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Ardha nia
The 300th part of a sign
SJC Europe Annual Conference, 2005
Venue: Novi Sad, Serbia
Date: 10 July, 2005
Time: 2.30 PM
Presented by: Pt.Sanjay Rath
E-mail: srath@srath.com, web: http://srath.com

1. Introduction to ni 2
1.1 Denotation and connotation 2
1.2 Two systems of measuring nia 2
1.2.1 Uniform (spatial) nia 2
1.2.2 Time based nia (vighi) 2
2. Janma vighi graha 3
2.1 Mahi Jaimini Upadea Stra 3
2.2 Case studies 7
3. Ardha nia graha 8
3.1 Hypothesis 9
4. Case studies 9
4.1 Vedic astrology authors 9
4.2 Conclusion 13
5. Appendix-1 14
Illustrations & charts
Example 1: research paper of Late R. Santhanam. 3
Example 2: standard case under stanza 4.3.24
Table 1: Vighik graha 5
Example 3: Janma vighi graha 5
Table 2: Signs and sex 6
Example 4: Sex of standard nativity 6
Chart 1: Sarajit Poddar 7
Chart 2: Rajiv Gandhi 7
Chart 3: Sanjay Rath 8
Chart 4: Author 10
Chart 5: Dr.B.V.Raman 10
Chart 6: K.N.Rao 11
Chart 7: P.V.R.Narasimha Rao 12

Sanjay Rath, November 2017. This material is meant for private circulation and cannot be reproduced in any publication without
the explicit prior permission of the copyright holder. This paper can be quoted and referenced. All rights reserved.
om gurave nama

1. Introduction to ni

1.1 Denotation and connotation

Ni also pronounced with the longer word n refers (1) to a tubular structure like veins
and (2) the subtle pulse that measures the state of the body and the heart. Ni
parik refers to the examination of the pulse by feeling the veins under the skin.
Nika is (3) a measure of time equal to one-half muhurta like a ghik and also (4) a
measure of length equal to one half daa. Ni ptra is a kind of water clock used to
time the nika considering time for water flow.
Ni maala refers to the celestial equator and n valaya refers to the equinoctial1 circle
and as a noun, to the celestial equator.
N grantha refers to various works on the ni, especially ni jyotia (ni subsystem of
Vedic astrology). Related words are n cakra and n dpik which refer to specific
N jna refers to the knowledge of the ni. N targa also means a ni astrologer
who may also be adept at handling poisonous substances and medicine.
N nakatra has been loosely used to refer to the janma nakatra (i.e. moon nakatra)
which it is not. It is instead related to the nakatra occupied by a planet.
It is evident that the ni astrology links the subtle pulse to the horoscope and is the
most intricate system of Vedic astrology. Most of the real knowledge is hidden in various
ni literature spread over the length and breadth of India. In north India this is popularly
called Brighu ni while in the south it is more popular by the name of Agastya ni.
Generally the ni are attributed to a sage who along with his disciples had contributed
substantially to its creation. There are also many ni books dealing with the ni literature
and attempting to consolidate them. Foremost among them is the Candra-kal ni (a.k.a
Deva Kerala).

1.2 Two systems of measuring nia

The nia is the 150th division of a sign of 30. The division can be uniform where
each nia measures 12 of arc which is the 150 th part of the sign. Alternatively when
the sign is divided into various parts on the basis of the sixteen divisions of Parara, we get
150 non-uniform divisions. Since the Moon has sixteen kal (rays), these nia which are
based on the non-uniform division of the sign using the soasa varga of Parara, are called
Candra kal nia.

1.2.1 Uniform (spatial) nia

In this paper we explore the standard system of using the uniform spatial nia i.e.
each nia shall measure 12 of arc where each sign of 30 has 150 nia and the
zodiac has a total of 1800 nia. The ni authors divide this nia of 12 arc into
two parts called the prva (hind) and uttara (fore) nia respectively each measuring 6
of arc. The word ardha means half and refers to this one-half division of the nia.

1.2.2 Time based nia (vighi)

Although the lagna traverses the ri at different speed, jyotia has the concept of
uniform circular motion built into special ascendants like bhva lagna, hor lagna and
ghik lagna. The bhva lagna moves at the rate of one sign (30) in 2 hours and the hor
lagna travels at twice the speed while the ghik lagna is 5 times the speed of bhva
lagna. If the bhva lagna takes 120 minutes to traverse 30 longitude, then it covers 15 or
arc in a minute or 60 seconds time. The nia (12 arc) is traversed in 48 seconds of
time while the ardha-nia (6arc) is covered in 24 seconds. This 24 seconds is one
vighi (one sixtieth part of a ghi).
This should give you an idea of the sensitivity of the concept of ardha nia and the
need to rectify the time very accurately before entering into nia. Even small changes
in the ayana will cause complete changes in the nia of the planets and the

Pertaining to (1) an equinox or the equinoxes, or to the equality of day and night or (2) pertaining to the celestial
equator or (3) occurring at or about the time of an equinox
ascendant. For the sake of exploring some concepts we shall use the Lahiri non-linear
ayana instead of the linear ayana as science has already advanced enough to teach
us the non-linear motion of the ayana.
2. Janma vighi graha
Mahi Jaimini teaches that the time of birth be reckoned from sunrise or sunset
depending on the birth being at the day/night time. This birth time be converted into
vighik and assigned to the nine planets from the Sun to Ketu. The planet ruling the
janma vighik shall indicate the sex and nature of the native.

