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Subject

Stream

Serial No.

Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

Chapter 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.7

Chapter 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.10
3.11
3.12

Chapter 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.8
4.9

Chapter 5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.6.5

Chapter 6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6

Chapter 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.7
7.7.1
7.7.2
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17

Chapter 8
8.1
8.2
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.4
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
Chapter 9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.4
9.5
9.6

Chapter 10
10.1
10.2
10.2.1
10.2.2
10.2.3
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.4
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.5

Chapter 11
11.1
11.2
11.2.1
11.2.2
11.2.3
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10
11.11
11.12
Chapter 12
12.1
12.2
12.2.1
12.2.2
12.2.3
12.2.4
12.2.5
12.2.6
12.2.7
12.2.8
12.2.9
12.2.10
12.2.11
12.2.12
12.2.13
12.2.14
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.5.1
12.5.2
12.5.3
12.5.4
12.5.6
12.5.7
12.6
12.7
12.7.1
12.7.2
12.7.3
Fluid Mechanics
2017
Mechanical Engineering

Chapter/Topics/Subtopic Names Set 1

Introduction and Fluid Properties


Solids and Fluids
Ideal and Real Fluids
Continuum
Density, Specific Weight and specific gravity
Viscosity
Surface Tension and Capillarity
Excessive pressure inside a bubble, droplet and jet
Evaporability and Vapor pressure
Newtonian & Non-Newtonian Fluids

Fluid Statics
Pressure
Pascal's Law
Hydrostatic Law: Pressure-density-depth relationship
Pressure variation for compressible fluids
Forces on submerged surfaces & centre of pressure
horizontal Planar surfaces
vertical planar surface
inclined planar surface
curved surface
Buoyancy
Archemedes principle
Equillibrium of submerged bodies
Equilibrium of floating bodies & metacenter
Fluid mass in relative equillibrium

Fluid Kinematics
Description & Classification of Fluid flow
Streamlines, Streaklines and Pathlines
Mathematical Description of flow
Lagrangian Method
Eulerian Method 32
Motion of a Fluid Particle along a curved path: Normal and Tangential Acceleration
Flow rate and Continuity equation (Conservation of mass)
Rotational flow, Rotation and vorticity
Stream function
Potential function & potential lines
Cauchy Riemann equations & orthogonality of streamlines and equipotential lines
Circulation
Flow nets

Fluid Dynamics
Euler's Equation along a streamline
Euler's Equation in Cartesian Coordinates
Bernoulli's Equation
Integration of Euler's Equation for 1D Flow 8
Principle of Energy Conservation
Bernoulli's Equation from Steady flow Equation
For real fluids
Impulse Momentum Relationship
Correction factors for Momentum & Energy
Moment of Mmentum
Vortex motion
Free Vortex Motion
Forced Vortex Flow
Rotation of a fluid in a closed cylindrical vessel
Radial flow

Dimensional Analysis and Simultitude


Dimensional Homogenity
Dimensional Analysis
Rayleigh's Method
Buckingham's pi theorem
Model Studies
Similitude
Dimensionless Numbers
Reynolds Number
Froude Number
Mach Number
Weber Number
Euler Number

Laminar Viscous Flow


Reynold's Number
Navier Stokes Equation
Relationship between shear stress and pressure gradient
Uni-directional Laminar flow between parallel plates
Laminar Flow in Circular Pipes: Hagen Poiseuille flow
Miscellaneous

Turbulence and Turbulent Flow through pipes


Growth of instability and transition from laminar to turbulence 6
Effects of Turbulence
Classification of Turbulence
Intensity and Scale of Turbulence
Reynold's Equation of Turbulence
Turbulence Modelling
Boussinesq Eddy Viscosity Concept
Prandtl Mixing Length Concept
Von-Karman Similarity Concept
Flow losses in pipes
Head losses due to friction: Darcy equation and Chezy Equation 31
Minor losses
Pipes in series and parallel
Equivalent Pipe Concept
Hydraulic Energy and Total Energy Lines
Flow through nozzles
Water Hammer
Prandtl Velocity Distribution
Hydraulically Smooth and Rough pipes
Velocity Distribution for smooth pipes
Velocity Distribution for rough pipes
Friction Factors

