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CORPORATE STANDARD CPS0098

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY


Date issued: 31 May 2012
Supersedes: CPS0098, 16 December 2009
Implementing divisions: Kenworth Truck Company, Peterbilt Motors Company, PACCAR Technical Center,
Dynacraft

NOTE Substantive changes from the previous version are indicated by a vertical line in the left margin.

1 Scope
This standard specifies the requirements for product identification and traceability, that is, the ability to identify a
part and its origin.

2 Field of application
This standard is applicable to non-legacy parts and assemblies for use on vehicles manufactured or assembled
at the facilities of the PACCAR implementing divisions. Legacy parts may comply with this standard or the
implementing division’s active part identification and traceability standard.

When this standard is referenced on a PACCAR implementing division document, the requirements stipulated
herein shall apply unless otherwise specified on the document. Any agreements in place prior to a revision of
this standard shall not be bound by the requirements added to or removed from this standard except by a
subsequent agreement in writing between the parties.

3 References

4.1 PACCAR documents


• CPS0043, PACCAR Corporate Logo for Parts Identification

4.2 Other references


• Fastener Quality Act
• PL 104-121
• SAE J1344, Marking of Plastic Parts

4 Definitions
4.1
assembly
a fabrication of two or more parts. The parts could be either separable and purchasable or inseparable and not
for individual purchase, or the parts could be assembled together for manufacturing installation, but not
otherwise available for purchase as an assembly.

4.2
base number
the numerals that precede the second dash character
Page 1 of 11
© 2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. The information contained herein is proprietary to PACCAR Inc and shall not be reproduced,
copied, or disclosed in whole or in part, or used for manufacture or any other purpose, without the written permission of PACCAR Inc.
The only controlled version is that viewed electronically on the designated PACCAR intranet site.
PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

EXAMPLE For part number A85-1000-1234, the base number is A85-1000.

4.3
constituent parts of assemblies
separable, purchasable parts of assemblies that are identified by a unique part number

4.4
legacy part
As used in this standard, a part, assembly design, or tooling lineup (tools required to produce the part) in
production before 1 December 2009

4.5
nonproprietary part
a part that does not comply with the definition in section 4.6

4.6
PACCAR proprietary part
a part that meets one or more of the following criteria:
• It is designed entirely by a division of PACCAR.
• It is defined on a controlled document marked as proprietary, published by a division of PACCAR.
• It references intellectual property that makes the part exclusive to PACCAR, although the part might not be
designed entirely by PACCAR or its divisions.
• It is made using tooling owned by PACCAR.

4.7
part
as used in this standard, a part identified by a unique part number or an assembly identified by an assembly part
number

4.8
QAC
quality assurance code, which is dependent on the potential risk level of a part or assembly. QAC levels range
from QAC 1, the highest risk level, to QAC 4, the lowest risk level

4.9
tier 1 supplier
a supplier from which an implementing division of PACCAR purchases a part or assembly

4.10
tier 2 supplier
a supplier from which a tier 1 supplier purchases a part or assembly for subsequent delivery to an implementing
division of PACCAR, regardless of whether the part or assembly is modified in any way by the tier 1 supplier

5 Traceability requirements

5.1 General

To help determine traceability requirements for a part, use the decision flowchart in Figure 1.
• The recyclability code shall be marked on all plastic parts as specified in section 5.2.
• Lot identification shall be required on all QAC 1 and QAC 2 parts as specified in section 5.3.

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 2 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

• Regulatory markings shall be required on all parts as specified in section 5.4.


• Traceability markings required as specified in section 5 shall be marked as specified in section 6.
• Traceability marking exceptions shall be as specified in section 5.10.

Figure 1 — Decision flowchart

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 3 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

5.2 Recyclability code for plastic parts

Recyclability shall be marked in accordance with SAE J1344.

If the marking location is not shown on the part drawing, the supplier shall locate the mark in an unobtrusive
location where it will remain legible for the life of the part. (See recommendations in SAE J1344.)

Recyclability markings shall not be required on parts that are too small to mark legibly or when they cannot be
marked without degrading the function or cosmetic quality of the part, for example, plastic lenses used for
illumination of instruments. Also, recyclability markings shall not be required for vinyl upholstery fabrics, foam
insulation, film parts—such as labels—and small, off-the-shelf, plastic parts, such as fasteners, clips, pipe
fittings, electrical switches and plugs, tie straps, or similar parts.