2.1 Mahi Jaimini Upadea Stra2

Extracts Adhyaya IV Pada 3

2, kal in[Ryaidi>.
2| kla niraydibhi||
Translation: The determination of birth time is on the basis of the ascendant etc. at
Example 1: research paper of Late R. Santhanam 3.
(i) Natal Moon: Jtaka Parijtha (III. 43) determines the number the number of
dvdaa gained by the Moon as well as the dvdaa sign of the Moon at conception.
Now count as many signs (from the dvdaa sign) as the number of dvdaa of the
Moon to obtain the Janma ri (Birth Moon) Birth Moon could also be in trines to this sign.
For example, in a conception chart, the Moon was at Aquarius 29 o1536. Thus, the Moon
gains 12 dvdaa and is placed in the dvdaa sign Capricorn. Now, counting 12
signs from Capricorn, we get Sagittarius indicating that Moon at birth will be in fiery signs.
The natal Moon was in Leo. There are other methods of determination of the natal Moon
sign based on the quadrants to conception Moon sign taught by Kalyaverm in Srval.
The conception Moon is in Aquarius and the natal Moon is in a quadrant in Leo. This method
is supported by a larger number of scholars.
(ii) Natal Sun: Jaimini Sutra (Stanza 4.2.20-4.23.) Determine the stronger between the
sixth houses from the ascendant and the seventh. Add the longitude of the sixth (or twelfth)
Lord to that of the ascendant (or seventh) house. The sign obtained is the sodhya ri. For
example, the ascendant as conception was Capricorn 10 o2037. The sixth and twelfth
houses are Gemini and Sagittarius. The former was stronger and its Lord Mercury was in
Aries 26o37. Thus the sodhya ri is at Aquarius (9s10 o20 + 0s26o37 = 10s6o58) and natal
Sun would be in an odd sign or the signs of exaltation/debility of Saturn, whichever is the
strongest at conception. The natal Sun was in Aquarius.

3, A<zeden il ivila>.
3| aabhedena lipta vilipt||
Translation: The longitude [of the ascendant at conception] taking the minutes (lipta) and
seconds (vilipta) of arc is converted into time of birth.
Aa in the present context means the degrees of the longitude of the dhana Lagna.
Having fixed natal Moon & Star, the date of birth is known and now Jaimini advises that
method by which the time of birth is to be determined. If the dhana Lagna is a day signs
(Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Aquarius and Pisces), birth will be at night and if it is a night sign,
birth will be during the day. Vaidyanatha4 has the same views for determining birth time.

4, kalka>.
4| klak||
Translation: The time is to be reckoned from sunrise or sunset.

5, Anuila.
5| anuliptca||
Refer Jaimini Mahi Upadea Stra; Sanjay Rath
The example cited is a real life case and readers may refer to the book Essentials of Hindu Predictive Astrology;
R. Santhanam; Sagar Publications
Jtaka Parijtha Adh. III-43
Translation: The degrees, minutes and second of the ascendant are converted into time
equivalents to determine the time of birth.
Determine the day/night duration and multiply it to the ratio of the ascendant longitude
(irrespective of signs) to 30. The result should be added to the sunrise or sunset as the
case may be, to obtain the birth time. The use of the word kla indicates the time
computation in hor (hours) and is of relevance to the next stanza.

6, ivaRirix ctu> s<Oyaid>.

6| dvirvridhi catu sakhydi||
Translation: 2,4, etc even numbers can be subtracted (or added) to the birth time (in Hours).
This stanza is a rider to the birth time determination vide preceding stanza and
applicable only if the tentative natal ascendant as determined under stanza 4.2.31 - 4.2.35
and that obtained from the birth time calculation (preceding stanza) are variant. If the
coitus times has been accurately noted the birth time as computed will be correct. Else, this
birth time (in hours) has to be increased/decreased by 2, 4, etc even numbers to arrive at
the correct ascendant. This alteration of the birth time by 2, 4, 6 etc in multiples of even
numbers is allowed, since every two hor translate into one bhva.

7, nv ag ze;e.
7| nava bhaga ee||
Translation: Divide the final time (obtained vide stanza 4.3.3- 4.3.6) by nine and obtain the
The birth time referred to in our calculations so far is the time after sunrise or sunset (as
the case may be). This time is converted into vighi 5 and divided by 9. The reminder is to
be considered.