Boundary layer
Description of Boundary Layer
Boundary layer parameters
Boundary Layer Thickness
Displacement Thickness
Momentum Thickness
Energy Thickness
Prandtl's Boundary Layer Equation
Blassius Solution for Laminar Boundary Layer Flows
Von-Karman Momentum Integral Equation
Laminar Boundary Layer
Turbulent Boundary Layer
Boundary Layer Seperation
Measurements
Density & Specific Gravity Measurements
Viscosity Measurement
Pressure measurement
Piezometer
Manometers
Pitot Tube (Velocity Measurement)
Venturimeter (Flow measurements)
Orificemeter (Flow measurements)

Impact of Free jets


Impulse-Momentum Principle
Jet impingement upon a flat plate
stationary flat plate
hinged plate
moving plate
Jet impingement upon centre of a vane
stationary vane
moving vane
Jet impinging tangentially at the tip of the vane
stationary vane
moving vane
Jet propulsion of ships

Turbines
Classification of Turbines
Pelton Turbines
Work done and efficiency
Effective head and availaible power
Design Aspects
Radial flow Impulse Turbine
Francis Turbine
Kaplan and Propeller Turbine
Draft Tube
Unit Quantities, specific speed and Model Relationships
Scale effect
Cavitation
Degrees of Reaction
Performance Characteristics
Surge Tanks
Pumps
Pump Classification and Selection Criteria 9
Centrifugal pumps
Classification of Centrifugal pumps
Pressure changes in a pump
Velocity vector Diagrams and work done
Vane shape
Pump losses and effeciencies
Pressure rise in impellar
Minimum spped to deliver liquid
Design Considerations
Loss of head due to change in flow
multistage pumps
Similarity reactions and specific speeds
Cavitation and Maximum Suction Lift
Priming
Performance characteristics
Axial Flow pump
Submersible pump
Reciprocating pump
Operation
Discharge coefficient volumetric efficiency and slip
Work and power input
Effect of acceleration on indicator diagram
Effect of friction
Effect of air vessels
Centrifugal pumps vs reciprocating pumps
Rotary Displacement pumps
Gear pumps
Vane pumps
Axial Piston Pumps
2017 2016 2015 2014

Set 2 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 1

39
14

41

14 15
16

48

14

13

13 49

13
12

14

40

43

40 9 45
39 41

6 40 44

22

40 41 52

7
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39 39
36
53

40
40 34

19

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2014 2013 2012

Set 2 Set 3 Set 4 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 4 Set 1

17

43 30 41 32

41

43

14

14
43 29 44 34 40 40

15

14
43 7 19 7 19

45 5

45 30
46 18 8 21 5

16

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2010 2009 2008 2007

Set 2 Set 3 Set 3 Set 4

12

80 & 81 8

15
37 27

40

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38

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32

7, 76 & 77
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29

33
Subject
Stream

Serial No.

Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

Chapter 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.7

Chapter 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.10
3.11
3.12

Chapter 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.8
4.9

Chapter 5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.6.5

Chapter 6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6

Chapter 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.7
7.7.1
7.7.2
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17

Chapter 8
8.1
8.2
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.4
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
Chapter 9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.4
9.5
9.6

Chapter 10
10.1
10.2
10.2.1
10.2.2
10.2.3
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.4
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.5

Chapter 11
11.1
11.2
11.2.1
11.2.2
11.2.3
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10
11.11
11.12
Chapter 12
12.1
12.2
12.2.1
12.2.2
12.2.3
12.2.4
12.2.5
12.2.6
12.2.7
12.2.8
12.2.9
12.2.10
12.2.11
12.2.12
12.2.13
12.2.14
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.5.1
12.5.2
12.5.3
12.5.4
12.5.6
12.5.7
12.6
12.7
12.7.1
12.7.2
12.7.3

chapter-12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.8.1
12.8.2
12.9
12.9.1
12.9.2
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
12.15
12.16

