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Annotated Bibliography

The Special Olympics:


Sophie Dorazio, Jeremy Contreras, Tyler Grippo

Primary Sources:
"American Association of People with Disabilities." Issues: Understanding Controversy and
Society, ABC-CLIO, 2017, issues-abc-clio-xaaa.orc.scoolaid.net/Search/Display/971421.
Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.
This source goes to show us that many people are fighting for the rights of people with
disabilities. The special olympics and many organizations like this one are working to
make sure that people with disabilities are incorporated into society.

Bcgovtv. BC :: Special Olympics Athlete Interviews. YouTube, YouTube, 14 Apr. 2011,


This source allowed us to analyze interviews and understand the thoughts and feelings of
children with disabilities,etc. This interview was substantial for our research because it
clearly exemplified how the lives of children with disabilities were changed due to the
special olympics.

"Buck v. Bell (1927)." Issues: Understanding Controversy and Society, ABC-CLIO, 2017,
issues-abc-clio-xaaa.orc.scoolaid.net/Search/Display/914861. Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.
This was a supreme court case during the 1920s that dealt with people with disabilities
and bad genes and gave us the point of view of how people thought about people with
disabilities.

Carlson, Tiffiny. 6 Instances of Discrimination People with Disabilities Face Every Day. The
Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 27 Dec. 2013,
This source was helpful when we were looking for pictures of children who have
intellectual disabilities. This source allowed us to see clearly how the Special Olympics
incorporated numerous events into their competition.

"Carrying the torch: Officers will pound the pavement to raise money for Special Olympics."
Daily Gazette [Sterling, IL], 6 June 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This news describes how officers raised money for the Special Olympics which shows
the effects on society that these games have.

Dorazio, Sophia L., and Aidan Morin. The Special Olympics. 3 Dec. 2017.
This interview was very substantial for our research because it gave us a first hand
account on how the Special Olympics is conducted, how the participants feel, and how it
changes the lives of people throughout the United States. It shows the impact that the
Special Olympics had on his life (Aidan Morin) and it shows how being a volunteer and
participant changed his view on many things in life.

"Eunice Kennedy Shriver's Olympic Legacy." Morning Edition, 5 Apr. 2007. Opposing
Viewpoints in Context
This dialogue involves Shriver and her talking about how she started her movement and
why. This allowed us to analyze her work to a greater extent.
First Lady Remarks at the 2015 Special Olympics.
obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/07/26/remarks-first-lady-2015-spec
ial-olympics-opening-ceremony\.
This speech demonstrated how the First Lady believed that the special olympics was
doing an amazing thing. This speech allowed us to analyze the impact the special
olympics had on not only people with disabilities, but other mainstream people.

HISTORY | Watch Full Episodes of Your Favorite Shows. History.com, A&E Television
Networks.
This website provided us with a large amount of photos for each of our pages throughout
our website. This website gave us multiple primary sources from specific time periods,
events in history. For example, the vietnam war, the great society, and all of the games in
the Special Olympics.

"Local athletes travel to Emory for Special Olympics state games." Brunswick News [Brunswick,
GA], 19 May 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This source shows the extended effects that these games have on society and how non
disabled athletes get involved and support. This allows us to compare and contrast
between the two.

Make a Difference. Special Olympics,


mpics/Let_me_win,_but_if_I_cannot_win,_let_me_be_brave_in_the_attempt_.aspx. Quotes by
the athletes
These quotes were substantial to our research because they allowed us to analyze how
peoples lives were affected. This also showed us how important civil rights were to those
with disabilities.

Maria Shriver Special Olympics Interview. Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times,
This interview with Maria Shriver acknowledged the reasoning behind Eunice Kennedy
Shrivers decision to propose the special olympics. This source allowed us to have
background knowledge on how and why Eunice Kennedy Shriver started the special
olympics.

McCollum, Brian. "Students Knit Bond with Special Olympics Athletes." Detroit Free Press
(Detroit, MI), 29 Jan, 2009, SIRS Discoverer
This newspaper article describes how middle school kids bonded with Special Olympians
by knitting and demonstrates how these games have a far more lasting impact.

