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KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY

3RD TRIMESTER 2017 CAT 2


UNIT CODE: MAT 130
UNIT TITLE: BASIC STATISTICS
SUBMISSION DATE: EXAM DATE
Instructions:

Answer all the Questions (30 marks)

a) Distinguish between skewness and kurtosis. (2 marks)

b) Use a clearly labeled diagram to show the position of the mode, mean, and median of a

negatively skewed distribution. (3 marks)

c) Distinguish between correlation and regression. (2 marks)

d) A biologist assumes that there is linear relationship between the amount of fertilizer

supplied to tomato plants and subsequent yield of tomatoes obtained. Eight tomato plants

of the same variety were selected at random and treated weekly with a solution in which x

grams of fertilizer was dissolved in a fixed quantity of water. The yield y kilograms of

tomatoes were recorded.

Plant A B C D E F G H

x 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5

y 3.9 4.4 5.8 6.6 7.0 7.1 7.3 7.7

i. Find the equation of the least squares regression line of y on x. (3 marks)

ii. Estimate the yield of plant treated weekly with 3.2 grams of fertilizer. (1 marks)
iii. Indicate why it may not be appropriate to use your equation to predict the yield of

a plant treated weekly with 20 grams of fertilizer. (1 marks)

e) What is the difference between permutations and combinations? (2 marks)

f) How many different 3 digit numbers can be formed from the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 if:

i. Repetitions are allowed (2 marks)

ii. No repetitions are allowed? (2 marks)

g) An editorial board for the college magazine is to be made up of 2 teachers and 4 students.
In how many ways can the members be chosen from 10 teachers and 25 students?
(2 marks)
h) Show that; (4 marks)
n
a) n = n n-r
n-1
b) r-1 + n-1 r = n r
i) Determine the number of permutation of the letters of the word

MASSCOMMUNICATION. (2 marks)

j) A garage employs two mechanics A and B, but the service manager never tells you which

one worked on your car. All you know is that A does twice as many jobs as B, A does a

satisfactory job three out of four times and B does satisfactorily on only two out of five

jobs. Suppose you take your car in for work. Find the probabilities of the following

events.

i. Mechanic A does the work with satisfactory results. (2 marks)

ii. Mechanic B does the work with satisfactory results. (2 marks)

END