j uices th e same as wo rr y a n d oth e r
,

dist r actio n s a r e k n ow n to do Afte r a .

ve r y sho r t trial M r Lo w decla red that


.

h e could n o t get e n ough n ou r ish me n t


with i n r easo n abl e ti me and came to th e
co n cl usion that m uch che w i n g did n o t
ag r ee w i th him al though i t m igh t with
othe r s W ith th e issue of the r epo r ts
.

O f th e C amb r idge a n d Yale tests h o w ,

eve r th e suggestio n w as give n a n othe r


,

t r ial with the res ul t up to date as r e


, , ,

po r ted below :
I tha n k you ve r y m uch fo r th e copy
o f D r Kellogg s book the

. L ivi n g Te m
,

ple j ust rece ived I h ave n ot had time


,

.

to r ead i t bu t i n looki n g ove r the chap


,

te r headi n gs a n d k n o w i n g D r Kel logg s .


wo r th as a n autho r i ty o n matters of
foods a n d d iet I k n ow that there is m uch
o f val ue fo r m e i n the book I am m uch
2 14 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
forme rly do at all Th ey are the sort of
.

th i n gs that are supposed to requ i re a


st r ong meat diet but whi ch u n de r such

a di et were impossibl e to me Masti .

cation and tho r ough mou th treatme n t-

see m to allo w th e appetite to p r esc ri be


what my body needs an d this is the '

essence an d substa n ce of yo ur discove ry .

I t pleases me ve ry m uch that D rs .

Kell ogg a n d D e w ey have con r med


your resea r ches a n d nd that your claims
a r e not ove r-d ra w n . They have such
sple n did O pportuni ties to test thi n gs
dietetic a n d a r e such ope n -mi nded n at ,

u ral -born al t r uists that the i r co n r m a


tio n cou nts fo r eve n m o r e tha n that of
the ve r y co n se rvative m en i n Sci ence
wh o sta n d for sc i e n tic auth o r i ty and
w h o w an t a thi n g th r ice prove n befo r e
they give it e n do r sem e n t.


I thi n k my experie n ce w il l be e s
p ec i al l
y comfo r ti n g to yo u bec ause of
my repeated t rials a n d lapses I can .

see n o w h o w im po r ta n t it is for o n e to
p r actise ca r eful m outh -treatme n t u n til
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 2 15

th e habi t i s acquired a n d the pe rform


a n ce becomes autom atic The r e is no .

doubt in my m i n d but what there i s a


n atural protectio n give n u s by n ature
which has bee n lost by pe rve r sio n I .

feel conde nt th at you will get ul ti


m ate credit for th e r e establ ish me n t of
-

a r atio n al h abi t o f eati n g w h ich u n de r ,

n ormal co n di tio n s o f food s upply is a ,

p r otec tor agai nst prematu re swall owi n g


O f food .


G h as seen th e r esul t i n m e
and he is d roppi n g m eat to a great ex
te nt an d h i s breakfasts have dwi ndled
to a mere fraction o f what they form erly
were T he same is true o f M
.

A YE A R S L AY E X P E R I E N CE

F IVE

The good fortune of yeste rday ,

J ul y 29 1 903
,
brough
, t a tel ephone
message f r om an o l d an d ve ry dear
f r ie n d wh o has bee n im p r essed with th e
vi rtues of buccal d igestio n for the past
2 16 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ve yea r s Five yea r s ago my frie n d
.

was a sick man past fty yea r s of age


, .

D u r i n g h is youth a n d early ma n h o o d
he had bee n a n optimist am o n g opti
m ists lead i ng a conge n ia l life am ong
,

agreeable f r iends w i th th e best th e


,

world had to o ffe r i n th e way of recrea


tio n an d fare H is g r eat mi sfortun e
.

at th e ti me was i n digestion a n d th e
t r oubles that accompa n y i ndigestio n .

I f h e d r a n k a sm all c up of co ffee at
n igh t he could n o t sleep a n d h e w as
,

subj ect to the co n sta n t u ncertai nty of


he al th a n d freque n t recurrence of acute
diseases that are com mon to the vict i m s
o f l uxury.

Th e ve r y ill health em ergency and


-

d ilem ma of m y f r ie n d l ed h i m to catch
a t any st r ay s traw of hope or comfo r t .

W he n w e met some mon ths after the


,

begi n ni ng of my expe ri m e n ts he w as,

compe lled to note a g reat di ffe rence i n


m y appe aranc e ; th e po r tly an d robust
b ut heavy S h o r t-wi n ded a n d u n w iel dy
,

f r ie n d of bygo n e years i n sumptuous


2 18 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
S ier r a Bl a n ca had bee n grad ually lost ,

an d I was pretty we l l dow n to my las t


legs agai n I f I had n t bee n st r uck by
.

the marvel lous alteratio n i n your appea r


ance f r om what i t w as w he n I had see n
you last I should have bee n terribly
,

bored by your rel atio n of you r e xpe r i


e n ce fo r I w as sick to death o f me n tio n
,

o f c u res a n d di et-r egime n s of all so r ts .

But you asto n i shed m e so by you r


changed appea ra n ce a n d I w as i n such ,

a h opel ess cond itio n that I though t I ,

w o uld give you r scheme a trial N ext .

day my b reakfast w h ich was also my


, ,

l u n ch for I was feeli n g too badly to ge t


,

up ea rl ie r b r o ught me some swee t co r n


,

as on e of th e several i tem s I habituall y


ordered In givi n g th is co r n th orough
.

che w i n g before s w allo w i ng I noticed


that w hil e the i n side o f the corn liq u eed
,

readily an d was quickly swall o w ed there ,

r emai ned i n my mouth a collection o f


th e h ulls a n d these i n vited th e bad
,

table ma n n e r s of spi tti n g o u t I r e


-
.

m oved this col l ectio n o f refuse as del i


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 2 19

cate l y as possibl e a n d on exami n atio n


, , ,

fou n d that i t co n sisted o f ha r d substa n ce


that I had neve r n oticed before i n con
n ecti o n w i th cooked s w eet co r n . This
set me to th inki ng W hat h ad I not
.

bee n putti ng i n to my stomac h al l these


years i n m y igno r a n ce of th e co n s ti tu
e n ts of th i s one ki n d of com mo n food ,

a n d w hat n ot i n othe r foods that I h ad

n o t ye t obse rved ?

I n conti n u ing th e observation
fu r ther I d i scove r ed that ma n y o f th e
,

foods that I was acc ustomed to take


con tained hard i n sol uble i ngred i e n ts or
,

cottony bre th at go t m ore an d m ore


cotto n y and refractory with m asticatio n .

In tryi n g coffee my favouri te beverage


, ,

as yo u tol d m e I m igh t do if I ha n dled


i t righ t l y i n the mouth I tasted it u n ti l
,

i t w as absorbed o r swallowed i n vo l u n
tar i l y j ust as you tol d me the expert
w i n e tas te r s
o
an d tea -taste r s do . I
sipped and e n j oyed m y small cup o f
co ffee as I had n e ve r do n e before i n my
l ife and knew afterwards that i t had not
,
2 20 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
h urt me as usual as no im mediate p r o
,

test came fro m the stomach wh ich ,

formerly h ad bee n the case I slept th e .

s l eep of the j ust that nigh t and a w oke


i n n e form next morni ng F r om that .

day to th is I h ave n o t bee n troubled


with i ndigestion and d u r i n g these ve
,

yea rs I have n o t bee n S ick a day or an


hou r o r a mome n t a n d h ave slept like
,

a babe I have n t kept m y weigh t quite


.

down where i t ought to be for best com


fo r t bu t I have supported the burde n
,

with my ge n eral good heal th an d di


gestio n My tem ptatio n s to lapse have
.

bee n e n ormous for I h ave had the good


,

fare of two conti nen ts thro w n at m e by


m ost e n tici n g i nvitatio n and I have ,

ru n the gantlet of extraordi nary m en u s


with out phasi ng wi th th e results I have
,

recoun ted .


D o you remember the day o f the
publ i c fu n eral of G e n eral G ran t whe n ,

h is tomb o n the R iverside D ri ve


Mo r n ingside H e i ghts was dedicated ?
Yo u reme mber that we had bee n invi ted
222 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE

A t the time of th e great N aval Re
view o r some th i n g of the sort - I h ave
,

forgotte n what a pa r ty of us we n t to
the pier o f th e S ou the r n P aci c C om
pany to see th e sh o w The r e we r e N ed
.

H and C aptai n H a n d tw o

other m e n and myself with four l adies


, ,
.

O n c om i n g up town w e w ere booked


for a n oth e r e n gagem e n t the tim e for ,

which had not yet a r ri ved W e w e r e i n .

the vici nity of th e H offma n H ouse and


d r ifted i n the r e a n d i n to the ball room -
.

The oo r w a s most tempti n g an d the


orchest r io n w illi n g I t w as too s u gges
.

ti ve a combi n atio n for the l adies w h o ,

w ere you n g and ne da n ce r s a n d they ,

exclaimed wi th o n e voice Oh h o w ,

,

lovely ! I w ish w e m igh t dance It .


proved that I was th e only danc i n g ma n -

among th e m e n I had bee n a dancer


.

i n m y youn ge r days bu t I had let up ,

o n i t si n ce I had become stou t H ow .

eve r by w ay o f a j oke and to pl ease th e


,

you n g ladies I o ffe r ed to be a part n e r


, .

My Off e r was accepted also as a j oke , ,


TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 223

bu t th e sequel w as a su rp ri se W e se t .

th e orchestrio n goi ng o n a W a l dteufe l


w al tz an d I grabbed o n e of the you n g
,

l ad i es for a r ou nd R ea l ly I was .
,

am azed I danced as easily as I did


.

whe n a you n gster and roun d and roun d


,

we we n t Fi nally my pa r t n e r begged
.
,

fo r a rest so I wal tzed her to a seat


, ,

a n d excited with th e revelation of


, an
e n d ura n ce I did n o t k n o w I possessed ,

I g r abbed th e next lady from he r seat


a n d repeated the ti ri ng-o u t process as

easily as i n the rst attempt The r e .

we re ye t two ladies fresh and eager to


assist i n doi n g U ncl e N at up and I

r epeated the performa n ce with them ,

also da n ci n g the last to a dead sta n d


,

still o n accoun t o f her determ i ned o bs ti


nacy 5 n had to complete th e doi n g
.

up of the ol d m an or Age wou l d wi n


a battle f r om Youth w hich w ould neve r ,

do W ell to make a lo n g sto r y sho r t


.
,
'

a n d to get to the illust r atio n I was .

w a r m a n d ruddy but I w a s less fatigued


,

than I re me mbe r to have bee n as a


2 24 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
you ngste r w he n I h ad danced for a long
tim e .


S ince the n I have n o t balked at any
feat o f physical e n d ura n ce a n d I fee l ,

as you ng tod ay as my wh i te hai r wil l


le t me I h ave t r ied to ge t my f r ie nd s
.

to che wi n g th e i r food pers iste n tly a n d ,

have gai n ed m any adhere n ts to your


cause but I h ave had to sta n d a n i m
,

me n se amou n t of ch af n g mean wh il e .

I tri ed to get M r H to che w hi s


.

b read a n d m ilk but he always laughe d


,

at m e and chaffed m e co nst antly


,

wh e n I w as w i th h i m ab o ut m y che w
i ng fad O n e m a n whom I s a w m uch
.
,

o f a n d who needed
, your advice m o re
than a n ybody else go t so sick o f th e ,

subj ect that whe n I rece i ved a lette r


from you tel l ing of some new discove r y
,

a n d some n e w t r iumph of th e cause o f

che w i n g I w oul d attempt to r ead i t to


,

h im ; but he woul d n ot liste n a n d pe r ,

sisted i n call i ng i t rot although h e ,

k n e w that I had bec ome a re m a r kably


well man whereas I was for m e rly a ve ry
,
2 26 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

DR H IGGI N S CA S E AN D CO M M E NT

.

D EA R MR L ETC H E R
. F :

Yo u ask me to wri te yo u a S h ort


accou n t o f my expe ri ences wi th econom i


cal n utriti on with com me nts a n d a few ,

words abou t my physical and men tal


h istory .

P r evi o u s H i s to r y : T he best pe

r i o d of heal th th at I can rem embe r i n

my l ife w as th at bet w een seve n tee n an d


twe n ty-o n e d uri n g th e time I w as pre
,

pari ng for the m ed ical profession I


had a small b r eakfast at about 7 30 A M . . .

a n d then w e n t up to L o n don to S t .

G eorge s H ospital which was about


fourtee n miles f r o m m y h ome My .

pare nts gave me for m y m idday


meal b u t I fortu n ately econom ised and
o n ly spen t 6 d1 0 d of it o n food Afte r .

n ish i ng my work I usually a r rived



h ome at and had a meat tea ;

this allo w ed me to devote six h ou r s to


reading D uri n g the whole of this
.
TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE 227

period I was i n excel lent me ntal and


physical condi tion I w aS m ade house
.

su rgeon at t w e n ty-on e obtai n ed m y de ,

gree i n under fou r years beside s obtai n


i n g several val uable p r izes .


After th is I l ived i n th e H ospital
whe r e three m eat meals we r e p rovided .

These I co n scie n tiously ate to keep u p


m y stre n gth duri ng the pe rforma n c e
o f my exhausti ng d uties I consider .

that thi s period w a s th e com mencem e n t


of my dege n e r ation I put o n t w en ty
.

four pou n ds i n weigh t and l ost m uch of


m y men tal e nergy .