5.3 Lot identification

For QAC 1 and QAC 2 parts and assemblies, the supplier shall provide a marking means for identifying parts by
production lots, such as manufacturing date (shift/DD/month/year), shipping date, lot number, batch number, or
other effective means. The implementing divisions’ in-house manufactured parts shall have the manufacturing
date (shift/DD/month/year).

Lot identification shall include, where applicable, proof of chemical composition, mechanical properties, phase
and grain structure data, heat-treatment history, and the manufacturing process.

5.4 Regulatory requirements

In addition to the requirements specified in this standard, suppliers shall conform to marking and traceability
requirements of FMVSS and other applicable government regulations (including, but not limited to, Fastener
Quality Act, PL 104-121, country of origin, and so forth).

5.5 PACCAR proprietary parts

5.5.1 General

Unless otherwise specified on the part drawing or documented as an approved exception in this standard, the
following traceability information shall be marked in accordance with the marking requirements specified in
section 6:
• PACCAR part number
• PACCAR part revision level as specified in section 5.5.2
• PACCAR supplier code (In-house manufactured parts shall have the plant code letter.)
• Trademark in accordance with section 7

Specific supplier information, such as a supplier name or supplier logo, shall not be marked on PACCAR
proprietary parts unless authorized in writing by PACCAR implementing division’s engineering.

Authorization shall be maintained by the supplier and submitted prior to PPAP (Production Parts Approval
Process) submission and subsequent production use.

5.5.2 Part revision level

Traceability information associated with the part revision level shall comply with the following requirements:

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 4 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

• The revision letter alone shall not be marked as part of the part number, such as a suffix.
• The preferred marking style is Rev X, where X is the revision letter.
• Use Rev A for the initial release of a proprietary drawing. Proprietary drawings began using an initial release
at Rev A in October of 2010. Earlier drawings used Rev – to designate the initial release.
• When space is not available for the preferred marking, /X or (X) or similar marking may be used.
• Revision letter marking is not required on parts made from hard tooling built before 19 September 1996 (for
example, metal molds and dies).

5.6 Nonproprietary parts

Unless otherwise specified on the part drawing, the following traceability information shall be marked in
accordance with the marking requirements specified in section 6:
• Supplier part number
• Supplier part revision level
• PACCAR supplier code (in-house manufactured parts shall have the plant code letter)

A part purchased as a PACCAR part number that is considered to be a nonproprietary part shall have the
PACCAR part number, revision level, and, if applicable, the lot identification, in accordance with section 5.3,
marked on the container or container label.

5.7 Tier 2 suppliers traceability requirements

When a tier 1 supplier provides product from a tier 2 supplier to an implementing division of PACCAR and the
product is not modified in any way by the tier 1 supplier, full traceability information, as specified in section 5,
from the tier 2 supplier is acceptable. In such cases, at a minimum, full traceability information from the tier 1
supplier shall be marked on the container(s).

When a tier 1 supplier provides product from a tier 2 supplier to an implementing division of PACCAR and the
product is modified in any way by the tier 1 supplier, full traceability information, as specified in section 5, shall
be provided from the tier 1 supplier.

If a tier 2 supplier has not been assigned a PACCAR supplier code, then the tier 2 supplier shall mark the tier 1
supplier’s PACCAR supplier code on the part.

When tier 2 supplier traceability information is used, it is the responsibility of the tier 1 supplier to ensure that the
markings conform to the traceability requirements defined in this standard.

5.8 Assemblies

5.8.1 General

An assembly purchased by PACCAR under a PACCAR assembly part number shall be marked with the
traceability markings required in section 5 and shall be marked as specified in section 6.

When an assembly is purchased as an assembly only for installation at a PACCAR manufacturing facility (that
is, the individual components are purchased separately for service requirements), the assembly number may be
marked in a temporary manner (for example, a tag) such that each assembly is identifiable after it is removed
from its container. In this case, assembly traceability markings other than the assembly part number are not
required; however, the individual components of the assembly must have full traceability.

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 5 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

5.8.2 Constituent parts of assemblies

The constituent parts of an assembly shall be marked with the traceability markings required in section 5 and
shall be marked as specified in section 6, except when the constituent parts are purchased by PACCAR
(including service parts) only in assemblies (for example, electrical connectors that are incorporated in wiring
assemblies), in which case, marking of the constituent parts is at the supplier’s option.

