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Angelina McKinney

Professor Collins

ENG 1301

7 October 2017

Organ Donors and Transplants

An organ donor is someone who allows a doctor to remove their organs, either legally or

by consent while the donor is alive or after death. Becoming an organ donor can be done in three

easy ways. When one receives a driver's license or an identification card they have the

opportunity to select 'yes', another way is by registering with the states organ donor registry, or

simply going online and finding a website to sign up. In the 18th century researches got the

chance to experiment with organ transplants on animals and humans. While many failures

occurred along the way, by the 20th century scientists were able to make it happen. Successful

organ transplants were now happening. According to unos.org, in 1954, the first kidney organ

from a human was successfully transplanted. "Liver, heart and pancreas transplant were

successfully performed by the late 1960s, while the lung and intestinal organ transplant

procedures were begun in the 1980s." Liveonny.org states that "each year, more than one million

people need lifesaving and life-improving tissues and eyes" they also say "donation takes place

under the same sterile conditions as any medical procedure." Being an organ donor has become a

prominent debate recently because the right to help someone in need versus dying with all organs

are both valid viewpoints that exist and have passionate supporters.

People support the right to become an organ donor because they want to be able to save

family members and others lives. According to the Vittana Organ Donation's website "it is

possible for one organ donor to save up to eight lives and change the lives of more than 50
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people." (vittana.org) People decide to become an organ donor because it makes them feel almost

like a superhero. Being an organ donor also gives the opportunity to comfort grieving families. It

is never easy to lose someone you love. Numerous distress relatives of organ donors are able to

relax due to the fact that their loved one can help rescue and better other living humans.

Some families do not support organ donation because they are traumatized with the fact

that they are not always informed that the doctor will keep the donors body hooked to the

machine until the organ is harvested. Meaning the donors body will be kept warm and will

continue to breathe until they are taken off it. Also, according to the Global Issues Blog "if there

is still some form of brain activity, the donor will continue to be on life support which can cause

hope to linger for the family" (connectusfund.org) Families do not like the anticipation of seeing

their loved one on life support. "When there is the presence of life, there is often hope, and

having that hope can make the grief even stronger while it gradually wanes for the recipient."

(vittana.org) Families do not enjoy the thought of having their loved one maybe be awakened

when in reality they are only on life support for their organs.

Providing opportunities for medical research is another reason people support organ

donors. According to the Global Issues Blog "If people do not like the idea of being cut open and

having their organs distributed to strangers they can always donate their entire body to help

medical students become great doctors." Corpses are always needed at medical schools so during

training period students get the chance to work on them. People donating their bodies to the

medical community is a great gift. Also, if a person's body happens to be burdened with an

infrequent disease they can donate their organs or body to medical surgeons and doctors, they

will be able to research about it and hopefully it will help them find a cure or treatment for the

next person. Even after someone's passing, they are still able to save countless number of lives.
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Some people disagree with being an organ donor due to their religion. According to the

website Religion and Organ Donation; Amish, Gypsies and Jehovah's Witness do not support it

and the reasons following that is because Amish believe that "God created the human body, it is

God who heals." Gypsies believe that "all parts of the body must remain intact because the soul

maintains a physical shape." While Jehovah's Witness say "cornea, kidney, and other tissues

transplants must be made by the individual." (donorrecovery.org) Since this is the religion they

believe in they are expected to follow every belief and non-belief. These religions typically

depend on faith, rather than medical means for reparing.

Organ transplants and donations have been a very controversial topic throughout the

years. People support organ donors because they want to save lives, others do not support it

because it is against their religion. No matter what laws the state comes up with this debate is

always going to continue, not everyone will be satisfied with the outcome or be willing to change

their mind about something they strongly believe in.

Works Cited
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15 Organ Donation Pros and Cons. Vittana.org, 26 Apr. 2017, vittana.org/15-organ-donation-

pros-and-cons.

Become an Organ Donor. Become an Organ Donor | National Foundation for

Transplants,www.transplants.org/become-organ-donor.

Connectusfundadmin. 10 Most Notable Pros and Cons of Organ Donation. ConnectUS, 6 Aug

2015, connectusfund.org/10-most-notable-pros-and-cons-of-organ-donation.

Donation | UNOS. Go to UNOS., www.unos.org/donation/.

. LiveOnNY. New York Organ Donor Network, www.liveonny.org/about-donation/why-be-an-

organ-donor/.

Religion and Organ Donation. Finger Lakes Donor Recovery Network,

www.donorrecovery.org/learn/religion-and-organ-donation/.