8, Aa*a<zke.
8| dyake||
Translation: The remainder [obtained by dividing the birth time in vighi by 9 vide previous
stra] is to be increased to the next higher integer.
Example 2: standard case under stanza 4.3.2
In the example under stanza 4.3.2, the ascendant lord finally determined birth in the night
time by being exalted in Libra.
The night duration on birth date was 12h: 50: 48 = 12.84667 hours.
Longitude of ascendant (ignoring sign) 102037 = 10.343611
Longitude ratio (Asc.Long / 30) 10.343611/30 = 0.344787
Birth time (reckoned from sunset for night birth) = Night duration (A) X Longitude
ratio (B)
= 12.84667 X 0.344787
= 4.429365 hour = 4h: 25: 46 after
sunset (C)
Convert this birth time into vighi
Time reckoned from sunset = (C) X 2.5 ghi = 4.429365 X 2.5 ghi
= 11.073413 ghi (11g: 04: 24)
= 11.073413 X 60 vighi
= 664.4 vighi
Divide birth time (in vighi) by 9 = (D) / 9 = 664.4 /9 = 73.8227
Remainder = Fraction (73.8227) X 9 = 0.8227 X 9 =
Remainder to be increased to next integer = 7.4 increased to 8
A 24 hour day has 60 ghi or ghik and each ghi has 60 vighi
9, h me[ v[Rm!.
9| graha kramea varam||
Translation: Counting the planets (on the basis of week days from Sun to Saturn followed by
Rhu and Ketu) the sex, complexion etc of the child is known.
This stra gives the basis of the ruling planet of each half of nia. The nia is
the 150th portion of a sign measuring 012 arc. Each nia is further divided in to 2
parts each measuring 06 of arc which forms the basis for the ni grantha (ni literature).
In terms of time, the duration of each ardha nia of 06 arc is 1 vighi 6.
The planets from the Sun to Ketu rule the vighi reckoned from sunrise or sunset.
Table 1: Vighik graha
Remaind Graha (ruling Sex
er planet)
1 Sun Male
2 Moon Femal
3 Mars Male
4 Mercury Eunuc
5 Jupiter Male
6 Venus Femal
7 Saturn Eunuc
8 Rhu Male
9 Ketu Femal
Example 3: Janma vighi graha
Determine the remainder after dividing the birth time reckoned from sunrise or sunset
by 9. Increase this to the next higher integer. See previous example-2.
Remainder in previous example = 7.4
Rounded off to the next higher integer =8
Janma vighik graha (vighik planet) = Rhu

10, puman! pu< j>.

10| pumn pu praja||
Translation: If the planet [in the preceding stra 4.3.9] is male, a boy child is born.

11, ANye Iy>.

11| anye strya||
Translation: If the planet [in the stra 4.3.9] is female, a girl child is born.

12, klIbe puvaRprm!.

12| kalbe purvparam||
Translation: If the planet [in the stra 4.3.9] is eunuch, a transvestite or one of confused
gender is born.
Table 1: Vighik graha gives the list of planets and their sex. Jaimini mahi qualifies
this further by stating that exalted 7 planets indicate male children while planets in debility 8
indicate female children. Some view Rhu to be female but Parara is very clear in stating
that Rhu, Jupiter and Sun give illustrious sons.
The eunuch planets are Saturn and Mercury and these planets in exaltation indicate the
male sex while in debility indicate the female sex. Saturn the planet indicating renunciation
Bhva lagna traverses 30 in 2 hours = 30 X 60 arc minutes in 2 X 2.5 X 60 vighi; or 1800 arc minutes in 300
vighi; or 6 arc minutes in 1 vighi; 6 arc minutes is the span of one ardha nia i.e. one half of the nia.
which are in essence like Viu
Planets in debility can indicate rmanta yoga of Lakm vide the dictum tamin ucce nce va rmanta. Garga
muni opines that in Kali yuga rjayoga function when planets are in debility in ri or aa.
from sex and material life indicates absence of sexual organs and transvestites while
Mercury the ruler of Gemini indicates hermaphrodite 9. Some amount of confusion can be
there is a female planet is exalted or a male planet is debilitated. However, the aspect or
conjunction of planets of similar sexual disposition can overcome this completely.
The signs indicating male sex are the odd signs excluding Gemini and Aquarius while the
female signs except the fruitful Cancer and Pisces indicate female sex.
Table 2: Signs and sex
Male Aries, Cancer, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius,
indicator Pisces
Female Taurus, Gemini, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn,
indicator Aquarius
Example 4: Sex of standard nativity
In Example 3, we have seen that the vighi graha is Rhu indicating a male birth. A son
was born.

2.2 Case studies

Chart 1: Sarajit Poddar

Sunrise 05:27:59; Sunset 18:12:49

Birth time = 14:32:44
Birth time from Sunrise = 9:04:45 = 9.079167 hrs
Birth Time in Vighi (BTV)= 9.079167 hrs X 150 = 1361.875 [Formula: Hours X
150 = vighi]
BTV divided by 9 = 151.3194
Remainder = 0.3194 X 9 = 2.875 which is rounded off to
From Table -1 we get the vighi graha as Mars.
Mars is a male planet placed in a male sign (Leo see Table 2: Signs and sex) and joined
the Sun (male) and Mercury (eunuch) indicating that male factors dominate and the chart is
of a male nativity.
Mars is the tmakraka in the ninth house involved in viparta yus yoga with the Sun
(father) showing that the most profound event to influence his life would be the early
demise of his father. Dharma karmdhipati and various other rjayoga, nipuna yoga etc,
occur with the Mars, Sun and Mercury and all these make the native spiritual and righteous
Other traits and nature you can read from the planets in Leo. In our research we have
found that the entire life of the native shall be controlled by this planet which shall
determine the auspicious and inauspicious events that will be experienced. For example,
Mars is with the 7th lord in the 9th house with the 9th lord promising marriage and the native,
although planning for renunciation during Venus da (see Venus in 8 th house and Saturn in
7th house) actually married in Venus da Mars antarda.
Sunrise definition: Please note that the definition of sunrise used is the visibility of the
tip of the solar disc on the horizon as propounded by Varhamihira. We have also noted that

an individual in which reproductive organs of both sexes are present (Webster dictionary)
when planets conjoin the janma vighik planet then they shall determine the sex of the
Chart 2: Rajiv Gandhi