Constituent parts of QAC 1 and QAC 2 assemblies that are separable, purchasable parts, identified by a unique
part number (that is, a different base number than the assembly’s base number, as defined in section 4.1), shall
be traceable parts and shall be marked with the traceability markings required in section 5 and shall be marked
as specified in section 6. In addition, the requirements for lot identification, as specified in section 5.3, also apply
to all constituent parts that are separable, purchasable parts, identified by a unique part number.

Constituent parts of an assembly that are made of plastic shall conform to the recyclability markings
requirements of section 5.1.

5.9 Line sequenced parts

For parts purchased using chassis-specific information, in which the part definition is communicated to the
supplier via EDI transmission or equivalent, the part traceability marking requirements shall include the chassis
serial number, chassis sequence information, and implementing division’s final assembly plant location, in
addition to the traceability information specified in section 5.

5.10 Approved exceptions to required traceability information

5.10.1 General

Suppliers using any exceptions allowed herein shall provide a written explanation when submitting PPAPs to
PACCAR. All other exceptions require the implementing division’s engineering approval prior to PPAP
submission and subsequent production use.

5.10.2 Raw materials

For raw materials, such as aluminum extrusions, that are furnished under PACCAR part numbers, the supplier
ID number, PACCAR part number, revision letter, and lot identification shall be marked on the container label.

5.10.3 Size or material limitations

When it is not practical to place all of the required traceability information on the part, due to part size or other
part characteristics, the part shall be marked with as much of the required information as practical, with the
order of preference as shown in Table 1. In such cases, the entire required traceability information shall be
marked on the container label.

Table 1 — Traceability information priority


Priority Marking information
1 PACCAR part number
2 Supplier code
3 Lot traceability
4 Revision
5 Recyclability code
6 Trademark

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 6 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

5.10.4 Identification, warning, and gauge labels

The part number may be truncated to include, at a minimum, the part number suffix (with dash number if used).
If the label has a PACCAR part number, the number must be preceded by a letter.

EXAMPLE S53-1001 becomes S-1001

The part revision level is not required.

An alternate code preceding the part number may be used in place of the PACCAR supplier code as follows:

Supplier Alternate identification code


EXAMPLE Ampco Manufacturers Inc. One dot preceding the part number
●S53-1234

The complete PACCAR part number, revision level, PACCAR supplier code, and lot identification (for QAC 1
and QAC 2 parts) are required on the packaging.

The recyclability code and the trademark are not required.

6 Part-marking requirements

6.1 General

Traceability marks shall be permanent and remain legible for the life of the part.

The character height of the characters (see Figure 2) shall be as large as practical (commensurate with part
size), with a maximum dimension of 7.9 mm (0.3125 in.) and a minimum dimension of 3.2 mm (0.125 in.).
Trademark logo dimensions shall be as shown in Figure 2.

Approved marking methods shall include but not be limited to etching, embossing, molding, and stamping.

Marking method shall not adversely affect part function or performance.

Stamped marks shall not be so deep or located such that stress concentration occurs.

If the marking location is not shown on the part drawing, the supplier shall locate the mark in an unobtrusive
location where it will remain legible for the life of the part. Externally visible parts intended for use in the cab or
as parts that form the external shape of the vehicle (for instance, hoods, fairings, roofs, chromed parts, and so
forth) shall be marked in a location such that no marks are visible on the finished (painted or polished)
assembly.

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PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

Figure 2 — Preferred arrangement and layout (see Table 2 for dimensional tolerances)

Table 2 — Tolerance Table (select one row for dimensioning scheme)

6.2 Text arrangement and layout

Unless otherwise specified on the drawing, for all PACCAR proprietary parts (except identification, warning, and
gage labels), traceability information shall be arranged as illustrated in Figure 2 whenever possible. Figure 3
shows an example of correctly arranged traceability information according to the preferred arrangement.

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 8 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

If the preferred text arrangement and layout in accordance with this section are not feasible, then an alternate
arrangement, as shown in Figure 4, may be used. Figure 5 is an example of traceability information correctly
arranged in accordance with Figure 4.

Approved exceptions to part-marking requirements are specified in section 6.4.