Parker, Kristi. "The joys of raising Jack: Special Olympics." Liberty Press, Nov. 2012, p. 14.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This story is about the parent of a Special Olympian named Jack and how he was raised
to be an inspiration. This shows us how the Special Olympics has a positive impact on
peoples lives.

"Penry v. Lynaugh (1989)." Issues: Understanding Controversy and Society, ABC-CLIO, 2017,
issues-abc-clio-xaaa.orc.scoolaid.net/Search/Display/915949. Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.
This court case made the death penalty legal for those who were considered mentally
retarded and discriminated against those with disabilities. This showed us the
discrimination against those with intellectual disabilities.

Posts from August 2015 on What I See ~. What I See, nickspicsblog.wordpress.com/2015/08/.


This source provided us with pictures of children and Eunice Kennedy Shriver
participating in the Special Olympics.

Quotes by Eunice Kennedy Shriver. Small Steps, Great Strides - Eunice Kennedy Shriver,
This source gave us an abundance of sources relating to Eunice Kennedy Shriver and her
work. These quotes allowed me to understand what she stood for and what she wanted to
advocate.

Rating for Special Olympics. Charity Navigator,


This source gave us pictures of Eunice Kennedy Shriver getting involved with children
who have disabilities. This source also provided us with images of children participating
in the Special Olympics.

Sean Wagner-McGough @seanjwagner . WATCH: Jamaal Charles' Touching Speech at Special


Olympics. CBSSports.com, 26 July 2015,
This speech by Jamaal Charles was very important for our research. It provided a new
outlook on how people with special needs are seen and how people should not
discriminate due to these peoples special needs. This source analyzed stereotypes and
allowed us to demonstrate the struggle people with disabilities face.

"Shriver Finds Wisdom Among The Intellectually Disabled." Weekend Edition Saturday, 15 Nov.
2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This interview with Shriver includes important dialogue about her influences and
motivation to establish the Special Olympics and how she believed it would influence
society.

Shriver, Maria. Articles for Architects of Change. Pinterest, 8 Jan. 2015,


This website listed important quotes by Maria Shriver and these quotes showed how the
United States needed a change. This was substantial to our research because it showed
how things were before and after the special olympics began.

Special Olympics Home Page. Special Olympics, www.specialolympics.org/.


This page gave us the background history of the organization and is directly from their
own organization so it gives us a way to feel connected with it. This source also gave us
numerous photos to use within our website.

Special Olympics NJ. Camp Shriver. YouTube, YouTube, 21 July 2016,


This video showed first hand accounts on the activities and establishment of Camp
Shriver. This video was very influential with our research because it showed the positive
effect that it had on those with disabilities.
Special Olympics. Special olympics all over the US,
This website depicted the oath that all special olympic athletes recite before the games
begin. This showed the seriousness within the special olympics.

Sports and Society: The Special Olympics. Sustainable Chicago Sports Project,
greenchisports.uchicago.edu/special-olympics/.
This article helps to show the importance sports can play in someone's life. It gives them
the opportunity to feel normal and that is exactly what the special olympics does.

Steindorf, Sara. "One Giant Step for Disabled Children." Christian Science Monitor, 16 Apr,
2002, SIRS Discoverer,
This article shows how disabled children were impacted in a positive way due to the
special olympics. This source allowed us to analyze the thoughts and feelings of those
children with disabilities, who felt left out.

Tim Shriver's Opening Speech. Special Olympics,


This speech was said on the opening day of the first special olympics, by Tim Shriver.
This was substantial for this project because it showed the importance and seriousness of
the issue at hands, and the need for a special olympics.

Watts, Tim. "Sargent Shriver." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2017,


americanhistory-abc-clio-xaaa.orc.scoolaid.net/Search/Display/247863. Accessed 2 Nov.
2017.
This article is written about the husband of Eunice and shows their charitable exploits and
how they have affected the lives of so many less fortunate.

Williams, Matthew. Special Olympics Let Me Be Myself -- a Champion. TED: Ideas Worth
Spreading
This TedTalk allows us to get insight on how the Special Olympics has impacted the lives
of people with intellectual disabilities. This source also allows us to get a first hand
account on how people with these disabilities feel and how they feel after getting
involved with the Special Olympics program.

Wooters, Matthew. "Competing together: a revolution of heart at the Special Olympics."


