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PROIECT ERASMUS+ 2017-1-RO01-KA102-036659

TECHNICAL ENGLISH
FINAL TEST

I. Read the following text and do tasks A and B:

A. Fill in the gaps in the text with the following words:

air; biodiesel; ratio; injection; polluting; durable; spark; diesel;


precombustion; chambers; gasoline; maintenance; sustainable

Both diesel and 1..................... engines have combustion 2. ....................... However, a diesel engine doesnt have a
3. .......................... plug. Instead, it uses hot, 4. .......................... air to ignite the fuel. The air enters the chamber first.
Then the fuel 5............................... pump forces fuel into the chamber. Some have 6.......................... chambers or
7 ............................ plugs that heat up the air to increase efficiency. In gasoline engines, on the other hand, fuel and
8. ...................... are mixed before entering the chamber, though most use a fuel injection pump as well.
9. ......................... engines also have a higher compression 10 .................... . Diesel has a bad reputation because it
doesnt burn as clean as gasoline. New clean diesel is much less 11 ........................... . And 12. ........................... offers
a 13. ................................. fuel option. Its more expensive than gasoline, but provides better fuel economy. Another
thing to remember: diesel engines require less 14. ........................... and are more 15. .............................. .

B. Mark the statements as true (T) or False (F):

1. The diesel engine has a spark plug.


2. The glow plugs increase efficiency.
3. In diesel engines fuel and air are mixed after entering the chamber.
4. Diesel engines have a lower compression ratio.
5. Biodiesel is not as cheap as gasoline.

II. Match the words on the left with the right definition on the right:

1. engine block a.causes explosion


2. connecting rod b. a hand tool that tightens and loosens nuts and bolts
3. spark plug c. an instrument panel with gauges and dials
4.wrench d. a car with a door in the back that opens upward
5. dashboard e. a part that holds wheels in place
6. tachometer f. a durable metal used to make engine blocks
7. hatchback g. a piece that connects the steering wheel to the pinion
8. spindle h. body of engine
9. steering shaft i. transfers power from piston
10. cast iron j. a gauge that shows engine rotation
III. Unjumble the words to form correct sentences:

1. vehicle/that/elevated/go/never/under/a/is/improperly
2. steel/made/the/of/ truck/of/frame/ the/ is
3. wouldnt/fluid/break/a/brake/ work/without/ hydraulic
4. up/rotates/one/of/down/and/motions/of/ set/completely/the/crankshaft/piston/the
5. spark/not/engines/do/diesel/use/plugs

IV. Answer the following questions:

1. What are some common hand tools? (give at least 5 examples)


2. What parts are included inside cars for safety?
3. What are some important exterior parts of a car?
4. What are some common types of cars?
5. What connects the steering wheel to the rest of the steering system?
BAREM/SCORE

I. A. 15 x 1 = 15p
1. gasoline 6. precombustion 11. polluting
2. chambers 7. glow 12. biodiesel
3. spark 8. air 13. sustainable
4. compressed 9. diesel 14. maintenance
5. injection 10. ratio 15. durable

B. 5 x 1p = 5p
1- F; 2-T; 3-F; 4-F; 5-T

II. 10 X 2p = 20 p
1-h; 2-i; 3- a; 4-b; 5-c; 6-j; 7-d; 8-e; 9-g; 10-f

III. 5 x 4p = 20 p

1. Never go under a vehicle that is elevated improperly.


2. The frame of the truck is made of steel.
3. Without break fluid, a hydraulic brake wouldnt work.
4. One set of down and up motions of the piston completely rotates the crankshaft.
5. Diesel engines do not use spark plugs.

IV. 30 points
1. Screwdrivers; pliers; wrenches; hammers; claw hammer; utility knife;
2. seat belt; airbag; bucket seat
3. bumper; hood; fenders; taillight; windshield; wipers; headlights; brake lights; spoiler; door
4. sedans; convertible; coupes; minivan; van; hatchback; pickup truck; sports car
5. the steering shaft

10 points granted