To conde n se as m uch as possibl e :


,

m
y st r o n g hereditary te n de n cy to gout

w i th th e excessive m eat eati n g th e ,

h urried eating d u r i n g some th r ee an d


o n e half
- years at S t G eorge s H os .

pital L ondo n a n d at Adde n b r o o ke s


, ,

H ospital C amb r idge resul ted i n con


, ,

sta n t su ff e r i n g f r om h eadache lum ,

bago rh eumatic pai n s and all those


, ,

d istressi ng symptoms known u nde r the


ge ner i c nam e of gout i ness After

.
2 28 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
seve n or eigh t yea r s I we ighed tw o h u n
d red an d t w e n ty fou r pounds an d com
-

plai n ed of i n c r easi n g symp toms Of go ut


I the n became a patie n t of D r H .

o f L o n do n wh ose syste m requ i r es o n e to


,

absta i n f r om meat sh poul t r y bea n s


, , , ,

tea co ff ee i n oth er w ords f r om foods


, , ,

co n tai n i n g u ri c ac id or i ts equ ival e n t .

F o r abou t ve yea r s till the e n d of 1 9 0 1


, ,

w hen I rst m et you I uctuated co n ,

s i de r ab l y i n heal th o n th e wh ol e I a m
,

bou n d to say i n a steadily d o w n wa r d


,

directio n till I was ove r loaded w ith the


,

excessive weight of tw o h undred an d


eigh ty tw o pou nds
- .


H i s to r y of P er i o d of R eg en er a ti o n :
I com me n ced u n der you r advice mas ,

ti cati n g m y food tho r oughly at the e n d

o f D ecember 1 90 1
, Afte r p r actis i n g
.

th i s m eth od till the prese n t date S ep


tember 1 9 0 3 I have l ost o n e h u nd r ed
, ,

a n d fou r pou n ds i n weigh t a n d co nsider

that I h ave gai n ed ve ry co n si derably


i n men tal a n d ph ysical t n ess I p re .

fer to di vide th i s pe riod i nto two parts :


2 30 TH E N E W GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
my daily die t for tw o or th ree weeks .

Thi s was follo w ed by a return of rhe u


m a ti s m and con s i de r able sick n ess and
i n abil i ty to wo r k (a) Tn e s u os egu en t
.

s i x m e n t/i s .I resolved to devote th is


per i od to a carefu l study of my desires
fo r food to take no n otes to make
n o experime n ts i n short to allo w m y
,

body to r u n itself an d to try to make


,

my brai n i n te rp r e t the wa n ts of th e
body I had moved fo r the pu rpose of
.

thi s expe r i me n t in to a small house wi th ,

a boy and a woman who came daily to



clea n the h ouse ( I men tion these de
tails because practically one nds that a
wo man has usually such qu ick sym pathy
abou t m atters con ce r n i n g food th at ,

their agitation an d fears a r e e n ough i n


the mselves to cause you to modify you r
diet ) I o n ly kept bread butte r a n d
.
, ,

m il k i n the ho use al l othe r foods I was


,

obl iged to se n d fo r a n d if I r equi r ed a


,

dish to be cooked I rst lear n ed h o w to


,

do i t myself and th en taugh t th e boy .

I had n o xed times for meal s a n d did ,


TH E N E W GLU IT O N O R
'
EPICURE 2 31

n o t have a tabl e laid m y food al w ays


,

bei n g brough t up o n a tray ; usually I


did n ot in te rrupt th e work I was doi n g .

I del ibe rately adopted all these p r e


cautions because I had becom e awa r e
by experi ence Of the ext raordin ary i n
u e n ce suggestio n an d,other m i n d

i n ue nces such as h abit had i n o n e s
, ,

select i o n of food a n d the amou n t o n e


ate D u r i n g the rst two mo nths i n
.

co n sci e n tiously eati n g w h at I w i shed ,

as m uch o f i t as I w a n ted and w h e n my


appe ti te dema n ded food my desi r es we r e,

ve ry irregular ra n gi n g over m eats and


,

sh ( occasiona l ly ) ch ocolate sweets


, , ,

c ream ch eese butter m il k bread pota


, , , , ,

toes oranges b ananas sugar etc but


, , , , .
,

during th e nal period my desi res were


m uch mo r e simple a n d regul ar co n n ,

i ng themse l ves to b read G ruy ere cheese , ,

bu tte r c r eam ba n a n as potatoes occa


, , , ,

s i o n al l y m ilk D u r i ng and subsequen t


.

to thi s period I have become co n vi n ced


th at prov i ded yo u eat you r food slo wly
and foll ow yo u r appetite w i thout gu id ,
THE NE W GLUTTON O R
' '

2 32 EPICU RE
ance from any othe r k n o wledge wh at
eve r o n e gets m arked prefere n ce s for
,

simpl e foods wi th i nc r easi n g heal th an d '

happi n ess th e co n tentmen t that com es


,

f r om th e i n estim ably val uable p o sse s sion


of S imple desi re s .

Co n ti n en ts o n Me Sy s tern r The
great attrac tio n th e syste m has for m e
is i ts fra n k admission that : ( 1 ) O ne
k n o w s practicall y noth i n g o f those
che m ical processes that occur duri n g
d igestio n .
( 2 ) The guidance for th e
c ond uc t of l ife a ffo r ded by such vague

ph rases as th e col lect i ve wisdom o f



m a n ki n d leave o n e o n the m ost supe r
ci al e xam i n ation i n a state o f great
doubt to say the least o f i t ( 3) Th e
, .

g uida n ce a ffo r de d by th e d ogm a s o f


scie n c e are ope n to the m ost d isquie t
g c r i tici sm .
( a) I n the pre s criptio n

O f m ethod wi tho ut a k n o w l edge of the


m yste ries o f digestio n ( )
.o I n th ose
obse r vatio n s o n i n su f cie n t sta n da rds
o f m ental a n d physical optim um e f

ci e n c a n d of short peri ods o f o bserva


y ,
2 34 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
a smal le r a rea i n conseque n ce of the i r
la rge r bul k W he n o n e reects that
.

D r M ott attributes the mai n cause


.

of i n sanity to the absorpti o n by th e


body o f the cl eavage produc ts pro
d u ce d by m icrobes i n th e i n testines ,

and the i n c reasi ng recog n i ti on of such


poi sons i n th e causati o n of ch r o n ic
disease a n d distu rba n ces of heal th ,

this factor al o n e w oul d afford an ex


pla n ation o f some o f the phenome n a
i n duced by the practice of eco n omical
n utri tio n
.


A meth od having the resul ts that
this has i t n eed sca r cely be sai d is r evo l u
ti o n ar y ; al l one s p r eco n ceived notio n s

of the co nduct of l ife a r e found to


be based o n grou n ds ope n to grave
c ri ticism a n d i t th ro w s a g r eat r e
spo n sibil i ty o n all those co n ce r ned i n
i ts s tudy to e n deavou r by all the m ea n s
i n thei r po w e r to p r ese n t a m o r e
com pletely demonstrated and u n a n
s w e r a bl e case to th ose wh o are r e
sponsible for the world s gu i da n ce i n

TH E NEW GLUTTON 0R EPICURE 23
5

these matte rs w i th as l ittle delay as


,

possible,

Yours faith full y ,

H U B E R T H IGG IN S M A CA N TAB
, . . .

Late o H r on
u se S u g e to t or o
S Ge ge s H s pi tal ,

Lon on o
.

d , an d th e Ad den b r o o ke s H s pi tal , Cam


r
b i dge on r or
Dem s t at of An o
a t m y to th e U n i

A n r on
.

r C r
v e s i ty o f am b i dg e a n d ss i s ta t S u ge to
o
Adden b r o o ke s H spital
.
2 36 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

! U A R AN T I N E
TH E N ECE SS ITY O F P RO TECT IO N
OTE : A p p r re d b ef r
N b r f th U i ty
a e , a o e m em e s o e n

L gu
ea n de ath r g u t f Mr a d M
o eWi ll i S es s o . n rs . am .

H rb rt
a e t T -Br h W i ll i
, a B y G
re L k a , am s a , e n e va a e,

Wi c i i Augu t 8 9 8
s o n s n , n s ,
1 .

It i p rti s t t th eubj ct f th i b k b t w
n en o e s e o s oo , u as

w ri tt wh
en th i ti g ti
en d cri b d h r i w r
e n ves a on s es e e e n e e

ju t b gi i g
s e n n n .

P rogress of Ci vil isatio n is accel


e r a te d by co n sta n tly exte n di n g syste ms

of i n dividual mo r al social and sa n itary , ,

qua r a n ti n e .

I t is n o t wh at man adds for he can ,

a dd n othi n g but w hat h e preve nts that , ,

aids growth .

Ma n c r eates n othi ng but h e assists ,

C reatio n by re movi n g deterre n ts to


g r o w th Gr o w th is spontaneous co n
.
,

stan t a n d eve r stronge r if Obst r ucti o n s


a r e removed C r eatio n does a l l t/ze .

g r owin
g but cu l ti va tes
,
n othi n g ; the
seed falli ng upo n good soil or upo n
2 38 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
an d a F u l l P a r tn er wi th N atu r e i n
E vol utio n .

This disti nctio n adequ ately appr e


,

ci a te d lifts Man above the a n imal pl ane


,

a n d gives h im a place am ong the gods ;

h is mate r ial fo r m com posed of m uscle


, ,

ha n ds powers of l ocomotio n and speech


, ,

bei n g bu t tool s w ith w hic h to harness


a n d co O e r ate w ith th e othe r fo r ces i n
p
N atu re under the d i r ec tio n of the god
,

l ike attribute of th e Mi n d i n the r e mova l ,

of deter r en ts to free g r owth a n d the ,

c ul tivatio n of that H a r mony w h ich is


the symbo l of G od .

*
3 IF

H avi n g assum ed as an hypothesis


th at Man is Full P art n e r with N atu r e
i n E vol uti o n ; a n d havi n g di scove r ed
h is proper fu n ctio n i n th e Divisio n of
L abour i n N atu re it i s time for each of

,

us to a n alyse the conditio n s w hich e n


vi r on us as Man u n its select those w hic h
,

seem to be useful to ou r sche me o f con


st r uctio n a n d ha r mo n y decla re all dete r
,

re nts to the g r owth of our sel ectio n to


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 2 39

be weeds and the n proceed to rem o v e


,

the m wi thou t delay rst by pulli n g , ,

those whic h n o w exist a n d foll owi n g ,

that by establ ishi n g stric t quaranti ne


against them .

*
1 i t if

I can teac h only that w h i ch I have


learned a n d p ronou n ce good o n ly that
,

which has l ed to happi ness I w ill .

th erefore note the p r ogress of my o w n


discove r ies a n d desc ri be those wh ic h
have b r ought i n creasi n g happi n ess i n ,

orde r that they may se r ve as beaco n s


a n d m o n ume n ts to such as may seek

th e same goal alo n g the same li n es of


i n qui ry .

The rst fo r ty ve years of my p rese n t


-

li fe w ere spen t i n seeki n g h appi n ess by


means of pe r so n al acc u m ulation M o n ey .
,

f r ie n ds disti n ctio n acquai n tance w i th


, ,

art i n all its various exp ressi o n s la n ds , ,

l uxu r i ous h omes i n favou r ed l ocal ities ,

pictu res r a r e po r cel ai n s lacque r s a n d


, ,

othe r possessio n s isolated fo r my o w n


,

use and for the e n j oyme n t of c hose n


,
2 40 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
f r ie n ds seemed to be th e necessary de
,

s i de r ata of h appi ness .

I n tu rn al l of these came to me i n
,

sufficient abu nda n ce to give at l east a , ,

taste of the i r qual ity an d thei r e i cacy


i n p r omoti n g happi n ess ; but i n th e ,

m idst o f them we r e always obstruc t i o n s


to unham pe red e n joyme n t i nc reas i n g ,

w i th possessio n a n d accu m u l ati n of the


q
coveted m ea n s a n d co n sta n tly mocki n g
, ,

as wi th a m irage th e ul ti mate i dea l ,

desi r ed .

Du r i n g th ese fo r ty- ve years of ques t


o f happi ness the r e w e r e constan tly a p

pea r i n g above th e horizo n of my sea rc h


ashes of hope lead i n g i n n e w di r e c
,

ti ons wh ich proved i n turn to be bu t


,

will 0 the wisps u n til th e n igh t the


mo r n ing o f my awake n i n g as related ,



i n my book Me n ticul tu re .

I t was the n for th e rst time I hea r d


, ,

that i t w as possible to g et r i d of a n ger


a n d wo r ry th e l i tes n o i r es of my exist
,

e n ce which w e r e as I the n bel ieved a n d


, ,

as I n o w kno w the dreade d bar riers,


242 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
n i ti o n
and asse rtio n m ay be exte n ded
to declare that the re can be n o ge n ui n e
happi n ess S hort of u s efu l n es s i n a s s i s t
ing atn er u n i ts to 6e s tr o n
g an d u se uf l
in tn e p ar tn tp
er s / i
f
o to n i c/c ea c h is a

m em oer .

True happi nes s cannot exis t if there


i s prese n t an el eme n t of i ndi ffe re nce .