Sunrise 6:20:59; Sunset 19:02:08

Birth time 7:11:28
Birth time from sunrise = 0:50:29 = 0.841389 hours
BT Vighi = 0.841389 hours X 150 = 126.2083 vighi
BTV/9 = 14.02315
Remainder = 0.02315 X 9 = 0.208333 rounded to 1
Janma Vighi planet = Sun
Sex determination: The vighi graha Sun is in Leo (male) but is conjoined planets. We
have to examine the sex of the planets. Jupiter (male++), Venus (female), Moon (female)
and Mercury (eunuch) conjoin the Sun giving two male and two female points. In such a
case the sign is to be considered and this being a male sign we get the sex of the native a
Description: Many rjayoga occur in Leo but primarily the janma vighi graha Sun in
Leo will show balding head with sharp features and good looks and a royal bearing. He was
soft in disposition inspite of so many male planet influences on the lagna as the female
planets are equally strong.
Sometimes, this also helps us to decide intelligently which da to use in the chart. The
Sun as lagnea in lagna should indicate ai hayani da and this is clearly confirmed by
the fact that Sun is the janma vighi graha.
ai hayani da of Sun: 1984-03-14 - 1994-03-14: He became the sixth Prime Minister of
India (31 Oct 1984 - 2 Dec 1989) after the death of his mother Indira Gandhi in Sun
da Sun antarda. Note the numerous rjayoga involving the Sun. He lost power in
November 1989 in Sun da Venus antarda and V.P. Singh became PM (Dec 2, 1989 -
Nov 10, 1990). He was assassinated on 21 May 1991 in Sun da Saturn antarda
Mercury pratyantara. Sun also conjoins the 2 nd lord (maraca) Mercury and is aspected
by the 7th lord (maraca) Saturn.
Chart 3: Sanjay Rath

Sunrise 5:29:12; Sunset 18:29:37

Birth time = 21:15:00
Birth time from sunset = 2:45:23 = 2.756389 hours
Birth time in Vighi (BTV) = 2.756389 hours X 150 = 413.4583
BTV/9 = 45.93981
Remainder = 0.93981 x 9 = 8.458333 rounded to 9
Vighi graha Ketu
Ketu is a female planet but is exalted (Viu avatra) and is not conjoined any other
planet indicating male birth. Ketu and Jupiter in mutual ri aspect and in the signs of Jupiter
in the tenth and first house form yoga for learning/teaching associated with the parampara
(tradition) as taught by Parara. The native teaches jyotia in the lineage of his guru.
3. Ardha nia graha
Considerable research is required to decode the ni literature and unless the jyotia
form groups to do so it is not possible for individual effort to bear much fruit in this
direction. C.S.Patel had formed such a group in the early 1980s. He has found that the
results given for birth in prva (first half) and uttara (second half) are typically favorable for
male and female relations respectively10. This information becomes very helpful when we
are examining charts where the native has say, only brothers or only sisters then the
likelihood of being born in the first or second halves is higher. The Moon specifically refers to
ones immediate family and Patel has culled out various loka from the Deva Kerala in the
What is proposed here is a part of my research to understand and decode the ni
literature. It may not be very meaningful at this stage but it is hoped, will pave the way for
future generations for researching the ni literature.

3.1 Hypothesis
The teachings of mahi Jaimini indicate that the vighi can be equated to the ardha
nia i.e. to the 24 seconds of time and that the nine planets from the Sun to Ketu
strongly influence the creature born at the given time. We hypothesize that this concept can
be extended to spatial division as well there the ri is divided into 150 nia and 300
ardha nia. The nine planets from the Sun to Ketu shall rule the ardha nia in the
order of the weekdays (in the same lines as taught by Jaimini).
The rulership by the nine planets of 300 ardha nia indicates that they shall repeat
33 times and three planets shall repeat 34 times. The three planets repeating once more
than the others shall be different for the three types of signs movable, fixed and dual. This
shall ensure that each of the nine planets shall own 100 ardha nia in three
consecutive signs. This is also in the lines of the nomenclature of the nia themselves
where the movable, fixed and dual are reckoned from the beginning, end and middle of the
sign respectively.
Accordingly, we propose that the ownership of the ardha nia -
1. For the movable signs should be reckoned from the beginning 11 of the weekday order
starting with the Sun so that the three extra ownership goes to the Sun, Moon and Mars.
2. For the fixed signs the planets be reckoned from the end of the weekday order starting
with Saturn so that the three extra ownership goes to Saturn, Rhu and Ketu and,
3. For the dual signs the planets be reckoned from the middle 12 of the week (Wednesday
Mercury) so that the three extra ownership goes to Mercury, Jupiter and Venus.
A table showing the ardha nia rulers is at Appendix-1 at page 14 for reference.
4. Case studies
To make the study meaningful, we shall try to examine the charts of a specific group of
people to see if the ardha nia graha reveals a common trait in their charts. If so, then
alone we can say that the ardha nia graha can be used for a specific purpose or that
the application is repetitive or that the rule is universal.

