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Reproduced, after originally appearing in May 2012 issue, pgs 80-81.

Production technology

What's new in artificial lift?


Part 1: In this first of two BEAM / ROD PUMPING conventional sucker rod pump of equal
monthly reports, new New downhole sucker rod pump. bore, with the same clearance (or fit) be-
innovations that improve Presented by Samson Pump LLC of tween the plunger and barrel, and both
Keller, Texas, the Samson Pump of- having the same stroke length, had more
operations and/or reduced than three times the slippage of that of
fers significant advantages over existing
expenses are described in pumps. This patented downhole pump the Samson Pump. The larger seal area
the categories of Beam/ can be used, both to produce oil wells also makes significantly greater plunger/
Rod Pumping, Gas Well and, in particular, to de-water natural gas barrel clearances possible, if desired, to
Dewatering and Gas Lift wells. An efficiency increase of 67%-plus reduce friction, handle solids, and ex-
has been shown in controlled research, tend pump run-times without sacrificing
JAMES F. LEA, PL Tech LLC; and and in initial field installations, a run-time
improvement of tenfold-plus has been
relative efficiency.
Another stated advantage of the pump
HERALD W. WINKLER, Texas Tech University demonstrated under certain conditions. is that sand and other particulates are
The Pump is fitted with a plunger pulled away (or washed with produced
It has been another banner year for ar- that is longer than the pump barrel. The fluid) from the space between the plung-
tificial lift innovations. The offerings have plunger always projects out one end of er and barrel. The particulates no longer
been prolific enough, that we have split the barrel, thereby forming a variable accumulate on top of the plunger, as it is
this years report into two halves. This length seal. This new design significantly pulled upward by the rod string. (Please
first-half report will cover eight develop- increases the surface area between the refer to Fig. 1 where the flow of fluid is
ments in Beam/Rod Pumping, Gas Lift plunger and barrel (which is considered represented by the red arrows, and the
and Gas Well Dewatering. the seal). The increase in surface area, direction of the plunger is indicated by
In beam/rod pumping, a three-in- in turn, reduces leakage. The Samson the white arrows.) On the downstroke,
one solution is discussed, whereby coiled Pump achieves better efficiency with the solids are wiped off the plunger, as
tubing is not only used as a pumping the increased surface area between the it falls past the seal at the top of the bar-
string, but as a means for the operator to plunger and the barrel. Initial testing/ rel. The moving sealpoint within the
preventively treat the well. Another item validation results indicate that the API/ barrel of a conventional pump is vulner-
is a downhole sucker rod pump that sets
new efficiency standards. Finally, there is
a diverter downhole separator, for use in Fig. 1. Flow of fluid is represented by the red arrows, and the direction of the plunger is
indicated by the white arrows.
wells where one cannot locate the pump
intake below the producing interval.
Among gas well dewatering develop-
ments, there is a casing plunger applica-
tion that improves gas production. A
second item is a plunger that provides a
complete diagnostic picture of downhole
conditions. Yet another device is a low-
volume positive displacement pump that
is well-suited for dewatering gas and CBM
wells, and can be used in a various appli-
cations, including severely deviated wells.
As regards gas lift innovations, a single-
point gas lift system enhances the effec-
tiveness of wellhead compression. There
is also a dual-pocket, side pocket mandrel
that is suited for offshore, high-pressure,
deepwater and subsea installations. It is
designed to lower costs and downtime
by improving the pressure integrity of the
upper-completion wellbore environment.
Production technology

able to forced solids between the barrel Testing Center in Wyoming and the Red JAMES F. LEA teaches courses
in artificial lift and production
and the plunger on the upstroke. These Raider No. 1 test well at Texas Tech Uni- for Petroskills. He holds BS and
solids can accelerate plunger and pump versity. Furthermore, field installations MS degrees in mechanical
barrel wear, as a result of the solids sus- in the Eagle Ford shale, Hosston forma- engineering from the University
of Arkansas and a PhD from
pended in the wellbore fluids being swept tion, Permian basin, and others, have Southern Methodist University.
into the clearance between the plunger verified the performance claims stated He worked for Sun Oil as a research engineer
and barrel. Some solids can have a higher here. Samson Pump has also been award- from 1970 to 1975, taught at the University of
Arkansas from 1975 to 1978, was team leader of
Rockwell hardness than the components ed two grants from the U.S. Department production optimization and artificial lift at
of the pump, and can, therefore, abrade of Energy, plus a RPSEA (Research Part- Amoco EPTG from 1979 to 1999 and was
chairman of Texas Tech Universitys petroleum
the components during the reciprocat- nership to Secure Energy for America) engineering department from 1999 to 2006.
ing motion of the plunger entirely within Energy Award. One way to cut costs, due
the barrel. The frictional heat generated to sand problems, is to raise the pumps HERALD W. WINKLER is
by this wear can also cause the pump up the wellbore to lessen the amount of former chairman and now a
professor emeritus and
components to gall or fuse together. In solids handled by the pumps. However, research associate in Texas Tech
many cases, when these solids cause the the ability to lower the Samson Pump Universitys petroleum
plunger to seize, the barrel may also stick and produce from the pay zone, and still engineering department
located in Lubbock, Texas. He
in the tubing. These problems result in handle solids as claimed here, may allow also works as a consultant to the oil and gas
frequent pulling jobs and pump repairs. the possibility of more drawdown in sol- industry in artificial lift, specializing in gas lift.
The Samson Pump has been tested ex- ids from producing wells.
tensively at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield

Article copyright 2012 by Gulf Publishing Company. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
Not to be distributed in electronic or printed form, or posted on a website, without express written permission of copyright holder.