N ext to destructive agg ression i n ,

di ffe re n ce w h ich leads to neglec t an d


,

w aste i s the worst faul t th at a me mbe r


,

o f the N atu r e -Ma n pa r t n e r sh ip can be


guil ty o f N eglect n o t/ti n g th at w ill aid
.

gro w th i n a n y useful fo r m an d happi ,

n ess w ill su r ely follo w for N ature a n d ,



the G od of N atu r e w ill do th e rest
.

I n qual ifyi ng for the N ature -Man


partnership i t i s of rst impo r tance
,

that o u r pe r so n al equipme n t should be


u n de r stood and cared fo r so as to give
u s th e greatest stre n gth The body .

m ay approp r i ately be l ike n ed to an


elect r ic powe r pla n t a Mi n d -P o w e r
P la n t ; th e body bei ng the e ngi ne the ,
TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 24 3

stomach the fur n ace the a r te r ies a n d


,

vein s the boile r tubes the blood i n ,

ci rculatio n the steam the b r ai n the,

dy n am o an d th e mi n d elect r ici ty
,
.

M i nd i s the all -importa n t fac tor of


ou r equipme n t for it i s the co mma n de r
,

that will lead and d irect bette r and


w ise r tha n we ca n n o w imagi n e if we
allo w i t a cha n ce to act with freed om .

To sec u r e th is freedom we must


k n ow its h ab itat i ts requi r eme nts its
, ,

n ourish me n t a n d lear n to al l o w i t to
,

recharge itself s u i ci e n tl y and to con


ce n trate itself o n i ts chosen useful n ess
without imposi n g upon it also the
drudge r y of useless wo r k Thi s m ust .

be do n e w i th the same idea of eco nomy


that a cn ef is rel ieved of the drudgery of
washi n g dish es and emptyi n g S lops .

Acco rd i n g to D r E d w ard H ooke r


.

Dewey a ph arm acist army s u rgeo n and


, ,

ti reless i n vestigator of fo r ty- ve years

expe rience w hose revelations h ave bee n


,

before the m ed i cal p rofessio n of the


worl d fo r many yea r s w i thout a s i ng l e
2 44 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
challe n ge the b r ai n is a dy n amo w h ich
,

accum ul ates e n e rgy du r i n g S leep an d ,

u ses it duri n g the w aki n g ho urs of its

possessor .

The b r ai n ma n ages everyth i ng for


m an that he accom plishes I t bri ngs .

m essage s f r om the Cr eato r w h ich a r e ,

som eti mes called i n tuiti o n sometimes ,

i n spi r atio n a n d by va r i ous othe r n am es


, .

E m e rso n call s these messages th e


O ve r-Soul My o w n appreciatio n of
.

the att r ibute that disti n guishes the


S pi r i tual Man f r om th e a n i mal man
i s bette r satised by the n ame Spi r it

u al C ereb ratio n w hich I have de n ed,


i n my book H appi n ess as : In te l l i

gence n o t de r ived f r om experience ,

pri n cipal ly obtai ned du r i n g sleep an d , ,

seemi n gly supe r n atu rally clea r to co n


s ci o u s n e s s o n a w aki n g i n the n atu r al

m an n e r.

The b r ai n also di r ects all actio n a n d , ,

wi th e ncou rageme n t w ill take up the ,

m essages from the Cr eat or an d analyse ,

a r ra n ge and develop th em i nto useful


,
246 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
tio n up to the poin t of death whe n al l
, ,

o f the fatty and m usc ul ar tissues of the

body are wasted away leavi ng the brai n,

a n d n erve cen tres to icker a n d go ou t ,

as a candle does b r igh te r than usual


,

w i th the parti n g ash o f their bril l ia n cy .

D r De w ey gives P r eside n t G areld


.

as an ill ust r ious example o f proof of the


accu r acy of h is deductio n The m a r tyr
.

P r eside n t lived eigh ty days wi th out th e


addit i o n o f a n oun ce of n ut r im e n t to h is
l ife car r ied the usual clear n ess of mi nd
,

to the last mome n t a n d passed o n only


,

whe n the l as t m uscular tissue had bee n


consumed by the bra i n .


D r Dewey s assertion that sta rvatio n
.
,

s o called is n ever a cause o f disease and


-
, ,

never da n gerous to l ife and health u n ti l


there is n o m ore tissue le ft o n wh ich to
feed the brai n and othe r n e r ve cen tres ,

w as publ ished some yea r s ago a n d I h ave


the au tho r ity of the Doctor h i mself that
h is co n te n tion has not been once dis
p u te d by the m edical p r ofession Th r ee .

e mine n t E ng l ish physicians D rs A M , . . .


TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 24 7

H aig G eo rge S Keith an d A Rabi gl i


, . .

ati and m a n y Ame rica n physicia n s h ave


, ,

experime nted wi th wh at i s cal l ed s tar va


tio n for the cure o f chronic diseases
wh ich have thei r origi n i n excess o f i n
h a r monious deposits caused by over
eati n g o r careless eati n g The results .

i n all insta n ces recorded have bee n


successful i n m odifyi ng or curi n g the
disease .

W he n patie n ts have u n derstood that


th ey were su fferi ng n o inj ury from not
taking food they h ave ceased to h ave
h u n ger cravi n gs These h unger cr av
.

i ngs usually com e f r om fear or from dis


o rde r caused by fe rme nting food i n an
ove rloaded stom ach .

W e can then on u ndisputed and


, ,

practical authori ty treat cravi n g fo r


,

food or dri n k as a disease a n d therefo r e


n ot rational and starvati on as merely
,

drawi ng upon th e stored fuel fatty


tissue by th e dynam o o f the brai n ,

resto r able at wi l l at any time before


complete exhaust i on w i thout i nj ury
,
2 48 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
with be n et i n fac t to the mach i n e r y
,

o f th e body .

Th e b rain m ust rst turn food i n to


tissue an d the n de r ive i ts o w n n ou ri sh
,

m en t f r om th e tissue . I f th e righ t
quantity of nou rish ment can be i n tro
d u ced i n to the stomach if th e qual i ty is
,

o f the righ t k i n d and if i t is fe d i n to


,

the fu r n ac e of th e stomach w ith rela


ti ve l y the sam e w isdom that a compe
te n t r ema n uses i n feedi n g h is fu r n ace ,

th e b r ai n i s requi r ed to use the l eas t


possible e ff ort i n th is di recti on and h as ,

i ts stored e nergy available for d i r ecti n g


other useful actio n and servi n g the part
n er sh i
p wh ich em ploys i t w i th an e f

ci e n cy the possibil i ty o f wh ich may be
,

well ill ustrated by the he rculean acco m



i h f th e battleship O regon
p l s m e n ts o

i n the l ate war i n steaming th irtee n


thousand m i l es and engaging i n a great
battle wi thou t a s top o r an accide nt and ,

without start i n g a rive t .

I w i ll n ot tell you m uch of what D r .

Dewey has reve al ed because I want you


,
''
2 50 TH E NEW GLU I ION OR EPICURE

clean up the rem nants of the last day s
supp l y of food fuel a n d express n e w ,

desi res i n an ea r n ed appetite There i s .

available o n waki n g f r om sleep a f r esh


, ,

cha rged b r ai n ready to serve its pro


r i e to r with great e ffi c i ency I cide
p n n .


tally i t has to do som e chores rake
,

o u t the cl i nke r s d ispose o f the ashes


, ,

rel ieve th e g rate ba r s atte nd to any ,

l ittle repa i rs b r ush o u t the c him n ey a n d


,

gene rally get ready for the work o f


an other day .

Th e h unger o f th e morning is n ece s


s a r i l y bu t a n a bi t n u n er- Th e best
g .

evidence of th is is that w he n busi l y ,

e mpl oyed we forget i t wi thout trouble ;


,

and also i s that E u ropean peoples ,

whe r e the dise ase dyspepsia i s n o t


k n own i n the l ist of physical de ra n ge
me n ts pe rform the chief physical o r
,

me n tal e ffo r t of the day before thei r


b reakfast the m or n i n g coffee sca r cely
,

m ea n i n g a n ythi ng i n the way of w hat


w e cal l a meal .


D r De w ey s rm assertio n is that
.
TH E NEW GLU TTON OR EPICURE 25 1

whe n the stom ach has had a ch ance to


cl ean up and is ready fo r more fuel ,

it will make it k no w n i n heal th y man


n e r by a healthy appetite and that it is
,

rarely normal before noo n ; and n o t


really befo r e o n e has done w hat migh t

be called a day s w ork

.

I ca n assert boldly as the resu l t o f


,

expe r ie n ce that th e time to ge t wo r k


,

o u t of the brai n is betwee n th e mor n i n g

a w ake n i n g a n d the r st meal and i t is


,

the same relative to e nd urance draugh ts


o n the physical stre n gth .

The n i n th e heat or the gl are of th e


,

day havi n g accomplished somethi n g


,

useful an d disposed of p r essi n g duties ,

so as n o t to feel the i r ri tation of h u r ry ,

th e rst meal of the day can be take n


with r estful ease and it w ill be found
that th e supply dema n ded by the
appe tite wil l not be so great as that
dema n ded by the u n heal th ful habi t ,

i n amed ea r ly mo r n i n g call .

I t may n o t seem so but thi s di g r e s


,

sio n f r om psych i cs to physics is very


252 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ge rman e to my subject a n d to my own
expe r ience .

W i thout knowi n g that D r De w ey .

a n d th e othe r em i n e n t physician s w h o

e ndorse h is theories were l i vi n g i n the


world I i n the summe r of 1 8 9 4 bl u n
, , ,

d e r ed i n to a pe rso n a l expe r ie n ce of die t


th at produced wo n der ful results w h ich I
n o w recall w i th all the vivi d n ess o f th e

high ligh ts of extrem e pleasure met i n


foreign t r avel .

I was i n a Southe rn city for two


m o n ths d u r i ng an u n usual ly hot sum
me r watc hi n g some developme nts th at
,

c ould not be h urried a n d the frui tio n


,

o f w h ich w as impo r ta n t to my i nte r ests .

I had n oth i n g to do i n con n ectio n with



thi s busi ness bu t to watch and w ait

.

I had some writi n g to do h o w eve r , ,

i n the mea n t i me wh ich could n o t be


,

well o r comfo rtably do n e i n th e heat of


the day he n ce I a r ose at dayl igh t and
,

bega n to w r i te At that ti m e of th e
.

mo r n i n g n othi n g to eat was to be ha d ,

wh ich compelled m e to start work


2 54 TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
exercise o f some sort I m igh t desire a
,

l ittl e fruit or a bi t of b r ead or cracker ;


bu t never a fu l l cou r se d i n ner .

I wo r e a belt at my t r ousers as was ,

th e custom of the place an d i n a fe w ,

days dec reased the gi rth of my co r pu


l e ney on e h ole i n th e bel t ; an d before
the s u mmer was ove r fou r holes wi th , ,

o n l y the m ost com fortable feel i n g ac


compa n yi n g the loss of w eigh t .

W he n m y fa m ily r eturned f r om
E u r ope I settled back i n to th e Ameri
,

can a n d E n gl ish habit of a meat break


fast because I did n o t wan t to be
,

d i ff e r ent an d at the sam e ti me I h alf


,

doubted bu t th at my experie nce was


noth i ng more th a n an ab n ormal o n e ,

att r ibutable to th e i n e r tia of summe r


heat lite r ary absorption and lack of
,

physical exerc ise .

T w ice wh en I have bee n l eft alo n e


,

si n ce the n a w ay f r om the r est r ai n t of


,

custom an d also i n the m idst of ab u n


,

da n t athletic exe r cise I have agai n cul


,

ti vate d th e same habi t of missing


TH E N E W GLUTT ON OR E P 1CURE 2 55

b r eakfast th rough desi re to do earl y


mo r n i ng work with the same sp l endid
,

resu l ts .

The l ast time referred to is the pre s


e n t My search for a los t wa i f th rough
.

the fram ing of an appea l fo r him h as ,

give n me such absorb i n g though t that


meals have been of n o consideration
beside i t and i n the m idst o f i t I nd
,

D r De w ey s book the books o f the


.

E n gl ish physi cians i ndorsi n g him ; and


have secured r esul ts o f health comfo r t ,

and st rength to myself wh i c h I did not


know I possessed ; to cor r obo rate my
accidental expe r ience As I sa i d befo r e
.
,

this seems a ve r y wide digressio n f r om


the psych ical to the physica l but it is ,

real ly n o digressi on at all fo r i t is i n th e


,

service o f the brain and the b r ain i s the


,

di rect age n t of c o m m u n icatio n betwee n


the Creato r a n d ou r co n sciou sness as ,

sisti n g us to w o r k togethe r i n th e
N atu r e -M an partne r sh ip with usefu l
e f ciency .
2 56 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
N ow let me return to the ai m of my
,

address a n d pu rsue the th read o f my pe r


,

so n al experie n ce i n searc h of th e fu n da
menta l p r i ncipl es of T r ue L ivi n g which , ,

to be prove n m ust be vouched for and


,

tested by resul tan t happ i ness .

W he n I attacked the tap -roots of


troub l e and sh u t the door i n the face o f
a n ge r and wo rr y for eve r I saw among
,

th e bo n es of thei r decomposi tio n the


skeleton of f ear I t proved to be thei r
.

backbone Fear then was the suppo r t


. , ,

o f all the deterre n t passi o n s th at be se t

b righ test manhood and wom a n hood and


pursue i t to an u n ti mely death .

My book H appi n ess deals with the


separation of fear-though t f r om fore
though t i n o rder to sho w that i t is pos

sibl e to smothe r a vital sti m ula n t of


e n e rgy w ith a rese mblance of i t w hich is
as deadly a poiso n as c a r bo n ic acid gas .

