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Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 115 (2014) 251 257

The 5th Indonesia International Conference on Innovation, Entrepreneurship,


and Small Business (IICIES 2013)

Correlations Creativity, Intelligence, Personality, and


Entrepreneurship Achievement
Tony Antonioa, Sri Lanawatib, T.A. Wirianac, Lucya Christinad
abcdCapacity Building Center, Ciputra University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Abstract
Student profile is very significant for the education especially entrepreneurship education. Ciputra
University has designed a student profile that consist of several characters and traits that play great
roles to pursue the objective of the education process. The three main characteristics, namely
creativity, intellegence and personality are studied. The objective of the research is to look for the
correleation of the three characteristics and the entrepreneurship achievement of the student when they
graduate. It is a cross sectional study using three instruments such as Culture Free Intellegence Test
(CFIT), Verbal or Figural Creativity Test, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Test.
Descriptive analysis and Pearson correlations are used to analyze data. This research also covers all
type of graduate, ranging from business owner to those who work in a company (Business Entrepreneur
and Corporate Entrepreneur). The research shows that (1) There is no significant correlation between
creativity (CQ) and entrepreneurship achievement (EA) of the graduates; (2) There is no significant
correlations between intelligence level (IQ) and entrepreneurship achievement (EA) of the graduates;
and (3) There is a significant correlation between personality level (PQ) and entrepreneurship a
achievement (EA) of the graduates.

2013
2013The
TheAuthors.
Author.Published
Published
byby Elsevier
Elsevier Ltd.Ltd.
Selectionand
Selection and peer-review
peer-review underunder responsibility
responsibility The 5th International
of Indonesia
of The 5th Indonesian Conference
International Conference on
on Innovation,
Innovation, Entrepreneurship,
Entrepreneurship, and Small Business.
and Small Business.

Keywords: Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur Achievement, Creativity, Intellegence,


Personality

1. Introduction

Refer to the Psychology Theory, the academic and entrepreneurial achievment of people are
influenced by two factors, nature and nurture (Santrok 2002). Several important nature or genetics
factors are intellegence, personality, creativity and interest including entrepreneurship interest,
while the nurture factors is determined by the environment and the ecosystem of the surrounding.

*Corresponding Author. Tel.:+6231-745-166-9 ; fax :+6231-745-169-8


E-mail address : tonyantonio@ciputra.ac.id , lucya@ciputra.ac.id

1877-0428 The authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Selection and peer-review under responsibility of The 5th Indonesian International Conference on
Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Small Business.

1877-0428 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Selection and peer-review under responsibility of The 5th Indonesia International Conference on Innovation, Entrepreneurship,
and Small Business.
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.433