Figure 3 — Preferred arrangement and layout example

Figure 4 — Alternate arrangement and layout

Figure 5 — Alternate arrangement and layout example

6.3 Additional marking requirements for PACCAR designed castings and forgings

Marks shall be formed as part of the casting or forging by the use of raised or depressed characters. The marks
shall be located where they will not interfere with the function of the part and where they will not be removed by
subsequent processing of the part. In addition to the traceability information requirements described in section 5,
markings shall include the mold number for multiple cavity molds or dies.

In addition to the markings of section 6, when a raw casting/forging has a different finished (machined) part
number, means must be provided for the second part number and revision letter, as follows:

• When the finished part is produced by the same supplier as is the raw casting or forging, the finished part
number and revision letter may be cast or forged into the part instead of the raw casting or forging number,
or a raised boss may be provided for stamping the finished part number and revision letter.
• When the finished part is machined by a tier 2 supplier, the casting/forging supplier shall provide a raised
boss or bosses of sufficient size to allow stamping of the finished part number, revision level, and tier 2
supplier code.

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 9 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

6.4 Approved exceptions

6.4.1 General

Suppliers using any exceptions allowed herein shall provide a written explanation when submitting PPAPs to
PACCAR and subject to PACCAR QA approval. All other exceptions require the implementing division’s
engineering approval prior to PPAP submission and subsequent production use.

6.4.2 Part-marking methods

6.4.2.1 General

If an approved marking method in accordance with section 6 is not feasible, the preferred alternate marking
method of printing or painting is acceptable providing that the marking meets all other requirements of section 6.

If an approved or preferred alternate marking method is not feasible, stamped or printed labels attached with
adhesive may be used as a marking method provided that the marking meets all other requirements of
section 6. In such cases, waterproof adhesives and label materials are required. Additionally, if a part requires
painting at a facility of a PACCAR implementing division, the traceability marking labels shall remain affixed to
the part and legible after the paint process. The paint process includes, degreasing, painting, and curing in
temperatures up to 105 °C (221 °F).

When conventional marking methods are not feasible because of part size, material, or space limitations,
stamped or embossed metal tags may be used.

When none of the preferred or alternate part-marking methods listed herein is possible because of part size or
other part characteristics, the part-marking requirements may be applied to the container label.

6.4.2.2 Line-sequenced parts

The chassis serial number, chassis sequence information, and implementing division’s final-assembly plant
location information that is required for line-sequenced parts may be marked using temporary methods.

6.4.3 Text arrangement and layout

If the preferred or an approved alternate text arrangement and layout are not practical, then the arrangement
and layout may be altered as necessary, but it should be as close to the preferred or approved alternate text
arrangement and layout as practical without eliminating any of the required traceability markings specified in
section 5.

6.4.4 Text and trademark size

If the minimum trademark size (H1 dimension) listed in Figure 2, Figure 4, and Table 2 is not practical, then H1
may be reduced in size, but it shall be as large as practical.

6.4.5 Small round metal tubes or pipes

If the supplier’s primary marking method used for marking the logo on a round tube surface with diameters less
than 130 mm cannot accurately produce a logo, then the requirement for addition of the logo will be waived per
the requirements in section 6.4.1.

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 10 of 11


PACCAR CORPORATE STANDARD

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY Number: CPS0098


Date issued: 31 May 2012

6.4.6 Chromed pipes and parts

Chromed pipes and parts or other similar processes where external surface finish is critical are exempted from
permanent marking if there are no available unobtrusive surfaces for marking. In those cases, parts may be
marked with labels or with packaging.

7 Trademark

7.1 Application

The PACCAR trademark as defined in CPS0043 (see Figure 6) shall be marked on all proprietary parts unless a
trademark, as defined by an implementing division’s standard, is specified on the drawing.

Each implementing division’s trademark shall be as specified in the implementing division’s trademark standard
or as specified on the implementing division’s drawing.

7.2 Approved exceptions to trademark application

Suppliers using any exceptions allowed herein shall provide a written explanation when submitting PPAPs to
PACCAR. All other exceptions require the implementing division’s engineering approval prior to PPAP
submission and subsequent production use.

When a solid trademark in accordance with section 7.1 is not practical because of the marking method, the
trademark outline (see Figure 6) may be used instead.

If a part or assembly was designed and the tooling order was released before January 23, 2008, and CS0098 is
the only part marking standard called out on the drawing, then application of the PACCAR logo is not required.

Figure 6 — Outlined/dot matrix trademark examples

©2012 PACCAR Inc. All rights reserved. Page 11 of 11