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ME3023 #2 Basic circuit design Name:

Objective:

1. To read and measure resistors and capacitors.


2. To understand the voltage divide rule and measure the voltage difference at a certain node point.
3. To design, build and test the passive filters (low pass/high pass/band pass…) with the passive devices
4. To know Op-amp’s pin configuration and understand the basic operation of Op-amps.
5. To understand the performance difference between the passive filters and active filters.

Overview: While analog devices have been supplanted by their digital equivalents in many applications, they are
still widely used and remain engrained in engineered devices. An analog output format is often ergonomically
superior in monitoring, as evidenced by modern car speedometer dials and dial wristwatches. Too often we qualify
a digital device by its digital readout, but internal analog circuits form the foundation for both analog and many
digital indicating systems. In fact, many of the systems that we interface with are analog and digital hybrids.
Within a signal chain, it is common to find digital and analog electrical devices being used together and so
requiring special signal conditioning. An understanding of analog device function provides insight, as well as a
historical reference point, into the advantages and disadvantages of digital counterparts.

Experiments: Passive and active circuit design:

TAs will get you passive devices (resistors, capacitors) and Active devices (Operational amplifier (Op-amp))

Experiment 1. Build passive circuits and measure potential difference at each point.

Experiment 2. Build active circuits with Op-amp and measure voltage outputs.

Experiment 3. Build both passive and active filters (low pass/high pass) and compare two filters.

Assignments:

E1-a) Passive circuits: Calculate and Measure the voltage at each node. (1.0 point)

1) R1=10kΩ, R2=R3=1kΩ: I & V?


2) R1=10kΩ, R2=R3=10kΩ: I & V?

V=?

1
ME3023 #2 Basic circuit design Name:

E1-b) Passive circuits: Calculate and Measure the voltage at each node. (1.0 point)

1) R1=R3=10kΩ, R2=R4=5kΩ: Voltage at G?


2) R2=R4=10kΩ, R1=R3=5kΩ: Voltage at G?

E2) Passive filters: Build circuits with the passive devices and test filter performances.

(a) Low pass filter (b) High pass filter (c) Bandpass filter

1
Hint: Use this equation to design filters f cutoff 
2RC

1) Design a low pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 1kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency response
curve (1.0 point).

2) Design a high pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 10kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency
response curve (1.0 point).

3) Design a band pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 1~10kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency
response curve (1.0 point).

E3) Active circuit: Basic operations with Op-amps.

2
ME3023 #2 Basic circuit design Name:

t
1
Vout  
RC  V dt.
in I 
1 d
(Vout ).
0 RC dt
Addition Subtract Integral Differential

1) Design an adder (1V sin(2pi*1000Hz*t) + 1V sin(2pi*1000Hz*t)) and draw the output (0.5 point): All
resistors should be either 10kΩ or 100kΩ, but do not mix.

2) Design an adder (1V sin(2pi*1000Hz*t) - 1V sin(2pi*1000Hz*t)) and draw the output (0.5 point): All
resistors should be either 10kΩ or 100kΩ, but do not mix.

3) Build an ‘integral’ circuit and draw the output (0.5 point);

4) Build a ‘differential’ circuit and draw the output (0.5 point);

E4) Active filters: Build circuits with the Op-amps, test filter performances, and then compare these outputs
with those of E2.

(a) Low pass filter (b) High pass filter (c) Bandpass filter

1) Design a low pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 1kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency response
curve (1.0 point).

2) Design a high pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 10kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency
response curve (1.0 point).

3) Design a band pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 1~10kHz (approximately) and draw a frequency
response curve (1.0 point).

5. What did you learn from this lab (less than 200words)? (Extra 0.5 point if it is clear)