America, 18 Jan. 2016, p. 32+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This source provides a story about a first hand experience of an Olympian and how they
cheered for other teams to finish after they had finished, provides an all around
experience from first person point of view.

Secondary Sources:
A Brief History of Civil Rights in the United States: Disability Rights in the 1960s and 70s.
Guides, guides.ll.georgetown.edu/c.php?g=592919&p=4186694.
This source gave us a brief description and overview of the rights people with disabilities
had in the 1960s and the 1970s. This allowed us to analyze how times have changed.
"Attitudes Toward The Intellectually Disabled." Talk of the Nation, 11 Aug. 2009. Opposing
Viewpoints in Context
This dialogue was about the death of Shriver and the impact that she had on society with
the inclusion of the mentally disabled.

Atkin, Ross. "The Legacy of Eunice Kennedy Shriver." Christian Science Monitor, 11 Aug,
2009, SIRS Discoverer,
This source expressed all of Kennedy's hard work and dedication for the special
olympics. This website gave a lot of background information on Eunice Kennedy Shriver
and all of her work and decisions.

Barnes, Helen. "Will-Gallegos family sets great example for community." Liberty Press, May
2013, p. 12. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This article is about a family who raised a child who would go into the Special Olympics
and how much of an effect they had on their community.

Bobis, Diane. "Special Olympians Light Flame."SIRS Discoverer, Feb, 0018,


This source provided us with the oath of the Special Olympics.

Borntrager, Randy. "Compete, Empower, Unite: A Battle Cry for Inclusion."Exceptional Parent,
vol. 36, no. 10, 2006, pp. 50-53, Eric,
This source/website established a stance on the issue regarding no inclusion people
within the regular Olympics, as to why a proposal for the special olympics was created.
This was substantial for our research because it gave reasoning behind the start of the
special olympics.

Cameron, Neil. "Special Olympics: SPECIAL EFFECTS ; ++SPECIAL OLYMPICS Olympics


Set to be Glittering Success." Daily Record, Jul 04, 2005, pp. 38, ProQuest Central K-12,
This source showed how people can work to be in the special olympics and what happens
once they get accepted. This website depicted the events and strategies within the special
olympics.

DiCanio, Margaret B. "Disability Rights Movement." Issues: Understanding Controversy and


Society, ABC-CLIO, 2017, issues-abc-clio-xaaa.orc.scoolaid.net/Search/Display/1454769.
Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.
This article shows how the people with disabilities right movement has taken place. It has
been a long journey to get their rights and this article details that journey of getting these
people incorporated into society.

"Disability Rights." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2017. Opposing Viewpoints
in Context
This source provides background information about disability rights and talks about the
Special Olympics in relation to them.

Hawaleshka, Danylo. "They are the champions: winning isn't everything for Special Olympians."
Maclean's, 17 Feb. 1997, p. 66+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This article was about what the Special Olympics mean to the participants and that it is
not all about winning with them. This showed how the Special Olympics taught many life
lessons and morals through its sincere concept and activities.

Home - Eunice Kennedy Shriver. Home - Eunice Kennedy Shriver,


This source gave us the background history of Eunice Kennedy Shriver who is the
founder of the special olympics. It gives us the reasons why she made this organization
and why she made it. This source also gave me multiple pictures involving the Olympic
games and/or Eunice Kennedy Shrivers efforts to help children with intellectual
disabilities.

Ioc. Toyota Invite the World to Start Your Impossible. International Olympic Committee,
IOC, 2 Nov. 2017, www.olympic.org/.
This is the international olympic committee website and I will use this to compare the
regular olympics to the special olympics and why they had conflicts and needed to create
the new organization.

Nemeth, Mary. "For the love of sport: Special Olympians compete in Calgary." Maclean's, 26
Feb. 1996, p. 56. Opposing Viewpoints in Context
This article is about the Special Olympics in 1996 and the experience that the participants
had. This source allows us to analyze how the athletes felt and why they liked it so much.

News and Media. AAPD


This website deals with persons with disabilities and gives you an insight on how to help
them and incorporate them into society. It helps us to see how the special olympics
affects all aspects of life.