Patel, Ni Astrology, page 34
The nia for the movable signs are reckoned from 1 to 150 while for the fixed signs these are reckoned in
the reverse order from 150 to 1 and for the dual signs are reckoned from the middle in the regular order from 76 to
150 and then from 1 to 75
The nia
4.1 Vedic astrology authors
To be an author of Vedic astrology books the native should have knowledge of Vedic
astrology in some depth for which purpose we are looking for the connection between
Jupiter and the tenth house. We are not considering whether the native mixes spirituality
with jyotia (hence the rule of the tmakraka connection with the 11 th house is not the
factor to check). Mercury the planet with Sarasvat the goddess of literature as its deity and
ruling the caturth tithi when Gaea the god of learning is worshipped must be a
significant indicator in the charts of these authors.
Chart 4: Author
Reference: Chart 3: Sanjay Rath
Longitude Ardha ni
Body D S M S Deg Inde Ruler
Lagna 14 Pi 4 55.9 14.0821 141 Ketu
Sun - BK 21 Cn 4 32.78 21.0757 211 Merc
Moon - MK 19 Aq 59 4.44 19.9845 200 Rhu
Mars - PK 13 Vi 40 56.92 13.6824 137 Jup
Mercury - GK 13 Le 23 16.36 13.3878 134 Jup
Jupiter - AmK 26 Pi 7 55.43 26.1320 262 Merc
Venus - PiK 14 Cn 56 3.25 14.9342 150 Ven
Saturn (R) - 26 Cp 49 40.83 26.8280 269 Rhu
AK 1
Rahu - DK 25 Ge 45 41.53 25.7615 258 Ketu
Ketu 25 Sg 45 41.53 25.7615 258 Ketu
In the chart of this author of seven books and umpteen articles on Vedic astrology,
Jupiter is the lord of the 10 th house and is placed in its own sign in Pisces in the ardha
nia ruled by Mercury. Mercury as the ardha nia ruler shows that the focus of the
work related to Vedic sciences is Mercurial with considerable writing and teaching involved.
That these writings are related to jyotia is indicated by the placement of Mercury in Leo
(Sun jyotia) and its involvement in a rjayoga formed by the mutual aspect between the
4th and 7th lord Mercury with the 5th lord Moon. A rjayoga involving the lords of the 4 th and
5th houses shows that the native shall be a dedicating his work to Viu while the
involvement of the 7th lord shows that the native shall be broad minded to respect all
spiritual paths.
The focus of Jupiter the tenth lord is seen from its ardha nia ruler Mercury while its
involvement in dharma karmdhipati yoga shows that the native will believe that jyotia is a
vedga and will treat it as a branch of spirituality i.e. as the eye of the Vedas. He is a
practicing Vedic astrologer (professional) as the tenth lord is in the ardha nia of
Mercury itself.

Longitude (in degrees) X 10 = Index (rounded off to the next higher integer)
Chart 5: Dr.B.V.Raman

Longitude Ardha ni
Body D S M S Deg Inde Ruler
Lagna 10 Aq 34 1.39 10.567 106 Merc
Sun - AmK 22 Cn 59 36.41 22.993 230 Jup
Moon - AK 23 Ta 41 5.52 23.684 237 Ketu
Mars - BK 21 Le 22 24.14 21.373 214 Merc
Mercury (R) - 13 Le 57 24.07 13.956 140 Moon
MK 69
Jupiter - PiK 12 Sc 58 4.09 12.967 130 Sun
Venus - DK 2 Le 15 36.23 2.2600 23 Moon
Saturn - PK 10 Ta 9 45.12 10.162 102 Ketu
Rahu - GK 22 Pi 47 42.28 22.795 228 Ven
Ketu 22 Vi 47 42.28 22.795 228 Ven
In the chart of Dr. B.V.Raman, Jupiter is in the 10 th house and the tenth lord Mars is in an
ardha nia ruled by Mercury. Dr. Raman has authored many books on jyotia and has
written profusely for over six decades as the editor of the Astrological Magazine. Mercury is
in Leo (Sun - Jyotia) and is conjoined the dharma karmdhipati yoga of Mars and Venus
showing that the native will believe that jyotia is a vedga and will treat it as a branch of
spirituality i.e. as the eye of the Vedas. There are many rjayoga formed by the conjunction
of the lords of the 4th, 5th, 9th and 10th houses involving Mercury and this showed in his
stature as unchallenged leader of Vedic astrologers from 1936 till his death on Sunday, 20
Dec 1998. He was a practicing Vedic astrologer (professional) as the tenth lord is in the
ardha nia of Mercury itself.
Chart 6: K.N.Rao

