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Perhitungan untuk HT12

Xhot = 0,0375 m
Xint = 0,030 m
Xcold = 0,0375 m
Diameter = 0,025 m

1. Pengolahan data untuk bahan HT12 pada voltase 1 V, dengan kuat arus (I)
= 0.00004 A
Heat Flow
16
=

30,830,5
=
25000 ohm
= 0,00001 watt

Cross sectional area


2
=
4
(3,14)(0,025 m)2
=
4
= 0.0005 m2

Temperature difference in heated section


Thot = T1 T3
= 30,8oC 30,4oC
= 0,4 oC
Conductivity in heated section

=

0,0375 0,00001 watt
=
0,0005 2 0,4

= 0,002W/moC

Temperature difference in cooled section


Tcold = T5 T6
= 29,9 oC 30,5oC
= -0,6oC

Conductivity in cooled section



=

0,0375 0.00001 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,6)

= -0,00153 W/moC

Temperature at hotface of specimen


(T2 T3 )
T = T3
2
(31,1 30,4)
= 30,4
2

= 30,05oC

Temperature at coldface of specimen


(T5 T6 )
T = T5 +
2
(29,930,5)
= 29,9 + = 29,6oC
2
Temperature difference across specimen
Tint = Thotface Tcoldface
= 30,05oC 29,6 oC
= 0,45 oC

Conductivity in intermediate section



=

0,03m 0,00001 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,45)

= 0,0013 W/moC

1
K ratarata = (K hot + K int + K cold ) 3

1
= ( 0,002 + ( 0,0013 ) + ( 0,00153 )W/m
3

= 0,00059 W/moC

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient



=
(6 1 )
0,00001 watt
=
0,0005 2 (30,5 30,8)

= -0,0815 W/m2 oC
2. Pengolahan data untuk bahan HT12 pada voltase 2 V, dengan kuat arus
(I) = 0.00009 A

Heat Flow
16
=

33,030,5
=
22222,2 ohm

= 0,00011watt

Cross sectional area


2
=
4
(3,14)(0,025 m)2
=
4
= 0.0005 m2
Temperature difference in heated section
Thot = T1 T3
= 33,0oC 31,2oC
= 1,8 oC

Conductivity in heated section



=

0,0375 0,00011 watt
=
0,0005 2 1,8

= 0,0048 W/moC

Temperature difference in cooled section


Tcold = T5 T6
= 30,1oC 30,5oC
= -0,4oC
Conductivity in cooled section

=

0,0375 0.00011 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,4)

= -0,0215 W/moC

Temperature at hotface of specimen


(T2 T3 )
T = T3
2
(32,7 31,2)
= 31,2
2

= 30,45oC

Temperature at coldface of specimen


(T5 T6 )
T = T5 +
2
(30,1 30,5)
= 30,1 +
2

= 29,9oC

Temperature difference across specimen


Tint = Thotface Tcoldface
= 30,45oC 29,9 oC

= 0,55oC
Conductivity in intermediate section

=

0,030 m 0,00011 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,55)

= 0,012 W/moC

1
K ratarata = (K hot + K int + K cold ) 3

1
= ( 0,0048 + ( 0,012 ) + (0,0215 )W/m 3

= -0,0056 W/moC

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient



=
(6 1 )
0,00011 watt
=
0,0005 2 (30,5 33,0)

= -0,088 W/m2 oC

3. Pengolahan data untuk bahan HT12 pada voltase 3 V, dengan kuat arus
(I) = 0.00013 A

Heat Flow
16
=

34,730,9
=
23076,9 ohm

= 0,00016 watt
Cross sectional area
2
=
4
(3,14)(0,025 m)2
=
4
= 0,0005 m2
Temperature difference in heated section
Thot = T1 T3
= 34,7oC 32,0oC
= 2,7 oC

Conductivity in heated section



=

0,0375 0,00016 watt
=
0,0005 2 2,7

= 0,004W/moC

Temperature difference in cooled section


Tcold = T5 T6
= 30,6oC 30,9oC
= -0,3oC

Conductivity in cooled section



=

0,0375 0,00016 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,3)

= -0,04 W/moC
Temperature at hotface of specimen
(T2 T3 )
T = T3
2
(33,8 32,0)
= 32,0
2

= 31,1oC

Temperature at coldface of specimen


(T5 T6 )
T = T5 +
2
(30,6 30,9)
= 30,6 +
2

= 30,45oC

Temperature difference across specimen


Tint = Thotface Tcoldface
= 31,1oC 30,45 oC
= 0,65 oC

Conductivity in intermediate section



=

0,03 m 0,00016 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,65)

= 0,014 W/moC

1
K ratarata = (K hot + K int + K cold ) 3

1
= ( 0,004 + ( 0,014) + (0,04 )W/m 3

= -0,0073 W/moC
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

=
(6 1 )
0,00016 watt
=
0,0005 2 (30,9 34,7)

= -0,084 W/m2 oC

4. Pengolahan data untuk bahan HT12 pada voltase 4 V, dengan kuat arus
(I) = 0.00017 A

Heat Flow
16
=

37,531,6
=
23529,4 ohm

= 0,00025 watt
Cross sectional area
2
=
4
(3,14)(0,025 m)2
=
4
= 0.0005 m2
Temperature difference in heated section
Thot = T1 T3
= 37,5oC 34,0oC
= 3,5 oC

Conductivity in heated section



=

0,0375 0,00025 watt


= = 0,0053 W/moC
0,0005 2 3,5
Temperature difference in cooled section
Tcold = T5 T6
= 31,8oC 31,6oC
= 0,2oC

Conductivity in cooled section



=

0,0375 0,00025 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,2)

= 0,093 W/moC

Temperature at hotface of specimen


(T2 T3 )
T = T3
2
(36,8 34,0)
= 34,0
2

= 32,6oC

Temperature at coldface of specimen


(T5 T6 )
T = T5 +
2
(31,8 31,6)
= 31,8 +
2

= 31,9oC

Temperature difference across specimen


Tint = Thotface Tcoldface

= 32,6oC 31,9 oC = 0,7oC


Conductivity in intermediate section

=

0,030 m 0,00025 watt
=
0,0005 2 (0,7)

= 0,0214 W/moC

1
K ratarata = (K hot + K int + K cold ) 3

1
= ( 0,0053 + ( 0,0214) + ( 0,093) W/m 3

= 0,039 W/moC

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient



=
(6 1 )
0,00025 watt
=
0,0005 2 (31,6 37,5)

= -0,084 W/m2 oC