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Percentage of older people in different

countries.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

My idea: this is the period I have decided to explain:

Sweden: 1940-1980

Begin by stating the fact as simply as possible. Then


ask questions to expand the fact.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from 7% to 14%.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from 7% to 14%.

When?
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from 7% to 14% between 1940 and 1980.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from 7% to 14% between 1940 and 1980.

Exactly that number?


Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from approximately 7% to just under 15% between 1940
and 1980.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased from approximately 7% to just under 15% between 1940
and 1980.

Adverb?
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased steadily from approximately 7% to just under 15%
between 1940 and 1980.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased steadily from approximately 7% to just under 15%
between 1940 and 1980.

Rephrase with a noun:


Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased steadily from approximately 7% to just under 15%
between 1940 and 1980, a rise of more than 7% of the population
in a 40 year period.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, the percentage of people who were 65 and over


increased steadily from approximately 7% to just under 15%
between 1940 and 1980, a rise of more than 7% of the population
in a 40 year period.

Alternative - begin with a noun:


Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, there was a steady increase in the percentage of


people who were 65 and over from approximately 7% to just
under 15% between 1940 and 1980, a rise of more than 7% of the
population in a 40 year period.
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, there was a steady increase in the percentage of


people who were 65 and over from approximately 7% to just
under 15% between 1940 and 1980, a rise of more than 7% of the
population in a 40 year period.

Finally: make a comparison.


Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

In Sweden, there was a steady increase in the percentage of


people who were 65 and over from approximately 7% to just
under 15% between 1940 and 1980, a rise of more than 7% of the
population in a 40 year period, whereas in the United States the
proportion fell slightly from 5% to about 3% during the same
period. This means that the percentage of older people, in
1980, was far higher in Sweden than in the United States.
(82 words)
Proportion of population aged 65 and
over
30
25
20

% 15 Japan
10
Sweden
5
USA
0

1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040

Year

Now you do the same:

(1) Sweden 2010 – 2030 (remember this is the future)

(2) USA 1940 - 1980