Longitude Ardha ni
Body D S M S Deg Index Ruler
Lagna 19 Li 59 56.42 19.999 200 Moon
Sun - AK 24 Vi 53 50 24.897 249 Ketu
Moon - DK 2 Li 41 6.81 2.6852 27 Ketu
Mars - MK 24 Li 2 17.24 24.038 241 Sat
Mercury - 20 Vi 5 5.52 20.084 201 Ven
PiK 87
Jupiter - 24 Cn 42 58.55 24.716 248 Jup
AmK 26
Venus - GK 3 Li 54 43.41 3.9120 40 Merc
Saturn - BK 24 Sg 4 54.45 24.081 241 Sun
Rahu - PK 11 Pi 39 51.37 11.664 117 Mars
Ketu 11 Vi 39 51.37 11.664 117 Mars
In the chart of Vedic astrologer K.N.Rao, Jupiter is exalted in the 10 th house and the tenth
lord Moon is in the ardha nia of Ketu. Mercury the ninth lord (higher learning) is
conjoined Ketu whose results Ketu must give. So by default Ketu behaves like Mercury and
hence shows the direction towards astrology else this should have been mysticism or even
routine government job especially when the Sun is also conjoined this combination of
exalted Mercury and Ketu in Virgo. In fact he was a bureaucrat and in his words 14, involved
in holding a secure (but dull and routine) job. This is evident in an interview with Mr. V. P.
Manley which notes He [K.N.Rao] saw that most people were just interested in mundane
concerns like money, job, marriage, etc. instead of using astrology to understand their
karma and grow spiritually. He decided to give it up altogether. In 1980, he met a great
yogi, Yogi Moorkhanandji (a.k.a. Swami Vidyaranya), who inspired him to take up jyotia
indicating that the ninth lord (yogi/spiritual teachers) Mercury in exaltation was able to alter
the direction of Ketu the ardha nia ruler of the 10 th lord. It is well known dictum in
astrology tat the nodes shall give the result of the strongest planet they conjoin or are
aspected by.
Unlike the charts of this scribe and Dr.B.V.Raman, the planets influencing Ketu are not
involved in dharma karmdhipati yoga and instead are conjoined the nodes and bdhakea
Sun. K.N.Rao believes that jyotia is a pure science and is divorced from spirituality. In a
recent interview to sulekha.com 15, he said,Even if the Ndi is not fully active, in the case of
every honest astrologer, he experiences this channel of intuition in some spells inspired by
Conversations with one of the Eminent Indian Astrologers of our Time; Published on Monday, May 30, 2005; at
divinity. These experiences border on the mystical and lead the astrologer into the higher
realms of existence to find out our real purpose in being here. Such experiences take an
astrologer towards God making him stop practicing astrology and devoting his life to
spiritual activities only.
Chart 7: P.V.R.Narasimha Rao

Longitude Ardha ni
Body D S M S Deg Inde Ruler
Lagna 14 Vi 8 28.8 14.141 142 Sun
7 35
Sun - BK 20 Pi 52 30.9 20.875 209 Jup
8 27
Moon - AK 28 Aq 33 23.7 28.556 286 Merc
6 6
Mars - AmK 26 Ar 40 35.9 26.676 267 Ven
7 66
Mercury - DK 3 Ar 7 38.1 3.1272 32 Jup
9 75
Jupiter (R) 9 Li 45 50.3 9.7639 98 Rhu
PK 1 75
Venus - GK 7 Ar 54 57.4 7.9159 80 Rhu
7 64
Saturn - MK 15 Ar 6 12.4 15.103 152 Rhu
7 46
Rhu - PiK 16 Aq 53 31.4 16.892 169 Merc
Ketu 16 Le 53 31.4 16.892 169 Merc
In the chart of P.V.R.Narasimha Rao, the tenth lord Mercury is in the ardha nia of
Jupiter showing his great interest in Sanskrit and Vedic literature. The aspect of the nodes,
especially Ketu by ri di made him a computer engineer while the aspect of Mercury
gives him writing and authoring skills. The dharma karmdhipati yoga of Venus and Mercury
aspect Jupiter showing that he will believe that jyotia is a vedga and a spiritual path.
Many rjayoga are formed by the association of the lords of the 5 th (Saturn) and 9th (Venus)
houses with the lagna and 10th lord Mercury and 4th and 7th lord Jupiter. He has authored a
book in jyotia and various articles.
It is noteworthy that both this scribe (see chart-3) and Narasimha Rao (chart 7) have the
Sun in the third drekka of a water sign (spirituality) as the cara bhratkraka
(guru/spiritual path) in Capricorn navma. Whereas Sanjay Rath has the Sun in the ardha
nia of the 4th & 7th lord Mercury, Narasimha has the Sun in the ardha nia of the
4th and 7th lord Jupiter. Narasimha is not a professional astrologer as the primary influence
on the ruler of the ardha nia is that of the nodes making him a software engineer
while the lord of the ardha nia is his hearts desire loves the works of Sakarcarya in
Sanskrit etc.
4.2 Conclusion
It is evident from the charts we have seen so far that not only are we able to identify
their specific direction to Vedic astrology but also their attitude to the subject and their
inner beliefs that manifests in their jyotia related work.
We should take up the charts of other groups of professionals like dancers, singers,
career bureaucrats, politicians, smiths etc and see how the ardha nia ruler of the
tenth lord shows their career direction and also makes a difference in their nature of

4.3 Please note

We shall be doing many more case studies depending on time available
Om tat sat
om gurave nama

