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PROJECT PROPOSAL

Submitted for the Final Year Project in CUCEK (2017)

TITLE :WASTE HEAT RECOVERY OF FLUE GAS WITH FINNED


TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER (SIMULATION)

KEY WORDS: Central composite design (CCD)


Response surface method (RSM)
Heat recovery
Optimization
Finned heat exchanger

PROBLEM DESCRIPTION:

It is evident that exhaust of the engines is another main source that a large amount of
energy wastes through it. Researchers confirm that more than 3040% of fuel energy wastes
from the exhaust and just 1225% of the fuel energy convert to useful work. On the other hand,
statistics show that production of a number of internal combustion engines grows very fast and
concern on increasing the harmful greenhouse gases (GHG) will appear. So, researchers are
motivated to recover heat from the waste sources in engines by using the applicable ways. Some
researchers attempt to enhance the heat transfer by a special design of HEXs in exhaust of diesel
engines due to high applications. Mokkapati and Lin inserted a twisted tape in the corrugated
tube exhaust of a heavy duty diesel engine to increase recovered heat and evaluated its impact on
engine performance and economics. Pandiyarajan designed a finned-tube heat exchanger and
used a thermal energy storage using cylindrical phase change material (PCM) capsules and found
that nearly 1015% of fuel power is stored as heat in the combined storage system in different
loads.

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In another experimental work, Lee and Bae designed a little heatexchanger with fins in
the exhaust by design of experiment (DOE) technique. They reported that fins should be in the
exhaust gas passage for more heat transfer and designed 18 cases with different fin numbers and
thicknesses and found the most effective case. Zhang modeled a finned tube evaporator heat
exchanger for an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and concluded that waste-heat recovery
efficiency is between 60% and 70% for most of the engine's operating region; also, they
mentioned that heat transfer area for a finned tube evaporatorshould be selected carefully based
on the engine's most typical operating region. Ghazikhani used a simple double pipe heat
exchanger in diesel engine and performed an exergy analysis for finding the relation between
irreversibilities and exhaust sound level. Recently, they estimated in an experimentalwork that
BSFC could be improved approximately 12% in different load and speeds of an OM314 diesel
engine by using the recovered exergy from a simple double pipe heat exchanger in exhaust. Also,
they showed that exergy recovery increases by increasing the engine load and speeds especially
in high speeds. Hossain and Bari applied a new HEX for a diesel engine experimentally and
numerically. After that they optimized the working fluid pressure and the orientation of heat
exchangers and found that the additional power increased from 16% to 23.7%. Also, they
investigated the parallel and series configurations of HEXs which obtained additional power.
Mavridou examined two groups of configurations:

(a) a classical shell and tube heat exchanger using staggered cross-flow and

(b) a cross-flow plate heat exchanger, initially with finned surfaces on the exhaust gas
side and then with metal foam material substituting for the fins and they attempt to minimize the
volume and weight of the arrangement, while at the same time maintaining the heat transfer from
the gas side at a maximum range. A complete review of different heat exchanger designs is
gathered by authors on heat exchanger designs for exhaust heat recovery, a special designwith
high heat recovery and less pressure drop is highly necessary which is a gap in this field. The
current study aims to fill this gap to introduce finned type heat exchangers and optimize its
geometry for heat recovery application using numerical techniques based on experimental data.

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REFERENCES:
M. Hatami, D.D. Ganji, M. Gorji-Bandpy, A review of different heat exchangers designs
for increasing the diesel exhaust waste heat recovery, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 37 (2014)
168181.
V. Pandiyarajan, M. Chinna Pandian, E. Malan, R. Velraj, R.V. Seeniraj, Experimental
investigation on heat recovery from diesel engine exhaust using finned shell and tube heat
exchanger and thermal storage system, Appl. Energy 88 (2011) 7787.
S. Lee, C. Bae, Design of a heat exchanger to reduce the exhaust temperature in a spark
ignition engine, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 47 (2008) 468478.
H.G. Zhang, E.H. Wang, B.Y. Fan, Heat transfer analysis of a finned-tube evaporator for
engine exhaust heat recovery, Energy Convers. Manag. 65 (2013) 438447.
Shekh Nisar Hossain, Saiful Bari, Waste heat recovery from the exhaust of a diesel
generator using Rankine Cycle, Energy Conversion and Management 75 (2013) 141151.
Saiful Bari, Shekh Nisar Hossain, Waste heat recovery from a diesel engine using shell and
tube heat exchanger, Applied Thermal Engineering 61 (2013) 355363.
S.V. Patankar (Ed.), Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, McGrawHill, NewYork,
1980.
Harun Bilirgen, Stephen Dunbar, Edward K. Levy, Numericalmodeling of finned heat
exchangers, Appl. Therm. Eng. 61 (2013) 278288.
Lei Sun, Chun-Lu. Zhang, Evaluation of elliptical finned-tube heat exchanger performance
using CFD and response surface methodology, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 75 (2014) 4553.

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TEAM MEMBERS

Name Roll Number Signature

AMAL RAJ J S 12

ATHUL P 20

CLIFFORD JOHNSON 23

SANGEETH S NAIR 49

Signed by
AJIN S
Lecturer,
Cochin University College of Engineering Kuttanad (CUCEK),
Pulincunnoo 688 504, Alappuzha

Signed and forwarded by

Dr. SENTHIL PRAKASH M N


Associate Professor,
Cochin University College of Engineering Kuttanad (CUCEK),
Pulincunnoo 688 504, Alappuzha