W h il e I have bee n e n gaged i n pursu


i n g ge r ms of diso rde r to thei r begi n
n in
gs
, duri n g the past th ree or fou r
yea r s I have u ncove red many a beauti
,
2 58 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
a deta i l of busi ness and met the adve n
ture wh ich i s the cause of m y p rese n t
f ocal ised i nterest i n neglected ones as ,

exp ressed i n a book to be ca l led whe n ,

p ublished That L ast W a i f ; o r S oc ial


, ,


! ua r antine l
i t w
, as but n atural that I
should put al l the fo rce of my sympathy
i n to the cause of rescue and that I ,

should nd i n that servic e more h app i


ness than i n an y of the l uxu rious amuse
m e n ts which had claimed m e as a
d evotee i n ti mes gone by .

True n app i n ess i s t/i e r es u l t of co n


sci o u s u s efu l n es s This I can assert
.

with th e co n de n ce of kno wl edge n o t ,

alo n e f r om my o w n experie nce but f r o m ,

observati on o f the g reat army of k i n der


ga r tne r s an d child savers w hom I h ave
me t in my travels a nd especially wi thi n ,

th e pas t year ; and i t is evident that the


se rvice attach i n g to protec ti n g l itt l e
n eglected a n gels f r om the evil s u
gges
tio n s an d the c ruel conditi ons that may
1
P ub l i h e d a d pro c e d s d edi cate d
s , n e to th e c u
a se

o f th e w ai ts Oc to b er 1 8 98
, ,
.
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR E P IcU RE 2 59

m ake of them n o t me n b ut beasts is


, , ,

o n e of the ave n ues of useful n ess i n which



these A n gels of the S tate meet with

the sm ile of th e Master wh o w a s th e ,

rst G reat Ki nderga r tne r ; w hose teach


i n gs ce n tred about a n d d w el t upon the
ca re of ch ildre n as of r st co n side r atio n ,

and w h o said S u ffer L i ttle C hild r e n


,

to come unto me an d forbid them n ot , ,


for of such i s the Ki n gdom of H eave n .

C hildhood has su ffe red ma n hood has ,

s u ffe r ed p r og r ess has su ffe r ed fo r 10 !


, ,

these ages th e c r ue l assumptio n that


,

manki nd is n aturally dep r aved In r e .

ce n t years public co n scie n ce h as been


d ulled by th e a n m s th e ti c that the re
m ust be a H ave To B e Bad C lass i n all
- -

com m u n i ties Th is has bee n fo rm ulated


.

i n to the assumptio n that there is i n


eve r y group of the H e ave n S e n t Angels s

o f P u r i ty a full te n pe r ce n t that m ust


,

be dep r aved and u n redeemable except


by the i n te rpositio n o f special dispe n sa
tio n w h ich is a di rect co n t radictio n o f
,

all of the obse rved Laws of C reat i o n to


2 60 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
wh ich i n tell ige n ce n o w subsc r ibes The .

m otto of this assumptio n i s couched i n


th is vicious lege n d : The hopelessly sub

me rged te n pe r ce n t stratum of soc iety .

H alf a n h our s walk f rom this h o s


p i tab l e ma n sio n, o n th e sho r e of th e


beautiful G eneva L ake i s a place call ed ,

H ol iday H ome . The r e a r e now


h oused an d th ough tfully cared for at
th e H om e abou t o n e h u n d r ed of the
H opelessly S ubme rged Te n P e r C e n t

S t r atum of ( C h icago s ) S ociety
Dur
.

i n g the su mmer h alf a thousand of these


u n fo r tu n ates will com e fo r tw o weeks
each W he n w e touched at th e w harf
.

last eve n i n g afte r com i n g from the co n


cert give n i n their i nterest at M r C hal .

ne r s lakeside home th e w aifs met us



,

with a me rr y cl ass yell and greeted us


-
,

with a n i n tell ige nce a buoyan cy a n d a


, ,

f reedom bor n of their holiday such as


, ,

was not excelled at a ny of the othe r


l a n d i n gs wh e r e o n l y the child re n of r ich
s umm e r r eside n te r s w ere m et W e all .

saw these waifs a n d w e ma rvel led at


262 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
th e best ca r e k n o w n to L ove and the
Sc ie n ce of C hil d L ife - .

Th e c reche and th e ki n derga r te n and


th e ma n ual trai n i n g sch ools a n d domes
,

tic t r ai n i n g classes as well as i nsti tuti o n s


,

si mila r to the H oliday H ome ac ross
the Bay have de monst r ated w ith i n the
,

past thirty yea r s that fully n i n ety -eigh t


pe r ce n t of the H opel essly S ubme rged
Te n P e r C e n t

ca n be r esc ued after
th ey h ave bee n wa rped by evil su rr o u n d
i n gs W hat will n o t the same e ffo r t
.

e ffect if directed to w ard p r eve n tio n and


p r otecti on i n stead of bei n g squa n dered
,

i n ca r eless a n d soulless cor r ec tio n ?


C hrist said : A nd a littl e ch ild shal l


l ead th em . L et us a w ake to the cal l .

I t is the way to H eave n fo r 0f s u c/z ,


i s the Ki n gdom o f H eave n .

FIV E YE A RS C O N F IR M AT OR Y E V ID E N CE
,

Th e spi r it of the p receding add r ess


to th e good members of the U nity
L eague o r ga n isatio n o n th e sho r es of
beautiful L ake G e neva has been the i n
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 2 63

spi r i ng motive of the quest for scie ntic


e ndorsem e n t of E co n omic N utrition for
the be n et of the prese n t ge n e r ation of
ch ildre n a n d i n cide ntal ly of thei r elders
, , , .

In E co nom ic N utri tion lies protectio n


f r om sexual m orbidi ty alcoholic i n te m
,

e r an ce bodily disease savage passio n s


p , ,

a n d all th e brood o f evil contami natio n

and temptatio n I n E conom ic N ut r i tio n


.

l ie possibil i ties of physical a n d m ental


e n e rgy and optim istic happi ness such
as the worl d has not bee n accustomed
to i n th e m emory of h isto r y . E co
n om ic N ut r i tio n i s wh at children wan t

to be taugh t with thei r r st i ndel ible


impressions and th e p r ese n t g r eat move
,

m e n t of wh ic h this li ttl e book treats ,

for which i t was rst responsible and ,

fo r wh ich i t i s repub l ished i n a new


and exte n ded edition i s expected to fu r
,

n ish au thori tative knowledge relative to


the m ost E co n o mic N u tri tio n so that
,

m oth ers a n d ki nde rgartne r s may m eet


th e l ittle w aifs from th e C reator o n the
th reshol d of th is prese nt l i f e wi th words
2 64 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
o fw i sdo m a n d exampl es o f sa n i tary pe r
fe cti o n i n stead o f conf r on ti n g th e m at
,

o n ce w i th the poison of ig n o r ance r el a


tive to thei r mos t impo r ta n t conce r n ,

thei r o w n E conom i c N ut r ition .

That the co nte n tions utte red i n That


L ast W aif ; or S ocia l ! uaranti n e r e
, ,

fe r red to i n the L ake G e n eva A dd r ess are ,

reasonable is evide n ced by the expe rience


of D r and Mrs Kellogg a n d thei r adop ted
. .

family of t w e nty-fou r w aifs th e acquai nt ,

a n ce of w hic h has si nce bee n made .

All o f th e al truists who h ave e ngag ed


i n k i n de r g ar de n r y amo ng the neglected ,

D r Ba r nardo D r Kell ogg a n d the res t


.
, .
,

are f u l l o f condence i n the possibili ty


and e ffi cacy o f a pe rfect quaran ti n e as

outl i ned i n That L ast W aif

I t is an
.

E p i cu r ea n m ethod o f prom oti n g M en


ti cu l tu r e kill ing F ea r tn o u g /zt de n o u n c
, ,

i n g Gl u tto n y savi n g that L a s t Wa if


, ,

a n d attain i n g H app i n ess th rough l ear n

i n g the A B Z of Ou r Ow n ( E co n o m i c)
. .
2 66 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
pa r e n t k n owledge o n the part of m oth ers
rel ative to thei r own nutrition and also ,

a pitiable ignora n ce concerni ng th e n u


tr i ti o n o f thei r chil dre n th e double i g n o
,

rance con sti tuti n g a doubl e c rime .

E ven if careless about ourselves i s ,

i t n o t shameful that we do not co n ee n


trate e ff o r t i n learni n g the truth abou t
o u r i n sti nctive means of protectio n in
ou r o w n alime n tatio n a n d i n classi
fyi n g th e k n owledge i n a way that will
make i t avail abl e to ch il d r e n th r ough
,

their prope r guardians whe n they a r rive


,

i n th e w o r ld as h elpless as a babe ?

I f k n o w l edge which seems to be pro


te cti v e had n o t been evolved ou t of
rece n t experime n t or if th e hope of
,

gai n i n g such k n o w ledge had not bee n


collected from good autho r ity th e appea l
,

m igh t see m fu tile ; but thi s i s n o t th e

case The most i n tell ige n t a n d studious


.

i n vestigato r s a r e u n i ted i n the belief


that th e p r oblem can be sc i e n tically
solved and the co n fusio n of ideas settl ed
by concent r ated pe rsonal and co ll ec tive
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICUR E 267

study of econom ic nut r i tio n through ,

observation of th e natu r al require me n ts ,

a n d by tria l of the care i n taking food

wh ich i s necessary to sec ure the most


protab l e eco n omies .

IL L U S T RA TIO N
H ere is an i ll ustration both of th e
,

prese n t need of better k n owledge and


the hope of i ts attai nme n t I t i s an .

accou n t of one acc ide n tal expe r ie n ce


w h ich sh owed th at exces s of fo o d may
be as detrimental to a ti ny baby depe n d
an t as i t i s ge nerall y conceded to be
,

h armful to grown persons The case .

w as desc r ibed by D r C had w ic k of Bos


.

ton to P rofessor Bo w ditch and by th e ,

l atte r repeated to th e auth or A n i n .

fant was not p r og r essi n g as i t S h oul d


a n d failed to gai n n o r mally i n w eight .

I t was unde r th e ch a rge of a n u r se


a n d was being carefully watched A .

ce r tai n quantity o f milk was presc r ibed


for da i l y no urish me nt at prescribed
,
2 68 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
times i n a p r esc r i bed ma n ne r ; but the
,

ch ild d id not i nc r ease i n weigh t an d



w as

doi n g poorly
. Fo r some reaso n
the n u r se w as cha n ged a n d i n structio n s
were repeated by th e old to the new
n urse . I n the course of a w eek th e
l i ttle patie n t sho wed sig n s of m a r ked
i mp r oveme nt both i n gai n of weigh t
,

a n d i n ge neral co n diti o n
. In order to
record the particula r s o f the change
th e physician questio n ed the n urse and
learned that o n ly o n e h alf th e n ou r ish
me n t o r igi n al ly p r esc r ibed had been
given the n e w n urse h a v i ng forgotte n
,

o r misu n de rstood the orde r s .

The reaso n the l i ttle fello w had bee n


doi n g so poo r ly unde r the origi n al


p r esc ri pt i on was because h e h ad bee n
'

usi n g up h is p u n y stre n gth getting r id


of the excess of food that had bee n
forced upo n his l ittl e stomach and i n
te s ti n e s
. W hen the excess w as stopped ,

so that h i s d igestive appa ratus could


occupy itself with h i s real ne e ds the ,

babe h ad a su r pl us of energy fo r growth


2 70 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPI CURE

M U N C H I N G PA RT I ES A N D
T H E C H EW I N G FA D

To the scienti c pe r so n of ul t r a co n
s e r va ti ve ben t of m i n d th is f r ee a n d
easy screed offe r ed as th e expo n e n t of
,

a great econom ic idea w ill seem offe n


,

sive a n d j ustly so ; but i t h as bee n


,

w r itte n w i th a pu rpose a n d happi ly th e


,

pu rpose i s bei n g e ffected as speedil y


as the author h oped fo r whe n hi s o w n
d iscove r y r elative to th e pr o tab l e n es s
of an epic u r ea n eco n om ic n ut r itio n b e
,

c ame a r eal ity of expe r ie n ce a n d s u g


gested publicati on .

To th is free p rese n tati o n couched


,

i n a va r iety of cl ass expressi o n is due , ,

i n a l arge measu r e the n ew r evival of


,

feedi ng refo r m which h as spread fa r


o v er the c ivilised wo rld w he r e i t w as
,

m ost n eeded w ithi n the past ve yea r s


,
.
TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE 2 71

U p to ve years ago and to some


,

exte n t n o w the p r esc riptio n m ethod of


,

r ecom me ndi n g diets was a n d is com


m o n . I n fac t i t w as u n i v ersal up to a
fe w yea r s ago ; fo r n o o n e as far as is
,

k n o w n had yet suggested that no r mal


,

appetite was the o n ly competen t p r e


sc r ibe r an d th at i t was th e o ffi ce of
,

the physicia n to teach h is cl ie n ts a n d


patie nts h ow to n o r m alise th e appeti te .

I t requ i red two yea r s of th e c i r c ula


tio n of th e o r igi n al publ icatio n s a n d
the co n sta n t persiste n t pe r so n al asser
, ,

tio n of the author before a n y con ti n ued


c r ede n ce of h i s asse r ti o n s w as secu r ed ,

w ith the o n e exception of a lay f r ie n d


i n N e w Yo r k w h o happe n e d to be i n
a state of g r eat need o f refo r m at th e

time as r elated under the headi n g of


,

A Five Year s L ay E xpe r ie n ce



.

