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High Pressure System Boiler Water Chemical Dosing Calculations (Coal F


Started by S.win, Nov 24 2016 11:17 PM
trisodium phosphate, neutral amine, carbohydrazide, blowdown, residual phosphate, power plant, coal, high pressure boiler,

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Posted 24 November 2016 - 11:17 PM


S.win

Hello,

Good day everyone.

Recently working in a coal fired power plant industry (HP system). I just want to ask if there are calculations for dosing the
right amount of chemicals such as TRISODIUM PHOSPHATE, NEUTRAL AMINE, and CARBOHYDRAZIDE with respect to
the parameters (temperature, pressure, flow, pH, conductivity, load, etc) monitored in the boiler.

Just would like to have an idea in which I could calculate the right chemical dosings and later plot the actual performance
such as residual phosphate, residual carbohydrazide and the like with respect to the monitored parameters so that I could
come up with a trend.

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In the power plant where I am currently working now does not have any calculations for dosing the right amount of chemicals
but rather depend on estimations only. Well, estimations would be okay for basis of the adjustments but would also like to
know the calculations for dosing the right amount so that I could relate also the estimations on the chemical adjustments
with respect to the calculated values.

Hoping for your positive response.

Thank you in advance.

Posted 25 November 2016 - 12:13 AM


-G-

Hi there,

I work in a CHP plant which produces HP (130 bar) and MP (15bar) steam. Our amine dosing pump is controlled by feed
water flow rate, we then make sure that the feed/boiler water pH is in the correct range. We only dose phosphate to our MP
drum.

We had this from a recent water chemistry audit....

For feedwater dosing, a target pH of 9.4-9.6 should be set (with either ammonia or proprietary amine dosing). This is
equivalent to a Specific Conductivity of 7-11 S/cm. Amine dosing should then be controlled to Specific Conductivity as this
is generally a more reliable measurement than pH in high purity waters.

For the boiler waters, chemical targets are more difficult to establish as they depend on knowing the concentrations of
alkalising chemicals to be achieved and determining the equivalent pH and Specific Conductivity ranges. For the Medium
Pressure drum, a combination of phosphate, caustic, ethanolamine, methoxypropylamine and organic acids from amine
decomposition could be present, so this is not straightforward. For FAC control in the Medium Pressure boiler water,
chemical conditioning with tri-sodium phosphate to achieve a target concentration of 3-6 mg/l as PO4 would normally be
recommended, which corresponds to a boiler water pH of 9.5-9.8 and a Specific Conductivity of 15-30 S/cm. However,
these targets may not be appropriate for the current chemical blends.

For the High Pressure boiler water, a pH target of 9.2-9.5 would be more appropriate.

In the past we have always gone by pH, if it goes out of range we manually adjust to get the desired pH, but according to this
specific conductivity is best used to control amine dosing.

Hope this helps.

Edited by -G-, 25 November 2016 - 12:17 AM.

Posted 25 November 2016 - 09:54 AM


breizh

Hi ,

https://www.gewater....dbook/index.jsp (https://www.gewater.com/handbook/index.jsp)

Take a look at this handbook .

you should consider to talk to the Chemicals supplier for your boiler house , they are supposed to help you and provide
technical assistance .

Breizh

Posted 29 November 2016 - 10:39 AM


S.win

Thank you all for your feedback. i will try to understand more of it.

To -G-: in the power plant where i'm working, they're also basing their adjustments on the conductivity readings (both
specific & cationic) especially the amine dosing and phosphate with additional residual phosphate reading. However i'm still
looking for a guide as to the theoretical calculation of all chemical dosing system and later relate it to the adjustment done by
basing only on the conductivity.

To breizh: thank you for the provided link. I've partly read it and i do hope i can find some useful infos which i can apply here
in the operation and control of chemical dosing system.

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