Chapter-13
13.1
13.1.1
13.2
13.2.1
13.2.2
13.2.3
13.2.4
13.3
13.3.1
13.3.2
13.3.3
13.3.4
13.4
13.4.1
13.4.2
13.4.3
13.4.4
13.4.5
13.4.6
13.5
13.6
13.6.1
13.6.2
13.6.3
13.6.4
13.7
13.7.1
13.7.2
13.7.3
13.7.4
13.7.5
13.7.6
13.8
13.8.1
13.9
13.1O
13.10.1
13.11
13.11.1
13.11.2
13.11.3
13.11.4
13.11.5
13.12
13.12.1
13.12.2
13.12.3
13.12.4
13.12.5
13.13
Fluid Mechanics
2017
Civil Engineering

Chapter/Topics/Subtopic Names Set 1

Introduction and Fluid Properties


Solids and Fluids
Ideal and Real Fluids
Continuum
Density, Specific Weight and specific gravity
Viscosity
Surface Tension and Capillarity
Excessive pressure inside a bubble, droplet and jet
Evaporability and Vapor pressure
Newtonian & Non-Newtonian Fluids

Fluid Statics
Pressure
Pascal's Law
Hydrostatic Law: Pressure-density-depth relationship
Pressure variation for compressible fluids
Forces on submerged surfaces & centre of pressure
horizontal Planar surfaces
vertical planar surface
inclined planar surface
curved surface
Buoyancy
Archemedes principle
Equillibrium of submerged bodies
Equilibrium of floating bodies & metacenter
Fluid mass in relative equillibrium

Fluid Kinematics
Description & Classification of Fluid flow
Streamlines, Streaklines and Pathlines
Mathematical Description of flow
Lagrangian Method
Eulerian Method
Motion of a Fluid Particle along a curved path: Normal and Tangential Acceleration
Flow rate and Continuity equation (Conservation of mass)
Rotational flow, Rotation and vorticity
Stream function
Potential function & potential lines
Cauchy Riemann equations & orthogonality of streamlines and equipotential lines
Circulation
Flow nets

Fluid Dynamics
Euler's Equation along a streamline
Euler's Equation in Cartesian Coordinates
Bernoulli's Equation 32
Integration of Euler's Equation for 1D Flow
Principle of Energy Conservation
Bernoulli's Equation from Steady flow Equation
For real fluids
Impulse Momentum Relationship 33
Correction factors for Momentum & Energy
Moment of Mmentum
Vortex motion
Free Vortex Motion
Forced Vortex Flow
Rotation of a fluid in a closed cylindrical vessel
Radial flow

Dimensional Analysis and Simultitude


Dimensional Homogenity
Dimensional Analysis
Rayleigh's Method
Buckingham's pi theorem
Model Studies
Similitude
Dimensionless Numbers
Reynolds Number
Froude Number
Mach Number
Weber Number
Euler Number

Laminar Viscous Flow


Reynold's Number
Navier Stokes Equation
Relationship between shear stress and pressure gradient
Uni-directional Laminar flow between parallel plates 12
Laminar Flow in Circular Pipes: Hagen Poiseuille flow
Miscellaneous

Turbulence and Turbulent Flow through pipes


Growth of instability and transition from laminar to turbulence
Effects of Turbulence
Classification of Turbulence
Intensity and Scale of Turbulence
Reynold's Equation of Turbulence
Turbulence Modelling
Boussinesq Eddy Viscosity Concept
Prandtl Mixing Length Concept
Von-Karman Similarity Concept
Flow losses in pipes
Head losses due to friction: Darcy equation and Chezy Equation
Minor losses
Pipes in series and parallel 23
Equivalent Pipe Concept
Hydraulic Energy and Total Energy Lines
Flow through nozzles
Water Hammer
Prandtl Velocity Distribution
Hydraulically Smooth and Rough pipes
Velocity Distribution for smooth pipes
Velocity Distribution for rough pipes
Friction Factors

Boundary layer
Description of Boundary Layer
Boundary layer parameters
Boundary Layer Thickness
Displacement Thickness
Momentum Thickness
Energy Thickness
Prandtl's Boundary Layer Equation
Blassius Solution for Laminar Boundary Layer Flows
Von-Karman Momentum Integral Equation
Laminar Boundary Layer
Turbulent Boundary Layer
Boundary Layer Seperation
Measurements
Density & Specific Gravity Measurements
Viscosity Measurement
Pressure measurement
Piezometer
Manometers
Pitot Tube (Velocity Measurement)
Venturimeter (Flow measurements)
Orificemeter (Flow measurements)