I t was o n ly abo ut tw o years ago that


th e ne w clai m s h ad received s u i ci e n t

r ecog n itio n to admi t o f explai n i n g the m


to busy m e n o f p r o m i n e n ce i n the medi
cal p r ofessi on Afte r th e co n rmatio n
.
2 7 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
at th e l aborator i es of the U n i ve rsi ty of
C ambridge E n gla n d the auth or h ad
, ,

a n opportu ni ty to m ake a statem e n t a n d

give a demonstration to S i r Thomas


Ba r low th e p r ivate physici an of Ki n g
,

E d w ard V I I S i r Thomas was m ost .

sym pathetic with th e physiol ogical p os


s i b i l i ti e s an d th e re has bee n f requent
,

evid ence si nce to S h o w that h e pursued


th ough t of the suggestio n s an d that h is ,

i n te rest has bee n respo n sible fo r th e


aristocratic l ay i n te r est which o r igi n ated
the s o -te r med M unchin g P arties i n

L o n don .


The E n gl ish term m u n ch i ng s i g
,

n if i n
y g ch ew i n g o r masticati n g i s an ,

excelle n t amendme n t w h ich is gladly ,


adop ted . Masticati ng is tech nica l


a n d formal C he w i n g has bee n d is
.

graced by its appl ication to gu m an d to


tobacco and the othe r E n gl ish exp res
,


sion biting suggests th e car n ivo r ous
,

, ,

savage use of th e j aws an d teeth while ,

munchi ng i mplies e njoyme n t as the ,

m u n chi ng of del icacies by ch ildre n .


2 74 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
c a reful e n j oyme n t tha n i s usual w he n
n e r vous co n ve r satio n is the mai n busi
n ess of a mea l and food i s a me r e
accompa n ime n t .

I n du s tr i o u s m unch i n g pe r fo r ms abou t
o n e h u n d red ac ts of mastication to the

m i n ute a n d f r om t welve to fteen mouth


,

fuls of o rd i n ary food is su ffi cien t to


satisfy completely a hearty appeti te .

Te n der o r w ell p repa r ed or w ell -cooked


-

food is fully treated by m u n ch i ng fo r


natura l swall o w i n g i n eve n m uch l ess
tim e than a m i n u te . The n ecessary
time r a n ges f r om o n e t w e n tieth to o n e
-

fth of a mi n ute or o r di n a r y food i s


,

r ed uced so as to excite the n atu ral S w al


lo w i n g I mpulse by from ve to t w e n ty
masticato r y acts ; and this appl ies equally
to the tasti n g m oveme n ts r equi r ed by
sapid l iquids H a r d or coa r se b r eads
.
,

a n d eve n potato , may requi r e m o re a t


te n tion an d lo n ger ti me a n d decie n cy
,

o f sal iva de l ays the process ; bu t i t i s

a ve r y ref r acto ry food that wil l r equire


mo r e than half a mi n ute to the ordinary
TH E N E W G LUTTON OR EPICURE 2 75

mouthfu l Sma l l S ips and smal l m outh


.

fuls demand l ess p r opo r tionate ti me s o ,

th at th e actual time necessary to satisfy


a good appeti te does n o t exceed twelve
o r ftee n o r at most t w e n ty mi n utes
whe n the secretio n of sali v a is ample ,

as i n the case of r ea l hu n ge r ; b ut the


e n j oyme n t of taste does n ot stop S ho r t
wi th the actual cessatio n of the psy
ch o l o i cal se n sation The m em ory of
g .

taste co n t i nues afte r th e actua l sen si


b i l i ty h as ceased a n d o n e o f the most
,

ag reeabl e c ompe n sati o n s of a m eal i s


e n j oyed i n the fo r m of co m p l ete sa ti sf a c
ti o n follo w i n g th e act of e ati n g . I t is
a very d iffe r e n t and a ve r y m uch m o r e
ag r eeable sensatio n tha n that atte nding
a diste n ded stomach a n d m ust be fel t
,

and u n de r stood to be fully appreciated .



Mu n ch ing P a r ty Fu n ctions the n
, ,

reveal mo r e possible pleasu re and bene


t than the me r e tickl i ng o f the palate ,

s o -c al l ed
, a n d di ff use thei r benets to

cove r the mechan i cal act an d a l ong


continued fee l ing o f satisfactio n that
2 76 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
i s more subtly pleasi n g than the i m
mediate physi ologica l cause of th e
co n te n tme n t .


Th e M u nch ing P arty sch eme of

educatio n a n d e n j oyme n t has bee n ca r


ri ed to America a n d has received the ,

n ame of the C h e w i ng Fad As such

.

i t has bee n ca r too n ed i n th e n e w s


pape r s but i n n o matter what form the
,

suggesti o n is S pread i t can do o n ly


good .

Apprec i ation of th e suggestio n has


bee n generously exp r essed i n th e let
ters o f Dr Kellogg of the great Battle
.

C r eek Sa n i tari um an d by D r Dewey .


,


th e author of the N 0 B reakfast P la n ,

as well as by the autho r s i ntimate col

l eagues D rs Van S omeren a n d H i g


,
.

g i ns of Ve nice I taly
, , .

There are ma n y ph ysici a n s f r om


wh om the auth o r h as heard report an d ,

perhaps thousa n ds w h o have n ot yet


bee n heard f r om who are co nveyi ng ,

th e s l ow-eati n g a n d appreciative -atte n


tio n suggestio n s to thei r pat i ents ; and
2 78 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
have bee n pe rformed The professo r .


was g i ve n Me n ticul tu re a n d G l ut


ton o r E p i cu re to read a n d was rec ,

o m m e n de d to practise the advice of


the books i n co n n ectio n w ith his t reat
m en t These tw o books a r e an accou n t
.

o f the way the autho r p r o moted h is


o w n salvatio n f r om the uncertai n ty rel 2

ative to physical h eal th a n d me n tal


co n trol and i t is by these m ea n s that
,

t he psychic m echa n ical a n d chem ical


, ,

n ecessi ties of n utritio n a r e satised .

The author spent a n hou r with


D r Alexa n der H aig o f L o n do n wh ile
.
, ,

u n dergoing th e C amb r idge U n ive r


s i ty E xam inatio n repo r ted upon by S i r
M ichael Foster a n d exha usti vely argued
,

the claims of th o r ough mouth t reat


m ent of n ut r i me n t to that disti n guished
d ietetic spec ialist The argume n t m e t
.

with m uch i n credul i ty as has been the ,

case i n a l l r st presentatio n s o f the


idea D r H aig p ro n ou n ced the appeal
. .

to even a n ormalised appetite dan


gero n s an d cl ung to the prescr i ption
,
TH E NEW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE 2 79

theo r y of regul ati n g food H e seems


.
,

h o w eve r to have si n ce l ea r n ed th e
,

e fcacy of m u nch i n g a n d tasti n g i n


assisti ng the empi r ical p rescriptio n
me thod and n o w recomm e nds i t as e u
,

th u s i as ti cal l y as d o D rs Van S omeren


.
,

H iggi n s Kellogg and D ewey H e has


, , .

eve n sen t patien ts to a r eso r t i n th e


c ou nt r y i n E ngland to acquire the
h abi t of m unch ing wh e r e there was
p r ese n t i n th em the st r o n g pe r n ici ous
habit of n e rvous haste a n d i n atte ntio n
i n co n n ectio n w i th thei r i n gestion of
food .

This is bou n d to be the case wi th


physicia n s wh e r e th e subj ect i s give n
atte n tio n and the meth od i s accorded
a fa i r tria l witho ut lapses C red it for
.

th e origi nation o f th e suggestion is


he re take n to i nc rease the e ffec tive n ess
o f th e c l a i m s prese n ted i n th e A B Z
. . .


of O ur O w n N utritio n an d i n this
book R eaders are recom m ended n o t
.

to i m itate the prevale n t e rror o f thi nk


i n g th at so s i mpl e a suggest i o n i s not
28 0 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
i m po r ta n t o r o therwise sc i e n tists w oul d
h ave p r ocl aimed i t lo n g befo r e n o w .

Th e a n c ie n t hypotheses o f text-book
physi ology we r e m ai n ly based upo n the
st u dy o f n ut r iti on b egi n n i n g i n the
,

stomach a n d afte r the da n ge r of i n d i


,

gestio n had bee n forced upo n th e al i


me n tary system ; a n d he nce they ofte n
deal t with confused ab n ormal and path
, ,

o l o g i c condi tio n s,
a n d they rarely had

opportu n i ty to obse rve the normal con


di ti o n i n te n ded by N atu re .

P rofesso r P awlo w o f S t P etersbu rg


, .
,

co n rmed the necessity of a righ t ps y


ch ic e nvi r o n me n t ; D r C a n n o n O i th e
.
,

H arvard Med ica l School sho w ed th e ,

i nue n ce of mech anic al tho r ough n ess


and n e rvous sh ock upo n digestio n ; a n d
D r H arry C am pbell of L o n don ex
.
, ,

plai ned th e mechanical an d sal ival e f


cacy o f masticatio n i n procu r i ng good
assimi l ation of n utri me nt and a n eco
n omic nut r i tio n . Th e work of P r o
fes s o r P a w l o w a n d D r C a n n o n was
.

i ndepe nde n t scie n tic research an d so ,


28 2 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
ti s m . I n desce n di ng from the p l a n e of
high l i terary p r op r iety to imp ress by
si mile an d analogy th e obj ect foremost
,

i n mi nd i s to att r ac t a variety o f sym


p a th i e s . The autho r reve r es the dig
n ied i n a r t and i n demea n our a n d
,

depl ores th e n ecessi ty Of pe rso n al asso


ci ati o n to spread th e m erits of w hat he
believes to be fu n dame n tal truth s of
the ph ilosophy of true l ivi n g Bu t so
.

st r ong 15 th e co n victio n o f th e autho r


that h e possesses fu n dam e n tal t r uth s
w hich have bee n ove r l ooked i n the
r apid p r ogress of th e r ac e i n the l ux
u r i e s of l ivi ng , that whe r e i t i s seem
i n gl y desi r able to empl oy un usual
mea n s to attrac t attention he feel s
com pell ed to do so .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 28 3

S P E C I M E N EC O N O M I C D I N N E R
IN A

S U M P TU O U S M O D E R N A M E R I CA N
H OTE L

The auth or was i n vi ted to di ne with


some frie n ds o n e eve n i n g i n sum me r at
a hotel i n N ew Yo r k a n d the i n vitatio n
,


co n cl uded w ith Me n u a l a F l etche r

.

The d i n n er was to be se rved i n th e


S itti n g-r oom of my h ost a n d w he n
,
I ar
r ived had not yet bee n o r de red Yo u .


m ust order the din ner for u s said m y ,

host a n d w e w il l agree to you r se l e c


,


tio n. B ut I ca n not o rde r for any o n e

bu t myself sai d I i n r epl y
, Th e
.

chief c onten ti on I m ake for n atu ra l


n u tr i t i on is that th e appeti te is the o n ly

t r ue i n dicat i o n o f the bodily n eed a n d ,

yo u must i nterpre t yo ur o w n appeti te


both as to estim ated quan tity required

a n d the sort of food craved .
28 4 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE
After some disc ussio n I agreed to
s ta n d as gO-betwee n and take the s ym p
toms o f appetite f r o m each and give the
orde r The w ai ter was sta n di n g by with
.

pencil i n h a n d a n d u rged a n u mber of


expensi ve dishes th at w e re the special
ties o f the day I asked h im to be
.

quie t please a n d l et us m ake ou r o w n


, ,


selecti o n I r st placed the bil l of fa r e
.

i n the hands o f the daugh ter of m y h ost


a n d asked he r to name the rst thi n g

that came i nto her mi n d i n co n n e c tio n


with th e orde r S he r epl ied Baked po ,


tato es and S top said I ; baked

,

potatoes i t is ; n o w i t is you r turn to


choose R , W hat comes r st to

your m i n d ? Gr ee n cor n was the

,

answer Ve ry well w aiter ; o n e o r de r


.

,

o f baked potatoes o ne o r de r o f gree n


,

c orn a nd a lemon ice Bri n g these and


,
.


we w ill orde r more if we r equi re .

The waite r hesitated a n d was abou t


to protest someth i ng when I stoppe d
h i m w ith the assu rance that th e order
give n was all that we wou l d specify at
28 6 TH E NEW GLU TTON OR EPICURE

now r eplied I
, I m ust atte n d to you r
.

method o f taki ng your potato to see that


you do i t economic j ustice a n d I m ust ,

see that your father does n o t waste any


o f that de l icious cor n N o w Mary .
, ,

l et m e see h o w much good you can


m u n ch o ut o f you r rst mouthfu l D o .

n ot swall ow a n y of i t u n til it i s actual l y


sucked up by th e S w allowing I mpu l se ,

a n d whe n that happe n s you w ill n ote


that o n ly a po r tio n o f i t i s taken an d
th e rest w il l n atu r ally r etur n to the
f r on t o f the m outh if you d o n o t r e ,

st rai n i t and w i l l still be a del icious


,


l iqui d m ost ag reeable to taste Th is .

happe n ed as suggested a n d the r e were ,

th ree disti nct swallowi n g acts befo r e th e


l as t o f the mouthful had disappeared
i n r espo nse to the S w all owi n g I mp ulse .

