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Psychology 101: Developmental Psychology Theories Score:

1.Last Name, First Name

2.Systematic change in the mental processes that underlie all learning and
performance is referred to as:
A moral maturation

B cognitive development

C social-emotional development

D intellectual development

3.Which of the following advancements would be new to a child reaching the

preoperational stage?
A The ability to consider multiple aspects of a problem.

B The ability to consider past and present activities.

C The ability to experiment with circular reactions.

D The ability to calculate probabilities.

4.Sammy wants to pour the milk on his cereal all by himself. When Mommy starts
to pour the milk he puts his hands over the bowl and shouts, No, ME do it! Sammy
is MOST LIKELY in Eriksons ____ stage, and is approximately ___ years old.
A initiative vs. guilt; 3

B trust vs. mistrust; 3

C autonomy vs. shame and doubt; 2

D industry vs. inferiority; 1

5.Vygotskys emphasizes the importance of a more experienced other who serves

as a guide to provide _____ for the learner.
A scaffolding

B questioning

C disequilibrium

D motivation

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6.True/False: Susans children are all married and living a good distance from
home. Susan works as a legal secretary, and most of what she earns goes into
college funds for her 2 grandchildren. Her own children lead busy lives, with friends
and work activities occupying most of their time, so Susan volunteers one evening
each week at the Childrens Hospital, reading bedtime stories to the young children
there. Susan is BEST classified as fitting into Eriksons generatively vs. stagnation
A True

B False

7.True/False: Critics of Kohlberg claim that his theory reflects all of the following
EXCEPT an age bias.
A True

B False

8.Define: The Zone of Proximal Development.

9.List 2 characteristics of the formal operational stage, according to Erikson's Theory.

10.The man in this picture is known as "The Father of Developmental Psychology",

who is he?
A Jean Piaget

B Erik Erikson

C Sigmund Freud

D Lev Vygotsky

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11.Provide a brief summary of 4 stages in Erikson's Theory. (Choice any 4 on this

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