Norenberg, Amanda. "Run Speak Win." HUES, 1999, pp. 36, SIRS Discoverer,
This source assisted in getting the story of a specific person who trained and competed in
the Special Olympics. This gives us background knowledge of those who competed in the
games.

Pikocjc. The American Vintage Life in Color (40's-50's-60's). YouTube, YouTube, 6 May 2010
This YouTube video allows us to see the culture and customs of the 1960s in a brief
overview. This was substantial to our research as it allowed us to analyze the historical
context of our topic.

President and Mrs. Bush to Celebrate 'the Spirit of Special Olympics' Tonight at White House
Dinner Honoring Special Olympics Athletes." PR Newswire, Dec 13, 2001, pp. 1,
ProQuest Central K-12.
This source showed the positive impact that the special olympics had on society as a
whole. This allowed us to analyze the pros/cons of the special olympics.

Renaud, Anne. "We are the Champions!"SIRS Discoverer, 2005,


This website demonstrated how people with disabilities were acknowledged through the
special olympics. This was influential to our research as it allowed us to understand how
people with disabilities get recognition for what they do.

RevBillyRayCollins. John Williams: Olympic Fanfare and Theme. YouTube, YouTube, 28


May 2011
This source was useful for our project as it allows us to hear the olympic anthem used all
over the country.

Roswal, Glenn M., Kirsten S. Seckler, and Shavonne P. Harding. "First-Ever Special Olympics
USA National Games." Palaestra, vol. 22, no. 3, Summer, 2006, pp. 26-29,32-33,
ProQuest Central K-12,
This source listed background information on the special olympics and how it all began.
This was necessary for research as it enabled us to find cause and effect points within the
project.

Rogers, John. "Thousands of Athletes Prepare for Special Olympics this Week." King County
Journal, 20 Jul, 2015, SIRS Discoverer
This newspaper article describes how the Special Olympic games have grown and
provides important statistics on its growth.

Rothman, Michael. 2017 ESPYs: Michelle Obama Honors Late Eunice Kennedy Shriver.ABC
News, ABC News Network
This passage showed us how the special olympics and especially Eunice Kennedy Shriver
has a huge impact on todays world. She has impacted so many lives and continues to do
so.

Salsberg, Bob. "JFK's Sister Eunice Kennedy Shriver Dies at 88." Lincoln Courier (Lincoln, IL),
11 Aug, 2009, SIRS Discoverer,
This source helped with the research for this project because it showed the legacy that
Eunice Kennedy Shriver left behind after her proposal for the special olympics. This
source expressed the positive effect that her work had on the United States.

Sharp, Katie. "Understanding Mental Retardation." Current Health 2, May, 1996, pp. 23-25,
SIRS Discoverer,
This source allowed us to understand what disabilities were considered for the special
olympics and why these people were not allowed in the regular olympics.

"Special Olympian finds her place in running." Leader-Telegram [Eau Claire, WI], 13 Oct. 2017.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context,
This article provides another story of a Special Olympian and her story of how she got to
become an Olympian.
"Special Olympics." Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context, Gale, 2016. Opposing Viewpoints in
Context
This source is the website for the Special Olympics which provides statistics as well as
other information about the event. This shows the rigor and formality of the games today.

Special Olympics Make You Feel Different. The Inspiration Room, 8 Jan. 2015,
theinspirationroom.com/daily/2006/special-olympics-different/.
This passage shows the life of a special olympian. It gives you the details of how it makes
these athletes and their families feel.

"Special Olympics." World Book Student, World Book, 2017,


This source demonstrated how the special olympics was put into place and how people
adapted to this change. This was substantial for our research as it showed the opinions of
bystanders regarding the special olympics.

Storey, Keith. "The More Things Change, the More they are the Same: Continuing Concerns
with the Special Olympics." Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities
(RPSD), vol. 33, no. 3, 2008, pp. 134-142, Eric,
This source was a great article to reference when analyzing new scientific theories
regarding disabilities. This source allowed us to evaluate how the special olympics
includes all people, no matter their disability.

Zemanian, Carolyn. "A Special Olympics Tradition Continues."SIRS Discoverer, 23 Jun, 2003
This source provides an interview with a Special Olympian which helped us to get a
personal connection with the games.

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