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Subject: Social Studies Type of Lesson: Group work, Discussion, Role play

Grade: 10 CSEC OBJ: Describe how political parties prepare


for elections

Term: 2 Unit Number 1 - Government


and Title:

Duration: 2 x 35 Week Number: 3

Lesson Number 8 - Select Candidate, Raise Funds and


and Title: Conduct Campaign

Objectives
As a result of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1) explain the process of selecting a candidate for the elections.
2) assess the medium through which fund raising is done.
3) demonstrate an appreciation for transparency and accountability
in election funding.

Prerequisite Student Knowledge


The student should be familiar with:
1) who a candidate is and what purpose this individual serves in the
electoral process.
2) the different type of electoral processes that are practiced in the
Caribbean specifically First Past the Post and Proportional
Representation.
3) the many party meetings that take place throughout an upcoming
election and how expensive it may be to organize some of these
staging.
4) some of the techniques used by your own politicians during an
election in order to get citizens to vote for their part to become
government.

Important Points
1) Remember that this lesson is not in isolation with the other aspects
of the electoral process and system it means therefore that a sound
understanding of the previous lessons are essential in
understanding this and the others to come.

Teacher Instructional Material 1


2) References will be made to England and their way of choosing a
candidate as well as how they go about their election campaign.
Please remember that our system is quite similar to theirs and as
such only minimal adjustments will have to be made during
discussions to ensure that students grasp the full understanding of
the process in their country.

Key Terms

campaign candidate fundraising

Challenge Areas
Unscramble the tiles to reveal a message

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Expected answer to puzzle: Candidate must raise funds in
order to have the necessary resources for their campaign trail.
Funds are needed for transportation as well as to pay Election
Day workers who are representing the party.

Equipment/Materials Needed
Computers with internet connectivity, multimedia projector, papers to
make props for the campaign, podium for speeches.

Note to Teacher
If the materials are not available improvise by using desks for the
podiums and other means of providing props for the role play.

Teachers Lesson Notes

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Introduction
1) Introductory Activity

a. Project Figure 8.1 on the screen so that students can have a


better view of its content. Use the following questions to
assist in directing the students towards the objectives of the
lesson.

Figure 8.1: Political campaigning

Notes
This picture
depicts an election
campaign. There
are two
candidates, one
representing each
major political
party. Money is
used as a
campaign strategy
to gather as many
votes as possible
to win seats and
possibly the
election.

i. Describe what you see in Figure 8.1. What evidence


can you give to support your answer?
Expected answer: The picture shows party
supporters on campaign trails. The evidence is that
supporters are dressed in their party colours and are
expressing a great sense of jubilee and excitement.
ii. Why do political parties need money for the
purpose of campaigning?
Expected answer: Political parties need money in
order to assist in transporting supporters to various
meetings and to provide refreshments for them.

Body of Lesson
1) How are candidates selected for general elections?
a. Tell students to form small groups and read the information
on the following links. Groups will then report on candidate
selection by answering the questions below.
http://suite101.com/article/selecting-election-candidates-
a54804

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This website will give specific information about Jamaica
Notes http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/elections/news/A-
Candidates must first professor--a-bishop-and-two-Delanos_10357959
be nominated usually
from members of their
political parties. i. Who is an eligible candidate?
These nominations Expected answer: An eligible candidate is one who
must be seconded
and a nomination
has the endorsement of 10 registered voters, the
form filled out by the individual has made his/her application at the
candidate to show designated location between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. and
agreement. .A fine
must be paid and is
the individual pays a nomination fee .
forfeited if the ii. How much money is paid for nomination fee in
candidate receives Jamaica?
less that 5% of the
vores on election
Expected answer: $3000.00
day.a list of 10 names
must also accompany b. Facilitate the group reporting activity. Encourage
the form as being in
support of the
discussion of the reports.
candidate.

2) How do political parties raise funds for the general election


and what is it used for?

What do you a. Divide the class into groups and assign each group a
think?
There are some
method of fund raising for a campaign. Tell students to
ways in which visit website below and try to find as many ways as
political parties raise possible that explain how political parties raise funds for
funds or get money
to fund their
their campaigns.
campaign, do you http://stacienaczelnik.hubpages.com/hub/Raise-Money-for-
think it matters how Political-Campaigns
they get their
funding as long as
they use it for the i. Direct each group to make a presentation supporting
proposed purpose? their method as the best and refuting the others.

3) What are the various forms of political campaigns and how


effective are they in getting members of the public to vote on
the day of election?

Figure 8.2: Pyramid highlighting election strategies used by


political parties to gain mass support

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a. Assign each group one of the election campaign strategies
listed in the pyramid above. Direct each group to dramatize
the operations of the strategy and highlight its benefits in
yielding greater support from the citizens of the country.