M y ! bu t I neve r real ised that potato



w a s so good exclaimed the you n g
,

lady ; and G rac ious ! is n t th is corn



bully ! echoed the father G ood ! .

added I I f that is true of the rst


.

mo uthful I thi nk you wi l l nd i t true of


,
TH E NE W GLUTTON OR EPI CURE 28 7

the othe r mouthfuls unti l you r appetite


fo r potato and co r n is satised ; a n d
as lo n g as your appetites hol d good for
the m you are being nourish ed as your
,

body -needs r equire W i th th e s l ow
.

eati ng the appeti te of each for th e


,

chose n food w as soon quieted ; one we ,

wil l say for ill ustration o f the p ri ncipl e ,

with a single potato and the oth er with


a s i n gle ear of corn I th in k I should
.

relish a l ittl e of you r seco n d potato if



you are n ot goi n g to take it said the ,

father add r essi ng h is daughte r ; a n d sh e


,

replied Your corn seem s n ice father ;


, ,

may I have you r second ear i n excha n ge



for my potato ? Th i s w as agreeab l e to
each and each pa r took som ewh at o f
,

th e other s o rigi na l se l ect i on u n ti l the


appeti te of each was so completely satis


e d that n ei th er could m ore tha n taste
a l ittl e o f my lemo n ice as a n al del i
cacy ; and as I did n ot wan t all of i t ,

th e one orde r s u i ce d for us I had .

breakfasted qu i te heart i ly at o n e o cl oc k

i n the afternoon after havi ng wr i tte n


,
28 8 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
severa l thousan d words of correspond
e n ce an d really wa n ted but half the
,

generous portion of ice that h ad bee n


brought I had o rdered it set i nto i ce
.

water af ter placi n g it ce r emo nially as a


,

ce n trepiece a n d i t had kept i ts icy con


,

siste ncy wai ting for what I though t was


l ikely to happe n .

Both my host a n d m y h ostess de


cl ar e d th at they had n eve r enj oyed a

s um mer even i n g meal more a n d ye t ,

all th at w as orde r ed was n o t consumed ,

while the cost for the th ree was l ess


, ,

than a dollar for the food al one .

Th e method e mployed to i nterpre t


appetite w as a revelation to my frie nds .

They we re accustomed to orde ri ng sev


e ral cou rses for each pe r son al though ,

they though t they we re smal l eat



e rs a n d economi c feede r s H ad they
.

o rde r ed for us th r ee w ithou t my assist


ance th e di n n e r w oul d n o t have cost
,

less than four or ve dollars and with ,

a pletho ra o f food on the table al l


would have fel t i t necessary to eat as
2 90 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
in w i nter w i th vigorous exerc i se o r hard
,

physical labou r the appeti te w i ll c rave


,

foods that have proteid a nd fat wheth er


one k n o w s w h at proteid is o r the di ffer
e nce between ca rbohydrate ele ments and
fat. An y empi r ical i dea of the pos
sib l e eleme n tal requi reme nts i s l i kely to
l ead to false suggest i on and do harm .

I t is diffi cult to sta n d by and l et N ature


d o the o rd eri n g if th ere is to o m uch
elementa l i n tellige n ce a n d that i s where
,

th e animals wh e n al lo w ed f r ee choic e
,

o f food ge t o n
,
be tter w i th thei r n utri

tio n th a n ma n himself and m a n s o n l y
,

prote cti o n is to ca r eful ly h eed the deli


cate di sc ri mi n atio n of appeti te Th i s .

is not a di fcul t th i n g to do for appe ,

ti te ca n be eas ily sa tised w i th i n a


small range o f simple foods .

W ith a n y d esired variety of s u m ptu


o u s food to ch oose f ro m and n o r e
,

st r ai n t f r om any cause whateve r th e ,

autho r fed h i m s elf n i ne te n th s of th e


-

time du r i ng the exam inati on a t Yale


U niversi ty i n cold wi nt e r weathe r on
, ,
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 29 1

g r iddle cakes w el l b utte red and ac


c ompa n ied w i th an abu ndance o f ma
pl e sy r up O ccasio n ally mo re p r oteid
.

w oul d be de m a n ded ,
say once a
w eek , or once i n ve days , an d

th e n baked beans was the prefere n tial


ch oice .

I am n o w re l ati ng th e exper i e n ces of


a stude nt o f hygie n ic epicu reanis m and
am not conside ri n g mo n ey economy
al o n e
. W e re men tal or eve n physical
i mp r ove me n t i n effi cie n cy to be pur
c hased a t h igh p r ices a nd lack of e f
,

ci e n c
y could be had fo r n oth i ng , the
h igh -priced a r ticl e wo uld be w ell worth
i ts cost n o m atter w hat i t m igh t be for
, ,

the reaso n that total l ac k o f e fcie n cy


is equi vale n t to death a n d any propor
ti o n a te l ac k i s the next thing to death .

H e n ce i t is n o t a mo n ey eco n om ic r e
fo r m that is bei n g advocate d a n d this
,

m ust be bor n e i n m i n d .

W he n I am i n N e w Yo r k I ve r y ofte n
take a room at the VVal do r f-Astoria b e
c ause i t has become by co m m o n con
,
29 2 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
sent the subu r ba n a n d cou n try busi n ess
,

and social cl ea r i n g house o f the whol e


U n ited S tates ; an d he n ce comi n g ,

from E u rope periodically as I do a n d ,

al ways a n xious to m eet old f r iends from


S an Fra n cisco N ew O rlea n s Boston
, , ,

W ash i n gto n the g r eat ci ties of the


,

Middl e W est or else whe re i t is m o r e


, ,

easily accom pl ish ed by campi n g at th e


W aldorf than i n any othe r way I .

ca n n ot be a protable guest o f this or


any h otel kept o n th e E u r opean pla n ,

b ut I try to make up fo r th is de
ci e n cy i n othe r ways J
. ust across S ixth
Ave n ue from the W aldo rf o n Th i r ty ,

Fourth S treet is one of th e m ost p r e


,


te nti ons o f the s o -cal led dai ry l u n ches .

I n these places good appetisi ng whole , ,

some food is se r ved quickly and i n


decen tly s m a l l p o r ti o n s For this ve r y
.

r easo n alo n e I p r efer the c r o w d a n d


,

th e noise of th e dai r y l u n ch to the


qu ie t an d th e l uxu r y of the W al dorf
c afe or d in i n g -room O n e would not
.

obj ec t to paying a la rger price at th e


2 94 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
W he n i t c omes to qua n tities of food
to be presc r ibed th e autho r avoids giv
,

i n g eve n suggestions This h as bee n


.

the t roubl e with th e past atte mp ts at


reform H ad L uigi C or n aro told us i n
.

h i s autobiography the ma n n e r of taki ng


h is food wi th other particulars i n ste ad ,

of gi ving al On e a maxim u m weigh t to


which b e l im ited h imself he m igh t h ave ,

saved the wo r ld th ree h u n d r ed years of


unce r tai n ty a n d co n fusi o n H is t w elve.

ou nces of sol id food a n d fourtee n o unces


o f new wi n e (f r esh g r ape j uice ) mea n s

l i ttle Th e sol id food m igh t have been


.

al most wate r f r ee o r might have con


tai n e d 5 0 per ce n t of moistu r e The .

new wi n e co n tain ed a tri e of sugar


a n d p r obably m ore tha n 9 5 pe r ce n t of

water an d suppl ied m oistu r e to the body


i n stead of w ate r D u r i n g the Yale tests
.

reported e l sewhere a n d mo r e fully i n the


,

A B Z of O u r O w n N utri tio n th e
. . .
,

dai l y rat i o n did n ot exceed the reported


am ou n t of C ornaro eve n wi th th e most
,

ge nerous all owance for moisture .


TH E N EW GLU TTON OR EPICURE 295

I have steadily refused to prescri be


by w eigh t or qua n tity or to suggest the
best ki nds o f foods for any o n e bu t
,

the re are so m any questio n s arisi n g


from the publ ic i ty a l ready give n by the
Ya l e expe ri me n t that i t w i l l do n o
,

h arm to g i ve some out li ne .


296 TH E NEW GLUTTON O R EPICURE

D I E T IN TH E
YA L E E X A M I N A T I O N O F TH E
A UTHOR

I n the r s t p l ace th e se l ec tion o f f ood


for th i s test is n o basis of ge n e r al choice .

The a n alysis o f food for its eleme ntal


m ol ecu l e val ues and for i ts h eat con
,

ten t i s a ve ry di f cul t th ing to do an d


,

takes m uch time hence to bri ng a large


varie ty i n to a die t du r i n g a tes t would
e n tai l en o rmous labour o n the l abo r a .

tory sta ff K n owi n g this di i cu l ty w hen


.
,

I was requested to ch oose somethi n g


which would e ntirely sat i sfy my se nse of
taste gratication so as to best s ti m u
l ate the o w of the d igestive j uic es I ,

chose a cerea l with a kno w n co n ten t


val ue That is to say I fed from di e r
.
,

ent brands of cereals the con ten t va l ue


,

o f w h i ch w as k n own . A quart o f fresh


m i l k a day furnished th e mo i sture r e
2 98 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
Th e activity outside the presc r i be d
gym n asi u m exe r cise s and an y suppl e
m e n ta r y work consisted of awaki ng very
early i n th e morni n g an d doi ng co n
s i de r abl e wri ti ng upon my type write r .

Th e agitatio n o f this n utri ti o n i nvesti~

ati o n has i nvolved a n im me n se amou nt


g
of corresponde n ce to keep the i n terest
stimulated an d fo r th e exchange of
,

i nformat i on be twee n the i nte r ested par


ties ; he nce i n additi o n to se r vi n g as
test subjec t there was always m uch else
-
,

to do to keep fro m getting h ope lessly


beh i n d i n th e work .

The w ri ti ng began anywh e re from


four to six i n the m o r n i n g i n w i nte r,

which was th e s easo n of the test and ,

co nti nued until about seve n or eigh t ,

when th e ex e rc ises w e r e c om men ced


a n d co n t i n ued u nti l nished Mea n
tim e the mail o f the mo r n i n g had com e
i n a n d freque n tly demanded i mmediate
atte nt i on which used up the t i me u nti l
,

between twelve a n d o n e o c l ock w he n


a r s t-class appeti te h ad bee n earn ed


TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 299

(n o cravi n g o f hu n ger or all -go n e n ess

i n th e comm o n fo r m due to the pe r sist


e n ce of habit h unger ) and this i n su r ed
,

a keen apprec iatio n o f taste a n d ful ll ed


all the requi reme n ts o f a h eal thy diges
'

tion Th e afte r n oon was al w ays busy


.
,

sometimes with a lengthy wal k arou n d


to w n o r a gam e of bil l iards whe n th e
,

weather disc o u r aged ou tside w ork The .

eve n i n gs w ere st r e n uous o r r estful an d,

we r e usually e mployed with co n ve r sa


tio n r eadi ng o r a lectu re
, , .

Fo r tu n ately the simpl e food sel ected


conti nued to be agreeab l e to the end ,

and cost a n average of only eleven cents


per day W hen i t was give n up to
.

accom modate th e se rvice furn i shed by


social meals i t was m issed the habit of ,

supply havi n g become somewh at xed


and expec ted by appeti te .

I n L o ndon i n search of th e l owest


,

possibl e eco n omy the au th or h as sub


,

sisted o n about h alf th e cost o f the


Yale supply ; and i t is e n ti re l y possib l e
to those needi ng stri ctest eco nomy .
300 TH E N EW GLUTT ON OR EPICURE

I N F L U E N C E O F S U GG E S T I O N

A frie nd of the auth o r who i s an ,

e nth usiast i n r ega r d to the pr o tab l e


n ess of an eco n omic n utri ti o n i n assist
i n g the st r e n uous l ife wen t to l u n ch
,

with a generous h ost i n N ew York th e


othe r d ay whe n th e followi n g conve rsa
,

tio n abou t the l unch to be o r de red was


hea r d I t pa r took o f W all S t reet brev
.
-

i ty wh ich is th ought to be n ecessa ry i n


,

the rush of a mid -day s n ack o r meal .


What will you have ? W h at ! o nl y
a baked potato a n d a bottle of gi n ge r
al e ? A l l righ t for a sta r ter ; b u t w hat
are you really going to have ? N oth ing
mo r e ! what is the m atter with you ?
C ome n o w ; tell me wh at you wa n t fo r
,

l u n ch ? S tocks are badly o ff but I ,

h ave n t reached the sta r vation point yet



.

D o n t treat me l ike that whe n I m tryi n g


to t r eat you right a n d w h i te B race up


.
,


old ma n an d have somethi ng to eat
,
.
30 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR E P ICURE
S t reet d i d that happe n ! I have n t

eate n half m y usual l u n ch and yet I ,

h ave killed my appeti te deader than


the Ship B uildi n g T r ust I m blessed .

if I ca n u nde r stand i t The blamed


.

thi ng is u n ca n n y I do n t believe i t s
.

t r ue but I m satised al l righ t eve n


,

i f I am hyp n otised C ome and l u n ch


.

w ith m e eve r y day You r e e n gaged


.

as a r egular c ompa n io n boarde r a n d ,

F r eddie wil l pay the f r eight You r e .


ch eape r tha n n obody C ome agai n !


.


C om e agai n ! C ome al w ays ! l
The above is n o t an u n usual case .