5. Appendix-1
Table 3:Table of Ardha nia rulers Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi
Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi 55 Sun Sat Merc
1 Sun Sat Merc 56 Moon Rhu Jup
2 Moon Rhu Jup 57 Mars Ketu Ven
3 Mars Ketu Ven 58 Merc Sun Sat
4 Merc Sun Sat 59 Jup Moon Rhu
5 Jup Moon Rhu 60 Ven Mars Ketu
6 Ven Mars Ketu 61 Sat Merc Sun
7 Sat Merc Sun 62 Rhu Jup Moon
8 Rhu Jup Moon 63 Ketu Ven Mars
9 Ketu Ven Mars 64 Sun Sat Merc
10 Sun Sat Merc 65 Moon Rhu Jup
11 Moon Rhu Jup 66 Mars Ketu Ven
12 Mars Ketu Ven 67 Merc Sun Sat
13 Merc Sun Sat 68 Jup Moon Rhu
14 Jup Moon Rhu 69 Ven Mars Ketu
15 Ven Mars Ketu 70 Sat Merc Sun
16 Sat Merc Sun 71 Rhu Jup Moon
17 Rhu Jup Moon 72 Ketu Ven Mars
18 Ketu Ven Mars 73 Sun Sat Merc
19 Sun Sat Merc 74 Moon Rhu Jup
20 Moon Rhu Jup 75 Mars Ketu Ven
21 Mars Ketu Ven 76 Merc Sun Sat
22 Merc Sun Sat 77 Jup Moon Rhu
23 Jup Moon Rhu 78 Ven Mars Ketu
24 Ven Mars Ketu 79 Sat Merc Sun
25 Sat Merc Sun 80 Rhu Jup Moon
26 Rhu Jup Moon 81 Ketu Ven Mars
27 Ketu Ven Mars 82 Sun Sat Merc
28 Sun Sat Merc 83 Moon Rhu Jup
29 Moon Rhu Jup 84 Mars Ketu Ven
30 Mars Ketu Ven 85 Merc Sun Sat
31 Merc Sun Sat 86 Jup Moon Rhu
32 Jup Moon Rhu 87 Ven Mars Ketu
33 Ven Mars Ketu 88 Sat Merc Sun
34 Sat Merc Sun 89 Rhu Jup Moon
35 Rhu Jup Moon 90 Ketu Ven Mars
36 Ketu Ven Mars 91 Sun Sat Merc
37 Sun Sat Merc 92 Moon Rhu Jup
38 Moon Rhu Jup 93 Mars Ketu Ven
39 Mars Ketu Ven 94 Merc Sun Sat
40 Merc Sun Sat 95 Jup Moon Rhu
41 Jup Moon Rhu 96 Ven Mars Ketu
42 Ven Mars Ketu 97 Sat Merc Sun
43 Sat Merc Sun 98 Rhu Jup Moon
44 Rhu Jup Moon 99 Ketu Ven Mars
45 Ketu Ven Mars 10 Sun Sat Merc
46 Sun Sat Merc 0
47 Moon Rhu Jup 10 Moon Rhu Jup
48 Mars Ketu Ven 1
49 Merc Sun Sat 10 Mars Ketu Ven
50 Jup Moon Rhu 2
51 Ven Mars Ketu 10 Merc Sun Sat
52 Sat Merc Sun 3
53 Rhu Jup Moon 10 Jup Moon Rhu
54 Ketu Ven Mars 4
Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi
10 Ven Mars Ketu 13 Rhu Jup Moon
5 4
10 Sat Merc Sun 13 Ketu Ven Mars
6 5
10 Rhu Jup Moon 13 Sun Sat Merc
7 6
10 Ketu Ven Mars 13 Moon Rhu Jup
8 7
10 Sun Sat Merc 13 Mars Ketu Ven
9 8
11 Moon Rhu Jup 13 Merc Sun Sat
0 9
11 Mars Ketu Ven 14 Jup Moon Rhu
1 0
11 Merc Sun Sat 14 Ven Mars Ketu
2 1
11 Jup Moon Rhu 14 Sat Merc Sun
3 2
11 Ven Mars Ketu 14 Rhu Jup Moon
4 3
11 Sat Merc Sun 14 Ketu Ven Mars
5 4
11 Rhu Jup Moon 14 Sun Sat Merc
6 5
11 Ketu Ven Mars 14 Moon Rhu Jup
7 6
11 Sun Sat Merc 14 Mars Ketu Ven
8 7
11 Moon Rhu Jup 14 Merc Sun Sat
9 8
12 Mars Ketu Ven 14 Jup Moon Rhu
0 9
12 Merc Sun Sat 15 Ven Mars Ketu
1 0
12 Jup Moon Rhu 15 Sat Merc Sun
2 1
12 Ven Mars Ketu 15 Rhu Jup Moon
3 2
12 Sat Merc Sun 15 Ketu Ven Mars
4 3
12 Rhu Jup Moon 15 Sun Sat Merc
5 4
12 Ketu Ven Mars 15 Moon Rhu Jup
6 5
12 Sun Sat Merc 15 Mars Ketu Ven
7 6
12 Moon Rhu Jup 15 Merc Sun Sat
8 7