Impact of Free jets


Impulse-Momentum Principle
Jet impingement upon a flat plate
stationary flat plate
hinged plate
moving plate
Jet impingement upon centre of a vane
stationary vane
moving vane
Jet impinging tangentially at the tip of the vane
stationary vane
moving vane
Jet propulsion of ships

Turbines
Classification of Turbines
Pelton Turbines
Work done and efficiency
Effective head and availaible power
Design Aspects
Radial flow Impulse Turbine
Francis Turbine
Kaplan and Propeller Turbine
Draft Tube
Unit Quantities, specific speed and Model Relationships
Scale effect
Cavitation
Degrees of Reaction
Performance Characteristics
Surge Tanks
Pumps
Pump Classification and Selection Criteria
Centrifugal pumps
Classification of Centrifugal pumps
Pressure changes in a pump
Velocity vector Diagrams and work done
Vane shape
Pump losses and effeciencies
Pressure rise in impellar
Minimum spped to deliver liquid
Design Considerations
Loss of head due to change in flow
multistage pumps
Similarity reactions and specific speeds
Cavitation and Maximum Suction Lift
Priming
Performance characteristics
Axial Flow pump
Submersible pump
Reciprocating pump
Operation
Discharge coefficient volumetric efficiency and slip
Work and power input
Effect of acceleration on indicator diagram
Effect of friction
Effect of air vessels
Centrifugal pumps vs reciprocating pumps
Rotary Displacement pumps
Gear pumps
Vane pumps
Axial Piston Pumps

Notches and Weirs


Introduction
Classification
Discharge Over a Rectangular Notch or Weir
Discharge Over a Triangular Notch or Weir
Advantages of Triangular Notch or Weir Over Rectangular Notch or Weir
Discharge Over a Trapezoidal Notch or Weir
Discharge Over a Stepped Notch
Effect on Discharge Over a Notch Or Weir Due to Error in the Measurement of Head
Rectangular Weir or Notch
Triangular Weir or Notch
Time Required for Emptying a Reservior
Rectangular Weir or Notch
Triangular Weir or Notch
Velocity or Approach
Emprical Formulae for Discharge Over Rectangular Weir
Cipolletti Weir or Notch
Discharge Over a Broad- Crested Weir
Discharge Over a Narrow Crested Weir
Discharge Over an OGEE Weir
Discharge Over Submerged or Drowned Weir

Open Channel Flow


Open Channel Flow
Difference between Pipe flow & OCF
Types of Flow
Open & Closed
Natural & Artificial
Prismatic & Non-Prismatic
Exponential & Non-Exponential
Clasification of Flow
Steady & Unsteady flow
Uniform & Non-Uniform flow
Laminar & Turbulent flow
Sub-critical, Critical & Super-critical flow
Geometrical properties of Channel section
Depth of flow
Depth of Flow section
Top width
Hydraulic radius
Hydraulic depth
Section factor
Discharge through OC by Chezy's formula
Most economical channel sections
Rectangular channel
Trapezoidal channel
Circular channel
Triangular channel
Non-Uniform flow through Open channels
Specific energy & Specific energy Curve
Critical depth
Critical Velocity
Minimum Specific energy interms of critical depth
Alternate depths
Condition for maximum discharge
Hydraulic jump
Loss of energy due to hydraulic jump
Backwater curve & Afflux
Gradually varied flow
Dynamic equations of GVF 31
Classification of channel bottom slopes
Mild slope
Steep slope
Critical slope
Horizontal slope
Adverse slope
Classification of Surface Profiles
Mild slope, M-Curves
Steep slope, S-Curves
Critical slope, C-Curves
Horizontal slope, H-Curves
Adverse slope, A-Curves
Height of Hump
2017 2016 2015 2014

Set 2 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 1


45
7
46
2014 2013 2012

Set 2 Set 3 Set 4 Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Set 4 Set 1


2010 2009 2008 2007

Set 2 Set 3 Set 3 Set 4