Th e perso n al i nue nce of th e autho r


a n d of h is active colleagues h as bee n

visibly n oted among pa r ties whe r e there


was n o sym path y wi th the sta r vi n g


fad an d w he r e the r e was eve n stub
,

born opposition to th e though t o f such


a th i n g B u t these same g r oups of
.

n o n i nterested
- obj ec tors h ave visibl y
dec reased thei r accustomed l unch es a n d
di n ne rs and some of the m have fou n d
,

that a cup of c o ffee and a ro l l the ,


TH E N E W G LUTTON 0R EPICURE 3 3
0

same as is habi tually take n i n E urope ,

o utside E n gland se r ves as a b r eakfast


,

bette r than th e ful l meat a ffai r forme rl y


take n . They persist i n decla r i n g that
they are n o t i n ue n ced by the ch ewing
suggestio n but they S h o w signs of s o m e
,

r estra i n i n g i n ue n ce and obse r vatio n


,

re veal s that i n such g r oups th e com m on


an n ual and quarterly attacks of ill ness
a r e l ess freque n tly or l ess severely
suffered .

The re i s n o doubt that L uigi C or n a r o


gave app reciative atte nti o n to h is fou r
th ree ou n c e m eals a day an d i n givi n g
-
,

atte n tion p roperly i n sal ivated his food .

The i n fere nce is w arran ted A m an .

ful l of vi gou r a n d hea l th an d con


st r uctive energy such as C or n a r o
repo r ts th at he had i n u n usua l abu n
dance i s not l ikely to co nf r o n t a
th ree o u nce ratio n o f de l ici ous food
-

a n d proceed to bol t i t as a dog bolts


a p i ece of stole n m eat I t i s a m atte r
.

o f easy O bse rvati o n that a child give n

a si n gle piece of sugar o r swee t i n


304 TH E N EW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
any fo r m will make i t last as lo n g as
possibl e a n d get al l o f the taste out
o f i t by most i ngenious conservation ;

b u t the same c hild if o ffe red a box


,


o f

goodies as i t is passed arou n d o r ,

whe n ever the time give n fo r possession


o f i ts co n te nts is li mited w ill sho w th e
,

g reed o f a p redato ry o r h u nted or


habitually mal t r eated a n i mal a n d wil l
n o t o n ly g r ab as m uch as possibl e but

wil l c ram all possibl e i n to hi s stomach


to satisfy the se nse o f greed a n d the n
,

usually su ffers the co n sequences of the


double S i n i n the sicke n ing r e taste o f
-

the gases of indigestio n .

C o rnaro u n doubtedly made h is three


o u n ce m eals last as l o n g as possible i n
o rde r to enj oy th e m aximum of taste ,

a n d i n so doi n g satised the n atu ral


requi rem e n ts of appreciative atte n tion
and thorough i n sal ivatio n . In l ike
m an n er tw o small tumble r s o f the
fresh grape j uice ( n e w w ine fourtee n
ou nces) wh ich h e took as his sapid
,

l iquid i n the cou r se o f a day i n con


306 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
food cooked and spiced and fu r n ished
wi th s u pe r faci l i ti e s for i n gestio n the
,

n atu ra l protec tio n o f di f c ulty is r e


moved a n d the victims o f the l uxury
,

drop u n co n sciously i nto habits of abuse ,

like the overeati n g of tod ay .

I n order to escape the surrou nd i ng


temptatio n s i t is necessary to have
al w ays i n mi n d protec tive cou n ter sug -

gesti o n s w h ich i ntel l igently make use


of the abu ndant and easy supply bu t
li m i t the i ntake to the n eeds of the
body as exp ressed by appeti te whe n
pe r m itted to d isc rim i n ate i n i ts natural
del iberate m a n ne r and wh ich only keeps
,

pace w i th the n atural dissipation of


taste i n the process o f requisite insali
vati o n. The che w i n g practice i s but
a mea n s to thi s natu r a l e nd bu t i t is
,

a most impo r ta n t means the sam e n o w


,

as whe n teeth we re used instead of


pate n t gri n ders a n d whe n taste too k
,

the p l ace o f spices a n d sauces a n d


ma n ufactured its o w n del ights by the
chemical act i o n of sa l iva .
TH E NEW G LUTTON OR EPICURE 30 7

Among the Zu n i I ndia n s observed ,

by eve n r ece n t t r avelle r s i t is the cus


,

tom o i th e you n g gi r ls of the p u el l e s to


masticate w heat up to a give n poi n t of
s w ee tness o f taste and the n to wi thd ra w
i t f r om the m outh and collec t i t i n a
w oode n dish u n ti l a su ffi cie n t qua n tity
is sec u red w he n the j aw grou n d a n d
,
-


saliva-swee te n ed mess i s baked i n the

s u n or by re and becomes th e s w ee t


cake o f th e family Th e change of
.

th e starch of the wh eat o r corn i n to


suga r y dext r ose by the actio n of saliva ,

which is n ecessa ry to be do n e some


w he r e i n the al i me n ta r y canal befo r e
i t is assi m ilabl e n ut r im e n t gives the
,

s w eet-cake qual ity to the food which


is the d i e ta ry del icacy o f these p r i mitive
people By proper i nsal ivatio n we pe r
.

fo r m the delec table se rvice for ou r selves


i n stead of havi n g i t done for us by
go o d young teeth a i ded by heal thy
sal iva fu r n ishe d by beautiful fem i ni n e
assistance .
30 8 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE

F L E T C H E R I S IN G FOOD

W H AT IT R E A LLY ME A N S

Th e term F l e tch e r i s i n g or F l etch,


er izin g, as appl ied to food has come
i n to use w i thou t th e suggestio n of the
n omi n ee to a n ew l te r i n g fame a n d ,

promi ses to sp r ead ; he n ce i t i s well to


expl ai n j ust w hat the te r m mea n s .


U nde r the s o called Fletche rizi n g
-

p r ocess the mouth becomes a l te r


,

w ith most facile appl ia n ces for p r otec t


i n g the del icate alim e n tary ca n al from
st r ai ni n g a n d poison i n g I n stead of the
.

P aste u r Fil te r for the puri cati on of


wate r an d the pasteurisation o f foods

by ste r ilisatio n the Fle tcher Fil ter
,

both sepa r ates an d p r epa res w hateve r


is give n i t to t r eat m ore pe rfectly tha n
any mechanica l o r c hem i cal device can
do .
31 0 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
yo u with refe re nce to subjects for ex
e r i m e n tal work and other suggestio n s
p ,

whic h m ay occu r to you resp ecti n g the


m ethods e tc I am su r e you r wide ex
, .

p e r i e n ce will be a g r eat help to us .

The m ore I test your ideas the m o r e


con de nce I h ave i n them .


W hat you say about the wo n der
ful e ffec t of m astication is ce r ta i n ly co r
r ect I observed it right away as soo n
.

as I bega n to p r actise F l etc/cer i z i n g .

By th e way I wro te an article fo r


,

the l ast n u mber of m y j our n al G OO D ,


H E A L T H about, Fletche r izi ng food

,

and I see our colleagues a r e a l ready


taki n g i t up O ne of my m ost able
.

associ ates Dr J A R ead wh o has


, . . .
,

charge of our sa n i tarium i n P h il ade l


ph ia gave a lectu r e last Thursday n igh t
,

to h is patie n ts o n Fle tche r izi n g food ,

a n d his audie n ce w as greatly i n terested .

I am su r e yo u dese rve to h ave your


name imm o r talised as P asteu r s has ,


been . I m e ntio n Fletch erizi n g i n

alm ost eve r y lecture I give to o u r


TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 31 1

patie n ts I th i nk m ost of o u r patie n ts


.


a r e F l etcherizi n g an d a r e getti n g

g r eat good fro m i t a l so a l arge p ropor


,

tio n of ou r six h u n d r ed n u rses a n d


other empl oyees .


Awaiti n g a letter of suggestions at
yo ur conve nie n ce I remai n , ,

A s ever your frie nd ,


( Signed ) J H K E LL O GG . . .

Fl etcherizi ng H
does n ot co n sist
onl y and me rely of ca r eful chewi n g .

C a refu l chewi n g with chee rful atte n


,

tio n w i l l sec u re the co mm i nution i n


, ,

sal ivatio n and all necessary che mical


,

p reparatio n fo r pe rfect digestion and ,

w ill separate ha r d and i ndigestible m at


ter from the food mass p ut i n to the
m outh for treatme n t ; bu t i t is the
wh ole e nvi r o n me n t of the act wh ich
co un ts the best resul ts .

C h eerful ness is as importa n t as che w


i ng ; and if pe r so n s ca n n ot be chee r ful
du r ing a m eal they had better n ot eat .

N ot eat i ng w i l l not h urt the m i n th e


31 2 TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE
l east bu t l ack of cheerful n ess w ill defeat
,

the obj ect of the m eal by causing m ore


o r l ess i ndigestio n ; and h e n ce i t not
o n ly do es n o g o o d to ea t w n en n o t c/zeer
f u l bu t a ctu a l l
, y do es n a r m H aste an d.

l ack of chee r ful n ess are about th e same


i n e ff ect o n digestion Yo u have no
.

idea h o w m uch real nutrim e n t yo u can


ge t i nto your syste m i n ve m in utes if
yo u a r e i n dust r ious w ith you r m u nch

i n g a n d are chee rful about i t ; so do n t
h u rr y whe n yo u have full te n m inutes ,

o r perhaps twe n ty m i n utes for taki n g ,

n ou r ish me n t .

You can n ot go faste r than N ature


w ill le t yo u a n d it is protable to study
,

N atu r e an d watch her c onstantly for


he r p roper c ue D on t tr y to get ah ead
.

o f he r or you m ay si n k i n m ud or i nto

deep wate r .

H e n ce th e auth or begs of those w h o


h eed h is suggestio n s especially i f they
,

give the m his nam e to r espec t the m ,

i n all the i r e sse n tials



Do n t ch e w a n y
.

thi n g wh e n you are mad o r whe n you


E xpl a n a ti o n o f Th e A B C . . .

Li fe S e r i e s

TH E E S S E N TI A L S AN D S E ! UENCE IN LI F E
I t would seem a conside rab l e depart u r e
from the study of m e n ticul tu r e as advised

i n the autho r s book
Me n ticul ture to
,

,

j ump at o n c e to an investigat i on o f th e
physiology and psychol ogy of n utrition o f
th e body and the n over to the depa r tme n t
o f i n fa n t and child care and education as

pu r sued i n the cr cl ae and i n th e kinder


ga r te n ; but as a matte r of fact if study ,

o f the causation of h uma n disabil ities a n d

m isfo r tu n es is attem pte d at all th e quest,

l eads natu r ally i nto all the departmen ts o f


h uma n in te rest and r st i nto these p r imary
,

depa r tme n ts .

The obj ect o f th is stateme n t i s to


l i n k up the di ffe ren t publicati o n s of th e
writer i n to a chai n of consiste n t s u gge s
tions i n te nded to m ake l ife a m ore sim ple
[ 31 5 ]
E xpl a n a ti o n o
f T/ze A B C L if e S er i es
. . .

and agreeable p r oble m than many o f us


too i nd i ffe re n t o r othe r wise i n e i cie n t a n d
bad fel lo w ci tize n s make o f i t
- .

I t is not an altogethe r u nselsh e ffort


o n the part of the author of the A B C . . .

L ife Series to publ is h h is n di n gs I n th e .

co n side r atio n of h is o w n me n tal a n d physi


cal happi ness i t i s impossible to leave out
e n vi r on me nt and all the un i ts of h uma n i ty
,

who i nhabi t the w o rld a r e pa r t of h is an d



o f each other s e nvi ronme nt .

I t would be r a n k p r esumptio n for a n y


perso n even th ough gi fted with the mea n s
,

to c irc ulate his suggesti ons as w idely as


possible a n d armed with the power to
,

c ompel the r eadi n g of his publications ,

to th i n k that any suggestio n s of hi s coul d


i n ue n ce any co n siderable n umbe r o f his
fell ow-citize n s of the w orl d o r even of h is ,

o wn im mediate n eighbourhood to accept ,

o r follo w h is advice relative to the m a n

a e m e n t o f thei r l ives a n d of their com


g
m u n al a n d n ational a ffai r s ; but while the

ge n eral and complete good of h uma n ity


should be ai med at i n all publicatio n s ,

o n e s immedi ate neighbou r s and friends



A B C seque n ce each cause o f i n h ar
. . .
,

mony is a t o n ce traced back to its r st ex


p r essio n i n hi mself and the n to causes
i n uenced by h is e n vi ro n m e n ts .

I f w e n d th at the la rgest i n ue n ces


fo r good or bad o r igi n ate w ith the righ t
o r wro n g i n st r uctio n of c hild r e n d u ri n g
the home t r ai n i n g o r ki n de rga r te n pe r iod
o f thei r devel opme n t a n d that a dollar
,

expe n ded fo r educatio n at that ti me is


w orth m o r e for good than w hole ba n cs
o f cou r ts a n d w hole a r mies of pol ice to

correct the e ffec t of bad t r ai n i n g a n d bad


cha r acte r l ater i n l ife i t is qui te l ogical
,

to hel p p r omote th e S p r ead of the ki n de r


ga r te n or the k i n derga r ten idea to i n cl ude
all of the ch il dre n bo r n i n to the w o r ld ,

a n d to fu r n ish mothe r s a n d ki n de rga r te n

teach e r s w ith k n o w ledge r elati ve to the


righ t n ut r i tio n of thei r w a r ds w hich they
can them sel ves u n de rsta n d a n d ca n teach
e ff ec tively to c hild r en .