12 Mars Ketu Ven 15 Jup Moon Rhu
9 8
13 Merc Sun Sat 15 Ven Mars Ketu
0 9
13 Jup Moon Rhu 16 Sat Merc Sun
1 0
13 Ven Mars Ketu 16 Rhu Jup Moon
2 1
13 Sat Merc Sun 16 Ketu Ven Mars
3 2
Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi
16 Sun Sat Merc 19 Mars Ketu Ven
3 2
16 Moon Rhu Jup 19 Merc Sun Sat
4 3
16 Mars Ketu Ven 19 Jup Moon Rhu
5 4
16 Merc Sun Sat 19 Ven Mars Ketu
6 5
16 Jup Moon Rhu 19 Sat Merc Sun
7 6
16 Ven Mars Ketu 19 Rhu Jup Moon
8 7
16 Sat Merc Sun 19 Ketu Ven Mars
9 8
17 Rhu Jup Moon 19 Sun Sat Merc
0 9
17 Ketu Ven Mars 20 Moon Rhu Jup
1 0
17 Sun Sat Merc 20 Mars Ketu Ven
2 1
17 Moon Rhu Jup 20 Merc Sun Sat
3 2
17 Mars Ketu Ven 20 Jup Moon Rhu
4 3
17 Merc Sun Sat 20 Ven Mars Ketu
5 4
17 Jup Moon Rhu 20 Sat Merc Sun
6 5
17 Ven Mars Ketu 20 Rhu Jup Moon
7 6
17 Sat Merc Sun 20 Ketu Ven Mars
8 7
17 Rhu Jup Moon 20 Sun Sat Merc
9 8
18 Ketu Ven Mars 20 Moon Rhu Jup
0 9
18 Sun Sat Merc 21 Mars Ketu Ven
1 0
18 Moon Rhu Jup 21 Merc Sun Sat
2 1
18 Mars Ketu Ven 21 Jup Moon Rhu
3 2
18 Merc Sun Sat 21 Ven Mars Ketu
4 3
18 Jup Moon Rhu 21 Sat Merc Sun
5 4
18 Ven Mars Ketu 21 Rhu Jup Moon
6 5
18 Sat Merc Sun 21 Ketu Ven Mars
7 6
18 Rhu Jup Moon 21 Sun Sat Merc
8 7
18 Ketu Ven Mars 21 Moon Rhu Jup
9 8
19 Sun Sat Merc 21 Mars Ketu Ven
0 9
19 Moon Rhu Jup 22 Merc Sun Sat
1 0
Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi
22 Jup Moon Rhu 25 Sat Merc Sun
1 0
22 Ven Mars Ketu 25 Rhu Jup Moon
2 1
22 Sat Merc Sun 25 Ketu Ven Mars
3 2
22 Rhu Jup Moon 25 Sun Sat Merc
4 3
22 Ketu Ven Mars 25 Moon Rhu Jup
5 4
22 Sun Sat Merc 25 Mars Ketu Ven
6 5
22 Moon Rhu Jup 25 Merc Sun Sat
7 6
22 Mars Ketu Ven 25 Jup Moon Rhu
8 7
22 Merc Sun Sat 25 Ven Mars Ketu
9 8
23 Jup Moon Rhu 25 Sat Merc Sun
0 9
23 Ven Mars Ketu 26 Rhu Jup Moon
1 0
23 Sat Merc Sun 26 Ketu Ven Mars
2 1
23 Rhu Jup Moon 26 Sun Sat Merc
3 2
23 Ketu Ven Mars 26 Moon Rhu Jup
4 3
23 Sun Sat Merc 26 Mars Ketu Ven
5 4
23 Moon Rhu Jup 26 Merc Sun Sat
6 5
23 Mars Ketu Ven 26 Jup Moon Rhu
7 6
23 Merc Sun Sat 26 Ven Mars Ketu
8 7
23 Jup Moon Rhu 26 Sat Merc Sun
9 8
24 Ven Mars Ketu 26 Rhu Jup Moon
0 9
24 Sat Merc Sun 27 Ketu Ven Mars
1 0
24 Rhu Jup Moon 27 Sun Sat Merc
2 1
24 Ketu Ven Mars 27 Moon Rhu Jup
3 2
24 Sun Sat Merc 27 Mars Ketu Ven
4 3
24 Moon Rhu Jup 27 Merc Sun Sat
5 4
24 Mars Ketu Ven 27 Jup Moon Rhu
6 5
24 Merc Sun Sat 27 Ven Mars Ketu
7 6
24 Jup Moon Rhu 27 Sat Merc Sun
8 7
24 Ven Mars Ketu 27 Rhu Jup Moon
9 8
Ar, Cn, Li, Cp Ta, Le, Sc, Aq Ge, Vi, Sg, Pi
27 Ketu Ven Mars
28 Sun Sat Merc
28 Moon Rhu Jup
28 Mars Ketu Ven
28 Merc Sun Sat
28 Jup Moon Rhu
28 Ven Mars Ketu
28 Sat Merc Sun
28 Rhu Jup Moon
28 Ketu Ven Mars
28 Sun Sat Merc
29 Moon Rhu Jup
29 Mars Ketu Ven
29 Merc Sun Sat
29 Jup Moon Rhu
29 Ven Mars Ketu
29 Sat Merc Sun
29 Rhu Jup Moon
29 Ketu Ven Mars
29 Sun Sat Merc
29 Moon Rhu Jup
30 Mars Ketu Ven