Closure
In Class Assignment

1) Complete the following puzzle: The Campaign Process Has Begun

C C A N D I D A T E
S A N E E D F I N A
N C M I N G T O C A
M P A P I G N C C G
A Y W M A B C U M V
P C M J S I Y U G Y
U W P H W Q G I I G
X L H R G Z M N Z V
S T T Z O W Y I X W
F I N A N C I N G E
C A N D I D A T E S
Y H I A A O G K K D
T P S Z X T P L M E
Q N H K R E E I H E
L K A M I O C S M N

CAMPAIGN
CANDIDATES
FINANCING

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NEED
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
1) Find the four words in the puzzle and then look for the hidden
sentence in the puzzle. The sentence is made up of the four words
and should be typed on the lines.

Expected answer: Candidates need financing to campaign


C C A N D I D A T E
S A N E E D F I N A
N C M I N G T O C A
M P A P I G N + + +
+ + + + A + + + + +
+ + + + + I + + + +
+ + + + + + G + + +
+ + + + + + + N + +
+ + + + + + + + + +
F I N A N C I N G +
C A N D I D A T E S
+ + + + + + + + + D
+ + + + + + + + + E
+ + + + + + + + + E
+ + + + + + + + + N

(Over,Down,Direction)
CAMPAIGN(1,1,SE)
CANDIDATES(1,11,E)
FINANCING(1,10,E)
NEED(10,15,N)
Candidates need financing to campaign

Supplemental
Out-of-Class Assignment
1) Complete the Worksheet below.

Worksheet 8.1

Select the correct letter that matches with the response that
correctly answers the questions below
A. DONS B. After C. Before D.transportation E. Drive
F. walk

1) It is inappropriate to take financial assistance from ______ to


finance your campaign
2) Campaigning comes _______ election day.
3) Candidates use the money from fundraising activities to assist

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with_____________________ cost.
4) House to House canvassing means politicians ___________
through the communities
5) During a motorcade politicians _________ through the
communities
Expected answers: 1) A, 2) C, 3) D, 4) F, 5) E

Glossary of Terms

Electoral fund This is a process whereby parties and candidates


raising strategize ways of getting additional funding for
their campaign

Campaign This is a process whereby political parties


engage in activities to persuade citizens to vote
for them rather than for the opposition

candidate This is an individual selected by the party to


represent a particular geographical area of the
country

CSEC Questions
1) Define the following terms
(i) Campaign
(ii)Candidate 4mks

b. Identify ONE source of funding used by political parties during its


campaign period. 1mks

c. Design a poster to persuade citizens to exercise their right to vote.


3mks
d. Suggest Three strategies that political parties can use to convince
citizens that they are transparent, accountable and the best choice to
make as representatives. 6mks
e. Explain why your strategies will work. 6mks

Recommended Materials
http://aceproject.org/ace-en/topics/pc/pcc/pcc08
Bibliography
Brathwaite. S, Reynolds P, (2004). The secondary education
certificate: social studies. Location: Publisher.

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Sandy.M.C, Grayson S.C (2000), Social Studies Essentials, Jamaica:
Carlong Publishers

Ramsawak.R, Umraw R.R, (2001), Modules in Social Studies,


Trinidad: Caribbean Educational Publishers

Ruddock L.C, Robinson-Glanville.S, (1998) Secondary Social Studies


Jamaica: Citizenship and Government, Jamaica: Carlong Publishers

Ruddock L.C, Robinson-Glanville S, (1994) New Civics for Young


Jamaicans, Jamaica: Carlong Publishers

Sandy.M, (2012) Social Studies Essentials, Jamaica Carlong


Publishers

Waterman I. L,Fisher J, (2007) CSEC Social Studies, Jamaica:


Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Sources:
Figure 8.1
Crowd for sale [Photograph]. Retrieved June 6, 2012 from
http://www.google.com.jm/search?q=cartoons+against+corruption&hl
=en&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=uAHrT8iXC
Ymo8QTPzojmBQ&ved=0CDYQ_AUoAQ&biw=764&bih=451#hl=
en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=+crowd+for+sale+in+jamican+elections&oq=
+crowd+for+sale+in+jamican+elections&gs_l=img.3...13598.20588.2.
24752.23.12.0.2.1.4.313.2343.0j5j4j1.10.0...0.0.TQJSZU_OK74&pbx
=1&fp=1&biw=1600&bih=799&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&
cad=b&sei=CBfrT7ymBo2K8QS8s6n5BQ

Figure 8.2
[Campaign strategy pyramid]. Retrieved June 5, 2012, from:
http://notesmaster.com/notes/syllabus/viewer/1192-two-types-of-
electoral-systems-of-government-in-the-commonwealth-caribbean

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