I f w e also n d that the i n ue n ce o f th e


ki n de rga r te n upo n the pare n ts o f th e i n
fa n ts i s m o r e pote n t tha n a n y oth er w hich
can be brough t to bea r upo n them we s ee ,

[ 31 8 ]
E xpl a n ati o n of l e A B C L ife Ser i es
. . .

clearly that th e way to secu r e the w idest


r efo r m i n the most thorough man ne r is
to co n ce n t rate atte n tio n upo n the ki n der
garte n ph ase of ed ucatio n advocate i ts ,

exte n sio n to i ncl ude eve n th e last o n e o f


th e children begi nn i n g with the most
,

needy rst a n d extendi n g the care o u t


,

wa rd f r om the cen t r e of wo r s t n eglect to


n al ly reach the wh ole .

E xpe ri e n ce i n chil d savi n g s o -call ed ,

an d i n ch il d education o n the ki n der


garten p r i n cipl e has taught the cheapest
,

a n d th e m ost p r otabl e way to i n sure


an e n vi r o n me n t o f good neighbou r s a n d
r o t earning c itize n s ;
- and i nves tigation
p
i nto th e proble m of h um an al im en tati on
sho w s that a k n o w l edge of the elem e n ts of
a n eco n omic n ut r i tio n i s the rst esse n tial
of a family o r sch oo l trai n i ng ; and also
that th is i s most i mp r essive whe n taugh t
duri n g the rst te n yea r s of l ife .

O n e ca n n ot com pletely succeed i n the


study of m e n tic ul tu r e from i ts A B C . .

be gi n n i n g an d i n A B C seque nce wi th
. . .

o u t app r eciatio n of the i n te r relatio n o f


the physical a n d th e mental the pe r sonal ,
an d the social i n attaini n g a complete
,

m aste r y of the subj ect .

The autho r of the A B C L ife . . .

S e r ies has pu r sued his study of th e


philosophy of l ife i n expe r i ences w h ich
have cove r ed a great variety of occupa
ti o n s i n ma n y di fferen t pa r ts of the wo rl d
an d am o n g peoples of ma n y di fferent
n atio n s a n d races H is rst book Men
. ,


ti cu l tu r e
, deal t wi th pu rgi n g the mi nd
a n d habits o f su n d r y w eak n esses an d de

te r r e n ts which have possessio n o f peopl e


i n ge n e r al i n som e degree H e recog .

n i s e d th e depressi n g e ffec t of a n ge r and

worry a n d othe r phases o f f ea r tn o u g /zt .


I n the book H appi ness wh ich fol lowed ,

n ext i n order f ea r tn o u g /ct w as sho w n to be


,

the u n p r otable ele me nt of fo r ethough t .

The i n ue n ce of envi r o n ment o n eac h


i nd ividual w as revealed as an i mpo r tant
factor o f happi n ess or the reve r se by
, ,

m eans o f an accide n tal e n cou n te r w i th a


n eglec ted waif i n the b usy st r eets of
C hicago du r i n g a pe r iod of i n te n se
national excitement i n cide n t to th e w ar
wi th Spain an d th is led to the publ icatio n
,

[ 32 0 ]
O btai n ed b ut n o t the best attai n able
,

r esul ts.

L ivi n g is easy a n d life m ay be made


c o n sta n tly happy by begi n n i n g r igh t ; a n d
th e r ight begi n n i ng is n o n e othe r tha n
th e ca r eful feed i n g o f the body T h is .

do n e the r e is a n e n o r mous r ese rve of


e n e rgy a n atu r ally optim istic t rai n of
,

thought a ch a r itabl e at ti tude towards


,

eve r ybody a n d a lovi n g apprec i ation of


,

eve rythi n g that G od has m ade M o r bi d.

ity of tempe r am e n t w ill d isappea r f r om a n


o rga n ism that is eco n o m ically a n d r igh tl y
n ou r ish ed a n d death w ill cease to have
,

an te rr o r s fo r such ; a n d a s fea r of death


y
i s th e w o r st dep ressa n t k n o w n ma n y of ,

the w o r r i es of existe n ce take thei r ever


l asti n g ight f r om the atm osphe r e of the
r ightly n ou r ished .

The w ide i n te r est n o w p r eval e n t i n


the subj ects t r eated i n The A B C L ife . . .

S e r ies i s evide n ced by the scie n tic m ili ,

ta r y a n d lay activity i n co n n ection w i th


, ,

the expe r ime n ts at the S he feld Scie n tic


Sch ool of Yale U n i v e rsi ty an d elsewhere ,

[ 32 2 ]
E xpl a n a ti o n
f
o The A B C L if e Ser i es
. . .

as related i n the A B Z of O u r O w n
. . .


N ut r itio n an d i n The N ew G l utto n o r

E pic u r e of the series



.

Th e ge n e r al appl icatio n is mo re fully


sho w n ho w eve r by the i n do r seme n t of
, ,

the great Battle Cr eek S a n i ta r i um w hich ,

p ractically stud ies al l phases o f the sub


j ect
, fr om heal th co n se r vatio n and ch ild

savi ng to ge neral missionary work i n


socia l reform .

HOR A CE F LETCHER .
32 6 TH E N E W GLUTTON OR EPICURE
5 . Th e ev id e n c e
th i s e c o n o m y i s o h
o f
s e rv e d i n th e s m a ll a m o u n t o f e x cr e ta a n d i ts

p e c u l i ar i n o ffe n s i ve c h ar a c te r s h o w i n g e s c a p e
, ,

fro m p u tr id b a c te r i a l d ig e sti o n s u ch as b r i n gs
i n d o l an d s k ato l i n to e v id e n c e o ffe n s i ve l y
6 Wh e n th e dig e s ti o n an d as s i m i l ati o n
.

h as b e e n n o r m a ll y e c o n o m i c th e d ig e sti o n
as h s h o u l d b e fo r m e d i n t o l i ttl e b al l s r a n gi n g

i n S i z e fr o m a pe a to a s o c all e d ! u e e n O l i ve
-
,

a c c o r d i n g to th e fo o d t ak e n s h o u l d b e qu i te
,

d ry an d h av e o n l y th e o d o u r o f m o i s t c l ay o r
,

a h o t bi s c u i t Th i s i n o ff e n s i v e ch a r a c te r r e
.

m a i n s i n d e n i te l y a ft e r e x cr e ti o n u n t i l th e a sh

c o m p l e t e l y d r i e s o r di s i n te grat e s l ik e ro tte n
s to n e o r w o o d .

7 Th e w e ig h t o f th e d ig e s t i ve as h s h o u l d
.
-

ran ge ( m o i s t) fro m 1 0 g ram s a d ay to n o t


m o re th an 0 g r am s a d a c c r d i g to
4 0 5 y a o ,
n

th e fo o d ; th e l atte r e s ti m at e b e i n g b a s e d o n
a v e g e t a r i an d i e t an d m ay n o t c al l fo r e xcr e
ti o n fo r m an y d ay s ( 3 to i n fre qu e n c y
i n di c at i n g b e s t c o n di ti o n s Th e as e p t i c co n
.

d i ti o n o f th e e x cre ta r e n d e rs r e te n t i o n i n th e
i n te s ti n e s qu i te h arm l e ss a n d gi v e s o pp o r tu
n i ty fo r p e rfe c t a s s i m i l a ti o n o f th e n u tr i m e n t .

8 . F ru i ts m ay h as te n p e r i s ta l s i s b u t n o t ,

n e c e s s a r i l y i f th e y ar e th o r o u g h l y t r e a te d i n
,

th e m o u th as s a pi d l i qu id s r ath e r th a n a s
s o l id s an d ar e i n s a l i v ate d s ipp e d t as t e d i n to
, , , ,

a b s o r p t i o n i n th e s am e w ay w i n e tas te r s tes t

a n d tak e w i n e an d te a t as te r s t e s t te a Th e .

l atte r s pi t o u t th e te a a fte r tas ti n g as o th e r ,

w i s e i t v i ti ate s th e i r t as t e a n d ru i n s t h e m fo r
th e i r d i s cr i m i n at i n g p r o fe s s i o n .
TH E NEW GLUTTON OR EPICURE 3 7
2

9 . M ilk , i
son eu ps
s b e
, e r
w a n d a l l s a pid
, ,

l i qu id s o r s e m i s o l id s s h o u l d b e tre ate d i n
-

th i s m an n e r fo r th e b e s t as s i m i l ati o n a n d
d ig e s t i o n as w e ll as fo r th e b e s t g u s tato ry
r e s u l ts Th e c ar e re c o m m e n d e d w i ll r e d u c e
.

th e qu a n t i ty to l e r ab l e b y th e a pp e ti te an d
l e ad to h abi ts o f h e al th y te m p e ran c e b u t ,

s e c u r e s m ax i m u m s at i s fa c ti o n .

10 Th i s w o u l d s e e m to e n ta i l a g r e at d e a l
.

o f c ar e a n d b o t h e r a n d l e a d to th e w as t e o f

ti m e .

1 1 .S u ch h o w e ve r i s n o t th e c as e To
, , .

r e s to re th e n atu ral p ro te c t i ve r e e x e s i n th e
b e gi n n i n g d o e s r e qu i r e s tr i c t at te n ti o n an d
p e rs i ste n t c ar e to o v e rc o m e l i fe-l o n g h abi ts
o f n e rv o u s h as te b u t i f th e a tta c k i s e a r n e s t
,

th e h ab i ts o f m o u th -t r e at m e n t a n d a pp e t i te
d i s cr i m i n ati o n s o o n b e c o m e x e d an d g u id e
th e d e l ib e r at i o n i n taki n g fo o d u n c o n s c i o u s l y
to th e fe e d e r .

12 F o o d o f a p r o t e id v al u e o f 5 7 g r a m s
.
-

o f n i tr o g e n an d 1 5002000 k c al o r i e s o f
.

fu e l val u e p ayi n g s tr i c t atte n ti o n to th e ap


,

p e t i te fo r s e l e c ti o n a n d c ar e fu ll y t r e ate d i n
th e m o u th h as b e e n fo u n d to b e th e qu a n t i ty
,

b e s t s u i te d to m e tab o l i c e c o n o m y an d e f
ci e n cy o f b o t h m i n d a n d b o dy i n s e d e n t a ry

p u rs u i ts a n d o r di n ary b u s i n e s s a c ti v i ty ; an d ,

al so , s u ch h abi ts o f e c o n o m y h av e gi v e n p r a e

t i c al i m m u n i ty fro m th e c o m m o n d i s e ase s fo r
a p e r i o d e xt e n d i n g o v e r m o r e th a n v e y e a r s ,

w h e re as th e s am e s u bj e c t w as fo r m e r l y s u b
j e c t to p e r i o d i c a l i ll n e ss T h e s a m e
. e c o n o m y
a n d i m m u n i ty h av e s h o w n th e m s e l ve s c o n s i s t
32 8 TH E N EW GLUTTO N OR EPICURE
en t l y i n th e c as e s o f m an y t e s t s u bj e c ts ,

c o ve r i n g p e r i o d s o f t hre e y e ars a n d app l i e s


,

e qu a ll y to b o th s e x e s a l l a g e s a n d o th e r
, ,

i di o sy n cr at i c c o n d i ti o n s .

1 3 Th e ti m e n e c e s s a ry fo r s ati s fy i n g co m
.

p l e te b o dy n e e d s an d a pp e ti te d a i l y w h e n th e ,

h abi t o f atte n ti o n app re c i ati o n a n d d e l ib e ra


, ,

ti o n h av e b e e n i n s tall e d i s l e s s th an h a l f a n
,

h o u r n o m atte r h o w d i v id e d as to n u m b e r o f
,

r ati o n s Th i s n e c e s s i tate s i n d u s try o f m as ti


.

c ati o n to b e s ur e a n d w i ll n o t a d m i t o f w as te
, ,

o f m u c h t i m e b e t w e e n m o u th fu l s .

14 Te n m i n u te s w i ll c o m p l e te l y s ati s fy a
.

r ave n o u s a pp e ti te i f al l c o n d i ti o n s o f i n g e s ti o n
a n d p r e p a r ati o n a r e fav o ur a b l e .

15 B o th qu an ti ti v e a n d q u a l i ti v e s u pp l y
.

o f s a l i va is an i m p o r ta n t fa c to r i n b u c c a l
( m o u th ) p re p a rat i o n o f n u tr i m e n t b u t atte n ,

ti o n to th e s e fu n d am e n ta l r e qu i r e m e n ts s o o n
r e g u l ate s th e s u pp l y o f al l o f th e d ig e s ti ve
j u i c e s an d i n c o n n e c t i o n w i th th e c are r e c
, ,

o m m e n d e d a b o v e i n s u r e s e c o n o m y o f n u tr i
,

t i o n an d p ro b ab l y i m m u n i ty fro m d i s e as e
, , , .

( S ig n ed) H ORA CE F L ETCHE R .


r li r i
Un ive s i o f Ca fo n a
S OUTHE RN RE GIO AL LIB RARY FAC ILI Y T
l
405 Hi ga rd Ave n u e , Lo s An ge l es , CA9 0024-138 8
r r l r
Re tu n th i s m ate i a to th e l i b ra y
r
fro m w h ich It was b o ro we d .

1 1992