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INTRODUCTION:-

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human
pilot aboard. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS); which include a
UAV, a ground-based controller, and a system of communications between the two. The flight of
UAVs may operate with various degrees of autonomy: either under remote control by a human
operator or autonomously by onboard computers.[1]
Compared to manned aircraft, UAVs were originally used for missions too "dull, dirty or
dangerous for humans. While they originated mostly in military applications, their use is rapidly
expanding to commercial, scientific, recreational, agricultural, and other applications such as
policing, peacekeeping, and surveillance, product deliveries, aerial photography, agriculture,
smuggling, and drone racing. Civilian UAVs now vastly outnumber military UAVs, with
estimates of over a million sold by 2015, so they can be seen as an early commercial application
of Autonomous Things, to be followed by the autonomous car and home robots.
Multiple terms are used for unmanned aerial vehicles, which generally refer to the same concept.
The term drone, more widely used by the public, was coined in reference to the resemblance of
the sound, of navigation and loud-and-regular motor of old military unmanned aircraft, to
the male bee. The term has encountered strong opposition from aviation professionals and
government regulators.
The term unmanned aircraft system (UAS) was adopted by the United States Department of
Defense (DoD) and the United States Federal Aviation Administration in 2005 according to their
Unmanned Aircraft System Roadmap 20052030. The International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO) and the British Civil Aviation Authority adopted this term, also used in the
European Union's Single-European-Sky (SES) Air-Traffic-Management (ATM)
Research (SESAR Joint Undertaking) roadmap for 2020. This term emphasizes the importance
of elements other than the aircraft. It includes elements such as ground control stations, data
links and other support equipment. A similar term is an unmanned-aircraft vehicle
system (UAVS) remotely piloted aerial vehicle (RPAV), remotely piloted aircraft
system (RPAS). Many similar terms are in use.
A UAV is defined as a "powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator, uses
aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift, can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely, can be
expendable or recoverable, and can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload. Therefore, missiles are
not considered UAVs because the vehicle itself is a weapon that is not reused, though it is also
unmanned and in some cases remotely guided.
The relation of UAVs to remote controlled model aircraft is unclear. UAVs may or may not
include model aircraft. Some jurisdictions base their definition on size or weight, however, the
US Federal Aviation Administration defines any unmanned flying craft as a UAV regardless of
size. For recreational uses, a drone (as opposed to a UAV) is a model aircraft that has first person
video, autonomous capabilities or both.
Block Diagram:-

Remote
Control
Supply Communicat
ion Module Data
Link

Sensors Actuator

Working Principle:-
First of all we connect the battery to the motors. Motors are connected with fans. we also connect
the LED to the power supply.
The fans apply the pressures so that drone fly up.
Application:-
There are so many application of drone.

1. Aerospace :- A helicopter UAV has been proposed to accompany a future NASA


Mars rover mission. Investigators believe a solar-powered craft would be able to fly for a
few minutes at a time despite the thin atmosphere of the planet, and help the rover scout
out interesting destinations
2. Military :- UAVs are used by a broad range of military forces, from Argentina[100] to
the US and also by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).
3 Reconnaissance:- In 2013, the U.S. Navy launched a UAV from a submerged
submarine, the first step to "providing mission intelligence, surveillance and
reconnaissance capabilities to the U.S. Navy's submarine force.

Cost of the Project :-


Sr. No. Equipment Name Quantity Cost
1 BATTERY 6 90
2 MOTOR 4 120
3 WOOD STICK 4 4
4 Connecting wire 6 20
5 Led cable 1 50
6 Fan 4 100
Total 384
Snapshot of the project:-

Conclusion:-
In this project we design the drone which consists of LEDs battery and fan